nadī नदी

Definition: a technical term applied in Panini's grammar to words in the feminine gender ending in ई and ऊ excepting a few like स्त्री,श्री, भ्रू and others; it is optionally applied to words ending in इ and उ, of course in the fem. gender, before case affixes of the dative, ablative, genitive and locative sing. The term was probably in use before Panini and was taken from the fem. word नदी which was taken as a model. Very probably there was a long list of words like नद् (नदट्) चोर (चोरट्) etc. which were given as ending in ट् and to which the affix ई (ङीप्) was added for forming the feminine base;the first word नदी so formed, was taken as a model and all words in the list and similar others were called नदी; cf. P. I 4. 3-6.

Dictionary: Abhyankar
Literary Sources: