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WordReferenceGenderNumberSynonymsDefinition
anādaraḥ1.7.22NeuterSingularparibhāvaḥ, asūrkṣaṇam, tiraskriyā, rīḍhā, avamānanā, avajñā, paribhavaḥ, avahelanamdisrespect
bhikṣuḥ2.7.45MasculineSingularpārāśarī, maskarī, parivrāṭ, karmandī
caurakaḥ2.10.24MasculineSingularparāskandī, taskaraḥ, aikāgārikaḥ, ‍‌pratirodhī, dasyuḥ, malimlucaḥ, ‍‍‍pāṭaccaraḥ, moṣakaḥ, stenaḥ
cittābhogaḥMasculineSingularmanaskāraḥcosciousness of pleasure or pain
gaṇaḥ3.3.52MasculineSingularbhāskaraḥ, varṇabhedaḥ
kārtikeyaḥMasculineSingularmahāsenaḥ, kumāraḥ, śikhivāhanaḥ, bāhuleyaḥ, senānīḥ, ṣaḍānanaḥ, śaktidharaḥ, viśākhaḥ, guhaḥ, skandaḥ, śarajanmā, krauñcadāruṇaḥ, ṣāṇmāturaḥ, tārakajit, agnibhūḥ, pārvatīnandanaḥkaarttik
nirṇiktam3.1.55-56MasculineSingularanavaskaram, śodhitam, mṛṣṭam, niḥśodhyam
paraidhitā2.10.17MasculineSingular‍‍parācitaḥ, pariskandaḥ, parajātaḥ
prakāṇḍaḥ2.4.10MasculineSingularskandhaḥ
pratisīrā2.6.121FeminineSingularjavanikā, tiraskariṇī
prayastam2.9.46MasculineSingularsusaṃskṛtam
rajatam3.3.86MasculineSingularyuktaḥ, atisaṃskṛtaḥ, marṣī
rathāṅgam2.8.56NeuterSingularapaskaraḥ
riṅgaṇamNeuterSingularskhalanamcreeding or tumbling
śakṛt2.6.68NeuterSingularpurīṣam, gūtham, varcaskam, uccāraḥ, viṣṭhā, avaskaraḥ, viṭ, śamalam
satvam3.3.221NeuterSingularkulam, maskaraḥ
skandadeśaḥ2.9.64MasculineSingular‍galakambalaḥ
skandhaḥ3.3.107MasculineSingularlepaḥ, amṛtam, snuhī
skandhaḥ2.6.79MasculineSingularbhujaśiraḥ, aṃsaḥ
skandhaśākhāFeminineSingularśālā
skhalitam2.8.110NeuterSingularchalam
srastam3.1.104MasculineSingularpannam, cyutam, galitam, dhvastam, bhraṣṭam, skannam
sūraḥ1.3.28-30MasculineSingularsahasrāṃśuḥ, raviḥ, chāyānāthaḥ, jagaccakṣuḥ, pradyotanaḥ, lokabāndhavaḥ, aryamā, dhāmanidhiḥ, divākaraḥ, braghnaḥ, bhāsvān, haridaśvaḥ, arkaḥ, aruṇaḥ, taraṇiḥ, virocanaḥ, tviṣāṃpatiḥ, haṃsaḥ, savitā, tejasāṃrāśiḥ, karmasākṣī, trayītanuḥ, khadyotaḥ, sūryaḥ, bhagaḥ, dvādaśātmā, abjinīpatiḥ, ahaskaraḥ, vibhākaraḥ, saptāśvaḥ, vikartanaḥ, mihiraḥ, dyumaṇiḥ, citrabhānuḥ, grahapatiḥ, bhānuḥ, tapanaḥ, padmākṣaḥ, tamisrahā, lokabandhuḥ, dinamaṇiḥ, inaḥ, ādityaḥ, aṃśumālī, bhāskaraḥ, prabhākaraḥ, vivasvān, uṣṇaraśmiḥ, mārtaṇḍaḥ, pūṣā, mitraḥ, vibhāvasuḥ, aharpatiḥ(53)the sun
tamālaḥ2.2.68MasculineSingulartālaskandhaḥ, tāpicchaḥ
tindukaḥ2.4.38MasculineSingularkālaskandhaḥ, śitisārakaḥ, sphūrjakaḥ
udyānam3.3.124NeuterSingularupakaraṇam, māraṇam, anuvrajyā, mṛtasaṃskāraḥ, gatiḥ, dravyopapādanam, nirvartanam
vaṃśaḥMasculineSingulartejanaḥ, yavaphalaḥ, tvacisāraḥ, maskaraḥ, śataparvā, karmāraḥ, veṇuḥ, tṛṇadhvajaḥ, tvaksāraḥ
vrātyaḥ2.7.58MasculineSingularsaṃskārahīnaḥ
yuddham2.8.107NeuterSingularāyodhanam, pravidāraṇam, saṃkhyam, ‍samaraḥ, kalahaḥ, abhisaṃpātaḥ, saṃyogaḥ, saṃgrāmaḥ, ‍saṃyat, samit, janyam, mṛdham, samīkam, a‍nīkaḥ, ‍vigrahaḥ, kaṃliḥ, abhyāmardaḥ, āhavaḥ, ‍samitiḥ, yut, pradhanam, āskandanam, ‍sāṃparāthikam, raṇaḥ, saṃprahāraḥ, saṃsphoṭaḥ, ‍samāghātaḥ, samudāyaḥ, ājiḥ
namaskārīFeminineSingulargaṇḍakālī, samaṅgā, khadirā
aṅgasaṃskāraḥ2.6.122MasculineSingularparikarma
abhyavaskandanam2.8.112NeuterSingularabhyāsādanam
upaskaraḥ2.9.35MasculineSingular‍vesavāraḥ
saṃskṛtam3.3.87MasculineSingularmūrkhaḥ, socchrayaḥ
puraskṛtaḥ3.3.90MasculineSingularabhidheyaḥ, rāḥ, vastu, prayojanam, nivṝttiḥ
avaskaraḥ3.3.175MasculineSingulardvāḥsthaḥ, pratīhārī, dvāram
     Monier-Williams
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1234 results for sk
     
Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
skabdhaSee vi-ṣkabdha-, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skabhanan. equals śabda- (Scholiast or Commentator) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skabhitamfn. (fr. Causal) supported, fixed, fastened View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skabhīyasmfn. (Comparative degree) supporting more or very firmly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skambh or skabh- (prob. a mere phonetic variety of stambh- q.v;in native lists written skanbh-) cl.5.9. P. ( ) skabhn/oti-, skabhn/āti- (according to to also cl.1 A1. skambhate-; pr. p. skabhnuv/at- ; skabh/at- ; perfect tense cask/ambha-,2. dual number -skambh/athuḥ- ; parasmE-pada caskabhān/a- ; Aorist askambhīt- grammar; future skambhitā-, skambhiṣyati- ; infinitive mood skambhitum- ; -sk/abhe- ; ind.p. skabhitv/ī- ) to prop, support, make firm, fix, establish : Causal skambhayati- (Aorist acaskambhat-, grammar;See skambhita-) or skabhāy/ati- ( Va1rtt. 1 ;See skabhita-), to prop, support, fix ; to impede, check
skambham. a prop, support, pillar, buttress, fulcrum, the Fulcrum of the Universe (personified in , and identified with brahman-, the Supreme Being, as well as with puruṣa-;See ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skambham. Name of a man gaRa kuñjādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skambhadeṣṇa(skambh/a--) mfn. one whose gifts are firm, stable in giving (as the marut-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skambhanan. a prop, pillar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skambhani (Nominal verb n/īs-) idem or 'n. a prop, pillar ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skambhanī(Nominal verb n/īs-) idem or ' (Nominal verb n/īs-) idem or 'n. a prop, pillar ' ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skambhasarjanan. a particular part of a pillar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skambhasarjanīf. a particular part of a pillar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skāmbhāyanam. plural (of next) gaRa kuñjādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skāmbhāyanyam. patronymic fr. skambha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skand (confer, compare skandh-and skund-) cl.1 P. () skandati- (mc. also te-; cask/anda- etc.; caskande- etc.; Aorist askan-, sk/an- ; /askān-, skān- ; askāntsīt- ; askadat- grammar; preceding skadyāt- ; future skanttā- ; skantsyati- ; infinitive mood skanditum- grammar; -sk/ade-, -sk/adas- ; ind.p. skanttvā- grammar; -sk/andya-or -sk/adya- ; -sk/andam- ), to leap, jump, hop, dart, spring, spurt out, be spilt or effused (especially said of semen) etc. ; (A1.) to emit seminal fluid ; to leap upon, cover (said of animals) ; to drop, fall down, perish, be lost : Passive voice skadyate- (perf. caskade-or caskande-; Aorist askandi-) grammar : Causal skandayati- (mc. also te-; Aorist acask/andat-), to cause to jump or leap (in explaining skanda-) ; to pour out, effuse, shed, spill, emit (especially seminal fluid) ; to omit, neglect etc. ; to cause to coagulate, thicken : Desiderative ciskantsati-, grammar : Intensive canīskadyate-, canīskandīti- (grammar), k/aniṣkan-, -caniṣkadat- ; (), to leap, jump, hop etc. [ confer, compare Greek ; Latin scando,de-scendo;scAlaforscant(s)la.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandam. anything which jumps or hops (in tṛṇa-skand/a-,"grasshopper", Name of a man) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandam. spurting, effusing, effusion, spilling, shedding (see /a-and ghraṇa-sk-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandam. perishing, destruction View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandam. quick-silver View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandam. "Attacker", Name of kārttikeya- (q.v,son of śiva- or of agni-;he is called god of war as leader of śiva-'s hosts against the enemies of the gods;he is also leader of the demons of illness that attack children[ see -graha-],also god of burglars and thieves; see -putra-and ) etc.
skandam. Name of śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandam. a king prince View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandam. a clever or learned man (see skandha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandam. the body View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandam. the di- (plural ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skāndamfn. relating to skanda- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skāndamfn. composed by skanda-svāmin- ( skāndabhāṣya -bhāṣya- n.Name of a Commentary) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skāndan. (with or scilicet purāṇa-) Name of the skanda-purāṇa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skāndabhāṣyan. skānda
skandabhaṭam. Name of various persons View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandabhaṭṭam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandadāsam. Name of a merchant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandāgni wrong reading for skandhāgni- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandagraham. the demon skanda- (causing disease) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandaguptam. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandaguptam. of an elephant-keeper View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandagurum. "father of skanda-", Name of śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandajananīf. " skanda-'s mother", pārvatī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandajitm. "conqueror of skanda-", Name of viṣṇu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandakam. one who leaps or springs View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandakam. a soldier View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandakan. (prob.) a kind of metre (see skandhaka-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandakagrāmam. Name of a village View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandakavacan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandamātṛf. "mother of skanda-", Name of durgā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandāṃśakam. quicksilver View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandanan. spurting out, emission, effusion, dropping View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandanan. failing to succeed, miscarrying View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandanan. purging, evacuation of the bowels View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandanan. clotting or coagulation of blood View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandanan. going, moving View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandanīyamfn. to be emitted or poured out or effused View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandāpasmāram. a demon causing a particular disease View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandāpumārinmfn. attacked by the above disease View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandapuran. Name of a town View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandapurāṇan. Name of a purāṇa- (consisting of several saṃhitā-s, each of which contains a number of khaṇḍa-s, the most celebrated being the kāśī-khaṇḍa-, chiefly intended to glorify kāśī- or, Benares and exalt the sanctity of its shrines) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandapurāṇasamuccayam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandapurāṇīyamfn. belonging to the skanda-purāṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandaputram. a son of skanda- (euphemistic term for a thief) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandarājam. the king skanda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandāryam. Name of two Brahmans View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandasahasranāmann. "the thousand names of skanda-", Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandaṣaṣṭhīf. the 6th day of the light half of the month kārttika- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandaṣaṣṭhīf. a festival in honour of kārttikeya- on the 6th day of the month caitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandaṣaṣṭhīvratan. a particular religious observance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandaṣaṣṭhīvratan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandaskāraśaṃkara(?) m. Name of a poet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandastotran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandasvāminm. Name of a Commentator View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandatāf. () () the condition of skanda-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandatvan. () the condition of skanda-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandavarmanm. Name of various kings View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandaviśākham. dual number skanda- and viśākha-, gaRa dadhi-paya-ādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandaviśākham. sg. Name of śiva- (varia lectio skandha-v-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skāndaviśākhamfn. (fr. skanda-v-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandayāgam. Name of the 20th pariśiṣṭa- of the atharva-- veda-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandayāmalatantran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skāndāyanam. plural (for next) gaRa kuñjādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skāndāyanyam. patronymic fr. skanda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandeśvaratīrthan. Name of a tīrtha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandh (sometimes written skand-) cl.10 P. skandhayati-, to collect View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandham. (according to to , from skand-in the sense of "rising"?) the shoulder, upper part of the back or region from the neck to the shoulder-joint (in men and animals) etc.
skandham. the stem or trunk of a tree (especially that part of the stem where the branches begin) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandham. a large branch or bough View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandham. a troop, multitude, quantity, aggregate (see kari--, nara-sk-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandham. a part, division (especially a division of an army or a form of military array) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandham. a chapter, section (of a book, system etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandham. a tract, path, region (especially of the winds, said to be seven) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandham. (in philosophy) the five objects of sense (See viṣaya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandham. (with Buddhists) the five constituent elements of being (viz. rūpa-,"bodily form"; vedanā-,"sensation"; saṃjñā-,"perception"; saṃskāra-,"aggregate of formations"; vijñāna-,"consciousness or thought-faculty") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandham. (with jaina-s) the body (in the widest sense equals piṇḍa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandham. a particular form of the āryā- metre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandham. a king, prince View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandham. any article used at the coronation of a king (as a jar filled with consecrated water, an umbrella etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandham. a sage, teacher View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandham. war, battle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandham. an engagement, agreement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandham. a heron View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandham. equality of height in the humps of a pair of draught oxen View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandham. equals samparāya- and bhadrādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandham. Name of a serpent-demon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandham. of a poet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandham. often wrong reading for skanda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhāf. a branch View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhāf. a creeper View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhabandhanāf. Anethum Panmorium View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhacāpam. "shoulder-bow", a sort of yoke or pole made of bamboo with a cord attached to either end for carrying burdens View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhadeśam. the region of the shoulder View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhadeśam. the stem of a tree etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhadeśam. the part about the shoulders or withers of an elephant (where the driver sits) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhāgni m. fire made with thick logs View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhajamfn. growing from the stem View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhajam. a tree growing from a principal stem (exempli gratia, 'for example' the gum olibanum tree etc.) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhakan. a kind of āryā- metre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhākṣam. Name of one of skanda-'s attendants View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhamallakam. a heron View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhamaṇim. a particular amulet (equals asita-sk-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhamāram. (with Buddhists) one of the four māra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhamayamf(ī-)n. See buddhi-skandha-m-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhānalam. fire made with thick logs View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhapādam. Name of a mountain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhaparinirvāṇan. complete annihilation of the elements of being (with Buddhists) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhaphalam. the cocoa-nut tree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhaphalam. Ficus Glomerata View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhaphalam. Aegle Marmelos View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhapīṭhan. the shoulders-blade View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhapradeśam. the region of the shoulder View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandharāja wrong reading for skanda-r- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandharuham. the Indian fig-tree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhasn. the shoulder View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhasn. the branching top or crown of a tree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhasn. the trunk of a tree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhaśākhāf. a principal branch View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhaśākhāf. plural the trunk and principal branches View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhaśirasn. the shoulder-blade View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhaśṛṅgam. a buffalo View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhastambhi(?) m. Name of king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhasvāmin wrong reading for skanda-sv- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhasvāti(?) m. Name of king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhatarum. the cocoa-nut tree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhavaham. "carrying burdens on the shoulders"(as an ox etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhavāha m. "carrying burdens on the shoulders"(as an ox etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhavāhakam. "carrying burdens on the shoulders"(as an ox etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhavāhyamf(ā-)n. being carried on the shoulder of (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhāvāram. the king's camp or headquarters, royal residence etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhāvāram. an army View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhavatmfn. having a stem or a thick stem or many stems View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhaviśākha wrong reading for skandav- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhemukhamfn. having the face or mouth on the shoulders View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhikam. equals skandha-vāha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhīkṛP. -karoti-, to suspend over the shoulder View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhilam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhinmfn. having a (big) stem View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhinm. a tree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skāndhinm. plural the disciples of skandha- gaRa śaunakādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhoin compound for skandhas-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhogrīvīf. Name of a particular form of the bṛhatī- metre (varia lectio -) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhopaneyamfn. to be carried on the shoulders View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhopaneyam. (scilicet saṃdhi-) a kind of treaty or alliance to maintain peace, a peace-offering View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhyamf(ā-)n. belonging etc. to the shoulder View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhyamf(ā-)n. equals skandha iva- gaRa śākhādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandilācāryam. Name of a preceptor View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandinmfn. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') effusing, shedding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandinmfn. coagulating (See a-sk-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandinmfn. leaping, jumping View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandinmfn. bursting out View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skanditamfn. emitted, effused, shed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skanditamfn. going View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandolamfn. (?) cold View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandolam. coldness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandopaniṣadf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandopapurāṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandyamfn. equals skanda iva- gaRa śākhādi- (see a-garta-sk-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skannamfn. fallen, trickled down, emitted, sprinkled (as semen) etc. gone View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skannamfn. one who has failed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skannamfn. (according to to commentator or commentary) equals śuṣka-, lambamāna-, or unnata- (in -skandhārdha-bhāga-) (see a-sk-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skannaSee column 2. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skannabhāga(n/a--) mfn. one whose share is lost, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skannatvan. the clotting or thickening of blood View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skanttṛmfn. one who leaps etc. (See viṣkanttṛ-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skaunagarikamf(ā-or ī-)n. (fr. prec.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skavanaSee danta-sk- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skavana see next. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhad cl.1 A1. skhadate- (perfect tense caskhade-; future skhaditā-etc.) : Causal skhādayati- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhadāf. gaRa gavādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhadanan. (only ) cutting or tearing to pieces, hurting, killing, harassing, discomfiting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhadanan. firmness. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhadyāf. (fr. prec.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhal cl.1 P. () skhalati- (rarely te-; perfect tense caskhāla-, caskhaluḥ- etc.; future skhalitā-, liṣyati- grammar; Aorist askhālīt- ; infinitive mood skhalitum- ), to stumble, trip, totter, waver, fluctuate (with na-,"not to waver, remain steadfast, prevail") etc. ; to drop or slip down, trickle down ; to stammer, falter (as speech) ; to make mistakes, blunder, err, fail ; to gather, collect ; to move ; to disappear : Causal skhālayati- (or skhālayati- ), to cause to falter ; to stop, arrest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhalam. stumbling, tottering (see apa-skhal/a-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhaladin compound for skhalat- above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhaladvākyamfn. making mistakes in speaking, stammering, faltering, blundering
skhaladvalayamfn. one whose bracelet falls off or slips down (varia lectio) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhalanin compound for skhalat-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhalanan. stumbling, tottering, tripping unsteady gait View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhalanan. faltering, stammering (in vāk-skh-) gaRa khaṇḍv-ādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhalanan. displacement (of a garment) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhalanan. rubbing, friction, touch, contact, collision View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhalanan. discharge, emission (of semen) on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhalanan. falling into (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhalanan. being deprived of (ablative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhalanan. mistake, blundering in (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhalanmatimfn. erring in judgement, weak-minded View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhalatmfn. (pr.p.) See below. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhalitamfn. stumbling, tripping, unsteady (as a gait) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhalitamfn. dropping falling, dripping, trickling down View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhalitamfn. intoxicated, drunk View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhalitamfn. stammering, faltering (speech) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhalitamfn. stopped, checked, obstructed, impeded, interrupted, frustrated, baffled View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhalitamfn. confounded, perplexed by (instrumental case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhalitamfn. incomplete, deficient (opp. to ulbaṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhalitamfn. erring, failing, blundering in (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhalitamfn. awkward about (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhalitan. the act of tripping, stumbling, staggering etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhalitan. mistake, error, failure, blunder, blundering in (locative case or compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhalitan. loss, deprivation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhalitan. circumvention, stratagem (in war) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhalitagatimfn. having an unsteady gait, tottering, staggering View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhalitasubhagamind. dashing or leaping along pleasantly (over a rocky bed, said of a stream) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhalitavatmfn. gone astray, deviated from (-tas-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhalitavīryamfn. one whose heroism has been frustrated or disappointed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skhuḍ varia lectio for sthuḍ- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skonagaran. Name of a village of the bāhīka-s, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skoṭikāprob. wrong reading for sphoṭikā-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sk= 1. kṛ-, in upa--, pari--, and saṃskṛ-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skṛdhoyuSee /a-skṛ-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skṛt equals kṛt- in kosa-skṛt- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sku cl.5.9. P. A1. ( ) skunoti-, skunute- ; skunāti-, skunīte- (only -skunoti-and -skauti-[ ] and askunāt-[ ], skutvā-?[ ] and -skāvam-[ ]; see ā-sku-and niḥ-ṣku-[add.]) , to tear, pluck, pick, poke ; to cover : Passive voice skūy/ate-, to be stirred (as fire) : Causal skāvayati- (Aorist acuskavat-) grammar : Desiderative cuskūṣati-, te- : Intensive coṣkūy/ate-, to gather up, collect ; coskūyate-, coskoti- grammar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skumbh (in native lists written skunbh-;connected with skambh-) cl.5.9. P. ( ) skubhnoti-, skubhnoti- (skuptvā- ind.p. [prob. wrong reading for skutvā- ]), to hold, stop, hinder (rodhane-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skund (= skand-) cl.1 A1. skundate-, to jump (āpravane-,or āplavane-) ; to lift up (uddharaṇe-; see pra-skunda-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhipraskandto jump into (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhisaṃskāram. "the being formed", development (as of seeds) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhisaṃskāram. preparation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhisaṃskāram. conception, idea View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhisaṃsk -s-karoti-, to shape, form : A1. (subjunctive 1. sg. -s-kar/avai-) to render or make one's self (ātmānam-) anything (wished to be accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhisaṃskṛtamfn. consecrated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhiskambhCaus. (p. -skabhāyat-) commentator or commentary View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhiskand(perf. -caskanda-) to ascend
abhiskanda according to to some,"m. the mounting [buck]", . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhiskandamind. running near View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyavaskand(ind.p. -skandya-) to jump down or into ; to meet, encounter
abhyavaskandam. impetuous assault View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyavaskandajudgment, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyavaskandanan. impetuous assault View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
acchandaskamfn. having no metre, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agartaskandyamfn. "not having holes to be lept over", not offering hindrances View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āgaskārinmfn. evil-doing (with genitive case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āgaskṛtmfn. idem or 'mfn. evil-doing (with genitive case) ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āgaskṛtamfn. idem or 'mfn. idem or 'mfn. evil-doing (with genitive case) ' '
agnisaṃskāram. the consecration of fire View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnisaṃskāram. performance of any rite in which the application of fire is essential, as the burning of a dead body View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ahaskaram. (; gaRa kaskādi- q.v) "producing the day", the sun View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ahaskara See View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣisaṃskāram. painting the eyes, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣisaṃskāracollyrium, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amanaskamfn. without perception or intellect View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amanaskamfn. silly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amanaskamfn. not well-disposed, low-spirited View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ambutaskaram. "water thief", the sun View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amedaskamfn. without fat, lean
aṃhriskandham. a part of the foot between the ancle and the heel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amitaskandham. Name (also title or epithet) of a tathāgata-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ananyamanaska mfn. exercising undivided attention. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavaskaramfn. free from dirt, clean, cleansed. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anāvraskam. ( vraśc-), not falling or dropping off View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anāvraskam. uninjured condition, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anāvraskamfn. not falling or dropping off
aṅgasaṃskāram. embellishment of person bathing, perfuming and adorning the body. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅgasaṃskriyāf. embellishment of person bathing, perfuming and adorning the body. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅgaskandham. a subdivision of a science. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅghriskandham. the ancle. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṇīyaska([ ]) mfn. more minute than usual. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aniyatapuṃskāf. "having no fixed husband", a woman unchaste in conduct. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
annasaṃskāram. consecrating of food. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
annasaṃskartṛm. "preparer of food", a cook, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anojaska mfn. powerless, weak, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anupaskṛtamfn. unfinished, unpolished View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anupaskṛtamfn. not cooked View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anupaskṛtamfn. genuine View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anupaskṛtamfn. blameless View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anupaskṛtamfn. unrequited. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anuskandamind. having gone into in succession View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anyamanaskamfn. whose mind is fixed on something else, absent, versatile View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anyamanaskamfn. having another mind in one's self, possessed by a demon. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anyedyuska (), mfn. relating or belonging to the other day. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apariskandamind. so as not to jump or leap about View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apaskambham. fastening, making firm View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apaskambha according to to some,"the tearing [arrow]", . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apaskaram. any part of a carriage, a wheel, etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apaskaram. faeces (see avaskara-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apaskaram. anus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apaskaram. vulva View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apaskāram. under part of the knee View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apaskhalam. slipping ["outside of a threshing-floor" ] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apaskSee apa-- 3. kṝ-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apayaśaskaramfn. occasioning infamy, disgraceful. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apuṃskāf. without a husband View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arajaskamfn. dustless, without the quality called rajas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arajaskafree from impurity (others,"meek, gentle"), . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardhabhāskaram. midday View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardhadvicaturaskan. a particular posture, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aretaskamfn. seedless View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asaṃskāram. non-consecration View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asaṃskāram. want of embellishment or care, natural state, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asaṃskāryamfn. not worthy to receive a saṃskāra- (quod vide), . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asaṃskṛtamfn. not prepared View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asaṃskṛtamfn. not consecrated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asaṃskṛtamfn. unadorned View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asaṃskṛtamfn. unpolished, rude (as speech). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asaṃskṛtālakinmfn. having unadorned curls View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśiraskamfn. headless View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asitaskandham. a kind of amulet, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āskabhP. (-skabhn/āti- ) to fix firmly into, stick into. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
askambhanan. no pillar or support ["having no pillar or support" , the ether ] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āskandP. -skandati-, to leap, skip (See ā-sk/andam-) ; to invade, attack, assault View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
askandam. the non-spilling (as of the semen virile) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āskandam. ascending, mounting, jumping upon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āskandam. attack, assault etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āskandam. a die (especially the fourth) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āskandam. a manner of recitation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āskandam ind.p. leaping, skipping View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āskandanan. going towards View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āskandanan. assailing, attack View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āskandanan. battle, combat View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āskandanan. reproach, abuse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āskandanan. drying View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
askandatva(/a-skanda--) n. idem or 'm. the non-spilling (as of the semen virile) ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
askandayatmfn. not spilling View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
askandayatmfn. not neglecting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
askandinmfn. not coagulating View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āskandinmfn. jumping upon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āskandinmfn. assailing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āskandinmfn. causing to jump away, giving away, granting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āskandinmfn. a robber View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
askanditamfn. not neglected or forgotten (as time or a vow) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āskanditamfn. subject to or burdened with View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āskanditan. (am-) a horse's gallop View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āskanditakan. (akam-) a horse's gallop View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
askannamfn. not spilt (as an oblation) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
askannamfn. not covered (as a cow) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
askannatva(/a-skanna--) n. the not being spilt View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
askhalam. "not shaking or slipping", Name of an agni- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
askhalitamfn. unshaken, unyielding, firm View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
askhalitamfn. not stumbling or slipping, undeviating View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
askhalitamfn. uninterrupted, unimpeded, undisturbed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
askhalitaprayāṇamfn. not stumbling in progress, with unfaltering step View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āskramfn. ( kram- skṛ-=1. kṛ- ), attacking, assaulting ([ ]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āskramfn. joined, united ([ ]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
askṛdhoyumfn. (see kṛdh/u-), not deficient, abundant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āskuP. (-skauti- and -skun/oti- ) to pull, pluck, tear. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aspṛṣṭarajastamaskamfn. perfectly pure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśreyaskamfn. fatal, noxious View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atapaska mfn. one who neglects tapas- or the practice of ascetic austerities View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atapaskamfn. an irreligious character. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ataskaramfn. free from robbers, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atejaskamfn. ([ ]) not bright, dim, not vigorous. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisaṃskṛtamfn. highly finished. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āttamanaskamfn. whose mind is transported (with joy) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atyantatiraskṛtavācyadhvanif. (in rhetoric) a metaphoric View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avacaskaramfn. silent, not speaking. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskand(ind.p. -skandya-) to jump down from (ablative) ; to approach hastening from (ablative) ; to storm, assault (as a city etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskandam. assault, attack, storm View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskandanan. idem or 'm. assault, attack, storm ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskandanan. descending View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskandanan. bathing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskandanan. (in law) accusation. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskandanan. (also) attack, onset, rushing on (prati-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskandinmfn. "covering (a cow)" See gaurāv- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskandinmfn. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' attacking View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskanditamfn. attacked View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskanditamfn. gone down View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskanditamfn. bathed, bathing , (in law) accused, refuted (?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskannamfn. spilt (as semen virile) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskannamfn. "attacked", overpowered (as by love) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskaraSee ava-- s-kṝ--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskaram. ordure, faeces View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskaram. the privities View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskaram. a place for faeces etc., privy, closet , View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskaram. a place for sweepings etc. commentator or commentary on (see ava-kara-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskarakam. Name of an insect (originating from faeces) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskaramandiran. water closet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskavam. ( sku-), a kind of worm View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avask(3. kṝ-) A1. (perf. 3. plural ava-caskarire-)to scrape with the feet , (see apa- s-kṝ- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order apa-k--.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aviskanttṛmfn. not leaping to and fro, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āvraskam. (see an-), the being torn off or dropping down. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āvraskaa fissure, place of cutting etc., View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayaśaskaramf(ī-)n. causing dishonour, disgraceful View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayaskāmam. a blacksmith View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayaskaṃsam. an iron goblet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayaskāṇḍam. n. "a quantity of iron"or"excellent iron", (gaRa kaskādi- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayaskāntam. (gaRa kaskādi-),"iron-lover", the loadstone (see kāntāyasa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayaskāntamaṇim. idem or 'm. (gaRa kaskādi-),"iron-lover", the loadstone (see kāntāyasa-) ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayaskāram. idem or 'm. a blacksmith ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āyaskāram. the upper part of the thigh of an elephant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āyaskāram. (See also ayas-kāra-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āyaskārim. a descendant of ayas-kāra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayaskarṇīf.? (see adhīloha-k/arṇa-and adhirūḍhā-k-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayaskīlam. Name (also title or epithet) of a mountain, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayaskīlā(ā-), f. Name (also title or epithet) of a river, ibidem or 'in the same place or book or text' as the preceding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayaskṛtif. a medical preparation of iron View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayaskumbham. an iron pot or boiler View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayaskumbhīf. an iron pot or boiler View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayaskuṇḍam. an iron pitcher View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayaskuśāf. a rope partly consisting of iron View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahirmanaskamfn. out of mind View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhagavadbhāskaram. Name of work (= bhagavanta-bh-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhagavantabhāskaram. Name of a law-book by nīla-kaṇṭha- (17th cent.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāgavatatattvabhāskaram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bharadvājapravraskan. Name of View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāṣitapuṃskamfn. equals ukta-puṃska- (q.v) ( bhāṣitapuṃskatva -tva- n. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāṣitapuṃskatvan. bhāṣitapuṃska
bhāskaramfn. (also bhāḥ-kara- ) "making light", shining, glittering, bright (varia lectio bhāsura-and svara-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskaram. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) the sun etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskaram. Name of śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskaram. fire View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskaram. a hero View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskaram. Calotropis Gigantea View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskaram. (also with dikṣita-, paṇḍita-, bhaṭṭa-, miśra-, śāstrin-, ācārya-etc.) Name of various authors (especially of a celebrated astronomer, commonly called bhāskarācārya- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskaram. often found at the end of names (exempli gratia, 'for example' jñāna-bh-, brahmaṇya-bh-etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskaran. gold View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskaran. a kind of breach (made by thieves in a wall) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskaran. Name of a tīrtha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskaraetc. See 2. bhās-, column 1. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskarabhāṣyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskaracaritran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskarācāryam. Name of various authors (especially of a celebrated astronomer who lived in the 12th century and wrote the siddhānta-śiromaṇi- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskaradevam. Name of a poet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskaradinan. Sunday, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskarāhnikan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskarakaṇṭham. Name of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskaralavaṇan. a particular mixture View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskaraṇa View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskaranandinm. the son of the god of the sun View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskaranṛsiṃham. Name of a Scholiast or Commentator on vātsyāyana-'s kāma-sūtra- (he wrote in 1788) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskarapriyam. "fond of the sun", a ruby View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskaraputravāsaram. Saturday, ibidem or 'in the same place or book or text' as the preceding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskararāyam. Name of various authors View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskarasaptamīf. Name of the 7th day in the light half of the month māgha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskaraśarmanm. Name of author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskarasenam. Name of a poet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskaraśiṣyam. Name of author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskarastotran. Name of a hymn to the sun View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskaravarmanm. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskaravarmanm. Name of various princes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskarāvartam. a particular kind of headache View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskaravatmfn. possessing a sun View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskaravratan. Name of a particular religious observance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskareṣṭāf. Polanisia Icosandra View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskarim. (patronymic fr. bhās-kara-) Name of the planet Saturn View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskarim. of the monkey king su-grīva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskarim. of a muni- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskarīyamfn. belonging to or coming from bhās-kara- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskarīyam. a pupil of bhās-kara- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskarīyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskhara View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaṭṭabhāskaram. Name of an author (also -miśra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāṭṭabhāskaram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaṭṭabhāskarīyan. Name of his work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāvaskhalitan. an offence (committed only) in the mind View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhoskāram. rules of address View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūpādiskandhalakṣaṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūsaṃskāram. "ground-preparation", a term for five methods of preparing and consecrating the khara- (q.v) at a sacrifice (viz. pari-sam-ūh-, upa-lip-, lekhāḥ kṛ-, pāṃsūn ud-dhṛ-, adbhir abhy-ukṣ-;some enumerate seven) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūyaskāmamfn. very desirous of anything ( bhūyaskāmatā -- f.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūyaskāmatāf. bhūyaskāma
bhūyaskaramfn. making or doing more View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūyaskṛtmfn. augmenting, increasing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūyaskṛtf. plural Name of a particular kind of brick View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmacaryaskhalanan. deviating from chastity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmaṇyabhāskaram. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
buddhiskandhamayamf(ī-)n. one whose trunk or stem is the intellect View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caraṇāskandanan. treading down with the feet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chandaska in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' (f(ā-).) equals das-, metre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chandaskṛtamfn. composed in metre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chandaskṛtamfn. (a-cch- negative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
coskam. an indu-s horse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cyutasaṃskāramfn. offending against grammar, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cyutasaṃskṛtimfn. idem or 'mfn. offending against grammar, ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dadhiskandan. Name of a tīrtha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dakṣiṇataskapardamfn. wearing the braid on the right side of the head View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dakṣiṇataskapardamfn. (ṇā-k- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dantaskavanan. picking the teeth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daśaśatākskamfn. thousand-eyed (indra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devāsuranamaskṛtam. Name of śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devīpūjanabhāskaram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmapuraskāramfn. placing duty above all View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmaskandham. "law-collection", Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmaskandham. chief section of a work relating to laws View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhīraskandham. "strong-shouldered", a buffalo View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīkṣāsaṃskāram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīrghaskandham. equals -taru- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dravyasaṃskāram. consecration of articles for a sacrifice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dravyasaṃskāram. purification or cleansing of soiled or defiled articles View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dṛḍhaskandham. "strong-stemmed", a sort of Mimusops View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dṛṣṭarajaskā() f. equals -puṣpā-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duḥsaṃskāram. a bad custom or practice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
durdinagrastabhāskaramfn. having the sun obscured by dark clouds View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
durmanaskamfn. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duvaskto worship (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvādaśasaṃskāram. plural ,"the 12 ceremonies", Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dviśiraska() mfn. 2-headed. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekādaśaskandhārthanirūpaṇakārikāf. Name of a kārikā- on the View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gajaskandham. "having shoulders like an elephant", Name of a dānava- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gajaskandham. "having a stem like an elephant's trunk", Cassia Alata or Tora View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
garbhasaṃskāram. a particular ceremony, , Scholiast or Commentator View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gatamanaskamfn. thinking of (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gatavayaskamfn. idem or 'mfn. "one whose youth is gone", advanced in life ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gehāvaskandamind. equals nuprapātam- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghanaskandham. "having a solid trunk", Mangifera sylvatica View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghrāṇaskandam. blowing one's nose View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
godhāskandham. Vachellia farnesiana (viṭ-khadira-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guṇasaṃskārain compound quality and preparation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guṇasaṃskāram. the highest limit of excellence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guṇavatpayaskamfn. producing excellent milk, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guruskandham. "large-trunked", the tree śleṣmaṇā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guruskandham. Name of a mountain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haribhaktibhāskarasadvaiṣṇavasārasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haribhaktibhāskarodayam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haribhāskara m. Name of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haribhāskaraśarmanm. Name of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haskāram. "smile (of the sky)", sheet-lightning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haskartṛm. a stimulator, inciter (others,"illuminator") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haskartṛetc. See column 2. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haskṛti(h/as--.) f. loud merriment, laughter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hayaskandham. a troop of horses View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jalataskaram. "water-thief", the sun, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jayaskandham. Name of a minister of king yudhi-ṣṭhira- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jñānabhāskaram. "sun of knowledge", Name of a medical compilation. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kadalīskandham. a particular form of illusion () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālaskandham. the plant Diospyros embryopteris View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālaskandham. the Jamala tree (bearing dark blossoms, Xanthochymus pictorius) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālaskandham. Ficus glomerata View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālaskandham. a kind of Acacia (Catechu) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālaskandham. another plant (equals jīvaka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālaskandhinm. Ficus glomerata View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kapiskandham. Name of a dānava- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kapiskandham. of a being in the retinue of skanda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāraskaram. () , Name of a poisonous medicinal plant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāraskaram. a tree in general View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāraskaram. plural Name of a people View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāraskaram. (vv.ll. kāraskāra-and kāraskṛta-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāraskarāṭikāf. ( aṭ-), a centipede or worm resembling it View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kariskandham. a herd of elephants on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kartapraskandam. idem or 'n. falling or tumbling into a hole ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaskādia gaRa () . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaśyapabhāskaram. Name of the author of a commentary called paribhāṣābhāskara-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kautaskutamfn. fr. kutaḥ kutaḥ- gaRa kaskādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khaṇḍasphuṭapratisaṃskaraṇan. repairing of dilapidations View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khaṇḍasphuṭapratisaṃskaraṇan. (pāli- ṇḍa-phulla--.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kharaskandham. "having a rough stem", Buchanania latifolia View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kharaskandham. Name of a demon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kharaskandhāf. Phoenix sylvestris View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khaskhasam. (equals khasa-tila-) poppy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khaskhasarasam. poppy-juice, opium View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khaskhasasāram. idem or 'm. poppy-juice, opium ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kośaskṛtm. a silk-worm View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kriyāsaṃskāram. combining or confounding different methods of medical treatment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇaskandham. "having a black stem", a kind of tree commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtāgaskamfn. idem or 'mfn. (a-k- negative) ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtasaṃskāramfn. one who has performed all the purificatory rites, initiated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtasaṃskāramfn. prepared, adorned. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtāskandanamfn. one who has made an attack, assailing, attacking View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtāskandanamfn. effacing from recollection (?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulaśskharadevam. Name (also title or epithet) of a king, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
laghubhāskarīyan. Name of various works. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakṣanamaskāravidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakṣanamaskāravratan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lalitābhaṭṭabhāskaram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
laugākṣibhāskaram. Name of a modern author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lokabhāskaram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lokasaṃskṛta(?) , Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhuskandan. Name of a tīrtha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhuvidhvaṃsabhāskaram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhyamavayaskamfn. middle-aged View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahābhāskaraṭīkāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāmanaskamfn. equals -manas- mfn. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāpṛṣṭhagalaskandhamfn. wrong reading for mahā-vṛkṣa-g- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāśaṅkhamālāsaṃskāram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāskandham. "large-shouldered, high-shouldered", a camel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāskandhāf. "having a strong stem", Eugenia Jambolana View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāskandhinm. the fabulous animal śarabha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahaujaskamfn. equals mahaujas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāvṛkṣagalaskandhamfn. one whose neck and shoulders resemble corresponding parts of a great tree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāyaśaskamfn. equals -yaśas- mfn. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahoraskamfn. broad-chested View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mālāsaṃskāram. "consecration of rosaries with prayers", Name of work (also mālāsaṃskāravarṇana -varṇana- n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mālāsaṃskāravarṇanan. mālāsaṃskāra
manaskan. diminutive of manas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manaskan. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') equals manas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manaskan. see gata-m-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manaskāntamfn. dear to the heart pleasant, agreeable View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manaskāram. consciousness (especially of pleasure or pain) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manaskāram. attention of the mind View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manaskāram. devotion (See next) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manaskāravidhim. performance of devotion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manasketam. mental perception or conception, idea, notion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mānaskṛtam. (according to to ) equals pūjāyā- abhimānasya vā kartṛ- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mānaskṛtam. (according to to Scholiast or Commentator on ) patronymic fr. manas-kṛt- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṇiskandham. Name of a snake-demon (varia lectio maṇi-and skandha-as 2 names) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mantrasaṃskāram. a (nuptial) rite performed with sacred text View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mantrasaṃskārakṛtm. (with pati-) a consecrated husband View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mantrasaṃskriyāf. the preparation of magical formulas View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mask cl.1 A1. maskate-, to go, move ( maṣk-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maskaram. a bamboo View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maskaram. a hollow bamboo cane View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maskarinm. a religious mendicant, a Brahman in the fourth order (who carries a bamboo cane) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maskarinm. the moon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maskarinm. Name of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maskarinm. of another man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maskarīyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mayaskaramfn. causing enjoyment, giving pleasure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
medaskṛtn. "fat-producer", the body, flesh View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
meghaskandinm. the fabulous animal sarabha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mlecchataskarasevitamfn. infested by barbarians and robbers View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛtasaṃskāram. funeral rites or ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
muhūrtaskandham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
muhuskāmamf(ā-)n. loving or desiring again and again Va1rtt. 1 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
namaskāram. the exclamation" namas-", adoration, homage etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
namaskāram. a sort of poison View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
namaskārastavam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
namaskāravatmfn. containing the word" namas-kāra-" View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
namaskāravidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
namaskārīf. a kind of plant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
namaskartṛmfn. worshipping, a worshipper View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
namaskāryamfn. to be worshipped or adored, venerable
namaskriyā() f. adoration, homage. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
namaskṛti() f. adoration, homage. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naraskandham. a multitude of men View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niḥsaṃskāramfn. uneducated, ill-mannered View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niḥsaṃskāratāf. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīlaskandā f. the dark go-karṇī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīlaskandhā f. the dark go-karṇī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīrajaskamf(ā-)n. equals -raja- mfn. etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīrajastamaskamfn. () free from passion and darkness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niravaskṛtamfn. (prob.) clean, pure (see an-avaskara-). = View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirmanaskamfn. mindless, having no manas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirmanaskatāf. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirnamaskāramf(ā-)n. offering no homage (exempli gratia, 'for example' to the gods) , not respecting any one, uncourteous etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirnamaskāramf(ā-)n. unrespected, despised by all View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirṇayabhāskaram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirupaskṛtamfn. unimpaired by (instrumental case), simple, pure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirvraskamfn. uprooted, extirpated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niryaśaskamfn. inglorious View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nistamaskamfn. free from darkness, not gloomy, light View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nyāyabhāskaram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
padārthabhāskaram. Name of work
pañcamaṇḍalanamaskāram. prostrate reverence, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcasaṃskāram. "5 rites", Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcasaṃskāramahimanm. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcasaṃskāraprayogam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcasaṃskāravidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcaskandha(in the beginning of a compound) equals dhī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcaskandhakan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcaskandhavimocakam. Name of buddha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcaskandhīf. sg. the 5 skandhas- (sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order) or constituent elements View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāṇigrahaṇasaṃskāram. the ceremony of hand-taking View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāpaskandhan. plural accumulation of sin View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāraskanda varia lectio for pari-sk-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāraskanda varia lectio for pari-skanda-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parāskandinm. "assailing another", a thief, robber View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāraskaram. (rather fr. paras-+ kara-than fr. pāra+kara-;but see ) Name of the author of a gṛhya-sūtra- (forming a supplement to ) and of a dharma-śāstra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāraskaram. Name of a district or a town View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāraskaramf(ī-)n. composed by pāraskara-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāraskaragṛhyamantram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāraskaragṛhyapariśiṣṭan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāraskaragṛhyasutran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāraskarapaddhatif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāraskarasamṛtif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paribhāṣābhāskaram. Name of work
paribhāṣendubhāskaram. Name of work
paribhāṣopaskāram. Name of work
pariskandSee pari-ṣkand-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pariskannamfn. (),spilled, scattered View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pariskannam. = or wrong reading for next View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pariskhalP. -skhalati-, to reel, stagger View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pariskhalitan. reeling, staggering View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pārśvanāthanamaskāram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāruskikamfn. (fr. paruṣa-) harsh, violent View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryavaskandam. ( skand-) the act of jumping down (from a carriage) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pātrasaṃskāram. the cleaning of a vessel or dish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pātrasaṃskāram. the current of a river View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pattrasaṃskāra wrong reading for -jhaṃkāra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pattropaskaram. Cassia Sophora View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pauskara wrong reading for pauṣkara-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
payaskamfn. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') equals payas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
payaskāmamfn. (prob.) wishing for milk View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
payaskaṃsam. a cup of milk View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
payaskāmyaNom. P. yati-, to wish for milk Va1rtt. 2 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
payaskāra(?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
payaskarṇīf. (see dadhi-karṇa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
payaskumbham. a pitcher for holding milk View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
payaskuśāf. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
peśaskarīf. a bee (conceived of as a female) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
peśaskārīf. a female embroiderer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
peśaskārinm. a wasp View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
peśaskṛtm. the hand (as"the artist") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
peśaskṛtm. a wasp View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piṣṭapaśutiraskariṇīf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pītaskandham. "yellow-shouldered", a hog View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pracchannataskaram. a secret thief View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prākṛtasaṃskāram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prākśiraska() mfn. idem or '() () mfn. idem or '(pr/āk--) mfn. having the head turned to the east ' ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praskandP. -skandati- (ind.p. -skandya-,or -skadya-), to leap forth or out or up or down etc. ; to gush forth (as tears) ; to fall into (accusative) ; to fall upon, attack ; to shed, spill : Causal -skandayati-. to cause to flow (a river;others "to cross") ; to pour out (as an oblation) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praskandam. a kind of root (varia lectio) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praskandanamfn. leaping forward, attacking (said of śiva-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praskandanamfn. one who has diarrhoea View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praskandanan. leaping over or across (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praskandanan. voiding excrement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praskandanan. a purgative View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praskandikāf. diarrhoea View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praskandinmfn. leaping into (compound). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praskandinmfn. attacking, daring, bold View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praskandinm. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praskannamfn. shed, spilt View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praskannamfn. lost, gone View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praskannamfn. having attacked or assailed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praskannam. a transgressor, sinner, one who has violated the rules of his caste or order View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praskaṇvam. Name of a Vedic ṛṣi- with the patronymic kāṇva- (author of ; according to grandson of kaṇva-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praskaṇvam. plural the descendants of praskaṇva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāskaṇvamf(ī-)n. derived from praskaṇva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāskaṇvan. Name of a sāman- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praskhalP. -skhalati-, to stagger forwards, reel, totter, stumble, tumble View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praskhaladgatimfn. with a tottering step View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praskhalanan. the act of stumbling, reeling. falling View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praskhalatmfn. reeling, tottering View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praskhalitamfn. staggering, stumbling View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praskhalitamfn. one who has failed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praskundam. a support ("an altar or elevated floor of a circular shape") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratinamaskāramfn. one who returns a salutation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃsaṃskāram. restoration (raṃ-kṛ-,to restore) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃsaṃskāraṇāf. idem or 'm. restoration (raṃ-kṛ-,to restore) ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃsaṃskṛtamfn. joined or united with (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃskāramind. at every ceremony. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃsk( skṛ- equals kṛ-;only Potential -kuryāt-), to repair, restore View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiskandham. every shoulder (instrumental case"each on his shoulder") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiskandham. Name of an attendant of skanda- (varia lectio kapi-sk-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiskandhamind. upon the shoulders View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiskandhamm. in every section of a book View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiskhalitamfn. ( skhal-) warded off (equals prati-ṣkuta- ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiskīrṇan. the being hurt or injured (see prati-kṝ-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiskP. -kirati- (perfect tense -caskare-), to hurt, injure, to tear to pieces View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyabhiskandanan. ( skand-) a counter plaint or charge, an accusation brought against the accuser or plaintiff (see praty-abhiyoga-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyavaskandam. ( skand-) an attack, surprise View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyavaskandam. equals next View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyavaskandavaskandanan. a special plea at law (admitting a fact, but qualifying or explaining it so as not to allow it to be a matter of accusation),
pravraskam. a cut View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayogaratnasaṃskāram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayuktasaṃskāramfn. to which polish has been applied, polished (as a gem) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
preyaskaram. the hand of a lover View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛthuskandham. "broad-shouldered", aboar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṃska(in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) equals puṃs- gaRa ura-ādi- (see uktap-, bhāṣita-p-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṃskāmāf. a woman desirous of a lover or husband View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṃskarmāśayam. the qualities of man as dependant on the acts done in a previous existence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṃskaṭīf. a man's hip View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṃskokilam. the male of the Indian cuckoo ( puṃskokilatva -tva- n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṃskokilatvan. puṃskokila
puṃskṛtyāind. by applying masculine forms View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
punaḥsaṃskāram. renewed investiture, repetition of any saṃskāra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
punaḥsaṃskāram. Name of work (see punar-upanayana-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
punaḥsaṃskṛtamfn. fitted up again, repaired, mended View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṇyaskandham. equals -saṃcaya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puraskāram. placing in front, honouring, preference, distinction View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puraskāram. accompanying, attending (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound'"preceded or accompanied by, joined or connected with, including") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puraskāram. arranging, putting in array, making complete View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puraskāram. attacking, assailing etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puraskaraṇan. the act of placing in front etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puraskaraṇan. making perfect (?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puraskaraṇīya() mfn. to be placed in front or honoured or prepared or fitted out or made complete. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puraskartavya() mfn. to be placed in front or honoured or prepared or fitted out or made complete. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puraskāryamfn. equals -kartavya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puraskāryamfn. to be appointed to, be be charged or commissioned with (locative case or infinitive mood) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
purask(P. A1. -karoti-, -kurute-), to place before or in front, cause to precede etc. ; to make one's leader, place in office, appoint ; to respect, honour etc. ; to place above all, prefer, choose, attend to ; to show, display View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puraskriyāf. a preceding action, preparatory rite View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puraskriyāf. showing honour, demonstration of respect View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puraskriyācaryāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puraskṛtamfn. placed in front etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puraskṛtamfn. honoured, esteemed, attended, accompanied by, possessed of, occupied with (compound) etc.
puraskṛtamfn. attacked, assailed, accused etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puraskṛtamind. among, amidst, with (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puraskṛtamadhyamakramamfn. taking or adopting a middle course View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puraskṛtyaind. having placed in front or honoured etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puraskṛtyaind. often = regarding, concerning, on account of, about View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puruṣasaṃskāram. a ceremony performed on a (dead) person View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrvataskaram. a former thief View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrvavayaskamfn. being in the first period or stage of life, young View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rahaskāmam. fond of solitude ( rahaskāmatā -- f.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rahaskāmatāf. rahaskāma
rahaskaramfn. executing a secret commission View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rajaska in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' (f(ā-).) equals rajas-, in -- and vi-r-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājaskandham. a horse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rajastamaskamfn. (any one or any thing) under the influence of the two qualities rajas- and tamas- (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāmatattvabhāskaram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rasasaṃskāram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratitaskaram. "stealer of sexual enjoyment", a ravisher, seducer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāyaskāmaetc. See . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāyaskāma(rāy/as--) mfn. desirous of property, anxious to become rich View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
retaḥskandana() n. effusion of semen. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
retaḥskhalana() n. effusion of semen. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rucidattabhāskyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rūḍhaskandhamfn. (a tree) whose stem or trunk has grown, high, lofty View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudraskanda m. Name of a commentator View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudraskandasvāminm. Name of a commentator View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rujaskaramfn. (accusative plural of 2. ruj-+ 1. kara-) causing or producing pain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ruṇaskarāf. a cow easily milked, a gentle cow View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rūpaskandham. (with Buddhists) a physical element (of which there are 11) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sābhisaṃskāraparinirvāyinmfn. (said of a kind of anāgāmin- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sacakropaskaramfn. with wheels and appendages View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sādhusaṃskṛtamfn. well prepared or arranged View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sadyaskamfn. belonging to the present day, immediate, present, quick View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sadyaskamfn. new, recent, fresh View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sadyaskamfn. a kind of sacrifice (varia lectio sād-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sādyaskamfn. (fr. sa-dyas-) taking place immediately View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sadyaskālam. the same day View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sadyaskālam. present time View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sadyaskālamf(ā-)n. falling on the same day ( sadyaskālatva -tva- n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sadyaskālatvan. sadyaskāla
sadyaskālīnamfn. belonging to the present time, recent, modern View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sadyaskāramf(ā-)n. being performed on the same day View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sādyaskramfn. (gaRa kaskādi-) (fr. sadyaḥ-krī-) performed with soma- bought on the same day View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sādyaskraprayogam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sadyaskmfn. equals sadyah-k-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sagandharvāpsaraskamfn. together with the gandharva-s and āpsarasa-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahaskṛtmfn. bestowing strength or power (varia lectio) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahaskṛtamfn. (s/ahas--) produced by strength (said of agni-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahaskṛtamfn. invigorated, increased, excited View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śākhāskandham. śākhā
śālaskandha m. the trunk of the Sal tree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samanaskamfn. unanimous View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samānavayaska() mfn. of the same age View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samāskandP. -skandati-, to assail, attack View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samāskannamfn. attached or added to (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samāskannamfn. scattered over (equals viprakīrṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samastaviskayikamfn. inhabiting the whole country
samavaskandCaus. -skandayati-, to attack, assail ; to seize upon (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavaskandam. a bulwark, rampart etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavayaskamfn. of equal age View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃcaskārayiṣuSee saṃciṣk-, column 2. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃdhitaskaram. equals -caura- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃgarakskamamfn. fit for combat or war View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃhitāskandham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskandP. -skandati-, to drip or trickle off View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskandhan. a particular disease View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāram. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) putting together, forming well, making perfect, accomplishment, embellishment adornment, purification, cleansing, making ready, preparation, dressing (of food), refining (of metals), polishing (of gems), rearing (of animals or plants) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāram. cleansing the body, toilet, attire View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāram. forming the mind, training, education View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāram. correction (also in an astronomical sense ), correct formation or use of a word View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāram. correctness, purity (especially of pronunciation or expression) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāram. making sacred, hallowing, consecration etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāram. a sacred or sanctifying ceremony, one which purifies from the taint of sin contracted in the, womb and leading to regeneration (12 such ceremonies are enjoined on the first three or twice-born classes in , viz. 1. garbhādhāna-,2. puṃ-savana-,3. sīmantonnayana-,4. jāta-karman-,5. nāmakarman-,6. niṣkramaṇa-,7. anna-prāśana-,8. cūḍā-karman-,9. upanayana-,10. keśānta-,11. samāvartana-,12. vivāha-,qq. vv.; according to to there are 40 saṃskāra-s) etc. (; 192 etc. )
saṃskāram. the ceremony performed on a dead body (id est cremation) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāram. any purificatory ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāram. the faculty of memory, mental impression or recollection, impression on the mind of acts done in a former state of existence (one of the 24 qualities of the vaiśeṣika-s, including bhāvanā-,"the faculty of reproductive imagination") () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāram. (plural,with Buddhists) a mental conformation or creation of the mind (such as that of the external world, regarded by it as real, though actually non-existent, and forming the second link in the twelvefold chain of causation or the fourth of the 5 skandhas-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāram. a polishing stone View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārabhāskaram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārabhūṣaṇan. (speech) adorned by correctness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārādhikārinmfn. one who has a right to receive all the purificatory ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāradīdhitiSee -kaustubha-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārādimatmfn. one who has received consecration etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāragaṇapatim. Name of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāragaṅgādharam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārahīnamfn. without purificatory rites View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārahīnam. a man of one of the three classes who has not been a recipient of initiation with the sacred thread or of the other purificatory ceremonies (and hence becomes an outcaste) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārajamfn. produced by purificatory rites View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārakamfn. preparing, making ready, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārakamfn. purifying, consecrating ( saṃskārakatva -tva- n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārakamfn. producing or leaving an impression on the mind View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārakamfn. serving as an article of food or for cooking View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārakamalākaram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārakartṛm. (the Brahman) who is called in to perform a saṃskāra- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārakatvan. saṃskāraka
saṃskārakaumudīf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārakaustubham. Name of work (or saṃskārakaustubhadīdhiti -dīdhiti- f.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārakaustubhadīdhitif. saṃskārakaustubha
saṃskāramayamf(ī-)n. consisting in consecration View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāramayūkham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāramuktāvalīf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskaraṇan. the act of putting together, preparing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskaraṇan. cremating (a corpse) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāranāmann. the name given to a child at the name-giving ceremony (and corresponding to the name given at baptism) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāranirṇayam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāranṛsiṃham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārapaddhatif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārapaddhatirahasyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārapariśiṣṭan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārapradīpam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārapradīpikāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāraprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāraprakāśam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāraprayogam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārapūtamfn. purified by sacred rites or by refinement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārarahitamfn. equals -hīna- below. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāraratnan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāraratnamālāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārasāgaram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārasāgaram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārasampannamfn. one who has received a good education, well-educated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārasāram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārasāram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārasaukhyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārasiddhidīpikāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāratāf. the state of being a saṃskāra- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāratattvan. Name of work by raghu-nandana-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāratvan. idem or 'f. the state of being a saṃskāra- etc. ' (-tvaṃ cakṣuṣāṃ sam-āp-,"to become a hallowed object to the eye") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāratvajātikhaṇḍanan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāravādārtham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāravarjitamfn. equals -hīna- below. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāravatmfn. possessed of refinement, possessing correctness, elegant ( saṃskāravattva -tva- n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāravatmfn. one who has received an impression View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāravattvan. saṃskāravat
saṃskāravidhim. (equals gṛhya-kārikā- plural) Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāraviśiṣṭamfn. made excellent by preparation or by good cooking (as food) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāṃskārikamfn. (fr. saṃ-skāra-) belonging to or requisite for a funeral ceremony or other rite etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāroddyotam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskartavyamfn. to be arranged or prepared or made ready View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskartṛmfn. one who prepares or dresses or cooks (food) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskartṛmfn. one who consecrates or performs a rite View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskartṛmfn. one who produces an impression View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāryamfn. to be prepared or perfected etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāryamfn. to be consecrated or hallowed with the necessary ceremonies etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāryamfn. (in astronomy) to be corrected View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāryamfn. receiving a mental impression View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskhalitan. ( skhal-) an error, mistake View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsk(see saṃ-kṛ-; upa-s-kṛ-and pari--kṛ-) P. A1. -skaroti-, -skurute- (imperfect tense sam-askurvata- ; perfect tense saṃ-caskāra- ; Aorist sam-askṛta-; preceding saṃ-skriyāt-, saṃ-skṛṣīṣṭa-;fut saṃ-skariṣyati- ; infinitive mood saṃ-skaritum- ; ind.p. saṃ-skṛtya- ), to put together, form well, join together, compose etc. ; (A1.) to accumulate (pāpāni-,"to add evil to evil") ; to prepare, make ready, dress, cook (food) etc. ; to form or arrange according to sacred precept, consecrate, hallow (in various ways; see saṃ-skāra-) etc. ; to adorn, embellish, refine, elaborate, make perfect, (especially) form language according to strict rules (see saṃ-skṛta-) ; to correct (astronomically) : Passive voice saṃ-skriyate-, to be put together or arranged or prepared or consecrated or refined etc.: Causal saṃskārayati-, to cause to (be) put together etc. ; to cause to be consecrated : Desiderative saṃ-ciṣkīrṣati- : Intensive saṃ-ceṣkrīyate- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskriyāf. making ready, preparation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskriyāf. formation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskriyāf. any purificatory rite or consecration (including funeral ceremonies and burning of the dead etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskṛtamfn. (or s/aṃ-skṛta-) put together, constructed, well or completely formed, perfected
saṃskṛtamfn. made ready, prepared, completed, finished etc. etc.
saṃskṛtamfn. dressed, cooked (as food)
saṃskṛtamfn. purified, consecrated, sanctified, hallowed, initiated etc.
saṃskṛtamfn. refined, adorned, ornamented, polished, highly elaborated (especially applied to highly wrought speech, such as the Sanskrit language as opp, to the vernaculars) etc.
saṃskṛtam. a man of one of the three classes who has been sanctified by the purificatory rites
saṃskṛtam. a learned man
saṃskṛtam. a word formed according to accurate rules, a regular derivation
saṃskṛtan. making ready, preparation or a prepared place, sacrifice
saṃskṛtan. a sacred usage or custom
saṃskṛtan. the Sanskrit language (see above) etc.
saṃskṛtamālāf. Name of work
saṃskṛtamañjarīf. Name of work
saṃskṛtamayamf(ī-)n. consisting of Sanskrit,
saṃskṛtaratnamālāf. Name of work
saṃskṛtātmanm. one who has received the purificatory rites
saṃskṛtātmanm. a sage
saṃskṛtatran. a bench used in sacrificing or slaughtering animals View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskṛtatvan. the being prepared or made ready etc.
saṃskṛtavākyaratnāvalīf. Name of work
saṃskṛtavatmfn. one who has perfected or elaborated or finished
saṃskṛtif. making ready, preparation, perfection etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskṛtif. formation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskṛtif. hallowing, consecration View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskṛtif. determination, effort View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskṛtim. Name of kṛṣṇa- (Bombay edition saṃ-skṛta-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskṛtim. of a king (varia lectio saṃ-kṛti-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskṛtoktif. refined or polished language, a Sanskrit word or expression
saṃskṛtrimamfn. highly polished, artificially adorned (in a-saṃskṛ-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃyatopaskaramfn. having the household utensils kept in order View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarajaskamf(ā-)n. "having pollen"and"having the menses" View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saralaskandhasaṃghaṭṭajanmanmfn. arising from the friction of pine-branches View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śarīrasaṃskāram. Purification of the body (by the ceremonies at conception, birth, initiation etc.;See saṃsk-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śarīrasaṃskāran. decoration or adorning of the person View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarpasaṃskāram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saśiraskamfn. (equals -śiras-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaskulī śaspiñjara- See śaṣk-, śaṣp-, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satamaskamfn. obscured, eclipsed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saubhāgyabhāskaraName of various works. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saujaskamfn. ld. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senaskandham. Name of a son of śambara- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śiloraskamfn. having a rocky breast (said of the himālaya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siṃhaskandhamfn. having the shoulders of a lion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śiraska(in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound'; śiraskatva -tva- n.) equals śiras- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śiraskamfn. belonging to or being on the head View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śiraskam. or () n. a helmet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śiraskan. a cap, turban View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śiraskāf. a palanquin View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śiraskatvan. śiraska
śivabhāskaram. " śiva- compared to the sun", (prob.) Name of a teacher View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivaskanda m. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivaskandham. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtibhāskaram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtisaṃskāram. impression (caused) by memory (?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtisaṃskārakaustubham. Name of work
smṛtisaṃskārarahasyan. Name of work
smṛtisaṃskāravādam. Name of work
smṛtisaṃskāravicāram. Name of work
snehasaṃskṛtamfn. prepared with oil or grease View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sphaṭikaskambham. a crystal pillar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrāddhabhāskaraprayogapaddhatif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
srastaskandhamfn. having drooping shoulders (also ="ashamed","embarrassed") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śravaskāma(śr/avas--) mfn. desirous of praise View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śreyaskāmamf(ā-)n. desirous of welfare or prosperity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śreyaskāmatāf. desirous of causing happiness or rendering happy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śreyaskaramf(ī-)n. (śr/eyas--) making better or superior View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śreyaskaramf(ī-)n. causing or securing fortune, conducive to happiness or prosperity, salutary, wholesome etc.
śreyaskarabhāṣyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śreyaskarataramfn. more efficacious for securing happiness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śreyaskṛtmfn. equals -kara- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrīyaśaskāmamfn. śrīyaśas
śrutibhāskaram. Name of work on music (by bhīmadeva-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthirasaṃskāramfn. thoroughly cultured View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthirasaṃskāratāf. perfect culture View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthūlaskandham. "having a thick stem", Artocarpus Locucha View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
strīrahaskāmamfn. one who seeks to be alone with women View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sucakropaskaramfn. having good wheels and (other) equipment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrapañcasaṃskāravidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrasaṃskāram. any purificatory rite relating to śūdra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūkṣmaśiraskamfn. small-headed (applied as a nickname to a Buddhist) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sumanaskamfn. in good spirits, cheerful, happy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sumanaskan. (prob.) Name of a pleasure-grove View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śunaskarṇam. "dog-eared", Name of a man (see gaRa kaskādi-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūpasaṃskṛtamfn. well prepared View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūpaskaramfn. furnished with good implements or a good equipment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suraskandham. Name of a demon (varia lectio khara-sk-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūryanamaskāram. adoration of the sun View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūryanamaskāramantram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūryanamaskāravidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
susaṃskṛtamfn. (s/u--) beautifully adorned or decorated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
susaṃskṛtamfn. well cooked or prepared View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
susaṃskṛtamfn. kept in good order (see compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
susaṃskṛtamfn. correct Sanskrit View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
susaṃskṛtam. (prob.) a sacred text or precept () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
susaṃskṛtopaskaramfn. keeping the household utensils in good order View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
susaṃskṛtopaskaratāf. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
susaṃvṛttaskandhatāf. having the shoulders well rounded (one of the 32 signs of perfection) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suskandanam. a particular fragrant plant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suskandhamfn. having a beautiful stalk or stem View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suskandhamāramfn. varia lectio for skandha-māra- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sutavaskarāf. the mother of seven children View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suvarcaskamfn. splendid, brilliant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svadharmaskhalanan. falling from or neglect of one's own duty View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣvaskSee preceding. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svaskSee ṣvaṣk-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svaskandam. a person who has gained his liberty by redeeming a pledge View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
takṣāyaskāran. sg. a carpenter and a blacksmith View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tamaska in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' equals mas-, darkness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tamaskamental darkness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tamaskathe quality tamas- (q.v), (a--) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tamaska see nis--, vi--, sa--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tamaskalpamfn. like darkness, gloomy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tamaskāṇḍam. (gaRa kaskādi-,not in ) great or spreading darkness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
taskaram. (for tat-k- ) a thief, robber etc. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-). ; see a-taskar/a-; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' used as a term of contempt[ ] ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
taskaram. Trigonella corniculata View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
taskaram. Vanguiera spinosa View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
taskaram. Ardisia humilis (?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
taskaram. the ear (derived fr. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
taskaram. plural Name of particular ketu-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
taskarasnāyum. Leea hirta View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
taskaratāf. thievishness, thieving View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
taskaratvan. idem or 'f. thievishness, thieving ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
taskaravatind. like a thief View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
taskaravṛttim. a purse-cutter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
taskarāyaNom. yate-, to behave like a thief View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
taskarīf. a passionate woman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
taskarīf. a kind of Mimosa View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skaryan. equals taskara-- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tatraskandham. Name of a deity, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tatsaṃskārārthatvan. the state of helping to promote that (a-- negative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tejaska in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' equals jas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tejaskāmamfn. (t/ej-) longing for manly strength or vital power View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tejaskāmamfn. desiring influence or authority or dignity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tejaskaramfn. granting vital power. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tejaskāyamfn. having light as one's body View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tiraskaramf(ī-)n. excelling (with genitive case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tiraskāram. placing aside, concealment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tiraskāram. abuse, censure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tiraskāram. iv View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tiraskāram. disdain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tiraskāram. a cuirass View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tiraskaraṇif. (for riṇi- equals riṇī-?) a curtain (varia lectio rin-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tiraskarinm. See raṇi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tiraskārinmfn. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' excelling View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tiraskariṇīf. idem or 'm. See raṇi-' and Calcutta edition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tiraskariṇīf. a magical veil rendering the wearer invisible View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tiraskāriṇīf. equals -kar- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tirask -karoti- (also rah k- ; ind.p. -kṛtya-[also raḥ kṛtvā- ] ) to set aside, remove, cover, conceal etc. ; to excel etc. ; to blame, abuse, treat disrespectfully, despise View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tiraskriyāf. idem or 'f. reproach, disrespect (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tiraskriyāf. concealment, shelter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tiraskṛtamfn. concealed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tiraskṛtamfn. eclipsed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tiraskṛtamfn. excelled View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tiraskṛtamfn. censured, reviled, despised (a-- negative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tiraskṛtaprātiveśyam. equals tiraḥ-pr- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tiraskṛtasambhāṣamfn. a-- negative speaking together without abusing each other View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tiraskṛtif. reproach, disrespect (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tiraskuḍyamfn. reaching through a wall View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tisraskāramind. so as to change into 3 (ṛc- verses) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triskandhan. "consisting of 3 skandhas-", the jyotiḥ-śāstra- Introd. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triskandhakaName of a sūtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triskandhapathadaiśikam. Buddha View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tṛṇaskandam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tṛṇaskandam. a grasshopper (see skand/a-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
turaṃgaskandham. a troop of horses View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ubhayatonamaskāramfn. having the word namas- on both sides View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udbuddhasaṃskāram. association of ideas, recalling anything to remembrance. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uddhatamanaskamfn. idem or 'mfn. haughty, proud ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uddhatamanaskatvan. pride, arrogance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uktapuṃskaa (feminine or neuter) word of which also a masculine is mentioned or exists (and whose meaning only differs from that of the masculine by the notion of gender; exempli gratia, 'for example' the word gaṅgā-is not ukta-puṃska-,whereas such words as śubhra-and grāma-ṇī-are so; see bhāṣita-puṃska-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
unmanaskamfn. disturbed, perplexed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
unmanaskatāf. perplexedness (varia lectio) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasaṃskāram. a secondary or supplementary saṃskāra- (q.v) on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasaṃsk View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasaṃskṛtamfn. prepared, dressed, cooked (as food) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasaṃskṛtamfn. prepared, arranged, adorned View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaskambhP. (irregular perfect tense 2. dual number -skambh/athus-) to support, prop View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaskaram. (for 2.See below) (n. ) any utensil, implement or instrument View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaskaram. any article of household use (as is broom, basket etc.), appurtenance, apparatus etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaskaram. an ingredient, condiment, spice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaskaram. Name of a ṛṣi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaskaram. ornament, decoration View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaskaram. blame, censure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaskāram. anything additional, a supplement commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaskāram. decoration, decorating View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaskaram. the act of hurting, violating View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaskaraṇan. (for 2.See below) the act of decorating, embellishing, ornamenting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaskaraṇan. ornament, embellishment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaskaraṇan. idem or 'm. the act of hurting, violating ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaskand its derivations See under upa-- 1. kṛ-, p.195, columns 2 and 3. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaskṛtamfn. furnished with View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaskṛtamfn. added, supplied View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaskṛtamfn. prepared, arranged, elaborated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaskṛtamfn. ornamented, embellished, decorated, adorned etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaskṛtamfn. deformed, deranged, spoiled View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaskṛtamfn. assembled View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaskṛtamfn. blamed, censured View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaskṛtif. the act of preparing, adorning etc. commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaskṛtif. a supplement, anything additional View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uraska in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' equals /uras-, breast View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uraskaSee vyūḍhoraska-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uraskaṭam. the sacred thread hung round the neck and upon the breast (as sometimes worn) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uraskṛtyaind. uras
ūrjaskaramfn. causing strength View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ūruskambham. paralysis of the thigh View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ūruskambhagṛhītamfn. afflicted by the above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uṣṇīṣaśiraskatāf. having a turbaned head (one of the 32 signs of perfection), (confer, compare ). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vacaskaramfn. equals vacana-k- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vahnisaṃskāram. the religious rite of cremation (of a corpse) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vahnitaskarapārthivam. plural fire and thieves and the king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vahyaskam. Name of a man gaRa bidādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāhyaskam. patronymic fr. vahyaska- gaRa bidādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāhyaskāyanam. patronymic fr. vāhyaska- gaRa haritādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiśeṣikasūtropaskaran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiṣṇavamatābjabhāskaram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiyāskam. Name of a teacher (there could also be two words, vai yāskaḥ-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vakṣaskāram. a bag, sack or bag-like receptacle (prob. for keeping valuable things, and so called from being borne upon the breast, applied to sections of jaina- works; see karaṇḍaka-and piṭaka-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vakṣaskārikāf. (prob.) idem or 'm. a bag, sack or bag-like receptacle (prob. for keeping valuable things, and so called from being borne upon the breast, applied to sections of jaina- works; see karaṇḍaka-and piṭaka-).' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vārāvaskandinmfn. (said of agni-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varcaskam. n. (gaRa ardharcādi-) power, vigour, brightness etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varcaskam. ordure, excrement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varcaskasthānan. equals caḥ-sthāna- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāritaskaram. "water-thief", Name of the sun (as absorbing water) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāritaskaram. a cloud View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varivaskṛtmfn. procuring space, affording relief, delivering View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varṣabhāskaram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vask (see vaṣk-) cl.1 A1. vaskate-, to go View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaskam. going, motion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaskam. application, perseverance (equals adhyavasāya- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skalaSee bāṣkala-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaskarāṭikāf. a scorpion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaskaya yaṇī- See baṣk/aya-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātaskandham. "wind-region", the quarter from which the wind blows (seven are enumerated) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātaskandham. Name of a ṛṣi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vayaskaSee abhinava-- and madhyama-v-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāyaska View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vayaskaramf(ā-or ī-)n. causing life or health View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vayaskaramf(ā-or ī-)n. of mature age (?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vayaskṛtmfn. causing strength, preserving health or youth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāyuskandham. the region of the wind View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
veṇīskandham. Name of a serpent-demon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
veṅkaṭeśanamaskārāṣṭakan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vibhāskaramfn. having no sun, without the sun View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vicakropaskaropasthamfn. (a chariot) without wheels and implements and seat View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vidhimantrapuraskṛtamind. in accordance with rule and with the due recitation of mantra-s or mystical texts View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vigatapuṃskamfn. castrated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vijñānaikaskandhavādam. equals na-vāda- above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vimanaskamfn. perplexed in mind, distressed, disconsolate View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vipulaskandham. "broad-shouldered", Name of arjuna- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vipuloraskamfn. broad-chested View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
virajaskamfn. equals -rajas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
virajaskam. Name of a son of manu- sāvarṇi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
virajaskaraṇan. freeing from dust, cleansing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīrasiṃhamitrodayesaṃskāraprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīraskandham. "having powerful shoulders", a buffalo View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣāṇollikhitaskandhamfn. one whose shoulders are grazed or scratched by his horns (said of the leader of a herd of cattle to mark superiority) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣāṇonnāmitaskandhamfn. one whose shoulders are raised up towards (or high enough to meet) the horns View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśiraskamfn. headless View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viskambhSee vi-ṣkambh-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viskanna(not viṣkaṇṇa- see ) mfn. gone in different directions, dispersed, gone away View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viskanttṛ vi-skanna- See . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viskhal(only perfect tense -caskhale-), to stumble, trip View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viskhalitamfn. stumbling, stopping, faltering (as words) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viskhalitamfn. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') mistaken or blundering in View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viskhalitamfn. gone astray View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viskumbhuSee vi-ṣkambha-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vismṛtapūrvasaṃskāramfn. forgetting a former promise or resolution View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vismṛtapūrvasaṃskāram. Name of bhava-bhūti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vismṛtasaṃskāramfn. one who forgets an agreement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vitamaskamfn. idem or 'mfn. free from darkness, light ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vitamaskatāf. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vitamaskatāf. exempt from the quality of ignorance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vraskaSee yūpa-vrask/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vratavivekabhāskaram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛṣabhaskandhamfn. having shoulders like a bull, broad-shouldered View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛṣaskandhamfn. "bull-shouldered", having the shoulders of a bull
vṛṣaskandhamfn. Name of śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyacaskāmamfn. desirous of wide space View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyūḍhoraskamfn. broad-chested etc. (see on ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyupaskaramfn. without appurtenance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yadbhūyaskārinmfn. doing anything for the most part View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yaśaskāmamfn. (y/aśas--) desirous of fame or glory, ambitious View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yaśaskāmam. Name of a bodhi-sattva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yaśaskāmyaNom. P. yati-, to desire honour or fame View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yaśaskaramf(ī-)n. causing renown View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yaśaskaramf(ī-)n. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') conferring glory on, glorious for etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yaśaskaram. Name of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yaśaskaram. of various men View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yaśaskṛtmfn. conferring dignity or renown View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yaskam. Name of a man (plural his descendants and a particular school; see yāska-) (see ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skam. (fr. yasku-) patronymic of the author of the nirukta- (or commentary on the difficult Vedic words contained in the lists called nighaṇṭu-s;he is supposed to have lived before pāṇini-; see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skam. plural the pupils of yāska- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skaniruktan. yāska-'s nirukta- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skāyanim. patronymic fr. yāska- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skāyanīya m. plural the pupils of yāskāyani- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skīf. (and plural yāskyaḥ-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skīyam. plural the pupils of yāskāyani- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yaṣṭraskam. plural Name of a people View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yatīndramatabhāskaram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yatisaṃskāram. Name of chapter of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yatisaṃskāraprayogam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yatisaṃskāravidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yatisaṃskāravidhinirṇayam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yatyācārasaṃgrahīyayatisaṃskāraprayogam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yogabhāskaram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yūpasaṃskāram. the consecration of a sacrificial post View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yūpavraskamfn. cutting the sacrificial post View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
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skabdha स्कब्ध p. p. 1 Supported, propped. -2 Stopped.
skambh स्कम्भ् 1 Ā., 5, 9 P. (स्कम्भते, स्कभ्नोति, स्कभ्नाति) 1 To create. -2 To stop, hinder, impede, obstruct, curb, restrain; स्कभायत निर्ऋतिं सेधतामतिम् Ṛv.1.76.4. -3 To prop, support; चस्कम्भ यः स्वरभसा$स्खलता त्रिपृष्ठम् Bhāg.2. 7.4. -Caus. (स्कम्भयति-ते or स्कम्भायति-ते) To stop &c.
skambhaḥ स्कम्भः 1 Support, prop, stay. -2 Fulcrum. -3 The Supreme Being. -4 N. of the Vedic deity.
skambhanam स्कम्भनम् 1 The act of supporting. -2 A support, prop.
skand स्कन्द् 1 Ā (स्कन्दते) 1 To jump. -2 To raise. -3 To pour out, emit.
skand स्कन्द् I. 1 P. (स्कन्दति, स्कन्न) 1 To leap, jump. -2 To rise, ascend, jump upwards. -3 To fall, drop; स्यन्त्वा स्यन्त्वा दिवः शम्भोर्मूर्ध्रि स्कन्त्वा भुवं गताम् Bk.22.11; Ms.7.84. -4 To burst or leap out. -5 To perish, come to an end; चस्कन्दे तप ऐश्वरम् Bhāg.5.9.3. -6 To be spilled, ooze. -7 To emit, shed. -8 To go, move. -9 To become dry. -1 To perish. -Caus. (स्कन्दयति-ते) 1 To pour out, effuse, shed, emit (as the seminal fluid); एकः शयीत सर्वत्र न रेतः स्कन्दयेत् क्वचित् Ms.2.18;9.5. -2 To omit, neglect, pass by. -II. 1 U. (स्कन्दयति-ते) To collect.
skānda स्कान्द a. (-न्दी f.) [स्कन्द-अण्] Relating to Skanda. -2 Relating to Śiva. -न्दम् The Skanda Purāṇa.
skandaḥ स्कन्दः [स्कन्द्-अच्] 1 Leaping. -2 Quicksilver. -3 N. of Kārtikeya; सेनानीनामहं स्कन्दः Bg.1.24; R.2. 36;7.1; Me.45. -4 N. of Śiva. -5 The body. -6 A king. -7 The bank of a river. -8 A clever man. -9 A kind of disease common to children. -1 Effusion, spilling. -11 Perishing, destruction. -Comp. -अंशकः quicksilver. -जननी N. of Parvatī. -जित् N. of Viṣṇu. -पुत्रः a son of Skanda (euphemistic term for a thief); प्रथममेतत् स्कन्दपुत्राणां सिद्धिलक्षणम् Mk.3.12/13. -पुराणम् one of the 18 Purāṇas. -मातृ f. N. of Durgā. -षष्ठी 1 a festival in honour of Kārtikeya on the sixth day of Chaitra. -2 The 6th day of the light half of the कार्तिक month.
skandakaḥ स्कन्दकः 1 One who leaps. -2 A soldier.
skandanam स्कन्दनम् [स्कन्द्-ल्युट्] 1 Emission, effusion. -2 Purging, looseness, relaxation (of the bowels). -3 Going, moving. -4 Drying up. -5 The suppression of bleeding by cold applications.
skandh स्कन्ध् 1 U. (स्कन्धयति-ते) To collect.
skandhaḥ स्कन्धः [स्कन्द्यते आरुह्यते$सौ सुखेन शाखया वा कर्मणि घञ् पृषो˚; cf. Uṇ.4.26] 1 The shoulder; महर्षभस्कन्ध- मनूनकन्धरम् Ki.14.4. -2 The body; सूक्ष्मयोनीनि भूतानि तर्कगम्यानि कानिचित् । पक्ष्मणो$पि निपातेन येषां स्यात् स्कन्धपर्ययः ॥ Mb.12.15.26. -3 The trunk or stem of a tree; तीव्राघातप्रतिहततरुस्कन्धलग्नैकदन्तः Ś.1.32; R.4.57; Me.55. -4 A branch or large bough; स्कन्धाधिरूढोज्ज्वलनीलकण्ठान् Śi.4.7. -5 A department or branch of human knowledge; Śi.2.28. -6 A chapter, section, division (of a book). -7 A division or detachment of an army; द्वितीयं प्रेषयामास बलस्कन्धं युधिष्ठिरः Mb.5.196. 9; R.4.3. -8 A troop, multitude, group; 'स्कन्धः स्यान्नृपतौ वंशे साम्परायसमूहयोः' इति मेदिनी; Mb.14.45.1. -9 The five objects of sense. -1 The five forms of mundane consciousness (in Buddhistic phil.); सर्वकार्यशरीरेषु मुक्त्वाङ्गस्कन्धपञ्चकम् Śi.2.28. -11 War, battle. -12 A king. -13 An agreement. -14 A road, way; Mb.3. -15 A wise or learned man. -16 A heron. -17 Articles used at the coronation of a king. -18 A part (अंश); तदवध्यानविस्रस्तपुण्यस्कन्धस्य भूरिदः Bhāg.11.23.1. -न्धा 1 A branch. -2 A creeper. -Comp. -अग्निः, -अनलः the trunk of a tree set on fire, fire made with thick logs. -आवारः 1 an army or a division of it; स्कन्धावारमसौ निवेश्य विषमे सौवेलमूर्ध्नि स्वयम् Mv.6.17; Dūtavākyam 1. -2 a royal capital or residence; तत्तु दृष्ट्वा पुरं तच्च स्कन्धावारं च पाण्डवाः Mb.1.185. 6. -3 a camp; स्कन्धावारनिवेशः Kau. A.1; उपप्लव्यं स गत्वा तु स्कन्धावारं प्रविश्य च Mb.5.8.25. -उपानेय a. to be carried on the shoulders. (-यः) a form of peaceoffering in which fruit or grain is presented, as a mark of submission. -घनः cognition; अन्यस्मिन् स्कन्धघने- $न्येन स्कन्धघनेन यज्ज्ञानं तत् तत्संततिजेनान्येनोपलभ्यते नातत्सं- ततिजेनान्येन । तस्मात् शून्याः स्कन्धघना इति ŚB. on MS.1.1.5. -चापः a sort of pole or yoke for carrying burdens; cf. शिक्य (Mar. काव़ड). -जः a tree growing from a principal stem. -तरुः the cocoa-nut-tree. -देशः 1 the shoulder; इदमुपहितसूक्ष्मग्रन्थिना स्कन्धदेशे Ś.1.19. -2 that part of the elephant's body, where the driver sits. -3 the stem of a tree. -परिनिर्वाणम् the annihilation of the elements of being (with Buddhists). -पीठम् the shoulder-blade. -फलः 1 the cocoa-nut tree. -2 the Bilva tree. -3 the glomerous fig-tree. -बन्धना a sort of fennel. -मल्लकः a heron. -रुहः the (Indian) fig-tree. -वाहः, -वाहकः an ox trained to carry burdens, pack-bullock. -शाखा a principal branch, the forked branch issuing from the upper stem of a tree. -शृङ्गः a buffalo. -स्कन्धः every shoulder.
skandhas स्कन्धस् n. 1 The shoulder. -2 The trunk of a tree.
skandhikaḥ स्कन्धिकः An ox trained to carry burdens; cf. स्कन्धवाह.
skandhin स्कन्धिन् a. (-नी f.) 1 Having shoulders. -2 Having branches or a branched stem. -m. A tree.
skandita स्कन्दित p. p. Emitted, effused, shed; मोघं स्कन्दित- मार्षभम् Ms.9.5.
skandolaḥ स्कन्दोलः Coldness.
skanna स्कन्न p. p. 1 Fallen down, descended. -2 Oozed out, or trickled down. -3 Emitted, effused, sprinkled. -4 Gone. -5 Dried up.
skantṛ स्कन्तृ a. One who leaps.
skhad स्खद् 1 Ā. (स्खदते) 1 To cut, cut or tear to pieces. -2 To destroy. -3 To hurt, injure, kill. -4 To rout, defeat completely. -5 To fatigue, exhaust, trouble. -6 To make or be firm.
skhadanam स्खदनम् 1 Cutting, tearing to pieces. -2 Hurting, injuring, killing. -3 Troubling, harassing. -4 Firmness.
skhal स्खल् 1 P. (स्खलति, स्खलित) 1 To stumble, tumble, fall down, slip, trip; स्खलति चरणं भूमौ न्यस्तं न चार्द्रतमा मही Mk.9.13; Ku.5.24. -2 To totter, waver, shake, fluctuate. -3 To be disobeyed or violated (as an order); देवस्य शासनं पौरेषु कथं स्खलिष्यति Mu.3;3.24; R.18.43. -4 To fall or deviate from the right course; मन्मथेन परि- लुप्तमतीनां प्रायशः स्खलितमप्युपकारि Ki.9.37. -5 To be affected or excited; मात्सर्यरागोपहतात्मनां हि स्खलन्ति साधुष्वपि मानसानि Ki.3.53;13.6. -6 To err, blunder, commit mistakes; स्खलतो हि करालम्बः सुहृत्सचिवचेष्टितम् H.3.127 (where it has sense 1 also). -7 To stammer, lisp, falter; वदनकमलकं शिशोः स्मरामि स्खलदसमञ्जसमञ्जुजल्पितं ते U.4.4; R.9.76; Ku.5.56. -8 To fail, have no effect; राघवः स्खलितवीर्यमात्मनि R.11.83. -9 To drop, drip, trickle; विपङ्क- तीरस्खलितोर्मिसंहतिः Ki.8.27. -1 To go, move. -11 To disappear. -12 To collect, gather. -Caus. (स्खलयति-ते) 1 To cause to stumble or trip. -2 To cause to err or blunder, cause to falter or stammer; वचनानि स्खलयन् पदे पदे Ku.4.12; स्खलयति वचनं ते संश्रयत्यङ्गमङ्गम् Māl.3.8.
skhalanam स्खलनम् [स्खल्-भावे ल्युट्] 1 Stumbling, slipping, tripping, falling down. -2 Tottering. -3 Deviating from the right course. -4 Blundering, error, mistake. -5 Failure, disappointment, unsuccessfulness. -6 Stammering, blundering in speech or pronunciation, faltering. -7 Trickling, dripping. -8 Dashing against, clashing, collision; स्खलनमुखरभूरिस्रोतसो निर्झरिण्यः U.2. 2; Mv.5.4. -9 Mutual striking or rubbing together. -1 Discharge, emission (of semen); Kull. on Ms.5.63.
skhalita स्खलित p. p. [स्खल्-क्त] 1 Stumbled, slipped, tripped, -2 Fallen, dropped down. -3 Shaking, wavering, fluctuating, unsteady. -4 Intoxicated, drunk. -5 Stammering, faltering; सबाष्पकण्ठस्खलितैः पदैरियम् Ku.5.56. -6 Agitated, disturbed. -7 Erring, blundering; सर्वत्र स्खलितेषु दत्तमनसा यातं मया नोद्धतम् Ve.2.1. -8 Dropped, emitted. -9 Dripping, trickling down. -1 Interrupted, stopped. -11 Confounded. -12 Gone. -13 Wounded; यद्यत्र स्खलितं गात्रं तत्र दम्भं प्रपातयेत् Śukra.4.97. -14 Incomplete, deficient. -तम् 1 Stumbling, tripping, a fall. -2 Deviation from the right course. -3 Error, blunder, mistake; गोत्रस्खलित Ku.4.8. -4 Fault, sin, transgression. -5 Deceit, treachery. -6 Circumvention, stratagem. -7 Loss, deprivation. -Comp. -सुभगम् ind. dashing or flowing along in a charming manner; संसर्पन्त्याः स्खलितसुभगं दर्शितावर्तनाभेः Me.28.
skhuḍ स्खुड् 6 P. (स्खुडति) To cover.
skoṭikā स्कोटिका A kind of wagtail.
sku स्कु 5, 9 U. (स्कुनोति, स्कुनुते, स्कुनाति, स्कुनीते) 1 To go up by leaps, jump, bound. -2 To raise, lift. -3 To cover, overspread; अस्कुनाच्चैषुवृष्टिभिः Bk.17.82. -4 To approach. -With प्रति to cover; Bk.18.73.
skumbh स्कुम्भ् 5, 9 P. (स्कुभ्ना-भ्नो-ति) To stop, hinder.
skund स्कुन्द् 1 Ā. (स्कुन्दते) 1 To jump. -2 To raise, lift.
anavaskara अनवस्कर a. Free from dirt, pure, clear.
anāvraskaḥ अनाव्रस्कः Uninjured condition.
anupaskṛta अनुपस्कृत a. 1 Unpolished (as silver). -2 Genuine, blameless. -3 Not cooked or dressed (as food). -4 Not requiring any evident object. -5 Without any doubt in mind; तस्मात्स्वधर्ममास्थाय सुव्रताः सत्यवादिनः । लोकस्य गुरवो भूत्वा ते भवन्त्यनुपस्कृताः ॥ Mb.12.11.25. -6 Selfless, without greed or motive; देहत्यागो$नुपस्कृतः Ms.1.62.
anupaskāra अनुपस्कार a. Not elliptical (अध्याहारदोषरहित) Ki.11.38.
anuskandam अनुस्कन्दम् ind. Having entered or gone into in succession; गेहं गेहमनुस्कन्दम् Sk.P.III.4.56.
apariskanda अपरिस्कन्द a. Motionless. अपरिहरणीय apariharaṇīya अपरिहार्य aparihārya अपरिहरणीय अपरिहार्य a. 1 Inevitable. -2 Not to be abandoned. -3 Not to be degraded.
apaskambhaḥ अपस्कम्भः Fastening, making firm.
apaskaraḥ अपस्करः [अप-कॄ अप्-सुट् रथाङ्गे निपातः अपस्करो रथाङ्गम् P.VI.1.149] Any part of a carriage, except the wheel (˚रम् also); उरगध्वजदुर्धर्षं सुवरूथं स्वपस्करम् Rām 6. 57.26; cf. स्याद्रथाङ्गमपस्करः । Ak. अपस्करमधिष्ठाने हिमवान् विन्ध्यपर्वतः Mb. -2 Excrement. -3 Vulva. -4 Anus.
apaskāraḥ अपस्कारः The root or underpart of the knee.
apaskhalaḥ अपस्खलः Leaping or jumping off.
apuṃskā अपुंस्का f. A woman without a husband; नापुंस्कासीति मे मतिः Bk.5.7.
abhisaṃsk अभिसंस्कृ 8 U. 1 To shape, form, build. -2 To make, render. -3 To consecrate.
abhisaṃskāraḥ अभिसंस्कारः 1 Idea, thought, imagination. -2 Vain or profitless performance.
abhiskandaḥ अभिस्कन्दः Ved. 1 An attack, assault. -2 An assailant, enemy. -न्दम् adv. By attacking.
abhyavaskanda अभ्यवस्कन्द 1 P. To jump up or upon, attack. अभ्यवस्कन्दः abhyavaskandḥ न्दनम् ndanam अभ्यवस्कन्दः न्दनम् 1 Vigorously encountering an enemy, impetuous attack, marching against an enemy. -2 Striking so as to disable an enemy. -3 A blow in general. -4 Overtaking, reaching up to. -5 A fall.
amedaska अमेदस्क a. Fatless, lean.
āpaskaraḥ आपस्करः (see अपस्करः).
āpaskāram आपस्कारम् The root or extremity of the trunk or body; आपस्काराल्लूनगात्रस्य भूमिम् Śi.18.46.
āyakaskambhaḥ आयकस्कम्भः A kind of pillar (cf. Mānasāra).
āyaskāraḥ आयस्कारः The upper part of the thigh of an elephant.
āvraskaḥ आव्रस्कः Being torn off or tearing itself off (Ved).
āskand आस्कन्द् 1 P. 1 To invade, attack; कथमिदानीमुन्मादोप- रागो माधवेन्दुमास्कन्दति Māl.9; आस्कन्दल्लक्ष्मणं बाणैः Bk.17.82. -2 To step over, tread; चयमास्कन्दति भस्मनां जनः Ki.2.2. -3 To depend or hang on (as the Vedāṅgas on the Vedas). -4 To jump, leap. आस्कन्दः, _न्दनम् 1 An attack, assault; assailling; utraging; परवनिता ˚प्रगल्भस्य Ve.2. विविधास्कन्दनाकाक्ङ्क्षी ... Śiva. B.31.68. -2 Ascending, mounting; treading, stepping over; चरणास्कन्दननामिताचलेन्द्रः Ki.13.18. -3 Reproach, abuse. -4 The walk of a horse. -5 An assailant -6 Battle, war. -7 Drying. -8 Effacing destroying. आस्कन्दनं तिरस्कारे रणे संशोषणे$पि च Medinī. आस्कन्दितम् āskanditam तकम् takam आस्कन्दितम् तकम् The walk of a horse, galloping at full speed. आस्कन्दिता च सा ज्ञेया गतिविद्भिस्तु वाजिनाम् Śukra.4.982.
āskandin आस्कन्दिन् a. 1 Jumping upon, assailing, attacking; न हि सिंहो गजास्कन्दी भयाद्गिरिगुहाशयः R.17.52. -2 Causing to flow. -3 Granting. -4 Spending.
āskra आस्क्र a. Attacking or assailing enemies, approaching. -2 Joined or united.
upasaṃsk उपसंस्कृ 8 U. 1 To prepare (as a meal). -2 To ornament. -3 To consecrate, purify; K.4.
upasaṃskaraṇam उपसंस्करणम् Preparing, purifying.
upasaṃskṛta उपसंस्कृत a. 1 Prepared, dressed, cooked. -2 Adorned, filled with; अमृतोपमतोयाभिः शिवाभिरुपसंस्कृताः Rām.5.14.25.
upaskanna उपस्कन्न a. Agitated, afflicted; स्नेहोपस्कन्नहृदया तदा मोहमुपागमत् Rām.6.111.87.
upask उपस्कृ 8 U. To prepare, elaborate, perfect, adorn; (see उपकृ).
upaskaraḥ उपस्करः 1 Any article which serves to make anything complete, an ingredient; यथा क्रीडोपस्कराणां संयोग- विगमाविह । इच्छया क्रीडितुः स्यातां तथैवेशेच्छया नृणाम् ॥ Bhāg. 1.13.43; Rām.2.3.44. -2 (Hence) Condiment or seasoning for food (as mustard, pepper &c.) -3 Furniture, appurtenance, apparatus, instrument (उपकरण); उपस्करो रथस्यासीत् Mb.; Śi.18.72. -4 Any article or implement of household use (such as a broomstick); संयतोपस्करा दक्षा Y.1.83;2.193; Ms.3.68,12.66,5. 15. -5 An ornament. -6 Censure, blame.
upaskaraṇam उपस्करणम् 1 Killing, injuring. -2 A collection. -3 A change, modification. -4 An ellipsis. -5 Blame, censure.
upaskāraḥ उपस्कारः 1 Anything additional, a supplement. -2 (Supplying) An ellipsis; वानप्रस्थानां च द्रव्योपस्कार इति Mb.12.191.11. साकाङ्क्षमनुपस्कारं विष्वग्गति निराकुलम् Ki.11.38. -3 Beautifying, ornamenting by way of adding grace; उक्तमेवार्थं सोपस्कारमाह Malli. on R.11.47. -4 An ornament; सोपस्काराः प्रावहन्नस्रतोयाः Śi.18.72. -5 A stroke. -6 A collection. -7 Condiment, seasoning material; उपस्कारैः स्कारैरुपचितरसामोदभरणम् Viś. Guṇā.472.
upaskṛta उपस्कृत p. p. 1 Prepared, perfected; तत्स्पर्शनाद् भूय उपस्कृताकृतिः Bhāg.1.88.19. -2 Censured, blamed. -3 Killed, injured. -4 Collected. -5 Beautified, ornamented. -6 Supplied (as ellipsis). -7 Modified.
upaskṛtiḥ उपस्कृतिः f. Supplement.
auraska औरस्क a. Excellent, distinguished.
kāraskaraḥ कारस्करः [कार-स्-कर P.VI.1.56.] N. of a tree (किंपाक; Mar. कुचला) Bhāg.5.14.12; कारस्करो वृक्षः
kāraskarāṭikā कारस्कराटिका A small centipede.
khaskhasaḥ खस्खसः खाखसः Poppy. -Comp. -रसः opium.
coskaḥ चोस्कः An excellent horse.
tamaska तमस्क (At the end of a compound) 1 Darkness; स तेजस्वतो लोकान् भास्वतो$पहततमस्कानभिसिध्यति Ch. Up.7. 11.2. -2 Mental darkness; तत्प्रत्यनीकानसुरान्सुरप्रियो रजस्त- मस्कान्प्रमिणोत्युरुश्रवाः ॥ Bhāg.7.1.11.
taskaraḥ तस्करः 1 A thief, robber; मा संचर मनःपान्थ तत्रास्ते स्मरतस्करः Bh.1.86; Ms.4.135,8.67. -2 (At the end of comp.) Anything bad or contemptible; अकस्मात् तावदुत्तस्थौ गर्जञ्जलदतस्करः Ks.11.14. -3 The ear; cf. व्यावृत्ता यत्परस्वेभ्यः श्रुतौ तस्करता स्थिता R.1.27. -री A passionate woman.
taskaratā तस्करता 1 Theft; R.1.27. -2 Hearing.
skaryam तास्कर्यम् Theft; Ms.9.
tirask तिरस्कृ (तिरः-कृ) 8 U. 1 To despise, contemn आत्मनश्च पेरषां च यः समीक्ष्य बलाबलम् । अन्तरं नैव जानाति स तिर- स्क्रियते$रिभिः ॥ H.3.8; Bk.9.62. -2 To blame, scold, abuse; गीर्भिर्गुरूणां परुषाक्षराभिस्तिरस्कृता यान्ति नरा महत्त्वम् Bv.1.73. -3 To surpass, excel (स्तनद्वयं) तिरश्चकार भ्रमरा- मिलीनयोः सुजातयोः पङ्कजकोशयोः श्रियम् R.3.8. -4 To cover, conceal तिरस्क्रियन्ते कृमितन्तुजालैर्विच्छिन्नधूमप्रसरा गवाक्षाः R. 16.2; Ms.4.49; Amaru.81. -5 To set aside, remove.
tiraskara तिरस्कर a. Surpassing, excelling. तिरस्क tiraska (स्का skā) रिणी riṇī तिरस्क (स्का) रिणी 1 A curtain, veil; सो$त्यासाद्य तु तद्वेश्म तिरस्करणिमन्तरा Rām.2.15.2; तिरस्करिण्यो जलदा भवन्ति Ku.1.14; M.2.1. -2 An outer tent, screen of cloth. -3 A kind of magical veil (or spell) rendering the wearer invisible, Ś.6. and V.2, inter alia. It is properly the science or art possessed by celestial beings of rendering themselves invisible by repeating some Mantras. तिरस्कारः tiraskārḥ तिरस्कृतिः tiraskṛtiḥ तिरस्कारः तिरस्कृतिः f., तिरस्क्रिया 1 Contempt, disrespect. -2 Censure, abuse, reproach; द्विपद्विषः प्रत्युत सा तिरस्क्रिया Śi. -3 Concealment, disappearance. -4 A cuirass; लौहस्तिरस्कार इवात्ममन्युः Ki.17.49.
tiraskārin तिरस्कारिन् a. Excelling; देवि त्वन्मुखपङ्कजेन शशिनः शोभातिरस्कारिणा Ratn.1.24.
tiraskṛta तिरस्कृत p. p. 1 Disregarded, despised. -2 Abused, condemned. -3 Concealed, covered. -4 Disappeared, vanished. -5 Surpassed, excelled.
parāskandin परास्कन्दिन् m. A thief.
pariskandhaḥ परिस्कन्धः A collection, multitude (स्कन्ध); महाभूत- परिस्कन्धम् Mb.14.45.1.
paryavaskandaḥ पर्यवस्कन्दः The act of jumping down; Mb.
pāraskaraḥ पारस्करः 1 N. of a certain district. -2 N. of a sage, the author of the Grihya Sūtras.
purask पुरस्कृ 8 U. 1 To place before or in front, make one's leader, put at the head; हते जरति गङ्गेये पुरस्कृत्य शिखण्डिनम् Ve.2.4; U.1.3; Ku.2.52. -2 To introduce, present; मद्वचनात् स राजा शकुन्तलां पुरस्कृत्य वक्तव्यः Ś.4, 7. -3 To honour, respect, esteem, hospitably receive or entertain; दर्शनेनैव भवतीनां पुरस्कृतो$स्मि Ś.1. -4 To adopt, choose, follow; स पुरस्कृतमध्यमक्रमः R.8.9. -5 To appoint. -6 To show, indicate, evince. -7 To lead. -8 To use as a pretext.
puraskaraṇam पुरस्करणम् The act of placing in front, honouring &c.; see पुरस्कार below.
puraskaraṇīya पुरस्करणीय a. 1 To be honoured. -2 To be placed at the head. -3 To be made complete &c.
puraskāraḥ पुरस्कारः 1 Placing before or in front. -2 Preference. -3 Treating with honour, showing respect, deference. -4 Worshipping. -5 Accompanying, attending. -6 Preparing. -7 Arranging, making complete or perfect. -8 Attacking. -9 Accusation. -1 Consecrating. -11 Anticipating, expecting. -12 (At the end of comp.) Preceded or accompanied by. -13 Sprinkling with holy water. -14 Acceptance. -15 Manifesting oneself; कर्महेतुपुरस्कारं भूतेषु परिवर्तते Mb.12.19.19.
puraskṛta पुरस्कृत p. p. 1 Placed in front; पुरस्कृता वर्त्मनि पार्थिवेन R.2.2. -2 Honoured, treated with respect, distinguished. -3 Chosen, adopted, followed. -4 Adored, worshipped. -5 Attended or accompanied, provided with, possessing, having. -6 Prepared, got ready. -7 Consecrated. -8 Accused, calumniated. -9 Made perfect or complete, finished. -1 Anticipated, expected. -11 Appointed. -12 Harassed or attacked (by an enemy). -13 Sprinkled with holy water. -14 Initiated.
puraskṛtya पुरस्कृत्य ind. Regarding, concerning, on account of.
puraskriyā पुरस्क्रिया 1 Showing respect, honouring, hospitable reception. -2 A preparatory or initiatory rite.
praskand प्रस्कन्द् 1 P. 1 To leap forward, up or down; गदां प्रगृह्य वेगेन प्रचस्कन्द रथोत्तमात् Mb.6.95.77. -2 To fall upon, attack. -3 To shed, spill; एते प्रस्कन्दन्ति Praśna Up.1.13. -Caus. 1 To cross (a river &c.) -2 To pour out (as an oblation).
praskandanam प्रस्कन्दनम् 1 Springing across or leaping over. -2 Evacuation by stool, diarrhœa. -नः An epithet of Śiva.
praskandikā प्रस्कन्दिका Dysentery; प्रस्कन्दिकामिव प्राप्तो ध्यात्वा ब्रूते स्म जाम्बवान्Bk.7.74.
praskanna प्रस्कन्न p. p. 1 Sprung forth. -2 Fallen, dropped, lost, gone; प्रस्कन्नं पिबतः प्राणैर्यत् किञ्चिज्जगृहुः स्म तत् Bhāg. 8.7.47. -3 Defeated. -4 Having attacked, assailed; एते विनिहताः सर्वे प्रस्कन्नाः पाण्डुवाहिनीम् Mb.9.18.22. -5 Shed, spilt. -न्नः 1 An outcast. -2 A sinner, transgressor.
praskundaḥ प्रस्कुन्दः An altar of a circular shape; प्रस्कुन्देन प्रतिस्तब्धश्छिन्नमूल इव द्रुमः Mb.5.73.26.
praskhal प्रस्खल् 1 P. 1 To jostle; रथाः प्रचस्खलुश्चाश्वाः Bk.14.98. -2 To stagger, stumble, reel, totter; सूतीगृहमगात्तूर्णं प्रस्खलन्मुक्तमूर्धजः Bhāg.1.4.3.
praskhalanam प्रस्खलनम् 1 Staggering. -2 Stumbling, falling.
mask मस्क् 1 P. (मस्कति) To go, move.
maskaraḥ मस्करः [मस्क्-अरच्] 1 A bamboo. -2 A hollow bamboo; सुस्तम्भां मस्करैर्दीर्घैः कृतवंशां सुशोभनाम् Rām.3.15. 21. -3 Going, motion. -4 Knowledge (ज्ञान).
maskarin मस्करिन् m. 1 An ascetic or religious mendicant, a Brāhmaṇa in the fourth order; धारयन् मस्करिव्रतम् Bk. 5.63. -2 The moon.
skaḥ यास्कः N. of the author of the Nirukta.
ruṇaskarā रुणस्करा A cow easily milked, a gentle cow.
varcaskaḥ वर्चस्कः 1 Brightness, lustre. -2 Vigour. -3 Feces.
vask वस्क् 1 Ā. (वस्कते) To go, move.
vaskaḥ वस्कः 1 Going, motion. -2 Application, perseverance.
vaskaya वस्कय See वष्कय.
vaskayaṇī वस्कयणी See वष्कयणी.
vaskarāṭikā वस्कराटिका A scorpion.
virajaskā विरजस्का A woman in whom the menstrual secretion has ceased.
śiraskam शिरस्कम् 1 A helmet. -2 A turban, head-dress.
śiraskā शिरस्का A palanquin.
saṃsk संस्कृ 8 U. 1 To adorn, grace, decorate; ककुभं सम- स्कुरुत माधवनीम् Śi.9.25. -2 To refine, polish; वाण्येका समलंकरोति पुरुषं या संस्कृता धार्यते Bh.2.19; Śi.14.5. -3 To consecrate by repeating Mantras; मन्त्रैस्तु संस्कृतानद्या- च्छाश्वतं विधिमास्थितः Ms.5.36. -4 To purify (a person) by scriptural ceremonies, perform purificatory ceremonies over (a person); संचस्कारोभप्रीत्या मैथिलेयौ यथाविधि R.15.31; Y.2.124. -5 To cultivate, educate, train; आर्यौपदेशसंस्क्रियमाणमतयः Mu.3. -6 To make ready, prepare, equip, fit out; जीवां भूयो रघुपतिवृषा स्पर्शतः संस्करोति Mv.6.37; Ms.9.279; Mu.3. -7 To cook, dress (food). -8 To purify, cleanse. -9 To collect, heap together. -1 To construct, form well or thoroughly. -11 To accumulate; ये पक्षापरपक्षदोषसहिताः पापानि संस्कुर्वते Mk.9.4 (v. l). -12 To correct (astronomically).
saṃskaraṇam संस्करणम् 1 Preparing, putting together. -2 Cremating (a corpse).
saṃskartṛ संस्कर्तृ m. 1 One who dresses, cooks, prepares &c.; Ms.5.51. -2 One who consecrates, initiates &c.; कष्टं सीतापि सुतयोः संस्कर्तारं न विन्दति U.7.13. -3 One who produces impression.
saṃskāraḥ संस्कारः 1 Making perfect, refining, polishing; (मणिः) प्रयुक्तसंस्कार इवाधिकं बभौ R.3.18. -2 Refinement, perfection, grammatical purity (as of words); संस्कार- वत्येव गिरा मनीषी Ku.1.28 (where Malli, renders the word by व्याकरणजन्या शुद्धिः); R.15.76. -3 Education, cultivation, training (as of the mind); निसर्ग- संस्कारविनीत इत्यसौ नृपेण चक्रे युवराजशब्दभाक् R.3.35; Ku. 7.1. -4 Making ready, preparation. -5 Cooking, dressing (as of food &c.). -6 Embellishment, decoration, ornament; स्वभावसुन्दरं वस्तु न संस्कारमपेक्षते Dṛi. Ś. 49; Ś.7.23; Mu.2.1. -7 Consecration, sanctification, hallowing; संस्कारो नाम स भवति यस्मिञ्जाते पदार्थो भवति योग्यः कस्यचिदर्थस्य ŚB. on MS.3.1.3. -3 Impression, form, mould, operation, influence; यन्नवे भोजने लग्नः संस्कारो नान्यथा भवेत् H. Pr.8; Bh.3.84. -9 Idea, notion, conception. -1 Any faculty or capacity. -11 Effect of work, merit of action; फलानुमेयाः प्रारम्भाः संस्काराः प्राक्तना इव R.1.2. -12 The self-reproductive quality, faculty of impression; one of the 24 qualities or guṇas recognised by the Vaiśeṣikas; it is of three kinds: भावना, वेग, and स्थितिस्थापकता q .q. v. v. -13 The faculty of recollection, impression on the memory; संस्कारमात्रजन्यं ज्ञानं स्मृतिः T. S. -14 A purificatory rite, a sacred rite or ceremony; संस्कारार्थं शरीरस्य Ms.2.66; R.1.78; (Manu mentions 12 such Saṃskāras viz. 1. गर्भाधान, 2. पुंसवन, 3. सीमन्तोन्नयन, 4. जातकर्मन्, 5. नामकर्मन्, 6. निष्क्रमण, 7. अन्नप्राशन, 8. चूडाकर्मन्, 9. उपनयन, 1. केशान्त, 11. समावर्तन, and 12. विवाह; see Ms.2.26 &c.; some writers increase the number to sixteen). -15 Purification, purity. -16 A rite or ceremony in general. -17 Investiture with the sacred thread; मांसं मूत्रं पुरीषं च प्राश्य संस्कारमर्हति Mb.12.165.76. -18 Obsequial ceremonies. -19 A polishing stone; संस्कारोल्लिखितो महामणिरिव क्षीणो$पि नालक्ष्यते Ś.6.5 (where संस्कार may mean 'polishing' also). -Comp. -पूत a. 1 purified by sacred rites. -2 purified by refinement or education. -भूषणम् (speech) adorned by correctness. -रहित, -वर्जित, -हीन a. (a person of one of the three higher castes) over whom the purificatory ceremonies, particularly the threadceremony, have not been performed and who therefore becomes a Vrātya or outcast; cf. व्रात्य. -शब्दः a word which gains its currency owing to संस्कार; संस्कारशब्दा एते आहवनीयादयः ŚB. on MS.5.3.21.
saṃskāraka संस्कारक a. Consecrating, purifying, refining &c.
saṃskāravattvam संस्कारवत्त्वम् Refinement, elegance (of behaviour); संस्कारवत्त्वाद्रमयत्सु चेतः Ki.17.6.
saṃskṛta संस्कृत p. p. 1 Made perfect, refined, polished, cultivated. -2 Artificially made, highly wrought, carefully or accurately formed, elaborated. -3 Made ready, dressed, prepared; cooked. -4 Consecrated, hallowed; संस्कृतश्चापि रामेण जगाम गतिमुत्तमाम् Rām.4.57.11. -5 Initiated into worldly life, married. -6 Cleansed, purified. -7 Adorned, decorated. -8 Excellent, best. -तः 1 A word formed regularly according to the rules of grammar, a regular derivative. -2 A man of any one of the first three castes over whom all the purificatory rites have been performed. -3 A learned man. -तम् 1 Refined or highly polished speech, the Sanskṛit language; संस्कृतं नाम दैवी वागन्वाख्याता महर्षिभिः Kāv.1. 33. -2 A sacred usage. -3 An offering, oblation (mostly Vedic). -Comp. -आत्मन् 1 one who has received purificatory rites; याजनाध्यापने नित्यं क्रियेते संस्कृतात्मनाम् Ms. 1.11. -2 a sage. -उक्तिः f. 1 a polished word or language. -2 a Sanskṛit word or expression.
saṃskṛtiḥ संस्कृतिः 1 = संस्कार. -2 Preparation. -3 Perfection. -4 Determination. -5 (Modern usage) Civilization, culture.
saṃskriyā संस्क्रिया 1 A purificatory rite. -2 Consecration. -3 Obsequies, a funeral ceremony. -4 Preparation.
sadyaska सद्यस्क a. 1 New, recent. -2 Instantaneous.
samavaskandaḥ समवस्कन्दः Bulwark, rampart.
sāṃskārika सांस्कारिक a. Relating to rites.
sādyaska साद्यस्क a. (-स्की f.) 1 Quick, instantaneous. -2 Resulting, taking place immediately (सद्यःफल); चत्वार्याह महाराज साद्यस्कानि बृहस्पतिः (पृच्छते) Mb.5.33.71. -3 New, fresh; कार्यक्षमश्च प्राचीनः साद्यस्कः कति विद्यते Śukra.2.92.
sādyaskaḥ साद्यस्कः (also साद्यस्क्रः) A particular sacrifice; षट् साद्यस्काः सर्ववेदेषु दृष्टाः Mb.3.134.13.
svask स्वस्क् 1 Ā. (स्वस्कते) See ष्वस्क्.
     Macdonell Vedic Search  
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skabhāya skabhāya, den. prop, establish, i. 154, 1 [from skabh, IX. skabhnāti].
skambhana skámbh-ana, n. prop, support, i. 160, 4.
skand skand leap, I. P. skándati, int. inj. kániṣkan, vii. 103, 4.
taskara táskara, m. thief, viii. 29, 6.
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skabhana n. sound (?).
skabhāya den. P. (V.) fix, sup port; impede, check. vi(-shk-), fix (V.).
skambha m. prop, pillar (V.).
skambhana n. id. (V.); -aní, -an&isharp; (nm. -s), id. (V.).
skānda a. belonging to, derived from etc., the god Skanda.
skanda m. hopper (in trina-skandá, grasshopper, N.); effusion, dropping (of, g., --°ree;); destruction; Assailer, god of war, leader of the divine hosts and chief of the demons of disease which attack children, possessed of eternal youth (hence Kumâra), son of Siva or Agni, brought up by Krittikâ (hence Kârtti keya): -ka, n. (?) a metre: -grâma, m. N. of a village; -gupta, m. N. of a prince and of an elephant-keeper;-gananî, f. Skanda's mother, Pârvatî; -tâ, f., -tva, n. condition of Skanda; -dâsa, m. N. of a merchant.
skandana n. effusion, emission; failure.
skandaputra m. son of Skanda (bombastic term for a thief); -pura, n. N. of a town; -purâna, n. T. of a Purâna.
skandha m. V., C.: shoulder; C.: branching part of the stem, trunk of a tree (also S.); division, part; tract, path, region (of the winds; rare); section of a treatise (rare); quantity, aggregate (rare); often incorr. for skanda: -ka, n. kind of Aryâ metre; -desa, m. (region of the) shoulder; region of the trunk; -pîtha, n. shoulder-blade; -vat, a. having a (thick) trunk or many trunks; -siras, n. shoulder-blade.
skandhas n. branching top or crown of a tree (V.).
skandhāvāra m. (shelter of the trunk=king), royal headquarters in camp; -½upaneya, m. (sc. samdhi) a kind of treaty (reward carried away on the shoulder).
skandhya a. belonging etc. to the shoulder.
skandin a. shedding (--°ree;).
skanna pp. (√ skand) fallen etc.
skhala m. stumbling (rare); -ana, n. id., tripping, unsteady gait; faltering (of speech); displacement (of a garment); clash ing, dashing against; friction, contact; strok ing (with the hand); emission (of semen); falling into (--°ree;); blundering, mistake in (a name, --°ree;); -ita, (pp.) n. tripping, stumbling, staggering; blunder, error, aberration, trans gression in (lc., --°ree;); deprivation, loss of (af fection, g.): -subhagam, ad. tripping charm ingly.
agnisaṃskāra m. sacrament of fire; -samkaya, m. great fire; -sâkshika, a. having Agni for a witness.
atiraskṛta pp. unsurpassed; greatest.
apagatatejaska a. void of light; -prakâsa, a. id.
amanaska a. foolish; not of good cheer.
avaskanda m. assault, surprise; -in, a. covering; assailing; -skara, m. privy: -mandira, n. id.
asaṃskāra m. lack of ornament, naturalness; a. lacking ornament; -skrita, pp. unequipped; unconsecrated; unadorned; unrefined, coarse; not having undergone the sacraments: -½alakin, a.having unadorned locks; -stuta, pp. unknown, strange; not agreeing, obstinate; -sthita, pp. not stand ing still, restless; scattered; -sprishta, pp. unattained; -hata, pp. disunited; m. kind of array; -hati, f. non-connexion;-hrita, pp. uninterrupted.
askhalita pp. not stumbling; uninterrupted, unhindered; n. not coming to a standstill; -kakra, a. w. unimpeded chariot; -pada, a. where the foot does not stumble; safe; -prayâna, a. with unfaltering march.
askanna pp. not sprinkled; unim pregnated, immaculate.
āskra a. holding together, united.
āskanda m. leaping up; attack; -ana, n. attack; -in, a. springing upon (--°ree;); bestowing.
upaskara m. (n.) implement; do mestic utensil; broom.
taskarāya den. Â. behave like a thief or robber.
taskara m. [(a)tas-kara, taking hence, stealing], thief, robber: -tâ, f., -tva, n. thiev ing, theft, robbery.
skarya n. robbery, theft.
tiraskara a. (î) surpassing (g.); -karanîya, fp. to be overcome; -karin, m. curtain: (n)-î, f. id.; curtain concealing some one (g.); magic veil of darkness (making in visible); -kâra, m. abuse, scolding; disrespect; -kârin, a. surpassing (--°ree;); -kriyâ, f. abuse; disrespect.
tejaskāma a. desirous of manly vigour; aiming at dignity or distinction; -vat, a. brilliant, splendid, glorious: -î, f. N. of a princess; -vi-tâ, f. energy; dignity, majesty; -vi-tva, n. splendour; -vín, a.sharp; bright; strong, energetic; dignified; glorious.
namaskāra m. the exclamation &open;namas;&close; obeisance, salutation, adoration, homage: -vat, a. containing adoration; -kâr ya, fp. to be adored; -krita, pp. adored; -kriti, f., -kriyâ, f.adoration, reverence, homage.
nirnamaskāra a. receiving no salutation, despised by all; -nâtha, a. hav ing no protector: -tâ, f. widowhood; -nâbhi, a. reaching below the navel; -nâyaka, a. lacking a guide or leader; -nâsana, a. ban ishing, dispelling; -nidra, a. sleepless: -tâ, f. sleeplessness; -nimitta, a. causeless; quite dis interested: -m or °ree;--. ad. without an ascertain able cause, -tva, n. lack of causation; -nime sha, a. unwinking;-nirodha, a. unimpeded.
nistamaska a. free from darkness, light; -tamisra, a. id.; -tara&ndot;ga, a. waveless, calm; -tarana, n. getting out of danger, escape; -taranîya, fp. to be got over; -tartavya, fp. to be crossed; to be over come; -tala, a. not flat, round, spherical; -târa, m. crossing, passing over the sea (also fig.); liquidation, payment.
pariskanda m. servant, esp. one running beside a carriage; -skhalita, (pp.) n. staggering; -stara, m. layer of sacrificial grass; -stárana, n. strewing about; -stoma, m. cover, bolster; -spanda, m.motion; -spand ita, (pp.) n. quivering; flaming up; manifes tation; -spardhin, a. vying with (--°ree;); -sphu- ta, a. quite evident; -m, ad.; -syanda, m. flow, stream (fig.); -srava, m. flow, effusion; overflow; river; birth (of a child); -srút, a. overflowing, foaming; f. kind of intoxicant.
puṃskokila m. male Indian cuckoo: -tva, n. virility, manhood; mascu line gender (gr.).
punaḥsaṃskāra m. renewed consecration; -samgama, m. re-union; -sam dhâna, n. id.; -sambhava, m. renewal; -sara, a. coming back; -siddha, pp. cooked twice.
puraskartavya fp. to be placed in front, to be honoured or respected; -kâra, m. preference; deference; accompaniment: --°ree; a.=accompanied by; -kârya, fp. to be en trusted with orcommissioned to (lc. or inf.); -kriyâ, f. deference, honour.
peśaskārin m. wasp; -kâr&isharp;, f. female embroiderer; -krit, m. hand (as a fashioner); wasp.
pratiskandha m. each shoulder: in. each on his shoulder; -sthânam, ad. in every place, everywhere; -sneha, m. incor rect for pati-sneha; -spardhin, a. vying with, rivalling, emulating; -spasá, a.spy ing, lurking; -srotas, ad. against the stream, upstream; -svana, m. pl. or °ree;--, echo; -svam, ad. each singly; -svara, m. echo.
praskaṇva m. N. of a Vedic Rishi: pl. descendants of Praskanva; -skandana, a. leaping forward, attacking, ep. of Siva; suf fering from diarrh&oe;a; n. bounding over or across (--°ree;); aperient; -skandin, a. leaping into (--°ree;); -skanna, pp. √ skand; -skunda, m. support or (according to a commentator) circular altar; -skhalana, n. stumbling, stag gering.
bhāskara a. [making light], shin ing, luminous, brilliant; m. sun; N., esp. of a celebrated astronomer (twelfth century a.d.); kind of breach: -nandin, m. son of the sun; -varman, m. N. and ep. of princes; i, m. pat. of the planet Saturn and of the monkey king Sugrîva; î-ya, a. derived from Bhâs kara; m. disciple of Bhâskara.
manaska a. (--°ree;) having one's mind or thoughts fixed on; -kânta, a. dear to the heart, pleasant, agreeable; -kâra, m. men tal operation; -ketá, m. mental image, con ception, thought; -tâpa, m.mental pain, dis tress of mind, anguish; repentance.
maskarin m. (having a bamboo: *maskara), mendicant monk.
yaśaskara a. (î) conferring glory, rendering famous, glorious, for (--°ree;); m. N. of various men; (yásas)-kâma, a. desirous of fame, ambitious.
ska m. pat. N. of the author of the Nirukta (flourished probably about 450 b. c.): pl. the descendants of Yaska.
śreyaskara a. (î) securing for tune or happiness, salutary: -tara, cpv. more conducive to happiness; -kâma, a. desirous of welfare or happiness; -tva, n. higher posi tion, pre-eminence.
saṃskṛta pp. (√ kri) prepared etc.; n. á, preparation, prepared place; cul tivated language (opp. vernaculars), San skrit (C.); (sám)-skriti, f. preparation (V.); formation (Br.); consecration (C.);-skri ta½ukti, f. polished expression; -skriyâ, f. preparation, formation.
saṃskārya fp. to be consecrated (person); to be hallowed with funeral rites (corpse).
saṃskāra m. [√ kri] preparation, dressing (of food); refining (of metals etc.); polishing (of gems); cleansing, purifying; embellishment, decoration, adornment; rear ing (of animals or plants); toilet, attire (rare); correct formation or use (of a word); train ing, education; correctness (of pronuncia tion or expression); purificatory rite, domes tic consecration (applicable to all members of the first three castes), sacrament; sacrament of the dead, cremation (rare); mental impres sion (left by causes no longer operative and sts. dating from a previous birth; there are three kinds, vega, impulse, sthiti-sthâpaka, elasticity, andbhâvanâ, reproductive ima gination); after-effect; creation of the mind (regarded by it as real though actually non existent, such as material phenomena and all connected therewith; B.): -tâ, f. abst. n. of a cpd. ending insamskâra (=mental impres sion); -tva, n. decoration: kakshushâm samskâra-tvam sam-âp, become a feast to the eye; -nâman, n. sacramental name (= our baptismal name); -maya, a. (--°ree;) con sisting in the consecration of (rite); -vat, a. grammatically correct; -visishta, pp. better prepared (food).
saṃskaraṇa n. preparation; cre mation; -skartavya, fp. to be prepared; -skartri, m. preparer (of food); consecrator, performer of a rite; producer of an impression.
sahaskṛta pp. (V.) produced by strength (Agni); invigorated (Indra), in creased.
sādyaska a. [sadyas] taking place immediately.
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skandhhyā Fem. plur., is used in the Atharvaveda of a disease ‘of the shoulders,’, probably tumours of some kind.
apaskambha The word occurs only in one passage of the Atharvaveda, where the tip of it is mentioned as poisoned. Roth suggests that the fastening of the arrow-point to the shaft is meant. Whitney inclines to this version, but suggests corruption of text. Zimmer follows Roth. Ludwig renders the word by ‘ barb.’ Bloomfield thinks it means ‘ tearing (arrow),’ a sense deduced from the etymology.
avaskava A kind of worm, mentioned along with others in the Atharvaveda
usra (ask martin) All these words denote a bull ’ or a ‘ cow,’ occurring frequently in the Rigveda, and sometimes reference to the morning light, doubtful. See Go.
kāraskara Is the name of a people mentioned in the Baudhā­ yana śrauta Sutra and the Sūtras.
taskara Occurs in the Rigveda and frequently later, denoting ‘thief’ or ‘robber.’ It appears to be practically synonymous with Stena, in connexion with which it is often mentioned. The Stena and the Taskara are contrasted in the Vājasaneyi Samhitā with the Malimlu, who is a burglar or house-breaker, while they are highwaymen, or, as the Rigveda puts it, ‘men who haunt the woods and risk their lives’ (taηū-tyajā vaηar-gū). In another passage of the Rigveda, however, the dog is told to bark at the Taskara or the Stena, which clearly points to an attempt at house-breaking. The thief goes about at night, and knows the paths on which he attacks his victim. In one passage of the Rigveda the use of cords is mentioned, but whether to bind the thieves when captured, or to bind the victim, is not clear. The Atharvaveda refers to the Stena and the Taskara as cattle and horse thieves.
tṛṇaskanda Occurs once in the Rigveda as the name of a prince, his subjects (viśah) being referred to. The word may originally have meant ‘grasshopper.’
dakṣiṇataskaparda Is an epithet of the Vasisthas in the Rigveda referring to their mode of ‘wearing the hair in a braid on the right side.’ See Kaparda.
praskaṇva Is the name of a Rsi who is credited by the Anukramam (Index) with the authorship of certain hymns of the Rigveda, where he is mentioned several times. The statement in the śāñkhāyana śrauta Sūtra that he obtained bounty from Ppsadhra Medhya Mātariśvan is apparently a blunder.
yaska Is the name of a man. The Yaskas, descendants of Giriksit (Gairiksitāh) are mentioned in the Kāthaka Samhitā. Cf. Yāska.
ska (‘Descendant of Yaska’) is mentioned in the first two Vamśas (lists of teachers) of the Bṛhadāraṇyaka Upanisad as a contemporary of Ásurāyaiia and a teacher of Bhāradvāja. Whether Yāska, author of the Nirukta, was the same person, it is, of course, impossible to say.
vaiyāska Is read in one passage of the Rigveda Prātiśākhya, as the name of an authority on the metres of the Rigveda. Roth is clearly right in thinking that Yāska is meant.
vleska See Bleska.
saṃskandha ( Having the shoulders together ’) is the name of a disease mentioned with Viçkandha in the Atharvaveda. Whitney, however, thinks it is intended as an adjective implying the sense of ‘ counteracting the disease Viṣkandha.’
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"sk" has 125 results.
     
anavagatasaṃskāra(a word) whose formation and accents have not been ekplained; confer, compare Nirukta of Yāska.IV.1 ; V.2.
aniyatapuṃskawhose sex-especially whether it is a male or a female-is not definitely known from its mere sight; small insects which are so. The term क्षुद्रा in P. IV.1.131 is explained in the Mahābhāṣya as क्षुद्रा नाम अनियतपुंस्का अङ्गहीना वा Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on P. IV.1.131.
abhāṣitapuṃskathat which does not convey a masculine sense; a word which is not declined in the masculine gender; a word possessing only the feminine gender e.gखट्वा, लता et cetera, and othersconfer, compare अभाषितपुंस्काच्च P. VII. 3.48.
uktapuṃskaa word with its meaning (in the neuter gender) unchanged when used in the masculine gender; generally an adjectival word; cf, Cāndra Vyāk. I.4.30.
upaskāraintroduction of the necessary changes in the wording of the base, such as elision, or addition or substitution of a letter or letters as caused by the addition of suffixes.
kaskādia class of compound-words headed by कस्क in which the visarga occurring at the end of the first member is noticed as changed into स् against the usual rules e. g. कस्क:, कौतस्कुतः भ्रातुष्पुत्रः, सद्यस्कालः, धनुष्कपालम् and others; confer, compare P. VIII.3.48. As this कस्कादिगण is said to be अाकृतिगण, similar words can be said to be in the कस्कादिगण although they are not actually mentioned in the गणपाठ.
jaumārasaṃskaraṇathe revised version by Jumuranandin of the original grammar treatise in verse called संक्षिप्तसार written by KramadiSvara, The Jaumarasamskarana is the samc as.jaumara Vyakarana, which see a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page..
durghaṭavṛttisaṃskaraṇaa grammar work on the formation of difficult words attributed to शर्वरक्षित or सर्वरक्षित.
padasaṃskārapakṣaan alternative view with वाक्यसंस्कारपक्ष regarding the formation of words by the application of affixes to crude bases. According to the Padasamskāra alternative, every word is formed independently, and after formation the words are syntactically connected and used in a sentence. The sense of the sentence too, is understood after the sense of every word has been understood; confer, compare सुविचार्य पदस्यार्थं वाक्यं गृह्णन्ति सूरयः Sira. on Pari. 22. According to the other alternative viz. वाक्यसंस्कारपक्ष, a whole sentence is brought before the mind and then the constituent individual words are formed exempli gratia, for example राम +सु, गम् + अ + ति । Both the views have got some advantages and some defects; confer, compare Par. Sek. Pari. 56.
paribhāṣābhāskara(1)a treatise on the Paribhasas in Panini's grammar written by Haribhaskara Agnihotri, son of Appajibhatta Agnihotri, who lived in the seventeenth century : (2) a treatise on Paniniparibhasas, as arranged by Siradeva, written by Sesadrisuddhi,
pāraskarādigaṇaor पारस्करप्रभृति, words headed by the word पारस्कर which have got some irregularity, especially the insertion of स् between the constituent words. For details see पारस्करप्रभृतीनि च संज्ञायाम् P. VI. 1.153 and the commentary thereon.
puṃskamasculine nature, hence masculine gender. The word is generally found as a part of the word भाषितपुंस्क​ which means a word which is declined in the masculine and the feminine gender or in the neuter and the masculine gender in the same sense. For details see M. Bh, on P. VI.3.34.
pratisaṃskaraṇaediting with improvement, with an attempt to restore the correct version or the original text in the place of the corrupt one sometimes suitable additions and improvements are also made; e. g. चरकप्रतिसंस्करण attributed to Patanjali.
proktapuṃskapossessed of the masculine gender
buiskūla[ BUISKOOL H. E. )A European grammarian who has written an essay on the last three Padas of Panini's Astadhyayi (त्रिपादी) under the title 'The Tripadi'.
bhāṣitapuṃskaa word or a noun-base which has the same sense in the masculine gender as in the neuter gender: generally words of quality or adjectives like शुचि, मधु et cetera, and others fall in this category;cf तृतीयादिषु भाषितपुंस्कं पुंवद्गालवस्य P. VII. 1. 74; confer, compare also भाषितः पुमान् यस्मिन्नर्थे प्रवृत्तिानिमित्ते स भाषितपुंस्कशब्देनोच्यते । तद्योगादभिधेयमपि यन्नपुसकं तदपि भाषितपुंस्कम् | तस्य प्रतिपादकं यच्छब्दरूपं तदपि भाषितपुंस्कम् | Kāś. on VII.1.74.
bhāskaraśāstrīsurnamed Abhyankar (1785-1870) a great grammarian in the line of the pupils of Nāgeśa who was educated at Poona and lived at Sātārā. He taught many pupils, a large number of whom helped the spread of Vyākaraṇa studies even in distant places of the country, such as Vārāṇasi and others. For details see Vyākaraṇa The Volume of the introduction in Marathi to the Pātañjala Mahābhāṣya, written by K. V. Abhyankar and published by the O. E. Society, Poona. pp. 27-29, D. E. Society's Edition.
yaskādiwords headed by the word यस्क, the affixes in the sense of ’a descendant' placed after which are elided and the words are to be used in the plural number in the masculine gender; e. g. यस्का:; cf Kāśikā of Jayāditya and Vāmana. on P. II.4.63.
skaa reputed ancient Niruktakara or etymologist, of the 6th century B.C. or even a few centuries before that, whose work, the Nirukta, is looked upon as the oldest authoritative treatise regarding derivation of Vedic words. Yaska was preceded by a number of etymologists whom he has mentioned in his work and whose works he has utilisedition Yaska's Nirukta threw into the back-ground the older treatises on etymology, all of which disappeared gradually in the course of time.
vākyasaṃskārapakṣathe grammarian's theory that as the individual words have practically no existence as far as the interpretation or the expression of sense is concerned, the sentence alone being capable of conveying the sense, the formation of individual words in a sentence' is explained by putting them in a sentence and knowing their mutual relationship. The word गाम् cannot be explained singly by showing the base गो and the case ending अम् unless it is seen in the sentence गाम् अानय; confer, compare यथा वाक्यसंस्कारपक्षे कृष्णादिसंबुद्धयन्त उपपदे ऋधेः क्तिनि कृते कृष्ण ऋध् ति इति स्थिते असिद्धत्वात्पूर्वमाद्गुणे कृते अचो रहाभ्यामिति द्वित्वं .. Pari. Bhaskara Pari. 99The view is put in alternation with the other view, viz. the पदसंस्कारपक्ष which has to be accepted in connection with the गौणमुख्यन्याय; cf पदस्यैव गौणार्थकत्वस्य ग्रहेण अस्य ( गौणमुख्यन्यायस्य) पदकार्यविषयत्वमेवोचितम् | अन्यथा वाक्यसंस्कारपक्षे तेषु तदनापत्तिः Par. Sek. on Pari. 15, The grammarians usually follow the वाक्यसंकारपक्ष.
saṃskāra(1)preparation such as (a)that of a word by placing the affix after the base and accomplishing all the necessary changes, or (b) that of a sentence by placing all words connected mutually by syntax and then explaining their formation; these two views are respectively called the पदसंस्कारपक्ष and the वाक्यसंस्कारपक्ष; (2) grammatical formation; confer, compare स्वरसंस्कारयोश्छन्दसि नियम: । संस्कारो लोपागमवर्णविकारप्रकृतिभावलक्षण: Uvvata on V.Pr. I.1; confer, compare also तद्यत्र स्वरसंस्कारौ प्रादेशिकेन गुणेन अन्वितौ स्याताम् et cetera, and others Nir.I.
saṃskṛtamañjarīa short handbook on declension and case-relations written by a grammarian named Sadhusundara, who lived in the beginning of the eighteenth century.
skandhaca taddhita affix. affix in the sense of collection, added to the words नर, करि and तुरङ्ग: confer, compare Varttika on P. IV. 2.51 quoted in the Kasikvrtti.
haribhāskara( अग्निहोत्री )a grammarian of the Deccan who lived in the seventeenth century at Nasik and wrote commentaries on grammarworks out of which his treatise on Paribhasas ( परिभाषाभास्कर ) written independently but based upon Siradeva's Paribhasavrtti, deserves a special notice and mention.
a(1)the first letter of the alphabet in Sanskrit and its derived languages, representing the sound a (अ): (2) the vowel a (अ) representing in grammatical treatises, except when Prescribed as an affix or an augment or a substitute,all its eighteen varieties caused by accentuation or nasalisation or lengthening: (3) personal ending a (अ) of the perfeminine. second.pluraland first and third person.singular.; (4) kṛt affix c (अ) prescribed especially after the denominative and secondary roots in the sense of the verbal activity e. g. बुभुक्षा, चिन्ता, ईक्षा, चर्चा et cetera, and othersconfer, compare अ प्रत्ययात् et cetera, and others (P.III 3.102-106); (5) sign of the aorist mentioned as añ (अङ्) or cañ (चङ्) by Pāṇini in P. III i.48 to 59 exempli gratia, for example अगमत्, अचीकरत्; (6) conjugational sign mentioned as śap (शप्) or śa (श) by Pāṇini in P. III.1.68, 77. exempli gratia, for example भवति, तुदति et cetera, and others; (7) augment am (अम्) as prescribed by P. VI.1.58; exempli gratia, for example द्रष्टा, द्रक्ष्यति; (8) augment aṭ (अट्) prefixed to a root in the imperfeminine. and aorist tenses and in the conditional mood e. g. अभवत्, अभूत्, अभविष्यत् confer, compare P. VI.4.71; (8) kṛt affix a (अ) prescribed as अङ्, अच्, अञ्, अण्, अन्, अप्, क, ख, घ, ञ, ड् , ण, et cetera, and others in the third Adhyāya of Pāṇini's Pāṇini's Aṣṭādhyāyī.; (9) taddhita affix. affix a (अ) mentioned by Pāṇini as अच्, अञ् अण्, अ et cetera, and others in the fourth and the fifth chapters of the Pāṇini's Aṣṭādhyāyī. of Pāṇini; (10) the samāsānta affix a (अ), as also stated in the form of the samāsānta affixes (डच् , अच्, टच्, ष्, अष् and अञ्) by Pāṇini in V.4.73 to 121;(11) substitute a (अश्) accented grave for इदम before case-affixes beginning with the inst. instrumental case. case: (12) remnant (अ) of the negative particle नञ् after the elision of the consonant n (न्) by नलोपो नञः P. vi.3.73.
aṃ(ं)nasal utterance called अनुस्वार and written as a dot a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page. the vowel preceding it. confer, compare स्वरमनु संलीनं शब्द्यते इति; it is pronounced after a vowel as immersed in it. The anusvāra is considered (l) as only a nasalization of the preceding vowel being in a way completely amalgamated with it. confer, compare Taittirīya Prātiśākhya.V. 11,31; XV. 1; XXII. 14 ; (2) as a nasal addition to the preceding vowel, many times prescribed in grammar as nuṭ (नुट् ) or num (नुम् ) which is changed into anusvāra in which case it is looked upon as a sort of a vowel, while, it is looked upon as a consonant when it is changed into a cognate of the following consonant (परसवर्ण) or retained as n (न्). confer, compare P. VIII.4.58; (3) as a kind cf consonant of the type of nasalized half g(ग्) as described in some treatises of the Yajurveda Prātiśākhya: cf also Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.)1.22 V.Pr.14.148-9. The vowel element of the anusvāra became more prevalent later on in Pali, Prkrit, Apabhraṁśa and in the spoken modern languages while the consonantal element became more predominant in classical Sanskrit.
agravāla(Vasudeva-Śarana Agravāla), a modern scholar of Sanskrit grammar, the author of "India as known to Pāṇini".
atideśaextended application; transfer or conveyance or application of the character or qualities or attributes of one thing to another. Atideśa in Sanskrit grammar is a very common feature prescribed by Pāṇini generally by affixing the taddhita affix. affix मत् or वत् to the word whose attributes are conveyed to another. e. g. लोटो लङ्वत् P. III. 4.85. In some cases the atideśa is noticed even without the affix मत् or वत्; exempli gratia, for exampleगाङ्कुटादिभ्योऽञ्णिन् ङित् P. 1.2.1 . Atideśa is generally seen in all grammatical terms which end with 'vadbhāva' e. g. स्थानिवद्भाव (P.I.1.56-59), सन्वद्भाव (P.VII.4.93), अन्तादिवद्भाव (P. VI.1.85), अभूततद्भाव (P.IV.60) and others. Out of these atideśas, the स्थानिवद्भाव is the most important one, by virtue of which sometimes there is a full representation id est, that is substitution of the original form called sthānin in the place of the secondary form called ādeśa. This full representation is called रूपातिदेश as different from the usual one which is called कार्यातिदेश, confer, compare Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). VIII.1.90 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 1 and VIII.1.95. Vart.3. Regarding the use of अतिदेश there is laid down a general dictum सामान्यातिदेशे विशेषानतिदेशः when an operation depending on the general properties of a thing could be taken by extended application, an operation depending on special properties should not be taken by virtue of the same : e. g. भूतवत् in P. III.3.132 means as in the case of the general past tense and not in the case of any special past tense like the imperfect ( अनद्यतन ) , or the perfect ( परोक्ष ). See Paribhāṣenduśekhara of Nāgeśa. Pari. 101, Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on P. III. 3. 132. There is also a general dictum अतिदेशिकमनित्यम्whatever is transferred by an extended application, need not, be necessarily taken. See Paribhāṣenduśekhara of Nāgeśa. 93.6 as also Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on P.I.1.123 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini).4, I.2.1 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 3, II.3.69 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini).2 et cetera, and others, Kaiyaṭa on II. 1.2 and VI.4.22 and Kāśikāvivaraṇapañjikā, a commentary on the Kāśikāvṛtti by Jinendrabuddhi, called Nyāsa. on P. I.1.56 and P. I.2.58 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 8. The dictum अातिदेशिकमनित्यम् is given as a Paribhāṣā by Nāgeśa confer, compare Pari. Śek. 93. 6.
abhyaṃkara(BHASKARASHASTRI Abhyankar 1785-1870 A. D. )an eminent scholar of Sanskrit Grammar who prepared a number of Sanskrit scholars in Grammar at Sātārā. He has also written a gloss on the Paribhāṣenduśekhara and another one on the Laghu-Śabdenduśekhara. (VASUDEVA SHASTRI Abhyakar 863-1942 A. D.) a stalwart Sanskrit Pandit, who, besides writing several learned commentaries on books in several Sanskrit Shastras, has written a commentary named 'Tattvādarśa' on the Paribhāṣenduśekhara and another named 'Guḍhārthaprakāśa' on the Laghuśabdenduśekhara. (KASHINATH VASUDEVA Abhyankar, 1890-) a student of Sanskrit Grammar who has written महाभाष्यप्रस्तावना-खण्ड, and जैनेन्द्रपरिभाषावृत्ति and compiled the परिभाषासंग्रह and the present Dictionary of Sanskrit Grammar.
artha(1)literally signification,conveyed sense or object. The sense is sometimes looked upon as a determinant of the foot of a verse: confer, compare प्रायोर्थो वृत्तमित्येते पादज्ञानस्य हेतवः Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) XVII 16. It is generally looked upon as the determinant of a word (पद). A unit or element of a word which is possessed of an independent sense is looked upon as a Pada in the old Grammar treatises; confer, compare अर्थः पदमिति ऐन्द्रे; confer, compare also अर्थः पदम् Vājasaneyi Prātiśākhya.III.2, explained by उव्वट as अर्थाभिधायि पदम् । पद्यते गम्यते ज्ञायतेSर्थोनेनेति पदम् । There is no difference of opinion regarding the fact that, out of the four standard kinds of words नाम, आख्यात, उपसर्ग and निपात, the first two kinds नाम and अाख्यात do possess an independent sense of their own. Regarding possession of sense and the manner in which the sense is conveyed, by the other two viz. the Upasargas (prepositions) and Nipātas (particles) there is a striking difference of opinion among scholars of grammar. Although Pāṇini has given the actual designation पद to words ending with either the case or the conjugational affixes, he has looked upon the different units or elements of a Pada such as the base, the affix, the augment and the like as possessed of individually separate senses. There is practically nothing in Pāṇini's sūtras to prove that Nipātas and Upasargas do not possess an independent sense. Re: Nipātas, the rule चादयोऽसत्वे, which means that च and other indeclinables are called Nipātas when they do not mean सत्त्व, presents a riddle as to the meaning which च and the like should convey if they do not mean सत्त्व or द्रव्य id est, that is a substance. The Nipātas cannot mean भाव or verbal activity and if they do not mean सत्व or द्रव्य, too, they will have to be called अनर्थक (absolutely meaningless) and in that case they would not be termed Prātipadika, and no caseaffix would be applied to them. To avoid this difficulty, the Vārtikakāra had to make an effort and he wrote a Vārtika निपातस्य अनर्थकस्य प्रातिपदिकत्वम् । P. I.2.45 Vār. 12. As a matter of fact the Nipātas च, वा and others do possess a sense as shown by their presence and absence (अन्वय and व्यतिरेक). The sense, however, is conveyed rather in a different manner as the word समूह, or समुदाय, which is the meaning conveyed by च in रामः कृष्णश्च, cannot be substituted for च as its Synonym in the sentence राम: कुष्णश्च. Looking to the different ways in which their sense is conveyed by nouns and verbs on the one hand, and by affixes, prepositions and indeclinables on the other hand, Bhartṛhari, possibly following Yāska and Vyāḍi, has developed the theory of द्योतकत्व as contrasted with वाचकत्व and laid down the dictum that indeclinables, affixes and prepositions (उपसर्गs) do not directly convey any specific sense as their own, but they are mere signs to show some specific property or excellence of the sense conveyed by the word to which they are attached; confer, compare also the statement 'न निर्बद्धा उपसर्गा अर्थान्निराहुरिति शाकटायनः नामाख्यातयोस्तु कर्मोपसंयेगद्योतका भवन्ति । Nir 1.3. The Grammarians, just like the rhetoricians have stated hat the connection between words and their senses is a permanent one ( नित्य ), the only difference in their views being that the rhetoricians state that words are related; no doubt permanently, to their sense by means of संकेत or convention which solely depends on the will of God, while the Grammarians say that the expression of sense is only a natural function of words; confer, compare 'अभिधानं पुनः स्वाभाविकम्' Vārttika No.33. on P. I.2.64. For द्योतकत्व see Vākyapadīya of Bhartṛhari II. 165-206.
avarṇathe letter अ; the first letter of the Sanskrit alphabet, comprising all its varieties caused by grades, ( ह्रस्व, दीर्घ, प्लुत) or accents of nasalization. The word वर्ण is used in the neuter gender in the Mahābhāṣya; confer, compare सर्वमुखस्थानमवर्णम् Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). I.1.9, मा कदाचिदवर्णं भूत् M.Bh. I.1.48 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 1; cf also Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on I.1.50 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 18 and I.1.51 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 2: confer, compare also ह्रस्वमवर्णं प्रयोगे संवृतम् Sīradeva's ParibhāṣāvṛttiPari. 17. 6
asiddhatvainvalidity of a rule or operation on account of the various considerations sketched a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page.. See असिद्ध.
aāgrāyaṇaan ancient scholar of Nirukta quoted by Yāska confer, compare अक्षि अष्टेः । अनक्तेरिति आग्रायणः Nirukta of Yāska.I.9.
āśubodha(1)name of a work on grammar written by Tārānātha called Tarka-vācaspatī, a reputed Sanskrit scholar of Bengal of the 19th century A.D. who compiled the great Sanskrit Dictionary named वाचस्पत्यकेाश and wrote commentaries on many Sanskrit Shastraic and classical works. The grammar called अाशुबोध is very useful for beginners; (2) name of an elementary grammar in aphorisms written by रामकिंकरसरस्वती, which is based on the Mugdhabodha of Bopadeva.
aāsatticlose proximity of a word with another; confer, compare णौ इत्यस्य आसत्तिवशात् कृतं एव संबन्धः । Pari. Bhaskar Pari. 97.
uktiratnākara'a short grammar work, written by साधुसुन्दर, explaining declension, cases and their meanings, compounds, et cetera, and others and giving a list of Prākṛta words with their Sanskrit equivalents.
upasargapreposition, prefix. The word उसपर्ग originally meant only 'a prefixed word': confer, compare सोपसर्गेषु नामसु Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) XVI. 38. The word became technically applied by ancient Sanskrit Gratmmarians to the words प्र, परा, अप, सम् et cetera, and others which are always used along with a verb or a verbal derivative or a noun showing a verbal activity; confer, compare उपसर्गाः क्रियायोगे P. I. 4.59. 'These prefixes are necessariiy compounded with the following word unless the latter is a verbal form; confer, compare कुगतिप्रादयः P.II. 2.18. Although they are not compounded with a verbal form, these prepositions are used in juxtaposition with it; sometimes they are found detached from the verbal form even with the intervention of one word or more. The prefixes are instrumental in changing the meaning of the root. Some scholars like Śākaṭāyana hold the view that separated from the roots, prefixes do not express any specific sense as ordinary words express, while scholars like Gārgya hold the view that prefixes do express a sense e. g. प्र means beginning or प्रारम्भ; confer, compare न निर्बद्धा उपसर्गा अर्थान्निराहुरिति शाकटायनः । नामाख्यातयोस्तु कर्मोपसंयोगद्योतका भवन्ति । उच्चावचाः पदार्था भवन्तीति गार्ग्यः । तद्य एषु पदार्थः प्राहुरिमं तं नामाख्यातयोरर्थविकरणम् Nirukta of Yāska.I. 8. It is doubtful, however, which view Pāṇini himself held. In his Ātmanepada topic, he has mentioned some specific roots as possessing some specific senses when preceded by some specific prefixes (see P. I. 3.20, 24, 25, 40, 4l, 46, 52, 56, et cetera, and others), which implies possibly that roots themselves possess various senses, while prefixes are simply instrumental in indicating or showing them. On the other hand, in the topic of the Karmapravacanīyas,the same words प्र, परा et cetera, and others which, however, are not termed Upasargas for the time being, although they are called Nipātas, are actually assigned some specific senses by Pāṇini. The Vārttikakāra has defined उपसर्ग as क्रियाविशेषक उपसर्गः P. I. 3.I. Vārt 7, leaving it doubtful whether the उपसर्ग or prefix possesses an independent sense which modifies the sense of the root, or without possessing any independent sense, it shows only the modified sense of the root which also is possessed by the root. Bhartṛhari, Kaiyaṭa and their followers including Nāgeśa have emphatically given the view that not only prefixes but Nipātas, which include प्र, परा and others as Upasargas as well as Karmapravacanīyas, do not denote any sense, but they indicate it; they are in fact द्योतक and not वाचक. For details see Nirukta of Yāska.I. 3, Vākyapadīya II. 190, Mahābhāṣya on I. 3.1. Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 7 and Kaiyaṭa's Mahābhāṣyapradīpa.and Mahābhāṣya-Pradīpoddyota by Nāgeśa.thereon. The Ṛk Prātiśākhya has discussed the question in XII. 6-9 where, as explained by the commentator, it is stated that prefixes express a sense along with roots or nouns to which they are attachedition It is not clear whether they convey the sense by denotation or indication, the words वाचक in stanza 6 and विशेषकृत् in stanza 8 being in favour of the former and the latter views respectively; cf उपसर्गा विंशतिरर्थवाचकाः सहेतराभ्यामितरे निपाताः; क्रियावाचकभाख्यातमुपसर्गो विशेषकृत्, सत्त्वाभिधायकं नाम निपातः पादपूरणः Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) XII. st. 6 and 8. For the list of upasargas see Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) XII. 6, Taittirīya Prātiśākhya.I. 15, Vājasaneyi Prātiśākhya.VI.24, and S. K. on P. I.4.60.
egeliṃg( Eggeling )a well-known German scholar of Sanskrit Grammar who flourished in the l9th century and who edited the Kātantra Vyākaraṇa with the commentary of Durgasiṁha's Kātantra-Sūtravṛtti. and many appendices in 1876.
ejarṭan[Edgerton, Dr. Franklin]an American Sanskrit scholar and author of ’Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Grammar and Dictionary.'
aindraname of an ancient school of grammar and of the treatise also, belonging to that school, believed to have been written under instructions of Indra. The work is not available. Patañjali mentions that Bṛhaspati instructed Indra for one thousand celestial years and still did not finish his instructions in words': (Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). I.1.1 ). The Taittirīya Saṁhitā mentions the same. Pāṇini has referred to some ancient grammarians of the East by the word प्राचाम् without mentioning their names, and scholars like Burnell think that the grammar assigned to Indra is to be referred to by the word प्राचाम्. The Bṛhatkathāmañjarī remarks that Pāṇini's grammar threw into the background the Aindra Grammar. Some scholars believe that Kalāpa grammar which is available today is based upon Aindra,just as Cāndra is based upon Pāṇini's grammar. References to Aindra Grammar are found in the commentary on the Sārasvata Vyākaraṇa, in the Kavikalpadruma of Bopadeva as also in the commentary upon the Mahābhārata by Devabodha.Quotations, although very few, are given by some writers from the work. All these facts prove that there was an ancient pre-Pāṇinian treatise on Grammar assigned to इन्द्र which was called Aindra-Vyākaraṇa.For details see Dr.Burnell's 'Aindra School of Sanskrit Grammarians' as also Vol. VII pages 124-126 of Vyākaraṇa Mahābhāṣya, edited by the D.E.Society, Poona.
opperṭ[Gustav Oppert 1836-1908 ]a German scholar of Sanskrit who edited the Śabdānuśāsana of Śākaṭāyana.
aupamanyavaname of an ancient etymologist referred to by Yaska in his Nirukta possibly as a commentator on निघण्टु; confer, compare निगन्तव एव सन्तो निगमनान्निघण्टव उच्यन्यन्ते इत्यौपमन्यवः Nirukta of Yāska.I.1. line 4.
kalāpa(कलाप-व्याकरण)alternative name given to the treatise on grammar written by Sarvavarman who is believed to have lived in the days of the Sātavāhana kings. The treatise is popularly known by the namc Kātantra Vyākaraṇa. The available treatise,viz. Kalpasūtras, is much similar to the Kātantra Sūtras having a few changes and additions only here and there.It is rather risky to say that Kalāpa was an ancient system of grammar which is referred to in the Pāṇini Sūtra कलापिनोण् P. IV.3.108. For details see कातन्त्र.
kātantraname of an important small treatise on grammar which appears like a systematic abridgment of the Pāṇini's Aṣṭādhyāyī. of Pāṇini. It ignores many unimportant rules of Pāṇini, adjusts many, and altogether omits the Vedic portion and the accent chapter of Pāṇini. It lays down the Sūtras in an order different from that of Pāṇini dividing the work into four adhyāyas dealing with technical terms, saṁdhi rules,declension, syntax compounds noun-affixes ( taddhita affixes ) conjugation, voice and verbal derivatives in an order. The total number of rules is 1412 supplemented by many subordinate rules or Vārttikas. The treatise is believed to have been written by Śarvavarman, called Sarvavarman or Śarva or Sarva, who is said to have lived in the reign of the Sātavāhana kings. The belief that Pāṇini refers to a work of Kalāpin in his rules IV. 3.108 and IV.3.48 and that Patañjali's words कालापम् and माहवार्तिकम् support it, has not much strength. The work was very popular especially among those who wanted to study spoken Sanskrit with ease and attained for several year a very prominent place among text-books on grammar especially in Bihar, Bengal and Gujarat. It has got a large number of glosses and commentary works, many of which are in a manuscript form at present. Its last chapter (Caturtha-Adhyāya) is ascribed to Vararuci. As the arrangement of topics is entirely different from Pāṇini's order, inspite of considerable resemblance of Sūtras and their wording, it is probable that the work was based on Pāṇini but composed on the models of ancient grammarians viz. Indra, Śākaṭāyana and others whose works,although not available now, were available to the author. The grammar Kātantra is also called Kālāpa-vyākaraṇasūtra.. A comparison of the Kātantra Sūtras and the Kālāpa-vyākaraṇasūtra. Sūtras shows that the one is a different version of the other. The Kātantra Grammar is also called Kaumāra as it is said that the original 1nstructions for the grammar were received by the author from Kumāra or Kārttikeya. For details see Vol. VII Patañjala Mahābhāṣya published by the D.E. Society, Poona, page 375.
kātthakyaan ancient writer of Nirukta quoted by Yāska in his Nirukta.
kārmanāmikathe word is found used in Yāska's Nirukta as an adjective to the word संस्कार where it means belonging to nouns derived fromroofs (कर्मनाम)"like पाचक,कर्षक et cetera, and othersThe changes undergone by the roots in the formation of such words i. e. words showing action are termed कार्मनामिकसंस्कार; confer, compare कर्मकृतं नाम कर्मनाम। तस्मिन् भवः कार्मनामिकः Durgavṛtti on Nirukta of Yāska.I.13. कार्य(l) brought.into existence by activity (क्रियया निर्वृत्तं कार्यम् ) as oppo- sed to नित्य eternal; confer, compare एके वर्णाञ् शाश्वतिकान् न कार्यान् R.Pr. XIII.4 confer, compare also ननु च यस्यापि कार्याः ( शब्दाः ) तस्यापि पूजार्थम् Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on I.1.44 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 17;(2) which should be done, used in connection with a grammatical operation: confer, compare कार्य एत्वे सयमीकारमाहुः ।| अभैष्म इत्येतस्य स्थाने अभयीष्मेति । R.Pr. XIV.16; confer, compare also विप्रतिषेधे परं कार्यम् P. I.4.2; (3) a grammatical opera- tion as for instance in the phrases द्विकार्ययोगे, त्रिकार्ययोगे et cetera, and others; confer, compare also गौणमुख्ययोर्मुख्ये कार्यसंप्रत्ययः Paribhāṣenduśekhara of Nāgeśa. Pari. 15;(4) object of a transitive verb: confer, compare शेषः कार्ये Śāk.
kāśikā(1)name given to the reputed gloss (वृत्ति) on the Sūtras of Pāṇini written by the joint authors.Jayāditya and Vāmana in the 7th century A.D. Nothing definitely can be said as to which portion was written by Jayāditya and which by Vamana, or the whole work was jointly written. Some scholars believe that the work was called Kāśikā as it was written in the city of Kāśī and that the gloss on the first five Adhyāyas was written by Jayāditya and that on the last three by Vāmana. Although it is written in a scholarly way, the work forms an excellent help to beginners to understand the sense of the pithy Sūtra of Pāṇini. The work has not only deserved but obtained and maintained a very prominent position among students and scholars of Pāṇini's grammar in spite of other works like the Bhāṣāvṛtti, the Prakriyā Kaumudi, the Siddhānta Kaumudi and others written by equally learned scholars. Its wording is based almost on the Mahābhāṣya which it has followed, avoiding, of course, the scholarly disquisitions occurring here and there in the Mahābhāṣya. It appears that many commentary works were written on it, the wellknown among them being the Kāśikāvivaraṇapañjikā or Kāśikāvivaraṇapañjikā, a commentary on the Kāśikāvṛtti by Jinendrabuddhi, called Nyāsa. written by Jinendrabuddhi and the Padamañjari by Haradatta. For details see Vyākaraṇamahābhāṣya Vol.VII pp 286-87 published by the D. E. Society, Poona. ( 2 ) The name Kāśikā is sometimes found given to their commentaries on standard works of Sanskrit Grammar by scholars, as possibly they were written at Kāśī; as for instance, (a) Kāśikā on Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra by Hari Dīkṣita, and ( b ) Kāśikā on Paribhāṣenduśekhara by Vaidyanātha Pāyaguṇḍe.
kīlhārnKielhorn F., a sound scholar of Sanskrit Grammar who brought out excellent editions of the Pātañjala Mahābhāṣya and the Paribhāṣenduśekhara and wrote an essay on the Vārttikas of Kātyāyana. For details see Pātañjala Mahābhāṣya Vol VII.p.40, D. E society edition, Poona.
kṛṣṇapaṇḍitacalled also शेषकृष्ण, a sholar of Sanskrit Vyākaraṇa who wrote गूढभावविवृत्ति,a commentary on the Prakriyā-Kaumudī of Rāmacandra Śeṣa.
kodṇḍarāmaa scholar of Sanskrit Vyākaraṇa who composed शब्दसिद्धान्तमञ्जरी a small treatise dealing with the declension of nouns.
kṣitīśacandra(चक्रवर्तिन्)or K. C. CHATTERJI a scholar of Sanskrit grammar who has written a work on technical terms in Sanskrit, who has edited several grammar works and is at present editing the Cāndra Vyākaraṇa and conducting the Sanskrit journal named Mañjūṣa at Calcutta.
kṣīrasvāmina grammarian of Kashmir of the 8th century who wrote the famous commentary क्षीरतरङ्गिणी on the Amarakośa and a commentary on the Nirukta of Yāska.
gaṅgādhara[GANGADHARA SHASTRI TELANG] (l)a stalwart grammarian and Sanskrit scholar of repute who was a pupil of Bālasarasvatī of Vārāṇaśī and prepared in the last century a host of Sanskrit scholars in Banaras among whom a special mention could be made of Dr. Thebaut, Dr. Venis and Dr. Gaṅgānātha Jhā. He was given by Government of India the titles Mahāmahopādhyāya and C. I.E. His surname was Mānavallī but he was often known as गङाधरशास्त्री तेलङ्ग. For details, see Mahābhāṣya, D.E. Society Ed.Poona p.p.33, 34; (2)an old scholar of Vyākarana who is believed to have written a commentary on Vikṛtavallī of Vyādi; (3) a comparatively modern scholar who is said to have written a commentary named Induprakāśa on the Śabdenduśekhara; (4) author of the Vyākaraṇadīpaprabhā, a short commentary on the Vyākaraṇa work of Cidrūpāśramin. See चिद्रूपाश्रमिन्.
golḍsṭyūkaraa well known German scholar who made a sound study of Paini's Sanskrit Vyakarana and wrote a very informative treatise entitled 'Panini, his place in Sanskrit Literature.' He lived in the latter half of the 19th century.
caṅgudāsaor चाड्गुदास a scholar of grammar who has written an independent work on Sanskrit Vyakaana called वैयाकरणजीवातु. The treatise is also known as चाङ्गुसूत्र or चाङ्गु-व्याकरण.
candraa famous Buddhist Sanskrit grammarian whose grammar existing in the Tibetan script, is now available in the Devanagar script. The work consists of six chapters or Adhyayas in which no technical terms or sanjnas like टि, घु are found. There is no section on Vedic Grammar and accents. The work is based on Panini's grammar and is believed to have been written by Candra or Candragomin in the 5th centnry A. D. Bhartrhari in his Vakyapadiya refers to him; confer, compare स नीतो बहुशाखत्वं चन्द्राचार्यादिभिः पुनः Vakyapadiya II. 489. A summary of the work is found in the Agnipurana, ch. 248-258.
candragominnamed also चन्द्र, a Buddhist scholar who has written an easy Sanskrit Grammar based on the Astadhyayi of Panini. He is believed to have lived in North India in the fifth century A.D. See चन्द्र.
carmaśirasname of a Nirukta writer quoted by Yaska; confer, compare Nir.III.15.
jāmitautologous, unnecessarily repeated; the word is defined and illustrated by Yaska as;-तद्यत्समान्यामृचि समानाभिव्याहारं भवति तज्जामि भवतीत्येकं । मधुमन्तं मधुश्चुतमिति यथा Nir.x.16.2. For other definitions of the word जामि conveying practically the same idea, confer, compare Nir.X. 16. 3 and 4.
ṇyuṭkrt affix अन in the sense of ' skilled agent ' applied (1) to the root गै to singular. exempli gratia, for example गायनः, गायनी, confer, compare Kāśikā of Jayāditya and Vāmana. on P. III 1.147, also गाथकः, गाथिका by P. III. 1.146: (2) to the root हा (III. P. and III.A. also) if ' rice ' or ' time ' be the sense conveyed: e. g. हायना व्रीहयः, हायनः संवत्सरः .confer, compare Kāśikā of Jayāditya and Vāmana. on P. III. 1.148.
taddhitaa term of the ancient prePaninian grammarians used by Panini just like सर्वनामन् or अव्यय without giving any specific definition of it. The term occurs in the Nirukta of Yaska and the Vajasaneyi-Pratisakhya ; confer, compare अथ तद्वितसमासेषु एकपर्वसु चानेकपर्वसु पूर्वे पूर्वमपरमपरं प्रविभज्य निर्ब्रूयात् । द्ण्डय्ः पुरुषः । दण्डमर्हतीति वा, दण्डेन संपद्यते इति वा Nirukta of Yāska.II.2; also confer, compare तिङ्कृत्तद्धितचतुथ्यसमासाः इाब्दमयम् Vaj Prati.I. 27. It is to be noted that the word तद्वित is used by the ancient grammarians in the sense of a word derived from a substantive ( प्रातिपादक ) by the application of suffixes like अ, यत् et cetera, and others, and not in the sense of words derived from roots by affixes like अन, ति et cetera, and others which were termed नामकरण, as possibly contrasted with the word ताद्धित used by Yaska in II. 5. Panini has used the word तद्धित not for words, but for the suffixes which are added to form such words at all places (e. g. in I. 1.38, IV.1.17, 76, VI.1.61 et cetera, and others). in fact, he has begun the enumeration of taddhita affixes with the rule तद्धिता: (P.IV.1. 76) by putting the term तद्धित for affixes such as ति, ष्यङ्, अण् et cetera, and others which are mentioned thereafter. In his rule कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च and in the Varttika समासकृत्तद्धिताव्यय(I.4.1Vart. 41) which are similar to V.Pr.1. 27 quoted a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page. the word तद्धित appears to be actually used for words derived from nouns by secondary affixes, along with the word कृत् which also means words derived from roots, although commentators have explained there the terms कृत् and तद्धित for कृदन्त and तद्धितान्त. The term तद्वित is evidently echoed in the Sutra तस्मै हितम् which, although it is not the first Sutra there were possibly long lists of secondary nouns with the senses of secondary suffixes, and तद्धित was perhaps,the first sense given there. The number of taddhita suffixes mentioned by Panini is quite a large one; there are in fact 1110 rules given in the taddhita section covering almost two Adhyayas viz. from P. IV. 1.76 to the end of the fifth Adhyaya. The main sub-divisions of taddhita affixes mentioned by commentators are, Apatyadyarthaka (IV. 1.92 to 178), Raktadyarthaka (IV.2.1 to 91), Saisika {IV.2. 92 to IV.3.133), Pragdivyatiya (IV. 3 134 to 168), Pragvahatiya (IV.4.1 to IV.4.74), Pragghitiya (IV.4.75 to IV.4.109), Arhiya (V.1.1 to 71),Thanadhikarastha (V. 1.72 to V. 1.1.114), Bhavakarmarthaka (V. 1.115 to V.1.136), Pancamika (V. 2.1 to V. 2.93), Matvarthiya (V. 2.94 to V. 2. 140), Vibhaktisamjaaka (V. 3.1 to V. 3.26) and Svarthika (V. 3.27 to V. 4.160). The samasanta affixes (V.4.68 to V.4.160) can be included in the Svarthika affixes.
tārānāthacalled तर्कवाचस्पति; a Bengali modern Sanskrit scholar and grammarian of the nineteenth century who has written a commentary called Sarala on the Siddhanta Kaumudi. He has edited many important Sanskrit works consisting of many kosas.
tripādīterm usually used in connection with the last three Padas (ch. VIII. 2, VIII. 3 and VIII. 4) of Panini’s Ashtadhyayi, the rules in which are not valid by convention to rules in the first seven chapters and a quarter, as also a later rule in which (the Tripadi) is not valid to an earlier one; confer, compare पूर्वत्रासिद्धम् P. VIII.2.1; (2) name of a critical treatise on Panini's grammar ("The Tripadi") written by Dr. H. E. Buiskool recently.
thakankrt affix थक added to the root गै 'to sing,' in the sense of agent provided he is skilled: e. g. गाथकः ; confer, compare P. III. 1.146.
thīma(THIEME, PAUL)a sound scholar of the present day, well versed in Sanskrit Grammar and Vedic Literature, who has written a critical treatise named "Panini and the Veda."
durgasiṃhathe famous commentator of the Katantra sutras, whose Vrtti on the sutras is the most popular one. It is called , कातन्त्रसूत्रवृत्ति or कातन्तवृत्ति or दौर्गसिंहीवृत्ति , also. A work on Paribhasas named परिभाषावृति, in which Paribhasas are explained and established as based on the Katantra Vyakarana sutras, is attributed to Durgasimha. It is doubtful whether this commentator Durgasimha is the same as Durgacarya, the famous commentator of Yaska's Nirukta. There is a legend that Durgasimha was the brother of Vikramaditya, the founder of the Vikrama Era. Besides the gloss on the Katantra sutras, some grammar works such as a gloss on the unadi sutras, a gloss ( वृत्ति ) on Kalapa-Vyakarana Sutras, a commentary on Karakas named षट्कारकरत्न, Namalinganusasana and Paribhasavrtti are ascribed to Durgasimha. Some scholars believe that the term अमरसिंह was only a title given to Durgasimha for his profound scholarship, and it was Durgasimha who was the author of the well-known work Amarakosa.
dravyasubstance, as opposed to गुण property and क्रिया action which exist on dravya. The word सत्त्व is used by Yaska, Panini and other grammarians in a very general sense as something in completed formation or existence as opposed to 'bhava' or kriya or verbal activity, and the word द्रव्य is used by old grammarians as Synonymous with सत्त्व; confer, compare चादयोSसत्वे। चादयो निपातसंज्ञा भवन्ति न चेत्सत्वे वर्तन्ते, confer, compare Kas on P. I. 4.57; confer, compare S.K. also on P. I.4.57. (2)The word द्रव्य is also found used in the sense of an individual object, as opposed to the genus or generic notion ( अाकृति ); confer, compare द्रव्याभिधानं व्याडिः, Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on P. I. 2. 64. Vart. 45.(3)The word द्रव्य is found used in the sense of Sadhana or means in Tait. Prati. confer, compare तत्र शब्दद्रव्याण्युदाहरिष्यामः । शब्दरूपाणि साधनानि वर्णयिष्यामः Tai, Pr. XXII. 8.
dhātupāṭha(1)name given in general to the several collections of roots given generally with their meanings by grammarians belonging to the various different schools of grammar. These collections are given as necessary appendices named खिल to their grammars by the well known grammarians of Sanskrit such as Panini, Sakatayana, and others; (2) a small treatise on roots written by Bhimasena of the 14th century.
nañthe negative particle ( नञ् ) which possesses the six senses which are sketched as सादृश्यं तदभावश्च तदन्यत्वं तदल्पता । अप्राशस्त्यं विरोधश्च नञर्थाः षट् प्रकीर्तिताः and which are respectively illustrated by the examples अनिक्षुः शरः, भूतले घटो नास्ति, अघट: पट:, अनुदरमुदरं तरुण्याः, अब्राह्मणो वार्धुषिकः and असुर: दैत्य: । See न (6).
nighaṇṭua name given to a collection of words which are mainly Vedic. In ancient times such collections were possibly very general and numerous and the works or treatises on derivation such as the Nirukta of Yaska were based upon them; confer, compare निघण्टवः कस्मात् । निगमा इमे भवन्ति । छन्दोभ्यः समाहृत्य समाहृत्य समाम्नातास्ते निगन्तव एव सन्तो निगमनान्निघण्टव उच्यन्ते इत्यौपमन्यवः । अपि वा आहननादेव स्युः | समाहता भवन्ति । यद्वा समाहृता भवन्ति (Nir.I.1) where the word is derived from गम्,or हन् or हृ. The word निघण्टु is taken as synonymous with निगम by Durgacarya.
nityānandaparvatīyaa scholar of Sanskrit Grammar who wrote glosses on the Mahabhasyapradipa, on the Laghusabdendusekhara and on the Paribhasendusekhara. He was a resident of Benares where he coached many pupils in Sanskrit Grammar. He lived in the first half of the nineteenth century.
nipātaa particle which possesses no gender and number, and the case termination after which is dropped or elidedition Nipata is given as one of the four categories of words viz नामन्, आख्यात, उपसर्ग and निपात by all the ancient writers of Pratisakhya, Vyakarana and Nirukta works;confer, compare Nirukta of Yāska.I. 4, M.Bh. on I. 1. Ahnika l, Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) XII. 8 et cetera, and others The word is derived from the root पत् with नि by Yaska who has mentioned three subdivisions of Niptas उपमार्थे, कर्मोपसंग्रहार्थे and पदपूरणे; confer, compare अथ निपाताः । उच्चावचेष्वर्थेषु निपतन्ति । अप्युपमार्थे । अपि कर्मोपसंग्रह्यार्थे । अपि पदपूरणाः । Nirukta of Yāska.I. 4. The Nipatas are looked upon as possessed of no sense; confer, compare निपातः पादपूरणः Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) XII. 8, Vājasaneyi Prātiśākhya.VIII. 50, ( commentary by Uvvata ). Panini has not given any definition of the word निपात, but he has enumerated them as forming a class with च at their head in the rule चादयोऽसत्वे where the word असत्वे conveys an impression that they possess no sense, the sense being of two kinds सत्त्व and भाव, and the Nipatas not possesssing any one of the two. The impression is made rather firm by the statement of the Varttikakra'निपातस्यानर्थकस्य प्रातिपदिकत्वम्' P. I. 2. 45 Vart. 12. Thus, the question whether the Nipatas possess any sense by themselves or not, becomes a difficult one to be answeredition Although the Rkpratisakhya in XII.8 lays down that the Nipatas are expletive, still in the next verse it says that some of them do possess sense; confer, compare निपातानामर्थवशान्निपातनादनर्थकानामितरे च सार्थकाः on which Uvvata remarks केचन निपाताः सार्थकाः, केचन निरर्थकाः । The remark of Uvvata appears to be a sound one as based on actual observation, and the conflicting views have to be reconciledition This is done by Bhartrhari who lays down that Nipatas never directly convey the sense but they indicate the sense. Regarding the sense indicated by the Nipatas, it is said that the sense is never Sattva or Dravya or substance as remarked by Panini; it is a certain kind of relation and that too, is not directly expressed by them but it is indicatedition Bhoja in his Srngaraprakasa gives a very comprehensive definition of Nipata as:-जात्यादिप्रवृत्तिनिमित्तानुपग्राहित्वेनासत्त्वभूतार्थाभिधायिनः अलिङ्गसंख्याशक्तय उच्चावचेष्वर्थेषु निपतन्तीत्यव्ययविशेषा एव चादयो निपाताः । He gives six varieties of them, viz. विध्यर्थ, अर्थवादार्थ, अनुवादार्थ, निषेधार्थ, विधिनिषेधार्थ and अविधिनिषेधार्थ, and mentions more than a thousand of them. For details see Bhartrhari's Vakyapadiya II. 189-206.
niruktaname of a class of works which were composed to explain the collections of Vedic words by means of proposing derivations of those words from roots as would suit the sense. The Nirukta works are looked upon as supplementary to grammar works and there must have been a good many works of this kind in ancient times as shown by references to the writers of these viz. Upamanyu, Sakatayana,Sakapuni,Sakapurti and others, but, out of them only one work composed by Yaska has survived; the word, hence has been applied by scholars to the Nirukta of Yaska which is believed to have been written in the seventh or the eighth century B. C. i. e. a century or two before Panini. The Nirukta works were looked upon as subsidiary to the study of the Vedas along with works on phonetics ( शिक्षा ), rituals ( कल्प ), grammar (व्याकरण) prosody (छन्दस्) and astronomy(ज्योतिष)and a mention of them is found made in the Chandogyopanisad. As many of the derivations in the Nirukta appear to be forced and fanciful, it is doubtful whether the Nirukta works could be called scientific treatises. The work of Yaska, however, has got its own importance and place among works subsidiary to the Veda, being a very old work of that kind and quoted by later commentators. There were some glosses and commentary works written upon Yaska's Nirukta out of which the one by Durgacarya is a scholarly one.It is doubtful whether Durgacarya is the same as Durgasimha, who wrote a Vrtti or gloss on the Katantra Vyakarana. The word निरुक्त is found in the Pratisakhya works in the sense of 'explained' and not in the sense of derived; confer, compare Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) XV 6; V.Pr. IV. 19, 195.
niruktabhāṣyaa gloss on Yaska's Nirukta written by a modern scholar of grammar named Ugracarya in the eighteenth century A. D.
nirdiṣṭaparibhāṣāa popular name of the Paribhasa तस्मिन्निति निर्दिष्टे पूर्वस्य । confer, compare किं चेह निर्दिष्टपरिभाषाप्रवृत्तिर्दुर्वचा । Pari. Bhaskara Pari. 97.
naigama(1)belonging to the Veda, Vedic as opposed to लौकिक or भाषिक; confer, compare नैघण्टुकानि नैगमानीहेह Nir.I. 20; (2) name given to Kāndas 4, 5 and 6 of the Nirukta of Yāska; confer, compare अनवगतसंस्कारा जहादयो यस्मिन्निगम्यन्ते तन्नैगमं Durga Vr. on Nir IV.1.
nyāsoddyotaa learned commentary on Jinendrabuddhi's Kāśikāvivaraṇapañjikā, a commentary on the Kāśikāvṛtti by Jinendrabuddhi, called Nyāsa. written by Mallinātha, the standard commentator of prominent Sanskrit classics.
patañjalithe reputed author of the Mahābhāșya, known as the Pātañjala Mahābhāșya after him. His date is determined definitely as the second century B.C. on the strength of the internal evidence supplied by the text of the Mahābhāșya itselfeminine. The words Gonardiya and Gonikāputra which are found in the Mahābhāșya are believed to be referring to the author himself and, on their strength he is said to have been the son of Goņikā and a resident of the country called Gonarda in his days. On the strength of the internal evidence supplied by the Mahābhāșya, it can be said that Patañjali received his education at Takșaśila and that he was,just like Pāņini, very familiar with villages and towns in and near Vāhika and Gāndhāra countries. Nothing can definitely be said about his birthplace, and although it might be believed that his native place was Gonarda,its exact situation has not been defined so far. About his parentage too,no definite information is available. Tradition says that he was the foster-son of a childless woman named Gonikā to whom he was handed over by a sage of Gonarda, in whose hands he fell down from the sky in the evening at the time of the offering of water-handfuls to the Sun in the west; confer, compareपतत् + अञ्जलि, the derivation of the word given by the commentators. Apart from anecdotes and legendary information, it can be said with certainty that Patañjali was a thorough scholar of Sanskrit Grammar who had studied the available texts of the Vedic Literature and Grammar and availed himself of information gathered personally by visiting the various schools of Sanskrit Grammar and observing the methods of explanations given by teachers there. His Mahābhāșya supplies an invaluable fund of information on the ways in which the Grammar rules of Pāņini were explained in those days in the various grammar schools. This information is supplied by him in the Vārttikas which he has exhaustively given and explainedition He had a remarkable mastery over Sanskrit Language which was a spoken one at his time and it can be safely said that in respect of style, the Mahābhāșya excels all the other Bhāșyas in the different branches of learning out of which two, those of Śabaraswāmin and Śańkarācārya,are selected for comparison. It is believed by scholars that he was equally conversant with other śāstras, especially Yoga and Vaidyaka, on which he has written learned treatises. He is said to be the author of the Yogasūtras which,hence are called Pātañjala Yogasūtras, and the redactor of the Carakasamhitā. There are scholars who believe that he wrote the Mahābhāșya only, and not the other two. They base their argument mainly on the supposition that it is impossible for a scholar to have an equally unmatching mastery over three different śāstras at a time. The argument has no strength, especially in India where there are many instances of scholars possessing sound scholarship in different branches of learning. Apart from legends and statements of Cakradhara, Nāgesa and others, about his being the author of three works on three different śāstras, there is a direct reference to Patañjali's proficiency in Grammar, Yoga and Medicine in the work of King Bhoja of the eleventh century and an indirect one in the Vākyapadīya of Bhartŗhari of the seventh century A. D. There is a work on the life of Patañjali, written by a scholar of grammar of the South,named Ramabhadra which gives many stories and incidents of his life out of which it is difficult to find out the grains of true incidents from the legendary husk with which they are coveredition For details,see Patañjala Mahābhāșya D.E.Society's edition Vol. VII pages 349 to 374. See also the word महाभाष्य.
paribhāṣāan authoritative statement or dictum, helping (1) the correct interpretation of the rules (sūtras) of grammar, or (2) the removal of conflict between two rules which occur simultaneously in the process of the formation of words, (पदसिद्धि), or (3) the formation of correct words. Various definitions of the word परिभाषा are given by commentators, the prominent ones beingपरितो व्यापृतां भाषां परिभाषां प्रचक्षते(न्यास);or, परितो भाष्यते या सा परिभाषा प्रकीर्तिता. The word is also defined as विधौ नियामकरिणी परिभाषा ( दुर्गसिंहवृत्ति ). परिभाषा can also be briefiy defined as the convention of a standard author. Purusottamadeva applies the word परिभाषा to the maxims of standard writers, confer, compare परिभाषा हिं न पाणिनीयानि वचनानि; Puru. Pari. 119; while Haribhaskara at the end of his treatise परिभाषाभास्कर, states that Vyaadi was the first writer on Paribhaasas. The rules तस्मिन्निति निर्दिष्टे पूर्वस्य, तस्मादित्युत्तरस्य and others are in fact Paribhaasa rules laid down by Panini. For the difference between परिभाषा and अधिकार, see Mahabhasya on II.1.1. Many times the writers of Sutras lay down certain conventions for the proper interpretation of their rules, to which additions are made in course of time according to necessities that arise, by commentators. In the different systems of grammar there are different collections of Paribhasas. In Panini's system, apart from commentaries thereon, there are independent collections of Paribhasas by Vyadi, Bhojadeva, Purusottamadeva, Siradeva, Nilakantha, Haribhaskara, Nagesa and a few others. There are independent collections of Paribhasas in the Katantra, Candra, Sakatayana,Jainendra and Hemacandra systems of grammar. It is a noticeable fact that many Paribhasas are common, with their wordings quite similar or sometimes identical in the different systemanuscript. Generally the collections of Paribhasas have got scholiums or commentaries by recognised grammarians, which in their turn have sometimes other glosses or commentaries upon them. The Paribhaasendusekhara of Nagesa is an authoritative work of an outstanding merit in the system of Paninis Grammar, whic