y य्

Definition: the consonant य् with अ added to it merely for the sake of facility in pronunciation; यकार is also used in the same sense: e. g. लिटि वयो यः: P.VI.1.38 cf. T.Pr.I: 17,21;(2) krt affix (यत्) prescribed as कृत्य or potential passive participle; e.g.चेयम्, गेयम्, शाप्यम्, शक्यम्, गद्यम्, अजर्यम् पण्यम् etc.: cf. अचो यत्...अजर्यं संगतम् P.III. 1.97-105; (3) krt. affix क्यप् which is also an affix called krtya; e. gब्रह्मोद्यम्, भाव्यम्, घात्यम्, स्तुत्यम्, कल्प्यम्, खेयम्, भृत्यः:, भिद्यः, पुष्य:, कृत्यम्,also कार्यम्; cf. P. III. 1.106-128:(4) krt affix ण्यत् (which is also कृत्य), e. g कार्यम्, हार्यम्, वाक्यम्, लाव्यम्, कुण्डपाय्यम्. etc.: cf P. III. 1.124-132: (5) tad. affix य affixed (a) in the sense of collection to पाश, वात etc., as also to खल, गो and रथ, e. g. पाद्या, रथ्या etc. cf. P. IV. 2. 49, 50ः (b) in the चातुरर्थिक senses to बल, कुल, तुल etc. e. g. वल्यः,.कुल्यम् ef. P V.2. 80, (c) as a Saisika tad. affix to ग्राम्यहः' along with the affix खञ्ज e. g. ग्राम्यः, ग्रामीणः: cf P: IV. 2.94 (d) in the sense of 'good therein' (तत्र साधुः) and other stated senses affixed to सभा, सोदर पूर्व, and सोम: e. g. सभ्य:, पूर्व्यः; .etc.. cf. P. IV. 4.105, 109, 133, 137, 138: (e) in the sense of 'deserving it' to दण्ड and other words, e. g. दण्ड्य, अर्ध्र्य, मध्य, मेध्य, etc.: cf P. V. 1.66: (f) in the sense of quality or action to सखि e. g. सख्यम्; cf P. V. 1.126: (6) tad. affix यत् applied to (a) राजन् श्वशुर, कुल, मनु in the sense of offspring, (b) शूल्, उखा, वायु, ऋतु and others, under certain conditions; cf. P. IV. 2.17, 31, 32, 101, (c) to अर्ध, परार्ध, words in the class headed by दि्श, छन्दस and others in specific senses; cf P. IV. 3-46, 54 etc. and (d) in specific senses to specific words mentioned here and there in a number of sUtras from IV.4, 75 to V.4.25; (e) to शाखा, मुख, जघन and others in the sense of इव (similar to) e.g. शाख्यः, मुख्य:, etc.: cf. P. V. 3. 103; (7) case-ending य substituted for ङे of the dative sing; e. g. रामाय cf. P. VII. 3.102: (8) verb-affix यक् applied to the nouns कण्डू and others to make them (denominative) roots; e. g. कण्डूय,सन्तूय etc. cf. कण्ड्वादिभ्यो यक् P. III. 1.27 (9) | Vikarana य (यक्) applied to any root before the Saarvadhaatuka personal endings to form the base for the passive voice as also the base for the 'Karmakartari' voice e g क्रियते, भूयते, cf. सार्वधातुके यक् P. III. 1.67 (10) Unaadi affix य (यक्) applied to the root हृन् to form the Vedic word अघ्न्य: cf अघ्न्यादयश्च: (11) augment य (यक्) added to the affix क्त्वा in Vedic Literature: e. g. दत्त्वायः cf. क्त्वो यक् P. VII.1.47; (12) verb affix यङ् added to a root to form its Intensive base (which sometimes is dropped) and the root is doubled. e. g. चेक्रीयते,चर्करीति;. cf. P. III. 1.22,24; (13) short term (प्रत्याहृार) supposed to be beginning with य in the affix यइ in the sUtra धातेरेकाचो ... यङ् III. 1.22, and ending with ङ् in the sUtra लिड्याशिष्यङ्क III. 1.86, with a view to include the various verb affixes and conjugational signs.


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