vyavahāraḥ व्यवहारः

Definition: व्यवहारः 1 Conduct, behaviour, action. -2 Affair, business, work; कुटुम्बार्थे$ध्यधीनो$प व्यवहारं यमाचरेत् Ms. 8.167. -3 Profession, occupation. -4 Dealing, transaction. -5 Commerce, trade, traffic. -6 Dealing in money, usury. -7 Usage, custom, an established rule or practice. -8 Relation, connection; तेषां च व्यवहारो$यं परस्परनिबन्धनः Pt.1.79. -9 Judicial procedure, trial or investigation of a case, administration of justice; व्यवहारस्तमाह्वयति; अलं लज्जया व्यवहारस्त्वां पृच्छति Mk.9; व्यवहारस्थापना Kau. A.3; Ms.8.1; शिवं सिषेवे व्यवहारलब्धम् Bu. Ch.2.4. -1 A legal dispute, complaint, suit, law-suit, litigation; व्यवहारो$यं चारुदत्तमवलम्बते, इति लिख्यतां व्यवहारस्य प्रथमः पादः, केन सह मम व्यवहारः Mk.9; ददर्श संशय- च्छेद्यान् व्यवहारानतन्द्रितः R.17.39. -11 A title of legal procedure, any occasion of litigation. -12 A contract; असंबद्धकृतश्चैव व्यवहारो न सिद्धति Ms.8.163. -13 Mathematical process. -14 Competency to manage one's own affairs; majority. -15 A sword. -Comp. -अङ्गम् the body of civil and criminal law. -अभिशस्त a. prosecuted, charged. -अयोग्यः a minor (in law). -अर्थिन् a plaintiff, accuser; अहो स्थिरसंस्कारता व्यवहारार्थिनः Mk. 9.5/6. -आसनम् the tribunal of justice, judgmentseat; व्यवहारासनमाददे युवा R.8.18. -ज्ञः 1 one who understands business. -2 a youth come of age, one who is no longer a minor. -3 one who is acquainted with judicial procedure. -तन्त्रम् course of conduct; वाक्प्रतिष्ठा- निबन्धनानि देहिनां व्यवहारतन्त्राणि Māl.4. -दर्शनम् trial, judicial investigation. -पदम् = व्यवहारविषय q. v. -पादः 1 any one of the four stages of a legal proceeding; these are four:-- (1) पूर्वपक्ष, the plaint; (2) उत्तरपक्ष, the defence; (3) क्रियापाद, adducing evidence, oral or written; (4) निर्णयपाद, the decision or verdict. -2 the fourth stage; i. e. निर्णयपाद, that part which concerns the verdict or decision. -मातृका 1 a legal process in general. -2 any act or subject relating to the administration of justice or formation of courts (of which thirty heads are enumerated). -वादिन् m. upholder of the usage theory i. e. one who holds that transactions of old persons (वृद्धव्यवहार) can explain the knowledge of the connection between शब्द and its अर्थ by the younger ones; अपि च व्यवहारवादिनः प्रत्यक्षमुपदिशन्ति कल्पयन्ति इतरे सम्बन्धारम् ŚB. on MS.1.1.5. -विधः a rule of law, any code of law. -विषयः (so -पदम्, -मार्गः, -स्थानम्) a subject or head of legal procedure, an actionable business, a matter which may be made the subject of litigation (these are eighteen; for an enumeration of their names, see Ms.8.4-7). -स्थितिः f. judicial procedure.

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