pratyayārtha प्रत्ययार्थ

Definition: the meaning of an affix. Generally meanings are assigned to affixes when they are prescribed. When the meanings are not assigned, the affix is supposed to bear the sense of the base; cf. अनिर्दिष्टार्थाः प्रत्ययाः स्वार्थे Par. Sek. on Pari. 113. The sense given by a word in language is the composite sense of the base and the affix together; cf. प्रकृतिप्रत्ययौ सहार्थं ब्रूतः । न केवला प्रकृतिः प्रयोक्तव्या, न केवलः प्रत्ययः । M. Bh. on P.I.2.64 Vart. 5.

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