आवसथः [आवस्-अथच् Uṇ.3.116. 1 A dwelling, dwelling-place, residence, house, habitation; निवसन्नावसथे पुराद्बहिः R.8.14; रोगी चिरप्रवासी परान्नभोजी परावसथशायी । यज्जीवति तन्मरणं यन्मरणं सो$स्य विश्रामः ॥ Subh. Ratn. -2 A resting place, asylum; Ms.3.17; Mb.12.14-41; स ह सर्वत आवसथान् मापयाञ्चक्रे । Ch. Up.4.1.1. -स...... ग्रासाच्छादनावसथान् प्रतिविदध्यात् Kau. A.1.11. -3 A dwelling for pupils and ascetics. -4 A village. -5 A particular religious observance. -6 A fire-sanctuary, a place where sacrificial fire is preserved.
उपवसथः [उप-वस्-आधारे अथ] 1 A village. -2 The day preceding a Soma sacrifice; or a day of preparation for this sacrifice; a fast-day.
उपवसथीय upavasathīya उपवसथ्य upavasathya
उपवसथीय उपवसथ्य a. Selected for an उपवसथ (as a day).
1. dhá put, III. dádhāti, v. 83, 1; supply with (inst.), ii. 35, 12; bestow, ipv. dhehí, x. 14, 11; dhattá, i. 85, 12; ii. 12, 5; x. 15, 7; dadhāta, x. 15, 4.  7; dadhātana, x. 15, 11; dhattá̄m, iv. 51, 11; dadhantu, vii. 63, 6; perform, ipf. dhatta, i. 85, 9; bestow, s ao. sb. dhāsathas, i. 160, 5; establish,pf. dadhé, x. 129, 7; ds. desire to bestow, didhiṣanti, ii. 35, 5; support, dídhiṣāmi, ii. 35, 12 [Gk. τἰθημι]. ádhi- put on (acc.): pf. dadhire, i. 85, 2; ao. ádhita, x. 127, 1. á̄- deposit, root ao. sb. dhās, v. 83, 7. ní- deposit, root ao. dhātam, vii. 71, 5; ps. ao. ádhāyi, viii. 48, 10. pári- put around, vi. 54, 10. prá- put from (ab.) into (lc.), vii. 61, 3. ví- impose: pf. dadhur, iv. 51, 6; divide, ipf. ádadhur, x. 90, 11. purás- place at the head, appoint Purohita: pf. dadhire, iv. 50, 1.
m. conversation (rare); -ana, n. recitation; announcement; -anîya, fp. praiseworthy; -itri, m. reciter; -in, a. (--°ree;) reciting; announcing, declaring, showing, telling of, mentioning; foretelling, prognosticating; -tavya, fp. to be recited (Br.); (sáms)-tri, m. reciter (V.); (sáms)-ya, fp. to be recited (RV.); praiseworthy (V.).
Appears originally to have denoted ‘summer,’ a sense which may be seen in a few passages of the Atharvaveda. Henceit also denotes more generally śeason,' a rare use. More commonly it is simply 'year'; but in one place the Satha-patha Brāmaṇa interprets it in the Vājasaneyi Saṃhita as meaning 'month,' a doubtful sense.
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