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Grammatical Sūtra: लट् स्मे laṭ sme
Individual Word Components: laṭ sme
Sūtra with anuvṛtti words: laṭ sme pratyayaḥ (3.1.1), paraḥ (3.1.2), ca (3.1.2), ādyudāttaḥ (3.1.3), ca (3.1.3), dhātoḥ (3.1.91), kṛt (3.1.93), bhūte (3.2.84), anadyatane (3.2.111), parokṣe (3.2.115)
Type of Rule: vidhi
Preceding adhikāra rule:3.2.84 (1bhūte)


Source:Laghusiddhānta kaumudī (Ballantyne)

The affix ((laṭ)) (present) comes after a verb, when the particle ((sma)) is in connection with it, (and denotes a past time not belonging to the current day and unporceived by the speaker). Source: Aṣṭādhyāyī 2.0

[When the action refers to the general past 84 excluding the current day 111, beyond the perception of the speaker 115] l-substitutes of lAṬ `Present Tense' are introduced [after 1.2 a verbal stem 1.91] co-occurring with the particle sma. Source: From Aṣṭādhyāyī of Pāṇini In Roman Transliteration translated by Sumitra M. Katre, Copyright © 1987. Courtesy of the University of Texas Press.

Source:Srisa Chandra Vasu's Aṣṭādhyāyī of Pāṇini

Anuvṛtti: 3.2.111, 3.2.115

Mahābhāṣya: With kind permission: Dr. George Cardona

1/23:sma purā bhūtamātre na sma purā adyatane |*
2/23:sma purā bhūtamātre na sma purā adyatane iti vaktavyam |
3/23:kim ayam smādividhiḥ purāntaḥ aviśeṣeṇa bhūtamātre bhavati |
4/23:tatra vaktavyam smalakṣaṇaḥ purālakṣaṇaḥ ca adyatane na bhavataḥ iti |
5/23:āhosvit smalakṣaṇaḥ purālakṣaṇaḥ ca aviśeṣeṇa bhūtamātre bhavataḥ iti |
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Kielhorn/Abhyankar (II,121.2-122.3) Rohatak (III,275-278)

*Kātyāyana's Vārttikas


Kāśikāvṛttī1: bhūtānadyatanaparokṣe iti vartate. smaśabde upapade bhūtānadyatanaparokṣe lapr   See More

Kāśikāvṛttī2: laṭ sme 3.2.118 bhūtānadyatanaparokṣe iti vartate. smaśabde upapade bnadyat   See More

Nyāsa2: laṭ sme. , 3.2.118 "naḍena sma purādhīyate" iti. iṅo'dhipūrvāllaṭ, &qu   See More

Laghusiddhāntakaumudī1: liṭo'pavādaḥ. yajati sma yudhiṣṭhiraḥ.. Sū #766

Laghusiddhāntakaumudī2: laṭ sme 766, 3.2.118 liṭo'pavādaḥ. yajati sma yudhiṣṭhiraḥ

Bālamanoramā1: laṭ sme. `sme'tyavyayam. tadyoge liḍviṣaye laṭ syādityarthaḥ. yajati smeti Sū #602   See More

Bālamanoramā2: laṭ sme 602, 3.2.118 laṭ sme. "sme"tyavyayam. tadyoge liḍviṣaye lasy   See More

Tattvabodhinī1: laṭ sme. `sme' ityavyayaṃ bhūtakāladyotakam. Sū #495

Tattvabodhinī2: laṭ sme 495, 3.2.118 laṭ sme. "sme" ityavyayaṃ bhūtakāladyotakam.

1.Source: Arsha Vidya Gurukulam
2.Source: Sanskrit Documents


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