Name: Solutions Final Exam


 Shonda Lewis
 2 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 Instructions. Answer each of the questions on your own paper. Be sure to show your work so that partial credit can be adequately assessed. Put your name on each page of your paper. 1. [10 Points] All of the following are commutative rings with identity: Z Q R C Z 2 Z 3 Z 4 Z 5 and Z 6. Which of these rings are integral domains? Which are fields? You do not need to justify your answers to this question. Solution. Integral domains are: Z Q R C Z 2 Z 3 Z 5 Fields are: Q R C Z 2 Z 3 Z 5 2. [20 Points] Suppose that R is a commutative ring with identity. a What properties must a subset I of R satisfy in order to be an ideal? Solution. If a b I r R then a ± b I and ra I. b Define what it means for an ideal to be prime. Solution. An ideal I is prime if I R and if ab I then a I or b I. c Define what it means for an ideal to be maximal. Solution. An ideal I is maximal if I R and for any ideal J with I J R either J = I or J = R d Prove that the ideal I = {fx Z[x] f0 = 0} of Z[x] is prime but not maximal. Solution. The map φ : Z[x] Z given by φfx = f0 is a ring homomorphism. The homomorphism φ is surjective since for the constant polynomial n φn = n and Kerφ = I so by the first isomorphism theorem for ring homomorphisms Z[x]/I = Z. Since Z is an integral domain I is a prime ideal. Since Z is not a field I is not a maximal ideal. e Give an example to show that a factor ring of an integral domain may have zerodivisors. Recall that a nonzero element a in a ring R is a zerodivisor if there is a nonzero b R with ab = 0. Solution. Z 4 = Z/4Z is a factor ring of the integral domain Z but 2 Z 4 is a zerodivisor since 2 0 and 2 2 = 0 Z [12 Points] For the permutation σ = S 7 : Math 4200 December
2 a Write σ as a product of disjoint cycles. Solution. σ = b Compute the order of σ in the group S 7. Solution. σ = lcm4 2 = 4 c Determine whether σ is even or odd. Solution. A 4cycle is odd and a 2cycle is odd so σ is the product of two odd permutations and hence is even. d Compute σ 1. You may express your answer in whatever form you wish. Solution. σ 1 = [12 Points] The alternating group A 4 consists of the 12 elements in S 4 which are even permutations. Let H = { }. You may assume without proof that H is a subgroup of A 4. The remaining elements of A 4 are the 8 3cycles in S 4. a Show that H is isomorphic to the group Z 2 Z 2. Solution. Every abelian group of order 4 is isomorphic to Z 4 or Z 2 Z 2. Since any product of disjoint 2cycles has order 2 it follows that all nonidentity elements of H have order 2 and hence there is no element of order 4. Thus it must be isomorphic to Z 2 Z 2. b List the left and right cosets of H in A 4. Solution. Left cosets: 1H = { } H = { } H = { } Right cosets: H1 = { } H = { } H = { } Math 4200 December
3 c Is H a normal subgroup of A 4? Solution. Since each left coset is a right coset in part b H is a normal subgroup of A [10 Points] a If G = a = {1 a a 2... a 11 } is a cyclic group of order 12 then list all of the generators of G. Solution. The element a k is a generator of G if and only if gcdk 12 = 1. Thus the generators of G are a a 5 a 7 and a 11 b The group U13 of integers modulo 13 with a multiplicative inverse is a cyclic group under multiplication modulo 13 of order 12. List all of the generators. Hint: U13 is generated by 2. Solution. The powers of 2 in U13 are k k By part a the generators of U13 are 2 1 = = = 11 and 2 11 = [15 Points] If G is a group let H = {a G a 2 = 1}. a If G is abelian prove that H is a subgroup of G. Solution. Use the subgroup test. 1 2 = 1 so 1 H. If a H then a 2 = 1 so a = a 1 and a 1 H. Now suppose a b H. Then a 2 = 1 and b 2 = 1 and since G is abelian ab 2 = abab = aabb = a 2 b 2 = 1 1 = 1 so ab H. Thus H is a subgroup. b Give an example of a nonabelian group G such that H is not a subgroup. Solution. Let G = S 3. In this case H consists of the identity 1 and all 2cycles so H = { }. Since = / H H is not closed under multiplication and hence is not a subgroup of S [10 Points] Let G = Z 4 Z 2 let H = 2 1 and K = 2 0. Show that H is isomorphic to K but G/H is not isomorphic to G/K. Math 4200 December
4 Solution. Since 22 1 = 0 0 G and 22 0 = 0 0 G both H and K are cyclic subgroups of G or order 2 and hence are isomorphic. Since H = H H because 2 0 / H it follows that H has order greater than 2 and hence it must have order 4 since G/H = G / H = 8/2 = 4. Thus G/H is cyclic of order 4. The distinct elements of G/K are K K K and K. Since 21 0 = 2 0 K 20 1 = 0 0 K 21 1 = 2 0 K it follows that every element of G/K has order 2 or 1 and hence is not cyclic. Thus G/H is not isomorphic to G/K. 8. [10 Points] a Compute the greatest common divisor d of the integers 1769 and Solution. Use the Euclidean algorithm: 2378 = = = = = Thus gcd = 29. b Write d as a linear combination d = 1769 s t. Solution. Reverse the above steps: 29 = = = = = = = [12 Points] a Give of list of the distinct isomorphism classes of abelian groups of order 72. Solution. Since 72 = the distinct isomorphism class of abelian groups of order 72 are: i. Z 8 Z 9 ii. Z 4 Z 2 Z 9 iii. Z 2 Z 2 Z 2 Z 9 Math 4200 December
5 iv. Z 8 Z 3 Z 3 v. Z 4 Z 2 Z 3 Z 3 vi. Z 2 Z 2 Z 2 Z 3 Z 3 b Which of the groups in your list satisfy the condition a 12 = 1 for all a G. This condition is written multiplicatively. If the group operation is addition the condition would be 12a = 0. Solution. The condition 12a = 0 these groups are written additively means that the order of every element is divisible by 12. Thus the possible orders of elements are Groups i.iv. all have elements of order 9 or 8 which are not divisible by 12. Since in a direct product of groups the order of an element is the least common multiple of the orders of its component elements the groups v. and vi. have orders of all elements divisible by 12. c Which group on your list is isomorphic to Z 2 Z 6 Z 6. Solution. Since if m and n are relatively prime Z n Z n = Znm it follows that Z 2 Z 6 Z 6 = Z2 Z 2 Z 3 Z 2 Z 3 which is isomorphic to the group vi. in the above list. Math 4200 December
Modern Algebra I. Circle the correct answer; no explanation is required. Each problem in this section counts 5 points.
1 2 3 style total Math 415 Please print your name: Answer Key 1 True/false Circle the correct answer; no explanation is required. Each problem in this section counts 5 points. 1. Every group of order 6
More informationMATH 3030, Abstract Algebra FALL 2012 Toby Kenney Midyear Examination Friday 7th December: 7:0010:00 PM
MATH 3030, Abstract Algebra FALL 2012 Toby Kenney Midyear Examination Friday 7th December: 7:0010:00 PM Basic Questions 1. Compute the factor group Z 3 Z 9 / (1, 6). The subgroup generated by (1, 6) is
More informationMATH 113 FINAL EXAM December 14, 2012
p.1 MATH 113 FINAL EXAM December 14, 2012 This exam has 9 problems on 18 pages, including this cover sheet. The only thing you may have out during the exam is one or more writing utensils. You have 180
More informationAbstract Algebra FINAL EXAM May 23, Name: R. Hammack Score:
Abstract Algebra FINAL EXAM May 23, 2003 Name: R. Hammack Score: Directions: Please answer the questions in the space provided. To get full credit you must show all of your work. Use of calculators and
More informationMath 4400, Spring 08, Sample problems Final Exam.
Math 4400, Spring 08, Sample problems Final Exam. 1. Groups (1) (a) Let a be an element of a group G. Define the notions of exponent of a and period of a. (b) Suppose a has a finite period. Prove that
More informationName: Solutions Final Exam
Instructions. Answer each of the questions on your own paper, and be sure to show your work so that partial credit can be adequately assessed. Put your name on each page of your paper. 1. [10 Points] For
More informationMath 430 Final Exam, Fall 2008
IIT Dept. Applied Mathematics, December 9, 2008 1 PRINT Last name: Signature: First name: Student ID: Math 430 Final Exam, Fall 2008 Grades should be posted Friday 12/12. Have a good break, and don t forget
More informationTotal 100
Math 542 Midterm Exam, Spring 2016 Prof: Paul Terwilliger Your Name (please print) SOLUTIONS NO CALCULATORS/ELECTRONIC DEVICES ALLOWED. MAKE SURE YOUR CELL PHONE IS OFF. Problem Value 1 10 2 10 3 10 4
More informationSupplement. Dr. Bob s Modern Algebra Glossary Based on Fraleigh s A First Course on Abstract Algebra, 7th Edition, Sections 0 through IV.
Glossary 1 Supplement. Dr. Bob s Modern Algebra Glossary Based on Fraleigh s A First Course on Abstract Algebra, 7th Edition, Sections 0 through IV.23 Abelian Group. A group G, (or just G for short) is
More informationPage Points Possible Points. Total 200
Instructions: 1. The point value of each exercise occurs adjacent to the problem. 2. No books or notes or calculators are allowed. Page Points Possible Points 2 20 3 20 4 18 5 18 6 24 7 18 8 24 9 20 10
More informationDefinition List Modern Algebra, Fall 2011 Anders O.F. Hendrickson
Definition List Modern Algebra, Fall 2011 Anders O.F. Hendrickson On almost every Friday of the semester, we will have a brief quiz to make sure you have memorized the definitions encountered in our studies.
More informationA. (Groups of order 8.) (a) Which of the five groups G (as specified in the question) have the following property: G has a normal subgroup N such that
MATH 402A  Solutions for the suggested problems. A. (Groups of order 8. (a Which of the five groups G (as specified in the question have the following property: G has a normal subgroup N such that N =
More informationDefinitions. Notations. Injective, Surjective and Bijective. Divides. Cartesian Product. Relations. Equivalence Relations
Page 1 Definitions Tuesday, May 8, 2018 12:23 AM Notations " " means "equals, by definition" the set of all real numbers the set of integers Denote a function from a set to a set by Denote the image of
More informationAlgebraic Structures Exam File Fall 2013 Exam #1
Algebraic Structures Exam File Fall 2013 Exam #1 1.) Find all four solutions to the equation x 4 + 16 = 0. Give your answers as complex numbers in standard form, a + bi. 2.) Do the following. a.) Write
More informationMath 3140 Fall 2012 Assignment #3
Math 3140 Fall 2012 Assignment #3 Due Fri., Sept. 21. Remember to cite your sources, including the people you talk to. My solutions will repeatedly use the following proposition from class: Proposition
More information7. Let K = 15 be the subgroup of G = Z generated by 15. (a) List the elements of K = 15. Answer: K = 15 = {15k k Z} (b) Prove that K is normal subgroup of G. Proof: (Z +) is Abelian group and any subgroup
More informationMATH 28A MIDTERM 2 INSTRUCTOR: HAROLD SULTAN
NAME: MATH 28A MIDTERM 2 INSTRUCTOR: HAROLD SULTAN 1. INSTRUCTIONS (1) Timing: You have 80 minutes for this midterm. (2) Partial Credit will be awarded. Please show your work and provide full solutions,
More informationMathematics for Cryptography
Mathematics for Cryptography Douglas R. Stinson David R. Cheriton School of Computer Science University of Waterloo Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1, Canada March 15, 2016 1 Groups and Modular Arithmetic 1.1
More information1. Group Theory Permutations.
1.1. Permutations. 1. Group Theory Problem 1.1. Let G be a subgroup of S n of index 2. Show that G = A n. Problem 1.2. Find two elements of S 7 that have the same order but are not conjugate. Let π S 7
More informationMATH 420 FINAL EXAM J. Beachy, 5/7/97
MATH 420 FINAL EXAM J. Beachy, 5/7/97 1. (a) For positive integers a and b, define gcd(a, b). (b) Compute gcd(1776, 1492). (c) Show that if a, b, c are positive integers, then gcd(a, bc) = 1 if and only
More informationFoundations of Cryptography
Foundations of Cryptography Ville Junnila viljun@utu.fi Department of Mathematics and Statistics University of Turku 2015 Ville Junnila viljun@utu.fi Lecture 7 1 of 18 Cosets Definition 2.12 Let G be a
More informationMay 6, Be sure to write your name on your bluebook. Use a separate page (or pages) for each problem. Show all of your work.
Math 236H May 6, 2008 Be sure to write your name on your bluebook. Use a separate page (or pages) for each problem. Show all of your work. 1. (15 points) Prove that the symmetric group S 4 is generated
More informationMath 547, Exam 1 Information.
Math 547, Exam 1 Information. 2/10/10, LC 303B, 10:1011:00. Exam 1 will be based on: Sections 5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 9.1; The corresponding assigned homework problems (see http://www.math.sc.edu/ boylan/sccourses/547sp10/547.html)
More informationProblem 1. Let I and J be ideals in a ring commutative ring R with 1 R. Recall
I. TakeHome Portion: Math 350 Final Exam Due by 5:00pm on Tues. 5/12/15 No resources/devices other than our class textbook and class notes/handouts may be used. You must work alone. Choose any 5 problems
More informationPh.D. Qualifying Examination in Algebra Department of Mathematics University of Louisville January 2018
Ph.D. Qualifying Examination in Algebra Department of Mathematics University of Louisville January 2018 Do 6 problems with at least 2 in each section. Group theory problems: (1) Suppose G is a group. The
More informationAlgebra Exam Syllabus
Algebra Exam Syllabus The Algebra comprehensive exam covers four broad areas of algebra: (1) Groups; (2) Rings; (3) Modules; and (4) Linear Algebra. These topics are all covered in the first semester graduate
More informationJohns Hopkins University, Department of Mathematics Abstract Algebra  Spring 2013 Midterm Exam Solution
Johns Hopkins University, Department of Mathematics 110.40 Abstract Algebra  Spring 013 Midterm Exam Solution Instructions: This exam has 6 pages. No calculators, books or notes allowed. You must answer
More informationCSIR  Algebra Problems
CSIR  Algebra Problems N. Annamalai DST  INSPIRE Fellow (SRF) Department of Mathematics Bharathidasan University Tiruchirappalli 620024 Email: algebra.annamalai@gmail.com Website: https://annamalaimaths.wordpress.com
More informationMidterm Exam. There are 6 problems. Your 5 best answers count. Please pay attention to the presentation of your work! Best 5
Department of Mathematical Sciences Instructor: Daiva Pucinskaite Modern Algebra June 22, 2017 Midterm Exam There are 6 problems. Your 5 best answers count. Please pay attention to the presentation of
More informationQuizzes for Math 401
Quizzes for Math 401 QUIZ 1. a) Let a,b be integers such that λa+µb = 1 for some inetegrs λ,µ. Prove that gcd(a,b) = 1. b) Use Euclid s algorithm to compute gcd(803, 154) and find integers λ,µ such that
More informationSome practice problems for midterm 2
Some practice problems for midterm 2 Kiumars Kaveh November 14, 2011 Problem: Let Z = {a G ax = xa, x G} be the center of a group G. Prove that Z is a normal subgroup of G. Solution: First we prove Z is
More informationBasic Definitions: Group, subgroup, order of a group, order of an element, Abelian, center, centralizer, identity, inverse, closed.
Math 546 Review Exam 2 NOTE: An (*) at the end of a line indicates that you will not be asked for the proof of that specific item on the exam But you should still understand the idea and be able to apply
More informationHomework #2 solutions Due: June 15, 2012
All of the following exercises are based on the material in the handout on integers found on the class website. 1. Find d = gcd(475, 385) and express it as a linear combination of 475 and 385. That is
More informationThe number of ways to choose r elements (without replacement) from an nelement set is. = r r!(n r)!.
The first exam will be on Friday, September 23, 2011. The syllabus will be sections 0.1 through 0.4 and 0.6 in Nagpaul and Jain, and the corresponding parts of the number theory handout found on the class
More informationAlgebra Exam, Spring 2017
Algebra Exam, Spring 2017 There are 5 problems, some with several parts. Easier parts count for less than harder ones, but each part counts. Each part may be assumed in later parts and problems. Unjustified
More informationSection 15 Factorgroup computation and simple groups
Section 15 Factorgroup computation and simple groups Instructor: Yifan Yang Fall 2006 Outline Factorgroup computation Simple groups The problem Problem Given a factor group G/H, find an isomorphic group
More informationAnswers to Final Exam
Answers to Final Exam MA441: Algebraic Structures I 20 December 2003 1) Definitions (20 points) 1. Given a subgroup H G, define the quotient group G/H. (Describe the set and the group operation.) The quotient
More informationCHAPTER I. Rings. Definition A ring R is a set with two binary operations, addition + and
CHAPTER I Rings 1.1 Definitions and Examples Definition 1.1.1. A ring R is a set with two binary operations, addition + and multiplication satisfying the following conditions for all a, b, c in R : (i)
More informationSUMMARY ALGEBRA I LOUISPHILIPPE THIBAULT
SUMMARY ALGEBRA I LOUISPHILIPPE THIBAULT Contents 1. Group Theory 1 1.1. Basic Notions 1 1.2. Isomorphism Theorems 2 1.3. Jordan Holder Theorem 2 1.4. Symmetric Group 3 1.5. Group action on Sets 3 1.6.
More informationAlgebraic structures I
MTH5100 Assignment 110 Algebraic structures I For handing in on various dates January March 2011 1 FUNCTIONS. Say which of the following rules successfully define functions, giving reasons. For each one
More informationHOMEWORK Graduate Abstract Algebra I May 2, 2004
Math 5331 Sec 121 Spring 2004, UT Arlington HOMEWORK Graduate Abstract Algebra I May 2, 2004 The required text is Algebra, by Thomas W. Hungerford, Graduate Texts in Mathematics, Vol 73, Springer. (it
More informationFall /29/18 Time Limit: 75 Minutes
Math 411: Abstract Algebra Fall 2018 Midterm 10/29/18 Time Limit: 75 Minutes Name (Print): Solutions JHUID: This exam contains 8 pages (including this cover page) and 6 problems. Check to see if any pages
More informationAlgebra Qualifying Exam, Fall 2018
Algebra Qualifying Exam, Fall 2018 Name: Student ID: Instructions: Show all work clearly and in order. Use full sentences in your proofs and solutions. All answers count. In this exam, you may use the
More informationPROBLEMS FROM GROUP THEORY
PROBLEMS FROM GROUP THEORY Page 1 of 12 In the problems below, G, H, K, and N generally denote groups. We use p to stand for a positive prime integer. Aut( G ) denotes the group of automorphisms of G.
More informationName: Solutions  AI FINAL EXAM
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 total Name: Solutions  AI FINAL EXAM The first 7 problems will each count 10 points. The best 3 of # 813 will count 10 points each. Total is 100 points. A 4th problem from
More informationMath 451, 01, Exam #2 Answer Key
Math 451, 01, Exam #2 Answer Key 1. (25 points): If the statement is always true, circle True and prove it. If the statement is never true, circle False and prove that it can never be true. If the statement
More informationYale University Department of Mathematics Math 350 Introduction to Abstract Algebra Fall Midterm Exam Review Solutions
Yale University Department of Mathematics Math 350 Introduction to Abstract Algebra Fall 2015 Midterm Exam Review Solutions Practice exam questions: 1. Let V 1 R 2 be the subset of all vectors whose slope
More informationAlgebra Ph.D. Entrance Exam Fall 2009 September 3, 2009
Algebra Ph.D. Entrance Exam Fall 2009 September 3, 2009 Directions: Solve 10 of the following problems. Mark which of the problems are to be graded. Without clear indication which problems are to be graded
More informationMath 121 Homework 5: Notes on Selected Problems
Math 121 Homework 5: Notes on Selected Problems 12.1.2. Let M be a module over the integral domain R. (a) Assume that M has rank n and that x 1,..., x n is any maximal set of linearly independent elements
More informationφ(xy) = (xy) n = x n y n = φ(x)φ(y)
Groups 1. (Algebra Comp S03) Let A, B and C be normal subgroups of a group G with A B. If A C = B C and AC = BC then prove that A = B. Let b B. Since b = b1 BC = AC, there are a A and c C such that b =
More information(Rgs) Rings Math 683L (Summer 2003)
(Rgs) Rings Math 683L (Summer 2003) We will first summarise the general results that we will need from the theory of rings. A unital ring, R, is a set equipped with two binary operations + and such that
More informationALGEBRA I (LECTURE NOTES 2017/2018) LECTURE 9  CYCLIC GROUPS AND EULER S FUNCTION
ALGEBRA I (LECTURE NOTES 2017/2018) LECTURE 9  CYCLIC GROUPS AND EULER S FUNCTION PAVEL RŮŽIČKA 9.1. Congruence modulo n. Let us have a closer look at a particular example of a congruence relation on
More informationMath 120. Groups and Rings Midterm Exam (November 8, 2017) 2 Hours
Math 120. Groups and Rings Midterm Exam (November 8, 2017) 2 Hours Name: Please read the questions carefully. You will not be given partial credit on the basis of having misunderstood a question, and please
More informationNOTES ON FINITE FIELDS
NOTES ON FINITE FIELDS AARON LANDESMAN CONTENTS 1. Introduction to finite fields 2 2. Definition and constructions of fields 3 2.1. The definition of a field 3 2.2. Constructing field extensions by adjoining
More informationMATH 1530 ABSTRACT ALGEBRA Selected solutions to problems. a + b = a + b,
MATH 1530 ABSTRACT ALGEBRA Selected solutions to problems Problem Set 2 2. Define a relation on R given by a b if a b Z. (a) Prove that is an equivalence relation. (b) Let R/Z denote the set of equivalence
More informationFactorization in Polynomial Rings
Factorization in Polynomial Rings Throughout these notes, F denotes a field. 1 Long division with remainder We begin with some basic definitions. Definition 1.1. Let f, g F [x]. We say that f divides g,
More informationMATH 4107 (Prof. Heil) PRACTICE PROBLEMS WITH SOLUTIONS Spring 2018
MATH 4107 (Prof. Heil) PRACTICE PROBLEMS WITH SOLUTIONS Spring 2018 Here are a few practice problems on groups. You should first work through these WITHOUT LOOKING at the solutions! After you write your
More informationMATH HL OPTION  REVISION SETS, RELATIONS AND GROUPS Compiled by: Christos Nikolaidis
MATH HL OPTION  REVISION SETS, RELATIONS AND GROUPS Compiled by: Christos Nikolaidis PART B: GROUPS GROUPS 1. ab The binary operation a * b is defined by a * b = a+ b +. (a) Prove that * is associative.
More informationPRACTICE FINAL MATH , MIT, SPRING 13. You have three hours. This test is closed book, closed notes, no calculators.
PRACTICE FINAL MATH 18.703, MIT, SPRING 13 You have three hours. This test is closed book, closed notes, no calculators. There are 11 problems, and the total number of points is 180. Show all your work.
More informationENTRY GROUP THEORY. [ENTRY GROUP THEORY] Authors: started Mark Lezama: October 2003 Literature: Algebra by Michael Artin, Mathworld.
ENTRY GROUP THEORY [ENTRY GROUP THEORY] Authors: started Mark Lezama: October 2003 Literature: Algebra by Michael Artin, Mathworld Group theory [Group theory] is studies algebraic objects called groups.
More informationChapter 5 Groups of permutations (bijections) Basic notation and ideas We study the most general type of groups  groups of permutations
Chapter 5 Groups of permutations (bijections) Basic notation and ideas We study the most general type of groups  groups of permutations (bijections). Definition A bijection from a set A to itself is also
More informationMATH 3030, Abstract Algebra Winter 2012 Toby Kenney Sample Midterm Examination Model Solutions
MATH 3030, Abstract Algebra Winter 2012 Toby Kenney Sample Midterm Examination Model Solutions Basic Questions 1. Give an example of a prime ideal which is not maximal. In the ring Z Z, the ideal {(0,
More informationAugust 2015 Qualifying Examination Solutions
August 2015 Qualifying Examination Solutions If you have any difficulty with the wording of the following problems please contact the supervisor immediately. All persons responsible for these problems,
More informationMath 430 Exam 1, Fall 2006
c IIT Dept. Applied Mathematics, October 21, 2008 1 PRINT Last name: Signature: First name: Student ID: Math 430 Exam 1, Fall 2006 These theorems may be cited at any time during the test by stating By
More information5 Group theory. 5.1 Binary operations
5 Group theory This section is an introduction to abstract algebra. This is a very useful and important subject for those of you who will continue to study pure mathematics. 5.1 Binary operations 5.1.1
More informationMath 2070BC Term 2 Weeks 1 13 Lecture Notes
Math 2070BC 2017 18 Term 2 Weeks 1 13 Lecture Notes Keywords: group operation multiplication associative identity element inverse commutative abelian group Special Linear Group order infinite order cyclic
More informationANALYSIS OF SMALL GROUPS
ANALYSIS OF SMALL GROUPS 1. Big Enough Subgroups are Normal Proposition 1.1. Let G be a finite group, and let q be the smallest prime divisor of G. Let N G be a subgroup of index q. Then N is a normal
More informationExtra exercises for algebra
Extra exercises for algebra These are extra exercises for the course algebra. They are meant for those students who tend to have already solved all the exercises at the beginning of the exercise session
More informationMath 430 Exam 2, Fall 2008
Do not distribute. IIT Dept. Applied Mathematics, February 16, 2009 1 PRINT Last name: Signature: First name: Student ID: Math 430 Exam 2, Fall 2008 These theorems may be cited at any time during the test
More informationCosets, factor groups, direct products, homomorphisms, isomorphisms
Cosets, factor groups, direct products, homomorphisms, isomorphisms Sergei Silvestrov Spring term 2011, Lecture 11 Contents of the lecture Cosets and the theorem of Lagrange. Direct products and finitely
More informationIUPUI Qualifying Exam Abstract Algebra
IUPUI Qualifying Exam Abstract Algebra January 2017 Daniel Ramras (1) a) Prove that if G is a group of order 2 2 5 2 11, then G contains either a normal subgroup of order 11, or a normal subgroup of order
More informationChapter 5. Modular arithmetic. 5.1 The modular ring
Chapter 5 Modular arithmetic 5.1 The modular ring Definition 5.1. Suppose n N and x, y Z. Then we say that x, y are equivalent modulo n, and we write x y mod n if n x y. It is evident that equivalence
More informationMTH 310, Section 001 Abstract Algebra I and Number Theory. Sample Midterm 1
MTH 310, Section 001 Abstract Algebra I and Number Theory Sample Midterm 1 Instructions: You have 50 minutes to complete the exam. There are five problems, worth a total of fifty points. You may not use
More informationMATH ABSTRACT ALGEBRA DISCUSSIONS  WEEK 8
MAT 410  ABSTRACT ALEBRA DISCUSSIONS  WEEK 8 CAN OZAN OUZ 1. Isomorphism Theorems In group theory, there are three main isomorphism theorems. They all follow from the first isomorphism theorem. Let s
More informationSolutions of exercise sheet 8
DMATH Algebra I HS 14 Prof. Emmanuel Kowalski Solutions of exercise sheet 8 1. In this exercise, we will give a characterization for solvable groups using commutator subgroups. See last semester s (Algebra
More informationMath 210A: Algebra, Homework 5
Math 210A: Algebra, Homework 5 Ian Coley November 5, 2013 Problem 1. Prove that two elements σ and τ in S n are conjugate if and only if type σ = type τ. Suppose first that σ and τ are cycles. Suppose
More informationINFINITE RINGS WITH PLANAR ZERODIVISOR GRAPHS
INFINITE RINGS WITH PLANAR ZERODIVISOR GRAPHS YONGWEI YAO Abstract. For any commutative ring R that is not a domain, there is a zerodivisor graph, denoted Γ(R), in which the vertices are the nonzero zerodivisors
More informationAlgebra SEP Solutions
Algebra SEP Solutions 17 July 2017 1. (January 2017 problem 1) For example: (a) G = Z/4Z, N = Z/2Z. More generally, G = Z/p n Z, N = Z/pZ, p any prime number, n 2. Also G = Z, N = nz for any n 2, since
More informationMath 581 Problem Set 9
Math 581 Prolem Set 9 1. Let m and n e relatively prime positive integers. (a) Prove that Z/mnZ = Z/mZ Z/nZ as RINGS. (Hint: First Isomorphism Theorem) Proof: Define ϕz Z/mZ Z/nZ y ϕ(x) = ([x] m, [x] n
More informationFirst Semester Abstract Algebra for Undergraduates
First Semester Abstract Algebra for Undergraduates Lecture notes by: Khim R Shrestha, Ph. D. Assistant Professor of Mathematics University of Great Falls Great Falls, Montana Contents 1 Introduction to
More informationGRE Subject test preparation Spring 2016 Topic: Abstract Algebra, Linear Algebra, Number Theory.
GRE Subject test preparation Spring 2016 Topic: Abstract Algebra, Linear Algebra, Number Theory. Linear Algebra Standard matrix manipulation to compute the kernel, intersection of subspaces, column spaces,
More informationSection III.15. FactorGroup Computations and Simple Groups
III.15 FactorGroup Computations 1 Section III.15. FactorGroup Computations and Simple Groups Note. In this section, we try to extract information about a group G by considering properties of the factor
More informationAlgebra Exam Topics. Updated August 2017
Algebra Exam Topics Updated August 2017 Starting Fall 2017, the Masters Algebra Exam will have 14 questions. Of these students will answer the first 8 questions from Topics 1, 2, and 3. They then have
More informationMath 553 Qualifying Exam. In this test, you may assume all theorems proved in the lectures. All other claims must be proved.
Math 553 Qualifying Exam January, 2019 Ron Ji In this test, you may assume all theorems proved in the lectures. All other claims must be proved. 1. Let G be a group of order 3825 = 5 2 3 2 17. Show that
More informationALGEBRA QUALIFYING EXAM SPRING 2012
ALGEBRA QUALIFYING EXAM SPRING 2012 Work all of the problems. Justify the statements in your solutions by reference to specific results, as appropriate. Partial credit is awarded for partial solutions.
More informationAlgebra Exam Fall Alexander J. Wertheim Last Updated: October 26, Groups Problem Problem Problem 3...
Algebra Exam Fall 2006 Alexander J. Wertheim Last Updated: October 26, 2017 Contents 1 Groups 2 1.1 Problem 1..................................... 2 1.2 Problem 2..................................... 2
More informationALGEBRA PH.D. QUALIFYING EXAM September 27, 2008
ALGEBRA PH.D. QUALIFYING EXAM September 27, 2008 A passing paper consists of four problems solved completely plus significant progress on two other problems; moreover, the set of problems solved completely
More informationINTRODUCTION TO THE GROUP THEORY
Lecture Notes on Structure of Algebra INTRODUCTION TO THE GROUP THEORY By : Drs. Antonius Cahya Prihandoko, M.App.Sc email: antoniuscp.fkip@unej.ac.id Mathematics Education Study Program Faculty of Teacher
More informationHomework Problems, Math 200, Fall 2011 (Robert Boltje)
Homework Problems, Math 200, Fall 2011 (Robert Boltje) Due Friday, September 30: ( ) 0 a 1. Let S be the set of all matrices with entries a, b Z. Show 0 b that S is a semigroup under matrix multiplication
More informationMath Introduction to Modern Algebra
Math 343  Introduction to Modern Algebra Notes Rings and Special Kinds of Rings Let R be a (nonempty) set. R is a ring if there are two binary operations + and such that (A) (R, +) is an abelian group.
More informationModern Computer Algebra
Modern Computer Algebra Exercises to Chapter 25: Fundamental concepts 11 May 1999 JOACHIM VON ZUR GATHEN and JÜRGEN GERHARD Universität Paderborn 25.1 Show that any subgroup of a group G contains the neutral
More informationCHAPTER 14. Ideals and Factor Rings
CHAPTER 14 Ideals and Factor Rings Ideals Definition (Ideal). A subring A of a ring R is called a (twosided) ideal of R if for every r 2 R and every a 2 A, ra 2 A and ar 2 A. Note. (1) A absorbs elements
More informationElements of solution for Homework 5
Elements of solution for Homework 5 General remarks How to use the First Isomorphism Theorem A standard way to prove statements of the form G/H is isomorphic to Γ is to construct a homomorphism ϕ : G Γ
More informationJanuary 2016 Qualifying Examination
January 2016 Qualifying Examination If you have any difficulty with the wording of the following problems please contact the supervisor immediately. All persons responsible for these problems, in principle,
More informationExercises MAT2200 spring 2013 Ark 3 Cosets, Direct products and Abelian groups
Exercises MAT2200 spring 2013 Ark 3 Cosets, Direct products and Abelian groups This Ark concerns the weeks No. (Feb ) andno. (Feb Mar ). The plans for those two weeks are as follows: On Wednesday Feb I
More informationTEST CODE: PMB SYLLABUS
TEST CODE: PMB SYLLABUS Convergence and divergence of sequence and series; Cauchy sequence and completeness; BolzanoWeierstrass theorem; continuity, uniform continuity, differentiability; directional
More informationSection 18 Rings and fields
Section 18 Rings and fields Instructor: Yifan Yang Spring 2007 Motivation Many sets in mathematics have two binary operations (and thus two algebraic structures) For example, the sets Z, Q, R, M n (R)
More informationAlgebra Review. Instructor: Laszlo Babai Notes by Vincent Lucarelli and the instructor. June 15, 2001
Algebra Review Instructor: Laszlo Babai Notes by Vincent Lucarelli and the instructor June 15, 2001 1 Groups Definition 1.1 A semigroup (G, ) is a set G with a binary operation such that: Axiom 1 ( a,
More information1 2 3 style total. Circle the correct answer; no explanation is required. Each problem in this section counts 5 points.
1 2 3 style total Math 415 Examination 3 Please print your name: Answer Key 1 True/false Circle the correct answer; no explanation is required. Each problem in this section counts 5 points. 1. The rings
More informationS11MTH 3175 Group Theory (Prof.Todorov) Final (Practice Some Solutions) 2 BASIC PROPERTIES
S11MTH 3175 Group Theory (Prof.Todorov) Final (Practice Some Solutions) 2 BASIC PROPERTIES 1 Some Definitions For your convenience, we recall some of the definitions: A group G is called simple if it has
More information