grah ग्रह्

Definition: ([ in a few passages only etc.]) or grabh- ([ ;rarely ]) cl.9 P. gṛbhṇāti- gṛhṇ/āti- (also A1. gṛhṇīte-,irreg. gṛhṇate- ;3. plural gṛbhṇate- ; imperative 2. sg. gṛhāṇ/a-,[ ṇ/ā-, saṃhitā-pāṭha-, parasmE-pada Passive voice Nominal verb plural n. ] etc.; gṛbhṇān/a-& gṛhṇ-[Ved.]; gṛhṇa- ; -gṛhṇāhi-, -gṛbhṇīhi-See prati-grabh-; A1. gṛbhṇīṣva-[ ] or gṛhṇ-;3. sg. P. gṛhṇītāt-;Ved. imperative gṛbhāy/a-etc.See sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order ya- confer, compare gṛhaya-; perf. jagrāha- etc.;1. sg. gr/abhā- ; gṛbhm/a- ; A1. gṛhe-, ;3. plural gṛbhr/e-& gṛbhrir/e- ; P. Potential gṛbhyāt-, ; parasmE-pada gṛbhv/as-, ; future 2nd grahīṣyati-, te- etc.[ confer, compare ];sometimes wrongly spelt gṛh- ; grahiṣy- ; Conditional agrahaiṣyat- ; future 1st grahītā- ; Aorist agrabham- ; bhīt- etc.; hīt-[ ] etc.; -/ajagrabhīt-etc.See saṃ-grah-; subjunctive 2. plural grabhīṣṭa- ; A1. agrahīṣṭa- ; aghṛkṣata- [not in ];Ved. 3. plural agṛbhran-[ ] and agṛbhīṣata-; ind.p. gṛbhītv/ā- ; gṛhītv/ā-, ; grahāya- ; infinitive mood grahītum-[ etc.; confer, compare ;wrongly spelt gṛh- ]; Passive voice gṛhyate-[ future 1st grahītā-or grāhitā- future 2nd grahīṣyate-or grāhiṣy- Aorist agrāhi-,3. dual number agrahīṣātām-or agrāhiṣ- ];Ved. subjunctive 3. plural gṛhyāntai- on ;Ved. Passive voice 3. sg. gṛhate-[ ]or gṛhe-[ ] or gṛhaye-[ ; confer, compare gṛhaya-]; subjunctive 1. plural gṛhāmahi- ; Potential gṛhīta- ) to seize, take (by the hand, pāṇau-or kare-,exceptionally pāṇim-(double accusative) ; confer, compare ), grasp, lay hold of (exempli gratia, 'for example' pakṣaṃ-,to take a side, adopt a party ; pāṇim-,"to take by the hand in the marriage ceremony", marry etc.) etc. ; to arrest, stop ; to catch, take captive, take prisoner, capture, imprison etc. ; to take possession of, gain over, captivate ; to seize, overpower (especially said of diseases and demons and the punishments of varuṇa-) etc. ; to eclipse ; to abstract, take away (by robbery) ; to lay the hand on, claim ; to gain, win, obtain, receive, accept (from ablative,rarely genitive case), keep etc. (with double accusative ) ; to acquire by purchase (with instrumental case of the price) etc. ; to choose ; to choose any one (accusative) as a wife ; to take up (a fluid with any small vessel), draw water ; to pluck, pick, gather ; to collect a store of anything ; to use, put on (clothes) i etc. ; to assume (a shape) ; to place upon (instrumental case or locative case) ; to include ; to take on one's self, undertake, undergo, begin etc. ; to receive hospitably (a guest), take back (a divorced wife) ; "to take into the mouth", mention, name etc. ; to perceive (with the organs of sense or with m/anas-), observe, recognise etc. ; (in astronomy) to observe ; to receive into the mind, apprehend, understand, learn ; (in astronomy) to calculate ; to accept, admit, approve ; to obey, follow ; to take for, consider as etc. ; (Passive voice) to be meant by (instrumental case) and Scholiast or Commentator : Causal grāhayati-, to cause to take or seize or lay hold of ; to cause to take (by the hand[ pāṇim-]in the marriage ceremony) ; to cause to marry, give away a girl (accusative) in marriage to any one (accusative) ; to cause any one to be captured ; to cause any one to be seized or overpowered (as by varuṇa-'s punishments or death etc.) ; to cause to be taken away ; to make any one take, deliver anything (accusative) over to any one (accusative; exempli gratia, 'for example' āsanam-with accusative"to cause to take a seat, bid any one to sit down") ; to make any one choose (Aorist ajigrahat-) ; to make any one learn, make acquainted or familiar with (accusative) etc.: Desiderative jighṛkṣati- (confer, compare ), also te-, to be about to seize or take ; to be about to eclipse ; to be about to take away ; to desire to perceive (with the organs of sense), strive to apprehend or recognise : Intensive jarīgṛhyate- ; ([ confer, compare Zend gerep,geurv; Gothic greipa; German greife; Lithuanian gre1bju; Slavonic or Slavonian grablju1; Hibernian or Irish grabaim,"I devour, stop."])


Dictionary: Monier-Williams
Literary Sources: RV., AV., RV., AV., Mun2d2Up., RV., Gmn., x , 103 , 12, AV. xi , 1 , 10, S3Br., Hcat., Pan5cad. i , 71, VS. i , 18, RV. x , 161 , 1, AV., RV., RV., x , 12 , 5 , RV., x , 31 , 2, iv , 23 , 4, MBh., Pa1n2. 7-2 , 37, MBh. iv , 1650 ; xii , 7311, R. vi , 82 , 74, AitUp. iii , 3 ff., Pa1n2. 7-2 , 37, RV. i , 191 , 13, AV., RV. i , 145 , 2, AV., Pa1n2. 7-2 , 5, AV., RV. ii , 29 , 5, BhP. iv , 30 , 11, Pa1n2. 7-3 , 73 Sch., Ka1s3., RV. v , 2 , 4, AV. xii , 3 , 20, xix , 58 , 3 , Hariv., DivyA7v., MBh., Pa1n2. 7-2 , 37, R. v , 2 , 25, Hit., Pa1n2. 6-4 , 62 and vii , 2 , 37, Ka1s3., iii , 4 , 8 and 96, RV. v , 32 , 12, MaitrS. i , 9 , 5, Ka1t2h. ix , 13, RV. viii , 2 , 16, MaitrS. ii , 5 , 2, RV. i , 125 , 1, Sa1y., Vop. v , 6, Prab., AV. xiv , 1 , 48 ff., Gobh. ii , 1 , 11, MBh., RV., RV. ix , 78 , 1, Katha1s. iv , 32, RV., MBh. xiii , 2239, R. ii , 12 , 25, Ragh., Ca1n2., RV., AV., MaitrS., VarBr2S. v, R. iv , 53 , 25, S3ak. iii , 21, Bhat2t2., Mn., Ya1jn5., Ragh. i , 18, Pan5cat., RV., Vop. v , 6, Mn. viii , 201, Ya1jn5. ii , 169, R., MBh. xiii, R. i , 39 , 13 f., Katha1s. liii, RV. viii , 69 , 10, VS. x , 1, TS. vi , Hariv. 5238, S3ak. iv , vi, VarBr2S. xlii , 10 f., Mn. ii , 64, MBh. iii , 16708, Bhag., Ratna7v., BhP. i f., Mn. viii , 256, Katha1s., Pa1n2. 8-4 , 68 Sch., Vop. i , 5, RV. x , 31 , 2, MBh. iii , xiii, BhP., MBh. v , 7068, R. i, S3ak. v , 25, BhP. iii , 5 , 19, RV. i , 191 , 13 x , 145 , 4, AV., TS., RV. i , 139 , 10 and 145 , 2, VS. i , 18, S3Br. xiv, Mun2d2Up., S3vetUp., VarBr2S. xliii , 30, Nal., R., Ragh. v , 59, Pan5cat. i , 1 , 23, Su1ryas., MBh. i , 6299, R. ii, Mr2icch. ix , 18, Ka1d., BhP. i , 2 , 12, Katha1s., MBh., R., Mr2icch. ix , 3031, BhP. iii f., Mn. i , 110, Ma1lav. v, Ya1jn5. Sch., Pa1n2., Siddh., R. vii, Sus3r., Ragh. xv , 88, Das3., Ragh. xvii , 3, Kum. i , 53, Ya1jn5. ii , 169, R. vi , 1 , 21, Das3., TS. ii , vi f., TBr. i, MBh. viii , 3281, Hit., Ra1jat. v , 306, Mr2icch., Vop. xviii , 7, Ra1jat. v , 102, Nir. i , 4, A1p. i , 8 , 25, Mn. i , 58, MBh., Pa1n2. 1-2 , 8 vii , 2 , 12, Gobh. i , 1 , 8 and 20, MBh., R., Katha1s., R. vii , 35 , 31, BhP. i , 17 , 25, AitUp. iii , 3 ff., BhP. ii , iv, Pa1n2. 6-1 , 16, Ka1s3.
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