udumbara उदुम्बर

Definition: This name of the Ficus glomerata does not occur in the Rigveda, but is often found from the Atharvaveda onwards. For ritual purposes of all kinds its wood was constantly used. The sacrificial post (yūpa) and the sacrificial ladle were made of it, and amulets of Udumbara are mentioned. Its wood, like that of other kinds of figtree— Aśvattha, Nyagrodha, and Plaksa—was considered suitable for employment at the sacrifice. The sweetness of its fruit is referred to in the Aitareya Brāhmana,® where it is put on the same level as Madhu. It is there also spoken of as ripening three times a year. A forest of Udumbara trees is mentioned in the Pañcavimśa Brāhmana.

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