Donate
 
   
Select your preferred input and type any Sanskrit or English word. Enclose the word in “” for an EXACT match e.g. “yoga”.
     Amarakosha Search  
38 results
     
WordReferenceGenderNumberSynonymsDefinition
agniḥMasculineSingularjvalanaḥ, barhiḥ, śociṣkeśaḥ, bṛhadbhānuḥ, analaḥ, śikhāvān, hutabhuk, saptārciḥ, citrabhānuḥ, appittam, vaiśvānaraḥ, dhanañjayaḥ, jātavedāḥ, śuṣmā, uṣarbudhaḥ, kṛśānuḥ, rohitāśvaḥ, āśuśukṣaṇiḥ, dahanaḥ, damunāḥ, vibhāvasuḥ, vahniḥ, kṛpīṭayoniḥ, tanūnapāt, kṛṣṇavartmā, āśrayāśaḥ, pāvakaḥ, vāyusakhaḥ, hiraṇyaretāḥ, havyavāhanaḥ, śukraḥ, śuciḥ, vītihotraḥfire god
artiḥ3.3.74FeminineSingularyugaḥ, agnitrayaḥ
bṛhaspatiḥ1.3.24MasculineSingularāṅgirasaḥ, surācāryaḥ, vācaspatiḥ, gīrpatiḥ, citraśikhaṇḍijaḥ, dhiṣaṇaḥ, guruḥ, jīvaḥthe janet
dātram2.9.13NeuterSingularlavitram
kaidārakam2.9.12NeuterSingular‍kaidāryam, kṣaitram, kaidārikam
kuśamMasculineSingularpavitram, kuthaḥ, darbhaḥ
kuṣṭham2.6.54NeuterSingularśvitram
nimitam3.3.83NeuterSingularnistalam, padyam, caritram, atītam, dṛḍham
pāṭhīMasculineSingularcitrakaḥ, vahnisañjñakaḥ
pṛśniparṇīFeminineSingularsiṃhapucchī, kalaśiḥ, pṛthakparṇī, dhāvaniḥ, citraparṇī, guhā, aṅghriparṇikā, kroṣṭuvinnā
pūtaḥ2.7.49MasculineSingularpavitra, prayataḥ
pūtam3.1.54MasculineSingularpavitram, medhyam
śaṇasūtramNeuterSingularpavitrakampackthread
śatruḥ2.8.10MasculineSingularārātiḥ, śātravaḥ, ahitaḥ, durhṛd, sapatnaḥ, paraḥ, dasyuḥ, vipakṣaḥ, dveṣaṇaḥ, vairī, pratyarthī, abhighātī, amitra, dviṭ, dviṣan, ripuḥ
siṃhaḥ2.5.1MasculineSingularmṛgadviṭ, puṇḍarīkaḥ, mṛgaripuḥ, kesarī, mṛgendraḥ, citrakāyaḥ, mṛgāśanaḥ, kaṇṭhīravaḥ, haryakṣaḥ, pañcanakhaḥ, mṛgadṛṣṭiḥ, hariḥ, pañcāsyaḥ
śūlākṛtam2.9.45MasculineSingularbhaṭitram, śūlyam
sūraḥ1.3.28-30MasculineSingularsahasrāṃśuḥ, raviḥ, chāyānāthaḥ, jagaccakṣuḥ, pradyotanaḥ, lokabāndhavaḥ, aryamā, dhāmanidhiḥ, divākaraḥ, braghnaḥ, bhāsvān, haridaśvaḥ, arkaḥ, aruṇaḥ, taraṇiḥ, virocanaḥ, tviṣāṃpatiḥ, haṃsaḥ, savitā, tejasāṃrāśiḥ, karmasākṣī, trayītanuḥ, khadyotaḥ, sūryaḥ, bhagaḥ, dvādaśātmā, abjinīpatiḥ, ahaskaraḥ, vibhākaraḥ, saptāśvaḥ, vikartanaḥ, mihiraḥ, dyumaṇiḥ, citrabhānuḥ, grahapatiḥ, bhānuḥ, tapanaḥ, padmākṣaḥ, tamisrahā, lokabandhuḥ, dinamaṇiḥ, inaḥ, ādityaḥ, aṃśumālī, bhāskaraḥ, prabhākaraḥ, vivasvān, uṣṇaraśmiḥ, mārtaṇḍaḥ, pūṣā, mitra, vibhāvasuḥ, aharpatiḥ(53)the sun
tilakam2.6.124NeuterSingularcitrakam, viśeṣakam, tamālapatram
tiniśaḥ2.4.26MasculineSingularnemiḥ, rathadruḥ, atimuktakaḥ, vañjulaḥ, citrakṛt, syandanaḥ
vādyamNeuterSingularvāditram, ātodyama musical instrument
vellamNeuterSingularcitrataṇḍulā, taṇḍulaḥ, kṛmighnaḥ, viḍaṅgam, amoghā
vismayaḥMasculineSingularadbhutam, āścaryam, citramsurprise
vyāghrapucchaḥ2.2.50MasculineSingularvyaḍambakaḥ, pañcāṅgulaḥ, rucakaḥ, gandharvahastakaḥ, varddhamānaḥ, cañcuḥ, erubūkaḥ, maṇḍaḥ, citrakaḥ, eraṇḍaḥ
caitrarathamNeuterSingularthe garden of kubera
citraśikhaṇḍinaḥMasculinePluralsaptarṣayaḥursa major
caitraMasculineSingularmadhuḥ, caitrikaḥchaitra
paitraḥ ahorātraḥMasculineSingularpatriarchal day
citram1.5.17MasculineSingularkarburaḥ, kirmīraḥ, kalmāṣaḥ, śabalaḥ, etaḥvariegated
aritramMasculineSingularkenipātakaḥthe rudder
dhavitram2.7.25NeuterSingular
pitram2.7.55NeuterSingular
mitram2.8.10NeuterSingularsakhā, suhṛt
jaitra2.8.76MasculineSingularjetā
khanitram2.9.13NeuterSingularavadāraṇam
citrakaraḥ2.10.7MasculineSingularraṅgājīvaḥ
citrabhānuḥ3.3.112MasculineSingularpakṣī, śaraḥ
mitra3.3.175MasculineSingularparicchadaḥ, jaṅgamaḥ, khaḍgakośaḥ
citram3.3.186NeuterSingularāyudham, loham
     Monier-Williams
          Search  
603 results for itra
     
Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
abhyamitrīṇa([ ]) mfn. ([apparently derivatives fr. abhy-amitram-(See below sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order),but probably originally derived from the root, which is also indicated by the parallel form abhy-amin-(See below)]) advancing against or attacking (the enemy) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyamitrīya ([ ]) mfn. ([apparently derivatives fr. abhy-amitram-(See below sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order),but probably originally derived from the root, which is also indicated by the parallel form abhy-amin-(See below)]) advancing against or attacking (the enemy) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyamitrya([ ]) mfn. ([apparently derivatives fr. abhy-amitram-(See below sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order),but probably originally derived from the root, which is also indicated by the parallel form abhy-amin-(See below)]) advancing against or attacking (the enemy) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āḍibakamfn. (the combat) fought by the birds āḍi- and baka- (into which vasiṣṭha- and viśvāmitra- had been transformed respectively) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādityam. plural Name of seven deities of the heavenly sphere (the chief is varuṇa-,to whom the N. āditya- is especially applicable;the succeeding five are mitra-, aryaman-, bhaga-, dakṣa-, aṃśa-;that of the seventh is probably sūrya- or savitṛ-;as a class of deities they are distinct from the viśve devāḥ- ;sometimes their number is supposed to be eight ;and in the period of the brāhmaṇa-s twelve, as representing the sun in the twelve months of the year ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agastim. (according to fr.2. a-ga-,a mountain, and asti-,thrower,2. as-). Name of a ṛṣi- (author of several Vedic hymns;said to have been the son of both mitra- and varuṇa- by urvaśī-;to have been born in a water-jar;to have been of short stature;to have swallowed the ocean, and compelled the vindhya- mountains to prostrate themselves before him;to have conquered and civilized the South;to have written on medicine, etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnimitram. Name of a prince of the śuṅga-, dynasty, son of puṣyamitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnitrāmfn. See /an-agnitrā-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ahim. the serpent of the sky, the demon vṛtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ahidviṣm. "enemy of vṛtra-", garuḍa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ahighnan. the slaying of the serpent or demon vṛtra- (locative case -ghne-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ahihanm. (dat -ghn/e-) f(ghn/ī-). n. killing serpents or vṛtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aicchikamfn. (fr. icchā-), optional, arbitrary, at will commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ajam. Name of a descendant of viśvāmitra-, and of daśaratha-'s or dīrghabāhu-'s father View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ajakāvamfn. Name of a sacrificial vessel dedicated to mitra- and varuṇa- and (according to the commentator or commentary) having an ornament similar to the fleshy protuberance called ajā-gala-stana- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣīṇamfn. Name of a son of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ambālikāf. of a plant, Name of a daughter of a king of kāśi- (wife of vicitravīrya-, and mother of pāṇḍu-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ambhoruham. Name of a son of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ambikāf. of a daughter of the king of kāśi- (wife of vicitravīrya-, and mother of dhṛtarāṣṭra-) etc. (see ambālikā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amitramf(ā-) (fr. am-[ ] or perhaps a-m/itra-,not a friend[ "not having a friend"] , butSee abhyamitrīṇa-,etc.) an enemy, adversary, foe View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āmitramf(ī-)n. (fr. a-mitra-), caused or produced by an enemy, inimical, odious View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amitrasaha varia lectio for mitra-saha- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amitrāyaNom. P. parasmE-pada y/at- equals amitray/at- above (see ) : A1. yate-, to have hostile intentions View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āmitrāyaṇim. a descendant of a-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āmitrim. a descendant of a-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anāyusf. Name of the mother of bala- and vṛtra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anāyuṣāf. Name of the mother of bala- and vṛtra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅgārakadinam. n. a festival of Mars on the fourteenth of the latter half of caitra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅgāraparṇam. Name of citraratha-, chief of the gandharva-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anuvākyāf. the verse to be recited by the hotṛ- or maitrāvaruṇa- priest, in which the god is invoked to partake of the offering intended for him View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arāṇior arālis- m. Name of a son of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aritran. (f ā-.) (ar/itra- [ ] or /aritra- [ ]) an oar (confer, compare d/aśāritra-, n/ityār-, ś/atār-, sv-aritr/a-) ; [ Latin aratrum.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āritrikamf(ā-and ī-)n. (fr. aritra- gaRa kāśy-ādi- ), belonging to or being on an oar. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arṇācitrarathām. dual number arṇa- and citraratha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aruṇaketubrāhmaṇan. the brāhmaṇa- of the aruṇāḥ- ketavaḥ- (See aruṇās-above) , View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aryamanm. Name of an āditya- (who is commonly invoked together with varuṇa- and mitra-, also with bhaga-, bṛhaspati-, and others;he is supposed to be the chief of the Manes etc., the milky way is called his path[ aryamṇ/aḥ p/anthāḥ- ];he presides over the nakṣatra- uttaraphalgunī- ;his name is used to form different male names ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsaṅgaa cloak (see citrā- s-, parasmE-pada 397) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āśayānamfn. lying round, surrounding (said of vṛtra-, who surrounds the water=;See Kaegi, Der ṛgveda-, p.177, l. 28 ff.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśokaṣaṣṭhīf. the sixth day in the first half of the month caitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśokāṣṭamīf. the eighth day in the first half of the month caitra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṣṭakam. Name of a son of viśvāmitra- (author of the hymn ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśvam. of a son of citraka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśvabāhum. Name of a son of citraka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśvagrīvam. of a son of citraka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atiśayanīf. Name of a metre of four lines, also called citralekhā-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisundaramf. a metre belonging to the class aṣṭi- (also called citra-or cañcalā-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bābhravāyaṇim. (patronymic fr. babhru-) Name of a son of viśvā-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
babhrum. of a son of viśvā-mitra- (also plural ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahiṣpavitramfn. destitute of or wanting the pavitra- (sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāhulim. Name of a son of viśvā-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahumitram. Name of a man (See bāhumitrāyaṇa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāhumitrāyaṇam. patronymic fr. bahu-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bakanakham. Name of a son of viśvā-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balam. Name of a demon conquered by indra- (the brother of vṛtra-, in older texts vala-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balabhadramfn. of a descendant of bharata-, of various men (especially teachers and authors, also with also, ācārya-, kāyastha-, pancānana-, bhaṭṭa-, mitra-, śukla-, sūri-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bālasakhim. equals -mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bālasuhṛdm. equals -mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balavṛtra(in the beginning of a compound) bala- and vṛtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balavṛtraghnam. "destroyer of bala- and vṛtra-", Name of indra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balavṛtrahanm. "destroyer of bala- and vṛtra-", Name of indra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balavṛtraniṣadanam. "destroyer of bala- and vṛtra-", Name of indra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāndhavadhurāf. a friendly turn, kindness, (equals mitra-kṛtya- Scholiast or Commentator) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bandhitran. (!) the god of love, love (see vadhitra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bārahaṭam. Name of nara-hara-dāsa- (the author of the Hindi work avatāra-caritra- or caturviṃśaty-avatāra-caritra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadrabāhum. (also -svāmin-) Name of a celebrated jaina- author (one of the 6 śruta-kevalin-s; bhadrabāhucaritra -caritra- n. bhadrabāhuśāstra -śāstra- n. bhadrabāhusaṃhitā -saṃhitā- f.Name of works.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bharataṛṣabham. equals bharatarṣabha- Name of viśvā-mitra- (see ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaṭṭikam. Name of the mythical progenitor of copyists (son of citra-gupta- and grandson of brahmā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhavitran. (prob.) the earth or the world (bhuvanam antarikṣam udakaṃ vā- ; see bhāvitra-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāvitran. the three worlds (viz. earth, heaven, and the lower regions or the atmosphere), the universe , (see bhavitra-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūripāśa(bh/ūri--) m. dual number "holders of many fetters", Name of mitra-- varuṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bohitthamn. a boat, ship (see vahitra-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caitanyacaraṇāmritan. "nectar of caitanya-'s life", Name of work by kṛṣṇa-dāsa- (abridgement of the caitanya-caritra- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caitram. Name of the 2nd spring month (its full moon standing in the constellation citrā- see ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caitram. "son of citrā-", Name of a son of budha- and grand father of su-ratha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caitramfn. for citra- (B) or jaitra- (Scholiast or Commentator) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caitrabhānavamfn. belonging to agni- (citrabhānu-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caitrakūṭīf. (fr. citra-kūṭa-) Name of a commentator or commentary on a grammatical work. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caitrarathamfn. treating of the gandharva- citra-- ratha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caitraratham. patronymic fr. citra-- ratha-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caitrarathan. (with or without vana-) the grove of kubera- cultivated by the gandharva- citra-- ratha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caitrarathim. patronymic fr. citra-- ratha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caitrasakham. "friend of month caitra-", the god of love View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caitrasenim. patronymic fr. citra-sena-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caitravāhanīf. patronymic of citrāṅgadā- (fr. citravāhana-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caitrāvalīf. the day of full moon in month caitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caitrāyaṇam. (gaRa naḍādi-) patronymic fr. citra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caitreyam. metron. fr. citrā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caitrīf. (with or without paurṇamāsī-) the day of full moon in month caitra-, sacrifice offered on that day View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caitrikam. the month caitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caitrīpakṣam. the dark half in caitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakrakan. a particular way of fighting (varia lectio citraka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakrakulyāf. a kind of fern (citra-parṇī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakṣusn. mitrā-varuṇayoś cakṣuḥ-,"the eye of mitra- and varuṇa-" (see ), another sāman- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cākṣuṣam. of a son of khanitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cāmpeyam. Name of a son of viśvā-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candraguptam. for citra-g- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candrāṅgadam. Name of a son of king indra-sena- (varia lectio citrāṅg-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candravaṃśam. the lunar race of kings (2nd great line of royal dynasties, the progenitor of which was soma- the Moon, child of the ṛṣi- atri- and father of budha- [Mercury see candra-ja-];the latter married iḷā-, daughter of the solar king ikṣvāku-, and had by her a son, aila- or purūravas-;this last had a son by urvaśī-, named āyus-, from whom came nahuṣa-, father of yayāti-;the latter had two sons, puru- and yadu-, from whom proceeded the two branches of the lunar line;in that of yadu- was born kṛṣṇa- and bala-rāma-;in that of puru- came duṣyanta-, hero of the śakuntalā- and father of the great bharata-; 9th from bharata- came kuru-, and 14th from him śāntanu-, who had a son vicitra-vīrya- and a step-son vyāsa-;the latter married the two widows of his half-brother, and had by them dhṛtarāṣṭra- and pāṇḍu-, the wars of whose sons form the subject of the ) (see sūrya-v-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
carītran. equals ritra-, behaviour, conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cāritram. ( car- see śāmitra-) "moving", Name of a marut- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chinnamam. Name of a poet (vv.ll. nnapa-, chittapa-) (chitrama- edition) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cillakam. equals citraka- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cippaṭan. equals citraṭa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citram. Name of a king (c/itra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrāf. "born under the asterism citrā- ( Va1rtt. 1)", Name of arjuna-'s wife (sister of kṛṣṇa- equals subhadrā- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrāf. plural the asterism citrā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citran. (with yadi-[ ] or yad-[ ] or future [ ]) strange, curious (exempli gratia, 'for example' citraṃ badhiro vyākaraṇam adhyeṣyate-"it would be strange if a deaf man should learn grammar")
citran. a picture, sketch, delineation ( sacitra sa-citra- mfn. equals -ga-) etc. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-). ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citraghnīf. "removing spotted leprosy", Name of a river (varia lectio mitra-ghnā-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrāhutif. an offering to citra-, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrajñamfn. skilled in composing verses called citra- (Scholiast or Commentator;or "skilled in painting?") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrakavitvan. the art of composing verses called citra- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrākṣam. of a draviḍa- king varia lectio for citra- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrakūṭam. "wonderful peak", Name of a hill and district (the modern Citrakote or Catarkot near Ka1mta1, situated on the river Paisuni about 50 miles S.E. of the Bandah in Bundelkhund;first habitation of the exiled rāma- and lakṣmaṇa-, crowded with temples as the holiest spot of rāma-'s worshippers) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrakūṭamāhātmyan. "glory of Citrakote", Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citramīmāṃsākhaṇḍanan. "refutation of the citramīmāṃsā-", Name of a work. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrāṅgadam. of a wife of arjuna- (daughter of citra-vāhana- and mother of babhru-vāhana-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrāṅgadasūf. " citrāṅgada-'s mother", satyavatī- (mother of vyāsa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrāṅgasadanam. " citrāṅga- -killer", arjuna- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrapaṭṭagatamfn. equals citra-ga-, 9987. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citraphalāf. Name of several plants (cirbhiṭā-, mṛgervāru-, citra-devī-, vārtākī- kaṇṭakāri-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrāpūrṇamāsam. the full moon standing in the asterism citrā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrārpitamfn. citra-ga- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citraśikhaṇḍinm. plural "bright-crested", the 7 ṛṣi-s (Marici, atri-, aṅgiras-, pulastya-, pulaha-, kratu-, vasiṣṭha-[ ; viśvā-mitra-, i, 27]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citravanan. see citraka-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citravatmfn. containing the word citra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citreśam. "lord of citrā-", the moon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrikam. (fr. citr/ā-) the month caitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cittalamf(ā-)n. (fr. citrala-) moderate View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cyavanam. of a son (of su-hotra-, 1803 ;of mitrāyu-, 1) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dadhīcam. equals dhy-/ac- (devoted himself to death that indra- might slay vṛtra- with the thunderbolt fabricated by tvaṣṭṛ- out of his bones) (father of sārasvata- by sarasvatī- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dadhyacm. (Nominal verb -/aṅ- accusative -/añcam-; dative case dhīc/e- genitive case dhīc/as-; see ) "sprinkling d/adhi- " (see dhi-kr/ā-and ghṛtāī-) Name of a mythical ṛṣi- or sacrificer ( and [called aṅgiras-] [ āṅgirasa-] ;son of atharvan-[ see ātharvaṇ/a-] ;having the head of a horse and teaching the aśvin-s to find in tvaṣṭṛ-'s house the m/adhu-or soma- ;favoured by indra- [ ] who slays 99 vṛtra-s or foes with a thunderbolt made of his bones ;propounder of the brāhmaṇa- called m/adhu- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daivādyantamfn. beginning and ending with a ceremony in honour of the gods (opp. to pitrādy-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daivamati m. patronymic fr. deva-mata- and -mitra gaRa taulvay-ādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daivamitrim. patronymic fr. deva-mata- and -mitra gaRa taulvay-ādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dakṣapitṛ(d/akṣ-) m. "id."or,"having dadhīca- as father"(mitra- & varuṇa-, the gods etc.), vi-viii (dual number tarā- plural taras-) (plural tāras-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dāmanaparvann. the 14th day in light half of the month caitra- (a festival on which flowers are gathered) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dambhanamfn. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' "damaging" See am/itra- and sapatna-d/ambh- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dānun. a fluid, drop, dew (nas p/atī- m.du, Name of mitra-- varuṇa- or of the aśvin-s ; see ārdr/a--, jīr/a--). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dāsamitrāyaṇa m. descendant of dāsa-mitra- ( dāsamitrāyaṇabhakta -bhakta- n.the district inhabited by them gaRa aiṣukāry-ādi-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dāsamitrim. descendant of dāsa-mitra- ( dāsamitribhakta -bhakta- n.the district inhabited by them gaRa aiṣukāry-ādi-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dāsamitrikamf(ā-and ī-)n. relating to dāsa-mitra- (gaRa kaśy-ādi-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dāśāritramfn. having 10 ar/ītra- parts (a chariot), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dāttāmitrīf. Name of a town built by dattāmitra-, 76 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daurmitrim. metron. fr. dur-mitrā- (gaRa bāhv-ādi-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devalam. of a son of viśvā-mitra- (plural his descendants) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devamitram. of the father of viṣṇu-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devarātam. "god-given", Name of śunaḥ-śepa- after being received into the family of viśvā-mitra- etc. (plural his descendants ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devaśravasm. of a son of viśvā-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devasūm. (with or scilicet deva-) Name of 8 deities (viz. agni- gṛha-pati-, soma- vanas-pati-, savitṛ- satya-prasava-, rudra- paśu-pati-, bṛhas-pati- vācas-pati-, indra- jyeṣṭha-, mitra- satya-, and varuṇa- dharma-pati-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devatīrthasvāminm. the ascetic Name of viśveśvara-datta-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devīdattam. Name of the father of rāma-sevaka- and grandfather of kṛṣṇa-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhāmann. law, rule, established order (especially of mitra-- varuṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhanurvedam. the science of archery, an archery treatise (regarded as an upa-veda- connected with the yajur-veda-, and derived from viśvāmitra- or bhṛgu-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhārinm. of the wife of agni-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmann. established order of things, steadfast decree (of a god, especially of mitra-- varuṇa-), any arrangement or disposition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhātṛm. Name of a divine being who personifies these functions (in Vedic times presiding over generation, matrimony, health, wealth, time and season, and associated or identified with savitṛ-, prajā-pati-, tvaṣṭṛ-, bṛhaspati-, mitra-, aryaman-, viṣṇu- etc. etc.;later chiefly the creator and maintainer of the world = brahmā- or prajā-pati- ;in Epic one of the 12 āditya-s and brother of vi-dhātṛ- and lakṣmī-, son of brahmā- ;or of bhṛgu- and khyāti- ;Fate personified ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dheyan. giving, imparting (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' see nāma--, bhāga--, mitra--etc. Va1rtt. 2, 3) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhitamfn. (see hit/a-and1. dhā-) put, placed, bestowed etc. (see dur--, nema--, mitra-etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhṛtarāṣṭram. of a king of kāśī- (with the patronymic vaicitravīrya- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhṛtarāṣṭram. of the eldest son of vyāsa- by the widow of vicitra-vīrya- (brother of pāṇḍu- and vidura- and born blind, husband of gāndhāri- and father of 100 sons of whom the eldest was duryodhana-;sometimes identified with dhṛtarāṣṭra- and haṃsa-, 2 chiefs of the gandharva-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhuvitran. equals dhav/itra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
divodāsam. (di-) "heaven's slave", Name of bharad-vāja- (celebrated for his liberality and protected by indra- and the aśvin-s ;the son of vādhry-aśva- ;his father is also called bhadra-sva-, bahv-aśva- etc., and his son mitra-yu- or mitrā-yu- )
dṛḍhanetram. "strong-eyed", Name of a son of viśvā-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dṛṣadvatm. the mother of aṣṭaka- and wife of viśvā-mitra-
dṛśīkāf. look, appearance (see citra--, dur--, su--). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dūradarśinm. Name of a vulture who was prime-minister of citra-varṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvaimitrimfn. (fr. dvi-mitra-) born of 2 friends View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
edind. (according to to some = 2. ā-+ /id-) behold! (followed by a particular with an accusative and preceded by a verb of motion, e. gaRa /eyāya- vāy/ur- / ed- dhat-/ am- vṛtrā- m-,"Vayur went [to see, and] behold vṛtra- was slain"; sometimes the verb of motion must be supplied, sometimes the substantive, and sometimes the participle), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gādheyam. patronymic of viśvā-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gādhinm. (equals gāth/in-) Name of viśvā-mitra-'s father (king of kānyakubja-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gālavam. Name of an old sage and preceptor (son[ ]or pupil[ ]of viśvā-mitra-) (varia lectio gol-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gam Ved. cl.1 P. g/amati- (; subjunctive gamam-, g/amat-[ gamātas-, gamātha- ], gamāma-, gaman- ; Potential gam/ema- ; infinitive mood g/amadhyai- ) : cl.2 P. g/anti- (; imperative 3. sg. gantu-,[2. sg. gadhi-See ā--,or gahi-See adhi--, abhy-ā--, ā--, upā--],2. plural g/antā-or gantana- ; imperfect tense 2. and 3. sg. /agan-[ ] , 1. plural /aganma-[ ; confer, compare ] , 3. plural /agman- ; subjunctive [or Aorist subjunctive confer, compare ]1. plural ganma-,3. plural gm/an- ; Potential 2. sg. gamyās- ; preceding 3. sg. gamy/ās- ; pr. p. gm/at-, ) : cl.3 P. jaganti- (; Potential jagamyām-, yāt- ; imperfect tense 2. and 3. sg. ajagan-,2. plural ajaganta-or tana- ) : Ved. and Class. cl.1 P. (also A1. etc.) , with substitution of gacch- ([= ]) for gam-, g/acchati- (confer, compare ; subjunctive cchāti- ;2. sg. gacchās-[ ] or gacchāsi-[ ];2. plural gacchāta- ;3. plural g/acchān- ; imperfect tense /agacchat-; Potential gacchet-; pr. p. g/acchat- etc.; Aorist agamat- ;for A1.with prepositions confer, compare future gamiṣyati- etc.; 1st future g/antā-[ ] etc.; perf. 1. sg. jagamā-[ ],3. sg. jagāma-,2. dual number jagmathur-,3. plural jagm/ur- etc.; parasmE-pada jaganv/as-[ etc.] or jagmivas- f. jagm/uṣī- etc.;Ved. infinitive mood g/antave-, g/antav/ai-;Class. infinitive mood gantum-:Ved. ind.p. gatvāya-, gatv/ī-;Class. ind.p. gatv/ā-[ etc.] , with prepositions -gamya-or -gatya- ) to go, move, go away, set out, come etc. ; to go to or towards, approach (with accusative or locative case or dative case [ ; confer, compare ] or prati-[ ]) etc. ; to go or pass (as time exempli gratia, 'for example' kāle gacchati-,time going on, in the course of time) ; to fall to the share of (accusative) etc. ; to go against with hostile intentions, attack ; to decease, die ; to approach carnally, have sexual intercourse with (accusative) etc. ; to go to any state or condition, undergo, partake of, participate in, receive, obtain (exempli gratia, 'for example' mitratāṃ gacchati-,"he goes to friendship" id est he becomes friendly) etc. ; jānubhyām avanīṃ-gam-,"to go to the earth with the knees", kneel down ; dharaṇīṃ mūrdhnā-gam-,"to go to the earth with the head", make a bow ; m/anasā-gam-, to go with the mind, observe, perceive ; (without m/anasā-) to observe, understand, guess ; (especially Passive voice gamyate-,"to be understood or meant") and ; doṣeṇa- or doṣato-gam-, to approach with an accusation, ascribe guilt to a person (accusative) : Causal gamayati- (; imperative 2. sg. Ved. gamayā-or gāmaya-[ ] , 3. sg. gamayatāt- ; perf. gamay/āṃ cakāra- etc.) to cause to go ( ) or come, lead or conduct towards, send to (dative case ), bring to a place (accusative [ ] or locative case) etc. ; to cause to go to any condition, cause to become etc. ; to impart, grant ; to send away ; "to let go", not care about ; to excel ; to spend time etc. ; to cause to understand, make clear or intelligible, explain ; to convey an idea or meaning, denote ; (causal of the causal) to cause a person (accusative) to go by means of jigamiśati- another : Desiderative j/igamiṣati- ( jigāṃsate- ; imperfect tense ajigāṃsat- ) to wish to go, be going ; to strive to obtain ; to wish to bring (to light, prak/āśam-) : Intensive j/aṅganti- (), jaṅgamīti- or jaṅgamyate- ( ), to visit (parasmE-pada g/anigmat-) (imperfect tense aganīgan-) ; ([ confer, compare ; Gothic qvam; English come; Latin venioforgvemio.])
gandharvam. a gandharva- [though in later times the gandharva-s are regarded as a class, yet in rarely more than one is mentioned;he is designated as the heavenly gandharva-(divy/a g- ),and is also called viśvā-vasu-()and vāyu-keśa- (in plural );his habitation is the sky, or the region of the air and the heavenly waters( );his especial duty is to guard the heavenly soma-() , which the gods obtain through his intervention( ; see );it is obtained for the human race by indra-, who conquers the gandharva- and takes it by force();the heavenly gandharva- is supposed to be a good physician, because the soma- is considered as the best medicine;possibly, however, the word soma- originally denoted not the beverage so called, but the moon, and the heavenly gandharva- may have been the genius or tutelary deity of the moon;in one passage() the heavenly gandharva- and the soma- are identified;he is also regarded as one of the genii who regulate the course of the Sun's horses (; see );he knows and makes known the secrets of heaven and divine truths generally ( );he is the parent of the first pair of human beings, yama- and yamī-() , and has a peculiar mystical power over women and a right to possess them();for this reason he is invoked in marriage ceremonies();ecstatic states of mind and possession by evil spirits are supposed to be derived from the heavenly gandharva-(see -gṛhīta-, -graha-);the gandharva-s as a class have the same characteristic features as the one gandharva-;they live in the sky( ) , guard the soma-( ),are governed by varuṇa- (just as the āpsarasa-s are governed by soma-) ,know the best medicines( ),regulate the course of the asterisms( ;hence twenty-seven are mentioned ),follow after women and are desirous of intercourse with them( );as soon as a girl becomes marriageable, she belongs to soma-, the gandharva-s, and agni-( );the wives of the gandharva-s are the āpsarasa-s(see gandharvāpsar/as-),and like them the gandharva-s are invoked in gambling with dice();they are also feared as evil beings together with the rākṣasa-s, kimīdin-s, piśāca-s, etc., amulets being worn as a protection against them( );they are said to have revealed the veda-s to vāc-(; see ),and are called the preceptors of the ṛṣi-s(); purūravas- is called among them();in epic poetry the gandharva-s are the celestial musicians or heavenly singers(see )who form the orchestra at the banquets of the gods, and they belong together with the āpsarasa-s to indra-'s heaven, sharing also in his battles( etc.; see );in the more systematic mythology the gandharva-s constitute one of the classes into which the higher creation is divided(id est gods, manes, gandharva-s ;or gods, asura-s, gandharva-s, men ; see ;or gods, men, gandharva-s, āpsarasa-s, sarpa-s, and manes ;for other enumerations see [ ] etc.);divine and human gandharva-s are distinguished(;the divine or deva-gandharva-s are enumerated );another passage names 11 classes of gandharva-s();the chief or leader of the gandharva-s is named citra-ratha-();they are called the creatures of prajāpati-() or of brahmā-() or of kaśyapa- () or of the muni-s( ) or of prādhā-() or of ariṣṭā-( )or of vāc-();with jaina-s the gandharva-s constitute one of the eight classes of the vyantara-s] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gandharvarājam. Name of citra-- ratha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gartam. a high seat, throne (of mitra- and varuṇa-) ("a house") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gāthijam. " gāthin-'s son", Name of viśvā-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gāthinm. () Name of viśvā-mitra-'s father (son of kuśika-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaveṣinm. Name of a son of citraka- and brother of pṛthu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghaṇṭākarṇam. of an attendant of śiva- (supposed to preside over cutaneous complaints, and worshipped for exemption from them in the month caitra- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghātamfn. ( han- ) in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' "killing" See amitra--, go-- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghātinf. equals tanī- (see andhaka--, amitra--, ardhaka--, ātma--,etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghṛtācīf. Name of an apsaras- (loved by bharad-vāja-[ ] or vyāsa- [xii, 12188 ff.] or by viśvā-mitra-[ ];wife of pramati- and mother of ruru-[ ] or wife of raudrāśva-[ ] or of kuśa-nābha-[ ]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghṛtānnamfn. one whose food is ghee (mitra- and varuṇa-, agni-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghṛtāsutimfn. one to whom the ghee oblation belongs (mitra- and varuṇa-, viṣṇu-, indra- and viṣṇu-) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghṛtayonimfn. producing fertilizing rain or welfare (mitra- and varuṇa-, viṣṇu-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gomf. (m.[also f. ]) rays of light (regarded as the herds of the sky, for which indra- fights with vṛtra-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
golakam. Name of a pupil of deva-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gorakṣīf. Name of several plants used for forming fences (gandha-bahulā-, go-pālī-, citralā-, dīrgha-daṇḍī-, pañca-parṇikā-, sarpa-daṇḍī-, su-daṇḍikā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
govīthīf. "cow-path", that portion of the moon's path which contains the asterisms bhadra-padā-, revatī-, and aśvinī- (or according to others, hasta-, citrā-, and svātī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guṇeśvaram. (equals śa-) Name of the mountain citrakūṭa- (or Chatarkot in Bundelcund) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hanumajjayantīf. the day of full moon of the month caitra- (being the supposed birthday of hanumat-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hariścandram. Name of the 28th king of the solar dynasty in the tretā- age (he was son of tri-śaṅku-, and was celebrated for his piety; according to to the mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa- he gave up his country, his wife and his son, and finally himself, to satisfy the demands of viśvāmitra-;after enduring incredible sufferings, he won the pity of the gods and was raised with his subjects to heaven : according to to , his performance of the rāja-sūya- sacrifice was the cause of his elevation, and in the aitareya-brāhmaṇa- quite another legend is told about himSee under śunaḥśepa-, : in later legends hari-ścandra- is represented as insidiously induced by nārada- to relate his actions with unbecoming pride, whereupon he was degraded from svarga-, one stage at each sentence, till stopping in time and doing homage to the gods he was fixed with his capital in mid-air;his aerial city is popularly believed to be still visible in the skies at particular times; see saubha-) etc.
hāritam. "descendant of harita-", Name of a son of viśvāmitra- (plural his family, also called haritāḥ-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
harṣakam. of a son of citra-gupta- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hatavṛṣṇī(hat/a--) f. whose bull or lord (id est vṛtra-) has been slain (said of the waters) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haviṣyandam. (for haviḥ-sy-) Name of a son of viśvāmitra- (varia lectio haviṣpanda-and havisyanda-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hetim. Name of the first rākṣasa- king (represented as occupying the Sun's chariot in the month caitra- or madhu-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
himārātim. a kind of Plant (equals citraka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hiraṇyaretasm. a kind of plant (equals citraka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hotṛm. (fr.1. hu-) an offerer of an oblation or burnt-offering (with fire), sacrificer, priest, (especially) a priest who at a sacrifice invokes the gods or recites the ṛg-veda-, a ṛg-veda- priest (one of the 4 kinds of officiating priestSee ṛtvij-,p.224;properly the hotṛ- priest has 3 assistants, sometimes called puruṣa-s, viz. the maitrā-varuṇa-, acchā-vāka-, and grāvastut-; to these are sometimes added three others, the brāhmaṇācchaṃsin-, agnīdhra- or agnīdh-, and potṛ-, though these last are properly assigned to the Brahman priest;sometimes the neṣṭṛ- is substituted for the grāva-stut-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
iḍāf. the goddess iḍā- or iḷā- (daughter of manu- or of man thinking on and worshipping the gods;she is the wife of budha- and mother of purū-ravas-;in another aspect she is called maitrāvaruṇi- as daughter of mitra-- varuṇa-, two gods who were objects of the highest and most spiritual devotion) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
iḍāprāśitran. sg. iḍā- and prāśitra-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
iḷāf. the goddess iḍā- or iḷā- (daughter of manu- or of man thinking on and worshipping the gods;she is the wife of budha- and mother of purū-ravas-;in another aspect she is called maitrāvaruṇi- as daughter of mitra-- varuṇa-, two gods who were objects of the highest and most spiritual devotion) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indriyan. the number five as symbolical of the five senses. (In addition to the five organs of perception, buddhīndriyāṇi-or jñānendriyāṇi-, id est eye, ear, nose, tongue, and skin, the Hindus enumerate five organs of action, karmendriyāṇi- id est larynx, hand, foot, anus, and parts of generation;between these ten organs and the soul or ātman-stands manas-or mind, considered as an eleventh organ;in the vedānta-, manas-, buddhi-, ahaṃkāra-,and citta-form the four inner or internal organs, antar-indriyāṇi-,so that according to this reckoning the organs are fourteen in number, each being presided over by its own ruler or niyantṛ-;thus, the eye by the Sun, the ear by the Quarters of the world, the nose by the two aśvin-s, the tongue by pracetas-, the skin by the Wind, the voice by Fire, the hand by indra-, the foot by viṣṇu-, the anus by mitra-, the parts of generation by prajāpati-, manas by the Moon, buddhi- by brahman-, ahaṃkāra- by śiva-, citta by viṣṇu- as acyuta-;in the nyāya- philosophy each organ is connected with its own peculiar element, the nose with the Earth, the tongue with Water, the eye with Light or Fire, the skin with Air, the ear with Ether;the jaina-s divide the whole creation into five sections, according to the number of organs attributed to each being.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jāhnavam. (fr. jahnu-) patronymic of viśvā-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jalpan. see citra--, bahu--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jamadagnim. (see 2. jam-) Name of a ṛṣi- (descendant of bhṛgu- ;son of bhārgava- ṛcīka- and father of paraśu-rāma- etc.;often named together with viśvā-mitra- as an adversary of vasiṣṭha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
janitran. (dual number with vasiṣṭhasya-) another sāman- (consisting of the janitrādya-and trottara-), ix, 12, 8 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jayam. of a son (of dhṛta-rāṣṭra- ;of sṛñjaya- ;of suśruta- ;of sruta- ;of saṃjaya-, ;of saṃkṛti-, ;of mañju-, ;of yuyudhāna-, ;of kaṅka-, ;of kṛṣṇa-, ;of vatsara- by svar-vīthi-, ;of viśvāmitra- ;of purūravas- by urvaśī-, ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jinavardhanam. Name of the founder of the 5th subdivision of the kharatara-gaccha- of the Jain community (died A.D. 1458;author of candraprabhacaritra- and 4 other caritra-s). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jitaśatrum. " equals mitra- ", Name of a buddha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jīvarājam. Name of the author of caitra-pūrṇimā-kathā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kabut the old form kad- is found in the veda- (See ) ; ([ confer, compare Zend ka,ko7,kA7,kat; Greek , (Ion.,) , ; Latin quis,quid; Lithuanian kas k/a-; Gothic hvas,hvo7,hva, Anglo-Saxon hwa1,hwaet; English who,what.]) The interrogative sentence introduced by ka- is often terminated by iti- (exempli gratia, 'for example' kasya sa putra iti kathyatām-,let it be said, "whose son is he?") , but iti- may be omitted and the sentence lose its direct interrogative character (exempli gratia, 'for example' kasya sa putro na jñāyate-,it is not known whose son he is) . ka- with or without 1. as- may express"how is it possible that?""what power have I, you, they, etc.?" (exempli gratia, 'for example' ke mama dhanvino'nye-,what can the other archers do against me? ke āvām paritrātum-,what power have we to rescue you?) ka- is often connected with a demonstrative pronoun (exempli gratia, 'for example' ko 'yam āyāti-,who comes here?) or with the potential (exempli gratia, 'for example' ko hariṃ nindet-,who will blame hari-?) ka- is sometimes repeated (exempli gratia, 'for example' kaḥ ko 'tra-,who is there? kān kān-,whom? whom? id est which of them? confer, compare Gram. 54) , and the repetition is often due to a kind of attraction (exempli gratia, 'for example' keṣāṃ kiṃ śāstram adhyayanīyam-,which book is to be read by whom? Gram. 836. a-). When kim- is connected with the inst. Calcutta edition of a noun or with the indecl. participle it may express"what is gained by doing so, etc.?" (equals ko'rthas-)
ka(exempli gratia, 'for example' kiṃ vilambena-,what is gained by delay? kim bahunā-,what is the use of more words? dhanena kiṃ yo na dadāti-,what is the use of wealth to him who does not give? with inst. and genitive case, nīrujaḥ kim auṣadhaiḥ-,what is the use of medicine to the healthy?) ka- is often followed by the particles iva-, u-, nāma-, nu-, -, svid-, some of which serve merely to generalize the interrogation (exempli gratia, 'for example' kim iva etad-,what can this be? ka u śravat-,who can possibly hear? ko nāma jānāti-,who indeed knows? ko nv ayam-,who, pray, is this? kiṃ nu kāryam-,what is to be done? ko vā devād anyaḥ-,who possibly other than a god? kasya svid hṛdayaṃ nāsti-,of what person is there no heart?) ka- is occasionally used alone as an indefinite pronoun, especially in negative sentences (exempli gratia, 'for example' na kasya ko vallabhaḥ-,no one is a favourite of any one; nyo jānāti kaḥ-,no one else knows; kathaṃ sa ghātayati kam-,how does he kill any one?) Generally, however, ka- is only made indefinite when connected with the particles ca-, can/a-, cid-, -,and /api-, in which case ka- may sometimes be preceded by the relative ya- (exempli gratia, 'for example' ye ke ca-,any persons whatsoever; yasyai kasyai ca devatāyai-,to any deity whatsoever; yāni kāni ca mitrāṇi-,any friends whatsoever; yat kiṃca-,whatever) . The particle cana-, being composed of ca-and na-, properly gives a negative force to the pronoun (exempli gratia, 'for example' yasmād indrād ṛte kiṃcana-,without which indra- there is nothing) , but the negative sense is generally dropped (exempli gratia, 'for example' kaścana-,any one; na kaścana-,no one) , and a relative is sometimes connected with it (exempli gratia, 'for example' yat kiṃcana-,anything whatsoever) . Examples of cid- with the interrogative are common View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kacchapam. of a son of viśvā-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kādambarīf. of a daughter of citra-- ratha- and madirā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalāf. any practical art, any mechanical or fine art (sixty-four are enumerated in the śaivatantra-[ ];the following is a list of them: gītam-, vādyam-, nṛtyam-, nāṭyam-, ālekhyam-, viśeṣaka-cchedyam-, taṇḍula-kusuma-balivikārāḥ-, puṣpāstaranam-, daśana-vasanāṅgarāgāḥ-, maṇi-bhūmikā-karma-, śayana-racanam-, udaka-vādyam-, udaka-ghātaḥ-, citrā yogāḥ-, mālya-granthana-vikalpāḥ-, keśa-śekharāpīḍayojanam-, nepathya-yogāḥ-, karṇa-pattra-bhaṅgāḥ-, gandha-yuktiḥ-, bhūṣaṇa-yojanam-, indrajālam-, kaucumāra-yogāḥ-, hasta-lāghavam-, citraśākāpūpa-bhakṣya-vikāra-kriyā-, pānaka-rasarāgāsava-yojanam-, sūcīvāpa-karma-, vīṇā-ḍama-ruka-sūtra-krīḍā-, prahelikā-, pratimā-, durvacakayogāḥ-, pustaka-vācanam-, nāṭakākhyāyikā-darśanam-, kāvya-samasyā-pūraṇam-, paṭṭikā-vetrabāṇa-vikalpāḥ-, tarkū-karmāṇi-, takṣaṇam-, vāstu-vidyā-, rūpya-ratna-parīkṣā-, dhātu-vādaḥ-, maṇi-rāga-jñānam-, ākara-jñānam-, vṛkṣāyur-veda-yogāḥ-, meṣa-kukkuṭa-lāvaka-yuddha-vidhiḥ-, śuka-sārikā-pralāpanam-, utsādanam-, keśa-mārjana-kauśalam-, akṣara-muṣṭikā-kathanam-, mlechitaka-vikalpāḥ-, deśa-bhāṣā-jñānam-, puṣpa-śakaṭikā-nimitta-jñānam-, yantra-mātṛkā-, dhāraṇa-mātṛkā-, saṃpāṭyam-, mānasī kāvya-kriyā-, kriyā-vikalpāḥ-, chalitakayogāḥ-, abhidhāna-koṣa-cchando-jñānam-, vastra-gopanāni-, dyūta-viśeṣaḥ-, ākarṣaṇa-krīḍā-, bālaka-krīḍanakāni-, vaināyikīnāṃ vidyāṇāṃ jñānam-, vaijayikīnāṃ vidyānāṃ jñānam-;See also ) etc.
kālādikam. (scilicet māsa-) the month caitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālapatham. Name of a son of viśvā-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālīf. Name of satyavatī-, wife of king śāntanu- and mother of vyāsa- or kṛṣṇa-dvaipāyana- (after her marriage she had a son vicitra-vīrya-, whose widows were married by kṛṣṇa-dvaipāyana-, and bore to him dhṛta-rāṣṭra- and pāṇḍu- ;according to other legends kālī- is the wife of bhīmasena- and mother of sarvagata- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālidāsam. (fr. kālī-,the goddess durgā-, and dāsa-,a slave, the final of kālī-being shortened; see ), Name of a celebrated poet (author of the śakuntalā-, vikramorvaśī-, mālavikāgnimitra-, megha-dūta-, and raghu-vaṃśa-;described as one of the nine gems of vikramāditya-'s court, and variously placed in the first, second, third, and middle of the sixth century A.D.;the name is, however, applied to several persons, especially to two others who may have written the nalodaya- and śruta-- bodha- [hence the N. is used to denote the number,"three"], and seems, in some measure, to have been used as an honorary title). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalyāṇamitran. a good counsellor (opposed to pāpa-mitra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāmamaham. the festival of the god of love (on the day of full moon in the month caitra- or March-April) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāmasakham. the month caitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kati(for 1.See above) m. Name of a sage (son of viśvā-mitra- and ancestor of kātyāyana-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kauśikam. (gaRa bidādi-) patronymic of viśvā-mitra- (who was the son or grandson of kuśika-), interpolation after View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kauśikaphalam. the cocoa-nut (said to have been created by viśvā-mitra- id est kauśika-, when endeavouring to form a human being in rivalry of brahmā-, the nut being the rudiment of a head ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kauśikīf. of a river in Bahar (commonly Kosi or Koosa, created by viśvā-mitra-, or identified with satyavatī-, the sister of viśvā-mitra-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kautsam. of durmitra- and sumitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaviratham. Name of a prince (son of citraratha-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khādamfn. "eating, devouring" in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' See amitra-- and vṛtra-khād/a- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khapuṣpan. "sky-flower" equals -citra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khasṛmam. Name of a son of kauśika- (or viśvā-mitra-), 1190. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kokilamaitrāvaruṇan. "relating to the duties or office of the maitrāvaruṇa- priest at the kaukila- ceremony"Name of a treatise. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kolam. Name of a plant (equals citra-, citraka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛ Ved. (I) cl.2 P. 2. sg. k/arṣi- dual number kṛth/as- plural kṛth/a-; A1. 2. sg. kṛṣ/e-; imperfect tense 2. and 3. sg. /akar-, 3. sg. rarely /akat- () ; 3. dual number /akartām-; plural /akarma-, /akarta- (also ), /akran- (Aorist,according to ); A1. /akri- (), /akṛthās- (), /akṛta- (); akrātām- (), /akrata- ( ) : imperative kṛdh/i- (also ), kṛt/am-, kṛt/a-; A1. kṛṣv/a-, kṛdhv/am-; subjunctive 2. and 3. sg. kar- plural k/arma-, k/arta- and kartana-, kran-; A1. 3. sg. kṛta- () , 3. plural kr/anta- () : Potential kriyāma- (); pr. p. P. (Nominal verb plural) kr/antas- A1. krāṇ/a-. (II) cl.1 P. k/arasi-, k/arati-, k/arathas-, k/aratas-, k/aranti-; A1. k/arase-, k/arate-, k/arāmahe-: imperfect tense /akaram-, /akaras-, /akarat- (Aorist,according to ) : imperative k/ara-, k/aratam-, k/aratām-: subjunctive k/aram-, k/arāṇi-, k/aras-, k/arat-, k/arāma-, k/aran-; A1. karāmahai-; pr. p. f. k/arantī- () (III) cl.5 P. kṛṇ/omi-, ṇ/oṣi-, ṇ/oti-, kṛṇuth/as-, kṛṇm/as- and kṛṇmasi-, kṛṇuth/a-, kṛṇv/anti-; A1. kṛṇv/e-, kṛṇuṣ/e-, kṛṇut/e-, 3. dual number kṛṇv/aite- (); plural kṛṇm/ahe-, kṛṇv/ate-: imperfect tense /akṛṇos-, /akṛṇot-, /akṛṇutam-, /akṛṇuta- and ṇotana- (), /akṛṇvan-; A1. 3. sg. /akṛṇuta- plural /akṛṇudhvam-, /akṛṇvata-: imperative kṛṇ/u- or kṛṇuh/i- or kṛṇut/āt-, kṛṇ/otu-, kṛṇut/am-, kṛṇut/ām-, 2. plural kṛṇut/a- or kṛṇ/ota- or kṛṇ/otana-, 3. plural kṛṇv/antu-; A1. kṛṇuṣv/a-, kṛṇut/ām-, kṛṇv/āthām-, kṛṇudhv/am-: subjunctive kṛṇ/avas-, ṇ/avat- or ṇ/avāt-, kṛṇ/avāva-, ṇ/avāma-, ṇ/avātha-, ṇ/avatha-, ṇ/avan-; A1. kṛṇ/avai- (once ṇavā- ), kṛṇavase- (also varia lectio ṇvase-), kṛṇavate-, kṛṇ/avāvahai-, kṛṇ/avāmahai-, 3. plural kṛṇ/avanta- () or kṛṇavante- or kṛṇvata- () : Potential A1. kṛṇvīt/a-; pr. p. P. kṛṇv/at- (f. vat/ī-) A1. kṛṇvāṇ/a-. (IV) cl.8. (this is the usual formation in the brāhmaṇa-s; sūtra-s, and in classical Sanskrit) P. kar/omi- (Epic kurmi- ); kurv/as-, kuruth/as-, kurut/as-, kurm/as- ([ kulmas-in an interpolation after ]), kuruth/a-, kurv/anti-; A1. kurv/e-, etc., 3. plural kurv/ate- () : imperfect tense akaravam-, akaros-, akarot-, akurva-, etc.; A1. 3. sg. akuruta- plural akurvata-: imperative kuru-, karotu- (in the earlier language 2. and 3. sg. kurutāt-,3. sg. also ), kuruta- or kurutana- (); A1. kuruṣva-, kurudhvam-, kurv/atām-: subjunctive karavāṇi-, karavas-, vāt-, vāva- or vāvas- ( ), vāma- or vāmas- (), vātha-, van-; A1. karavai-, kuruthās-, karavāvahai- (; he- ), karavaithe-, vaite- ( , ), vāmahai-(he- ) : Potential P. kuryām- A1. kurvīya- (); pr. p. P. kurv/at- (f. vat/ī-); A1. kurvāṇ/a-: perf. P. cak/āra-, cak/artha-, cakṛv/a-, cakṛm/a-, cakr/a- (); A1. cakr/e-, cakrir/e-; parasmE-pada cakṛvas- (accusative cakr/uṣam- ); A1. cakrāṇa- () : 2nd future kariṣy/ati-; subjunctive 2. sg. kariṣy/ās- (); 1st future k/artā-: preceding kriyāsam-: Aorist P. Ved. cakaram- (), acakrat- (), /acakriran- (); A1. 1. sg. kṛske- (); Class. akārṣīt- ( ;once akāraṣīt- ); Passive voice Aorist reflex. akāri- and akṛta- ( ) : infinitive mood k/artum-, Ved. k/artave-, k/artav/ai-, k/artos- (See ss.vv.); ind.p. kṛtv/ā-, Ved. kṛtv/ī- ([ ]) and kṛtv/āya- ([ ]) ; to do, make, perform, accomplish, cause, effect, prepare, undertake etc. ; to do anything for the advantage or injury of another (genitive case or locative case) etc. ; to execute, carry out (as an order or command) ; to manufacture, prepare, work at, elaborate, build ; to form or construct one thing out of another (ablative or instrumental case) etc. ; to employ, use, make use of (instrumental case) etc. ; to compose, describe ; to cultivate (confer, compare ) ; to accomplish any period, bring to completion, spend (exempli gratia, 'for example' varṣāṇi daśa cakruḥ-,"they spent ten years"; kṣaṇaṃ kuru-,"wait a moment"; confer, compare kritakṣaṇa-) ; to place, put, lay, bring, lead, take hold of (accusative or locative case or instrumental case exempli gratia, 'for example' ardh/aṃ-kṛ-,to take to one's own side or party, cause to share in(genitive case;See 2. ardh/a-); haste-or pāṇau-kṛ-,to take by the hand, marry ; hṛdayena-kṛ-,to place in one's heart, love ; hṛdi-kṛ-,to take to heart, mind, think over, consider ; manasi-kṛ- idem or 'f. (equals kuhī-) a fog ' ;to determine, purpose [ ind.p. si-kṛtvā-or si-kṛtya-] ; vaśe-kṛ-,to place in subjection, become master of ) ; to direct the thoughts, mind, etc. (m/anas-[ etc.] or buddhim-[ ] or matim-[ ]or bhāvam-[ ], etc.) towards any object, turn the attention to, resolve upon, determine on (locative case dative case infinitive mood,or a sentence with iti- exempli gratia, 'for example' mā śoke manaḥ kṛthāḥ-,do not turn your mind to grief ; gamanāya matiṃ cakre-,he resolved upon going ; alābuṃ samutsraṣṭuṃ manaś cakre-,he resolved to create a gourd ; draṣṭā tavāsmīti matiṃ cakāra-,he determined to see him ) ; to think of (accusative) ; to make, render (with two accusative exempli gratia, 'for example' ādityaṃ kāṣṭhām akurvata-,they made the sun their goal ) etc. ; to procure for another, bestow, grant (with genitive case or locative case) etc. ; A1. to procure for one's self, appropriate, assume ; to give aid, help any one to get anything (dative case) ; to make liable to (dative case) ; to injure, violate (exempli gratia, 'for example' kanyāṃ-kṛ-,to violate a maiden) ; to appoint, institute ; to give an order, commission ; to cause to get rid of, free from (ablative or -tas-) ; to begin (exempli gratia, 'for example' cakre śobhayitum purīm-,they began to adorn the city) ; to proceed, act, put in practice etc. ; to worship, sacrifice ; to make a sound (svaram-or śabdam-) ( ), utter, pronounce (often in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' with the sounds phaṭ-, phut-, bhāṇ-, v/aṣaṭ-, svadh/ā-, sv/āhā-, hiṃ-), pronounce any formula () ; (with numeral adverbs ending in dhā-) to divide, separate or break up into parts (exempli gratia, 'for example' dvidhā-kṛ-,to divide into two parts, ind.p. dvidhā kṛtvā-or dvidhā-kṛtya-or -kāram- ; sahasradhā-kṛ-,to break into a thousand pieces) ; (with adverbs ending in vat-) to make like or similar, consider equivalent (exempli gratia, 'for example' rājyaṃ tṛṇa-vat kṛtvā-,valuing the kingdom like a straw ) ; (with adverbs ending in sāt-) to reduce anything to, cause to become, make subject (See ātma-sāt-, bhasma-sāt-) The above senses of kṛ- may be variously modified or almost infinitely extended according to the noun with which this root is connected, as in the following examples: sakhyaṃ-kṛ-, to contract friendship with ; pūjāṃ-kṛ-, to honour ; rājyaṃ-kṛ-, to reign ; snehaṃ-kṛ-, to show affection ; ājñāṃ- or nideśaṃ- or śāsanaṃ- or kāmaṃ- or yācanāṃ- or vacaḥ- or vacanaṃ- or vākyaṃ-kṛ-, to perform any one's command or wish or request etc. ; dharmaṃ-kṛ-, to do one's duty ; nakhāni-kṛ-,"to clean one's nails" See kṛta-nakha- ; udakaṃ- ([ ]) or salilaṃ- ([ ]) kṛ-, to offer a libation of Water to the dead ; to perform ablutions ; astrāṇi-kṛ-, to practise the use of weapons ; darduraṃ-kṛ-, to breathe the flute ; daṇḍaṃ-kṛ-, to inflict punishment etc. ; kālaṃ-kṛ-, to bring one's time to an end id est to die ; ciraṃ-kṛ-, to be long in doing anything, delay ; manasā- (for si-See above) kṛ-, to place in one's mind, think of, meditate ; śirasā-kṛ-, to place on one's the head ; mūrdhnā-kṛ-, to place on one's head, obey, honour. Very rarely in veda- () , but commonly in the brāhmaṇa-s, sūtra-s, and especially in classical Sanskrit the perf. forms cakāra-and cakre- auxiliarily used to form the periphrastical perfect of verbs, especially of causatives exempli gratia, 'for example' āsāṃ cakre-,"he sat down" ; gamay/āṃ cakāra-,"he caused to go"[see ;in veda- some other forms of kṛ-are used in a similar way, viz. proper karoti- ; imperfect tense akar- and ;3. plural akran- and ; preceding kriyāt- (See );according to , also karotu-with vid-]. Causal kārayati-, te-, to cause to act or do, cause another to perform, have anything made or done by another (double accusative instrumental case and accusative [see ] exempli gratia, 'for example' sabhāṃ kāritavān-,he caused an assembly to be made ; rāja-darśanaṃ māṃ kāraya-,cause me to have an audience of the king; vāṇijyaṃ kārayed vaiśyam-,he ought to cause the vaiśya- to engage in trade ; na śakṣyāmi kiṃcit kārayituṃ tvayā-,I shall not be able to have anything done by thee ) ; to cause to manufacture or form or cultivate etc. ; to cause to place or put, have anything placed, put upon, etc. (exempli gratia, 'for example' taṃ citrapaṭaṃ vāsa-gṛhe bhittāv akārayat-,he had the picture placed on the wall in his house ) . Sometimes the Causal of kṛ- is used for the simple verb or without a causal signification (exempli gratia, 'for example' padaṃ kārayati-,he pronounces a word ; mithyā k-,he pronounces wrongly ; kaikeyīm anu rājānaṃ kāraya-,treat or deal with kaikeyī- as the king does ) : Desiderative c/ikīrṣati- (Aorist 2. sg. acikīrṣīs- ) , Epic also te-, to wish to make or do, intend to do, design, intend, begin, strive after etc. ; to wish to sacrifice or worship : Intensive 3. plural karikrati- (pr. p. k/arikrat-See ), to do repeatedly ; Class. carkarti- or carikarti- or carīkarti- ([ ]) , also carkarīti- or carikarīti- or carīkarīti- or cekrīyate- ([ib. Scholiast or Commentator ]); ([ confer, compare Hibernian or Irish caraim,"I perform, execute";ceard,"an art, trade, business, function";sucridh,"easy"; Old German karawan,"to prepare"; modern German gar,"prepared (as food)"; Latin creo,ceremonia;, .])
kratumatm. (ān-) Name of a son of viśvā-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛmikaṇṭakan. another plant (equals citrā-or citrāṅga-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtadyutif. Name of the wife of king citra-ketu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kruSee mitra-kr/u-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatran. (1. kṣi-?; gaRa ardharcādi-) sg. and plural dominion, supremacy, power, might (whether human or supernatural, especially applied to the power of varuṇa-mitra- and indra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣemakam. of a son of nirāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kūrdanāf. the day of full moon in the month caitra- (a festival day in honour of kāma-deva- or the god of love) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuśikam. Name of the father [or grandfather ] of viśvā-mitra- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuśikam. of the father of gāthin- or gādhin- or gādhi- (the latter being sometimes identified with indra-, who is called kauśika- or kuśikottama- ; gādhi- is also regarded as the father of viśvā-mitra- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakṣmaṇam. of a son of daśa-ratha- by his wife su-mitrā- (he was younger brother and companion of rāma- during his travels and adventures; lakṣmaṇa- and śatru-ghna- were both sons of su-mitrā-, but lakṣmaṇa- alone is usually called saumitri-;he so attached himself to rāma- as to be called rāma-'s second self;whereas śatru-ghna- attached himself to bharata-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakṣmaṇaprasūf. "mother of lakṣmaṇa-", Name of sumitrā- (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lekhanikāSee citra-l-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lipif. outward appearance (lipim-āp-,with genitive case,"to assume the appearance of"; citrāṃ lipiṃ- -,"to decorate beautifully") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madanacaturdaśīf. Name of a festival in honour of kāma-deva- on the 14th day in the light half of the month caitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madanadhvajāf. the 15th day in the light half of the month caitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madanadvādaśīf. the 12th day of the light half of the month caitra- (sacred to, kāma-deva-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madanatrayodaśīf. Name of a festival in honour of kāma-deva- on the 13th day in the light half of the month caitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madayantīf. Name of the wife of kalmāṣa-pāda- or mitra-- saha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhum. Name of the first month of the year (= caitra-, March-April) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhucchandasm. Name of the 51st of viśvā-mitra-'s 101 sons etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhusn. equals madhu-, sweetness (according to to madh/us- equals pavitra-dravya-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhusyandam. Name of a son of viśvā-mitra- (varia lectio -ṣpanda-, -ṣyanda-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhūtsavam. the spring festival (on the day of the full moon in the month caitra-) (varia lectio) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhyastham. "arbitrator, umpire", Name of śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madotkaṭam. Name of the goddess dākṣāyaṇī- (as worshipped in caitraratha-)
mahāratham. of a son of viśvā-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāvāruṇīf. the festival on the 13th day of the moon's decrease in the month caitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahodaram. of a son of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mairāvaṇam. Name of an asura- ( mairāvaṇacaritra -caritra- n.Name of work) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maitramf(ī-)n. (fr. mitra-,of, which it is also the vṛddhi- form in compound) coming from or given by or belonging to a friend, friendly, amicable, benevolent, affectionate, kind etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maitramf(ī-)n. belonging or relating to mitra- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maitram. a friend (equals mitra-) Va1rtt. 4 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maitram. Name of an āditya- (equals mitra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maitran. an early morning prayer addressed to mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maitran. evacuation of excrement (presided over by mitra-; maitraṃ-1. kṛ-,to void excrement) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maitrābārhaspatyamfn. belonging to mitra- and bṛhas-pati- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maitranakṣatran. the nakṣatra- anurādhā- (presided over by mitra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maitravardhakamfn. (fr. mitra-v-) gaRa dhūmādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maitrāvaruṇamf(-)n. descended or derived from mitra- and varuṇa-, belonging to them View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maitrāvaruṇamf(-)n. relating to the priest called maitrāvaruṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maitrāvaruṇīyamfn. relating to the priest called maitrāvaruṇa-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maitrāyaṇam. (for 1.See under maitra-) patronymic fr. mitra- gaRa naḍādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maitrāyaṇīsaṃhitāf. Name of the saṃhitā- of the maitrāyaṇīya-s (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maitreyam. (fr. mitrayu- ) patronymic of kauṣārava- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maitreyam. of glāva- (according to to Scholiast or Commentator metron. fr. mitrā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maitreyikāf. descent from mitrayu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
makhatrātṛm. "protector of viśvā-mitra-'s sacrifice", Name of rāma- (son of daśa-ratha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mālavikāgnimitran. " mālavikā- and agnimitra-", Name of a drama by kālidāsa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṇḍodakan. "mental excitement"or,"variegated colour" (citta--or citra-rāga-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṇimatm. of a king (who was vṛtra- in a former birth) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manorathatṛtīyāf. the 3rd day in the light half of the month caitra- ( manorathatṛtīyāvrata -vrata- n.Name of work) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manovatīf. of a daughter of the vidyā-dhara- citrāṅgada- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mānyam. Name of maitrāvaruṇi- (author of ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maraṇālasan. Name of a particular yoga--posture (in which only one leg is stretched out; see vahitra-karṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mārgamarṣim. Name of a son of viśvāmitra- (Bombay edition mārdam-).
māthuram. Name of a son of citra-gupta- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
matsyam. Name of a pupil of deva-mitra- śākalya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mauhanikam. (fr. mohana-) Name of caitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mid or mind- cl.1 A1. or cl.4 P. () m/edate- or m/eiyati- (of the former only 3. sg. imperative med/atām- ; perfect tense mimeda-, mimide-; Aorist amidat-, amediṣṭa-; future meditā-, mediṣyati-, te-; ind.p. miditvā-or meditvā- grammar; Passive voice, midyate- impersonal or used impersonally ), to grow fat ; cl.10 P. () mindayati- or medayati- (see mitra-) ; the latter also as Causal "to make fat" View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
miśram. Name of various authors and other men (also abbreviation for some names ending in miśra- exempli gratia, 'for example' for madana--, mitra--, vācaspati-- miśra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
miśrakavyavahāram. equals mitra-v-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitram. Name of an āditya- (generally invoked together with varuṇa- see mitrā-v-,and often associated with aryaman- q.v; mitra- is extolled alone in ,and there described as calling men to activity, sustaining earth and sky and beholding all creatures with unwinking eye;in later times he is considered as the deity of the constellation anurādhā-, and father of utsarga-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitrāf. Name of an apsaras- (Bombay edition citrā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitrāf. of the mother of śatru-ghna- (equals su-mitrā-) ( ī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitran. Name of the god mitra- (enumerated among the 10 fires) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitraNom. P. mitrati-, to act in a friendly manner View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitrabhan. mitra-'s nakṣatra- id est anurādhā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitraghnāf. Name of a river ( citra-ghnī-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitraguptamfn. (mitr/a--) protected by mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitrākhyamfn. named after mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitrakṛtif. a kind or friendly office (;but mitra kṛtyeva-,instead of being understood as tyeva-,could also be resolved into the words mitrakṛtya tya- ind."making a friend", and iva-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitrapadan. " mitra-'s place", Name of a locality View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitravanais." mitra-'s wood", Name of a forest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitrāvaruṇam. dual number mitra- and varuṇa- etc. etc. (together they uphold and rule the earth and sky, together they guard the world, together they promote religious rites, avenge sin, and are the lords of truth and light see under 1. mitr/a-above; ṇayor ayanam-and ṇayor iṣṭiḥ-Name of particular sacrifices; ṇayoḥ saṃyojanam-Name of a sāman-) etc. (sg., wrong reading for maitrāvaruṇa- )
mitrāvaruṇasamīritamfn. impelled by mitra- and varuṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitrāvaruṇavatmfn. accompanied by mitra- and varuṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitrayaNom. P. mitrayati-, (prob.) to befriend (see next) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitrāyaNom. A1. mitrāyate-, (prob.) to desire or wish for friend (see next) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitrayum. plural (said to be also, pl, fr. maitreya-) the descendants of mitrayu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitreśvaram. (with hara-) Name of a statue of śiva- erected by mitra-śarman- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitreyuSee mitrāy/u- above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitrīin compound for mitra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mohacittan. Perplexity of mind (?), (some read moha-- citram-, others cittamoham-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mohanakam. the month caitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛduvargam. the group of nakṣatra-s called mṛdu- (viz. anurādhā-, citrā-, revatī- and mṛga-śiras-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛgam. Name of a demon or vṛtra- in the form of a deer slain by indra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mudgalam. of a son of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
muṇḍaphalam. a cocoa-nut tree (the fruit being one step towards a human head made by viśvāmitra-, when attempting a creation in opposition to that, of brahmā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
munihatam. Name of king puṣya-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
musalam. Name of a son of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nācikam. Name of a son of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nadīvṛtmfn. stream-obstructing (vṛtra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāgatithi Name (also title or epithet) of the fifth tithi- of the light half of the month caitra-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naikadṛśm. "many-eyed", Name of a son of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nakṣatran. an asterism or constellation through which the moon passes, a lunar mansion etc. etc. (27, later 28, viz. śraviṣṭhā- or dhaniṣṭhā-, śata-bhiṣaj-, pūrva-bhadrapadā-, uttara-- bhadrapadā-, revatī-, aśvinī-, bharaṇī-, kṛttikā-, rohiṇī- or brāhmī-, mṛga-śiras- or āgrahāyaṇī-, ārdrā-, punarvasū- or yāmakau-, puṣya- or sidhya-, āśleṣā-, maghā-, pūrva-phalgunī-, uttara-- phalgunī-, hasta-, citrā-, svātī-, viśākhā- or rādhā-, anurādhā-, jyeṣṭha-, mūla-, pūrvāṣāḍhā-, uttarāṣāḍhā-, abhijit-, śravaṇa-;according to revatī-, uttara-phalgunī-, uttara-bhādrapadā- and uttarāṣāḍhā- are called dhruvāṇi-,fixed;in the veda-p the nakṣatra-s are considered as abodes of the gods or of pious persons after death on ;later as wives of the moon and daughters of dakṣa- etc.;according to jaina-s the sun, moon, graha-s, nakṣatra-s and tārā-s form the jyotiṣka-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nakulam. of a Vedic poet with the patronymic vāma-deva- (vya-) or vaiśvāmitra- (lasya- vāmadevasya preṅkha- m.Name of a sāman-)
naram. of a son of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāradam. of a son of viśvā-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāradinm. Name of a son of viśvā-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nārāyaṇam. of a son of bhū-mitra- or bhūmi-mitra- (a prince of the dynasty of the kāṇvāyana-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nārāyaṇim. Name of a son of viśvā-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navatantum. Name of a son of viśvā-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nighnam. Name of a son of an-araṇya- and father of anamitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nighnam. of a son of an-amitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirmāA1. -mimīte- : ; -māti- (perfect tense -mame- ; ind.p. -māya- ; infinitive mood -mātum- ) ; to mete out, measure ; to build, make out of (ablative), form, fabricate, produce, create etc. ; (with citram-) to paint ; (with kośam-) to compose or write ; (with giram-) to utter ; (with nītim-) to show, betray : Passive voice -mīyate- (perfect tense -mame- ; Aorist -amāyi- ), to be measured out etc.: Causal -māpayati-, to cause to be made or built : Desiderative -mitsati-, to wish to make or build View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
padakramam. a series of steps, pace, walking (see citra-padakramam-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāṇḍum. Name of a son of vyāsa- by the wife of vicitra-vīrya- and brother of dhṛta-rāṣṭra- and vidura- (he was father of the five pāṇḍava-s) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
param. (sc. prāsāda-) of the palace of mitravindā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paraṇamfn. (1. pṛ-) crossing (see aritra--) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parapauravatantavam. Name of a son of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parātrasonly Causal Aorist parātitrasat-, to drive away View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paśumeḍhram. Name (also title or epithet) of a disciple of viśvāmitra-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pavitran. kuśa- grass (especially two kuśa- leaves for holding offerings or for sprinkling and purifying ghee etc.) etc. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' also ko-See sa-pavitraka-), a ring of kuśa- grass worn on the fourth finger on particular occasions View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pavitrakam. a small sieve or strainer (See also under pavitra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pavitrapūta(v/itra--) mfn. clarified with a strainer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pavitraratha(v/itra--) mfn. having the strainer as a chariot (soma-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pavitrāropaṇan. "putting on the pavitra-", investiture with the Brahmanical cord, (especially) investing the image of kṛṣṇa- or another deity with the sacred thread, Name of a festival on the 12th day of the light half of śrāvaṇa- or aṣāḍha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pavitravatmfn. (vitra--) having a purifying instrument (as a strainer or darbha- grass), cleansing, purifying View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāvitrāyaṇam. patronymic fr. pavitra- gaRa aśvādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalakan. a picture (equals citra-ph-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phālgunānujam. "younger brother of the month phālguna-", the vernal month caitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
picchakam. or n. a tail-feather (see citra-p-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pippalam. Name of a son of mitra- and revati- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prabhākaram. of several other teachers and authors (also prabhākara-guru-, -candra-, -datta-, -deva-, -nandana-, -mitra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prabhāvatīf. of the wife of citra-- ratha- king of aṅga- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakṛtif. the various sovereigns to be considered in case of war (viz. the madhyama-, vijigīṣu-, udāsīna-and śatru-;to which should be added 8 remoter princes, viz. the mitra-, arimitra-, mitra-mitra-, arimitra-mitra-, pārṣṇi-graha-, ākranda-, pārṣṇigrāhāsāra-, ākrandāsāsa-;each of these 12 kings has 5 prakṛti-s in the form of minister, territory, fortresses, treasure and army, so that the total number of prakṛti-s may be 72) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pramahasmfn. of great might or splendour (said of mitra-- varuṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pramāṇapuruṣam. an umpire, arbitrator, judge View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praśāstṛm. "director", Name of a priest (commonly called maitrāvaruṇa-, the first assistant of the hotṛ-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praśnavivākam. one who decides controversies, an arbitrator View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāśnikam. an inquirer, arbitrator, umpire View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratimitra wrong reading for praty-amitra- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛthum. of a vṛṣṇi- and son of citraka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛthum. of a son of citra-- ratha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛthukarmanm. Name of a son of śaśa-bindu- and grandson of citra-- ratha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūjyapādam. Name of deva-nandin- ( pūjyapādacaritra dacaritra- n.Name of work) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūraṇam. (with the patronymic vaiśvāmitra-), Name of the author of View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṣpamitram. (varia lectio puṣya-m-) Name of a king (according to the Brahmanical account, a general of the last maurya- dynasty and father of prince agni-mitra-, or according to Buddhists, a king, the successor of puṣyadharman-) (cf ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājarṣim. (for -riṣi-) a royal ṛṣi- or saint, ṛṣi- of royal descent, that holy and superhuman personage which a kind or man of the military class may become by the performance of great austerities (exempli gratia, 'for example' purū-ravas-, viśvā-mitra- etc.; see devarṣi-and brahma-rṣi-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāmadurgan. Name of a stotra- (attributed to viśvāmitra-).
rāmagirim. " rāma-s's mountain", Name of several mountains (especially according to to some, of citra-kūṭa- in Bundelkhand and of another hill near Nagpore, now called Ramtek). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāmanavamīf. Name of the 9th day in the light half of the month caitra- (being the birthday of rāma-candra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāmāyaṇan. (ramāyaṇa-) Name of vālmīki-'s celebrated poem, describing the"goings" ([ ayana-]) of rāma- and sitā- (it contains about 24000 verses in 7 books called kāṇḍa-s, viz. 1. bāla-kāṇḍa- or ādi-kāṇḍa-;2. ayodhyā-kāṇḍa-;3. araṇya-kāṇḍa-;4. kiṣ-kindhyā-kāṇḍa-;5. sundara-kāṇḍa-;6. yuddha-kāṇḍa-;7. uttara-kāṇḍa-;part of the 1st book and the 7th are thought to be comparatively modern additions;the latter gives the history of rāma- and sītā- after their re-union and installation as king and queen of ayodhyā-, afterwards dramatized by bhava-bhūti- in the uttara-rāma-caritra-; rāma-'s character, as described in the rāmāyaṇa-, is that of a perfect man, who bears suffering and self-denial with superhuman patience;the author, vālmīki-, was probably a Brahman connected with the royal family of ayodhyā-;and although there are three recensions of the poem, all of them go back to a lost original recension, the ground work of which, contained in books 2-6, in spite of many amplifications and interpolations, may be traced back to one man, and does not like the mahābhārata-, represent the production of different epochs and minds) etc. (see ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāṣṭradevīf. Name of the wife of citra-bhānu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratnatrayan. "jewels-triad", the three jewels or excellent things (with Buddhists, viz. buddha-, dharma-and saṃgha-;or with jaina-s, viz. samyag-darśana-, samyag-jñāna-and samyak-cāritra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
reṇum. Name of the author of (with the patronymic vaiśvāmitra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
reṇuf. Name of a wife of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
reṇumatm. Name of a son of viśvāmitra- by reṇu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
revatīf. of the wife of mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛṣim. in their names are given as follows, gotama-, bharadvāja-, viśvā-mitra-, jamadagni-, vasiṣṭha-, kaśyapa-, and atri- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛtaspṛśmfn. connected with pious works or worship (Name of the āditya-s); (Name of mitra-varuṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛtvijm. (k-) a priest (usually four are enumerated, viz. hotṛ-, adhvaryu-, brahman-, and udgātṛ-;each of them has three companions or helpers, so that the total number is sixteen, viz. hotṛ-, maitrāvaruṇa-, acchāvāka-, grāva-stut-; adhvaryu-, prati-prasthātṛ-, neṣṭṛ-, un-netṛ-; brahman-, brāhmaṇācchaṃsin-, agnīdhra-, potṛ-; udgātṛ-, prastotṛ-, pratihartṛ-, subrahmaṇya- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rucim. of a son of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudramfn. (prob.) crying, howling, roaring, dreadful, terrific, terrible, horrible (applied to the aśvin-s, agni-, indra-, mitra-, varuṇa-, and the sp/aśaḥ-) (according to to others"red, shining, glittering", fr. a rud-or rudh-connected with rudhira-;others"strong, having or bestowing strength or power", fr. a rud- equals vṛd-, vṛdh-;native authorities give also the following meanings,"driving away evil";"running about and roaring", fr. ru-+ dra-= dru-2;"praiseworthy, to be praised";"a praiser, worshipper"equals stotṛ- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sādhamitrikamf(ā-,or ī-)n. (fr. sadha-mitra-) gaRa kāśy-ādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāhityavidhyādharam. Name of cāritra-vardhana- muni- (author of a commentator or commentary on the naiṣadha-caritra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saindhumitrikamf(ā-or ī-)n. (fr. sindhumitra-) gaRa kāśy-ādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śakam. plural Name of a particular white-skinned tribe or race of people (in the legends which relate the contests between vasiṣṭha- and viśvāmitra- the śaka-s are fabled to have been produced by the Cow of vasiṣṭha-, from her sweat, for the destruction of viśvāmitra-'s army; in , they are mentioned together with the pauṇḍraka-s, oḍra-s, draviḍa-s, kāmboja-s, javana-s or yavana-s, pārada-s, pahlava-s, cīna-s, kirāta-s, darada-s, and khaśa-s, described by as degraded tribes of kṣatriya-s called after the districts in which they reside: according to the ,king sagara- attempted to rid his kingdom of these tribes, but did not succeed in destroying them all : they are sometimes regarded as the followers of śaka- or śāli-vāhana-, and are probably to be identified with the Tartars or Indo-Scythians [ Latin saca-]who overran India before the Aryans, and were conquered by the great vikramāditya- [q.v.]; they really seem to have been dominant in the north-west of India in the last century before and the first two centuries after the beginning of our era) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaktim. Name of a muni- or sage (the eldest of vasiṣṭha-'s hundred sons; according to to he was father of parāśara-, and was devoured by king kalmāṣa-pāda-, when changed to a man-eating rākṣasa-, in consequence of a curse pronounced upon him by the sage;he is represented as having overcome viśvāmitra- at the sacrifice of king saudāsa-;he is regarded as the author of ; śakti- is also identified with one of the vyāsa-s, and with avalokiteśvara-, and has elsewhere the patronymic jātūkarṇa- and sāṃkṛti-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śakuntam. Name of a son of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śakuntalāf. (said to be fr. śakunta-) Name of a daughter of the apsaras- menakā- by viśvāmitra- (she was supposed to have been born and left in a forest, where she was protected by birds till found by the sage kaṇva-, who took her to his hermitage and reared her as his daughter;she was there seen by king duṣyanta-, when on a hunting expedition, and married by him, and became the mother of bharata-, sovereign of all India;the story of duṣyanta-'s accidental meeting with śakuntalā-, their marriage, separation, his repudiation of her through temporary loss of memory caused by a curse, his subsequent recognition of her by means of a ring which was lost but afterwards recovered, forms the subject of kālidāsa-'s celebrated drama called abhijñāna-śakuntalā- q.v). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śālaṅkāyanam. Name of a ṛṣi- (son of viśvāmitra-; plural = śālaṅkāyana-'s, descendants) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śālāvatīf. Name of a wife of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śambaram. equals citraka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śambaran. equals citra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śambaravṛtrahanm. "slayer of sambara- and vṛtra-", Name of indra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃhitāf. a text treated according to euphonic rules (especially the real continuous text of the veda-s as formed out of the pada-s or separate words by proper phonetic changes [according to various schools; see ]: beside the saṃhitā-s of the ṛg--, sāma--, and atharvaveda- there is the vājasaneyi-saṃhitā- belonging to the White yajur-veda-, and five other saṃhitā-s belonging to the black yajur-veda-, viz. the taittirīya-- saṃhitā-, the saṃhitā- of the ātreya-s [known only by its anukramaṇī-], the saṃhitā- of the kaṭha-s, the kapiṣṭhala-- kaṭha-- saṃhitā-, and the saṃhitā- of the maitrāyaṇīya-s or maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃjayam. conquest, victory (with viśvāmitrasya-Name of a catur-aha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃkrāntāf. Name of a chapter of the maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāṃkṛtim. (fr. saṃ-kṛti-) patronymic of a sage (son of viśvāmitra- and founder of the vaiyāghrapadya- family) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samrājm. of a son of citra-- ratha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃśrutyam. Name of a son of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaṃstṛm. one who recites, a reciter (a priest identified with the praśāstṛ- and mentioned along with five others in ;his sacrificial duties correspond with those of the maitrā-varuṇa- of the later ritual) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaṃtanum. (also written śāṃtanu-) Name of an ancient king with the patronymic kauravya- (he was fourteenth descendant of kuru-, son of pratīpa- and younger brother of devāpi-, and usurped the sovereignty whilst the latter became a hermit;he married gaṅgā- and satya-vatī-;by the former he had a son named bhīṣma-, and by the latter citrāṅgada- and vicitravīrya- see ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāmudram. patronymic of citra-sena- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃvahitṛSee sāṃvahitra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃyojanan. (with mitrā-varuṇayoḥ-, aśvinoḥ-,and prahitoḥ-) Name of sāman-s , View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāṅkhamitram. patronymic fr. śaṅkha-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saptārcism. a particular plant (equals citraka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīf. Name of a river (celebrated in and held to be a goddess whose identity is much disputed;most authorities hold that the name sarasvatī- is identical with the Avestan Haraquaiti river in Afghanistan, but that it usually means the Indus in the , and only occasionally the small sacred rivers in madhya-deśa- [see below];the river-goddess has seven sisters and is herself sevenfold, she is called the mother of streams, the best of mothers, of rivers, and of goddesses;the ṛṣi-s always recognize the connection of the goddess with the river, and invoke her to descend from the sky, to bestow vitality, renown, and riches;elsewhere she is described as moving along a golden path and as destroying vṛtra- etc.;as a goddess she is often connected with other deities exempli gratia, 'for example' with pūṣan-, indra-, the marut-s and the aśvin-s;in the āprī- hymns she forms a triad with the sacrificial goddesses iḍā- and bhāratī-; according to to a myth told in the , sarasvatī- through speech[ vācā-]communicated vigour to indra-;in the brāhmaṇa-s she is identified with vāc-,"Speech", and in later times becomes goddess of eloquenceSee below) etc.
śaśabindum. Name of a king (son of citraratha-; plural his descendants) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śastakan. a defence for the finger of an archer (equals aṅgulitrāṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satīf. Name of the wife of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śatrughnam. Name of one of rāma-candra-'s brothers (he was son of sumitrā- and twin brother of lakṣmaṇa-, and was the chosen companion of bharata-, son of kaikeyī-, as lakṣmaṇa- was of rāma-, son of kauśalyā-) etc. (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śatrughnajananīf. "mother of śatru-ghna-", Name of su-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satyajitm. of various men (the sons of bṛhad-dharman-, kṛṣṇa-, su-nīta-, su-nītha-, ānaka- and amitra-jit-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satyavartmanmfn. (saty/a--) following a true or fixed path or course (said of the chariot of mitra-- varuṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saudāsam. (fr. su-dās-and su-dāsa-) Name of various kings (especially of a son of king su-dāsa-, of the solar race, descendant of ikṣvāku- and sagara- in the thirteenth generation, and also called mitra-- saha- and kalmāṣa-pāda-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sauḍhāmitrim. patronymic fr. soḍhāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saudhāmitrikamf(ā-or ī-)n. (fr. sudhā-mitra-) gaRa kāśy-ādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saumamitrikamf(ā-,or ī-)n. (fr. soma-mitra-) gaRa kāśy-ādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saumitram. (fr. su-mitrā-) metron. of lakṣmaṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saumitran. (fr. su-mitra-) friendship View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saumyamf(-or ā-)n. auspicious (said of birds, planets etc.; especially of the nakṣatra-s mṛga-śiras-, citrā-, anurādhā-, and revatī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāvitramf(-)n. relating to sāvitra- id est karṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāvitracayanan. "arranging or preparing the agni- called sāvitra-", Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sayanam. Name of a son of viśvāmitra- (Bombay edition seyana-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seyanam. Name of a son of viśvāmitra- (varia lectio sayana-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śikhaṇḍinm. of a ṛṣi- or muni- (one of the seven stars of the Great Bear; see citra-ś-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śikhāvatm. a particular plant or tree (equals citraka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śilāyūpam. Name of a son of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śinim. Name of various men (of a son of su-mitra-, of a son of garga-, of the father of sātyaka-, etc.; śiner naptṛ-,"grandson of śini-", Name of sātyaki-, one of the pāṇḍu- chiefs) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śirīṣinm. Name of a son of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śiśiram. of a teacher (a pupil or descendant of śākalya- vedamitra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śiśuhitaiṣiṇīf. "benefiting children", Name of a commentator or commentary on the kumāra-sambhava- and raghu-vaṃśa- by cāritra-vardhana-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śitam. Name of a son of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śitipṛṣṭham. Name of a serpent-priest (fabled to have acted as maitrā-varuṇa- at a sacrifice) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivadāsam. " śaṃkara-'s servant", Name of various writers and other men (especially of the author of the kathārṇava-, the vetāla-pañcaviṃśati-, and the śāli-vāhana-caritra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
skandaṣaṣṭhīf. a festival in honour of kārttikeya- on the 6th day of the month caitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
somam. (fr.3. su-) juice, extract, (especially) the juice of the soma- plant, (also) the soma- plant itself (said to be the climbing plant Sarcostema Viminalis or Asclepias Acida, the stalks[ aṃśu-]of which were pressed between stones[ adri-]by the priests, then sprinkled with water, and purified in a strainer[ pavitra-]; whence the acid juice trinkled into jars[ kalaśa-]or larger vessels[ droṇa-]; after which it was mixed with clarified butter, flour etc., made to ferment, and then offered in libations to the gods [in this respect corresponding with the ritual of the Iranian Avesta] or was drunk by the Brahmans, by both of whom its exhilarating effect was supposed to be prized; it was collected by moonlight on certain mountains [in ,the mountain mūja-vat- is mentioned]; it is sometimes described as having been brought from the sky by a falcon[ śyena-]and guarded by the gandharva-s; it is personified as one of the most important of Vedic gods, to whose praise all the 114 hymns of the 9th book of the besides 6 in other books and the whole are dedicated; in post-Vedic mythology and even in a few of the latest hymns of the [although not in the whole of the 9th book] as well as sometimes in the and in the , soma- is identified with the moon [as the receptacle of the other beverage of the gods called amṛta-, or as the lord of plants see indu-, oṣadhi-pati-]and with the god of the moon, as well as with viṣṇu-, śiva-, yama-, and kubera-; he is called rājan-,and appears among the 8 vasu-s and the 8 loka-pāla-s[ ] , and is the reputed author of ,of a law-book etc.; see below) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śravaṇāf. Name of a daughter of citraka- or rājādhideva- (see śraviṣṭhā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śraviṣṭhāf. of a daughter of citraka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrīmatm. of śākya-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrīrāmanavamīf. the ninth of the light half of the month caitra- (observed as a festival in honour of the birthday of rāma-candra-) ( śrīrāmanavamīnirṇaya -nirṇaya- m.Name of work) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthairakāyaṇam. (yana-), metron. of mitra-varcas-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
stheyam. a person chosen to settle a dispute between two parties, an arbitrator, umpire, judge View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
stheyīkṛtamfn. (stheyī-for stheya-,m.) made an arbitrator or umpire or judge View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthūṇam. (connected with sthāṇu-; according to to some for sthulna-) Name of a son of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
subāhum. of a son of citraka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śucim. a particular plant (equals citraka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sudāsm. Name of a celebrated king of the tṛtsu-s (son of divo-dāsa-, at whose court both vasiṣṭha- and viśvāmitra- appear to have acted as family priests; sudās- paijavana- is regarded as the author of , ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sudāsam. of the father of mitra-- saha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sudharmanm. of a son of citraka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sudyumnam. of a son of manu- vaivasvata- (supposed to have been born a female under the name of iḍā- [q.v.], and afterwards changed into a male through the favour of mitra- and varuṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sujyeṣṭham. Name of a king (son of agni-mitra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śukram. a kind of plant (equals citraka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sukṣatram. Name of a son of niramitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śukṣim. (perhaps fr.1. śuc-) equals tejas-, or equals citram- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sumedhasm. of a son of veda-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sumitram. of a son of agni-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sumitrābhū m. "son of sumitrā-", Name of lakṣmaṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sumitradhasmfn. one who makes good friends (śobhanāni mitrāṇi puṣyati- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sumitrātanayam. "son of sumitrā-", Name of lakṣmaṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śunaḥśepam. "dog-tailed", Name of a Vedic ṛṣi- (having the patronymic ājīgarti-, as son of ajīgarta- or ajīgarta-, and regarded as the author of the hymns ; according to to ,king hariścandra-, whose priest was viśvā-mitra-, being childless, made a vow that on obtaining a son he would sacrifice him to the god varuṇa-;a son was then born to him named rohita-, but hariścandra- put off on various pretexts the fulfilment of his vow, and when he at length consented to perform it, his son refused to be sacrificed, and retiring to the forest passed six years there until he met a poor Brahman ṛṣi- named ajīgarta-, who had three sons, the second of whom, śunaḥ-śepa-, was purchased by rohita- for a hundred cows to serve as a substitute for himself; varuṇa- having accepted him as a ransom, he was about to be sacrificed, viśvā-mitra- being hotṛ- priest, when he saved himself by reciting verses in praise of various deities, and was received into the family of viśvā-mitra- as one of his sons under the name of deva-rāta- q.v :the legend is different in the rāmāyaṇa-, which makes ambarīṣa-, king of ayodhyā-, perform a sacrifice, the victim of which is stolen by indra-;this king is described as wandering over the earth in search of either the real victim or a substitute until he meets with a Brahman named ṛcīka-, from whom he purchases his middle son, śunaḥ-śepa-, who is about to be sacrificed, when viśvā-mitra- saves him by teaching him a prayer to agni- and two hymns to indra- and viṣṇu-;See ) etc. ()
sunakṣatram. of a son of niramitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sunayam. of a brother of khanitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
supārśvakam. Name of a son of citraka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
surabhim. the month caitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
surakṛtm. Name of a son of viśvāmitra- (varia lectio sūra-k-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūrakṛtm. Name of a son of viśvāmitra- (varia lectio surakṛt-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suratham. of a son of caitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuṣmanm. a particular plant (equals citraka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suśrutamfn. Name of the author of a system of medicine (reputed son of viśvā-mitra- and descendant of dhanvantari-;his work with that of caraka-, another older medical authority, is held in great esteem;it consists of six books) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtam. Name of a son of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtim. Name of a son of viśvāmitra- (varia lectio bhūti-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suvasantam. the day of full moon in the month caitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suvasantam. a festival in honour of kāma-deva- in the moon caitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suvelam. Name of a mountain (equals tri-kūṭa-or citra-kūṭa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śvaitran. (fr. śvitra-) white leprosy, vitiligo View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śvaitreyam. (fr. śvitra-) the fire or brilliancy of lightning () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śvaitreyam. metron. fr. śvitrā- () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śvaitryan. (fr. śvitra-) white leprosy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svaprabhutāf. own or arbitrary power ( svaprabhutayā tayā- ind."arbitrarily") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svarjif. (equals sarji-) natron, nitrate of potash View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śvātramfn. (prob. fr. śvi- equals śū-) invigorating, strengthening, strong (as soma-, the waters etc.; according to to native authorities equals kṣipra-,or mitra-; according to to others,"savoury","dainty", fr. śvad- equals svad-)
śvitryam. metron. fr. śvitra- () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śyāmam. plural Name of a Vedic school (a subdivision of the maitrāyaṇīya-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śyāmāyanam. Name of a son of viśvā-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
taritram. "a helmsman" (Scholiast or Commentator) or n. "an oar" ( ataritra a-taritra- mfn.without a t-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tātparyabodhinīf. Name of a commentator or commentary on the philosophical work citra-dīpa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tṝ cl.1 P. (rarely A1.) t/arati- (subjunctive t/arat- imperfect tense /atarat-, parasmE-pada t/arat- infinitive mood tar/adhyai-, rīṣ/ani- ) cl.5. tarute- (; Potential 1. plural turyāma-, ) cl.3. titarti- (; parasmE-pada Nominal verb plural t/itratas- ; Potential tutury/āt-, ) , with prepositions Vedic or Veda chiefly cl.6 P. A1. (tir/ate- subjunctive tirāti- imperfect tense /atirat-, parasmE-pada tir/at- infinitive mood t/iram-, t/ire- ; Aorist /atārīt-, ;1. plural riṣma- , rima- ; t/aruṣante- , ta-i, ṣema- [ confer, compare ]; A1.and Passive voice -tāri- ; P. atārṣīt- ; ṣam- ; perfect tense tatāra- etc.;3. plural titirur-, ; teritha-, ratur- ; parasmE-pada titirv/as- genitive case tatar/uṣas- ; future tariṣyati-, rīṣ-, taritā-, rītā-[ confer, compare pra-t/ar-] ; t/arutā- ; preceding tīryāt-, tariṣīṣṭa- ; infinitive mood tartum- ; rīt- rit- ; ind.p. tīrtv/ā- ; -t/ūrya-See vi--) to pass across or over, cross over (a river), sail across etc. ; to float, swim ; to get through, attain an end or aim, live through (a definite period), study to the end etc. ; to fulfil, accomplish, perform ; to surpass, overcome, subdue, escape etc. ; to acquire, gain, ; A1. to contend, compete ; to carry through or over, save, : Causal tārayati- (parasmE-pada r/ayat-) to carry or lead over or across etc. ; to cause to arrive at ; to rescue, save, liberate from (ablative) etc.: Desiderative titīrṣati- (also titariṣati-, rīṣ- ; parasmE-pada A1. titīrṣamāṇa- ) to wish to cross or reach by crossing : Intensive tartarīti- (2. dual number rīthas-; parasmE-pada genitive case t/arilratas-[ ];See also vi--; tātarti-, Scholiast or Commentator) to reach the end by passing or running or living through ; ([ confer, compare t/ara-, tir/as-, tīrṇ/a-; Latin termo,trans; Gothic thairh.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triśaṅkum. of a king of ayodhyā- (aspiring to ascend to heaven in his mortal body, he first requested vasiṣṭha- to perform a great sacrifice for him;on vasiṣṭha-'s refusing he applied to vasiṣṭha-'s hundred sons, who cursed and degraded him to the rank of a caṇḍāla- [hence called a caṇḍāla- king ]; viśvā-mitra- then undertook the sacrifice for him and invited all the gods, who declined to come and thereby so enraged the sage that, by his own power, he transported triśaṅku- to heaven;on his being hurled down again head foremost by the gods, he was arrested in his course by viśvā-mitra- and remained suspended in the sky, forming the southern cross constellation [son of pṛthu-]; and [son of trayyāruṇa-];[son of tri-bandhana-] ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triśaṅkuyājinm. "sacrificing for Telinga", viśvā-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tritam. "third"(), Name of a Vedic deity (associated with the marut-s, vāyu-, and indra-;fighting like the latter with tvāṣṭra-, vṛtra-, and other demons;called āptya- [ q.v ],"water-deity", and supposed to reside in the remotest regions of the world, whence[ ]the idea of wishing to remove calamity to tvāṣṭra-, and the view of the trita-s being the keepers of nectar[ ] , similarly [ ]the notion of trita-'s bestowing long life;also conceived as an inferior deity conquering the demons by order and with the help of indra-[ ];fallen into a well he begged aid from the gods [ ];as to this last myth on relates that 3 ṛṣi-s, ekata-, dvita-, and trita-, parched with thirst, looked about and found a well, and when tvāṣṭra- began to draw water, the other two, desirous of his property, pushed him down and closed up the well with a wheel;shut up there, tvāṣṭra- composed a hymn to the gods, and managed miraculously to prepare the sacrificial soma-, that he might drink it himself, or offer it to the deities and so be extricated: this is alluded to in [ confer, compare ] and described in ;also makes him a ṛṣi-, and he is the supposed author of ;in epic legends[ ] ekata-, dvita-, and tvāṣṭra- are described as 3 brothers, sons of gautama- or of prajā-pati- or brahmā-;elsewhere tvāṣṭra- is one of the 12 sons of manu- cākṣuṣa- by naḍvalā- ; confer, compare traitan/a-; Zend Thrita;, , etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tūryaSee ap--, mitra-- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tvaṣṭṛm. "creator of living beings", the heavenly builder, Name of a god (called su-k/ṛt-, -pāṇ/i-, -g/abhasti-, -j/animan-, sv-/apas-, ap/asām ap/astama-, viśv/a-rūpa-etc. ;maker of divine implements, especially of indra-'s thunderbolt and teacher of the ṛbhu-s ;former of the bodies of men and animals, hence called"firstborn"and invoked for the sake of offspring, especially in the āprī- hymns etc. ;associated with the similar deities dhātṛ-, savitṛ-, prajā-pati-, pūṣan-, and surrounded by divine females[ gn/ās-, jan/ayas-, dev/ānām p/atnīs-; see tv/aṣṭā-v/arūtrī-]recipients of his generative energy ;supposed author of with the epithet garbha-pati- ;father of saraṇyū- [ su-reṇu- ; sva-reṇu- ]whose double twin-children by vivasvat- [or vāyu- ? ] are yamayamī- and the aśvin-s ;also father of tri-śiras- or viśvarūpa- ;overpowered by indra- who recovers the soma-[ ] concealed by him because indra- had killed his son viśva-rūpa- ;regent of the nakṣatra- citrā- ;of the 5th cycle of Jupiter ;of an eclipse ; tvaṣṭur ātithya-Name of a sāman- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tvāṣṭram. the son of tvaṣṭṛ- (viśva-rūpa- etc.; ābhūti- vṛtra- ; tri-śiras-, ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tvāṣṭran. the asterism citrā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tvāṣṭran. the asterism citrā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upamaśravasm. Name of a son of kuru-śravaṇa- and grandson of mitrātithi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uparikāṇḍan. the third division of the maitrāyaṇī- saṃhitā-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasmṛtif. a minor law-book (the following authors of such books are named jābāli-, nāciketa-, skanda-, laugākṣin-, kaśyapa-, vyāsa-, sanatkumāra-, śatarju-, janaka-, vyāghra-, kātyāyana-, jātūkarṇya-, kapiñjala-, baudhāyana-, kaṇāda-, and viśvāmitra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ūrjayonim. Name of a son of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsargam. Excretion (personified as a son of mitra- and revatī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uttararāmacarita(or caritra-) n. "the further or later deeds of rāma-", Name of a drama of bhava-bhūti-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vādulim. Name of a son of viśvāmitra- (varia lectio vāhuli-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vahnisaṃjñakam. equals citraka- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāhulim. Name of a son of viśvāmitra- (varia lectio vāduli-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaicitran. (fr. vi-citra-) equals vaicitrya- below View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaicitravīryam. (fr. vicitra-v-) patronymic of dhṛta-rāṣṭra-, of pāṇḍu- and of vidura- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaicitravīryakamfn. belonging to vicitra-vīrya- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaicitryavīrya wrong reading for vaicitra-- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaimitrāf. (fr. vi-mitra-) Name of one of the 7 mothers of skanda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiśākham. (fr. vi-śākhā-) one of the 12 months constituting the Hindu lunar year (answering to April-May and in some places, with caitra-, reckoned as beginning the year) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiśvāmitramf(ī-)n. relating or belonging to viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiśvāmitrim. patronymic fr. viśvā-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vājam. of the month caitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vajram. of a son of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vakṣogrīvam. Name of a son of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
valam. Name of a demon (brother of vṛtra-, and conquered by indra-;in later language called bala- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
valgujaṅgham. "handsome-legged", Name of a son of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vālmīkam. Name of a son of citra-gupta- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāmanadvādaśīf. Name of the 12th day in the light half of the month caitra- (on which a festival is held in honour of viṣṇu-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaṃśadharam. (with mitra-) Name of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vānīram. equals citraka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vardhamfn. (fr. vṛdh-;for 1. vardha-See above) increasing, augmenting, gladdening (See nandi--and mitra-v-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vardhanam. of a son of kṛṣṇa- and mitra-vindā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vartikāf. a paint-brush (see citra-v-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vārtraghnamf(ī-)n. (v/ārtra--) (fr. -vṛtra-han-) relating or belonging to the slayer of vṛtra- id est indra- (n. with havis-,an oblation for victory) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vārtrahatyamfn. (v/ārtra--) (fr. vṛtra-hatya-) fit for slaying vṛtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vārtrahatyan. the slaying of vṛtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vārtraturan. (fr. vritra-tur-) Name of a sāman-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varuṇam. (once in the varuṇ/a-) "All-enveloping Sky", Name of an āditya- (in the veda- commonly the night as mitra- over the day, but often celebrated separately, whereas mitra- is rarely invoked alone; varuṇa- is one of the oldest of the Vedic gods, and is commonly thought to correspond to the of the Greeks, although of a more spiritual conception;he is often regarded as the supreme deity, being then styled"king of the gods"or"king of both gods and men"or"king of the universe";no other deity has such grand attributes and functions assigned to him;he is described as fashioning and upholding heaven and earth, as possessing extraordinary power and wisdom called māyā-,as sending his spies or messengers throughout both worlds, as numbering the very winkings of men's eyes, as hating falsehood, as seizing transgressors with his pāśa-or noose, as inflicting diseases, especially dropsy, as pardoning sin, as the guardian of immortality;he is also invoked in the veda- together with indra-, and in later Vedic literature together with agni-, with yama-, and with viṣṇu-;in ,he is even called the brother of agni-;though not generally regarded in the veda- as a god of the ocean, yet he is often connected with the waters, especially the waters of the atmosphere or firmament, and in one place[ ] is called with mitra-, sindhu-pati-,"lord of the sea or of rivers";hence in the later mythology he became a kind of Neptune, and is there best known in his character of god of the ocean;in the varuṇa- is said to be a son of kardama- and father of puṣkara-, and is also variously represented as one of the deva-gandharva-s, as a nāga-, as a king of the naga-s, and as an asura-;he is the regent of the western quarter[ see loka-pāla-]and of the nakṣatra- śatabhiṣaj-[ ];the jaina-s consider varuṇa- as a servant of the twentieth arhat- of the present avasarpiṇī-) etc. etc. (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāruṇīf. a particular fast-day on the thirteenth of the dark half of caitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasantam. (n. gaRa ardharcādi-) "brilliant (season)", spring (comprising according to to some, the months caitra- and vaiśākha- or from the middle of March to that of MaySee ṛtu-;often personified and considered as a friend or attendant of kāmadeva-, the god of love) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasantadūtam. the month caitra- (March-April) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāsantīf. a spring festival (held in the month caitra- in honour of kāma-deva- or in some places of durgā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāsantīpūjāf. the worship of durgā- in the month caitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasantotsavam. spring-rejoicings, spring festival (formerly held on the full moon of caitra-, but now of phālguna-, and = dola-yātrā- or holī- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasiṣṭham. (wrongly written vaśiṣṭha-),"the most wealthy", Name of a celebrated Vedic ṛṣi- or sage (owner of the"cow of plenty" , called nandinī-, offspring of surabhi-, which by granting all desires made him, as his name implies, master of every vasu-or desirable object;he was the typical representative of Brahmanical rank, and the legends of his conflict with viśvā-mitra-, who raised himself from the kingly or kṣatriya- to the Brahmanical class, were probably founded on the actual struggles which took place between the Brahmans and kṣatriya-s;a great many hymns of the are ascribed to these two great rivals;those of the seventh maṇḍala-, besides some others, being attributed to vasiṣṭha-, while those of the third maṇḍala- are assigned to viśvā-mitra-;in one of vasiṣṭha-'s hymns he is represented as king su-dās-'s family priest, an office to which viśvā-mitra- also aspired;in another hymn vasiṣṭha- claims to have been inspired by varuṇa-, and in another[ ] he is called the son of the apsaras- urvaśī- by mitra- and varuṇa-, whence his patronymic maitrāvaruṇi-;in manu- , he is enumerated among the ten prajā-pati-s or Patriarchs produced by manu- svāyambhuva- for the peopling of the universe;in the he is mentioned as the family priest of the solar race or family of ikṣvāku- and rāma-candra-, and in the purāṇa-s as one of the arrangers of the veda-s in the dvāpara- age;he is, moreover, called the father of aurva-[ ],of the sukālin-s[ ],of seven sons[ ] , and the husband of akṣa-mālā- or arundhatī-[ ]and of ūrjā-[ ];other legends make him one of the 7 patriarchal sages regarded as forming the Great Bear in which he represents the starSee ṛṣi-) etc. (see )
vasulakṣmīf. Name of a sister-in-law of agni-mitra- (in prakṛt-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātaghnam. Name of a son of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vetravatm. a form of durgā- (varia lectio citra-rathī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viind. sometimes it gives a meaning opposite to the idea contained in the simple root (exempli gratia, 'for example' krī-,"to buy"; vi-krī-,"to sell") , or it intensifies that idea (exempli gratia, 'for example' hiṃs-,"to injure"; vi-hiṃs-,"to injure severely") . The above 3. v/i- may also be used in forming compounds not immediately referable to verbs, in which cases it may express"difference" (confer, compare 1. vi-lakṣaṇa-),"change"or"variety" (confer, compare vi-citra-),"intensity" (confer, compare vi-karāla-),"manifoldness" (confer, compare vi-vidha-),"contrariety" (confer, compare vi-loma-),"deviation from right" (confer, compare vi-śīla-),"negation"or"privation" (confer, compare vi-kaccha-,being often used like 3. a-, nir-,and nis-[qq. vv.], and like the Latin dis,se,and the Englisha,dis,in,unetc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vibhūtim. of a son of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vicitravīryam. "of marvellous heroism", Name of a celebrated king of the lunar race (the son of śāṃtanu- by his wife satya-vatī-, and so half-brother of bhīṣma-;when he died childless, his mother requested vyāsa-, whom she had borne before her marriage to the sage parāśara-, to raise up issue to vicitra-vīrya-;so vyāsa- married the two widows of his half-brother, ambikā- and ambālikā-, and by them became the father of dhṛta-rāṣṭra- and pāṇḍu-; see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vicitravīryasūf."mother of vicitra-vīrya-", Name of satya-vatī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viduram. Name of the younger brother of dhṛta-rāṣṭra- and pāṇḍu- (they were all three sons of vyāsa-, but only the latter two by the two widows of vicitra-vīrya-;when vyāsa- wanted a third son, the elder widow sent him one of her slave-girls, dressed in her own clothes, and this girl became the mother of vidura-, who is sometimes called kṣattṛ-, as if he were the son of a kṣatriya- man and śūdra- woman vidura- is described as sarva-buddhimatāṃ varaḥ-and is one of the wisest characters in the mahā-bhārata-, always ready with good advice both for his nephews, the pāṇḍava-s, and for his brother dhṛta-rāṣṭra-) (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vidūratham. of a son of citra-- ratha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vikramādityam. of a poet ( vikramādityakośa -kośa- m.Name of a dictionary; vikramādityacaritra -caritra- n.Name of a poem equals vikrama-c-; vikramādityarāja -rāja- m.Name of a king) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vikramārkam. equals vikramāditya- ( vikramārkacarita -carita- n., vikramārkacaritra -caritra- n. equals vikrama-c-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vipāśāf. the vipāśā- or Beas river (one of the 5 rivers of the Panjab, said to be so called as having destroyed the cord with which vasiṣṭha- had tried to hang himself through grief for his son slain by viśvāmitra-;it rises in the Kullu range of the himālaya-, and after a course of 290 miles joins the Sutlej at the southern boundary of Kapurthala;it is considered identical with the of Arrian, the Hyphasis of Pliny, and of Ptolemy) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vipṛthum. of a son of citraka- and younger brother of pṛthu- (wrong reading pṛtha-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
virājf. a particular Vedic metre consisting of four pāda-s of ten syllables each (and therefore also a symbolical Name of the number"ten";in this metre is represented as attaching itself to mitra- and varuṇa-, and in virāj- is mystically regarded as"food", and invocations are directed to be made in this metre when food is the especial object of prayer;in prosody virāj- is applied to any metre defective by two syllables ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīramiśram. Name of the author of the vīra-mitrodaya- (commonly called mitra-- miśra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīrasenam. of a general of agni-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīrasiṃhadevam. Name of the patron of mitra-- miśra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣṇum. (prob. fr. viṣ-,"All-pervader"or"Worker") Name of one of the principal Hindu deities (in the later mythology regarded as"the preserver", and with brahmā-"the creator"and śiva-"the destroyer" , constituting the well-known tri-mūrti- or triad;although viṣṇu- comes second in the triad he is identified with the supreme deity by his worshippers;in the Vedic period, however, he is not placed in the foremost rank, although he is frequently invoked with other gods [ especially with indra- whom he assists in killing vṛtra- and with whom he drinks the soma- juice; see his later names indrānuja- and upendra-];as distinguished from the other Vedic deities, he is a personification of the light and of the sun, especially in his striding over the heavens, which he is said to do in three paces [See tri-vikrama-and see bali-, vāmana-],explained as denoting the threefold manifestations of light in the form of fire, lightning, and the sun, or as designating the three daily stations of the sun in his rising, culminating, and setting; viṣṇu- does not appear to have been included at first among the āditya-s [ q.v ], although in later times he is accorded the foremost place among them;in the brāhmaṇa-s he is identified with sacrifice, and in one described as a dwarf;in the mahā-bhārata- and rāmāyaṇa- he rises to the supremacy which in some places he now enjoys as the most popular deity of modern Hindu worship;the great rivalry between him and śiva-[ see vaiṣṇava-and śaiva-]is not fully developed till the period of the purāṇa-s: the distinguishing feature in the character of the Post-vedic viṣṇu- is his condescending to become incarnate in a portion of his essence on ten principal occasions, to deliver mankind from certain great dangers[ see avatāra-and ];some of the purāṇa-s make 22 incarnations, or even 24, instead of 10;the vaiṣṇava-s regard viṣṇu- as the supreme being, and often identify him with nārāyaṇa-, the personified puruṣa- or primeval living spirit [described as moving on the waters, reclining on śeṣa-, the serpent of infinity, while the god brahmā- emerges from a lotus growing from his navel; see ];the wives of viṣṇu- are aditi- and sinīvālī-, later lakṣmī- or śrī- and even sarasvatī-;his son is kāma-deva-, god of love, and his paradise is called vaikuṇṭha-;he is usually represented with a peculiar mark on his breast called śrī-vatsa-, and as holding a śaṅkha-,or conch-shell called pāñcajanya-, a cakra-or quoit-like missile-weapon called su-darśana-, a gadā-or club called kaumodakī- and a padma-or lotus;he has also a bow called śārṅga-, and a sword called nandaka-;his vāhana-or vehicle is garuḍa- q.v;he has a jewel on his wrist called syamantaka-, another on his breast called kaustubha-, and the river Ganges is said to issue from his foot;the demons slain by him in his character of "preserver from evil", or by kṛṣṇa- as identified with him, are madhu-, dhenuka-, cāṇūra-, yamala-, and arjuna- [see yamalārjuna-], kāla-nemi-, haya-grīva-, śakaṭa-, ariṣṭa-, kaiṭabha-, kaṃsa-, keśin-, mura-, śālva-, mainda-, dvi-vida-, rāhu-, hiraṇya-kaśipu-, bāṇa-, kāliya-, naraka-, bali-;he is worshipped under a thousand names, which are all enumerated in ;he is sometimes regarded as the divinity of the lunar mansion called śravaṇa-) etc. (see )
viṣṇum. Name of the month caitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśvamitram. plural (prob.) equals viśv/ā-mitra- plural the family of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśvāmitram. (prob.)"friend of all", Name of a celebrated ṛṣi- or Sage (having the patronymic gāthina-, gādheya-, and jāhnava-;he was at first a functionary, together with vasiṣṭha-, of su-dās-, king of the tṛtsu-s;seeing vasiṣṭha- preferred by the king, he went over to the bharata-s, but could not prevent their being defeated by su-dās-, although he caused the waters of the rivers vipāś- and śutudrī- to retire and so give the bharata-s free passage ;he was born as a kṣatriya-, deriving his lineage from an ancestor of kuśika-, named purū-ravas-, of the lunar race of kings, and himself sovereign of kanyā-kubja- or Kanoj;his fame rests chiefly on his contests with the great Brahman vasiṣṭha-, and his success in elevating himself. though a kṣatriya-, to the rank of a BrahmanSee : the rāmāyaṇa-, which makes him a companion and counsellor of the young rāma-candra-, records [ ] how viśvāmitra-, on his accession to the throne, visited vasiṣṭha-'s hermitage, and seeing there the cow of plenty [probably typical of go-,"the earth"], offered him untold treasures in exchange for it, but being refused, prepared to take it by force;a long contest ensued between the king and the saint [symbolical of the struggles between the kṣatriya- and Brahmanical classes], which ended in the defeat of viśvāmitra-, whose vexation was such that, in order to become a Brahman and thus conquer his rival, he devoted himself to intense austerities [during which he was seduced by the nymph menakā- and had by her a daughter, śakuntalā-], gradually increasing the rigour of his mortification through thousands of years, till he successively earned the titles of rājarṣi-, ṛṣi-, maharṣi-, and finally brahmarṣi-;he is supposed to be the author of nearly the whole of ;moreover, a law-book, a dhanurveda-, and a medical work are attributed to him) etc.
viśvāmitram. a particular catur-aha- (equals viśvāmitrasya saṃjayaḥ-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśvāmitram. a particular anuvāka- (equals viśvāmitrasyānuvākaḥ-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśvāmitram. plural the family of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśvāmitrajamadagnim. dual number viśvāmitra- and jamad-agni- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśvāmitrapriyam. "dear to viśvāmitra-", the cocoa-nut tree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśvāmitrasṛṣṭif. viśvāmitra-'s creation (in allusion to several things fabled to have been created by this saint in rivalry of brahmā- exempli gratia, 'for example' the fruit of the Palmyra in imitation of the human skull, the buffalo in imitation of the cow, the ass of the horse etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vitṝP. -tarati-, -tirati- (Ved. infinitive mood -t/ire-), to pass across or through, traverse, pervade ; to bring away, carry off, remove ; to cross, frustrate, disappoint (a wish) ; to extend, prolong ; to give away (also in marriage), grant, afford, bestow, yield etc. (with āsanam-,to offer a seat;with dvāram-,to grant admittance;with uttaram-,to favour with an answer;with darśanam-,or dṛṣṭim-,to grant a sight, i.e. give an audience) ; to give (medicine), apply (a remedy) ; to produce, effect, perform, accomplish : Caus: -tārayati-, to pass (a comb) through, comb out ; to carry out, accomplish : Intensive -tartūryate- (parasmE-pada -t/arturāṇa-or -t/aritrat-), to pass over violently, labour or perform energetically View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivācanam. one who decides, arbitrator (f(ī-).) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivācanan. arbitration, authority View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛtram. Name of the Vedic personification of an imaginary malignant influence or demon of darkness and drought (supposed to take possession of the clouds, causing them to obstruct the clearness of the sky and keep back the waters; indra- is represented as battling with this evil influence in the pent up clouds poetically pictured as mountains or castles which are shattered by his thunderbolt and made to open their receptacles[ see especially ];as a dānava-, vṛtra- is a son of tvaṣṭṛ-, or of danu- q.v,and is often identified with ahi-, the serpent of the sky, and associated with other evil spirits, such as śuṣṇa-, namuci-, pipru-, śambara-, uraṇa-, whose malignant influences are generally exercised in producing darkness or drought) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛtradruhm. " vṛtra-'s foe", Name of indra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛtrahanmf(ghnī-)n. killing enemies or vṛtra-, victorious etc. etc. (mostly applied to indra-, but also to agni- and even to sarasvatī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛtrahantṛm. "slayer of vṛtra-", Name of indra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛtrahatyan. the slaying of vṛtra- or of enemies, victorious fight View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛtrakhādamfn. consuming or destroying (others"plaguing" , fr. khid-) vṛtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛtraputrā(vṛtr/a--) f. "having vṛtra- as son", vṛtra-'s mother View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛtrārim. "enemy of vṛtra-", Name of indra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛtrataram. a worse vṛtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛtraturm. conquering enemies or vṛtra-, victorious View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛtratūryan. conquest of enemies or vṛtra-, battle, victory View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛtratvan. the state or condition of being vṛtra-, vṛtra--ship View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛtravadham. the killing of vṛtra- (also Name of a drama and of particular chapters of the and the ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyabhicārinbhāvam. a transitory state (of mind or body, opp. to sthāyi-bh-[q.v.], and said to be thirty-four in number, viz. nirveda-, glāni-, śaṅkā-, asūyā-, mada-, śrama-, ālasya-, dainya-, cintā-, moha-, smṛti-, dhṛti-, vrīḍā-, capalatā-, harṣa-, āvega-, jaḍatā-, garva-, viṣāda-, autsukya-, nidrā-, apasmāra-, supta-, vibodha-, amarṣa-, avahitthā-, ugratā-, mati-, upālambha-, vyādhi-, unmāda-, maraṇa- trāsa-, vitrarka-qq. vv.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyāghram. a tiger (not in ,but in , often mentioned with the lion; according to to , śārdūlī- is the mythical mother of tigers;but in vahni-purāṇa- they are said to be the offspring of kaśyapa-'s wife daṃṣṭrā-; see citra-vy-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyañjanam. equals vāditra-karman- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyāsam. "arranger, compiler", Name of a celebrated mythical sage and author (often called veda-vyāsa- and regarded as the original compiler and arranger of the veda-s, vedānta-- sūtra-s etc.;he was the son of the sage parāśara- and satyavatī-, and half-brother of vicitra-vīrya- and bhīṣma-;he was also called vādarāyaṇa- or bādarāyaṇa-, and kṛṣṇa- from his dark complexion, and dvaipāyana- because he was brought forth by satyavatī- on a dvīpa- or island in the Jumna;when grown up he retired to the wilderness to lead the life of a hermit, but at his mother's request returned to become the husband of vicitra-vīrya-'s two childless widows, by whom he was the father of the blind dhṛta-rāṣṭra- and of pāṇḍu-; he was also the father of vidura- [ q.v ] by a slave girl, and of śuka-, the supposed narrator of the bhāgavata-- purāṇa-, he was also the supposed compiler of the mahā-bhārata-, the purāṇa-s, and other portions of Hindu sacred literature; but the name vyāsa- seems to have been given to any great typical compiler or author) see View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyastamfn. cut in pieces, dismembered (said of vṛtra-) torn asunder, gaping View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyath cl.1 A1. () vy/athate- (Epic also ti-; perfect tense vivyathe-,3. plural thuḥ- ; Aorist vyathiṣi- ; subjunctive vyathiṣat- ; future vyathitā-, thiṣyate- grammar; infinitive mood vyathitum- , Vedic or Veda infinitive mood vyathiṣyai-), to tremble, waver, go astray, come to naught, fail etc. etc. (with ablative = to be deprived of lose;with caritra-tas-,to abandon the path of virtue) ; to fall (on the ground) ("to be dried up") ; to cease, become ineffective (as poison) ; to be agitated or disturbed in mind, be restless or sorrowful or unhappy etc. ; to be afraid of (genitive case) Causal vyath/ayati- (Aorist vivyathas- ; vyathayīs- ), to cause to tremble or fall etc. ; to cause to swerve from (ablative) ; to disquiet, frighten, agitate, pain, afflict etc.: Passive voice of Causal vyathyate-, to be set in restless motion : Desiderative vivyathiṣate- grammar : Intensive vāvyathyate-, vāvyatti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yad(Nominal verb and accusative sg. n.and base in compound of 3. ya-), who, which, what, whichever, whatever, that etc. etc. (with correlatives tad-, tyad-, etad-, idam-, adas-, tad etad-, etad tyad-, idaṃ tad-, tad idam-, tādṛśa-, īdṛśa-, īdṛś-, etāvad-,by which it is oftener followed than preceded;or the correl. is dropped exempli gratia, 'for example' yas tu nārabhate karma kṣipram bhavati nirdravyaḥ-,"[he] indeed who does not begin work soon becomes poor" ;or the rel. is dropped exempli gratia, 'for example' andhakam bhartāraṃ na tyajet sā mahā-satī-,"she who does not desert a blind husband is a very faithful wife" yad-is often repeated to express"whoever","whatever","whichever", exempli gratia, 'for example' yo yaḥ-,"whatever man"; yā yā-,"whatever woman"; yo yaj jayati tasya tat-,"whatever he wins [in war] belongs to him" ; yad yad vadati tad tad bhavati-,"whatever he says is true", or the two relatives may be separated by hi-,and are followed by the doubled or single correl. tad- exempli gratia, 'for example' upyate yad dhi yad bījam tat tad eva prarohati-,"whatever seed is sown, that even comes forth" ;similar indefinite meanings are expressed by the relative joined with tad- exempli gratia, 'for example' yasmai tasmai-,"to any one whatever", especially in yadvā tadvā-,"anything whatever";or by yaḥ-with kaśca-, kaścana-, kaścit-,or [in later language, not in manu-] ko'pi- exempli gratia, 'for example' yaḥ kaścit-,"whosoever"; yāni kāni ca mitrāṇi-,"any friends whatsoever"; yena kenāpy upāyena-,"by any means whatsoever." yad-is joined with tvad-to express generalization exempli gratia, 'for example' śūdrāṃs tvad yāṃs tvad-,"either the śūdra-s or anybody else" ;or immediately followed by a Persian pronoun on which it lays emphasis exempli gratia, 'for example' yo 'ham-,"I that very person who"; yas tvaṃ kathaṃ vettha-,"how do you know?" ;it is also used in the sense of"si quis" exempli gratia, 'for example' striyaṃ spṛśed yaḥ-,"should any one touch a woman." yad-is also used without the copula exempli gratia, 'for example' andho jaḍaḥ pīṭha sarpī saptatyā sthaviraśca yaḥ-,"a blind man, an idiot, a cripple, and a man seventy years old" ;sometimes there is a change of construction in such cases exempli gratia, 'for example' ye ca mānuṣāḥ-for mānuṣāṃś-ca- ;the Nominal verb sg. n. yad-is then often used without regard to gender or number and may be translated by"as regards","as for", exempli gratia, 'for example' kṣatraṃ vā etad vanaspatīnāṃ yan nyag-rodhaḥ-,"as for the nyag-rodha-, it is certainly the prince among trees" ;or by"that is to say","to wit" exempli gratia, 'for example' tato devā etaṃ vajraṃ dadṛśur yad apaḥ-,"the gods then saw this thunderbolt, to wit, the water" yad-as an adverb conjunction generally ="that", especially after verbs of saying, thinking etc., often introducing an oratio directa with or without iti-; iti yad-,at the end of a sentence ="thinking that","under the impression that" exempli gratia, 'for example' yad-also ="so that","in order that","wherefore","whence","as","in as much as","since","because"[the correlative being tad-,"therefore"],"when","if" etc.; /adha y/ad-,"even if","although" yad api- idem or ' yathāṃśa-tas- etc. See p.841, columns 2 and 3 etc.' yad u-- evam-,"as - so" ; yad uta-,"that" ;"that is to say","scilicet" ; yat kila-,"that" ; yac ca-,"if","that is to say" ; yac ca-yac ca-,"both - and" ;"that"[accord. to after expressions of"impossibility","disbelief","hope","disregard","reproach"and,"wonder"]; yad vā-,"or else","whether" ;[ yad vā-,"or else", is very often in commentators];"however" ; yad vā-- yadi vā-,"if-or it" ; yad bhūyasā-,"for the most part" ; yat satyam-,"certainly","indeed","of course" ; yan nu-,with 1st Persian,"what if I","let me" ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yamam. Name of the god who presides over the pitṛ-s (q.v) and rules the spirits of the dead etc. (he is regarded as the first of men and born from vivasvat-,"the Sun" , and his wife saraṇyū-;while his brother, the seventh manu-, another form of the first man, is the son of vivasvat- and saṃjñā-, the image of saraṇyū-;his twin-sister is yamī-, with whom he resists sexual alliance, but by whom he is mourned after his death, so that the gods, to make her forget her sorrow, create night;in the veda- he is called a king or saṃgamano janānām-,"the gatherer of men", and rules over the departed fathers in heaven, the road to which is guarded by two broad-nosed, four-eyed, spotted dogs, the children of śaramā- q.v;in Post-vedic mythology he is the appointed Judge and"Restrainer"or"Punisher"of the dead, in which capacity he is also called dharmarāja-or dharma-and corresponds to the Greek Pluto and to Minos;his abode is in some region of the lower world called yama-pura-;thither a soul when it leaves the body, is said to repair, and there, after the recorder, citra-gupta-, has read an account of its actions kept in a book called agra-saṃdhānā-, it receives a just sentence;in yama- is described as dressed in blood-red garments, with a glittering form, a crown on his head, glowing eyes and like varuṇa-, holding a noose, with which he binds the spirit after drawing it from the body, in size about the measure of a man's thumb;he is otherwise represented as grim in aspect, green in colour, clothed in red, riding on a buffalo, and holding a club in one hind and noose in the other;in the later mythology he is always represented as a terrible deity inflicting tortures, called yātanā-,on departed spirits;he is also one of the 8 guardians of the world as regent of the South quarter;he is the regent of the nakṣatra- apa-bharaṇī- or bharaṇī-, the supposed author of ,of a hymn to viṣṇu- and of a law-book; yamasyārkaḥ-Name of a sāman- )
yāmitran. equals jāmitra-, a diameter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yātayajjanamfn. (fr. yātayat-, pr. p. of Causal of2. yat-,and jana-) "bringing or arraying men together"or"impelling men to exertion"(especially said of mitra-, varuṇa-, and aryaman-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yāthākāmīf. () ( ;fr. yathā-kāma-) the acting according to will or desire, arbitrariness. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yāthākāmyan. ( ;fr. yathā-kāma-) the acting according to will or desire, arbitrariness. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yatim. of a son of viśvāmitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
     Apte Search  
104 results
     
agasti अगस्ति [विन्ध्याख्यं अगं अस्यति; अस्-क्तिच् शकन्ध्वादि˚, Uṇ.4. 179, or अगं विन्ध्याचलं स्त्यायति _x001F_+स्तभ्नाति, स्त्यै-क; or अगः कुम्भः तत्र स्त्यानः संहतः इत्यगस्त्यः] 1 'Pitcher-born,' N. of a celebrated Ṛiṣi or sage. -2 N. of the star Canopus, of which Agastya is the regent. -3 N. of a plant (बकवृक्ष) Sesbana (or Ӕschynomene) Grandiflora [Mar. रुईमंदार]. [The sage Agastya is a very reputed personage in Hindu mythology. In the Ṛigveda he and Vasiṣṭha are said to be the off-springs of Mitra and Varuṇa, whose seed fell from them at the sight of the lovely nymph Urvaśī at a sacrificial session. Part of the seed fell into a jar and part into water; from the former arose Agastya, who is, therefore, called Kumbhayoni, Kumbhajanman, Ghaṭodbhava, Kalaśayoni &c; from the latter Vasiṣṭha. From his parentage Agastya is also called Maitrāvaruṇi, Aurvaśeya, and, as he was very small when he was born, he is also called Mānya. He is represented to have humbled the Vindhya mountains by making them prostrate themselves before him when they tried to rise higher and higher till they wellnigh occupied the sun's disc and obstructed his path. See Vindhya. (This fable is supposed by some, to typify the progress of the Āryas towards the south in their conquest and civilization of India, the humbling of the mountain standing meta-phorically for the removal of physical obstacles in their way). He is also known by the names of Pītābdhi, Samudra-chuluka &c.; from another fable according to which he drank up the ocean because it had offended him and because he wished to help Indra and the gods in their wars with a class of demons called Kāleyas who had hid themselves in the waters and oppressed the three worlds in various ways. His wife was Lopāmudrā. She was also called Kauṣītakī and Varapradā. She bore him two sons, Dṛḍhāsya and Dṛḍhāsyu. In the Rāmāyaṇa Agastya plays a distinguished part. He dwelt in a hermitage on mount Kunjara to the south of the Vindhya and was chief of the hermits of the south. He kept under control the evil spirits who infested the south and a legend relates how he once ate up a Rākṣasa named Vātāpi, who had assumed the form of a ram, and destroyed by a flash of his eye the Rākṣasa's brother who attempted to avenge him. In the course of his wandering Rāma with his wife and brother came to the hermitge of Agastya who received him with the greatest kindness and became his friend, adviser and protector. He gave Rāma the bow of Viṣṇu and accompanied him to Ayodhyā when he was restored to his kingdom after his exile of 14 years. The superhuman power which the sage possessed, is also represented by another legend, according to which he turned king Nahuṣa into a serpent and afterwards restored him to his proper form. In the south he is usually regarded as the first teacher of science and literature to the primitive Dravidian tribes, and his era is placed by Dr. Caldwell in the 7th or 6th century B.C. The Purāṇas represent Agastya as the son of Pulastya (the sage from whom the Rākṣsas sprang) and Havirbhuvā the daughter of Kardama. Several 'hymn-seers' are mentioned in his family, such as his two sons, Indra-bāhu, Mayobhuva and Mahendra, also others who served to perpetuate the family. The sage is represented as a great philosopher, benevolent and kind-hearted, unsurpassed in the science of archery and to have taken a principal part in the colonization of the south; निर्जितासि मया भद्रे शत्रुहस्तादमर्षिणा । अगस्त्येन दुराधर्षा मुनिना दक्षिणेव _x001F_.दिक् ॥ Rām; अगस्त्याचरितामाशाम् R.4.44; cf. also; अगस्त्यो दक्षिणामाशामाश्रित्य नभसिः स्थितः । वरुणस्यात्मजो योगी विन्ध्यवातापिमर्दनः ॥ and R.6.61; Mv.7.14.] अगस्तितुल्या हि घृताब्धिशोषणे । Udbhaṭa.
agniḥ अग्निः [अङ्गति ऊर्ध्वं गच्छति अङ्ग्-नि,नलोपश्च Uṇ.4.5., or fr. अञ्च् 'to go.'] 1 Fire कोप˚, चिन्ता˚, शोक˚, ज्ञान˚, राज˚, &c. -2 The God of fire. -3 Sacrificial fire of three kinds (गार्हपत्य, आहवनीय and दक्षिण); पिता बै गार्हपत्यो$ ग्निर्माताग्निर्दक्षिणः स्मृतः । गुरुराहवनीयस्तु साग्नित्रेता गरीयसी ॥ Ms. 2.232. -4 The fire of the stomach, digestive faculty, gastric fluid. -5 Bile (नाभेरूर्ध्व हृदयादधस्तादामाशयमाचक्षते तद्गतं सौरं तेजः पित्तम् इत्याचक्षते). -6 Cauterization (अग्नि- कर्मन्). -7 Gold. -8 The number three. शराग्निपरिमाणम् (पञ्चत्रिंशत्) Mb.13.17.26. -9 N. of various plants: (a) चित्रक Plumbago Zeylanica; (b) रक्तचित्रक; (c) भल्लातक Semicarpus Anacardium; (d) निम्बक Citrus Acida. -1 A mystical substitute for the letter र्. In Dvandva comp. as first member with names of deities, and with particular words अग्नि is changed to अग्ना, as ˚विष्णू, ˚मरुतौ, or to अग्नी, ˚पर्जन्यौ, ˚ वरुणौ, ˚षोमौ -11 पिङगला नाडी; यत्र तद् ब्रह्म निर्द्वन्द्वं यत्र सोमः, (इडा) सहाग्निना (अग्निः पिङ्गला) Mb.14.2.1. -12 Sacrificial altar, अग्निकुण्ड cf. Rām. 1.14.28. -13 Sky. अग्निर्मूर्धा Muṇḍ 2.1.4. [cf. L. ignis.] [Agni is the God of Fire, the Ignis of the Latins and Ogni of the Slavonians. He is one of the most prominent deities of the Ṛigveda. He, as an immortal, has taken up his abode among mortals as their guest; he is the domestic priest, the successful accomplisher and protector of all ceremonies; he is also the religious leader and preceptor of the gods, a swift messenger employed to announce to the immortals the hymns and to convey to them the oblations of their worshippers, and to bring them down from the sky to the place of sacrifice. He is sometimes regarded as the mouth and the tongue through which both gods and men participate in the sacrifices. He is the lord, protector and leader of people, monarch of men, the lord of the house, friendly to mankind, and like a father, mother, brother &c. He is represented as being produced by the attrition of two pieces of fuel which are regarded as husband and wife. Sometimes he is considered to have been brought down from heaven or generated by Indra between two clouds or stones, created by Dyau, or fashioned by the gods collectively. In some passages he is represented as having a triple existence, which may mean his three-fold manifestations as the sun in heaven, lightning in the atmosphere, and as ordinary fire on the earth, although the three appearances are also elsewhere otherwise explained. His epithets are numberless and for the most part descriptive of his physical characteristics : धूमकेतु, हुतभुज्, शुचि, रोहिताश्व, सप्तजिह्व, तोमरधर, घृतान्न, चित्रभानु, ऊर्ध्वशोचिस्, शोचिष्केश, हरिकेश, हिरण्यदन्त, अयोदंष्ट्र &c. In a celebrated passage he is said to have 4 horns, 3 feet, 2 heads, and 7 hands. The highest divine functions are ascribed to Agni. He is said to have spread out the two worlds and _x001F_+ produced them, to have supported heaven, formed the mundane regions and luminaries of heaven, to have begotten Mitra and caused the sun to ascend the sky. He is the head and summit of the sky, the centre of the earth. Earth, Heaven and all beings obey his commands. He knows and sees all worlds or creatures and witnesses all their actions. The worshippers of Agni prosper, they are wealthy and live long. He is the protector of that man who takes care to bring him fuel. He gives him riches and no one can overcome him who sacrifices to this god. He confers, and is the guardian of, immortality. He is like a water-trough in a desert and all blessing issue from him. He is therefore constantly supplicated for all kinds of boons, riches, food, deliverance from enemies and demons, poverty, reproach, childlessness, hunger &c. Agni is also associated with Indra in different hymns and the two gods are said to be twin brothers. Such is the Vedic conception of Agni; but in the course of mythological personifications he appears as the eldest son of Brahmā and is called Abhimānī [Viṣṇu Purāṇa]. His wife was Svāhā; by her, he had 3 sons -Pāvaka, Pavamāna and Śuchi; and these had forty-five sons; altogether 49 persons who are considered identical with the 49 fires. He is also represented as a son of Aṅgiras, as a king of the Pitṛs or Manes, as a Marut and as a grandson of Śāṇḍila, and also as a star. The Harivaṁśa describes him as clothed in black, having smoke for his standard and head-piece and carrying a flaming javelin. He is borne in a chariot drawn by red horses and the 7 winds are the wheels of his car. He is accompanied by a ram and sometimes he is represented as riding on that animal. Agni was appointed by Brahamā as the sovereign of the quarter between the south and east, whence the direction is still known as Āgneyī. The Mahābhārata represents Agni as having exhausted his vigour and become dull by devouring many oblations at the several sacrifices made by king Śvetaki, but he recruited his strength by devouring the whole Khāṇḍava forest; for the story see the word खाण्डव]. -Comp. -अ (आ) गारम् -रः, -आलयः, -गृहम् [अग्निकार्याय अगारम् शाक˚ त.] a fire-sanctuary, house or place for keeping the sacred fire; वसंश्चतुर्थो$ग्निरिवाग्न्यगारे R.5.25. रथाग्न्यगारं चापार्चीं शरशक्तिगदे- न्धनम् Mb.11.25.14. -अस्त्रम् fire-missile, a rocket, -आत्मक a. [अग्निरात्मा यस्य] of the nature of fire सोमा- त्मिका स्त्री, ˚कः पुमान्. -आधानम् consecrating the fire; so ˚आहिति. -आधेयः [अग्निराधेयो येन] a Brāhmana who maintains the sacred fire. (-यम्) = ˚आधानम्. -आहितः [अग्निराहितो येन, वा परनिपातः P.II.2.37.] one who maintains the sacred fire; See आहिताग्नि. -इध् m. (अग्नीध्रः) [अग्निम् इन्द्धे स अग्नीध्] the priest who kindles fire (mostly Ved). -इन्धनः [अग्निरिध्यते अनेन] N. of a Mantra. (नम्) kindling the fire; अग्नीन्धनं भैक्षचर्याम् Ms.2.18. -उत्पातः [अग्निना दिव्यानलेन कृतः उत्पातः] a fiery portent, meteor, comet &c. In Bṛ. S.33 it is said to be of five kinds: दिवि भुक्तशुभफलानां पततां रूपाणि यानि तान्युल्काः । धिष्ण्योल्का- शनिविद्युत्तारा इति पञ्चधा भिन्नाः ॥ उल्का पक्षेण फलं तद्वत् धिष्ण्याशनिस्त्रिभिः पक्षैः । विद्युदहोभिः ष़ड्भिस्तद्वत्तारा विपाचयति ॥ Different fruits are said to result from the appearances of these portents, according to the nature of their colour, position &c. -उद्धरणम्, -उद्धारः 1 producing fire by the friction of two araṇis. -2 taking out, before sun-rise, the sacred fire from its cover of ashes previous to a sacrifice. -उपस्थानम् worship of Agni; the Mantra or hymn with which Agni is worshipped (अग्निरुपस्थीयते$नेन) अग्निस्त्रिष्टुभ् उपस्थाने विनियोगः Sandhyā. -एधः [अग्निमेधयति] an incendiary. -कणः; -स्तोकः a spark. -कर्मन् n. [अग्नौ कर्म स. त.] 1 cauterization. -2 action of fire. -3 oblation to Agni, worship of Agni (अग्निहोत्र); so ˚कार्य offering oblations to fire, feeding fire with ghee &c.; निर्वर्तिताग्निकार्यः K.16.; ˚र्यार्धदग्ध 39, Ms.3.69, अग्निकार्यं ततः कुर्यात्सन्ध्ययोरुभयोरपि । Y.1.25. -कला a part (or appearance) of fire; ten varieties are mentioned धूम्रार्चिरुष्मा ज्वलिनी ज्वालिनी विस्फु- लिङ्गिनी । सुश्री: सुरूपा कपिला हव्यकव्यवहे अपि ॥ यादीनां दश- वर्णानां कला धर्मप्रदा अमूः ।). -कारिका [अग्निं करोति आधत्ते करणे कर्तृत्वोपचारात् कर्तरि ण्वुल्] 1 the means of consecrating the sacred fire, the Ṛik called अग्नीध्र which begins with अग्निं दूतं पुरो दधे. 2. = अग्निकार्यम्. -काष्ठम् अग्नेः उद्दीपनं काष्ठं शाक ˚त.] agallochum (अगुरु) -कुक्कुटः [अग्नेः कुक्कुट इव रक्तवर्णस्फुलिङ्गत्वात्] a firebrand, lighted wisp of straw. -कुण्डम [अग्नेराधानार्थं कुण्डम्] an enclosed space for keeping the fire, a fire-vessel. -कुमारः, -तनयः; सुतः 1 N. of Kārttikeya said to be born from fire; Rām.7. See कार्त्तिकेय. -2 a kind of preparation of medicinal drugs. -कृतः Cashew-nut; the plant Anacardium occidentale. [Mar.काजू] -केतुः [अग्नेः केतुरिव] 1 smoke. -2 N. of two Rākṣasas on the side of Rāvaṇa and killed by Rāma. -कोणः -दिक् the south-east corner ruled over by Agni; इन्द्रो वह्निः पितृपतिर्नौर्ऋतो वरुणो मरुत् । कुबेर ईशः पतयः पूर्वादीनां दिशां क्रमात् ॥ -क्रिया [अग्निना निर्वर्तिता क्रिया, शाक. त.] 1 obsequies, funeral ceremonies. -2 branding; भेषजाग्निक्रियासु च Y.3.284. -क्रीडा [तृ. त.] fire-works, illuminations. -गर्भ a. [अग्निर्गर्भे यस्य] pregnant with or containing fire, having fire in the interior; ˚र्भां शमीमिव Ś 4.3. (--र्भः) [अग्निरिव जारको गर्भो यस्य] 1 N. of the plant Agnijāra. -2 the sun stone, name of a crystal supposed to contain and give out fire when touched by the rays of the sun; cf Ś2.7. -3 the sacrificial stick अरणि which when churned, gives out fire. (-र्भा) 1 N. of the Śamī plant as containing fire (the story of how Agni was discovered to exist in the interior of the Śamī plant is told in chap. 35 of अनु- शासनपर्व in Mb.) -2 N. of the earth (अग्नेः सकाशात् गर्भो यस्यां सा; when the Ganges threw the semen of Śiva out on the Meru mountain, whatever on earth &c. was irradiated by its lustre, became gold and the earth was thence called वसुमती) -3 N. of the plant महा- ज्योतिष्मती लता (अग्निरिव गर्भो मध्यभागो यस्याः सा) [Mar. माल- कांगोणी] -ग्रन्थः [अग्निप्रतिपादको ग्रन्थः शाक. त.] the work that treats of the worship of Agni &c. -घृतम् [अग्न्युद्दीपनं घृतं शाक. त.] a kind of medicinal preparation of ghee used to stimulate the digestive power. -चित् m. अग्निं चितवान्; चि-भूतार्थे क्विप् P.III.2.91] one who has kept the sacred fire; यतिभिः सार्धमनग्निमग्निचित् R.8.25; अध्वरे- ष्वग्निचित्वत्सु Bk.5.11. -चयः, -चयनम्, -चित्या. arranging or keeping the sacred fire (अग्न्याधान); चित्याग्निचित्ये च P.III.1.132. -2 (-यः, -यनः) the Mantra used in this operation. -3 a heap of fire -चित्वत् [अग्निचयनम् अस्त्यस्मिन् मतुप्; मस्य वः । तान्तत्वान्न पद- त्वम् Tv.] having अग्निचयन or अग्निचित्. -चूडः A bird having a red tuft. -चर्णम् gunpowder. कार्यासमर्थः कत्यस्ति शस्त्रगोलाग्निचूर्णयुक् Śukranīti 2.93. -ज, -जात a. produced by or from fire, born from fire. (-जः, -जातः) 1 N. of the plant अग्निजार (अग्नये अग्न्युद्दीपनाय जायते सेवनात् प्रभवति). 1 N. of Kārttikeya पराभिनत्क्रौञ्चमिवाद्रिमग्निजः Mb.8.9. 68.3. Viṣṇu. (-जम्, -जातम) gold; so ˚जन्मन्. -जित् m. God; Bhāg.8.14.4. -जिह्व a. 1 having a fiery tongue. -2 one having fire for the tongue, epithet of a God or of Visṇu in the boar incarnation. (-ह्वा) 1 a tongue or flame of fire. -2 one of the 7 tongues of Agni (कराली धूमिनी श्वेता लोहिता नीललोहिता । सुवर्णा पद्मरागा च जिह्वा: सप्त विभावसोः -3 N. of a plant लाङ्गली (अग्नेर्जिह्वेव शिखा यस्याः सा); of another plant (जलपिप्पली) or गजपिप्पली (विषलाङ्गला) (Mar. जल-गज पिंपळी) -ज्वाला 1 the flame or glow of fire. -2 [अग्नेर्ज्वालेव शिखा यस्याः सा] N. of a plant with red blossoms, chiefly used by dyers, Grislea Tomentosa (Mar. धायफूल, धायटी). -तप् a. [अग्निना तप्यते; तप्-क्विप्] having the warmth of fire; practising austerities by means of fire. -तपस् a. [अग्निभिः तप्यते] 1 practising very austere penance, standing in the midst of the five fires. -2 glowing, shining or burning like fire (तपतीति तपाः अग्निरिव तपाः) hot as fire -तेजस् a. having the lustre or power of fire. (अग्नेरिव तेजो यस्य). (-स् n.) the lustre of fire. (-स् m.) N. of one of the 7 Ṛiṣis of the 11th Manvantara. -त्रयम् the three fires, See under अग्नि. -द a. [अग्निं दाहार्थं गृहादौ ददाति; दा. -क.] 1 giving or supplying with fire -2 tonic, stomachic, producing appetite, stimulating digestion. -3 incendiary; अग्निदान् भक्तदांश्चैव Ms.9.278; अग्निदानां च ये लोकाः Y.2.74; so ˚दायक, ˚दायिन्. यदग्निदायके पापं यत्पापं गुरुतल्पगे. Rām.2.75.45. -दग्ध a. 1 burnt on the funeral pile; अग्निदग्धाश्च ये जीवा ये$प्यदग्धाः कुले मम Vāyu. P. -2 burnt with fire. -3 burnt at once without having fire put into the mouth, being destitute of issue (?); (pl.) a class of Manes or Pitṛis who, when alive, kept up the household flame and presented oblations to fire. -दमनी [अग्निर्दम्यते$नया; दम्-णिच् करणे ल्युट] a narcotic plant, Solanum Jacquini. [Mar. रिंगणी] -दातृ [अग्निं विधानेन ददाति] one who performs the last (funeral) ceremonies of a man; यश्चाग्निदाता प्रेतस्य पिण्डं दद्यात्स एव हि. -दीपन a. [अग्निं दीपयति] stimulating digestion, stomachic, tonic. -दीप्त a. [तृ. त्त.] glowing, set on fire, blazing (-प्ता) [अग्निर्जठरानलो दीप्तः सेवनात् यस्याः सा] N. of a plant ज्योतिष्मती लता (Mar. मालकांगोणी), which is said to stimulate digestion. -दीप्तिः f. active state of digestion. -दूत a. अग्निर्दूत इव यस्मिन् यस्य वा] having Agni for a messenger, said of the sacrifice or the deity invoked; यमं ह यज्ञो गच्छत्यग्निदूतो अरंकृतः Rv.1.14.13. -दूषितः a. branded. -देवः [अग्नि- रेव देवः] Agni; a worshipper of Agni. -देवा [अग्निर्देवो यस्याः] the third lunar mansion, the Pleiades (कृत्तिका). -द्वारम् the door on the south-east of a building; पूर्व- द्वारमथैशाने चाग्निद्वारं तु दक्षिणे । Māna.9.294-95. -धानम् [अग्निर्धियते$स्मिन्] the place or receptacle for keeping the sacred fire, the house of अग्निहोतृ; पदं कृणुते अग्निधाने Rv. 1.165.3. -धारणम् maintaining the sacred fire; व्रतिनां ˚णम् K. 55. -नयनम् = ˚प्रणयनम्. -निर्यासः [अग्नेर्ज- ठरानलस्येव दीपको निर्यासो यस्य] N. of the plant अग्निजार. -नेत्र a. [अग्निर्नेता यस्य] having Agni for the leader or conveyer of oblations, an epithet of a god in general. -पदम् 1 the word Agni. -2 fire-place. -3 N. of a plant. -परिक्रि-ष्क्रि-या care of the sacred fire, worship of fire, offering oblations; गृहार्थो$ग्निपरिष्क्रिया Ms.2.67. -परिच्छदः the whole sacrificial apparatus; गृह्यं चाग्निपरिच्छदम् Ms.6. 4. -परिधानम् enclosing the sacrificial fire with a kind of screen. -परीक्षा [तृ. त.] ordeal by fire. -पर्वतः [अग्निसाधनं पर्वतः] a volcano; महता ज्वलता नित्यमग्निमेवाग्नि- पर्वतः Rām.5.35.43. -पुच्छः [अग्नेः अग्न्याधानस्थानस्य पुच्छ इव]. tail or back part of the sacrificial place; the extinction of fire. -पुराणम् [अग्निना प्रोक्तं पुराणम्] one of the 18 Purāṇas ascribed to Vyāsa. It derives its name from its having been communicated originally by Agni to the sage Vasiṣṭha for the purpose of instructing him in the two-fold knowledge of Brahman. Its stanzas are said to be 145. Its contents are varied. It has portions on ritual and mystic worship, cosmical descriptions, chapters on the duties of Kings and the art of war, a chapter on law, some chapters on Medicine and some treatises on Rhetoric, Prosody, Grammar, Yoga, Brahmavidyā &c. &c. -प्रणयनम् bringing out the sacrificial fire and consecrating it according to the proper ritual. -प्रणिधिः Incendiary. Dk.2.8. -प्रतिष्ठा consecration of fire, especially the nuptial fire. -प्रवेशः; -शनम [स. त.] entering the fire, self-immolation of a widow on the funeral pile of her husband. -प्रस्कन्दनम् violation of the duties of a sacrificer (अग्निहोमाकरण); ˚परस्त्वं चाप्येवं भविष्यसि Mb.1.84.26. -प्रस्तरः [अग्निं प्रस्तृणाति अग्नेः प्रस्तरो वा] a flint, a stone producing fire. -बाहुः [अग्ने- र्बाहुरिव दीर्घशिखत्वात्] 1 smoke. -2 N. of a son of the first Manu; Hariv. N. of a son of Priyavrata and Kāmyā. V. P. -बीजम् 1 the seed of Agni; (fig.) gold (रुद्रतेजः समुद्भूतं हेमबीजं विभावसोः) -2 N. of the letter र्. -भम [अग्नि- रिव भाति; भा-क.] 1 'shining like fire,' gold. -2 N. of the constellation कृत्तिका. -भु n. [अग्नेर्भवति; भू-क्विप् ह्रस्वान्तः] 1 water. -2 gold. -भू a. [अग्नेर्भवतिः भू-क्विप्] produced from fire. (भूः) 1 'fire-born,' N. of Kārttikeya. -2 N. of a teacher (काश्यप) who was taught by Agni. -3 (arith.) six. -भूति a. produced from fire. (-तिः) [अग्निरिव भूतिरैश्वर्यं यस्य] N. of a pupil of the last Tīrthaṅkara. (-तिः) f. the lustre or might of fire. -भ्राजस् a. Ved. [अग्निरिव भ्राजते; भ्राज्-असुन्] shining like fire. अग्निभ्राजसो विद्युतः Ṛv.5.54.11. -मणिः [अग्नेरुत्थापको मणिः शाक. त.] the sunstone. -मथ् m. [अग्निं मथ्नाति निष्पादयति; मन्थ्-क्विप्- नलोपः] 1 the sacrificer who churns the fuel-stick. -2 the Mantra used in this operation, on the अरणि itself. -मन्थः, -न्थनम्, producing fire by friction; or the Mantra used in this operation. (-न्थः) [अग्निर्मथ्यते अनेन मन्थ्-करणे घञ्] N. of a tree गणिकारिका (Mar. नरवेल) Premna Spinosa (तत्काष्ठयोर्घर्षणे हि आशु वह्निरुत्पद्यते), -मान्द्यम् slowness of digestion, loss of appetite, dyspepsia. -मारुतिः अग्निश्च मरुच्च तयोरपत्यं इञ् ततो वृद्धिः इत् च; द्विपदवृद्धौ पृषो. पूर्वपदस्य ह्रस्वः Tv.] N. of the sage Agastya. -मित्रः N. of a king of the Śunga dynasty, son of Puṣypamitra who must have flourished before 15 B. C. -the usually accepted date of Patañjali-as the latter mentions पुष्यमित्र by name. -मुखः a. having Agni at the head. (-खः) [अग्निर्मुखमिव यस्य] 1 a deity, god, (for the gods receive oblations through Agni who is, therefore, said to be their mouth; अग्निमुखा वै देवाः; अग्निर्मुखं प्रथमं देवतानाम् &c; or अग्निर्मुखे अग्रे येषाम्, for fire is said to have been created before all other gods.) -2 [अग्निर्मुखं प्रधानमुपास्यो यस्य] one who maintains the sacred fire (अग्निहोतृद्विज) -3 a Brāhmaṇa in general (अग्निर्दाहकत्वात् शापाग्निर्मुखे यस्य for Brāhmaṇas are said to be वाग्वज्राः). -4 N. of two plants चित्रक Plumbago Zeylanica and भल्लातक Semicarpus Anacardium अग्निरिव स्पर्शात् दुःखदायकं मुखमग्रम् यस्य, तन्निर्यासस्पर्शेन हि देहे क्षतोत्पत्तेस्थयोस्तथात्वम्) -5 a sort of powder or चूर्ण prescribed as a tonic by चक्रदत्त -6 'fire-mouthed, sharp-biting, an epithet of a bug. Pt. 1. (-खी) अग्निरिव मुखमग्रं यस्याः; गौरादि-ङीष्] 1 N. of a plant भल्लातक (Mar. बिबवा, भिलावा) and लाङ्गलिका (विषलाङ्गला). -2 N. of the Gāyatri Mantra (अग्निरेव मुखं मुखत्वेन कल्पितं यस्याः सा, or अग्नेरिव मुखं प्रजापतिमुखं उत्पत्ति- द्वारं यस्याः, अग्निना समं प्रजापतिमुखजातत्वात्; कदाचिदपि नो विद्वान् गायत्रीमुदके जपेत् । गायत्र्याग्निमुखी यस्मात्तस्मादुत्थाय तां जपेत् ॥ गोभिल). -3 a kitchen [पाकशाला अग्निरिव उत्तप्तं मुखं यस्याः सा]. -मूढ a. [तृ. त.] Ved. made insane or stupefied by lightning or fire. -यन्त्रम् A gun अग्नियन्त्रधरैश्चक्रधरैश्च पुरुषैर्वृतः Śivabhārata 12.17. -यानम् An aeroplane. व्योमयानं विमानं स्यात् अग्नियानं तदेव हि । अगस्त्यसंहिता. -योगः See पञ्चाग्निसाधन. अग्नियोगवहो ग्रीष्मे विधिदृष्टेन कर्मणा । चीर्त्वा द्वादशवर्षाणि राजा भवति पार्थिवः ॥ Mb.13.14,2.43. -योजनम् causing the sacrificial fire to blaze up. -रक्षणम् 1 con-secrating or preserving the sacred (domestic) fire or अग्निहोत्र. -2 [अग्निः रक्ष्यते अनेन अत्र वा] a Mantra securing for Agni protection from evil spirits &c. -3 the house of an अग्निहोतृ. -रजः, -रजस् m. [अग्निरिव रज्यते दीप्यते; रञ्ज्-असुन् नलोपः] 1 a scarlet insect by name इन्द्रगोप. -2 (अग्नेः रजः) the might or power of Agni. -3 gold. Mb.3. 16.86.7 -रहस्यम् mystery of (worshipping &c.) Agni; N. of the tenth book of Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa. -राशिः a heap of fire, burning pile. -रुहा [अग्निरिव रोहति रुह्-क] N. of the plant मांसादनी or मांसरोहिणी (तदङ्कुरस्य वह्नितुल्य- वर्णतया उत्पन्नत्वात्तथात्वं तस्याः). -रूप a. [अग्नेरिव रूपं वर्णो यस्य] fire-shaped; of the nature of fire. -रूपम् the nature of fire. -रेतस् n. the seed of Agni; (hence) gold. -रोहिणी [अग्निरिव रोहति; रुह्-णिनि] a hard inflammatory swelling in the armpit. -लोकः the world a Agni, which is situated below the summit of Meru; in the Purāṇas it is said to be in the अन्तरिक्ष, while in the Kāśī Khaṇḍa it is said to be to the south of इन्द्रपुरी; एतस्या दक्षिणे भागे येयं पूर्दृश्यते शुभा । इमामर्चिष्मतीं पश्य वीतिहोत्रपुरीं शुभाम् ॥ -वधूः Svāhā, the daughter of Dakṣa and wife of Agni -वर्चस् a. [अग्नेर्वर्च इव वर्चो यस्य] glowing or bright like fire. (n.) the lustre of Agni. (-m.) N. of a teacher of the Purāṇas. -वर्ण a. [अग्नेरिव वर्णो यस्य] of the colour of fire; hot; fiery; सुरां पीत्वा द्विजो मोहादग्निवर्णां सुरां पिबेत् Ms.11.9; गोमूत्रमग्निवर्णं वा पिबेदुदकमेव वा 91. (र्णः) 1 N. of a prince, son of Sudarśana. -2 N. of a King of the solar race, See R.19.1. the colour of fire. (-र्णा) a strong liquor. -वर्धक a. stimulating digestion, tonic. (-कः) 1 a tonic. -2 regimen, diet (पथ्याहार). -वल्लभः [अग्नेर्वल्लभः सुखेन दाह्यत्वात्] 1 the Śāla tree, Shorea Robusta. -2 the resinous juice of it. -वासस् a. [अग्निरिव शुद्धं वासो यस्य] having a red (pure like Agni) garment. (n.) a pure garment. -वाह a. [अग्निं वाहयति अनुमापयति वा] 1 smoke. -2 a goat. -वाहनम् a goat (छाग). -विद् m. 1 one who knows the mystery about Agni. -2 an अग्निहोत्रिन् q. v. -विमोचनम् ceremony of lowering the sacrificial fire. -विसर्पः pain from an inflamed tumour, inflammation. -विहरणम्, -विहारः 1 taking the sacrificial fire from आग्नीध्र to the उत्तरवेदि. -2 offering oblations to fire; प्रत्यासन्ना ˚वेला K.348. -वीर्यम् 1 power or might of Agni. -2 gold. -वेतालः Name of Vetāla (connected with the story of Vikra-māditya). -वेशः [अग्नेर्वेश इव] N. of an ancient medical authority (चरक). -वेश्मन् m. the fourteenth day of the karma-ṃāsa; Sūryaprajñapti. -वेश्यः 1 N. of a teacher, Mbh. -2 Name of the 22nd muhūrta; Sūryapraj-ñapti. धौम्य cf. Mb 14.64.8. -शरणम्, -शाला-लम् a fire-sanctuary; ˚मार्गमादेशय Ś.5; a house or place for keeping the sacred fire; ˚रक्षणाय स्थापितो$हम् V.3. -शर्मन् a. [अग्निरिव शृणाति तीव्रकोपत्वात् शॄ-मनिन्] very passionate. (-m.) N. of a sage. -शिख a. [अग्नेरिव अग्निरिव वा शिखा यस्य] fiery, fire-crested; दहतु ˚खैः सायकैः Rām. (-खः) 1 a lamp. -2 a rocket, fiery arrow. -3 an arrow in general. -4 safflower plant. -5 saffron. -6 जाङ्गलीवृक्ष. (-खम्) 1 saffron. -2 gold. (-खा) 1 a flame; शरैरग्निशिखोपमैः Mb. -2 N. of two plants लाङ्गली (Mar. वागचबका or कळलावी) Gloriosa Superba; of other plants (also Mar. कळलावी) Meni-spermum Cordifolium. -शुश्रूषा careful service or worship of fire. -शेखर a. fire-crested. (-रः) N. of the कुसुम्भ, कुङ्कुम and जाङ्गली trees (-रम्) gold, -शौच a. [अग्नेरिव शौचं यस्य] bright as fire; purified by fire K.252. -श्री a. [अग्नेरिव श्रीर्यस्य] glowing like fire; lighted by Agni -ष्टुत्, -ष्टुभ, -ष्टोम &c. see ˚ स्तुत्, ˚स्तुभ् &c. -ष्ठम् 1 kitchen; अग्निष्ठेष्वग्निशालासु Rām.6.1.16. -2 a fire-pan. -संयोगाः explosives. Kau. A.2.3. -ष्वात्तः see स्वात्तः -संस्कारः 1 consecration of fire. -2 hallowing or con-secrating by means of fire; burning on the funeral pile; यथार्हं ˚रं मालवाय दत्वा Dk.169; नास्य कार्यो$ग्निसंस्कारः Ms.5.69, पितरीवाग्निसंस्कारात्परा ववृतिरे क्रियाः । R.12.56. -सखः; -सहायः 1 the wind. -2 the wild pigeon (smoke-coloured). -3 smoke. -सम्भव a. [प. ब.] sprung or produced from fire. (-वः) 1 wild safflower. -2 lymph, result of digestion. (-वम्) gold. -साक्षिक [अग्निः साक्षी यत्र, कप्] a. or adv. keeping fire for a witness, in the presence of fire; पञ्चबाण˚ M.4.12. ˚मर्यादो भर्ता हि शरणं स्त्रियाः H.1.v. l, R.11.48. -सारम् [अग्नौ सारं यस्य अत्यन्तानलोत्तापनेपि सारांशादहनात् Tv.] रसाञ्जन, a sort of medical preparation for the eyes. (-रः -रम्) power or essence of fire. -सुतः Kārttikeya; त्वामद्य निहनिष्यामि क्रौञ्चमग्निसुतो यथा । Mb.7.156.93. -सूत्रम् a thread of fire. -2 a girdle of sacrificial grass (मौञ्जीमेखला) put upon a young Brāhmaṇa at the time of investiture. -सूनुः (See -सुतः), (सेनानीरग्निभूर्गुहः । Amar.); देव्यङ्कसंविष्ट- मिवाग्निसूनुम् । Bu. ch.1.67. -स्तम्भः 1 stopping the burning power of Agni. -2 N. of a Mantra used in this operation. -3 N. of a medicine so used. -स्तुत् m. (अग्निष्टुत्) [अग्निः स्तूयते$त्र; स्तु-आधारे क्विप् षत्वम्] the first day of the Agniṣṭoma sacrifice; N. of a portion of that sacrifice which extends over one day; यजेत वाश्वमेधेन स्वर्जिता गोसवेन वा । अभिजिद्विश्वजिद्भ्यां वा त्रिवृता- ग्निष्टुतापि वा ॥ Ms.11.74. -स्तुभ् (˚ष्टुभ्) m. [अग्निः स्तुभ्यते$त्र; स्तुभ्-क्विप् षत्वम्] 1 = अग्निष्टोम. -2 N. of a son of the sixth Manu. -रतोमः (˚ष्टोमः) [अग्नेः स्तोमः स्तुतिसाधनं यत्र] 1 N. of a protracted ceremony or sacrificeial rite extending over several days in spring and forming an essential part of the ज्योतिष्टोम. -2 a Mantra or Kalpa with reference to this sacrifice; ˚मे भवो मन्त्रः ˚मः; ˚मस्य व्याख्यानम्, कल्पः ˚मः P.IV.3.66. Vārt. -3 N. of the son of the sixth Manu. -4 a species of the Soma plant; ˚सामन् a part of the Sāma Veda chanted at the conclusion of the Agniṣṭoma sacrifice. -सावर्णिः Name of Manu. -स्थ a. (ष्ठ) [अग्नौ स्थातुमर्हति; स्था-क षत्वम्] placed in, over, or near the fire. (ष्ठः) an iron frying-pan; in the अश्वमेध sacrifice the 11th Yūpa which of all the 21 is nearest the fire. -स्वात्तः (written both as ˚स्वात्त and ˚ष्वात्त) (pl.) [अग्नितः i. e. श्राद्धीयविप्रकर- रूपानलात् सुष्ठु आत्तं ग्रहणं येषां ते] N. of a class of Pitṛs or Manes who, when living on earth, maintained the sacred or domestic fires, but who did not perform the Agniṣṭoma and other sacrifices. They are regarded as Manes of Gods and Brāhmaṇas and also as descendants of Marīchi; Ms.3.195. अग्निष्वात्ताः पितर एह गच्छत Tsy.2.5.12.2. (मनुष्यजन्मन्यग्निष्टोमादियागमकृत्वा स्मार्तकर्मनिष्ठाः सन्तो मृत्वा च पितृत्वं गताः इति सायणः). -हुत्, -होतृ Ved. sacrificing to Agni, having Agni for a priest; Rv.1.66.8. -होत्रम् [अग्नये हूयते$त्र, हु-त्र, च. त.] 1 an oblation to Agni (chiefly of milk, oil and sour gruel.). -2 maintenance of the sacred fire and offering oblation to it; (अग्नये होत्रं होमो$स्मिन् कर्मणीति अग्निहोत्रमिति कर्मनाम); or the sacred fire itself; तपोवनाग्निहोत्रधूमलेखासु K.26. होता स्यात् ˚त्रस्य Ms.11.36. ˚त्रमुपासते 42; स्त्रीं दाहयेत् ˚त्रेण Ms.5.167,6.4, दाहयित्वाग्निहोत्रेण स्त्रियं वृत्तवतीम् Y.1.89. The time of throwing oblations into the fire is, as ordained by the sun himself, evening (अग्नये सायं जुहुयात् सूर्याय प्रातर्जुहुयात्). Agnihotra is of two kinds; नित्य of constant obligation (यावज्जीवमग्निहोत्रं जुहोति) and काम्य occasional or optional (उपसद्भिश्चरित्वा मासमेकमग्निहोत्रं जुहोति). (-त्र) a. Ved. 1 destined for, connected with, Agnihotra. -2 sacrificing to Agni. ˚न्यायः The rule according to which the नित्यकर्मन्s (which are to be performed यावज्जीवम्) are performed at their stipulated or scheduled time only, during one's life time. This is discussed and established by जैमिनि and शबर at Ms.6. 2.23-26. in connection with अग्निहोत्र and other कर्मन्s. ˚हवनी (णी) a ladle used in sacrificial libations, or अग्निहोत्रहविर्ग्रहणी ऋक् Tv.; See हविर्ग्रहणी; ˚हुत् offering the अग्निहोत्र; ˚आहुतिः invocation or oblation connected with अग्निहोत्र. -होत्रिन् a. [अग्निहोत्र-मत्वर्थे इनि] 1 one who practises the Agnihotra, or consecrates and maintains the sacred fire. -2 one who has prepared the sacrificial place. -होत्री Sacrificial cow; तामग्निहोत्रीमृषयो जगृहु- र्ब्रह्मवादिनः Bhāg.8.8.2.
aṅkaḥ अङ्कः [अङ्क् कर्तरि करणे वा अच्] 1 The lap (n. also); अङ्काद्ययावङ्कमुदीरिताशीः Ku.7.5. passed from lap to lap. -2 A mark, sign; अलक्तकाङ्कां पदवीं ततान R.7.7; पदङ्क्तिरलक्ताङ्का Rām.; रतिवलयपदाङ्के कण्ठे Ku.2.64. marked with the signs or traces &c.: मद्गोत्राङ्कं गेयम् Me.86, a stain, spot, stigma, brand; इन्दोः किरणेष्विवाङ्कः Ku.1.3; कट्यां कृताङ्को निर्वास्यः Ms.8.281. -3 A numerical figure; a number; the number 9. -4 A side flank; proximity, reach (connected with 1 above); समुत्सुकेवाङ्कमुपैति सिद्धिः Ki.3. 4; प्रेम्णोपकण्ठं मुहुरङ्कभाजो रत्नावलीरम्बुधिराबबन्ध Śi.3.36; सिंहो जम्बुकमङ्कमागतमपि त्यक्त्वा निहन्ति द्विपम् Bh.2.3; Ki. 17.64, See- ˚आगत below. -5 An act of a drama, for its nature &c., See S. D.278. -6 A hook or curved instrument. -7 A species of dramatic composition, one of the ten varieties of रूपक, See S. D.519. -8 An ornament (भूषा). -9 A sham fight, military show (चित्रयुद्ध). -1 A coefficient. -11 A place; नानाङ्क- चिह्नैर्नवहेमभाण्डैः (तुरङ्गैः) Bu.ch.2.4. -12 A sin, misdeed. -13 A line, curved line; a curve or bend generally, the bend in the arm. -14 The body. -15 A mountain. अङ्कः स्थानान्तिकक्रोडभूषणोत्संगलक्ष्मसु । मन्तो नाटकविच्छेदे चित्रयुद्धे च रूपके ॥ Nm. [cf. L. uncus; Gr. ogkos] -Comp. -अङ्कमू [अङ्के मध्ये अङ्काः शतपत्रादिचिह्नानि यस्य Tv.] water. -अवतारः when an act, hinted by persons at the end of the preceding act, is brought in continuity with the latter, it is called अङ्कावतार (descent of an act), as the sixth act of Śākuntala or second of Mālavikāgnimitra (अङ्कान्ते सूचितः पात्रैस्तदङ्क- स्याविभागतः । यत्राङकोवतरत्येषो$ङ्कावतार इति स्मृतः S. D.311). The Daśarūpa defines it differently; अङ्कावतारस्त्वङ्कान्ते पातो$ङ्कस्याविभागतः । एभिः संसूचयेत्सूच्यं दृश्यमङ्कैः प्रदर्शयेत् 3.56. -आगत, -गत a. [द्वि. त.] come within the grasp; सिंहत्वं ˚सत्त्ववृत्तिः R.2.18; श्रियं युवाप्यङ्कगतामभोक्ता R.13.67. -करणम् marking, branding &c. -तन्त्रम् the science of numbers (arithmetical or algebraical). -धारणम्-णा 1 bearing or having marks, such as those on the body of a Vaiṣṇava. -2 manner of holding the person. -परिवर्तः [स. त] 1 turning on the other side. -2 rolling or dallying in the lap or on the person; अपि कर्णजाहविनिवेशिताननः प्रियया तदङ्कपरिवर्तमाप्नुयाम् Māl.5.8. (an occasion for) embrace (अङ्के क्रोडे सर्वतो- भावेन वर्तनं हृदयालिङ्गनम् इत्यर्थः -Jagaddhara); so ˚परिवर्तिन्; भर्तुः ˚नी भव M.3. -पादव्रतम् N. of a Vrata; title of a chapter in the भविष्योत्तरपुराण. -पालिः -ली [पा-अलि ष. त. वा. ङीप्] 1 the extremity of region of the lap (क्रोडप्रान्त or प्रदेश); a seat in the lap; hence, an embrace; तावद्गाढं वितर सकृदप्यङ्कपालीं प्रसीद Māl.8.2. स्पृश हस्तेन मे हस्तमेहि देह्यङ्कपालिकाम् । Śivabhārata 21.33. -2 [अङ्केन पालयति पाल्-इ. तृ. त.] a nurse. -3 (-ली) a variety of plant, Piring or Medicago Esculenta; (Mar. धोत्रा-निघण्टुरत्नाकर) [वेदिकाख्यगन्धद्रव्यम्] -पाशः [अङ्कः पाश इव बन्धनेनेव पातनहेतुर्यत्र Tv.] an operation in arithmetic by which a peculiar concatenation or chain of numbers is formed by making the figures 1, 2 &c. exchange places (स्थानान्तमेकादिचयाङ्कघातः संख्याविभेदा नियतैः स्युरङ्कैः । भक्तो$ङ्कमित्याङ्कसमासनिघ्नः स्थानेषु युक्तो मितिसंयुतिः स्यात् ॥ See Līlā.24); (न गुणो न हरो न कृतिर्न घनः पृष्टस्तथापि दुष्टानाम् । गर्वितगणकबहूनां स्यात् पातो$वश्यमङ्कपाशे$स्मिन्). -पूरणम् multiplication of number of figures. -बन्धः. forming the lap, bending the thighs into a curve and squatting down. -2 branding with a mark that resembles a headless trunk (अशिरःपुरुषाकरो$ङ्कः). --भाज् [अङ्कं भजते उप. स.] 1 seated in the lap or carried on the hip, as an infant. -2 being within easy reach, drawing near, soon to be obtained; अविरहितमनेकेनाङ्कभाजा फलेन Ki. 5. 52. -3 premature, early ripe, forced fruit. -मुखम् (or आस्यम्) that part of an act, wherein the subject of all the acts is intimated, is called अङ्कमुख, which suggests the germ as well as the end; e. g. in Māl.1 कामन्दकी and अवलोकिता hint the parts to be played by भूरिवसु and others and give the arrangement of the plot in brief (यत्र स्यादङ्क एकस्मिन्नङ्कानां सूचनाखिला । तदङ्क- मुखमित्याहुर्बीजार्थख्यापकं च तत् ॥ S. D.322.) The Daśarūpa defines it thus: अङ्कान्तपौत्ररङ्कास्यं छिन्नाङ्कस्यार्थसूचनात् । i. e. where a character at the end of an act cuts short the story and introduces the beginning of another act; as in the second of Mv. -लोड्यः [अङ्केन लोड्यते असौ] a kind of tree (Mar. चिंचोट), ginger. -लोपः subtraction of numbers. -विद्या the science of numbers, arithmetic.
aṅgāraḥ अङ्गारः रम् [अङ्ग्-आरन् Uṇ.3.134.] 1 Charcoal (whether heated or not); घृतकुम्भसमा नारी तप्ताङ्गारसमः पुमान्; उष्णो दहति चाङ्गारः शीतः कृष्णायते करम् H.1.8; नालास्त्रार्थाग्निचूर्णे तु गन्धाङ्गारौ तु पूर्ववत् Śukra.4.135. त्वया स्वहस्तेनाङ्गाराः कर्षिताः Pt.1 you have ruined yourself with your own hands; cf. "to dig a mine under one's feet." कुरुकुलाङ्गार Ve.6 destroyer or pest of the Kuru family. -2 The planet Mars. -3 A plant हितावली, ˚कुष्टकः- हितावली. -4 N. of a prince who fought with king Māndhātr. -र a. Red, of a red colour. -रम् Red colour. -Comp. -अवक्षेपणम् [अङ्गारा अवक्षिप्यन्ते अनेन करणे ल्युट्] also -अवक्षायणम् (Śat. Br.xiv) a vessel or pincers (Mar. चिमटा) to throw or extinguish coals -कर्करिः (री) f. A thick cake baked on burning coals -कारिन् a. [अङ्गारं करोति कृ-णिनि] one who prepares coal for sale, Mb.2; मालाकार इव ग्राह्यो भागो नाङ्गारकारवत् Śukra.4.223. -कुष्ठकः [अङ्गारवर्णं कुष्ठमिव-कन्] N. of a plant हितावली. -धानी [अङ्गारा धीयन्ते अस्याम्; धा- आधारे ल्युट् ङीप्], -धानिका also -धारिका [स्वार्थे कन्] a portable fire-pan, brazier. -परिपाचितम् [तृ. त.] roasted food or meat. -पर्णम् [अङ्गारमिव पर्णं यस्य] N. of a grove or forest. (-र्णः) [अस्त्यर्थे अच्] N. of Chitraratha, king of the Gandharvas. [On one occasion, while he was sporting with his wife, he saw Kuntī with her five sons proceeding to the capital of Pāñchāla in disguise. He accosted them and asked them to tell him where they were going, or to fight. Arjuna accepted the challenge; but Aṅgāraparṇa finding Arjuna to be a very skilful warrior gave him a secret lore called Chākṣuṣī (enabling one to see the smallest things) and took from him in return a lore called Agniśirāstra and became a friend of the Pāṇḍavas.] -पात्री -शकटी a portable fire-pan. -पुष्पः [अङ्गारमिव लोहितवर्णं पुष्पं यस्य सः] the plant इङ्गुदी. -पूरिका (see अङ्गारकर्करिः) -म़ञ्जरी, -मञ्जी [अङ्गारा रक्तवर्णा मञ़्जरी यस्याः] a shrub Cesalpinia Banducella (रक्तकरंजवृक्ष). -वल्लरी, -वल्ली [अङ्गारा इव रक्तफलत्वात् रक्ता] N. of various plants, करंज, भार्गी, गुञ़्जा. also Guilandina Bonducella (Mar. सागरगोटी). -वृक्षः Balanites Aegiptiaca (Mar. हिंगणबेट). -वेणुः [कर्म.] a sort of bamboo. -सदनम् A portable fire-pan.
ajakāvaḥ अजकावः वम् Śiva's bow. -2 [अजकं छागं वाति प्रीणाति; वा-क N. of the tree वर्वरी (Mar. तिळवण) of which goats are said to be very fond. -3 [अजका अजागलस्तन इव वाति प्रकाशते वा-क] A sacrificial vessel of wood (of the form of अजागल) dedicated to Mitra and Varuṇa (-वम् in this sense) मैत्रावरुणपात्रम् -4 A disease of the pupil of the eye = अजकाजात q. v. -5 A venomous kind of vermin Cantipede or scorpion (अजका रोगविशेषः, तद्विषम्).
atibala अतिबल a. Very stronger or powerful; जयत्यतिबलो रामो लक्ष्मणश्च महाबलः Rām. -लः An eminent or matchless warrior (अतिरथ). -लम् 1 Great strength or power. -2 A powerful army. -ला 1 N. of a medicinal plant, Sidonia Cordifolia and Rhombifolia (Mar. चिकणा, चिकणी) -2 N. of a powerful charm or lore taught by Viśvāmitra to Rāma :-गृहाण द्वे इमे विद्ये बलामतिबलां तथा । न ते श्रमो जरा$$वाभ्यां भविता नाङ्गवैकृतम् ॥ न च सुप्तं प्रमत्तं वा धर्षयिष्यन्ति नैर्ऋताः । न च ते सदृशो राम वीर्येणान्यो भविष्यति । स- देवनरनागेषु लोकेष्विह पुम्नांस्त्रिषु । न सौभाग्ये न दाक्षिण्ये न बुद्धिश्रुति- पौरुषे ॥ नोत्तरे प्रतिपत्तव्ये त्वत्तुल्यो वा भविष्यति । एतद्विद्याद्वयं प्राप्य यशश्चाव्ययमाप्स्यसि ॥ बलामतिबलां चैव ज्ञानविज्ञानमात्ररौ । क्षुत्पिपासे च ते राम नात्यर्थं पीडयिष्यतः ॥ जयश्च दुर्गकान्तारप्रदेशेष्वटवीषु च। सारतां त्रिषु लोकेषु गमिष्यसि च राघव ॥ पितामहसुते ह्येते विद्ये चायु- र्बलावहे । Rām.1.22. See तौ बलातिबलयोः प्रभावतो R.11.9 also. -3 N. of one of Dakṣa's daughters.
atkīlaḥ अत्कीलः N. of the author of some Vedic hymns, a descendant of Viśvāmitra.
ambā अम्बा [अम्ब्-घञ्] (Voc. अम्बे Ved.; अम्ब in later Sanskṛit) 1 A mother; also used as an affectionate or respectful mode of address; 'good woman', 'good mother'; किमम्बाभिः प्रेषितः; अम्बानां कार्यं निर्वर्तय Ś.2; कृताञ्जलिस्तत्र यदम्ब सत्यात् R.14.16. -2 N. of a plant (अम्बष्ठा d.). -3 N. of Durgā, wife of Śiva. -4 N. of an Apsaras; of a sister of Pāṇḍu's mother, a daughter of Kāśīrāja. [She and her two sisters were carried off by Bhīṣma to be the wives of Vichitravīrya who had no issue. Ambā, however, had been previously betrothed to a king of Śālva and Bhīṣma sent her to him; but the latter rejected her because she had been in another man's house. So she came back to Bhīṣma and prayed him to accept her; but he could not break his vow of life-long celibacy, and being enraged she returned to the forest and practised austere penance to revenge herself on Bhīṣma. Śiva favoured her and promised her the desired vengeance in another birth. Afterwards she was born as Śikhaṇḍinī, daughter of Drupada, who came to be called Śikhaḍin and became the cause of Bhīṣma's death.] -5 A term in astrology to denote the fourth condition. [cf. Dravid Amma; Germ. Amme; old Germ. Amma].
ambālikā अम्बालिका 1 A mother; good woman (as a term of respect or endearment.) -2 N. of a plant (Mar. अम्बाडा). -3 N. of the youngest daughter of Kāśīrāja, wife of Vichitravīrya. She became the mother of Pāṇḍu by Vyāsa who was invoked by Satyavatī to beget a son to Vichitravīrya who had died without issue.
ambikā अम्बिका 1 A mother, good woman, also used like अम्बा as a term of respect or endearment; अत्तिके अम्बिके शृणु मम विज्ञप्तिम् Mk.1. -2 N. of a plant (अम्बा 2); N. of another plant कटुकी. -3 N. of Pārvatī, wife of Śiva; आशीर्भिरेधयामासुः पुरः पाकाभिरम्बिकाम् Ku.6.9. -4 N. of the middle daughter of Kāśīrāja and the eldest wife of Vichitravīrya. Like her youngest sister she had no progeny, and Vyāsa begot on her a son named धृतराष्ट्र. -5 Name of a Jaina deity. -Comp. -पतिः, -भर्ता N. of Śiva. -पुत्रः, -सुतः N. of धृतराष्ट्र.
araṇyam अरण्यम् (sometimes) m. also, [अर्यते गम्यते शेषे वयसि ऋ-अर्तेर्निच्च Uṇ.3.12] A land neither cultivated nor grazed, a wilderness, forest, desert; प्रियानाशे कृत्स्नं किल जगदरण्यं हि भवति U.6.3; माता यस्य गृहे नास्ति भार्या चाप्रियवादिनी । अरण्यं तेन गन्तव्यं यथारण्यं तथा गृहम् ॥ Chāṇ. 44; तपःश्रद्धे ये ह्युपवसन्त्यरण्ये Muṇd.1.2.11. oft. used at first member of comp. in the sense of 'wild', 'grown or produced in forest'; ˚बीजम् wild seed; ˚कार्पासि, ˚कुलत्थिका; ˚कुसुम्भः &c; so ˚मार्जारः, ˚मूषकः. -2 A foreign or distant land; अरण्येषु जर्भुराणा चरन्ति Rv.1.163.11. -ण्यः N. of a plant कट्फल (Mar. कायफळ) -Comp. -अध्यक्षः headman or superintendent of a forest district; forest keeper or ranger. -अयनम्, -यानम् going into the forest, becoming a hermit; अथ यदरण्यायनमित्या- चक्षते ब्रह्मचर्यमेव तद् Ch. Up.8.5.3. -ओकस्, -सद् a. 1 dwelling in woods, being in a forest; किंतु ˚सदोवयं अनभ्यस्त रथचर्याः U.5; वैक्लव्यं मम तावदीदृशमपि स्नेहादरण्यौकसः Ś. 4.6. -2 especially, one who has left his family and become an anchorite, forest-dweller. -कणा wild cumin seed (Mar. जिरें) -कदली wild plantain. -काण्डम् N. of the third book of the Rāmāyaṇa which embodies Rāmā's exploits in the course of his journey through the forests in company with Viśvāmitra. -गजः a wild elephant (not tamed). -गानम् N. of one of the four hymn-books of the Sāmaveda (to be chanted in the forest). -चटकः a wild sparrow. -चन्द्रिका (lit.) moonlight in a forest; (fig.) an ornament or decoration which is useless, or does not serve its purpose; just as moonlight in a forest is useless there being no human beings to view, enjoy and appreciate it, so is decoration when not viewed and appreciated by those for whom it is intended; thus Malli. on स्त्रीणां प्रियालोक- फलो हि वेषः Ku.7.22 remarks अन्यथा$रण्यचन्द्रिका स्यादिति भावः. -चर (˚ण्येचर also), -जीव a. wild, living in woods. -ज a. wild; ˚आर्द्रका wild ginger. -जीरम् wild cumin. (Mar. कडू जिरें). -दमनः N. of a plant. -द्वादशी, -व्रतम् N. of a ceremony performed on the 12th day of Mārgaśīrṣa. -धर्मः 1 wild state or usage, wild nature; तथारण्यधर्माद्वियोज्य ग्राम्यधर्मे नियोजितः Pt.1 -2 the duties of a Vānaprastha or anchorite. -धान्यम्, -शालिः wild rice (नीवार). -नृपतिः, -राज् (ट्), -राजः 'lord of the woods', epithet of a lion or a tiger; so अरण्यानां पतिः. -पण्डितः [अरण्ये एव पण्डितः, न तु नगरादिषु जनसमाजेषु] 'wise in a forest'; (fig.) a foolish person (who can display his learning only in a forest where no one will hear him and correct his errors). -पर्वन् N. of the first section of the Mb. -भव a. growing in a forest, wild; यथा˚ वास्तिलाः Pt.2.86. -मक्षिका a gadfly (Mar. घोडमाशी) -मुद्रकः a kind of wild bean. -यानम् retiring to the woods. -रक्षकः conservator of forests, forest-keeper. -राज्यम् sovereignty of the woods. -रुदितम् (˚ण्ये˚) 'weeping in a forest', a cry in the wilderness; (fig.) a vain or useless speech, or a cry with no one to heed it, or anything done to no purpose; अरण्ये मया रुदितम् Ś.2; प्रोक्तं श्रद्धाविहीनस्य अरण्यरुदितोपमम् Pt.1.393; तदलमधुनारण्यरुदितैः Amaru.76. -वायसः a wild crow, raven. -वासः, -समाश्रयः 1 retiring into woods, residence in a forest; ˚योन्मुखं पितरम् R.12.8. -2 a hermitage, forest habitation. -वासिन् a. living in a forest, wild; m. a forest-dweller, an anchorite. (-नी) N. of a plant अत्यम्लपर्णी. -वास्तु (-स्तू)कः N. of a plant वनवेतः. -विलपितम्, -विलापः (˚ण्ये) = ˚रुदितम् above. -श्वन् m. 'a wild hound', wolf. -षष्ठी N. of a festival celebrated on the 6th day of the bright half of Jyeṣṭha. -सभा a forest-court.
indraḥ इन्द्रः [इन्द्-रन्; इन्दतीति इन्द्रः; इदि ऐश्वर्ये Malli.] 1 The lord of gods. -2 The god of rain, rain; cloud; इन्द्रो वरुणः सोमो रुद्रः । शं न इन्द्रो बृहस्पतिः Tait. Vp.1.1.1. Bṛi. Up.1.4.11. -3 A lord or ruler (as of men &c.). इन्द्रो- मायाभिः पुरुरूप ईयते Bṛi. Up.2.5.19. first or best (of any class of objects), always as the last member of comp.; नरेन्द्रः a lord of men i. e. a king; so मृगेन्द्रः a lion; गजेन्द्रः the lord or chief of elephants; so योगीन्द्रः, कपीन्द्रः. -4 A prince, king. -5 The pupil of the right eye. -6 N. of the plant कुटज. -7 Night. -8 One of the divisions of भारतवर्ष. -9 N. of the 26th Yoga. -1 The human or animal soul. -11 A vegetable poison. -12 The Yoga star in the 26th Nakṣatra. -13 Greatness. -14 The five objects of senses. -द्रा 1 The wife of Indra, Indrāṇī. -2 N. of a plant (मरुबक Mar. मरवा) [Indra, the god of the firmament, is the Jupiter Pluvius of the Indian Āryans. In the Vedas he is placed in the first rank among the gods; yet he is not regarded as an uncreated being, being distinctly spoken of in various passages of the Vedas as being born, and as having a father and a mother. He is sometimes represented as having been produced by the gods as a destroyer of enemies, as the son of Ekāṣṭakā, and in Rv.1.9.13 he is said to have sprung from the mouth of Puruṣa. He is of a ruddy or golden colour, and can assume any form at will. He rides in a bright golden chariot drawn by two tawny horses. His most famous weapon is the thunderbolt which he uses with deadly effect in his warfare with the demons of darkness, drought and inclement weather, variously called Ahi, Vṛitra, Śambar, Namuchi &c. He storms and breaks through their castles, and sends down fertilizing showers of rain to the great delight of his worshippers. He is thus the lord of the atmosphere, the dispenser of rain, and governor of the weather. He is represented as being assisted by the Maruts or storm-gods in his warfare. Besides the thunderbolt he uses arrows, a large hook, and a net. The Soma juice is his most favourite food, and under its exhilarating influence he performs great achievements (cf. Rv.1.119), and pleases his devout worshippers, who are said to invite the god to drink the juice. He is their friend and even their brother; a father, and the most fatherly of fathers; the helper of the poor, and the deliverer and comforter of his servants. He is a wall of defence; his friend is never slain or defeated. He richly rewards his adorers, particularly those who bring him libations of Soma, and he is supplicated for all sorts of temporal blessings as cows, horses, chariots, health, intelligence, prosperous days, long life, and victory in war. In the Vedas Indra's wife is Indrānī, who is invoked among the goddesses. Such is the Vedic conception of Indra. But in later mythology he falls in the second rank. He is said to be one of the sons of Kaśyapa and Dākṣāyaṇī or Aditi. He is inferior to the triad Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśa (though in some places Viṣṇu is regarded as his younger brother, cf. R.14.59,15.4), but he is the chief of all the other gods, and is commonly styled Sureśa, Devendra &c. As in the Vedas so in later mythology, he is the regent of the atmosphere, and of the east quarter, and his world is called Svarga. He sends the lightning, uses the thunderbolt and sends down rain. He is frequently at war with Asuras, whom he constantly dreads, and by whom he is sometimes defeated. The Indra of mythology is famous for his incontinence and adultery, one prominent instance of which is his seduction of Ahalyā, the wife of Gautama (see Ahalyā), and for which he is often spoken of as Ahalyā-jāra. The curse of the sage impressed upon him a 1 marks resembling the female organ, and he was therefore called Sayoni; but these marks were afterwards changed into eyes, and he is hence called Netra-yoni and Sahasrākṣa. In the Rāmāyana Indra is represented as having been defeated and carried off to Laṅkā by Ravaṇa's son called Meghanāda, who for this exploit received the title of 'Indrajit'. It was only at the intercession of Brahmā and the gods that Indra was released, and this humiliation was regarded as a punishment for his seduction of Ahalyā. He is also represented as being in constant dread of sages practising potent penances, and as sending down nymphs to beguile their minds (see Apsaras). In the Purāṇas he is said to have destroyed the offspring of Diti in her womb, and to have cut off the wings of mountains when they grew troublesome. Other stories are also told in which Indra was once worsted by Raja, grandson of Purūravas, owing to the curse of Durvāsas, and other accounts show that he and Kṛiṣna were at war with each other for the Pārijāta tree which the latter wanted to remove from Svarga, and which he succeeded in doing in spite of Indra's resistance. His wife is Indrāṇī, the daughter of the demon Puloman, and his son is named Jayanta. He is also said to be father of Arjuna. His epithets are numerous; mostly descriptive of his achievements, e. g. वृत्रहन्, बलभिद्, पाकशासन, गोत्रभिद्, पुरंदर, शतक्रतु, जिष्णु, नमुचिसूदन &c. (see Ak.I.1.44.47). The Heaven of Indra is Svarga; its capital, Amarāvatī; his garden, Nandana; his elephant, Airāvata; his horse, Uchchaiśravas; his bow, the rain-bow, and his sword, Paranja.]. -Comp. -अग्निः the fire produced from the contact of clouds; ˚धूमः frost, snow; ˚देवता the 16th lunar mansion. -अनुजः, -अवरजः an epithet of Viṣṇu and of Nārāyaṇa (उपेन्द्र); तस्थौ भ्रातृसमीपस्थः शक्रस्येन्द्रानुजो यथा Rām.6.91.4. -अरिः an Asura or demon. -अवसानः a desert. -अशनः 1 hemp (dried and chewed). -2 the shrub which bears the seed used in jeweller's weight, (गुंजावृक्ष). -आयुधम् Indra's weapon, the rainbow; इन्द्रा- युधद्योतिततोरणाङ्कम् R.7.4,12.79; K.127. (-ध) 1 N. of the horse in Kādambarī (i. e. Kapiñjala changed into a horse). -2 a horse marked with black about the eyes. -3 a diamond. (-धा) a kind of leech. -आसनम् 1 the throne of Indra. -2 a throne in general. -3 a foot of five short syllables. -इज्यः N. of बृहस्पति the preceptor of gods. -ईश्वरः one of the forms of Śiva-liṅga. -उत्सवः a festival honouring Indra. -ऋषभ a. having Indra as a bull, or impregnated by Indra, an epithet of the earth. इन्द्रऋषभा द्रविणे नो दधातु Av.12.1.6. -कर्मन् m. an epithet of Viṣṇu (performing Indra's deeds). -कान्तः A class of the four-storeyed buildings. (Mānasāra 21.6-68). -कीलः 1 N. of the mountain मन्दर. -2 a rock. (-लम्) 1 the banner of Indra. -2 A pin, nail, bolt फालका भाजनोर्ध्वे तु तदूर्ध्वे चेन्द्रकीलकम् (Mānasāra 12.126). cf. also Kau. A.2.3. -कुञ्जरः Indra's elephant, Airāvata. -कूटः N. of a mountain -कृष्ट a. 'ploughed by Indra', growing exuberantly or in a wild state. (-ष्टः) a kind of corn produced by rain-water. -केतुः Indra's banner. -कोशः, -षः, -षकः, -ष्ठः 1 a couch, sofa, which is generally made up of covering pieces of perforated wooden planks; cf. अट्टालक- प्रतोलीमध्ये त्रिधानुष्काधिष्ठानं-इन्द्रकोशं कारयेत् Kau. A.2.3. -2 a platform. -3 a projection of the roof of a house. -4 A pin or bracket projecting from the wall (नागदन्त). A projection of the roof of a house forming a kind of balcony; Kau. A.24. -गिरिः the महेन्द्र mountain. -गुरुः, -आचार्यः the teacher of Indra; i. e. बृहस्पति. -गोपः, -गोपकः [इन्द्रो गोपो रक्षको$स्य, वर्षाभवत्वात्तस्य] a kind of insect of red or white colour; Śukra.4.157; K.1. -चन्दनम् the white sandal wood. -चापम्, -धनुस् n. 1 a rainbow; विद्युत्वन्तं ललितवनिताः सेन्द्रचापं सचित्राः Me.64; Śi.7.4. -2 the bow of Indra -चिर्भटा A mild variety of Colocynth. The leaf is tripartite, rough and wrinkled. (Mar. कंवडळ, applied often as इन्द्रावण in the sense of vile, malignant, dark and hateful.) -च्छदः A necklace of pearls having 18 strings. -च्छन्दस् n. [इन्द्र इव सहस्रनेत्रेण सहस्रगुच्छेन च्छाद्यते] a necklace consisting of 1 strings. -जः N. of Vālī. -जतु n. Bitumen (Mar. शिलाजित). -जननम् Indra's birth. -जननीय a. treating of Indra's birth (as a work). -जा a. Ved. born or arising from Indra. Av.4.3.7. -जालम् [इन्द्रस्य परमेश्वरस्य जालं मायेव] 1 the net of Indra. तेनाह- मिन्द्रजालेनामूंस्तमसाभि दधामि सर्वान् Av.8.8.8. -2 a weapon used by Arjuna; a stratagem or trick in war. -3 deception, cheating. -4 conjuring, jugglery, magical tricks; इन्द्रजालं च मायां वै कुहका वा$पि भीषणा Mb.5.16.55. स्वप्नेन्द्रजालसदृशः खलु जीवलोकः Śānti.2.2; K.15. -जालिक a. [इन्द्रजाल-ठन्] deceptive, unreal, delusive. (-कः) a juggler, conjurer. -जित् m. 'conqueror of Indra', N. of a son of Rāvaṇa who was killed by Lakṣmaṇa. [Indrajit is another name of Meghanāda a son of Rāvaṇa. When Rāvaṇa warred against Indra in his own heaven, his son Meghanāda was with him, and fought most valiantly. During the combat, Meghanāda, by virtue of the magical power of becoming invisible which he had obtained from Śiva, bound Indra, and bore him off in triumph to Laṅkā. Brahmā and the other gods hurried thither to obtain his release, and gave to Meghanāda the title of Indrajit, 'conqueror of Indra'; but the victor refused to release his prisoners unless he were promised immortality. Brahmā refused to grant this extravagant demand, but he strenuously persisted, and achieved his object. In the Rāmāyaṇa he is represented to have been decapitated by Lakṣmaṇa while he was engaged in a sacrifice]. ˚हन्तृ or विजयिन् m. N. of Lakṣmaṇa. -ज्येष्ठ a. Ved. led by Indra. -तापनः the thundering of clouds. -तूलम्, -तूलकम् a flock of cotton. -दमनः the son of Bāṇāsura. -दारुः the tree Pinus Devadāru. -द्युति Sandal -द्रुः, -द्रुमः 1 the plant Terminalia Arjuna (अर्जुन). -2 The plant कुटज. -द्वीपः, -पम् one of the 9 Dvīpas or Divisions of the continent (of India). -धनुः N. of Indra's bow, the rainbow; स एकव्रा- त्यो$भवत्स धनुरादत्त तदेवेन्द्रधनुः Av.15.1.6. -ध्वजः 1 a flag raised on the 12th day of the bright half of Bhādra. -2 Indra's weapon; विस्रस्ताकल्पकेशस्रगिन्द्रध्वज इवापतत् Bhāg.1.44.22. -नक्षत्रम् Indra's lunar mansion फल्गुनी. -नेत्रम् 1 the eye of Indra. -2 the number one thousand. -नीलः [इन्द्र इव नीलः श्यामः] a sapphire; परीक्षाप्रत्ययैर्यैश्च पद्मरागः परीक्ष्यते । त एव प्रत्यया दृष्टा इन्द्रनीलमणेरपि ॥ Garuḍa. P.; R.13.54;16.69; Me.48,79. -नीलकः an emerald. -पत्नी 1 Indra's wife, शची. -पर्णी, -पुष्पा N. of a medicinal plant (Mar. कळलावी). -पर्वतः 1 the महेन्द्र mountain. -2 a blue mountain. -पुत्रा N. of अदिति. -पुरोगम, -पुरःसर, -श्रेष्ठ a. led or preceded by Indra, having Indra at the head. -पुरोहितः N. of बृहस्पति. (-ता) the asterism Puṣya. -प्रमतिः N. of the pupil of Paila and the author of some ṛiks of the Rv. -प्रस्थम् N. of a city on the Yamunā, the residence of the Paṇḍavas (identified with the modern Delhi); इन्द्रप्रस्थगमस्तावत्कारि मा सन्तु चेदयः Śi.2.63. -प्रहरणम् Indra's weapon, the thunderbolt. -भगिनी N. of Pārvatī. -भेषजम् dried ginger. -मखः a sacrifice in honour of Indra. -महः 1 a festival in honour of Indra. -2 the rainy season; ˚कामुकः a dog. -मादन a. animating or delighting Indra; ये वायव इन्द्रमादनासः Rv.7.92.4. -मेदिन् a. Ved. whose friend or ally is Indra; इन्द्रमेदी सत्वनो नि ह्वयस्व Av.5.2-.8. -यज्ञः (See इन्द्रमह and इन्द्रमख) श्वो$स्माकं घोषस्योचित इन्द्रयज्ञो नामोत्सवः भविष्यति Bālacharita I. -यवः, -वम् seed of the Kutaja tree. -लुप्तः, -प्तम्, -लुप्तकम् 1 excessive baldness of the head. -2 loss of beard. -लोकः Indra's world, Svarga or Paradise. -लोकेशः 1 lord of Indra's world, i. e. Indra. -2 a guest (who, if hospitably received, confers paradise on his host). -वंशा, -वज्रा N. of two metres, see Appendix. -वल्लरी, -वल्ली N. of a plant (पारिजात) or of इन्द्रवारुणी. -वस्तिः [इन्द्रस्य आत्मनः वस्तिरिव] the calf (of the leg). -वाततम a. Ved. desired by Indra. अस्मे ऊतीरिन्द्रवाततमाः Rv.1.6.6. -वानकम् A variety of diamonds. Kau. A.2.11. -वायू (du.) Indra and Vāyu. इन्द्रवायू उभाविह सुहवेह हवामहे Av.3.2.6. -वारुणी, -वारुणिका Colocynth, a wild bitter gourd cucumis colocynthis. (Mar. मोठी कंवडळ) किमिन्द्रवारुणी राम सितया कटुकीयते Laghu Yoga-vāsiṣṭha-sāra X. सौवर्चलं हरिद्रा च पिप्पली चेन्द्रवारुणिः । मूत्र- कृच्छ्रे प्रशंसन्ति पिण्डो$यं वाजिनां हितः ॥ शालिहोत्र of भोज 33. -वाह् a. carrying Indra. -वृक्षः the Devadāru tree. -वृद्धा a kind of abscess. -वैडूर्यम् a kind of precious stone. -व्रतम् Indra's rule of conduct; one of the duties of a king (who is said to follow इन्द्रव्रत when he distributes benefits as Indra pours down rain); वार्षिकांश्चतुरो मासान् यथेन्द्रो$प्यभिवर्षति । तथाभिवर्षेत्स्वं राष्ट्रं कामैरिन्द्रव्रतं चरन् ॥ Ms.9.34. -शक्तिः f. Indrāṇī, the wife of Indra, or his energy personified. -शत्रुः 1 an enemy or destroyer of Indra (when the accent is on the last syllable), an epithet of प्रह्लाद; इन्द्रशत्रो विवर्धस्व मा चिरं जहि विद्विषम् Bhāg.6.9.12. बलिप्रदिष्टां श्रियमाददानं त्रैविक्रमं पादमिवेन्द्रशत्रुः R.7.35. -2 [इन्द्रः शत्रुः यस्य] one whose enemy is Indra, an epithet of वृत्र (when the accent is on the first syllable). (This refers to a legend in the Śat. Br., where it is said that Vṛitra's father intended his son to become the destroyer of Indra, and asked him to say इन्द्रशत्रुर्वधस्व &c. but who, through mistake, accented the word on the first syllable, and was killed by Indra; cf. Śik.52; मन्त्रो हीनः स्वरतो वर्णतो वा मिथ्याप्रयुक्तो न तमर्थमाह । स वाग्वज्रो यजमानं हिनस्ति यथेन्द्रशत्रुः स्वरतो$पराधात् ॥ -शलभः a kind of insect (इन्द्रगोप). -संजयम् N. of a sāman. Arṣeya Br. -संधा connection or alliance with Indra. तयाहमिन्द्रसंधया सर्वान् देवानिह हुव Av.11.1.9. -सारथिः 1 N. of Mātali. -2 an epithet of Vāyu, driving in the same carriage with Indra; Rv.4.46.2. -सावर्णिः N. of the fourteenth Manu. -सुतः, -सूनुः 1 N. of (a) Jayanta; (b) Arjuna; (c) Vāli, the king of monkeys. -2 N. of the अर्जुन tree. -सुरसः, -सुरा a shrub the leaves of which are used in discutient applications (निर्गुंडी). -सेनः N. of several men; of Bali; of a mountain; Bhāg.8.2.23. -सेना 1 Indra's missile or host. -2 Indra's army; Rv.1.12.2. -सेनानीः the leader of Indra's armies, epithet of Kārtikeya. -स्तुत् m. -स्तोमः 1 praise of Indra; N. of a particular hymn addressed to Indra in certain ceremonies. -2 a sacrifice in honour of Indra. -हवः invocation of Indra; भद्रान् कृण्वन्निन्द्रहवान्त्सखिभ्य Rv.9.96.1. -हस्तः a kind of medicament.
urvaśī उर्वशी [उरून् महतो$पि अश्नुते वशीकरोति, उरु-अश्-क गौरा˚ ङीष् Tv.] 1 N. of a famous Apsaras or nymph of Indra's heaven who became the wife of Purūravas. [Urvaśī is frequently mentioned in the Ṛigveda; at her sight the seed of Mitra and Varuṇa fell down, from which arose Agastya and Va&siṣṭa; (see Agastya). Being cursed by Mitra and Varuṇa she came down to the world of mortals, and became the wife of Purūravas, whom she chanced to see while descending, and who made a very favourable impression upon her mind. She lived with him for some time, and went up to heaven at the expiration of her curse. Purūravas was sorely grieved at her loss, but succeeded in securing her company once more. She bore him a son named Āyus, and then left him forever. The account given in the Vikramorvaśīyam differs in many respects, where Indra is represented to have favoured Purūra-vas with her lifelong company though he had himself cursed her. Mythologically she is said to have sprung from the thigh of the sage Nārāyaṇa, q. v.] उर्वशी वै रुपिण्यप्सरसाम् Mbh.5.2.95; मर्त्तासश्चिदुर्वशीरकृप्रन् Av. 18.3.23; स्त्रीरत्नेषु ममोर्वशी प्रियतमा यूथे तवेयं वशा V.4.47. -2 Wish, ardent desire. -Comp. -तीर्थम् N. of a sacred place referred to in Bhārata. -नाममाला N. of a lexicon. -रमणः, -सहायः, -वल्लभः N. of Purūravas.
uṣā उषा [ओषत्यन्धकारम् उष्-क] 1 Early morning, dawn; उषामुषां श्रेयसीं धेह्यस्मै Av.12.2.45. -2 Morning light. -3 Twilight. -4 Saline earth. -5 A cow. -6 Night. -7 A boiler, cooking vessel (स्थाली); cf. उखा. -8 N. of a wife of Bhava (who was a manifestation of Rudra). -9 N. of a daughter of the demon Bāṇa and wife of Aniruddha. [She beheld Aniruddha in a dream and became passionately enamoured of him. She sought the assistance of her friend Chitralekhā, who advised her to have with her the portraits of all young princes living round about her. When this was done, she recognized Aniruddha and had him carried to her city, where she was married to him; see अनिरुद्ध also]. ind. Early in the morning. -2 At night. -Comp. -कलः a cock. -पतिः, -रमणः, -ईशः N. of Aniruddha, husband of Uṣā.
ūrṇā ऊर्णा 1 Wool; कम्बलीया ऊर्णाः Mbh. on P.V.1.3. माङ्गल्योर्णावलयिनि (हस्ते) R.16.87. -2 A circle of hair between the eyebrows. सोर्णभ्रुवं वारणबस्तिकोशम् Bu. Ch. 1.66; cf. (आवर्ते चान्तरा भ्रुवो Amar.) ... ऊर्णेयमन्तर्भ्रुवोः Nāg.1.17. -3 N. of the wife of Chitraratha. -Comp. -पिण्डः a ball of wool. -वल, -वत् a. woollen. -सूत्रम् a thread of wool. -स्तुका Ved. a. a tuft of wool.
aicchika ऐच्छिक a. (-की f.) [इच्छा-ठञ्] 1 Optional, voluntary; विकल्वो व्यवस्थितो न त्वैच्छिकः Dāy. B. -2 Arbitrary.
karman कर्मन् -m. Viśvakarmā; शक्रस्य नु सभा दिव्या भास्वरा कर्मनिर्मिता Mb.2.7.1. -n. [कृ-मनिन् Uṇ.4.144] 1 Action, work, deed. -2 Execution, performance; प्रीतो$स्मि सो$हं यद् भुक्तं वनं तैः कृतकर्मभिः Rām.5.63.3. -3 Business, office, duty; संप्रति विषवैद्यानां कर्म M.4. -4 A religious rite (it may be either नित्य, नैमित्तिक or काम्य). -5 A specific action, moral duty. -6 (a) Performance of religious rites as opposed to speculative religion or knowledge of Brahman (opp. ज्ञान); अपरो दहृने स्वकर्मणां ववृते R.8.2. (b) Labour, work. -7 Product, result. -8 A natural or active property (as support of the earth). -9 Fate, the certain consequence of acts done in a former life; कर्मायत्तं फलं पुंसां बुद्धिः कर्मानुसारिणी Bh.2.89,94. -1 (In gram.) The object of of an action; कर्तुरीप्सिततमं कर्म P.I.4.49. -11 (In Vaiś. Phil.) Motion considered as one of the seven categories of things; (thus defined:-- एकद्रव्यमगुणं संयोगविभागेष्वनपेक्षकारणं कर्म Vaiś. Sūtra. (It is five-fold:-- उत्क्षेपणं ततो$वक्षेपणमाकुञ्चनं तथा । प्रसारणं च गमनं कर्माण्येतानि पञ्च च ॥ Bhāṣā P.6.) -12 Organ of sense. प्रजापतिर्ह कर्माणि ससृजे Bṛi. Up.1.5.21. -13 Organ of action; कर्माणि कर्मभिः कुर्वन् Bhāg.11.3.6. -14 (In Astr.) The tenth lunar mansion. -15 Practice, training; सर्वेषां कर्मणा वीर्यं जवस्तेजश्च वर्धते Kau. A.2.2. -Comp. -अक्षम a. incapable of doing anything. -अङ्गम् part of any act; part of a sacrificial rite (as प्रयाज of the Darśa sacrifice). -अधिकारः the right of performing religious rites. -अनुरूप a. 1 according to action or any particular office. -2 according to actions done in a previous existence. -अनुष्ठानम् practising one's duties. -अनुसारः consequence of, or conformity to, acts. -अन्तः 1 the end of any business or task. -2 a work, business, execution of business. -3 a barn, a store of grain &c. Ms.7.62 (कर्मान्तः इक्षुधान्यादिसंग्रहस्थानम् Kull.) -4 cultivated ground. -5 a worker; कच्चिन्न सर्वे कर्मान्ताः Rām.2.1.52. -अन्तरम् 1 difference or contrariety of action. -2 penance, expiation. -3 suspension of a religious action. -4 another work or action; कर्मान्तर- नियुक्तासु निर्ममन्थ स्वयं दधि Bhāg.1.9.1. -अन्तिक a. final. (-कः) a servant, workman, Rām.1.13.7. -अपनुत्तिः f. removing, sending away of कर्म; जन्मकर्माप- नुत्तये Bhāg.12.2.17. -अर्ह a. fit or suitable to an act or the rite. (-र्हः) a man. -आख्या f. Name received from the act performed; तस्मात् छिन्नगमनो$श्वो$पि छाग इति कर्माख्या भविष्यति । ŚB. on MS.6.8.37. -आजीवः one who maintains himself by some profession (as that of an artisan &c.) -आत्मन् a. endowed with the principles of action, active; कर्मात्मनां च देवानां सो$सृजत्प्राणिनां प्रभुः Ms.1.22. (-m.) the soul. -आयतनम् see कर्मेन्द्रियम्; शव्दः स्पर्शो रसो गन्धो रूपं चेत्यर्थजातयः । गत्युक्त्युत्सर्गशिल्पानि कर्मायतनसिद्धयः Bhāg.11.22.16. -आशयः receptacle or accumulation of (good and evil) acts; निर्हृत्य कर्माशयमाशु याति परां गतिम् Bhāg.1.46.32. -इन्द्रियम् an organ of action, as distinguished from ज्ञानेन्द्रिय; (they are :- वाक्पाणिपादपायूपस्थानि; Ms.2.99; see under इन्द्रिय also) कर्मेन्द्रियाणि संयम्य Bg.3.6,7. -उदारम् any valiant or noble act, magnanimity, prowess. -उद्युक्त a. busy, engaged, active, zealous. -करः 1 a hired labourer (a servant who is not a slave); आ तस्य गोः प्रतिदानात् कर्मकारी आगबीनः कर्मकरः Mbh. on P.V.2.14. कर्मकराः स्थपत्यादयः Pt.1; Śi.14.16. -2 Yama. -कर्तृ m. (in gram.) an agent who is at the same time the object of the action; e. g. पच्यते ओदनः, it is thus defined:- क्रियमाणं तु यत्कर्म स्वयमेव प्रसिध्यति । सुकरैः स्वैर्गुणैः कर्तुः कर्मकर्तेति तद्विदुः ॥ न चान्तरेण कर्मकर्तारं सकर्मका अकर्मका भवन्ति Mbh. on P.I.3.27 -काण्डः, -ण्डम् that department of the Veda which relates to ceremonial acts and sacrificial rites and the merit arising from a due performance thereof. -कारः 1 one who does any business, a mechanic, artisan (technically a worker not hired). -2 any labourer in general (whether hired or not). -3 a black-smith; हरिणाक्षि कटाक्षेण आत्मानमवलोकय । न हि खङ्गो विजानाति कर्मकारं स्वकारणम् ॥ Udb. -4 a bull. -कारिन् m. a labourer, artisan, workman. -कार्मुकः, -कम् a strong bow. -कीलकः a washerman. -कृत्यम् activity, the state of active exertion; यः प्रथमः कर्मकृत्याय जज्ञे Av.4.24.6. -क्षम a. able to perform any work or duty; आत्मकर्मक्षमं देहं क्षात्रो धर्म इवाश्रितः R.1.13. -क्षेत्रम् the land of religious acts, i. e. भरतवर्ष; Bhāg.5.17.11. cf. कर्मभूमि. -गतिः f. the course of fate; अथ कर्मगतिं चित्रां दृष्ट्वा$स्य हसितं मया Ks.59.159. -गृहीत a. caught in the very act (as a thief.). -ग्रन्थिः f. a term in Jaina metaphysics connoting 'weakness in the form of वासनाs produced by अज्ञान'. -घातः leaving off or suspending work. -च(चा)ण्डालः 1 'base in deed', a man of very low acts or deeds; Vasiṣṭha mentions these kinds :-- असूयकः पिशुनश्च कृतघ्नो दीर्घरोषकः । चत्वारः कर्मचाण्डाला जन्मतश्चापि पञ्चमः ॥ -2 one who commits an atrocious deed; अपूर्वकर्मचण्डालमयि मुग्धे विमुच्च माम् U.1.46. -3 N. of Rāhu. -चेष्टा active exertion, action. कर्मचेष्टास्वहः Ms.1.66. -चोदना 1 The motive impelling one to ritual acts. ज्ञानं ज्ञेयं परिज्ञाता त्रिविधा कर्मचोदना Bg.18.18. -2 any positive rule enjoining a religious act. -च्छेदः The loss caused by absence on duty; Kau. A.2.7. -जः a. resulting from an act; सिद्धिर्भवति कर्मजा Bg.4.12. कर्मजा गतयो नॄणामुत्तमाधममध्यमाः Ms.12.3. (-जः) 1 the holy fig-tree. -2 the Kali age. -3 the banian tree. -4 the effect arising from human acts :-- संयोग, विभाग &c. -5 heaven. -6 hell. -ज्ञ a. one acquainted with religious rites. -त्यागः renunciation of worldly duties or ceremonial acts. -दुष्ट a. corrupt in action, wicked, immoral, disrespectable. -देवः a god through religious action; ये शतं गन्धर्वलोक आनन्दाः स एकः कर्मदेवानामानन्दः Bṛi. Up.4.3.33. -दोषः 1 sin, vice; अवेक्षेत गतीर्नॄणां कर्मदोष- समुद्भवाः Ms.6.61,95. -2 an error, defect, or blunder (in doing an act); कर्मदोषैर्न लिप्यते Ms.1,14. -3 evil consequence of human acts. -4 discreditable conduct. -धारयः N. of a compound, a subdivision of Tatpuruṣa, (in which the members of the compound are in apposition) तत्पुरुषः समानाधिकरणः कर्मधारयः P.I. 2.42. तत्पुरुष कर्म धारय येनाहं स्यां बहुव्रीहिः Udb. -ध्वंसः 1 loss of fruit arising from religious acts. -2 disappointment. -नामन् (in gram.) a participal noun. -नामधेयम् N. of an act or sacrifice. These names are not arbitrary or technical such as गुण and वृद्धि but are always significant; सर्वेष्वेव कर्मनामधेयेषु अर्थसमन्वयेनानुवाद- भूतो नामशद्बो वर्तते, न लौकिकार्थतिरस्कारेण परिभाषामात्रेण वृद्धिगुणवत् ŚB. on MS.1.6.41. -नाशा N. of a river between Kaśi and Bihar. -निश्चयः a decision of action; न लेमे कर्मनिश्चयम् Bm.1.648. -निषद्या a manufactory; Kau. A.2.4. -निष्ठ a. devoted to the performance of religious acts; अग्निर्वीरं श्रुत्यं कर्मनिष्ठाम् Rv.1.8.1; Ms.3.134. -न्यासः renunciation of the result of religious acts. -पथः 1 the direction or source of an action. -2 the path of religious rites (opp. ज्ञानमार्ग). -पाकः ripening of actions, reward of actions done in a former life; Pt.1.372. -प्रवचनीयः a term for certain prepositions, particles, or adverbs when they are not connected with verbs and govern a noun in some case; literally-the term means, 'Concerned with the setting forth of an action'. According to Indian grammarians it means 'that which spoke of an action (क्रियां प्रोक्तवन्तः)' e. g. आ in आ मुक्तेः संसारः is a कर्मप्रवचनीय; so अनु in जपमनु प्रावर्षत् &c; कर्म प्रोक्तवन्तः कर्मप्रवचनीया इति Mbh. on P.I.4.83. cf. उपसर्ग, गति and निपात also. -फलम् 1 fruit or reward of actions done in a former life; (pain, pleasure); न मे कर्मफले स्पृहा Bg.4.14;5.12;6.1; ˚फलत्याग Bg.12.11,18.2; ˚फलत्यागिन् Bg.18.11; ˚फलप्रेप्सुः Bg.18.27; ˚फलसंयोग Bg.5.14; ˚फलहेतु Bg.2.47. एवं संचिन्त्य मनसा प्रेत्य कर्मफलोदयम् Ms.11.231. -2 the fruit of Averrhoa Carambola (Mar. कर्मर); also कर्मरङ्ग. -बन्धः, -बन्धनम् confinement to repeated birth, as the consequence of religious acts, good or bad (by which the soul is attached to worldly pleasures &c.); बुद्ध्या युक्तो यथा पार्थ कर्मबन्धं प्रहास्यति Bg.2.39. -भूः, -भूमिः f. 1 the land of religious rites, i. e. भरतवर्ष, this world (a place for man's probation); प्राप्येमां कर्मभूमिम् Bh.2.1; K.174,319. -2 ploughed ground. -मासः the Calendar month of thirty days. -मीमांसा the Mīmāṁsā of ceremonial acts; see मीमांसा. -मूलम् a kind of sacred grass called कुश. -युगम् the fourth (the present) age of the world, i. e. the Kaliyuga. -योगः 1 performance of actions, worldly and religious rites; कर्मयोगेन योगिनाम् Bg.3.3;3.7;5.2;13.24. -2 active exertion, industry; Ms.1.115. -वचनम् (with Buddhists) the ritual. -वज्रः an epithet of a Śūdra. -वशः fate considered as the inevitable result of actions done in a former life. -वाटी a lunar day (तिथि). -विपाक = कर्मपाक. -शाला a work-shop. -शील, -शूर a. assiduous, active, laborious; cf. कर्म- शीलस्तु कर्मठे । Nm. -शौचम् humility. -श्रुतिः f. The word expressive of the act; कर्मश्रुतेः परार्थत्वात् MS.11. 2.6. (read या अत्र कर्मश्रुतिः दर्शपूर्णमासाभ्यामिति सा परार्था तृतीया-योगात् &c. शबर). -सङ्गः attachment to worldly duties and their results. तन्निबध्नाति ... कर्मसङ्गेन Bg.14.7. -सचिवः a minister. -संन्यासिकः, -संन्यासिन् m. 1 a religious person who has withdrawn from every kind of worldly act. -2 an ascetic who performs religious deeds without looking to their reward. -साक्षिन् m. 1 an eyewitness; वह्निर्विवाहं प्रति कर्मसाक्षी Ku.7.83. -2 one who witnesses the good or bad actions of man; आदित्य भो लोककृताकृतज्ञ लोकस्य सत्यानृप- कर्मसाक्षिन् Rām.3.63.16. (There are nine divinities which are said to witness and watch over all human actions; सूर्यः सोमो यमः कालो महाभूतानि पञ्च च । एते शुभाशुभ- स्येह कर्मणो नव साक्षिणः ॥) -सिद्धिः f. accomplishment of any business or desired object; success. स्वकर्मसिद्धिं पुनरा- शशंसे Ku. -स्थानम् a public office, a place of business.
kādambaram कादम्बरम् 1 A spirituous liquor distilled from the flowers of the Kadamba tree; निषेध्य मधु माधवाः सरसमत्र कादम्बरम् Śi.4.66. -री 1 A spirituous liquor distilled from the flowers of the कदम्ब tree. -2 Spirituous liquor or wine in general; कादम्बरीसाक्षिकं प्रथमसौहृदमिष्यते Ś.6; or कादम्बरीमदविघूर्णितलोचनस्य युक्तं हि लाङ्गलभृतः पतनं पृथिव्याम् Udb.; ˚रसभरेण K.24. -3 The fluid issuing from the temples of a rutting elephant. -4 An epithet of Sarasvatī, the goddess of learning. -5 A female cuckoo. -6 The rain-water collected into clefts or hollow places. -7 A female bird (सारिका). -8 N. of a celebrated story by Bāṇa; the heroine is of the same name being a daughter of Chitraratha Gandharva. -Comp. -बीजम् a ferment, yeast.
kāmaḥ कामः [कम्-घञ्] 1 Wish, desire; संतानकामाय R.2.65, 3.67; oft. used with the inf. form; गन्तुकामः desirous to go; संगात्संजायते कामः Bg.2.62; Ms.2.94. -2 Object of desire; सर्वान् कामान् समश्नुते Ms.2.5; Bṛi. Up.1.3.28. Kaṭh. Up.1.25. -3 Affection, love. -4 Love or desire of sensual enjoyments, considered as one of the ends of life (पुरुषार्थ); cf. अर्थ and अर्थकाम. -5 Desire of carnal gratification, lust; Ms.2.214; न मय्यावेशितधियां कामः कामाय कल्पते Bhāg.1.22.26. -6 The god of love. -7 N. of Pradyumna. -8 N. of Balarāma. -9 A kind of mango tree. -1 The Supreme Being. -मा Desire, wish; उवाच च महासर्पं कामया ब्रूहि पन्नग Mb.3.179.2. -मम् 1 Object of desire. -2 Semen virile. [Kāma is the Cupid of the Hindu mythology the son of Kṛiṣṇa and Rukmiṇī. His wife is Rati. When the gods wanted a commander for their forces in their war with Tāraka, they sought the aid of Kāma in drawing the mind of Śiva towards Pārvatī, whose issue alone could vanquish the demon. Kāma undertook the mission; but Śiva, being offended at the disturbance of his penance, burnt him down with the fire of his third eye. Subsequently he was allowed by Śiva to be born again in the form of Pradyumna at the request of Rati. His intimate friend is Vasanta or the spring; and his son is Aniruddha. He is armed with a bow and arrows--the bow-string being a line of bees, and arrows of flowers of five different plants]. -Comp. -अग्निः 1 a fire of love, violent or ardent love. -2 violent desire, fire of passion. ˚संदीपनम् 1 inflaming fire of love. -2 an aphrodisiac. -अङ्कुशः 1 a fingernail (which plays an important part in erotic acts). -2 the male organ of generation. -अङ्गः the mango tree. -अधिकारः the influence of love or desire. -अधिष्ठित a. overcome by love. -अनलः see कामाग्नि. -अन्ध a. blinded by love or passion. (-न्धः) the (Indian) cuckoo. -अन्धा musk. -अन्निन् a. getting food at will. -अभिकाम a. libidinous, lustful. -अरण्यम् a pleasant grove. -अरिः 1 an epithet of Śiva; ते समेत्य तु कामारिं त्रिपुरारिं त्रिलोचनम् Rām.7.6.3. -2 a mineral substance. -अर्थिन् a. amorous, lustful, lascivious. -अवतारः N. of Pradyumna. -अवशा(सा)यिता f. 1 Self-control. -2 a kind of Yogic power. -अवसायः suppression of passion or desire, stoicism. -अशनम् 1 eating at will. -2 unrestrained enjoyment. -आख्या, -अक्षी N. of Durgā. -आतुर a. love-sick, affected by love; कामातुराणां न भयं न लज्जा Subhāṣ. -आत्मजः an epithet of Aniruddha, son of Pradyumna. -आत्मन् a. lustful, libidinous, enamoured. कामात्मानः स्वर्गफलाः Bg.2.43. Mb.1.119.3-4. Ms.7.27. -आयुधम् 1 arrow of the god of love. -2 membrum virile. (-धः) the mango-tree. -आयुस् m. 1 a vulture. -2 Garuḍa. -आर्त a. love-stricken, affected by love; कामार्ता हि प्रकृतिकृपणाश्चेतनाचेतनेषु Me.5. -आश्रमः the hermitage of the god of love; Rām.1. -आसक्त a. overcome with love or desire, impassioned, lustful. -इष्टः the mango tree. -ईप्सु a. striving to obtain a desired object, यत्तु कामेप्सुना कर्म Bg.18.24. -ईशः, -ईश्वरः 1 an epithet of Kubera; -2 the Supreme soul. -3 a person possessing all wealth. अपास्य कामा- न्कामेशो वसेत्तत्राविचारयन् Mb.12.287.56. -उदकम् 1 voluntary libation of water. -2 a voluntary libation of water to deceased friends exclusive of those who are entitled to it by law; कामोदकं सखिप्रत्तास्वस्रीयश्वशुर- र्त्विजाम् Y.3.4. -उपहत a. affected by or overcome with passion. -कला N. of Rati, the wife of Kāma. -काम, -कामिन् a. following the dictates of love or passion, गतागतं कामकामा लभन्ते Bg.9.21; स शान्तिमाप्नोति न कामकामी Bg.2.7. -कार a. acting at will, indulging one's desires. (-रः) 1 voluntary action, spontaneous deed; Rām.2.11.18; Ms.11.41,45. -2 desire, influence of desire; अयुक्तः कामकारेण फले सक्तो निबध्यते Bg.5. 12. -कूटः 1 the paramour of a harlot. -2 harlotry. -कृत् a. 1 acting at will, acting as one likes. -2 granting or fulfilling a desire. (-m.) the Supreme soul. -केलि a. lustful. (-लिः) 1 a paramour. -2 amorous sport. -3 copulation. -क्रीडा 1 dalliance of love, amorous sport. -2 copulation. -ग a. going of one's own accord, able to act or move as one likes. (-गा) 1 an unchaste or libidinous woman; Y.3.6. -2 a female Kokila. -गति a. able to go to any desired place; अध्यास्त कामगति सावरजो विमानम् R.13.76. -गुणः 1 the quality of passion, affection. -2 satiety, perfect enjoyment. -3 an object of sense. -चर, -चार a. moving freely or unrestrained, wandering at will; सर्वेषु लोकेष्वकामचारो भवति Bṛi. Up.7.25.2; नारदः कामचरः Ku.1.5. -चार a. unchecked, unrestrained. (-रः) 1 unrestrained motion. -2 independent or wilful action, wantonness; न कामचारो मयि शङ्कनीयः R.14.62. -3 one's will or pleasure, free will; अव्यपवृक्ते कामचारः Mbh. on Śiva Sūtra 3.4. कामचारानुज्ञा Sk.; Ms.2.22. -4 sensuality. -5 selfishness. -चारिन् a. 1 moving unrestrained; Me.65. -2 libidinous, lustful. -3 self-willed. (-m.) 1 Garuḍa. -2 a sparrow. -ज a. produced by passion or desire; Ms.7.46,47,5. -जः anger; रथो वेदी कामजो युद्धमग्निः Mb.12.24.27. -जननी betel-pepper (नागवेली). -जानः, -निः See कामतालः. -जित् a. conquering love or passion; R.9.33. (-m.) 1 an epithet of Skanda. -2 of Śiva. -तन्त्रम् N. of a work. -तालः the (Indian) cuckoo. -द a. fulfilling a desire, granting a request or desire. (-दः) an epithet of Skanda and of Śiva. -दहनम् a particular festival on the day of full moon in the month फाल्गुन (Mar. होलिकोत्सव). -दा = कामधेनु q. v. -दर्शन a. looking lovely. -दानम् 1 a gift to one's satisfaction. -2 a kind of ceremony among prostitutes; B. P. -दुघ a. 'milking one's desires', granting every desired object; प्रीता कामदुघा हि सा R.1.81,2.63; Māl.3.11. -दुघा, -दुह् f. a fabulous cow yielding all desires; आयुधानामहं वज्रं धेनूनामस्मि कामधुक् Bg.1.28. स्वर्गे लोके कामधुग्भवति Mbh. on P.VI.1.84. -दूती the female cuckoo. -दृश् f. a woman; विमोचितुं कामदृशां विहारक्रीडामृगो यन्निगडो विसर्गः Bhāg.7.6.17. -देव 1 the god of love. -2 N. of Śiva. -3 N. of Viṣṇu. -दोहिन् a. granting desires. -धर्मः amorous behaviour. -धेनुः f. the cow of plenty, a heavenly cow yielding all desires; कलतिवलती कामधेनू; or कलिवली कामधेनू Vyākraṇa Subhāṣita. -ध्वंसिन् m. an epithet of Śiva. -पति, -पत्नी f. Rati, wife of Cupid. -पालः N. of Balarāma; also of Śiva. -प्रद a. granting desires. (-दः) 1 a kind of coitus. -2 the Supreme Being. -प्रवेदनम् expressing one's desire, wish or hope; कच्चित् कामप्रवेदने Ak. -प्रश्नः an unrestrained or free question; स ह कामप्रश्नमेव वव्रे Bṛi. Up.4.3.1. -फलः a species of the mango tree. -ला the plantain tree. -भाज् a. partaking of sensual enjoyment; कामानां त्वा कामभाजं करोमि Kaṭh.1.24. -भोगाः (pl.) sensual gratifications; प्रसक्ताः कामभोगेषु Bg.16.16. -महः a festival of the god of love celebrated on the full-moon day in the month of Chaitra. -मालिन् m. N. of Gaṇeśa. -मूढ, -मोहित a. influenced or infatuated by love; यत्क्रौञ्च- मिथुनादेकमवधीः काममोहितम् U.2.5. -रसः 1 seminal discharge. -2 the spling -रसिक a. lustful, libidinous; क्षणमपि युवा कामरसिकः Bh.3.112. -रूप a. 1 taking any form at will; जानामि त्वां प्रकृतिपुरुषं कामरूपं मघोनः Me.6. -2 beautiful, pleasing. (-पाः) (pl.) a district lying in the east of Bengal (the western portion of Assam); तमीशः कामरूपाणाम् R.4.83,84. -रूपिन् a. 1 taking any form at will; कामान्नी कामरूपी Tait. Up.3.1.5. -2 beautiful. -m. 1 a pole-cat. -2 a boar. -3 a Vidyādhara. -रेखा, -लेखा a harlot, courtezan. -लता membrum virile. -लोल a. overcome with passion, love-stricken. -वरः a gift chosen at will. -वल्लभः 1 the spring. -2 the moon. -3 the mango tree. (-भा) moonlight. -वश a. influenced by love. (-शः) subjection to love. -वश्य n. subject to love. -वाद a. saying anything at will. -विहन्तृ a. disappointing desires. -वीर्य a. 'showing heroism at will,' an epithet of Garuḍa. -वृक्षम् a. paracitical plant. -वृत्त a. addicted to sensual gratification, licentious, dissipated; विशीलः कामवृत्तो वा गुणैर्वा परिवर्जितः । उपचर्यः स्त्रिया साध्व्या सततं देववत्पतिः ॥ Ms. 5.154. -वृत्ति a. acting according to will, self-willed, independent; न कामवृत्तिर्वचनीयमीक्षते Ku.5.82. (-त्तिः) f. 1 free and unrestrained action. -2 freedom of will. -वृद्धिः f. increase of passion. -वृन्तम् the trumpet flower. -शर 1 a love shaft. -2 the mango tree. -शास्त्रम् the science of love, erotic science. -संयोगः attainment of desired objects. -सखः 1 the spring. -2 the month of Chaitra. -3 the mango tree. -सू a. fulfilling any desire. किमत्र चित्रं यदि कामसूर्भूः R.5.33. -m. N. of Vāsudeva. -f. N. of Rukmiṇi; -सूत्रम् 1 N. of an erotic work by Vātsyāyana. -2 'thread of love', love-incident' औद्धत्यमायोजितकामसूत्रम् Māl.1.4. -हैतुक a. produced by mere desire without any real cause; Bg.16.8.
kūrdanam कूर्दनम् 1 Leaping. -2 Playing, sporting. -नी 1 A festival in honour of Kāmadeva, held on the fifteenth day of Chaitra. -2 The full moon