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WordReferenceGenderNumberSynonymsDefinition
anayaḥ3.3.157MasculineSingularsaṅghātaḥ, sanniveśaḥ
karṇikā3.3.15FeminineSingularvalayaḥ, cakraḥ, bhūbhrūnnitambaḥ
manojavasaḥ3.1.12MasculineSingularpitṛsannibhaḥ
vyañjanam3.3.123NeuterSingularudgamaḥ, pauruṣam, tantram, sanniviṣṭhaḥ
sanniveśaḥMasculineSingularnikarṣaṇaḥ
sannidhiḥ2.4.23MasculineSingularsaṃnikarṣaṇam
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939 results for nni
     
Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
abfor words beginning thus See sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order ab-indhana-, ab-ja-, etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ābālamind. down to or including children, beginning with infants View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhāvam. annihilation, death.
abhidhāvakamfn. running up, hastening towards View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhidhāvanan. running up, attack. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhidipsumfn. (dips- Desiderative of dambh-),"wishing to deceive", inimical, cunning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhikramam. undertaking, attempt, beginning. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhipale( i-) to follow after any one running away (accusative), PBr. (see pale-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhipātinmfn. running to the help of (in compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhisaṃsāramind. running near in crowds
abhisaṃvṛttamfn. undertaking, beginning to (Inf.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhiskandamind. running near View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhisṛṣṭamfn. "let loose in a special direction", running towards (accusative or locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhiṣyand( syand-), -syandate- (or also -ṣyandate-,if said intransitively of lifeless objects ) to run towards or along (generally said of liquids) (perf. -siṣyade-,said of a plant growing or running along the stem and branches of a tree), etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhiṣyandam. running at the eyes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhisyandam. running at the eyes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhitaḥsaramfn. running on both sides View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhitaṣṭīyan. Name (also title or epithet) of the hymn (beginning abh/i- t-/ aṣte- va-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhitorātramind. near (id est either just at the beginning or end of) the night View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhrāgamam. "cl-approach", beginning of the rainy season, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyādānan. beginning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyārambham. beginning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyārambham. rebeginning, repetition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyāsaktamfn. ( sañj-), closely linked together (as days by beginning a day with the same ceremony which has been performed at the end of the preceding day) commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyudayam. beginning, commencing (as of darkness, etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ābhyudayikamfn. (fr. abhy-udaya-), connected with the beginning or rising of anything View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyuddravaṇan. running forth, , Scholiast or Commentator View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyuddṛṣṭeṣṭif. Name of a ceremony (beginning only after the moon has become visible), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abuddhipūrvamfn. beginning with non-intelligence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abuddhipūrvakamfn. beginning with non-intelligence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
acaturamfn. not cunning, not dexterous. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādauind. in the beginning, at first. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādhāvP. -dhāvati- (A1.only p. -dhāvamāna- ) to flow towards, run near ; to come running, run or hasten towards ; to return View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādim. beginning, commencement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādim. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' beginning with, et caetera, and so on (exempli gratia, 'for example' indrādayaḥ surāḥ-,the gods beginning with indra- id est indra- etc.; gṛhādiyukta-,possessed of houses etc.; evamādīni vastūni-,such things and others of the same kind: śayyā khaṭvādih-[Comm. on ], śayyā- means a bed etc.;often with -ka-at the end exempli gratia, 'for example' dānadharmādikam-[ ],liberality, justice, etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādimfn. beginning with ā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādibuddhamfn. "perceived in the beginning" View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādidīpakan. Name of a figure in rhetoric (the verb standing at the beginning of the sentence) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādikarmann. the beginning of an action (in grammar)
ādimatmfn. having a beginning etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādimattvan. the state of having a beginning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āditāf. the being the beginning of anything, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āditasind. from the beginning, from the first, at first, at the head of (with1. kṛ-,to put at the beginning on ; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' beginning with). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādityavanimfn. winning (the favour of) the āditya-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādruP. -dravati-, to run towards, hasten towards, approach running View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādyamf(ā-)n. ([ ]) being at the beginning, first, primitive etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādyantan. or au- dual number plural beginning and end, etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādyantamfn. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' beginning and ending with View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādyantavatmfn. "having beginning and end", finite View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādyantavatind. as if it were the beginning and the end View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādyantayamakan. "homophony in the beginning and end of a stanza", Name of a figure in poetry (occurring in etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adyāvadhimfn. beginning or ending to-day View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnihotraprāyaṇamfn. beginning with the agni-hotra-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agran. the nearest end, the beginning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agrahāyaṇam. "commencement of the year", Name of a Hindu month (mārgaśīrṣa-,beginning about the 12th of November) .
agraśasind. from the beginning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agratasind. in the beginning, first View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āgrayaṇāgramfn. beginning with the View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agreind. in front, ahead of, in the beginning, first View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agrimavatīf. the verse (beginning with p/avasva- vāc-/ o- agriy-/ aḥ-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aheind. a particle (implying reproach, rejection, separation ) (only in a sacrificial formula beginning with /ahe daidhiṣavya-and reoccurring in several other texts) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āhvṛtimfn. crooked, cunning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ājim. rarely f. only once in , ( aj-), a running-match View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ājim. place for running, race-course View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ājijityāf. victory in a running-match View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ājikṛtmfn. fighting or running for a prize View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akhilīkṛ -kṛtya- ind.p. not having annihilated or rendered powerless View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ākrandikamf(ī-)n. running to where cries for help are heard View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ākṣikamfn. (fr. 2. akṣ/a-) relating or belonging to a die or to gambling etc., playing or winning or won at dice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alpārambham. a gradual beginning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āmamāṃsāśinm. eater of raw flesh, a cannibal. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āmapīnasam. running at the nose, defluxion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amāyamfn. not cunning, not sagacious View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āmūlamind. from the beginning. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anādimfn. having no beginning, existing from eternity. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anādimadhyāntamfn. having no beginning, middle or end. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anādimatmfn. having no beginning. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anādinidhanamfn. having neither beginning nor end, eternal. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anāditvan. state of having no beginning. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anādyanantamfn. without beginning and without end View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anādyantamfn. without beginning and end View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ananvavajayam. the not winning subsequently, ibidem or 'in the same place or book or text' as the preceding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anapakrāmukamf(-)n. not running away View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anārambham. absence of beginning, non-commencement, not attempting or undertaking View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavarāgramfn. without beginning or end (?), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
andhatāmisran. doctrine of annihilation after death. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āndolam. fanning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
antādi ī- dual number m. end and beginning, (gaRa rājadantādi- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anubandham. commencement, beginning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anudhāvanan. chasing, pursuing, running after View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anupūrveṇaind. in regular order or succession, from the first, from the beginning, from above downwards. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anurodhanan. means for winning the affection of. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anusaṃdhānan. investigation, inquiry, searching into, close inspection, setting in order, arranging, planning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anusaṃtṝto carry to the end, go on (in spinning) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anuśrathcl.6 P. -śṛnthati-, to untie : Causal P. (Aorist subjunctive 2. sg. -śiśrathaḥ-) to frighten ([ ;"to abolish" ]) : A1. -śrathayate-, to annihilate or soften the effect of. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apadādim. not the beginning of a pāda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apādadibhājmfn. not standing at the beginning of a pāda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aparyāsitamfn. (Causal perf. Pass. p. 2. as-), not thrown down or annihilated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apasf. of the active or running waters View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apasmfn. (fr. 2. /ap-), watery. (So some passages of the ṛg-veda- [ ] may (according to and others) be translated where the word is applied to the running watersSee 2. ap/as-at end and ap/as-tama-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apāyam. destruction, death, annihilation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
api na vāpi- or na apivā- or na nacāpi-, neither, nor, pi-, (and at the beginning of a sentence) api-ca-, moreover. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apimay be interrogative at the beginning of a sentence. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apināma(in the beginning of a phrase) , perhaps, in all probability, I wish that View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apiśarvaramfn. "contiguous to the night", being at the beginning or end of the night View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apratisaṃkhyānirodham. the unobserved annihilation of an object View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apsufor words beginning thus See sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order apsu-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārabdhamfn. one who has begun or commenced, beginning, commencing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārabdhif. beginning, commencement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārabhamāṇamfn. beginning, commencing resolutely (with a determination to finish). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārabhyabeginning with. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārambham. undertaking, beginning etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārambham. beginning, origin, commencement etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārambhakamfn. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' commencing, beginning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārambhaṇan. beginning, undertaking, commencement. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārambhatāf. the condition of beginning or commencing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārāvalīf. "row of awl-shaped hills", Name of a chain of mountains (commonly called Aravalli, running for 300 miles in a north-easterly direction through Rajputana etc., the highest point being Mount Abu 5650 feet high).
ardanamfn. annihilating, destroying (see mahīṣārdana-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārdharātrikam. plural Name of an astronomical school who reckoned the beginning of the motions of the planets from midnight. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arthetmfn. ( i-), active, hasty (said of running waters) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arvanmfn. running, quick (said of agni- and indra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arvasa mfn. running, quick (said of indra- and of the gods) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arvaśamfn. running, quick (said of indra- and of the gods) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arvatmfn. running, hasting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsamāptiind. (from the beginning) to the end, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsaṃsāramind. ( sṛ-), from the beginning of the world, ever View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśeṣitamfn. completely annihilated, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsṛP. -sarati-, to hasten towards, come running : Causal Passive voice -śāryate-, to be undertaken or begun View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsrāvam. flow, issue, running, discharge View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asruvan. granulation (of a running sore) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
astiind. (3. sg. proper 1. as-; gaRa di-and svar-ādi- q.v) sometimes used as a mere particle at the beginning of fables View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āśuhemanm. urged to fast course, running on quickly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvarādimfn. not beginning with a vowel. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āśvināgramfn. beginning with a cup etc., View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asyavāmīyan. the hymn beginning with the words asy/a vām/asya- () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ātapāpāyam. passing away of the hot season, beginning of the rainy season View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atidhvaṃsto raise the dust in running through or over (3. plural Conj. Aorist ati-dhvas/an-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atipātinmfn. (in med.) running a rapid course, acute, neglecting. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aupākaraṇamfn. (fr. upākaraṇa-), relating to the preparatory ceremony before beginning the study of the veda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
auṣṇihamfn. in the uṣṇih- metre, beginning with an uṣṇih- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avacāraṇamfn. running, ibidem or 'in the same place or book or text' as the preceding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avajayam. overcoming, winning by conquest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avakhaṇḍ -khaṇḍayati-, to break into pieces ; to annihilate, destroy commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avakrāminmfn. running away View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avalīnamfn. "engaged in"(in compound), beginning to View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avarārdhyamfn. beginning from below View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaṣṭambham. beginning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āvidf. technical designation of the formulas (in ) beginning with āvis- and āvitta- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avidāsinmfn. not drying up (as a pond), perennial View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avimocanan. not liberating, not running to any one's help View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayāsomīyan. Name of some verses of the (so called from their beginning with the words ay/ā s/oma-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayonimfn. without origin or beginning (said of brahma-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bakam. (also written vaka-) a kind of heron or crane, Ardea Nivea (often figuratively = a hypocrite, cheat, rogue, the crane being regarded as a bird of great cunning and deceit as well as circumspection) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bataind. (later usually vata-; gaRa svar-ādi-) an interjection expressing astonishment or regret, generally = ah! oh! alas! (originally placed immediately after the leading word at the beginning of a sentence, or only separated from it by iva-;rarely itself in the first place exempli gratia, 'for example' ;in later language often in the middle of a sentence) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bha(in gram.) Name of the weakest base of nouns (as opp. to pada-and aṅga- q.v) id est of the base before the vowel terminations except in strong cases, before feminine suffixes, and before taddhita-s beginning with vowels or y- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaṅgam. (with jaina-s) a dialectical formula beginning with syāt- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhañjanan. breaking, shattering, crushing, destroying, annihilating, frustrating etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bharjanamfn. parching id est destroying, annihilating, frustrating (with genitive case) 5 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bharjitamfn. destroyed, annihilated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhavabhaṅgam. annihilation of worldly existence, delivery from births or transmigration View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhavatpūrvamind. with bhavat- at the beginning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhedam. disuniting, winning over to one's side by sowing dissension (see upāya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhedikāf. the act of breaking down or asunder, destruction, annihilation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhojadevam. Name of a celebrated king of dhārā- (who was a great patron of learning at the beginning of the 11th century, and is the reputed author of several works., especially of a commentator or commentary on the yoga-sūtra-s see ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhraṃśinmfn. causing to fall, ruining, annihilating (see svārtha-bh-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūtādikamfn. beginning with the elements, the element etc.
brahmādyamfn. (fr. 1. ādya-) beginning with brahmā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmārambham. beginning to repeat the veda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
buddhaghoṣam. Name of a Buddhist scholar (who lived at the beginning of the 5th century A.D.;the name is not found in Sanskrit works) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakravartinm. a ruler the wheels of whose chariot roll everywhere without obstruction, emperor, sovereign of the world, ruler of a cakra- (or country described as extending from sea to sea; 12 princes beginning with bharata- are especially considered as cakravartin-s) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
camaram. a kind of ox called the Yak (Bos grunniens) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
camarīf. the Bos grunniens etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
carācaramfn. ( car- reduplicated Va1rtt. 6; vii, 4, 58 ) moving, locomotive, running View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cāturmāsyan. beginning of a season of 4 months View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cāturmāsyan. plural Name of the 3 sacrifices performed at the beginning of the 3 seasons of 4 months (viz. vaiśvadev/am-, varuṇa-praghās/āḥ-, sākam-edh/āḥ-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturthiprabhṛtimfn. (for thī-- p-) beginning with the fourth night, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cedind. ( ca id-) (never found at the beginning of a sentence or verse) equals ca-,"and" (c/ed-ca-,"as well as") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cedind. na ced- (gaRa di-,also separated by the verb[ ]or the verb preceded by na-placed at the end of the sentence[ ] , rarely cen na-in reversed order beginning the apodosis ) "if not" (equals no ced-forming a sentence by itself. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cedind. no ced- exceptionally equals na ced- (beginning a sentence) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chāttragaṇḍam. a bad scholar (knowing only the beginnings of verses) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chid cl.7. chin/atti-, chintte- (imperative n/attu-;2. sg. ndh/i-[ confer, compare ];2. dual number nt/am-; subjunctive 1. sg. n/adai-; Potential ndet- ; cl.9. 1. sg. chinnāmi- ; imperfect tense 2. sg. achinad-,or nas- ; perfect tense ciccheda-, cchide-; parasmE-pada cchidvas-, ; Aorist acchidat-or acchaitsīt-[ subjunctive ch- etc.] ;2. sg. chitsi- ;1. plural chedma- ; A1. acchitta-and 2. sg. tthās-[ subjunctive ch- ], on ; future chetsyati-, ; ind.p. chittvā- infinitive mood chettum-; Passive voice chidyate-; See /a-cchidyamāna-; Aorist /acchedi-and chedi- ) to cut off, amputate, cut through, hew, chop, split, pierce etc. ; to divide, separate from (ablative;exceptionally instrumental case ) ; to destroy, annihilate, efface, blot out etc. ; (in mathematics) to divide : Passive voice to be split or cut, break : Causal chedayati- (Aorist acicchidat-) to cut off. ; to cause to cut off or through : Desiderative See cicchitsu- : Intensive cecchidīti- (), dyate- ( Va1rtt. 2 ) ; future Ist ditā-, Va1rtt. 2 ; ([ confer, compare , etc.; Latin scindo; Gothic skeida.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chidmfn. destroying, annihilating, removing (see darpa--, duḥkha--, paṅka--, bhava--) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chidf. "annihilation of (in compound) " See bhava--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chiduramf(ā- )n. annihilating (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound')
cihaṇabeginning a gaṇa- of View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cikitsumfn. wise, cunning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citran. punning in the form of question and answer, facetious conversation, riddle, iv, 14/v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cūḍāf. (beginning a gaṇa- of : gaRa bhidādi-) the hair on the top of the head, single lock or tuft left on the crown of the head after tonsure (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound')
curādithe class of roots beginning with cur- on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daivādyantamfn. beginning and ending with a ceremony in honour of the gods (opp. to pitrādy-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dakṣiṇopakramamfn. beginning on the right, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
darpārambham. beginning of pride View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daśasanimfn. winning 10 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devapūrvakamind. beginning with the gods View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhakk cl.10 P. dhakkayati-, to destroy, annihilate View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhanan. the prize of a contest or the contest itself (literally a running match, race, or the thing raced for; hit/aṃ- dhānam-,a proposed prize or contest; dhanaṃ-ji-,to win the prize or the fight) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhanajitmfn. winning a prize or booty, victorious, wealth-acquiring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhanasanimfn. granting or winning wealth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhanutṛmfn. running, moving quickly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhanvan. equals dh/anvan- (; especially at the beginning and at the end of compound; see iṣu--, tisṛ--, priya--.;alsof(ā-).in dhanvābhis- varia lectio vībhis-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhanvinmfn. cunning, shrewd View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmatantran. sg. and plural the beginning and end of the law, summum jus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhāvakamfn. running View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhāvamānamfn. running, going quickly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhāvanan. running View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhāvatmf(ntī-)n. running, quick. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhāvinmfn. running, going quickly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhāvitamfn. running, having begun to run, kath-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhāvīyasmfn. (compound) running fast View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhūrtamfn. ( dhūrv-or dhvṛ-) cunning, crafty, fraudulent, subtle, mischievous View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhūrtajantum. "cunning creature", man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhūrtakamfn. cunning, crafty View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhūtim. shaking, moving to and fro, fanning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dinacchidrān. change of moon at the beginning or end of a half-day View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīrghasūtramfn. "spinning a long yarn", slow, dilatory, procrastinating etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīrghavālāf. "long-tailed", the bos grunniens View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
divāind. especially in beginning of compound View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
divādi(di-or d/i-?) m. beginning of day, morning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dravamfn. (fr.2. dru-) running (as a horse) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dravakamfn. running View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dravamāṇamfn. running, flowing, fluid, melted View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dravaṇan. running View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dravaramfn. running quickly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dravatmfn. running, swift etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dravitnumfn. running, quick View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
drumfn. running, going (see mita--, raghu--, śatā-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
drutavarāhakulan. a herd of running boars View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
drutayānan. swift going, running View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duradhyavasāyam. a bad or foolish beginning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duraḥprabhṛtimfn. beginning with the doors View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dūṣaṇamf(ī-)n. counteracting, sinning against (compound) (see arā-ti-d-, kula-d-, kṛtyā-d-, khara-d-, loka-d-, viṣa-d-, viṣkandha-d-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duṣṭamfn. sinning through or defiled with (see karma- mano--, yoni--, vāg--) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvaivarṣikamf(ī-)n. biennial, happening after 2 years (see ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvipravrājinīf. running after 2 men View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvitīyan. the half (at the beginning or end of a compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekaśarīrārambham. beginning of consanguinity (by union of father and mother) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
eṇajaṅgham. "deer-legged", Name of a running messenger View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
eṣamfn. gliding, running, hastening View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
etadādimfn. beginning with this, and so forth. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
etatprabhṛtimfn. beginning with this, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
evaind. indeed, truly, really (often at the beginning of a verse in conjunction with other particles, as id-, hi-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
evamādi mfn. beginning with such a one, of such qualities or kind, such View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
evamādyamfn. beginning with such a one, of such qualities or kind, such View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gambhīramfn. equals gabh- (only in the beginning of pāda-s, six times) etc. (in post-Vedic writings gambh-is more used than gabh-;the deepness of a man's navel, voice, and character are praised together ;hence a person who is said to have a deep navel, voice, and character is called trigambhīra tri-gambhīr/a- mf(ā-)n. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaṇḍim. the trunk of a tree from the root to the beginning of the branches View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
garbhādimfn. beginning with conception View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
garbhavicyutif. abortion in the beginning of pregnancy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gatasattvamfn. annihilated, lifeless, dead View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gatif. running wound or sore View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gatvaramf(ī-)n. beginning or undertaking (with dative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gavamf(ī-)n. in compound before a word beginning with a vowel ([ ]) and in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' ([ ; f(ī-). see guru-gav/ī-, brahma-gavī-, brāhmaṇa--, bhilla--, strī--]) for g/o-, a cow, cattle (see ṣaḍ-gav/a-, dvādaśa-gav/a-etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghanodayam. "approach of clouds", the beginning of the rainy season View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gharmāntam. the end of the hot season, beginning of the rainy season View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gharmāntakāmukīf. "desirous of the beginning of the rainy season", a kind of crane View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghoṣavadādimfn. beginning with a sonant, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
giripriyāf. "fond of mountains", the female of Bos grunniens View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gītagovindan. " govinda- (id est kṛṣṇa-) celebrated in song", Name of a lyrical drama by jayadeva- (probably written in the beginning of the twelfth century;it is a mystical erotic poem describing the loves of kṛṣṇa- and the gopī-s, especially of kṛṣṇa- and rādhā-, who is supposed to typify the human soul). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
graham. the beginning of any piece of music View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṛbhāyaNom. P. y/ati- (see vArttika;only imperative y/a-and y/ata-; see anu--, ā-saṃ--, ud--, prati--, saṃ--, sam-ā-grah-;fr. gṛbhāya-are to be derived the forms of grah-(q.v)beginning with gṛbhī-, grabhī-, gṛhī-, grahī-), to grasp, seize View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṛhītadiśmfn. running away, flying, escaped View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guptam. (also) the era named after the gupta- dynasty (beginning D. 319; hence the gupta- year 165 corresponds to D. 484-85; in later times the years are called valabhī-- saṃvat- from the rulers of valabhi-, and the era is spoken of as the Gupta-Valabhi era). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guptaśilamf(ā-)n. "of a hidden character", cunning (see śīla-g-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hālābhiyogam. application of a plough, the beginning of ploughing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hāvam. calling, alluring, dalliance, blandishment (collective Name of ten coquettish gestures of women, beginning with līlā- q.v), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haviṣpāntīyamfn. beginning with hav/iṣ-p/āntam- () (varia lectio haviṣyantīya-).
hayam. the Yak or Bos Grunniens
himāgamam. approach of cold, beginning of winter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hiraṇyavarṇīyamfn. beginning with hiraṇya-varṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hitamfn. going, running, speeding
hṛ cl.1 P. A1. () h/arati-, te- (once in harmi-,and once in Scholiast or Commentator on -jiharti-; perfect tense P. jahāra-, jah/artha-, jahruḥ-[ -jaharuḥ-?] etc.; A1. jahre- etc.; Aorist ahār-, ahṛthās- ; ahārṣīt- etc. etc.; 3. plural A1. ahṛṣata- ; preceding hriyāt-, hṛṣīṣṭa- grammar; future hartā- etc.; hariṣyati-, te- ; Conditional ahariṣyat- ; infinitive mood h/artum-, tos-, tave-, tav/ai- ; haritum- ; ind.p. hṛtvā-, -h/āram- etc.; -h/ṛtya- etc.), to take, bear, carry in or on (with instrumental case), carry, convey, fetch, bring etc. ; to offer, present (especially with balim-) etc. ; to take away, carry off, seize, deprive of, steal, rob ; to shoot or cut or hew off, sever (the head or a limb) etc. ; to remove, destroy, dispel, frustrate, annihilate ; to turn away, avert (the face) ; A1. (older and more correct than P.), to take to one's self, appropriate (in a legitimate way), come into possession of (accusative), receive (as an heir), raise (tribute), marry (a girl) etc. ; to master, overpower, subdue, conquer, win, win over (also by bribing) etc. ; to outdo, eclipse, surpass ; to enrapture, charm, fascinate etc. ; to withhold, withdraw, keep back, retain etc. ; to protract, delay (with kālam-,"to gain time") ; (in arithmetic) to divide : Passive voice hriy/ate- (Epic also ti-; Aorist ahāri-), to be taken or seized etc. etc. etc.: Causal hārayati-, te- (Aorist ajīharat-; Passive voice hāryate-), to cause to be taken or carried or conveyed or brought by (instrumental case or accusative; confer, compare ) or to (dative case) etc. ; to cause to be taken away, appropriate, seize, rob ; to have taken from one's self, be deprived of, lose (especially at play) ; (harayate-) See pra-hṛ- ; (hārāpayati-), to lose (at play) : Desiderative j/ihīrṣati-, te- (confer, compare jihīrṣā-, ṣu-), to wish to take to one's self or appropriate, covet, desire, long for etc. ; (with kālam-), to wish to gain time : Intensive jehrīyate-; jarharīti-, jarīharīti-, jarharti-, jarīharti- (confer, compare saṃ-hṛ-) grammar ([ confer, compare Greek .]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hṛdaṃsanimfn. (fr. accusative of prec. or of a masc. or fem. hṛd-) winning the heart of (genitive case) (others"giving heart to","encouraging","inspiring") . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hṛdayabandhanamfn. captivating or winning the heart View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hṛdayāvarjakamfn. winning the heart of any one View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hūrchanan. going crookedly, crookedness, cunning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
idind. indeed, assuredly (especially, in strengthening an antithesis, exempli gratia, 'for example' y/athā v/aśanti dev/ās t/ah/ed asat-,as the gods wish it, thus indeed it will be ; d/ipsanta /id rip/avo n/āha debhuḥ-,the enemies wishing indeed to hurt were in nowise able to hurt ). id- is often added to words expressing excess or exclusion (exempli gratia, 'for example' viśva it-,every one indeed; śaśvad it-,constantly indeed; eka it-,one only) . At the beginning of sentences it often adds emphasis to pronouns, prepositions, particles (exempli gratia, 'for example' tvam it-,thou indeed; yadi it-,if indeed, etc.) id- occurs often in the ṛg-- veda- and atharva-- veda-, seldom in the brāhmaṇa-s, and its place is taken in classical Sanskrit by eva- and other particles. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
idādika(idādika-) mfn. beginning now or with this moment. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
idam ay/am-, iy/am-, id/am- (fr. id- ; gaRa sarvādi- ;a kind of neut. of the pronominal base 3. i-with am-[ confer, compare Latin is,ea,id,andidem];the regular forms are partly derived from the pronominal base a-;See grammar 224;the veda- exhibits various irregular formations exempli gratia, 'for example' fr. pronominal base a-,an inst. en/ā-, ay/ā-[used in general adverbially], and genitive case locative case dual number ay/os-,and perhaps also av/os-,in [ ];fr. the base ima-,a genitive case singular im/asya-,only ;the has in a few instances the irregular accentuation /asmai-, ; /asya-, ; /ābhis-, : the forms derived fr. a-are used enclitically if they take the place of the third personal pronoun, do not stand at the beginning of a verse or period, and have no peculiar stress laid upon them) , this, this here, referring to something near the speaker View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
īmind. (fr. pronominal base 3. i-), Ved. a particle of affirmation and restriction (generally after short words at the beginning of a period, or after the relative pronouns, the conjunction yad-,prepositions and particles such as āt-, uta-, atha-,etc.) īm- has also the sense"now" (equals idānīm-), and is by sometimes considered as an accusative case for enam- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
īśopaniṣadf. Name of an upaniṣad- (so called from its beginning īśā-[ ];the only instance of an upaniṣad- included in a saṃhitā-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
itiprabhṛtimfn. thus beginning and so forth, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ityādimfn. having such (thing or things) at the beginning, thus beginning, and so forth, et caetera View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jaḍamfn. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' stunning, stupefying View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jaganmukha(j/ag-) mfn. (faced by id est) beginning with the jagatī- metre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jālakan. a net, woven texture, web (also figuratively,"a multitude", e. gaRa of tears running down the cheeks etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jalarāśim. "water-quantity", any running water View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jālavatmfn. cunning, deceptive View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jaṅghābalan. "strength of the shanks", running off, flight View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jaṅghākaramfn. "active with the shanks", running quickly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jaṅghālam. "running swiftly, runner", a class of animals (antelopes etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jaṅghilamfn. running swiftly, quick View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
janividm. knowing or winning women, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jarūthan. skinniness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
javitan. running View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jayamfn. ( ji-) in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' conquering, winning See ṛtaṃ--, kṛtaṃ--, dhanaṃ-jay/a-, puraṃ--, śalruṃ-- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jayam. ( ) conquest, victory, triumph, winning, being victorious (in battle or in playing with dice or in a lawsuit) (indriyāṇāṃj-victory over or restraint of the senses) and View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jiṣṇumfn. ( ji- ) victorious, triumphant, winning etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jiṣṇumfn. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') winning, conquering View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jitmfn. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' () winning, acquiring see go-- and svar-jit-, svarga-- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
juhotyādithe (3rd) class of roots beginning with hu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ka - and api- are not so common, but the latter is often found in classical Sanskrit (exempli gratia, 'for example' kaścid-,any one; kecid-,some; na kaścid-,no one; na kiṃcid api-,nothing whatsoever; yaḥ kaścid-,any one whatsoever; kecit-- kecit-,some - others; yasmin kasmin vā deśe-,in any country whatsoever; na ko 'pi-,no one; na kimapi-,nothing whatever) . ka- may sometimes be used, like 2. kad-, at the beginning of a compound. See ka-pūya-, etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kadind. at the beginning of a compound it may mark the uselessness, badness or defectiveness of anything, as in the following examples. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalacurisaṃvatsara(= cedi-- saṃvat-), a year of the kalacuri- (or cedi-) era (beginning on September 5, D. 348). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālayavanam. of a tyrannical asura- (the foe of kṛṣṇa-, destroyed by him by a stratagem) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaliṅgamfn. clever, cunning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalpam. a fabulous period of time (a day of brahmā- or one thousand yuga-s, a period of four thousand, three hundred and twenty millions of years of mortals, measuring the duration of the world;a month of brahmā- is supposed to contain thirty such kalpa-s.;according to the , twelve months of brahmā- constitute his year, and one hundred such years his lifetime;fifty years of brahmā-'s are supposed to have elapsed, and we are now in the śvetavārāha-kalpa-of the fifty-first;at the end of a kalpa- the world is annihilated;hence kalpa-is said to be equal to kalpānta-below ;with Buddhists the kalpa-s.are not of equal duration) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalpādim. the beginning of a kalpa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kamind. (sometimes, like kim-and kad-,at the beginning of compounds) marking the strange or unusual character of anything or expressing reproach
kāmagamfn. following one's impulses, indulging one's passions, running after men or women (of a woman equals kulaṭā- commentator or commentary) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāṃdiśmfn. (fr. kāṃ diśam-,"to which region shall I fly?") , put to flight, running away, flying (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāṃdiśīkamfn. running away View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāñcīyamakan. a kind of paronomasia or punning, exempli gratia, 'for example' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāṇḍopakaraṇan. the beginning of (the study of) a kāṇḍa-, ibidem or 'in the same place or book or text' as the preceding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kapaṭaprabandham. continued series of frauds, machination, cunning contrivance, fraud, plot, trick View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karahāṭakam. a series of six śloka-s with one sentence running through commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karkaśam. Cassia or Sennia Esculenta View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karmaghātam. annihilation or termination of work or activity (see -kṣaya-above.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karmakṣayam. annihilation or termination of all work or activity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karṇasaṃsrāvam. running of the ear, discharge of pus or ichorous matter from the ear View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kartanan. (2. kṛt-), the act of spinning cotton or thread View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāṣṭhāf. a place for running, race-ground, course (also the course, path or track of the wind and clouds in the atmosphere) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kathārambham. (kathāra-) beginning of a story or tale, story-telling
kathārambhakālam. story-beginning-time
kathodayam. the beginning of or introduction to a tale View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kathodghātam. the beginning of a tale View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kautomatam. the mantra- beginning with kautomatam- (?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kavimfn. (1. - see 2. kava-, /ākūta-, /ākūti-, kāvya- ) gifted with insight, intelligent, knowing, enlightened, wise, sensible, prudent, skilful, cunning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kavim. a cunning fighter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāyamānamfn. (pr. p. A1.3. -?) shunning, avoiding ,
keneṣitopaniṣadf. Name of an (beginning with the word keneṣitam-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
keśam. (plural) the tail (of the Bos grunniens) (varia lectio vāla-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kesaran. the tail of the Bos grunniens (used as a fan for driving away flies) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khaṇḍ cl.1 A1. ṇḍate-, to break, divide, destroy : cl.10 P. khaṇḍayati-, to break, tear, break into pieces, crush, cut, divide (Aorist acakhaṇḍat-) ; to destroy, remove, annihilate ; to defeat, conquer ; to refute ; to interrupt, disturb ; to disregard (an order) ; "to disappoint, deceive, cheat" See khaṇḍita-.
khaṇḍanamfn. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' breaking, dividing, reducing to pieces, destroying, annihilating, removing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khaṇḍinmfn. "annihilating, removing" View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khoṭif. a cunning or scheming woman (varia lectio khori-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kimis much used as a particle of interrogation like the Latin num, an, sometimes translatable by"whether?"but oftener serving only like a note of interrogation to mark a question (exempli gratia, 'for example' kiṃ vyādhā vane 'smin saṃcaranti-,"do hunters roam about in this wood?"In an interrogation the verb, if uncompounded with a preposition, generally retains its accent after kim- ) . To this sense may be referred the kim- expressing inferiority, deficiency, etc. at the beginning of compounds (exempli gratia, 'for example' kiṃ-rājan-,what sort of king? id est a bad king ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kledam. running, discharge (from a sore) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
klinnamfn. running (as an eye) Va1rtt. 2 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
klinnanetramfn. having running eyes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛśaśākham. "small-twigged", Hedyotis Burmanniana View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇosyākhareṣṭhakamfn. (an adhyāya- or anuvāka-) beginning with the words k/ṛṣṇo 'sy ākhare-ṣṭh/aḥ-. ( ) gaRa goṣad-ādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtan. Name of the die or of the side of a die marked with four points or dots (this is the lucky or winning die) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtnu according to to some also,"winning the prize, victorious". View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtrimatāf. shrewdness, cunningness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kryādim. plural the roots beginning with krī- id est those of the ninth class. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣayaṇamfn. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' "destroying, annihilating, driving away, dispersing" See arāya--, asura--, piśāca--, bhrātṛvya--, yātudhāna--, sadānvā-- and sapatna-kṣ/ayaṇa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣāyikamfn. resulting from the (kṣayopa-śama-or) annihilation of the desire of being active () . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣayitatāf. the being destroyed or annihilated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣayopaśamam. complete annihilation of the desire of being active () . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣetrajñamfn. cunning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣīṇakarmanm. "one whose desire of being active is completely annihilated", a jina-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣīravahamf(ā-)n. running with milk (as a river)
kṣudrāpāmārgam. Desmochaeta atropurpurea (= raktāp-,a biennial plant) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣudrāpāmārgakam. Desmochaeta atropurpurea (= raktāp-,a biennial plant) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣuttṛḍudbhavamfn. beginning to feel hungry and thirsty View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuṭilamf(ā-)n. bent, crooked, curved, round, running in curved lines, crisped, curled etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
laghumūlamfn. having a small root or beginning, small in the beginning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lagnam. (also with śubha-, śobhana-, anukūla-etc.) an auspicious moment or time fixed upon as lucky for beginning to perform anything
lagnadivasam. an auspicious day (fixed upon as favourable for beginning any undertaking) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakṣmaṇasenam. a king of the sena- dynasty of Eastern India (founder of an era, beginning on October 7, D. 1119) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lokādim. the beginning. of the world id est the creator of the world View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lokajitmfn. winning or conquering any region View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lokajitmfn. winning Heaven (lokajit/aṃ- svarg/am- equals svarga-loka-jitam-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cl.9 P. A1. () lun/āti-, lunīte- (Ved. also lunoti- perfect tense lulāva- ;2. sg. lulavitha- ;2. plural luluvidhve-or viḍhve- ; Aorist alāvīt-, alaviṣṭa- grammar; future lavitā-, laviṣyati-, te- ; infinitive mood lavitum- ; ind.p. lūtvā- ; -lāvam- ), to cut, sever, divide, pluck, reap, gather etc. ; to cut off, destroy, annihilate : Passive voice lūyate- (Aorist alāvi-), to be cut grammar : Causal lāvayati- (Aorist alīlavat-, vata-), to cause to cut grammar : Desiderative of Causal lilāvayiṣati- : Desiderative lulūṣati-, te- : Intensive lauluyate-, loloti- : Desiderative of Intensive lolūyiṣate- (ind.p. yam-) [ confer, compare Greek ; Latin so-luo,solvo;Gothfra-liusan; German vir-lisosan,ver-lieren; Anglo-Saxon for-leo4san; English lose.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lūnamfn. destroyed, annihilated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lūnaduṣkṛtamfn. one who has destroyed or annihilated his sins
luptamfn. suppressed, lost, destroyed, annihilated, disappeared etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhuvātīyamf(ā-)n. beginning with the words m/adhu-vātāḥ- ()
māgadham. Name of a mixed caste etc. etc. (accord to the son of a kṣatriya- mother and a vaiśya- father;he is the professional bard or panegyrist of a king, often associated with suta-and bandin- etc.; according to to others one who informs a rāja- of what occurs in bazaars;also an unmarried woman's son who lives by running messages or who cleans wells or dirty clothes etc.;also opprobrious Name of a tribe still numerous in Gujarat, and called the Bhats ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahānāmnīf. plural (scilicet ṛcas-), Name of 9 verses of the sāma-- veda- beginning with the words vidā maghavan- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāpralayam. the total annihilation of the universe at the end of a kalpa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāśabdam. any official title beginning with the word mahā- (5 such titles are enumerated) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
māhendramf(ī-)n. eastern, running or flowing eastward View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
māhitran. (scilicet kta-) Name of the hymn (beginning with the words mahi tṝṇām-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
māhīyatvamfn. beginning with the word mahīya-tva- (gaRa vimuktādi- māhīyala-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
makārādisahasranāmann. Name of chapter of the rudra-yāmala- (containing 1000 names of rāma- beginning with m-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
makarasaṃkrāntif. Name of a festival (which marks the beginning of the sun's northern course) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
makhamukhamfn. beginning a sacrifice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mānastokīyan. the hymn beginning with mā nas toke- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mānastokīyaa particular text (beginning with - nas- toke-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mandākṣan. bashfulness, excessive connivance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṅgalakaraṇan. "luck-causing", the act of reciting a prayer for success before the beginning of any enterprise View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṅgalārambhamfn. causing an auspicious beginning (said of gaṇeśa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manthyagramfn. beginning with mixed soma- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mānuṣādatvan. cannibalism View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manvādi Name (also title or epithet) of particular tithi-s (which are anniversaries of the 14 Manus), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maryādādhāvanan. running towards a mark View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
māsādi(in the beginning of a compound) the beginning of a month View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
māsapraveśam. the beginning of a month View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mauryam. plural Name of a dynasty beginning with candra-gupta- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
māyāvatmfn. (māy/ā-.) having magical powers, employing deceit, sly, cunning (-tara- ;more correctly māy/a-vattara- )
māyinmfn. artful, skilled in art or enchantment, cunning, deceptive, illusory ( māyitā yi-- f.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cl.9 P. A1. () mīnāti-, mīnīte- (Ved. also min/āti-and minoti-; m/īyate-or mīy/ate-[ ]; mimītas-, mimīyāt-[?]; perfect tense mimāya- ; mīmaya- ; mamau-, mimye- grammar; Aorist amāsīt-, amāsta- grammar; meṣṭa- ; Aorist Passive voice /amāyi- ; preceding mīyāt-, māsīṣṭa- grammar; future mātā-, māsyati-, te- grammar; meṣyate- ; infinitive mood -m/iyam-, -miye- ; m/etos- ; ind.p. mītvā-, -mīya-, māya- grammar), to lessen, diminish, destroy (A. and Passive voice to perish, disappear, die) ; to lose one's way, go astray ; to transgress, violate, frustrate, change, alter : Causal māpayati- Aorist amīmapat-. See pra-- ; Desiderative mitsati-, te- grammar : Intensive memīyate-, memayīti-, memeti- [ confer, compare Greek ; Latin minuere; Slavonic or Slavonian mi8nij; German minniro,minre,minder; Anglo-Saxon min.]
mitadrumfn. (mit/a-) strong-legged, running well View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitrayumfn. winning or acquiring friends, attractive View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mlātamfn. (leather etc.) made soft by tanning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛdupūrvamf(ā-)n. "beginning softly", gentle, tender (as a speech) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛgākhyamf(ā-)n. named after a deer (yā vīthī-,a portion of the moon's course which comprises 3 constellations beginning with ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mukhan. introduction, commencement, beginning (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' = beginning with;also -mukhādi- see the use of ādi-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mukhyamf(ā-)n. being at the head or at the beginning, first, principal, chief, eminent (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' = the first or best or chief among, rarely equals mukha-or ādi- q.v) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūlan. basis, foundation, cause, origin, commencement, beginning (mūlād ārabhya-or ā- mūlāt-,from the beginning; mūlāt-,from the bottom, thoroughly; mūlaṃ- kramataś ca-,right through from beginning ) etc. (in the beginning of a compound =chief principal see below; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' = rooted in, based upon, derived from) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūlasthāyinmfn. existing from the beginning (said of śiva-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūlatasind. from the beginning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūrdhanm. () the forehead, head in general, skull, (figuratively) the highest or first part of anything, top, point, summit, front (of battle), commencement, beginning, first, chief (applied to persons) etc., etc., (mūrdhni-with vṛt-etc., to be above everything, prevail;with dhṛ-,or ā-- equals mūrdhnā-1. kṛ-,to place on the head, hold in high honour) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
muṣitamfn. removed, destroyed, annihilated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
muṣṭikāntakam. "annihilator of muṣṭika-", Name of bala-deva- (the brother of kṛṣṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nathe dental nasal (found at the beginning of words and before or after dental consonants as well as between vowels;subject to conversion into ṇa- ). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nadam. Name of (beginning with nadam-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāgaramf(ī-)n. clever, dexterous, cunning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāgarakamf(ikā-)n. clever, cunning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāgarikamfn. clever, cunning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāmaind. api n- at the beginning of a sentence = perhaps, I dare say, exempli gratia, 'for example' apy eṣa nāma phalam icchati-, this man wants perhaps a reward View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nānāprabhṛti(n/ānā--) mfn. beginning differently
narabhujmfn. man-eating, cannibal View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
narmasphañja () m. (dramatic language) the first meeting of lovers beginning with joy but ending in alarm. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
narmasphiñja()m. (dramatic language) the first meeting of lovers beginning with joy but ending in alarm. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
narmasphūrja( ) m. (dramatic language) the first meeting of lovers beginning with joy but ending in alarm. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāśam. (2. naś-) the being lost, loss, disappearance, destruction, annihilation, ruin, death etc. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' destroying, annihilating see karma-nāśā-, graha-nāta-, duḥ-svapna.n-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāśakamf(ikā-)n. destroying, annihilating, removing (with genitive case or compound) (see ku-n-, kṛta-n-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāsāpaisrāvam. "nose-flow", running at the nose View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāsikāchinnīf. () equals nāsā-chinnī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
natamaṃhasthe beginning of (see ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
netrābhiṣyandam. running of the eye View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nibarhaṇan. destruction, annihilation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nidhanan. conclusion, end, death, destruction, loss, annihilation etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirasP. A1. -asyati-, te-, (infinitive mood asitum- ; Aorist -āsthat- ) . to cast out, throw or drive away, expel, remove, banish from (ablative) etc. ; to ward off, keep away etc. ; to strip off (also A1.) Va1rtt. 3 ; to stretch out (hastau-,also A1.) ; to reject, refuse, decline (as a suitor, an offer, etc.) ; to destroy, annihilate View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirmūlayaNom. P. yati-, to uproot, eradicate, annihilate View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirnāṇakamfn. coinless, penniless View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirodham. (with ) suppression or annihilation of pain (one of the 4 principles) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirvāṇan. (with Buddhists and jaina-s) absolute extinction or annihilation (= śūnya- ) of individual existence or of all desires and passions View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirvāpaṇan. extinguishing, extinction, annihilation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niśādi(śādi-) m. "beginning of night", twilight View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niśāgama(śāg-) m. the beginning of night View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niśāmukhan. the face or the beginning of night View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niṣpatiṣṇumfn. rushing or running or hastening out View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niṣpavaṇan. winnowing, fanning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niyamP. -yacchati-, to stop (trans.), hold back, detain with (locative case) ; (A1.) to stop (intrans.), stay, remain ; to keep back, refuse ; (A1.) to fail, be wanting ; to fasten, tie to (locative case), bind up (hair etc.) etc. ; to hold over, extend (śarma-) ; to hold downwards (the hand) ; to bring near, procure, bestow, grant, offer, present (rain, gifts etc.) etc. ; to hold in, keep down, restrain, control, govern, regulate (as breath, the voice, the organs of sense etc.) etc. ; to suppress or conceal (one's nature) ; to destroy, annihilate (opp. to sṛj-) ; to restrict (food etc.; see below) ; to fix upon, settle, determine, establish on ; (in gram.) to lower, pronounce low id est with the anudātta- : Causal -yamayati-, to restrain, curb, check, suppress, restrict
nuind. (in also n/ū-; especially at the beginning of a verse, where often equals n/u-+ u-), now, still, just, at once View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
omind. ( av- ;originally oṃ- equals āṃ-,which may be derived from ā- ), a word of solemn affirmation and respectful assent, sometimes translated by "yes, verily, so be it"(and in this sense compared with Amen;it is placed at the commencement of most Hindu works, and as a sacred exclamation may be uttered [but not so as to be heard by ears profane] at the beginning and end of a reading of the veda-s or previously to any prayer;it is also regarded as a particle of auspicious salutation [Hail!]; om-appears first in the upaniṣad-s as a mystic monosyllable, and is there set forth as the object of profound religious meditation, the highest spiritual efficacy being attributed not only to the whole word but also to the three sounds a-, u-, m-,of which it consists;in later times om-is the mystic name for the Hindu triad, and represents the union of the three gods, viz. a (viṣṇu-), u-(śiva-), m-(brahmā-);it may also be typical of the three veda-s; om-is usually called praṇava-,more rarely akṣara-,or ekākṣara-,and only in later times oṃkāra-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
oṃkāram. a beginning, prosperous or auspicious beginning of (exempli gratia, 'for example' a science) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
padādim. the beginning of a verse or of a word View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pādādi(in the beginning of a compound), the beginning of a verse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pādādimadhyayamakan. paronomasia at the beginning and in the middle of a verse (as ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pādādiyamakan. paronomasia at the beginning of a verse () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pādādyantayamakan. paronomasia at the beginning and end of a verse () . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
padādyavidm. (or dya-vid-) a bad student (literally who does not know or who knows only the beginning of verses or words) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
padvatmfn. having feet, running View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paṇḍ (prob. invented to serve as the root of the words below) cl.1 A1. paṇḍate-, to go, move ; cl.10 P. paṇḍayati-, to heap together, pile up (varia lectio for piṇḍ-), ; cl.1. or cl.10. P. paṇḍati-, ḍayati-, to destroy, annihilate, (varia lectio for paṃs-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāṅktakākubhamf(ī-)n. (fr. paṅkti-kakubh-) beginning with the paṅkti- and ending with the kakubh- metre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paradrohinmfn. tyrannizing over another View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parāṅmukhamf(ī-)n. averse from, hostile to, regardless of, shunning, avoiding (locative case; genitive case; accusative with prati-,or compound) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pariind. against, opposite to, in the direction of, towards, to (see ;also at the beginning of a compound mfn.; see Va1rtt. 4 and pary-adhyayana-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pariind. outside of, except (often repeated ;also at the beginning or the end of an ind. compound ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paricarāf. Name of particular verses which may be put at the beginning or middle or end of a hymn View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paridhāvanan. the running away from, escaping View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paridhāvinm. "running round", Name of the 46th (or 20th) of the 60 years ' cycle of Jupiter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parigraham. undertaking, beginning, commission or performance of, occupation with View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parihāram. shunning, avoiding, excluding, abandoning, giving up, resigning etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parīhāram. avoiding, shunning, caution View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pariharaṇan. avoiding, shunning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parihārinmfn. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') avoiding, shunning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parihṛtif. shunning, avoiding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parijmanmfn. ( gam-) running or walking or driving round, surrounding, being everywhere, omnipresent (said of the sun, of the clouds, of several gods etc.) (as locative case or ind.all around, everywhere ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parijrimfn. ( jri-) running round, spreading everywhere View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parikramasaham. "one who bears running about", a goat View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parilekhanam. a sacred text beginning with parilikhitam- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pariplavamfn. running about, unsteady, restless View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parisaraṇan. running or moving about View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parisārinmfn. wandering or running about View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parisarpaṇan. running to and fro, going or flying about, constantly changing one's place View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pariṣkandam. (or skanda-) () a servant (especially one running by the side of a carriage) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paritakanan. ( tak-) running round or about View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parītoyonimfn. a sāman- (having the verse (beginning with pari- to-) for its yoni-, (Scholiast or Commentator) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parivarjakamfn. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') shunning, avoiding, giving up View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parivṛtA1. -vartate- (Epic also ti-; ind.p. -vṛtya-,or parī-vartam-), to turn round, revolve, move in a circle or to and fro, roll or wheel or wander about, circumambulate (accusative) etc. ; (with hṛdi-or hṛdaye-) to run in a person's mind ; to return, go or come back to (accusative) ; to be reborn in (locative case) ; (also with anyathā-) to change, turn out different ; to abide, stay, remain etc. ; to act, proceed, behave : Causal -vartayati-, to cause to turn or move round or back or to and fro etc. ; (A1.) to roll or bring near (subjunctive -vartayāte-) ; to overthrow, upset (a carriage) ; to invert, put in a reverse order (read -vartya-for -vṛtya-) ; to change, barter, exchange etc. ; to renew (an agreement) ; to understand or explain wrongly (words etc.) ; to turn topsy-turvy id est search thoroughly ; to destroy, annihilate ; to straiten, contract ; (A1.) to cause one's self to be turned round (in having one's head shaved all round) (see -vartana-): Intensive -v/avartti-, to turn (intrans.) continually View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parpaṭam. a species of medicinal plant (Hedyotis Burmanniana or Mollugo Pentaphylla ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paruBos Grunniens, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryavapannamfn. ( pad-) broken down, destroyed, annihilated, frustrated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paṭaham. beginning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāṭavikamf(ī-)n. clever, cunning, fraudulent, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paṭīramārutam. wind that comes from sandal trees or is produced by fanning with a kind of sieve View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pātraṭīram. mucus running from the nose View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paṭumf(u-,or -)n. smart, clever, skilful, crafty, cunning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pauruṣādamfn. relating or peculiar to man-eaters or cannibals View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalāgran. "fruit-beginning", fruit-time,
pinvantyapīyāf. (sc. ṛc-) Name of (beginning pinvaty apo-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pipīlikāmadhyamfn. Name of a kind of fast (beginning on the day of full moon with 15 mouthfuls, decreasing by one daily until the day of new moon, and after that increasing by one daily until the next day of full moon) on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pipīlikāparisarpaṇan. the running about of ants View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pitrādyantamfn. beginning and ending with (a rite to) the pitṛ-s (as a śrāddha-), . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prabhṛtif. beginning, commencement etc. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' ="commencing with"or"et caetera" exempli gratia, 'for example' munayaḥ somaśravaḥ-prabhṛtayaḥ-,"the muni-s beginning with somaśravaḥ-" id est"the muni-s, somaśravaḥ- etc.";in this sense also tika-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prabhṛtiind. (after an ablative adverb or in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') beginning with, from--forward or upward, since (exempli gratia, 'for example' bālyāt prabhṛti-,"from boyhood upwards"; janma-pr-,"from birth"; adya pr-,"beginning from to-day, henceforth"; tataḥ-or tadā pr-,"thenceforth"etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pracaraṇan. proceeding with, beginning, undertaking View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prācyodañcmf(īcī-)n. running from east to north View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pradāham. destruction, annihilation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pradhvaṃsam. utter destruction, annihilation, perishing, disappearance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pradhvaṃsābhāvam. non-existence in consequence of annihilation, ceasing to exist View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pradhvaṃsanamfn. destroying, annihilating View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pradhvaṃsinmfn. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') destroying, annihilating View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pradhvaṃsitamfn. (fr. Causal) destroyed, annihilated, dispelled View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pradrāvam. running away, flight () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pradyutitamfn. beginning to shine, illuminated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pragaditamfn. ( gad-) spoken, speaking, beginning to speak View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pragāyinmfn. beginning to sing, singing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāgdvāramfn. Name of the 7 lunar mansions beginning with kṛttikā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pragraham. the seizure of the sun or moon, beginning of an eclipse (see graha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praiṣapratīkayājyāf. a yājyā- beginning with a praiṣa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prajavanamfn. running very quickly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakīrṇakam. a chowrie (the tail of the Bos Grunniens used as a fan or fly-flap and as an ornament for horses) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prākpaścimāyatamf(ā-)n. running from east to west View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakramam. commencement, beginning, procedure, course View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakramaviruddhamfn. stopped in the beginning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakrāntatvan. commencement, beginning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pralayam. dissolution, reabsorption, destruction, annihilation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pralayatāf. dissolution (-tāṃ-gam-,to perish, be annihilated) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pralīnatāf. dissolution, destruction, annihilation, the end of the universe View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pralīnatvan. dissolution, destruction, annihilation, the end of the universe View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pralopam. destruction, annihilation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pramaṃhiṣṭhīyan. Name of the hymn (beginning with pr/a m/aṃhiṣṭhāya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pramīP. -mināti- (-mīṇāti- ; -miṇoti- ;Ved. infinitive mood -m/iyam-, -m/iye-and -metos- see below) , to frustrate, annul, destroy, annihilate ; to change, alter ; to neglect, transgress, infringe ; to miss, lose (one's way or time), forget ; to cause to disappear, put out of sight ; to leave behind, outstrip, surmount, surpass : (A1.or Passive voice -mīyate- Aorist subjunctive -meṣṭhāḥ-) to come to naught, perish, die etc. etc.: Causal -māpayati-, to destroy, annihilate, kill, slay etc. ; to cause to kill View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pramiyamiye(Ved. infinitive mood), to frustrate, annihilate View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pramucyamānahomam. plural Name of particular oblations accompanied with prayers beginning with pramucyamānaḥ- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praṇāśanan. destruction, annihilation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pranaṣṭamfn. (wrongly written pra-ṇaṣṭa- ) lost, disappeared, vanished, ceased, gone, perished, destroyed, annihilated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāñcmfn. running from west to east, taken lengthwise View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praṇinīṣeṇyamfn. (fr. Desiderative) forming the entrance or beginning (as a day) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prapalāyanan. running away, flight, rout View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prapalāyinmfn. running away, flying, a fugitive View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prapañcabuddhimfn. having a cunning mind, artful View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prārabdhif. beginning, commencement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prārambham. commencement, beginning, undertaking, enterprise
prārambhaṇan. beginning, commencing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasaraṇan. going forth, running away, escaping View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasekam. running or watering of the mouth or nose, vomiting, nausea View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prastāvam. beginning, commencement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prastāvanāf. introduction, commencement, beginning, preface, exordium View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prastuP. -stauti- (in also A1. -stavate-,with act. and pass. sense, and 1. sg. -stuṣe-), to praise before (anything else) or aloud etc. ; to sing, chant (in general, especially said of the prastotṛ-) ; to come to speak of introduce as a topic ; to undertake, commence, begin ; to place at the head or at the beginning : Causal -stāvayati-, to introduce as a topic, suggest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prastutan. beginning, undertaking View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praśukrīyamfn. beginning with pra śukrā- (said of ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasvāram. the prolated syllable Om (repeated by a religious teacher at the beginning of a lesson) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prātarjitmfn. winning, or conquering early View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prathamādeśam. placing (a word) at the beginning of a sentence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prathamarātram. the beginning of night View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratihāram. Name of particular syllables in the sāman- hymns (with which the pratihartṛ- begins to join in singing, generally at the beginning of the last pada- of a stanza;also pratī-h- ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiharaṇan. avoiding, shunning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratilomāf. a particular incantation (to be recited from the end to the beginning) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratipadf. beginning, commencement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratipādanan. beginning, commencement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratipattif. beginning, action, procedure in or with (locative case genitive case or compound) etc. (tatra kā pratipattiḥ syāt-,what is to be done there? ; kā tasya pratipattiḥ-.what is to be done with it? ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃhṛP. A1. -harati-, te-, to draw together, contract (with ātmānam-,"one's self" id est to shrink, return to its usual bed, said of the sea) ; to draw or keep back, withdraw (as a weapon, the eye etc.) ; to take away, put off ; to absorb, annihilate, destroy ; to check, stop, repress etc. ; to change : Causal -hārayati-, to retract View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃkhyānirodham. (with ) the conscious annihilation of an object (?) (see a-prati-nirodha-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyārambham. ( rabh-) beginning again, recommencement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyavakarśanamfn. ( kṛś-) bringing down, baffling, annihilating View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravāhamf. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) a stream, river, current, running water ( pravāhemūtrita he-mūtrita- n."making water in a river", doing a useless action ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravaram. an invocation of agni- at the beginning of a sacrifice, a series of ancestors (so called because agni- is invited to bear the oblations to the gods as he did for the sacrificer's progenitors, the names of the 4 10 5 most nearly connected with the ancient ṛṣi-s being then added) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravarṣaṇan. beginning to rain, raining, causing to rain (Scholiast or Commentator"first rain") . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravidrutamfn. ( dru-) running or flowing asunder, scattered, dispersed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravilāpana n. (fr. Causal) complete absorption or annihilation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravilāpayitavya mfn. to be completely annihilated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravilāpitatvan. (fr. Causal) complete absorption or annihilation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravilāpyamfn. to be completely annihilated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praviśamCaus. -śāmayati- to extinguish, destroy, annihilate (?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravrājinmfn. running after (See dvi-pravrājinī-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāvṛṣīṇamfn. (day) beginning the rainy season View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayāṇan. onset, beginning, commencement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāyaṇan. entrance, beginning, commencement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāyaṇatasind. in the beginning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāyaṇīyamfn. relating to the entrance or beginning, introductory View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayogam. undertaking, beginning, commencement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayutamfn. destroyed, annihilated
pretaśrāddhan. the obsequial ceremonies performed for a relative at death and every month for a year and at every anniversary after death. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pronmāthinmfn. destroying, annihilating View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṃścalīf. "running after men", a harlot, courtezan etc. ( puṃścalīcala -cala- m.a fornicator ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
punaḥsaramf(-)n. running back View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
punarādimfn. beginning afresh, repeated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
punarupākaraṇan. repeated beginning of study View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
punaścaramfn. running back, returning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
purāind. at first, in the beginning (opp. to paścā-, paścāt- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
purastādagniṣṭomamfn. beginning with an agni-ṣṭoma- (sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
purastādudarkamfn. beginning with the refrain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
purastāllakṣaṇa(r/ast-) mf(ā-)n. having one's characteristic in front or at the beginning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
purastāllakṣman(r/ast-) mfn. marked in front or at the beginning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
purastātind. before, forward, in or from the front, in the first place, in the beginning etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrṇavaināśikamfn. maintaining the doctrine of absolute annihilation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrṇikāf. a species of bird described as having a double or cleft beak (also called nāsā-chinnī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puruṣādam. a cannibal, a rakṣas- ( puruṣādatva -tva- n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puruṣādam. (plural) Name of a race of cannibals in the east of madhya-deśa-
pūruṣādam. Name of a tribe of cannibals View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puruṣādakamfn. (plural) Name of certain cannibals View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrvādimfn. beginning with the word pūrva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrvāditasind. beginning from the east View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrvādyamfn. beginning with the east View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrvāparāyatamf(ā-)n. running from east to west View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrvapaścāyatamfn. spreading or running from the east to the west View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrvopakramamf(ā-)n. beginning from the east View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ind. a particle used at the beginning of a sentence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
radh or randh- cl.4 P. () r/adhyati- (perfect tense rarandha-,1. plural rarandhima-or redhma- grammar;3. plural rāradh/uḥ- ; Aorist aradhat- ; subjunctive randhīs- imperative randhi-for randdhi- ; future radhitā-, raddhā- grammar; radhiṣyati-, ratsyati- ; infinitive mood radhitum- ), to become subject to (dative case), be subdued or overthrown, succumb ; to be completed or matured (see rādh-) ; to bring into subjection, subdue ; to deliver into the hand of (dative case) ; to hurt, torment : Causal randh/ayati- (Ved. also te-; Aorist rīradhat- ; ararandhat- grammar), to make subject, deliver over to (dative case) ; to torment, afflict ; to destroy, annihilate ; to cook, prepare (food) : Desiderative riradhiṣati-, riratsati- grammar : Intensive rāradhyate-, rāraddhi- grammar (in rārandh/i-for rāranddh/i-,and rāranta-for rārantta-) to hand over to, deliver. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raghudrumfn. running like a race-horse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāhum. an eclipse or (rather) the moment of the beginning of an occultation or obscuration View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājagavīf. Bos Grunniens View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rajanīmukhan. "night-beginning", the evening View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāmalīlāf. Name of the dramatic representation of sitā-'s abduction by rāvaṇa- and her recovery by rāma-candra- (performed at the annual festival which takes place in Northern India in the beginning of October and corresponds to the durgā-pūjā- of Bengal) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raṃhif. running, flowing, hastening, speed, velocity, eagerness, impetuosity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raṃhif. a running horse, courser View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratārambhāvasānikamfn. relating to the beginning and end of sexual enjoyment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rathajitmfn. (for 1.See under 1. ratha-) winning affection, charming, lovely View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rathasaptamīf. Name of the 7th day in the light half of the month āśvina- (so called as the beginning of a manv-antara- when a new Sun ascended his car)
rātrif(i-or ī-). or (older) r/ātrī- (prob."bestower" , fr. -;or"season of rest", fr. ram-) night, the darkness or stillness of night (often personified) etc. ( rātrau trau- ind.or rātryām tryām- ind.at night, by night; rātrau śayanam-,a festival on the 11th day of the first half of the month āṣāḍha-, regarded as the night of the gods, beginning with the summer solstice, when viṣṇu- reposes for four months on the serpent śeṣa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raudhādikamf(ī-)n. (fr. rudh-ādi-) belonging to the class of roots beginning with rudh- (id est the 7th class) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāyam. (at the beginning or end of a proper N. used as a title of honour equals rājan-,of which it is a corruption) a king, prince View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
revatīf. Name of the verse (beginning with revatī-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛgmamfn. having the beginning of a ṛc-, beginning like a ṛc- ([ ]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ritmfn. ( ri-, -) running, flowing ( equals gantṛ-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛṣimukhan. the beginning of a ṛṣi- or hymn. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛteind. (according to locative case case of the past participle of -) under pain of, with the exclusion of, excepting, besides, without, unless (with ablative or accusative or a sentence beginning with yatas-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛtumukhan. beginning or first day of a season View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛtuyājinmfn. sacrificing at the beginning of every season View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudramfn. (prob.) crying, howling, roaring, dreadful, terrific, terrible, horrible (applied to the aśvin-s, agni-, indra-, mitra-, varuṇa-, and the sp/aśaḥ-) (according to to others"red, shining, glittering", fr. a rud-or rudh-connected with rudhira-;others"strong, having or bestowing strength or power", fr. a rud- equals vṛd-, vṛdh-;native authorities give also the following meanings,"driving away evil";"running about and roaring", fr. ru-+ dra-= dru-2;"praiseworthy, to be praised";"a praiser, worshipper"equals stotṛ- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śabdādim. (scilicet viṣaya- q.v) the objects of sense beginning with sound View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śabdārthārambhaṇamfn. beginning with the meaning or force of oral tradition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śabhedam. Name of a treatise on the proper spelling of words beginning with ś-, -, or s. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣaḍgayāf. the six things beginning with gayā- or ga- (and bestowing final emancipation) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sādimfn. having a beginning ( sāditva -tva- n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sādyantamfn. having beginning and end, complete, entire ( sādyantam am- ind.,"from beginning to end") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahajamf(ā-)n. always the same as from the beginning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahapūrvāhṇamind. simultaneously with the beginning of forenoon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahārambhamfn. beginning together View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahasrañitmfn. conquering or winning a thousand View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śakam. plural Name of a particular white-skinned tribe or race of people (in the legends which relate the contests between vasiṣṭha- and viśvāmitra- the śaka-s are fabled to have been produced by the Cow of vasiṣṭha-, from her sweat, for the destruction of viśvāmitra-'s army; in , they are mentioned together with the pauṇḍraka-s, oḍra-s, draviḍa-s, kāmboja-s, javana-s or yavana-s, pārada-s, pahlava-s, cīna-s, kirāta-s, darada-s, and khaśa-s, described by as degraded tribes of kṣatriya-s called after the districts in which they reside: according to the ,king sagara- attempted to rid his kingdom of these tribes, but did not succeed in destroying them all : they are sometimes regarded as the followers of śaka- or śāli-vāhana-, and are probably to be identified with the Tartars or Indo-Scythians [ Latin saca-]who overran India before the Aryans, and were conquered by the great vikramāditya- [q.v.]; they really seem to have been dominant in the north-west of India in the last century before and the first two centuries after the beginning of our era) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śakakālam. the śaka- era (beginning A.D.78, and founded by king śāli-vāhana-; anexpiredyear of the śaka- era is converted into the corresponding year A.D. by adding to it 78-79; exempli gratia, 'for example' 654expired= A.D. 732-733) () . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sakhividmfn. winning friends View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samabhidrutamfn. running towards or against, rushing upon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samādānan. beginning, undertaking View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samāhṛP. A1. -harati-, te- (ind.p. -h/ṛtya- q.v), to bring together, collect, assemble, contract, combine, unite etc. ; to bring back, restore to its place (locative case) ; to draw back, withdraw ; to ravish, enrapture ; to take off, put aside ; to crush together, destroy, annihilate ; to Perform, offer (a sacrifice) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samākṣipP. A1. -kṣipati-, te-, to throw together, heap or pile up ; to thrust or throw away, hurl ; to move violently, toss about (lips, arms etc.) ; to send forth, utter (words) ; to drive away, expel ; to throw down from, tear off ; to take away, withdraw ; to destroy, annihilate ; to insult, mock, ridicule ; to hint at, suggest, indicate View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāmann. (m.only in ;prob. connected with sāntv-; according to to some fr.1. -; see 3. sāman-) calming, tranquillizing, (especially) kind or gentle words for winning an adversary, conciliation, negotiation (one of the 4 upāya-s or means of success against an enemy, the other 3 being dāna-, bheda-,and daṇḍa-, qq.vv.; in the beginning of a compound or instrumental case sg. and plural,"by friendly means or in a friendly way, willingly, voluntarily") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samānaprabhṛti(n/a--) mfn. beginning equally View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samārabhA1. -rabhate- (rarely P. ti-), to take in hand, undertake, begin, commence (with accusative or infinitive mood; ind.p. -rabhya-with accusative ="beginning from") etc. ; to try to get near to or propitiate View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samārādhanan. a means of propitiating or winning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samārambham. beginning, commencement, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāmātsāmyan. (fr. samāt-sama-) a series or succession of equal or similar beginnings and terminations View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samāvarjanan. attracting, winning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śambhucandram. Name of a Zamindar (who wrote the vikrama-bhārata- in the beginning of this century) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃdhanajitmfn. (equals dhanasaṃ-jit-) winning booty together, accumulating booty by conquest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃdrāvam. running together, a place where people run together on Va1rtt. 5 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāṃdrāviṇan. (fr. saṃ-drāvin-) running together from all sides View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃgraham. attracting, winning, favouring, kind treatment, propitiation, entertaining, entertainment etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃgrahaṇan. attraction, winning over, propitiation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃgrāhinmfn. winning over, propitiating (See loka-s-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃgranthanan. (with kalahasya-) beginning a quarrel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃhṛP. A1. -harati-, te-, to bring or draw together, unite, compress, collect, contract, abridge etc. ; to throw together, mix up ; to close, clench (the fist) ; to concentrate (the mind) on (locative case) ; to support, maintain ; to take or fetch from (ablative) ; to lay hold of, attract, take for one's self, appropriate etc. ; to take away, carry off, rob ; to lay or draw aside, withdraw, withhold from (ablative) etc. ; to restrain, curb, check, suppress ; to crush together, crumple up, destroy, annihilate (often opp. to sṛj-,"to emit or create") etc. ; Passive voice -hriyate-, to be brought or put together etc. etc.: Causal -hārayati-, te-, to bind together (A1."one's own hair etc.", also"cut") : -jihīrṣati-, to wish to bring together etc. : Intensive -jarīharti-, to destroy repeatedly
samīkṛP. A1. -karoti-, -kurute-, to make even, level etc. ; to equalize ; to place on an equality with, declare to be equal to (instrumental case) ; to adjust, settle ; to raze to the ground, annihilate View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samitiind. (for 1.See above) a sacred verse beginning with sam- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃjayatmf(antī-)n. conquering, winning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃkṣiP. -kṣiṇāti-4. to destroy completely, annihilate : Passive voice -kṣīyate-, to be destroyed or exhausted, waste away, disappear, perish : Causal -kṣapayati-, to cause to, disappear, destroy ; -kṣayayati- See -kṣayita-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sammukhamf(ī-rarely ā-)n. being about to begin or at the beginning of (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sammukheind. opposite, before, face to face, in front or in presence or in the beginning of (genitive case or compound;with bhū-,"to oppose, resist";with sthā-,"to look any one in the face") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃniyamP. -yacchati-, to hold together, keep back, restrain, subdue, suppress etc. ; to annihilate, destroy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sampranṛttamfn. ( nṛt-) beginning to dance or move about View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sampratiṣṭhāf. permanence, continuance (as opp. to,"beginning"or"end") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃrambham. beginning (equals ā-rambha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsāram. course, passage, passing through a succession of states, circuit of mundane existence, transmigration, metempsychosis, the world, secular life, worldly illusion (ā saṃsārāt-,"from the beginning of the world") etc.
saṃsarjanan. attracting, winning over, conciliating View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsrāvaṇamfn. flowing or running together View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samucchannamfn. equals sam-utsanna-, uncovered, destroyed, annihilated (varia lectio) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samutkacamfn. beginning to bloom, blooming, expanded View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃvargaṇan. attracting, winning (friends) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃvatind. (a contraction of saṃ-vatsara-below) a year, in the year (in later times especially of the vikrama- era [beginning in 58 B.C. See vikramāditya-]as opp. to the śaka- era [in modern times supposed to be founded by śāli-vāhana-;See 3. śaka-];sometimes = "in the year of the reign of") etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāṃvatsaramf(ī-)n. (fr. saṃ-vatsara-) yearly, annual, perennial, lasting or occupying year (with bhṛti-,f. "annual wages") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃvītamfn. unseen id est connived at, permitted by (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaṃyorvākam. the sacred formula beginning with the words t/ac ch/aṃ-y/or ā- vṛṇīmahe- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saniṣyadamf(ā-)n. (fr. Intensive) running, flowing manuscript View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sannamfn. (equals prasanna-), appeased, satisfied (See sannī-kṛta-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saprabhṛtimfn. beginning in the same, way View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saprabhṛtim. the same or a like beginning (see ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāptan. (fr. sapti-) a horse-race, running-match for horses or the prize given for one View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saptabhaṅginayam. (with jaina-s) the method of the 7 formulas of sceptical reasoning (each beginning with the word syāt-,"perhaps"see bhaṅga-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saralamf(ā-)n. "running on", straight (not"crooked") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saraṇamfn. (for sa-raṇa-See p.1183) going, moving, running View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saraṇan. running, quick motion (with ājeḥ-,"a foot-race","running-match") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saraṇan. running after, following View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saraṇajīvinmfn. living by running View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasārinmfn. running courses or races, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sargam. emission or creation of matter, primary creation (as opp. to pratisarga-"secondary creation"), creation of the world (as opp. to its pralaya-"dissolution", and sthiti-,"maintenance in existence"; 9 different creations are enumerated in ; ā sargāt-,"from the creation or beginning of the world"; sarge-"in the created world") etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārinmfn. going, running, hastening View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarmam. going, running, flowing [ confer, compare Greek .] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvacohandakamfn. all-winning or all-captivating ("fulfilling all wishes") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvādim. the beginning or first of all things View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvanāmann. (in gram.) Name of a class of words beginning with sarva- (comprising the real pronouns and a series of pronominal adjectives, such as ubhaya-, viśva-, ekatara-etc.; see under sarva-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvārambham. entire energy in the beginning of a work ( sarvārambheṇa bheṇa- ind."with all one's might") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvavaināśikamfn. believing in complete annihilation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvavaināśikam. Name of a class of Buddhist who hold the doctrine of total annihilation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sasnimfn. gaining, winning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sasrimfn. running rapidly, speeding along View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣaṣṭhādimfn. (in Vedic gram.) beginning with the sixth letter id est with the vowel ī-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sātif. gaining, obtaining, acquisition, winning of spoil or property View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sattif. sitting down, sitting (see n/i-ṣatti-), entrance, beginning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sauśravasan. a running match, contest (?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
savanamukhan. the beginning of a libation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
savyajanamfn. with fanning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāyārambhamfn. beginning in the evening View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śīghragamf(ā-)n. going or moving or running quickly etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śīghrajavamfn. moving or running rapidly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śīlaguptamfn. hidden or crafty by character, cunning (see gupta-śīla-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śirasn. the beginning (of a verse) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sisratmfn. running, swift, rapid View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhaparinirvāṇan. complete annihilation of the elements of being (with Buddhists) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smārtabhaṭṭācāryam. Name of raghu-nandana- (a celebrated Brahman who lived at the beginning of the 16th century and wrote 28 tattva-s,the general name of which is smṛti-tattva-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smayādikamfn. beginning with (id est based chiefly on) arrogance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
somayāgam. a great triennial sacrifice at which soma--juice is drunk View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śoṇam. the river śoṇa- or Sone (alsof(ā-).;it rises in Gondwana in the district of Nagpore, on the table-land of amara-kaṇṭaka-, four or five miles east of the source of the narmadā- [Nerbudda], and running first northerly and then easterly for 500 miles falls into the Ganges above pāṭali-putra- or Patna) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sparśam. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) touch, sense of touch ( sparśatas -tas- ind. exempli gratia, 'for example' sparśa-taḥ sukhaṃ tat-,"that is pleasant to the touch") , contact (figuratively applied to the beginning of an eclipse or to any astronomy contact) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sphuṭāgasmfn. sinning openly (in the sight of every one) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
spṛtmfn. gaining, winning (See dhana--and loka-spṛt-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrāddhadinan. the day of a śrāddha-, anniversary of the death of a near relative View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrāvastīf. Name of a city situated north of the Ganges and founded by king śrāvasta- (it was the ancient capital of kosala- and said to have been the place where the wealthy merchant anātha-piṇḍika- built the buddha- a residence in the jeta-vana- monastery which became his favourite retreat during the rainy seasons: other authorities derive the name from a ṛṣi- called sāvattha-, who is said to have resided there;it has been identified by General Cunningham with a place now called SahetMahet, about 58 miles north of ayodhyā- in Oudh) (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sravatham. or n. flowing, streaming, running View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śravojitmfn. winning renown, glorious View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sṛgālikāf. running away, flight View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrīmfn. diffusing light or radiance, splendid, radiant, beautifying, adorning (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound';See agni--, adhvara--, kṣatra--, gaṇa--, jana-śrī-etc.) [The word śrī-is frequently used as an honorific prefix (="sacred","holy") to the names of deities(exempli gratia, 'for example' śrī-durgā-, śrī-rāma-) , and may be repeated two, three, or even four times to express excessive veneration.(exempli gratia, 'for example' śrī-śrī-durgā- etc.);it is also used as a respectful title (like"Reverend") to the names of eminent persons as well as of celebrated works and sacred objects (exempli gratia, 'for example' śrī-jayadeva-, śrībhāgavata-), and is often placed at the beginning or back of letters, manuscripts, important documents etc.;also before the words caraṇa-and pāda-"feet", and even the end of personal names.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sṛmaram. a kind of animal frequenting damp places (according to to some the "Bos Grunniens"or"a young deer") etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sṛṣṭif. production, procreation, creation, the creation of the world (ā sṛṣṭeḥ-,"from the beginning of the world"; sṛṣṭiṃ kuru-,"produce offspring"; see manoratha-sṛ-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sṛt(in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') running etc. (See adāra--, āji-sṛt-etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sṛtamfn. (see sūrta-) going, running etc. (See bhujaga-śiśu-sṛta-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sṛtvanmf(arī-)n. running, swift, nimble View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sṛtyan. running, flowing (See sindhu-s-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutan. anything heard, that which has been heard (especially from the beginning), knowledge as heard by holy men and transmitted from generation to generation, oral tradition or revelation, sacred knowledge (in the personified as a child of dharma- and medhā-), the veda- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutif. that which has been heard or communicated from the beginning, sacred knowledge orally transmitted by the Brahmans from generation to generation, the veda- (id est sacred eternal sounds or words as eternally heard by certain holy sages called ṛṣi-s, and so differing from sm/ṛti-or what is only remembered and handed down in writing by human authorsSee ;it is properly only applied to the mantra- and brāhmaṇa- portion of the veda-s, although afterwards extended to the upaniṣad-s and other Vedic works including the darśana-s; iti śruteḥ-,"because it is so taught in the veda-, according to a śruti-or Vedic text "; plural"sacred texts, the veda-s", also"rites prescribed by the veda-s") etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthagamfn. cunning, sly, fraudulent, dishonest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthāyikamfn. lasting, enduring (in ādy-anta-sth-,"lasting from the beginning to the end") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suind. (opp. to dus-and corresponding in sense to Greek ;perhaps connected with 1. v/asu-,and, according to to some, with pronoun base sa-,as ku-with ka-;in veda- also s/ū-and liable to become ṣu-or ṣū-and to lengthen a preceding vowel, while a following na-may become ṇa-;it may be used as an adjective (cf. mfn.) or adverb), good, excellent, right, virtuous, beautiful, easy, well, rightly, much, greatly, very, any, easily, willingly, quickly (in older language often with other particles; especially with u-,="forthwith, immediately";with mo- id est mā u-,="never, by no means"; s/u kam-often emphatically with an imperative exempli gratia, 'for example' t/iṣṭhā s/u kam maghavan m/ā parā gāḥ-,"do tarry O maghavan-, go not past" ; su-always qualifies the meaning of a verb and is never used independently at the beginning of a verse;in later language it is rarely a separate word, but is mostly prefixed to substantives, adjectives, adverbs and participles, exceptionally also to an ind.p. exempli gratia, 'for example' su-baddhvā-,"having well bound" ;or even to a finite verb exempli gratia, 'for example' su-nirvavau- )
subhagaṃkaraṇan. fascinating, winning (a woman) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śucisaṃkṣayam. end of the hot season, beginning of the rains View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sukhamfn. (said to be fr. 5. su-+ 3. kha-,and to mean originally"having a good axle-hole";possibly a Prakrit form of su-stha- q.v; see duḥkha-) running swiftly or easily (only applied to cars or chariots, superl. sukh/a-tama-), easy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sukhādimfn. (for sukhādi-See) beginning with pleasure, pleasure etc. (See sukha-duḥkhādi-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sukharatha(sukh/a--) mfn. having an easily running chariot View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūktamukhīyamf(ā-)n. standing at the beginning of a hymn View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śunaṃhuvīyāf. Name of the verse (beginning with the words śuṇ/aṃ huvema-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūnyavatind. like a cypher, as if it were annihilated or vanished View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suṣecanamfn. flowing or running well View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suṣeka mfn. flowing or running well View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suśīghragamfn. running very swiftly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sutaṃjayam. "son-winning", Name of a man (see sutaṃ-gama-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtragaṇḍikāf. a kind of stick used by weavers in spinning threads View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sutukamf(ā-)n. (fr. tuk- equals tak-) running swiftly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suvarjitmfn. winning heaven View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suvidagdhamfn. very cunning, astute View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suvṛtmfn. turning or running well (as a chariot) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svāduṣkilīyāf. plural Name of the verses beginning with svāduṣ kila- () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svamāyāf. own cunning or magical art or skill View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svarind. the space above the sun or between the sun and the polar star, the region of the planets and constellations (regarded as the 3rd of the 7 worlds [see loka-]and the 3rd of the three vyāhṛti-s [i.e. bh/ur bh/uvaḥ sv/aḥ-]; svar-is pronounced after om-and before the gāyatrī- by every Brahman on beginning his daily prayers) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svargajitmfn. winning heaven (superl. -tama-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svarjeṣam. the winning of light etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svarjitmfn. winning or procuring light or heaven View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svarvidmfn. winning or possessing or bestowing light or heaven, celestial View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svastiind. well, happily, successfully (also ="may it be well with thee! hail! health! adieu! be it!"a term of salutation [ especially in the beginning of letters] or of sanction or approbation) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svastikam. any lucky or auspicious object, (especially) a kind of mystical cross or mark made on persons and things to denote good luck (it is shaped like a Greek cross with the extremities of the four arms bent round in the same direction;the majority of scholars regard it as a solar symbol;that is, as representing a curtailed form of the wheel of the Solar viṣṇu-, consisting of four spokes crossing each other at right angles with short fragments of the periphery of the circle at the end of each spoke turning round in one direction to denote the course of the Sun; according to to the late Sir Cunningham it has no connexion with sun-worship, but its shape represents a monogram or interlacing of the letters of the auspicious words su ast/i-[ svasti-]in the aśoka- characters;amongst jaina-s it is one of the 24 auspicious marks and is the emblem of the seventh arhat- of the present avasarpiṇī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svastimukham. a letter (beginning with svasti-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
syandam. flowing, running, streaming, trickling, oozing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
syandanamf(ā-)n. moving on swiftly, running (as a chariot) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
syandinmfn. flowing, running View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
syandramfn. running, rushing, swift, fleet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
syannamfn. flowing, running View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tadāmukhan. beginning of that View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tadevopaniṣadf. Name of an (beginning with the words tad eva-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tamiṣīcī īs- irregular ayas-, Ved. f. plural (fr. tamiṣy-ac-) oppressing, stunning, confusing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tamuṣṭuhīyathe, hymn (beginning with t/am u ṣṭuhi-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tanādimfn. beginning with tan- (the 8th cl. of roots) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tānakarmann. running over the notes to catch the key View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tanni nnī- varia lectio for nvī- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tantukaraṇan. spinning, on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tantukriyāf. spinning work on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tantuparvann. "thread-festival", the day of full moon in month śrāvaṇa- (anniversary of kṛṣṇa-'s investment with the Brahmanical cord) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tanum. Balanites Roxburghii (vv.ll. tannī-, nni-,"Hemionitis cordifolia"; tajvi-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tāranātham. Name of a Tibetan (living in the beginning of the 17th century;author of a history of Buddhism). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
taratsamandīf. plural the hymn (beginning with t/arat s/a mand/ī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tarkuṭan. spinning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tarutṛmfn. winning, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tasyāśitīyamfn. beginning with tasyāśita- (an adhyāya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tatprabhṛtimfn. beginning with that View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tavaśravīyan. Name of a sāman- (made of ,beginning with /agne t/ava śr/avo-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tṝ cl.1 P. (rarely A1.) t/arati- (subjunctive t/arat- imperfect tense /atarat-, parasmE-pada t/arat- infinitive mood tar/adhyai-, rīṣ/ani- ) cl.5. tarute- (; Potential 1. plural turyāma-, ) cl.3. titarti- (; parasmE-pada Nominal verb plural t/itratas- ; Potential tutury/āt-, ) , with prepositions Vedic or Veda chiefly cl.6 P. A1. (tir/ate- subjunctive tirāti- imperfect tense /atirat-, parasmE-pada tir/at- infinitive mood t/iram-, t/ire- ; Aorist /atārīt-, ;1. plural riṣma- , rima- ; t/aruṣante- , ta-i, ṣema- [ confer, compare ]; A1.and Passive voice -tāri- ; P. atārṣīt- ; ṣam- ; perfect tense tatāra- etc.;3. plural titirur-, ; teritha-, ratur- ; parasmE-pada titirv/as- genitive case tatar/uṣas- ; future tariṣyati-, rīṣ-, taritā-, rītā-[ confer, compare pra-t/ar-] ; t/arutā- ; preceding tīryāt-, tariṣīṣṭa- ; infinitive mood tartum- ; rīt- rit- ; ind.p. tīrtv/ā- ; -t/ūrya-See vi--) to pass across or over, cross over (a river), sail across etc. ; to float, swim ; to get through, attain an end or aim, live through (a definite period), study to the end etc. ; to fulfil, accomplish, perform ; to surpass, overcome, subdue, escape etc. ; to acquire, gain, ; A1. to contend, compete ; to carry through or over, save, : Causal tārayati- (parasmE-pada r/ayat-) to carry or lead over or across etc. ; to cause to arrive at ; to rescue, save, liberate from (ablative) etc.: Desiderative titīrṣati- (also titariṣati-, rīṣ- ; parasmE-pada A1. titīrṣamāṇa- ) to wish to cross or reach by crossing : Intensive tartarīti- (2. dual number rīthas-; parasmE-pada genitive case t/arilratas-[ ];See also vi--; tātarti-, Scholiast or Commentator) to reach the end by passing or running or living through ; ([ confer, compare t/ara-, tir/as-, tīrṇ/a-; Latin termo,trans; Gothic thairh.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
traisamikamfn. (fr. samā-) triennial Va1rtt. 2 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
traivarṣikan. a triennial performance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
trimadhumfn. knowing or reciting the 3 verses beginning with m/adhu- () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triṣṭuṇmukhamfn. beginning with a tri-ṣṭubh- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tuind. (never found at the beginning of a sentence or verse;metrically also t/ū- ; confer, compare ) pray! I beg, do, now, then dum used (especially with the Imper.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tudādithe roots of cl.6. (beginning with tud-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tūlasecanan. "cotton-moistening", spinning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
turmfn. running a race, conquering, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tūrṇagamfn. running quickly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tvacanan. skinning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tyadmfn. Nominal verb sy/a- (s-), sy/ā-, ty/ad-, (gaRa sarvādi-) that (often used like an article exempli gratia, 'for example' ty/at paṇīn/āṃ v/asu-,"that id est the wealth of the paṇi-s " ;sometimes strengthened by c/id-;often put after ut/a-,or after another demonstrative in the beginning of a sentence) (ty/asya- equals m/ama-, ; n. ty/am-for ty/ad-, [in the etymology of saty/am-] ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ūind. a particle used at the beginning of a sentence. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ubhayataḥpraṇavamfn. having the syllable om- at the beginning and end, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ubhayataḥstobhamfn. having a stobha- both at the beginning and end (as a sāman-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udan. (only at the beginning or end of a compound) water. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udāhāram. the beginning of a speech View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udaṅīṣa(udaṅṅīṣa-) mfn. having the pole turned to the north (as a carriage) commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udantamfn. reaching to the end or border, running over, flowing over View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uddrāvamfn. running away View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uddrutamfn. running away View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uddrutya ind.p. running up or away View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udghātam. beginning, commencement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udvelamfn. running over the brim or bank, overflowing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udyamam. undertaking, beginning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ukthamukhan. the beginning of an uktha- recitation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
unnidrayaNom. P. unnidrayati-, to make sleepless, awaken. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
unnītaśuṣma(/unnīta-) mfn. one whose breath goes upwards View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaind. sometimes forming with the nouns to which it is prefixed compound adverbs (exempli gratia, 'for example' upa-mūlam-,at the root; upa-pūrva-rātram-,towards the beginning of night; upa-kūpe-,near a well) which lose their adverbial terminations if they are again compounded with nouns (exempli gratia, 'for example' upakūpa-jalāśaya-,a reservoir in the neighbourhood of a well) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upadravinmfn. tyrannical, violent View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upadrutamfn. run after, persecuted, attacked, oppressed, visited (by calamities), tyrannized over etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upakam. a diminutive for all proper names of men beginning with upa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upākaraṇan. setting about, preparation, beginning, commencing & etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upakramam. setting about, undertaking, commencement, beginning etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upakramam. enterprise, planning, original conception, plan etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upākṛtif. setting about, beginning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upamṛdP. -mṛdnāti-, to graze in passing (said of a heavenly body in its transit) ; to crush, destroy, annul commentator or commentary on : Causal -mardayati-, to destroy, devastate, annul, annihilate commentator or commentary on and View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasaṃgṛhyawinning over, conciliating, propitiating View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upavatīf. (scilicet ṛc-) a verse beginning with upa- (exempli gratia, 'for example' ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upekṣ( upa-īkṣ-) A1. -īkṣate- (rarely P.) to look at or on ; to perceive, notice ; to wait on patiently, expect ; to overlook, disregard, neglect, abandon etc. ; to connive at, grant a respite to, allow ; to regard View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upekṣaṇan. the act of disregarding, overlooking, disregard, indifference, connivance etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upikam. a diminutive for all proper names of men beginning with upa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upoddhan( upa-ud-han-), Causal -ghātayati-, to speak of at the beginning, introduce, begin, commence on on commentator or commentary on
upodghātam. an introduction, preface, commencement, beginning on etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ūrdhvarājif. a line running from below upwards View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uṣmāgamam. beginning of the hot season View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uṣmopagamam. beginning of the hot season View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uṣṇābhigamam. approach or beginning of the hot season View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uṣṇāgamam. approach of the heat, beginning of the hot season View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uṣṇopagamam. the beginning of the hot season View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utaind. often used for the sake of emphasis, especially at the end of a line after iti- or a verb (exempli gratia, 'for example' sarva-bhūtāni tam pārtha sadā paribhavanty uta-,all creatures, O king, certainly always despise him ) etc. (As an interrogative particle, generally at the beginning of the second or following part of a double interrogation) or, utrum - an (exempli gratia, 'for example' katham nirṇīyate kiṃ syān niṣkāraṇo bandhur uta viśvāsa-ghātakaḥ-,how can it be decided whether he be a friend without a motive or a violator of confidence? ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utaind. in this sense it may be strengthened by āho- (exempli gratia, 'for example' kaccit tvam asi mānuṣī utāho surāṅganā-,art thou a mortal woman or divine? nala-) , or by āho-svit- (exempli gratia, 'for example' śālihotraḥ kiṃ nu syād utāhosvid rājā nalaḥ-,can it be śālihotra- or king nala-?) Rarely kim- is repeated before uta- used in this sense (exempli gratia, 'for example' kim nu svargāt prāptā tasyā rūpeṇa kimutānyāgatā-,has she arrived from heaven or has another come in her form? ) etc. (As a particle of wishing, especially at the beginning of a sentence followed by a potential) would that! utinam! (exempli gratia, 'for example' utādhīyīta-,would that he would read!) (uta-preceded by kim-) on the contrary, how much more, how much less (exempli gratia, 'for example' kam&iencoding=iast&lang=sans'>samartho 'si sahasram api jetuṃ kimutaikam-,thou art able to conquer even a thousand, how much more one ) etc. (uta-preceded by prati-) on the contrary, rather (exempli gratia, 'for example' eṣa pṛṣṭo 'smābhir na jalpati hanti praty-uta pāṣāṇaih-,this one questioned by us does not speak, but rather throws stones at us) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utkhātamfn. destroyed, annihilated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utkṛt(ud-kṛt-) P. -kṛṇatti-, to continue spinning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsad(ud-sad-) P. A1. -sīdati-, -te- (Ved. 3. plural /ut-sadan-) to sit upwards ; to raise one's self or rise up to (accusative), ([ ]) ; to withdraw, leave off, disappear ; to sink, settle down, fall into ruin or decay, be abolished etc.: Causal -sādayati-, to put away, remove etc. ; to abolish, destroy, annihilate etc. ; to anoint, rub, chafe View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsarpiṇīf. "the ascending cycle"(divided into six stages beginning with bad-bad time and rising upwards in the reverse order to ava-sarpiṇi-. q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsavam. enterprise, beginning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vadham. annihilation, disappearance (of inanimate things) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vadhyamfn. to be destroyed or annihilated etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaidagdhyan. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) dexterity, intelligence, acuteness, cunning in (locative case or compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaināśikamfn. believing in complete annihilation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vairānubandham. beginning of hostilities View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiśākham. (fr. vi-śākhā-) one of the 12 months constituting the Hindu lunar year (answering to April-May and in some places, with caitra-, reckoned as beginning the year) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiśvānaram. a particular sacrifice performed at the beginning of every year View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vājabharman(v/āja--) mfn. winning a prize or reward View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vājajitmfn. conquering in a contest, winning in a race, winning booty View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vājaprasavīyamfn. () beginning with the words vāja- and prasava- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vājaprasavīyan. (scilicet karman-) a rite so beginning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vājaprasavīyahomam. a sacrifice so beginning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vājaprasavyamfn. () beginning with the words vāja- and prasava- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vājaprasavyan. (scilicet karman-) a rite so beginning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vājasanimfn. winning a prize or booty or wealth, granting strength or vigour, victorious View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vājasātan. (v/āja--) the winning of a prize or of booty, battle, victory View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vājasātif. (v/āja--) the winning of a prize or of booty, battle, victory View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vājayumfn. winning or bestowing wealth or booty View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vakārabhedam. Name of a treatise on the proper spelling of words beginning with v- or b-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vakramf(ā-)n. crooked in disposition, cunning, fraudulent, dishonest, evasive, ambiguous etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vakrabhāvam. cunning, craft, deceit View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaktran. beginning, commencement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāladhipriyam. "fond of its tail", a buffalo, the Yak or Bos Grunniens (see vāla-priya-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vālamṛgam. "tail-animal", the Yak or Bos Grunniens View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vālapriyam. the Yak or Bos Grunniens View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vālavyajanan. a chowrie (equals cāmara- q.v) made from the tail of the Yak or Bos Grunniens View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaṃśasthavilan. Name of a species of jagatī- metre (used in the beginning of the ṛtu-saṃhāra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varaṇāf. Name of a small river (running past the north of Benares into the Ganges and now called Barna) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vārivahamf(ā-)n. carrying water, running with water (in ramya-vāri-vaha-, śiva-vāri-vaha-).
vārivāhinmfn. carrying water, running with water View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vārivānamf(ā-)n. carrying water, running with water (in kūlātikrānta-vāri-vāha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varjakamfn. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') shunning, avoiding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varjinmfn. avoiding, shunning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varṣāgama(varṣa-) m. beginning of the rainy season View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaśakaramf(ī-)n. subjugating, winning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasumadgaṇamfn. Name of (as beginning with this word) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vedādim. the beginning of the veda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vedādirūpamfn. having the beginning of the veda- for its form or substance (as the syllable Om) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
venam. Name of the hymn (beginning with ayaṃ venaḥ-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vetālasādhanan. winning or securing (the favour of) a vetāla- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vibhāvarīmukhan. "beginning of night", evening View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vibhraṃś(sometimes written bhraṃs-) A1. -bhraṃśate-, to fall off (figuratively), be unfortunate, fail or be unsuccessful in (locative case) ; to be separated from, desert (ablative) : Causal -bhraṃśayati-, to cause to fall ; to strike or break off ; to cause to disappear or vanish, destroy annihilate ; to divert from, deprive of (abl) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vidhāram. (prob.) a receptacle (others"running through", fr.1. dhāv-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vidhāvanan. running hither and thither View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vidhitsamānamfn. intending to do, scheming, planning, interested, selfish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vidhvaṃs(or dhvas-) A1. -dhvaṃsate- (rarely ti-), to fall to pieces, crumble into dust or powder, be scattered or dispersed or destroyed, perish etc. etc.: Causal -dhvaṃsayati- (ind.p. -dhvaṃsya-,or -dhvasya-), to cause to fall to pieces or crumble, dash to pieces, crush, destroy, annihilate etc. ; to hurt, injure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vidravam. running asunder or away, flight etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vidravaṇan. running away View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vidrāvinmfn. running away, fleeing, escaping View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vidrutamfn. run away or asunder, running to and fro, flown, fled (n. impersonal or used impersonally) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vidrutif. running, course View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vidyārambham. (r-) beginning of study View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vighaṭ(often confounded with vi-ghaṭṭ-) A1. -ghaṭate-, to go or fly apart, become separate, disperse ; to be broken or interrupted or marred or frustrated or destroyed : Causal -ghaṭayati-, to tear or rend asunder, separate, disperse ; to mar, frustrate, annihilate, destroy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vihan(often wrong reading for ni-han-) P. -hanti-, to strike apart or asunder, disperse, shatter, break, destroy ; to beat asunder, extend (a skin) ; to tear off ; to unbind, loosen (hair) ; to ward off, repel ; to keep back, withhold, refuse ; to hinder, interrupt, disturb, prevent, frustrate, annihilate etc.: Passive voice -hanyate-, to be frustrated or disappointed, exert one's self in vain : Causal -ghātayati-, te-, to beat, vanquish, defeat ; (A1.) to afflict, distress, annoy ; to interrupt, disturb on : Desiderative -jighāṃsati-, to wish to interrupt or disturb : Intensive (-jījahi-?), to harm, injure
vīj (see 1. vij-) cl.1 P. A1. vījati-, te- (perfect tense vivyajuḥ-), to fan, cool by blowing upon or fanning, ; to sprinkle with water (according to only A1."to go"): Causal or cl.10. (), vījayati- (Passive voice vījyate-), to fan, blow, kindle (fire) etc. ; to stroke, caress View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vījanan. fanning, wafting etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vikṛP. A1. -karoti-, -kurute-, to make different, transform, change the shape (or the mind), cause to alter or change (especially for the worse), deprave, pervert, spoil, impair etc. ; (Passive voice and A1.,rarely P.) to become different, be altered, change one's state or opinions etc. (see ) ; to develop, produce (especially variously) ; to embellish, decorate (in various manners) ; to distribute, divide ; to destroy, annihilate ; to represent, fill the place of (accusative) ; (A1.; see above) to move to and fro, wave, shake (hands or feet) ; to be or become restless (with netrābhyām-,"to roll the eyes") ; to utter (sounds) ; to become unfaithful to (locative case) ; to act in a hostile or unfriendly way towards (genitive case or locative case) etc. ; to contend together ; to act in various ways ; Passive voice -kriyate-, to be changed etc. (see above) : Causal -kārayati-, to cause to change or be changed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vilomapāṭham. recitation in reverse order (id est from the end to the beginning) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vinaśP. -naśati-, or -naśyati- (future -naśiṣyati-or -naṅkṣyati-; infinitive mood -naśitum-or -naṃṣṭum-), to be utterly lost, perish, disappear, vanish etc. ; to come to nothing, be frustrated or foiled ; to be deprived of (ablative) ; to destroy, annihilate : Causal -nāśayati- (Aorist vy-anīnaśat-), to cause to be utterly lost or ruined or to disappear or vanish etc. etc. (once in with genitive case for accusative) ; to frustrate, disappoint, render ineffective (a weapon) ; to suffer to be lost or ruined ; (Aorist) to be lost, perish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vināśam. utter loss, annihilation, perdition, destruction, decay, death, removal etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vināśakamfn. (fr. Causal) annihilating, destroying a destroyer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vināśanan. causing to disappear, removal, destruction, annihilation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vināśyamfn. to be destroyed or annihilated ( vināśyatva -tva- n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vinipatP. -patati-, to fall down, fall in or into (locative case) ; to flow down, alight upon (locative case) ; to fall upon, attack, assail : Causal -pātayati- (Passive voice -pātyate-), to cause to fall down, strike off (a man's head) ; to throw down, kill, destroy, annihilate View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vinirmath(or manth-;only ind.p. -mathya-), to churn out ; to crush, annihilate
vipalāyanan. running away or asunder View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vipalāyinmfn. running away, fleeing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viparidhāvakamfn. running about or in all directions View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viparyayam. running off, coming to an end View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viparyayam. shunning, avoiding (Scholiast or Commentator) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vipathayamakan. a kind of yamaka- (q.v) in which the paronomasia is only at the beginning and end of the verse (exempli gratia, 'for example' ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vipralayam. ( -) extinction, annihilation, absorption in (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vipralopam. destruction, annihilation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viralapātakamfn. rarely committing crimes, sinning rarely View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśālikam. endearing forms of names beginning with viśāla- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśālilam. endearing forms of names beginning with viśāla- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśāliyam. endearing forms of names beginning with viśāla- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivarjakamfn. avoiding, shunning, leaving
vivarjanan. the act of avoiding, shunning, leaving, giving up or desisting from (genitive case ablative,or compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viyamP. -yacchati- (3. plural perfect tense A1. -yemire- ), to spread out, extend ; to stretch out the legs, step out (as a running horse) ; to hold apart or asunder : Causal -yāmayati- to stretch out, extend View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛtind. finished, ended (a gram. term used only in the and signifying that a series of roots acted on by a rule and beginning with a root followed by ādi-or prabhṛti-,ends with the word preceding vṛt-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyajanan. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) fanning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyajanan. a palm-leaf or other article used for fanning, fan, whisk (often dual number) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyajanacāmaran. the tail of the Bos Grunniens used as a whisk or fan, a chowry (see vyajanacāmara-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyajanakriyāf. the act of fanning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyajaninm. the Yak (Bos Grunniens) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyardP. -ardati-, to flow away ; to oppress, harass, pain (See a-vyarṇa-): Causal -ardayati-, to cause to be scattered or dissolved, destroy, annihilate View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyatikraminmfn. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') sinning against, wronging View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavahāramātṛkāf. the material or matter of ordinary judicature, legal process in general, any act or subject relating to the formation of legal courts or the administration of justice (arranged under thirty heads in the beginning of the second book or vyavahārādhyāya- of the mitākṣarā- exempli gratia, 'for example' 1. vyavahāra-darśanani-,2. vyavahāra-lakṣaṇam-,3. sabhā-sadaḥ-,4. prāḍ-vivākādiḥ-,5. vyavahāra-viṣayah-,6. rājñaḥ kāryānutpādakatvam-,7. kāryārthini praśnaḥ-,8. āhvānānāhvāne-,9. āsedhah-,10. pratyarthiny āgatelekhyādi-kartavyatā-,11. pañca-vidho hīnaḥ-,12. kīdṛśaṃ lekhyam-,13. pakṣābhāsāḥ-,14. anadeyāḥ-,15. ādeyaḥ-,and fifteen others) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyāyatapātinmfn. running far and wide (as horses) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyāyukamfn. (5. i-) running away, escaping View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yajñāyajñiyan. (fr. yājñ/ā-yajñā-,the beginning of ) Name of various sāman-s (also called agniṣṭoma-s-,from coming at the end of an agni-ṣṭoma-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yakārādipadan. a word beginning with ya- (euphemistically applied to any form of yabh-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yātaūtīyan. the hymn (beginning with yā ta ūtir-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yathārambham(thār-) ind. according to the beginning, in the same order or succession View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yavasaprathama(y/avasa--) mfn. beginning with or depending on good pasturage, well-nurtured (according to to ,"first or best of all kinds of food") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yeyajñenetisūktaName of the hymn (beginning with ye yajñena-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yogam. Name of a variable division of time (during which the joint motion in longitude of the sun and moon amounts to 13 degrees 20 minutes;there are 27 such yoga-s beginning with viṣkambha- and ending with vaidhṛti-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yoganidrāf. (according to to others) the great sleep of brahmā- during the period between the annihilation and reproduction of the universe View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yugādim. the commencement of a yuga-, the beginning of the world View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yugādyāf. the anniversary of it View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yuktif. trick, contrivance, means, expedient, artifice, cunning device, magic (yuktiṃ-kṛ-,to find out or employ an expedient; yukti- in the beginning of a compound; yuktyā tyā- ind., yuktibhis tibhis- ind.,and yuktitas ti-tas- ind.by device or stratagem, artfully, skilfully, under pretext or pretence; yuktyā-etc. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' = by means of) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
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a अ The first letter of the alphabet; अक्षंराणामकारो$स्मि Bg.10.33. -अः [अवति, अतति सातत्येन तिष्ठतीति वा; अव्-अत् वा, ड Tv.] 1 N. of Viṣṇu, the first of the three sounds constituting the sacred syllable ओम्; अकारो विष्णुरुद्दिष्ट उकारस्तु महेश्वरः । मकारस्तु स्मृतो ब्रह्मा प्रणवस्तु त्रयात्मकः ॥ For more explanations of the three syllables अ, उ, म् see ओम्. -2 N. of Śiva, Brahmā, Vāyu, or Vaiśvānara.-- [अः कृष्णः शंकरो ब्रह्मा शक्रः सोमो$निलो$नलः । सूर्यः प्राणो यमः कालो वसन्तः प्रणवः सुखी ॥ Enm. अः स्याद् ब्रह्मणि विष्ण्वीशकूर्माणङ्करणेषु च। गौरवे$न्तःपुरे हेतौ भूषणे$ङ्घ्रावुमेज्ययोः ॥ Nm. अः शिखायां सिद्धमन्त्रे प्रग्राहे$र्के रथार्वणि । चक्रे कुक्कुटमूर्ध्नीन्दुबिम्बे ब्रह्मेशविष्णुषु ॥ ibid. Thus अः means Kṛiṣṇa, Śiva, Brahmā, Indra, Soma, Vāyu, Agni, the Sun, the life-breath, Yama, Kāla, Vasanta, Praṇava, a happy man, a tortoise, a courtyard, a battle, greatness, a female apartment in a palace, an object or a cause, an ornament, a foot, Umā, sacrifice, a flame, a particularly efficacious mantra, reins, the horse of chariot, a wheel, the head of a cock, the disc of the moon]; ind. 1 A Prefix corresponding to Latin in, Eng. in or un, Gr. a or an, and joined to nouns, adjectives, indeclinables (or rarely even to verbs) as a substitute for the negative particle ऩञ्, and changed to अन् before vowels (except in the word अ-ऋणिन्). The senses of न usually enumerated are six--(a) सादृश्य 'likeness' or 'resemblance', अब्राह्मणः one like a Brāhmaṇa (wearing the sacred thread &c.), but not a Brāhmaṇa; a Kṣatriya, or a Vaiśya; अनिक्षुः a reed appearing like इक्षु, but not a true इक्षु. (b) अभाव 'absence', 'negation', 'want', 'privation'; अज्ञानम् absence of knowledge, ignorance; अक्रोधः, अनङ्गः, अकण्टकः, अघटः &c. (c) अन्यत्व 'difference' or 'distinction'; अपटः not a cloth, something different from, or other than, a cloth. (d) अल्पता 'smallness', 'diminution', used as a diminutive particle; अनुदरा having a slender waist (कृशोदरी or तनुमध्यमा). (e) अप्राशस्त्य 'badness', 'unfitness', having a depreciative sense; अकालः wrong or improper time; अकार्यम् not fit to be done, improper, unworthy, bad act. (f) विरोध 'opposition', 'contrariety'; अनीतिः the opposite of morality; immorality; असित not white, black; असुर not a god, a demon &c. These senses are put together in the following verse :-- तत्सादृश्यमभावश्च तदन्यत्वं तदल्पता । अप्राशस्त्यं विरोधश्च ऩञर्थाः षट् प्रकीर्तिताः ॥ See न also. With verbal derivatives, such as gerunds, infinitives, participles, it has usually the sense of 'not'; अदग्ध्वा not having burnt; अपश्यन् not seeing; so असकृत् not once; अमृषा, अकस्मात् &c. Sometimes in बहुव्रीहि अ does not affect the sense of the second member : अ-पश्चिम that which has no last, i. e. best, topmost; e. g. विपश्चितामपश्चिमः cf. also R.19.1. अनुत्तम having no superior, unsurpassed, most excellent: (for examples see these words). -2 An interjection of (a) Pity (ah !) अ अवद्यं P.I.1.14 Sk. (b) Reproach, censure (fie, shame); अपचसि त्वं जाल्म P.VI.3.73 Vārt. See अकरणि, अजीवनि also. (c) Used in addressing; अ अनन्त. (d) It is also used as a particle of prohibition. -3 The augment prefixed to the root in the formation of the Imperfect, Aorist and Conditional Tenses. N. B.-- The application of this privative prefix is practically unlimited; to give every possible case would almost amount to a dictionary itself. No attempt will, therefore, be made to give every possible combination of this prefix with a following word; only such words as require a special explanation, or such as most frequently occur in literature and enter into compounds with other words, will be given; others will be found self-explaining when the English 'in', 'un', or 'not', is substituted for अ or अन् before the meaning of the second word, or the sense may be expressed by 'less', 'free from', 'devoid or destitute of' &c; अकथ्य unspeakable; अदर्प without pride, or freedom from pride; अप्रगल्भ not bold; अभग unfortunate; अवित्त destitute of wealth &c. In many cases such compounds will be found explained under the second member. Most compounds beginning with अ or अन् are either Tatpuruṣa or Bahuvrīhi (to be determined by the sense) and should be so dissolved.
aṃśaḥ अंशः [अंश्-अच्] 1 A share, part, portion, division; member; सकृदंशो निपतति Ms.9.47; तुर्यांशः a fourth part; षष्ठ˚; ममैवांशो जीवलोके जीवभूतः सनातनः Bg.15.7; भुवमंशाविव धर्मयोर्गतौ R.8.16; अंशेन दर्शितानुकूलता K.159 partly. -2 A share in property, inheritance; स्वतों$शतः Ms.8.48; अनंशौ क्लीबपतितौ 9.21; पत्न्यः कार्याः समांशिकाः Y.2.115. -3 the numerator of a fraction; अन्योन्यहाराभिहतौ हरांशौ Līlā.; sometimes used for fraction itself. -4 A degree of latitude (or longitude); अक्षस्यांशाः समाख्याताः षष्टयुत्तरशतत्रयम्; स च अंशः षष्टिकलात्मकः, कला तु षष्टिविकलात्मिका -5 The shoulder (more correctly written as अंस, q. v.). -6 N. of one of the Ādityas; Mb.1.227.25; cf. also the beginning of T. Ā. The senses of 'party', 'a share of booty', 'earnest money', which are said to occur in the Veda are traceable to 1 above. -7 The vital note in a Rāga. -Comp. - अंशः [ष. त.] a secondary incarnation; part of a portion. -अंशि adv. share by share. -अवतारः -तरणम् [ष. त.] descent (on earth) of parts of deities, partial incarnation; ˚तार इव धर्मस्य Dk.153; ˚रमिव कृतान्तस्य K.31; ˚उच्चैःश्रवसः 79; so अंशावतीर्णमिव 18; N. of a sub-parvan covering Adhyāyas 64-67 of Ādiparvan of Mb. Even without the compound अंश means partial incarnation, अंश, आवेश, and अवतार are the three kinds of Lord's manifestations. -कुण्डली (= नवांशकुण्डली) the horoscope prepared by taking into consideration the nine zodiacal divisions. (1/18th of a राशि = नवांश or नवमांश). -भाज्, -हर, -हारिन् a. [उप. समास] one who takes or has a share, one entitled to a share in the ancestral property, an heir, a co-heir; पिण्डदों?1?1$- शहरश्चैषां पूर्वाभावे परः परः Y.2.132; जातो$पि दास्यां शूद्रेण कामतों$शहरो भवेत् 133. -विवर्तिन् a. [स. त.] slightly turned away, or turned away towards the shoulder; मुखमंशविवर्ति पक्ष्मलाक्ष्याः Ś.3.24. v. l. for अंसविवर्ति. -सवर्णनम् [ष. त.] reduction of fractions to the same denominator (अतुल्यच्छेदयो राश्योः समच्छेदकरणम्) अन्योन्यहाराभिहतौ हरांशौ राश्योः समच्छेदविधानमेवम् Līlā. -स्वरः the keynote.
akiṃcana अकिंचन a. [नास्ति किंचन यस्य] Without anything, quite poor, utterly destitute, indigent, penniless; अकिंचनः सन् प्रभवः स संपदां Ku.5.77; न द्वन्द्वदुःखमिह किंचिदकिंचनोपि Śi. 4.64 disinterested. -नम् That which is worth nothing.
akṣara अक्षर a. [न क्षरतीति; क्षर् चलने अच्-न. त.] 1 Imperishable, indestructible, undecaying, epithet of the Supreme as well as the Individual soul; यमक्षरं क्षेत्रविदो विदुस्तमात्मानमात्मन्यवलोकयन्तम् Ku.3.5; द्वाविमौ पुरुषौ लोके क्षरश्चाक्षर एव च । क्षरः सर्वाणि भूतानि कूटस्थो$क्षर उच्यते Bg.15.16. यस्मात्क्षरमतीतो$हमक्षरादपि चोत्तमः । अतो$स्मि लोके वेदे च प्रथितः पुरुषोत्तमः Bg.15.18; the unconcerned (Spirit); अक्षरं ब्रह्म परमभ् Bg.8.3. -2 Fixed, firm, unalterable. -रः 1 Śiva. -2 Viṣṇu. -3 A sword. -रा Sound, word, speech (Ved.). -रम् [अश्-सरः Uṇ.3.7, अशेः सरः; अश्नुते व्याप्नोति वेदादिशास्त्राणि.] 1 (a) A letter of the alphabet; अक्षराणामकारो$स्मि Bg.1.33; मुद्राक्षराणि, मधुर˚, त्र्यक्षर &c. (b) a syllable; एकाक्षरं परं ब्रह्म Ms.2.83 the monosyllable; गिरामस्म्येकमक्षरम् Bg.1.25, Ms. 2.78,84,125 (sacred syllable). Hence (c) a word or words, speech collectively; प्रतिषेधाक्षरविक्लवाभिरामम् Ś.3.24; अहो संदापनान्यक्षराणि U.4; भर्तुरेतानि प्रणयमयान्यक्षराणि M.3 words; ब्राह्मणसंक्रमिताक्षरेण पितामहेन V.3; अक्षंर वर्णनिर्माणं वर्णमप्यक्षरं विदुः । अक्षरं न क्षरं विद्यादश्नोतेर्वा सरो$क्षरम् ॥ -2 A document (letter &c.), sacred writing; writing in general (in pl.); तत्र भुक्तिः प्रमाणं स्यान्न साक्षी नाक्षराणि च Pt.3.93; तत्रभवत्या अक्षराणि विसृष्टानि स्युः V.2. -3 The highest deity or Godhead, the indestructible spirit, Brahman (परमब्रह्मन्, मूलकारणम्); अक्षरं ब्रह्म परमम् Bg.8.3; कर्म ब्रह्मोद्भवं विद्धि ब्रह्माक्षरसमुद्भवम् 3.15; यथा सतः पुरुषात्केशलोमानि तथाक्षरात्संभवतीह विश्वम् Chān. Up. -4 Religious austerity, penance. -5 Sacrifice. -6 Water. ततः क्षरति अक्षरम् Rv. 1.164.42. -7 The sky. -8 Final beatitude, emancipation from further transmigration. -9 Continuance, permanence. -1 Right, justice (Ved. in these two senses). -11 N. of a plant, Achyranthes Aspera. (अपामार्ग Mar. अघाडा.) -12 A measure of time, equal to one-fifth of a Kāṣṭhā. -Comp -अक्षरः a kind of religious meditation; Kāraṇḍavyūha (Metrical recension) -अङ्गम् 1. a part of a syllable. -2. alphabet. -अर्थः [ष. त.] meaning (of words); किं तावत् गीत्या अवगतो$क्षरार्थः Ś.5. -च (ञ्चुं) ञ्चुः -ञ्चणः, -नः [अक्षरेण वर्णविन्यासलिप्या वित्तः अक्षर -चणप् or चु (ञ्चुं) ञ्चुप् तेन वित्तश्चुञ्चुप् चणपौ; P. V. 2.26.] a scribe, writer, copyist; so ˚जीवकः, -जीवी, अक्षरेण जीवति; जीव् णिनि or ण्वुल्; also ˚जीविकः. -च्युतकम् [अक्षरं च्युतं लुप्तं यत्र; ब कप्] getting out a different meaning by the omission of a letter (e. g. कुर्वन् दिवाकरश्लेषं दधच्चरणडम्बरम् । देव यौष्माकसेनयोः करेणुः प्रसरत्यसौ where another meaning may be got by omitting क in करेणुः i. e. by taking रेणुः). -छन्दस् n. -वृत्तम् a metre regulated by the number of syllables it contains; छन्दस्तु द्विविधं प्रोक्तं वृत्तं जातिरिति द्विधा । वृत्तमक्षरसंख्यातं जातिर्मात्राकृता भवेत् ॥ unshaken resolve, resolute (अक्षरं निश्चलं छन्दो$भिप्रायो यस्य); -जननी, -तूलिका [अक्षराणां जननीव; तल्लिपिलेखानां तूलिकेव वा साधनत्वात्] a reed or pen. -जीवकः or -जीविन् m. 'One who lives by writing', a scribe. -(वि) न्यासः [ष. त. भावे घञ्] 1 writing, arrangement of letters; भूर्जपत्रगतो ˚सः V.2. -2 the alphabet. -3 scripture. -4 हृदयाद्याधारस्पर्शपूर्वकं तदक्षराणां स्मरणोच्चारणरूपस्तन्त्रप्रसिद्धो वर्णन्यासः - पङ्क्ति a. 1. having 5 syllables (पङ्क्ति = Gr. pentas-five) सु मत् पद् वग दे इत्येष वै यज्ञो$क्षरपङ्क्तिः Ait. Br. (तान्येतान्यक्षराणि होतृज- पादौ प्रयोक्तव्यानि). -2 N. of a metre of four lines (द्विपदा विराज्) each having five syllables (one dactyl and one spondee). -भाज् a. having a share in the syllables (of a prayer ?). -भूमिका tablet; न्यस्ताक्षरामक्षरभूमिकायाम् R.18. 46. -मुखः [अक्षराणि तन्मयानि शास्त्राणि वा मुखे यस्य] a scholar, student. -खम् [ष. त.] the beginning of the alphabet; the letter अ. -मुष्टिका 'finger-speech', speaking by means of finger-signs. -वर्जित a. unlettered, illiterate, not knowing how to read or write. a. of an epithet of परमात्मन्. -व्यक्तिः f. [ष. त.] distinct articulation of syllables. -शिक्षा [ष. त.] the science of (mystic) syllables; theory of ब्रह्म (ब्रह्मतत्त्व); मह्यं ˚क्षां विधाय Dk.11. -संस्थानम् [अक्षराणां संस्थानं यत्र] arrangement of letters, writing, alphabet.
agra अग्र a. [अङ्ग्-रन् नलोपः Uṇ.2.28] 1 First, foremost, chief, best, prominent, principal, pre-eminent; ˚महिषी chief queen; ˚वातमासेवमाना M.1. front (and hence, fresh) breeze; ˚आसनम् chief seat, seat of honour; माम- ग्रासनतो$वकृष्टमवशं ये दृष्टवन्तः पुरा Mu.1.12. -2 Excessive, over and above, surplus; supernumerary, projecting (अधिक). -ग्रः Setting mountain; अग्रसानुषु नितान्तपिशङ्गैः Ki.9.7. -ग्रम् 1 (a) The foremost or topmost point, tip, point (opp. मूलम्, मध्यम्); (fig.) sharpness, keenness; धर्मस्य ब्राह्मणो मूलम् मग्रं राजन्य उच्यते Ms.11.83; दर्व्याम् अग्रं मूलम् मध्यम् &c.; नासिका˚ tip of the nose; सूचि˚ &c.; समस्ता एव विद्या जिह्वाग्रे$भवन् K.346 stood on the tip of the tongue; अमुष्य विद्या रसनाग्रनर्तकी N.1.5. (b) Top, summit, surface; कैलास˚, पर्वत˚, &c. -2 Front, van; अग्रे कृ put in the front or at the head; तामग्रे कृत्वा Pt.4. See अग्रे. -3 The best of any kind; स्यन्दनाग्रेण with the best of chariots; प्रासादाग्रैः Rām. -4 Superiority, excellence (उत्कर्ष); अग्रादग्रं रोहति Tāṇḍya. -5 Goal, aim, resting place (आलम्बनम्); मनुमेकाग्रमासीनम् Ms.1.1, See ˚भूमि also. -6 Beginning, See अग्रे. -7 A multitude, assemblage. -8 Overplus, excess, surplus; साग्रं स्त्रीसहस्रम् Rām. 1 women and more; so साग्रकोटी च रक्षसाम्. -9 A weight = पल q. v. -1 A measure of food given as alms (ब्राह्मणभोजनम् occurring in अग्रहार); प्रयतो ब्राह्मणाग्रे यः श्रद्धया परया युतः । Mb.13.65.13. -11 (Astr.) Amplitude of the sun (˚ग्रा, अग्रका also). cf. ...अग्रमालम्बने$धिके । पुरोपरिप्रान्ताद्येषु न पुंसि प्रमिताशने । Nm. -12 Forepart of time; नैवेह किंचनाग्र आसीत् Bṛi. Up.1.2.1. In compounds as first member meaning 'the forepart', 'front', 'tip' &c.; e. g. ˚अक्चयः First procurement (cf. Daṇḍa-viveka G. O. S.52, p.43). ˚पादः -चरणः the forepart of the foot, toe; so ˚हस्तः, ˚करः, ˚पाणिः &c.; ˚सरोरूहम् the topmost lotus. पद्मानि यस्याग्रसरोरुहाणि Ku.1.16. ˚कर्णम् Tip-ear; top of the ear; Mātaṅga L.5.7. ˚कायः forepart of the body; so ˚नखम्, ˚नासिका tip of the nail, nose &c., -adv. In front, before, ahead. -Comp. -अंशुः [अग्रम् अंशोः] the focal point. -अक्षि n. [कर्म.] sharp or pointed vision, side-look (अपाङ्गवीक्षण); अग्राक्ष्णा वीक्षमाणस्तु तिर्यग् भ्रातरमब्रवीत् Rām. -अद्वन् a. having precedence in eating. -अनी (णी) कः (कम्) vanguard; दीर्घाल्लँघूंश्चैव नरानग्रानीकेषु योधयेत् Ms.7.193; [अग्राणीकं रघुव्याघ्रौ राक्षसानां बभञ्जतुः Rām. -अयणीयम [अग्रं श्रेष्टं अयनं ज्ञानं तत्र साधु छ]. 1 N. of a Buddhistic tenet (उत्पादपूर्वमग्रायणीयमथ वीर्यता प्रवादः स्यात् -हेमचन्द्रः). -2 title of the second of the fourteen oldest Jain books (Pūrvas). -अवलेहितम् [अग्रम् अव- लेहितम् आस्वादितं यस्य] food at a Śrāddha ceremony, the chief part of which has been tested. -आसनम् First seat of honour; मामग्रासनतो$वकृष्टमवशम् Mu.1.12. -उत्सर्गः taking a thing by leaving its first portion in conformity with the rule of laying by nothing for the next day (i. e. the rule of non hoarding); cf. Daṇḍaviveka G. O. S.52, pp.43-44. -उपहरणम् first supply. -उपहरणीय a. [अग्रे उपह्रियते कर्मणि अनीयर्] 1 that which is first offered or supplied. -2 [अग्रम् उपह्रियते यस्मै हृ- संप्रदाने अनीयर्] श्राद्धाद्यर्थमुपकल्पितस्य अन्नादेरग्रे दानोद्देश्यः वास्तु- देवादिः Tv. -करः 1 = अग्रहस्तः q. v. -2 the focal point. -केशः front line of hair; ˚शेषु रेणुः अपहरति K.86. -गः [अग्रे गच्छतीति, गम्-ड] a leader, a guide; taking the lead; marching foremost. -गण्य a. [अग्रे गण्यते$सौ] foremost, to be ranked first; शमनभवनयाने यद्भवानग्रगण्यः Mahān. -गामिन् a. [अग्रे गच्छति] a leader; प्रष्ठो$ग्रगामिनि P.VIII.3.92. -ज a. [अग्रे जायते; जन्-ड.] first born or produced; आनन्देनाग्रजेनेव R.1.78. (-जः) 1 the first born, an elder brother; सुमतिं ममाग्रजमवगच्छ M.5; अस्त्येव मन्युर्भरताग्रजे मे R.14.73. -2 a Brāhmaṇa. (-जा) an elder sister; so ˚जात, ˚जातक, ˚जाति. -जङ्घा the forepart of the calf. -जन्मन् m. [अग्रे जन्म यस्य सः] 1 the first-born, an elder brother; जनकाग्रजन्मनोः शासनमतिक्रम्य Dk.2. -2 a Brāhmaṇa (वर्णेषु मध्ये अग्रजातत्वात्, or अग्रात् प्रधानाङ्गात् मुखात् जातत्वात्, ब्राह्मणो$स्य मुखमासीत्, तस्मात् त्रिवृत् स्तोमानां मुखम... अग्निर्देवतानां ब्राह्मणो मनुष्याणाम्; तस्माद् ब्राह्मणो मुखेन वीर्यं करोति मुखतो हि सृष्टः Tāṇḍya); अतिवयसमग्रजन्मानम् K.12; अवो- चत् ˚न्मा Dk.13.3; N. of Brahmā, as he was the first to be born in the waters. cf. अग्रजन्मा द्विजे ज्येष्ठभ्रातरि ब्रह्मणि स्मृतम् Nm. -जिह्वा the tip of the tongue. -ज्या (astr.) the sign of the amplitude. -दानिन् [अग्रे दानम् अस्य; अग्र- दान-इनि] a (degraded) Brāhmaṇa who takes presents offered in honour of the dead (प्रेतोद्देशेन यद्दानं दीयते तत्प्रति- ग्राही); लोभी विप्रश्च शूद्राणामग्रेदानं गृहीतवान् । ग्रहणे मृतदानानां (ग्रहणात्तिलदानानां Tv.) अग्रदानी बभूव सः ॥ -दानीयः [अग्रे दानमर्हति छ] = अग्रदानिन्. -दूतः a harbinger; कृष्णाक्रोधा- ग्रदूतः Ve.1.22; ˚दूतिका Dk.2; महीपतीनां प्रणयाग्रदूत्यः R.6.12; -देवी the chief queen; समग्रदेवीनिवहाग्र- देवी... । Bu.ch.1.15. -धान्यम a cereal grain. (Mar. जोंधळा), Holcus soraghum or Holcus spicatus. (Mar. बाजरी). -निरूपणम् predestination; prophecy, determining beforehand. -नीः (णीः) [अग्रे नीयते असौ नी-क्विप्, णत्वम्] 1 a leader, foremost, first, chief; ˚णी- र्विरागहेतुः K.195; अप्यग्रणीर्मन्त्रकृतामृषीणाम् R.5.4. chief. -2 fire. -पर्णी [अग्रे पर्णं यस्याः सा-ङीप्] cowage, Carpopogon Pruriens (अजलोमन्). [Mar. कुयली]. -पातिन् a. [अग्रे आदौ पतति; पत्-णिनि] happening beforehand, antecedent; [˚तीनि शुभानि निमित्तानि K.65. -पादः the forepart of the foot; toes; नवकिसलयरागेणाग्रपादेन M.3.12; ˚स्थिता standing on tiptoe. Ś.5. -पाणिः = ˚हस्तः q. v. -पूजा the highest or first mark of reverence or respect; ˚जामिह स्थित्वा गृहाणेदं विषं प्रभो Rām. -पेयम् precedence in drinking. -प्रदायिन् a. giving in advance; तेषामग्र- प्रदायी स्याः कल्पोत्थायी प्रियंवदः Mb.5.135.35. -बीज a. [अग्रं शाखाग्रं बीजमुत्पादकं यस्य] growing by means of the tip or end of branches, growing on the stock or stem of another tree, such as 'कलम' in Mar. (-जः) a viviparous plant. -भागः [कर्म.] 1 the first or best part (श्राद्धादौ प्रथममुद्धृत्य देयं द्रव्यम्) -2 remnant, remainder (शेषभाग). -3 fore-part, tip, point. -4 (astr.) a degree of amplitude. -भागिन् a. [अग्र- भागो$स्यास्ति; अस्त्यर्थे इनि] first to take or claim (the remnant); अलङ्क्रियमाणस्य तस्य अनुलेपनमाल्ये ˚गी भवामि V. 5, claiming the first share of the remnant etc. -भावः precedence. उदारसंख्यैः सचिवैरसंख्यैः कृताग्रभावः स उदाग्रभावः Bu.ch.I.15. -भुज् a. 1 having precedence in eating. स तानग्रभुजस्तात धान्येन च धनेन च Mb.1.178.12. -2 gluttonous, voracious (औदरिक). -भूः [अग्रे भवति भू-क्विप्] = ˚ज. -भूमिः f. 1 goal of ambition or object aimed at; ततो$ग्रभूमिं व्यवसायासिद्धेः Ki.17.55; त्वमग्र- भूमिर्निरपायसंश्रया Śi.1.32 (प्राप्यस्थानम्). -2 the topmost part, pinnacle; विमान˚ Me.71. -महिषी the principal queen. -मांसम् [अग्रं भक्ष्यत्वेन प्रधानं मांसम्] flesh in the heart, the heart itself; ˚सं चानीतं Ve.3.2. morbid protuberance of the liver. -यणम् [अग्रम् अयनात् उत्तरायणात् णत्वं शकं˚ तद्विधानकालो$स्य अच् (?) Tv.] a kind of sacrificial ceremony. See आग्रयण. -यान a. [अग्रे यानं यस्य, या-ल्युट्] taking the lead, foremost. (-नम्) an army that stops in front to defy the enemy. मनो$ग्रयानं वचसा निरुक्तं नमामहे Bhāg.8.5.26. -यायिन् a. [अग्रे यास्यति या-णिनि] taking the lead, leading the van; पुत्रस्य ते रणशिरस्ययमग्रयायी Ś.7.26. मान- धनाग्रयायी R.5.3,5.62.18.1. -योधिन् [अग्रे स्थित्वा युध्यते] the principal hero, champion राक्षसानां वधे तेषां ˚धी भविष्यति Rām.; so ˚वीर; कर्मसु चाग्रवीरः. -रन्ध्रम् opening fore-part; त्रासान्नासाग्ररन्ध्रं विशति Māl.1.1. -लोहिता [अग्रं लोहितं यस्याः सा] a kind of pot-herb (चिल्लीशाक). -संख्या the first place or rank; पुत्रः समारोपयदग्रसंख्याम् R.18.3. -वक्त्रम् N. of a surgical instrument, Suśr. -वातः fresh breeze; अग्रवातमासेवमाना M.1. -शोमा towering beauty or the beauty of the peaks; कैलासशैलस्य यदग्रशोभाम् । Bu. ch.1.3. -संधानी [अग्रे फलोत्पत्तेः प्राक् संधी- यते ज्ञायते $नया कार्यम् Tv.] the register of human actions kept by Yama (यत्र हि प्राणिवर्गस्य प्राग्भवीयकर्मानुसारेण शुभा- शुभसूचकं सर्वं लिख्यते सा यमपञ्जिका). -सन्ध्या early dawn; कर्कन्धूनामुपरि तुहिनं रञ़्जयत्यग्रसन्ध्या Ś.4. v.1. -सर = यायिन् taking the lead; आयोधनाग्रसरतां त्वयि वीर याते R.5.71. -सारा [अग्रं शीर्षमात्रं सारो यस्याः सा] 1 a sprout which has tips without fruits. -2 a short method of counting immense numbers. -हर a. [अग्रे ह्रियते दीयते$सौ; हृ-अच्] 1 that which must be given first. -2 = अग्रहारिन्. -हस्त (˚कर; ˚पाणिः,) the forepart of the hand or arm; अग्रहस्तेन गृहीत्वा प्रसादयैनाम् Ratn.3; forepart of the trunk (of an elephant); often used for a finger or fingers taken collectively; शीतलस्ते ˚स्तः Mk.3; अतिसाध्वसेन वेपते मे ˚स्तः Ratn.1; कुसुमित इव ते ˚स्तः प्रतिभाति M.1.; प्रसारिते ˚स्ते M.4; ˚हस्तात्प्रभ्रष्टं पुष्पभाजनम् Ś.4. slipped from the fingers; also the right hand; अथ ˚हस्ते मुकुलीकृताङ्गुलौ Ku.5.63. (अग्रश्चासौ हस्तश्च Malli.). Ki.5.29. -हायनः (णः) [अग्रः श्रेष्ठः हायनो व्रीहिः अत्र, णत्वम्] the beginning of the year; N. of the month मार्गशीर्ष; (मासानां मार्गशीर्षो$हम् Bg. 1.35.); ˚इष्टिः नवशस्येष्टिर्यागभेदः. -हारः 1 a grant of land given by kings (to Brāhmaṇas) for sustenance (अग्रं ब्राह्मणभोजनं, तदर्थं ह्रियन्ते राजधनात् पृथक् क्रियन्ते ते क्षेत्रादयः- नीलकण्ठ; क्षेत्रोत्पन्नशस्यादुद्धृत्य ब्राह्मणोद्देशेन स्थाप्यं धान्यादि, गुरुकुला- दावृत्तब्रह्मचारिणे देयं क्षेत्रादि, ग्रामभेदश्च Tv.); अग्रहारांश्च दास्यामि ग्रामं नगरसंमितम् Mb.3.64.4. कस्मिंश्चिदग्रहारे Dk.8.9. -2 the first offering in वैश्वदेव Mb.3.234.47.
agre अग्रे adv. 1 In front of, before (in time or space); अग्रे यान्ति स्थस्य रेणुपदवीं...घनाः V.1.5,2.7; R.2.56; Bh.3.36. -2 In the presence of, before; ममाग्रे स्तुवन्ति H.1; तं मे त्वमग्रहीरग्रे वृणोमि त्वामहं ततः Mb.1.81.21. -3 At the head, ahead; बलाग्रे तिष्ठते वीरो नलः Rām. -4 Further on, subsequently, in the sequel; एवमग्रे वक्ष्यते, एवमग्रे$पि द्रष्टव्यम् &c. -5 In the beginning; at first, first; प्रतापो$ग्रे ततः शब्दः परागस्तदनंतरम् R.4.3; आत्मैवेदमग्र आसीत् Bṛi. _x001F_+Ār. Up.4.1.1.; Ms.2.169. -6 First, in preference to others; सवर्णाग्रे द्विजातीनां प्रशस्ता दारकर्मणि Ms.3.12. अतिथिभ्यो$ग्र एवैतान् भोजयेत् 3.114. -Comp. -गः a leader; सेनाग्रगः Rām.7.35.6. -गाः going in front or before. -गूः Going in front. -दिधिषुः -षूः a man (of one of the first three castes) who marries a wife married before (पुनर्भूविवाहकारी). (-षूः) f. a married woman whose elder sister is still unmarried (ज्येष्ठायां यद्यनूढायां कन्यायामुह्यते$नुजा । सा चाग्रेदिधिषूर्ज्ञेया पूर्वा च दिधिषूः स्मृता); ˚पतिः the husband of such a woman. -पाः [अग्रे स्थित्वा पाति, अलुक्] first to protect. -पूः [अग्रे पूयते, पू-क्विप्] purifying in one's presence; having precedence in drinking. -वनम्-णम् [वनस्याग्रं राजदन्ता˚ ˚पूर्वनिपातः; अलुक् णत्वम् P.VIII.4.4.] the border or skirt of a forest. -सर a. [अग्रमग्रेणाग्रे वा सरति सृ. ट. अलुक्-पुरो$ग्रतो$ग्रेषु सर्त्तेः । P.III. 2.18.] going in front, taking the lead, a leader, foremost, first; निरपत्रपाणाम् अग्रेसरीकृतास्मि K.169; मरण˚रो भवामि Pt.1; Māl.9. first to die; मानमहतामग्रेसर: केसरी Bh.2.29. -सरिकः [अग्रेसरे अग्रगतौ प्रसृतः ठन्] 1 a servant (who precedes his master. -2 a leader.
aṅkaḥ अङ्कः [अङ्क् कर्तरि करणे वा अच्] 1 The lap (n. also); अङ्काद्ययावङ्कमुदीरिताशीः Ku.7.5. passed from lap to lap. -2 A mark, sign; अलक्तकाङ्कां पदवीं ततान R.7.7; पदङ्क्तिरलक्ताङ्का Rām.; रतिवलयपदाङ्के कण्ठे Ku.2.64. marked with the signs or traces &c.: मद्गोत्राङ्कं गेयम् Me.86, a stain, spot, stigma, brand; इन्दोः किरणेष्विवाङ्कः Ku.1.3; कट्यां कृताङ्को निर्वास्यः Ms.8.281. -3 A numerical figure; a number; the number 9. -4 A side flank; proximity, reach (connected with 1 above); समुत्सुकेवाङ्कमुपैति सिद्धिः Ki.3. 4; प्रेम्णोपकण्ठं मुहुरङ्कभाजो रत्नावलीरम्बुधिराबबन्ध Śi.3.36; सिंहो जम्बुकमङ्कमागतमपि त्यक्त्वा निहन्ति द्विपम् Bh.2.3; Ki. 17.64, See- ˚आगत below. -5 An act of a drama, for its nature &c., See S. D.278. -6 A hook or curved instrument. -7 A species of dramatic composition, one of the ten varieties of रूपक, See S. D.519. -8 An ornament (भूषा). -9 A sham fight, military show (चित्रयुद्ध). -1 A coefficient. -11 A place; नानाङ्क- चिह्नैर्नवहेमभाण्डैः (तुरङ्गैः) Bu.ch.2.4. -12 A sin, misdeed. -13 A line, curved line; a curve or bend generally, the bend in the arm. -14 The body. -15 A mountain. अङ्कः स्थानान्तिकक्रोडभूषणोत्संगलक्ष्मसु । मन्तो नाटकविच्छेदे चित्रयुद्धे च रूपके ॥ Nm. [cf. L. uncus; Gr. ogkos] -Comp. -अङ्कमू [अङ्के मध्ये अङ्काः शतपत्रादिचिह्नानि यस्य Tv.] water. -अवतारः when an act, hinted by persons at the end of the preceding act, is brought in continuity with the latter, it is called अङ्कावतार (descent of an act), as the sixth act of Śākuntala or second of Mālavikāgnimitra (अङ्कान्ते सूचितः पात्रैस्तदङ्क- स्याविभागतः । यत्राङकोवतरत्येषो$ङ्कावतार इति स्मृतः S. D.311). The Daśarūpa defines it differently; अङ्कावतारस्त्वङ्कान्ते पातो$ङ्कस्याविभागतः । एभिः संसूचयेत्सूच्यं दृश्यमङ्कैः प्रदर्शयेत् 3.56. -आगत, -गत a. [द्वि. त.] come within the grasp; सिंहत्वं ˚सत्त्ववृत्तिः R.2.18; श्रियं युवाप्यङ्कगतामभोक्ता R.13.67. -करणम् marking, branding &c. -तन्त्रम् the science of numbers (arithmetical or algebraical). -धारणम्-णा 1 bearing or having marks, such as those on the body of a Vaiṣṇava. -2 manner of holding the person. -परिवर्तः [स. त] 1 turning on the other side. -2 rolling or dallying in the lap or on the person; अपि कर्णजाहविनिवेशिताननः प्रियया तदङ्कपरिवर्तमाप्नुयाम् Māl.5.8. (an occasion for) embrace (अङ्के क्रोडे सर्वतो- भावेन वर्तनं हृदयालिङ्गनम् इत्यर्थः -Jagaddhara); so ˚परिवर्तिन्; भर्तुः ˚नी भव M.3. -पादव्रतम् N. of a Vrata; title of a chapter in the भविष्योत्तरपुराण. -पालिः -ली [पा-अलि ष. त. वा. ङीप्] 1 the extremity of region of the lap (क्रोडप्रान्त or प्रदेश); a seat in the lap; hence, an embrace; तावद्गाढं वितर सकृदप्यङ्कपालीं प्रसीद Māl.8.2. स्पृश हस्तेन मे हस्तमेहि देह्यङ्कपालिकाम् । Śivabhārata 21.33. -2 [अङ्केन पालयति पाल्-इ. तृ. त.] a nurse. -3 (-ली) a variety of plant, Piring or Medicago Esculenta; (Mar. धोत्रा-निघण्टुरत्नाकर) [वेदिकाख्यगन्धद्रव्यम्] -पाशः [अङ्कः पाश इव बन्धनेनेव पातनहेतुर्यत्र Tv.] an operation in arithmetic by which a peculiar concatenation or chain of numbers is formed by making the figures 1, 2 &c. exchange places (स्थानान्तमेकादिचयाङ्कघातः संख्याविभेदा नियतैः स्युरङ्कैः । भक्तो$ङ्कमित्याङ्कसमासनिघ्नः स्थानेषु युक्तो मितिसंयुतिः स्यात् ॥ See Līlā.24); (न गुणो न हरो न कृतिर्न घनः पृष्टस्तथापि दुष्टानाम् । गर्वितगणकबहूनां स्यात् पातो$वश्यमङ्कपाशे$स्मिन्). -पूरणम् multiplication of number of figures. -बन्धः. forming the lap, bending the thighs into a curve and squatting down. -2 branding with a mark that resembles a headless trunk (अशिरःपुरुषाकरो$ङ्कः). --भाज् [अङ्कं भजते उप. स.] 1 seated in the lap or carried on the hip, as an infant. -2 being within easy reach, drawing near, soon to be obtained; अविरहितमनेकेनाङ्कभाजा फलेन Ki. 5. 52. -3 premature, early ripe, forced fruit. -मुखम् (or आस्यम्) that part of an act, wherein the subject of all the acts is intimated, is called अङ्कमुख, which suggests the germ as well as the end; e. g. in Māl.1 कामन्दकी and अवलोकिता hint the parts to be played by भूरिवसु and others and give the arrangement of the plot in brief (यत्र स्यादङ्क एकस्मिन्नङ्कानां सूचनाखिला । तदङ्क- मुखमित्याहुर्बीजार्थख्यापकं च तत् ॥ S. D.322.) The Daśarūpa defines it thus: अङ्कान्तपौत्ररङ्कास्यं छिन्नाङ्कस्यार्थसूचनात् । i. e. where a character at the end of an act cuts short the story and introduces the beginning of another act; as in the second of Mv. -लोड्यः [अङ्केन लोड्यते असौ] a kind of tree (Mar. चिंचोट), ginger. -लोपः subtraction of numbers. -विद्या the science of numbers, arithmetic.
aṅgam अङ्गम् [अम् गत्यादौ बा˚ -गन्; according to Nir. अङ्ग, अङ्ग- नात् अञ्चनात् वा] 1 The body. -2 A limb or member of the body; शेषाङ्गनिर्माणविधौ विधातुः Ku.1.33; क्लेशस्याङ्गमदत्वा Pt.5. 32 without undergoing troubles; इति स्वप्नोपमान्मत्वा कामान्मा गास्तदङ्गताम् । Ki.11.34 do not be influenced or swayed by them (do not be subject to them) -3 (a.) A division or department (of anything), a part or portion, as of a whole; as सप्ताङ्गम् राज्यम्, चतुरङ्गम् बलम्, चतुःषष्ट्ष्ट्यङ्गम् ज्योतिः- शास्त्रम् see the words; गीताङ्गानाम् Pt.5.56; यज्ञश्चेत्प्रतिरुद्धःस्या- देकेनाङ्गेन यज्वनः Ms.11.11. (Hence) (b.) A supplementary or auxiliary portion, supplement; षडङ्ग or साङ्ग वेदः A peculiar use of the word अङ्ग in masculine gender may here be noted वेदांश्चैव तु वेदाङ्गान् वेदान्तानि तथा स्मृतीः । अधीत्य ब्राह्मणः पूर्वं शक्तितो$न्यांश्च संपठेत् Bṛhadyogiyājñaval-kya Smṛiti 12.34. (c.) A constituent part, essential requisite or component; सर्वैर्बलाङ्गैः R.7.59; तदङ्गमग्ऱ्यं मघवन् महाक्रतो R.3.46. (d.) An attributive or secondary part; secondary, auxiliary or dependent member (serving to help the principal one) (opp. प्रधान or अङ्गिन्); अङ्गी रौद्र- रसस्तत्र सर्वे$ङ्गानि रसाः पुनः S. D.517; अत्र स्वभावोक्तिरुत्प्रेक्षाङ्गम् Malli. on Ki 8.26. (e.) An auxiliary means or expedient (प्रधानोपयोगी उपायः or उपकरणम्); सर्वकार्यशरीरेषु मुक्त्वा- ङ्गस्कन्धपञ्चकम् । मन्त्रो योध इवाधीर सर्वाङ्गैः संवृतैरपि ॥ Śi.2.28-29; See अङ्गाङ्गि, पञ्चाङ्ग also (the angas of the several sciences or departments of knowledge will be given under those words). -4 (Gram.) A name for the base of a word; यस्मात्प्रत्ययविधिस्तदादिप्रत्यये अङ्गम् P.I.4.13; यः प्रत्ययो यस्मात्क्रियते तदादिशब्दस्वरूपं तस्मिन्प्रत्यये परे अङ्गसंज्ञं स्यात् Sk. The अङ्ग terminations are those of the nominative, and accusative singular and dual. -5 (Drama) (a.) One of the sub-divisions of the five joints or sandhis in dramas; the मुख has 12, प्रतिमुख 13, गर्भ 12, विमर्ष 13 and उपसंहार 14, the total number of the angas being thus 64; for details see the words. (b.) The whole body of subordinate characters. -6 (astr.) A name for the position of stars (लग्न), See अङ्गाधीश. -7 A symbolical expression for the number six (derived from the six Vedāngas). -8 The mind; हिरण्यगर्भाङ्गभुवं मुनिं हरिः Śi.1.1, See अङ्गज also. -9 N. of the chief sacred texts of the jainas. -ङ्गः (pl.) N. of a country and the people inhabiting it, the country about the modern Bhāgalpur in Bengal. [It lay on the south of Kauśikī Kachchha and on the right bank of the Ganges. Its capital was Champā, sometimes called Aṅgapurī Lomapādapurī, Karṇapurī or Mālinī. According to Daṇḍin (अङ्गेषु गङ्गातटे बहिश्चम्पायाः) and Hiouen Thsang it stood on the Ganges about 24 miles west of a rocky island. General Cunningham has shown that this description applies to the hill opposite Pātharghāṭā, that it is 24 miles east of Bhāgalpur, and that there are villages called Champanagar and Champapura adjoininng the last. According to Sanskrit poets the country of the Aṅgas lay to the east of Girivraja, the capital of Magadha and to the north-east or south-east of Mithilā. The country was in ancient times ruled by Karṇa] cf. अङ्गं गात्रा- न्तिकोपाय प्रतीकेष्वप्रधानके । देशभेदे तु पुंसि स्यात्...॥ Nm. -a. 1 Contiguous. -2 Having members or divisions. -Comp. -अङ्गि, [अङ्गीभावः -अङगस्य अङ्गिनो भावः] the relation of a limb to the body, of the subordinate to the principal, or of that which is helped or fed to the helper or feeder (गौणमुख्यभावः, उपकार्येपकारकभावश्च); e. g. प्रयाज and other rites are to दर्श as its angas, while दर्श is to them the aṅgi; अङ्गाङ्गिभावमज्ञात्वा कथं सामर्थ्यनिर्णयः । पश्य टिट्टिभमात्रेण समुद्रो व्याकुलीकृतः ॥ H.2.138; अत्र वाक्ये समास- गतयोरुपमयोः साध्यसाधनभावात् ˚वेन सम्बन्धः Malli. on Ki.6.2; अविश्रान्तिजुषामात्मन्यङ्गाङ्गित्वं तु संकरः K.P.1. (अनुग्राह्यानुग्राह- कत्वम्). -अधिपः, -अधीशः 1 lord of the Aṅgas, N. of Karṇa (cf. ˚राजः, ˚पतिः, ˚ईश्वरः, ˚अधीश्वरः). -2 'lord of a लग्न', the planet presiding over it; (अङ्गाधिपे बलिनि सर्वविभूतिसम्पत्; अङ्गाधीशः स्वगेहे बुधगुरुकविभिः संयुतो वीक्षितो वा Jyotiṣa). -अपूर्वम् effect of a secondary sacrificial act. -कर्मन् n. -क्रिया 1 besmearing the body with fragrant cosmetics, rubbing it &c. Dk.39. -2 a supplementary sacrificial act. -क्रमः the order of the performance with reference to the अङ्गs. The rule in this connection is that the अङ्गक्रम must conform to the मुख्यक्रम. cf. MS. 5.1.14. -ग्रहः spasm; seizure of the body with some illness. -ज-जात a. [अङ्गात् जायते जन्-ड] 1 produced from or on the body, being in or on the body, bodily; ˚जं रजः, ˚जाः अलङ्काराः &c. -2 produced by a supplementary rite. -3 beautiful, ornamental. (-जः) -जनुस् also 1 a son. -2 hair of the body (n. also); तवोत्तरीयं करिचर्म साङ्गजम् Ki.18.32. -3 love, cupid (अङ्गं मनः तस्मा- ज्जातः); intoxicating passion; अङ्गजरागदीपनात् Dk.161. -4 drunkenness, intoxication. -5 a disease. (-जा) a daughter. (-जम्) blood, अङ्गजं रुधिरे$नङ्गे केशे पुत्रे मदे पुमान् । नागरे नखरे$पि स्यात्... । Nm. -ज्वरः [अङ्गमङ्गम् अधिकृत्य ज्वरः] the disease called राजयक्ष्मा, a sort of consumption. -दूष- णम् 1 the defects of the limbs; the penalties of a defective construction; Māna. -2 name of the 79th chapter. -द्वीपः one of the six minor Dvīpas. -न्यासः [अङ्गेषु मन्त्र- भेदस्य न्यासः] touching the limbs of the body with the hand accompanied by appropriate Mantras. -पालिः f. [अङ्गं पाल्यते सम्बध्यते$त्र, अङ्ग-पाल्-इ] an embrace (probably a corruption of अङ्कपालि). -पालिका = अङ्कपालि q. v. -प्रत्यङ्गम् [समा. द्वन्द्व] every limb, large and small; ˚गानि पाणिना स्पृष्ट्वा K.167,72. -प्रायश्चित्तम् [अङ्गस्य शुद्ध्यर्थं प्राय- श्चित्तम्] expiation of bodily impurity, such as that caused by the death of a relative, consisting in making presents (पञ्चसूनाजन्यदुरितक्षयार्थं कार्यं दानरूपं प्रायश्चित्तम् Tv.). -भूः a. [अङ्गात् मनसो वा भवति; भू-क्विप्] born from the body or mind. (-भूः) 1 a son. -2 Cupid. -3 [अङ्गानाम् अङ्गमन्त्राणां भूः स्थानम्] one who has touched and purified, and then restrained, his limbs by repeating the Mantras pertaining to those limbs; ब्रह्माङ्गभूर्ब्रह्मणि योजितात्मा Ku.3.15 (सद्योजातादिमन्त्राणाम् अङ्गानां हृदयादिमन्त्राणां भूः स्थानं, कृतमन्त्रन्यासः Malli.). -भङ्गः 1 palsy or paralysis of limbs; ˚विकल इव भूत्वा स्थास्यामि Ś.2. -2 twisting or stretching out of the limbs (as is done by a man just after he rises from sleep); साङ्गभङ्गमुत्थाय Vb.; जृम्भितैः साङ्गभङ्गैः Mu.3.21, K.85. -3 The middle part of the anus and testicles. -मन्त्रः N. of a Mantra. -मर्दः [अङ्ग मर्दयति; मृद्-णिच्] 1 one who shampoos his master's body. -2 [भावे घञ्] act of shampooing; so ˚मर्दका or ˚मर्दिन्, मृद्- णिच् ण्वुल् or णिनि) one who shampoos. -मर्षः [ष. त.] rheumatism; ˚प्रशमनम् the curing of this disease. ˚मेजयत्वम् subtle throbbing of the body; Pātañjala 1.31. -यज्ञः, -यागः [अङ्गीभूतः यज्ञः] a subordinate sacrificial act which is of 5 sorts; समिधो यजति, तनूनपातं यजति, इडो यजति, बर्हिर्यजति, स्वाहाकारं यजति इति पञ्चविधाः । एतेषां सकृदनुष्ठा- नेनैव तन्त्रन्यायेन प्रधानयागानामाग्नेयादीनामुपकारितेति मीमांसा Tv. -रक्तः, -क्तम् [अङ्गे अवयवे रक्तः] N. of a plant गुडारोचनी found in काम्पिल्य country and having red powder (रक्ताङ्गलोचनी). -रक्षकः [अङ्गं रक्षति; रक्ष्-ण्वुल्] a bodyguard, personal attendant Pt.3. -रक्षणी [अङ्ग रक्ष्यते अनया] a coat of mail, or a garment. (-णम्) protection of person. -रागः [अङ्गं रज्यते अनेन करणे घञ्] 1 a scented cosmetic, application of perfumed unguents to the body, fragrant unguent; पुष्पगन्धेन अङ्गरागेण R.12.27, 6.6, स्तनाङ्गरागात् Ku.5.11. -2 [भावे ल्युट्] act of anointing the body with unguents. -रुहम् [अङ्गे रोहति; रुह्-क स. त. P.III.9.135.] hair; मम वर्णो मणिनिभो मृदून्य- ङ्गरुहाणि च Rām.6.48.12. विहङ्गराजाङ्गरुहैरिवायतैः Śi.1.7. -लिपिः f. written character of the Aṅgas. -लेपः [अङ्गं लिप्यते अनेन; लिप्-करणे घञ्] 1 a scented cosmetic. -2 [भावे घञ्] act of anointing. -लोड्यः (लोड ण्यत्) a kind of grass, ginger or its root, Amomum Zingiber. -वस्त्रोत्था f. A louse. -विकल a. [तृ. त.] 1 maimed, paralysed. -2 fainting, swooning. -विकृतिः f. 1 change _x001F_2of bodily appearance; collapse. -2 [अङ्गस्य विकृतिश्चालनादिर्यस्मात् प. ब.] an apoplectic fit, swooning, apoplexy (अपस्मार). -विकारः a bodily defect. -विक्षेपः 1 movement of the limbs; gesticulation. -2 a kind of dance. -विद्या [अङ्गरूपा व्याकरणादिशास्त्ररूपा विद्या ज्ञानसाधनम्] 1 the science of grammar &c. contributing to knowledge. -2 the science of foretelling good or evil by the movements of limbs. Kau. A.1.12; N. of chapter 51 of Bṛhat Saṁhitā which gives full details of this science; न नक्षत्राङ्गविद्यया...भिक्षां लिप्सेत कर्हिचित् Ms.6.5. -विधिः [अङ्गस्य प्रधानोपकारिणः विधिः विधानम् [a subordinate or subsidiary act subservient to a knowledge of the principal one (प्रधान- विधिविधेयकर्मणो$ङ्गबोधकतया अङ्गविधिः). -वीरः chief or principal hero. -वैकृतम् [अङ्गेन अङ्गचेष्टया वैकृतं हृदयभावो ज्ञाप्यते यत्र बहु.] 1 a sign, gesture or expression of the face leading to a knowledge of internal thoughts (आकार) -2 a nod, wink. -3 changed bodily appearance. -वैगुण्यम् a defect or flaw in the performance of some subordinate or subsidiary act which may be expiated by thinking of Viṣṇu); श्राद्धादिपद्धतौ कर्मान्ते यत्किञ्चिदङ्गवैगुण्यं जातं तद्दोषप्रशमनाय विष्णुस्मरणमहं करिष्ये इत्यभिलापवाक्यम् Tv.). -संस्कारः, -संस्क्रिया [अङ्गं संस्क्रियते अनेन; कृ-करणे or भावे- घञ्) 1 embellishment of person, personal decoration, doing whatever secures a fine personal appearance, such as bathing, rubbing the body, perfuming it with cosmetic &c. -2 [कर्त्रर्थे अण्] one who decorates or embellishes the person. -संहतिः f. compactness, symmetry; body; स्थेयसीं दधतमङ्गसंहतिम् Ki.13.5; or strength of the body. -संहिता The phonetic relation between consonants and vowels in the body of a word Ts. Prāt. -सङ्गः bodily contact, union; coition. -सुप्तिः f. Benumbing of the body. -सेवकः a personal attendant, body-guard. -स्कन्धः [कर्मधा.] a subdivision of a science. -स्पर्शः fitness or qualification for bodily contact or being touched by others. -हानिः f. 1. a defect or flaw in the performance of a secondary or subsidiary act (= ˚वैगुण्यम्); दैवाद् भ्रमात् प्रमादाच्चेदङ्गहानिः प्रजायते । स्मरणादेव तद्विष्णोः संपूर्णं स्यादिति श्रुतिः ॥ -हारः [अङ्गं ह्रियते इतस्ततः चाल्यते यत्र, हृ-आधारे or भावे घञ्] gesticulation, movements of the limbs, a dance; अङ्गहारैस्तथैवान्या कोमलै- र्नृत्यशालिनी Rām.5.1.36. संसक्तैरगुरुवनेषु साङ्गहारम् Ki.7.37. Ku.7.91. -हारिः [अङ्गं ह्रियते$त्र; हृ-बा˚णि] 1 gesticulation. -2 stage; dancing hall. -हीन a. [तृ. त.] 1 mutilated, deprived of some defective limb (अङ्गं हीनं यथो- चितप्रमाणात् अल्पं यस्य) according to Suśruta a man is so born, if the mother's दोहद has not been duly fulfilled (सा प्राप्तदौर्हृदा पुत्रं जनयेत गुणान्वितम् । अलब्धदौर्हृदा गर्भे लभेता- त्मनि वा भयम् ॥ येषु येष्विन्द्रियार्थेषु दौर्हृदे वै विमानना । जायते तत्सुतस्यार्तिस्तस्मिंस्तस्मिंस्तथेन्द्रिये ॥).
atipātin अतिपातिन् a. 1 Acute, running a rapid course. -2 Surpassing in speed, swifter than (in comp.); ततार विद्याः पवनातिपातिभिर्दिशो हरिद्भिर्हरिताभिवेश्वरः R.3.3. अतिपाति कार्यमिदम् । पञ्चरात्रम् 2.
atri अत्रि a. [properly अ, Uṇ.4.68, अदेस्त्रिनिश्च, अद्-त्रिन्] Devourer; अत्रिमनु स्वराज्यमग्निभ् Rv.2.8.5. -त्रिः N. of a celebrated sage and author of many Vedic hymns. [He appears in the Vedas in hymns addressed to Agni, Indra, the Aśvins and the Viśve-devas. In the Svāyambhuva Manvantara, he appears as one of the ten Prajāpatis or mind-born sons of Brahmā, being born from his eye. These sons having died by the curse of Śiva, Brahmā performed a sacrifice, at the beginning of the present Vaivasvata Manvantara, and Atri was born from the flames of Agni. Anasūyā was his wife in both lives. In the first, she bore him three sons, Datta, Durvāsas and Soma; in the second, she had two additional children, a son by name Aryaman and a daughter called Amalā. In the Rāmāyaṇa an account is given of the visit paid by Rāma and Sītā to Atri and Anasūyā in their hermitage, when they both received them most kindly. (See Anasūyā.) As a Riṣi or sage he is one of the seven sages who were all sons of Brahmā, and represents in Astronomy one of the stars of the Great Bear situated in the north. He is also the author of a code of laws known as अत्रिस्मृति or अत्रिसंहिता. In the Purāṇas he is said to have produced the moon from his eye, while he was practising austere penance, the moon being in consequence called अत्रिज, -जात, -दृग्ज, अत्रिनेत्रप्रसूत, -˚प्रभव, ˚भव &c.; cf. also अथ नयनसमुत्थं ज्योतिरत्रेरिव द्यौः R.2.75. and अत्रेरिवेन्दुः V.5.21] - (pl.) descendants of Atri. -अत्री wife of अत्रि; अत्रिरञ्य नमस्कर्ता Mb.13.17.38. -Comp. -चतुरहः N. of a Sacrifice. -जातः 1 The moon. -2 Datta. -3 Durvāsas. -भारद्वाजिका Marriage of descendants of Atri with those of Bhāradvāja.
atha अथ (Ved. अथा) ind. [अर्थ्-ड, पृषोद˚ रलोपः Tv.] A particle used at the beginning (of works) mostly as a sign of auspiciousness, and translated by 'here', 'now' (begins) (मङ्गल, आरम्भ, अधिकार) (Properly speaking 'auspiciousness' or मङ्गल is not the sense of अथ, but the very utterance or hearing of the word is considered to be indicative of auspiciousness, as the word is supposed to have emanated from the throat of Brahmā ओंकारश्चाथशब्दश्च द्वावेतौ ब्रह्मणः पुरा । कण्ठं भित्त्वा विनिर्यातौ तेन माङ्गलिकावुभौ ॥ and therefore we find in Śāṅkara Bhāṣya अर्थान्तरप्रयुक्तः अथशब्दः श्रुत्या मङ्गलमारचयति); अथ निर्वचनम्; अथ योगानुशासनम्; अथेदं प्रारभ्यते द्वितीयं तन्त्रम् Pt.2. (usually followed by इति at the end, इति प्रथमो$ङ्कः here ends &c.). -2 Then, afterwards (आनन्तर्य) अथ प्रजानामधिपः प्रभाते R.2.1; often as a correlative of यदि or चेत्; न चेन्मुनिकुमारो$यं अथ को$स्य व्यपदेशः Ś.7; मुहूर्तादुपरि उपाध्याय- श्चेदागच्छेत् अथ त्वं छन्दो$धीष्व P.III.3.9. Sk. -3 If, supposing, now if, in case, but if (पक्षान्तर); अथ कौतुक- मावेदयामि K.144, अथ तु वेत्सि शुचि व्रतमात्मनः पतिकुले तव दास्यमपि क्षमम् ॥ Ś.5.27; अथ मरणमवश्यमेव जन्तोः किमिति मुधा मलिनं यशः कुरुध्वे Ve.3.6. अथ गृह्णाति Ś.7; Ku.5.45; Mu.3.25; Ki.1.44; अथ चास्तमिता त्वमात्मना R.8.51 while, but, on the other hand; oft followed by ततः or तथापि, Bg.2.26;12.9,11; अथ चेत् but if Bg.2. 33;18.58. -4 And, so also, likewise (समुच्चय); गणितमथ कलां वैशिकीम् Mk.1. मातृष्वसा मातुलानि श्वश्रूरथ पितृष्वसा । संपूज्या गुरुपत्नीवत् समास्ता गुरुभार्यया ॥ Ms.2.1.31; भीमो$थार्जुनः G.M. -5 Used in asking or introducing questions (प्रश्न) oft. with the interrogative word itself; अथ सा तत्रभवती किमाख्यम्य राजर्षेः पत्नी Ś.7; अर्थवान् खलु मे राजशब्दः । अथ भगवाँल्लोकानुग्रहाय कुशली काश्यपः Ś.5; अथ शक्नोषि भोक्तुम् G. M.; अथात्रभवति कथमित्थंभूता M.5; अथ केन प्रयुक्तो$यं पापं चरति पूरुषः । Bg.3.36; अथ भवन्तमन्तरेण कीदृशो$स्या दृष्टिरागः Ś.2; अथ माडव्यं प्रति किमेवं प्रयुक्तम् Ś.6 (अथ may in these two sentences mean 'but'). -6 Totality, entirety (कार्त्स्न्य); अथ धर्मं व्याख्यास्यामः G. M. we shall explain the whole धर्म (धर्म in all its details.) Śi;7.75. -7 Doubt, uncertainty (संशय, विकल्प); शब्दो नित्यो $थानित्यः G. M. The senses of अथ usually given by lexicographers are :-अथो$थ स्यातां समुच्चये । मङ्गले संशयारम्भा- धिकारानन्तरेषु च । अन्वादेशे प्रतिज्ञायां प्रश्नसाकल्ययोरपि ॥ Some of these senses are indentical with those in (1), while some are not in general use. -Comp. -अतः -अनन्तरम् now, therefore; अथा$तो धर्मजिज्ञासा Ms.1.1.1. -अपि moreover, and again &c. (= अथ in most cases); ˚च likewise, also. -किम् what else, yes, exactly so, quite so, certainly; सर्वथा अप्सरःसंभवैषा । अथ किम् Ś.1; अपि वृषलमनुरक्ताः प्रकृतयः अथ किम् Mu.1. -किमु how much more, so much more. -तु but, on the contrary. अथ तु वेत्सि शुचि व्रतमात्मनः । Ś.5.27. -वा 1 or (used like the English disjunctive conjunction 'or' and occupying the same place); व्यवहारं परिज्ञाय वध्यः पूज्यो$थवा भवेत् H.1.55; समस्तैरथवा पृथक् Ms.7.198; अथवा-अथवा either-or; वाथ is often used in the same sense with वा; कार्तिके वाथ चैत्रे वा Pt.3.38; साम्ना दानेन भेदेन समस्तैरथवा पृथक् । विजेतुं प्रयतेतारीन्न युद्धेन कदाचन ॥ Ms.7.182; अथापि वा also used in the same sense; एतदेव व्रतं कुर्यु- श्चान्द्रायणमथापि वा 11.117;8.287. -2 or rather, or why, or perhaps, is it not so (correcting or modifying a previous statement); why should there be any thought or hesitation about it, or it is no wonder; अपि नाम कुलपतेरियमसवर्णक्षेत्रसंभवा स्यात् । अथवा कृतं सन्देहेन Ś.1.,1.16; गमिष्याम्युपहास्यताम्...अथवा कृतवाग्द्वारे वंशे$स्मिन् R.1.3-4; अथवा मृदु वस्तु हिंसितुम् R.8.45.; दीर्ये किं न सहस्रधाहमथवा रामेण किं दुष्करम् U.6.4; अधोधो गङ्गेयं पदमुपगता स्तोकमथवा । विवेकभ्रष्टानां भवति विनिपातः शतमुखः Bh.2.1.
aditi अदिति a. [न दीयते खण्ड्यते बध्यते बृहत्त्वात्; दो-क्तिच्] Free, not tied. आदित्यासो अदितयः स्याम Rv.7.52.1. boundless, unlimited, inexhaustible; entire, unbroken; happy, pious (mostly Ved. in all these senses). -तिः [अत्ति प्राणिजातम्; अद्इतिच्] 1 Devourer i. e. death; यद्यदेवासृज तत्तदत्तुमध्रियत, सर्वं वा अत्तीति तददितेरदितित्वम् Bṛi. Ār. Up.1.2.5. -2 An epithet of God. -तिः f. [न दातुं शक्तिः] 1 Inability to give, poverty. -2 [दातुं छेत्तुम् अयोग्या] (a) The earth. (b) The goddess Aditi, mother of the Ādityas, in mythology represented as the mother of gods; see further on. (c) Freedom, security; boundlessness, immensity of space (opp. to the earth). (d) Inexhaustible abundance, perfection. (e) The lunar mansion called पुनर्वसु. (f) Speech; या प्राणेन संभवत्यदितिर्देवतामयी (शब्दादीनां अदनात् अदितिः Śaṅkara). (g) A cow. cf. ŚB. on MS. 1-3-49. (h) Milk; wife (?). -ती (dual) Heaven and earth. [अदिति literally means 'unbounded', 'the boundless Heaven', or according to others, 'the visible infinite, the endless expanse beyond the earth, beyond the clouds, beyond the sky'. According to Yāska अदिति- रदीना देवमाता, and the verse beginning with अदितिर्द्यौः &c. Rv.1.89.16. he interprets by taking अदिति to mean अदीन i. e. अनुपक्षीण, न ह्येषां क्षयो$स्ति इति. [In the Ṛigveda Aditi is frequently implored 'for blessing on children and cattle, for protection and for forgiveness'. She is called 'Devamātā' being strangely enough represented both as mother and daughter of Dakṣa. She had 8 sons; she approached the gods with 7 and cast away the 8th (Mārtaṇḍa, the sun.) In another place Aditi is addressed as 'supporter of the sky, sustainer of the earth, sovereign of this world, wife of Viṣṇu', but in the Mahābhārata, Rāmāyaṇa and Purāṇas, Viṣṇu is said to be the son of Aditi, one of the several daughters of Dakṣa and given in marriage of Kaśyapa by whom she was the mother of Viṣṇu in his dwarf incarnation, and also of Indra, and she is called mother of gods and the gods her sons, 'Aditinandanas'; See Dakṣa and Kaśyapa also]. -Comp. -जः, -नन्दनः a god, divine being.
anati अनति ind. Not very much; compounds beginning with अनति may be analysed by referring to अति; e. g. अनतिक्रमः moderation; अनतिक्रमणीय not to be transgressed, inviolable, अनतिदृश्य opaque; अनातेद्भुत unsurpassed, real, true, proper, ब्रह्मा त इन्द्र गिर्वणः क्रियन्ते अनतिद्भुता Rv.8.9.3. अनतिव्याध्य invulnerable; अनत्यन्तगति P.V. 4.4 sense of diminutive words; अनत्यय imperishable, undecaying &c.; अनतिप्रश्न not to be asked to excess; अनतिविलम्बिता absence of delay; fluency as a speaker's qualification, one of the 35 Vāgguṇas, q. v.
anādi अनादि a. [आदिः कारणं पूर्वकालो वा नास्ति यस्य सः] Having no beginning, eternal, existing from eternity, epithet of परमेश्वर; जगदादिरनादिस्त्वम् Ku.2.9; अनादिरादि- र्गोविन्दः सर्वकारणकारणम्; also of हिरण्यगर्भ. -Comp. -अनन्त, -अन्त a. without beginning and end; eternal. (-अन्तः) N. of Śiva. -निधन a. having neither beginning nor end, eternal. -मध्यान्त a. having no beginning, middle or end; eternal.
anāditā अनादिता त्वम् State of having no beginning.
anādimat अनादिमत् a. Not produced or effected, having no beginning.
anudhāvanam अनुधावनम् 1 Going or running after, following, pursuing; तुरग ˚कण्डितसन्धेः Ś.2. -2 Close pursuit of an object (for the knowledge of truth); research, investigation. -3 Seeking a mistress, though unattainable. -4 Cleansing, purification.
anunāsika अनुनासिक a. [अनुगतो नासिकाम्] 1 Nasal, pronounced through the nose; मुखसहितनासिकया उच्चार्यमाणो वर्णो$- नुनासिकसंज्ञः स्यात् Sk.; मुखनासिकावचनो$नुनासिकः P.I.1.8; अमो$नुनासिका न ह्रौ Śikṣā; अनुनासिक being a name for the 5 nasal consonants, the vowels or the consonants य्, व्, ल् (under certain circumstances); i. e. the letters included in the प्रत्याहार अम् except ह् and र्. -2 The sign used to mark the nasalization in the case of य्, व् or ल्. -कम् The nasal twang. -Comp. -आदिः a conjunct consonant beginning with a nasal.
anupūrva अनुपूर्व a. [अनुगतः पूर्वं परिपाटीं क्रमं वा] 1 Regular, having a suitable measure, regularly shaped, symmetrical; वृत्तानुपूर्वे च न चातिदीर्घे Ku.1.35; ततोनुपूर्वायत- वृत्तबाहुः Ki.17.5 (गोपुच्छाकार Malli.); जङ्घे अनुपूर्ववृ Dk.131; ˚ताम्राङ्गुली बाहुलते ibid.; ˚केश who has regular hair; ˚गात्र having regularly shaped limbs; so ˚दंष्ट्र, ˚नाभि, ˚पाणि. -2 Orderly, successive, in due order or succession; coming in order, following. -3 The lowest (निकृष्टप्रमाण); अनुपूर्वा इतरे Kāty. -Comp. -ज a. descended in a regular line. -वत्सा a cow that calves regularly. अनुपूर्वशः anupūrvaśḥ पूर्वेण pūrvēṇa अनुपूर्वशः पूर्वेण adv. In regular order, one by one, successively, from above, downwards; from the beginning or first; वर्णानामनुपूर्वशः Ms.8.142;3.39,7.35.
anubandhaḥ अनुबन्धः 1 Binding or fastening on, connection, attachment, tie (lit. & fig.); यस्यां मनश्चक्षुषोरनुबन्धस्तस्या- मृद्धिः Māl.2; एतस्येदृशेन दर्शनेन कीदृशो मे हृदयानुबन्धः इति न जानासि U.3 state of feeling; K.257. -2 Uninterrupted succession, unbroken sequence, continuous flow, continuity; series, chain; बाष्पं कुसु स्थिरतया विरतानुबन्धम् Ś.4. 15; मरण˚ K.236 following up death, desire for dying; अनुबन्धाद्विरमेद्वा K.28; यदा नात्याक्षीदेवानुबन्धम् 39 (persistence in) following me, 317; वैर˚, मत्सर˚, Dk.63,161; मुच्यतां देवि शोकानुबन्धः K.63 continuous sorrow; दुर्लभजन- प्रार्थना˚ Ratn.1; विरम विरम वह्ने मुञ्च धूमानुबन्धम् 4.16; सानु- बन्धाः कथं न स्युः संपदो मे निरापदः R.1.64 continuous, uninterrupted; परिवृद्धरीगमनुबन्धसेवया R.9.69 continuous enjoyment; अयं सो$र्थो$नर्थानुबन्धः संवृत्तः V.5 giving rise to a chain of evils. -3 Descendants, posterity; सानुबन्धा हता ह्यसि Rām. relation, भूमेः सुतां भूमिभृतो$नुबन्धात् Viś. Guṇā.475. -4 Consequence, result (good or bad); आत्मदोषानुबन्धेन K.319 in consequence of; यदग्रे चानुबन्धे च सुखम् Bg.18.39,25; अनुबन्धमजानन्तः कर्मणामविचक्षणाः Rām. 3.51.26; नार्थानां प्रकृतिं वेत्सि नानुबन्धमवेक्षसे Mb.4.49.1. -5 Intention; design, motive, cause; अनुबन्धानपेक्षेत सानु- बन्धेषु कर्मसु Mb.5.34.8. अनुबन्धं परिज्ञाय देशकालौ च तत्त्वतः । सारापराधौ चालोक्य दण्ड दण्डयेषु पातयेत् Ms.8.126; पाप˚ of evil designs. -6 An adjunct of a thing, a secondary member (मुख्यानुयायि, अप्रधानम्); (उल्का) दृश्यते सानुबन्धा च Rām.5.1.63. a secondary symptom, symptomatic affection, attendant on the principal disease (वातपित्तादि- दोषाणामप्राधान्यम्); मूर्छानुबन्धा विषमज्वराः Suśr. -7 Connecting link or adjunct of a subject or topic; theme, matter of discussion; introductory reasons; (विषयप्रयोजनाधिकारि- संबन्धः अनुबन्धः) (an indispensable element of the Vedānta). -8 (Gram.) An indicatory syllable or letter intended to denote some peculiarity in the inflection, accent &c. of the word to which it is attached; as the लृ in गम्लृ, ण् in इण्; रिपुराप पराभवाय मध्यं प्रकृति- प्रत्यययोरिवानुबन्धः Ki.13.19. -9 Offence, fault. -1 An obstacle, impediment; also the clog or encumbrance of a family; domestic ties or attachment. -11 A child or pupil who follows the example set by his parent or teacher (मुख्यानुयायी शिशुः). -12 Beginning, commencement. -13 Repeated application or devotion (पौनःपुन्येन अभिनिवेशः). -14 Course, pursuit. -15 A small bit or part, a trifle. -16 The junction of a fraction (with an integer), as भागानुबन्धपूर्णाङ्कः. -17 Base, stem (प्रकृति). cf. अनुबन्धः प्रकृत्यादौ दोषोत्पादे विनश्वरे । मुख्यानुयायिनि शिशौ प्रकृतस्यानुवर्तने । अनुबन्धे$पि हिक्कायां भ्रष्टायामपि कथ्यते । Nm. -धी [अनुबध्यते अतिश्वासेन व्याप्रियते अनया] 1 Thirst. -2 Hickup. अनुबन्धी तु हिक्कायां तृष्णायामपि योषिति-Medinī.
anusaṃdhānam अनुसंधानम् 1 Inquiry, investigation; close inspection or scrutiny, examination; Mv.7. -2 Aiming at. H. -3 Planning, arranging, getting ready &c.; दुर्गानुसंधाने को नियुज्यताम् H.3 equipping with the necessary materials. -4 A plan, scheme. -5 Suitable connection. -6 (In the Vaiś. Phil.) The 4th step in a syllogism, the उपनय or application. अनुसंधानिन् anusandhānin संधायिन् sandhāyin अनुसंधानिन् संधायिन् a. Investigating, looking after; skilful in concerting plans.
andha अन्ध a. 1 Blind (lit. and fig.); devoid of sight, unable to see (at particular times); दिवान्धाः प्राणिनः केचिद्रात्रावन्धास्तथापरे; D. Bhāg. made blind, blinded; स्रजमपि शिरस्यन्धः क्षिप्तां धुनोत्यहिशङ्कया Ś.7.24; मदान्धः blinded by intoxication; so दर्पान्धः, क्रोधान्धः; काम˚ लोभ˚ अज्ञान˚ अज्ञाना- न्धस्य दीपस्य ज्ञानाञ्जनशलाकया । चक्षुरुन्मीलितं येन तस्मै श्रीगुरवे नमः ॥; सहजान्धदृशः स्वदुर्नये Śi.16.29 blind to his own wicked acts. -2 Making blind, preventing the sight; utter, pitchy; complete, thick (darkness) प्रधर्षितायां वैदेह्यां बभूव सचराचरम् । जगत्सर्वममर्यादं तमसान्धेन संवृतम् ॥ Rām 3.52. 9. Ms.8.94; सीदन्नन्धे तमसि U.3.33; Māl.9.8.2; See ˚कूप, ˚तामसम् infra. -3 Afflicted. आर्यः पर्युषितं तु नाभ्य- वहरत्यन्धः क्षुधान्धो$प्यसौ Viś. Guna.11. -4 Soiled, tarnished; निःश्वासान्ध इवादर्शश्चन्द्रमा न प्रकाशते Rām.3.16.13. -न्धम् Darkness. अन्धः स्यादन्धवेलायां बाधिर्यमपि चाश्रयेत् Mb. 1.14.12. -2 Spiritual ignorance; अज्ञान or अविद्या q.v. -3 Water; also, turbid water. -धः 1 A kind of mendicant (परिव्राजक) who has completely controlled his organs; तिष्ठतो व्रजतो वापि यस्य चक्षुर्न दूरगम् । चतुष्पदां भुवं मुक्त्वा परिव्राडन्ध उच्यते ॥ -2 An epithet of the zodiacal signs at particular periods; (नष्टद्रव्यलाभालाभोपयोगयुक्तो राशिभेदः); मेषो वृषा मृगेन्द्रश्च रात्रावन्धाः प्रकीर्तिताः । नृयुक्कर्कटकन्याश्च दिवान्धाः परिकीर्तिताः ॥ -न्धाः (pl.) N. of a people; see अन्ध्र. -Comp. -अलजी a blind boil or abscess in the eyes (one that does not open or suppurate). (Ved. अलजि विसल्पस्य विद्रधस्य वातीकारस्य वालजेः Av.9.8.2.) -अहिः, -अहिकः a blind serpent, i. e. one that is not poisonous. (-हिः, -हिकः) N. of a fish (कुचिका). -कारः [अन्धं करोति] darkness (lit. and fig.); लीनं दिवाभीतमिवान्धकारम् Ku. 1.12; काम˚, मदन˚; अन्धकारतामुपयाति चक्षुः K.36 grows dim; बाष्पजलधारान्धकारितमुखी K.161,286. -कूपः [अन्धयतीत्यन्धः, अन्धः कूपः] 1 a well, the mouth of which is hidden; a well overgrown with plants &c. -2 [अन्धस्य दृष्टयभावस्य कूप इव] mental darkness, infatuation. -3 N. of a hell, to which those who tease and kill harmless creatures are condemned. -तमसम् (P.V.4. 79.) -तामसम्, -न्धातमसम् deep or complete darkness; लोकमन्धतमसात्क्रमोदितौ R.11.24; अन्धतमसमिव प्रविशामि U.7 the gloom of hell; प्रध्वंसितान्धतमसस्तत्रोदाहरणं रविः Śi.2.33. (-सा) night. -तामिस्रः, श्रः (-स्रम् also) 1 complete or deep darkness (especially of the soul); तामिस्रोष्टदशधा तथा भवत्यन्धतामिस्रः Sāṅ K.48 (भयविशेषविषयको$भिनिवेशः); तस्यामन्धतामिस्रमभ्यध्यायत् Mv.1. -2 spiritual ignorance (देहे नष्टे अहमेव नष्टः इति रूपमज्ञानम्); enveloped in utter darkness. (-स्रः, स्रम्) 1 N. of a division of Tartarus or infernal regions, the second of the 21 hells to which those who seduce the wives of others and enjoy them are condemned. According to Bhavabhūti persons committing suicide were condemned to this hell; cf. अन्धतामिस्रा ह्यसूर्या नाम ते लोकास्तेभ्यः प्रतिविधीयन्ते य आत्मघातिन इत्येवमृषयो मन्यन्ते U.4; तामिस्रमन्धतामिस्रं महारौरवरौरवौ । नरकं कालसूत्रं च महानरकमेव च ॥ Ms.4.88,197; Y.3.224; doctrine of annihilation after death. -2 Death मोहो$प्रकाशस्तामिस्रमन्धतामिस्रसंज्ञितम् । मरणं चान्धतामिस्रं तामिस्रं क्रोध उच्यते ॥ Mb.12.313.25. -धी a. mentally blind. -पूतना a demoness supposed to cause diseases in children; यो द्वेष्टि स्तनमतिसारकासहिक्काछर्दीभिर्ज्वर- सहिताभिरर्द्यमानः । दुर्वर्णः सततमधःशयो$म्लगन्धिस्तं ब्रूयुर्वरभिषजोन्ध- पूतनार्तम् Suśr. -मूषा a small covered crucible with a hole in the side. -मूषिका [अन्धं दृष्ट्यभावं मुष्णाति, मुष्-ण्वुल्] N. of a plant or grass देवताड (तत्सेवनेन चक्षुष्मत्ता भवतीति वैद्यकप्रसिद्धिः). -रात्री dark night (Ved). -वर्त्मन् m. [अन्धं सूर्यप्रकाशराहित्याद्वर्त्म यत्र] the seventh skandha or region of wind.
apakṣi अपक्षि 1.5.9 P. To bring to an end, destroy; annihilate. -pass. To decline, decay, waste away; wane (as the moon).
apas अपस् n. [आप् असुन् ह्रस्वश्च; आपः कर्माख्यायां ह्रस्वो नुट् च वा स्यात् Uṇ.4.27. अप्नः, अपः] 1 Work, action; अपसा सन्तु नेमे Rv.1.54.8. -2 Sacred act or rite, sacrificial work. -3 Water. -a. (अपाः) 1 Active, engaged in any act (कर्मयुक्त). -2 Got or obtained. According to B. and R. अपसः f. pl. stands in the Veda for (1) the hands and fingers busy in kindling the sacred fire and performing the sacrificial rites; (2) the three goddesses of sacred speech or the three divinities, fire, wind and sun; and (3) the active or running waters. [cf. L. opus.]
apahṛ अपहृ 1 P. 1 (a) To take off, bear or snatch away, carry off; पश्चात्पुत्रैरपहृतभरः V.3.1 relieved of the burden; तन्त्रादचिरापहृतः पटः brought; तन्त्रादचिरापहृते P.V.2.7 Sk. (b) To avert, turn away; वदनमपहरन्तीम् (गौरीम्) Ku.7.95 averting or turning away her face. (c) To rob, plunder, steal. -2 To sever, separate, cut off; R.15.52. v. l. -3 To overpower, overcome, subdue; attract, ravish, captivate; affect, influence (in a good or bad sense); अपह्रिये खलु परिश्रमजनितया निद्रया U.1 overpowered; उत्सवा- पहृतचेतोभिः Ratn.1; यथा नापह्रियसे सुखेन K.19 seduced, led away, 277; न...प्रियतमा यतमानमपाहरत् R.9.7 did not subdue i. e. did not divert his mind. -4 To remove, take away, destroy, annihilate, deprive (one) of; कीर्तिं˚ R.11.74; प्रिया मे दत्ता वाक् पुनर्मे$पहृता Dk.52. -5 To take back, resume; देयं प्रतिश्रुतं चैव दत्त्वा नापहरेत्पुनः Y.2.176. -6 To subtract, deduct. -Caus. To cause (others) to take away; परैस्त्वदन्यः क इवापहारयेन्मनोरमाम् Ki.1.31.
api अपि ind. (Sometimes with the अ dropped according to the opinion of Bhāguri; वष्टि भागुरिरल्लोपमवाप्योरुपसर्गयोः; पिधा, पिधान &c.) 1 (Used with roots and nouns in the sense of) Placing near or over, taking towards, uniting with; reaching or going up to, proximity, nearness &c. [cf. Gr. epi, Zend api, Germ. and Eng. be]. (Note :- अपि, as a prefix to roots, occurs mostly in Veda, its place being taken by अभि in classical literature). -2 (As a separable adverb or conjunction) And, also, too, moreover, besides, in addition, having a cumulative force (समुच्चय); अस्ति मे सोदरस्नेहो$प्येतेषु; Ś.1 on one's part, in one's turn; विष्णुशर्मणा$पि राजपुत्राः पाठिताः Pt.1; राजा$पि मुनिवाक्यमङ्गीकृत्यातिष्ठत् Dk.2; अपि-अपि or अपि च as well as, and also; अपि स्तुहि, अपि सिञ्च P.I.4.46 Sk., न नापि-न चैव, न वा$पि, नापि वा चापि neither-nor; न चापि काव्यं नवमित्यवद्यम् M.1.2 nor; वा$पि or; अल्पो$प्येवं महान् वा$पि Ms.3.53 whether small or great. -3 It is often used to express emphasis in the sense of 'too', 'even', 'very'; विधुरपि विधियोगाद् ग्रस्यते राहुणा$सौ H.1.19 the very moon; यूयमप्यनेन कर्मणा परिश्रान्ताः Ś.1 even you, you also; अन्यदपि also another; अद्यापि even, yet, still, even now; इदानीमपि even now; मुहूर्तमपि even for a moment, for one moment at least; नाद्यापि not yet; यद्यपि though, although, even if; तथापि still, यद्यपि बहु नाधीषे तथापि पठ पुत्र व्याकरणम्; nevertheless, notwithstanding, yet; sometimes यद्यपि is understood, तथा$पि only being used; as in भवादृशेषु प्रमदाजनोदितं भवत्यधिक्षेप इवानुशासनम् । तथा$पि वक्तुं व्यवसाययन्ति मां निरस्तनारीसमया दुराधयः Ki 1.28. -4 Though (oft. translatable by 'even', 'even if'); सरसिजमनुविद्धं शैवलेनापि रम्यम् Ś.1.2 though over-spread &c.; इयमधिकमनोज्ञा वल्कलेनापि तन्वी ibid. though in her bark dress; बलवदपि शिक्षितानाम् 1.2 though ever so learned. In this sense अपि is most frequently used by writers to show real or imaginary opposition (विरोध); कृष्णमपि असुदर्शनम्, पुष्पवत्यपि पवित्रा &c. -5 But however. -6 Used at the beginning of sentences अपि introduces a question; अपि सन्निहितो$त्र कुलपतिः Ś.i; अपि क्रियार्थं सुलभं समित्कुशं...अपि स्वशक्त्या तपसि प्रवर्तसे Ku.5.33,34,35; अप्यग्रणीर्मन्त्रकृतामृषीणां कुशाग्रबुद्धे कुशली गुरुस्ते R.5.4. -7 Hope, expectation (usually with the potential mood); कृतं रामसदृशं कर्म । अपि जीवेत्स ब्राह्मणशिशुः U.2 I hope the Brāhmaṇa boy comes to life. Note-- In this sense अपि is frequently used with नाम and has the sense of (a) 'is it likely', 'may it be'; (b) 'perhaps', 'in all probability' or (c) 'would that', 'I wish or hope that'; अपि नाम कुलपतेरियमसवर्णक्षेत्रसंभवा स्यात् Ś.1; Ś.7; तदपि नाम मनागवतीर्णो$सि रतिरमणबाणगोचरम् Māl.1 perhaps, in all probability; अपि नाम तयोः कल्याणिनोः अभिमतः पाणिग्रहः स्यात् ibid.; अपि नाम रामभद्रः पुनरपीदं वनमलङ्कुर्यात् U.2; 'is it likely', 'I wish'; यथा वनज्योत्स्नानुरूपेण पादपेन संगता अपि नाम एवमहमप्यात्मनो$नुरूपं वरं लभेयेति Ś.1 would that; अपि नामाहं पुरूरवा भवेयम् V.2 I wish I were P. -8 Affixed to interrogative words, अपि makes the sense indefinite, 'any', 'some'; को$पि some one; कीमपि something; कुत्रापि somewhere; कदा$पि at any time; कथमपि any how &c. के$पि एते प्रवयसः त्वां दिदृक्षवः U.4 some people. It may often be translated by 'unknown', 'indescribable', 'inexpressible' (अनिर्वाच्य); व्यतिषजति पदार्थानान्तरः को$पि हेतुः U.6.12. तत्तस्य किमपि द्रव्यं यो हि यस्य प्रियो जनः 2.19; Mu.3.22; K.143; को$पि महिमा स्यात् U.6,6.11,7.12; Māl.1.26; R.1.46. -9 After words expressing number, अपि has the sense of 'totality', 'all'; चतुर्णामपि वर्णानाम् of all the 4 castes; सर्वैरपि राज्ञां प्रयोजनम् Pt.1. -1 It sometimes expresses 'doubt' or 'uncertainty', 'fear' (शङ्का); अपि चोरो भवेत् G. M. there is perhaps a thief. -11 (with pot. mood) It has the sense of संभावना 'possibility', 'supposition'; P.I.4.96;III.3.154; अपि स्तुयाद्विष्णुम्, अपि स्तुयाद्राजानम्, अपि गिरिं शिरसा भिन्द्यात् Sk.; सो$यमपि सिञ्चेत्सहस्रं द्राक्षाणां क्षणेनैकेन Dk.127. -12 Contempt, censure, or reproof; P.I.4.96,III.3.142; धिग्देवदत्तमपि स्तुयाद् वृषलम्; धिग्जाल्मं देवदत्तमपि सिञ्चेत् पलाण्डुम्; अपि जायां त्यजसि जातु गणिका- माधत्से गर्हितमेतत् Sk. shame to &c. or fie upon, Devadatta &c. -13 It is also used with the Imperative mood to mark 'indifference on the part of the speaker', where he permits another to do as he likes, (अन्ववसर्ग or काम- चारानुज्ञा, the imperative being softened;) अपि स्तुहि Sk. you may praise (if you like); अपि स्तुह्यपि सेधा$स्मांस्तथ्यमुक्तं नराशन Bk.8.92. -14 अपि is sometimes used as a particle of exclamation, -15 Rarely in the sense of 'therefore', 'hence' (अत एव). -16 Used as a separable preposition with gen. it is said to express the sense of a word understood (पदार्थ), and is treated as a कर्म- प्रवचनीय P.I.4.96; the example usually given is सर्पि- षो$पि स्यात् where some word like बिन्दुरपि 'a drop,' 'a little' &c. has to be understood, 'there may perhaps be a drop of ghee', 'I presume there may be at least a drop' &c. अपि संभावनाप्रश्नशङ्कागर्हासमुच्चये । तथायुक्तपदार्थेषु कामचारक्रियासु च ॥ Viśva.; अपिः पदार्थसंभावनान्ववसर्गगर्हासमुच्चयेषु P.I.4.96. G. M. adds the sense of आशिस् 'blessing' (भद्रमपि), मृति 'death' (मरणमपि) and भूषा 'decoration' (अपि नह्यति हारं). cf. also...अपिः प्रश्नविरोधयोः । संभावनायां गर्हायां समुच्चयवितर्कयोः । Nm.
apiśarvara अपिशर्वर a. Ved. Close to the night, being at the beginning (or end) of the night. -रम् Early or untimely morning, evening (or morning) time (प्रदोषमुखम्).
apāyaḥ अपायः [इ-अच्] 1 Going away, departure. -2 Separation; ध्रुवमपाये$पादानम् P.I.4.24. (अपायो विश्लेषः Sk.); येन जातं प्रियापाये कद्वदं हंसकोकिलम् Bk.6.75. -3 Disappearance, vanishing, absence; सूर्यापाये Me.82 at the time of sunset; क्षणदापायशशाङ्कदर्शनः R.8.74 close of night; जलापाय- विपाण़्डुराणि Śi.4.5;4.54;18.1. -4 Destruction, loss, death, annihilation; करणापायविभिन्नवर्णया R.8.42 loss, 83; मालत्यपायमधिगम्य Māl.1.9 death or disappearance of M. -5 An evil, ill, misfortune, risk, calamity, danger (oft. opp. उपाय); तदपि मरणापायचकितः Bh.3.9; तदनेन पापबुद्धिनोपायश्चिन्तितो नापायः Pt.1 not the danger (resulting from the plan); उपायं चिन्तयेत्प्राज्ञस्तथापायं च चिन्तयेत् Pt.1.46; अपायसंदर्शनजां विपत्तिमुपायसंदर्शनजां च सिद्धिप् 1.61; बह्वपाये वने Pt.1 exposed to many dangers, dangerous; कायः संनिहितापायः H.4.65 exposed to dangers or calamities; सत्ये$प्यपायमपेक्षते H.4.12; Ki.14.19. -6 Loss, detriment, injury. -7 The end (of a word).
apratisaṃkhya अप्रतिसंख्य a. Unobserved, unnoticed; ˚आख्य(ख्या)- निरोधः unobserved nullity, annihilation of an object; one of the three topics included by the Buddhas under the category of निरूप, the other two being प्रतिसंख्या- निरोध wilful destruction, as of a jar by a mallet, and आकाश the ethereal element.
abuddhiḥ अबुद्धिः f. 1 Want of understanding (अविद्या); अबुद्धिरज्ञानकृता प्रबुद्धया कृष्यते मनः Mb.12.24.4. -2 Ignorance, stupidity; ˚मत् foolish, ignorant. a. Ignorant, dull-witted, stupid. -Comp. -पूर्व, -पूर्वक a. 1 not preceded by knowledge or consciousness; not wanton or intentional. -2 beginning with non-intelligence. (-र्वम् -र्वकम्) adv. unconsciously, ignorantly.
abhāva अभाव a. [न. ब.] Without love or affection. कच्चिन्ना- भिहतो$भावैः शब्दादिभिरमङ्गलैः Bhāg.1.14.4. -2 Nonexistent. -वः 1 Not being or existing, non-existence; गतो भावो$भावम् Mk.1 has disappeared. -2 Absence, want, failure; सर्वेषामप्यभावे तु ब्राह्मणा रिक्थभागिनः Ms.9.188; mostly in comp.; सर्वाभावे हरेन्नृपः 189 in the absence of all, failing all; तोय˚, अन्न˚, आहार˚ &c. -3 Annihilation, death, destruction; (वचो...पथ्यमुक्तम्) राक्षसानामभावाय त्वं वा न प्रतिपद्यसे Rām.5.21.1. non-entity; नाभाव उपलब्धेः Ś B.; क्षणमात्रभवामभावकाले Śi.2.64; Ki.18.1. -4 (In phil.) Privation, non-existence, nullity or negation, supposed to be the seventh category or पदार्थ in the system of Kaṇāda. (Strictly speaking अभाव is not a separate predicament, like द्रव्य, गुण, but is only a negative arrangement of those predicaments; all nameable things being divided into positive (भाव) and negative (अभाव), the first division including द्रव्य, गुण, कर्म, सामान्य, विशेष and समवाय; and the second only one अभाव; cf. अत्र सप्तमस्याभावकथनादेव षण्णां भावत्वं प्राप्तं तेन भावत्वेन पृथगुपन्यासो न कृतः Muktā.) अभाव is defined as भावभिन्नो$भावः (प्रतियोगिज्ञानाधीनविषयत्वम्) that whose knowledge is dependent on the knowledge of its प्रतियोगी. It is of two principal kinds संसर्गाभाव and अन्योन्याभाव; the first comprising three varieties प्रागभाव, प्रध्वंसाभाव, and अत्यन्ताभाव. -Comp. -संपत्तिः f. false attribution (= अध्यास q. v.)
abhikramaḥ अभिक्रमः 1 Beginning, attempting, an undertaking; नेहाभिक्रमनाशो$स्ति प्रत्यवायो न विद्यते Bg.2.4. -2 A determined attack or onset, assault, onslaught. -3 Ascending, mounting. अभिक्रमणम् abhikramaṇam क्रान्तिः krāntiḥ अभिक्रमणम् क्रान्तिः f. Approaching, attacking &c. = अभिक्रम above; पुण्ड्रदेश˚ Dk.92.
abhitas अभितस् ind. (Used as an adverb or preposition with acc.) 1 Near to, to, towards; अभितस्तं पृथासूनुः स्नेहेन परितस्तरे Ki.11.8. संनद्धा निर्ययुस्तूर्णं राक्षसानभितः पुरान् Rām.7.27.22. -2 (a) Near, hard by, close by, in the proximity of; ततो राजाब्रवीद्वाक्यं सुमन्त्रमभितः स्थितम् Rām.; sometimes with gen.; निषसादाभितस्तस्य ibid. (b) Before, in the presence of; तन्वन्तमिद्धमभितो गुरुमंशुजालम् Ki. 2.59. -3 Opposite to, facing, in front of; त्रिपथगामभितः Ki.6.1,5.14. -4 On both sides; चूडाचुम्बितकङ्कपत्रमभि- तस्तूणीद्वयं पृष्ठतः U.4,2; Mv.1.18; पादपैः पुष्प- पत्राणि सृजद्भिरभितो नदीम् Rām. Ś.6.17; Bk.9.137. -5 Before and after. -6 On all sides, कीर्त्याभितः सुरभितः Dk.1; round, round about (with acc. or gen.); परिजनो यथाव्यापारं राजानमभितः स्थितः M.1; Ś.7; यस्याभितः U.6.36; everywhere; Ki.8.1. -7 Entirely, thoroughly, completely, throughout. -8 Quickly. -Comp. -अस्थि a. surrounded by bones. -भाविन् a. being all round, surrounding; P.VI.2.182. -रात्रम् Ved. near the night; just at the beginning or end.
abhimukha अभिमुख a. (-खी f.) [अभिगतं मुखं यस्य अभेर्मुखम् P.VI.2. 185] 1 With the face turned or directed towards, in the direction of, towards, turned towards, facing; अभिमुखे मयि संहृतमीक्षितम् Ś.2.12. ˚खा शाला Sk.; गच्छन्नभिमुखो वह्नौ नाशं याति पतङ्गवत् Pt.1.237; with the acc.; राजानमेवाभि- मुखा निषेदुः; पम्पामभिमुखो ययौ Rām.; Bg.11.28; K.264; sometimes with dat., or gen. or loc.; आश्रमायाभिमुखा बभूवुः Mb.; यस्ते तिष्ठेदभिमुखे रणे Rām.; मथ्यभिमुखीभूय Dk. 124; also in comp. शकुन्तलाभिमुखो भूत्वा Ś. 1 turning towards Ś.; Ku.3.75,7.9. -2 Coming or going near, approaching, near or close at hand; अभिमुखीष्विव वाञ्छित- सुद्धिषु व्रजति निर्वृतिमेकपदे मनः V.2.9.; यौवनाभिमुखी संजज्ञे Pt.4; R.17.4. -3 Disposed or intending to, inclined to; ready for, about (to do something), in comp.; चन्द्रापीडाभिमुखहृदया K.198,233; अस्ताभिमुखे सूर्ये Mu.4.19; प्रसादाभिमुखो वेधाः प्रत्युवाच दिवौकसः Ku.2.16;5.6; U.7.4, Māl.1.13; कर्मण्यभिमुखेन स्थेयम् Dk.89; अनभिमुखः सुखानाभ् K.45; प्रातः प्रयाणाभिमुखाय तस्मै R.5.29; निद्रा चिरेण नयना- भिमुखी वभूव 5.64; sometimes as first member of comp. in this sense; फलमभिमुखपाकं राजजम्बूद्रुमस्य; V.4.27. -4 Favourable, friendly or favourably disposed; आनीय झटिति घटयति विधिरभिमतमभिमुखीभूतः Ratn.1.5. -5 Taking one's part, nearly related to. -6 With the face turned upwards. -खः Forepart (अग्र); तस्येषुपाताभिमुखं (विसृज्य) Bhāg.9.6.18. -खी One of the 1 earths according to Buddhists. -खम्, -खे ind. Towards, in the direction of, facing, in front or presence of, near to; with acc., gen. or in comp. or by itself; स दीप्त इव कालाग्निर्जज्वालाभिमुखं खगम् Rām.5.67.12. आसीताभिमुखं गुरोः Ms.2.193; तिष्ठन्मुनेरभिमुखं स विकीर्णधाम्नः Ki.2.59; Śi.13.2; Ki.6. 46; नेपथ्याभिमुखमवलोक्य Ś.1; स पुराभिमुखं प्रतस्थे Pt.3; Me. 7; कर्णं ददात्यभिमुखं मयि भाषमाणे Ś.1.3; also at the beginning of comp.; अभिमुखनिहतस्य Bh.2.112 killed in the front ranks of battle.
abhiṣyand अभिष्यन्द् 1 A. (स् changed to ष् by P.VIII.3.72) 1 To ooze, flow, trickle; अभिस्य-ष्य-न्दते दुग्धम् Sk.; सतत- मभिष्यन्दमानमेघमेदुरितनीलिमा (गिरिः) U. 1 raining or pouring down water. -2 (fig.) To be melted (with pity, love &c.), to overflow with; यदि त्वामीदृशं रामभद्रः पश्येत् तदास्य हृदयं स्नेहेनाभिष्यन्देत U.5. अभिष्य abhiṣya (स्य sya) न्दः ndḥ अभिष्य (स्य) न्दः 1 Oozing, flowing, trickling. -2 Weakness of, or running at, the eyes. -3 Great increase, or enlargement, surplus, excess, superfluous portion; -Comp. -वमनम्; स्वर्गाभिष्यन्दवमनं कृत्वेवोपनिवेशितम् (ओषधिप्रस्थम्) Ku.6.37 by drawing off the surplus population i. e. by emigration (अभिष्यन्दः अतिरेकः अति- रिक्तजन इति यावत् तस्य वमनं निःसारणं कृत्वा स्थितमिव); cf. also R.15.29 Hemachandra's remarks thereon. also स्वदेशा- भिष्यन्दवमनम् Kau. A.2.1. अभिष्य abhiṣya (स्य sya) न्दिन् ndin अभिष्य (स्य) न्दिन् a. 1 Oozing, flowing, trickling, -2 Laxative, opening the bowels. -3 Causing defluxions or watery effusion. -Comp. -रमणम् a suburb, smaller city appended to and regarded as part of a larger one; cf. शाखानगरम्.
abhūmiḥ अभूमिः f. 1 Non-earth, anything but earth, -2 An unfit place or object, no proper object for, beyond the reach or scope of; अभूमिरियं मालविकायाः M.3; अभूमिरियमविनयस्य Ś7; स खलु मनोरथानामप्यभूमिर्वि- सर्जनावसरसत्कारः ibid. far exceeded or transcended my (highest) expectations; Śi.1.42; Śānti.4.22. K. 45,196,24. -Comp. -ज 1 produced in a bad or improper place. -2 not produced in earth. अभूयःसंनिवृत्तिः abhūyḥsannivṛttiḥ अभूयःसंनिवृत्तिः f. No return any more i. e. absolution; त्वय्यावेशितचित्तानां त्वत्समर्पितकर्मणाम् । गतिस्त्वं वीत- रागाणामभूयःसंनिवृत्तये ॥ R.1.27.
abhyādānam अभ्यादानम् 1 Beginning, commencement, first beginning; ओमभ्यादाने P.VIII.2.87 (˚ने = आरम्भे Sk.).
abhyudaya अभ्युदय a. Rising. -यः 1 Rise (of heavenly bodies); sunrise. -2 Rise, prosperity, good fortune, elevation, success; स्पृशन्ति नः स्वामिनमभ्युदयाः Ratn.1 success; भवो हि लोकाभ्युदयाय तादृशाम् R.3.14; Ms.3.254; Bh. 2.63; R.12.3, V.5. -3 A festival; any religious or festive celebration, festive occasion; ˚कालः joyous or festive occasion; Ś.7; प्रतिषिद्धा पिवेद्या तु मद्यमभ्युदयेष्वपि Ms.9.84. -4 Beginning, commencement. -5 Occurrence, happening. -6 Accomplishment of a desired object (which is the cause of festivity). -7 The tonsure ceremony. -8 A Śrāddha performed on account of child-birth (वृद्धिश्राद्धम्) -Comp. -अर्थकम् Śrāddha for prosperity or elevation. -इष्टिः f. N. of a particular expiatory sacrifice.
amāya अमाय a. 1 Not cunning or sagacious, guileless, sincere, honest. -2 Immeasurable. -या 1 Absence of fraud or deceit, honesty, sincerity. -2 (In Vedānta Phil.) Absence of delusion or error, knowledge of the supreme truth. -यम् The Supreme Spirit (ब्रह्म).
ayana अयन a. [अय्-ल्युट्] Going (at the end of comp.); यथेमा नद्यः स्यन्दमानाः समुद्रायणाः Praśn. Up. 1 Going, moving, walking; as in रामायणम्. -2 A walk, path, way, road; आयन्नापो$यनमिच्छमानाः Rv.3.33.7. अगस्त्य- चिह्नादयनात् R.16.44. -3 A place, site, abode, place of resort; Bṛi. Up.2.4.11. ता यदस्यायनं पूर्वम् Ms. 1.1 (occurring in the derivation of the word नारायण). -4 A way of entrance, an entrance (to an array of troops or व्यूह); अयनेषु च सर्वेषु यथाभागमव- स्थिताः Bg.1.11. -5 Rotation, circulation period; अङ्गिरसां अयनम्; इष्टि˚, पशु˚. -6 A particular period in the year for the performance of particular sacrificial or other religious works; N. of certain sacrificial performances; as गवामयनम्. -7 The sun's passage, north and south of the equator. -8 (Hence) The period of this passage, half year, the time from one solstice to another; see उत्तरायण and दक्षिणायन; cf. also सायन and निरयण. -9 the equinoctial and solstitial points; दक्षिणम् अयनम् winter solstice; उत्तरम् अयनम् summer solstice; -1 Method, manner, way. -11 A Śāstra, scripture or inspired writing. -12 Final emancipation; नान्यः पन्था विद्यते$यनाय Śvet. Up. -13 A commentary; treatise. -14 The deities presiding over the ayanas. -Comp. -अंशः, -भागः the arc between the vernal equinoctial point and beginning of the fixed zodiac or first point of Aries. -कलाः The correction (in minutes) for ecliptic deviation. Sūryasiddhānta. -कालः the interval between the solstices. -ग्रहः A planet's longitude as corrected for ecliptic deviation; ibid. -जः a month caused by ayanāṁśa. -परिवृत्तिः Change of the अयन; sun's passage from one side of the equator to the other; अयनपरिवृत्ति- र्व्यस्तशब्देनोच्यते । ŚB. on MS.6.5.37. -संक्रमः, -संक्रान्तिः f. passage through the zodiac. -वृत्तम् the ecliptic.
ard अर्द् 1 P. [अर्दति, आनार्द, आर्दीत्, अर्दितुम्, अर्दित or अर्ण] 1 To afflict, torment; strike, hurt, kill; रक्षःसहस्राणि चतुर्दशार्दीत् Bk.12.56, see caus. below. -2 to beg, request, ask; निर्गलिताम्बुगर्भं शरद्घनं नार्दति चातको$पि R. 5.17. -3 To go, to move, be agitated or moved; be scattered (as dust); आर्दन् धन्वानि सरयन्त आपः Rv.4. 17.2; fly in pieces, dissolve; श्लोणया काटमर्दति Av.12.4.3. (The past participle is usually अर्दित, but अर्ण when the root is preceded by अभि, नि, वि, सम्; cf. अर्देः संनिविभ्यः अभेश्चाविदूर्ये P.VII.2.24-5). -Caus. or 1 P. 1 (a) To afflict, torment, distress; तत एनं महावेगैरर्दयामास तोमरैः Mb.; कामार्दित, कोप˚, भय˚ &c. (b) To strike, hurt, injure, kill; येनार्दिदत् दैत्यपुरं पिनाकी Bk.2.42;9.19; 15.9. -2 To stir up, rouse, agitate, shake vehemently, make agitated or restless; अभि क्रन्द स्तनयार्दयोदधिम् Av.4.15.6. -3 To distort; अर्दयित्वानिलो वक्त्रमर्दितं जनयत्यतः Suśruta. With -अति to torment excessively, fall upon or attack; अत्यार्दीत् वालिनः पुत्रम् (v. l. अभ्यार्दीत्) Bk.15.115. -अभि to distress, afflict, pain, oppress; अभ्यर्दितो वृषलः (शीतेन पीडितः) P.VII.2.25 Sk. -नि Ved. to stream forth, flow out. -प्र to overwork, to work or exert oneself beyond measure; to cause to flow away. -प्रति to oppress or press hard in return, assail in raturn, return an attack. -वि Ved. to go or move away; to oppress, harass, pain. -caus. to cause to be scattered or dissolved, destroy, annihilate. -सम् caus. to pain greatly, wound, distress.
arvan अर्वन् a. [ऋ-वनिप्] 1 Going, moving, running. -2 Mean, unworthy, censurable (गर्ह्य Uṇ.4.112; कुत्सित 5.54). m. (अर्वा, अर्वन्तौ, अर्वन्तः &c.) 1 A horse; चित्रध्वजपताकाग्रैरभेन्द्रस्यन्दनार्वभिः Bhāg.1.75.11; अर्वासुरान् Bṛi. Up.1.1.2. श्लथीकृतप्रग्रहमर्वतां व्रजाः Śi.12.31. -2 An epithet of a horse or its driver. -3 One of the ten horses of the moon. -4 Indra. -5 A short span (गोकर्णपरिमाण). -ती 1 A mare. -2 A bawd, procuress. -3 A nymph. -Comp. -वसुः one of the principal seven rays of the Sun. -वाहः A horseman; आगच्छन् गुरुतरगर्वमर्ववाहैः Śiva. B.24.64. and 25.9.
ādi आदि a. 1 First, primary, primitive; निदानं त्वादिकारणम् Ak. -2 Chief, first, principal, pre-eminent; oft. at the end of comp. in this sense; see below. -3 First in time existing before. -दीः 1 Beginning, commencement (opp. अन्त); अप एव ससर्जादौ तासु बीजमवासृजत् Ms.1.8; Bg.3.41; अनादि &c.; जगदादिरनादिस्त्वम् Ku.2.9; oft. at the end of comp. and translated by 'beginning with', 'et cætera', 'and others', 'and so on' (of the same nature or kind), 'such like'; इन्द्रादयो देवाः the gods Indra and others (इन्द्रः आदिर्येषां ते); एवमादि this and the like; भ्वादयो धातवः भू and others, or words beginning with भू, are called roots; oft. used by Pāṇini to denote classes or groups of grammatical words; अदादि, दिवादि, स्वादि &c. -2 First part of portion. -3 A firstling, first-fruits. -4 Prime cause. -5 Nearness. -6 One of the seven parts of Sāma; अथ सप्तविधस्य वाचि सप्तविधं सामोपासीत यत्किंच वाचो हुमिति स हिंकारो यत्प्रेति स प्रस्तावो यदेति स आदिः Ch. Up.2.8.1. -Comp. -अन्त a. 1 having beginning and end. -2 first and last. (-तम्) beginning and end. -˚यमकम् N. of a figure in poetry. cf. Bk.1.21. ˚वत् having beginning and end, finite. ˚अन्तर्वर्तिन् a. having a beginning, end and middle; being all-in-all. -उदात्त a. having the acute accent on the first syllable. -उपान्तम् ind. from first to last. -करः, -कर्तृ, -कृत् m. the creator, an epithet of Brahmā or Viṣnu; गरीयसे ब्रह्मणो$प्यादिकर्त्रे Bg.11.37; विशेषणे द्वे य इहादिकर्तुर्वदेदधीती स हि कैयटीयः Śab. Kau. -कर्मन् n. the beginning of an action. -कविः 'the first poet', an epithet of Brahmā and of Vālmīki; the former is so called because he first produced and promulgated the Vedas; (तेने ब्रह्म हृदा य आदिकवये मुह्यन्ति यत्सूरयः Bhāg.1.1.1.) and the latter, because he was the first to show to others 'the path of poets'; when he beheld one of a pair of Krauñcha birds being killed by a fowler, he cursed the wretch, and his grief unconsciously took the form of a verse (श्लोकत्वमापद्यत यस्य शोकः); he was subsequently told by Brahmā to compose the life of Rāma, and he thus gave to the world the first poem in Sanskrit, the Rāmāyaṇa; cf. U.2. Viṣkambhaka. -काण्डम् the first book of the Rāmāyaṇa. -कारणम् the first or primary cause (of the universe), which, according to the Vedāntins, is Brahman; while, according to the Naiyāyikas and particalarly the Vaiśeṣikas, atoms are the first or material cause of the universe, and not God. -2 analysis. -3 algebra. -काव्यम् the first poem; i. e. the Rāmāyaṇa; see आदिकवि. -केशवः N. of Viṣṇu. -जिनः N. of Ṛiṣabha, the first तीर्थंकर. -तालः a sort of musical time or ताल; एक एव लघुर्यत्र आदितालः स कथ्यते. -दीपकम् N. of a figure in rhetoric (the verb standing at the beginning of the sentence). cf. Bk.1.23. -देवः 1 the first or Supreme God; पुरुषं शाश्वतं दिव्यं आदिदेव- मजं विभुम् Bg.1.12,11.38. -2 Nārāyaṇa or Viṣṇu. -3 Śiva. -4 Brahmā; Mb.12.188.2. -5 the sun. -दैत्यः an epithet of Hiraṇyakaśipu. -नाथः N. of Ādibuddha. -पर्वन् n. 'the first section or chapter', N. of the first book of the Mahābhārata. -पुराणम् the first Purāṇa, N. of the Brahma-Purāṇa. N. of a Jaina religious book. -पु (पू) रुषः 1 the first or primeval being, the lord of the creation. -2 Viṣṇu, Kṛiṣṇa, or Nārāyaṇa; ते च प्रापुरुदन्वन्तं बुबुधे चादिपूरुषः R.1.6; तमर्घ्यमर्घ्यादिकयादिपूरुषः Śi.1.14. -बलम् generative power; first vigour. -बुद्ध a. perceived in the beginning. (-द्धः) the primitive Buddha. -भव, -भूत a. produced at first. (-वः, -तः) 1 'the first-born', primeval being, an epithet of Brahmā; इत्युक्त्वादिभवो देवः Bhāg.7.3.22. -2 also N. of Viṣṇu; रसातलादादि. भवेन पुंसा R.13.8. -3 an elder brother. (-तम्) minute five elements (पञ्चमहाभूतानि); नष्टे लोके द्विपरार्धावसाने महा- भूतेष्वादिभूतं गतेषु Bhāg.1.3.25. -मूलम् first foundation, primeval cause. -योगाचार्यः 'the first teacher of devotion', an epithet of Śiva. -रसः the first of he 8 Rasas, i. e. शृङ्गार or love. -राजः the first king पृथु; an epithet of Manu. -रूपम् Symptom (of disease). -वंशः primeval race, primitive family. -वराहः 'the first boar', an epithet of Visṇu, alluding to his third or boar-incarnation. -विद्वस् m. the first learned man; कपिल. -विपुला f. N. of an Āryā metre. -वृक्षः N. of a plant (Mar. आपटा). -शक्तिः f. 1 the power of माया or illusion. -2 an epithet of Durgā. -शरीरम् 1. the primitive body. -2 ignorance. -3 the subtle body. -सर्गः the first creation.
ādika आदिक a. (At the end of comp.) Beginning with, and so on.
āditaḥ आदितः आदौ ind. From the first or beginning, at first; तद्दैवेनादितो हतम् U.5.2. पतीन् प्रजानामसृजन् महर्षी- नादितो दश Ms. आदौ रामतपोवनाधिगमनम्.
ādimat आदिमत् a. Having a beginning.
ādya आद्य a. [आदौ भवः यत्] 1 First, primitive, being at the beginning. -2 Being at the head, excellent, unparalleled, pre-eminent, foremost; योगी परं स्थानमुपैति चाद्यम् Bg.8.28;11.31;11.47;15.4. आसीन्महीक्षितामाद्यः प्रणवश्छन्दसामिव R.1.11. -3 (At the end of comp.) Beginning with, and so on; see आदि. -4 Immediately preceding; एकादशाद्यम् Śrut.27 immediately before the 11th, i. e. 1th; so संयुक्ताद्यम् 2. -5 Eatable (अद्ण्यत्); वयमाद्यस्य दातारः Praṣna Up.2.11; हितं च परिणामे यत्तदाद्यं भूतिमिच्छता Pt.4.22. -द्याः m. (pl.) A class of deities. -द्या 1 An epithet of Durgā. -2 The first day (तिथि) of a month. -द्यम् 1 The beginning. -2 Grain, food. -3 A kind of funeral obsequial ceremony (पितृश्राद्धभेद). -Comp. -कविः 'the first poet,' an epithet of Brahmā or Vālmīki; see आदिकवि. -कालिक a. Seeing only the present (वर्तमान- मात्रदर्शिन्); आद्यकालिकया बुद्ध्द्ध्या दूरे श्व इति निर्भयाः Mb.12. 321.14. -बीजम् the primary or material cause of the universe, which, according to the Sāṅkhyas, is प्रधान or the inanimate principle. -माषकः a measure of five guñjas (about. 17 1/2 grains Troy).
ādaraḥ आदरः [आ-दृ-कप्] 1 Respect, reverence, honour; निर्माणमेव हि तदादरलालनीयम् Māl.9.5; न जातहार्देन न विद्धि- षादरः Ki.1.33; Ku.6.2. -2 Attention, care, notice, close application; आदरप्रयत्न Māl.7 careful efforts; तां प्रणामादरस्रस्तजाम्बूनदवतंसकाम् Ku.6.91. -3 (a) Eagerness, desire, regard; भूयान्दारार्थमादरः Ku.6.13; आदरादुपसर्पित- तुरंङ्गः K.119 eagerly; यत्किंचनकारितायामादरः 12; अन्वेष्टु- मादरमकरवम् 152 made up my mind; Ki.8.26,41; 13.58. (b) Earnest desire, request; Ś.6. -4 Effort, endeavour; गृहयन्त्रपताकाश्रीरपौरादरनिर्मिता Ku.6.41. -5 Commencement, beginning. -6 Love, attachment. -7 Acceptance; तस्मादेषां व्यर्थहिंसानिवृत्त्यै स्यादुत्कृष्टः पिष्टपश्वा- दरो$पि Viś. Guṇā.182.
āptiḥ आप्तिः f. [आप्-क्तिन्] 1 Gettting obtaining, gain, acquisition; ध्यायन्ति वेदहृदया मुनयस्तदाप्त्यै Bhāg.12.8.42. मित्र˚, काम˚ &c. -2 Reaching, overtaking, meeting with; केन यजमानो मृत्योराप्तिमतिमुच्यते Bṛi. Up.3.1.3. -3 Binding, connection, relation. -4 Union; especially with a woman (Med.). -5 Fitness, aptitude, propriety. -6 Completion, fulfilment; कामस्याप्तिं जगतः प्रतिष्ठाम् Kaṭh. 1.2.11. -7 Future time. -pl. N. of 12 sacrificial verses beginning with Āpaye. Vāj.9.2.
ābālam आबालम् ind. 1 Down to or including children; -2 Beginning with infants.
ābhyudayika आभ्युदयिक a. (-की f.) [अभ्युदय-ठक्] 1 Tending to good, granting prosperity; अनाभ्युदयिकं श्रमणकदर्शनम् Mk.8. -2 Relating to the rise or beginning of anything; सुख˚ Ms.12.88. -3 High, exalted, important. -कम् A Śrāddha or offering to ancestors; an occasion of rejoicing.
āma आम a. [आम्यते ईषत् पच्यते; आ अम् कर्मणि घञ् Tv.] 1 Raw, uncooked, undressed (opp. पक्व) (oft. applied to the cow in the Veda; Rv.3.3.14.); आमान्नम् Ms.4.223; Y.1.287. -2 Unripe, immature; तुदन्त्या- मत्वचं दंशा मशका मत्कुणादयः Bhāg.3.31.27. -3 Unbaked, unannealed (as a jar); आमकुम्भ इवाम्भःस्थो विशीर्णः H.4.66. -4 Undigested. -म् 1 State of being raw; शनैः शनैर्जहुः पङ्कं स्थलान्यामं च वीरुधः Bhāg.1.2.39. -2 Constipation, passing hard excretion. -3 Grain freed from chaff. -मः 1 Disease; sickness. -2 Indigestion; आहारस्य रसः सारः यो न पक्वो$ग्निलाघवात् । आमसंज्ञां स लभते महाव्याधिसमाश्रयः ॥ Suśr. -Comp. -अतिसारः dysentery or diarrhœa caused by vitiated mucus in the abdomen (the excretion being in this case mixed with hard and fetid matter). आमातिसारे नो कार्य- मादौ संग्रहणं नृणाम् Suśr. -अद् a. eating raw flesh or food; आमादः क्ष्विङ्कास्त मदन्त्वेनीः Rv.1.87.7. -अन्नम् undressed rice. -आशयः [आमस्यापक्वान्नस्याशयः] 'receptacle of undigested food', the upper part of the belly to the navel, stomach. -कुम्भः a jar of unbaked clay; H.4.66. -गन्धि n. smelling of raw meat of a burning corpse. -गन्धिकम् the smell of raw meat. -ज्वरः a kind of fever; cf. स्वेद्यमामज्वरं प्राज्ञः को$म्भसा परिषिञ्चति Śi.2.54. -त्वच् a. of tender skin. -पाकः1 a preliminary stage of the disease called dropsy. -2 A method of mellowing or ripening a tumour; Suśr.. -पात्रम् an unannealed vessel; Av.8.1.28; विनाशं व्रजति क्षिप्रमाम- पात्रमिवाम्भसि Ms.3.179. -पीनसम् running at the nose, defluxion. -पेशाः Grains pounded in a raw condition. -मांसाशिन् m. a cannibal, an eater of raw flesh. -रक्तम् dysentery. -रसः imperfect chyme. -वातः constipation, torpor of the bowels attended with flatulence and intumescence. -शूलः pain of indigestion, colic. -श्राद्धम् a Śrāddha performed with uncooked food; आपद्यनग्नौ तीर्थे च चन्द्रसूर्यग्रहे तथा । आमश्राद्धं द्विजैः कार्यं शूद्रेण च सदैव हि ॥ Prāchetasa.
ārabdha आरब्ध p. p. Begun, commenced; आरब्धे हि सुदुष्करे$पि महतां मध्ये विरामः कुतः Subh. Ratn. -ब्धम् Beginning.
ārabdhiḥ आरब्धिः f. Beginning, commencement.
ārabhya आरभ्य ind. Having begun, beginning with, ever since, since, with a prepositional force (with abl.); मालत्याः प्रथमावलोकदिवसादारभ्य Māl.6.3; Ś.3; K.12,134, 196; sometimes with acc. also; प्रतिपद्दिनमारभ्य Bhāg.
ārambhaḥ आरम्भः [आ-रभ्-घञ् मुम्] 1 Beginning, commencement; ˚उपायः plan of commencement; नृत्तारम्भे हर पशुपते- रार्द्रनागाजिनेच्छाम् Me.38. -2 An introduction. -3 (a) An act, undertaking, deed, work; आगमैः सदृशारम्भः R.1.15; Ku.7.71; V.3; Bh.2.69; R.7.31; Bg.12.16. cf. also आरम्भस्य शब्दपूर्वत्वात् । MS.11.1.1 (शबर writes आरम्भो व्यापारः क्रियेत्यनर्थान्तरम् ।). (b) Preparation; U.4. (c) A thing begun; U.4. -4 Haste, speed, velocity; चण्डारम्भः समीरः Ve.2.19. -5 Effort, exertion; Bg.14.12. -6 Scene, action; चित्रार्पितारम्भ इवावतस्थे R.2.31. -7 Pride. -8 Killing, slaughter. -9 The first act that is done. -1 The first movement or activity on the part of man; आरम्भो हि प्रथमः पदार्थः स्यात् । प्रथमं वा पुरुषस्य प्रवर्तनम् । (= प्रथमप्रवर्तन- मारम्भः औदासीन्याद् व्यावृत्तिः पुरुषस्य व्यापृतता) ŚB. on MS. 1.14. -Comp. -भाव्यत्वम् The fact of being produced through activity; कर्मणि आरम्भभाव्यत्वात् कृषिवत् प्रत्यारम्भं फलानि स्युः । MS.11.1.2. -रुचि a. Enjoying new undertakings. आरम्भरुचिता$धैर्यमसत्कार्यपरिग्रहः । Ms.12.32.
ārambhaka आरम्भक a. [आ-रभ् ण्वुल् मुम्] undertaking, beginning.
āruh आरुह् 1 P. 1 To ascend, mount, bestride, get upon (with acc., sometimes loc.); सिंहासनमारुरोह K.111; आरुरुह् रथादिषु Bk.14.8; आरूढकुलालचक्रमिव Mu.5.5; mounted on a potter's wheel; 7.12. -2 To ride upon, get ascendancy over, domineer over (fig.); वृषल भृत्यमिव मामारोढुमिच्छसि Mu.3; Pt.1.36. -3 To venture upon, undertake, enter upon, make; प्रतिज्ञामारोढुं पुनरपि चलत्येष चरणः Mu.3.3,27; so यौवनारूढ, योगारूढ. -4 To attain, gain, get to, reach; सौन्दर्यस्य पारमारूढा न वा Dk.88; Ki.2.13; तुलां यदारोहति दन्तवाससा Ku.5.34; आरुरोह कुमदाकरोपमाम् R.19,34. The senses of this root are modified according to the noun with which it is joined; आरूढरुषा Ku.7.67 excited to anger; तदागमारूढगुरुप्रहर्षः R. 5.61; मन्त्रिपदमारूढः Mu.6; तर्कारूढा 6.19 engaged in guessing; Ś.5.9; शीघ्रं बुद्धिमारोहति Ś. B. strikes the mind; यौवनपदवीमारूढः attained his majority; अवस्थान्तर- मारूढा M.3; संशयं पुनरारुह्य H.1.7 running a risk; संशयमारुरोह शैलः Ki.13.16. -Caus. (रोह-प-यति) 1 To cause to go up or ascend, raise up, elevate; अमात्यो$- स्मान्पुरातनीमवस्थामारोपयिष्यति Mu.2 will raise or elevate; शूलानारोपयेत् Y.2.273; आरोपिता मनोविषयमात्मनः Ku.6.17. -2 To cause to mount or sit (on oneself) (Ātm.); करेणुरारोहयते निषादिनम् Śi.12.5. -3 To cause to grow, plant (lit). -4 To establish, instal, seat (fig.); राज्ये चारोपिता वयम् Mu.7.18; इत्यारोपितपुत्रास्ते R.15.91. -5 To cause, produce, bring out; उष्माणम् K.15; प्रणयम् 134,142; आरोपितप्रीतिरभूत् 173,212; प्रतापमारोपयितुम् 11, 119 show or exhibit. -6 To place, fix, direct; अङ्कमा- रोप्य placing in the lap; R.3.26,14.27; Ku.1.37; चक्षुः˚ cast a look at; Pt.1.243; आशीर्वादमारोपयन्तः Ki.18.46 conferring or pronouncing; आभरणभारमङ्गेषु नारोपयन्ति K.23 put or wear; पत्रे आरोपितं कुरु Ś.6. commit to paper; आरोप्यते शिला शैले H.2.46. -7 To entrust to, appoint to, charge with; मन्त्रिणि राज्यभार- मारोप्य K.57; अमात्यपदे आरोपितः Pt.1. -8 To cause to go to or attain a particular state; करतलं कर्णपूरता- मारोपितम् K.6; आरोपय गरीयस्त्वम् 27 raise to greatness 315; Dk.118. -9 To ascribe, attribute, impute; आत्मन्या- रोपिताभिमानाः K.18,185; छाया हि भूमेः शशिनो मलत्वेनारो- पिता शुद्धिमतः प्रजाभिः R.14.4. -1 To string (as a bow); धनुरारोपयन् U.4; तं देशमारोपितपुष्पचापे Ku.3.35; Bk.14.8.
ārdha आर्ध a. (Only used at the beginning of comp.) Half. -Comp. -धातुक a. (-की f.) (In gram.) applicable to half the root or to the shorter form of the verbal base. (-कम्) a name given to those terminations and affixes which belong to the six non-conjugational or general tenses (opp. सार्व. धातुक); cf. P.III.4.114,I.1.4; II.4,35;VII.2.35 &c. -नारीश्वरम् The story of the lord Śiva in his form as अर्धनारीश्वर. -प्रस्थिक, -कंसिक a. (-की f.) bought with half a Prastha or Kaṁsa. -मासिक a. (-की f.) lasting for half a month, observing or practising (penance &c.) for a fortnight. -रात्रिकाः (pl.) N. of an astronomical school who reckoned the beginning of the motions of the planets from midnight.
āvid आविद् a. Ved. 1 Knowledge. -2 A technical name of the Vedic formulas (in Vāj.1.9.) beginning with आविस् and आवित्त.
āvarjanam आवर्जनम् 1 Bending down &c. -2 Giving. -3 Winning over; Dk.139,172.
āśu आशु a. [अश्-व्याप्तौ उण्] Fast, quick -शुः Ved. 1 'The quick one', a horse. -2 Rice (ripening quickly in the rainy season). -शु ind. Fast, quickly, immediately, directly; Bg.2.65; वर्त्म भानोस्त्यजाशु Me.41,22. [cf. L. acu; Gr. okus.] -Comp. -आपस् a. obtaining quickly. -कारिन्, -कृत् a. 1 doing anything quickly, smart, active. -2 operating quickly (as a medicine). -कोपिन् a. irascible, irritable. -क्रिया quick operation of a medicine. -ग a. swift, quick. (-गः) 1 the wind. -2 the sun. -3 an arrow; पपावनास्वादितपूर्वमा- शुगः R.3.54,11.83,12.91 -गामिन् a. going quickly. m. the sun. -तोष a. easily appeased or pleased. (--षः) an epithet of Śiva. -पत्री a tree which yields frankincense (शल्लकीलता). -पत्वन् a. flying quickly. -फलः A kind of weapon. -बोध a. teaching quickly, N. of a treatise of grammar. -या a. going quickly. -ind. quickly. -व्रीहिः rice ripening in the rainy season. -षेण a. Ved. having swift arrows. नम आशुषेणाय चाशुरथाय च Rudra. -संधेय a. Easy to be joined together or reconciled. -हेमन् a. running on quickly, urging the horses. -हेषस् a. Ved. quickly neighing; having quick horses, quickly praised; (शीघ्रशब्दायमान) N. of the Aśvins.
āsravaḥ आस्रवः [आस्रू-अप्] 1 Pain, affliction, distress. -2 Flowing, running. -3 Discharge, emission. -