Definition: Denotes in the plural ‘dwellers in the east.’ They are mentioned in the list of peoples in the Aitareya Brāhmaria. It is very probable that the Kāśis, Kosalas, Videhas, and perhaps Magfadhas, are meant, as Oldenberg supposes. In the śatapatha Brāhmana the Easterns are said to call Agni by the name of śarva, and their mode of making tombs is there referred to with disapproval. The Lātyāyana śrauta Sūtra explains the Vipatha, ‘rough car,’ of the Pañcavimśa Brāhmana as a car of the Easterns (prācya-raiha). In the Samhitopaniṣad Brāhmana reference is made to the Prācya- Pāñcālas.