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     Grammar Search "neme" has 10 results.
     
neme: neuter nominative dual stem: nema
neme: feminine nominative dual stem: nema
neme: neuter accusative dual stem: nema
neme: feminine accusative dual stem: nema
neme: masculine locative singular stem: nema
neme: neuter locative singular stem: nema
neme: neuter vocative dual stem: nema
neme: feminine vocative dual stem: nema
neme: feminine vocative singular stem: nema
neme: feminine vocative singular stem: nemi
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44 results for neme
     
Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
amokṣam. want of freedom, bondage confinement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asaṃbādhan. non-confinement, open space View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsedham. arrest, custody, legal restraint of four kinds, (kālāsedha-,limitation of time; sthānāsedha-,confinement to a place; pravāsāsedha-,prohibition against removal or departure; karmāsedha-,restriction from employment) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avarodham. an enclosure, confinement, besieging View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bandhakan. binding, confinement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kārāf. binding, confinement gaRa bhidādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kārāgāra(kārāg-) n. a gaol or place of confinement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kriyāf. atonement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇam. Name of a celebrated Avatar of the god viṣṇu-, or sometimes identified with viṣṇu- himself ([ ]) as distinct from his ten Avata1rsAvatars or incarnations (in the earlier legends he appears as a great hero and teacher[ ];in the more recent he is deified, and is often represented as a young and amorous shepherd with flowing hair and a flute in his hand;the following are a few particulars of his birth and history as related in and in the purāṇa-s etc.: vasu-deva-, who was a descendant of yadu- and yayāti-, had two wives, rohiṇī- and devakī-;the latter had eight sons of whom the eighth was kṛṣṇa-; kaṃsa-, king of mathurā- and cousin of devakī-, was informed by a prediction that one of these sons would kill him;he therefore kept vasu-deva- and his wife in confinement, and slew their first six children;the seventh was balarāma- who was saved by being abstracted from the womb of devakī- and transferred to that of rohiṇī-;the eighth was kṛṣṇa- who was born with black skin and a peculiar mark on his breast;his father vasu-deva- managed to escape from mathurā- with the child, and favoured by the gods found a herdsman named nanda- whose wife yaśo-- had just been delivered of a son which vasu-deva- conveyed to devakī- after substituting his own in its place. nanda- with his wife yaśo-- took the infant kṛṣṇa- and settled first in gokula- or vraja-, and afterwards in vṛndāvana-, where kṛṣṇa- and bala-rāma- grew up together, roaming in the woods and joining in the sports of the herdsmen's sons; kṛṣṇa- as a youth contested the sovereignty of indra-, and was victorious over that god, who descended from heaven to praise kṛṣṇa-, and made him lord over the cattle[ ]; kṛṣṇa- is described as sporting constantly with the gopī-s or shepherdesses[ ]of whom a thousand became his wives, though only eight are specified, rādhā- being the favourite[ ]; kṛṣṇa- built and fortified a city called dvārakā- in Gujarat, and thither transported the inhabitants of mathurā- after killing kaṃsa-; kṛṣṇa- had various wives besides the gopī-s, and by rukmiṇī- had a son pradyumna- who is usually identified with kāma-deva-;with Jains, kṛṣṇa- is one of the nine black vasu-deva-s;with Buddhists he is the chief of the black demons, who are the enemies of buddha- and the white demons)
nam cl.1 P. n/amati- (), te- (mostly intrans.; confer, compare ; pr. p. A1. namāna- ; perfect tense P. nāma- etc.;2. sg. nemitha-,or nanantha- ; subjunctive nan/amas- ;3. plural nemur- ; A1. neme- ;3. plural -nanamire- ; Aorist P. anān- ; anaṃsīt- ; A1. anaṃsta- grammar;3. plural anaṃsata- ; subjunctive naṃsai-, naṃsante- ; future naṃsyati- ; namiṣyati- ; nantā- ; infinitive mood -n/amam-, -n/ame- ; nantum-, namitum- ; ind.p. natvā- ; -natya- ; -namya- ) to bend or bow (either trans. or oftener intr.) to bow to, subject or submit, one's self (with genitive case dative case or accusative) etc. ; (with hiruk-) to turn away, keep aside ; to turn towards id est to aim at (genitive case) with (instrumental case) ; to yield or give way, keep quiet or be silent ; (in gram.) to change a dental letter into a cerebral : Passive voice namyate-, to be bent or bowed ; yield or submit to : Causal nam/ayati- etc. (nāmayati- etc.; nāmyati-[!] ; Aorist anīnamat- ; Passive voice nāmyate-, ti- etc.) to cause to bow or sink, incline etc. ; (with cāpam-) to bend a bow etc. ; to turn away or ward off ; to aim at (genitive case), ; (in gram.) to change a dental letter into a cerebral : Desiderative ninaṃsati-, : Intensive n/annamīti- ; nannamyate- (3. sg. n/amnate- imperfect tense anamnata-, parasmE-pada n/amamāna- ) to bow or submit one's self to (dative case). [ confer, compare Zend nam,nemaiti; Greek , ; Latin nemus; Gothic , Old Saxon , Anglo-Saxon niman; HGerm. ne0man,ne0men,nehmen.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nigraham. confinement, imprisonment, any punishment or chastisement etc. (vadhanigt-,pain of death ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nihnavam. atonement, expiation, amends for (genitive case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nimeyam. barter, exchange (see naimeya-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirṇejanan. expiation, atonement for an offence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirodham. confinement, locking up, imprisonment (-tas- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirveśam. atonement, expiation (see anirv- additions) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niṣkṛtan. atonement, expiation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niṣkṛtif. acquittance, requital, atonement, expiation etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāpaniṣkṛtif. atonement for sin View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāvanan. penance, atonement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratibandhanan. binding, confinement, obstruction View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāyaścetanan. atonement, expiation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāyaścittan. (pr/āyaś--;"predominant thought"or"thought of death"see ) atonement, expiation, amends, satisfaction ( as m.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāyaścittamfn. relating to atonement or expiation, expiatory View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāyaścittif. (pr/āyaś--) atonement, expiation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāyaścittimatmfn. one who makes atonement or performs penance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāyaścittīyamfn. serving as an atonement, expiatory View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājyacyutif. loss of sovereignty, dethronement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rodhanan. shutting up, confinement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sabhyatvan. politeness, refinement, good manners or breeding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saktif. connexion, entwinement (of creepers) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃnirodham. confinement, imprisonment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sampratirodhakam. complete restraint, confinement, imprisonment, obstruction View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃrodham. shutting up, confinement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārapūtamfn. purified by sacred rites or by refinement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāravatmfn. possessed of refinement, possessing correctness, elegant ( saṃskāravattva -tva- n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃyamanan. confinement, fetter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvaprāyaścittif. complete atonement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śiṣṭatvan. culture, learning, refinement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthānāsedham. confinement to a place, local or personal arrest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suniṣkṛtan. a good atonement or expiation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upagraham. (for 2.See sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order) seizure, confinement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utpāṭanan. dethronement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vadhanirṇekam. expiation for killing, atonement for murder or manslaughter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
     Apte Search  
56 results
     
apacitiḥ अपचितिः f. (P.VII.2.3 Vārt.) 1 Loss, decay, decline, destruction; न वैनतेयो गरुडः प्रशंसति महाजनम् । दृष्ट्वा- सुपर्णो$पचितिं महत्या अपि भारत ॥ Mb.6.3.84. -2 Expense. -3 Atonement, amends; निहत्य पितृहन्तारं यास्याम्यपचितिं पितुः Bhāg.1.66.27. Compensation, expiation of sin. -4 Exclusion. -5 Punishing. -6 N. of a daughter of Marīchi. -7 Honouring, worshipping, showing reverence, worship; अहं त्वपचितिं भ्रातुः पितुश्च सकलामिमाम् (करिष्यामि) Rām.2.74.3; विहितापचितिर्महीभृता Śi.16.9.1.17; (where it also means loss, destruction हानि), अस्य वनशुन इवापचितिः 15.34; देवतोचितामपचितिं संपाद्य K.324; Ki.6.46; 11.9. cf. स्त्री पूजायामपचितिर्द्वयोश्च स्यात्क्षयार्चयोः Nm.
apanuttiḥ अपनुत्तिः f. -नोदः, -नोदनम् Removing, taking away, removal, destroying, driving away; सुखायान्यापनुत्तये Bhāg.7.13.25. expiation, atonement (as of a sin); पापानामपनुत्तये Ms.11.29,139,92; Y.3.35; गुरुतल्प˚ Ms.11.16; ब्रह्महत्यापनोदाय 11.75; कृच्छ्रो$यं सर्वपापापनोदनः 11.215,252,26.
apariṣkaraḥ अपरिष्करः Want of polish or refinement (moral or physical); coarseness, rudeness, unrefined state.
aparopaḥ अपरोपः Extermination, dethronement; श्रुत्वा स्वाम्यपरो- परौद्रविषमानाघाततूर्यस्वनान् Mu.2.21.
abhimaraḥ अभिमरः [मृ-अच्] 1 Killing, destruction, slaughter. -2 War, combat. -3 Treachery in one's own camp; danger from one's own men or party. -4 Binding, confinement; a tie or fetter. -5 One's own party or army. -6 One who desperately goes to fight with tigers, elephants &c.
amokṣa अमोक्ष a. Not liberated, unloosed. -क्षः 1 Bondage, confinement. -2 Non-liberation from worldly existence.
ābhū आभू a. Ved. Approaching (as a praiser); इन्द्रः श्नथयन्ननाभुवः Rv.1.51.9. -2 Strong, sufficient, efficacious. -3 Applied according to rule (as a hymn). -4 Very prosperous. m. 1 A prison, a place of confinement. -2 A helper or assistant.
āsedhaḥ आसेधः Arrest, custody, legal restraint, it is of four kinds:-स्थानासेधः कालकृतः प्रवासात् कर्मणस्तथा Nārada; i. e. (a) confinement to a place, (b) limitation of time, (c) prohibition against departure, and (d) restriction from doing anything. आसेधकाल आसिद्ध आसेधं यो निवर्तते Śukra 4.616.
utkarṣa उत्कर्ष a. 1 Superior, eminent. -2 Much, abundant -3 Exaggerated, boastful. -4 Attractive. -र्षः 1 Pulling off or upwards, drawing or pulling up; चरणोत्कर्षै- र्दारयन्निव मेदिनीम् Rām.3.56.29. -2 Elevation, eminence, rise, prosperity; निनीषुः कुलमुत्कर्षम् Ms.4.244,9.24. -3 Increase, abundance, excess; पञ्चानामपि भूतानामुत्कर्षं पुपुषुर्गुणाः R.4.11. -4 Excellence, highest merit, glory; उत्कर्षः स च धन्विनां यदिषवः सिध्यन्ति लक्ष्ये चले Ś.2.5. -5 Selfconceit, boasting. -6 Joy, pleasure. -7 Postponement (of some detail or details at a विकृतियाग) i. e. performing them at a later stage; तदादि उत्कर्षे तदन्तमपकर्षे स्यात् ŚB. on MS.5.1.24. -Comp. -समः A kind of fallacy attributing similar qualities to two objects because they have one quality in common; e. g. affirming that a sound has a shape like a jar because both are perishable.
uddānam उद्दानम् [दो बन्धने ल्युट्] 1 Binding, confinement; उद्दाने क्रियमाणे तु मत्स्यानां तत्र रज्जुभिः Mb.12.137.14. -2 Taming, subduing. -3 The middle, the waist. -4 A fire-place. -5 The submarine fire. -6 Entrance of the sun into a zodiacal sign. (संक्रान्त).
uddharaṇam उद्धरणम् 1 Drawing or taking out, taking off (clothes &c.). -2 Extraction, pulling or tearing out; कण्टक˚ Ms.9.252; चक्षषोरुद्धरणम् Mitā.; so शल्य˚. -3 Extricating, deliverance, rescuing (from danger); दीनोद्धरणो- चितस्य R.2.25; स बन्धुर्यो विपन्नानामापदुद्धरणक्षमः H.1.29. -4 Destruction, eradication, extermination, deposition, dethronement; चन्द्रगुप्तस्योद्धरणात् Mu.4. -5 Lifting, raising. -6 Taking a part or share. -7 Taking from the Gārhapatya fire to supply the other sacred fires. -8 Vomiting; जग्धस्य मोहाद्धि विशुद्धिमन्धसो जुगुप्सितस्योद्धरणं प्रचक्षते Bhāg.4.4. 18. -9 Anything vomited. -1 Final emancipation. -11 Acquittance of debt. -12 Hoping, expecting; अपि ते ब्राह्मणा भुक्त्वा गताः सोद्धरणान् गृहान् Mb.13.6.14. उद्धर्तृ uddhartṛ उद्धारक uddhāraka उद्धर्तृ उद्धारक a. 1 One who raises or lifts up. -2 A sharer, co-heir. -3 One who recovers property. m. 1 A destroyer, exterminator; Y.2.271. -2 A saviour, deliverer.
upagrahaḥ उपग्रहः 1 Confinement, seizure. -2 Defeat, frustration; अपि च विहिते मत्कृत्यानां निकाममुपग्रहे Mu.4.2. -3 A prisoner. -4 Joining, addition. -5 (a) Favour, encouragement, assistance, conciliation; सोपग्रहम् K.156. परविषये कृत्याकृत्यपक्षोपग्रहः । Kau. A.1. अमित्रोपग्रहं चास्य ते कुर्युः क्षिप्रमापदि Mb.12.96.14. (b) Favourableness, kindness, complacence; सोपग्रहं K.264. -6 Use. -7 A kind of peace purchased by giving over every thing; cf. क्रियते प्राणरक्षार्थं सर्वदानादुपग्रहः H.4.121. -8 The voice or pada of a verb; सुप्तिङुपग्रहलिङ्गनराणां Mbh. III.1.85;1.4; and 2.127. -9 A pile or heap of kuśa grass. -1 The presiding spirit or cause which directs a planet's motion. -11 A minor planet राहु, केतु &c.), a secondary heavenly body, such as a comet, meteor.
karman कर्मन् -m. Viśvakarmā; शक्रस्य नु सभा दिव्या भास्वरा कर्मनिर्मिता Mb.2.7.1. -n. [कृ-मनिन् Uṇ.4.144] 1 Action, work, deed. -2 Execution, performance; प्रीतो$स्मि सो$हं यद् भुक्तं वनं तैः कृतकर्मभिः Rām.5.63.3. -3 Business, office, duty; संप्रति विषवैद्यानां कर्म M.4. -4 A religious rite (it may be either नित्य, नैमित्तिक or काम्य). -5 A specific action, moral duty. -6 (a) Performance of religious rites as opposed to speculative religion or knowledge of Brahman (opp. ज्ञान); अपरो दहृने स्वकर्मणां ववृते R.8.2. (b) Labour, work. -7 Product, result. -8 A natural or active property (as support of the earth). -9 Fate, the certain consequence of acts done in a former life; कर्मायत्तं फलं पुंसां बुद्धिः कर्मानुसारिणी Bh.2.89,94. -1 (In gram.) The object of of an action; कर्तुरीप्सिततमं कर्म P.I.4.49. -11 (In Vaiś. Phil.) Motion considered as one of the seven categories of things; (thus defined:-- एकद्रव्यमगुणं संयोगविभागेष्वनपेक्षकारणं कर्म Vaiś. Sūtra. (It is five-fold:-- उत्क्षेपणं ततो$वक्षेपणमाकुञ्चनं तथा । प्रसारणं च गमनं कर्माण्येतानि पञ्च च ॥ Bhāṣā P.6.) -12 Organ of sense. प्रजापतिर्ह कर्माणि ससृजे Bṛi. Up.1.5.21. -13 Organ of action; कर्माणि कर्मभिः कुर्वन् Bhāg.11.3.6. -14 (In Astr.) The tenth lunar mansion. -15 Practice, training; सर्वेषां कर्मणा वीर्यं जवस्तेजश्च वर्धते Kau. A.2.2. -Comp. -अक्षम a. incapable of doing anything. -अङ्गम् part of any act; part of a sacrificial rite (as प्रयाज of the Darśa sacrifice). -अधिकारः the right of performing religious rites. -अनुरूप a. 1 according to action or any particular office. -2 according to actions done in a previous existence. -अनुष्ठानम् practising one's duties. -अनुसारः consequence of, or conformity to, acts. -अन्तः 1 the end of any business or task. -2 a work, business, execution of business. -3 a barn, a store of grain &c. Ms.7.62 (कर्मान्तः इक्षुधान्यादिसंग्रहस्थानम् Kull.) -4 cultivated ground. -5 a worker; कच्चिन्न सर्वे कर्मान्ताः Rām.2.1.52. -अन्तरम् 1 difference or contrariety of action. -2 penance, expiation. -3 suspension of a religious action. -4 another work or action; कर्मान्तर- नियुक्तासु निर्ममन्थ स्वयं दधि Bhāg.1.9.1. -अन्तिक a. final. (-कः) a servant, workman, Rām.1.13.7. -अपनुत्तिः f. removing, sending away of कर्म; जन्मकर्माप- नुत्तये Bhāg.12.2.17. -अर्ह a. fit or suitable to an act or the rite. (-र्हः) a man. -आख्या f. Name received from the act performed; तस्मात् छिन्नगमनो$श्वो$पि छाग इति कर्माख्या भविष्यति । ŚB. on MS.6.8.37. -आजीवः one who maintains himself by some profession (as that of an artisan &c.) -आत्मन् a. endowed with the principles of action, active; कर्मात्मनां च देवानां सो$सृजत्प्राणिनां प्रभुः Ms.1.22. (-m.) the soul. -आयतनम् see कर्मेन्द्रियम्; शव्दः स्पर्शो रसो गन्धो रूपं चेत्यर्थजातयः । गत्युक्त्युत्सर्गशिल्पानि कर्मायतनसिद्धयः Bhāg.11.22.16. -आशयः receptacle or accumulation of (good and evil) acts; निर्हृत्य कर्माशयमाशु याति परां गतिम् Bhāg.1.46.32. -इन्द्रियम् an organ of action, as distinguished from ज्ञानेन्द्रिय; (they are :- वाक्पाणिपादपायूपस्थानि; Ms.2.99; see under इन्द्रिय also) कर्मेन्द्रियाणि संयम्य Bg.3.6,7. -उदारम् any valiant or noble act, magnanimity, prowess. -उद्युक्त a. busy, engaged, active, zealous. -करः 1 a hired labourer (a servant who is not a slave); आ तस्य गोः प्रतिदानात् कर्मकारी आगबीनः कर्मकरः Mbh. on P.V.2.14. कर्मकराः स्थपत्यादयः Pt.1; Śi.14.16. -2 Yama. -कर्तृ m. (in gram.) an agent who is at the same time the object of the action; e. g. पच्यते ओदनः, it is thus defined:- क्रियमाणं तु यत्कर्म स्वयमेव प्रसिध्यति । सुकरैः स्वैर्गुणैः कर्तुः कर्मकर्तेति तद्विदुः ॥ न चान्तरेण कर्मकर्तारं सकर्मका अकर्मका भवन्ति Mbh. on P.I.3.27 -काण्डः, -ण्डम् that department of the Veda which relates to ceremonial acts and sacrificial rites and the merit arising from a due performance thereof. -कारः 1 one who does any business, a mechanic, artisan (technically a worker not hired). -2 any labourer in general (whether hired or not). -3 a black-smith; हरिणाक्षि कटाक्षेण आत्मानमवलोकय । न हि खङ्गो विजानाति कर्मकारं स्वकारणम् ॥ Udb. -4 a bull. -कारिन् m. a labourer, artisan, workman. -कार्मुकः, -कम् a strong bow. -कीलकः a washerman. -कृत्यम् activity, the state of active exertion; यः प्रथमः कर्मकृत्याय जज्ञे Av.4.24.6. -क्षम a. able to perform any work or duty; आत्मकर्मक्षमं देहं क्षात्रो धर्म इवाश्रितः R.1.13. -क्षेत्रम् the land of religious acts, i. e. भरतवर्ष; Bhāg.5.17.11. cf. कर्मभूमि. -गतिः f. the course of fate; अथ कर्मगतिं चित्रां दृष्ट्वा$स्य हसितं मया Ks.59.159. -गृहीत a. caught in the very act (as a thief.). -ग्रन्थिः f. a term in Jaina metaphysics connoting 'weakness in the form of वासनाs produced by अज्ञान'. -घातः leaving off or suspending work. -च(चा)ण्डालः 1 'base in deed', a man of very low acts or deeds; Vasiṣṭha mentions these kinds :-- असूयकः पिशुनश्च कृतघ्नो दीर्घरोषकः । चत्वारः कर्मचाण्डाला जन्मतश्चापि पञ्चमः ॥ -2 one who commits an atrocious deed; अपूर्वकर्मचण्डालमयि मुग्धे विमुच्च माम् U.1.46. -3 N. of Rāhu. -चेष्टा active exertion, action. कर्मचेष्टास्वहः Ms.1.66. -चोदना 1 The motive impelling one to ritual acts. ज्ञानं ज्ञेयं परिज्ञाता त्रिविधा कर्मचोदना Bg.18.18. -2 any positive rule enjoining a religious act. -च्छेदः The loss caused by absence on duty; Kau. A.2.7. -जः a. resulting from an act; सिद्धिर्भवति कर्मजा Bg.4.12. कर्मजा गतयो नॄणामुत्तमाधममध्यमाः Ms.12.3. (-जः) 1 the holy fig-tree. -2 the Kali age. -3 the banian tree. -4 the effect arising from human acts :-- संयोग, विभाग &c. -5 heaven. -6 hell. -ज्ञ a. one acquainted with religious rites. -त्यागः renunciation of worldly duties or ceremonial acts. -दुष्ट a. corrupt in action, wicked, immoral, disrespectable. -देवः a god through religious action; ये शतं गन्धर्वलोक आनन्दाः स एकः कर्मदेवानामानन्दः Bṛi. Up.4.3.33. -दोषः 1 sin, vice; अवेक्षेत गतीर्नॄणां कर्मदोष- समुद्भवाः Ms.6.61,95. -2 an error, defect, or blunder (in doing an act); कर्मदोषैर्न लिप्यते Ms.1,14. -3 evil consequence of human acts. -4 discreditable conduct. -धारयः N. of a compound, a subdivision of Tatpuruṣa, (in which the members of the compound are in apposition) तत्पुरुषः समानाधिकरणः कर्मधारयः P.I. 2.42. तत्पुरुष कर्म धारय येनाहं स्यां बहुव्रीहिः Udb. -ध्वंसः 1 loss of fruit arising from religious acts. -2 disappointment. -नामन् (in gram.) a participal noun. -नामधेयम् N. of an act or sacrifice. These names are not arbitrary or technical such as गुण and वृद्धि but are always significant; सर्वेष्वेव कर्मनामधेयेषु अर्थसमन्वयेनानुवाद- भूतो नामशद्बो वर्तते, न लौकिकार्थतिरस्कारेण परिभाषामात्रेण वृद्धिगुणवत् ŚB. on MS.1.6.41. -नाशा N. of a river between Kaśi and Bihar. -निश्चयः a decision of action; न लेमे कर्मनिश्चयम् Bm.1.648. -निषद्या a manufactory; Kau. A.2.4. -निष्ठ a. devoted to the performance of religious acts; अग्निर्वीरं श्रुत्यं कर्मनिष्ठाम् Rv.1.8.1; Ms.3.134. -न्यासः renunciation of the result of religious acts. -पथः 1 the direction or source of an action. -2 the path of religious rites (opp. ज्ञानमार्ग). -पाकः ripening of actions, reward of actions done in a former life; Pt.1.372. -प्रवचनीयः a term for certain prepositions, particles, or adverbs when they are not connected with verbs and govern a noun in some case; literally-the term means, 'Concerned with the setting forth of an action'. According to Indian grammarians it means 'that which spoke of an action (क्रियां प्रोक्तवन्तः)' e. g. आ in आ मुक्तेः संसारः is a कर्मप्रवचनीय; so अनु in जपमनु प्रावर्षत् &c; कर्म प्रोक्तवन्तः कर्मप्रवचनीया इति Mbh. on P.I.4.83. cf. उपसर्ग, गति and निपात also. -फलम् 1 fruit or reward of actions done in a former life; (pain, pleasure); न मे कर्मफले स्पृहा Bg.4.14;5.12;6.1; ˚फलत्याग Bg.12.11,18.2; ˚फलत्यागिन् Bg.18.11; ˚फलप्रेप्सुः Bg.18.27; ˚फलसंयोग Bg.5.14; ˚फलहेतु Bg.2.47. एवं संचिन्त्य मनसा प्रेत्य कर्मफलोदयम् Ms.11.231. -2 the fruit of Averrhoa Carambola (Mar. कर्मर); also कर्मरङ्ग. -बन्धः, -बन्धनम् confinement to repeated birth, as the consequence of religious acts, good or bad (by which the soul is attached to worldly pleasures &c.); बुद्ध्या युक्तो यथा पार्थ कर्मबन्धं प्रहास्यति Bg.2.39. -भूः, -भूमिः f. 1 the land of religious rites, i. e. भरतवर्ष, this world (a place for man's probation); प्राप्येमां कर्मभूमिम् Bh.2.1; K.174,319. -2 ploughed ground. -मासः the Calendar month of thirty days. -मीमांसा the Mīmāṁsā of ceremonial acts; see मीमांसा. -मूलम् a kind of sacred grass called कुश. -युगम् the fourth (the present) age of the world, i. e. the Kaliyuga. -योगः 1 performance of actions, worldly and religious rites; कर्मयोगेन योगिनाम् Bg.3.3;3.7;5.2;13.24. -2 active exertion, industry; Ms.1.115. -वचनम् (with Buddhists) the ritual. -वज्रः an epithet of a Śūdra. -वशः fate considered as the inevitable result of actions done in a former life. -वाटी a lunar day (तिथि). -विपाक = कर्मपाक. -शाला a work-shop. -शील, -शूर a. assiduous, active, laborious; cf. कर्म- शीलस्तु कर्मठे । Nm. -शौचम् humility. -श्रुतिः f. The word expressive of the act; कर्मश्रुतेः परार्थत्वात् MS.11. 2.6. (read या अत्र कर्मश्रुतिः दर्शपूर्णमासाभ्यामिति सा परार्था तृतीया-योगात् &c. शबर). -सङ्गः attachment to worldly duties and their results. तन्निबध्नाति ... कर्मसङ्गेन Bg.14.7. -सचिवः a minister. -संन्यासिकः, -संन्यासिन् m. 1 a religious person who has withdrawn from every kind of worldly act. -2 an ascetic who performs religious deeds without looking to their reward. -साक्षिन् m. 1 an eyewitness; वह्निर्विवाहं प्रति कर्मसाक्षी Ku.7.83. -2 one who witnesses the good or bad actions of man; आदित्य भो लोककृताकृतज्ञ लोकस्य सत्यानृप- कर्मसाक्षिन् Rām.3.63.16. (There are nine divinities which are said to witness and watch over all human actions; सूर्यः सोमो यमः कालो महाभूतानि पञ्च च । एते शुभाशुभ- स्येह कर्मणो नव साक्षिणः ॥) -सिद्धिः f. accomplishment of any business or desired object; success. स्वकर्मसिद्धिं पुनरा- शशंसे Ku. -स्थानम् a public office, a place of business.
kārā कारा 1 Imprisonment, confinement. -2 A prisonhouse, a jail; Mv.6.25. -3 Part of a lute below the neck. -4 Pain, affliction. -5 A female messenger. -6 A female worker in gold. -7 A sound. -8 An instrument for drawing the sound of the lute. -Comp. -अगारम्, -गृहम्, -वेश्मन् n. a prison-house, a jail; कारागृहे निर्जितवासवेन लङ्केश्वरेणोषितमा प्रसादात् R.6.4, Śānti.4.1. -गुप्तः a prisoner. -पालः a guard of a prison, jailor.
kumāraḥ कुमारः [cf. Uṇ.3.138] 1 A son, boy; a youth; यदात्थ राजन्यकुमार तत्तथा यशस्तु रक्ष्यं परतो यशोधनैः R.3.48. -2 A boy below five. -3 A prince, an heir-apparent (especially in dramas); विप्रोषितकुमारं तद्राज्यमस्तमितेश्वरम् R.12.11; कुमारस्यायुषो बाणः V.5; उपवेष्टुमर्हति कुमारः Mu. 4 (said by Rākṣasa to Malayaketu). -4 N. of Kārtikeya, the god of war; कुमारकल्पं सुषुवे कुमारम् R.5.36; कुमारो$पि कुमारविक्रमः 3.55. -5 N. of Agni. -6 A parrot. -7 N. of the author of a Dharmaśāstra. -रम् pure gold. -Comp. -जीवः N. of the plant पुत्रंजीव. -पालनः 1 one who takes care of children. -2 N. of king Śālivāhana. -भृत्या 1 care of young children. -2 care of a woman in pregnancy or confinement, midwifery; कुमार- भृत्याकुशलैरनुष्ठिते भिषग्भिराप्तैरथ गर्भभर्मणि R.3.12. -ललिता f. 1 delicate love-dalliance. -2 N. of a metre consisting of seven syllables in a quarter. -लीढः also कुब्जालीढः N. of the founder of a sect. -वाहिन्, -वाहनः a peacock. -व्रतम् a vow of eternal celibacy. -सूः f. 1 an epithet of Pārvati. -2 N. of the Ganges. (-m.) an epithet of Agni. -संभवम् N. of Kalidāsa's epic.
guptiḥ गुप्तिः f. [गुप्-भावे क्तिन्] 1 Preserving, protection; सर्वस्यास्य तु सर्गस्य गुप्त्यर्थम् Ms.1.87,94,99; Y.1.198. -2 Concealing, hiding. -3 Covering, sheathing; असिधारासु कोषगुप्तिः K.11. -4 A hole in the ground, a cavern, sink, cellar. -5 Digging a hole in the ground. -6 A means of protection, fortification, rampart; गुप्तावपि मनोहरम् Ku.6.38. -7 Confinement, prison; सरभस इव गुप्तिस्फोटमर्कः करोति Śi.11.6. -8 The lower deck of a boat. -9 A leak in a ship. -1 Check, stoppage; तथा$स्य स्याज्जाठरी द्वारगुप्तिः Mb.12.269.26.
nāhaḥ नाहः [नह् भावे घञ्] 1 Binding, confinement. -2 A trap or snare. -3 Costiveness, constipation.
ni नि ind. (Mostly used as a prefix to verbs and nouns, rarely as an adverb or preposition. It is used in the following senses (according to G. M.):-1 Lowness, downward motion ('down', 'under', 'below'); निपत् निषद्. -2 A group or collection; निकर, निकाय. -3 Intensity; निकाम, निगृहीत. -4 Command, order; निदेशः -5 Continuance, permanence; निविशते. -6 Skill; निपुण. -7 Restraint, confinement; निबन्ध. -8 Inclusion ('into', 'in'); निपीतमुदकम्. -9 Proximity, nearness; निकट. -1 Insult, wrong, harm; निकृति, निकार. -11 Showing; निदर्शन. -12 Cessation; निवृत्. -13 Resort, refuge; निलय. -14 Doubt. -15 Certainty. -16 Affirmation. -17 Throwing. giving &c. (according to Durgādāsa). -18 निमिच्छति- निर्मिच्छति To perform Nīrājana or the ceremonial waving of lights round an object of worship or an idol; also round a person or horses or elephants as an auspicious act; कुरुते तमेव निमिच्छ्य देवः सफलं स जन्म N.7.43.
nigrahaḥ निग्रहः 1 Keeping in check, restraint, curbing, subjection; as in इन्द्रियनिग्रह Ms.6.92; Y.1.222; Bh.1.66; चञ्चलं मनः...... तस्याहं निग्रहं मन्ये वायोरिव सुदुष्करम् Bg.6.34; तस्य ता वपुषाक्षिप्ता निग्रहार्थं जजृम्भिरे Bu. Ch.4.6. -2 Suppression, obstruction, putting down; तथेन्द्रियाणां दह्यन्ते दोषाः प्राणस्य निग्रहात् Ms.6.71. -3 Overtaking, capturing, arresting; त्वन्निग्रहे तु वरगात्रि न मे प्रयत्नः Mk.1. 22; Śi.2.88. -4 Confinement, imprisonment. -5 Defeat, overthrow, vanquishing. -6 Dispelling, destruction, removing; दिनमुखानि रविर्हिमनिग्रहैर्विमलयन् मलयं नगम- त्यजत् R.9.25;15.6; Ku.5.53. -7 Arresting of disease, cure. -8 Punishment (opp. अनुग्रह) निग्राहानु- ग्रहस्य कर्ता Pt.1; निग्रहो$प्ययमनुग्रहीकृतः R.11.9,55;12. 52,63. -9 Rebuke, reprimand, blame. -1 Aversion, dislike, disgust. -11 (In Nyāya phil.) A flaw in an argument, a fault in a syllogism (by which a disputant is put down in argument); cf. Mu.5.1. -12 A handle. -13 A limit, boundary. -14 The Supreme Being. -15 Transgressing (अतिलङ्घन); निग्रहाद्धर्मशास्त्राणा- मनुरुद्ध्यन्नपेतभीः Mb.12.24.13. -Comp. -स्थानम् the reason of defeat, unfitness to be argued with, one of the 16 categories of the Naiyāyikas; एवमपि प्रकृतं दूषयितुमशक्नु- वतस्तत्सिद्धान्तान्तरदूषणे निग्रहस्थानमापद्यते । ŚB. on MS.1.1.5.
nigrahaṇa निग्रहण a. Holding back or down, suppression. -णम् 1 Subduing, suppression. -2 Capture, confinement. -3 Chastisement, punishment in general. -4 Defeat. -5 War, fight.
nibandhaḥ निबन्धः 1 Binding, tying, fastening. -2 Attachment, intentness; दैवी संपद्विमोक्षाय निबन्धायासुरी मता Bg.16.5. -3 Composing, writing down. -4 Literary composition or treatise, work; प्रत्यक्षरश्लेषमयप्रबन्धविन्यासवैदग्ध्यनिधिर्निबन्धं चक्रे Vās. -5 A compendium. -6 Restraint, obstruction, confinement. -7 Suppression of urine. -8 A bond, fetter. -9 A grant of property, an assignment of cattle, money &c. for support; भूर्या पितामहोपात्ता निबन्धो द्रव्यमेव वा Y.2.121. -1 Fixed property. -11 Foundation, origin. -12 Cause, reason. -धम् Song, singing. -Comp. -पुस्तकम् a register; निबन्धपुस्तकस्थानं च कारयेत् Kau. A.2.7.
niruddha निरुद्ध p. p. 1 Obstructed, hindered, checked, restrained, curbed; निरुद्धो$प्यावेगः स्फुरदधरनासापुटतया परेषामु- न्नेयो भवति च भराध्मातहृदयः U.1.29. -2 Confined, imprisoned; जामातृयज्ञेन वयं निरुद्धाः U.1.11. -3 Covered, veiled. -4 Filled with, full of. -Comp. -कण्ठ a. having one's breath obstructed, choked, suffocated. -गुदः obstruction of the rectum. -प्रकशः stricture of the urethra. निरोधः nirōdhḥ निरोधनम् nirōdhanam निरोधः निरोधनम् 1 Confinement, locking up, imprisonment; Bhāg.1.58.58; निरोधनेन बन्धेन विविधेन वधेन च (निगृह्णीयात्) Ms.8.31; वैश्यः सर्वस्वदण्डः स्यात् संवत्सरनिरोधतः 375. -2 Enclosing, covering up; Amaru.87. -3 Restraint, check, suppression, control; योगश्चित्तवृत्तिनिरोधः Yoga. S.; अन्तश्चराणां मरुतां निरोधान्निवातनिष्कम्पमिव प्रदीपम् Ku.3.48. -4 Hindrance, obstruction, opposition. -5 Hurting, punishing, injuring. -6 Annihilation, complete destruction; जन्मनिरोधं प्रवदन्ति यस्य Śvet. Up.3.21. -7 Aversion, dislike. -8 Disappointment, frustration of hopes (in dramatic language). -9 (With the Buddhists) Suppression of pain. -1 Extinction (लय), निरोधो$स्यानुशयनमात्मनः सह शक्तिभिः Bhāg.2.1.6.
nirṇiktiḥ निर्णिक्तिः f. 1 Washing. -2 Expiation, atonement; वृद्धातिक्रमसंभृतस्य महतो निर्णिक्तये पाप्मनः प्रायश्चेतनमादिशन्तु गुरवो रामेण दान्तस्य मे Mv.4.25.
nirṇekaḥ निर्णेकः 1 Washing, cleaning; purification; तस्मात्तयोः स्वयोन्यैव निर्णेको गुणवत्तरः Ms.5.113. -2 Ablution. -3 Atonement, expiation; दानेन वधनिर्णेकं सर्पादीनामशक्नुवन.
nirṇejanam निर्णेजनम् 1 Ablution. -2 Expiation, atonemet (for an offence). -3 Water for washing.
nirveśaḥ निर्वेशः 1 Gaining, obtaining. -2 Wages, hire, employment. -3 Eating, enjoyment, use. -4 Return of payment; सर्वार्थसम्भवो देहो जनितः पोषितो यतः । न तयोर्याति निर्वेशं पित्रोर्मर्त्यः शतायुषा ॥ Bhāg.1.45.5. -5 Expiation, atonement; Bhāg.5.26.18. -6 Marriage. -7 Fainting, swooning. -8 Spreading; L. D. B. -9 Entering; आत्मनिर्वेशमात्रेण तिर्यग्गतमुलूखलम् (ययौ) Bhāg.1.1.26. -1 Revenging; अभ्यधावन्नभिक्रुद्धा भ्रातुनिर्वेशकरिणः Bhāg. 1.44.39.
niṣkṛta निष्कृत p. p. 1 Taken away, removed. -2 Expiated, absolved, pardoned. निन्द्यैर्हि लक्षणैर्युक्ता जायन्ते$निष्कृतैनसः Ms. 11.53. -3 Disregarded, overlooked. -तम् 1 Expiation or atonement; न ते यमं पाशभृतश्च तद्भटान् स्वप्ने$पि पश्यन्ति हि चीर्णनिष्कृताः Bhāg.6.1.19. -2 A place of rendezvous.
niṣkṛtiḥ निष्कृतिः f. 1 Expiation, atonement; ब्रह्मघ्ने च सुरापे च चौरे भग्नव्रते शठे । निष्कृतिर्विहिता सद्भिः कृतघ्ने नास्ति निष्कृतिः ॥ Pt.3.157. -2 Acquittance, requital, discharge of a debt or obligation; न तस्य निष्कृतिः शक्या कर्तुं वर्षशतैरपि Ms.2.227;3.19;8.15;9.19;11.27. -3 Removal. -4 Restoration, cure. -5 Avoiding, escaping from. -6 Neglecting. -7 Bad conduct, roguery. -8 Reproach, scoffing (धिक्कार); स्त्रियास्तथा$पचारिण्या निष्कृतिः स्याददूषिका Mb.12.34.3.
nihnavaḥ निह्नवः 1 Denial, concealment of knowledge; कार्यः स्वमतिनिह्नवः Māl.1.12; Chandr.5.27. -2 Secrecy, concealment in general; निह्नवे याचितो दद्याद्धनं राज्ञे च तत्समम् Y.2.11,267. -3 A secret. -4 Mistrust; doubt, suspicion. -5 Wickedness. -6 Atonement, expiation; तस्यैष व्यभिचारस्य निह्नवः सम्यगुच्यते Ms.9.21. -7 Contradiction. -8 Obscuring, surpassing. -9 Excuse, exculpation. -Comp. -उत्तरम् an evasive reply. -वादिन् m. a defendant or witness who prevaricates or gives evasive replies.
pāpa पाप a. [पाति रक्षत्यस्मादात्मानम्, पा-अपादाने प; Uṇ.3.23] 1 Evil, sinful, wicked, vicious; पापं कर्म च यत् परैरपि कृतं तत् तस्य संभाव्यते Mk.1.36; साधुष्वपि च पापेषु समबुद्धि- र्विशिष्यते Bg.6.9. -2 Mischievous, destructive, accursed; पापेन मृत्युना गृहीतो$स्मि M.4. -3 Low, vile, abandoned; Ms.3.52; अधार्मिकाणां पापानामाशु पश्यन् विपर्ययम् 4.171. -4 Inauspicious, malignant, foreboding evil; as in पापग्रहः. -पम् 1 Evil, bad fortune or state; पापं पापाः कथयथ कथं शौर्यराशेः पितुर्मे Ve.3.6; शान्तं पापम् 'may the evil be averted', 'god forbid' (often used in dramas). -2 Sin, crime, vice, guilt; अपापानां कुले जाते मयि पापं न विद्यते Mk.9.37; Ms.11.231;4 181; R.12.19. -पम् ind. badly, sinfully, wrongly. -पः A wretch, sinful person, wicked or profligate person; पापस्तु दिग्देवतया हतौजास्तं नाभ्यभूदवितं विष्णुपत्न्या Bhāg.6.13.17. -पा 1 A beast of prey. -2 A witch. -Comp. -अङ्कुशा N. of the Ekādaśī in the light half of Āśvina. -अधम a. exceedingly wicked, vilest. -अनुबन्धः bad result or consequences. -अनुवसित a. sinful. -अपनुत्तिः f. expiation. -अहः an unlucky day. -आख्या one of the seven divisions of the planetary courses. -आचार a. following evil or sinful courses, leading a sinful life, vicious, wicked. -आत्मन् a. evil-minded, sinful, wicked; पापात्मा पापसंभवः Purāna. (-m.) a sinner. -आरम्भ a. wicked, villainous, committing murderous deeds; पापारम्भवतोर्मृगीव वृकयोर्भीरुर्गता गोचरम् Māl.5.24. -आशय, -चेतस् a. evil-intentioned, wicked-minded. -उक्त addressed in ill-omened words. -कर, -कारिन्, -कृत्, -कर्म(र्मि)न् &c. a. sinful, a sinner, villain. -क्षयः removal or destruction of sin. -गतिः ill-fated. -ग्रहः a planet of evil or malignant aspect, such as Mars, Saturn, Rāhu or Ketu. -घ्न a. destroying sin, expiating; मत्समः पातकी नास्ति पापघ्नी त्वत्समा न हि Śaṅkarāchārya. (-घ्नः) the sesamum plant. (-घ्नी) the Tulasī plant. -चर्यः 1 a sinner. -2 demon. -चेलिका, -चेली Clypea Hernandifolia (Mar. पहाडमूळ). -चैलम् an inauspicious garment. -जीव a. wicked, sinful. -दर्शन्, -दर्शिन् looking at faults, malevolent. -दृष्टि a. evileyed. -धी a. evil-minded, wicked. -नक्षत्रम् an inauspicious constellation. -नापितः a cunning or vile barber. -नाशन a. destroying or expiating sin. (-नः) 1 N. of Śiva. -2 of Viṣṇu. (-नम्) expiation, atonement. (-नी, -नाशिनी) 1 the wild Tulasī plant or Śamī. -2 N. of a river. -निरति a. wicked, sinful. -f. wickedness. -निष्कृतिः atonement for sin. -पतिः a paramour. -पुरुषः a villainous person. -फल a. evil, inauspicious; पापफल- नरकादिमांस्तु शुभकर्मफलस्वर्गमस्त्विति काङ्क्षते Maṅḍala Brā. Up.2.4. -बुद्धि, -भाव, -मति a. evil-minded, wicked, depraved. -भक्षणः N. of Kālabhairava. -भाज् a. sinful, a sinner; न केवलं यो महतो$पभाषते शृणोति तस्मादपि यः स पापभाक् Ku.5.83. -मित्रम् a bad counsellor or friend. -मुक्त a. freed from sin, purified. -मोचनम्, -विनाशनम् destruction of sin. -योनि a. lowborn. (-निः f.) vile birth, birth in an inferior condition. -रोगः 1 any bad disease. -2 small-pox. -लोक्य a. 1 infernal. -2 belonging to the wicked. -वशीयस् a. 1 inverted -2 confused. (-m.) inversion, confusion. -वंश a. born in a degraded family; शशाप तान् न राज्यार्हाः पापवंशा भविष्यथ Bm.1.349. -विनिग्रहः restraining wickedness. -शमन a. removing crime. -शील a. prone to evil, wicked by nature, evil minded. -संकल्प a. evil-minded, wicked. (-ल्पः) a wicked thought. -हन् a. destroying sin; यत्र श्यामो लोहिताक्षो दण्डश्चरति पापहा । प्रजास्तत्र न मुह्यन्ति नेता चेत् साधु पश्यति ॥ Ms.7.25.
pāvana पावन a. (-नी f.) [पू-णिच् ल्यु] 1 Purifying, freeing from sin, purificatory, sanctifying; पादास्तामभितो निषण्ण- हरिणा गौरीगुरोः पावनाः Ś.6.17; R.15.11;19.53; यज्ञो दानं तपश्चैव पावनानि मनीषिणाम् Bg.18.5; Ms.2.26; Y.3.37. -2 Sacred, holy, pure, purified; तपोवनं तच्च बभूव पावनम् Ku.5.17. -3 One living on wind (a Sādhu); कुतः क्षीरं वनस्थानां मुनीनां गिरिवासिनाम् । पावनानां वनाशानां वनाश्रम- निवासिनाम् ॥ Mb.13.14.124. -नः 1 Fire. -2 Incense. -3 A kind of demi-god of Siddha. -4 N. of the poet Vyāsa. -5 N. of Viṣṇu. -नम् 1 Purifying, purification; विष्णोर्भूतानि लोकानां पावनाय चरन्ति हि Bhāg.11.2.28; पदनखनीरजनितजनपावन Gīt.1; Mv.1.26; Ms.11.85. -2 Penance. -3 Water. -4 Cow-dung. -5 A sectarial mark. -6 Any means of purification; उत्पत्तिपरिपूतायाः किमस्याः पावनान्तरैः U.1.13. -7 Atonement, expiation. -8 Incense (सिह्णक). -Comp. -ध्वनिः a conch-shell.
pragraha प्रग्रह a. 1 Holding in front, stretching forth (hands); एवमुक्तस्तु मुनिना प्राञ्जलिः प्रग्रहो नृपः । अभ्यवादयत प्राज्ञः Rām. 7.82.14. -2 Seizing, taking. -हः 1 Holding or stretching forth, holding out. -2 Laying hold of, taking, grasping, seizing; न हि मे मुच्यते कश्चित् कथञ्चित् प्रग्रहं गतः Mb.3.179.16. -3 The commencement of an eclipse. -4 (a) A rein, bridle; धृताः प्रग्रहाः अवतरत्वायुष्मान् Ś.1; Śi.12.31. (b) A whip, lash, scourge. -5 A check, restraint; यः प्रग्रहानुग्रहयोर्यथान्यायं विचक्षणः Rām.2.1.25. -6 Binding, confinement; सो$स्माकं वैरपुरुषो दुर्मतिः प्रग्रहं गतः Mb.12.7.33. -8 A prisoner, captive. -8 Taming, breaking (as an animal). -9 A ray of light. -1 The string of a balance. -11 A vowel not subject to the rules of Sandhi or euphony; see प्रगृह्य. -12 N. of Viṣṇu. -13 The arm. -14 A leader, guide. -15 Kindness, favour, a reward; अपराधं सहेताल्पं तुष्येदल्पे$पि चोदये । महोप- कारं चाध्यक्षं प्रग्रहेणाभिपूजयेत् ॥ Kau. A.2.7.25. -16 The Karṇikāra tree. -17 The gains in the form of gifts to courtiers; राजोपजीविनां प्रग्रहप्रदेशभोगपरिहारभक्तवेतनलाभम् Kau. A.2.7.25. -18 Hoarding, collecting (संग्रह); असाधुनिग्रहरतः साधूनां प्रग्रहे रतः Mb.12.21.14. -19 Folding, joining (hands); श्वश्रूणामविशेषेण प्राञ्जलिप्रग्रहेण च Rām.7. 48.1. -2 Obstinacy, stubbornness. -21 A companion, satellite.
pratibandhanam प्रतिबन्धनम् 1 Binding, tying. -2 Confinement. -3 Obstructing, impeding.
pratibodhana प्रतिबोधन a. Awakening. -नम् 1 Awakening. -2 Instructing, informing. -3 Knowledge, refinement, enlightenment; Pt.1. -ना Awakening, recovering consciousness.
prabodhana प्रबोधन a. (-नी f.) Awakening, rousing. -नम् 1 Waking. -2 Awakening, rousing. -3 Regaining one's consciousness; recovery of senses; प्रथमप्रमूढजनकप्रवोधनात् U.6.41. -4 Knowledge, wisdom. -5 Instructing, advising. -6 Reviving the scent of a perfume. -7 Refinement, enlightenment; Pt.1.
prasavaḥ प्रसवः 1 Begetting, generation, procreation, birth, production; प्रसवविकारो स्त्रीणां द्वित्रिचतुःप्रभृति संप्रसूतौ वा । हीनातिरिक्तकाले च देशकुलसंक्षयो भवति Bṛi. S. -2 Child-birth, delivery, confinement; an in आसन्नप्रसवा. -3 Offspring, progeny, young ones, children; oft. at the end of comp.; केवलं वीरप्रसवा भूयाः U.1; Ku.7.87. -4 Source, origin, brith-place (fig. also); प्रसवः कर्मफलस्य भूरिणः Ki.2.43. -5 Flower, blossom; प्रसवविभूतिषु भूरुहां विरक्तः Śi.7.42; नीता लोध्रप्रसवरजसा पाण्डुतामानने श्रीः Me.67; कुन्दप्रसवशिथिलं जीवितम् 113; R.9.28; Ku.1.55;4.14; Ś.5.9; Māl.9.27.31; U.2.2. -6 A fruit, product; यज्ञप्रसववर्जिताः Mb.12.18.46. -7 Ved. Extracting Soma juice; अपुत्रः प्रसवेनार्थी वनवासमुपावसत् Mb.13.4.6. -7 Setting in motion. -9 A current, stream. -1 Excitement, animation. -11 Enjoining, ordering. -12 Assistance, help. -13 pursuit, acquisition. -Comp. -उन्मुखः a. about to be delivered or confined; पतिः प्रतीतः प्रसवोन्मुखीं प्रियां ददर्श R.3.12. -कालः the time of delivery or bringing forth. -गृहम् a lying-in-chamber. -धर्मिन् a. productive, prolific. -बन्धनम् the foot-stalk of a leaf or flower, peduncle. -वेदना, -व्यथा pangs of child-birth, throes. -स्थली a mother. -सथानम् 1 a place for delivery. -2 a nest.
prāpta प्राप्त p. p. 1 Got, obtained, won, acquired. -2 Reached, attained to. -3 Met with, found. -4 Incurred, suffered, endured; सभार्येण सराष्ट्रेण यत् प्राप्तं तत्र तत्त्वतः (संप्रपश्यति) Rām.1.3.3. -5 Arrived, come, present. -6 Completed. -7 Proper, right. -8 Following from a rule, -9 Described (as a symptom). -1 Fixed, placed. -11 (In gram.) Following from a rule, valid. Comp. -अनुज्ञ a. one who has got permission to go, allowed to depart. -अपराध a. guilty of an offence. -अर्थ a. successful. (-र्थः) an object gained. -अवसर a. 1 finding occasion or opportunity. -2 timely, seasonable. (-रः) a fit or suitable time. -उदय a. one who has attained rise or exaltation. -कर्मन् n. that which results or follows from a preceding rule. -कारिन् a. doing what is right. -काल a. 1 opportune, seasonable, suitable; see अप्राप्तकाल. -2 marriageable. -3 fated, destined. (-लः) a fit time, suitable or favourable moment. (-लम्) ind. seasonably, opportunely, timely; अप्राप्तकालं वचनं बृहस्पतिरपि ब्रुवन् Pt.1. 63. -क्रम a. fit, proper, suitable. -जीवन a. revived, restored to life. -दोष a. guilty. -पञ्चत्व a. resolved into the five elements, i. e. dead; cf. पञ्चत्व. -प्रसव a. 1 delivered of a child. -2 near her confinement; प्राप्तप्रसव- मात्मानं गङ्गादेव्यां विमुञ्चति U.7.2. -बीज a. sown. -बुद्धि a. 1 recovering, regaining one's consciousness. -2 instructed, enlightened. -भारः a beast of burden. -भाव a. 1 wise. -2 handsome. -वः a young bullock. -मनोरथ a. one who has obtained his desired object. -यौवन a. being in the bloom of youth, arrived at the age of puberty, youthful. -रूप a. 1 handsome, beautiful. -2 wise, learned. -3 charming, attractive. -4 fit, proper, worthy. -वर a. fraught with blessings. -व्यवहार a. come of age, being able and legally authorised to manage his own affairs (opp. 'minor'). -श्री a. one who owes his rise (to another); इतः स दैत्यः प्राप्तश्रीर्नेत एवार्हति क्षयम् Ku.2.55; Pt.1.244. -सूर्य a. having the sun (vertical).
prāyaśas प्रायशस् ind. Generally, mostly, for the most part, in all probability; आशाबन्धः कुसुमसदृशं प्रायशो ह्यङ्गनानां सद्यः- पाति प्रणयि हृदयं विप्रयोगे रुणद्धि Me.1. प्रायश्चित्तम् prāyaścittam प्रायश्चित्तिः prāyaścittiḥ प्रायश्चित्तम् प्रायश्चित्तिः f. 1 Atonement, expiation, indemnification, a religious act to atone for sin; न संसर्गं व्रजेत् सद्भिः प्रायश्चित्ते$कृते द्विजः Ms.11.47; मातुः पापस्य भरतः प्रायश्चित्तमिवाकरोत् R.12.19. (प्रायो नाम तपः प्रोक्तं चित्तं निश्चय उच्यते । तपोनिश्चयसंयोगात् प्रायश्चित्तमितीर्यते ॥ Hemādri). -2 Satisfaction, amends (in general).
prāyaścittin प्रायश्चित्तिन् a. One who makes an atonement.
prāyaścetanam प्रायश्चेतनम् Atonement, expiation; प्रायश्चेतनमादिशन्तु गुरवो रामेण दान्तस्य मे Mv.4.25.
bandiḥ बन्दिः न्दी f. 1 Bondage, confinement. -2 A prisoner, captive; मोक्ष्यते सुरबन्दीनां वेणीर्वीर्यविभूतिभिः Ku.2.61. -Comp. -ग्रहः taking prisoner, capture. -ग्राहः a house breaker, robber. -पालः a jailor. -शूला a harlot, prostitute. -स्थित a. imprisoned.
bandhaḥ बन्धः [बन्ध्-घञ्] 1 A tie, bond (in general) (आशा- बन्ध &c.). -2 A hair-band, fillet; रतिविगलितबन्धे केशहस्ते सुकेश्याः (सति) V.4.22; Ś.1.29. -3 A chain, fetter. -4 Fettering, confining, imprisoning, confinement, imprisonment; बन्धं चानिच्छता घोरं त्वयासौ पुरुषर्षभ Rām.5. 21.19; अधार्मिकं त्रिभिर्न्यायैर्निगृह्णीयात् प्रयत्नतः । निरोधनेन बन्धेन विविधेन वधेन च ॥ Ms.8.31. -5 Catching, capturing, catching hold of; गजबन्ध R.16.2. -6 (a) Forming, constructing, arranging; सर्गबन्धो महाकाव्यम् S. D.6. (b) Building, erecting. -7 Feeling, conceiving, cherishing; हे राजानस्त्यजत सुकविप्रेमबन्धे विरोधम् Vikr.18.17; R.6.81. -8 Connection, union, intercourse. -9 Joining or folding together, combining; प्रासादवातायनदृश्यबन्धैः साकेतनार्यो$- ञ्जलिभिः प्रणेमुः R.14.13; अञ्जलिबन्धः &c. -1 A bandage, ligature. -11 Agreement, harmony. -12 Manifestation, display, exhibition; मनसिजतरुपुष्पं रागबन्धप्रवालम् (यौवनम्) R.18.52. -13 Bondage, confinement to this world (opp. मुक्ति which is 'complete emancipation from the trammels of the world'); बन्धं मोक्षं च या वेत्ति बुद्धिः सा पार्थ सात्त्विकी Bg.18.3; बन्धोन्मुक्त्यै खलु मखमुखान् कुर्वते कर्मपाशान् Bv.4.21; R.13.58;18.7. -14 Result, consequence. -15 A position, posture in general; आसनबन्धधीरः R.2. 6; पर्यङ्कबन्धस्थिरपूर्वकायम् Ku.3.45,59. -16 A particular position in sexual intercourse, or a particular mode of sexual enjoyment (these are said in Ratimañjarī to be 16, but other writers increase the number to 84). -17 A border, frame-work. -18 Arrangement of a stanza in a particular shape; e. g. खड्गबन्ध, पद्मबन्ध, मुरजबन्ध (vide K. P.9. ad loc.). -19 A sinew, tendon. -2 The body. -21 A deposit, pledge. -22 An embankment, throwing a bridge across (a river). -23 A disease in which the eyelids cannot be wholly closed. -Comp. -करणम् fettering, imprisoning. -कर्तृ m. a binder, fetterer. -तन्त्रम् a complete army containing the four necessary elements, i. e. elephants, horses, chariots and footmen. -नृत्यम् a kind of dance -पारुष्यम् forced or unnatural construction of words. -मुद्रा impression or mark of fetters. -स्तम्भः a post to which an animal (e. g. an elephat) is tied.
bandhakaḥ बन्धकः 1 One who binds or catches, a binder. -2 A catcher. -3 A band, tie, rope, tether. -4 A dike, bank, dam. -5 A pledge, deposit. -6 A posture of the body. -7 Barter, exchange. -8 A violator, ravisher. -9 A promise. -1 A city. -11 A part or portion (at the end of num. compounds); ऋणं सदश- बन्धकम् Y.2.76. -कम् 1 Binding, confinement. -2 Pawn, mortgage; L. D. B. -की 1 An unchaste woman; न मे त्वया कौमारबन्धक्या प्रयोजनम् Māl.7; Ve.2. -2 A harlot, courtezan; अतः परं स्वैरिणी स्याद्बन्धकी पञ्चमे भवेत् Mb.1.123. 77; बलात् धृतो$सि मयेति बन्धकीधार्ष्ट्यम् K.237; वैयात्यं प्रथयति बन्धकीव योषा Rām. Ch.7.58. -3 A female elephant. -4 A barren woman;
bandhana बन्धन a. 1 Binding, fettering. -2 Checking, stopping. -3 (At the end of comp.) Dependent upon; cf. निबन्धन. -नम् [बन्ध्-भावे-ल्युट्] 1 The act of binding, fastening; tying; स्मरसि स्मर मेखलागुणैरुत गोत्रस्खलितेषु बन्धनम् Ku.4.8. -2 Binding on or round, throwing round, clasping; विनम्रशाखाभुजबन्धनानि Ku.3.39; Pt.5.21; घटय भुजबन्धनम् Gīt.1; R.19.17. -3 A bond, tie (fig. also); R.12.76; आशाबन्धनम् &c. -4 Fettering, chaining, confining. गजभुजङ्गमयोरपि बन्धनम् Bh.2.91. -5 A chain, fetter, tether, halter &c. -6 Capturing, catching. -7 Bondage confinement, imprisonment, captivity; as in बन्धनागार. -8 A place of confinement, prison, jail; वसुदेवस्य देवक्यां जातो भोजेन्द्रबन्धने Bhāg.3.2.25; त्वां कारयामि कमलोदरबन्धनस्थम् Ś.6.2; द्विगुणं त्रिगुणं पश्चाद्यावज्जीवं तु बन्धनम् Śukra.4.8; Ms.9.288. -9 Forming, building, construction; सेतुबन्धनम् Ku.4.6. -1 Connecting, uniting, joining. -11 Hurting, injuring. -12 A stalk, stem, peduncle (of a flower); कृतं न कर्णार्पितबन्धनं सखे Ś.6.18.; U.2.9; Ku.4.14. -13 A sinew, muscle; संधिन्नसंधिः प्रविकीर्णबन्धनो हतः क्षितौ वायुसुतेन राक्षसः Rām.5. 47.36;5.24.4. -14 A bandage. -15 A bar, barrier. -16 Alloyage, mixing. -17 An embankment, a bridge. -18 A conjunction, connection. -19 (In phil.) Mundane bondage (opp. to liberation). -नम्, -नी 1 A bond, tie. -2 A rope, cord. -3 A string, thread. -4 A chain, fetter. -5 A bondage. -Comp. -अ(आ)गारः, -रम्, -आलयः a prison, jail. -ग्रन्थिः 1 the knot of a bandage. -2 a noose. -3 a rope for tying cattle. -पालकः, -रक्षिन् m. a jailor. -वेश्मन् n. a prison. -स्थः a captive, prisoner. -स्तम्भः a tying-post, a post to which an animal (e. g. an elephant) is tied. -स्थानम् a stable, stall (for horses &c.).
muḥ मुः 1 An epithet of Śiva. -2 Bondage, confinement. -3 Final emancipation. -4 A funeral pile. -5 A reddish-brown or tawny colour.
vadhaḥ वधः 1 Killing, murder, slaughter, destruction; आत्मनो वधमाहर्ता क्वासौ विहगतस्करः V.5.1; मनुष्यवधः homicide; पशुवधः &c. -2 A blow, stroke; पुनरज्ञातचर्यायां कीचकेन पदा वधम् Mb.12.16.21; Ms.8.267. -3 Paralysis. -4 Disappearance. -5 Multiplication (in math.). -6 A killer, slayer. -7 A vanquisher, victor. -8 Ved. A deadly weapon, such as Indra's thunderbolt. -9 (In law) A capital or corporal punishment. -1 Frustration. -11 Defect, imperfection. -12 (In alg.) A product. -Comp. -अङ्गकम् a prison. -अर्थीय a. = वध्य q. v.; वधक q. v.; वधार्थीयं क्षत्रिया राजपुत्री (गर्भं धत्ते) Mb.11. 26.5. -अर्ह (ण) a. deserving capital punishment; ब्रह्मबन्धुर्न हन्तव्य आततायी वधार्हणः Bhāg.1.7.53. -उदर्क a. resulting in death, proving fatal. -उद्यत a. 1 murderous. -2 an assassin. -उपायः a means of killing; हन्या- च्चित्रैर्वधोपायैः Ms.9.248. -कर्माधिकारिन् m. a hangman, an executioner. -जीविन् m. 1 a hunter. -2 a butcher. -दण्डः 1 corporeal punishment (as whipping &c.). -2 capital punishment; वधदण्डमतः परम् Ms.8.129. -निग्रहः capital punishment. -निर्णेकः atonement for murder; दानेन वर्धानर्णेकम् Ms.11.139. -भूमिः f., -स्थली f., -स्थानम् 1 a place of execution. -2 a slaughter-house. -स्तम्भः the gallows; Mk.1.
viśuddhiḥ विशुद्धिः f. 1 Purification; तदङ्गसंसर्गमवाप्य कल्पते ध्रुवं चिताभस्मरजो विशुद्धये Ku.5.79; उपविश्यासने युञ्ज्याद्योगमात्म- विशुद्धये Bg.6.12; Ms.6.69;11.53. -2 Purity, complete purity; हेम्नः संलक्ष्यते ह्यग्नौ विशुद्धिः श्यामिकापि वा R.1.1;12.48. -3 Correctness, accuracy. -4 Rectification, removal of error. -5 Similarity, equality. -6 (In alg.) A subtractive quantity. -7 Expiation, atonement; इयं विशुद्धिरुदिता प्रमाप्याकामतो द्विजम् Ms.11.89. -8 Settlement (of a debt). -9 Perfect knowledge.
viśodhanam विशोधनम् 1 Cleaning, clearing (fig. also); राज्य- कण्टकविशोधनोद्यतः Vikr.5.1. -2 Purifying, freeing from sin, defect &c.; घृतप्राशो विशोधनम् Ms.11.143. -3 Expiation, atonement. -4 A laxative; Suśr. -नी, विशोधिनी Tiaridium Indicum (Mar. नाय, भुरुंडी).
śuddhiḥ शुद्धिः [शुध्-क्तिन्] 1 Purity, cleanness. -2 Brightness, lustre; मुक्तागुणशुद्धयो$पि (चन्द्रपादाः) R.16.18. -3 Sanctity, holiness; तीर्थाभिषेकजां शुद्धिमाद्धाना महीक्षितः R. 1.85. -4 Purification, expiation, atonement, expiatory act; शरीरत्यागमात्रेण शुद्धिलाभममन्यत R.12.1. -5 A purificatory or expiatory rite. -6 Paying off or clearing (of expenses). -7 Retaliation, requital. -8 Acquittal, innocence (established by trial). -9 Truth, accuracy, correctness. -1 Rectification, correction. -11 Subtraction. -12 N. of Durgā. -13 (in Arith.) Leaving no remainder. -Comp. -कर a. purifying, correcting. -कृत् m. a washerman. -पत्रम् 1 a list of errata or corrigenda. -2 a certificate of purification by penance or atonement. -भृत् a. 1 clear, clean. -2 pious, virtuous.
śodhana शोधन a. (-नी f.) [शुध्-णिच्-ल्यु ल्युट् वा] Purifying, cleansing &c. -नम् 1 (a) Purifying, cleansing. (b) Cleansing or washing of a wound. -2 Correction, clearing away errors; (शपथं) करोतु परिषन्मध्ये शोधनार्थं ममैव च Rām.7.95.6. -3 Exact determination. -4 Payment, discharge, acquittance. -5 Expiation, atonement; अज्ञान- भुक्तं तूत्तार्यं शोध्यं वाप्याशु शोधनैः Ms.11.16. -6 Refining of metals. -7 Retaliation, requital, punishment. -8 Subtraction (in math.). -9 Green vitriol. -1 Feces, ordure. -11 Removal, eradication; कष्टकानां च शोधनम् Ms.1.115. -नः The lime.
saṃyamanam संयमनम् 1 Restraining, checking. -2 Drawing in; Ś.1. -3 Binding, tying up; U.1; अलकसंयमनोदिव लोचने हरति मे हरिवाहनदिङ्मुखम् V.3.6. -4 Confinement. -5 Self-denial, control. -6 A religious vow or obligation. -7 A square of four houses. -नः One who restrains or regulates, a ruler. -नी N. of the city of Yama. सा च संयमनी नूनं सदा सुकृतिनां गतिः Mb.7.72.44; Bhāg. 1.89.42; खण्डिताः खड्गधाराभिर्ययुः संयमिनीं पुरीम् Śiva B.27.32.
saṃskāraḥ संस्कारः 1 Making perfect, refining, polishing; (मणिः) प्रयुक्तसंस्कार इवाधिकं बभौ R.3.18. -2 Refinement, perfection, grammatical purity (as of words); संस्कार- वत्येव गिरा मनीषी Ku.1.28 (where Malli, renders the word by व्याकरणजन्या शुद्धिः); R.15.76. -3 Education, cultivation, training (as of the mind); निसर्ग- संस्कारविनीत इत्यसौ नृपेण चक्रे युवराजशब्दभाक् R.3.35; Ku. 7.1. -4 Making ready, preparation. -5 Cooking, dressing (as of food &c.). -6 Embellishment, decoration, ornament; स्वभावसुन्दरं वस्तु न संस्कारमपेक्षते Dṛi. Ś. 49; Ś.7.23; Mu.2.1. -7 Consecration, sanctification, hallowing; संस्कारो नाम स भवति यस्मिञ्जाते पदार्थो भवति योग्यः कस्यचिदर्थस्य ŚB. on MS.3.1.3. -3 Impression, form, mould, operation, influence; यन्नवे भोजने लग्नः संस्कारो नान्यथा भवेत् H. Pr.8; Bh.3.84. -9 Idea, notion, conception. -1 Any faculty or capacity. -11 Effect of work, merit of action; फलानुमेयाः प्रारम्भाः संस्काराः प्राक्तना इव R.1.2. -12 The self-reproductive quality, faculty of impression; one of the 24 qualities or guṇas recognised by the Vaiśeṣikas; it is of three kinds: भावना, वेग, and स्थितिस्थापकता q .q. v. v. -13 The faculty of recollection, impression on the memory; संस्कारमात्रजन्यं ज्ञानं स्मृतिः T. S. -14 A purificatory rite, a sacred rite or ceremony; संस्कारार्थं शरीरस्य Ms.2.66; R.1.78; (Manu mentions 12 such Saṃskāras viz. 1. गर्भाधान, 2. पुंसवन, 3. सीमन्तोन्नयन, 4. जातकर्मन्, 5. नामकर्मन्, 6. निष्क्रमण, 7. अन्नप्राशन, 8. चूडाकर्मन्, 9. उपनयन, 1. केशान्त, 11. समावर्तन, and 12. विवाह; see Ms.2.26 &c.; some writers increase the number to sixteen). -15 Purification, purity. -16 A rite or ceremony in general. -17 Investiture with the sacred thread; मांसं मूत्रं पुरीषं च प्राश्य संस्कारमर्हति Mb.12.165.76. -18 Obsequial ceremonies. -19 A polishing stone; संस्कारोल्लिखितो महामणिरिव क्षीणो$पि नालक्ष्यते Ś.6.5 (where संस्कार may mean 'polishing' also). -Comp. -पूत a. 1 purified by sacred rites. -2 purified by refinement or education. -भूषणम् (speech) adorned by correctness. -रहित, -वर्जित, -हीन a. (a person of one of the three higher castes) over whom the purificatory ceremonies, particularly the threadceremony, have not been performed and who therefore becomes a Vrātya or outcast; cf. व्रात्य. -शब्दः a word which gains its currency owing to संस्कार; संस्कारशब्दा एते आहवनीयादयः ŚB. on MS.5.3.21.
saṃskāravattvam संस्कारवत्त्वम् Refinement, elegance (of behaviour); संस्कारवत्त्वाद्रमयत्सु चेतः Ki.17.6.
saṃnirodhaḥ संनिरोधः 1 Obstruction, hindrance; संसाद्य गत्या सह तेन याति विज्ञानतत्त्वं गुणसंनिरोधम् Bhāg.2.2.3. -2 Confinement-3 Narrowness; a narrow pass.
saṃpratipādanam संप्रतिपादनम् 1 Delivering over. -2 Granting, giving. संप्रतिरोधकः sampratirōdhakḥ कम् kam संप्रतिरोधकः कम् 1 Complete obstruction. -2 Confinement, imprisonment.
sthānam स्थानम् [स्था-ल्युट्] 1 The act of standing or remaining, stay, continuance, residence; न किल भवतां देव्याः स्थानं गृहे$भिमतं ततः U.3.32. -2 Being fixed or stationary. -3 A state, condition; स्थानत्रयात्परं प्राप्तं ब्रह्मभूतमविक्रियम् Bhāg.1.18.26. -4 A place, spot, site, locality; अक्षमालामदत्त्वास्मात्स्थानात्पदात्पदमपि न गन्तव्यम् K. -5 Station, situation, position. -6 Relation, capacity; पितृस्थाने 'in the place or capacity of a father'; भक्ष्यस्थाने Pt.2.26. -7 An abode, a house, dwelling-house; स एव (नक्रः) प्रच्युतः स्थानाच्छुनापि परिभूयते Pt.3.46. -8 (a) A country, region, district. (b) A town, city. -9 Office, rank, dignity; अमात्यस्थाने नियोजितः. -1 Object; गुणाः पूजास्थानं गुणिषु न च लिङ्गं न च वयः U.4.11. -11 An occasion, a matter, subject, cause; पराभ्यूहस्थानाःयपि तनुतराणि स्थगयति Māl.1.14; स्थानं जरापरिभवस्य तदेव पुंसाम् Subhāṣ; so कलह˚, कोप˚, विवाद˚ &c. -12 A fit or proper place; स्थानेष्वेव नियोज्यन्ते भृत्याश्चाभरणानि च Pt. 1.72. -13 A fit or worthy object; स्थाने खलु सज्जति दृष्टिः M.1; see स्थाने also. -14 The place or organ of utterance of any letter; (these are eight :-- अष्टौ स्थानानि वर्णानामुरः कण्ठः शिरस्तथा । जिह्वामूलं च दन्ताश्च नासिकौष्ठौ च तालु च Śik.13.) -15 A holy place. -16 An altar. -17 A place in a town, square, court. -18 The place or sphere assigned after death to persons according as they perform or neglect their prescribed duties. -19 (In politics, war &c.) The firm attitude or bearing of troops, standing firm so as to repel a charge; स्थाने युद्धे च कुशलानभीरुनविकारिणः Ms.7.19. -2 A halt. -21 A stationary condition, a neutral or middle state; स्थानं वृद्धिः क्षयश्चैव त्रिवर्गश्चैव दण्डजः Mb.12.59. 31. -22 That which constitutes the chief strength or the very existence of a kingdom, a stamina of a kingdom; i.e. army, treasure, town, and territory; Ms.7. 56 (where Kull. renders स्थानं by दण्डकोषपुरराष्ट्रात्मकं चतुर्विधम्). -23 Likeness, resemblance. -24 Part or division of a work, section, chapter &c. -25 The character or part of an actor. -26 Interval, opportunity, leisure. -27 (In music) A note, tone, modulation of the voice; तौ तु गान्धर्वतत्त्वज्ञौ स्थानमूर्च्छनकोविदौ Rām.1.4.1 (com.- 'यदूर्ध्वं हृदयग्रन्थे कपोलफलकादधः । प्राणसंचारणस्थानं स्थानमित्यभि- धीयते ॥...... इति शाण्डिल्यः). -28 A pose, posture (of archers etc.). -29 An order of the life (आश्रम); मैत्रेयीति होवाच याज्ञवल्क्य उद्यास्यन्वा अरे$हमस्मात् स्थानादस्मि Bṛi. Up.2. 4.1. -3 Ground (भूमि); स्थानासनिनो भूमि-पाषाण-सिकता- शर्करा-वालुका-भस्मशायिनः Mb.12.192.1. -31 Sustenance, maintenance; यच्चेदं प्रभवः स्थानं भूतानां संयमो यमः । स्वभावेनैव वर्तन्ते द्वन्द्वसृष्टानि भूरिशः ॥ Mb.12.238.2 (com. स्थानं पोषणम्). -32 A mode or attitude in fighting; अस्त्रयन्त्राणि चित्राणि स्थानानि विविधानि च Mb.9.57.18. -33 Storage (of goods); आगमं निर्गमं स्थानं तथा वृद्धिक्षयावुभौ । विचार्य सर्वपण्यानां कारयेत् क्रयविक्रयौ ॥ Ms.8.41. -34 A state of perfect tranquillity. -35 Any organ of sense. -36 Shape, form, appearance (as of the moon). -37 An astronomical mansion. -Comp. -अधिकारः the superintendence of a shrine; Inscr. -अध्यक्षः 1 a local governor. -2 the superintendent of a place. -3 a watchman, police-officer. -आसनम् n. du. standing and sitting down. -आसेधः confinement to a place, imprisonment, arrest; cf. आसेध. -चञ्चला Ocimum Pilosum (Mar. तुकुमराई). -कुटिकासनम् leaving the house or any abode (स्थावरगृहत्याग); शिरसो मुण्डनाद्वापि न स्थानकुटिकासनात् Mb.3.2.14. -चिन्तकः a kind of quarter-master. -च्युत see स्थानभ्रष्ट. -टिप्पटिका the daily account; Śukra 3.369. -दप्ति (in augury) inauspicious on account of situation. -पालः a watchman, sentinel, policeman; Y.2.173. -भूमि f. a dwelling-place, mansion. -भ्रष्ट a. ejected from an office, displaced, dismissed, out of employ. -माहात्म्यम् 1 the greatness or glory of any place. -2 a kind of divine virtue or uncommon sanctity supposed to be inherent in a sacred spot. -मृगः N. of certain animals (such as turtle, crocodile &c.). -योगः assignment of proper places; द्रव्याणां स्थानयोगांश्च क्रयविक्रयमेव च Ms.9.332. -विभागः (in alg.) subdivision of a number according to the position of its figures. -स्थ a. being in one's abode, at home.








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