samāsānta समासान्त

Definition: secondary suffixes which are prescribed at the end of compounds in specific cases and which are looked upon as taddhita affixes; e.g.the Samasanta डच् (अ), causing elision of the last syllable of the compound word, is added to compounds called संख्याबहुव्रीहि; e.g. उपदशाः,पञ्चषाः etc. P.V.4.73. Samasanta अ is added to compounds ending with ऋच्,पुर्, अप्, and धुर,and अच् to words ending with सामन्, लोमन्, अक्षन्, चतुर् पुंस्, अनडुह्, मनस्, वर्चस्, तमस्, श्रेयस्, रहस्, उरस्, गो, तावत्, अध्वन्, etc :under specific conditions; cf P.V.4.68 to 86. अच् (अ) is added at the end of the tatpurusa compounds to the words अङ्गुलि, and रात्रि, under specific conditions; cf. P.V.4.86, 87: टच् (अ) is added at the end of tatpurusa compounds ending in राजन्, अहन्, सखि, गो, and उरस् and under specific conditions to those ending in तक्षन्, श्वन्, सक्थि, नौ, खारी, and अज्जलि as also to words ending in अस् and अन् in the neuter gender in Vedic Literature, and to the word ब्रह्मन् under specific conditions: cf. P.V. 4.91 to 105: टच् is added at the end of समाहारद्वन्द्व compounds ending in च्, छ्, ज्, झ्,ञ्,, द्, ष् and ह्, and at the end of अव्ययीभाव compounds ending with the words शरद्, विपाश्, अनस्, and मनस् etc. as also at the end of words ending in अन् or with any of the class consonants except nasals, cf. P.V.4.106-ll2; षच् (अ) is added to Bahuvrihi compounds ending with सक्थि and अक्षि as limbs of the body, as also with अङ्गुलि, while ष, अप् and अच् are added to specified words under special conditions; the Samasanta affix असिच् (अस्) is added at the end of a Bahuvrihi compound ending in प्रजा, and मेधा, the Samasanta affix इच् is added at the end of the peculiar Bahuvrihi compound formed of दण्ड, मुसल etc. when they are repeated and when they show a fight with the instruments of fight exchanged; cf. P. V.4.113128. Besides these affixes, a general समासान्त affix कप् is added necessarily or optionally as specified in P.V. 4.151-159.


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