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     Grammar Search "homa" has 1 results.
     
homa: masculine vocative singular stem: homa
     Monier-Williams
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176 results for homa
     
Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
homam. the act of making an oblation to the deva-s or gods by casting clarified butter into the fire (See deva-yajña-and ) , oblation with fire, burnt-offering, any oblation or sacrifice (ayuta-h-,"a sacrifice of 10,000 burnt-offerings to the planets") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homabhāṇḍan. a sacrificial implement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homabhasmann. the ashes of a burnt-offering View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homadarpaṇavidhi wrong reading for -tarp- (q.v)
homadarvīf. the sacrificial ladle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homadhānyan. "sacrificial grain", sesamum View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homadhenuf. a cow yielding milk for an oblation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homadhūmam. the smoke of a burnt-offering View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homadravyan. anything employed for a homa--sacrificial or oblation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homadravyapariṇāmam. Name of a pariśiṣṭa- of the sāmaveda-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homaduhmfn. (a cow) giving milk for an oblation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homadvayaprayoga m. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homadvayasamāsaprayogam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homakam. equals hotraka- (8 in number) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homakālam. the time of sacrifice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homakālātikramaprāyaścittaprayogam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homakalpam. mode or manner of sacrificing, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homakarmann. sacrificial act or rite View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homakāṣṭhīf. an implement for blowing on fire View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homakuṇḍan. a hole in the ground for the sacred fire for oblations (equals agni-k-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homalopaprāyaścittaprayogam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homamantrabhāṣyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homanirṇayam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homapaddhatif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homaprāyaścittan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homaśālāf. a chamber or place for keeping the sacred fire for oblations View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homasvarottaran. Name of a tantra- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homatarpaṇavidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homatattvavidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homaturaṃgam. the sacrificial horse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homavatmfn. one who has offered an oblation or performed a sacrifice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homavelāf. equals -kāla- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homavidhānan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homavidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
homayūpam. the sacrificial post at the homa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhicārahomam. a sacrifice for the same purpose. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhihomam. = abhi-hava-1 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhomarmann. the anus. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhomayūkhamfn. shining downwards, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnihomam. oblation put into the fire View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnihotrahomam. a libation at the agnihotra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ahomam. no oblation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ājyahomam. an oblation consisting of clarified butter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āmanahomam. an offering at which the above two verses of the are spoken View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
annahomam. a sacrifice connected with the aśvamedha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anuhomam. after-oblation, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asarvahomam. not offering the whole of an oblation (keeping back a portion), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āyuṣyahomam. Name of a kind of oblation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayutahomam. Name of a sacrifice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balihomam. the offering of oblations View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
barhirhomam. an oblation (prepared) for the sacrificial grass View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaddhomapaddhati(d-ho-) f. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhallakṣahomam. a particular oblation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caruhomam. offering the caru- oblation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dadhigharmahomam. idem or 'm. a warm oblation of d/adhi- ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dākṣiṇahomam. the oblation connected with the sacrificial fee View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
darvihomam. an oblation made with a ladle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
darvīhomam. equals vi--, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
darvīhomam. see dārvīhaumika-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhiṣṇyahomam. a sacrifice offered in a dhiṣṇya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaṇahomam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghṛtahomam. a sacrificial offering of ghee View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hastahomam. an oblation offered with the hand View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hutahomam. one who has offered oblation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
japahomam. sg. and plural muttering prayers as a religious offering View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
japahomam. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
japahomam. (maka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
japahomam. dual number a muttered prayer and an offering View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṇvīyasaṃhitāhomam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
koṭihomam. a kind of sacrificial offering View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
koṭihomavidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣiprahomam. a speedy sacrifice (in which several ceremonies are omitted) commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
laghuhomapaddhatif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
laghulakṣahomam. a particular sacrifice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
laghulakṣahomam. Name of the 30th pariśiṣṭa- of the atharva-- veda-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakṣahomam. a particular sacrifice offered to the planets View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakṣahomapaddhatif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakṣahomavidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāmṛtyuṃjayahomam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛtyuṃjayādihomavidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nabhomadhyan. "sky-centre", the zenith View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nabhomaṇḍalan. "sky-circle", firmament View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nabhomaṇḍaladīpam. "firmament-lamp", the moon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nabhomaṇim. "sky-jewel", the sun View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāgāritantrahomam. a kind of sacrifice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nakṣatreṣṭihomam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naktaṃhomam. night-oblation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāriṣṭhahomam. Scholiast or Commentator View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navagrahahomam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nityahomaperpetual sacrifice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nityahomaprāyaścittan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nityahomavidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
padābhihomam. pouring out the oblation (homa-) upon a footprint View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pakṣahomam. an oblation lasting for a fortnight or to be offered every fortnight View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pakṣahomasamasyavidhānan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pakṣahomavidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paṇyahomam. a sacrifice consisting of wares View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pavamānahomam. equals -havis- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pavamānahomam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pavamānahomapaddhatif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pavamānahomaprayogam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pavamānahomavidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalīkaraṇahomam. an oblation of chaff or smallest grains View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāgghomam. (prāg-homa- commentator or commentary) a previous oblation. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāghomaSee -ghoma-, column 2. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pramucyamānahomam. plural Name of particular oblations accompanied with prayers beginning with pramucyamānaḥ- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasthitayājyāhomam. prasthitayājyā
prātarhomam. idem or 'n. early sacrifice ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prātarhomaprayogam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prātarhomavidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratihomam. a supplementary sacrifice, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravṛtahomam. an oblation offered on the appointment of a priest, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛṣṭhahomam. a libation connected with the singing of the pṛṣṭha- sāman-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
purastāddhomam. (for homa-) an introductory sacrifice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
purastāddhomabhāj mfn. () having an introductory sacrifice. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
purastāddhomavatmfn. () having an introductory sacrifice. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrṇahomam. equals pūrṇāhuti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrvahomam. an introductory, sacrifice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛtuhomam. a particular sacrifice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śabalīhomam. an offering to the cow of plenty View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śākalahomam. a particular kind of oblation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saktuhomam. an oblation of barley-meal View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāmānyahomapaddhatif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃhitāhomapaddhatif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samiddhahomam. a libation poured out upon lighted wood View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samiddhoma(for -homa-) m. an oblation of fire (to fire) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃjñaptahomam. an oblation performed after killing a sacrificial animal View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃkṣiptahomaprakāram. Name of work on dharma- (by rāmabhaṭṭa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃnatihomam. Name of particular oblations (see saṃtati-h-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsṛṣṭahomam. a common oblation (to agni- and sūrya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsthitahomam. a final sacrifice, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃtatihomam. Name of particular sacrificial texts View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāntihomam. a propitiatory oblation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāntihomamantram. Name of work. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saptaśatamantrahomavidhānan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śarīrahomam. plural Name of particular oblations View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvahomam. a complete oblation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvahomam. (asarva-h-,"not a complete oblation") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvahomapaddhatif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvatobhadrahomam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śatarudriyahomam. a particular oblation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śatarudriyahomam. Name of the 16th adhyāya- of the vājasaneyi-saṃhitā-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāṭyāyanahomam. Name of a particular oblation (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāvitragrahahomam. Name of a particular oblation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāyaṃhomam. the evening oblation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāyamprātaragnihotrahomam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāyamprātarhomam. dual number evening and meal oblation (also Name of work) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śeṣahomaprayogam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smārtahomapariśiṣṭan. Name of a pariśiṣṭa- of the sāma-veda-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
soṣyantīhoman. an oblation on behalf of a parturient woman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrautahomam. Name of a pariśiṣṭa- of the sāma-veda-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrāvaṇahomamantram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sruvahomam. a libation offered with the sruva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svayaṃhomam. a sacrifice offered by one's self, a simple (non-formal) sacrifice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tilahomam. sesamum-oblation. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tiṣṭhaddhomamfn. (a sacrifice) at which the oblation (homa-) is offered standing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tūṣṇīṃhomam. an oblation offered silently View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upahomam. an additional or supplementary sacrifice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upariṣṭāddhomabhāj(for ād-ho-) mfn. partaking afterwards of the oblations commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasaddhomam. (for - homa-) the oblation of the upasad- ceremony, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiśvadevahomam. the offering made to all the gods and to Fire at the vaiśvadeva- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vājaprasavīyahomam. a sacrifice so beginning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vanahomam. a particular oblation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vapāhoma() m. the offering of omentum. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vartmābhihomam. a libation poured on the track of a wheel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasāhomam. an offering of fat etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasāhomahavanīf. the ladle used at an offering of fat View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasāhomaśeṣam. n. the remains of an offering of fat View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasiṣṭhahomaprakāram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāstuhomam. Name of work (see -yāga-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasuhomam. Name of a king of the aṅga-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātahomam. air-oblation (offered with the hollowed hand) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vidyāviṣayehomavidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vipruḍḍhomam. (for 2. vipruṣ-+ homa-) an expiatory offering designed to atone for the drops of soma- let fall at a sacrifice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivāhahomam. = marriage-sacrifice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivāhahomavidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
     Apte Search  
6 results
     
homa होमः [हु-मन्] 1 Offering oblations to gods by throwing ghee into the consecrated fire, (one of the five daily Yajñas, to be performed by a Brāhmaṇa, called देवयज्ञ q. v.); इष्टिर्यागः । स एवासेचनाधिको होमः ŚB. on MS.6.8.7. -2 A burnt offering. -3 A sacrifice; R.3.38; Mb. 12.165.26. -Comp. -अग्निः the sacrificial fire. -कर्मन् sacrificial act. -कल्पः mode of sacrificing. -कुण्डम् a hole in the ground for receiving the consecrated fire. -तुरङ्गः a sacrificial horse; नियुज्य तं होमतुरङ्गरक्षणे R.3.38. -धानम् a sacrificial chamber. -धान्यम् 1 sesamun. -2 barley. -धूमः the smoke of a burnt offering or sacrificial fire. -धेनुः a cow yielding milk for an oblation. -भस्मन् n. the ashes of a burnt offering. -भाण्डम् a sacrificial implement. -वेला the time for offering oblations. -शाला a sacrificial hall or chamber.
homakaḥ होमकः See होतृ.
abhihoma अभिहोमः Offering an oblation of clarified butter.
upahoma उपहोमः A supplementary sacrifice.
tiṣṭhaddhoma तिष्ठद्धोमः A sacrifice at which the oblation is offered by a priest standing.
pratihoma प्रतिहोमः A supplementary sacrifice.
     Macdonell Vedic Search  
3 results
     
gahana gáh-ana, a. unfathomable, x. 129, 1 [gāh plunge].
namas nám-as, n. homage, i. 1, 7; ii. 33, 4. 8; 35, 12; iii. 59, 5; iv. 50, 6; v. 83, 1; vii. 61, 6; 63, 5; 86, 4; x. 14, 15; 15, 2; 34, 8 [nam bend].
namasya namas-yá, den. adore, ii. 33, 8 [námas homage].
     Macdonell Search  
4 results
     
homabhā्da n. sacrificial im plement.
homaya den. P. make an offering, sacrifice anything (ac.), -to (ac.); cause to sacrifice.
homa्̮ni m. sacrificial fire; -½a nala, m. id.
upahoma m. additional sacrifice.
     Vedic Index of
     Names and Subjects  
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upagu sauśravasa Is mentioned in the Pañcavimśa Brāh­mana as Purohita of Kutsa Aurava, by whom he was murdered because of his paying homage to Indra.
kutsa aurava (‘son of Uru’) is mentioned in the Pañca­vimśa Brāhmana as having murdered his domestic priest (purohita), Upagu Sauśravasa, because the father of the latter insisted on paying homage to Indra. This fact may be com­pared with the hostility to Indra of Kutsa according to certain passages of the Rigveda.
brāmaṇa Descendant of a Brahman' (i.e., of a priest), is found only a few times in the Rigveda, and mostly in its latest parts. In the Atharvaveda and later it is a very common word denoting ‘priest,’ and it appears in the quadruple division of the castes in the Purusa-sūkta (‘hymn of man’) of the Rigveda. It seems certain that in the Rigveda this Brāhmaṇa, or Brahmin, is already a separate caste, differing from the warrior and agricultural castes. The texts regularly claim for them a superiority to the Kṣatriya caste, and the Brahmin is able by his spells or manipulation of the rite to embroil the people and the warriors or the different sections of the warriors. If it is necessary to. recognize, as is sometimes done, that the Brahmin does pay homage to the king at the Rājasūya, nevertheless the unusual fact is carefully explained away so as to leave the priority of the Brahmin unaffected. But it is expressly recognized that the union of the Ksatriya and the Brāhmaṇa is essential for complete prosperity. It is admitted that the king or the nobles might at times oppress the Brahmins, but it is indicated that ruin is then certain swiftly to follow. The Brahmins are gods on earth, like the gods in heaven, but this claim is hardly found in the Rigveda. In the Aitareya Brāhmana the Brahmin is said to be the ‘ recipient of gifts * (ādāyt) and the * drinker of the offering ’ (āpāyT). The other two epithets applied, āvasāyī and yathā- kāma-prayāpya, are more obscure; the former denotes either ‘ dwelling everywhere ’ or ‘ seeking food ’; the latter is usually taken as * moving at pleasure,’ but it must rather allude to the power of the king to assign a place of residence to the Brahmin. In the śatapatha Brāhmana the prerogatives of the Brah¬min are summed up as Arcā, ‘honour’; Dāna, ‘gifts’; Aj'yeyatā,‘ freedom from oppression ’; and Avadhyatā, ‘ freedom from being killed.’ On the other hand, his duties are summed up as Brāhmanya, ‘ purity of descent’; Pratirūpa-caryā, ‘devotion of the duties of his caste’; and Loka-pakti, ‘the perfecting of people ’ (by teaching). ī. Respect paid to Brahmins. The texts are full of references to the civilities to be paid to the Brahmin. He is styled bhagavant, and is provided with good food and entertain¬ment wherever he goes. Indeed, his sanctity exempts him from any close inquiry into his real claim to Brahminhood according to the Pañcavimśa Brāhmana. Gifts to Brahmins. The Dānastuti (‘Praise of gifts’) is a recognized feature of the Rigveda, and the greed of the poets for Dakṣiṇās, or sacrificial fees, is notorious. Vedic texts themselves recognize that the literature thence resulting (Nārā- śamsī) was often false to please the donors. It was, however, a rule that Brahmins should not accept what had been refused by others; this indicates a keen sense of the danger of cheapening their wares. So exclusively theirs was the right to receive gifts that the Pañcavimśa Brāhmaṇa has to explain how Taranta and Purumīlha became able to accept gifts by composing a Rigvedic hymn. The exaggerations in the celebration of the gifts bestowed on the priests has the curious result of giving us a series of numerals of some interest (Daśan). In some passages certain gifts those of a horse or sheep are forbidden, but this rule was not, it is clear, generally observed. Immunities of Brahmins. The Brahmin claimed to be exempt from the ordinary exercise of the royal power. When a king gives all his land and what is on it to the priests, the gift does not cover the property of the Brahmin according to the śatapatha Brāhmaṇa. The king censures all, but not the Brahmin, nor can he safely oppress any Brahmin other than an ignorant priest. An arbitrator (or a witness) must decide (or speak) for a Brahmin against a non-Brahmin in a legal dispute. The Brahmin’s proper food is the Soma, not Surā or Parisrut, and he is forbidden to eat certain forms of flesh. On the other hand, he alone is allowed to eat the remains of the sacrifice, for no one else is sufficiently holy to consume food which the gods have eaten. Moreover, though he cannot be a physician, he helps the physician by being beside him while he exercises his art. His wife and his cow are both sacred. 4.Legal Position of. Brahmins.—The Taittirīya Samhitā lays down a penalty of a hundred (the unit meant is unknown) for an insult to a Brahmin, and of a thousand for a blow ; but if his blood is drawn, the penalty is a spiritual one. The only real murder is the slaying of a Brahmin according to the śatapatha Brāhmana. The crime of slaying a Brahmin ranks above the sin of killing any other man, but below that of killing an embryo (bhrūna) in the Yajurveda ; the crime of slaying an embryo whose sex is uncertain is on a level with that of slaying a Brahmin. The murder of a Brahmin can be expiated only by the horse sacrifice, or by a lesser rite in the late Taittirīya Araṇyaka.The ritual slaying of a Brahmin is allowed in the later ceremonial, and hinted at in the curious legend of śunahśepa ; and a Purohita might be punished with death for treachery to his master. 5.Purity of Birth. The importance of pure descent is seeη in the stress laid on being a descendant of a Rṣi (ārseya). But, on the other hand, there are clear traces of another doctrine, which requires learning, and not physical descent, as the true criterion of Rsihood. In agreement with this is the fact that Satyakāma Jābāla was received as a pupil, though his parentage was unknown, his mother being a slave girl who had been connected with several men, and that in the śatapatha Brāhmaṇa the ceremony on acceptance as a pupil required merely the name of the pupil. So Kavasa is taunted in the Rigveda Brāhmaṇas as being the son of a female slave (Dāsī), and Vatsa cleared himself of a similar imputation by a fire ordeal. Moreover, a very simple rite was adequate to remove doubts as to origin. In these circumstances it is doubtful whether much value attaches to the Pravara lists in which the ancestors of the priest were invoked at the beginning of the sacrifice by the Hotṛ and the Adhvaryu priests.66 Still, in many parts of the ritual the knowledge of two or more genera¬tions was needed, and in one ceremony ten ancestors who have drunk the Soma are required, but a literal performance of the rite is excused. Moreover, there are clear traces of ritual variations in schools, like those of the Vasisthas and the Viśvāmitras. 6. The Conduct of the Brahmin. The Brahmin was required to maintain a fair standard of excellence. He was to be kind to all and gentle, offering sacrifice and receiving gifts. Especial stress was laid on purity of speech ; thus Viśvan- tara’s excuse for excluding the Syaparnas from his retinue was their impure (apūtā) speech. Theirs was the craving for knowledge and the life of begging. False Brahmins are those who do not fulfil their duties (cf, Brahmabandhu). But the penances for breach of duty are, in the Sūtras, of a very light and unimportant character. 7. Brahminical Studies. The aim of the priest is to obtain pre-eminence in sacred knowledge (brahma-varcasam), as is stated in numerous passages of Vedic literature. Such distinction is not indeed confined to the Brahmin: the king has it also, but it is not really in a special manner appropriate to the Kṣatriya. Many ritual acts are specified as leading to Brahmavarcasa, but more stress is laid on the study of the sacred texts : the importance of such study is repeatedly insisted upon. The technical name for study is Svādhyāya : the śatapatha Brāhmana is eloquent upon its advantages, and it is asserted that the joy of the learned śrotriya, or ‘student,’ is equal to the highest joy possible. Nāka Maudgfalya held that study and the teaching of others were the true penance (tapas).7δ The object was the ‘ threefold knowledge’ (trayī vidyā), that of the Rc, Yajus, and Sāman, a student of all three Vedas being called tri-śukriya or tn-sukra, ‘thrice pure.’ Other objects of study are enumerated in the śatapatha Brāhmaṇa, in the Taittirīya Aranyaka, the Chāndogya Upanisad, etc. (See Itihāsa, Purāna; Gāthā, Nārāśamsī; Brahmodya; Anuśās- ana, Anuvyākhyāna, Anvākhyāna, Kalpa, Brāhmaria; Vidyā, Ksatravidyā, Devajanavidyā, Nakçatravidyā, Bhūta- vidyā, Sarpavidyā; Atharvāñgirasah, Daiva, Nidhi, Pitrya, Rāśi; Sūtra, etc.) Directions as to the exact place and time of study are given in the Taittirīya Araṇyaka and in the Sūtras. If study is carried on in the village, it is to be done silently (manasā); if outside, aloud (vācā). Learning is expected even from persons not normally competent as teachers, such as the Carakas, who are recognized in the śatapatha Brāhmaṇa as possible sources of information. Here, too, may be mentioned the cases of Brahmins learning from princes, though their absolute value is doubtful, for the priests would naturally represent their patrons as interested in their sacred science: it is thus not necessary to see in these notices any real and independent study on the part of the Kṣatriyas. Yājñavalkya learnt from Janaka, Uddālaka Aruni and two other Brahmins from Pravāhaṇa Jaivali, Drptabālāki Gārgya from Ajātaśatru, and five Brahmins under the lead of Aruṇa from Aśvapati Kaikeya. A few notices show the real educators of thought: wandering scholars went through the country and engaged in disputes and discussions in which a prize was staked by the disputants. Moreover, kings like Janaka offered rewards to the most learned of the Brahmins; Ajātaśatru was jealous of his renown, and imitated his generosity. Again, learned women are several times mentioned in the Brāhmaṇas. A special form of disputation was the Brahmodya, for which there was a regular place at the Aśvamedha (‘ horse sacrifice ’) and at the Daśarātra (‘ ten-day festival,). The reward of learning was the gaining of the title of Kavi or Vipra, ‘ sage.’ 8. The Functions of the Brahmin. The Brahmin was required not merely to practise individual culture, but also to give others the advantage of his skill, either as a teacher or as a sacrificial priest, or as a Purohita. As a teacher the Brahmin has, of course, the special duty of instructing his own son in both study and sacrificial ritual. The texts give examples of this, such as Áruṇi and Svetaketu, or mythically Varuṇa and Bhṛgu. This fact also appears from some of the names in the Vamśa Brāhmana" of the Sāmaveda and the Vamśa (list of teachers) of the śāñkhāyana Áraṇyaka. On the other hand, these Vamśas and the Vamśas of the Satapatha Brāhmaṇa show that a father often preferred to let his son study under a famous teacher. The relation of pupil and teacher is described under Brahmacarya. A teacher might take several pupils, and he was bound to teach them with all his heart and soul. He was bound to reveal everything to his pupil, at any rate to one who was staying with him for a year (saηivatsara-vāsin), an expression which shows, as was natural, that a pupil might easily change teachers. But, nevertheless, certain cases of learning kept secret and only revealed to special persons are enumerated. The exact times and modes of teaching are elaborately laid down in the Sūtras, but not in the earlier texts. As priest the Brahmin operated in all the greater sacrifices; the simple domestic {grhya) rites could normally be performed without his help, but not the more important rites {śrauta). The number varied : the ritual literature requires sixteen priests to be employed at the greatest sacrifices (see Rtvij), but other rites could be accomplished with four, five, six, seven, or ten priests. Again, the Kauçītakins had a seventeenth priest beside the usual sixteen, the Sadasya, so called because he watched the performance from the Sadas, seat.’ In one rite, the Sattra (‘sacrificial session') of the serpents, the Pañcavimśa Brāhmaṇa, adds three more to the sixteen, a second Unnetṛ, an Abhigara, and an Apagara. The later ritual places the Brahman at the head of all the priests, but this is probably not the early view (see Brahman). The sacrifice ensured, if properly performed, primarily the advantages of the sacrificer (yajamāna), but the priest shared in the profit, besides securing the Daksiṇās. Disputes between sacrificers and the priests were not rare, as in the case of Viśvantara and the śyāparṇas, or Janamejaya and the Asitamrgras and the Aiçāvīras are referred to as undesirable priests. Moreover, Viśvāmitra once held the post of Purohita to Sudās, but gave place to Vasiṣtha. The position of Purohita differed considerably from that of the ordinary priest, for the Purohita not merely might officiate at the sacrifice, but was the officiator in all the private sacrifices of his king. Hence he could, and undoubtedly sometimes did, obtain great influence over his master in matters of secular importance; and the power of the priesthood in political as opposed to domestic and religious matters, no doubt rested on the Purohita. There is no recognition in Vedic literature of the rule later prevailing by which, after spending part of his life as a Brahma- cārin, and part as a householder, the Brahmin became an ascetic (later divided into the two stages of Vānaprastha, ‘forest-dweller,’ and Samnyāsin, ‘mystic ’). Yājñavalkya's case shows that study of the Absolute might empty life of all its content for the sage, and drive him to abandon wife and family. In Buddhist times the same phenomenon is seen applying to other than Brahmins. The Buddhist texts are here confirmed in some degree by the Greek authorities. The practice bears a certain resemblance to the habit of kings, in the Epic tradition,of retiring to the forest when active life is over. From the Greek authorities it also appears what is certainly the case in the Buddhist literature that Brahmins practised the most diverse occupations. It is difficult to say how far this was true for the Vedic period. The analogy of the Druids in some respects very close suggests that the Brahmins may have been mainly confined to their professional tasks, including all the learned professions such as astronomy and so forth. This is not contradicted by any Vedic evidence ; for instance, the poet of a hymn of the Rigveda says he is a poet, his father a physician (Bhiṣaj), and his mother a grinder of corn (Upala-prakṣiṇī). This would seem to show that a Brahmin could be a doctor, while his wife would perform the ordinary household duties. So a Purohita could perhaps take the field to assist the king by prayer, as Viśvāmitra, and later on Vasiṣtha do, but this does not show that priests normally fought. Nor do they seem normally to have been agriculturists or merchants. On the other hand, they kept cattle: a Brahmacarin’s duty was to watch his master’s cattle.129 It is therefore needless to suppose that they could not, and did not, on occasion turn to agricultural or mercan¬tile pursuits, as they certainly did later. But it must be remembered that in all probability there was more purity of blood, and less pressure of life, among the Brahmins of the Vedic age than later in Buddhist times, when the Vedic sacrificial apparatus was falling into grave disrepute. It is clear that the Brahmins, whatever their defects, represented the intellectual side of Vedic life, and that the Kṣatriyas, if they played a part in that life, did so only in a secondary degree, and to a minor extent. It is natural to suppose that the Brahmins also composed ballads, the precursors of the epic; for though none such have survived, a few stanzas of this character, celebrating the generosity of patrons, have been preserved by being embedded in priestly compositions. A legend in the śatapatha Brāhmaṇa shows clearly that the Brahmins regarded civilization as being spread by them only: Kosala and Videha, no doubt settled by Aryan tribes, are only rendered civilized and habitable by the influence of pious Brahmins. We need not doubt that the non-Brahminical tribes (see Vrātya) had attained intellectual as well as material civilization, but it is reasonable to assume that their civilization was inferior to that of the Brahmins, for the history of Hinduism is the conquest by the Brahmins not by arms, but by mind of the tribes Aryan and non-Aryan originally beyond the pale.
       Bloomfield Vedic
         Concordance  
13 results
     
aśītir homāḥ samidho ha tisraḥ VS.23.58b.
asur homāyodyataḥ VS.8.58. See asur āttaḥ.
ayaṃ homaḥ sahasrahaḥ AVś.8.8.17b.
imaṃ homam avantu me AVP.15.22.1d.
imaṃ homā yajñam avata AVś.19.1.2a.
kati homāsaḥ katidhā samidhaḥ VS.23.57b.
manasā homair harasā ghṛtena AVś.6.93.2a.
ayaṃ sruvo abhijiharti (Kauś. vidadhāti) homān # Apś.4.7.2a; Kauś.3.10a.
ṛtaṃ satyam anu carantu homāḥ # AVP.7.6.2d.
kasmai devā ā vahān āśu homa # RV.1.84.18c; N.14.27c.
juṣāṇo agne prati harya homaiḥ # AVś.10.6.35b.
tebhiṣ ṭvā homair iha dhārayāmi # AVP.7.6.2c.
pūrṇahoma yaśase juhomi # SMB.2.6.11a. Designated as pūrṇahoma GG.4.8.23.
     Vedabase Search  
9 results
     
homa fire sacrificesSB 10.47.24
homa-avasāne on the completion of the ceremonySB 6.19.26-28
homa-avasāne on the completion of the ceremonySB 6.19.26-28
homa-velām the time for performing the homa, fire sacrificeSB 9.16.3
homa-velām the time for performing the homa, fire sacrificeSB 9.16.3
homa HomaSB 9.23.2
homa performing fire sacrificesSB 7.14.25
homa sacrificeSB 11.19.33-35
homam by executing a fire sacrificeSB 8.16.47
     DCS with thanks   
15 results
     
homa noun (masculine) an adjustment slab (in building a house) any oblation or sacrifice (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
burnt-offering (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
oblation with fire (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the act of making an oblation to the Devas or gods by casting clarified butter into the fire (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 1393/72933
homadhenu noun (feminine) a cow yielding milk for an oblation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 22782/72933
homadhānya noun (neuter) sesamum (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 72746/72933
homaduh adjective (a cow) giving milk for an oblation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 72745/72933
homaka noun (masculine)
Frequency rank 72743/72933
homakuṇḍa noun (neuter) a hole in the ground for the sacred fire for oblations (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 72744/72933
homay verb (class 10 parasmaipada) to sacrifice to worship (a deity) by sacrifice
Frequency rank 6841/72933
ayutahoma noun (masculine) name of a sacrifice (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 20743/72933
koṭihoma noun (masculine) a kind of sacrificial offering (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 17817/72933
kauṭihoma noun (masculine)
Frequency rank 50249/72933
purastāddhoma noun (masculine) an introductory sacrifice (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 21747/72933
lakṣahoma noun (masculine) a particular sacrifice offered to the planets (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 13145/72933
vapāhoma noun (masculine) the offering of omentum (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 64639/72933
vasuhoma noun (masculine) name of a king of the Aṅgas (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 18414/72933
sahoma adjective with Umā
Frequency rank 69718/72933
Ayurvedic Medical
Dictionary
     Dr. Potturu with thanks
     
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arśovartma

a form of trachoma; an infectious disease caused by the Chlamydia trachomatis, a micro-organism which produces a characteristic roughening of the inner surface of the eyelids. Al called granular conjunctivitis.

homa

ritual offering ghee to fire.

pothaki

trachoma; an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachoma, which produces a characteristic roughening of the inner surface of the eyelids. Also called granular conjunctivitis.

     Wordnet Search "homa" has 9 results.
     

homa

āhutiḥ, homaḥ, vaṣaṭkāraḥ   

devatoddeśena mantroccāraṇapūrvako'gnau havirnikṣepaḥ।

āhuteḥ paścāt paṇḍitena yajamānaṃ rakṣāsūtraṃ baddham।

homa

homakuṇḍam, havanī   

havanasya kuṇḍam।

rājā drupadasya putrī draupadī homakuṇḍāt utpannā।

homa

yajñaḥ, yāgaḥ, medhaḥ, kratuḥ, adhvaraḥ, makhaḥ, ijyā, savaḥ, iṣṭiḥ, yajñakarma, yajanam, yājanam, āhavaḥ, savanam, havaḥ, abhiṣavaḥ, homaḥ, havanam, yājñikyam, iṣṭam, vitānam, manyuḥ, mahaḥ, saptatantuḥ, dīkṣā   

vaidikaḥ vidhiviśeṣaḥ yasmin devatām uddiśya vaidikaiḥ mantraiḥ saha haviḥ pradīyate। vaidikakāle yajñāḥ mahattvapūrṇāḥ āsan। /

aphalākāṅkṣibhir yajño vidhidṛṣṭo ya ijyate। yaṣṭavyam eveti manaḥ samādhāya sa sātvikaḥ॥ [bha.gī. 17।11]

homa

khasvastikam, viṣṇupadam, ūrdhvā, nabhomadhyam, khamadhyam, svarmadhyam, gaganamadhyam, śirobinduḥ   

ākāśe śirasaḥ upari manyamānaḥ kalpitabinduḥ।

madhyāhne sūryaḥ khasvastike bhavati।

homa

tantrahoma   

tantrānusāreṇa kṛtaḥ homaḥ।

asmin mandire ekaḥ tantrahomaḥ bhavati।

homa

sūryaḥ, sūraḥ, aryamā, ādityaḥ, dvādaśātmā, divākaraḥ, bhāskaraḥ, ahaskaraḥ, vradhraḥ, prabhākaraḥ, vibhākaraḥ, bhāsvān, vivasvān, saptāśvaḥ, haridaśvaḥ, uṣṇaraśmiḥ, vivarttanaḥ, arkaḥ, mārttaṇḍaḥ, mihiraḥ, aruṇaḥ, vṛṣā, dyumaṇiḥ, taraṇiḥ, mitraḥ, citrabhānuḥ, virocan, vibhāvasuḥ, grahapatiḥ, tviṣāmpatiḥ, ahaḥpatiḥ, bhānuḥ, haṃsaḥ, sahastrāṃśuḥ, tapanaḥ, savitā, raviḥ, śūraḥ, bhagaḥ, vṛdhnaḥ, padminīvallabhaḥ, hariḥ, dinamaṇiḥ, caṇḍāṃśuḥ, saptasaptiḥ, aṃśumālī, kāśyapeyaḥ, khagaḥ, bhānumān, lokalocanaḥ, padmabandhuḥ, jyotiṣmān, avyathaḥ, tāpanaḥ, citrarathaḥ, khamaṇiḥ, divāmaṇiḥ, gabhastihastaḥ, heliḥ, pataṃgaḥ, arcciḥ, dinapraṇīḥ, vedodayaḥ, kālakṛtaḥ, graharājaḥ, tamonudaḥ, rasādhāraḥ, pratidivā, jyotiḥpīthaḥ, inaḥ, karmmasākṣī, jagaccakṣuḥ, trayītapaḥ, pradyotanaḥ, khadyotaḥ, lokabāndhavaḥ, padminīkāntaḥ, aṃśuhastaḥ, padmapāṇiḥ, hiraṇyaretāḥ, pītaḥ, adriḥ, agaḥ, harivāhanaḥ, ambarīṣaḥ, dhāmanidhiḥ, himārātiḥ, gopatiḥ, kuñjāraḥ, plavagaḥ, sūnuḥ, tamopahaḥ, gabhastiḥ, savitraḥ, pūṣā, viśvapā, divasakaraḥ, dinakṛt, dinapatiḥ, dyupatiḥ, divāmaṇiḥ, nabhomaṇiḥ, khamaṇiḥ, viyanmaṇiḥ, timiraripuḥ, dhvāntārātiḥ, tamonudaḥ, tamopahaḥ, bhākoṣaḥ, tejaḥpuñjaḥ, bhānemiḥ, khakholkaḥ, khadyotanaḥ, virocanaḥ, nabhaścakṣūḥ, lokacakṣūḥ, jagatsākṣī, graharājaḥ, tapatāmpatiḥ, sahastrakiraṇaḥ, kiraṇamālī, marīcimālī, aṃśudharaḥ, kiraṇaḥ, aṃśubharttā, aṃśuvāṇaḥ, caṇḍakiraṇaḥ, dharmāṃśuḥ, tīkṣṇāṃśuḥ, kharāṃśuḥ, caṇḍaraśmiḥ, caṇḍamarīciḥ, caṇḍadīdhitiḥ, aśītamarīciḥ, aśītakaraḥ, śubharaśmiḥ, pratibhāvān, vibhāvān, vibhāvasuḥ, pacataḥ, pacelimaḥ, śuṣṇaḥ, gaganādhvagaḥ, gaṇadhvajaḥ, khacaraḥ, gaganavihārī, padmagarbhaḥ, padmāsanaḥ, sadāgatiḥ, haridaśvaḥ, maṇimān, jīviteśaḥ, murottamaḥ, kāśyapī, mṛtāṇḍaḥ, dvādaśātmakaḥ, kāmaḥ, kālacakraḥ, kauśikaḥ, citrarathaḥ, śīghragaḥ, saptasaptiḥ   

hindūnāṃ dharmagrantheṣu varṇitā ekā devatā।

vedeṣu sūryasya pūjāyāḥ vāraṃvāraṃ vidhānam asti।

homa

nityahoma   

sarvakālīnaḥ homaḥ।

paṇḍitaḥ nityahomaṃ karoti।

homa

śāntihomamantraḥ   

ekā kṛtiḥ ।

śāntihomamantrasya ullekhaḥ koṣe asti

homa

āyuṣyahoma   

ekaḥ homaḥ ।

āyuṣyahomasya ullekhaḥ mānava-gṛhya-sūtre asti

Parse Time: 2.246s Search Word: homa Input Encoding: IAST: homa