loka लोक

Definition: m. the wide space or world (either"the universe"or,"any division of it", especially "the sky or heaven" ; 3 loka-s are commonly enumerated, viz. heaven, earth, and the atmosphere or lower regions; sometimes only the first two; but a fuller classification gives 7 worlds, viz. bhū-loka-, the earth; bhuvar-loka-, the space between the earth and sun inhabited by muni-s, siddha-s etc.; svarloka-, indra-'s heaven above the sun or between it and the polar star; maharloka-, a region above the polar star and inhabited by bhṛgu- and other saints who survive the destruction of the 3 lower worlds; janarloka-, inhabited by brahmā-'s son sanat-kumāra- etc.; tapar-loka-, inhabited by deified vairāgin-s; satya-loka- or brahma-- loka-, abode of brahmā-, translation to which exempts from rebirth; elsewhere these 7 worlds are described as earth, sky, heaven, middle region, place of re-births, mansion of the blest, and abode of truth; sometimes 14 worlds are mentioned, viz. the 7 above, and 7 lower regions called in the order of their descent below the earth --- a-tala-, vi-tala-, su-tala-, rasā-tala-, talā-tala-, mahā-tala-, and pātāla-; see ) etc.


Dictionary: Monier-Williams
Literary Sources: RTL. 102 n. 1, IW. 420 , 1 ; 435 , 1, AV.
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