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Amarakosha Search
25 results
WordReferenceGenderNumberSynonymsDefinition
balabhadraḥ1.1.23-24MasculineSingularbaladevaḥ, balaḥ, saṅkarṣaṇaḥ, tālāṅkaḥ, halāyudhaḥ, revatīramaṇaḥ, pralambaghnaḥ, kālindībhedanaḥ, halī, rauhiṇeyaḥ, kāmapālaḥ, acyutāgrajaḥ, ānakadundubhiḥ, sīrapāṇiḥ, musalī, nīlāmbaraḥ, rāmaḥbalaram
bherīFeminineSingularānakaḥ, dundubhiḥa kettle drum
ḍimbhaḥ3.3.142MasculineSingularbherī, akṣedundubhiḥ
gajabhakṣyāFeminineSingularsuvahā, hlādinī, surabhī, rasā, maheraṇā, kundurukī, sallakī
himāṃśuḥ1.3.13-14MasculineSingularśaśadharaḥ, indu, sudhāṃśuḥ, niśāpatiḥ, somaḥ, kalānidhiḥ, nakṣatreśaḥ, candramāḥ, kumudabāndhavaḥ, śubhrāṃśuḥ, abjaḥ, glauḥ, dvijarājaḥ, kṣapākaraḥ, candraḥ, vidhuḥ, oṣadhīśaḥ, jaivātṛkaḥ, mṛgāṅkaḥthe moon
jñātā3.1.29MasculineSingularviduraḥ, vindu
kākenduMasculineSingularkulakaḥ, kākapīlukaḥ, kākatindukaḥ
kndukaḥ1.2.139MasculineSingulargendukaḥ
padmakam2.8.40NeuterSingularbindujālakam
pālaṅkīFeminineSingularmukundaḥ, kundaḥ, kunduruḥ
parigrahaḥ3.3.245MasculineSingulararkaḥ, agniḥ, indu
pṛṣat1.10.6NeuterPluralpṛṣataḥ, vipruṭ, bindua drop of water
sindukaḥ2.2.68MasculineSingularindrāṇikā, sinduvāraḥ, indrasurasaḥ, nirguṇḍī
śrṛṅkhalā2.8.41MasculineSingularnigaḍaḥ, andukaḥ
unduruḥ2.2.13MasculineSingularākhuḥ, adhogantā, khanakaḥ, vṛkaḥ, puṃdhvajaḥ, mūṣakaḥ, unduraḥ
vājiśālāFeminineSingularmandu
tindukaḥ2.4.38MasculineSingularkālaskandhaḥ, śitisārakaḥ, sphūrjakaḥ
kākenduMasculineSingularkulakaḥ, kākapīlukaḥ, kākatindukaḥ
sindukaḥ2.2.68MasculineSingularindrāṇikā, sinduvāraḥ, indrasurasaḥ, nirguṇḍī
unduruḥ2.2.13MasculineSingularākhuḥ, adhogantā, khanakaḥ, vṛkaḥ, puṃdhvajaḥ, mūṣakaḥ, unduraḥ
kndukaḥ1.2.139MasculineSingulargendukaḥ
brahmabindu2.7.43MasculineSingular
kandurvā2.9.31Ubhaya-lingaSingularsvedanī
dundubhiḥ3.3.143MasculineSingularkiraṇaḥ, pragrahaḥ
tindu3.5.8FeminineSingular
Monier-Williams Search
1149 results for ndu
Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
abandhukṛt(/a-bandhu--) mfn. causing want of companions View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abdam. the grass Cyperus Rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhayapattran. (a modern term) , a written document or paper granting assurance of safety, a safe conduct. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhinī(perf. Opt. -ninīyāt- ; Aorist subjunctive 2. sg. -neṣi- ) to conduct towards, bring near etc. ; to represent dramatically, act ; to adduce, quote View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhipracudCaus. -codayati-, to impel, induce, persuade View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhiprasūtamfn. engaged, induced, ordered View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhirāmamaṇin. Name of a drama of sundaramiśra- (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhran. Cyperus Rotundus ; ([ confer, compare Greek & Latin imber.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyupāyanan. a complimentary gift, an inducement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abrahmabandhūkamfn. without brahmabandhū- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ācāram. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-). ) conduct, manner of action, behaviour, good behaviour, good conduct etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ācāram. an established rule of conduct, ordinance, institute, precept View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
acaraṇan. improper conduct, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ācaraṇan. conduct, behaviour , (see sv-āc-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ācāravatmfn. well-conducted, virtuous View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ācaritan. conduct, behaviour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ācyu Causal P. (1. plural -cyāvayāmas-,or masi-;2. sg. -cyāvayasi-and imperative ya-) to cause or induce to come near : Intensive P. (imperfect tense -acucyavīt-,3. plural vuḥ-) to cause to flow over, pour out : P. and A1. (imperfect tense 3. plural -acucyavuḥ-: A1.1. plural -cucyuvīm/ahi-,3. plural -cucyavīrata-) to cause or induce to come near View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhamācāramfn. guilty of vile conduct. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adharan. the lower part, a reply, pudendum muliebre [ Latin inferus]. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhasind. also applied to the lower region and to the pudendum muliebre ([ confer, compare Latin infra]). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikṣipto throw upon ; to bespatter ; to insult, scold ; to superinduce (disease). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhiṣṭhātṛm. the Supreme Ruler (or Providence personified and identified with one or other of the Hindu gods) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhodvāran. the anus, pudendum muliebre. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhoṅgan. pudendum muliebre. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhovaśam. pudendum muliebre. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adrohavṛttif. conduct free from malice or treachery. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adṛṣṭan. unforeseen danger or calamity, that which is beyond the reach of observation or consciousness, (especially the merit or demerit attaching to a man's conduct in one state of existence and the corresponding reward or punishment with which he is visited in another) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āghātam. (ā-han-) in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' "a striker, beater" (See āḍambarāgh-and dundubhyāgh-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agrahāyaṇam. "commencement of the year", Name of a Hindu month (mārgaśīrṣa-,beginning about the 12th of November) .
āharaṇan. causing, inducing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āhartṛm. causing, inducing, an originator View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ahiṃsāf. not injuring anything, harmlessness (one of the cardinal virtues of most Hindu sects, but particularly of the Buddhists and Jains;also personified as the wife of dharma- ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āhutamfn. nourishment of all created beings (considered as one of the five principal sacrifices of the Hindus; see bhūta-yajña-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aindavamf(ī-)n. (fr. indu-), relating to the moon, like the moon, lunar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aindumateyam. a descendant of indumatī-, Name of daśaratha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ainduśekharamfn. (fr. indu-śekhara-), belonging to or treating of the moon-crested one id est śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ājabandhavim. (fr. aja-bandhu-), a patronymic, (gaRa bāhv-ādi-in q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣamamf(ā-)n. unable to endure, impatient View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alikulapriyāf. "fond of or full of swarms of bees", the plant Rosa Glandulifera View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alikulasaṃkulāf. "fond of or full of swarms of bees", the plant Rosa Glandulifera View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alpabalaprāṇamfn. of little strength and little breath id est weak and without any power of endurance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amarṣam. ( mṛṣ-), non-endurance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṃhubhedīf. having a narrow slit (pudendum muliebre)
amitraghātam. (= ) Name of bindusāra- (the son of candragupta-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amitrasāhamfn. (for -khad/a-in ) enduring or overcoming enemies (Name of indra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āmlamf. (fr. amla-), the tamarind tree, Tamarindus Indica View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amṛtasahodaram. "brother of Nectar", a horse (see -bandhu-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anācaraṇan. misconduct. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anantam. the plant sinduvāra-, Vitex Trifolia View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anaucitīf. indecorous conduct, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasthāf. instability, unsteady or loose conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasthānan. instability, unsteadiness or looseness of conduct. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasthitamfn. unsettled, unsteady, loose in conduct. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anayam. bad conduct (gambling, etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅgāramañjarī f. the shrub Cesalpinia Banducella. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅgāramañjīf. the shrub Cesalpinia Banducella. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anītif. impolicy, foolish conduct, indiscretion. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anītijña mfn. clever in immoral conduct or (fr. a-and nītijña-) ignorant of morality or policy, not politic or discreet. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anītividmfn. clever in immoral conduct or (fr. a-and nītijña-) ignorant of morality or policy, not politic or discreet. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aniyamam. indecorous or improper conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aniyatapuṃskāf. "having no fixed husband", a woman unchaste in conduct. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anubandhto attach, tie ; to bind (by an obligation) ; to stick, adhere, follow, endure ; to be followed by View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anujuṣto seek ; to devote one's self to, indulge in View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anunayam. regulation of conduct, discipline, tuition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anunī(subjunctive 2. sg. -nayas-; Aorist subjunctive 2. sg. -neṣi-,2 plural -neṣathā-) to bring near, lead to ; to induce, win over, conciliate, pacify, supplicate. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ānuṣaṅgikamf(ī-)n. lasting, enduring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anvāsanan. a place where work is done, manufactory, house of industry View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apacāram. fault, improper conduct, offence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apākṛtif. evil conduct, rebelling (Comm. equals vikāra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apanayam. bad policy, bad or wicked conduct. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apavṛttabadly conducted, ill-behaved, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārabyayāminīf. Arabian Nights (translated into Sanskrit by jagad-bandhu-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ararākā ararakā f. Name of the ancestress of a celebrated Hindu family, (gaRa gargādi- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ararakā ararākā f. Name of the ancestress of a celebrated Hindu family, (gaRa gargādi- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārdhukamfn. conducive to success, useful, beneficial View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ariṣṭam. the soapberry tree, Sapindus Detergens Roxb. (the fruits of which are used in washing ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arṇodamfn. the plant Cyperus Rotundus. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arthinmfn. active, industrious View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asahamfn. not bearing or enduring (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' or with genitive case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asahanamf(ā-)n. not able to endure, unenduring (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asahatvan. inability to endure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asahiṣṇumfn. unable to endure (with accusative locative case or in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asahiṣṇumfn. impatient, unenduring, envious, quarrelsome View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asahiṣṇutāf. inability to endure etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asahiṣṇutvan. inability to endure etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asaṅgam. a Name of vasubandhu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asatkriyāf. bad conduct, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsev(rarely P.) A1. -sevati-, -te-, to frequent ; to abide in, inhabit, dwell on ; to attend to, serve ; to honour ; to take the part of, side with etc. ; to enjoy (sexual intercourse) ; to indulge in, like ; to perform assiduously, practise View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asoḍhamfn. not to be endured or mastered (see /a-ṣāḍha-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśokaśrīm. Name (also title or epithet) of a son of bindu-sāra-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āśrayāśam. a forfeiter of an asylum, one who by misconduct etc. loses patronage or protection.
aśvīyamfn. (gaRa apūpādi- q.v) conducive to horses View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ataptatapasm. whose ascetic austerity has not been (fully) endured. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atitikṣamāṇamfn. unable to endure, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ativahto carry over or across to pass by ; to pass (time) : Causal vāhayati-, to let pass, get over or through, endure ; to let time pass, spend. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ativāhanan. excessive toiling or enduring. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṭṭāf. overbearing conduct(?) commentator or commentary View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aujasyamfn. conducive to or increasing vitality or energy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aupabindavim. a descendant of upa-bindu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aupasargikamfn. (fr. upa-sarga-), superior to adversity, able to cope with calamity gaRa saṃtāpādi- superinduced, produced in addition to (or out of another disease) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avanard(Potential -nardet-) to slur or trill (a term applicable to chanting in the Hindu ritual) (see ni-nard-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avantikāf. the modern Oujein (one of the seven sacred cities of the Hindus to die at which secures eternal happiness), the language of the, avanti-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avṛttamfn. of bad conduct or behaviour, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avyavahāram. improper conduct or practice, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avyavasthanot lasting or enduring, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āyattif. continuance in the right way, steadiness of conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayonim. f. any place other than the pudendum muliebre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayutājitm. Name of a king (son of sindhudvīpa- and father of ṛtuparṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayutāśvam. (equals ayutā-jit-above) Name of a son of sindhudvīpa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bam. sindhu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahukṣamamfn. enduring much View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
baindavam. (also written vai-) patronymic fr. bindu- gaRa bidādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bakavratan. "crane-like conduct", hypocrisy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balāhakam. Cyperus Rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bālakriyāf. doings or conduct of children View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bandh cl.9 P. () badhn/āti- (rarely A1. badhnīt/e-; cl.1 P. A1. bandhati-, te- ; cl.4 P. badhyati- ; imperative badhāna- , bandhāna- , -badhnīhi- , bandha- ; perfect tense P. bab/andha-,3. plural bedh/us- , babandhus- ; A1. bedh/e-, dhir/e- , babandhe- grammar; future bhantsyati- etc., bandhiṣyati-, te- ; banddhā- grammar; Aorist abhāntsīt- grammar; preceding badhyāt- ; infinitive mood banddhum-,or bandhitum- , b/adhe- ind.p. baddhv/ā- , dhv/āya- , -badhya- ; -bandham- ), to bind, tie, fix, fasten, chain, fetter etc. ; to bind round, put on (;later also P."on one's self") etc. ; to catch, take or hold captive, met. = to attach to world or to sin ; to fix, direct, fasten, rivet (eyes, ears or mind) on (locative case or infinitive mood) ; to arrest, hold back, restrain, suppress, stop, shut, close ; to bind a sacrificial victim, offer, sacrifice (with dative case of the deity to whom it is presented) : ; to punish, chastise ; to join, unite, put together or produce anything in this way, exempli gratia, 'for example' fold (the hands), clench (the fist), knit or bend (the eyebrows), arrange, assume (a posture), set up (a limit), construct (a dam or a bridge), span, bridge over (a river), conceive or contract (friendship or enmity), compose, construct (a poem or verse) etc. ; to form or produce in any way, cause, effect, do, make, bear (fruit), strike (roots), take up (one's abode) ; to entertain, cherish, show, exhibit, betray (joy, resolution etc.) : Passive voice badhy/ate- (ti- ), to be bound etc. etc. ; (especially) to be bound by the fetters of existence or evil, sin again ; to be affected by id est experience, suffer (instrumental case) : Causal bandhayati- (Aorist ababandhat-), to cause to bind or catch or capture, imprison etc. ; to cause to be built or constructed ; to cause to be embanked or dammed up ; to bind together (also bādhayati-) : Desiderative bibhantsati- grammar : Intensive bābanddhi-, bābadhyate- [ confer, compare Zend band; Greek , ; Latin foedus,fides; Lit.be4ndras; Gothic Anglo-Saxon bindan; German binden; English bind.]
bandham. connection or intercourse with (compound) (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' = connected with, conducive to ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāndhavam. (fr. bandhu-) a kinsman, relation (especially maternal relation), friend (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bandhum. respect, reference (kena bandhunā-"in what respect?") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bandhum. Pentapetes Phoenicea (equals bandhūka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bandhukam. a bastard (see bandhuta-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāndhukamf(ī-)n. belonging to or derived from the bandhuka- tree ( māndhuka-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāndhukineyam. metron. fr. bandhukī- gaRa kalyāṇy-ādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bandhukṛtSee /a-bandhukṛt-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bandhulānvayam. he posterity of bandhula- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bandhumatmfn. (b/andhu--) having relations etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāndhupatamf(ī-)n., fr. bandhu-pati- gaRa aśvapaty-ādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bandhupṛchmfn. seeking or caring for relations (see pṛṣṭa-bandhu-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bandhupuṣpamālamfn. wearing a chaplet of bandhu- flowers View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bandhuramf(ā-)n. undulating, uneven View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bandhuran. (for 1.See above) equals vandhura- (Bombay edition) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bandhurīya wrong reading for bandhur eṣa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadragandhikāf. Cyperus Rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadrakan. Cyperus Rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadrāśvam. of a son of dhundhu-māra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhagam. (n. ; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) the female organs, pudendum muliebre, vulva etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhagaṃdaram. "lacerating the vulva", a fistula in the pudendum muliebre or in the anus etc. (5 to 8 forms enumerated; see bhaga-dāraṇa-) (see on ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhagīratham. (prob. fr. bhagin-+ ratha-,"having a glorious chariot"), Name of an ancient king (son of dilīpa- and great-grandfather of sagara-, king of ayodhyā-;he brought down the sacred gaṅgā- from heaven to earth and then conducted this river to the ocean in order to purify the ashes of his ancestors, the 60,000 sons of sagara-; see ) etc.
bhaṅgimatmfn. possessing undulations, curled (as hair) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bharadvājam. Name of a ṛṣi- (with the patronymic bārhaspatya-, supposed author of , and purohita- of diva-dāsa-, with whom he is perhaps identical; bharad- is also considered as one of the 7 sages and the author of a law-book) etc. (jasya a-dāra-sṛt-and a-dāra-sṛtau-, arkau-, upahavau-, gādham-, nakāni-, priśninī-, prāsāham-, bṛhat-, maukṣe-, yajñāyajñīyam-, lomanī-, vāja-karmīyam-, vāja-bhṛt-, viṣamāṇi-, vratam-, sundhyuḥ-and saindhukṣitāni-Name of sāman-s ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bharaṇīf. (also plural) Name of the 7th nakṣatra- (containing 3 stars and figured by the pudendum muliebre) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhasadf. () the hinder or secret parts, (especially) pudendum muliebre ( bhasattas sat-t/as- ind.on or from the posteriors;down to the posteriors) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāvam. manner of acting, conduct, behaviour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāvanīyamfn. to be suffered or endured (as pain) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāvayatinm. an ascetic by life or conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhedam. a cleft, fissure, chasm (see śilā-bh-; dual number pudendum muliebre) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhidābhṛtmfn. "broken"or"enduring separation" View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhindipālam. a short javelin or arrow thrown from the hand or shot through a tube (others"a stone fastened to a string"or"a kind of sling for throwing stones") (varia lectio bhindapāla-, bhiṇḍimālā-, bhindomāla-, bhindimāla-or laka-, bhindumāla-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhindipālakam. a short javelin or arrow thrown from the hand or shot through a tube (others"a stone fastened to a string"or"a kind of sling for throwing stones") (varia lectio bhindapāla-, bhiṇḍimālā-, bhindomāla-, bhindimāla-or laka-, bhindumāla-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhindum. a bubble on liquids (see bindu-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhinduf. a woman who brings forth a still-born child (see nindu-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhogyamfn. to be endured or suffered View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhṛ cl.1 P. A1. () bh/arati-, te- ; cl.3 P. A1. () b/ibharti- (bibh/arti-only ), bibhṛte- ; cl.2 P. bh/arti- (parasmE-pada P. b/ibhrat-, q.v; A1. bibhrāṇa-with act. meaning , bibhramāṇa-with pass. meaning ; perfect tense jabh/āra-, jabh/arat-; jabhre-, ajabhartana- ; babhāra-, babhṛma- etc.; parasmE-pada babhrāṇ/a-with pass. meaning ; bibharāmbabhūva- , rām-āsa- ; Aorist abhār- ; bhart/am-, bhṛt/am- ; abhṛta- grammar; abhārṣam- subjunctive bharṣat- ; abhāriṣam- ; preceding bhriyāsam-, yāt- ; future bhariṣyati- Conditional /abhariṣyat- ; bhart/ā- ; infinitive mood bh/artum-, bh/artave-, bh/artav/ai-,Ved.; bh/aradhyai- ; ind.p. -bh/ṛtya- etc.) , to bear, carry, convey, hold ("on"or"in" locative case) etc. ; to wear id est let grow (hair, beard, nails) etc. ; to balance, hold in equipoise (as a pair of scales) ; to bear id est contain, possess, have, keep (also"keep in mind") etc. ; to support, maintain, cherish, foster ; to hire, pay ; to carry off or along (A1. bharate-,"for one's self" id est gain, obtain, or =ferri"to be borne along") ; to bring, offer, procure, grant, bestow etc. ; to endure, experience, suffer, undergo ; to lift up, raise (the voice or a sound; A1. bharate-,also "to rise, be heard") ; to fill (the stomach) ; (with garbham-) to conceive, become pregnant (confer, compare under dhṛ-) ; (with kṣitim-) to take care of, rule, govern ; (with, ājñām-) to submit to, obey ; (with ūrjām-) to exert, employ : Passive voice bhriy/ate- (Epic also ti-; Aorist abhāri-), to be borne etc. etc. etc.: Causal bhārayati- (Aorist abībharat-), to cause to bear etc. ; to engage for hire : Desiderative b/ubhūrṣati- ( ), bibhariṣati- () , to wish to bear or support or maintain: Intensive b/aribharti- (3. plural bhrati- , where also 2. dual number jarbhṛt/aḥ-), barībharti- (), to bear repeatedly or continually, carry hither and thither. [ confer, compare Zend bar; Greek ; Latin fero; Slavonic or Slavonian brati; Gothic bai4ran; German beran,ge-ba0ren; English bear.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhṛṅgarājam. Wedelia Calendulacea View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhū cl.1 P. () bh/avati- (rarely A1. te-; perfect tense babh/ūva-,2. Persian /ūtha-or ūvitha- confer, compare ; babhūyās-, y/ār-, babhūtu- ; A1. babhūve-or bubhūve- ; confer, compare below; Aorist /abhūt-, ūvan-; imperative bodh/i-[ confer, compare budh-], bhūtu- ; Aorist or imperfect tense /abhuvat-, bh/uvat-, bhuvāni- ; preceding bhūyāsam-,2. 3. sg. yās- ; bhūyāt- ; bhūyiṣṭhās- ; bhaviṣāt-[?] ; abhaviṣṭa-, bhaviṣīṣta-. grammar; future bhaviṣy/ati-, Epic also te-and 2. plural ṣyadhvam-; bhavitā- etc.; infinitive mood bhuv/e-, -bhv/e-, bhūṣ/aṇi- ; bhavitum-, tos- ; ind.p. bhūtv/ā-; bhūtv/ī- ; -bh/ūya- etc.; -bh/ūyam-, -bh/avam- ), to become, be (with nom, or adverb or indeclineable words ending in ī-or ū- confer, compare kṛṣṇī-bhū-etc.) , arise, come into being, exist, be found, live, stay, abide, happen, occur etc. (often used with participles and other verbal nouns to make periphrastical verbal forms;with a fut.p. =to be going or about to exempli gratia, 'for example' anuvakṣyan bhavati-,he is going to recite ;the future of bhū-with a perfect tense parasmE-pada =a future perfect tense exempli gratia, 'for example' kṛtavān bhaviṣyasi-,you will have done ;the perfect tense P. babhūva-after the syllable ām-is put for the perfect tense of verbs of the 10th classetc.[ confer, compare 1. as-and1. kṛ-];the A1.appears in this meaning ;observe also bhavati-with a future tense, it is possible that, exempli gratia, 'for example' bhavati bhavān yājayiṣyati-,it is possible that you will cause a sacrifice to be performed ; bhavet-,may be, granted, admitted on ; bhavatu- idem or ' bhusukha-or bhusura- m. Name of a yogin- ',well, good, enough of this ; iticed bhavet-,if this question should be asked ; kva tad bhavati-,what is to become of this, it is quite useless ;with na-= to cease to exist, perish, die etc.;with iha na-,not to be born on earth ;with śata-dhā-,to fall into a hundred pieces ;with dūrataḥ-,to keep aloof. ;with manasi-or cetasi-and genitive case,to occur to the mind of any one ; idem or ' bhusukha-or bhusura- m. Name of a yogin- ' with genitive case alone ) ; to fall to the share or become the property of, belong to (confer, compare"esse alicujus";with genitive case,rarely dative case or locative case according to to also with pari-or prati-and preceding accusative) etc. ; to be on the side of, assist (with genitive case or -tas-) (confer, compare ) ; to serve for, tend or conduce to (with dative case of thing) etc. (with phalāya-.to bear fruit ) ; to be occupied with or engaged in, devote one's self to (with locative case) ; to thrive or prosper in (instrumental case), turn out well, succeed ; to be of consequence or useful ; (also A1. ) to fall, or get into, attain to, obtain ; (with id/am-) to obtain it id est be successful or fortunate : Passive voice bhūyate- (or ti- ; Aorist abhāvi-) sometimes used impersonal or used impersonally exempli gratia, 'for example' yair bhaviṣyate-, by whom it will be existed id est who will be : Causal bhāvayati- (rarely te-; Aorist abībhavat- grammar; infinitive mood bhāvitum- ; Passive voice bhāvyate-etc. ), to cause to be or become, call into existence or life, originate, produce, cause, create ; to cherish, foster, animate, enliven, refresh, encourage, promote, further etc. ; to addict or devote one's self to, practise (accusative) ; to subdue, control ; (also A1. ) to obtain ; to manifest, exhibit, show, betray ; to purify ; to present to the mind, think about, consider, know, recognize as or take for (two accusative) etc. ; to mingle, mix, saturate, soak, perfume (confer, compare bhāvita-,): Desiderative of Causal bibhāvayiṣati- (), to wish to cause to be etc. : Desiderative b/ubhūṣati- (te-), to wish or strive to become or be etc. ; (with kṣipram-), to strive to be quickly possessed ; to want to get on, strive to prosper or succeed ; to want to have, care for, strive after, esteem, honour ; to want to take revenge : Intens, b/obhavīti-, bobhavati-, bobhoti-, bobhūyate-, to be frequently, to be in the habit of ; to be transformed into (accusative) ; (with tiraḥ-), to keep anything (instrumental case) secret [ confer, compare Zend bu1; Greek , ; Latin fuit,fuatetc.; Slavonic or Slavonian byti; Lithuanian bu4ti; German bim,bim; Anglo-Saxon beo4; English be.]
bhūpālīf. Name of a particular scale in the Hindu musical system View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bimbisāram. (from bimbin-or bimbī+s-?) Name of a king of magadha- (contemporary and patron of gautama- buddha-) (varia lectio vidhisāra-, vidmi-sāra-, vindu-sena-, vindhya-sena-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bindavīyam. a prince of the bindu-s gaRa dāmany-ādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bindum. (once n. ;in later language mostly written vindu-) a detached particle, drop, globule, dot, spot etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bindukam. Name of a tīrtha- (See also under bindu-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bindumatm. Name of a son of marīci- by bindu-matī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bindumatm. of a daughter of śaśa-bindu- and wife of māndhātṛ- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brāhmaṇam. one who has divine knowledge (sometimes applied to agni-), a Brahman, a man belonging to the 1st of the 3 twice-born classes and of the 4 original divisions of the Hindu body (generally a priest, but often in the present day a layman engaged in non-priestly occupations although the name is strictly only applicable to one who knows and repeats the veda-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmāvabodham. Name of work (also brahmāvabodhavivekasindhu -viveka-sindhu-,m.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmavihāram. pious conduct, perfect state (4 with Buddhists) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaspaticakran. "cycle of bṛhas-pati-", the Hindu cycle of 60 years View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
buddhamitram. Name of the 9th Buddhist patriarch (who was a disciple of vasu-bandhu-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
budham. of a son of vega-vat- and father of tṛṇa-bindu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
budhnamn. Name of a son of the 14th manu- ; often wrong reading for budhnya- ([ confer, compare Greek Latin fundus; German bodam,bodem,Boden; Anglo-Saxon botm; English bottom.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caitrarathīf. patronymic of a daughter of śaśa-bindu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candramālāf. varia lectio for indu-m-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candrāśvam. Name of a son of dhundhu-māra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
car cl.1. c/arati-, rarely te- (subjunctive c/arat-,3 plural c/arān- ; perf. cac/āra-[ etc.] , 2 sg. cacartha- ; plural cerur-,etc.; ratur- etc.; A1. cere- ; future cariṣyati-, te-; Aorist acārīt-[ ]; infinitive mood c/aritum-[ ]or cartum-[ ] , Vedic or Veda car/adhyai-[ ], c/aritave-[ ], car/ase-[ ], car/āyai-[ ], caritos-[ ]; ind.p. caritv/ā- ; cartvā- ; cīrtvā-, ; parasmE-pada c/arat-) to move one's self, go, walk, move, stir, roam about, wander (said of men, animals, water, ships, stars, etc.) etc. ; to spread, be diffused (as fire) ; to move or travel through, pervade, go along, follow etc. ; to behave, conduct one's self, act, live, treat (with instrumental case or locative case) etc. ; to be engaged in, occupied or busy with (instr exempli gratia, 'for example' yajñ/ena c-,"to be engaged in a sacrifice" ) etc. ; (with[ ]or without[ ] mithun/am-) to have intercourse with, have to do with (instrumental case) ; (with a parasmE-pada or adjective (cf. mfn.) or ind.p. or adverb) to continue performing or being (exempli gratia, 'for example' arcantaś cerur-,"they continued worshipping"; svāminam avajñāya caret-,"he may go on despising his master") etc. ; (in astronomy) to be in any asterism or conjunction ; to undertake, set about, under go, observe, practise, do or act in general, effect, make (exempli gratia, 'for example' vrat/āni-"to observe vows" etc.; vighnaṃ c-,"to put a hindrance"; bhaikṣaṃ c-"to beg"; vivādaṃ c-,"to be engaged in a lawsuit"; mṛgayāṃ c-,"to hunt" ; sambandhāṃś c-,"to enter into connections"; mārgaṃ cacāra bāṇaiḥ-,"he made a way with arrows"; tapasā indriyāṇi c-,to exercise one's organs with penance ) etc. ; to consume, eat (with accusative), graze ; to make or render (with double accusative) exempli gratia, 'for example' nar/endraṃ satya-sthaṃ carāma-,"let us make the king keep his word" : Causal cārayati-, to cause to move or walk about (Aorist /acīcarat-) ; to pasture ; to send, direct, turn, move etc. ; to cause any one (accusative) to walk through (accusative) ; to drive away from (ablative) ; to cause any one (accusative) to practise or perform (with accusative) ; to cause (any animal accusative) to eat ; to cause to copulate ; to ascertain (as through a spy instrumental case) ; to doubt (see vi--) : Desiderative cicariṣati-, to try to go (parasmE-pada cicarṣat-) ; to wish to act or conduct one's self ; to try to have intercourse with (instrumental case), : Intensive carcarīti- A1. or rarely ([ ]) Passive voice cañcūryate- (curīti-and cūrti- ; ind.p. cūrya- ; parasmE-pada once P. cūryat- ) to move quickly or repeatedly, walk about, roam about (in locative case) etc. ; to act wantonly or coquettishly (see ) ; ([ see, etc.])
caraṇan. behaviour, conduct of life View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caraṇan. good or moral conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caraṇavatmfn. of good conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
carītran. equals ritra-, behaviour, conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cāritran. (equals car-) proceeding, manner of acting, conduct (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cāritran. good conduct, good character, reputation etc. ("life in accordance with the 5 great vows") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cāritrakavacamfn. cased in the armour of good conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cāritrinmfn. of good conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cāritryan. good conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caryan. (often in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') proceeding, behaviour, conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cekriyamfn. (1. kṛ-, Intensive) active, industrious View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chadam. asra-bindu-- & āyata-cchadā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cīk (= sīk-) cl.1.10. to endure ( mṛṣ- vv.ll. ā-mṛṣ-and -mṛś-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cīrṇan. conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
coskam. an indu-s horse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dakṣamf(ā-)n. able, fit, adroit, expert, clever, dexterous, industrious, intelligent etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dakṣiṇācāramfn. upright in conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dākṣyan. (fr. d/akṣa-) cleverness, skill, fitness, capability, industry View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daṇḍanidhānan. "laying aside the rod", pardoning, indulgence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daśapuran. a kind of Cyperus rotundus (also -pūra- Scholiast or Commentator)
dasyum. any outcast or Hindu who has become so by neglect of the essential rites View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daurvratya(d/aur--) n. disobedience, ill conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dauścaryan. ill conduct, wickedness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devaprastham. Name of the city of senā-bindu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhairyavṛttif. steady conduct, composure ( read ujjhita-dhai-rya-vṛttir- varia lectio vṛttam-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhairyavṛttimfn. of steady conduct, steadily behaved View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhāṇikāf. pudendum muliebre (?) (Comm."a pregnant woman") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhanvantarim. the physician of the gods (produced at the churning of the ocean with a cup of amṛta- in his hands, the supposed author of the āyur-veda-, who in a later existence is also called divo-dāsa-, king of kāśi-, and considered to be the founder of the Hindu school of medicine) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhānyan. Cyperus Rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhāraṇan. suffering, enduring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmam. usage, practice, customary observance or prescribed conduct, duty View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmakāryan. any act of duty or religion, good work, virtuous conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmakriyāf. observance of duties, pious work, righteous conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmānuṣṭhānan. fulfilment of duty, virtuous or moral conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhaundhumāramf(ī-)n. treating of dhundhu-māra- (as an episode) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhaundhumārim. patronymic fr. dhundhu-māra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhīramf(ā-)n. well-conducted, well-bred View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhīrāf. Name of several medicine plants (kākolī-, kṣīra-kāk-, mahā-jyotiṣmatī-, medā-, śveta-vacā-,Rosa Glandulifera) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhruvan. the enduring sound (supposed to be heard after the abhinidhāna-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhūmayonim. Cyperus Rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhūmraketum. of a son of tṛṇabindu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhūmrākṣam. of a son of hemacandra- (grandson of triṇa-bindu- see śva-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhundhumāram. "slayer of dhundhu-", Name of kuvalāśva- etc. ( dhundhumāratva -tva- n. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhyānan. meditation, thought, reflection, (especially) profound and abstract religious meditation, (nam āpad-, ā-sthā-or naṃ-gam-,to indulge in religious meditation) etc. (with Buddhists divided into 4 stages ;but also into 3 ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhyānāgāram. or n. a room to indulge in meditation
drapsam. the moon (see indu-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dṛḍhāśvam. "strong-horsed", Name of a son of dhundhu-māra- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duḥsparśam. Guilandina Bonduc View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duṇḍubha m. a kind of lizard (equals duṇḍubha-; see also dundubha-and bhika-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duṇḍubhim. a kind of lizard (equals duṇḍubha-; see also dundubha-and bhika-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dundubhidarpahanm. "breaking the pride of dundubhi-", Name of vālin- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dundumāram. equals dhundhu-- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dundunābha(nāda-?) m. a kind of spell (= dundubhi-svana-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
durācāram. bad behaviour, ill conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
durācāramfn. ill-conducted, wicked View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
durnayam. bad or imprudent conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
durnītamfn. ill-conducted, wrong View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
durnītan. misconduct, impolicy, folly, ill-luck View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
durnītabhāvam. bad behaviour, improper conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
durvinayam. imprudent conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
durvinītamfn. badly educated, ill-conducted, undisciplined, mean, wicked, obstinate, restive etc. (taka- idem or 'm. imprudent conduct ' ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
durvṛttan. bad conduct, meanness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duścaritan. (d/uś--) misbehaviour, misdoing, ill-conduct, wickedness etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duśceṣṭāf. misconduct, error, K. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duṣpraṇītamfn. badly led or conducted, ill-managed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duṣpraṇītan. ill-conduct or behaviour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duṣṭacaritramfn. ill-conducted, evil-doer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dustapamfn. difficult to be endured (penance) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duṣṭaramfn. difficult to be passed or overcome or endured View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekāyanan. the only way or manner of conduct, worldly wisdom View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
evam. plural way or manner of acting or proceeding, conduct, habit, usage, custom View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaganāpagāf. equals na-sindhu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
galegaṇḍam. "having a pendulous fleshy purse hanging from the throat", the bird called Adjutant or Ardea Argala. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gam Ved. cl.1 P. g/amati- (; subjunctive gamam-, g/amat-[ gamātas-, gamātha- ], gamāma-, gaman- ; Potential gam/ema- ; infinitive mood g/amadhyai- ) : cl.2 P. g/anti- (; imperative 3. sg. gantu-,[2. sg. gadhi-See ā--,or gahi-See adhi--, abhy-ā--, ā--, upā--],2. plural g/antā-or gantana- ; imperfect tense 2. and 3. sg. /agan-[ ] , 1. plural /aganma-[ ; confer, compare ] , 3. plural /agman- ; subjunctive [or Aorist subjunctive confer, compare ]1. plural ganma-,3. plural gm/an- ; Potential 2. sg. gamyās- ; preceding 3. sg. gamy/ās- ; pr. p. gm/at-, ) : cl.3 P. jaganti- (; Potential jagamyām-, yāt- ; imperfect tense 2. and 3. sg. ajagan-,2. plural ajaganta-or tana- ) : Ved. and Class. cl.1 P. (also A1. etc.) , with substitution of gacch- ([= ]) for gam-, g/acchati- (confer, compare ; subjunctive cchāti- ;2. sg. gacchās-[ ] or gacchāsi-[ ];2. plural gacchāta- ;3. plural g/acchān- ; imperfect tense /agacchat-; Potential gacchet-; pr. p. g/acchat- etc.; Aorist agamat- ;for A1.with prepositions confer, compare future gamiṣyati- etc.; 1st future g/antā-[ ] etc.; perf. 1. sg. jagamā-[ ],3. sg. jagāma-,2. dual number jagmathur-,3. plural jagm/ur- etc.; parasmE-pada jaganv/as-[ etc.] or jagmivas- f. jagm/uṣī- etc.;Ved. infinitive mood g/antave-, g/antav/ai-;Class. infinitive mood gantum-:Ved. ind.p. gatvāya-, gatv/ī-;Class. ind.p. gatv/ā-[ etc.] , with prepositions -gamya-or -gatya- ) to go, move, go away, set out, come etc. ; to go to or towards, approach (with accusative or locative case or dative case [ ; confer, compare ] or prati-[ ]) etc. ; to go or pass (as time exempli gratia, 'for example' kāle gacchati-,time going on, in the course of time) ; to fall to the share of (accusative) etc. ; to go against with hostile intentions, attack ; to decease, die ; to approach carnally, have sexual intercourse with (accusative) etc. ; to go to any state or condition, undergo, partake of, participate in, receive, obtain (exempli gratia, 'for example' mitratāṃ gacchati-,"he goes to friendship" id est he becomes friendly) etc. ; jānubhyām avanīṃ-gam-,"to go to the earth with the knees", kneel down ; dharaṇīṃ mūrdhnā-gam-,"to go to the earth with the head", make a bow ; m/anasā-gam-, to go with the mind, observe, perceive ; (without m/anasā-) to observe, understand, guess ; (especially Passive voice gamyate-,"to be understood or meant") and ; doṣeṇa- or doṣato-gam-, to approach with an accusation, ascribe guilt to a person (accusative) : Causal gamayati- (; imperative 2. sg. Ved. gamayā-or gāmaya-[ ] , 3. sg. gamayatāt- ; perf. gamay/āṃ cakāra- etc.) to cause to go ( ) or come, lead or conduct towards, send to (dative case ), bring to a place (accusative [ ] or locative case) etc. ; to cause to go to any condition, cause to become etc. ; to impart, grant ; to send away ; "to let go", not care about ; to excel ; to spend time etc. ; to cause to understand, make clear or intelligible, explain ; to convey an idea or meaning, denote ; (causal of the causal) to cause a person (accusative) to go by means of jigamiśati- another : Desiderative j/igamiṣati- ( jigāṃsate- ; imperfect tense ajigāṃsat- ) to wish to go, be going ; to strive to obtain ; to wish to bring (to light, prak/āśam-) : Intensive j/aṅganti- (), jaṅgamīti- or jaṅgamyate- ( ), to visit (parasmE-pada g/anigmat-) (imperfect tense aganīgan-) ; ([ confer, compare ; Gothic qvam; English come; Latin venioforgvemio.])
gandholīf. Cyperus rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaṅgāf. ( gam- ) "swift-goer", the river Ganges (personified and considered as the eldest daughter of himavat- and menā- ;as the wife of śāntanu- and mother of bhīṣma- ;or as one of the wives of dharma- ;there is also a gaṅgā- in the sky[ ākāśa--or vyoma-g-,qq. vv.; see khāpagā-, gaganāpagā-etc.] and one below the earth ; bhagī-ratha- is said to have conducted the heavenly gaṅgā- down to the earth, )
gaṅgācillīf. "Gangetic kite", the black-headed gull (Larus ridibundus) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaṅgāputram. a Brahman who conducts pilgrims to the Ganges (especially at Benares) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gāṅgeṣṭhīf. Guilandina Bonducella View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gatānugatikamfn. following what precedes, following custom or the conduct of others, imitative View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaulmikamfn. ( Va1rtt. 13 ) treating on the glandular swellings called gulma- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gavayam. the Gayal (a species of ox, Bos gavaeus, erroneously classed by Hindu writers as a species of deer; see go-mṛg/a-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gayāf. (gaRa varaṇādi-) the city gayā- (famous place of pilgrimage in Behar and residence of the saint gaya-; see ;sanctified by viṣṇu- as a tribute to the piety of gaya-, the rājarṣi-, or (according to another legend) to gaya-, the asura-, who was overwhelmed here with rocks by the gods;the śrāddha- should be performed once at least in the life of every Hindu to his progenitors at gayā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghṛtan. (gaRa ardharcādi-) ghee id est clarified butter or butter which has been boiled gently and allowed to cool (it is used for culinary and religious purposes and is highly esteemed by the Hindus), fat (as an emblem of fertility), fluid grease, cream etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghṛtapūrṇam. "full of ghee(-like sap)", Guilandina Bonducella View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gomatīf. (go-mat/ī-) Name of a river falling into the indu-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gomātṛmfn. (g/o--) having a cow for mother (the marut-s; see p/ṛśni-m-and g/o-bandhu-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gomedam. "cow-fat", a gem brought from the himālaya- and the indu-s (being of 4 sorts, white, pale yellow, red, and dark blue) p.468 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gonardan. Cyperus rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gopuran. (equals -narda-) Cyperus rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gotrajamfn. born in the same family, relation (in law, nearly ="Gentile" of Roman law, and applied to kindred of the same general family, who are connected by offerings of food and water;hence opposed to bandhu-or cognate kindred not partaking in the offerings to common ancestors) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
grāmayājakamfn. offering sacrifices or conducting the ceremonies for every member of a community including unworthy persons (doing it out of avarice) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṛhadhūmam. (equals āgāra-dh-), Name of a plant (= dhundhu-māra- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gūḍhajamfn. (equals gūḍhotpanna-) born privately (a son born during the absence of the husband, the real father being unknown;one of the 12 forms particularised in Hindu law, the child belonging to the husband of the disloyal wife) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gulmam. a chronic enlargement of the spleen or any glandular enlargement in the abdomen (as that of the mesenteric gland etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gundrāf. Cyperus rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gurum. a spiritual parent or preceptor (from whom a youth receives the initiatory mantra- or prayer, who instructs him in the śāstra-s and conducts the necessary ceremonies up to that of investiture which is performed by the ācārya- ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haridvāran. " viṣṇu-'s gate", Name of a celebrated town and sacred bathing-place (commonly called Hardvar, where the Ganges finally leaves the mountains for the plains of Hindustan, whence it is sometimes called Gangadvara;it is called " hari-'s gate", as leading to vaikuṇṭha- or viṣṇu-'s heaven) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haripriyam. equals bandhūka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hariścandram. Name of the 28th king of the solar dynasty in the tretā- age (he was son of tri-śaṅku-, and was celebrated for his piety; according to to the mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa- he gave up his country, his wife and his son, and finally himself, to satisfy the demands of viśvāmitra-;after enduring incredible sufferings, he won the pity of the gods and was raised with his subjects to heaven : according to to , his performance of the rāja-sūya- sacrifice was the cause of his elevation, and in the aitareya-brāhmaṇa- quite another legend is told about himSee under śunaḥśepa-, : in later legends hari-ścandra- is represented as insidiously induced by nārada- to relate his actions with unbecoming pride, whereupon he was degraded from svarga-, one stage at each sentence, till stopping in time and doing homage to the gods he was fixed with his capital in mid-air;his aerial city is popularly believed to be still visible in the skies at particular times; see saubha-) etc.
himāf. Cyperus Rotundus and another species View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
himavatmfn. exposing one's self to coldness or enduring it View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hīnacaritan. (plural) base or mean conduct, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hīnavṛttimfn. of base conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hindum. (fr. the Persian $) a Hindu (more properly Hindo) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hindudharmam. the Hindu religion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hindusthānan. the country of the Hindus, Hindustan (properly restricted to the upper provinces between Benares and the Sutlej) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
holākam. a kind of vapour-bath (induced over hot ashes for the cure of particular diseases, by sweating;also with sveda-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
iḍaviḍāf. Name of a daughter of tṛṇabindu- and mother of kuvera- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ilavilāf. Name of a daughter of tṛṇa-bindu- (wife of viśravas- and mother of kuvera-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indram. (for etymology as given by native authoritiesSee on ;according to fr. in-= inv-with suffix ra-preceded by inserted d-,meaning"to subdue, conquer";according to Muir, S. T. , for sindra-fr. syand-,"to drop";more probably from ind-,"to drop"q.v,and connected with indu-above) , the god of the atmosphere and sky
indravratan. " indra-'s rule of conduct", one of the duties of a king (to distribute benefits, as indra- pours down rain) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indriyan. the number five as symbolical of the five senses. (In addition to the five organs of perception, buddhīndriyāṇi-or jñānendriyāṇi-, id est eye, ear, nose, tongue, and skin, the Hindus enumerate five organs of action, karmendriyāṇi- id est larynx, hand, foot, anus, and parts of generation;between these ten organs and the soul or ātman-stands manas-or mind, considered as an eleventh organ;in the vedānta-, manas-, buddhi-, ahaṃkāra-,and citta-form the four inner or internal organs, antar-indriyāṇi-,so that according to this reckoning the organs are fourteen in number, each being presided over by its own ruler or niyantṛ-;thus, the eye by the Sun, the ear by the Quarters of the world, the nose by the two aśvin-s, the tongue by pracetas-, the skin by the Wind, the voice by Fire, the hand by indra-, the foot by viṣṇu-, the anus by mitra-, the parts of generation by prajāpati-, manas by the Moon, buddhi- by brahman-, ahaṃkāra- by śiva-, citta by viṣṇu- as acyuta-;in the nyāya- philosophy each organ is connected with its own peculiar element, the nose with the Earth, the tongue with Water, the eye with Light or Fire, the skin with Air, the ear with Ether;the jaina-s divide the whole creation into five sections, according to the number of organs attributed to each being.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indum. ( und- ;probably fr. ind-= und-,"to drop"[see , and see /indra-];perhaps connected with bindu-,which last is unknown in the ṛg-- veda- ), Ved. a drop (especially of soma-), soma- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indum. a coin (In the brāhmaṇa-s, indu-is used only for the moon;but the connexion between the meanings" soma- juice"and"moon"in the word indu-has led to the same two ideas being transferred in classical Sanskrit to the word soma-,although the latter has properly only the sense " soma- juice.") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indumatm. (/indu-) (in liturgical language) Name of agni- (because in the verses in which he is addressed the word indu-occurs) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indūram. a rat, a mouse ([ see undura-, unduru-]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
īṣanmarṣa mfn. easy to be endured, tolerable View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
īṣanmarṣaṇamfn. easy to be endured, tolerable View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
itiind. (fr. pronominal base 3. i-), in this manner, thus (in its original signification /iti-refers to something that has been said or thought, or lays stress on what precedes;in the brāhmaṇa-s it is often equivalent to "as you know", reminding the hearer or reader of certain customs, conditions, etc. supposed to be known to him). In quotations of every kind /iti- means that the preceding words are the very words which some person has or might have spoken, and placed thus at the end of a speech it serves the purpose of inverted commas (/ity uktvā-,having so said; /iti kṛtvā-,having so considered, having so decided) . It may often have reference merely to what is passing in the mind exempli gratia, 'for example' vamantavyo manuṣya /iti bhūmipaḥ&iencoding=&lang='>bālo 'pi nāvamantavyo manuṣya /iti bhūmipaḥ-, a king, though a child, is not to be despised, saying to one's self,"he is a mortal", () In dramatic language /iti tathā karoti- means"after these words he acts thus."Sometimes /iti- is used to include under one head a number of separate objects aggregated together (exempli gratia, 'for example' ijyādhyayanadānāni tapaḥ satyaṃ kṣamā damaḥ- alobha /iti mārgo 'yam-,"sacrificing, studying, liberality, penance, truth, patience, self-restraint, absence of desire", this course of conduct, etc.) /iti- is sometimes followed by evam-, iva-, or a demonstrative pronoun pleonastically (exempli gratia, 'for example' tām brūyād bhavatīty evam-,her he may call "lady", thus) . /iti- may form an adverbial compound with the name of an author (exempli gratia, 'for example' /iti-pāṇini-,thus according to pāṇini-). It may also express the act of calling attention (lo! behold!) It may have some other significations exempli gratia, 'for example' something additional (as in /ityādi-,et caetera), order, arrangement specific or distinctive, and identity. It is used by native commentators after quoting a rule to express"according to such a rule" (exempli gratia, 'for example' anudāttaṅita /ity ātmanepadam bhavati-,according to the rule of pāṇini- , the ātmane-pada- takes place) . kim /iti- equals kim-, wherefore, why? (In the śatapatha-brāhmaṇa- ti-occurs for /iti-; see Prakrittiand tti-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jābālim. Name of an infidel Brahman (priest of daśa-ratha-, who ineffectually tried after his death to shake rāma-'s resolution and induce him to take the throne) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jaghanacyuti(gh/ana--) f. (a woman) whose pudendum oozes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jagurimfn. ( gṝ- ) leading, conducting () . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jaladam. Cyperus rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jaladharam. Cyperus rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jalahāsam. "sea-foam (indurated)", cuttle-fish bone View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
janam. (gaRa vṛṣādi-) creature, living being, man, person, race (p/añca j/anās-,"the five races"equals p kṛṣṭ/ayas- ), people, subjects (the sg. used collectively exempli gratia, 'for example' d/aivya-or divy/ā j-,"divine race", the gods collectively ; mahat j-,many people ;often in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' denoting one person or a number of persons collectively, exempli gratia, 'for example' preṣya--, bandhu--, sakhī--etc., qq. vv.;with names of peoples ; ayaṃ- janaḥ-,"this person, these persons", I, we etc.; eṣa j-,id . ) etc.
jaṭharayantraṇāf. pain endured (by the embryo) in the womb View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jātivailakṣṇyan. conduct or quality at variance with birth or tribe View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jayadratham. "having victorious chariots", Name of a sindhu-- sauvīra- king fighting on the kaurava-'s side View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jīmūtam. Cyperus rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jīrṇaparṇajan. Cyperus rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jīvan. a--, kumāra--, ciraṃ--, jagaj--, dur--, nir--, pāpa--, bandhu--, sa--, su-- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jñāpakam. a master of requests (particular officer at a Hindu court) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyāyasmfn. (in law) being of age and answerable for one's conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kadācāram. bad conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kadācāramfn. of bad conduct, wicked, abandoned View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāgadan. paper (Hindustani kāghaś-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaivartamustan. the grass Cyperus rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaivartīf. the grass Cyperus rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kākadhvajam. submarine fire (personified in Hindu mythology see aurva-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kākapīlum. the plant Diospyros tomentosa (kāka-tinduka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kākapīlukam. the plant Diospyros tomentosa (kāka-tinduka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāladharmam. line of conduct suitable to any time or season View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalahanāśanam. Guilandina Bonduc View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālamāpanīf. See y/āma-dundubhi- s.v. y/āma-- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalatran. pudendum muliebre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalikāram. Guilandina Bonduc View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalikārakam. Caesalpina Bonducella View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalimārakam. Caesalpina Bonducella View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaliṅgam. Caesalpina Bonducella View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalyāṇan. good conduct, virtue (opposed to pāpa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalyāṇadharmanmfn. of virtuous character or conduct. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalyāṇagirim. "mountain of good conduct", Name of an elephant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalyāṇavṛttamfn. of virtuous conduct. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāmacārinmfn. indulging the desires, behaving libidinously (para-strī-kāma-cārin-,lusting after the wife of another) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāmagamfn. following one's impulses, indulging one's passions, running after men or women (of a woman equals kulaṭā- commentator or commentary) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāmātmanmfn. "whose very essence is desire", consisting of desire, indulging one's desires, given to lust, sensual, licentious
kāñcīf. Name of an ancient city (one of the seven sacred cities of the Hindus, now Konjivaram, not very far from Madras equals kāñcī-varam-, -puram- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kandarpakūpam. "a well of love", pudendum muliebre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāndavamfn. (fr. kandu-), roasted or baked in an iron pan or oven (as bread cakes etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kandukāyaNom. A1. kandukāyate-, to be like a playing ball View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṇṭaphalam. Name of several plants (Asteracantha Longifolia;bread-fruit tree;Datura Fastuosa;Guilandina Bonduc;Ricinus Communis) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṇṭavṛkṣam. Guilandina Bonduc View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karacchadāf. a species of tree (commonly called sindūra-puṣpī-vṛkṣa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karadvīpam. Guilandina Bonducella View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kārakukṣīyam. Name of the country of king sālva- on the skirts of the himālaya- ridge in the N. W of Hindustan View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāraṇavārin. primeval water, the water produced and created (from which as from an original reservoir the Hindus suppose all the water in the universe to be supplied) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karīṣāgnim. a fire of dry cow-dung (this substance is very generally used as fuel in Hindustan) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kārkandhavamf(ī-)n. coming from or belonging to the plant karkandhū- (q.v) gaRa bilvādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karkandhumf. us-, ūs- (fr. karka-and dhā- commentator or commentary on ;according to others fr. karka-and andhu-,"a well") , Zizyphus Jujuba View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karkarāndhaka m. a blind well (one of which the mouth is over grown with grass etc. so as to be hidden; see kark/andhu-and andhakūpa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karkarāndhukam. a blind well (one of which the mouth is over grown with grass etc. so as to be hidden; see kark/andhu-and andhakūpa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karmadoṣam. the evil consequence of human acts, discreditable conduct or business
karmavidhim. rule of actions or observances, mode of conducting ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karmayogam. active exertion, industry View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kārmikyan. (fr. karmika-), activity, industry gaRa purokitādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karṇanduf. equals karṇāndu- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karṇaprayāgam. Name of the confluence of the rivers gaṅgā- and Pindur. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karṇenduf. equals karṇāndu- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāryan. conduct, deportment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṭaśarkarāf. Guilandina Bonducella View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṭhinayaNom. P. kaṭhinayati-, to harden, indurate, render hard View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṭhinībhūtamfn. hardened, indurated. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṭphalam. (for kaṭu-phala-,but different in meaning from it), Name of a small tree (found in the north-west of Hindustan, the aromatic bark and seeds of which are used in medicine;the fruit is eaten;the common name is Kayaphal) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṭukarañjam. Guilandina Bonducella View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kenduvilla varia lectio for kindubilva- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
keśarājam. Wedelia calendulacea View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khan. the anusvāra- represented by a circle (bindu-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khallāṭakam. (for lvāṭ-,"bald") Name of the first minister of king bindu-sāra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khaṇḍamn. a piece, part, fragment, portion etc. (indoḥ kh-or tārādhipa-kh-[ see also khaṇḍendu-]"the crescent") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khaṇḍaśīlāf. "unsteady in conduct", an unchaste wife View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kimācāramfn. being of what conduct or behaviour? View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kindubilvaName of the place where jaya-deva- was born and where his family resided (vv.ll. kinduvilla-, kenduvilla-,and tinduvilla-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kleśakṣamamfn. capable of enduring pain and trouble View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kokilam. (onomatopoetic (i.e. formed from imitation of sounds); kuk- ) the Kokila or Koil (black or Indian cuckoo;frequently alluded to in Hindu poetry, its musical cry being supposed to inspire tender emotions) etc.
kolāñcam. Name of kaliṅga- (the Coromandel coast from Kuttack to Madras;but according to to some, this place is in Hindustan, with Kanouj for its capital) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kośakārikāf. Name of a collection of gāthā- verses (ascribed to vasubandhu-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
krītamfn. purchased from his natural parents (as a son;one of the twelve kinds of sons acknowledged by the ancient Hindu law) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kriyākalāpam. the great body of ceremonies enjoined in the Hindu law
kriyāvidhim. conduct of affairs View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kroḍakaserukam. Cyperus rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kroḍeṣṭāf. "dear to hogs"the grass Cyperus rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣ cl.1 P. k/arṣati-, rarely A1. te- (perf. cakarṣa-,2. sg. ṣitha- ; future karkṣyati-or krakṣy-; kṛṣiṣy- ; karṣṭā-or kraṣṭā- ; Aorist akṛkṣat-[or akārkṣīt-]or akrākṣīt-, Va1rtt. 7; infinitive mood kraṣṭum-), to draw, draw to one's self, drag, pull, drag away, tear etc. ; to lead or conduct (as an army) ; to bend (a bow) ; to draw into one's power, become master of, overpower ; to obtain ; to take away anything (accusative) from any one (accusative) ; to draw or make furrows, plough (A1.) (ind.p. kṛṣṭvā-): cl.6 P. A1. kṛṣ/ati-, te- (parasmE-pada kṛṣ/at-), to draw or make furrows, plough etc. ; A1. to obtain by ploughing ; to travel over : Causal karṣayati-, to draw, drag (Aorist 1. sg. acikṛṣam-) ; to draw or tear out ; to pull to and fro, cause pain, torture, torment etc. ; "to plough" See karṣita-: Intensive (pr. p. and subjunctive 3. sg. c/arkṛṣat-; imperfect tense 3. plural acarkṛṣur-) to plough ; carīkṛṣyate- or Vedic or Veda karīk-, to plough repeatedly ([ confer, compare Lithuanian karszu,pleszau; Russian c8eshu; Latin verro,vello; Gothic falh.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇam. black (the colour) or dark-blue (which is often confounded with black by the Hindus) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇapiṇḍītakam. a dark variety of māyaṇa- (Cyperus rotundus or Vangueria spinosa) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇavartmanm. a man of evil conduct, low man, outcast, black-guard View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇayoni(ṣṇ/a--) mfn. having a black pudendum muliebre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtabuddhimfn. informed of one's duty, one who knows how religious rites ought to be conducted View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtajñamf(ā-)n. knowing what is right, correct in conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
krumuf. Name of a river (tributary of the indu-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣam cl.1 A1. kṣ/amate- (Epic also P. ti-;Ved. cl.2 P. kṣamiti- ; cl.4 P. kṣāmyati-[ confer, compare imperative A1.3. sg. kṣamyatām- ] ; perf. cakṣame- etc., 3. plural mire- ;1. dual number cakṣaṇvahe-& 1. plural ṇmahe- Scholiast or Commentator; future 2nd kṣaṃsyate-, ti-, kṣamiṣyati-; Aorist 2. sg. akṣaṃsthās- ; infinitive mood kṣantum- etc.) , to be patient or composed, suppress anger, keep quiet etc. ; to submit to (dative case) ; to bear patiently, endure, put up with (accusative), suffer ; to pardon, forgive anything (accusative) to (genitive case or dative case) etc. (exempli gratia, 'for example' kṣamasva me tad-,forgive me that ) ; to allow, permit, suffer () ; (with Potential) ; to bear any one, be indulgent to (Passive voice) ; to resist ; to be able to do anything (infinitive mood) ; to seem good : Causal P. A1. kṣamayati-, kṣāmayate-, to ask any one (accusative) pardon for anything (accusative) ; (perf. kṣamayām āsa-) to suffer or bear patiently (confer, compare kṣamāpaya-); ([ confer, compare Gothic hramja(?) Anglo-Saxon hremman,"to hinder, disquiet."]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣamamfn. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' ( Va1rtt. 8) enduring, suffering, bearing, submissive, resisting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣamāf. patience, forbearance, indulgence (one of the sāmānya-dharmās- id est an obligation to all castes ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣamāf. kṣamāṃ- kṛ-, to be indulgent to, have patience or bear with (prati- ;or genitive case, ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣamākaramfn. "one who has patience with any one or is indulgent", Name of a yakṣa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣamāvatmfn. patient, enduring, forbearing etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣamitavyamfn. to be endured or patiently borne or pardoned View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣamitṛmfn. enduring, patient View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣāntamfn. (gaRa priyādi-) borne, endured (soḍha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣāntamfn. ( ) enduring, patient (Comparative degree -tara-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣāntan. patience, indulgence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣantavyamfn. to be borne or endured or suffered or submitted to patiently View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣāntif. patience, forbearance, endurance, indulgence etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣāntimatmfn. patient, enduring, indulgent View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣāntipāramitāf. the pāramitā- or accomplishment of indulgence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣāntumfn. patient, enduring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatradharmam. the duty of the second caste or of a kṣatriya-, bravery, military conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣepam. (in arithmetic) an additive quantity, addendum View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣetrajam. (scilicet putra-) "born from the womb", a son who is the offspring of the wife by a kinsman or person duly appointed to raise up issue to the husband (this is one of the twelve kinds of issue allowed by the old Hindu law) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣīrakākolikāf. Name of a root from the himālaya-s (yielding a milky juice and used by the Hindus as one of the 8 principal medicaments) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣitmfn. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' "dwelling, inhabitant of (in compound) ", See acyuta--, apsu--, ā--, upa--, giri--, divi--, dhruva--, pari--, bandhu--, vraja-- and sa-kṣ/it- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣitmfn. antarikṣa--, pṛthivī--, loka--, sindhu--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣodakṣamamfn. "(anything) that endures stamping or pounding", solid, valid View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣuṇam. the soap-berry plant (Sapindus saponaria, = ariṣṭa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuberākṣīf. the plant Guilandina Bonduc View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kubhāf. the Kabul river (, a river falling into the indu-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kucaritran. evil conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kucikamf(ā-) a kind of fish (in shape like an eel, commonly Kunciya, Unibranchapertura Cuchiya, or Muraena apterygia synbrache;the Hindus affirm that its bite is mortal to cows, though perfectly harmless to men) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kukṛtm. the plant Caesalpina Bonducella (equals pūtika-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kukurajihvāf. the plant Ixora undulata View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulaśīlan. character or conduct honourable to a family View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kumāram. of the sindhu- river View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kumārīf. the central part of the universe (according to Hindu geography, jambū-dvīpa- or India) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kumbhayonif. "having a jar-shaped pudendum", Name of an apsaras- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kumbhilam. a child begotten at undue seasons or a child of an imperfect pregnation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kumudākarabāndhavam. equals da-bandhu- commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kumudasuhṛdm. equals -bandhu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kumudinīnāyakam. (equals kumuda-bandhu-) the moon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kunītif. ill conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuntīf. Name of pṛthā- (daughter of a yādava- prince named śūra- [or vasu- ] , who gave her to his childless cousin kunti- or kuntibhoja-, by whom she was adopted;she afterwards became one of the wives of pāṇḍu-;on one occasion before her marriage she paid such respect to the powerful sage durvāsas- that he taught her an incantation or charm, by virtue of which she was to have a child by any god she liked to invoke;out of curiosity she invoked the Sun, by whom she had a child see karṇa-;but the Sun afterwards restored to her her maidenhood; soon after his marriage pāṇḍu- retired to the woods to indulge his passion for hunting;there he killed a male and female deer, who turned out to be a ṛṣi- and his wife in the form of these animals;the sage cursed pāṇḍu- and predicted that he would die in the embrace of one of his wives;hence pāṇḍu- lived apart from kuntī-, but with his approval she made use of her charm and had three sons, yudhiṣṭhira-, bhīma-, and arjuna-, by the three deities dharma-, vāyu-, and indra- respectively; see mādrī-) etc.
kupatham. bad conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuruvindam. a fragrant grass (Cyperus rotundus) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kusṛtif. evil conduct, wickedness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuṭannaṭam. the fragrant grass Cyperus rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuvalāśvam. Name of the prince dhundhumāra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuvalayāśvam. Name of the prince dhundhumāra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuvalayāśvakam. Name of the prince dhundhumāra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
laghuvṛttimfn. having a light nature, light in conduct or behaviour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
laghuvṛttimfn. ill-conducted or conditioned View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
laghuvṛttitāf. bad conduct, mismanagement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakṣmīvinayam. dual number good fortune and modest conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lālanan. the act of caressing, fondling, coaxing, indulging View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lālanīyamfn. to be caressed or fondled or indulged View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lalantikāf. (fr. lalantī- f.of pr. p. lalat-) a long pendulous necklace View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lalāṭan. (later form of rarāṭa- q.v) the forehead, brow etc. ( lalāṭe ṭe- ind.on the forehead, in front;the destiny of every individual is believed by the Hindus to be written by brahmā- on his forehead on the 6th day after birthSee ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lālitamfn. (fr. Causal) caressed, fondled, coaxed, indulged, cherished etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lambakarṇamf(ā-or ī-)n. having pendulous ears, long-eared View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lambālakamfn. having pendulous curls View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lambālakatvan. pendulosity of curls View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
latākarañjam. Guilandina Bonduc View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lohakaSee indu--, tri--, pañca-l-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lokādhipateyan. conduct suited to public opinion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lokasaṃvṛttif. right conduct (in the world) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lokavṛttan. the conduct of the common people or of the public View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lokayātrāf. the business and traffic of men, worldly affairs, conduct of men, ordinary actions etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lokyamf(ā-)n. conducive to the attainment of a better world, heavenly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madanamañjarīf. Name of a daughter of the yakṣa- prince dundubhi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madanārṇavam. "love-dwelling", pudendum muliebre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madanāyudhan. pudendum muliebre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhum. of various princes (of a son of vṛṣa-, of deva-kṣatra-, of bindu-mat-, of arjuna- kārtavīrya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhuprāśanan. putting a little honey into the mouth of a new-born male infant (one of the 12 saṃskāra-s or purificatory rites of the Hindus) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhuram. of the tutelary deity of the race of vandhula- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhvam. Name of the founder of a sect of vaiṣṇava-s in the south of India (he was a Kanarese Brahman otherwise called ānanda-tīrtha-, bhagavat-- pāda- or madhu-, said to have been born about 1200;his doctrine is commonly called dvaita-, "Duality", in opposition to the a-dvaita-,"Nonduality", of the great Vedantist śaṃkarācārya-, and his sect are called mādhva-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhyan. Name of a country between Sindh and Hindustan proper [ confer, compare Zend maidhya; Greek , for ; Latin medius; Gothic midjis3; English midinmidland,midnightetc.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhyamandiran. pudendum muliebre and anus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhyarekhāf. the middle line the central or first meridian (the line conceived by the Hindus to be drawn through laṅkā-, ujjayinī-, kurukṣetra-, and other places to mount meru-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madiṣṇumfn. equals mandu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madram. a country to the north-west of Hindustan proper, or a king (plural the people) of this country etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maḍūṣikāf. a dwarfish girl unfit for marriage ( equals svalpa-dehā-; varia lectio maṭūṣikā-, marṇḍūṣikā-, madhūṣikā-and mandhūṣikā-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahādvandvam. equals -dundu- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahālayāf. Name of a particular festival, the day of the moon's change in the month bhādra- and the last day of the Hindu lunar year View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāprāṇamfn. of great bodily strength or endurance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahārambhamfn. performing great undertaking, enterprising, industrious View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāsahamfn. much-enduring, bearing much View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāśmaśānan. Name of the city of Benares (whither Hindus are in the habit of going to die) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maheśānam. equals maheśa- Name of śiva- ( maheśānabandhu -bandhu- m. equals śa-b-, ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahodyogamfn. making great exertions, very laborious or industrious View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
makarākāram. "formed like a makara-", a variety of Caesalpina Banducella View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mand (see 2. mad-) cl.1 A1. () m/andate- (Ved. also P. ti-; perfect tense mamanda-, dat-, amamanduḥ- ; Aorist mand/us-, dān/a-; amandīt-, mandiṣṭa- ; subjunctive mandiṣat- grammar; preceding mandiṣīmahi- ; future manditā-, diṣyate- grammar; infinitive mood mand/adhyai- ), to rejoice, be glad or delighted, be drunk or intoxicated (literally and figuratively) ; (P.) to gladden, exhilarate, intoxicate, inflame, inspirit ; to sleep (?) () ; to shine, be splendid or beautiful ; to praise or to go : Causal mand/ayati- (infinitive mood manday/adhyai-), to gladden, exhilarate, intoxicate ; to be glad or drunk View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mandamf(ā-)n. weak id est tolerant, indulgent to (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mandācāramfn. badly conducted View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mandiran. a stable for horses (see mandurā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mandu(for 1.See) prob. equals mandurā- in compound View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mandu1. 2. mandu-, mandura-, - etc. See above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mandurain compound equals mandurā-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṇḍūradhāṇikīf. (prob.) having an impure pudendum View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mandurikam. equals māndurika-, an ostler, groom, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ndurikam. (fr. mandurā-) an ostler, groom, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manmathāyatanan. "love's abode", pudendum muliebre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manobhavāgāran. "abode of love", pudendum muliebre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manorathabandham. the cherishing or entertaining of desires ( manorathabandhabandhu dha-bandhu- m.the friend of [i.e. one who satisfies] wishes, ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mantharāf. Name of a humpbacked female slave of bharata-'s mother kaikeyī- (according to to an incarnation of the gandharvī- dundubhī-; according to to a daughter of virocana-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
māram. (with Buddhists) the Destroyer, Evil One (who tempts men to indulge their passions and is the great enemy of the buddha- and his religion;four māra-s are enumerated in ,viz. skandha--, kleśa--, devaputra--,and mṛtyu-m-;but the later Buddhist theory of races of gods led to the figment of millions of māra-s ruled over by a chief māra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mārdavīkṛP. -karoti- (past participle -kṛta-) to make soft or weak or indulgent View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
marīcim. of a king (son of samrāj- and father of bindu-mat-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
markaṭendum. (prob. equals ṭa-tindu-) Diospyros Tomentosa View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
marṣam. ( mṛṣ-) patience, endurance (see a--and dur-marṣa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
marṣaṇamfn. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') enduring, forgiving View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
marṣaṇīyamfn. deserving indulgence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
marṣinmfn. patient, forgiving, indulgent View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
marṣitamfn. borne, endured, forgiven, ( marṣitavat -vat- mfn.one who has borne or forgiven, patient, enduring) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maryādāf. continuance in the right way, propriety of conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
māsam. a month or the 12th part of the Hindu year (there are 4 kinds of months, viz. the solar, saura-;the natural, sāvana-;the stellar, nākṣatra-,and the lunar, ndra-;the latter, which is the most usual and consists of 30 tithi-s, being itself of two kinds as reckoned from the new or full moon see ;for the names of the monthsSee ) etc. (māsam-,for a month; māsam ekam-,for one month; māsena-,in the course of a month; māse-,in a month = after the lapse of a month) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mathyamfn. to be extracted or produced from (See sindhu-m-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
matkuṇāf. pudendum (of a young girl equals ajāta-loma-bhaga-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
megham. a mass, multitude (See gṛha-m-) Cyperus Rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
meghākhyan. Cyperus Rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
meghanāmanm. "cloud-named", Cyperus Rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
meraṇḍu(?) equals melāndhu-, an inkstand View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
merum. () Name of a fabulous mountain (regarded as the Olympus of Hindu mythology and said to form the central point of jambu-dvīpa-;all the planets revolve round it and it is compared to the cup or seed-vessel of a lotus, the leaves of which are formed by the different dvi1pa-s q.v;the river Ganges falls from heaven on its summit, and flows thence to the surrounding worlds in four streams;the regents of the four quarters of the compass occupy the corresponding faces of the mountain, the whole of which consists of gold and gems;its summit is the residence of brahmā-, and a place of meeting for the gods, ṛṣi-s, gandharva-s etc., when not regarded as a fabulous mountain, it appears to mean the highland of Tartary north of the himālaya-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mīmāṃsāf. "examination of the Vedic text", Name of one of the 3 great divisions of orthodox Hindu philosophy (divided into 2 systems, viz. the pūrva-mīmāṃsā- or karma-mīmāṃsā- by jaimini-, concerning itself chiefly with the correct interpretation of Vedic ritual and text, and usually called the mīmāṃsā-;and the uttara-mīmāṃsā- or brahma-mīmāṃsā- or śārīraka-mīmāṃsā- by bādarāyaṇa-, commonly styled the vedānta- and dealing chiefly with the nature of brahma- or the one universal Spirit) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
miṣ cl.6 P. () miṣ/ati- (of the simple verb only pr. p. miṣ/at-;in grammar also perfect tense mimeṣa-; Aorist ameṣīt-; future meṣitā-, meṣiṣyati-etc.; see un--and nimiṣ-), to open the eyes, wink, blink etc. etc. (generally used in genitive case = before the eyes of, in presence of, in spite of exempli gratia, 'for example' miṣato bandhu-vargasya-,the whole number of friends looking on id est before their very eyes, in spite of them) ; to rival, emulate (spardhāyām-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mithyācāram. (mithyāc-) improper conduct, wrong treatment (in medicine) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mithyāhāravihārinmfn. taking improper nourishment and indulging in improper enjoyments View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitrācāram. treatment of friends, conduct to be observed towards a friends View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitrasaham. "indulgent towards friends", Name of a king (also called kalmāṣa-pāda-) R etc. of a brahman- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitrasāhamfn. tolerant of friends, indulgent towards friends View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mleccham. a foreigner, barbarian, non-Aryan, man of an outcast race, any person who does not speak Sanskrit and does not conform to the usual Hindu institutions etc. (f(ī-).) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mokṣam. Name of particular sacred hymns conducive to final emancipation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mrātanan. Cyperus Rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛgam. of a particular class of men whose conduct in coitus resembles that of the roebuck View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛṣ(in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') one who bears or endures, bearing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛtyubandhu( , or mṛty/u-bandhu- ) m. companion of disease. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
muraṇḍam. a country to the northwest of Hindustan (also called lampāka-, and now LaMghan in Cabul) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mustamfn. a species of grass, Cyperue Rotundus (n. prob. the root of Cyperue Rotundus) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mustakamfn. equals musta-, Cyperus Rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūtragranthim. a knot or induration at the neck of the bladder View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nābham. of a son of śruta- and father of sindhudvīpa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nadanadīpatim. "lord of male and female rivers", Name of the sindhu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāgojim. Name of a grammarian (also -,or nāgojī-bhaṭṭa-[ see nāgeśa-]author of a gloss on kaiyaṭa-'s commentator or commentary on [ equals nāgeśa-vivaraṇa-],of a gram. work called paribhāṣendu-śekhara- etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naigamam. prudent conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nairvāhikamfn. conducting or leading out, carrying (water etc.) out View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nairyāṇikamf(ī-)n. conducive to emancipation (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naṭāf. Caesalpina Banducella View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naunetṛm. "ship conductor", a helmsman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayam. conduct, behaviour, (especially) prudent conduct or behaviour, good management, polity, civil and military government etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayam. guide, conductor View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanan. leading, directing, managing, conducting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanan. drawing, moving (a man or piece in a game see naya-and naya-pīṭhī-) ; (plural) prudent, conduct, polity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayasādhanan. political conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayitavyamfn. to be conducted or brought View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
netṛm. leader, guide, conductor (with genitive case or in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
netran. (and m. ) leading, guiding, conducting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
(for 1.See) cl.1 P. A1. () nayati- te- (perfect tense P. nināya-,2. sg. ninetha- plural nīnima- ; subjunctive ninīth/as- Potential ninīyāt- ; imperative ninetu- ; A1. ninye- etc.; -nayām āsa- ; -nayāṃ cakre- ; Aorist P.3. dual number anītām- subjunctive n/eṣi-, neth/ā- ; anaiṣīt- subjunctive neṣati-, ṣat-,3. plural A1. aneṣata- ; anayīt- ; future neṣyati- ; te- ; nayiṣyati-, te- ; n/etā-, nayitā- ; ind.p. nītvā- etc.; nayitvā- ; n/īya- etc.; infinitive mood neṣ/aṇi- ; n/etavai-, tos-and nayitum- ; n/etum- etc.), to lead, guide, conduct, direct, govern (also with agram-and genitive case; see agra-ṇī-) etc. ; to lead etc. towards or to (accusative with or without prati- dative case, locative case or artham- in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') ; to lead or keep away, exclude from (ablative) ; (A1.) to carry off for one's self (as a victor, owner etc.) ; (A1.,rarely P.) to lead home id est marry ; to bring into any state or condition (with accusative exempli gratia, 'for example' with vaśam-,to bring into subjection, subdue[A1. ; P. ];with śūdra-tām-,to reduce to a śūdra- ;with sākṣyam-[A1.],to admit as a witness, ;with vyāghra-tām-,to change into a tiger ;with vikrayam-,to sell ;with paritoṣam-,to satisfy ;with duḥkham-,to pain ;rarely, with locative case exempli gratia, 'for example' duhitṛ-tve-,to make a person one's daughter ;or with an adverb in -sāt- exempli gratia, 'for example' bhasmasāt-to reduce to ashes ) ; to draw (a line etc.) ; to pass or spend (time) etc. ; (with daṇḍam-) to bear the rod id est inflict punishment (with vyavahāram-) to conduct a process ; (with kriyām-) to conduct a ceremony, preside over a religious act ; to trace, track, find out, ascertain, settle, decide (with anyathā-,"wrongly") etc. ; (A1.) to be foremost or chief : Causal nāyayati-, te-, to cause to lead etc. ; to cause to be led by (instrumental case) (see Va1rtt. 5 ) : Desiderative n/inīṣati-, te- ( , w. r. nineṣati-), to wish to lead or bring or carry to or into (accusative or dative case) etc. ; to wish to carry away ; to wish to spend or pass (time) ; to wish to exclude from (ablative) ; to wish to find out or ascertain, investigate : Intensive nenīy/ate- to lead as a captive, have in one's power, rule, govern View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nibhṛtācāramfn. of resolute conduct, firm View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nikṛtif. low conduct, baseness, dishonesty, fraud, wickedness etc. (personified as a daughter of a-dharma- and mother of lobha-[ ],or as a sister of lobha- and daughter of dambha-[ ]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīlālikulasaṃkulam. "full of swarms of blue bees", Rosa Glandulifera View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīlasāram. a kind of tree (equals nīlāsana-or tinduka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīradam. Cyperus Rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirṇeyamfn. wrong reading for nir-ṇaya- (also in nir-ṇeya-sindhu-for nir-ṇaya-s-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirvicikitsamf(ā-)n. indubitable View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niryāṇikamfn. conducive to emancipation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nisindhu m. Vitex Negundo (see sindhu-, sindhu-vāra-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nisindhukam. Vitex Negundo (see sindhu-, sindhu-vāra-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niṣkalam. pudendum muliebre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niṣṭhamfn. conducive to, effecting (dative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nītif. conduct, (especially) right or wise or moral conduct or behaviour, prudence, policy (also personified), political wisdom or science, moral philosophy or precept (also plural) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nītidoṣam. error of conduct, mistake in policy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nītiviṣayam. the sphere of morality or prudent conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nītivyatikramam. error of conduct or policy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nityācāram. constant good conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nivṛtA1. -vartate- (ind.p. -vṛtya- ;infin. -vartitum- ;rarely P. exempli gratia, 'for example' Potential -vartet- ; imperfect tense or subj. -vartat- ; perfect tense -vāvṛtur- ; future -vartiṣyati- ; -vartsyan- ; Aorist -avṛtat- ), to turn back, stop (trans. and intrans.) etc. ; to return from (ablative) to (accusative with or without prati-,or dative case) ; to return into life, revive, be born again etc. ; to turn away, retreat, flee, escape, abstain or desist from, get rid of (ablative) ; to fall back, rebound ; to leave off (sāmi-,in the midst or when anything is half finished ), cease, end, disappear, vanish etc. ; to be withheld from, not belong to (ablative) ; to be omitted, not to occur ; to be ineffective or useless ; to be wanting, not to exist (yato vāco nivartante-,for which there are no words) ; to pass over to (locative case) ; to be turned upon (locative case or tatra-) : Causal -vartayati-, te- (A1. Potential -vartayīta- ; Passive voice -vartyate- ), to turn downwards, let sink (the head) ; to turn back id est shorten (the hair) ; to lead or bring back, reconduct, return etc. ; to turn away, avert or keep back from (ablative) etc. ; to give up, abandon, suppress, withhold, refuse, deny ; to annul, remove, destroy ; to bring to an end id est perform, accomplish (a sacrifice etc.) ; to procure, bestow ; to desist from (ablative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nivṛttamfn. desisting from or repenting of any improper conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
omind. ( av- ;originally oṃ- equals āṃ-,which may be derived from ā- ), a word of solemn affirmation and respectful assent, sometimes translated by "yes, verily, so be it"(and in this sense compared with Amen;it is placed at the commencement of most Hindu works, and as a sacred exclamation may be uttered [but not so as to be heard by ears profane] at the beginning and end of a reading of the veda-s or previously to any prayer;it is also regarded as a particle of auspicious salutation [Hail!]; om-appears first in the upaniṣad-s as a mystic monosyllable, and is there set forth as the object of profound religious meditation, the highest spiritual efficacy being attributed not only to the whole word but also to the three sounds a-, u-, m-,of which it consists;in later times om-is the mystic name for the Hindu triad, and represents the union of the three gods, viz. a (viṣṇu-), u-(śiva-), m-(brahmā-);it may also be typical of the three veda-s; om-is usually called praṇava-,more rarely akṣara-,or ekākṣara-,and only in later times oṃkāra-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pac cl.1 P. A1. () p/acati-, te- (cl.4. A1. p/acyate- confer, compare below; parasmE-pada pacāna- [ confer, compare kim-pacāna-]; perfect tense papāca-[2. sg. papaktha-or pecitha- ], pecur-; pece-, pecire-[ /apeciran-, ; peciran- on ]; Aorist p/akṣat- ; apākṣīt-, apakta- grammar; preceding pacyāt- ; future pakṣyati-, te-or paktā- ; ind.p. paktv/ā- ; infinitive mood p/aktave- ; paktum-, ), to cook, bake, roast, boil (A1.also "for one's self") etc. ; (with double accusative) to cook anything out of (exempli gratia, 'for example' tandulān odanam pacati-,"he cooks porridge out of rice-grains") ; to bake or burn (bricks) ; to digest ; to ripen, mature, bring to perfection or completion etc. ; (with double accusative) to develop or change into (exempli gratia, 'for example' puṇyāpuṇyaṃ sukhāsukham-,"merit and demerit into weal or woe") ; (intrans.) to become ripe or mature : Passive voice pacy/ate- (ti- ; Aorist apāci- grammar), to be cooked or burnt or melted or digested or ripened or developed etc. ; to be tormented ; also intrans. equals p/acyate- (confer, compare above) , to become ripe or mature, to develop or ripen (with accusative of the fruit that is borne or ripens ; confer, compare Va1rtt. 14 ; lok/aḥ p/acyamānaḥ-,"the developing world") : Causal pācayati-, te- (Aorist apīpacat- grammar; Passive voice pācyate-, parasmE-pada cyamāna- ) ; to cause to cook or be cooked (A1."for one's self") , to have cooked or to cook etc. (confer, compare ) ; to cause to ripen ; to bring to completion or to an end, cure, heal : Desiderative pipakṣati- grammar : Intensive pāpacīti- grammar ; pāpacyate-, to be much cooked, to cook very much or burn excessively, to be much afflicted : Desiderative of Intensive pāpacishati-, te- grammar ([ confer, compare Greek for ; Latin coquo; Slavonic or Slavonian peka,pes8ti.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
padālikam. equals dhundhumāra- (varia lectio pād-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pādālikam. equals dhundhu-māra- (varia lectio pad-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
padanyāsam. conduct, procedure (?) idem or 'm. position of the feet in a particular attitude ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
padmavanabāndhavam. the sun (see padma-bandhu-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāṃsulam. Guilandina Bonducella View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcamahāyajñam. plural the 5 great devotional acts of the Hindus (See mahā-y-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcanadam. or n. Name of a river produced by the junction of the 5 rivers of the Panjab and which falls into the sindhu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcaśīlan. the 5 chief rules of conduct for Buddhists View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāpācāramfn. ill-conducted, vicious View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāpasamācāramf(ā-)n. of bad conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parāmṛṣṭamfn. borne, endured View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pārāśaran. the rules of parāśara- for the conduct of the mendicant order View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parāyaṇamf(ā-)n. leading or conducive to (genitive case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāresindhuind. on the other side of the sindhu-, beyond the indu-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paridhāraṇan. bearing, supporting, enduring (with genitive case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parigamitamfn. (fr. Causal) brought, conducted, driven, passed, spent (time) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paripelavan. (also -pela- ) Cyperus Rotundus or a similar kind of grass View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāṣaṇḍam. a heretic, hypocrite, impostor, any one who falsely assumes the characteristics of an orthodox Hindu, a jaina-, Buddhist etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paśupalvalan. Cyperus Rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pathadarśakam. "way-shower", a guide, conductor View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paṭīram. a ball for playing with or a thorn (kanduka-,or kaṇṭaka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
patitasāvitrīkam. "one who is deprived of the sāvitrī-", a man of the first 3 classes whose investiture (upa-nayana- q.v) has been unduly performed or omitted (see sāvitrī-patita-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pātratāf. the being a vessel or receptacle for (genitive case or compound) (with śītoṣṇayoḥ-,endurance of heat and cold ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paṭṭasūtrakāram. a silk-weaver (Name of a class of Hindus who are feeders of silk-worms etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paṭṭilam. Guilandina Bonduc View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalguf. a red powder usually of the root of wild ginger (coloured with sappan wood and thrown over one another by the Hindus at the holī- festival; see phalgūtsava-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phenan. (m. ) Os Sepiae (white cuttle-fish bone, supposed to be indurated foam of the sea) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phenagirim. Name of a mountain near the mouth of the indu-s (varia lectio pheṇa-g-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phenilam. Sapindus Detergens View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phenilāf. Sepindus Detergens View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phenilan. the fruit of Sepindus Detergens or of Zizyphus Jujuba or of madana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piṣṭāta m. perfumed powder or dust (which the Hindus sprinkle over each other at the holī- or spring festival) (see ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piṣṭātakam. perfumed powder or dust (which the Hindus sprinkle over each other at the holī- or spring festival) (see ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piṣṭauṇḍīf. Tamarindus Indica (see under piṣṭaka-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piṣṭikāf. Tamarindus Indica View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piṭharan. the root of Cyperus Rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
plavan. Cyperus Rotundus or a species of fragrant grass [ confer, compare Greek for , ] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
plīhanm. the spleen (from which and from the liver the Hindus suppose the blood to flow) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
poṣṭṛm. grey bonduc View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
potalam. or n. Name of a seaport on the indu-s (= ;later applied to the residence of the Dalai Lama in Lhassa) (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
potavāha() m. "boat-conductor", a boatman, steersman. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
potavāhaka() m. "boat-conductor", a boatman, steersman. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pracāram. conduct, behaviour etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāgvṛttif. conduct or life in a former existence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praiyamedham. Name of sindhu-kṣit- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prajñātṛm. one who knows the way, guide, conductor View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakīrṇam. Guilandina Bonduc View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakīryam. (andf(ā-).) Name of some medicine plant or plants (Guilandina Bonduc and a species of karañja- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakṛP. A1. -karoti-, -kurute-, -kṛṇoti-, ṇute- etc., to make, produce, accomplish, perform, achieve, effect etc. ; to make into, render (with double accusative) etc. ; (with dārān-) to take to wife, marry ; to appoint, charge with (locative case) ; to enable to, make fit for (infinitive mood) ; to remove, destroy, kill ; (only A1.by ) to violate, pollute (a girl) ; (A1.) to induce, move, incline ; to make a person perform anything ; (with manas-,or buddhim-) to set the heart upon, make up the mind to (dative case or locative case), resolve, determine ; to gain, win, conquer ; to lay out, expend ; to put forward, mention first, make the subject of discussion ; to serve, honour, worship : Causal -kārayati-, to cause to be made or prepared View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pralambamf(ā-)n. hanging down, depending, pendent, pendulous (generally in the beginning of a compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pralambatāf. the hanging down, being pendulous View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pralambitamfn. hanging down, pendulous View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pralobhanan. allurement, inducement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pramad(or mand-) P. (rarely A1.) -madati-, -mandati-, -mādyati- (te-), to enjoy one's self, be joyous, sport, play ; to be careless or negligent, to be indifferent to or heedless about (ablative or locative case) etc. ; to neglect duty for, idle away time in (locative case) etc. ; to be thrown into confusion : Causal P. -dayati-, to gladden, delight ; A1. -mādayate-, to enjoy, indulge in View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pramattamfn. indulging in (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praṇayam. guidance, conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praṇayanan. bringing forwards, conducting, conveying, fetching etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praṇī( -) P. A1. -ṇayati-, te- to lead forwards, conduct, advance, promote, further etc. ; to bring or lead to, convey (especially the sacrificial fire or water or soma- to its place at the altar) ; to offer, present ; to produce, perform, execute, finish etc. ; to do away with, remove, dispel ; to manifest affection, love, desire ; to show, represent (a drama) ; to inflict (as punishment) etc. ; to apply (as a clyster) ; to establish, fix, institute, promulgate, teach etc. ; to write, compose ; (A1.) to draw in (the breath) : Desiderative -ninīṣati- (!) , to wish to lead or conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praṇidhānan. respectful conduct, attention, paid to (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praṇītif. (pr/a--) conduct, leading, guidance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāpitamfn. (fr. Causal) caused to attain to or arrive at, led, conveyed or conducted to or into, possessed of (accusative) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāptavyavahāram. a young man come of age, an adult, one able to conduct his own affairs (opp. to"a minor") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasahA1. -sahate- (rarely P. ti-: ind.p. -sahya-See below) , to conquer, be victorious ; to bear up against, be a match for or able to withstand, sustain, endure (accusative) etc. ; to check, restrain ; to be able to (infinitive mood) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasahamfn. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') enduring withstanding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasaham. endurance, resistance (See duṣ-pr-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasaktif. adherence, attachment, devotion or addiction to, indulgence or perseverance in, occupation with (locative case or compound) (see a-pras-and ati-pras-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praśamam. Name of a son of ānaka-dundubhi- and śānti-deva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasaṅgam. adherence, attachment, inclination or devotion to, indulgence in, fondness for, gratification of, occupation or intercourse with (locative case genitive case or compound) etc. ( prasaṅgena gena- ind.assiduously, zealously, eagerly; see also below) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praśritam. Name of a son of ānaka-dundubhi- and śānti-deva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prastarasvedam. inducing perspiration by lying on a straw-bed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prastarasvedanan. inducing perspiration by lying on a straw-bed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praṣṭham. a leader, conductor View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratikūlācaritan. an offensive action, injurious conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratipādanan. action, worldly conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratirūpacaryamfn. exemplary in conduct, worthy of imitation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratirūpacaryāf. suitable or exemplary conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiśrutam. Name of a son of ānakadundubhi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyācāram. suitable behaviour, conformable conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyanunīP. A1. -nayati-, te-, to speak friendly words, induce to yield, persuade ; (A1.) to beg a person's (accusative) pardon for (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyavamṛṣP. A1. -mṛṣyati-, te-, or -marṣati-, te-, to endure reluctantly, suffer beyond endurance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyavāyam. reverse, contrary course, opposite, conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravartanan. conduct, behaviour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praveśanan. conducting or leading into (locative case), introduction etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praveśyamfn. to be let or conducted into, be introduced
pravṛtA1. -vartate-, (Epic also P. ti-), to roll or go onwards (as a carriage), be set in motion or going etc. ; to set out, depart, betake one's self etc. ; to proceed (vartmanā-,or ni-,on a path; apathena-,on a wrong path) ; to come forth, issue, originate, arise, be produced, result, occur, happen, take place etc. ; to commence, begin to (infinitive mood), set about, engage in, be intent upon or occupied with (dative case locative case,or artham- in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') etc. ; to proceed against, do injury to (locative case) ; to debauch (anyo 'nyam-,"one another") ; to act or proceed according to or with (instrumental case or ablative) etc. ; to behave or conduct one's self towards, deal with (locative case) ; to hold good, prevail ; to continue, keep on (pr.p.) ; to be, exist ; to serve for, conduce to (dative case,or artham- in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') ; to mean, be used in the sense of (locative case) ; to let any one (genitive case) have anything (accusative) : Causal -vartayati-, to cause to turn or roll, set in motion etc. ; to throw, hurl, Pour forth ; to send ; to set on foot, circulate, diffuse, divulge etc. ; to introduce, appoint, instal ; to produce, create, accomplish, devise, invent, perform, do, make (with setum-to erect a dam;with vyayakarma-,to effect expenditure;with loka-yātrām-,to transact the business of life;with kathām-,to relate a story) ; to exhibit, show, display ; to undertake, begin etc. ; to use, employ ; to induce any one to do anything, betray into (locative case) ; to proceed against (locative case)
pravṛttif. conduct, behaviour, practice etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayujA1. -yuṅkte- (rarely P. -yunakti-; see ), to yoke or join or harness to (locative case) ; to unite with (instrumental case) ; to turn (the mind) to (locative case) ; to prepare for (dative case) ; to set in motion, throw, cast (also dice), discharge, hurl at (locative case or dative case) etc. ; to utter, pronounce, speak, recite ; to fix, place in or on (locative case) ; to direct, order, urge to (dative case or locative case) etc. ; to choose for (two accusative) ; to lead towards, bring into (accusative) ; to use, employ, practise, display, exhibit, perform, accomplish, contrive, do etc. ; to undertake, commence, begin ; to cause, effect, produce ; to represent on the stage, act ; to lend (for use or interest) : Passive voice -yujyate-, to be fit or suitable, conduce to (dative case) : Causal -yojayati-, to throw, discharge, hurl at or against (locative case) ; to utter, pronounce ; to show, display, exhibit ; (with manas-) to concentrate the mind ; to urge, direct, appoint to (locative case) ; to transfer or entrust to (dative case) ; to undertake, begin ; to represent on the stage ; to cause to be represented by (instrumental case) ; to use, employ etc. ; to perform, practise ; (with vṛddhim-) to take interest ; (with prayogam-) to invest capital ; to be applicable gaRa kṣubhnādi- ; to aim at, have in view : Desiderative -yuyukṣate-, to wish to use, want, require View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
priyadarśanam. a plant growing in wet weather on trees and stones (in Marathi called dagaḍaphūla-,in Hindustani $) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛthudānam. Name of a son of śaśa-bindu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛthujayam. "victorious far and wide", Name of a son of śaśabindu-
pṛthukarmanm. Name of a son of śaśa-bindu- and grandson of citra-- ratha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛthukīrtimfn. Name of a son of śaśa-bindu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛthuśravasm. of a son of śaśa-bindu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛthuyaśasm. Name of a son of śaśa-bindu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pulānikāf. (prob.) induration of the skin View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūraṇam. Cyperus Rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrṇamfn. selfish, self-indulgent View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrṇabandhurafor -vandhura- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrvavṛttan. former conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūṣanm. (the a-not lengthened in the strong cases, but accusative ṣāṇam-,in ) Name of a Vedic deity (originally connected with the sun, and therefore the surveyor of all things, and the conductor on journeys and on the way to the next world, often associated with soma- or the Moon as protector of the universe;he is, moreover, regarded as the keeper of flocks and herds and bringer of prosperity;in the brāhmaṇa-s he is represented as having lost his teeth and feeding on a kind of gruel, whence he is called karambhād-;in later times he is one of the 12 āditya-s and regent of the nakṣatra- revatī- or pauṣṇa-; dual number" pūṣan- and aryaman-" ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṭannaṭam. Cyperus Rotundus (see kuṭannaṭa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūtim. Guilandina Bonduc View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūtikam. Guilandina Bonduc View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūtīkam. a species of plant serving as a substitute for the soma- plant (often explained by rohiṣa-,perhaps Guilandina Bonduc) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūtikaraja(l) m. Guilandina Bonduc View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūtikarañjam. Guilandina Bonduc View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūtikarṇakam. Guilandina Bonduc (varia lectio ṇika-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāgacūrṇam. a red powder (which Hindus throw over each other at the holī- festival) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājakaserum. or f. Cyperus Rotundus (also rukā- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājanayam. royal conduct or policy, politics View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājanītif. royal conduct or policy, statesmanship, politics View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājasiṃhasudhāsaṃgraham. Name of a medical work (written by mahādeva-, at the request of king rāja-siṃha-, and also called -sudhā-sindhu-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājavṛttan. the conduct or occupation of a kind View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raktavinduSee -bindu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ramaṇam. equals tinduka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ramaṇīyacaraṇamfn. of pleasant conduct or behaviour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rambhātṛtīyāf. Name of the third day of the first half of the month jyaiṣṭha- (so called because Hindu women on this day imitate rambhā-, who bathed on the same day with particular ceremonies) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratagṛhan. pudendum muliebre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratibhavanan. pudendum muliebre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratigṛhan. pudendum muliebre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratikuharan. pudendum muliebre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratimandiran. pudendum muliebre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratyaṅgan. pudendum muliebre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāvaṇam. Name of the ruler of laṅkā- or Ceylon and the famous chief of the rākṣasa-s or demons whose destruction by rāmacandra- forms the subject of the rāmāyaṇa- (as son of viśravas- he was younger brother of kubera-, but by a different mother, ilavila- being the mother of kubera-, and keśinī- of the three other brothers rāvaṇa- vibhīṣaṇa-, and kumbha-karṇa-;he is one of the worst of the many impersonations of evil common in Hindu mythology;he has ten heads and twenty arms, symbolizing strength;this power was, as usual, acquired by self-inflicted austerities, which had obtained from brahmā- a boon, in virtue of which rāvaṇa- was invulnerable by gods and divine beings of all kinds, though not by men or a god in human form;as viṣṇu- became incarnate in rāma-candra- to destroy rāvaṇa-, so the other gods produced innumerable monkeys, bears, and various semi-divine animals to do battle with the legions of demons, his subjects, under khara-, dūṣaṇa-, and his other generals) etc. () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rekhakaSee bindu-r-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛgvedam. "Hymn - veda-"or" veda- of praise", the ṛg-- veda-, or most ancient sacred book of the Hindus (that is, the collective body of sacred verses called ṛca-s [see below], consisting of 1017 hymns [or with the vālakhilya-s 1028] arranged in eight aṣṭaka-s or in ten maṇḍala-s; maṇḍala-s 2-8 contain groups of hymns, each group ascribed to one author or to the members of one family;the ninth book contains the hymns sung at the soma- ceremonies;the first and tenth contain hymns of a different character, some comparatively modern, composed by a greater variety of individual authors;in its wider sense the term ṛg-- veda- comprehends the brāhmaṇa-s and the sūtra- works on the ritual connected with the hymns) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ri(for ṛṣabha-), the second note of the Hindu gamut. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
riṣṭam. Sapindus Detergens (see a-riṣṭa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
riṣṭakam. Sapindus Detergens View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛṣabham. the second of the seven notes of the Hindu gamut (abbreviated into -) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛṣim. they are the authors or rather seers of the Vedic hymns id est according to orthodox Hindu ideas they are the inspired personages to whom these hymns were revealed, and such an expression as"the ṛṣi- says"is equivalent to"so it stands in the sacred text"
rujākaram. sickness induced by passion or love (said to be one of the bhāva-s, q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣan. (according to to some) patience, endurance. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śabdābhivahamf(ā-)n. conducting sound (as the auditory passage) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śabdārṇavābhidhānan. Name of a lexicon (equals śabda-saṃdarbha-sindhu-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sabhadramustamfn. full of the grass Cyperus Rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sabhāvinodam. Name of work (by daiva-jña- dāmodara-) on proper conduct in assemblies. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sac (connected with2. sajj-, sañj-, sakh-; confer, compare sap-) cl.1 A1. () s/acate- (in also P. sacati-and s/iṣakti-,2. sg. s/aścasi-,3. plural saścati-,2. 3. plural saścata-,1. sg. A1. saśce-; parasmE-pada s/acamāna-, sacān/a-and s/aścat-or saśc/at-[ quod vide ]; perfect tense Ved. saścima-, saśc/uḥ-; A1. saścir/e- ; secire- ; Aorist 3. plural asakṣata- ; sakṣat-, sakṣata-, sakṣante-, sakṣīm/ahi- ; asaciṣṭa- grammar; future sacitā-, saciṣyate- ; infinitive mood sac/adhyai- ), to be associated or united with, have to do with, be familiar with, associate one's self with (instrumental case) ; be possessed of, enjoy (instrumental case or accusative) ; to take part or participate in, suffer, endure (instrumental case) ; to belong to, be attached or devoted to, serve, follow, seek, pursue, favour, assist (accusative) ; to he connected with (instrumental case) on ; to fall to the lot of (accusative) ; to be together ; (s/iṣakti-), to go after, follow, accompany, adhere or be attached to (accusative) ; to help any one to anything (two dative case) ; to abide in (locative case) ; (3. plural saścati-and saścata-), to follow, obey ; to belong to (accusative) ; to be devoted to or fond of (accusative) [ confer, compare Greek ; Latin sequor; Lithuanian seku4.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sācāramfn. well-conducted, well-behaved, well-mannered View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saccaritan. good conduct etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saccaritamfn. well-conducted, virtuous View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saccaritran. good conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sadācāram. practice of good men, virtuous conduct, good manners, approved usage etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sadācāramf(ā-)n. well-conducted, virtuous etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sadācāravatmfn. well-conducted, well-behaved, having approved usages View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣaḍgrantham. a variety of the Caesalpinia Bonducella View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sādhāraṇadharmam. common or universal duty, conduct or duty binding on all castes and orders alike (as humanity etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sādhucaraṇamfn. well-conducted, righteous View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sādhujamfn. well-born,"good conduct" View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sādhusamācāram. "conduct of the righteous", Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sādhuvṛttamfn. well-conducted, having good manners View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sādhuvṛttam. a well-conducted person, virtuous or honest man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sādhuvṛttan. good conduct, honesty View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sādhuvṛttatāf. the being well-conducted, honourableness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sādhuvṛttimfn. well-conducted (varia lectio) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sādhuvṛttitāf. the being well-conducted View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sādhvācāram. the conduct of the good, virtuous conducted View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sādhvācāramfn. well-conducted conducted View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sadvrata wrong reading for -vṛtta- n. (good conduct) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sadvṛttan. the behaviour of good men, good conduct ( sadvṛttaśālin -śālin- mfn.or sadvṛttastha -stha- mfn."being of virtuous conduct") etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sadvṛttamf(ā-)n. well-conducted etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sadvṛttif. good conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sah cl.1 A1. () s/ahate- (Vedic or Veda and Epic also ti-and exceptionally sāhati-,once in sg. sahyāmi-; parasmE-pada s/ahat- s/ahamāna-[ q.v ]; perfect tense sehe-, sasāha-; Vedic or Veda also sasāh/e-and sāsāhat-; sās/ahat-; sāsahīṣṭ/āḥ-,; sāsahy/āma-,; parasmE-pada sehān/a-, sāsahān/a-, sahv/as-and sāhv/as-[ q.v ]; Aorist asākṣi-, sākṣi-, sākṣate- ; sākṣīt- ; sakṣati- ; sakṣat-, s/ākṣāma- ; imperative sakṣi-, kṣva- ; parasmE-pada s/akṣat- ; /asahisṭa- ; preceding sahyās-, sāhy/āma- ; sākṣīya-. ; s/āhiṣīm/ahi- ; future soḍhā- etc.; sahitā- grammar; sakṣyati- , te- ; sākṣye-[?] ; -sahiṣyati-, te- ; Conditional asahisyat- ; infinitive mood s/ahadhyai- ; s/āḍhyai- ; soḍhum-, sahitum- ; ind.p. soḍhvā- ; sādhvā-, sahitvā- grammar; s/ahya- etc.; s/aham- ), to prevail, be victorious ; to overcome, vanquish, conquer, defeat (enemies), gain, win (battles) ; to offer violence to (accusative) ; to master, suppress, restrain etc. ; to be able to or capable of (infinitive mood or locative case) ; to bear up against, resist, withstand etc. ; to bear, put up with, endure, suffer, tolerate (with na-,"to grudge") etc. ; to be lenient towards, have patience with any one (genitive case) ; to spare any one ; to let pass, approve anything ; (with kalam-, kala-kṣepam-etc.) to bide or wait patiently for the right time : Causal or cl.10. sāhayati- (Aorist asīṣahat-), to forbear : Desiderative of Causal sisāhayiṣati- : Desiderative s/īkṣate- (parasmE-pada s/īkṣat-; according to to , also sisahiṣa-), to wish to overcome : Intensive sāsaṣyate-, sāsoḍhi- (see sah/i-) grammar ([ see sahas-and for ; , .])
sah(strong form sāh-) mfn. bearing, enduring, overcoming (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound';See abhimāti-ṣ/āh-etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sah cl.4 P. sahyati-, to satisfy, delight ; to be pleased ; to bear, endure (see 1. sah-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahamf(ā-)n. bearing, enduring, withstanding, defying, equal to, a match for (genitive case or compound) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahakamfn. patient, suffering, enduring (genitive case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahanamf(ā-)n. patient, enduring (See a-s-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahanan. patient endurance, forbearance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāhanan. sufferance, endurance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahanīyamfn. to be borne or endured, pardonable View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahasānumfn. patient, enduring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahasradam. of a son of indu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahasrañitm. of a son of indu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahasrayājinmfn. one who conducts a sacrifice for a recompense of a thousand (cows) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahatvan. (for.See under 2. saha-) sufferance, endurance, capacity of enduring, capacity, ability View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahiṣṇumfn. bearing, enduring, putting up with (accusative genitive case,or compound) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahitamfn. (for 2.See) borne, endured, supported View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahitavyamfn. to be borne or endured View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahitran. patience, endurance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahyamfn. to be borne or endured, endurable, tolerable, resistible etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahyatāf. endurableness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saindhavamf(ī-)n. (fr. sindhu-) relating to the sea, oceanic, marine, aquatic View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saindhavamf(ī-)n. belonging to or produced in or coming from the indu-s or Sindh etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saindhavakam. a miserable inhabitant of sindhu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saindhukṣitan. (fr. sindhu-kṣit-) Name of various sāman-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saindhumitrikamf(ā-or ī-)n. (fr. sindhumitra-) gaRa kāśy-ādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saindūramfn. (fr. sindūra-) coloured with red-lead or vermilion (-kṛ-,"to colour with vermilion") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaivam. "a worshipper or follower of śiva-", Name of one of the three great divisions of modern Hinduism (the other two being the vaiṣṇava-s and śākta-s, qq. vv. ;the śaiva-s identify śiva--rather than brahmā- and viṣṇu--with the Supreme Being and are exclusively devoted to his worship, regarding him as the source and essence of the universe as well as its disintegrator and destroyer;the temples dedicated to him in his reproducing and vivifying character [as denoted by the liṅga- q.v ]are scattered all over India;the various sects of śaiva-s are described in ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śākandhavyam. patronymic fr. śakandhu- gaRa kurv-ādi-.
śakandhun. (perhaps for śakan-andhu-) a dung-well (?) Va1rtt. 4. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sakaṇṭakam. Guilandina Bonduc View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāktam. a worshipper of that energy (especially as identified with durgā-, wife of śiva-;the śākta-s form one of the principal sects of the Hindus, their tenets being contained in the tantra-sand the ritual enjoined being of two kinds, the impurer called vāmācāra- q.v,and the purer dakṣiṇācāra- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaktif. the energy or active power of a deity personified as his wife and worshipped by the śākta- (q.v) sect of Hindus under various names (sometimes only three, sometimes eight śakti- goddesses are enumerated, as follow, indrāṇī-, vaiṣṇavī-, śāntā-, brahmāṇī-, kaumārī-, nārasiṃhī-, vārāhī-, and māheśvarī-, but some substitute cāmuṇḍā- and caṇḍikā- for the third and sixth of these: according to another reckoning there are nine, viz. vaiṣṇavī-, brahmāṇī-, raudrī-, māheśvarī-, nārasiṃhī-, vārāhī-, indrāṇī-, kārttikī-, and pradhānā-: others reckon fifty different forms of the śakti- of viṣṇu- besides lakṣmī-, some of these are kīrtti-, kānti-, tuṣṭi-, puṣṭā-, dhṛti-, śānti-, kriyā-, dayā-, medhā- etc.;and fifty forms of the śakti- of śiva- or rudra- besides durgā- or gaurī-, some of whom are guṇodarī-, virajā-, śālmalī-, lolākṣī-, vartulākṣī-, dīrgha-ghoṇā-, sudīrgha-mukhī-, go-mukhī-, dīrgha-jihvā-, kuṇḍodarī-, ardha-keśī-, vikṛta-mukhī-, jvālā-mukhī-, ulkāmukhī- etc.; sarasvatī- is also named as a śakti-, both of viṣṇu- and rudra-: according to the vāyu-purāṇa- the female nature of rudra- became twofold, one half asita-or white, and the other sita-or black, each of these again becoming manifold, those of the white or mild nature included lakṣmī-, sarasvatī-, gaurī-, umā- etc.;those of the dark and fierce nature, durgā-, kālī- etc.) (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāktusaindhavamfn. equals saktu-sindhuṣu bhavaḥ- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śakyamf(ā-)n. able, possible, practicable, capable of being (with infinitive mood in pass. sense exempli gratia, 'for example' na sā śakyā netum balāt-,"she cannot be conducted by force"; tan mayā śakyam pratśpattum-,"that is able to be acquired by me";the form śakyam-may also be used with a Nominal verb case which is in a different gender or number exempli gratia, 'for example' śakyaṃ śva-māṃsādibhir api kṣut pratihantum-,"hunger can be appeased even by dog's flesh etc."; see ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samācarP. -carati- (Epic also A1. te-), to act or behave or conduct one's self towards (locative case) ; to practise, perform thoroughly, do, accomplish (with āhāram-and instrumental case,"to feed upon") etc. ; to associate with (instrumental case) ; (with dūrāt-) to remove View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samācāram. equal or virtuous conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samācāramfn. equal or similar in practice or in virtuous conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samācāram. (for samāc-See) procedure, practice, conduct, behaviour in (compound) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāmācārīf. (fr. idem or 'mfn. (fr. samācāra-) gaRa vinayādi-.') customary practice or usage, right conduct or behaviour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samāceṣṭitan. ( ceṣṭ-) gesture, procedure, behaviour, conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samānīP. A1. -nayati-, te-, to lead or conduct together, join, unite, collect, assemble etc. ; to lead anyone to another, unite one person (accusative) with another (instrumental case with or without saha-) ; to lead towards, bring near ; to bring home ; to pour together, mingle (liquids) ; to bring or offer (an oblation) : Causal -nāyayati- (ind.p. -nāyya-), to cause to be brought together or near, convoke, assemble
samānītamfn. brought together or near, brought, conducted, convoked, assembled View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samanujñāP. A1. -jānāti-, -janīte-, to fully permit or allow or consent to, wholly acquiesce in or approve of (accusative) ; to authorize, empower ; to indulge, pardon, forgive, excuse (genitive case of Persian) ; to grant leave of absence, allow to go away, dismiss ; to favour : Causal -jñāpayati-, to beg or request any favour from (ablative) ; to ask leave, beg permission from (ablative) ; to take leave of, bid adieu (accusative) etc. ; to greet, salute View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāmānyatodṛṣṭan. (scilicet anumāna-;in logic) a particular kind of induction or inference (exempli gratia, 'for example' generalizing from every day occurrences; according to to the sāṃkhya- and nyāya- it furnishes evidence of what transcends the senses such as the paths of the heavenly bodies, the existence of air ether, soul, space, time etc.) , generalization from particulars View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samatvan. uniform conduct towards (locative case or compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samāviśP. -viśati-, to enter together or at once, enter into, enter thoroughly, take possession of, occupy, penetrate, fill ; to sit or settle down in or on (accusative or locative case) ; to go or fall into any state or condition (accusative) ; to apply one's self to, begin, undertake : Causal -veśayati-, to cause to enter together or thoroughly, introduce, insert ; to cause to sit down ; to conduct, lead or bring to or into (accusative) ; to place or fix (eyes or mind) upon, direct towards (locative case) etc. ; (with svasmin-) to insert in one's self. contain ; (A1.) to deliver over, consign or commit or entrust to (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavṛttif. whose conduct is uniform View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sambhinnavṛttamfn. one who has abandoned good conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃdhṛP. A1. -dhārayati- ; te- (imperfect tense Epic sam-adhāram- equals -adhārayam-; pr. p. P. saṃdhārayat-; A1. -dhārayamāṇa-,or -dhārayāṇa-; perfect tense saṃ-dadhāra-), to hold together, bear, carry ; to hold up, support, preserve, observe, maintain ; to keep in remembrance ; to hold back, restrain, withstand ; to suffer, endure ; to hold or fix the mind on (locative case) ; to promise ; to hold out, live, exist ; to be ready to serve any one (genitive case) with (instrumental case) : Passive voice -dhriyate-, to resolve or fix upon (locative case) ; to be kept or observed ; -dhāryate-, to be held together or borne or kept or maintained View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃdolam. (orf(ā-).) a kind of pendulous ornament
samitif. (with jaina-s) rule of life or conduct (five are enumerated, viz. īryā--, bhāṣā--, eṣaṇā--, ādāna--,and utsarga-s-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāṃkhyan. (according to to some also m.) Name of one of the three great divisions of Hindu philosophy (ascribed to the sage kapila- [ q.v ], and so called either from"discriminating", in general, or, more probably, from"reckoning up"or"enumerating"twenty-five tattva-s [See tattva-]or true entities [twenty-three of which are evolved out of prakṛti-"the primordial Essence"or"first-Producer"], viz. buddhi-, ahaṃkāra-, the five tan-mātra-s, the five mahā-bhūta-s and manas-;the twenty-fifth being puruṣa- or Spirit [sometimes called Soul] which is neither a Producer nor Production [see vikāra-],but wholly distinct from the twenty-four other tattva-s,and is multitudinous, each separate puruṣa- by its union with prakṛti- causing a separate creation out of prakṛti-, the object of the philosophy being to effect the final liberation of the puruṣa- or Spirit from the fetters caused by that creation;the yoga- [ q.v ] branch of the sāṃkhya- recognizes a Supreme Spirit dominating each separate puruṣa-;the tantra-s identify prakṛti- with the wives of the gods, especially with the wife of śiva-;the oldest systematic exposition of the sāṃkhya- seems to have been by an author called pañca-śikha- [the germ, however, being found in the ṣaṣṭi-tantra-, of which only scanty fragments are extant];the original sūtra-s were superseded by the sāṃkhya-kārikā- of īśvara-kṛṣṇa-, the oldest manual on the sāṃkhya- system that has come down to us and probably written in the 5th century A.D., while the sāṃkhya-- sūtra-s or śiva-pravacana- and tattva-samāsa-, ascribed to the sage kapila-, are now thought to belong to as late a date as the 14th or 15th century or perhaps a little later) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃkramitamfn. (fr. Causal) conducted, led to (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃkṣam(only infinitive mood -kṣantum-), to put up with, bear, endure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sammarṣam. equals marṣa-, patience, endurance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sampadA1. -padyate- (in some forms also P.; ind.p. -pādam- q.v), to fall or happen well, turn out well, succeed, prosper, accrue to (dative case or genitive case) etc. ; to become full or complete (as a number), amount to ; to fall together, meet or unite with, obtain, get into, partake of (instrumental case or accusative) etc. ; to enter into, be absorbed in (accusative or locative case) ; to be produced, be brought forth, be born, arise ; to become, prove, turn into (Nominal verb) etc. ; to be conducive to, produce (dative case) vArttika on ; (with adverb in sāt-) to become thoroughly ; to fall into a Person's, power ; (with adverb in tra-) to fall to a person's share ; to produce a particular sound (as that expressed by an onomatopoetic word in ā-) : Causal -pādayati- (rarely te-), to cause to succeed, cause to arise, bring about, produce, effect, accomplish (with śuśrūṣām-and genitive case,"to obey") etc. ; to make full, complete ; to transform, make or turn into (accusative) ; to provide or furnish with (instrumental case;with kriyayā-,"to charge or entrust a person with a business") ; to afford to, procure for (dative case or genitive case) etc. ; to attain, obtain, acquire etc. ; to ponder on, deliberate ; to consent, agree : Desiderative of Causal -pipādayiṣati- (See sam-pipādayiṣā-etc., col, 2) : Intensive -panīpadyate-, to fit well
samprasahP. -sahati- (future -sahiṣyati-,or -sakṣyati- varia lectio -śakṣyati-), to have power over, become a match for, withstand, check, curb, restrain ; to endure, tolerate ; to overcome View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sampratipadA1. -padyate-, to go towards together, go near to, approach, arrive at (accusative) ; to addict one's self to, indulge in (accusative) ; to attain to, obtain, recover ; to be fully agreed about, agree upon, assent to (accusative or locative case) ; to consider, regard as (two accusative) ; to come to pass, arise ; to bring about, perform, accomplish : Causal -pādayati-, to cause to come to or receive, bestow, grant, give over to (genitive case or locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samprayujP. A1. -yunakti-, -ynṅkte-, to yoke or join together, yoke, harness ; to employ, make use of ; to perform, execute (a song) ; to instigate, incite, induce to (instrumental case) : Passive voice -yujyate-, to be joined or connected with (instrumental case), be added or attached etc. ; to be united sexually ; to be implicated in (instrumental case) : Causal -yojayati-, to join together, connect with (instrumental case) ; to equip, prepare
saṃsargam. indulging in, partaking of (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsevyamfn. to be used or employed or practised or indulged in View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃśritamfn. one who is addicted to, indulging in (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsthitamfn. lasting, enduring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsthitan. conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samudācāram. proper or right practice or usage or conduct or behaviour etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samudācāravatmfn. one who conducts himself well View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samudāvahP. -vahati-, to lead or conduct out, draw or carry away ; to draw along (said of horses) ; to conduct home, marry View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samudvahP. A1. -vahati-, te-, to lift out, carry forth ; to lead away, lead home, marry ; to lift up, raise ; to bear (with manasā-,or hṛdayena-,"in the heart"), tolerate, suffer, endure ; to wear, possess ; to exhibit, show, display
samunnī(-ud--) P. A1. -nayati-, te-, to lead or conduct upward, together, raise completely up, elevate, increase ; to instigate, stimulate ; to deduce, infer ; to pay off (a debt) on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samupānīP. -nayati-, to conduct or lead together towards, bring or gather together, assemble View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samutthānan. performance of work, active operation, effort, industry (ekī-s-or sambhūya-s-"common enterprise","co-operation","partnership")
saṃvah(see sam--1. ūh-) cl.1 P. A1. -vahati-, te- (infinitive mood -voḍhum-), to bear or carry together or along or away, take, convey, bring etc. ; to load (a cart or car) ; to take a wife, marry ; to carry or move or rub (the hand) along the body, stroke, soothe (3. dual number perfect tense saṃ-vavāhatuḥ-, according to to some fr. saṃ-vāh-) ; to manifest, express : Passive voice -samuhyate-, to be borne by (instrumental case), ride on (instrumental case) : Causal -vāhayati-, te- (Passive voice -vāhyate-), to cause to be brought together, bring together, assemble ; to guide, conduct, drive (a carriage) ; to chase, hunt ; to rub, stroke etc. ; to set in motion ; to take (a wife), marry (varia lectio) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃvahanan. guiding, conducting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃvāhinmfn. leading, conducting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃvidhāP. A1. -dadhāti-, -dhatte-, to dispose, arrange, settle, fix, determine, prescribe ; to direct, order ; to carry on, conduct, manage, attend to, mind etc. ; to use, employ ; to make use of. act or proceed with (instrumental case) ; (with mānasam-) to keep the mind fixed or composed, be in good spirits ; to make, render (two accusative) ; to set, put, lay, place : Passive voice -dhīyate-, to be disposed or arranged etc. : Causal -dhāpayati-, to cause to dispose or manage View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃvṛtA1. -vartate- (perfect tense parasmE-pada -vavṛtv/as- q.v; Vedic or Veda infinitive mood -v/ṛtas-; indeclinable -vartam-), to turn or go towards, approach near to, arrive at ; to go against, attack (accusative) ; to meet, encounter (as foes) ; to come together, be rolled together, be conglomerated ; (also with mithas-) to have sexual intercourse together ; to take shape, come into being, be produced, arise from (ablative) etc. ; to come round or about, come to pass, happen, occur, take place, be fulfilled (as time) ; etc. ; to begin, commence ; to be, exist etc. ; to become, grow, get (with Nominal verb) ; to be conducive to, serve for (dative case) : Causal vartayati-, to cause to turn or revolve, roll (literally and figuratively) etc. ; to turn towards or hither ; to clench (the fist) ; to wrap up, envelop ; to crumple up, crush, destroy ; to bring about, accomplish, perform, execute ; to fulfil, satisfy (a wish) ; to think of. find out (a remedy) : Desiderative -v/ivṛtsati-, to wish to have sexual intercourse with (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samyagvṛttamfn. well-conducted View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samyakcāritran. (with jaina-s) right conduct (See ratna-traya-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaṅkhalikhitamfn. perfect in its kind, faultless, flawless (with vṛtti- f.faultless conduct) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saptan sg. and plural (Nominal verb accusative sapt/a-; instrumental case t/abhis-; dative case ablative t/abhyas-; genitive case tān/ām- locative case t/asu-) seven (a favourite number with the Hindus, and regarded as sacred, often used to express an indefinite plurality [in the same manner as "three" , by which it is sometimes multiplied];hence 7 mātṛ-s, 7 streams, 7 oceans, 7 cities[ ] , 7 divisions of the world, 7 ranges of mountains, 7 ṛṣi-s, 7 vipra-s[ ] , 7 āditya-s, 7 dānava-s, 7 horses of the Sun, 7 flames of fire, 7 yoni-s of fire, 7 steps round the fire at marriage, 7 samidh-s, 7 tones, 7 sacrificial rites, 7 maryādā-s, thrice 7 padāni- or mystical steps to heaven[ ], thrice 7 cows etc.) [ confer, compare Zendhapta; Greek ; Latin septem; Lithuanian septyni1; Slavonic or Slavonian sedmi8; Gothic sibun; German sieben; English seven.]
saraghāf. Name of the wife of bindumat- and mother of madhu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīf. Name of a river (celebrated in and held to be a goddess whose identity is much disputed;most authorities hold that the name sarasvatī- is identical with the Avestan Haraquaiti river in Afghanistan, but that it usually means the Indus in the , and only occasionally the small sacred rivers in madhya-deśa- [see below];the river-goddess has seven sisters and is herself sevenfold, she is called the mother of streams, the best of mothers, of rivers, and of goddesses;the ṛṣi-s always recognize the connection of the goddess with the river, and invoke her to descend from the sky, to bestow vitality, renown, and riches;elsewhere she is described as moving along a golden path and as destroying vṛtra- etc.;as a goddess she is often connected with other deities exempli gratia, 'for example' with pūṣan-, indra-, the marut-s and the aśvin-s;in the āprī- hymns she forms a triad with the sacrificial goddesses iḍā- and bhāratī-; according to to a myth told in the , sarasvatī- through speech[ vācā-]communicated vigour to indra-;in the brāhmaṇa-s she is identified with vāc-,"Speech", and in later times becomes goddess of eloquenceSee below) etc.
sarasvatīf. Name of a well-known small river (held very sacred by the Hindus;identified with the modern Sursooty, and formerly marking with the dṛṣadvatī- one of the boundaries of the region ārya-deṣa- and of the sacred district called brahmāvarta- [see ] in ,this river is represented as flowing into the sea, although later legends make it disappear underground and join the Ganges and Jumna at Allahabad;See tri-veṇī-, prayāga-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarayuf. Name of a well-known river (commonly called Surjoo;on which stood the ancient city ayodhyā-[ see ];it is a tributary of the Gogra [see gharghara-],and in is mentioned along with the rivers sarasvatī-, sindhu-, gaṅgā-, yamunā-, and śutudrī-).
sārthavāham. the leader or conductor of a caravan, a merchant, trader etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārvaguṇikamfn. (fr. sarva-guṇa-) endued with every good quality or excellence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvaṃsahamfn. all-bearing, all-enduring, bearing everything patiently etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvasahamf(ā-)n. all enduring, very patient View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvasāhamfn. all-enduring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāśabindumf(ī-)n. descended from śaśa-bindu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāścaryacaryamfn. of wonderful conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāstrācaraṇam. a student of the veda-s or one whose conduct is regulated by their precepts View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satmf(sat/ī-)n. lasting, enduring etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śatadruf. "flowing in a hundred (or numerous) branches", Name of a river now called the Sutlej (it is the most easterly of the five rivers of the Panjab, and rises in a lake [prob. mānasa- Sarovar] on the himālaya- mountains;flowing in a southwesterly direction for 550 miles, it unites with the vipāśā- or Beas south-east of Amritsar [see vipāś-],afterwards joining the Chenab and filling into the indu-s below Multan;it is also called śutu-dri-, śutu-dru-, śita-dru-etc.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaṭhatāf. () roguery, depravity, malice, wickedness ( śaṭhatācaraṇa -caraṇa- n.wicked or roguish conduct ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣaṭkarmann. the six duties of Brahmans (viz. adhyayana-,"studying or repeating the veda-", adhyāpana-,"teaching the veda-", yajana-"offering sacrifices", yājana-,"conducting them for others", dāna-,"giving", and pratigraha-,"accepting gifts"), etc. (the six daily duties according to to the later law-books, are, snāna-,"religious bathing", saṃdhyājapa-,"repetition of prayers at the three saṃdhyā-s", brahma-yajña-,"worship of the Supreme Being by repeating the first words of sacred books", tarpaṇa-,"daily oblations of water to the gods, sages, and pitṛ-s", homa-,"oblations of fuel, rice etc. to fire", deva-pūjā-,"worship of the secondary gods either in the domestic sanctuary or in temples") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sātmībhāvam. the becoming a custom or habit, conduciveness, suitableness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satpatham. a good or right way, correct or virtuous conduct, orthodox doctrine View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satyavṛttan. true conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satyavṛttamfn. practising truth, honest or upright in conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saucukam. Name of the father of bhūti-rāja- (and grandfather of indu-rāja-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaudram. the son of a man of either of the first three classes by a śūdra- woman (the last of the twelve kinds of sons acknowledged in the ancient Hindu law) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saundaryan. noble conduct, generosity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saurasaindhavamfn. (fr. sura-sindhu-) belonging to the river Ganges, Gangetic View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śauvastikatvan. the lasting or enduring till tomorrow, ephemeralness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sauvīram. plural (fr. su-vīra-) Name of a people inhabiting a district in the neighbourhood of the indu-s etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
savinayamfn. having good behaviour or propriety, well-conducted, well-behaved, modest ( savinayam am- ind.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
savṛttamfn. well-conducted View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāvinduSee -bindu-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevāf. addiction to, indulgence in, practice or employment or frequent enjoyment of (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevanan. devotion or addiction to, fondness for, indulgence in, practise or employment of (genitive case or compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhāntatattvabindum. Name of work (or siddhānta-bindū-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhāpagām. equals siddha-sindhu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhasenadivākaram. Name of a son of sarva-jña- and pupil of vṛddha-vāda-sūri- (said to have induced vikramāditya- to tolerate the jaina-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhasenadivākṛtm. Name of a son of sarva-jña- and pupil of vṛddha-vāda-sūri- (said to have induced vikramāditya- to tolerate the jaina-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śīghrajanmanm. Guilandina Bonduc View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śikṣācāra(śikṣāc-) mfn. conducting one's self according to precept View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śīlan. (and m. gaRa ardharcādi-; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) habit, custom, usage, natural or acquired way of living or acting, practice, conduct, disposition, tendency, character, nature (often in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' ="habituated"or"accustomed"or"disposed"or"addicted to","practising"; see guṇa--, dāna--, puṇya-ś-etc.) etc. etc. good disposition or character, moral conduct, integrity, morality, piety, virtue etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śīlan. a moral precept (with there are 5 fundamental precepts or rules of moral conduct see pañca-śīla-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śīlamayamf(ī-)n. consisting in moral character or good conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śīlaśālinmfn. possessed of virtue or good conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śīlatasind. according or in regard to moral character or conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śīlavarjitamfn. destitute of morality or virtue, ill-conducted, immoral View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śīlavatmfn. possessed of a good disposition or character, well-conducted, moral etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śīlavṛttan. sg. or m. dual number virtue and good conduct ( śīlavṛttadhara -dhara- mfn.and śīlavṛttavid -vid- mfn.holding or knowing virtue and good conduct) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śīlavṛttamfn. virtuous and well-conducted View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śīlavṛttif. practice of virtue, good conduct or behaviour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śīlitan. practice, conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śimīf. equals śamī-, effort, labour, work, industry View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sindhum. and f. (prob. fr.1. sidh-,"to go") a river, stream (especially the indu-s, and in this sense said to be the only river regarded as m.See -nada-, column 2) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sindhum. the country around the indu-s (commonly called Sindh; plural"the inhabitants of Sindh") etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sindhum. equals sindhuka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sindhugañjam. a treasury built by sindhu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sindhukanyāf. "daughter of the ocean", Name of lakṣmi- (also kṣīroda-sindhu-k-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sindhukhelam. "played or flowed over by the indu-s", the country Sindh View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sindhumātṛf. (s/indhu--) the mother of streams (said of the river sarasvatī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sindhunadam. the river indu-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sindhupārajamfn. born or produced on the indu-s (said of a horse) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sindhupatnī(s/indhu--) f. having the sindhu- for mistress View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sindhurājñī(s/indhu--) f. having the sindhu- as queen View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sindhusāgarathe country between the mouths of the indu-s and the sea View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sindhusauvīram. plural Name of a people inhabiting the country round the indu-s (in compound also Name of the country) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sindhutasind. from the sindhu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sindhuvāhas(s/indhu--) mfn. (perhaps) passing through the sea or navigating (according to to = nadīnām pravāhayitā-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sindhuvaktraName of a place (See saindhuvaktraka-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sindukam. (of unknown derivation) equals sinduvāra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sinduvāram. (see sindhu-v-) Vitex Negundo (also raka- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śiṣṭācāram. practice or conduct of the learned or virtuous, good manners, proper behaviour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śītapuṣpan. Cyperus Rotundus. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sitapuṣpan. Cyperus Rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śītasahamfn. (only ) bearing or enduring cold View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivam. "The Auspicious one", Name of the disintegrating or destroying and reproducing deity (who constitutes the third god of the Hindu trimūrti- or Triad, the other two being brahmā-"the creator"and viṣṇu-"the preserver";in the veda- the only Name of the destroying deity was rudra-"the terrible god", but in later times it became usual to give that god the euphemistic N. śiva-"the auspicious"[just as the Furies were called "the gracious ones"], and to assign him the office of creation and reproduction as well as dissolution;in fact the preferential worship of śiva- as developed in the purāṇa-s and Epic poems led to his being identified with the Supreme Being by his exclusive worshippers [called śaiva-s];in his character of destroyer he is sometimes called kāla-"black", and is then also identified with"Time", although his active destroying function is then oftener assigned to his wife under her name kālī-, whose formidable character makes her a general object of propitiation by sacrifices;as presiding over reproduction consequent on destruction śiva-'s symbol is the liṅga- [ q.v ] or Phallus, under which form he is worshipped all over India at the present day;again one of his representations is as ardha-nārī-,"half-female", the other half being male to symbolize the unity of the generative principle[ ];he has three eyes, one of which is in his forehead, and which are thought to denote his view of the three divisions of time, past, present, and future, while a moon's crescent, above the central eye, marks the measure of time by months, a serpent round his neck the measure by years, and a second necklace of skulls with other serpents about his person, the perpetual revolution of ages, and the successive extinction and generation of the races of mankind: his hair is thickly matted together, and gathered above his forehead into a coil;on the top of it he bears the Ganges, the rush of which in its descent from heaven he intercepted by his head that the earth might not be crushed by the weight of the falling stream;his throat is dark-blue from the stain of the deadly poison which would have destroyed the world had it not been swallowed by him on its production at the churning of the ocean by the gods for the nectar of immortality;he holds a tri-śūla-,or three-pronged trident [also called pināka-] in his hand to denote, as some think, his combination of the three attributes of Creator, Destroyer, and Regenerator;he also carries a kind of drum, shaped like an hour-glass, called ḍamaru-: his attendants or servants are called pramatha- [ q.v ];they are regarded as demons or supernatural beings of different kinds, and form various hosts or troops called gaṇa-s;his wife durgā- [otherwise called kālī-, pārvatī-, umā-, gaurī-, bhavāṇī- etc.] is the chief object of worship with the śākta-s and tāntrika-s, and in this connection he is fond of dancing [see tāṇḍava-]and wine-drinking;he is also worshipped as a great ascetic and is said to have scorched the god of love (kāma-deva-) to ashes by a glance from his central eye, that deity having attempted to inflame him with passion for pārvatī- whilst he was engaged in severe penance;in the exercise of his function of Universal Destroyer he is fabled to have burnt up the Universe and all the gods, including brahmā- and viṣṇu-, by a similar scorching glance, and to have rubbed the resulting ashes upon his body, whence the use of ashes in his worship, while the use of the rudrākṣa- berries originated, it is said, from the legend that śiva-, on his way to destroy the three cities, called tri-pura-, let fall some tears of rage which became converted into these beads: his residence or heaven is kailāsa-, one of the loftiest northern peaks of the himālaya-;he has strictly no incarnations like those of viṣṇu-, though vīra-bhadra- and the eight bhairava-s and khaṇḍobā- etc.[ ] are sometimes regarded as forms of him;he is especially worshipped at Benares and has even more names than viṣṇu-, one thousand and eight being specified in the 69th chapter of the śiva-purāṇa- and in the 17th chapter of the anuśāsana-parvan- of the mahā-bhārata-, some of the most common being mahā-deva-, śambhu-, śaṃkara-, īśa-, īśvara-, maheśvara-, hara-;his sons are gaṇeśa- and kārttikeya-) etc.
smṛtyarthasāram. "essence of the meaning of smṛti-", Name of work on Hindu ceremonies by śrīdhara-svāmin- (divided into ācāra-, āśauca-, and prāyaścitta-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
soḍhamfn. (fr.1. sah-; see sāḍha-) borne, suffered, endured, tolerated etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
soḍhamfn. patient, enduring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
soḍhavatmfn. one who has borne or endured View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
soḍhavyamfn. to be borne or endured View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
soḍhāyaNom. A1. yate-, to bear, endure gaRa sukhādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
soḍhinmfn. one who has borne or endured View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śokacarcāf. "sorrow-repetition", indulgence in grief View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
somam. (fr.3. su-) juice, extract, (especially) the juice of the soma- plant, (also) the soma- plant itself (said to be the climbing plant Sarcostema Viminalis or Asclepias Acida, the stalks[ aṃśu-]of which were pressed between stones[ adri-]by the priests, then sprinkled with water, and purified in a strainer[ pavitra-]; whence the acid juice trinkled into jars[ kalaśa-]or larger vessels[ droṇa-]; after which it was mixed with clarified butter, flour etc., made to ferment, and then offered in libations to the gods [in this respect corresponding with the ritual of the Iranian Avesta] or was drunk by the Brahmans, by both of whom its exhilarating effect was supposed to be prized; it was collected by moonlight on certain mountains [in ,the mountain mūja-vat- is mentioned]; it is sometimes described as having been brought from the sky by a falcon[ śyena-]and guarded by the gandharva-s; it is personified as one of the most important of Vedic gods, to whose praise all the 114 hymns of the 9th book of the besides 6 in other books and the whole are dedicated; in post-Vedic mythology and even in a few of the latest hymns of the [although not in the whole of the 9th book] as well as sometimes in the and in the , soma- is identified with the moon [as the receptacle of the other beverage of the gods called amṛta-, or as the lord of plants see indu-, oṣadhi-pati-]and with the god of the moon, as well as with viṣṇu-, śiva-, yama-, and kubera-; he is called rājan-,and appears among the 8 vasu-s and the 8 loka-pāla-s[ ] , and is the reputed author of ,of a law-book etc.; see below) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
somam. equals somacandra-, or somendu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śoṇapuṣpīf. a kind of plant (equals sindūra-p-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sopacāramf(ā-)n. with rules of conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
spand (often confounded with syand-) cl.1 A1. () spandate- (rarely ti-;only in present tense base and infinitive mood spanditum-; grammar also perfect tense paspande-; future spanditā-, spandiṣyate-; Aorist aspandiṣṭa-), to quiver, throb, twitch, tremble, vibrate, quake, palpitate, throb with life, quicken (as a child in the womb) etc. ; to kick (as an animal) ; to make any quick movement, move, be active ; to flash into life, come suddenly to life : Causal spandayati- (Aorist apaspandat-), to cause to quiver or shake ; to move (trans.) : Desiderative pispandiṣate- grammar : Intensive , See paniṣpad/a-. ([ confer, compare Greek , , ; perhaps also Latin pendo,pondus.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sraṃsin