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Monier-Williams Search
4 results for upasti
Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
upastiand upa-st/i- () mfn. (fr. s-ti-[1. as-]with upa- see abhi-ṣṭi-;fr. styai- commentator or commentary on ), being lower or inferior, subordinate, subject, submissive = = View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upastirf. anything spread over, a cover View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upastirf. (dative case upa-st/ire-used as infinitive mood See last column) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upastitaramind. more inferior, more subject View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
Apte Search
2 results
upasti उपस्तिः Ved. 1 A tree. -2 An attendant, a follower, servant.
upastir उपस्तिर् f. Ved. 1 Spreading. -2 A covering, what is spread; अभि शुक्रामुपस्तिरम् Rv.9.62.28.
Macdonell Search
2 results
upasti m. dependent, ser vant.
upastire d. inf. to spread out, to cover.
Vedic Index of
Names and Subjects
2 results1 result
upasti Denotes both in the Rigveda and the Atharvaveda a ‘dependent,’ just as later in the Epic the subordination of the Vaiśya to the two superior castes is expressed by the verb upa-sthā, ‘stand under,’ support.’ The word also appears, with the same sense, in the form of Sti, but only in the Rigveda. The exact nature of the dependence connoted by the term is quite uncertain. Zimmer conjectures that the *dependents ’ were the members of defeated Aryan tribes who became clients of the king, as among the Greeks, Romans, and Germans, the term possibly including persons who had lost their freedom through dicing. The evidence of the Athar¬vaveda shows that among the Upastis were included the chariot-makers (ratha-kāra), the smiths (taksan), and the charioteers (sūta), and troop-leaders (grāma-nī), while the Rigveda passages negative the possibility of the subjects ’ (s&‘) being the whole people. It is therefore fair to assume that they were the clients proper of the king, not servile, but attached in a special relation to him as opposed to the ordinary population. They may well have included among them not only the classes suggested by Zimmer, but also higher elements, such as refugees from other clans, as well as ambitious men who sought advancement in the royal service. Indeed, the Sūta and the Grāmanī were, as such, officers of the king’s house¬holdkingmakers, not themselves kings, as they are described in the Atharvaveda. The use of the word in the Taittirīya Samhitā, the Taittirīya Brāhmana, and the Kāthaka, is purely metaphorical, as well as in the one passage of the Rigveda in which it occurs. In the Paippalāda recension of the Atharvaveda,Vaiśya, Sūdra, and Arya are referred to as Upastis, perhaps in the general sense of ‘subject.’
Bloomfield Vedic
Concordance
2 results1 result6 results
upasti kṛṇu me janam AVP.3.13.7d,8d. Cf. AVś.3.5.6cd.
upastir astu vaiśyaḥ AVP.3.13.8a.
upastir astu so 'smākam RV.10.97.23c; AVś.6.15.1c; VS.12.101c.
upastire camvor brahma nirṇije RV.9.71.1d.
upastire pṛthivīṃ sūryāya RV.5.85.1d; KS.12.15d.
upastire śvaitarīṃ dhenum īḍe RV.4.33.1b.
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