dvitva द्वित्व

Definition: doubling, reduplication prescribed for (I) a root in the perfect tense excepting the cases where the affix अाम् is added to the root before the personal ending: e.g. बभूव, चकार, ऊर्णुनाव etc. cf P. VI. 1.1,2; (2) a root before the vikarana affixes सन्, यङ्, श्लु and चङ् e. g. बुभूषति, चेक्रीयते, चर्करीति, जुहोति, अचीकरत् etc. cf. P. VI. 1.9l l; (3) a word ending in अम् . (णमुल्) in the sense of repetition, e. g. स्मारं स्मारं वक्ष्ये, भोजं भोजं व्रजति cf. आभीक्ष्ण्ये द्वे भवतः P. VIII. 1.12 Vart. 7; (4) any word (a) in the sense of constant or frequent action, (b) in the sense of repetition, (c) showing reproach, or scorn, or quality in the sense of its incomplete possess-, ion, or (d) in the vocative case at the beginning of a sentence in some specified senses; reduplication is also prescribed for the prepositions परि, प्र, सम्, उप, उद्, उपरि, अधि, अघस् in some specified senses cf. P. VIII. 1.1 to 15. A letter excepting हृ and र्, is also repeated, if so desired, when (a) it occurs after the letter ह् or र् , which is preceded by a vowel e g. अर्क्कः अर्द्धम् etc. cf VIII. 4.46; or when (b) it is preceded by a vowel and followed by a consonant e. g. दद्ध्यत्र, म्द्धवत्र cf. P. VIII. 4.47. For details see Kas. on VIII. 4.46-52. The word द्वित्व is sometimes used in the sense of the dual number; cf. Kas. on P. I.2.51. The words द्वित्व, द्विर्वचन and द्विरुक्त are generally used as synonyms. Panini generally uses the word द्वे. For द्वित्व in Vedic Literature cf. R. Pr. VI. 1.4; T. Pr. XIV. 1-8 V, Pr. IV. 101-118.


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