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WordReferenceGenderNumberSynonymsDefinition
bhṛṅgārī2.5.30FeminineSingularcīrukā, cīrī, jhillikā
rukaMasculineSingularcharioteer of krishna
kaśerukā2.6.70FeminineSingular
adhorukam2.6.120NeuterSingularcaṇḍātakam
jāgarūkaḥ3.1.31MasculineSingularjāgaritā
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Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
rukamfn. liberal, bountiful View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhīrukamfn. fearless View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anabhyavacārukamf(ā-)n. not attacking View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anabhyavacārukamfn. not rushing against, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardhorukamfn. reaching to the middle of the thighs View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardhorukan. a short petticoat View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārukamfn. hurting, injuring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārukan. the fruit of a medicinal plant growing on the himālaya- mountains View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asnigdhadārukam. a kind of pine tree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rukarmann. shedding tears View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atsarukamfn. (a vessel) having no handle, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
babhrukamfn. brownish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
babhrukam. (prob.) a kind of ichneumon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
babhrukam. Name of a constellation (near which all planets pass when in the 7th and 10th houses) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bābhrukamfn. (fr. babhru-) like an ichneumon id est (prob.) brown, brownish gaRa aṅguly-ādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
babhrukarṇa(bhr/u--) mf(-)n. brown-eared View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhandhrukam. Name of a place View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bharukam. Name of a prince (varia lectio kuruka-,or ruruka-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bharukaccham. Name of country or (plural) a people (varia lectio kacchapa-,or marukaccha-; see) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bharukaccham. of a nāga- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bharukacchanivāsinm. an inhabitant of bharu-kaccha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhīrukamfn. fearful, timorous, shy, afraid of (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhīrukamfn. formidable View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhīrukam. an owl View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhīrukam. a bear View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhīrukam. a kind of sugar-cane etc. (varia lectio raka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhīrukam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhīrukan. a wood, forest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhirukacchan. Name of a town View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhīrukaccham. plural Name of a people (prob. w.r. for bharu-k-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhīrukajanam. one whose servants are cowards View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhrukaṃsam. equals bhrūkuṃśa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rukam. the seed of Saccharum śara- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rukam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rukarṇamfn. beautiful-eared View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rukan. a kind of fruit View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dadrukam. equals drū- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ḍamarukamf(ā- ī-)n. (n. ) equals rin- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daṃśabhīrukam. "afraid of gad-flies", a buffalo View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rukam. Name of kṛṣṇa-'s charioteer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rukam. of an incarnation of śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rukan. Pinus Devadaru View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rukaccham. or n. Name of a district View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rukacchakamfn. relating to it View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rukadalīf. a kind of wild plantain (equals vana--) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rukarmann. wood-carving View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rukarṇinm. "having wooden earrings", Name of bhavila- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmabhīrukamfn. tremblingly alive to duty View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekagurukam. having the same teacher, pupil of the same preceptor. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ervārukam. Cucumis Utilissimus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaṇerukam. (equals ru-) Pterospermum acerifolium View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gāṅgerukan. the grain of - View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaverukan. (equals vedkuka-) red chalk View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghurghurukam. equals raka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gurukamfn. a little heavy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gurukamfn. (said of limbs slightly affected with sickness) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gurukamfn. (in prosody) long View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gurukaṇṭham. a peacock (see guruṇṭaka-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gurukarmann. any affair of a spiritual teacher View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haridrukamfn. dealing in Curcuma Aromatica gaRa kisarādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rukamf(ā-)n. seizing, consuming View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
herukam. Name of gaṇeśa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
herukam. of an attendant on mahā-kāla- or śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
herukam. of an inferior buddha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
herukam. plural Name of a class of heretics View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvaśigrukam. a species of Moringa View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jatrukan. the collar-bone View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kadrukaSee tri-ka-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kākarukamfn. faint-hearted, cowardly, timid View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kākarukamfn. a coward, craven View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kākarukamfn. naked View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kākarukamfn. poor, indigent View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kākarukam. a henpecked husband (governed by his wife) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kākarukam. an owl View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kākarukam. deceit (dambha-) (see kāka-rava-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kakerukam. a worm in the stomach View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalpadrukalikāf. Name of work by lakṣmī- vallabha- expounding the kalpa-sūtra- of the jaina-s. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karkārukam. Beninkasa Cerifera View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karkārukan. its fruit View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rukamf(ā-) an. artisan, artificer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rukasiddhāntinm. plural Name of a śaiva- sect commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaśerukafn. () equals kaśeru-, the back-bone View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaśerukamfn. the root of Scirpus Kysoor View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaśerukamfn. (sometimes spelt kaseruka-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kroḍakaserukam. Cyperus rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kundurukam. Olibanum View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kurukam. Name of a prince (varia lectio for ruruka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kurukandakan. horse-radish (Raphanus sativus) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kurukatam. Name of a man gaRa gargādi- and anuśatikādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
macakrukam. Name of a yakṣa- and of a sacred spot guarded by him near the entrance to kuru-kṣetra- (see maṅkaṇaka-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhuśigruka() m. Moringa Pterygosperma (Rubriflora). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mādrukasthalakamfn. (fr. madruka-sthalī-) gaRa dhūmādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madrukasthalīf. gaRa dhūmādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
makerukam. a kind of parasitical worm View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maraṇabhīrukamfn. afraid to die (in Prakrit) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
marukam. (see marūka-) a peacock View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
marukam. a deer, antelope View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rukamf(ā-)n. dying, perishing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rukam. pl. Name of a people View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
marukaccham. Name of a country View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
marukacchanivāsinmfn. inhabiting it View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
merukam. fragrant resin, incense View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
merukam. or n. (?) Name of a people or country View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
merukalpam. Name of a buddha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛgairvārukam. equals mṛ-'erv- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mrigervārukam. a species of animal dwelling in holes or caves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛṣṭerukamfn. eating dainties or delicacies, luxurious, selfish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛṣṭerukamfn. liberal View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāgarukam. (fr. -vṛkṣa-) the orange-tree (see -raṅga-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niḥsārukam. (in music) a kind of measure, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niśārukam. (in music) a kind of measure. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parārukam. a stone or rock (varia lectio pavāruka-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pārārukam. a rock (see paraṭīṭa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
perukam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prahārukamfn. carrying off, tearing away View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prākārukamfn. (prob.) scattering about, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praśuśrukam. Name of a prince (a son of maru-) (Bombay edition praśuśruva-; see pra-suśruta-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rorukam. or n. (?) Name of a country or a town View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rurukam. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃśārukamfn. breaking down (in a-s-) Kap View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samūrukam. idem or 'or samūru- m. a kind of deer (the skin of which may be used as a student's seat etc.; according to to some it has a white mane; see camūru-) ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śapharukam. a box, box-like receptacle, pot View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śārukamfn. one who injures or destroys (with accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śārukamfn. mischievous, injurious View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śatadārukam. a kind of venomous insect
śatārukam. a kind of leprosy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śatrukam. an enemy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śatrukarśana mfn. harassing enemies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śatrukarśaṇamfn. harassing enemies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saumerukan. gold (prob. wrong reading for prec.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śigrukam. equals śigru- m. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śigrukan. any potherb View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śītabhīrukamfn. sensitive to cold View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śītabhīrukam. a kind of rice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śmaśrukaram. "beard-maker","beard-cutter", a barber View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śmaśrukarmann. "beard-cutting", shaving View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
subhīrukan. silver View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
surabhidāruka() m. Pinus Longifolia. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
trikadrukam. plural (tr/i--) the 3 soma- vessels View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
trikadrukam. the first 3 days of the abhi-plava- festival View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
trikadrukamfn. containing the word tr/i-kadruka- () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tsarukamfn. making hilts of swords gaRa ākarṣādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tsārukamfn. skilful in handling (tsaru-) a sword View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
urvārukan. idem or 'n. (u-) the fruit of Cucumis Usitatissimus (see irvāru-.)' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vabhruka varia lectio for b/abhruka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varadārukaa kind of plant with poisonous leaves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varukam. a species of inferior grain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rukamfn. choosing (with accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vihvārukamfn. tumbling, falling View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīrārukan. a medicinal plant (equals āruka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
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ruka रुक a. Liberal, bountiful.
atsaruka अत्सरुकः [नास्ति त्सरुर्यस्य] N. of a sacrificial vessel.
āruka आरुकः A medicinal plant having cooling properties (growing on the Himālayas).
āśrukarṇa आश्रुकर्ण a. One whose ears hear all around (Ved.).
irvāruka इर्वारुकः An animal living in caves.
urvārukam उर्वारुकम् The fruit of the above. उर्वारुकमिव बन्धनान् मृत्योर्मुक्षीय मा$मृतात् Rv.7.59.12.
kakeruka ककेरुकः A worm in the stomach,
karkāruka कर्कारुकः A gourd; Mk.1.51.
gaverukam गवेरुकम् Red chalk.
guruka गुरुक a. (-की f.) 1 A little heavy. -2 Long (in prosody).
grāmerukam ग्रामेरुकम् A variety of sandal; Kau. A.2.11.
tsāruka त्सारुक a. Skilful in handling a sword; Mb.1. 132.62.
dadruka दद्रुकः Leprosy.
ruka दारुकः 1 The Devadāru tree. -2 N. of Kṛiṣṇa's charioteer; उत्कन्धरं दारुक इत्युवाच Śi.4.18. -का 1 A puppet. -2 A wooden figure.
nāgaruka नागरुकः Orange.
niśāruka निशारुकः One of the seven Rūpakas in music; दृढः प्रौढो$थ खचरो विभवश्चतुरक्रमः । निशारुकः प्रतीतालः कथिताः सप्त रूपकाः ॥ -कम् An air, a sort of musical compositon played as an accompaniment to dancing.
parāruka परारुकः A stone or rock.
babhruka बभ्रुकः N. of a constellation.
bābhruka बाभ्रुक a. (-की f.) Brown, brownish.
bharukacchaḥ भरुकच्छः N. of a country (v. l. मरुकच्छ).
maruka मरुकः 1 A peacock. -2 A deer, antelope.
mṛṣṭeruka मृष्टेरुक a. 1 Eating dainties, luxurious. -2 Selfish. -3 Liberal.
meruka मेरुकः Incense.
śakruka शक्रुकः A kind of poison (cf. सक्रुकः); L. D. B.
śapharuka शफरुकः A box, pot; Hch.4.
śāruka शारुक a. (-की f.) Noxious, hurtful, mischievous.
heruka हेरुकः 1 An attendant on Śiva. -2 N. of Gaṇeśa. -3 N. of a Buddha (= चक्रसम्बर).
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trikadruka trí-kadruka, m. pl. three Soma vats, x. 14, 16 [kadrú̄, f. Soma vessel].
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adhara cpv. lower: -m kri, subject; m. under-lip, s. coll. lips; -dala, n. lip; -rukaka, n. lovely lips.
ardhokta pp. half-said, half-told; n. half-speech; -½ukkhishta, pp. half left over; -½udita, pp. half-risen; -½upa-bhukta, pp. half-consumed; -½uruka, a. reaching half way down the thigh; n.short overcoat.
kāka m. crow: î, f. female crow; -tâ, f. state of a crow; -tâlîya, a. accidental as the fall of the fruit in the story concerning the crow and the date, i. e. as accidental as the fall of the date at the moment of the crow's alighting on the palm-tree=post hoc, non propter hoc: -m or -vat, ad. suddenly, unex pectedly; -paksha, m. crow's wing; curl on the temples of boys or youths: -ka, --°ree;, a. id.; -yava, m. pl. grainless barley; -rava, a. cawing like a crow, cowardly; -rûka, a. cowardly.
yathāyatham ad. fitly, properly, in due order; one after the other, gradually; -yukta, pp. regarding (lc.): -m, ad. accord ing to circumstances, suitably; -yukti, ad. id.: -tas, ad. id.; -yogam, ad. id.; according to usage; -yogena, in. ad. according to cir cumstances, suitably; -yogyam, ad. as is fit, properly, suitably; -½ârabdha, pp. previously begun; -½ârambham, ad. according to the beginning, in the same order; -rukam, -ruk i, ad. according to taste; -rûpa, a. of what kind; having a suitable appearance, extremely beautiful; very great: (á)-m, ad. suitably; rightly, truly; according to appearance.
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urukakṣa Occurs in only one passage of the Rigveda, where the sense of the word is much disputed. The reading of the text is imih kakso na gāñgyah, which may refer to a man, Urukaksa, ‘dwelling on the Ganges, or to a man, son of Gañgā, or to a wood so called, or may simply denote the ‘ broad thicket on the Ganges.
kakṣa Is the name of two men mentioned as teachers in a Vamśa (list of teachers) of the Jaiminīya Upanisad Brāhmana. One is Kaksa Vārakya, pupil of Prosthapada Vārakya, and the other Kaksa Vārāki or Vārakya,\ pupil of Daksa Kātyā- yani Atreya. See also Urukaksa.
kṛṣi ‘ploughing.’ The cultivation of the soil was no doubt known to the Indians before they separated from the Iranians, as is indicated by the identity of the expressions yavam krs and sasya in the Rigveda with yao karesh and hahya in the Avesta, referring to the ploughing in of the seed and to the grain which resulted. But it is not without significance that the expressions for ploughing occur mainly in the first and tenth books of the Rigveda, and only rarely in the so-called ‘ family ’ books (ii.-vii.). In the Atharvaveda Prthī Vainya is credited with the origination of ploughing, and even in the Rigveda the Aśvins are spoken of as concerned with the sowing of grain by means of the plough. In the later Samhitās and the Brāhmanas ploughing is repeatedly referred to. Even in the Rigveda there is clear proof of the importance attached to agriculture. In the Pañcavimśa Brāhmana the Vrātyas, Hindus without the pale of Brahminism, are de¬scribed as not cultivating the soil.The plough land was called Urvarā or Ksetra; manure (Sakan, Karīsa) was used, and irrigation was practised (Khani- tra). The plough (Lāñgala, Sira) was drawn by oxen, teams of six, eight, or even twelve being employed. The operations of agriculture are neatly summed up in the śatapatha Brāhmana as ‘ ploughing, sowing, reaping, and threshing ’ (
gaṅgā The modern Ganges, is mentioned directly in the Rigveda only once, in the Nadī-stuti or Praise of Rivers.’ But it is also referred to in the derivative form gāúgyah as an epithet of Urukaksa. The name of this river does not occurin the other Samhitās, but appears in the śatapatha Brāhmana, where victories of Bharata Dauhsanti on both Gañgā and Yamunā are referred to, and in the Taittirīya Aranyaka especial honour is assigned to those who dwell between the Gañgā and the Yamunā, this being, no doubt, the region in which that text originated. The identification of the Gañgā with the Apayā made by Ludwig must be rejected: see Apayā.
gāṅgya Being on the Ganges,’ is the epithet of Urukaksa or of a thicket in the Rigveda.
śarīra ‘Body,’ is a word of frequent occurrence in Vedic literature. The interest of the Vedic Indians seems early to have been attracted to the consideration of questions connected with the anatomy of the body. Thus a hymn of the Atharva­veda enumerates many parts of the body with some approach to accuracy and orderly arrangement. It mentions the heels (pārsnf), the flesh (māmsa), the ankle-bones (gulphau), the fingers (angulīh), the apertures (kha), the two metatarsi (uchlakau), the tarsus (pratisthā), the two knee-caps (astliī- vantau), the two legs {janghe), the two knee-joints (jānunoh sandhī). Then comes above the two knees (jānū) the four­sided (catuçtaya), pliant (śithira) trunk (kabandha). The two hips (śronī) and the two thighs (ūrū) are the props of the frame (ktisindha). Next come the breast-bone (uras), the cervical cartilages (grīvāh), the two breast pieces (stanau), the two shoulder-blades (/kaphodau), the neck-bones (skandhau), and the backbones (prstīh), the collar-bones (amsau), the arms (bāhu), the seven apertures in the head (sapta khāni śīrsani), the ears (karnau), the nostrils (nāsike), the eyes (caksanī), the mouth (mukha), the jaws (hanū), the tongue (jihvā), the brain (mas- tiska), the forehead (lalāta), the facial bone (kakātikā), the cranium (kapāla), and the structure of the jaws (cityā hanvoh). This system presents marked similarities with the later system of Caraka and Suśruta,4 which render certain the names ascribed to the several terms by Hoernle. Kaphodau, which is variously read in the manuscripts,5 is rendered ‘ collar-bone ’ by Whitney, but ‘ elbow ’ in the St. Petersburg Dictionary. Skandha in the plural regularly denotes 'neck-bones,’ or, more precisely, ‘cervical vertebrae,’ a part denoted also by usnihā in the plural. Prsii denotes not * rib,’ which is parśu, but a transverse process of a vertebra, and so the vertebra itself, there being in the truncal portion of the spinal column seventeen vertebrae and thirty-four transverse processes. The vertebrae are also denoted by kīkasā in the plural, which sometimes is limited to the upper portion of the vertebral column, sometimes to the thoracic portion of the spine. Anūka also denotes the vertebral column, or more specially the lumbar or thoracic portion of the spine; it is said in the śatapatha Brāhmaṇa that there are twenty transverse processes in the lumbar spine (udara) and thirty-two in the thoracic, which gives twenty-six vertebrae, the true number (but the modern division is seven cervical, twelve thoracic, five lumbar, and two false—the sacrum and the coccyx). The vertebral column is also denoted by karūkara, which, however, is usually found in the plural denoting the transverse processes of the vertebrae, a sense expressed also by kuntāpa. Grīvā, in the plural, denotes cervical vertebrae, the number seven being given by the Satapatha Brāhmana, but usually the word simply means windpipe, or, more accurately, the cartilaginous rings under the skin. Jatru, also in the plural, denotes the cervical cartilages, or possibly the costal cartilages, which are certainly so called in the śatapatha Brāhmaṇa, where their number is given as eight. Bhamsas, which occurs thrice in the Atharvaveda, seems to denote the pubic bone or arch rather than the ‘buttocks’ or ‘fundament,’ as Whitney takes it. In the śatapatha Brāhmaṇa the number of bones in the the human body is given as 360. The number of the bones of the head and trunk are given in another passage as follows: The head is threefold, consisting of skin (tvac), bone (1asthi), brain (matiska); the neck has 15 bones : 14 transverse processes (karūkara) and the strength (vīrya)—i.e., the bone of the centre regarded as one—as the 15th ; the breast has 17: 16 cervical cartilages (Jatru), and the sternum (uras) as the 17th ; the abdominal portion of the spine has 21 : 20 transverse processes (kimtāpa), and the abdominal portion (udara) as the 21st; the two sides have 27: 26 ribs (parśu), and the two sides as the 27th; the thoracic portion of the spine (anūka) has 33: 32 transverse processes, and the thoracic portion as 33rd. There are several enumerations of the parts of the body, not merely of the skeleton, in the Yajurveda Samhitās. They include the hair (lomāni), skin (tvac), flesh (māinsá), bone (1asthi), marrow (majjan), liver (yakrt), lungs (kloman), kidneys (matasne), gall (pitta), entrails (āntrāni), bowels (gudāh), spleen (ptīhan), navel (nābht), belly (udara), rectum (vanisthu), womb (yoni), penis (plāśi and śepa), face (mukha), head (śiras), tongue (jihvā), mouth (āsan), rump (pāyu), leech (vāla), eye (caksus), eyelashes (paksmāni), eyebrows (utāni), nose (was), breath (iiyāna), nose-hairs (nasyāni), ears (karnau), brows (bhrū), body or trunk (ātman), waist (upastha), hair on the face (śmaśrūni), and on the head (keśāh). Another enumeration gives śiras, mukha, keśāh, śmaśrūni, prāna (breath), caksus, śrotra (ear), jihvā, vāc (speech), manas (mind), arigulik, añgāni (limbs), bāhū, hastau (hands), karnau, ātmā, uras (sternum), prstllj, (vertebrae), udara, amsau, grīvāh, śronī, ūrū, aratnī (elbows), jānūni, nūbhi, pāyu, bhasat (fundament), āndau (testicles), pasas (membrum virile), jañghā, pad (foot), lomāni, tvac, māmsa, asthi, majjan. Another set of names includes vanisthu, purītat (pericardium), lomāni, tvac, lohita (blood), medas (fat), māmsāni, snāvāni (sinews), asthīni, majjānah, ret as (semen), pāyu, kośya (flesh near the heart), pārśvya (intercostal flesh), etc. The bones of the skeleton of the horse are enumerated in the Yajurveda Samhitās. In the Aitareya Araṇyaka the human body is regarded as made up of one hundred and one items ; there are four parts, each of twenty-five members, with the trunk as one hundred and first. In the two upper parts there are five four-jointed fingers, two kakçasī (of uncertain meaning), the arm (dos), the collar-bone (akça), and the shoulder-blade (artisa-phalaka). In the two lower portions there are five four-jointed toes, the thigh, the leg, and three articulations, according to Sāyaṇa’s commentary. The śānkhāyana Araṇyaka enumerates three bones in the head, three joints (parvāni) in the neck, the collar-bone {akṣa), three joints in the fingers, and twenty-one transverse processes in the spine (anūka).sg The Maitrāyaṇī Samhitā enumerates four constituents in the head {prāna, caksns, śrotra, vāc), but there are many variations, the number going up to twelve on one calculation. In the Taittirīya Upaniṣad an enumeration is given consisting of carma (skin), māinsa, snāvan, asthi, and majjan; the Aitareya Brāhmaṇa has lomāni, mānμa, tvac, asthi, majjan, and the Aitareya Araṇyaka couples majjānah, snāvāni, and asthīni. Other terms relating to the body are kañkūsa, perhaps a part of the ear, yoni (female organ), kaksa (armpit), Danta (tooth), nakha (nail), prapada (forepart of the foot), hallks'tia (gall).
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uruka urukasya te vācā vayaṃ saṃ bhaktena gamemahy agne gṛhapate # MS.1.5.4: 72.1. P: urukaḥ MS.1.5.11: 80.13. See uruga.
uruga urugasya te vācā vayaṃ saṃ bhaktena gamemahi # Apś.6.19.1. See uruka.
etāni vai trīṇi trikadrukāṇi yad ṛcaḥ sāmāni yajūṃṣi brāhmaṇam # AVP.9.21.3.
babhruś ca babhrukarṇaś ca # AVś.5.23.4c; 6.16.3c; AVP.7.2.4c; NīlarU.22a.
mūlam urvārvā iva # AVś.6.14.2d. Cf. urvārukam.
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"ruka" has 1 results.
     
krukankṛt affix रुक; e.g, भीरुकः; confer, compare(भियः) क्रुकन्नपि वक्तव्यः P.III.2.174 Vārttika.
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ruka-jaitra-ādīn headed by Dāruka and JaitraSB 10.71.12
ruka-ātmajaḥ the son of Dāruka (Lord Kṛṣṇa's driver)SB 10.76.27
bharuka by the name BharukaSB 9.8.2
ruka-sārathiḥ whose chariot driver was DārukaSB 10.50.16
ruka O DārukaSB 10.53.4
ruka-jaitra-ādīn headed by Dāruka and JaitraSB 10.71.12
ruka-ātmajaḥ the son of Dāruka (Lord Kṛṣṇa's driver)SB 10.76.27
ruka DārukaSB 10.77.11
ruka Dāruka (Lord Kṛṣṇa's chariot driver)SB 10.83.33
ruka Dāruka, the chariot driver of Lord KṛṣṇaSB 11.30.41
ruka DārukaSB 11.31.15
ruka Dāruka, the Lord's chariot driverCC Adi 4.202
rukam to Dāruka, His chariot driverSB 10.77.9
dārukeṇa by DārukaSB 10.86.17
ruka-jaitra-ādīn headed by Dāruka and JaitraSB 10.71.12
saḥ he, DārukaSB 10.53.5
ruka-sārathiḥ whose chariot driver was DārukaSB 10.50.16
tasmāt from him (Bharuka)SB 9.8.2
Ayurvedic Medical
Dictionary
     Dr. Potturu with thanks
     
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āruka

1. hurting, injuring; 2. yak; 3. peach fruit, Prunus persica.

bhāruka

women whose child dies on the seventh day after delivery.

ḍamaruyantra,ḍamarukayantra

hour-glass apparatus used in medicinal alchemy; two small drums or earthen pots joined at mouths.

ruka

Go to karmaraṅga

krukāṭika

a lethal point on the nape of neck.

śiroruka

headache.

     Wordnet Search "ruka" has 32 results.
     

ruka

bhīruḥ, bhītaḥ, bhīrukaḥ, bhīruhṛdayaḥ, bhayaśīlaḥ, hariṇahṛdayaḥ, kātaraḥ, trasruḥ, dīnacetanaḥ, dīnaḥ, asāhasikaḥ, bhayāturaḥ   

yaḥ bibheti।

bhīruḥ mriyate naikavāraṃ vīraḥ ekavāram।

ruka

ulūkaḥ, ūlūkaḥ, pecakaḥ, kauśikaḥ, vāyasārātiḥ, divāndhaḥ, divābhītaḥ, niśāṭaḥ, naktañcaraḥ, niśādarśī, naktacārū, rajanīcaraḥ, kākabhīruḥ, kāvarukaḥ, ghūkaḥ, vakranāsikā, raktanāsikaḥ   

pakṣiviśeṣaḥ yaḥ niśāyām aṭati।

ulūkaḥ niśācaraḥ asti।

ruka

satarka, dakṣa, jāgarūka, kuhakacakita, praṇihita   

avadhānayuktaḥ।

ātaṅkavādināṃ saṃbhāvyapraveśasya sūcanayā sīmāvartinī senā satarkā asti।

ruka

suvarṇam, svarṇam, kanakam, hiraṇyam, hema, hāṭakam, kāñcanam, tapanīyam, śātakumbham, gāṅgeyam, bharmam, karvaram, cāmīkaram, jātarūpam, mahārajatam, rukmam, kārtasvaram, jāmbunadam, aṣṭāpadam, śātakaumbham, karcuram, rugmam, bhadram, bhūri, piñjaram, draviṇam, gairikam, cāmpeyam, bharuḥ, candraḥ, kaladhautam, abhrakam, agnibījam, lohavaram, uddhasārukam, sparśamaṇiprabhavam, mukhyadhātu, ujjvalam, kalyāṇam, manoharam, agnivīryam, agni, bhāskaram, piñajānam, apiñjaram, tejaḥ, dīptam, agnibham, dīptakam, maṅgalyam, saumañjakam, bhṛṅgāram, jāmbavam, āgneyam, niṣkam, agniśikham   

dhātuviśeṣaḥ-pītavarṇīyaḥ dhātuḥ yaḥ alaṅkāranirmāṇe upayujyate।

suvarṇasya mūlyaṃ vardhitam।

ruka

nagna, vivastra, nirvastra, anambara, avastra, udghāṭitāṅga, kākaruka, kīśa, āśāvāsas, digambara, digvāsas   

yaḥ āvaraṇaprāvaraṇavirahitaḥ asti।

nagnaḥ bālakaḥ bhūmyāṃ krīḍati।

ruka

vānaraḥ, kapiḥ, plavaṅgaḥ, plavagaḥ, śākhāmṛgaḥ, valīmukhaḥ, markaṭaḥ, kīśaḥ, vanaukāḥ, markaḥ, plavaḥ, pravaṅgaḥ, pravagaḥ, plavaṅgamaḥ, pravaṅgamaḥ, golāṅgulaḥ, kapitthāsya, dadhikṣoṇaḥ, hariḥ, tarumṛgaḥ, nagāṭanaḥ, jhampī, jhampārukalipriyaḥ, kikhiḥ, śālāvṛkaḥ   

vanyapaśuḥ yaḥ vṛkṣe vasati bhramati ca।

vālī nāma vānaraḥ rāmeṇa hataḥ।

ruka

jāgaruka   

yaḥ jāgarti।

rāṣṭrasya unnatyarthe deśavāsibhiḥ jāgarukaiḥ bhavitavyam।

ruka

jhillikā, jhirī, cīlīkā, jhīrukā, cīllī, cīrī   

kīṭaviśeṣaḥ yaḥ jhirijhirī iti avyaktaśabdena śabdāyate।

jhillikāyāḥ śabdena karṇaśūlaḥ ajāyata।

ruka

yavaḥ, śitaśrūkaḥ, sitaśrūkaḥ, medhyaḥ, divyaḥ, akṣataḥ, kañcukī, dhānyarājaḥ, tīkṣṇaśrūkaḥ, turagapriyaḥ, śaktuḥ, maheṣṭaḥ, pavitradhānyam   

śrūkadhānyaviśeṣaḥ। asya guṇāḥ - kaṣāyatva-madhuratva-suśītalatvādayaḥ। sītā yavān caṇakān ca pinaṣṭi।/

yavaḥ kaṣāyamadhuro bahuvātaśakṛd guruḥ। rūkṣaḥ sthairyakaraḥ śīto mūtramedakaphāpahaḥ॥

ruka

devadāru, śakrapādapaḥ, paribhadrakaḥ, bhadradāru, drukilimam, pītudāru, dāru, dārukam, snigdhadāru, amaradāru, śivadāru, śāmbhavam, bhūtahāri, bhavadāru, bhadravat, indradāru, mastadāru, surabhūruhaḥ, surāvham, devakāṣṭham   

vṛkṣaviśeṣaḥ- yasmāt tailaṃ prāpyate।

devadāruṇaḥ kāṣṭham dṛḍham asti।

ruka

padīnam, ūrukam, āprapadīnam   

adhovastraviśeṣaḥ।

śaitye ūrṇasya padīnam sukhadāyakaṃ bhavati।

ruka

asnigdhadārukaḥ, asnigdhadāru   

devadāruvṛkṣaviśeṣaḥ।

kānane asmin asnigdhadārukāṇām ādhikyaṃ vartate।

ruka

ruka   

kṛṣṇasya ekaḥ sārathiḥ।

dārukasya varṇanaṃ purāṇeṣu vartate।

ruka

gāṅgerukam   

gāṅgerukyāḥ bījam।

gāṅgerukīṃ khādan api vānaraḥ gāṅgerukān nīcaiḥ pātayati।

ruka

vānaraḥ, kapiḥ, plavaṅgaḥ, plavagaḥ, śākhāmṛgaḥ, valīmukhaḥ, markaṭaḥ, kīśaḥ, vanaukāḥ, markaḥ, plavaḥ, pravaṅgaḥ, pravagaḥ, plavaṅgamaḥ, pravaṅgamaḥ, golāṅgulaḥ, kapitthāsya, dadhikṣoṇaḥ, hariḥ, tarumṛgaḥ, nagāṭanaḥ, jhampī, jhampārukalipriyaḥ, kikhiḥ, śālāvṛkaḥ   

puṃjātiviśiṣṭavānaraḥ।

saḥ manuṣyaḥ vānaraṃ vānarīṃ ca nartayati।

ruka

maṇḍūkaḥ, plavaḥ, plavagaḥ, plavaṃgamaḥ, plavakaḥ, ajambhaḥ, ajihmaḥ, ajihvaḥ, alimakaḥ, kaṭuravaḥ, kokaḥ, jihmamohanaḥ, tarantaḥ, toyasarpikā, dardarikaḥ, darduraḥ, nandakaḥ, nandanaḥ, nirjihvaḥ, bhekaḥ, maṇḍaḥ, marūkaḥ, mahāravaḥ, mudiraḥ, meghanādaḥ, rekaḥ, lūlukaḥ, varṣābhūḥ, varṣāhūḥ, vṛṣṭibhūḥ, vyaṅgaḥ, śallaḥ, śāluḥ, śālūkaḥ, śālūraḥ, hariḥ   

saḥ catuṣpādaḥ yaḥ kārdame vasati tathā ca yaḥ jale bhūmau ca dṛśyate।

bālakaḥ maṇḍūkaḥ maṇḍūkī ca etayoḥ madhye bhedaṃ kartum asamarthaḥ।

ruka

praśuśruka   

rāmasya pūrvajaḥ।

praśuśrukaḥ maroḥ putraḥ āsīt।

ruka

jāgarukatā, sāvadhānatā   

jāgarukasya avasthā।

janeṣu śikṣāyāḥ jāgarukatāyāḥ pracāraḥ kartavyaḥ।

ruka

vartarūkaḥ   

kākasya nīḍam।

laghubhiḥ kāṣṭhaiḥ kākaḥ vartarūkaṃ nirmāti।

ruka

ārukam   

himācale vartamānaḥ prasiddhaḥ auṣadhīviśeṣaḥ।

ārukasya upayogaḥ mūtrāvarodhasya nivāraṇe bhavati।

ruka

tobarūkanagaram   

ījiptadeśasya sīmni sthitaṃ lībiyādeśasya ekaṃ nagaram।

tobarūkanagare gaddāphyaḥ ekaṃ smārakam asti।

ruka

kurukaḥ, ruruka   

eko rājaputraḥ ।

kurukaḥ  viṣṇupurāṇe ullikhitaḥ asti

ruka

kurukataḥ   

eka: puruṣaḥ ।

kurukataḥ gargādiṣu aśatikādiṣu gaṇeṣu paṭhitaḥ asti

ruka

bhīruka   

ekaḥ puruṣaḥ ।

bhīrukasya ullekhaḥ bauddhasāhitye vartate

ruka

peruka   

ekaḥ puruṣaḥ ।

ṛgvede perukaḥ samullikhitaḥ/u॒ta ma॑ ṛ॒jre pura॑yasya ra॒ghvī su॑mī॒ḻhe śa॒taṃ pe॑ru॒ke ca॑ pa॒kvā

ruka

kurukaḥ, ruruka   

eko rājaputraḥ ।

kurukaḥ  viṣṇupurāṇe ullikhitaḥ asti

ruka

kurukataḥ   

eka: puruṣaḥ ।

kurukataḥ gargādiṣu aśatikādiṣu gaṇeṣu paṭhitaḥ asti

ruka

vartarūka   

ekā nadī ।

vartarūkasya ullekhaḥ kośe vartate

ruka

bharukaḥ, kurukaḥ, ruruka   

ekaḥ rājaputraḥ ।

bhāgavata-purāṇe bharukaḥ ullikhitaḥ

ruka

bharukacchaḥ, bharukacchapaḥ, marukacchaḥ   

ekaḥ deśaḥ tasya deśasya nivāsinaḥ ।

mahābhārate tathā ca varāha-mihireṇa bharukacchasya ullekhaḥ prāpyate

ruka

marukacchaḥ   

ekaḥ deśaḥ ।

prācīna-bhāratīya-pradeśa-racanāyāṃ marukacchaḥ ullikhitaḥ

ruka

ruka   

ekaḥ puruṣaḥ ।

cārukasya varṇanaṃ viṣṇupurāṇe vartate

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