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Grammar Search
"ayate" has 2 results
ayate: third person singular present present class 1 ātmanepadai
ayate: first person singular present imperfect class 1 ātmanepadayat
Monier-Williams Search
271 results for ayate
Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
abhidhā -dadhāti-, to surrender any one to (dative case; Aorist subjunctive 2. dual number -dhātam-) ; to bring upon (dative case) : A1. (rarely P.) to put on or round, put on the furniture of a horse (see abh/i-hīta-below) etc. ; to cover (a country) with an army ; to cover, protect (Aorist Potential 2. plural -dhetana-), etc. ; (in classical Sanskrit generally) to set forth, explain, tell, speak to, address, say, name (see abh/i-hita-below) : Passive voice -dhīyate-, to be named or called: Causal -dhāpayate-, to cause to name : Desiderative A1. -dh/itsate-, to intend to cover one's self View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhijancl.4 A1. -jāyate- (Vedic or Veda infinitive mood abh/i-janitos- ) to be born for or to ; to claim as one's birthright ; to be born or produced ; to be reproduced or born again etc. ; to become: Causal -janayati- (with abhi-jñānam-) to reanimate, revivify View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhikam(future -kamiṣyate-) to desire, love : Causal -kāmayate- idem or 'ind. into the auditory passage, ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhikāṅkṣ -kāṅkṣati-, te-, rarely Causal -ayate-, to long for, desire ; to strive. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyāhve -hv/ayate-, to address (with the āhāva-formula) ; (pr. p. -hvayat-) to shout at, challenge, attack View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyavajvalCaus. -jvālayate-, to enlighten, illumine View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ad cl.2 P. /atti-, āda-, atsyati-, attum-, to eat, consume, devour, Vedic or Veda infinitive mood /attave- : Causal ād/ayati- and te- (once adayate-[ ]) to feed ([ confer, compare Lithuanian edmi; Slavonic or Slavonian jamjforjadmj; Greek ; Latin edo; Gothic rootAT present tense ita; German essen; English toeat, Armorican or the language of Brittany utem]). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhiyatto fasten : Causal A1. -yāt/ayate-, to reach, join View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āgamP. -gacchati- (imperative -gacchatāt- ;2. sg. -gahi-[frequently, in ], once -gadhi-[ ]; perf. -jag/āma- etc.; Potential -jagamyāt- ; subjunctive -gamat-; Aorist 3. sg. -agāmi- ; subjunctive 2. dual number -gamiṣṭam- ) to come, make one's appearance, come near from (ablative) or to (accusative or locative case), arrive at, attain, reach etc. ; (generally with p/unar-) to return etc. ; to fall into (any state of mind), have recourse to ; to meet with (instrumental case) : Causal (imperative 2. sg. -gamaya-) to cause to come near ; -gamayati-, to announce the arrival of (accusative) on ; (Potential A1. -gamayeta-; perf. P. -gamayām-āsa-) to obtain information about (accusative), ascertain ; to learn from (ablative) : A1. -gamayate- ( commentator or commentary) to wait for (accusative), have patience : Intensive -ganīganti-, to approach repeatedly (accusative) : Desiderative (parasmE-pada -jigamiṣat-) to be about to come View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āhveP. -hvayati- (but also Potential 1. sg. ā-huvema- ) A1. -hvayate- (but also 1. sg. -huve- ; Aorist 3. plural hūṣata- ; infinitive mood -huv/adhyai- -hvayitav/ai- ) to call near, invoke invite, summon, cite etc. ; to provoke, challenge, emulate (in this sense only A1. ) etc. ; to call to (especially in rites said of the hotṛ-, who addresses the adhvaryu- by the ā-hāva- or ā-hvāna-;See below) and ; to proclaim : Causal -hvāyayati-, to cause to call near, send for ; to cause to summon or challenge or invite : Desiderative -juhūṣati-, to wish to call near, to be about to call near: Intensive -johavīti- , to call near zealously. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ājanA1. -jāyate- (imperative -jāyatām-[ ]; Aorist 2. sg. -janiṣṭhās-;3. sg. -j/aniṣṭa-,or jani-; preceding -janiṣīṣṭa-) to be born etc.: Causal (subjunctive 2. dual number A1. -janayāvahai-) to beget, generate ; (imperative -janayatu-) to cause to be born ; (imperative 2. sg. -janaya-) to render prolific View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ajirāyaNom. A1. ajirāyate-, to be agile or quick View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ākampA1. (perf. -cakampe-) to tremble (as the earth) : Causal P. A1. -kampayate- (parasmE-pada -kampayat- ) to cause to tremble View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ākhyāP. (imperfect tense -akhyat-) to behold ; (future parasmE-pada -khyāsy/at-; perf. 3. plural -cakhyuḥ-) to tell, communicate, inform, declare, announce etc. ; to call (with two accusative) : Passive voice -khyāyate-, to be named or enumerated ; to be called : Causal P. (2. sg. -khyāpayasi-) to make known, declare : A1. (Potential -khyāpayeta-) to cause to tell View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ālakṣA1. -lakṣayate-, to descry, behold, see View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āmantrA1. -mantrayate- (perfect tense -mantrayām-āsa-etc.) to address, speak to ; to summon etc. ; to call, ask, invite etc. ; to salute, welcome etc. ; to bid farewell, take leave View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṃś cl.10 P. aṃśayati-, to divide, distribute ; also occasionally A1. aṃśayate- ; also aṃśāpayati- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ānandP. -nandati-, to rejoice, be delighted : Causal P. -nandayati-, to gladden ; to bless : A1. -nandayate-, to amuse one's self. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ānāyāyaNom. A1. (-nāyāyate-) to become a net, form or represent a net. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṇḍarāyaNom. A1. aṇḍarāyate-, to behave like an aṇḍara-, (gaRa bhṛśādi- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anujancl.4 A1. -jāyate-, to follow in being born or produced or arising ; to take after (one's parents) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anukṛp -kṛpate-, to mourn for, long for Nom. A1. -kṛpāyate-, to compassionate, condole with View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anuśrathcl.6 P. -śṛnthati-, to untie : Causal P. (Aorist subjunctive 2. sg. -śiśrathaḥ-) to frighten ([ ;"to abolish" ]) : A1. -śrathayate-, to annihilate or soften the effect of. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anuvivṛtto run along : Causal A1. -vartayate-, to follow hastily View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anuvṛto cover, ; to surround: Causal A1. -vārayate-, to hinder, prevent. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apacit Causal A1. (subjunctive -cet/ayātai-) to abandon, turn off from (ablative) : Desiderative -cikitsati-, to wish to leave or to abandon any one (ablative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apalapto explain away, to deny, conceal: Causal A1. -lapayate-, to outwit View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apamecl.1 A1. -mayate- (ind.p. -mitya-,or -māya-) to be in debt to, owe View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apiyācCaus. -yāc/ayate-, to despise, refuse (?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āpluA1. -plavate- (Potential -pluvīta- [ varia lectio ],and -plavet-) to spring or jump towards or over, dance towards or over etc. ; to bathe, wash & etc. ; to immerse one's self etc. ; to bathe, wash another etc. ; to water, bedew, inundate ; to overrun etc.: Causal P. -plāvayati-, to wash or bathe any person or thing, cause to be bathed or washed etc. ; to bathe (one's self) ; to inundate, overwhelm, set in commotion etc. ; to dip, steep : A1. -plāvayate- idem or 'Nom. P. -pruṣāyati-, to besprinkle, bespeckle : A1. (imperfect tense 3. plural -pruṣāy/anta-) idem or '( pru-= plu-) A1. -pravate-, to spring up, jump up.' '
apsarāyaNom. A1. apsarāyate-, to behave like an apsaras- commentator or commentary View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āpyaiA1. -pyāyate- (imperative -pyāyasva- ; Aorist subjunctive 1. plural ā-pyāyiṣīmahi- ) to swell, increase ; to grow larger or fat or comfortable ; to thrive ; to become full or strong ; to abound etc. ; to make full ; to enlarge, strengthen : Causal -pyāyayati- (; Aorist subjunctive -pīpayan- ) to cause to swell ; to make full, fill up ; to enlarge ; to cause to grow, increase ; to make fat or strong or comfortable ; to confirm etc. ; to help forward ; to cause to increase or get the upper hand (exempli gratia, 'for example' a disease) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arth cl.10 A1. arthayate- (2. dual number arthayāse- ; subjunctive 2. sg. arthayāse- ) ; rarely cl.1 A1. (1. plural arthāmahe- ) to strive to obtain, desire, wish, request, ask for (accusative;rarely infinitive mood [ yoddhum-]) ; to supplicate or entreat any one (accusative,rarely ablative [ ]) ; to point out the sense of, comment upon commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsphāyA1. -sphāyate-, to grow, increase View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āśriP. -śrayati-, to affix ; to apply anything : A1. -śrayate-, to attach one's self to ; to join etc. ; to adhere, rest on ; to betake one's self to, resort to ; to depend on ; to choose, prefer ; to be subject to, keep in mind ; to seek refuge in, enter, inhabit ; to refer or appeal to View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āśyaiA1. -śyāyate-, to become dry, dry up, shrink in drying View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṭāyaNom. A1. aṭāyate-, to enter upon a roaming life, to become a religious mendicant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṭṭāya(Nom.fr. aṭṭā-) A1. aṭṭāyate-, to be overbearing(?) commentator or commentary View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aurvāyaNom. A1. aurvāyate-, to behave like the submarine fire
avaday -dayate- (1. sg. -daye-) to give or pay a sum of money (for the purpose of silencing or keeping one off) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avagalbh -galbhate-or -galbhayate-, to be brave, valiant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āvṛtP. (only perfect tense in , -vav/arta-) A1. -vartate- (Aorist 3. sg. vṛtsata- ; infinitive mood -v/ṛte- ) to turn or draw round or back or near ; to turn or go towards ; to turn round or back, return, revolve etc.: Causal P. -vartayati- (Ved. subjunctive -vav/artati- Potential -vavṛtyāt-,etc.) A1. -vartayate- (Ved. Potential -vavṛtīta-,etc.) to cause to turn, roll ; to draw or turn towards ; to lead near or towards ; to bring back ; to turn round or back etc. ; to repeat, recite, say repeatedly ; to pray etc.: Intensive -varīvartti- , to move quickly or repeatedly. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ay= i-, only supposed to be a separate root on account of such forms of i-, as ayate- ([ ]) , etc. See i-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bal cl.1 P. balati-, to breathe, live ; "to hoard grain"or"to prevent wealth" (dhānyāvarodha-) ; to be distressed (?) ; A1. balate- (varia lectio for bhalate-), to mention ; to hurt ; to give, ; cl.10 P. balayati-, to live, ; bālayati- Aorist abībalat-, to nourish, rear, ; A1. bālayate- (varia lectio for bhāl-), to explain, describe, .
baṃh cl.1 A1. () banhate-, to grow, increase ; Causal baṃhayate- to cause to grow (see bahala-, bahu-, bahula-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhā cl.2 P. () bh/āti- (pr. p. bhāt- f. bhāntī-or bhātī- ; Potential bhāyāt- ; plural babhau- etc.; Aorist abhāsīt- grammar ; future bhāsy/ati- etc.) , to shine, be bright or luminous etc. ; to shine forth, appear, show one's self ; to be splendid or beautiful or eminent etc. (with na-,to cut a poor figure ) ; to appear as, seem, look like, pass for (Nominal verb with or without iva- adverb in vat-) etc. ; to be, exist ; to show, exhibit, manifest (varia lectio): Passive voice bhāyate-, impers, radiance is put forth by (instrumental case) : Causal bhāpayate- ; Aorist abībhapat- grammar : Desiderative bibhāsati- : Intensive bābhāyate-, bābheti-, bābhāti- [ confer, compare bhan-, bhāṣ-, bhās-; Greek , ; Latin fa1rietc.; German Bann; English ban.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhal (or bal-) cl.1 A1. bhalate-, to describe or expound or hurt or give ; cl.10 A1. bhālayate-, to describe or behold ; to throw up(?), (see ni--, nir--, śam-bhal-).
bharts cl.10 A1. () bhartsayate- (really P. bhartsayati-and once A1. parasmE-pada sayamāna- [B];rarely cl.1. bhartsati-; future bhartsyāmi-[ ],prob. wrong reading; Passive voice bhartsyate- ), to menace, threaten, abuse, revile, deride View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhī cl.3 P. () bibh/eti- (dual number bibhītas-or bibhitas- Potential bibhīyāt-or bibhiyāt- ; Potential 3. plural bibhyeyuḥ- ; imperfect tense 3. plural abibhayuḥ- ; Epic also A1.1. sg. bibhye-and and P.3. sg. bibhyati- plural bibhyanti-;Ved. also cl.1 A1. bh/ayate-,and accord, to ,cl.10. P. bhāyayati-; perfect tense bibhāya-,3. plural bibhyuḥ- etc.; bībhāya- ; bibhay/āṃ cakara- confer, compare ; Aorist abhaiṣīt-, ṣma-, ṣuḥ- etc., 2. sg. bhaiṣīs- , bhais- etc., especially in mābhais-,"do not be afraid";once for plural equals mā bhaiṣṭa- ; bhes- ; bhema- , parasmE-pada A1. bhiyān/a- ,; future bhetā- grammar;cond, abheṣyat- ; infinitive mood bhiy/ase- ; bhetum- etc.) , to fear, be afraid of (ablative or genitive case,rarely instr, or accusative) etc. ; to fear for, be anxious about (ablative) : Passive voice bhīyate-, Aorist , abhāyi- grammar : Causal bhīṣ/ayate- ( etc.; confer, compare ), bhīṣayati- (;once mc. bhiṣ- ; parasmE-pada bhīṣayāṇa- ; Aorist bībhiṣaḥ- , ṣathāḥ- ), bhāyayati-, te- (; Potential bhāyayes- ; varia lectio bhīṣayes-; Aorist bībhayat-, /abībhayanta- ; ind.p. -bhāyya- ), bhāpayate- (), to terrify, put in a fright, intimidate etc. etc.: Desiderative bibhīṣati- grammar : Intensive bebhīyate-, bebhayīti-, bebheti- [ confer, compare bhyas-; Lithuanian bijo4tis; Slavonic or Slavonian bojati; German biben,beben.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhrūṇ cl.10 A1. bhrūṇayate-, to hope or wish or fear View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caṇḍ (derived fr. c/aṇḍa-) cl.1.10. A1. ṇḍate-, ṇḍayate-, to be angry or wrathful View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caṇḍakarāyaNom. rāyate-, to resemble the sun View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ci cl.1. c/ayate- (parasmE-pada c/ayamāna-) to detest, hate () ; to revenge, punish, take vengeance on (accusative), ; ([ see /apaciti-, kāti-;, , .]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cint (see 4. cit-) cl.10. tayati- (cl.1. tati- ;metrically also tayate-See also tayāna-) to think, have a thought or idea, reflect, consider etc. ; to think about, reflect upon, direct the thoughts towards, care for (accusative;exceptionally dative case or locative case or prati-) etc. ; to find out ; to take into consideration, treat of. ; to consider as or that, tax (with double accusative or accusative and iti-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dabh or dambh- cl.1. (subjunctive d/abhat-and bhāti- ; plural bhanti-, , bhan-, and ; Potential bheyam- and cl.5.) dabhn/oti- ("to go"; imperative nuhi- ; see A1., Passive voice dabhyate- ; perfect tense dadābha-, ; d/ambha-[ ] ; plural debhur-[ Va1rtt. 4 ] ;also dadambhur-and 2.sg. debhitha-or dadambhitha- ; Aorist plural dadabhanta- ; adambhiṣur- ) to hurt, injure, destroy ; to deceive, abandon : Causal (subjunctive and p. damebh/ayat-;2. sg. yas-, ya-) to destroy ; dambhayati- or dābh-, to impel ; dambkayate-, to accumulate, : Desiderative d/ipsati- (subjunctive [ ] and parasmE-pada d/ipsat-) to intend to injure or destroy ; dhips-, dhīps-, didambhiṣati- Pa1n2. 7-2, 49 and 4, 56 (i, 2, 10 ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ḍap cl.10 A1. ḍāpayate-, to accumulate View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dāy cl.1 A1. dāyate- () to give. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
day cl.1 A1. d/ayate- (parasmE-pada d/ayamāna- etc.; Aorist adayiṣṭa-. ; perfect tense yāṃ cakre- ) to divide, impart, allot (with genitive case, ; accusative ) ; to partake, possess ; to divide asunder, destroy, consume ; to take part in, sympathize with, have pity on (accusative, ; genitive case ) ; to repent ; to go : Causal (Potential dayayet-) to have pity on (genitive case) : Intensive dandayyate-, dād- ; see ava--, nir-ava--, vi--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
de cl.1 A1. dayate- ; perfect tense digye- , to protect, defend: Desiderative ditsate-, [ confer, compare 1. datta-;4. 5. -.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dham or dhmā- cl.1 P. dh/amati- (A1. te- ; parasmE-pada dhmāntas- equals dhamantas- ; perf. dadhmau-,3. plural A1. mire- ; Aorist adhmāsīt- ; preceding dhmāyāt-or dhmeyāt- grammar; future dhamāṣyati- ; dhmāsyati-, dhmātā- grammar; ind.p. -dhm/āya- ) to blow (either intrans. as wind [applied also to the bubbling soma- ]or trans. as,to blow a conch-shell or any wind instrument) etc. ; to blow into (locative case) ; to breathe out, exhale ; to kindle a fire by blowing ; to melt or manufacture (metal) by blowing etc. ; to blow or cast away : Passive voice dhamyate-, Epic also ti-, dhmāy/ate-, ti- ( ) to be blown etc.: Causal dhmāpayati- (Aorist adidhmapat- grammar; Passive voice dhmāpyate- ) to cause to blow or melt ; to consume by fire, reduce to cinder : Desiderative didhnāsati- grammar : Intensive dedhmīyate- ; dādhmāyate-, parasmE-pada yamāna- being violently blown (conch-shell) [ confer, compare Slavonic or Slavonian dumo"smoke"] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhe cl.1 P. () dh/ayati- etc. (perfect tense dadhau-,3. plural dh/ur- ; Aorist -adhāt- ; adhāsīt-or adadhat- ; preceding dheyāt-, ; future dhāsyati- , dhātā- grammar; dative case infinitive mood dh/ātave- ; ind.p. dhītv/ā-and -dh/īya- ; -dhāya- grammar) to suck, drink, suck or drink in, take to one's self, absorb, appropriate etc. etc.: Passive voice dhīyate- grammar : Causal dhāp/ayāte- (confer, compare Va1rtt. 1 ) to give suck, nourish ; ti- (confer, compare anu-- dhe-) ; Aorist adīdhapat- grammar : Desiderative dhitsati- : Intensive dedhīyate-, dādheti-, and dādhāti- grammar ([ confer, compare Greek , ; Latin fe1-lare; Gothic dadd-jan; German ta1-an,ta1-jan.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhyai cl.1 P. dhy/āyati- (Epic also te-,or cl.2. dhyāti-; imperative dhyāhi-; Potential dhyāyāt- ; yīta- ; perf. dadhyau- etc.; Aorist /adhyāsīt- ;3. plural dhyāsur- ; future dhyāsyati- ; dhyātā- ; ind.p. dhyātvā- ; -dhyāya- ; dhyāyam- ) to think of, imagine, contemplate, meditate on, call to mind, recollect (with or scilicet manasā-or si-, cetasā-, dhiyā-, hṛdaye-etc.) etc. ; to brood mischief against (accusative) ; (alone) to be thoughtful or meditative etc. ; to let the head hang down (said of an animal) : Passive voice dhyāyate-, to be thought of, etc. ; Causal dhyāpayati- grammar : Desiderative didhyāsate- : Intensive dādhyāyate-, dādhyāti-, dādhyeti- grammar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ḍī cl.1.4. A1. ḍayate-, ḍ/īyate- ( Va1rtt. 7 ; perfect tense ḍiḍye-, ; pr. p., ḍayamāna-, ; Aorist aḍayiṣṭa- ) to fly ; see uḍ--, pro--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dimbh cl.10 A1. dimbhayate- idem or ' cl.10 A1. dimpayate-, to accumulate in ' P. ti-, to order, direct idem or ' cl.10 A1. dimpayate-, to accumulate in ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dimp cl.10 A1. dimpayate-, to accumulate in View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ḍip ḍimp-, ḍimbh- cl.10 A1. ḍepayate-, ḍimp-, ḍimbh-, to heap together : cl.4.6.10. P. ḍipyati-, ḍipati-, depayati- (varia lectio ṭep- ) A1. ḍimbayate-, to throw View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dru cl.1. P. (; Epic also A1.) dr/avati-, te- etc. (perfect tense dudrāva- ; drotha-, druma- ; druvur- etc.; Aorist adudruvat- ; drot- subjunctive dudr/avat- ; future droṣyati- ; infinitive mood -drotum- ; ind.p. druṭv/ā-and -drutya- ) to run, hasten, flee etc. ; to run up to (accusative), attack, assault ; to become fluid, dissolve, melt : Causal drāv/ayati- (Epic also te-; dravayate-See under drav/a-) to cause to run, make flow ; to make fluid, melt, ; to drive away, put to flight (Passive voice drāvyate-, ) : Desiderative dudrūṣati- grammar : Desiderative of Causal dudrāvayiṣati- or dud- : Intensive dodrūyate- or dodroti- grammar (dodrāva- ) . ([ confer, compare 2. drā-and dram-; Zend dru,drvant.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dulayate equals dur-ayate- See dur-i- under 2. dur-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duricl.1 A1. dur-ayate- or dul-ayate- , only in deriv. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gāloḍaya P. ḍayati- equals ḍitam ācaṣṭe- : A1. ḍayate-, to examine, investigate View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gandh cl.10 A1. gandhayate-, to injure, hurt ; to move or go View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
garh cl.1.10.P. A1. hati-, hate-, hayati-, hayate- (the A1.is more common than P.; perf. jagarha-, rhe-), to lodge a complaint (accusative) before any one (dative case) ; to accuse, charge with, reproach, blame, censure any one or anything (accusative) etc. ; to be sorry for, repent of (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
garv cl.1. P. cl.10. A1. rvati-, rvayate-, to be or become proud or haughty ; ([ confer, compare Lithuanian garbe1,"honour, glory"; Old German gelban,gelf.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṝ (=3. kṝ-) cl.10 A1. gārayate-, to know ; to make known, teach View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṛhapālāyaNom. A1. lāyate-, to resemble a house-dog, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gur (see 1. gṝ-) cl.6. gurate-, to raise, lift up (or"to make effort") ; (see ati--, apa--, abhi--, ava--, ā--, ud--, pra--): gur-, or gūr- cl.4. gūryate-, to hurt, ; to go : Causal gorayate- or gūray-, to raise, lift up (or"to make effort"), ; to eat (see gūr-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
(not always separable fr.3. -) cl.3 A1. () j/ihīte- (parasmE-pada j/ihāna-[ q.v ]; perfect tense jahir/e- ; Aorist ahāsta- etc.; future hātā- grammar; hāsyate- ; infinitive mood -hātum- ; ind.p. hātvā- grammar; -h/āya- ), to start or spring forward, bound away, give way to (dative case) ; to spring or leap upon (?) ; to go or depart or betake one's self to have recourse to (accusative) ; to fall or come into any state : Passive voice hāyate- (Aorist ahāyi-) grammar : Causal hāpayati- (Aorist ajīhapat-) : Desiderative jihāsate- : Intensive jahāyate-, jāhāti-, jāheti-
hikk cl.1 P. A1. () hikkati-, te- (grammar also perfect tense jihikka-, kke-etc.) , to hiccup (hiccough), sob, make a spasmodic sound in the throat : Causal P. hikkayati- (Aorist ajihikkat-), to cause to hiccup ; (A1.) hikkayate-, to injure, kill (varia lectio hikk-for kiṣk-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hoḍhaNom. A1. hoḍhate-, hoḍhāyate- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hṛ cl.1 P. A1. () h/arati-, te- (once in harmi-,and once in Scholiast or Commentator on -jiharti-; perfect tense P. jahāra-, jah/artha-, jahruḥ-[ -jaharuḥ-?] etc.; A1. jahre- etc.; Aorist ahār-, ahṛthās- ; ahārṣīt- etc. etc.; 3. plural A1. ahṛṣata- ; preceding hriyāt-, hṛṣīṣṭa- grammar; future hartā- etc.; hariṣyati-, te- ; Conditional ahariṣyat- ; infinitive mood h/artum-, tos-, tave-, tav/ai- ; haritum- ; ind.p. hṛtvā-, -h/āram- etc.; -h/ṛtya- etc.), to take, bear, carry in or on (with instrumental case), carry, convey, fetch, bring etc. ; to offer, present (especially with balim-) etc. ; to take away, carry off, seize, deprive of, steal, rob ; to shoot or cut or hew off, sever (the head or a limb) etc. ; to remove, destroy, dispel, frustrate, annihilate ; to turn away, avert (the face) ; A1. (older and more correct than P.), to take to one's self, appropriate (in a legitimate way), come into possession of (accusative), receive (as an heir), raise (tribute), marry (a girl) etc. ; to master, overpower, subdue, conquer, win, win over (also by bribing) etc. ; to outdo, eclipse, surpass ; to enrapture, charm, fascinate etc. ; to withhold, withdraw, keep back, retain etc. ; to protract, delay (with kālam-,"to gain time") ; (in arithmetic) to divide : Passive voice hriy/ate- (Epic also ti-; Aorist ahāri-), to be taken or seized etc. etc. etc.: Causal hārayati-, te- (Aorist ajīharat-; Passive voice hāryate-), to cause to be taken or carried or conveyed or brought by (instrumental case or accusative; confer, compare ) or to (dative case) etc. ; to cause to be taken away, appropriate, seize, rob ; to have taken from one's self, be deprived of, lose (especially at play) ; (harayate-) See pra-hṛ- ; (hārāpayati-), to lose (at play) : Desiderative j/ihīrṣati-, te- (confer, compare jihīrṣā-, ṣu-), to wish to take to one's self or appropriate, covet, desire, long for etc. ; (with kālam-), to wish to gain time : Intensive jehrīyate-; jarharīti-, jarīharīti-, jarharti-, jarīharti- (confer, compare saṃ-hṛ-) grammar ([ confer, compare Greek .]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indrayaNom. A1. indrayate-, to behave like indra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jan cl.1. ([ ]) and cl.10. j/anati-, te- (subjunctive janat- ; nāt- ; A1. nata- ; imperfect tense /ajanat- ; parasmE-pada j/anat-), jan/ayati-, te- (in later language only P. ; subjunctive n/ayat-; imperfect tense /ajanayat-; Aorist /ajījanat-; parasmE-pada jan/ayat-; infinitive mood j/anayitavai- ) , twice cl.3. (subjunctive jaj/anat- [ ] ; confer, compare ; proper jajanti- ; Aorist A1. j/aniṣṭa-; A1. /ajani- ; perf. jaj/āna-; 3. plural jajñ/ur- etc.; once jajan/ur-, ; parasmE-pada jñivas-; Vedic or Veda infinitive mood j/anitos-, ;[ ];Ved. ind.p. nitv/ī- ) to generate, beget, produce, create, cause etc. ; to produce (a song of praise, etc.) ; (cl.10. or Causal) to cause to be born ; to assign, procure ; cl.4. j/āyate- (Epic also ti-; imperfect tense /ajāyata-; pr. p. jayamāna-;fut. janiṣyate-;aor. /ajaniṣṭa-;1.[ ] and 3. sg. /ajani-; 3. sg. j/ani-, ; j/āni-, ; perf. jajñ/e-,2. sg. jñiṣ/e-3. plural jñir/e-, parasmE-pada jñān/a-) and ([ ]) cl.2. (?) A1. (2. sg. jañiṣ/e-,2. plural jiñre-, niṣvā-[ ], nidhvam- confer, compare ; imperfect tense 3. p. ajñata-[ Aorist ] ) , twice cl.1 A1. (imperfect tense 3. plural ajanatā- ; parasmE-pada j/anamāna-, ) to be born or produced, come into existence etc. ; to grow (as plants, teeth) ; to be born as, be by birth or nature (with double Nominal verb) ; to be born or destined for (accusative) (varia lectio jayate-for jāy-) ; to be born again ; to become, be etc. ; to be changed into (dative case) ; to take place, happen ; to be possible or applicable or suitable ; to generate, produce : Passive voice janyate-, to be born or produced : Desiderative jijaniṣati-, : Intensive jañjanyate- and jājāy-, (confer, compare ) ; ([ confer, compare Latin gigno,(g)nascor; Hibernian or Irish genim,"I beget, generate."]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jayadhvajāyaNom. jāyate-, to represent a flag of victory View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kabut the old form kad- is found in the veda- (See ) ; ([ confer, compare Zend ka,ko7,kA7,kat; Greek , (Ion.,) , ; Latin quis,quid; Lithuanian kas k/a-; Gothic hvas,hvo7,hva, Anglo-Saxon hwa1,hwaet; English who,what.]) The interrogative sentence introduced by ka- is often terminated by iti- (exempli gratia, 'for example' kasya sa putra iti kathyatām-,let it be said, "whose son is he?") , but iti- may be omitted and the sentence lose its direct interrogative character (exempli gratia, 'for example' kasya sa putro na jñāyate-,it is not known whose son he is) . ka- with or without 1. as- may express"how is it possible that?""what power have I, you, they, etc.?" (exempli gratia, 'for example' ke mama dhanvino'nye-,what can the other archers do against me? ke āvām paritrātum-,what power have we to rescue you?) ka- is often connected with a demonstrative pronoun (exempli gratia, 'for example' ko 'yam āyāti-,who comes here?) or with the potential (exempli gratia, 'for example' ko hariṃ nindet-,who will blame hari-?) ka- is sometimes repeated (exempli gratia, 'for example' kaḥ ko 'tra-,who is there? kān kān-,whom? whom? id est which of them? confer, compare Gram. 54) , and the repetition is often due to a kind of attraction (exempli gratia, 'for example' keṣāṃ kiṃ śāstram adhyayanīyam-,which book is to be read by whom? Gram. 836. a-). When kim- is connected with the inst. Calcutta edition of a noun or with the indecl. participle it may express"what is gained by doing so, etc.?" (equals ko'rthas-)
kakṣāyaNom. A1. kakṣāyate-, to wait for any one in a hidden place, lie in ambush ; to intend anything wicked on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalpaNom. A1. pāyate-, to become a kalpa-, to appear as long as a kalpa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalpaśataNom. A1. tāyate-, to appear as long as a hundred kalpa-s. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaluṣāyaNom. A1. kaluṣāyate-, to become turbid or unclean View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kam cl.1 A1. (not used in the conjugational tenses) cakame-, kamitā-, kamiṣyate-, acakamata- to wish, desire, long for etc. ; to love, be in love with, have sexual intercourse with : Causal A1. (Epic also P.) kāmayate-, -ti-, kāmayāṃ-cakre-, acīkamata-, etc. ; to wish, desire, long for (with accusative or infinitive mood or Potential ; exempli gratia, 'for example' kāmaye bhuñjīta bhavān-,I wish your worship may eat; kāmaye dātum-,I wish to give ) etc. ; to love, be in love with, have sexual intercourse with etc. ; to cause any one to love (in that sense P. ) ; (with bahu-or aty-artham-) to rate or value highly : Desiderative cikamiṣate- and cikāmayiṣate-: Intensive caṃkamyate-; ([ confer, compare Latin comis; alsoamo,with the loss of the initial, forcamo;cA7-rusforcam-rus: Hibernian or Irish caemh,"love, desire;fine, handsome, pleasant ";caomhach,"a friend, companion";caomhaim,"I save, spare, protect"; Armenian kamim.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kampāyaNom. A1. kampāyate-, to tremble, shake commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kandukāyaNom. A1. kandukāyate-, to be like a playing ball View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṇvāyaNom. A1. kaṇvāyate-, to do mischief (see kaṇva- n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaphoṇiguḍāyaNom. A1. āyate-, to be like a ball on the elbow id est to be unsteady or uncertain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kapilāyaNom. A1. kapilāyate-, to be somewhat brown or reddish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kārmukāyaNom. A1. kāyate-, to form or represent a bow, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṣṭāyaNom. A1. kaṣṭāyate-, to have wicked intentions vArttika View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khan cl.1 P. kh/anati- (imperfect tense /akhanat-; perf. cakhāna-,3. plural cakhnur- ; A1. cakhne- ; pr. p. A1. kh/anamāna- ; imperative khanatāt- [ ]; Potential khanyāt-or khāyāt- ; Passive voice khāy/ate-[ ] or khanyate- ; infinitive mood khanitum- ), to dig, dig up, delve, turn up the soil, excavate, root up etc. ; to pierce (said of an arrow) (varia lectio): Causal khānayati- (once khan- ), to cause to dig or dig up etc.: Desiderative cikhaniṣati- : Intensive caṅkhanyate- or cākhāyate- ; caṅkhanti- or cākhāti- ([ confer, compare, ; Old German gine1m,gino1m; modern German ga0hne; Anglo-Saxon cina,cinan; Latin cuniculus,canalis.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khaṭakhaṭāya (onomatopoetic (i.e. formed from imitation of sounds)) A1. ṭāyate-, to crackle , ām-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khyā cl.2 P. khyāti- (in the non-conjugational tenses also A1., perf. cakhyau-, cakhye- ; imperfect tense akhyat-, akhyata- ) ; the simple verb occurs only in Passive voice and Causal : Passive voice khyāyate-, to be named, be known ; (Aorist akhyāyi-) to be named or announced to (genitive case) : Causal khyāpayati-, to make known, promulgate, proclaim etc. ; to relate, tell, say, declare, betray, denounce ; "to make well known, praise" See khyāpita-; ([ confer, compare Latin in-quam,etc.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kiṣk cl.10 A1. ṣkayate-, to injure, kill View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
klīb cl.1 A1. klibate-, to be impotent, behave like a eunuch ; to be timorous or modest or unassuming : cl.10 A1. klībayate-, to be unmanly or timorous (varia lectio) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṝ (varia lectio for gṝ-) cl.10 A1. kārayate-, to know ; to inform View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣam cl.1 A1. kṣ/amate- (Epic also P. ti-;Ved. cl.2 P. kṣamiti- ; cl.4 P. kṣāmyati-[ confer, compare imperative A1.3. sg. kṣamyatām- ] ; perf. cakṣame- etc., 3. plural mire- ;1. dual number cakṣaṇvahe-& 1. plural ṇmahe- Scholiast or Commentator; future 2nd kṣaṃsyate-, ti-, kṣamiṣyati-; Aorist 2. sg. akṣaṃsthās- ; infinitive mood kṣantum- etc.) , to be patient or composed, suppress anger, keep quiet etc. ; to submit to (dative case) ; to bear patiently, endure, put up with (accusative), suffer ; to pardon, forgive anything (accusative) to (genitive case or dative case) etc. (exempli gratia, 'for example' kṣamasva me tad-,forgive me that ) ; to allow, permit, suffer () ; (with Potential) ; to bear any one, be indulgent to (Passive voice) ; to resist ; to be able to do anything (infinitive mood) ; to seem good : Causal P. A1. kṣamayati-, kṣāmayate-, to ask any one (accusative) pardon for anything (accusative) ; (perf. kṣamayām āsa-) to suffer or bear patiently (confer, compare kṣamāpaya-); ([ confer, compare Gothic hramja(?) Anglo-Saxon hremman,"to hinder, disquiet."]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuh cl.10 A1. kuhayate-, to surprise or astonish or cheat by trickery or jugglery View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuṭ cl.6 P. kuṭati-, to become crooked or curved, bend, curve, curl ; ? ; to be dishonest, cheat : cl.4 P. kuṭyati-, or cl.10 A1. koṭayate-, to break into pieces, tear asunder, divide ; to speak indistinctly ; to be warm, burn (see kuṭṭ-and kuṇṭ-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kūṭ cl.10 P. kūṭayati-, to burn ; to give pain ; to be distressed ; to counsel, advise : A1. kūṭayate-, to avoid or decline giving ; to render indistinct or unintelligible, render confused or foul ; to be distressed, despair View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
laḍ (see lal-) cl.1 P. () laḍati-, to play, sport, dally ; cl.10 P. laḍayati-, to loll the tongue, put out the tongue, lick ; (lāḍayati-), to throw, toss ; to cherish, foster ; (lāḍayate-), to wish, desire View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lajjāyaNom. (prob. A1.) lajjāyate-, to be ashamed (See next) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lay (see ray-) cl.1 A1. layate-, to go () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
(see -) cl.9 P. () lināti-, to adhere, obtain (not usually found) ; cl.1 P. layati- (), to melt, liquefy, dissolve (not usually found) ; cl.4 A1. () l/īyate- (Vedic or Veda also yate-; perfect tense lilye-, lilyuḥ- etc.; lilāya-, lalau- grammar; Aorist aleṣṭa- ; alaiṣīt-, alāsīt-, alāsta- grammar; future letā-, lātā-; leṣyati-or lāsyati-, te- ; infinitive mood letumorla1tum ; ind.p. -lāyam- ; līya- etc.) , to cling or press closely, stick or adhere to (locative case) etc. ; to remain sticking ; to lie, recline, alight or settle on, hide or cower down in (locative case), disappear, vanish etc.: Causal P. lāpayati- or lāyayati-, to cause to cling etc. etc. ; A1. lāpayate-, to deceive ; to obtain honour ; to humble : Desiderative lilīṣati-, te- grammar : Intensive lelīyate-, lelayīti-, leleti- (see lelāya-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cl.2 P. () māti- ; cl.3 A1. () m/imīte- ; cl.4. A1. () māyate- (Ved. and Epic also mimāti- Potential mimīyāt- imperative, mimīhi-; Potential mimet- ; perfect tense mam/au-, mame-, mamir/e- ; Aorist /aināsi- subjunctive masātai- ; amāsīt- grammar; preceding māsīṣṭa-, meyāt- ; future mātā-; māsyati-, māsyate- ; infinitive mood m/e- -m/ai- ; mātum- ; ind.p. mitv/ā-, -m/āya- etc.) , to measure, mete out, mark off etc. ; to measure across = traverse ; to measure (by any standard) , compare with (instrumental case) ; (māti-) to correspond in measure (either with genitive case,"to be large or long enough for";or with locative case,"to find room or be contained in" ;or with na-and instrumental case,"to be beside one's self with" ) ; to measure out, apportion, grant ; to help any one (accusative) to anything (dative case) ; to prepare, arrange, fashion, form, build, make ; to show, display, exhibit (amimīta-,"he displayed or developed himself", ) ; (in philosophy) to infer, conclude ; to pray (yācñā-karmaṇi-) : Passive voice mīy/ate- (Aorist amāyi-) ; to be measured etc. Causal , māpayati-, te- (Aorist amīmapat- Va1rtt. 2 ), to cause to be measured or built, measure, build, erect etc.: Desiderative mitsati-, te- (confer, compare nir--): Intensive memīyate- [ confer, compare Zend ma1; Greek , ; Latin me1tior,mensus,mensura; Slavonic or Slavonian me8ra; Lithuanian me3ra4.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mah (originally magh-; confer, compare also maṃh-) cl.1.10. P. () mahati-, mah/ayati- (Vedic or Veda and Epic also A1. mahate-, h/ayate-; parasmE-pada mah/at- q.v; perfect tense mamāha- grammar; māmah/e-; subjunctive māmahanta-, māmahas- ; Aorist amahīt- grammar; future mahitā-, mahiṣyati- ; ind.p. mahitvā- ; infinitive mood mahe-,and mah/aye- q.v) to elate, gladden, exalt, arouse, excite ; to magnify, esteem highly, honour, revere etc. ; (A1.) to rejoice, delight in (instrumental case or accusative) ; to give, bestow [ confer, compare Greek ; Latin magnus,mactus; Old German michel; English mickle,much.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mandrayaNom. A1. dr/ayate-, to praise, honour (= arcati-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mantr (properly a Nom.fr. mantra-,), cl.10 A1. () mantr/ayate- (rarely P. ti-; subjunctive mantrayaithe-, te- ; Potential mantrayīta- ; infinitive mood mantrayitum- ), to speak, talk, say ; to deliberate, take counsel, consult with (instrumental case with or without saha-) or about (dative case) etc. ; to resolve upon, determine to (infinitive mood) ; to deliberate on, discuss (accusative) etc. ; to counsel, advise, propose any measure, give any one advice (with accusative of Persian,or with genitive case of Persian and accusative of thing) etc. ; to consecrate with sacred or magical texts, enchant with spells or charms View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
me cl.1 A1. () mayate- (Epic also P. mayati-; perfect tense manme- grammar; Aorist amāsta- ; future mātā-, māsyate- ; ind.p. -mitya-or -māya- ) . to exchange, barter (see apa--.and ni-me-): Causal māpayati- : Desiderative mitsate- : Intensive memīyatc-, māmeti-, māmāti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitrāyaNom. A1. mitrāyate-, (prob.) to desire or wish for friend (see next) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mnā (see man-,with which mnā-was originally identical) cl.1 P. ; manati- (grammar also perfect tense mamnau-; Aorist amnāsīt-; preceding mnāyāt-,or mneyāt-; future mnātā-and mnāsyati-; infinitive mood mnātum-: Causal mnāpayati- Aorist amimnapat-: Desiderative mimnāsati-: Intensive, māmnāyate-, māmnāti-, māmneti-), only in anu--, ā--, praty-ā--, sam-ā--, pari-mnā-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛg (rather Nom.fr. mṛga-; see mārg-, mṛj-) cl.4 P., 10 A1. (; ) mṛgyati-, mṛg/ayate- (mc. also P. ti-; pr. p. mṛgayāṇa- ), to chase, hunt, pursue etc. ; to seek, search for or through, investigate, examine etc. ; to visit, frequent ; to seek or strive after, aim at, endeavour to obtain (accusative) etc. ; to desire or request or ask anything (accusative) from (ablative, -tas-, genitive case with or without sakāśāt-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛj (confer, compare marj-, mārj-and mṛś-) cl.2 P. m/ārṣṭi- (Ved. also A1. mṛṣṭ/e-and cl.6 P. A1. mṛj/ati-, te-,3. plural mṛñjata- ; Potential mṛñjyāt- ; cl.1 P. mārjati-, te- ; perfect tense mamārja-, mamṛj/e- etc.;3. plural mamārjuḥ- ; māmṛjuḥ- ; A1. māmṛj/e-, jīta- ; Aorist amṛkṣat-, ṣata- ; amārkṣīt-and amārjīt- ; future mraṣṭā- ; mārṣṭā-or mārjitā- grammar; mrakṣyate-or mārkṣyate- etc.; mārjiṣyati- grammar; infinitive mood marṣṭum-, mārṣṭum-and mārjitum- etc.; ind.p. mṛṣvā- ; -mṛjya- ; -mārjya- ), to wipe, rub, cleanse, polish, clean, purify, embellish, adorn (A1.also "one's self") etc. ; to make smooth, curry (exempli gratia, 'for example' a horse or other animal) ; to stroke ; to wipe off or out, remove, destroy etc. ; to wipe off or transfer (impurity, debt etc.) from one's self upon (locative case) ; to carry away, win ; (mārṣṭi-), to go (): Causal or cl.10. marjayati-, te- (Ved., mārjayati-, te- etc.; Aorist amamārjat- grammar; amīmṛjanta- ; Passive voice mārjate- ), to wipe, rub, cleanse, purify, adorn etc. ; to wipe off, remove, destroy ; (marjayate-), to move about, roam (): Desiderative mimārjiṣati- and mimṛkṣati- grammar : Intensive marmṛjīti- (jm/a-, janta-, parasmE-pada jān/a-), marmṛjy/ate- ; marīmṛjy/ate- ; marmārṣṭi- grammar ; to rub or wipe off, clean, purify (A.also "one's self").[ confer, compare Greek , ; Latin mulgere; Slavonic or Slavonian mle8sti; Lithuanian mi4lsti; German,melke,Milch; English milk.]
nay cl.1 A1. nayate-, to go ; to protect View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīḍayaNom. A1. ḷ/ayate- (for ḍayate-), to bring to rest ("bring together" id est"cause to come to close fighting") . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nihveA1. -hvayate- (;3. plural -juhvate- imperfect tense -ahvanta-; Passive voice -hūyate- ), to call down or near, invoke
nilīA1. -līyate- (rarely P. exempli gratia, 'for example' Potential -līyet-) etc. or -l/ayate- (see ni--; imperfect tense -alāyata- ; perfect tense -lilye-,3. plural yire-,or yur- ; Aorist -aleṣṭa- ;3. plural -aleṣata- ; ind.p. -l/āya- ; -līya- ; infinitive mood -letum- ) ; to settle down (especially applied to the alighting of birds), alight, descend etc. ; to become settled or fixed ; to hide one's self, conceal one's self from (ablative), disappear, perish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nimantrA1. -mantrayate- (ti-), to invite, summon, call to (locative case or infin.) etc. ; to invite or entertain with (instrumental case) or offer anything to (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nimeA1. -mayate- (Epic also ti-; Passive voice -mīyate-), to change, exchange for (instrumental case), barter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niravadayA1. -dayate-, to satisfy any one (accusative) with (accusative or instrumental case) or with respect to (ablative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niriP. -eti- (1. sg. subjunctive -ayā- ; dative case infinitive mood -/etave- ; A1. nir-ayate-,or nil-ayate- on P. ), to go out, come forth, go off, depart (said of persons and things) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niścatCaus. -cātayate-, to scare or drive away View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niṣk cl.10 A1. niṣkayate-, to measure, weigh ; (prob. artificially formed to explain the next, or Nom.fr. it.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niṣṭyai( styai-) A1. -ṣṭyāyate-, ṣṭyāyatām- ; (ind.p. -ṣṭyāya-), to stick to by coagulation or condensation, to grow or crowd together View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nivad Causal A1. -vādayate-, to make resound (as a drum etc.)
nyūṅkhayaNom. P. yati-, to insert the nyūṅkha- ; A1. (ny/ūṅkhayate-) to growl (as a hungry animal) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ojāyaNom. A1. ojāyate- (parasmE-pada ojāy/amāna-) to exhibit strength or energy, make effort on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cl.2 P. () p/āti- (imperative pāh/i-; pr. p. P. p/āt- A1. pān/a- ; perfect tense papau- grammar; Aorist apāsīt- subjunctive pāsati- ; future pāsyati-, pātā- grammar; preceding pāyāt- ; infinitive mood pātum- ), to watch, keep, preserve ; to protect from, defend against (ablative) etc. ; to protect (a country) id est rule, govern ; to observe, notice, attend to, follow : Causal pālayati- See pāl-: Desiderative pīpāsati- grammar : Intensive pāpāyate-, pāpeti-, pāpāti- [ confer, compare Zend pa1,paiti; Greek , , etc.; Latin pa-sco,pa-bulum; Lithuanian pe0-mu4] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pad cl.4 A1. () padyate- (ti- ; Potential padyām- ; imperative patsva- ; perfect tense papāda- ; pede- ; Aorist apadmahi-, dran- [ subjunctive padāti- ]; apatsi-, patthās- ; preceding padīṣṭ/a- ; future patsyati- ; te- ; pattā- grammar; infinitive mood p/attave- ; tos-, tum- ; -p/adas- ; ind.p. -p/adya- ; -p/ādam- ), to fall, fall down or out, perish ; to go, resort or apply to, participate in (accusative), keep, observe : Causal pād/ayati-, te-, to cause to fall (Passive voice pādyate- ; Desiderative pipādayiṣati- etc.) ; padayate-, to go : Desiderative pitsate- : Intensive panīpadyate- ; panīpadīti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
palyaṅg(pali- equals pari-and aṅg-) A1. paly-aṅgayate- (ind.p. -aṅgya-), to cause to go round, stir round : Passive voice -aṅgyate-, to turn round, revolve View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
palyay(paly- equals pari-and ay-= i-) A1. paly-ayate- (see ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parājiA1. -jayate- (see ; perfect tense -jigye- ; parasmE-pada -jigyāna- ; Aorist parājaiṣṭa- ; future -jayiṣye- ;but also P. exempli gratia, 'for example' Potential -jayet-,or -jayyāt- ; perfect tense -jigyathur- ; Aorist parājaiṣīt- ; infinitive mood -jetum- ; ind.p. -jitya- ), to be deprived of, suffer the loss of (accusative), be conquered, succumb etc. ; to submit to, be overcome by (ablative) ; to conquer, win, vanquish, overthrow etc. ; to defeat in a lawsuit View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parici(2. sg. imperative -cinu-; parasmE-pada -cinvat-; infinitive mood -cetum-), to examine, investigate, search ; to find out, know, learn, exercise, practise, become acquainted with (accusative) : Passive voice -cīyate- : Causal A1. -cāyayate-, to search, seek for View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parikhyāP. -khyāti- (subjunctive -khyatam-, -khyan- ), to look round, look at, perceive etc. ; to observe, regard, consider ; to overlook, disregard : Passive voice -khyāyate-, to be perceived View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parimlaiA1. -mlāyate-, to fade or wither away, wane, faint View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parimṛgA1. -mṛgayate- (Passive voice parasmE-pada -mṛgyamāṇa-), to seek, search for View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paritraiP. A1. -trāti-, or -trāyate- (imperative -trāhi-, -trātu-, -trāyasva-; future -trāsyate-; infinitive mood -trātum-), to rescue, save, protect, defend (-trāyatām-or yadhvam-,help! to the rescue!) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parivid(perfect tense -vedā-for present tense; confer, compare Greek ) , to know thoroughly, understand fully : Causal -vedayate- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parivṛtA1. -vartate- (Epic also ti-; ind.p. -vṛtya-,or parī-vartam-), to turn round, revolve, move in a circle or to and fro, roll or wheel or wander about, circumambulate (accusative) etc. ; (with hṛdi-or hṛdaye-) to run in a person's mind ; to return, go or come back to (accusative) ; to be reborn in (locative case) ; (also with anyathā-) to change, turn out different ; to abide, stay, remain etc. ; to act, proceed, behave : Causal -vartayati-, to cause to turn or move round or back or to and fro etc. ; (A1.) to roll or bring near (subjunctive -vartayāte-) ; to overthrow, upset (a carriage) ; to invert, put in a reverse order (read -vartya-for -vṛtya-) ; to change, barter, exchange etc. ; to renew (an agreement) ; to understand or explain wrongly (words etc.) ; to turn topsy-turvy id est search thoroughly ; to destroy, annihilate ; to straiten, contract ; (A1.) to cause one's self to be turned round (in having one's head shaved all round) (see -vartana-): Intensive -v/avartti-, to turn (intrans.) continually View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryāhveA1. -hvayate-, to pronounce the āhāva- (sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order) before and after View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryaṅkh(only 3. sg. subjunctive A1. pary-aṅkh/ayāte-), to clasp or encircle round View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pay cl.1 A1. payate-, to go, move View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāy cl.1 A1. pāyayate-, to void excrement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
or pi- (connected with pyai-), cl.1 A1. p/ayate- (cl.2 A1. pr.p. p/iyāna- cl.3 P. Impv. pīpihī-; imperfect tense /apīpet-, /apīpayat-; subjunctive pipyatam-, tām-; pīpayat- A1. yanta-, parasmE-pada A1. p/āpyāna-; perfect tense P. pīp/āya-.2. sg. pīpetha-,3. plural pipyur-; parasmE-pada A1. pīpyān/a-), to swell, overflow, be exuberant, abound, increase, grow ; (trans.) to fatten, cause to swell or be exuberant, surfeit View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piś (piṃś-) cl.6 P. () piṃśati-, Ved. also A1. te- (perfect tense pip/eśa-, pipiś/e- śre- ; Aorist parasmE-pada piśān/a- ; apeśīt- grammar; future peśiṣyati-, peśitā- grammar), to hew out, carve, prepare (especially meat), make ready, adorn (A1. also"one's self") ; to form, fashion, mould : Passive voice piśy/ate- : Causal peśayate- Aorist apīpiśat- grammar : Desiderative pipiśiṣati- or pipeśiṣati- : Intensive See p/epiśat-, śāna-. ([ confer, compare Greek ; Slavonic or Slavonian pisati; Anglo-Saxon fa7h.])
pracat Causal A1. -cātayate-, to drive or scare away, remove, destroy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pradamCaus. -damayate-, to subdue, conquer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prahṛP. A1. -harati-, te-, to offer (especially praise, 1. sg. proper -harmi-). ; to thrust or move forward, stretch out ; to put into, fix in (locative case) ; to hurl, throw, discharge at (locative case). etc. ; to throw or turn out ; to throw (into the fire) ; to strike, hit, hurt, attack, assail (with accusative locative case dative case or genitive case; A1.also, "to fight with each other") etc.: Causal A1. -harayate-, to stir up, excite, rouse : Desiderative -jihīrṣati-, to wish to take away, ; to wish to throw ; to wish to strike or assail (see jihīrṣu-,p.659) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prajanA1. -jāyate- (Epic also P. ti-), to be born or produced, spring up from (ablative) be begotten (by [ instrumental case or ablative ];from[ ablative ];or with [ locative case ];in [ locative case or adhi-]) etc. ; to become an embryo ; to be born again ; to propagate offspring with or by (instrumental case) ; to bring forth, generate, bear, procreate (accusative) ; beget on (locative case or instrumental case) ; to cause to be reproduced : Causal -janayati-, to cause any one (accusative) to propagate offspring (instrumental case) ; to beget, procreate (Aorist prajanayām akaḥ-; see ) ; to cause to be reproduced : Desiderative -jijaniṣate-, to wish to be born : Desiderative of Causal -jijanayiṣati-, to wish to cause to be conceived or born View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakhyāP. -khyāti-, to see (subjunctive -khyat-; infinitive mood -khy/ai-) (ind.p. -khyāya-) ; to announce, proclaim, extol (imperative -khyāhi-): Passive voice -khyāyate-, to be seen or known ; to be visible or public or acknowledged or celebrated etc.: Causal -khyāpayati-, to make generally known, proclaim, announce, publish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakṣalP. -kṣālayati-, to wash off, wash away, rinse etc. ; to cleanse, purify : Causal A1. -kṣālāpayate- (Potential yīta-), to have anything (as one's feet) washed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pramad(or mand-) P. (rarely A1.) -madati-, -mandati-, -mādyati- (te-), to enjoy one's self, be joyous, sport, play ; to be careless or negligent, to be indifferent to or heedless about (ablative or locative case) etc. ; to neglect duty for, idle away time in (locative case) etc. ; to be thrown into confusion : Causal P. -dayati-, to gladden, delight ; A1. -mādayate-, to enjoy, indulge in View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praprajanA1. -jāyate-, to be born again and again View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prapyaiA1. -pyāyate-, to swell out, swell up, be distended or exuberant : Causal -pyāyayati-, to cause to swell out, distend View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prārth( pra-arth-) A1. prārthayate- (Epic also P. ti-and pr. p. yāna-), to wish or long for, desire (accusative) etc. ; to ask a person (accusative) for (accusative or locative case) or ask anything (accusative) from (ablative) etc. ; to wish to or ask a person to (infinitive mood) ; to demand in marriage, woo ; to look for, search ; to have recourse to (accusative) ; to seize or fall upon, attack, assail View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasañjP. A1. -sajati-, te-, (P.) to hang on, attach to (locative case) ; to hang with id est to provide or supply with (instrumental case) ; to cling to (locative case) ; to engage with any one(locative case) in a quarrel or dispute, ; (only ind.p. -sajya-) to be attached to the world ; to result, follow, be the consequence of anything ; to cause to take place ; (A1.) to attach one's self to (accusative) : Passive voice sajyate-, or -sajjate- (ti-), to attach one's self, cling to, be devoted to or intent upon or occupied with (locative case) etc. ; to be in love (pr.p. -sajjantī-) ; (-sajjate-), to be the consequence of something else, result, follow, be applicable : Causal P. -sañjayati-, to cause to take place ; A1. -sajjayate-, to attach to, stick in (locative case;with na-,"to fly through", said of an arrow) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasmiA1. -smayate- (Epic P. pr. p. -smayat-), to burst into laughter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasruP. -sravati- (rarely A1. te-), to flow forth, flow from (ablative) etc. ; to flow with, let flow, pour out (accusative) etc.: Causal A1. -srāvayate-, to make water View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāśvas( pra-ā-śvas-), Causal -śvāsayate-, to comfort, console View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratanP. A1. -tanoti-, -tanute-, to spread (intr.) or extend over, cover, fill etc. ; to spread (trans.), disperse, diffuse, continue, propagate etc. ; to show, display, reveal, ; to undertake, begin, perform, execute, effect, cause, do, make (also with 2 accusative) : Passive voice -tāyate-, to spread or extend from, proceed from (ablative). ; -tanyate-, to be continued or extended or particularized View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratijanA1. -jāyate-, to be born or produced again View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratikṛP. A1. -karoti-, -kurute-, (infinitive mood pratī-kartum- ), to do or make an opposition ; to return, repay, requite (good or evil [ accusative ] , with genitive case dative case or locative case of Persian) etc. ; to counteract, resist (accusative or genitive case) ; to treat, attend to, cure (a disease) ; to repair, mend, restore ; to pay back (a debt) : Causal A1. -kārayate-, to cause to be repeated : Desiderative -cikīrṣati-, to wish to take revenge on (accusative or locative case) for (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratimudA1. -modate- (rarely P.) ti-, to rejoice at, welcome with joy, be glad to see (with accusative,rarely genitive case) etc. etc.: Causal -modayate-, to gladden, cheer : Desiderative of Causal -mumodayiṣati-, to wish to make cheerful
pratyabhivadP. -vadati-, to return a salute, greet in return : Causal A1. -vādayate- idem or 'n. ( likh-) a counter document, a document brought forward by the opposing party ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyāhveA1. -hvayate- (ind.p. -hūya-), to answer a call ; to respond to the āhāva- (sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyājanA1. -jāyate-, to be born again (Potential -jāyeyam- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyupaviśP. -viśati-, to sit down opposite to or before (accusative) ; to beset or besiege a person (to make him yield) : Causal -veśayate-, to cause a person to beset or besiege another ; to oppose, resist, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pyai or pyāy- cl.1 A1. () py/āyate- (perfect tense papye- grammar; Aorist apyāyi- ; apyāsam- ; preceding pyāyiṣīmahi-or pyāsiṣīmahi- ; future pyāsyate-or pyāyiṣyate- grammar; pyātā-, pyāyitā- ), to swell, be exuberant, overflow: Causal pyāy/ayati-, te- etc. ; (Passive voice pyāyy/ate- ) to make overflow, fill up (mostly in compound with ā--See ā-pyai-; see pi-, -). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raktasūryāyaNom. A1. -sūryāyate-, to represent or be like a red sun View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ray (see lay-) cl.1 A1. rayate-, to go View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛtayaNom. P. (parasmE-pada ṛtay/at-) A1. ṛtayate-, to observe the sacred law, be regular or proper ([ ]) ; to wish for sacrifice ([ ]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śal cl.1 A1. śalate-,"to shake"or"to cover" ; cl.1 P. śalati-, to go, move (only found in compound with preposition see uc-chal-, proc-chal-, sam-uc-chal-) ; cl.10 A1. śālayate-, to praise View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāl (see śāḍ-,which in one sense is varia lectio) cl.1 A1. śālate-, to shine, be distinguished for or endowed with (instrumental case) ; cl.1.10. A1. śālate-, or śālayate-, to praise ; () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samabhijanA1. -jāyate-, to spring up together, arise View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samabhyarthA1. -arthayate-, to petition, solicit, request View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samāmantrA1. -mantrayate-, to call upon, invoke ; to bid farewell to (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samanujanA1. -jāyate-, to be born similar to or resembling (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samāpyaiA1. -pyāyate- (only in perfect tense -pipye-), to grow larger, swell, grow, increase : Causal -pyāyayati-, te-, to cause to increase or grow, refresh, reanimate, enliven View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samarth(in some senses rather Nom.fr. sam-artha-below) A1. -arthayate- (rarely P. ti-), to make fit or ready, prepare ; to finish, close ; to connect with (instrumental case) in sense, construe (grammatically) ; to judge, think, contemplate, consider etc. ; to suppose to be, take for (accusative with prati-) ; to notice, perceive, find out ; to fix upon, determine, approve ; to cheer up, comfort, encourage ; samarthaya-, often wrong reading for samarpaya- See sam--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃdhyāyaNom. A1. dhyāyate-, to resemble twilight (yāyita- mfn. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃgrām(rather Nom.fr. saṃgrāma-below) A1. saṃgrāmayate- (according to to also P. -), to make war, fight : Desiderative See siṣaṃgrāmayiṣu- and sisaṃgrāmayiṣu-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃhveA1. -hvayate- (;Ved. infinitive mood s/aṃ-hvayitav/ai-), to call out loudly, shout together ; to relate, make known View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃjanA1. -jāyate-, to be born or produced together with (ablative) ; to be born from (locative case or ablative), arise or come forth from (ablative), come into existence, take place, appear, happen etc. ; to bring forth ; to become, be ; to elapse, pass (as time) : Causal -janayati-, to cause to be born, bring forth, generate, produce, create, cause, form, make View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samprajanA1. -jāyate-, to be produced, spring up, arise from (ablative) ; to exist, be existent ; to be born again View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsmiA1. -smayate-, to smile at ; to be ashamed, blush : Desiderative -sismayiṣate-, to wish to laugh at or deride
samujjval(-nd-jval-) P. -jvalati-, to blaze up with great intensity, shine very brightly : Causal -jvalayate-, to set on fire, kindle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samupajanA1. -jāyate-, to arise, spring up, take place ; to be born again : Causal -janayati-, to generate, cause, produce View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
san cl.1 P., cl.8. P. A1. () s/anati-, te- or san/oti-, sanute- (A1.rare and only in non-conjugational tenses; perfect tense sas/āna- ; parasmE-pada sasav/as- f. sasan/uṣī- ; sasanivas-or senivas- grammar; sene- ; Aorist asāniṣam-[Subj. saniṣat- A1. saniṣāsmahe-, s/aniṣanta-] ; imperative s/aniṣantu- ; seṣam-, set- ; asāta- grammar; preceding sanyāt-, sāyāt- ; future sanitā- ; saniṣy/ati- ; infinitive mood sanitum- grammar), to gain, acquire, obtain as a gift, possess, enjoy ; to gain for another, procure, bestow, give, distribute ; (A1.) to be successful, be granted or fulfilled : Passive voice sanyate- or sāyate- : Causal sānayati- (Aorist asīṣaṇat-) grammar : Desiderative of Causal sisānayiṣati-. : Desiderative sisaniṣati- (grammar) or s/iṣāsati- (? sīṣatī- ), to wish to acquire or obtain ; to wish to procure or bestow : Intensive saṃsanyate-, sāsāyate-, saṃsanti- (grammar), to gain or acquire repeatedly (only 3. plural saniṣṇata- ). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaravyāyaNom. A1. vyāyate-, to form a mark or object aimed at View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarayaNom. A1. or/ayate-, to begin to flow View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaśvaNom. P. yati- equals śaśvāyate- below View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaṭ (prob. artificial) cl.1 P. śaṭati-, to be sick ; to divide, pierce ; to be dissolved ; to be weary or dejected ; to go : cl.10. A1. śāṭayate- varia lectio for 1. śaṭh-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣaṭcaraṇāyaNom. A1. ṇāyate-, to represent or act like a bee, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaṭh (see śaṭ-, śal-) cl.10 A1. śāṭhayate-, to praise, flatter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satr cl.10 A1. satrayate- and satrāpayate-, to extend (sambandhe-, saṃtatau- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
say cl.1 A1. sayate-, to go View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śeṣamn. remaining out of or from, left from (with ablative or locative case exempli gratia, 'for example' prayātebhyo ye śeṣāḥ-,"the persons left out of those who had departed";but mostly in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' after a pp. in compound exempli gratia, 'for example' bhukta-śeṣa-,"remaining from a meal","remnant of food"; hata-śeṣāḥ-,"those left out of the slain","the survivors"etc.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śī cl.2 A1. () ś/ete- (with guṇa- throughout the proper stem : thus, ś/aye-[in also 3. sg. ], ś/eṣe-etc., 3. plural ś/erate-[in also ś/ere-and Class. śayire-]; Potential ś/ayīta- etc.; imperative -śetām-and śayām- ; imperfect tense aśeta- etc., 3. plural aśerata-[in also /aśeran-], parasmE-pada ś/ayāna- etc.;Ved. and Epic also cl.1. ś/ayate-, ti-; imperfect tense /aśayat-and aśāyata- ; perfect tense śiśye-, śiśyire- ; parasmE-pada Ved. śaśayān/a-,Class. śiśyāna-; Aorist aśayiṣṭa- subjunctive ś/eṣan- ; future śayitā- sg. t/āse- ; śayiṣyate-, ti- ; śeṣyate-, ti- ; infinitive mood śay/adhyai- ; śayitum- ; ind.p. śayitvā- etc.; -śayya- ), to lie, lie down, recline, rest, repose etc. ; to remain unused (as soma-) ; to lie down to sleep, fall asleep, sleep etc. ; (with patye-) to lie down to a husband (for sexual intercourse) ; (madanena-śī-= "to be impotent") : Passive voice śayyate- grammar (Aorist aśāyi- , pr.p. once in śīyat-): Causal śāyayati-, te- (Aorist aśīśayat-), to cause to lie down, lay down, put, throw, fix on or in (locative case) etc. ; to cause to lie down, allow to rest or sleep : Desiderative śiśayiṣate-, to wish to rest or sleep : Intensive śāśayyate-, śeśayīti-, śeśeti- grammar ([ confer, compare Greek ,"to lie";, "a bed."]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śiñj cl.2 A1. () śiṅkte- (according to to also cl.1.10. A1. śiñjate-, śiñjayate-; pr. p. śiñjāna-,or śiñjat-[see below] ; perfect tense śiśiñje- grammar; Aorist aśiñjiṣṭa- ; future śiñjitā-, śiñjiṣyate- ), to utter a shrill sound, tinkle, rattle, jingle, whirr, buzz, hum, twang, bellow, roar [ confer, compare collateral siñj-.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smi cl.1 A1. () smayate- (mc. also ti-; perfect tense sismiye-,or siṣmiy/e-[ parasmE-pada siṣmiyāṇ/a- confer, compare upa-smi-], Epic also -smayām-āsa-; Aorist asmeṣṭa- ; asmayiṣṭhās- ; future smetā-, smeṣyate- grammar; infinitive mood smetum- ; ind.p. smitvā- ; -smitya-, -smayitya- ), to smile, blush, become red or radiant, shine ; to smile, laugh etc. ; to expand, bloom (as a flower) ; to be proud or arrogant : Passive voice smīyate- (Aorist asmāyi-), grammar : Causal smāyayati-, te- (Aorist asismayat-;also smāpayati-in vi-smi- q.v), to cause to smile or laugh etc. ; (A1.) to laugh at, mock, despise (varia lectio for smiṭ- q.v): Desiderative sismayiṣate- grammar : Intensive seṣmīyate- (parasmE-pada yamāṇa- ), seṣmayīti-, seṣmeti- [ confer, compare Greek for ; , ; Latin mirus,mirari; Slavonic or Slavonian smijati; English smile.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
snā (confer, compare snu-) cl.2 P. () sn/āti- cl.4 P. () snāyati- (Epic also A1. snāyate- Potential snāyāt-; Epic also snāyīta-; perfect tense sasnau-,3. plural sasnuḥ- ; future snātā- grammar; snāsyati-, te- etc.; Aorist asnāsīt- grammar; preceding snāyāt-[ confer, compare above] or sneyāt- ; infinitive mood snātum- etc.; ind.p. snātv/ā-, -sn/āya- etc.;Ved. also snātvī- ), to bathe, perform the ceremony of bathing or certain prescribed oblations (especially on returning home from the house of a religious preceptor, or on concluding certain vows etc., also with avabhṛtham-) etc. ; to smear one's self with (instrumental case) : Passive voice snāyate- (Aorist asnāyi- impersonal or used impersonally) : Causal snāp/ayati- or snap/ayati-, (with preposition only snāp-), to cause to bathe, wash, cleanse etc. ; to wash away ; to steep or soak in (locative case) ; to bathe with tears, weep for(?) : Desiderative sisnāsati- (but confer, compare siṣṇāsu-): Intensive sāsnāyate-, sāsnāti-, sāsneti- grammar ([ confer, compare Greek , ; Latin nare.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śo (confer, compare 1. śi-) cl.3 P. A1. śiśāti-, ś/iśīte- (accord to also cl.4 P. śyati- confer, compare ni-śo-; perfect tense śaśau- grammar; parasmE-pada śaśān/a- ; Aorist aśīta- confer, compare saṃ-śo-; aśāt-or aśāsīt- grammar; preceding śāyāt- ; future śātā-, śāśyati- ; indeclinable ś/āya- ), to whet, sharpen (A1."one's own"weapons or horns) : Passive voice śāyate- grammar : Causal śāyayati- ; Desiderative śiśāsati- : Intensive śāśāyate-, śaśeti-, śāśāti- [? confer, compare Greek etc.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
spaś (confer, compare 1. paś-;only occurring in perfect tense paspaśe-, parasmE-pada paspaśān/a-; Aorist /aspaṣṭa-), to see, behold, perceive, espy : Causal spāśayati- () and spāś/ayate- (), to make clear, show ; to perceive, observe. [ confer, compare Greek , ; Latin spicio; German spe0ho7n,spa0hen; English spy.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sphāy cl.1 A1. () sphāyate- (grammar also perfect tense pasphāye- Aorist asphāyiṣṭa-,or asphāṣṭa- future sphāyitā-etc.) , to grow fat, become bulky, swell, increase, expand ; to resound : Passive voice sphīyate-, to become fat : Causal sphāvayati- (Aorist apisphavat-), to fatten, swell, strengthen, increase, augment [? confer, compare Greek ; Lit.spe0ti; Slavonic or Slavonian spe8ti.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sṛ (confer, compare sal-) cl.1.3. P. () s/arati- (Epic also te-and according to to also dhāvati-), and s/isarti- (the latter base only in veda-;3. dual number s/isratuḥ-,3. plural s/israte- ; parasmE-pada s/israt-[ q.v ] ; perfect tense sas/āra-, sasr/e- etc.;1. dual number sasriva- ; parasmE-pada sasṛv/as-, sasrāṇ/a-and sasṛmāṇ/a- ; Aorist asārṣīt- grammar; subjunctive sarṣat- ; preceding sriyāt- grammar; future sartā- ; sariṣy/ati- etc.; infinitive mood sartum- etc.; s/artave-, tav/ai- ; ind.p. sṛtv/ā- ; -s/ṛtya-, -s/āram- etc.), to run, flow, speed, glide, move, go (with uccakais-,"to spring up";with v/ājam-,or ājim-,"to run a race" id est"exert one's self") Calcutta edition etc. ; to blow (as wind) ; to run away, escape ; to run after, pursue (accusative) ; to go towards, betake one's self to (accusative or tatra-etc.) ; to go against, attack, assail ; to cross, traverse (accusative) ; (A1.) to begin to flow (said of the fluid which surrounds the fetus) : Passive voice sriyate- (Aorist asāri- ), to be gone etc., grammar : Causal sārayati- or cl.10 P. () to cause to run ; to set in motion, strike (a lute) ; to remove, push aside (a braid of hair) ; put in array, to arrange (with dyūtam-,"the men on a chess-board") ; to make visible, show, manifest ; to nourish, foster (genitive case) ; A1. sārayate- (for sar/ayate-See saraya-,), to cause one's self to be driven, drive (in a carriage) : pass. sāryate-, to be made to flow, discharge (excrement) : Desiderative sisīrṣati-, to wish to run (vājam-,"a race") : Intensive (confer, compare sarisrar/a-) s/arsṛte- (parasmE-pada s/arsrāṇa-See pra-sṛ-) or sarīṣarti-, to stride backwards and forwards ; to blow violently (as the wind) [ confer, compare Greek ,;, ; Latin salire.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrā or śrai- (see śrī-) cl.1. or cl.4. P. () śrāyati- (according to to also cl.2 P. śrāti-; perfect tense śaśrau-; Aorist aśrāsīt-; preceding śrāyāt-or śreyāt- infinitive mood śrātum- grammar), to cook, boil, seethe, mature, ripen (only in ; according to to also "to sweat"): Passive voice śrāyate- (Aorist aśrāyi-) grammar : Causal śrap/ayati-, te- (Aorist aśiśrapat-; Passive voice śrapy/ate-), to cause to cook or boil, roast, bake etc. ; to make hot, heat, bake (earthenware) ; to cause to sweat ([for śrāpaya-See ]) : Desiderative śiśrāsati- grammar : Intensive śāśrāyati-, śāśrāti-, śāśreti-
sthūl (rather Nom.fr. sthūla-below) cl.10 A1. sthūlayate- (also P. sthūlayati- according to to some) , to become big or stout or bulky, increase, grow fat View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
stu cl.2 P. A1. (; see ) st/auti- or stavīti-, stute- or stuvīte- (in also st/avate-,3. sg. stave-[with pass. sense], 1. 3. sg. stuṣ/e- imperative stoṣi-, parasmE-pada [mostly with pass. sense] stuvān/a-, st/avāna-or stavān/a-, st/avamāna-;in stunvanti-,in parasmE-pada stunvāna-; perfect tense tuṣṭāva-, tuṣṭuv/us-, tuṣṭuv/e- etc.; Aorist astāvīt-or astauṣīt- etc.; stoṣat-, stoṣāṇi- ; /astoṣṭa- etc.; preceding stūyāt- grammar; future stavitā-or stotā- ; future staviṣy/ati-, te- ; stoṣyati-, te- etc.; Conditional astoṣyat- ; infinitive mood stotum- etc.; stavitum- ; st/otave-, stav/adhyai- ; ind.p. stutv/ā- etc.; -st/utya- etc.; -stūya- etc.), to praise, laud, eulogize, extol, celebrate in song or hymns (in ritual,"to chant" , with locative case of the text from which the sāman- comes) etc. etc.: Passive voice stūy/ate- (Aorist astāvi-), to be praised or celebrated ; stāyamāna- mfn. being praised : Causal stāvayati- (Aorist atuṣṭavat- ; ṭuvat- ), to praise, celebrate ; (stāvayate-), to cause to praise or celebrate : Desiderative tuṣṭūṣati-, te- (past participle tuṣṭūṣita-), to wish to celebrate : Intensive toṣṭūyate-, toṣṭoti- grammar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
styai cl.1 P. styāyati-, to be collected into a heap or mass ; to spread about ; to sound ; cl.1 A1. styāyate- (pr. p. styāna- q.v; ind.p. -styāya-;See ni-ṣṭyai-), to stiffen, grow dense, increase View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śyai cl.1 P. śyāyati-, to cause to congeal or freeze ; (A1.) śyāyate- (grammar also perfect tense śaśye-; Aorist aśyāsta-; future śyātā-, śyāsyate-), to go, move : Passive voice śīyate-, to congeal, freeze, be cold : Causal śyāpayati- grammar : Desiderative śiśyāsate- : Intensive śāśyāyate-, śāśyeti-, śāśyāti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
syam cl.1 P. () syamati- (only in 3. plural perfect tense sasyamuḥ-and syemuḥ-; grammar also Aorist asyamīt-; future syamitā-, syamiṣyati-; ind.p. syamitvā-,or syāntvā-; according to to also cl.10 P. syamayati-), to sound, cry aloud, shout, cry, shriek ; (syamati-), to go ; see cl.10. A1. syāmayate- (ti-), to consider, reflect : Causal syamayati- (Aorist asisyamat-) grammar (see above) : Desiderative sisyamiṣati- : Intensive sesimyate-, saṃsyanti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śyāmāyaNom. A1. māyate-, to assume a dark colour (māyita- mfn.become dark) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tandr cl.1 P. drati-, = sad- ; (subjunctive drat-) to make languid : Causal dr/ayate-, to grow fatigued () (with infinitive mood). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
trai cl.1 A1. tr/āyate- (imperative yatām-,2. sg. yasva-and tr/āsva- plural yadhvam-and tr/ādhvam- ; Epic trāti-, trātu-, trāhi-; Aorist subjunctive trāsate-,2. dual number tr/āsāthe- preceding tr/āsīthām- ; infinitive mood trātum- etc.; ind.p. trātvā- ) to protect, preserve, cherish, defend, rescue from (genitive case or ablative) ; see pari--, saṃ--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tūlakaṇāyaNom. ṇāyate-, to appear worthless View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tur (see tṝ-, tvar-) cl.6. to hurry, press forwards, (parasmE-pada r/at-) (A1. r/ate-): cl.4. (Imper. tūrya-) to overpower ; A1. to run ; to hurt : cl.3. tutorti-, to run : Causal turayate- (parasmE-pada r/ayat-) to run, press forwards : Desiderative t/ūtūrṣati-, to strive to press forwards ; Intensive parasmE-pada t/arturāṇa-, rushing, pressing each other (waves), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ucchri( ud-śri-) P. -chrayati- (Aorist /ud-aśret- ) to raise, erect, extol etc.: A1. -chrayate- (imperative 2. sg. -chrayasva- ) to rise, stand erect etc.: Passive voice -chrīyate- (perfect tense -chiśriye-) to be erected : Causal -chrāpayati-, to raise, erect View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udānīP. -nayati-, to lead up or out of (water) : A1. -nayate-, to raise, elevate View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uḍḍī(ud-ḍī-) A1. -ḍayate-, or ḍīyate-, to fly up, soar : Causal -ḍāpayati-, to cause to fly up, scare. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ukṣ cl.1 P. A1. ukṣ/ati-, ukṣ/ate- (parasmE-pada /ukṣat- ukṣamāṇa- ; ukṣāṃ-cakāra-[ ;for vav/akṣa-etc.See vakṣ-]; /aukṣat-and /aukṣīt-, ukṣitum-) to sprinkle, moisten, wet etc. ; to sprinkle or scatter in small drops ; to emit ; to throw out, scatter (as sparks) etc. ; to emit seed (as a bull) ; to be strong : Causal A1. ukṣayate-, to strengthen ; ([ confer, compare Lithuanian Ukana: Hibernian or Irish uisg,uisge,"water, a river";uisgeach,"aquatic, watery, fluid, moist, pluvial:" Greek , : Latin u1veo(forugveo),Umor,etc.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ullī(ud--), Causal P. -lāpayati-, to cause to lie down, put to bed (?) on : A1. -lāpayate-, to humiliate, subdue ; to deceive, not to keep one's promise to View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
unmanāyaNom. A1. unmanāyate-, to become perplexed or excited gaRa bhṛśādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upahveonly A1. () -hvayate- (rarely P. ) to call near to, invite etc. ; to call up, invoke ; to call to, cheer, encourage : Desiderative -juhūṣati-, to wish to call near View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upāhveA1. -hvayate-, to call near, invite, summon ; to challenge View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upajanA1. -j/āyate-, to be produced or originate in addition ; to be added or put to etc. ; to follow (as a consequence) ; to be born, originate, come forth, appear, become visible, happen etc. ; to be born again ; to exist, be : Causal -janayati-, to generate, produce ; to cause, effect View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upakhyā Passive voice -khyāyate-, to be seen or perceived View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaniśriP. -śrayati-, to go near or to the side of : A1. -śrayate-, to cling to, lean against and View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaprajanA1. -jāyate-, to be born after or in addition to View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaśriP. -śrayati-, to lean (anything) against : A1. -śrayate- (p. of the perfect tense -śiśriyāṇ/a-) to lean against, support, prop ; to cling to, fit closely (as an ornament) ; to place one's self near to, go towards ; to accommodate one's self to View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upāvaśriA1. -śrayate-, to betake one's self to View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upavṛtA1. -vartate-, to step or walk upon ; to move or come near, approach, fall to ; to return: Causal A1. -vartayate-, to cause to move up ; to stroke upwards ; to cause to recover View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upavyeA1. -vyayate-, to put on or invest one's self with the sacred thread View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ūrdhvāyaNom. A1. ūrdhvāyate-, to rise, go upwards View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ūrj (connected with vṛj-), Causal P. ūrjayati- (parasmE-pada ūrj/ayat-), to strengthen, invigorate, refresh : A1. ūrjayate- (parasmE-pada ūrj/ayamāna-), to be strong or powerful, be happy ; to live ; ([ confer, compare Greek ; Latin urge-o; Gothic vrik-a; Lithuanian verz-iu4.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ūṣarāyaNom. A1. ūṣarāyate-, to become a saline or sterile soil View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uṣmāyaNom. A1. uṣmāyate- equals ūṣmāya- q.v
ūṣmāyaNom. A1. ūṣmāyate-, to emit heat or hot vapour ; to steam View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utkāyaNom. A1. utkāyate-, to long for commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsukāyaNom. A1. utsukāyate-, to become unquiet ; to long for etc., (gaRa bhṛśādi- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsvapnāyaNom. A1. utsvapnāyate-, to talk in one's sleep, start out of sleep View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uttaralāyaNom. A1. uttaralāyate-, to shudder, quiver, tremble View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vācyāyaNom. A1. vācyāyate-, to appear as if really expressed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vast cl.10 A1. vastayate-, to waste, hurt ; to go ; to ask View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vay cl.1 A1. vayate-, to go (for cl.1 P. vayati-See ve-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ve (see ūy-) cl.1 P. A1. () v/ayati-, te- (perfect tense parasmE-pada vavau-or uvāya-;2. sg. uvayitha- grammar;3. plural vavuḥ- ; ūvuḥ- ; ūyuḥ- ; A1. vave-, ūve-, ūye- grammar; Aorist avāsīt-, avāsta- grammar; preceding ūyāt-, vāsīṣṭa- ; future vātā- ; vāsyati-, te- ; vayiṣy/ati- ; infinitive mood /otum-, /otave-, /otav/ai- ; v/ātave- ), to weave, interweave, braid, plait (figuratively to string or join together artificially, make, compose exempli gratia, 'for example' speeches, hymns) etc. ; to make into a cover, into a web or web-like covering, overspread as with a web (said of a cloud-like mass of arrows filling the air) : Passive voice ūyate- (Aorist avāyi-) grammar : Causal vāyayati- : Desiderative vivāsati-, te- : Intensive vāvāyate-, vāveti-, vāvāti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vid cl.2 P. () vetti- (vidmahe- ; vedati-, te- ; vid/ati-, te- etc.; vindati-, te- etc.; imperative vidāṃ-karotu- [ confer, compare ];1. sg. imperfect tense avedam-,2. sg. avet-or aves-[ ] etc.;3. plural avidus- [ confer, compare ]; avidan- etc.; perfect tense v/eda-[often substituted for proper vetti- confer, compare ], 3. plural vid/us-or vidre- ; viveda- etc.; vidāṃcak/āra- etc.[ confer, compare ; according to to also vidām-babhūva-]; Aorist avedīt- ; vidām-akran- ; future vedit/ā- ; vettā- future vediṣyati-, te- ; vetsyati-, te- etc.; infinitive mood v/editum-, tos- ; vettum- etc.; ind.p. viditv/ā- etc.), to know, understand, perceive, learn, become or be acquainted with, be conscious of, have a correct notion of (with accusative,in older, language also with genitive case;with infinitive mood = to know how to) etc. (viddhi yathā-,"know that"; vidyāt-,"one should know","it should be understood"; ya evam veda-[in ],"who knows thus","who has this knowledge") ; to know or regard or consider as, take for, declare to be, call (especially in 3. plural vidus-,with two accusative or with accusative and Nominal verb with iti-, exempli gratia, 'for example' taṃ sthaviraṃ viduḥ-,"they consider or call him aged"; rājarṣir iti māṃ viduḥ-,"they consider me a rājarṣi-") etc. ; to mind, notice, observe, remember (with genitive case or accusative) ; to experience, feel (accusative or genitive case) etc. ; to wish to know, inquire about (accusative) : Causal ved/ayate- (rarely ti-; Aorist avīvidat-; Passive voice vedyate-), to make known, announce, report, tell etc. ; to teach, explain ; to recognize or regard as, take for (two accusative) etc. ; to feel, experience etc.: Desiderative of Causal in vivedayiṣu- q.v : Desiderative vividiṣati- or vivitsati-, to wish to know or learn, inquire about (acc) : Intensive vevidyate-, vevetti- grammar ([ confer, compare Greek for , for equals veda-; Latin videre; Slavonic or Slavonian ve8de8ti; Gothic witan,wait; German wizzan,wissen; Anglo-Saxon wa7t; English wot.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vidayA1. -dayate-, to divide, sever, destroy ; to distribute, bestow, be liberal with (instrumental case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vihel Causal A1. -helayate-, to vex, annoy (Bombay edition -ghātayate-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vihveA1. -hvayate- (see ), to call in different places, call, invoke, vie in calling, contend for anything View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vijanA1. -jāyate- (perfect tense parasmE-pada vi-jānivas- genitive case n/uṣas- ; infinitive mood v/i-janitos- ), to be born or produced, originate, arise etc. ; to be transformed, turn into, become (Nominal verb) ; to bear young, generate, bring forth, produce View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vijiA1. -jayate- (rarely ti-; see ), to conquer, win or acquire by conquest etc. ; to vanquish, defeat, subdue, overpower, master, control etc. ; to be victorious or superior etc. ; (often in respectful salutation exempli gratia, 'for example' vi-jayasva rājan-,"be victorious"or"hail to thee, O king!") to contend victoriously with (instrumental case) ; to excel in (instrumental case) ; to be about to conquer, go to victory : Causal (only Aorist vy-ajījayat-;but see vi-jāpayitṛ-) to conquer : Desiderative -jigīṣate- (rarely ti-), to strive for victory, wish to conquer or vanquish, attack, assail View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vijñāP. A1. -jānāti-, -jānīte-, to distinguish, discern, observe, investigate, recognize, ascertain, know, understand etc. etc. (with na-and infinitive mood"to know not how to") ; to have right knowledge, ; to become wise or learned ; to hear or learn from (genitive case) ; to recognize in (locative case) ; to look upon or regard or consider as (two accusative) etc. ; to learn or understand that (two accusative or yat-) etc. ; to explain, declare : Passive voice -jñāyate-, to be distinguished or discerned etc. ; (especially 3. sg.,"it is known or understood";"it is recognized or prescribed", scilicet by authorities ;and in gram. mā vi-jñāyi-with preceding Nominal verb,"let this not be considered as") : Causal -jñapayati-, or -jñāpayati- (rarely te-; Aorist vy-ājijñapat-), to make known, declare, report, communicate etc. ; to ask or request anything ; to declare or tell that (two accusative) ; to apprise, teach, instruct, ask, beg (with accusative of Persian;and dative case of thing, or with artham- in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound',or prati-and accusative) etc. ; to inform of or about (two accusative) : Passive voice (only Conditional vy-ajñāpayiṣyata-,with varia lectio ṣyat-), to become manifest, appear : Desiderative of Causal See vi-jijñāpayiṣā- below (see also vi-jñīpsu-): Desiderative -jijñāsati-, te-, to wish to understand or know etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vimeA1. -mayate-, to change places, alternate (?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vinirjñā(only Passive voice -jñāyate-), to distinguish, discern, find out View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vipalyay(paly- equals pari+ay- equals i-) A1. -ayate-, to go back, turn round, return View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vipralubh Causal A1. -lobhayate-, to allure, try to seduce or deceive View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīr cl.10 A1. (;rather Nom.fr. vīr/a-below) vīr/ayate-, to be powerful or valiant, display heroism ; (P. vīrayati-) to overpower, subdue View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vismiA1. -smayate- (mc. also P.), to wonder, be surprised or astonished at (instrumental case locative case,or ablative) etc. ; to be proud of (instrumental case) : Causal -smāyayati-, or -smāpayati-, te- (see ), to astonish, surprise : Desiderative of Causal See vi-sismāpayiṣu-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visphāyA1. -sphāyate-, to swell View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyābādhA1. -bādhayate-, to hurt, injure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyāhveA1. -hvayate- (ind.p. -hāvam-), to separate by inserting the āhāva- or invocation (See 2 ā-hāva-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyānīA1. -nayate-, to pour in separately View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavadai Passive voice -dāyate- (p. -dāyamāna-), to be clearly diffused View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
(collateral form of5. i-) cl.2 P. () y/āti- (1. plural yāmahe- ; imperfect tense 3. plural ayuḥ- ; ayān- Scholiast or Commentator; perfect tense yay/au-, yay/ātha-, yay/a-, yay/uḥ- etc.; yaye- ; Aorist ayāsam-or ayāsiṣam-; subjunctive y/āsat-, yeṣam-, yāsiṣat- ; preceding yāsiṣīṣṭhās- ; future yātā- etc.; yāsyati- ; te- ; infinitive mood yātum- etc.;Ved. infinitive mood y/ai-, y/ātave-or v/ai-; ind.p. yātv/ā- ; -y/āya-, -yāyam- ), to go, proceed, move, walk, set out, march, advance, travel, journey (often with instrumental case or accusative of the way, especially with gatim-, mārgam-, adhvānam-, panthānam-, padavīm-, yātrām-) etc. ; to go away, withdraw, retire etc. ; (also with palāyya-) to flee, escape (with kṣemeṇa-or svasti-,to escape unscathed ) ; to go towards or against, go or come to, enter, approach, arrive at, reach etc. etc. (with accusative often followed by prati- exempli gratia, 'for example' with gṛham-,to enter a house;with ripum prati-,to march against the enemy;with mṛgayām-,to go out hunting;with śirasāmahīm-,to bow down to the ground with the head;with prakṛtim-,to return to one's natural state;with karṇau-,to come to the ears, be heard;with utsavād utsavam-,to go from one festival to another;with hastam- in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound',to fall into the hands of;with patham-or gocaram- in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound',to come within range of; especially with the accusative of an abstract noun = to go to any state or condition, become, be exempli gratia, 'for example' vināśaṃ yāti-,he goes to destruction id est he is destroyed; kāṭhinyaṃ yāti-,it becomes hard; dveṣyatāṃ yāti-,he becomes hated;similarly nidhanaṃ--,to die; nidrāṃ--,to fall asleep; udayaṃ--,to rise, said of stars etc.;sometimes also with locative case exempli gratia, 'for example' yāhi rājñah sakāśe-,go into the presence of the king ;or even with dative case exempli gratia, 'for example' yayatuḥ sva-niveśāya-,both went home ; na cātmane kṛpaṇasya dhanaṃ yāti-,nor does the wealth of the miser go to [i.e. benefit] himself. ; phalebhyo yāti-,he goes to [fetch] fruits Scholiast or Commentator) ; to go to for any request, implore, solicit (with two accusative) ; (with striyam-) to go to a woman for sexual intercourse ; to go to for any purpose (infinitive mood) ; often with adverbs exempli gratia, 'for example' with bahir-, to go out ; with adho-, to go down, sink ; with khaṇḍaśo- or dalaśo-, to fall to pieces ; with śata-dhā-, to fall into a hundred pieces ; to extend to (accusative) ; to last for (accusative) ; to pass away, elapse (said of time) etc. ; to vanish, disappear (as wealth) ; to come to pass, prosper, succeed ; to proceed, behave, act ; to find out, discover ; to receive or learn (a science) from (ablative) ; to undertake, undergo (accusative) ; imperative yātu-, be it as it may : Passive voice yāyate-, to be gone or moved : Causal yāp/ayati- (Aorist ayīyapat-), to cause to depart, cause to go or march, dismiss ; to cause to go towards (accusative) (see yāpita-) ; to direct (the gaze) towards (locative case) (varia lectio pātayati-) ; to drive away remove, cure (a disease) ; to cause to pass or elapse, pass or spend (time) etc. ; to live (pāli- yāpeti-) ; to cause to subsist, support, maintain ; to induce : Desiderative yiyāsati-, to intend or be about to go, desire to proceed etc.: Intensive īyāyate- (?) , to move ; yāyayate-, yāyeti-, yāyāti- grammar
yakṣ (perhaps Desiderative of a yah-,from which yahu-and yahva-) cl.1 P. A1. y/akṣati-, te-, (prob.) to be quick, speed on (only in pra-yakṣ- q.v;and once in yakṣāmas-,to explain yakṣa- ), cl.10 A1. yakṣayate-, to worship, honour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
Apte Search
2 results
payasya पयस्य a. 1 Milky, made of milk. -2 Watery. -स्यः A cat. -स्या Curds. पयस्यति payasyati पयायते payāyatē पयस्यति पयायते Den, P. To flow, to act like milk; कामं मदीक्षामयकामधेनोः पयायतामभ्युदयस्त्वदीयः N.14.79.
vīrā वीरा 1 The wife of a hero. -2 A wife. -3 A mother, matron. -4 A kind of perfume (called Murā). -5 Spirituous liquor. -6 An aloe. -7 The plantain tree. -8 A woman with a husband and a son living; L. D. B. वीरायते vīrāyatē (वीरयते vīrayatē) वीरायते (वीरयते) Den. Ā. To act like a hero, show heroism; इतो$पि किं वीरयसे न कुर्वतः नृपान् धनुर्बाणगुणैर्वशं- वदान् N.12.27; Ait. Br.12.9.
Macdonell Vedic Search
3 results
jñā jñā know, IX. jāná̄ti, x. 34, 4 [cp. Gk. ἔγνω-ν, Lat. co-gno-sco, Eng. know]. ví-, ps. jñāyáte be distinguished, iv. 51, 6.
pi pi swell, I. páyate; pf. pīpá̄ya, ii. 35, 7; viii. 29, 6.
bhī bhī fear, I. Ā. bháyate, i. 85, 8; ii. 12, 13; pf. bibhá̄ya, v. 83, 2; s ao. ábhaisur, viii. 48, 11.
Bloomfield Vedic
Concordance
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iṣayate martyāya # RV.6.16.25b.
prayate svāhā # TS.7.1.13.1; KSA.1.4.
yācayate bṛhaspatiḥ # AVś.12.4.38d.
Vedabase Search
36 results
abhyudayate manifestsCC Madhya 2.74
bhāsayate illuminatesBG 15.6
bhāsayate illuminatesBG 15.12
bhojayate feedsNoI 4
cetayate is brought into animationSB 8.1.9
cetayate animatesSB 8.1.9
dhārayate one sustainsBG 18.33
dhārayate one sustainsBG 18.34
ejayate disturbsSB 5.2.14
ghaṭayate causes to appearCC Antya 1.99
ghaṭayate causes to appearCC Antya 1.120
jayate one becomes victoriousSB 4.21.46
kālayate causes to moveSB 10.51.19
kāmayate desiresSB 4.13.34
kāmayate one desiresSB 7.7.43
lakṣayate can seeSB 4.22.9
lańghayate causes to cross overCC Madhya 17.80
lańghayate causes to cross overCC Antya 1.1
mṛḍayate causes happinessSB 3.9.22
prārthayate beggingSB 3.9.29
prayateta should endeavorSB 1.5.18
prayateta should endeavorCC Madhya 24.169
ramayate He pleasesSB 5.18.16
śrayate remain inSB 4.8.36
śrayate takes shelter ofSB 5.11.8
śrayate he takes shelter ofSB 5.13.5
śrayate acceptsSB 10.2.34
śrayate is residingSB 10.31.1
stāvayate causes to be praisedSB 4.15.24
vijayate conquersCC Antya 1.99
vijayate conquersCC Antya 1.120
vijayate let there be victoryCC Antya 20.12
vijayate is victoriousMM 14
vijayate may He be victoriousMM 21
vyathayate gives painCC Madhya 23.29
yātayate gives painSB 5.26.18
Parse Time: 2.392s Search Word: ayate Input Encoding: IAST IAST: ayate