(fr. Desiderative ofbhaj-literally"to wish to, share or partake"), cl.1. A1. () bh/ikṣate- (Epic also P.ti-; perfect tensebibh/ikṣe- etc.; Aorist, abhikṣiṣṭa-grammar; futurebhikṣiṣyate-; infinitive moodbhikṣitum-), to wish for, desire (accusative or genitive case) etc. ; to beg anything (especially alms) from (two accusative or accusative of thing and ablative of Persian) etc. ; to be weary or distressed (?) : Causalbhikṣayati-, to cause to beg
भिक्ष् 1 Ā. (भिक्षते, भिक्षित) 1 To ask, beg or ask for (with two acc.); भिक्षमाणो वनं प्रियाम् Bk.6.9. -2 To beg. (as alms); न यज्ञार्थं धनं शूद्राद्विप्रो भिक्षेत कर्हिचित् Ms. 11.24,25. -3 To ask without obtaining. -4 To be weary or distressed. -5 To obtain.
भिक्षा [भिक्ष्-अ] 1 Asking, begging, soliciting वृत्ते शराव- संपाते भिक्षां नित्यं यतिश्चरेत् Ms.6.56. -2 Anything given as alms, alms; भवति भिक्षां देहि. -3 Wages, hire. -4 Service. -5 A means of subsistence अपेतक्लमसंतापाः सुभिक्षाः सुप्रतिश्रयाः Rām.2.92.6. -Comp. -अटनम् wandering about begging for alms; रुद्रो येन कपालपाणिपुटके भिक्षाटनं कारितः Bh.2.95. (-नः) a beggar, mendicant. -अन्नम् food obtained by begging, alms. -अयनम् (णम्) = भिक्षाटन q. v. -अर्थिन् a. begging for alms or charity. (-m.) a beggar. -अर्ह a. worthy of alms, a fit object of charity. -अशनम् the food obtained by begging; भिक्षाशनं तदपि नीरसमेकवारम् Bh.3.19. -आशिन् a. 1 living on alms; भिक्षाशी जनमध्य- संगरहितः Bh.3.86. -2 dishonest. -आहारः begged food; Bh.3.144. -उपजीविन् a. living on alms, a beggar. -करणम् asking alms, begging. -चरः, -चारः a beggar or mendicant. -चरणम्, -चर्यम्, -चर्या wandering about begging for alms. -पात्रम् a begging-bowl, an alms-dish; so भिक्षाभाण्डम्, भिक्षाभाजनम्. -भुज् a. living on alms. -माणवः a young beggar (used as a term of contempt); P.VI.2.69 com. -वासस् n. a beggar's dress. -वृत्तिः f. living by begging, a mendicant's life.
भिक्षुः [भिक्ष्-उन्] 1 A beggar, mendicant in general; भिक्षां च भिक्षवे दद्यात् Ms.3.94. -2 A religious mendicant, a Brāhmaṇa in the fourth order of his religious life (when he quits his house and family and lives only on alms), a Sannyāsin. -3 The fourth order stage in the religious life of a Brāhmaṇa (संन्यास). -4 A Buddhist mendicant. -Comp. -चर्या begging, a mendicant's life. -भावः monk-hood, priest-hood. -सङ्घः a society of Buddhist mendicants. -सङ्घाती old or tattered clothes (चीवर). -सूत्रम् a collection of rules for mendicants; P.IV.3.11.
m. beggar; -karana, n. begging, mendicancy; -kara, m. N. of a son of Bhoga; -karana, n. mendicancy: -m kar, go about begging; -kárya, n. id.: -m kar, go about begging: â, f. id.; -karya-karana, n. id.; -kâra, a. practising mendi cancy; m. beggar; -½atana, n. wandering about begging, mendicancy: -m kri, beg; -m kâr aya, force any one (ac.) to go begging; -½anna, n. food obtained by begging; -pâtra, n.begging-bowl, alms-dish; -prakâra, m. going forth to beg; -bhânda, n. begging bowl; -bhug, a. living on alms; -½ayana, n. mendicancy; -½arthin, a. begging for charity; m. beggar; -vat, a. receiving charity, beg ging; -vritti, a. subsisting on alms; -½âsi tva, n. eating of begged food, living on alms; -½âsin, a. eating begged food, living on alms; -½âhâra, m. begged food; a. living on alms; m. beggar.
‘ Begging,’ is one of the duties of the Brahmacārin according to the Satapatha Brāhmaṇa. The word has also the sense of alms/ as that which is obtained by begging, in the Atharvaveda. According to the St. Petersburg Dictionary, it has this sense in the Chāndogya Upanisad also, but the correct reading there is probably Ámikṣā.
‘Beggar is a term not found in Vedic literature. The begging of the Brahmacārin is quite a different thing from the duties of the Bhikṣu in the later system of the Áśramas (religious stages of life), when the Brahmin in the last stage of his life, after leaving his home and family, lives on alms alone. See i. Brāhmaṇa.
noun (masculine) Asteracantha Longifolia (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a Buddhist mendicant or monk (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a beggar (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a particular Buddha (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
mendicant (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a poet (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a son of Bhoja (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of an Āṅgirasa (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of Śiva
religious mendicant (esp. a Brāhman in the fourth Āśrama or period of his life) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
Sphaerantus Mollis (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
noun (feminine) any boon obtained by begging (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
hire (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
service (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the act of begging or asking (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
wages (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
noun (masculine neuter) dearth (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
distress (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
famine (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
scarcity of provisions (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
want (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
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