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62 results
     
WordReferenceGenderNumberSynonymsDefinition
abhīṣuḥ3.3.227MasculineSingularśāriphalakam, dyūtam, akṣam
āḍhakīFeminineSingularkākṣī, mṛtsnā, tuvarikā, mṛttālakam, surāṣṭrajam
ajā2.9.77FeminineSingularstabhaḥ, chāgaḥ, bastaḥ, chagalaka
alpam3.1.61MasculineSingulartanuḥ, sūkṣmam, stokaḥ, kaṇaḥ, truṭiḥ, kṛśam, ślakṣaṇam, leśaḥ, mātrā, dabhram, kṣullaka, aṇuḥ, lavaḥ
ariṣṭaḥ2.2.62MasculineSingularlaka, picumardaḥ, nimbaḥ, sarvatobhadraḥ, hiṅguniryāsaḥ
balāUbhaya-lingaSingularvāṭyālaka
carmī2.8.72MasculineSingular‍phalakapāṇiḥ
daṇḍaḥ3.3.48MasculineSingularvaṃśaśalākā
dātyūhaḥMasculineSingularlakaṇṭhakaḥ
jaḍulaḥ2.6.49MasculineSingularlaka, pipluḥ
jārajaḥ2..6.36MasculineSingularkuṇḍaḥ, golaka
kākenduḥMasculineSingularkulaka, kākapīlukaḥ, kākatindukaḥ
kambalaḥ2.6.117MasculineSingularrallaka
kāravellaḥMasculineSingularkaṭillaka, suṣavī
kolāhalaḥMasculineSingularkalakalaḥa confused sound
kolakam1.2.130NeuterSingularkakkolakam, kośaphalam
koṭhaḥ2.6.54MasculineSingularmaṇḍalakam
kṣārakaḥMasculineSingularlakam
mahīlatā1.10.21FeminineSingulargaṇḍūpadaḥ, kiñculakaa worm
manthanī2.9.75FeminineSingularkramelaka, mayaḥ, mahāṅgaḥ
mayūraḥ2.5.32MasculineSingularmeghanādānulāsī, lakaṇṭhaḥ, bhujaṅgabhuk, śikhāvalaḥ, śikhī, barhiṇaḥ, kekī, barhī
nāyakaḥ3.3.19MasculineSingulargrāmaḥ, phalaka
padmakam2.8.40NeuterSingularbindujālakam
pūgaḥ3.3.25MasculineSingulartilaka
revā1.10.32FeminineSingularnarmadā, somodbhavā, mekalakanyakānarmada(river)
śamyā2.9.14FeminineSingularyugakīlaka
skandadeśaḥ2.9.64MasculineSingular‍galakambalaḥ
tilaka2.6.49MasculineSingulartilakālaka
tunnaḥMasculineSingularkuṇiḥ, kacchaḥ, kāntalaka, nandivṛkṣaḥ, kuberakaḥ
velljam2.9.36NeuterSingularkṛṣṇam, ūṣaṇam, dharmapattanam, marīcam, kolakam
vijanaḥ2.8.21MasculineSingularrahaḥ, upāṃśu, viviktaḥ, channaḥ, niḥśalākaḥ
vivarṇaḥ2.10.16MasculineSingularjālmaḥ, ‍‍pṛthagjanaḥ, ‍pāmaraḥ, itaraḥ, apasadaḥ, ‍prākṛtaḥ, ‍kṣullaka, nihīnaḥ, nīcaḥ
vṛścikaḥ3.3.7MasculineSingularsihlakam, tilakalkam
vyaktaḥ3.3.69MasculineSingularyamaḥ, siddhāntaḥ, daivam, akuśalakarma
alakāFeminineSingularcity of kuber
hallakam1.10.36NeuterSingularraktasandhyakamred lotus
kiñjalakaMasculineSingularkesaraḥa filament
madhūlakaMasculineSingular
tilakaMasculineSingularkṣurakaḥ, śrīmān
pītasālaka2.2.43MasculineSingularbandhūkapuṣpaḥ, priyakaḥ, jīvakaḥ, sarjakaḥ, asanaḥ
makūlakaMasculineSingularnikumbhaḥ, dantikā, pratyakśreṇī, udumbaraparṇī
kulakamNeuterSingularpaṭolaḥ, tiktakaḥ, paṭuḥ
lakamNeuterSingular
balākā2.5.27FeminineSingularvisakaṇṭhikā
golaka2..6.36MasculineSingular
tilaka2.6.49MasculineSingulartilakālaka
tilakam2.6.66NeuterSingularkloma
śroṇiphalakam2.6.75NeuterSingularkaṭaḥ
alaka2.6.97MasculineSingularcūrṇakuntalaḥ
sucelaka2.6.117MasculineSingularpaṭaḥ
tilakam2.6.124NeuterSingularcitrakam, viśeṣakam, tamālapatram
kolakam1.2.130NeuterSingularkakkolakam, kośaphalam
phalaka2.8.91MasculineSingularphalam, carmaḥ
tilakam2.9.43NeuterSingular
kulaka2.10.5MasculineSingularkulaśreṣṭhī
mālākāraḥ2.10.5MasculineSingularmālikaḥ
lakarma3.2.4NeuterSingularkārmaṇam
melaka2.4.29MasculineSingularsaṅgaḥ, saṅgamaḥ
pulākaḥ3.3.5MasculineSingularśūkakīṭaḥ
kṣullaka3.3.10MasculineSingularkapiḥ, kroṣṭā, śvānaḥ
lakaṇṭhaḥ3.3.46MasculineSingularatiyuvā, alpaḥ
rallaka3.5.17MasculineSingular
     Monier-Williams
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1321 results for laka
     
Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
lakan. the forehead View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. the ear or spike of wild rice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakacam. () a kind of bread-fruit tree, Artocarpus Lacucha (a tree containing a large quantity of sticky milky juice) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakacan. the fruit of this tree. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhraphullakam. an actor, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ābilakandam. a species of bulbous plant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āḍhīlaka varia lectio for āṭīl- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhiṣavaṇaphalakan. dual number Name (also title or epithet) of two boards used in pressing the soma-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādityakīlakam. a particular phenomenon in the sky, , Scholiast or Commentator View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādyakālakamf(ikā-)n. relating only to this day, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ailakamfn. coming from the sheep called eḍaka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ajāpālakamfn. tending goats View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ajāpālakam. a goat-herd. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akālakan. food eaten at irregular times, ibidem or 'in the same place or book or text' as the preceding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akālakaumudīf. an irregular festival, ibidem or 'in the same place or book or text' as the preceding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ākhaṇḍalakakubhf. "indra-'s quarter", the east, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ākīṭapataṃgapipīlakamind. down to worms (and) flying insects (and) ants, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣāgrakīlakam. a linch-pin View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣāgrakīlakam. the pin fastening the yoke to the pole. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akulakamfn. (fruit) without stone, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alakamn. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) a curl, lock etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alakam. (equals alarka- q.v) a mad dog View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alakam. plural Name of a people View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alakam. of the Inhabitants of kubera-'s residence alakā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alakam. Name of the capital of kubera- (situated on a peak of the himālaya- inhabited also by śiva-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alakam. Name of a town in niṣadha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alakamind. in vain, for nothing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alakanandāf. a young girl from eight to ten years old View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alakanandāf. Name of a river that runs from the himālaya- mountains and falls into the gaṅgā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alakaprabhāf. the capital of kubera- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alakapriyam. the plant Terminalia Tomentosa View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alakasaṃhatif. rows of curls. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alavālakam. equals ālavāla- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āmalakamf(ī-). (gaRa gaurādi- ) Emblic Myrobalan, Emblica Officinalis Gaertn. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āmalakan. the fruit of the Emblic Myrobalan etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āmalakam. another plant, Gendarussa Vulgaris View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amlakam. the plant Artocarpus Lakuca View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amlakavaṭakam. a sort of cake View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṃsaphalakan. shoulder-blade View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ānakasthalakamfn. belonging to ānaka-sthalī-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āndolakam. a see-saw, swing. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅgulaka in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' equals aṅgula- id est so many aṅgula-s or fingers longitude View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āñjīkūlakamfn. (varia lectio ājīk-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅkolaka aṅkoṭha-, aṅkola-, aṅkolla-, aṅkoṭa- m. the plant Alangium Hexapetalum. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
antarālakan. ([ ]) intermediate space View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apadālakam. the sheat fish, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apagatakālakamfn. (a robe) free from black spots, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āphalakam. enclosure, palisade View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āpiṅgalakam. a bull which has been set at liberty, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āranālakan. idem or 'n. sour gruel made from the fermentation of boiled rice ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
araṇyetilakam. plural "wild, sesamum growing in a forest and containing no oil", anything which disappoints expectation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardhacolakam. a short bodice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardhapāñcālakamfn. belonging to half the pañcāla-s (as a country) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardhaphālakam. or n. Name (also title or epithet) of a particular garment, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardhaphālakam. plural a particular jaina- sect, ibidem or 'in the same place or book or text' as the preceding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardhaphālakamatan. (its doctrine), ibidem or 'in the same place or book or text' as the preceding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atibālakam. an infant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atibālakamfn. infantine. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āṭīlakan. equals ā-ṭīkana- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ativālakaSee -bālaka- above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṭṭālakam. or aṭṭāla- a watchtower View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṭṭapālakam. overseer of a market, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
auddālakan. (fr. ud-dālaka-), a kind of honey (taken from certain bees which live in the earth) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
auddālakan. Name of a tīrtha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avacūlakan. a chowri or brush (formed of a cow's tail, peacock's feathers, etc., for warding off flies)
avakīlakam. a peg or plug View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avanipālakam. idem or 'm. "protector of the earth", a king ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āvilakandam. a kind of bulbous plant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āvilakandam. (for āvalī-kanda- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āvṛddhabālakamind. from childhood to old age. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āyallakan. (etymology doubtful) , impatience View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āyallakan. longing for View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āyallakan. missing, regretting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
badarāmalakan. Flacourtia Cataphracta (rather its fruit) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāhlaka bāhlava-, bāhli- etc. See bālhava- etc., . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahubollakam. a great talker View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahudalakaniśam. a particular species of grain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahulakaincorrect for bāhulaka- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāhulakan. manifoldness, diversity on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahumālakamfn. possessing many necklaces View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahumūlakam. a species of reed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahumūlakam. Name of a nāga- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahumūlakan. the sweet-scented root of Andropogon Muricatus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāhupracālakamind. shaking the arms View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bailvalakamfn. inhabited by bailvala-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāladalakam. "small-leafed", Acacia Catechu View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balakam. Name of a demon (see valaka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balakam. a dream at nightfall View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balakan. a mixture of treacle and milk View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakamf(ikā-)n. young, childish, not yet full-grown etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a child, boy, youth (in law"a minor"), the young of an animal (f(ikā-).a girl ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a young elephant five years old View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a fool, simpleton View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a kind of fish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. Name of a prince (varia lectio pālaka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakadalīf. a young plantain tree, Musa Sapientum View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakahatyāf. infanticide View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakamalinīf. a young lotus plant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakapralapitan. childish talk, foolish prattle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakapriyamfn. fond of children View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakapriyāf. colocynth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakapriyāf. Musa Sapientum View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balakaramfn. inspiring strength, strengthening View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakatvan. childhood, childishness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakavim. Name of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balālakam. Flacourtia Cataphracta View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bālamūlakam. a species of plant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bandhanapālakam. a gaol-keeper View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāṣkalakamf(ikā-)n. belonging to or derived from the bāṣkala-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāgalakamfn. gaRa arīhaṇādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhagavatīkīlakam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhākṣālakamfn. relating to or coming from the place bhakṣālī- gaRa dhūmūdi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhallakam. a bear, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāmatītilakan. Name of Comm. on the bhāmatī-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhelakamn. bhela
bhindipālakam. a short javelin or arrow thrown from the hand or shot through a tube (others"a stone fastened to a string"or"a kind of sling for throwing stones") (varia lectio bhindapāla-, bhiṇḍimālā-, bhindomāla-, bhindimāla-or laka-, bhindumāla-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhramarālakan. "bee-curl", a curl on the forehead View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūgolahastāmalakan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūgolakam. the terrestrial globe View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bidālakam. a cat View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bidālakam. the eyeball View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bidālakam. application of ointment to the eye View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bidālakan. yellow orpiment
bījaphalakam. Citrus Medica View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bindujālakan. collection or mass of dots or spots (especially on an elephant's face and trunk) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bollakam. (bahu-b-) a great talker (confer, compare Hindi bolnā-,to speak) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhacchṛṅgāratilaka(hac-+ śṛ-), n. the larger śṛṅgāra-tilaka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cailakam. "clothed with a cela- (?)" , a mendicant (see celuka-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakkalakan. a series of 4 śloka-s (= caturbhiḥ kulaka-) (see cakra-bandha-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakramelakaName of a locality in Kashmir View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakravālakan. a kind of rhetorical figure, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a restive elephant (said of a person ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. "id."and" equals cākrika- " View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
calakarṇam. (in astronomy) the changeable hypothenuse ("the true distance of a planet from the earth") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caṇakāmlakan. equals ka-lavaṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cāṇakyamūlakan. a kind of radish (kauṭilya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cāṇḍālakan. anything made by a caṇḍāla- gaRa kulālādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cāṇḍālakam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caṇḍālakandam. Name of a bulbous plant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
capalakamfn. fickle, inconsiderate View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cārunālakan. red lotus. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catuḥśālakan. idem or 'm. a building with 4 halls ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caulakarmann. idem or 'mfn. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' (gaRa cūrṇādi-) See cūlā-.' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
celakam. for chel- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
celakam. Name of a man (see c/ailaki-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
celakamn. equals cela- in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' a bad representative of. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
celakaṇṭhinmfn. for śveta-k- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
celaprakṣālakam. idem or 'm. a washerman ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chagalakam. a he-goat View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chāgalakam. a kind of fish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chalakamfn. delusive View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chelakam. (fr. chagal-) a he-goat View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cillakam. equals citraka- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citramekhalaka View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citramekhalakam. equals -piccha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citraphalakam. a tablet for painting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citraphalakam. a painting and (in Prakrit) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citraphalakam. and (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
colakam. (equals coḍaka-) a jacket View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
colakam. a cuirass View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
colakam. plural the cola-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
colakan. bark View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
culakafor luka- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
culaka(ā-) See luka-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakamfn. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' a crest (cūḍā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daivalakam. equals devalaka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dakṣiṇapāñcālakamfn. equals -pañcāla- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaSee rajju-- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ḍalakaSee ḍall- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dalakapāṭam. a folded petal or leaf. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ḍallakan. a dūlī- carried on men's shoulders by means of a stick and ropes like the beam and strings of a balance (also ḍalaka- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ḍallakam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daṇḍapālakam. superintendent of punishment or judicature See pṛthivī-- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daṇḍapālakam. a door-keeper View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daṇḍapālakam. Name of a fish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daṇḍapiṅgalakam. plural Name of a people to the north of madhya-deśa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dāṇḍāyanasthalakamf(ī-)n. relating to sthalī- (gaRa dhūmādi-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dāruphalakan. window-shutter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dattairaṇḍapallakaName of a district in the Deccan. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devatālakam. Lipeocercis Serrata (see -tāḍ-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhammillakamf(ā-)n. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' a woman's braided and ornamented hair wound round the head (satr-. wrong reading dhamilla-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharaṇīkīlakam. a mountain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhautamūlakam. Name of a prince of the cīna-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīrghakīlakam. "long-stemmed", Alangium Hexapetalum (equals aṅkoṭa-) = View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīrghamūlakan. a kind of radish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīrghaphalakam. Agati Grandiflora View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
divyelakam. a kind of serpent (equals devyaka-?). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
doṣātilakam. "night-ornament", a lamp View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
drusallakam. Buchanania Latifolia View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvārapālakam. door-keeper View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvāraphalakan. equals kapāṭa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvibhallakan. a kind of arrow-point, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dyūtaphalakan. gambling-board View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
elaka equals eḍaka-, q.v
elārasālakamf(ikā-)n. astringent (and) pungent (and) bitter, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
eṇatilakam. "deer-marked", the moon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gadyālakam. idem or '([ ]) m. idem or '([ ]) m. idem or 'm. idem or 'm. a weight (= 32 guñjā-s or berries of Abrus precatorius, or = 64 such guñjā-s with physicians;= 6 māṣa-s of 7 or 8 guñjā-s each ) ' ' ' ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
galakam. a kind of fish (small kind of Cyprinus, perhaps Cyprinus Garra) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
galakam. the throat, neck (varia lectio) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
galakambalam. a bull's dewlap View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
galakambalam. (go-g-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gallaka equals galv-arka- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gallakaSee galū-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaṇḍamālakam. (equals la-) inflammation of the glands of the neck View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaṇḍaphalakan. the cheek fancifully regarded as a flat piece of wood (see -bhitti-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gandhamūlakam. idem or 'f. idem or 'f. equals -palāśī- ' ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaṇḍilakan. a kind of grass View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaṇḍolakam. a worm View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaṇḍolakam. a mouthful View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaṇḍolakapādamfn. gaRa hasty-ādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gauphilakam. patronymic gaRa śivādi- (; la-and gauhila- ; lika- varia lectio gaubhilika-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghanagolakam. an alloy of gold and silver View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghaṭakarparakulakavṛttif. Name of a commentator or commentary on the preceding. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghauṣasthalakamfn. coming from ghoṣasthalī- (not in ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
girimālakam. Name of a tree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
golakam. a ball or globe etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
golakam. a ball for playing with View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
golakam. glans penis on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
golakam. a kind of pease (equals palāśa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
golakam. myrrh View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
golakam. a globular water-jar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
golakam. a kind of dish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
golakam. a widow's bastard View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
golakam. the conjunction of all the planets in one sign View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
golakam. Name of a pupil of deva-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
golakan. a ball or globe View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
golakan. equals go-loka-, Tantr. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
golakan. (used for playing) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
golakan. the jujube View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
golakan. for godhikā- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gopālakam. a cowherd View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gopālakam. Name of kṛṣṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gopālakam. of śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gopālakam. of a son of king caṇḍamahā-sena- (la-, ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gopālakakṣam. Name of a country View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gopālakakṣam. plural the inhabitants of that country (varia lectio -kaccha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gopālakalpam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gopālakarkaṭīf. a kind of cucumber (gopa-karkaṭikā-, gopālī-, kṣudra-cirbhiṭā-, kṣudra-phalā-, kṣudrervāru-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gopītilaka(?), m. a kind of bird, , Paddh. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
grāhamelakam. conjunction of planets, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
grahatilakam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
grāmapālakam. idem or 'm. a village guardian ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṛhagolakam. equals -godhā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṛhagolakaf. varia lectio for -gopikā-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṛhakūlakam. Trichosanthes anguina View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gudakīlakam. idem or 'm. piles ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guḍālakam. n. a lock of hair View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guptipālakam. jailer, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
halagolakam. a kind of insect ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
halakam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a horse of a yellowish brown or tawny colour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
halakakudf. the projecting beam of a ploug View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hallakan. the red lotus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haṃsakīlakam. a particular form of sexual union (varia lectio -nīlaka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haṃsanīlakaSee -kīlaka-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hāraphalakan. a necklace of five strings View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haridinatilakam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haritālakam. a kind of pigeon (equals haritāla-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haritālakan. yellow orpiment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haritālakan. painting the person, theatrical decoration View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
harṣakīlakam. a kind of sexual enjoyment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hastāmalakan. "the fruit or seed of the Myrobalan in the hand"(as a symbol of something palpable or clear). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hastāmalakan. Name of work on the vedānta- by the next View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hastāmalakam. Name of a son of prabhākara- (pupil of śaṃkarācārya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hastāmalakabhāṣyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hastāmalakasaṃvādastotran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hastāmalakastotran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hastāmalakaṭīkāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hastāmalakavedāntaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hastipālakam. an elephant-keeper, elephants-driver View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
helakan. a particular measure of weight (= 10 hoḍha-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hematilakasūrim. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hindolakam. a swing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hiṅgulakan. (prob.) vermilion, cinnabar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
holakam. half-ripe pulse cooked over a light fire View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvamūlakam. (prob.) idem or 'm. "having a small root", the red sugar-cane ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrīvelakan. idem or ' n. idem or 'n. a kind of Andropogon (according to to some, Pavonia Odorata) ' '
ibhapālakam. the driver or keeper of an elephant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ikṣuśalakaf. a thin stick of sugar-cane, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
illakam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indranīlakam. an emerald View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indratūlakan. a flock of cotton or a flocculent seed etc. blown about in the air View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ivīlakam. Name of a son of lambodara- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jaipālaka irregular for jaya-p-, Croton View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jalakan. a conch View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. a net, woven texture, web (also figuratively,"a multitude", e. gaRa of tears running down the cheeks etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. a lattice, eyelet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. a lattice-window (m. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. a bundle of buds View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. "a kind of pearl-ornament" See -mālin- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. a nest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. a plantain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. illusion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. pride View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. Name of a tree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakagardabham. equals la-g- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jalakalkam. "water-sediment", mud View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jalakalmaṣam. a poisonous fluid View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakamālinmfn. adorned with a kind of pearl-ornament ("veiled") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jalakaṇṭakam. "water-thorn" equals -kubjaka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jalakaṇṭakam. a crocodile View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jalakapim. "water-monkey", Delphinus gangeticus, 726. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jalakapotam. "water-pigeon", Name of a bird View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jalakaramfn. making or pouring forth water View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jalakaram. tax derived from water (id est from fisheries etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jalakaraṅkam. a conch View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jalakaraṅkam. a cocoa-nut View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jalakaraṅkam. a lotus-flower View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jalakaraṅkam. a cloud View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jalakaraṅkam. a wave View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakarmann. "net-occupation", fishing
jalavālakam. "encircled by (water id est) clouds ", Name of the vindhya- range View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
janapālakam. guardian of mankind View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jaṅghānalakaa bone of the leg, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jānuprahṛtaphalakan. the knee-pan View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jaṭālakamfn. equals ṭā-dhārin- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jaṭilakam. Name of a man plural his descendants gaRa upakādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jelakam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jhallakan. cymbals View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jhallakaṇṭham. equals jhillī-k- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jīvānusiddhikulakan. Name of a Jain treatise. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jñeyamallakam. plural Name of a people View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyeṣṭhāmalakam. Azadirachta indica View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kācatilakan. black salt View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kadalakam. Musa Sapientum View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kākalakan. the larynx, thyroid cartilage View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kākalakan. an ornament of the neck View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kākalakan. a kind of rice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kakkolakan. the above perfume View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalakam. a sort of fish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalakam. a kind of prose View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalakan. the root of Andropogon Muricatus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakamfn. () dark-blue, black View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakamfn. freckled (? or"dark", as with anger) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a freckle (?"black colour") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. the black part of the eye View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a water-snake View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a kind of grain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. (in algebra) the second unknown quantity, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. Name of a rakṣas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. of an asura- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. plural Name of a people View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. of a dynasty View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. (gaRa sthūlādi-) Name of a female evil spirit (mother of the kālakeya-s;daughter of dakṣa- ;also of vaiśvānara- & ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. ink or blacking View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a dark spot, rust View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a fault or flaw in gold View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. change of complexion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. the liver commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a particular blood-vessel in the ear View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. the line of hair extending from the pudenda to the navel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a multitude of clouds View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. snow View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. fog View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. the female of the bird aṅgāraka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a female crow View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. the female of the bird Turdus macrourus (commonly śyāmā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a scorpion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a small worm or animalcule formed by the fermentation of milk View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. Name of several plants (vṛścika-pattra-, Valeriana jaṭāmāṃsī-, a kind of Terminalia, a branch of Trichosanthes dioeca) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a kind of fragrant earth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a N. or form of durgā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a girl of four years old who personates the goddess durgā- at a festival held in honour of that deity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a kind of female genius View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. one of the mothers in skanda-'s retinue View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. Name of a vidyādharī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. of a kiṃnarī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. of a yoginī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. of an attendant of the fourth arhat- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. of a river View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. a worm-hole (in wood) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. the liver View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. Name of a pot-herb View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakamf(ikā-)n. to be paid monthly (as interest, vṛddhi-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakacuf. Arum Colocasia View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalakalam. any confused noise (as a tinkling or rattling sound, the murmuring of a crowd etc.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalakalam. the resinous exudation of Shorea robusta View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalakalam. a Name of śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalakalaravam. a confused noise View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalakalāravam. a confused noise View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalakalavatmfn. tinkling, rattling View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakalāyam. Phaseolus Max. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalakaleśvaratīrthan. Name of a tīrtha-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakalpamfn. like death, fatal, deadly. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakandakam. a water-snake View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇīf. a kind of rākṣasī-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakañjam. plural Name of a race of asura-s [or dānava-s etc.], (some of whom ascended into heaven and there shine as stars) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakañjam. Name of in asura- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakañjaetc. See 1. kāla-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakañjya equals -kañj/a- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭakam. a gallinule View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalakaṇṭham. a pleasing tone or voice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalakaṇṭham. "having a pleasant voice", the Indian cuckoo View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalakaṇṭham. a dove, pigeon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalakaṇṭham. a species of goose View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭham. a peacock View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭham. a gallinule View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭham. a wagtail View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭham. a sparrow View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭham. equals pīta-śāla-, -sāra- (Terminalia tomentosa ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭham. Name of śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭham. of a being in skanda-'s retinue View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭhakam. a sparrow View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭhakam. a gallinule View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalakaṇṭhīf. the female of that goose View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalakaṇṭhīf. Name of an apsaras- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalakaṇṭhikāf. the female of the Indian cuckoo, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalakaṇṭhinm. the Indian cuckoo View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaraṇan. appointing or fixing a time. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakarmann. "Time's act", death View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakarṇīf. idem or 'f. misfortune (predicted as the consequence of having black ears) ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakarṇīf. Name of lakṣmī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakarṇīf. of a yoginī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakarṇikāf. misfortune (predicted as the consequence of having black ears) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakastūrīf. Hibiscus Abelmoschus (the seeds smelling of musk when rubbed) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṭaṅkaṭam. Name of śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaumudīf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakavanam. Name of a mountain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakavim. Name of agni- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakavṛkṣīyam. Name of a ṛṣi- (see kāla-v-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālamālakam. idem or 'm. Ocimum sanctum ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālapālakan. a kind of earth (see -kuṣṭha-, kaṅkuṣṭha-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalimālakam. idem or 'm. Caesalpina Bonducella ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalyapālakamf. a distiller or seller of spirituous liquors View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalyapālakamf. ([ see śaṇḍika-.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kamalakan. Name of a town View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāmapālakam. Name of baladeva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kambalakam. a woollen cloth or garment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kampillakam. () idem or 'm. () idem or 'm. () idem or 'm. Name of a pigment (produced from the plant Rottleria Tinctoria) ' ' ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāmpillakam. (equals kāmpilya-), Name of a plant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāmpillakan. a kind of medicinal substance (śuṇḍārocanikā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kānalakamfn. (fr. kanala-) gaRa arīhaṇādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kānalakamfn. (varia lectio kālanaka-.)
kāṇḍakīlakam. the tree Symplocos racemosa View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kandamūlakan. idem or 'n. a radish ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kandarālakam. Ficus Infectoria View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṇḍolakam. a basket, safe, store-room View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṅkolakan. cubeb View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāntalakam. the tree Cedrela Toona (commonly tunna-,the wood of which resembles mahogany) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṇṭhanīlakam. a torch, whisp of lighted straw etc. (equals ulkā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kapālakamfn. shaped like a bowl (see kāpālika-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kapālakam. a cup, jar, bowl View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kapālakam. the tartar of the teeth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kapilakamf(ikā-)n. reddish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāpiṣṭhalakaṭham. plural Name of a school of the yajur-veda-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaplakamfn. equals kapivad-gamanasamartha- (the text has the reading k/alpaka-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kapolakavim. Name of a poetry or poetic View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kapolaphalakan. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).), the cheekbone View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karālakan. a kind of Ocimum. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karālakaramfn. having a powerful arm or hand View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karālakaramfn. having a large trunk (as an elephant). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karāmalakan. equals karatalāmalaka-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karāmlakam. idem or 'm. idem or 'm. Carissa Carandas ' ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇḍaphalakam. Feronia Elephantum View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karañjaphalakam. Feronia Elephantum View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karapālakam. idem or '(1. kara-pāla-;for 2.See) m. "hand-protecting", a sword, scymitar ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karatālakan. a cymbal View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karatalamalakan. "a myrobalan lying in the hand", anything quite clear to all eyes. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāravellakam. idem or 'n. its fruit ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karmakīlakam. a washerman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karpūratilakam. Name of an elephant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaśaplakam. dual number "parts struck by the whip", the hinder parts (originally of beasts of burden), ([ ;"pudenda muliebria" ]) (see plaka-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāśikātilakan. Name of a poem by nīla-kaṇṭha-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṭhillakam. Momordica Charantia View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṭhillakam. Ocimum Sanctum (see kaṭhiñjara-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṭhillakam. Boerhavia Diffusa View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṭillakam. idem or 'm. Momordica Charantia ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṭolakam. a caṇḍāla-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṭolakapādamfn. having feet like a caṇḍāla-, gaRa hasty-ādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaulakamfn. fr. k/ūla- gaRa dhūmādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaulālakan. anything made by a potter, earthenware, porcelain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaurukullakam. plural (fr. kuru-kullā-), Name of a Buddhist school. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kausalakam. plural (spelt kauśal-), Name of a people View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kausalakamfn. belonging to the kosala-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kelakam. a dancer, tumbler, one who walks or dances on the edge of a sword (see kekala-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
keralakam. plural Name of the inhabitants of Malabar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
keralakam. Name of a nāga- demon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ketumālakam. or n. the varṣa- called ketu-māla- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kevalakarminmfn. performing mere works (without intelligence) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khagolakam. equals -gola- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khaṇḍāmalakan. myrobalan cut up into small pieces (used as a medicine) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kharālaka varia lectio for lika- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khatilakam. "sky-ornament", the sun View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kholakam. a helmet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kholakam. an ant-hill View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kholakam. a pot, saucepan View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kholakam. the shell of a betel-nut View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khulaka equals khuḍaka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khullakamfn. equals kṣudraka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khurālakam. an iron arrow View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khurālakaetc. See khura-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a pin, bolt, wedge View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a splint (for confining a broken bone) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a kind of tumour (having the form of a pin) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. (equals śivaka-) a kind of pillar for cows etc. to rub themselves against, or one to which they are tied View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. Name of the forty-second year of the sixty years' cycle of Jupiter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. plural Name of certain ketu-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. Name of the inner syllables of a mantra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakavivaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kiṃśulakam. a variety of the tree Butea frondosa View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kiñculakam. idem or 'm. an earth-worm ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kiṭimūlakam. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kokilakam. the Indian cuckoo View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kokilakam. Name of an attendant in skanda-'s retinue View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kokilakan. a metre (of 4 x 17 syllables). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kolakam. Alangium hexapetalum View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kolakam. Cordia Myxa View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kolakan. a kind of perfume View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kolakan. black pepper View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kolakagrāmam. Name of a village. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kolakandam. a sort of bulbous plant (used as a remedy for worms) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kolakarkaṭīf. idem or 'f. a variety of date (= madhukharjūrikā-) ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kolakarkaṭikāf. a variety of date (= madhukharjūrikā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kollakam. Name of a mountain (see konva-, konvaśira-, kola-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
komalakan. the fibres of the stalk of a lotus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
konālakam. a kind of aquatic bird View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kramelakam. idem or 'm. (borrowed fr. Greek) the camel, ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛmīlakam. Phaseolus aconitifolius View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛmiśailakam. idem or 'm. equals -parvata- ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kroḍamallakam. a beggar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇalakamn. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' (equals la-) the black berry of the plant Abrus precatorius used as a weight
kṛtālakam. Name of one of śiva-'s attendants commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtamālakam. the spotted antelope View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtamālakam. the tree Cassia fistula View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣāramelakam. Name of an alkaline substance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣudrāmalakan. Myrobalan View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣudrāmalakasaṃjñam. Name of a tree (equals karkaṭa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣudraphalakam. Name of a plant (equals jīvana-,Celtis orientalis) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣullakamf(ā-)n. () little, small View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣullakamf(ā-)n. low, vile View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣullakamf(ā-)n. poor, indigent View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣullakamf(ā-)n. wicked, malicious, abandoned View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣullakamf(ā-)n. hard View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣullakamf(ā-)n. youngest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣullakamf(ā-)n. pained, distressed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣullakam. a small shell View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣullakam. Name of a prince (varia lectio kṣulika-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣullakan. a sort of play or game (equals muṣṭi-dyūta-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣullakakāleyan. Name of a sāman- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣullakatāpaścittan. the shortest one of the four kinds of tāpaścitta- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣullakavaiṣṭambhan. Name of a sāman- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣullakavaiśvadevan. (see mahā-v-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣullakavaiśvadevam. a small cup for the vaiśvadeva-s, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣullakavātsapran. Name of a sāman- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuddālakamn. (?) a spade or hoe View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuddālakan. a copper pitcher View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuddālakakhāta varia lectio for kuddāla-kh- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulakan. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' a multitude View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulakan. the stone of a fruit View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulakan. a sort of gourd (Trichosanthes dioeca) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulakan. a collection of three or four ([ ]) or five ([ ]) stanzas in which the government of verb and noun is carried throughout (contrary to the practice of closing the sense with each verse) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulakan. a kind of prose composition with few compound words View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulakam. the chief of a guild View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulakam. any artisan of eminent birth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulakam. an ant-hill, mole-hill View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulakam. a sort of mouse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulakam. a green snake View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulakam. a kind of ebony (Diospyros tomentosa) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulakam. another species of ebony (commonly ku-pīlu-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulakam. another plant (commonly maruvaka-, śukla-puṣpa-, tilaka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulakam. plural Name of the śūdra-s in kuśa-dvīpa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakamn. a bank, shore View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakamn. a mound, heap, tope View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. an ant-hill View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. Name of a mountain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. the plant Trichosanthes dioeca View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulakajjalam. disgrace of the family. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulakakarkaṭīf. a species of gourd View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulakalaṅkam. "a family stain", any one who disgraces his family View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulakalaṅkakārinmfn. disgracing one's family View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulakalaṅkitamfn. causing disgrace to a family View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulakaṇṭakam. "a thorn in a family", a bad member of a family commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulakanyāf. idem or 'f. a girl of good family ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulakanyakāf. a girl of good family View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulakaram. the founder of a family, ancestor View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulakarkaṭīfor kulaka-kark- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulakarmann. the peculiar or proper duty of a family, any observance peculiar to a family View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulakartṛm. the founder of a family or race, ancestor View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulakauśikam. Name of an author of mantra-s. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulapālakamfn. protecting or providing for a family View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulapālakam. a kind of orange (equals kurumba-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulatilakam. the glory of a family. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kumālakam. plural Name of a people
kuṇḍagolakan. sour rice, gruel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuṇḍagolakam. dual number equals kuṇḍa-golau- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuṇḍalaka a rope, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kūṭapālakam. a potter's kiln varia lectio for -pākala- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuṭilakamfn. bent, curved, crisped View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
laghumūlakan. a radish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakamf(ikā-)n. (fr. Causal) fondling, caressing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a king's jester View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. also n. and f(ikā-). an infant's attempts at speaking View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a jesting or evasive reply, equivoque View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lalāṭaphalakan. the flat surface of the forehead View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lambālakamfn. having pendulous curls View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lambālakatvan. pendulosity of curls View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lāṅgalakamfn. plough-shaped (as an incision in surgery), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lāṅgalakaf(ikā-or akī-). Methonia Superba or Jussiaea Repens View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lāṅgalakan. a plough (see pañca-l-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lāṅgalakamārgam. "plough-path", a furrow (see lāṅgala-paddhati-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
latālaka(l-) m. an elephant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
laulakaor laulika- m. Name of a poet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lekhīlakam. a letter-carrier View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lipiphalakan. a writing-tablet, leaf for writing on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
locamālakam. a dream before midnight View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lodhratilakan. (in rhetoric) a species of upamā- (subdivision of the saṃsṛṣṭi-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lohamālakam. Name of a particular tribe (the son of a maitreya- and a śūdrā- or niṣādī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lokapālakam. a world-protector View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lokapālakam. a king, sovereign View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lolakarṇamf(ī-)n. listening to everybody View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lulitālakakeśāntamfn. one whose curls and locks are dishevelled View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mādhavānalakāmakandalakathāf. idem or ' f. idem or 'n. Name of a love-story' ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mādhavānalakathā f. idem or 'n. Name of a love-story' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhujālakan. a honey-comb View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhūlakamf(ikā-)n. sweet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhūlakam. sweetness (see n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhūlakam. a mountain species of the Bassia Latifolia View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhūlakam. a species of grain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhūlakam. a species of Bassia View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhūlakam. Sanseviera Zeylanica View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhūlakam. a kind of citron View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhūlakam. Aletris Hyacinthoides or Dracaena Nervosa View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhūlakam. liquorice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhūlakam. arrac distilled from the blossoms of the Bassia tree or any intoxicating drink (also n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhūlaka(madh/ūl-) n. honey or sweetness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhurāmlakam. Spondias Mangifera View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhurāmlakaṣāyamfn. sweet and subacid and astringent View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhurāmlakaṭukamfn. sweet and subacid and pungent View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mādrakūlakamfn. (fr. madra-kūla-) gaRa dhūmādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mādrukasthalakamfn. (fr. madruka-sthalī-) gaRa dhūmādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahābalakavim. Name of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahākālakavacan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
māhakasthalakamfn. (fr. prec.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahallakamf(ikā-)n. old, feeble, decrepit View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahallakam. equals prec. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahallakam. a large house, mansion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahallakam. Name of a daughter of prahlāda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahiṣapālaka() m. a buffalo-herd View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
māhiṣasthalakamfn. māhiṣasthalī
makūlakam. Croton Polyandrum View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
malakam. plural Name of a people View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. (prob.) an arbour, bower View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. Melia Sempervirens View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a wood near a village View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. plural Name of a people View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. a garland, ring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. Hibiscus Mutabilis View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
malakarṣaṇamfn. removing dirt View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakauśa m. (in music) a particular rāga- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakauśikam. (in music) a particular rāga- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
malamallakan. a piece of cloth passing between the legs and covering the privities (equals kaupīna-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
malamallakaśeṣamfn. having nothing left but a small piece of cloth to cover the passing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mallakam. a tooth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mallakam. a lamp-stand View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mallakam. a lamp View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mallakam. a vessel made out of a cocoa-nut shell View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mallakam. any vessel, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mallakam. a cup or leaf in which anything is wrapped View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mallakam. Name of a Brahman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mallakam. plural Name of a people View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mallakasampuṭam. or n. (prob.) a vessel consisting of two halves (a cup and a cover)
mānasthalakamfn. (fr. māna-sthalī-) gaRa dhūmādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṇḍalakan. a disk, circle, orb etc. (equals maṇḍala-) (also applied to a square ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṇḍalakan. a sacred circle, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṇḍalakan. a cutaneous disease with round spots View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṇḍalakan. a circular array of troops View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṇḍalakan. a mirror View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṇḍalakan. a group, collection, mass, heap View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṇḍalakam. a dog View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṇḍalakam. Name of a prince View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṇḍalakarājanm. the prince of a small district or province View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṇḍalakavim. a poet for the crowd, bad poet, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṇḍīlakam. a kind of cake View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṅgalakalaśam. equals ghaṭa-, a vessel used at festivals View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṅgalakalaśamayamfn. consisting of vessels of this kind View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṅgalakaraṇan. "luck-causing", the act of reciting a prayer for success before the beginning of any enterprise View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṅgalakarmann. idem or 'n. "luck-causing", the act of reciting a prayer for success before the beginning of any enterprise ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
marālakam. a kind of duck or goose or flamingo (f(ī-). ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
marālakam. a particular mode of joining the hands View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mārtaṇḍatilakasvāminm. Name of the teacher of the sage vācaspati-. miśra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
māṣasthalakamfn. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mastakamūlakan. equals masta-m- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mastamūlakan. "head-root", the neck View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mātṛkājaganmaṅgalakavacan. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mātulakam. a maternal uncle (a more endearing term than mātula-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mātulakam. the thorn-apple View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mātulakamfn. relating to or coming from a maternal uncle on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
māvellakam. pl. Name of a people (varia lectio māvelaka-and, māvelvaka-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mekalakam. plural equals mekala- Name of a dynasty View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mekalakanyakāf. "daughter of mekala-", Name of the river narma-- (also -kanyā- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mekalakanyakātatam. or n. Name of a district View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mekalaśailakanyāf. equals mekala-kanyakā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mekhalakanyakāf. wrong reading for mekala-k- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
melakam. idem or 'f. See below.' (kaṃ-kṛ-,to assemble together) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
melakam. conjunction (of planets, in graha-m-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
melakalavaṇan. a kind of salt View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
meṣapālakam. a shepherd View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛgabālakam. a young deer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛṇālakamfn. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') a lotus-root or fibre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛṇālakaṇṭham. a particular aquatic bird View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛṣālakam. the mango tree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛtālaka n. a kind of loam or clay View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛttālakan. a kind of loam or clay View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mugdhagaṇḍaphalakamfn. (a face compared to a young lotus) whose pericarps are lovely cheeks View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mukhaphullakan. a kind of ornament View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mukūlakam. a species of plant (equals makūlaka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakamf(ikā-)n. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') rooted in, springing from ( mūlakatva -tva- n.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakamf(ikā-)n. born under the constellation mūla- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakamn. a radish etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakamn. a sort of yam View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a kind of vegetable poison View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. Name of a prince (a son of aśmaka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. a root View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakamūlāf. Lipeocercis Serrata View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakapaṇam. a handful or bunch of radishes etc. (for sale) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaparṇīf. Moringa Pterygosperma View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakapotī( ) f. a radish. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakapotikā(Sulr. ) ( ) f. a radish. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakarmakriyāf. mūlakarman
lakarmann. "root-machination", employment of roots for magical purposes (also mūlakarmakriyā ma-kriyā- f. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaśākaṭa mfn. equals mūla-ś- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaśākinamfn. equals mūla-ś- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakatvan. mūlaka
musalakam. Name of a mountain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nābhigolakam. equals -kaṇṭaka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nailakaṇṭhim. patronymic fr. nīlakaṇṭha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nailakaṇṭhīyamfn. composed by nīlakaṇṭha- (under chapters or books) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naktamālakam. Pongamia Glabra View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nakulakamn. an ornament shaped like an ichneumon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nakulakam. a kind of purse (?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nākulakamfn. worshipping nakula- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nalakan. a bone (hollow like a reed) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nalakan. any long bone of the body exempli gratia, 'for example' the tibia or the radius of the arm View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nalakan. a particular ornament for the nose View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakamfn. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' a stalk, (especially) a lotus-stalk (see cāru-n-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nānārtharatnatilakamn. Name of dictionary View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nandivāralakam. a species of fish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
narakīlakam. a man who has murdered his preceptor View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naṭakamelakan. "company of actors", Name of a comedy. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navakālakamf(ikā-)n. of recent time or young age View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nepālakan. copper View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nepālamūlakan. a radish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nepālapālaka() m. a king of Nepal. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nicolakam. an outer garment (also n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nicolakam. a cuirass View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nicolakamn. a. box or case View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niculakam. outer garment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niculakam. case, box View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nigālakamfn. equals gāraka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīkulakam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīlacolakavatmfn. wearing a blue jacket View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakamfn. blue (especially as Name of the third unknown quantity or of its square) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. Terminalia Tomentosa View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a male bee View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. Antilope Picta View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a dark-coloured horse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a particular medicinal plant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. the indigo plant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. Nyctanthes Arbor Tristis View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. Vitex Negundo View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a kind of malady (black and blue marks in the face) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a particular disease of the lens of the eye (also nīlikākāca likā-kāca-,m.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. Name of a river View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. blue steel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakamalan. a blue water-lily View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇāf. a species of cumin View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakandam. a species of bulbous plant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭhamfn. blue-necked View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭham. a peacock a species of gallinule or water-hen (equals dātyūha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭham. a wagtail
lakaṇṭham. a sparrow View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭham. the blue-necked jay View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭham. Ardea Sibirica View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭham. a species of plant (equals pīta-sāra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭham. Name of śiva- (as having a black throat from swallowing the poison produced at the churning of the ocean) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭham. Name of the celebrated Scholiast or Commentator on and of other authors (also -dīkṣita-, -nāga-nātha-, -bhaṭṭa-, -bhāratī-, -miśra-, -śarman-, -śāstrin-, -śivācārya-, -sūnu-, -sūri-, ṭhācārya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭham. Name of several Comms. composed by a nīla-kaṇṭha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭhan. a radish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭhan. Name of a tīrtha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭhabhāṣyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭhacampūf. (or -vijaya-campū-) Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭhadīkṣitīyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭhajātakan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭhakośam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭhākṣan. the berry or seed of Elaeocarpus Ganitrus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭhamālāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭhaprakāśam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭhaprakāśikāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭhastavam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭhasthānamāhātmyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭhastotran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭhatantran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭhīf. a peahen View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭhīyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇṭhodāharaṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakapitthakam. a kind of mango View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīlālakavarūthinmfn. encircled by a mass of dark locks, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nimīlakamf(ikā-)n. shutting the eyes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirālakam. a species of fish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirgatanikhilakalmaṣatāf. the state of being entirely freed from sin View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niścalakaram. Name of author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niṣkālakam. (gaRa nirudakādi-) one who has shaven his hair View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niṣkālakam. an ascetic shaven and smeared with ghee or clarified butter (see next) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niṣpālakamfn. without guardian, unprotected View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nyāsatilakamn. Name of work
pādākulakan. Name of 2 kinds of metre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pādūlakam. a broom View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pakṣibālakam. a young bird View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakamf(ikā-)n. guarding, protecting, nourishing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a guardian, protector (f(ikā-).) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a foster-father View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a prince, ruler, sovereign
lakam. a world-protector (equals loka-p-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a horse-keeper, groom View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a maintainer, observer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a species of plant with a poisonous bulb View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. Plumbago Zeylanica View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. a horse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. Name of several princes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. a spittoon (see pāla-above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakagotran. the family or tribe of one's adoptive parents View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakavirājam. Name of a poet (see śrī-k-r-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pallakaSee dattairaṇḍa-p- under datta-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāllakamfn. (fr. pallī-) gaRa dhūmādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
palvalakarṣakamfn. ploughing a pool View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcakolakan. the 5 spices (viz. long pepper, its root, Piper Chaba, plumbago and dry ginger) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcakṛṣṇalakamfn. comprising 5 kṛṣṇala-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcālakamfn. relating to the pañcāla-s (prob. wrong reading for pāñc-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcālakam. plural the pañcāla-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcālakam. (sg.) a species of venomous insect View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcālakam. a style of singing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāñcālakamf(ikā-)n. relating or belonging to the people of the pañcāla-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāñcālakam. a king of the pañcāla-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāñcālakam. a doll, puppet (also written calikā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pānīyāmalakan. Flacourtia Cataphracta View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pānīyamūlakan. "water-root", Vernonia Anthelmintica. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paripālakamf(ikā-)n. (see pāl-) guarding, keeping, maintaining View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paripālakamf(ikā-)n. taking care of one's property View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paśupālakam. a herdsman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paṭalakam. or n. a cover, screen, veil View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paṭalakam. a little chest or box or basket View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāṭalakamfn. pale red (Name of the 12th unknown quantity) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paṭolakam. an oyster (equals śukti-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pattalakam. Name of a prince View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pattramūlakamfn. resembling leaves and roots, gaRa sthūlādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paurvapañcālakamfn. equals pūrvaḥ pañcālānām- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pelakam. a testicle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalaka(in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' (ikā-)f.) equals phala-, fruit, result, gain ( phalakatva -tva- n.) on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalakamenstruation (see nava-phalikā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalaka(ph/alaka-) n. (m. gaRa ardharcādi-; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) a board, lath, plank, leaf. bench View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalakan. a slab or tablet (for writing or painting on;also = page, leaf) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalakan. a picture (equals citra-ph-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalakan. a gaming-board (see śāri-ph-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalakan. a wooden bench View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalakan. a slab at the base (of a pedestal; see sphaṭika-ph-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalakan. any flat surface (often in compound with parts of the body, applied to broad flat bones see aṃsa--, phaṇā--, lalāṭa-ph-etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalakan. the palm of the hand View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalakan. the buttocks View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalakan. the top or head of an arrow on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalakan. a shield View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalakan. bark (as a material for clothes) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalakan. the pericarp of a lotus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalakan. equals -yantra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalakan. a layer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalakan. the stand on which a monk keeps his turban View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalakam. Mesua Roxburghii View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalakaf. (ā-or ikā-) See below. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalakakṣam. Name of a yakṣa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalakalpalatāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalakaṇṭakāf. Asclepias Echinata View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalakapāṇim. a soldier armed with a shield View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalakaparidhānan. putting on a bark garment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalakapuran. Name of a town in the east of India (see phala-pura-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalakasakthan. a thigh like a board
phalakatvan. phalaka
phalakayantran. an astronomical instrument invented by bhās-kara- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phaṇāphalakan. the flat surface of a surface's hood View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phullakam. a worm or a snake View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
picchilakam. Grewia Elastica View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. an ant (see pipīla-and pīluka-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piṇḍamūlakan. Daucus Cirota View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piṇḍatailakam. incense, olibanum View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piṅgalakamf(ik/ā-)n. reddish-brown, yellow, tawny View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piṅgalakam. Name of a yakṣa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piṅgalakam. of a man (plural his descendants) gaRa upakādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piṅgalakam. of a lion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piṅgalakam. a sort of crane View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piṅgalakam. a kind of bee View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piṅgalakam. Name of a woman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piñjalakamfn. See ut-piñjalaka-, samut-p-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piñjūlakam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piñjūlakam. plural his descendants gaRa upaskādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pipīlakam. a large black ant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pippalakam. a pin View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pippalakan. a nipple View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pippalakan. sewing thread View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pītalakan. brass View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pītamūlakan. Daucns Carota View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pītaśālakam. Terminalia Tomentosa View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
plakaSee kaśa-plak/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
poṭalaka() m. a bundle or packet. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
potalakam. or n. Name of a mountain (equals potala-?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
potalakapriyam. "fond of the mountain potalaka-", Name of a buddha- or of a jina- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
poṭṭalakam. or n. idem or 'f. idem or 'n. idem or '() f. a bundle or packet.' ' ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prabālakam. Name of a yakṣa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prabhāmaṇḍalakan. prabhāmaṇḍala
prabodhacandrodayāmalakamn. (?) Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pracalakam. a species of venomous reptile (see calāka-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pracālakamf(ikā-)n. causing to tremble, trembling with (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pracelakam. a horse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prācīnāmalakam. Flacourtia Cataphracta View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prācīnāmalakan. its fruit View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prācīnatilakam. "having a mark towards the east (?)", the moon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prahelakan. ( hil-?) a kind of pastry. sweetmeat etc. distributed at a festival (see pra-heṇaka-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakṣālakamfn. washing, one who washes (see sadyaḥ-p-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pramīlakam. ( ) shutting the eyes, sleepiness. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prapālakam. (see pāl-) a guardian, protector View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praśnanīlakaṇṭham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praśnatilakan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratipālakamf(ikā-)n. protecting preserving View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratipālakamf(ikā-)n. a protector View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiphullakaSee p.668. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiphullakamfn. flowering, in blossom View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiṣṭhātilakan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratitālakam. equals prec. m.and f. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravālakan. coral (See also prabālaka-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
preṅkhaphalakan. preṅkha
priyaśālakam. Terminalia Tomentosa (also spelt -sālaka-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
priyasālakam. equals -śālaka- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛthivīpālaka() m. equals -paripālaka-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛthivīparipālakam. "earth-guardian", a prince, king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puklakaor p/ulkaka-, m. equals pulkasa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pulakam. a species of edible plant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pulakam. a species of tree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pulakam. (plural) erection or bristling of the hairs of the body (considered to be occasioned by delight or rapture rather than by fear) (also n.but mostly occurring in the beginning of a compound and in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' with f(ā-).) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pulakam. a bunch (See tṛṇa-p-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pulakam. a kind of stone or gem View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pulakam. flaw or defect in a gem View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pulakam. a kind of insect or vermin View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pulakam. a cake of meal with which elephants are fed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pulakam. orpiment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pulakam. a gandharva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pulakam. equals asurājī- (?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pulakam. Name of a prince View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pulakam. of a nāga- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pulakan. a species of earth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pulakan. horripilation (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pulakayaNom. P. yati-, to have or feel the hair of the body erect (with rapture or delight) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
purapālakam. the governor of a city View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrṇālakan. varia lectio for pūrṇānaka-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrvapāñcālakamfn. belonging to the eastern pañcāla-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṣkalakam. the musk-deer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṣkalakam. a post, wedge, pin, bolt View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṣkalakam. a Buddhist or jaina- mendicant (wrong reading puṣalaka-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṣkaramūlaka() n. the root of Costus Speciosus or Arabicus. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṣpalakam. a post, pin, stake, peg, wedge (see puṣkalaka-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṣpamālakathāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṣyalaka wrong reading for puṣkalaka-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puttalakamf(ikā-). equals puttala-, - View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puttalakam. liko- vidhiḥ- equals puttala-v- above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raghutilakam. "ornament of the raghu-s" idem or 'm. "son of raghu-", Name of rāma- ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raghuvaṃśatilakam. "ornament of the race of raghu-", Name of rāma- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāhulakam. Name of a poet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājasthalakamfn. (fr. next) gaRa dhūmāai-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rajjudālakam. a kind of wild-fowl View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rakṣapālakam. idem or 'm. a protector, guard ' (f. ikā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raktamūlakam. a kind of tree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rallakam. a species of bird View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rallakam. a species of stag or deer with a shaggy or hairy body View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rallakam. a woollen cloth, coverlet, blanket View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rallakam. the eyelashes. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāmābhyudayatilakan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rebhilakam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
reṇupālakam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛllaka ṛllarī-, ṛllīsaka-, probably wrong readings for jhallaka-, etc., qq. v. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rogapālakam. one who has the care of the sick View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
romapulakam. equals -harṣa- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śabalakamfn. spotted, brindled (in algebra applied to the 13th unknown quantity) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sacillakamfn. having sore eyes, blear-eyed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sadyaḥprakṣālakamfn. one who cleans corn for immediate use (without storing it) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sadyobalakaramfn. idem or 'mfn. quickly causing vigour ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śailakan. bitumen View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śailakan. benzoin or storax View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śailakampinmfn. shaking mountains View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śailakampinm. Name of one of skanda-'s attendants View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śailakampinm. of a dānava- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śailakanyāf. "daughter of the mountain (himālaya-)", Name of pārvatī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śailakaṭakam. the brow of a hill, slope of a mountain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaivālakamfn. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') = the above plant, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaivālakam. Name of a mountain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śākalakamf(ikā-)n. derived from or relating to the śākala-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sakalakala(?) m. Name of a family View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sakalakaluṣaName of a forest region View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sakalakarmacintāmaṇim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śalakam. a spider View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śalakam. a bird View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śālakamfn. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') = śāla-1 or equals śālā- (See tri--, pīta--, priya-ś-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śālakam. (prob.) a jester, buffoon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakamfn. adorned with locks (of hair) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śalakaram. Name of a serpent-demon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śalakaṭaṅkatam. Name of skanda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śālakaṭaṅkaṭam. (also written śālaṅkaṭaṅk-) Name of a rākṣasa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śālakaṭaṅkaṭam. dual number Name of two supernatural beings View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śālakaṭaṅkaṭamfn. belonging to śāli- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śālakaṭaṅkaṭīf. of a rākṣasī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
salilakarmann. "water-rite", a libation of water offered to a deceased person View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śallakam. (fr. śalyaka-) a porcupine etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śallakam. Bignonia Indica View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śallakan. bark View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śālmalīphalakan. a smooth board of śālmali- wood (used to wash clothes upon) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃcālakam. a guide (perhaps wrong reading for cāraka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃkulakaluṣamfn. saṃkula
sāmudrasthalakamfn. (fr samudra-sthalī-), gaRa dhūmādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāmudratilakam. Name of work on palmistry (by durlabha-rāja-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samūlakamfn. together with the roots View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samūlakamfn. together with radish-root View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samutpiñjalaka() m. idem or '() () m. idem or 'm. complete confusion ' ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saphalakamfn. furnished with a shield View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sapulakamfn. having bristling hairs, thrilled with joy or desire ( sapulakam am- ind.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sapulakamind. sapulaka
śaradātilaka wrong reading for śār-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāradatilaka Name (also title or epithet) of a bhāṇa- by śaṃkara-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāradātilakan. Name of a bhāṇa- (q.v) by śaṃkara- and of a mystical poem by lakṣmaṇācārya- (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāradātilakatantran. the tantra- called śāradā-tilaka-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śarajālakam. (?) a multitude of arrow View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaralakan. water View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śārdūlakarṇam. Name of a son of tri-śaṅku- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāriphalakamn. equals -paṭṭa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāriphalaka() n. equals śāri-ph-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvapālakamfn. all-preserving or all-protecting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvapāñcālakamfn. consisting entirely of pañcāla-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śarvilakam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāsnālāṅgūlakakudakhuraviṣāṇinmfn. having a dewlap (and) tail (and) hump (and) claws (and) horns View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sasthaṇḍilakamfn. with the sacrificial places Va1rtt. 8 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣaṣṭhānnakālakan. idem or 'f. () eating only at the time of the sixth meal (id est on the evening of every third day)' (wrong reading ṣaskṭhālu-k-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satīlakam. Pisum Arvense View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sātilaka wrong reading for sātilaka- below. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣaṭpalakan. a particular ointment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saubalakam. equals prec. m. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saubalakamfn. equals prec. mfn. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sauvidallakam. equals sauvidalla- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śayyāpālakam. the guardian of the (royal) couch View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhavaṭasthalakalpam. Name of a chapter of the skanda-purāṇa- (also called śrī-śaila-dakṣiṇa-dvāra-sthala-kalpa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śilakam. Name (also title or epithet) of a man, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śīlakam. Name of a poet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śīlakan. the root of the ear View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
silaka varia lectio for śilaka- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śilāphalakan. equals -paṭṭa- (Scholiast or Commentator) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siṃhalakamfn. relating to Ceylon (with dvīpa- m."Ceylon" ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siṃhalakan. Ceylon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siṃhalakan. brass View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siṃhatilakasūrim. Name of a jaina- author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sindūratilakam. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) a mark on the forehead made with red lead View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sindūratilakam. "marked with red lead", an elephant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sirālakam. Vitis Quadrangularis View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śiśupālakam. "protector of children", Name of a king (equals śiśu-pāla-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śiśupālakam. the plant Nauclea Cordifolia View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śiśupālakathāf. Name of a tale View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śītalakam. marjoram View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śītalakan. a white lotus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sitālakam. a white Calotropis (wrong reading for larka-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śītamūlakamfn. having a cool root View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śītamūlakan. the root of Andropogon Muricatus
sītīlakam. idem or 'm. equals satīnaka-, pease, pulse ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivamallakam. Terminalia Arjuna View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandhamallakam. a heron View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
snātvākālakamfn. gaRa mayūra-vyaṃsakādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣoḍaśāṅgulakamfn. "having a breadth of 16 fingers" View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
somālakam. a topaz View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
somatilakasūrim. Name of a jaina- author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
somilakam. Name of a weaver View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrāddhatilakam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sṛgālakaṇṭakam. "jackal's thorn", a kind of plant (Zizyphus Scandens or Argemone Mexicana) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrīmallakarṇim. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrīnīlakaṇṭham. (prob.) Name of a jina- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śṛṅgāratilakan. Name of various works (especially of a kāvya-, attributed to kālidāsa-, and of a rhetoric work by rudraṭa- or rudra-bhaṭṭa- [12th or 13th century A.D.] corresponding in its contents to the 3rd chapter of the sāhitya-darpaṇa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śṛṅgaverābhamūlakam. "having a root like that of ginger", Typha Angustifolia View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śṛṅkhalakam. a chain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śṛṅkhalakam. a young camel or other young animal with wooden rings or clogs on his feet (to prevent his straying) (see ) any camel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śroṇiphalakan. the hip and loins View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śroṇiphalakan. the hip-bone (os ilium) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutimūlakamfn. founded on or springing from the veda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthālakam. or n. (plural) Name of particular bones on the back View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthalakamalan. the flower of Hibiscus Mutabilis View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthalakamalinīf. Hibiscus Mutabilis View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthalakandam. a kind of plant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthaṇḍilakaSee sa-sth-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthaulakamfn. (fr. sthūla-) gaRa ṛśyādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthūlakamfn. gaRa ṛsyādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthūlakam. Saccharum Cylindricum View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthūlakaṇāf. a kind of cumin View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthūlakaṇāf. Nigella Indica View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthūlakandamfn. having a large bulb View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthūlakandam. Arum or a species of Arum View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthūlakandam. equals hasti-k- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthūlakandam. a kind of garlic (equals rakta-laśuna-) or onion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthūlakandakam. Arum View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthūlakaṅgum. a sort of grain or corn View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthūlakaṇṭāf. the egg-plant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthūlakaṇṭakam. a kind of acacia View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthūlakaṇṭakikāf. Salmalia Malabarica View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthūlakarṇam. Name of a ṛṣi- (varia lectio sthūṇa-k-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
subālakam. Name of the author of a kāma-śāstra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sucelakam. a fine garment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūcyagrasthūlakam. Saccharum Cylindricum View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuddhāntapālakam. a guardian of or attendant in the women's apartments, eunuch View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sugandhāmalakam. a kind of mixture of various herbs View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuklakamfn. white View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuklakam. a white colour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuklakam. the light fortnight View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuklakandam. a kind of bulbous plant (= mahiṣa-k-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuklakandāf. equals ativiṣā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuklakaṇṭhakam. "white-throated", a kind of gallinule View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuklakarmana water plant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuklakarṇamfn. white-eared View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūlakam. (see śūkala-) a restive horse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sumūlakan. Daucus Carota, a carrot View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sunālakam. "id.", Agati Grandiflora View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sunīlakam. "very blue", (only ) Eclipta Prostrata View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sunīlakam. a particular tree resembling the Terminalia Tomentosa View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sunīlakam. sapphire. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
supāñcālaka on Va1rtt. 17. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suvṛttatilakam. or n. Name of work on metres. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svaramelakalānidhif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svedajalakaṇam. () equals next. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svedajalakaṇikāf. () equals next. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śvetakolakam. the fish Cyprinus Sophore View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śvetapiṅgalakam. a lion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
syālakam. a wife's brother (equals svāla-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śyāmalakamfn. dark-coloured, dark (as Name of the 14th unknown quantity) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śyāmalakam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śyāmalakacūḍāf. Abrus Precatorius View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śyetakolakam. the saphara- fish, Cyprinus Saphore (commonly called Punti) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tailakan. a small quantity of oil View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tailakalkajam. equals -kiṭṭa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tailakalpanāf. Name of View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tailakandam. Name of a bulb View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
taitilakadrūf. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
talakam. a small cart with burning coals View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
talakam. a pot of clay View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
talakam. Name of a prince View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
talakan. equals taḍaga-, a pond (also tala-and talla-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
talakan. a kind of salt View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. () Name of a venomous insect View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. Name of a teacher (varia lectio lika-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. orpiment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. a fragrant earth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. a lock, bolt View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. a kind of ornament View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tamālakamn. () Xanthochymus pictorius (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tamālakamn. the bark of a bamboo View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tamālakan. the leaf of Laurus Cassia
tamālakan. Marsilea quadrifolia View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tāmasakīlakam. plural (in astronomy) Name of particular ketu-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tāmasakīlakam. . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tāmbūlakaraṅkam. a betel-box (Pan-dan) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tāmbūlakaraṅkavāham. a servant carrying his master's betel-box View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tāmbūlakaraṅkavāhinīf. a female servant carrying her master's betel-box View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tāmraphalakan. equals -paṭṭa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
taṇḍulakaṇam. a rice-grain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
taṇḍulakaṇḍanan. bran View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tantipālakam. equals la-, Saha-deva View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tantrillakam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tantripālakam. Name of jayad-ratha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakam. (gaRa sthūlādi-) Clerodendrum phlomoides (Symplocos racemosa ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakam. a freckle (compared to a sesamum-seed) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakam. a kind of skin-eruption View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakam. (in music) Name of a dhruvaka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakam. a kind of horse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakam. Name of a prince of kampanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakam. (n. ) a mark on the forehead (made with coloured earths, sandal-wood, or unguents, either as an ornament or a sectarial distinction) (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-)., ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakam. the ornament of anything (in compound) etc. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-). ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakan. idem or 'm. the ornament of anything (in compound) etc. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-). )' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakan. the right lung View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakan. black sochal salt View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakan. alliteration View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakan. a metre of 4 x 6 syllables View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakan. equals tri-ślokī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakan. a kind of observance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakakan. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakālakam. a mole View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakālakam. Name of a disease of the penis View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakālakamfn. having a mole View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakalatāf. Name of a woman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakalkam. dough made of ground sesamum View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakalkam. see tail-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakalkajam. sesamum oil-cake View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakamañjarīf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakaṇam. a sesamum seed (varia lectio -khali-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakarājan. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakasiṃhan. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakaṭam. the farina of sesamum Va1rtt. 1. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakavatīf. Name of a river View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakavratan. the tilaka- observance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilakayaNom. P. to mark with spots ; to mark ; to adorn View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilataṇḍulakan. "agreeable as rice mixed with sesamum", an embrace View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tolakamn. () a weight of gold or silver (in books = 16 māṣa-s, in practise only = 12 māṣa-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṭolakamāhātmya n. Name (also title or epithet) of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
trillakaName of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triśālakan. idem or 'n. a house with 3 halls ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triśaṅkutilakamf(ā-)n. adorned with the Telinga constellation (the southern region, diś-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tṛṇapulakaSee -pūl-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tṛṇapūlaka idem or 'f. idem or 'm. a tuft of grass ' (varia lectio pul-).' (varia lectio pul-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tulakam. "ponderer", a king's counsellor View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. cotton View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇan. "a cotton flock" View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakaṇāyaNom. ṇāyate-, to appear worthless View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
turagalīlakam. Name of a time (in music) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udajalakam. Name of a wheel-wright View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uddālakam. equals ud-dāla- above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uddālakam. Name of a teacher View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uddālakan. a kind of honey View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uddālakapuṣpabhañjikāf. "breaking uddālaka- flowers", a sort of game (played by people in the eastern districts) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uddālakavratan. a particular vow commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udyānapālakam. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ullakathe juice of a particular fruit, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ullakasanan. erection of the hair of the body (through joy) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ulūkhalakan. a small mortar, mortar (vocative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ulūkhalakan. bdellium View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ulūkhalakam. Name of a muni- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upahālakam. plural Name of a people (equals kuntala-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upakūlakam. Name of a man. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upalakam. a stone View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upodbalakamfn. helping, promoting on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upodbalakamfn. confirming, asserting on commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ūrdhvatilakan. an upright or perpendicular sectarian mark on the forehead. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
urukālakam. the creeper Cucumis Colocynthis View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ūruphalakan. the thigh-bone, hip-bone View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utkīlakam. Name of a mountain. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utpalakam. Name of a nāga- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utpalakam. of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utpiñjalakamfn. disordered, tumultuous (as a battle) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utpulakamfn. having the hairs of the body raised (through joy or rapture) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utpulakan. erection of the hairs of the body (through rapture) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vadālakam. equals vadāla-, a kind of sheat-fish
vaiśālakamfn. relating to or ruling over vaiśālī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaitulakanthan. vaitula
vakrolakam. Name of a village View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vakrolakam. of a town View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
valakamn. (?) (see balaka-) a beam, pole View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
valakan. a procession View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
valakam. Name of one of the seven sages under manu- tāmasa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. the tail of a horse or of an elephant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakamn. a kind of Andropogon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakamn. a bracelet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. a finger-ring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. sand View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. a kind of ornament for the ears View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakan. the rustling of leaves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vālamūlakaSee bāla-m-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vallabhapālaka() m. a horse-keeper, groom. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vallakam. a sea-monster (see vallabhaka-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vallakarañjam. Pongamia Glabra View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaṃśamūlakan. Name of a sacred bathing-place View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vanapālakam. equals -pa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vañjulakam. a kind of plant (also -druma- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vañjulakam. a sort of bird View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varālakam. or n. cloves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varālakam. Carissa Carandas View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāralakaSee nandi-v-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāribālakan. a perfume (equals bāla-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vārivālakan. a kind of Andropogon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāryāmalakam. a kind of Myrobolan growing near water View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasantatilakan. the ornament of spring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasantatilakan. the blossom of the tilaka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasantatilakan. a particular mixture View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasantatilakaf. a kind of metre (four times $) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasantatilakam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasantatilakabhāṇam. Name of a drama. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasantatilakatantran. Name of a Buddhist work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasudhāparipālakam. earth-guardian (Name of kṛṣṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vatsabālakam. Name of a brother of vasu-deva- , View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vatsapālakam. a keeper of calves (also applied to kṛṣṇa- and bala-deva-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vatsīyabālakam. a boy who understands tending calves, cowherd View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāṭyālakam. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vellakam. See kāra-v- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
veṇīgamūlakan. the root of Andropogon Muricatus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vetālakarmajñamfn. knowing the doings of a vetāla- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vetālakavacan. Name of a kavaca- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vicilakam. a kind of venomous insect View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vidhānatilakan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vidyāmaṇḍalakan. "circle of knowledge", a library View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vihīnatilakamf(ā-)n. having no coloured sectarian mark (See tilaka-) on the forehead View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vikālakam. idem or 'm. twilight, evening, afternoon ( vikālam am- ind.in the evening late) etc.' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakam. the son of a śūdra- and a gholī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vilulitālakamfn. having dishevelled hair View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vindhyapālakam. plural Name of a people View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vinīlakan. a corpse that has become blue View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vipinatilakan. a kind of metre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vipulakamfn. "very extensive"and"without bristling hair" (see pulaka-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīramardalakam. a war-drum View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśālakam. Feronia Elephantum View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśālakam. Name of garuḍa-
viśālakam. of a yakṣa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśālaphalakamf(ikā-)n. bearing large fruits View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vitānamūlakan. the root of Andropogon Muricatus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vitilakamfn. having no sectarian mark (on the forehead) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṭṭhalakavacan. Name of a kavaca- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivāhadīkṣātilakamn. a tilaka- mark made on the forehead during a marriage ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivekatilakam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
volakam. a whirlpool (see voraka-) a copyist, writer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛddhabālakaSee ā-vṛddha-bālakam-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛṣalakam. a poor or contemptible śūdra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyālakam. a vicious elephant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyālakam. a beast of prey, or a serpent View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyālakaraja() m. equals -nakha-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyālolakuntalakalāpavatmfn. having dishevelled locks of hair View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyāmṛṣṭatilakamfn. vyāmṛṣṭa
vyapagatatilakagātratāf. the having limbs free from freckles (one of the 80 minor marks of a buddha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavahāratilakam. Name of work by bhava-deva- bhaṭṭa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yajñakīlakam. "sacrifice-post", the post to which a victim is fastened View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yakṣāmalakan. the fruit of a species of date View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yamalakam. a singer in a duet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yamalakam. a twin View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yamapālakam. yama-'s servant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yathāgotrakulakalpamind. according to the usages of a family or race View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yavalaka(?) m. a species of bird View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yugakīlakam. the pin of a yoke View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yugalakan. a pair, couple, brace View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yugalakan. a double śloka- (equals yuga- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
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lakacaḥ लकचः लकुचः A kind of breadfruit tree. -चम् The fruit of this tree.
laka लकः 1 The forehead. -2 An ear of wild rice.
atibālaka अतिबालक a. Childish, puerile. -कः An infant.
amlaka अम्लकः N. of a plant (लकुच), a sort of bread-fruit tree. -का A kind of sorrel (Mar. चुका).
araṇyetilaka अरण्येतिलकः [P.II.1.44] Wild sesamum yielding no oil; (fig. anything which does not answer to one's expectation.)
alaka अलकः [अल-क्वुन्, अलति भूषयति मुखम्] 1 A curl lock of hair, hair in general; ललाटिकाचन्दनधूसरालका Ku.5. 55; अस्पृष्टालकवेष्टनौ R.1,42;4.54; अलकभङ्गतां गतः K.4; अलके बालकुन्दानुविद्धम् Me.67 (the word is n. also, as appears from a quotation of Malli. : स्वभाववक्राण्यलकानि तासाम्). -2 Curls on the fore-head; ...अलकः पुरोलम्बनकुन्तले Nm. -3 Saffron besmeared on the body. -4 mad dog (for अलर्क). -का A girl from eight to ten years of age. -2 N. of the capital of Kubera (situated on a peak of the Himālaya above the peak of Meru, inhabited also by Śiva), and of the lord of the Yakśas; अलकामतिवाह्यैव Ku.6.37; विभाति यस्यां ललितालकायां मनोहरा वैश्रवणस्य लक्ष्मीः Bv.2.1; गन्तव्या ते वसतिरलका नाम यक्षेश्वराणाम् Me.7. -Comp. -अधिपः, -पतिः, -ईश्वरः 'lord of Alakā', N. of Kubera; अत्यजीवदमरालके- श्वरौ R.19.15. -अन्तः the end of a curl or ringlet; Śi. 4.9; उद्गृह
āphalaka आफलकः Enclosure, palisade; वार्याफलकपर्यन्तां पिबन्नि- क्षुमतीं नदीम् Rām.1.7.3.
āmalaka आमलकः की 1 The tree, Emblic Myrobalan, Emblica Officinalis Gaertn (Mar. आंवळा). -2 N. of another tree (वासक). -कम् Fruit of the Emblic Myrobalan; बदरामलकाम्रदाडिमानाम् Bv.2.8.
āmālaka आमालकः A hill-station.
āyallaka आयल्लकः Impatience, longing; गाढायल्लकदुःसहामिव दशां धत्ते गजानां पतिः Nāg.1.2.
ālakandakam आलकन्दकम् a variety of coral (प्रवालकम्) Kau. A.2.11.
āvṛddhabālakam आवृद्धबालकम् ind. From old men to children.
utpulaka उत्पुलक a. 1 Thrilled, bristling. -2 Joyful, delighted -कम् Erection of the hairs of the body (through rapture).
uddālaka उद्दालकः = 1 उद्दाल q. v. -2 N. of a sage उद्दालक आरुणिः Bṛi. Up.3.7.1. -कम् A kind of honey. -Comp. -पुष्पभञ्जिका [उद्दालकानां पुष्पाणि भज्यन्ते यत्र क्रीडायां ण्वुल्] a sort of game played by the people in the eastern districts (in which Uddālaka flowers are broken or crushed).
unmālakam उन्मालकम् The offer of a gift as a mark of complete gratification. शरीरं उन्मालकायेव निजं मुमोच; Śrikaṇṭha-charitam 1.3.
upalaka उपलकः A stone.
upahālaka उपहालकः N. of the Kuntala country, q. v.
upodbalaka उपोद्बलक a. Confirming; तस्य पक्षस्योपोद्बलकानि Ś. B. तस्यैवोपोद्बलकमेतत् 1.2.64.
ulūkhalakam उलूखलकम् 1 A mortar; Rv.1.28.5. -2 Bdellium, a gummy substance or the plant which yields it. (Mar. गुग्गुळ).
ullaka उल्लकः A particular kind of liquor (Hch.7). उल्ल ulla (ल्लु llu) कसनम् kasanam उल्ल (ल्लु) कसनम् Horripilation, erection of the hair of the body.
ṛllaka ऋल्लकः A player on a kind of musical instrument. (probably wrong reading for झल्लक; M. W.).
elaka एलकः A ram; see एडक,
auddālakam औद्दालकम् [उद्दालेन निर्वृत्तं अण् संज्ञायां कन्] A bitter and acrid substance like honey; प्रायो वल्मीकमध्यस्थाः कपिलाः स्वल्पकीटकाः । कुर्वन्ति कपिलं स्वल्पं तत्स्यादौद्दालकं मधु ॥
kaṭillaka कटिल्लकः A species of the Balsam apple.
kaṇḍolaka कण्डोलकः 1 A basket. -2 A safe, store-room.
kamalakam कमलकम् A small lotus.
kambalaka कम्बलकः कम् A woollen cloth, blanket.
kalaka कलकः 1 A kind of fish. -2 A kind of prose.
kākalaka काकलकः 1 The top of the windpipe. लौकिकमास्यं ओष्ठात्प्रभृति प्राक् काकलकात् Mbh. on P.I.1.9. -2 The thyroid cartilage. -कः 1 An ornament of the neck. -2 A kind of rice.
laka कालक a. Black, dark-blue. -कः 1 A mole, freckle, mark. -3 A water-snake. -3 The black part of the eye. -4 A kind of grain. -का Ved. 1 A kind of bird. -2 A daughter of Dakṣa. -कम् 1 The liver. -2 An unknown quantity (in Alg.). -Comp. -आचार्यः N. of a Jaina teacher and astronomer.
laka कीलकः 1 A wedge or pin. -2 A fence. -3 A pillar, column; see कील. -कम् N. of the inner syllables of a mantra. सो$हमिति कीलकम् Haṁsa Up.2.
kuṭilaka कुटिलक a. 1 Curved, bent, crooked. -2 Crouching, coming stealthily.
kumālaka कुमालकः N. of a country, a Taluka in the Mālava country (सौवीरदेश ?).
kulaka कुलक a. Of good family, of good birth. -कः 1 The chief of a guild. -2 Any artisan of eminent birth. -3 An ant-hill. -कम् 1 A collection, multitude. रोमपुलककुलकः Bhāg.5.7.12. -2 A number of verses in grammatical connection; (the number of verses ranging from 5 to 15 and the whole forming one sentence); e. g. see Śi.1.4-1, R.1.5-9; so Ku.1.1-16. -3 A kind of prose composition with few compounds.
laka कूलकः कम् 1 Bank, shore. -2 A heap, mound. -कः An ant-hill.
kṛmīlaka कृमीलकः A white sort of kidney-bean.
kelaka केलकः A dancer, tumbler.
kokilaka कोकिलकः N. of a metre.
konālaka कोनालकः का कम् A kind of acquatic bird.
komalakam कोमलकम् The fibres of the stalk of a lotus.
kolakam कोलकम् 1 A kind of village; Māna.9.486. -2 A kind of fort; Māna.1.41. -3 Some fruit or material employed in the foundation-pit.
kaulālaka कौलालक a. Made by, or pertaining to, a potter. -कम् Earthenware, porcelain.
kṣullaka क्षुल्लक a. 1 Little, minute; अथो ये क्षुल्लका इव सर्वे ते क्रिमयो हताः Av.2.32.5. -2 Low, vile. -3 Insignificant. -4 Wicked, malicious. -5 Poor. -6 Pained, distressed. -7 Hard. -8 Young. -कः Small shell.
khalaka खलकः A pitcher.
khurālaka खुरालकः An iron arrow.
kholaka खोलकः 1 A helmet. -2 An ant-hill. -3 The shell of a betel-nut. -4 Sauce-pan, pot. -Comp. -शीर्षम् a house with a roof decorated with arches.
galaka गलकः [गल् बा˚ वुन्] 1 The throat, the neck. -2 A kind of fish.
gallaka गल्लकः 1 A wine-glass. -2 Sapphire; see गल्वर्क below.
golaka गोलकः [गुड् ण्वुल डस्य लः] 1 A ball, globe; भूगोलक- विशेषं नामरूपमानलक्षणतो व्याख्यास्यामः Bhāg.5.16.4. -2 A wooden ball for playing with. -3 A globular waterjar. -4 A widow's bastard; परदारेषु जायेते द्वौ सुतौ कुण्ड- गोलकौ । पत्यौ जीवति कुण्डः स्यान्मृते भर्तरि गोलकः ॥ Ms.3.174. -5 A conjunction of six or more planets in one sign. -6 Glans penis. -7 Molasses. -8 Gum myrrh.
capalaka चपलक a. Wanton, fickle, unsteady &c.
laka चालकः A restive elephant.
cullaka चुल्लकः The palm of the hand hollowed as in the act of holding water. -की 1 A kind of water-pot. -2 A porpoise.
cailaka चैलकः A Buddhist mendicant.
colaka चोलकः 1 A breast-plate. -2 A bark-dress. -3 A bodice. -कम् Bark, rind.
chagalaka छगलकः A goat.
chalaka छलक a. Delusive, cheating.
chelaka छेलकः A goat.
jaṭālaka जटालक जटिक a. Wearing twisted or braided hair. जटिः (-टी) f. [जट्-इन्] 1 The (Indian) fig-tree. -2 Clotted hair. -3 An assemblage, multitude.
jalakam जलकम् A conch, shell.
lakam जालकम् [जालमिव कायति कै-क] 1 A net. -2 A multitude, collection; बद्धं कर्णशिरीषरोधि वदने घर्माम्भसां जालकम् Ś.1.3; R.9.68. -3 A lattice, window; जालकमुखोप गतान् Śi.9.39; आननविलग्नजालकम् R.9.68. -4 A bud, an unblown flower; अभिनवैर्जालकैर्मालतीनाम् Me.98; so यूथिकाजालकानि 26. -5 A kind of ornament (worn in the hair); तिलकजालकजालकमौक्तिकैः R.9.44 (आभरणविशेषः). -6 A nest. -7 Illusion, deception. -8 A plantain or the fruit. -9 Pride. -1 A kind of tree; माधवीजालकादिभिः Bhāg.8.2.19. -कः 1 A window, lattice. -2 A fowler. -Comp. -मालिन् a. veiled.
jhallakam झल्लकम् की Cymbal.
jhallakaṇṭhaḥ झल्लकण्ठः A pigeon.
ḍalakam डलकम् डल्लकम् A sling, basket (Mar. डोली, कावड).
tamālaka तमालकः 1 The Tamāla tree. -2 the bark of a bamboo.
talakam तलकम् A large pond. -कः A small cart with burning coals (Mar. शेगडी); Hch.7.
lakam तालकम् 1 Yellow orpiment. -2 A fragrant earth. -3 A bolt, latch. -की The vinous exudation of the palm, toddy. -Comp. -आभ a. green. (-भः) the green colour.
tilaka तिलकः [तिल्-क्वुन्, तिल इवार्थे स्वल्पे वा कन् वा] 1 A species of tree with beautiful flowers; Rām.2.94.9; आक्रान्ता तिलकक्रियापि तिलकैर्लीनद्विरेफाञ्जनैः M.3,5; न खलु शोभयति स्म वनस्थलीं न तिलकस्तिलकः प्रमदामिव R.9.41. Kālidāsa describes the beauty of this tree as being akin to that of the saffron-mark on the forehead of a woman. The name suggests a relation to tila. the sesame plant, Sesamum indicum Linn. Now this plant has got flowers that have got a very pretty appearance. It is a shrub and not a tree. It grows four to five feet in height. Its flower has five petals. The lower petal is the longest. In wild variety there is a promiment spot on the longest petal which is highly suggestive of the saffron-mark on the forehead of a woman. -2 A freckle or natural mark under the skin. -3 The sesamum tree. -कः, -कम् 1 A mark made with sandalwood or unguents &c.; मुखे मधुश्री- स्तिलकं प्रकाश्य Ku.3.3; कस्तूरिकातिलकमालि विधाय सायम् Bv.2.4;1.121. -2 The ornament of anything (used at the end of comp. in the sense of 'best', 'chief' or 'distinguished'); कुल˚; जीवलोक˚ Māl.9.21; यस्य न विपदि विषादः संपदि हर्षो रणे न भीरुत्वम् । तं भुवनत्रयतिलकं जनयति जननी सुतं विरलम् ॥ Pt.1.15. -3 The burden of a song (ध्रुवक). -का A kind of necklace. -कम् 1 The bladder. -2 The right lung. -3 A kind of salt. -4 A kind of disease, the appearance of dark spots on the skin without any inflammation. -5 Alliteration. -Comp. -आश्रयः the forehead.
lakam तूलकम् Cotton.
tailakam तैलकम् A small quantity of oil.
devalaka देवलकः An attendant upon an idol; see the preceding word; द्रव्यं देवलका हरन्त्यचकिताः Viś. Guṇā.466.
dhūlakam धूलकम् Poison.
nalakam नलकम् 1 Any long bone of the body; Mv.1.35; जङ्घानलकमुदयिनीर्मज्जधाराः पिबन्ति Māl.5.17. -2 The radius of the arm. -3 A particular ornament for the nose.
niculakam निचुलकम् 1 A breast-plate, cuirass. -2 An outer garment. -3 A case box; कृत्वा धनुर्निचुलके मृगयानिवृत्तौ B.R.6.42.
nicolaka निचोलकः 1 A jacket, bodice. -2 A soldier's jacket serving as a breast-plate.
lakam नीलकम् 1 Black salt. -2 Blue steel. -3 Blue vitriol. -कः 1 A dark-coloured horse. -2 (In alg.) The third unknown quantity (corresponding to z of European Algebra).
nepālakam नेपालकम् Copper.
paṭalaka पटलकः कम् 1 A cover, screen, veil. -2 A little box or basket.
paṭolaka पटोलकः An oyster.
pāñcālaka पाञ्चालक a. Belonging to the people of the Pañchālas. -कः A king of that country.
pāṭalaka पाटलक a. Of a pale-red colour.
pādākulakam पादाकुलकम् N. of a metre; यदतीतकृतविविधलक्ष्मयुतैर्मात्रा- समदिपादैः कलितम् । अनियतवृत्तपरिमाणसहितं प्रथितं जगत्सु पादा- कुलमम् ॥ Vṛittaratnākara.
laka पालकः [पाल्-ण्वुल्] 1 A guardian, protector. -2 A prince, king, ruler, sovereign. -3 A groom, horsekeeper. -4 A horse. -5 The Chitraka tree. -6 A fosterfather. -7 Protection. -8 One who maintains or observes (as a promise &c). -कम् A spittoon.
pipīlaka पिपीलकः A large black ant.
pītalakam पीतलकम् Brass.
laka पीलकः The large black ant.
pulaka पुलकः 1 Erection or bristling of the hairs of the body, a thrill (of joy or fear), horripilation; चारु चुचुम्ब नितम्बवती दयितं पुलकैरनुकूले Gīt.1; मृगमदतिलकं लिखति सपुलकं मृगमिव रजनीकरे 7; Amaru.59,82. -2 A kind of stone or gem; Kau. A.2.11.29. -3 A flaw or defect in a gem. -4 A kind of mineral. -5 A ball of food with which elephants are fed (गजान्नपिण्ड). -6 Yellow orpiment, a dot of the same; रक्तोज्ज्वलांशुकवृते द्विरदस्य कुम्भे जाम्बूनदेन रचितः पुलको यथैव Abhiṣeka.4.23. -7 A wine-glass. -8 A species of mustard. -9 See पुलाकः (1); अश्राद्धेयानि धान्यानि कोद्रवाः पुलकास्तथा Mb.13.91.38 (com. पुलकाः असंपूर्णतण्डुलयुक्तधान्यानि). -1 A bunch. -Comp. -अङ्गः the noose of Varuṇa. -आलयः an epithet of Kubera. -उद्गमः erection of the hairs of the body, horripilation.
pulakayati पुलकयति Den. P. To have the hairs of the body erect, thrill (with joy &c.).
puṣkalaka पुष्कलकः 1 The musk-deer; सीम्नि पुष्कलको हतः Sk. 2>/b> A bolt, pin, wedge. -3 A Buddhist mendicant.
puṣpalaka पुष्पलकः A post, wedge, pin.
puṣyalaka पुष्यलकः See पुष्पलक.
pracelaka प्रचेलकः A horse.
pratipālaka प्रतिपालकः A protector, guardian.
pratiphullaka प्रतिफुल्लक a. Blossoming, full-blown.
prahelaka प्रहेलकः 1 A kind of cake or sweetmeat. -2 A riddle; see प्रहेलिका below.
plaka प्लकः Ved. Pudendum muliebre (अधोङ्गभेद).
phalakam फलकम् 1 A board, plank, slab, tablet; कालः काल्या भुवनफलके क्रीडति प्राणिशारैः Bh.3.39; द्यूत˚, चित्र˚ &c. -2 Any flat surface; चुम्ब्यमानकपोलफलकाम् K.218; धृत- मुग्धगण्डफलकैर्विबभुः Śi.9.47,37; cf. तट. -3 A shield; Rām.1. -4 A slab, tablet, leaf or page for writing upon. -5 The buttocks, hips. -6 The palm of the hand. -7 Fruit, result, consequence. -8 Profit, gain. -9 Menstruation. -1 The head of an arrow. -11 The pericarp of a lotus. -12 A broad and flat bone (of the forehead). -13 A wooden seat; तवार्हते तु फलकं कूर्चं वा$प्यथवा बृसी Mb.5.35.15. -14 Bark (as material for clothes). -Comp. -परिधानम् putting on a bark-garment. -पुरम् N. of a town in the east of India; P. VI.2.11; cf. फलपुर. -पाणि a. armed with a shield (as a warrior). -यन्त्रम् an astronomical instrument invented by Bhāskarāchārya. -सक्थ a. having a thigh as broad as a board.
balaka बलकः A dream. -कम् A mixture of treacle and milk.
laka बालक a. (-लिका f.) [बाल स्वार्थे क] 1 Childlike, young, not yet fullgrown. -2 Ignorant. -कः 1 A child, boy. -2 A minor (In law). -3 A finger-ring. -4 A fool or blockhead. -5 A bracelet. -6 The tail of a horse or elephant. -7 Hair. -8 A young elephant (five years old); निर्धूतवीतमपि बालकमुल्ललन्तम् Śi.5.47. See बाल (8). -कम् 1 A finger-ring. -2 A bracelet. -Comp. -प्रिय a. fond of children. (-या) colocynth or plantain. -हत्या infanticide.
bāhulakam बाहुलकम् 1 Manifoldness. -2 The diverse or interminable applicability of a rule, of meanings or of forms; a term frequently used in grammar; बाहुलका- च्छन्दसि.
biḍālaka बिडालकः 1 A cat. -2 Application of ointment to the exterior part of the eye. -3 The eye-ball. -कम् Yellow orpiment.
bhallaka भल्लकः भल्लाटः A bear; Bhāg.3.1.24. भल्लातः bhallātḥ भल्लातकः bhallātakḥ भल्लातः भल्लातकः The marking-nut-plant. (Mar. बिब्बा); भल्लातकं फलं पक्वं स्वादुपाकरसं लघु । कषायं पाचनं स्निग्धं तीक्ष्णोष्णं छेदि भेदनम् । मेध्यं वह्निकरं हन्ति कफवातव्रणोदरम् Bhāva. P.; Bhāg.8.2.14; (also n.).
bhelaka भेलकः कम् A boat, raft.
makūlaka मकूलकः 1 A bud. -2 The tree called दन्ती.
maṇḍalakam मण्डलकम् 1 A circle. -2 A disc. -3 A district, province. -4 A group, collection. -5 A circular array of troops. -6 White leprosy with round spots. -7 A mirror. -8 A kind of pose of an archer. -9 A circle with lines drawn for magical incantations. -कः A dog.
marālaka मरालकः A gander, swan.
mallaka मल्लकः 1 A lamp-stand. -2 An oil-vessel, a lampvesssel. -3 A lamp. -4 A cup made out of a cocoanut shell. -5 A tooth. -6 A kind of jasmine. -7 A bowl; मोदकमल्लकं निक्षिप्य Pratijñā. Y.3.
mahallaka महल्लक a. Weak, feeble, old. -कः 1 A eunuch in a king's harem. -2 A large house, palatial building; (cf. Mar. महाल).
mātulaka मातुलकः 1 A meternal uncle (as a term of endearment). -2 The thorn-apple. मातुला mātulā मातुलानी mātulānī मातुली mātulī मातुला मातुलानी मातुली 1 The wife of a maternal uncle; Ms.2.131; Y.3.232; Bhāg.1.14.27. -2 Hemp; जातीफलं मातुलानी महिफेनं च पत्रकम् Śiva B.3.15.
laka मालकः 1 The Nimba tree. -2 A wood near a village. -3 A pot made of a cocoa-nut shell. -4 An arbour, bower. -का, -कम् 1 A garland. -2 The land-growing lotus; L. D. B.
lakauśaḥ मालकौशः N. of a Rāga or musical mode.
laka मूलक a. 1 (At the end of comp.) Rooted in, springing from, founded or based on; भ्रान्तिमूलक 'based on error.' -2 Born under the constellation Mūla; P.IV. 3.28. -कः, -कम् 1 A radish. -2 An esculent root. -3 A sort of yam. -कः A kind of poison. -Comp. -पणः a handful of radishes &c. (for sale). -पोतिका a radish.
mṛtālakam मृतालकम् A kind of clay.
mṛṣālaka मृषालकः The mango tree.
yugalakam युगलकम् 1 A pair. -2 A couple of verses forming one sentence; cf. युग्म.
rallaka रल्लकः 1 A woollen cloth, blanket. -2 An eye-lash; युवतिरल्लकभल्लसमाहतो भवति को न युवा गतचेतनः; सीतारल्लकभल्लभग्न- हृदयः स्वस्थो न लङ्केश्वरः Hanūmannāṭakam. -3 A kind of deer.
laka लालक a. (-लिका f.) Fondling, coaxing. -कः A king's jester.
lekhīlaka लेखीलकः A letter-carrier.
locamālaka लोचमालकः A dream before midnight.
valakam वलकम् A procession.
vallaka वल्लकः 1 A bird. -2 A sea monster; also वल्लभक; Buddh.
vṛṣalaka वृषलकः A contemptible Śūdra.
volaka वोलकः A whirl-pool.
vyālaka व्यालकः A vicious or wicked elephant.
śaralakam शरलकम् Water.
śalaka शलकः 1 A spider. -2 A bird.
śallaka शल्लकः 1 N. of a tree. -2 A porcupine. -कम् Bark, rind.
śālaka शालकः A jester, buffoon.
śītalakam शीतलकम् A white lotus.
śuklaka शुक्लक a. White. -कः 1 White colour. -2 The bright half of a lunar month.
śūlaka शूलकः A restive horse.
śṛṅkhalaka शृङ्खलकः A chain. -2 A camel in general. -3 An animal with clogs on his feet (to prevent him from straying); विशृङ्खलं शृङ्खलकाः प्रतस्थिरे Ś.i.12.7.
śailakam शैलकम् 1 Benzoin. -2 Bitumen.
śyālaka श्यालकः 1 A wife's brother. -2 A wretched brother-in-law. श्यालकी śyālakī श्यालिका śyālikā श्याली śyālī श्यालकी श्यालिका श्याली A wife's sister.
sacillaka सचिल्लक a. Blear-eyed.
saphalaka सफलक a. Furnished with a shield.
siṃhalakam सिंहलकम् The island of Ceylon.
saiṃhalaka सैंहलकः Brass; Gīrvāṇa. सैंहिकः saiṃhikḥ सैंहिकेय saiṃhikēya सैंहिकः सैंहिकेय A metronymic of Rāhu, q. v.
somālaka सोमालकः Topaz.
sthālaka स्थालकः कम् (pl.) N. of particular bones on the back.
sthūlaka स्थूलक a. Large, big, huge, bulky. -कः A sort of grass or reed.
halahalaka हलहलकः Eagerness; Hch.8.
hallakam हल्लकम् The red lotus.
laka हालकः A horse of a yellowish-brown colour.
holaka होलकः Chick-pea or pulse half parched in the pod (Mar. हुळा).
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apaśaṅkam ad. fearlessly; -sabda, m. slander; corrupt form, ungrammatical lan guage; -sasi-tilaka, a. lacking a moon as forehead mark; -sastra, a. weaponless; -sû la, a. spearless; -soka,a. free from sorrow.
avani f. current, stream, course; earth; ground, place: -pa, -pati, -pâla, -pâlaka, m. sovereign, king.
udyāna n. walking out; pleasure garden, grove, park; -ka, n. pleasure garden, grove; -pâla, m. (î) gardener; -pâlaka, m. (ikâ) id.; -mâlâ, f. row of gardens.
ailaka a. coming from the sheep elaka.
kapola m. cheek; -kâsha, m. object which rubs against the cheek; -pâlî, f. edge of the cheek; -phalaka, n., -bhitti, f., -mû la, n. cheek-bone.
karpūra m. n. camphor; -keli, m. N. of a flamingo; -gaura, n. N. of a lake (whitish like camphor); -tilaka, m. N. of an elephant; -pata, m. N. of a dyer; -mañ- garî, f. N. of a princess; -flamingo; -drama;-maya, a. consisting of or like camphor; -vi lâsa, m. N.; -saras, n. N. of a lake.
kāmpilya n. N. of a city of the Pañkâlas: -ka, m. a plant; -laka, m. id.
galvarka m. crystal; crystal bowl (also gallaka).
citraka m. small hunting leopard (Cheeta); n. mark (--°ree;, a. characterised by); picture, painting; -kara, m. painter (a mixed caste); -karman, n. painting; picture; adornment (Pr.); -kûta, m. hill of pleasure; (Bright-peak), N. of a mountain (in Bun delkund, now Kitrakote); N. of a town; -krit, m. painter; -kritya, n. painting; -ga, a., -gata, pp. (belonging to a picture), painted; -gupta, m. N. of a recorder of human actions in Yama's realm; -griha, n. apartment adorned with pictures; -grâvan, a. stony; -grîva, m. Spotted-neck, N. of a pigeon king; -nyasta, pp. put on canvas, painted; -paksha, m. (spotted-wing), kind of pigeon; N. of a demon causing headache; -pata, m. picture; -patta, m. id.: -gata, pp. painted; -putrikâ, f. female portrait; -phalaka, picture-panel, painting; (á)-bhânu, a. shining brightly; m. fire, Agni; -bhâshya, n. eloquence; -bhitti,f. painted wall, wall-painting; -mriga, m. spotted antelope.
triśaṅku m. N. of an ancient sage and of a king of Ayodhyâ, raised to the stars as the Southern Cross: -tilaka, a. adorned with the Southern Cross: â dis, f.=the South; -satá, a. 103; 300; 300th; consisting of 300; n. 300; -sâkha, a. having three branches; -sikha, a. three-crested, three-pronged, shap ed like a trident; n. trident; -sikhara, a. three-peaked; -siras, a. three-headed; three-peaked; m. N. of aRishi with the patrony mic Tvâshtra, reputed author of RV. X, viii; N. of a Râkshasa slain by Râma; -sîrsha, -sîr shán, a. three-headed; -sûla, n. trident; a. wielding the trident (Siva).
daṇḍapāṇi a. holding a staff in one's hand; m. policeman; ep. of Yama; -pâta, m. (descent of the rod), punishment, chastisement; -pâtana, n. castigation; -pâ rushya, n. assault: du. bodily chastisement and admonition; -pâla, m. guardian of jus tice, judge: -tâ, f. abst. n.; -pâláka, m. guardian of justice, judge; -pâsaka, m. policeman, watchman; -pranâma, m. prostration at full length like a staff; -pradâna,n. presentation of the staff (at investiture); -bhaya, n. fear of the rod; -bhâg, a. liable to punishment; -bhrit, a. wielding the rod; m. ep. of Yama; -mukhya, m. leader of an army.
dāruparvata m. N. of a palace; -phalaka, n. shutter; -máya, a. (î) wooden; -varman, m. N.; -sesha, a. containing only wood besides.
dvāratā f. access: -m gam, become the occasion of (g.) to (g.); -darsin, m. jani tor, porter; -nâyaka, m. janitor, chamber lain; -pa, m. janitor; -paksha, m. fold of a door; door: -ka, n. id.: -ubhayatas ka dvâ rapakshakayoh, on both sides of the door: -patta, m. id.; -pati, m. janitor, chamberlain; -pâla, m. door-keeper: -ka, m., i-kâ, f. id.; -pidhâna, n. door-bolt; -phalaka, n. fold of a door; -bâhu, m. door-post; -rakshin, m. door-keeper; -vamsa, m. lintel of a door; -vat, a. many-gated: -î, f. N. of Krishna's residence; -stha, a. standing at the door or gate; m. janitor.
niḥśaṅka a. free from anxiety, fearless, unhesitating; having nothing to fear from (--°ree;); that need cause no anxiety: -m or °ree;--, calmly, without hesitation, without more ado;-sa&ndot;kâ, f. absence of timidity: in. without hesitation; -sa&ndot;kita, pp. free from anxiety; causing no anxiety; fearless, unhesitating; -satru, a. free from foes; -sabda, a. silent; noiseless, mute: °ree;--, silently: -stimita, pp. noiseless and still; -sarana, a. unprotected; -salâka, a. free from tall grass; -salya, a. free from an arrow: -m, ad. pain lessly, without a struggle, willingly; -sastra, a. unarmed; -sâkha, a. branchless: -tâ, f.branchlessness.
niṣpāṇḍava a. delivered from the Pândavas; -pâda-ka, a. accomplishing; -pâdana, n. accomplishment; -pâdya, fp. to be accomplished, -brought about: -½abda sahasra, full millennium; -pâpa,a. sinless; -pâlaka, a. having no guardian; -pîdana, n. pressure; -putra, a. sonless, childless; -pu rusha, a. having no males; -pulâka, a. free from shrivelled grain: î-kri, free from shrivelled grain; -pesha, m. impact; clash ing sound; -paurusha½âmarsha, a. desti tute of manliness and anger; -prakâra-ka, a. free from specifications; -prakâsa, a. dark; -pragña, a. witless, stupid; -pratâpa, a. destitute of dignity; -pratikriya, a. not to be saved, past help: -tâ, f. abst. n.; -prati graha, a. accepting no gifts: -tâ, f. abst. n.; -pratigha, a. unobstructed; -pratipaksha, a. having no adversary: -tâ, f., -tva, n. abst. n.; -pratibandha, a. free from ob stacles; unobjectionable; -pratîkâra, a. that cannot be helped; irremediable; unhindered; -pratyâsa, a. having given up all hope of (lc. or upari): î-bhu, lose all hope of (prati); -pratyûha, a. free from obstacles: -m, ad. without hindrance; -pradesa, a. having no fixed place; -prapañka, a. unevolved, exempt from multiformity: -sad-âtman, a. having real existence without being evolved; -pra bha, a. deprived of radiance or splendour: -tâ, f., -tva, n. abst. n.; -prabhâva, a. powerless: -tva, n. -ness; -pramâna-ka, a. supported by no authority; -prayogana, a. disinterested (spectator); useless: -m, ad. uselessly; needless, uncalled for; -pravâni, a. fresh from the loom; quite new.
paripaṇa n. playing for (--°ree;); -pat ana, n. flying about, hovering; -pantha-ka, m. (obstructor of one's path), adversary, enemy; -pantha-ya, den. P. oppose, resist (ac.); -panthín, a. besetting one'spath; m. waylayer, opponent, enemy; -panthî-bhû, become the adversary of, oppose (g.); -pava na, n. cleansing (of grain), winnowing; flail; -pasavya, a. relating to the sacrificial animal; -pâka, m. becoming fully cooked; digestion; ripening; maturity; perfection; consequence, effect; fulness, fulfilment (of time): -tas, ab. in consequence of; -pâkana, a. cooking fully; maturing; -pâkayitri, a. id.; -pâtala, a. very pale-red; -pât&ibrevcirc;, f. succession; -pâtha, m. complete enumeration: in. (know) com pletely; -p&asharp;na, n. hiding-place; -pândiman, m. extreme whiteness; -pându, a. very white or pale: -ra, a. very white; -pârsva, a.being at the side, close at hand: -vartin, a. remain ing at one's side, standing beside (g.); -pâ laka, a. protecting; maintaining; -pâlana, n. protection; maintenance; nurture: â, f. protection, nurture, î-ya, fp. to be guarded; -maintained; -pâlya, fp. to be protected; -maintained or observed; -pi&ndot;gî-kri, colour deep red-brown; -piñga, a. full of (in.); -piñg ara, a. brownish-red, orange-coloured; -pi pâlayishâ, f. desire to maintain; -pîdana, n. squeezing out; injuring, prejudicing (--°ree;); -pushta-tâ, f. being nourished by, feeding on (--°ree;); -pûti, f. complete purification; -pûra ka, a. fulfilling; bestowing abundance; -pûr ana, n. filling; completion; -pûrin, a. be stowing abundantly; -pûrna, pp. (√ 1. pri) filled with (--°ree;); -pûrnendu, m. full moon; -pûrti, f. becoming full of (--°ree;); completion; -pelava, a. very delicate, tiny; -pothaka, a.furthering, confirming; -poshanîya, fp. to be cherished; -prasna, m. enquiry, after (--°ree;); -prâpti, fp. obtainment; -prepsu, des. a. wishing to reach or obtain, seeking after, de siring (ac.); -plavá, a. running to and fro;m. fluctuation; -pluta, pp. (√ plu) over whelmed; bathed (in tears: --°ree;).
pālikā f. of pâlaka.
pṛthivīkampa m. earthquake; -kshit, a. inhabiting the earth; earth-ruling; m. prince, king; -kandra, m. N. of a prince of Trigarta; -tala, n. surface of the earth, ground; also=world, infernal regions (bot tom of the earth); -danda-pâla, m. chief constable of the country: -tâ, f. office of --; -devî, f. N.; -pati, m. lord of the earth, prince, king; -paripâlaka, m. prince, king; -pâla: -ka, m. keeper of the earth, king, sovereign; -bhug, m. enjoyer of the earth, prince, king; -bhugamga, m. spouse of the earth, prince, king; -bhrit, m. support of the earth, mountain; -máya, formed of earth, earthen; -râgya, n. dominion over the land, sovereignty; -ruha, m. (growing out of the earth), plant, tree; -½îsa, -½îsvara, m. lord of the earth, prince, king; -½âpîda, m. N. of two princes of Cashmere.
prakṣapaṇa n. destruction; -kshaya, m. id. ruin, end; -ksharana, n. flowing; -kshâlaka, a. washing; m. washer;-kshâlana, a. performing frequent ablutions; -kshâlana, a. performing frequentablutions; n. washing, -off, cleansing, purifying; water for washing; means of purifying; -kshîna, pp. √ kshi; -kshepa, m. cast, throw; throwing or scattering upon; setting down (of the feet, pāda-, pl.=steps); interpolation; sum deposited by each member of a commercial company; -kshepana, n. sprinkling or pouring upon; throwing into, -upon (--°ree;); fixing (of a price, --°ree;); -kshepin, a throwing or placing upon (--°ree;); -ksheptavya, pp. to be thrown into (lc.); -thrown or scattered on (lc.); -kshepya, pp. to be put on (ornament).
prapakva a. inflamed (med.); -pak sha, m. tip of a wing; -pañka, m. expansion, prolixity, amplification, of (g. or --°ree;); phe nomenon; manifestation or form of (g.); phenomenal world (ph.); mutual flattery (rh.); ludicrous dialogue (dr.): in. or -tas, ad. in detail, -pañka-ka, a. (ikâ) multiply ing (--°ree;); amplifying, explaining in detail; -pañkana, n. detailed or prolix account; -pañka-buddhi, a. crafty, wily; -pañka-ya,den. describe or explain in detail; represent in a false light; -pañka-vakana, n. prolix discourse; -paná, m. trade, barter, purchase; -patana, n. flying away; falling down, from (ab. or --°ree;), into (lc. or --°ree;); -patti, f.pious resignation; (á)-patha, m. onward way, journey; road; -pathín, a. wandering; -pad, f. 1. road; 2. (prá-) fore part of the foot; (prá) pada, n. fore part or tip of the foot; -pada na, n. entry, into (--°ree;); -padam, ad. reciting in such a manner as to cut up verses into sec tions of an equal number of syllables and to interpose between them formulae contain ing the word prapadye (Br.); -panna, pp. (√ pad) reached, arrived; attained, obtained: -pâla, m. protector of suppliants (Krishna); -palâyana, n. flight; -palâyin, a. fleeing, fugitive; -p&asharp;, f. water-tank, reservoir, well; water-hut for travellers; affluent (of a tank etc.); -pâka, m.ripening (of an ulcer etc.); digestion; -pâtha: -ka, m. lesson (subsection in books); -pâni, m. fore-arm: -ka, m. id.; -pându, a. very white: -ra, a. id.; -pâta, m. kind of flight; leaping forward; hasten ing away; fall, from (ab. or --°ree;), into (lc. or --°ree;); falling out (of the hair); effusion (of semen); fall (of a glance on anything); steep declivity, precipice; -pâtana, n. felling, cast ing down; directing or causing (the eye) to alight (--°ree;);-pâna, n. drinking; -pâ-pâlikâ, -pâ-pâlî, f. female watcher of a water-tank, well, or water-hut; -pâ-mandapa, m. water hut (for travellers); -pâlaka, m. protector, guardian; -pâlana, n. guarding, protecting.
madana m. sexual love, passion, lust; m. god of love, Kâma; N.; a plant: -tantra, n. doctrine of sexual love; -damsh- trâ, f. N. of a princess; -damana, m. van quisher of Kâma, ep. of Siva; -dahana,m. burner of Kâma, ep. of Siva; -dvish, m. enemy of Kâma, ep. of Siva; -pâla, m. N. of a prince, the reputed author of various works; -pura, m. N. of a city; -prabhâ, f. N. of a fairy; -mañkukâ, f. N. of a daughter of Madanavega; -mañgarî, f. N.; -maya, a. swayed by love; -maha, m., -mahâ½utsava, m. great festival in honour of Kâma; -mâlâ, f. N.; -mâlinî, f. N.; -mohana, m. con founder of Kâma, ep. of Krishna; -yashti ketu, m. kind of flag; -râga, m. N.; -ripu, m. foe of Kâma, ep. of Siva; -lekhâ, f. love letter; N.; -vega, N. of a prince of the fairies; -salâkâ, f. hooded crow; -sundarî, f. N.; -senâ, f. N.
mala n., C. also m., dirt, filth, impurity (also morally); bodily secretion; n. kind of base metal, brass (?): -karshana, a. remov ing dirt; -gñu, a. dirty-kneed; -tva, n. being a stain; -dâyaka, a. attaching a stigma to any one; -digdha½a&ndot;ga, a. (î) having the body soiled with mire; -pa&ndot;ka½anulipta½a&ndot; ga, a. (î) having the body besmeared with dirt and mire; -pa&ndot;kin, a. covered with dirt and mire; -mallaka, n. loin-cloth; -mâsa, m. (impure month, no religious rites being performed in it), intercalary month; -mûtra-parityâga, m. evacuation of excre ment and urine.
mallinātha m. N. of a poet and celebrated commentator (prob. fourteenth or fifteenth century), called Kolâkala, who wrote commentaries on Kâlidâsa's three works Raghuvamsa, Kumârasambhava, and Me ghadûta, as well as the Kirâtârgunîya and Sisupâlavadha.
yamapaṭa m. cloth of Yama (on which the god of death and the tortures of hell are depicted): i-ka, m. man who car ries about a Yama cloth; -pada, n. repeated word; -pâlaka, m. Yama's watchman;-pâ la-purusha, m. id.; -purusha, m. id.; -mandira, n. Yama's abode; -mârga, m. Yama's path; -yâga, m. kind of Yâgyâ; -râga, m. N.; -râgan, m. king Yama; (á) râgan, a. having Yama as a king; m. subject of Yama; -r&asharp;gya, n. Yama's rule; -râshtra, n. Yama's realm.
raghu ] a. (v-&isharp;) speed ing, fleet (V.); m. courser (V.); N. of an ancient king, ancestor of Râma: pl. descend ants of Raghu; -tilaka, m. ep. of Râma; -drú, a. running swiftly (RV.); -nandana, m. descendant of Raghu, ep. of Râma; -nâ tha, m. ep. of Râma; -pati, m. lord of the Raghus, ep. of Râma; -pátvan, a. flying swiftly (RV.); -vamsa, m. Raghu's race: T. of a well-known poem by Kâlidâsa: -samgîv anî, f. T. of Mallinâtha's commentary on the Raghuvamsa; -shyád, a. gliding swiftly (V.); -svâmin, -½uttama, -½udvaha, m. ep. of Râma.
roga m. [√ rug] infirmity, disease, sickness; diseased spot; -ghna, a. disease-destroying; -da, a. causing disease; -pâlaka, m. attendant on the sick; -prada, a. causing disease; -bhâg, a. suffering from a disease; -vairûpya, n. disfigurement through disease; -sama, m. convalescence; -sambaddha, pp. suffering from disease; -hrit, m. (destroyer of disease), physician; -½ârta, pp. afflicted with disease, sick; -½âvishta, pp. id.
lambāpaṭaha m. kind of drum; a½alaka-tva, n. pendulousness of curls.
lalāṭa n. [later form of rar&asharp;ta] fore head: -tata, m. flat surface of the forehead; -m-tapa, a. scorching the forehead (said of a hot sun), very painful; -patta, m.: -ka, m., -pattikâ, f. flat surface of the forehead; -phalaka, n. id.; -likhita, pp. written by fate on the forehead; -lekhâ, f. lines written by fate on the forehead; (strip of a =) very narrow forehead; -½aksha, a. (î) having an eye in the forehead (Siva).
lipikara m. plasterer, white-washer; writer, scribe; -karman, n. painting; -karma-nirmita, pp. painted; -nyâsa, m. act of writing; -phalaka, n. writing tablet; -sâlâ, f. writing school; -sâstra, n. art of writing.
vatsikā f. female calf, heifer; -ín, a. having a calf; -i-man, m. childhood, early youth; -îya, a. watching the calves; -bâlaka, m. boy watching calves.
virakta pp. (√ rañg) estranged etc.: -prakriti, a. whose principal officers are dis affected, -bhâva, a. disaffected; -rakti, f. indifference, to (lc., upari w. g., prati w. ac.); freedom from worldlyattachment: -mat, a. indifferent, to (lc.); accompanied with free dom from worldly attachment; -rakanâ, f. disposition, embellishment: alakânâm --, neatly arranged locks; -rakayitavya, fp. to be made or formed; -rakita, pp. cs. √ rak: â, f. N.; (ví)-raga, a. free from dust, clean, pure (also fig.); free from passion; -ragas, a. id.; m. N.; -ragas-ka, a. dustless; -ragas karana, n. freeing from dust, cleansing; -ragî kri, free from dust, cleanse; -rañka, -rañki, -rañkya, m. ep. of Brahman; -rata, pp. (√ ram) ceased etc.: -tva, n. cessation; -rata-prasa&ndot;ga, a. having ceased from en gaging in (lc.); -rati, f. cessation; end; desistence or abstention from, renunciation of (ab., lc., --°ree;); -ratha, a. deprived of one's car; -rathî-kri, deprive any one of his chariot; -rathî-bhû, be deprived of one's car; -rapsá, a. (&isharp;) exuberant (RV.); m. abundance (RV.); -rapsín,a. exuberant, vigorous (V.); -rama, m. cessation, abate ment; sunset; abstention from (--°ree;); -rama- na, n. cessation; abstention from (--°ree;).
śayyā f. [√ sî: to be lain on] couch. bed (ord. mg.); lying, resting, sleeping: -gri- ha, n. bed-chamber; -pâlaka, m. guardian of a (royal) bed: -tva, n. office of guardian of the bed-chamber; -½âvâsa-vesman, n., -vesman, n. bed-chamber; -½âsana-bhoga, m. pl. lying down, sitting, or eating; -½ut thâyam, ad. on rising from one's couch, early in the morning; -½utsa&ndot;ga, m. surface of a couch.
saṃtāna m. C.: continuity, continu- ance; uninterrupted series, continuous flow; continuous train of thought (rare); lasting alliance (in which a daughter is given to one's ally; also -samdhi, m.); continuation of a family, offspring, progeny (also n.); V.: con nexion, transition (in recitation etc.); reti culated ligature, sinew: -ka, m. one of the five trees of paradise: -maya, a. (î) consist ing of the flowers of the Samtânaka tree; -tânam, abs. extending across; -tâpa, m. heat; pain, suffering, anguish, distress, at (lc.); remorse, repentance; penance (rare): -m kri, be distressed about (prati): -kârin, a. causing suffering; -tâpana, a. paining, afflicting;-tâpa-vat, a. afflicted with pain, sorrowful; -tâpa-hara, a. removing heat; -târa, m. crossing (water, g., --°ree;): -mûlaka, probably incorr.; -târya, fp. to be crossed (sea); to be got over (fig.).
saparyāṇa a. saddled; -palâsa, a. covered with leaves (branch; Br., S.); -pâ da, a. together with a quarter: -laksha, m. or n. one hundred and twenty-five thousand; -pâla, a. attended by a herdsman; -pinda, a. sharing the funeral cake, related to any one (g.) as far as the sixth generation: -tâ, f. kinship as far as the sixth generation; -pind î-karana, n. turning into a Sapinda relative, admission to orperformance of the first Srâd dha after a death; -pitrika, a. together with the father or fathers; -pitri-râganya, a. to gether with the royal members among the fathers; -pidhâna, a. provided with a lid; -putra, a. together with one's son or children; -with the calf: -ka, a. (ikâ) together with one's little son, -dâra, a. with son and wife; -pulaka, a. bristling, thrilled: -m, ad.; -pushpa, a. flowering (tree); -pûrva, a. possessed by one's ancestors; together with the preceding letter.
samānodaka a. having only libations of water (to ancestors) in common, distantly related: -bhâva, m. this kind of distant relationship; -½udarya, a. descended from the same mother; m.uterine brother; -upamâ, f. simile in which the common term though identical in sound must be interpreted in two senses (e. g. in &open;bâlâ½iva½udyânamâlâ sâlakânana-sobhinî&close; sâlakânana=sa½alaka½â nana and sâla-kânana).
sindūra n. red lead: -tilaka, m. forehead mark made with red lead; i-ta, pp. made to resemble red lead.
     Vedic Index of
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amalā This plant is probably the Emblica officinalis, or Myrobalan tree ; also called Amalaka, or Amalakā.
aruṇa aupaveśi gautama Is the full style of a teacher, who is repeatedly referred to in the later Samhitās and Brāhmanas, and whose son was the famous Uddālaka Aruni. He was a pupil of Upaveśa, and a contemporary of the prince Aśvapati, by whom he was instructed. Cf. Aruna.
aruṇi Is the patronymic normally referring to Uddālaka, son of Aruna Aupaveśi. Uddālaka is probably also meant by Aruni Yaśasvin, who occurs as a teacher of the Subrahmanyā (a kind of recitation) in the Jaiminīya Brāhmana. Arunis are referred to both in the Jaiminīya Upanisad Brāhmana and in the Kāthaka Samhitā, as well as in the Aitareya Aranyaka.
aruṇeya An epithet of śvetaketu his descent from Uddālaka Aruni and Aruna Aupaveśi. It is apparently confined to the śatapatha Brāhmana and Chāndogya Upani¬sad, in which śvetaketu plays a great part.
udīcyas The Brāhmanas of the northern parts are referred to in the śatapatha Brāhmana as engaging, with Svaidāyana Saunaka as their spokesman, in a dispute with the Kurupañcāla Brāhmana Uddālaka Aruni, and as vanquishing him. Their relation to the Kurupañcālas appears also from the fact that in the same Brāhmana reference is made to the speech of the north being similar to that of the Kurupañcālas. The speech of the Northerners was also celebrated for purity; hence Brāhmanas used to go to the north for purposes of study, according to the Kausītaki Brāhmana, while in the Buddhist texts the school of Taksaśilā (in Gandhāra) is famous as a resort of students. Possibly, too, Sanskrit was specially developed in Kaśmīr, as suggested by Franke. See also Kuru.
uddālaka aruṇi Uddālaka, son of Aruna, is one of the most prominent teachers of the Vedic period. He was a Brāh­mana of the Kurupañcālas, according to the śatapatha Brāh­mana. This statement is confirmed by the fact that he was teacher of Proti Kausurubindi of Kauśāmbī, and that his son Svetaketu is found disputing among the Pañcālas. He was a pupil of Aruna, his father, as well as of Patañcala Kāpya, of Madra, while he was the teacher of the famous Yājñavalkya Vājasaneya and of Kausītaki, although the former is represented elsewhere as having silenced him. He overcame in argument Prācīnayogya śauceya, and apparently also Bhadrasena Ajāta- śatrava, though the text here seems to read the name as Arani. He was a Gautama, and is often alluded to as such. As an authority on questions of ritual and philosophy, he is repeatedly referred to by his patronymic name Aruni in the śatapatha Brāhmana, the Brhadāranyaka Upanisad, the Chāndogya Upanisad, and occasionally in the Aitareya, the Kausītaki, and the Sadvimśa Brāhmanas, as well as the Kausītaki Upanisad. In the Maitrāyanī Samhitā he is not mentioned, according to Geldner, but only his father Aruna; his name does not occur, according to Weber, in the Pañca¬vimśa Brāhmana, but in the Kāthaka Samhitā he is, as Aruni, known as a contemporary of Divodāsa Bhaimaseni, and in the Jaiminīya Upanisad Brāhmana he is mentioned as serving Vāsistha Caikitāneya. In the Taittirīya tradition he seldom appears. There is an allusion in the Taittirīya Samhitā to Kusurubinda Auddālaki, and according to the Taittirīya Brāhmana, Naciketas was a son of Vājaśravasa Gautama, who is made out to be Uddālaka by Sāyana. But the episode of Naciketas, being somewhat unreal, cannot be regarded as of historical value in proving relationship. Aruna is known to the Taittirīya Samhitā. A real son of Uddālaka was the famous śvetaketu, who is expressly reported by Apastamba to have been in his time an Avara or later authority, a statement of importance for the date of Aruni.
ṛṣi ‘Seer,’ is primarily a composer of hymns to the gods. In the Rigveda reference is often made to previous singers and to contemporary poets. Old poems were inherited and refurbished by members of the composer’s family, but the great aim of the singers was to produce new and approved hymns. It is not till the time of the Brāhmanas that the composition of hymns appears to have fallen into disuse, though poetry was still produced, for example, in the form of Gāthās, which the priests were required to compose them¬selves and sing to the accompaniment of the lute at the sacrifice. The Rsi was the most exalted of Brāhmanas, and his skill, which is often compared with that of a carpenter, was regarded as heaven-sent. The Purohita, whether as Hotr or as Brahman (see Rtvij), was a singer. No doubt the Rsis were normally attached to the houses of the great, the petty kings of Vedic times, or the nobles of the royal household. Nor need it be doubted that occasionally the princes them¬selves essayed poetry: a Rājanyarsi, the prototype of the later Rājarsi or * royal seer,’ who appears in the Pañcavimśa Brāhmana, though he must be mythical as Oldenberg points out, indicates that kings cultivated poetry just as later they engaged in philosophic disputations. Normally, how¬ever, the poetical function is Brahminical, Viśāmitra and others not being kings, but merely Brāhmanas, in the Rigveda. In the later literature the Rsis are the poets of the hymns preserved in the Samhitās, a Rsi being regularly16 cited when a Vedic Samhitā is quoted. Moreover, the Rsis become the representatives of a sacred past, and are regarded as holy sages, whose deeds are narrated as if they were the deeds of gods or Asuras. They are typified by a particular group of seven, mentioned four times in the Rigveda, several times in the later Samhitās, and enumerated in the Brhadāranyaka Upanisad as Gotama, Bharadvāja, Viśvāmitra, Jamadagni, Vasistha, Kaśyapa, and Atri. In the Rigveda itself Kutsa, Atri, Rebha, Agastya, the Kuśikas, Vasistha, Vyaśva, and others appear as Rsis; and the Atharvaveda contains a long list, including Añgiras, Agasti, Jamadagni, Atri, Kaśyapa, Vasistha, Bharadvāja, Gavisthira, Viśvāmitra, Kutsa, Kaksīvant, Kanva, Medhātithi, Triśoka, Uśanā Kāvya, Gotama, and Mudgala. Competition among the bards appears to have been known. This is one of the sides of the riddle poetry (Brahmodya) that forms a distinctive feature of the Vedic ritual of the Aśva¬medha, or horse sacrifice. In the Upanisad period such competitions were quite frequent. The most famous was that of Yājñavalkya, which was held at the court of Janaka of Videha, as detailed in the Brhadāranyaka Upanisad, and which was a source of annoyance to Ajātaśatru of Kāśī. According to an analogous practice, a Brāhmana, like Uddālaka Aruni, would go about disputing with all he came across, and compete with them for a prize of money.
auddālaki Descendant of Uddālaka,’ is the patronymic of the teacher variously called Asurbinda or Kusurubinda, and of śvetaketu.
aupaveśi ‘Descendant of Upaveśa,’ is the patronymic borne by Aruna, father of Uddālaka.
kālakāñja In the Atharvaveda mention is made of the Kālakāñjas as being in the sky. Both Roth and Zimmer hold that some constellation is meant. But as the defeat of the Kālakāñjas is one of Indra’s exploits, it is doubtful whether any stress can be laid on that interpretation of the passage in the Atharvaveda. Whitney suggests that the three stars of Orion are meant, Bloomfield that the galaxy or the stars in general are intended.
kāśi The name Kāśi denotes (in the plural1) the people of Kāśi (Benares), and Kāśya, the king of Kāśi. The Satapatha Brāhmana tells of Dhrtarāstra, king of Kāśi, who was defeated by Satānīka Sātrājita, with the result that the Kāśis, down to the time of the Brāhmana, gave up the kindling of the sacred fire. Sātrājita was a Bharata. We hear also of Ajātaśatru as a king of Kāśi; and no doubt Bhadrasena Ajātaśatrava, a contemporary of Uddālaka, was also a king of Kāśi. The Kāśis and Videhas were closely connected, as was natural in view of their geographical position. The compound name Kāśi-Videha occurs in the Kausītaki Upanisad; in the Brhadāranyaka Upanisad Gārgī describes Ajātaśatru as either a Kāśi or a Videha king. The Sāñkhāyana Srauta Sūtra mentions one Purohita as acting for the kings of Kāśi, Kosala, and Videha; and the Baudhāyana śrauta Sūtra mentions Kāśi and Videha in close proximity. Weber,8 indeed, throws out the suggestion that the Kāśis and the Videhas together con¬stitute the Uśīnaras, whose name is very rare in Vedic literature. As Kosala and Videha were in close connexion, Kāśi and Kosala are found combined in the compound name Kāśi- Kauśalyas of the Gopatha Brāhmana. Though Kāśi is a late word, it is quite possible that the town is older, as the river Varanāvatī referred to in the Athar¬vaveda may be connected with the later Vārānasī (Benares).It is significant that while the Kāśis, Kosalas, and Videhas were united, any relations which the Kuru-Pañcala peoples may have had with them were hostile. It is a fair conclusion that between these two great groups of peoples there did exist some political conflict as well as probably a difference of culture in some degree. The śatapatha Brāhmana,11 in the story of the advance of Aryan civilization over Kosala and Videha, preserves a clear tradition of this time, and a piece of evidence that in the Kuru-Pañcāla country lay the real centre of the Brāhmana culture (see also Kuru-Pañcāla). That the Kosala-Videhas were originally settlers of older date than the Kuru-Pañcālas is reasonably obvious from their geographical position, but the true Brāhmana culture appears to have been brought to them from the Kuru-Pañcala country. It is very probable that the East was less Aryan than the West, and that it was less completely reduced under Brahmin spiritual supremacy, as the movement of Buddhism was Eastern, and the Buddhist texts reveal a position in which the Ksatriyas rank above Brāhmanas. With this agrees the fact that the later Vedic texts display towards the people of Magadha a marked antipathy, which may be reasonably explained by that people’s lack of orthodoxy, and which may perhaps be traced as far back as the Vājasaneyi Samhitā. It is, of course, possible that the Kosala-Videhas and Kāśis actually were merely offshoots of the tribes later known as the Kuru-Pañcālas, and that they by reason of distance and less complete subjugation of the aborigines lost their Brahminical culture. This hypothesis, however, appears less likely, though it might be supported by a literal inter-pretation of the legend of the Aryan migration in the śatapatha Brāhmana.
gārgyāyaṇa Descendant of Gārgya,’ is mentioned as a pupil of Uddālakāyana in the second Vamśa in the Brhadāranyaka Upanisad (Kānva).
gautama ‘Descendant of Gotama,’ is a common patro­nymic, being applied to Aruna, Uddālaka Aruni, Kuśri, Sāti, Hāridrumata. Several Gautamas are mentioned in the Vamśas (lists of teachers) in the Brhadāranyaka Upanisad as pupils of Agni- veśya, of Saitava and Prācīnayogya, of Saitava, of Bhārad- vaja, of Gautama, and of Vatsya. referred to elsewhere.
cailaki ‘Descendant of Celaka,’ is the patronymic of Jīvala in the śatapatha Brāhmana
jana śārkarākṣya (* descendant of Sarkarāksa ’) is mentioned as a teacher in the śatapatha Brāhmana (x. 6, 1, 1. et seq.) and the Chāndogya Upanisad (v. 11, 1; 15, 1). He was a contemporary of Aśvapati Kaikeya, and of Aruna Aupaveśi and his son Uddālaka Aruni.
jāla Occurs in the Atharvaveda and the Sūtras in the sense of ‘ net.’ Jālaka is used in the Brhadāranyaka Upanisad of a reticulated membrane resembling a woven covering.
jīvala cailaki ‘Descendant of Celaka/ is mentioned in the śatapatha Brāhmana as reproving Taksan.
nīlāgalasāla Or, as the Paippalāda version reads, Nflākala- Sālā, is the name, according to the commentator, of a grain- creeper in the Atharvaveda.
pipīlikā In the Atharvaveda and later denotes an ‘ant/ the form of the word referring doubtless not so much to the small species of ant, as it is taken in the later lexicons, but rather to the insect’s tiny size, which would naturally be expressed by a diminutive formation of the name. The form Pipīlaka is found in the Chāndogya Upanisad.
paulkasa Is the name of one of the victims at the Puruṣa- medha (‘human sacrifice’) in the Yajurveda. The name also occurs in the Brhadāranyaka Upanisad as that of a despised race of men, together with the Cāndāla. The Maitrāyaηī Samhitā has the variant Puklaka or Pulkaka, clearly the same as Pulkasa, of which Paulkasa is a derivative form, showing that a caste is meant (cf Kaulāla, Pauñji§tha). In the accepted theory the Pulkasa is the son of a Niṣāda or śūdra by a Kṣatriya woman, but this is merely speculative; the Paulkasa may either have been a functional caste, or, as Fick5 believes, an aboriginal clan living by catching wild beasts, and only occasionally reduced to menial tasks.
pravāhaṇa jaivali (‘Descendant of Jīvala ’) is the name of a prince, contemporary with Uddālaka, who appears in the Upaniṣads as engaged in philosophical discussions. He is probably identical with the Jaivali of the Jaiminiya Upanisad Brāhmana.
proti kauśāmbeya kausurubindi (‘Descendant of Kusuru- binda’) is mentioned in the śatapatha Brāhmaṇa as a pupil and contemporary of Uddālaka. In the Taittirīya Sarphitā, on the other hand, Kusurubinda is called Auddālaki, ‘descendant of Uddālaka,’ a fact which seems to indicate that little value is to be attached to these patronymics and allegations of contemporaneousness.
brāmaṇa Descendant of a Brahman' (i.e., of a priest), is found only a few times in the Rigveda, and mostly in its latest parts. In the Atharvaveda and later it is a very common word denoting ‘priest,’ and it appears in the quadruple division of the castes in the Purusa-sūkta (‘hymn of man’) of the Rigveda. It seems certain that in the Rigveda this Brāhmaṇa, or Brahmin, is already a separate caste, differing from the warrior and agricultural castes. The texts regularly claim for them a superiority to the Kṣatriya caste, and the Brahmin is able by his spells or manipulation of the rite to embroil the people and the warriors or the different sections of the warriors. If it is necessary to. recognize, as is sometimes done, that the Brahmin does pay homage to the king at the Rājasūya, nevertheless the unusual fact is carefully explained away so as to leave the priority of the Brahmin unaffected. But it is expressly recognized that the union of the Ksatriya and the Brāhmaṇa is essential for complete prosperity. It is admitted that the king or the nobles might at times oppress the Brahmins, but it is indicated that ruin is then certain swiftly to follow. The Brahmins are gods on earth, like the gods in heaven, but this claim is hardly found in the Rigveda. In the Aitareya Brāhmana the Brahmin is said to be the ‘ recipient of gifts * (ādāyt) and the * drinker of the offering ’ (āpāyT). The other two epithets applied, āvasāyī and yathā- kāma-prayāpya, are more obscure; the former denotes either ‘ dwelling everywhere ’ or ‘ seeking food ’; the latter is usually taken as * moving at pleasure,’ but it must rather allude to the power of the king to assign a place of residence to the Brahmin. In the śatapatha Brāhmana the prerogatives of the Brah¬min are summed up as Arcā, ‘honour’; Dāna, ‘gifts’; Aj'yeyatā,‘ freedom from oppression ’; and Avadhyatā, ‘ freedom from being killed.’ On the other hand, his duties are summed up as Brāhmanya, ‘ purity of descent’; Pratirūpa-caryā, ‘devotion of the duties of his caste’; and Loka-pakti, ‘the perfecting of people ’ (by teaching). ī. Respect paid to Brahmins. The texts are full of references to the civilities to be paid to the Brahmin. He is styled bhagavant, and is provided with good food and entertain¬ment wherever he goes. Indeed, his sanctity exempts him from any close inquiry into his real claim to Brahminhood according to the Pañcavimśa Brāhmana. Gifts to Brahmins. The Dānastuti (‘Praise of gifts’) is a recognized feature of the Rigveda, and the greed of the poets for Dakṣiṇās, or sacrificial fees, is notorious. Vedic texts themselves recognize that the literature thence resulting (Nārā- śamsī) was often false to please the donors. It was, however, a rule that Brahmins should not accept what had been refused by others; this indicates a keen sense of the danger of cheapening their wares. So exclusively theirs was the right to receive gifts that the Pañcavimśa Brāhmaṇa has to explain how Taranta and Purumīlha became able to accept gifts by composing a Rigvedic hymn. The exaggerations in the celebration of the gifts bestowed on the priests has the curious result of giving us a series of numerals of some interest (Daśan). In some passages certain gifts those of a horse or sheep are forbidden, but this rule was not, it is clear, generally observed. Immunities of Brahmins. The Brahmin claimed to be exempt from the ordinary exercise of the royal power. When a king gives all his land and what is on it to the priests, the gift does not cover the property of the Brahmin according to the śatapatha Brāhmaṇa. The king censures all, but not the Brahmin, nor can he safely oppress any Brahmin other than an ignorant priest. An arbitrator (or a witness) must decide (or speak) for a Brahmin against a non-Brahmin in a legal dispute. The Brahmin’s proper food is the Soma, not Surā or Parisrut, and he is forbidden to eat certain forms of flesh. On the other hand, he alone is allowed to eat the remains of the sacrifice, for no one else is sufficiently holy to consume food which the gods have eaten. Moreover, though he cannot be a physician, he helps the physician by being beside him while he exercises his art. His wife and his cow are both sacred. 4.Legal Position of. Brahmins.—The Taittirīya Samhitā lays down a penalty of a hundred (the unit meant is unknown) for an insult to a Brahmin, and of a thousand for a blow ; but if his blood is drawn, the penalty is a spiritual one. The only real murder is the slaying of a Brahmin according to the śatapatha Brāhmana. The crime of slaying a Brahmin ranks above the sin of killing any other man, but below that of killing an embryo (bhrūna) in the Yajurveda ; the crime of slaying an embryo whose sex is uncertain is on a level with that of slaying a Brahmin. The murder of a Brahmin can be expiated only by the horse sacrifice, or by a lesser rite in the late Taittirīya Araṇyaka.The ritual slaying of a Brahmin is allowed in the later ceremonial, and hinted at in the curious legend of śunahśepa ; and a Purohita might be punished with death for treachery to his master. 5.Purity of Birth. The importance of pure descent is seeη in the stress laid on being a descendant of a Rṣi (ārseya). But, on the other hand, there are clear traces of another doctrine, which requires learning, and not physical descent, as the true criterion of Rsihood. In agreement with this is the fact that Satyakāma Jābāla was received as a pupil, though his parentage was unknown, his mother being a slave girl who had been connected with several men, and that in the śatapatha Brāhmaṇa the ceremony on acceptance as a pupil required merely the name of the pupil. So Kavasa is taunted in the Rigveda Brāhmaṇas as being the son of a female slave (Dāsī), and Vatsa cleared himself of a similar imputation by a fire ordeal. Moreover, a very simple rite was adequate to remove doubts as to origin. In these circumstances it is doubtful whether much value attaches to the Pravara lists in which the ancestors of the priest were invoked at the beginning of the sacrifice by the Hotṛ and the Adhvaryu priests.66 Still, in many parts of the ritual the knowledge of two or more genera¬tions was needed, and in one ceremony ten ancestors who have drunk the Soma are required, but a literal performance of the rite is excused. Moreover, there are clear traces of ritual variations in schools, like those of the Vasisthas and the Viśvāmitras. 6. The Conduct of the Brahmin. The Brahmin was required to maintain a fair standard of excellence. He was to be kind to all and gentle, offering sacrifice and receiving gifts. Especial stress was laid on purity of speech ; thus Viśvan- tara’s excuse for excluding the Syaparnas from his retinue was their impure (apūtā) speech. Theirs was the craving for knowledge and the life of begging. False Brahmins are those who do not fulfil their duties (cf, Brahmabandhu). But the penances for breach of duty are, in the Sūtras, of a very light and unimportant character. 7. Brahminical Studies. The aim of the priest is to obtain pre-eminence in sacred knowledge (brahma-varcasam), as is stated in numerous passages of Vedic literature. Such distinction is not indeed confined to the Brahmin: the king has it also, but it is not really in a special manner appropriate to the Kṣatriya. Many ritual acts are specified as leading to Brahmavarcasa, but more stress is laid on the study of the sacred texts : the importance of such study is repeatedly insisted upon. The technical name for study is Svādhyāya : the śatapatha Brāhmana is eloquent upon its advantages, and it is asserted that the joy of the learned śrotriya, or ‘student,’ is equal to the highest joy possible. Nāka Maudgfalya held that study and the teaching of others were the true penance (tapas).7δ The object was the ‘ threefold knowledge’ (trayī vidyā), that of the Rc, Yajus, and Sāman, a student of all three Vedas being called tri-śukriya or tn-sukra, ‘thrice pure.’ Other objects of study are enumerated in the śatapatha Brāhmaṇa, in the Taittirīya Aranyaka, the Chāndogya Upanisad, etc. (See Itihāsa, Purāna; Gāthā, Nārāśamsī; Brahmodya; Anuśās- ana, Anuvyākhyāna, Anvākhyāna, Kalpa, Brāhmaria; Vidyā, Ksatravidyā, Devajanavidyā, Nakçatravidyā, Bhūta- vidyā, Sarpavidyā; Atharvāñgirasah, Daiva, Nidhi, Pitrya, Rāśi; Sūtra, etc.) Directions as to the exact place and time of study are given in the Taittirīya Araṇyaka and in the Sūtras. If study is carried on in the village, it is to be done silently (manasā); if outside, aloud (vācā). Learning is expected even from persons not normally competent as teachers, such as the Carakas, who are recognized in the śatapatha Brāhmaṇa as possible sources of information. Here, too, may be mentioned the cases of Brahmins learning from princes, though their absolute value is doubtful, for the priests would naturally represent their patrons as interested in their sacred science: it is thus not necessary to see in these notices any real and independent study on the part of the Kṣatriyas. Yājñavalkya learnt from Janaka, Uddālaka Aruni and two other Brahmins from Pravāhaṇa Jaivali, Drptabālāki Gārgya from Ajātaśatru, and five Brahmins under the lead of Aruṇa from Aśvapati Kaikeya. A few notices show the real educators of thought: wandering scholars went through the country and engaged in disputes and discussions in which a prize was staked by the disputants. Moreover, kings like Janaka offered rewards to the most learned of the Brahmins; Ajātaśatru was jealous of his renown, and imitated his generosity. Again, learned women are several times mentioned in the Brāhmaṇas. A special form of disputation was the Brahmodya, for which there was a regular place at the Aśvamedha (‘ horse sacrifice ’) and at the Daśarātra (‘ ten-day festival,). The reward of learning was the gaining of the title of Kavi or Vipra, ‘ sage.’ 8. The Functions of the Brahmin. The Brahmin was required not merely to practise individual culture, but also to give others the advantage of his skill, either as a teacher or as a sacrificial priest, or as a Purohita. As a teacher the Brahmin has, of course, the special duty of instructing his own son in both study and sacrificial ritual. The texts give examples of this, such as Áruṇi and Svetaketu, or mythically Varuṇa and Bhṛgu. This fact also appears from some of the names in the Vamśa Brāhmana" of the Sāmaveda and the Vamśa (list of teachers) of the śāñkhāyana Áraṇyaka. On the other hand, these Vamśas and the Vamśas of the Satapatha Brāhmaṇa show that a father often preferred to let his son study under a famous teacher. The relation of pupil and teacher is described under Brahmacarya. A teacher might take several pupils, and he was bound to teach them with all his heart and soul. He was bound to reveal everything to his pupil, at any rate to one who was staying with him for a year (saηivatsara-vāsin), an expression which shows, as was natural, that a pupil might easily change teachers. But, nevertheless, certain cases of learning kept secret and only revealed to special persons are enumerated. The exact times and modes of teaching are elaborately laid down in the Sūtras, but not in the earlier texts. As priest the Brahmin operated in all the greater sacrifices; the simple domestic {grhya) rites could normally be performed without his help, but not the more important rites {śrauta). The number varied : the ritual literature requires sixteen priests to be employed at the greatest sacrifices (see Rtvij), but other rites could be accomplished with four, five, six, seven, or ten priests. Again, the Kauçītakins had a seventeenth priest beside the usual sixteen, the Sadasya, so called because he watched the performance from the Sadas, seat.’ In one rite, the Sattra (‘sacrificial session') of the serpents, the Pañcavimśa Brāhmaṇa, adds three more to the sixteen, a second Unnetṛ, an Abhigara, and an Apagara. The later ritual places the Brahman at the head of all the priests, but this is probably not the early view (see Brahman). The sacrifice ensured, if properly performed, primarily the advantages of the sacrificer (yajamāna), but the priest shared in the profit, besides securing the Daksiṇās. Disputes between sacrificers and the priests were not rare, as in the case of Viśvantara and the śyāparṇas, or Janamejaya and the Asitamrgras and the Aiçāvīras are referred to as undesirable priests. Moreover, Viśvāmitra once held the post of Purohita to Sudās, but gave place to Vasiṣtha. The position of Purohita differed considerably from that of the ordinary priest, for the Purohita not merely might officiate at the sacrifice, but was the officiator in all the private sacrifices of his king. Hence he could, and undoubtedly sometimes did, obtain great influence over his master in matters of secular importance; and the power of the priesthood in political as opposed to domestic and religious matters, no doubt rested on the Purohita. There is no recognition in Vedic literature of the rule later prevailing by which, after spending part of his life as a Brahma- cārin, and part as a householder, the Brahmin became an ascetic (later divided into the two stages of Vānaprastha, ‘forest-dweller,’ and Samnyāsin, ‘mystic ’). Yājñavalkya's case shows that study of the Absolute might empty life of all its content for the sage, and drive him to abandon wife and family. In Buddhist times the same phenomenon is seen applying to other than Brahmins. The Buddhist texts are here confirmed in some degree by the Greek authorities. The practice bears a certain resemblance to the habit of kings, in the Epic tradition,of retiring to the forest when active life is over. From the Greek authorities it also appears what is certainly the case in the Buddhist literature that Brahmins practised the most diverse occupations. It is difficult to say how far this was true for the Vedic period. The analogy of the Druids in some respects very close suggests that the Brahmins may have been mainly confined to their professional tasks, including all the learned professions such as astronomy and so forth. This is not contradicted by any Vedic evidence ; for instance, the poet of a hymn of the Rigveda says he is a poet, his father a physician (Bhiṣaj), and his mother a grinder of corn (Upala-prakṣiṇī). This would seem to show that a Brahmin could be a doctor, while his wife would perform the ordinary household duties. So a Purohita could perhaps take the field to assist the king by prayer, as Viśvāmitra, and later on Vasiṣtha do, but this does not show that priests normally fought. Nor do they seem normally to have been agriculturists or merchants. On the other hand, they kept cattle: a Brahmacarin’s duty was to watch his master’s cattle.129 It is therefore needless to suppose that they could not, and did not, on occasion turn to agricultural or mercan¬tile pursuits, as they certainly did later. But it must be remembered that in all probability there was more purity of blood, and less pressure of life, among the Brahmins of the Vedic age than later in Buddhist times, when the Vedic sacrificial apparatus was falling into grave disrepute. It is clear that the Brahmins, whatever their defects, represented the intellectual side of Vedic life, and that the Kṣatriyas, if they played a part in that life, did so only in a secondary degree, and to a minor extent. It is natural to suppose that the Brahmins also composed ballads, the precursors of the epic; for though none such have survived, a few stanzas of this character, celebrating the generosity of patrons, have been preserved by being embedded in priestly compositions. A legend in the śatapatha Brāhmaṇa shows clearly that the Brahmins regarded civilization as being spread by them only: Kosala and Videha, no doubt settled by Aryan tribes, are only rendered civilized and habitable by the influence of pious Brahmins. We need not doubt that the non-Brahminical tribes (see Vrātya) had attained intellectual as well as material civilization, but it is reasonable to assume that their civilization was inferior to that of the Brahmins, for the history of Hinduism is the conquest by the Brahmins not by arms, but by mind of the tribes Aryan and non-Aryan originally beyond the pale.
bhadrasena ájātaśatrava (‘Descendant of Ajātaśatru ’) is the name of a man, presumably a prince, whom Uddālaka is said in the Satapatha Brāhmaṇa to have bewitched.
bhāradvāja ‘Descendant of Bharadvāja is the patronymic of many teachers. In the Vaṃśas (lists of teachers) of the Brhadāranyaka Upanisad, Bhāradvājas are mentioned as pupils of Bhāradvāj'a, Pārāśarya, Balākākauśika, Aitareya, Asurāyaṇa, and Ba\javāpāyana.β A Bhāradvāja occurs in the Rigveda, and śūça Vālmeya is mentioned as a Bhāradvāja in the Vamśa Brāhmana.
madhyadeśa The ‘Middle Country,’ is, according to the Mānava Dharma śāstra, the land between the Himālaya in the north, the Vindhya in the south, Vinaáana in the west, and Prayāga (now Allahabad) in the east that is, between the place where the Sarasvatī disappears in the desert, and the point of the confluence of the Yamunā (Jumna) and the Gañgā (Ganges). The same authority defines Brahmarsi-deśa as denoting the land of Kuruksetra, the Matsyas, Pañcālas, and śūrasenakas, and Brahmāvarta as meaning the particularly holy land between the Sarasvatī and the Drṣadvatī. The Baudhāyana Dharma Sūtra4 defines Áryāvarta as the land east of Vinaśana; west of the Kālaka-vana, ‘ Black Forest,’ or rather Kanakhala, near Hardvār; south of the Himālaya; and north of the Pāriyātra or the Pāripātra Mountains; adding that, in the opinion of others, it was confined to the country between the Yamunā and the Gañgā, while the Bhāllavins took it as the country between the boundary-river (or perhaps the Saras-vatī) and the region where the sun rises. The Mānava Dharma śāstra, in accord with the Vasiṣṭha Dharma Sūtra, defines Áryāvarta as the region between the Vindhya and the Himālaya, the two ranges which seem to be the boundaries of the Aryan world in the Kauṣītaki Upaniṣad also. The term Madhyadeśa is not Vedic, but it is represented in the Aitareya Brāhmaṇa by the expression madhyamā pratisthā diś, ‘ the middle fixed region,’ the inhabitants of which are stated to be the Kurus, the Pañcālas, the Vaśas, and the Uśīnaras. The latter two peoples practically disappear later on, the Madhyadeśa being the country of the Kuru-Pañcālas, the land where the Brāhmaṇas and the later Samhitās were produced, bounded on the east by the Kosala-Videhas, and on the west by the desert. The western tribes are mentioned with disapproval both in the śatapatha Brāhmaṇa and the Aitareya Brāhmaṇa, while the tradition of the Brahminization of the Kosalas and the Videhas from the Kuru-Pañcāla country is preserved in the former Brāhmaṇa.
yājñavalkya ‘Descendant of Yajñavalkya,’ is repeatedly mentioned in the śatapatha Brāhmaṇa as an authority on questions of ritual. He is, however, also given as an authority on questions of philosophy in the Bṛhadāraṇyaka Upanisad, but Oldenberg is, no doubt, right in thinking that no possible importance can be attached to the mention of Yājñavalkya in the latter capacity. He is said to have been a pupil of Uddālaka Arum, whom he opposed successfully in a dispute.5 His two wives, Maitreyī and Kātyāyanī, are mentioned in the Brhadāraṇyaka Upanisad, which concludes with a passage ascribing to Yājñavalkya Vājasaneya the ‘white Yajus ’ {śuklāni yajUmsi). It is remarkable that Yājñavalkya is never mentioned in any other Vedic text outside the śatapatha Brāhmana y except the śāñkhāyana Aranyaka, where, however, both/\ references are merely transcripts from the śatapatha. It has been supposed by Oldenberg10 and others that Yājñavalkya belonged to Videha, but despite the legend of Janaka’s patronage of him, his association with Uddālaka, the Kuru-Pañcāla, renders this doubtful.
varṇa (lit. ‘colour’) In the Rigveda is applied to denote classes of men, the Dāsa and the Aryan Varṇa being contrasted, as other passages show, on account of colour. But this use is confined to distinguishing two colours: in this respect the Rigveda differs fundamentally from the later Samhitās and Brāhmaṇas, where the four castes (varnūh) are already fully recognized. (a) Caste in the Rigveda.—The use of the term Varṇa is not, of course, conclusive for the question whether caste existed in the Rigveda. In one sense it must be admitted to have existed: the Puruṣa-sūkta, ‘hymn of man,’ in the tenth Maṇdala clearly contemplates the division of mankind into four classes—the Brāhmaṇa, Rājanya, Vaiśya, and śūdra. But the hymn being admittedly late,6 its evidence is not cogent for the bulk of the Rigveda.' Zimmer has with great force com- batted the view that the Rigveda was produced in a society that knew the caste system. He points out that the Brāhmaṇas show us the Vedic Indians on the Indus as unbrah- minized, and not under the caste system; he argues that the Rigveda was the product of tribes living in the Indus region and the Panjab; later on a part of this people, who had wandered farther east, developed the peculiar civilization of the caste system. He adopts the arguments of Muir, derived from the study of the data of the Rigveda, viz.: that (a) the four castes appear only in the late Purusasūkta; (6) the term Varṇa, as shown above, covers the three highest castes of later times, and is only contrasted with Dāsa; (c) that Brāhmaṇa is rare in the Rigveda, Kṣatriya occurs seldom, Rājanya only in the Purusasūkta, where too, alone, Vaiśya and śūdra are found; (d) that Brahman denotes at first ‘poet,’ ‘sage,’ and then ‘ officiating priest,’ or still later a special class of priest; (e) that in some only of the passages where it occurs does Brahman denote a ‘priest by profession,’ while in others it denotes something peculiar to the individual, designating a person distinguished for genius or virtue, or specially chosen to receive divine inspiration. Brāhmaṇa, on the other hand, as Muir admits, already denotes a hereditary professional priesthood. Zimmer connects the change from the casteless system of the Rigveda to the elaborate system of the Yajurveda with the advance of the Vedic Indians to the east, comparing the Ger¬manic invasions that transformed the German tribes into monarchies closely allied with the church. The needs of a conquering people evoke the monarch; the lesser princes sink to the position of nobles ; for repelling the attacks of aborigines or of other Aryan tribes, and for quelling the revolts of the subdued population, the state requires a standing army in the shape of the armed retainers of the king, and beside the nobility of the lesser princes arises that of the king’s chief retainers, as the Thegns supplemented the Gesiths of the Anglo-Saxon monarchies. At the same time the people ceased to take part in military matters, and under climatic influences left the conduct of war to the nobility and their retainers, devoting themselves to agriculture, pastoral pursuits, and trade. But the advantage won by the nobles over the people was shared by them with the priesthood, the origin of whose power lies in the Purohitaship, as Roth first saw. Originally the prince could sacrifice for himself and the people, but the Rigveda itself shows cases, like those of Viśvāmitra and Vasiçtha illustrating forcibly the power of the Purohita, though at the same time the right of the noble to act as Purohita is seen in the case of Devāpi Arṣtisena.le The Brahmins saw their opportunity, through the Purohitaship, of gaining practical power during the confusion and difficulties of the wars of invasion, and secured it, though only after many struggles, the traces of which are seen in the Epic tradition. The Atharvaveda also preserves relics of these conflicts in its narration of the ruin of the Spñjayas because of oppressing Brahmins, and besides other hymns of the Atharvaveda, the śatarudriya litany of the Yajurveda reflects the period of storm and stress when the aboriginal population was still seething with discontent, and Rudra was worshipped as the patron god of all sorts of evil doers. This version of the development of caste has received a good deal of acceptance in it's main outlines, and it may almost be regarded as the recognized version. It has, however, always been opposed by some scholars, such as Haug, Kern, Ludwig, and more recently by Oldenberg25 and by Geldner.25 The matter may be to some extent simplified by recognizing at once that the caste system is one that has progressively developed, and that it is not legitimate to see in the Rigveda the full caste system even of the Yajurveda; but at the same time it is difficult to doubt that the system was already well on its way to general acceptance. The argument from the non- brahminical character of the Vrātyas of the Indus and Panjab loses its force when it is remembered that there is much evidence in favour of placing the composition of the bulk of the Rigveda, especially the books in which Sudās appears with Vasiṣṭha and Viśvāmitra, in the east, the later Madhyadeśa, a view supported by Pischel, Geldner, Hopkins,30 and Mac¬donell.81 Nor is it possible to maintain that Brahman in the Rigveda merely means a ‘poet or sage.’ It is admitted by Muir that in some passages it must mean a hereditary profession ; in fact, there is not a single passage in which it occurs where the sense of priest is not allowable, since the priest was of course the singer. Moreover, there are traces in the Rigveda of the threefold or fourfold division of the people into brahma, ksafram, and vitofi, or into the three classes and the servile population. Nor even in respect to the later period, any more than to the Rigveda, is the view correct that regards the Vaiśyas as not taking part in war. The Rigveda evidently knows of no restriction of war to a nobility and its retainers, but the late Atharvaveda equally classes the folk with the bala, power,’ representing the Viś as associated with the Sabhā, Samiti, and Senā, the assemblies of the people and the armed host. Zimmer explains these references as due to tradition only; but this is hardly a legitimate argument, resting, as it does, on the false assumption that only a Kṣatriya can fight. But it is (see Kçatriya) very doubtful whether Kṣatriya means anything more than a member of the nobility, though later, in the Epic, it included the retainers of the nobility, who increased in numbers with the growth of military monarchies, and though later the ordinary people did not necessarily take part in wars, an abstention that is, however, much exaggerated if it is treated as an absolute one. The Kṣatriyas were no doubt a hereditary body; monarchy was already hereditary (see Rājan), and it is admitted that the śūdras were a separate body: thus all the elements of the caste system were already in existence. The Purohita, indeed, was a person of great importance, but it is clear, as Oldenberg37 urges, that he was not the creator of the power of the priesthood, but owed his position, and the influence he could in consequence exert, to the fact that the sacrifice required for its proper performance the aid of a hereditary priest in whose possession was the traditional sacred knowledge. Nor can any argument for the non-existence of the caste system be derived from cases like that of Devāpi. For, in the first place, the Upaniṣads show kings in the exercise of the priestly functions of learning and teaching, and the Upaniṣads are certainly contemporaneous with an elaborated caste system. In the second place the Rigvedic evidence is very weak, for Devāpi, who certainly acts as Purohita, is not stated in the Rigveda to be a prince at all, though Yāska calls him a Kauravya; the hymns attributed to kings and others cannot be vindicated for them by certain evidence, though here, again, the Brāhmaṇas do not scruple to recognize Rājanyarṣis, or royal sages’; and the famous Viśvāmitra shows in the Rigveda no sign of the royal character which the Brāhmaṇas insist on fastening on him in the shape of royal descent in the line of Jahnu. (6) Caste in the later Samhitās and Brāhmanas. The relation between the later and the earlier periods of the Vedic history of caste must probably be regarded in the main as the hardening of a system already formed by the time of the Rigveda. etc. Three castes Brāhmaṇa, Rājan, śūdraare mentioned in the Atharvaveda, and two castes are repeatedly mentioned together, either Brahman and Kṣatra, or Kṣatra and Viś. 2.The Relation of the Castes. The ritual literature is full of minute differences respecting the castes. Thus, for example, the śatapatha prescribes different sizes of funeral mounds for the four castes. Different modes of address are laid down for the four castes, as ehi, approach ’; āgaccha, ‘come’; ādrava, run up ’; ādhāva, hasten up,’ which differ in degrees of politeness. The representatives of the four castes are dedicated at the Puruṣamedha (‘human sacrifice’) to different deities. The Sūtras have many similar rules. But the three upper castes in some respects differ markedly from the fourth, the śūdras. The latter are in the śatapatha Brāhmaṇa declared not fit to be addressed by a Dīkṣita, consecrated person,’ and no śūdra is to milk the cow whose milk is to be used for the Agnihotra ('fire-oblation’). On the other hand, in certain passages, the śūdra is given a place in the Soma sacrifice, and in the Taittirīya Brāhmaṇa there are given formulas for the placing of the sacrificial fire not only for the three upper castes, but also for the Rathakāra, chariot-maker.’ Again, in the Aitareya Brāhmaṇa, the Brāhmaṇa is opposed as eater of the oblation to the members of the other three castes. The characteristics of the several castes are given under Brāhmaṇa, Kçatriya and Rājan, Vaiśya, śūdra: they may be briefly summed up as follows : The Viś forms the basis of the state on which the Brahman and Kṣatra rest;®3 the Brahman and Kṣatra are superior to the Viś j®4 while all three classes are superior to the śūdras. The real power of the state rested with the king and his nobles, with their retainers, who may be deemed the Kṣatriya element. Engaged in the business of the protection of the country, its administration, the decision of legal cases, and in war, the nobles subsisted, no doubt, on the revenues in kind levied from the people, the king granting to them villages (see Grāma) for their maintenance, while some of them, no doubt, had lands of their own cultivated for them by slaves or by tenants. The states were seemingly small there are no clear signs of any really large kingdoms, despite the mention of Mahārājas. The people, engaged in agriculture, pastoral pursuits, and trade (Vaṇij), paid tribute to the king and nobles for the protection afforded them. That, as Baden- Powell suggests, they were not themselves agriculturists is probably erroneous; some might be landowners on a large scale, and draw their revenues from śūdra tenants, or even Aryan tenants, but that the people as a whole were in this position is extremely unlikely. In war the people shared the conflicts of the nobles, for there was not yet any absolute separation of the functions of the several classes. The priests may be divided into two classes the Purohitas of the kings, who guided their employers by their counsel, and were in a position to acquire great influence in the state, as it is evident they actually did, and the ordinary priests who led quiet lives, except when they were engaged on some great festival of a king or a wealthy noble. The relations and functions of the castes are well summed up in a passage of the Aitareya Brāhmaṇa, which treats of them as opposed to the Kṣatriya. The Brāhmaṇa is a receiver of gifts (ā-dāyī), a drinker of Soma (ā-pāyī), a seeker of food (āvasāyī), and liable to removal at will (yathākāma-prayāpyaīi).n The Vaiśya is tributary to another (anyasya balikrt), to be lived on by another (anyasyādyal}), and to be oppressed at will (yathā- kāma-jyeyal}). The śūdra is the servant of another (anyasya j>resyah), to be expelled at will (kāmotthāpyah), and to be slain at pleasure {yathākāma-vadhyah). The descriptions seem calculated to show the relation of each of the castes to the Rājanya. Even the Brāhmaṇa he can control, whilst the Vaiśya is his inferior and tributary, whom he can remove without cause from his land, but who is still free, and whom he cannot maim or slay without due process. The śūdra has no rights of property or life against the noble, especially the king. The passage is a late one, and the high place of the Kṣatriya is to some extent accounted for by this fact. It is clear that in the course of time the Vaiśya fell more and more in position with the hardening of the divisions of caste. Weber shows reason for believing that the Vājapeya sacrifice, a festival of which a chariot race forms an integral part, was, as the śāñkhāyana śrauta Sūtra says, once a sacrifice for a Vaiśya, as well as for a priest or king. But the king, too, had to suffer diminution of his influence at the hands of the priest: the Taittirīya texts show that the Vājapeya was originally a lesser sacrifice which, in the case of a king, was followed by the Rājasūya, or consecration of him as an overlord of lesser kings, and in that of the Brahmin by the Bṛhaspatisava, a festival celebrated on his appointment as a royal Purohita. But the śatapatha Brāhmaṇa exalts the Vājapeya, in which a priest could be the sacrificer, over the Rājasūya, from which he was excluded, and identifies it with the Bṛhaspatisava, a clear piece of juggling in the interests of the priestly pretentions. But we must not overestimate the value of such passages, or the exaltation of the Purohita in the later books of the śatapatha and Aitareya Brāhmanas as evidence of a real growth in the priestly power: these books represent the views of the priests of what their own powers should be, and to some extent were in the Madhyadeśa. Another side of the picture is presented in the Pāli literature, which, belonging to a later period than the Vedic, undoubtedly underestimates the position of the priests ; while the Epic, more nearly contemporaneous with the later Vedic period, displays, despite all priestly redaction, the temporal superiority of the nobility in clear light. Although clear distinctions were made between the different castes, there is little trace in Vedic literature of one of the leading characteristics of the later system, the impurity communicated by the touch or contact of the inferior castes, which is seen both directly in the purification rendered necessary in case of contact with a śūdra, and indirectly in the prohibition of eating in company with men of lower caste. It is true that prohibition of eating in company with others does appear, but hot in connexion with caste: its purpose is to preserve the peculiar sanctity of those who perform a certain rite or believe in a certain doctrine; for persons who eat of the same food together, according to primitive thought, acquire the same characteristics and enter into a sacramental communion. But Vedic literature does not yet show that to take food from an inferior caste was forbidden as destroying purity. Nor, of course, has the caste system developed the constitution with a head, a council, and common festivals which the modern caste has; for such an organization is not found even in the Epic or in the Pāli literature. The Vedic characteristics of caste are heredity, pursuit of a common occupation, and restriction on intermarriage. 3. Restrictions on Intermarriage. Arrian, in his Indica, probably on the authority of Megasthenes, makes the prohibi¬tion of marriage between <γevη, no doubt castes,’ a characteristic of Indian life. The evidence of Pāli literature is in favour of this view, though it shows that a king could marry whom he wished, and could make his son by that wife the heir apparent. But it equally shows that there were others who held that not the father’s but the mother’s rank determined the social standing of the son. Though Manu recognizes the possibility of marriage with the next lower caste as producing legitimate children, still he condemns the marriage of an Aryan with a woman of lower caste. The Pāraskara Gṛhya Sūtra allows the marriage of a Kṣatriya with a wife of his own caste or of the lower caste, of a Brahmin with a wife of his own caste or of the two lower classes, and of a Vaiśya with a Vaiśya wife only. But it quotes the opinion of others that all of them can marry a śūdra wife, while other authorities condemn the marriage with a śūdra wife in certain circumstances, which implies that in other cases it might be justified. The earlier literature bears out this impression: much stress is laid on descent from a Rṣi, and on purity of descent ; but there is other evidence for the view that even a Brāhmaṇa need not be of pure lineage. Kavaṣa Ailūṣa is taunted with being the son of a Dāsī, ‘slave woman,’ and Vatsa was accused of being a śūdrā’s son, but established his purity by walking unhurt through the flames of a fire ordeal. He who is learned (śiiśruvān) is said to be a Brāhmaṇa, descended from a Rṣi (1ārseya), in the Taittirīya Samhitā; and Satyakāma, son of Jabālā, was accepted as a pupil by Hāridrumata Gautama, though he could not name his father. The Kāthaka Samhitā says that knowledge is all-important, not descent. But all this merely goes to show that there was a measure of laxity in the hereditary character of caste, not that it was not based on heredity. The Yajurveda Samhitās recognize the illicit union of Árya and śūdrā, and vice versa: it is not unlikely that if illicit unions took place, legal marriage was quite possible. The Pañcavimśa Brāhmaṇa, indeed, recognizes such a case in that of Dīrghatamas, son of the slave girl Uśij, if we may adopt the description of Uśij given in the Brhaddevatā. In a hymn of the Atharvaveda extreme claims are put forward for the Brāhmaṇa, who alone is a true husband and the real husband, even if the woman has had others, a Rājanya or a Vaiśya: a śūdra Husband is not mentioned, probably on purpose. The marriage of Brāhmaṇas with Rājanya women is illustrated by the cases of Sukanyā, daughter of king śaryāta, who married Cyavana, and of Rathaviti’s daughter, who married śyāvāśva. 4.Occupation and Caste.—The Greek authorities and the evidence of the Jātakas concur in showing it to have been the general rule that each caste was confined to its own occupations, but that the Brāhmaṇas did engage in many professions beside that of simple priest, while all castes gave members to the śramaṇas, or homeless ascetics. The Jātakas recognize the Brahmins as engaged in all sorts of occupations, as merchants, traders, agriculturists, and so forth. Matters are somewhat simpler in Vedic literature, where the Brāhmaṇas and Kṣatriyas appear as practically confined to their own professions of sacrifice and military or administrative functions. Ludwig sees in Dīrgliaśravas in the Rigveda a Brahmin reduced by indigence to acting as a merchant, as allowed even later by the Sūtra literature; but this is not certain, though it is perfectly possible. More interesting is the question how far the Ksatriyas practised the duties of priests; the evidence here is conflicting. The best known case is, of course, that of Viśvāmitra. In the Rigveda he appears merely as a priest who is attached to the court of Sudās, king of the Tftsus ; but in the Pañcavimśa Brāhmaṇa he is called a king, a descendant of Jahnu, and the Aitareya Brāhmaṇa refers to śunahśepa’s succeeding, through his adoption by Viśvāmitra, to the divine lore (daiva veda) of the Gāthins and the lordship of the Jahnus. That in fact this tradition is correct seems most improbable, but it serves at least to illustrate the existence of seers of royal origin. Such figures appear more than once in the Pañcavimśa Brāhmana, which knows the technical terms Rājanyarçi and Devarājan corresponding to the later Rājarṣi, royal sage.’ The Jaiminiya Brāhmaṇa says of one who knows a certain doctrine, ‘being a king he becomes a seer’ (rājā sann rsir bhavati), and the Jaiminiya Upanisad Brāhmana applies the term Rāj'anya to a Brāhmaṇa. Again, it is argued that Devāpi Árstiseṇa, who acted as Purohita, according to the Rigveda, for śantanu, was a prince, as Yāska says or implies he was. But this assumption seems to be only an error of Yāska’s. Since nothing in the Rigveda alludes to any relationship, it is impossible to accept Sieg’s view that the Rigveda recognizes the two as brothers, but presents the fact of a prince acting the part of Purohita as unusual and requiring explanation. The principle, however, thus accepted by Sieg as to princes in the Rigveda seems sound enough. Again, Muir has argued that Hindu tradition, as shown in Sāyaṇa, regards many hymns of the Rigveda as composed by royal personages, but he admits that in many cases the ascription is wrong; it may be added that in the case of Prthī Vainya, where the hymn ascribed to him seems to be his, it is not shown in the hymn itself that he is other than a seer; the śatapatha Brāhmaṇa calls him a king, but that is probably of no more value than the later tradition as to Viśvāmitra. The case of Viśvantara and the śyāparṇas mentioned in the Aitareya Brāhma