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     Grammar Search "ati" has 2 results.
     
ati
ati
Preverbs Search
  
"ati" has 1 results.
Preverb WordMeaning
atibeyond, over
     Amarakosha Search  
272 results
     
WordReferenceGenderNumberSynonymsDefinition
abhayā2.2.59FeminineSingularśivā, haimavatī, pūtanā, avyathā, śreyasī, harītakī, kāyasthā, cetakī, amṛtā, pathyā
abjaḥ3.3.38MasculineSingularkaṭiḥ, gajagaṇḍaḥ
adhikṣiptaḥ3.1.40MasculineSingularpratikṣiptaḥ
ajñānamNeuterSingularavidyā, ahammatiignorance
alam3.3.260MasculineSingularprabandhaḥ, cirātītam, nikaṭāgāmikam
ālokaḥ3.3.3MasculineSingularmandāraḥ, sphaṭikaḥ, sūryaḥ
āmuktaḥ2.8.66MasculineSingularpratimuktaḥ, pinaddhaḥ, apinaddhaḥ
aṅgam2.6.71NeuterSingularapaghanaḥ, pratīkaḥ, avayavaḥ
aṅgāradhānikā2.9.30FeminineSingularaṅgāraśakaṭī, hasantī, hasa‍nī
aniruddhaḥMasculineSingularuṣāpatithe son of pradumnya, and husband of usha
ānupūrvī2.7.38FeminineSingularāvṛt, paripāṭiḥ, anukramaḥ, paryāyaḥ
anuśayaḥ3.3.156MasculineSingularāpat, yuddhaḥ, āyati
apratyakṣam3.1.78MasculineSingularatīndriyam
ārṣabhyaḥ2.9.63MasculineSingular‍gopati, iṭcaraḥ
ati3.3.249MasculineSingularpratīcī, caramaḥ
atijavaḥ2.8.74MasculineSingularjaṃghālaḥ
atikramaḥ2.4.33MasculineSingularparyayaḥ, atipātaḥ, upātyayaḥ
atimuktaḥMasculineSingularpuṇḍrakaḥ, vāsantī, mādhavīlatā
atinuMasculineSingularlanded from boat
atipanthāḥMasculineSingularsupanthāḥ, satpathaḥ
atiriktaḥ3.1.74MasculineSingularsamadhikaḥ
atiśayaḥ1.1.67MasculineSingularbhṛśam, gāḍham, tīvram, atimātram, ativelam, dṛḍham, nitāntam, nirbharam, atyartham, bharaḥ, bāḍham, ekāntam, udgāḍhammuch or excessive
ātithyam2.7.35MasculineSingular
ātmaguptāFeminineSingularṛṣyaproktā, śūkaśimbiḥ, ajaḍā, kapikacchuḥ, avyaṇḍā, markaṭī, kaṇḍūrā, prāvṛṣāyaṇī
avasānam2.4.38NeuterSingularsātiḥ
avaskaraḥ3.3.175MasculineSingulardvāḥsthaḥ, pratīhārī, dvāram
avaṭuḥ2.6.89FeminineSingularghāṭā, kṛkāṭikā
avekṣā2.4.28FeminineSingularpratijāgaraḥ
āveśikaḥ2.7.36MasculineSingularāgantuḥ, atithiḥ
avyathāFeminineSingularcāraṭī, padmacāriṇī, aticarā, padmā
ayanam2.1.15NeuterSingularpadavī, mārgaḥ, vartanī, saraṇiḥ, panthāḥ, vartma, padyā, sṛtiḥ, adhvā, ekapadī, paddhati
balabhadraḥ1.1.23-24MasculineSingularbaladevaḥ, balaḥ, saṅkarṣaṇaḥ, tālāṅkaḥ, halāyudhaḥ, revatīramaṇaḥ, pralambaghnaḥ, kālindībhedanaḥ, halī, rauhiṇeyaḥ, kāmapālaḥ, acyutāgrajaḥ, ānakadundubhiḥ, sīrapāṇiḥ, musalī, nīlāmbaraḥ, rāmaḥbalaram
bālaḥ3.3.213MasculineSingularpati, śākhī, naraḥ
balavat2.4.2MasculineSingularatīva, nirbharam, suṣṭhu, kimuta, svasti
bāndhakineyaḥ2.6.26MasculineSingularbandhulaḥ, asatīsutaḥ, ‍kaulaṭeraḥ, ‍kaulaṭeyaḥ
bāndhavaḥ2.6.34MasculineSingularsvajanaḥ, sagotraḥ, jñātiḥ, bandhuḥ, svaḥ
bhairavam1.7.19MasculineSingularbhīṣaṇam, pratibhayam, bhīṣmam, ghoram, bhīmam, bhayānakam, dāruṇam, bhayaṅkaramhorrer
bhrāntiḥ1.5.4FeminineSingularmithyāmati, bhramaḥmistake
bhūḥ2.1.2-3FeminineSingularkṣmā, mahī, dhātrī, kumbhinī, ratnagarbhā, bhūmiḥ, rasā, dharā, kṣoṇī, kṣitiḥ, vasudhā, gotrā, pṛthvī, medinī, gahvarī, ilā, bhūtadhātrī, sāgarāmbarā, anantā, sthirā, dharaṇī, kāśyapī, vasumatī, vasundharā, pṛthivī, avaniḥ, vipulā, gauḥ, kṣamā, jagatī, acalā, viśvambharā, dharitrī, jyā, sarvaṃsahā, urvī, kuḥ
brahmā1.1.16-17MasculineSingularprajāpati, viścasṛṭ, aṇḍajaḥ, kamalodbhavaḥ, satyakaḥ, ātmabhūḥ, pitāmahaḥ, svayaṃbhūḥ, abjayoniḥ, kamalāsanaḥ, vedhāḥ, vidhiḥ, pūrvaḥ, sadānandaḥ, haṃsavāhanaḥ, surajyeṣṭhaḥ, hiraṇyagarbhaḥ, caturāsanaḥ, druhiṇaḥ, sraṣṭā, vidhātā, nābhijanmā, nidhanaḥ, rajomūrtiḥ, parameṣṭhī, lokeśaḥ, dhātā, virañciḥbramha
brāhmīFeminineSingularvāṇī, sarasvatī, bhāratī, bhāṣā, gīḥ, vākthe goddess of spech
bṛhaspati1.3.24MasculineSingularāṅgirasaḥ, surācāryaḥ, vācaspati, gīrpati, citraśikhaṇḍijaḥ, dhiṣaṇaḥ, guruḥ, jīvaḥthe janet
buddham3.1.110MasculineSingularmanitam, viditam, pratipannam, avasitam, avagatam, budhitam
buddhiḥ1.5.1FeminineSingularpratipat, upalabdhiḥ, śemuṣī, dhiṣaṇā, cetanā, saṃvit, prekṣā, prajñā, manīṣā, jñaptiḥ, cit, mati, dhīḥunderstanding or intellect
caurakaḥ2.10.24MasculineSingularparāskandī, taskaraḥ, aikāgārikaḥ, ‍‌pratirodhī, dasyuḥ, malimlucaḥ, ‍‍‍pāṭaccaraḥ, moṣakaḥ, stenaḥ
chattrāFeminineSingularaticchatraḥ, pālaghnaḥ
cikitsā2.6.50FeminineSingularrukpratikriyā
daivam1.4.28NeuterSingularniyati, vidhiḥ, diṣṭam, bhāgadheyam, bhāgyamdestiny or luck
dampatī2.6.38FeminineDual‍jampatī, ‍jāyāpatī, bhāryāpatī
daśā3.3.224FeminineSingularatiprasiddhaḥ
dharmarājaḥ1.1.61-62MasculineSingularantakaḥ, daṇḍadharaḥ, yamarāṭ, kṛtāntaḥ, pitṛpati, vaivasvataḥ, kālaḥ, śamanaḥ, paretarāṭ, śrāddhadevaḥ, yamaḥ, yamunābhrātā, samavartīyama
dharmarājaḥ3.3.37MasculineSingularjanaḥ, santati
durodaraḥ3.3.179NeuterSingularcamūjaghanam, hastasūtram, pratisaraḥ
dvāḥFeminineSingulardvāram, pratīhāraḥ
dvārapālaḥ2.8.6MasculineSingularpratīhāraḥ, dvāsthaḥ, ‍dvāsthitaḥ, darśakaḥ
dyūtaḥ2.10.45MasculineSingularpaṇaḥ, akṣavatī, kaitavam
etahi2.4.22MasculineSingularadhunā, sāmpratam, saṃprati, idānīm
gāṅgeyam3.3.163NeuterSingularpratibimbam, anātapaḥ, sūryapriyā, kāntiḥ
gauḥ2.9.67-72FeminineSingularupasaryā, rohiṇī, bahusūtiḥ, kapilā, navasūtikā, ekahāyanī, droṇakṣīrā, bandhyā, saurabheyī, garbhopaghātinī, arjunī, acaṇḍī, dhavalā, vaṣkayiṇī, dvivarṣā, pīnoghnī, tryabdā, samāṃsamīnā, sandhinī, vaśā, praṣṭhauhī, naicikī, pareṣṭukā, pāṭalā, suvratā, caturabdā, droṇadugdhā, avatokā, usrā, kālyā, aghnyā, sukarā, kṛṣṇā, dhenuḥ, ekābdā, pīvarastanī, trihāyaṇī, māheyī, vehad, śṛṅgiṇī, bālagarbhiṇī, śavalī, cirasūtā, dvihāyanī, sukhasaṃdohyā, caturhāyaṇī, dhenuṣyā, sravadgarbhā, mātā(49)cow
goṣpadam3.3.101NeuterSingularpratyagraḥ, apratibhaḥ
havaḥ3.3.215MasculineSingularsatāṃmatiniścayaḥ, prabhāvaḥ
himāṃśuḥ1.3.13-14MasculineSingularśaśadharaḥ, induḥ, sudhāṃśuḥ, niśāpati, somaḥ, kalānidhiḥ, nakṣatreśaḥ, candramāḥ, kumudabāndhavaḥ, śubhrāṃśuḥ, abjaḥ, glauḥ, dvijarājaḥ, kṣapākaraḥ, candraḥ, vidhuḥ, oṣadhīśaḥ, jaivātṛkaḥ, mṛgāṅkaḥthe moon
himānī1.3.18FeminineSingularhimasaṃhatisnow
hīnam3.3.135MasculineSingulargauṣṭhapati, godhuk
ilā3.3.48FeminineSingularbhṛśam, pratijñā
indraḥ1.1.45MasculineSingularmarutvān, pākaśāsanaḥ, puruhūtaḥ, lekharṣabhaḥ, divaspati, vajrī, vṛṣā, balārātiḥ, harihayaḥ, saṅkrandanaḥ, meghavāhanaḥ, ṛbhukṣāḥ, maghavā, vṛddhaśravāḥ, purandaraḥ, śakraḥ, sutrāmā, vāsavaḥ, vāstoṣpati, śacīpati, svārāṭ, duścyavanaḥ, ākhaṇḍalaḥ, viḍaujāḥ, sunāsīraḥ, jiṣṇuḥ, śatamanyuḥ, gotrabhid, vṛtrahā, surapati, jambhabhedī, namucisūdanaḥ, turāṣāṭ, sahasrākṣaḥindra, the king of the gods
īrvāruḥFeminineSingularkarkaṭī
jāraḥ2.6.35MasculineSingularupapati
jātīkoṣam1.2.133NeuterSingularjātīphalam
kākenduḥMasculineSingularkulakaḥ, kākapīlukaḥ, kākatindukaḥ
kaladhautam3.3.83NeuterSingularyuktam, kṣmādiḥ, ṛtam, prāṇī, atītaḥ
kāminī3.3.119FeminineSingularprajāpati, tattvam, tapaḥ, brahma, brahmā, vipraḥ, vedāḥ
kāravellaḥMasculineSingularkaṭillakaḥ, suṣavī
kārtikeyaḥMasculineSingularmahāsenaḥ, kumāraḥ, śikhivāhanaḥ, bāhuleyaḥ, senānīḥ, ṣaḍānanaḥ, śaktidharaḥ, viśākhaḥ, guhaḥ, skandaḥ, śarajanmā, krauñcadāruṇaḥ, ṣāṇmāturaḥ, tārakajit, agnibhūḥ, pārvatīnandanaḥkaarttik
kaṭiḥ2.6.75FeminineSingularśroṇiḥ, kakudmatī
kaulīnam3.3.123NeuterSingularpratirodhaḥ, virodhācaraṇam
kirātatiktaḥMasculineSingularbhūnimbaḥ, anāryatiktaḥ
kopaḥMasculineSingularpratighaḥ, ruṭ, krudh, krodhaḥ, amarṣaḥ, roṣaḥwrath or anger
kṣitiḥ3.3.77FeminineSingulargati
kūlam1.10.7NeuterSingulartīram, pratīram, taṭam, rodhaḥa shore or bank
madanaḥ1.1.25-26MasculineSingularbrahmasūḥ, māraḥ, kandarpaḥ, kāmaḥ, sambarāriḥ, ananyajaḥ, makaradhvajaḥ, viśvaketuḥ, pradyumnaḥ, darpakaḥ, pañcaśaraḥ, manasijaḥ, puṣpadhanvā, ātmabhūḥ, manmathaḥ, mīnaketanaḥ, anaṅgaḥ, smaraḥ, kusumeṣuḥ, ratipatikamadeva
madhucchiṣṭam2.9.108NeuterSingular‍kunaṭī, golā, ‍manoguptā, ‍manohvā, nāgajihvikā, naipālī
mānaḥMasculineSingularcittasamunnatianger or indignation excited by jealousy (esp. in women)
maṇitam1.6.21MasculineSingularratikūjitammurmering at cohabitation
manohataḥ3.1.40MasculineSingularpratibaddhaḥ, hataḥ, pratihataḥ
māraṇam2.8.118NeuterSingularnirbahaṇam, pravāsanam, nihiṃsanam, nirgranthanam, nihānanam, nirvāpaṇam, pratighātanam, krathanam, piñjaḥ, unmāthaḥ, nikāraṇam, parāsanam, nirvāsanam, apāsanam, kṣaṇanam, viśasanam, udvāsanam, ujjāsanam, viśaraḥ, pramāpaṇam, viśāraṇam, niṣūdanam, saṃjñapanam, ni‍starhaṇam, parivarjanam, māraṇam, pramathanam, ālambhaḥ, ghātaḥ
māyākāraḥ2.10.11MasculineSingularprātihārakaḥ
mṛduḥ3.3.101MasculineSingularkāyaḥ, unnati
nadī1.10.29-30FeminineSingularkūlaṅkaṣā, sravantī, dhunī, śaivalinī, rodhovakrā, apagā, dvīpavatī, hradinī, taraṅgiṇī, nirjhariṇī, nimnagā, srotasvatī, taḍinī, sarit, sarasvatīa river
nārakaḥMasculineSingularnarakaḥ, nirayaḥ, durgatihell
natanāsikaḥ2.6.45MasculineSingularavaṭīṭaḥ, avanāṭaḥ, avabhraṭaḥ
nepathyam2.6.100MasculineSingularākalpaḥ, veṣaḥ, pratikarma, prasādhanam
nidigdhikāFeminineSingularrāṣṭrikā, kulī, bṛhatī, duḥsparśā, pracodanī, vyāghrī, kṣudrā, kaṇṭakārikā, spṛśī
nijaḥ3.3.38MasculineSingularkhalati, duṣcarmā, maheśvaraḥ
nikṛṣṭaḥ3.1.53MasculineSingularrephaḥ, garhyaḥ, kutsitaḥ, avamaḥ, arvā, kheṭaḥ, kupūyaḥ, yāpyaḥ, pratikṛṣṭaḥ, aṇakaḥ, avadyaḥ, adhamaḥ
nīlakaṇṭhaḥ3.3.46MasculineSingularatiyuvā, alpaḥ
nimitam3.3.83NeuterSingularnistalam, padyam, caritram, atītam, dṛḍham
pādātam2.8.68NeuterSingularpa‍ttisaṃhati
padātiḥ2.8.68MasculineSingularpādātikaḥ, pa‍dājiḥ, padgaḥ, padikaḥ, pa‍ttiḥ, padagaḥ
pākasthānam2.9.27NeuterSingularmahānasam, rasavatī
pakṣatiFeminineSingularpratipatthe first day of half month
parāgaḥ3.3.26MasculineSingularsaṃhananam, upāyaḥ, dhyānam, saṅgati, yuktiḥ
pārāvatāṅghriḥFeminineSingularlatā, kaṭabhī, paṇyā, jyotiṣmatī
pāruṣyam1.6.14NeuterSingularativādaḥharshness
paścāttāpaḥ1.7.25MasculineSingularanutāpaḥ, vipratīsāraḥrepeantance
pāṭhāFeminineSingularpāpacelī, śreyasī, ambaṣṭhā, vanatiktikā, ekāṣṭhīlā, sthāpanī, prācīnā, rasā, viddhakarṇī
patrapāśyā2.6.104FeminineSingularlalāṭikā
paṭuḥ3.3.46MasculineSingularatiśastaḥ
paṭuparṇīFeminineSingularhaimavatī, svarṇakṣīrī, himāvatī
pecakaḥ3.3.6MasculineSingularekadeśaḥ, pratikūlaḥ
pīnasaḥ2.6.51MasculineSingularpratiśyāyaḥ
plakṣaḥMasculineSingularjaṭī, parkaṭī
prabhavaḥ3.3.218MasculineSingularparipaṇam, strīkaṭīvastrabandhaḥ
pracetāḥ1.1.63MasculineSingularpāśī, yādasāmpati, appati, varuṇaḥvaruna
pragāḍham3.3.50NeuterSingularatisūkṣmam, dhānyaṃśam
pragalbhaḥ3.1.24MasculineSingularpratibhānvitaḥ
prājñā2.6.12FeminineSingular‍dhīmatī
prasādhanī1.2.140FeminineSingularkaṅkati
prasavyaḥ3.1.83MasculineSingularapaṣṭhu, pratikūlam, apasavyam
prathā3.4.9FeminineSingularkhyātiḥ
pratibandhaḥ2.4.27MasculineSingularpratiṣṭambhaḥ
prati2.10.36MasculineSingularpratiyātanā, praticchāyā, pratikṛtiḥ, arcā, pratimānam, pratinidhiḥ, pratibimbam
pratiśrut1.7.1FeminineSingularpratidhvānaḥan echo
pratyayaḥ3.3.155MasculineSingularatikramaḥ, kṛcchraḥ, doṣaḥ, daṇḍaḥ
prāvāraḥ2.6.118MasculineSingularuttarāsaṅgaḥ, bṛhati, saṃvyānam, uttarīyam
pūjyaḥ3.1.3MasculineSingularpratīkṣyaḥ
rajasvalā2.6.20FeminineSingularātreyī, malinī, puṣpavatī, ṛtumatī, strīdharmiṇī, udakyā, aviḥ
rajatam3.3.86MasculineSingularyuktaḥ, atisaṃskṛtaḥ, marṣī
sabhartṛkā2.6.12FeminineSingular‍pativatnī
śaṃbhuḥMasculineSingularkapardī, kapālabhṛt, virūpākṣaḥ, sarvajñaḥ, haraḥ, tryambakaḥ, andhakaripuḥ, vyomakeśaḥ, sthāṇuḥ, ahirbudhnyaḥ, paśupati, mahānaṭaḥ, maheśvaraḥ, īśānaḥ, bhūteśaḥ, giriśaḥ, kṛttivāsāḥ, ugraḥ, śitikaṇṭhaḥ, mahādevaḥ, kṛśānuretāḥ, nīlalohitaḥ, bhargaḥ, gaṅgādharaḥ, vṛṣadhvajaḥ, bhīmaḥ, umāpati, īśaḥ, gajāriḥ, śūlī, śarvaḥ, candraśekharaḥ, girīśaḥ, mṛtyuñjayaḥ, prathamādhipaḥ, śrīkaṇṭhaḥ, vāmadevaḥ, trilocanaḥ, dhūrjaṭiḥ, smaraharaḥ, tripurāntakaḥ, kratudhvaṃsī, bhavaḥ, rudraḥ, aṣṭamūrtiḥ, śivaḥ, īśvaraḥ, śaṅkaraḥ, khaṇḍaparaśuḥ, mṛḍaḥ, pinākī(51)shiva, god
śampā1.3.9FeminineSingularcañcalā, taḍit, hrādinī, vidyut, kṣaṇaprabhā, śatahradā, capalā, saudāminī, airāvatīlighting
saṃsthānam3.3.131NeuterSingularsvajātiśreṣṭhaḥ
samudraḥ1.10.1MasculineSingularsāgaraḥ, udadhiḥ, pārāvāraḥ, apāṃpati, ratnākaraḥ, sarasvān, udanvān, akūpāraḥ, yādaḥpati, arṇavaḥ, sindhuḥ, saritpati, abdhiḥ, jalanidhiḥthe sea or ocean
samūhaḥ2.5.41MasculineSingularvyūhaḥ, vrajaḥ, nikaraḥ, saṅghātaḥ, samudayaḥ, gaṇaḥ, nikurambam, sandohaḥ, stomaḥ, vrātaḥ, sañcayaḥ, samavāyaḥ, saṃhati, kadambakam, nivahaḥ, visaraḥ, oghaḥ, vāraḥ, samudāyaḥ, kṣayaḥ, vṛndam
saṃvit3.3.99FeminineSingularkṛtyam, pratiṣṭhā
saṃvit1.5.5FeminineSingularpratiśravaḥ, saṃśravaḥ, pratijñānam, abhyupagamaḥ, āśravaḥ, āgūḥ, samādhiḥ, aṅgīkāraḥ, niyamaḥagreement
śarad3.3.100FeminineSingularkomalaḥ, atīkṣṇaḥ
śaraṇam3.3.59NeuterSingularasambādhaṃcamūgati, ghaṇṭāpathaḥ, prāṇyutpādaḥ
śarāriḥ2.5.27FeminineSingularāṭiḥ, āḍiḥ
saritaḥ1.10.34FemininePluralcandrabhāgā, sarasvatī, kāverī, śarāvatī, vetravatīsavarmati(river)
śatapuṣpāFeminineSingularmadhurā, misiḥ, avākpuṣpī, kāravī, sitacchatrā, aticchatrā
sātisāraḥ2.6.60MasculineSingularatisārakaḥ
śatruḥ2.8.10MasculineSingularārātiḥ, śātravaḥ, ahitaḥ, durhṛd, sapatnaḥ, paraḥ, dasyuḥ, vipakṣaḥ, dveṣaṇaḥ, vairī, pratyarthī, abhighātī, amitraḥ, dviṭ, dviṣan, ripuḥ
senānīḥ2.8.63MasculineSingularvahinīpati
sikatā3.3.80FemininePluralmahatī, kṣudravārtākī, chandobhedaḥ
sindhuḥ3.3.108MasculineSingularmaryādā, pratijñā
sphicaḥ2.6.76FeminineDualkaṭiprothaḥ
śraddhāluḥ2.6.21FeminineSingulardohadavatī
śreṣṭhaḥ3.1.58MasculineSingularpuṣkalaḥ, sattamaḥ, atiśobhanaḥ, śreyān
sthāṇuḥ3.3.55MasculineSingularmṛgī, hemaprati, haritā
strī2.6.2FeminineSingularsīmantinī, abalā, mahilā, pratīpadarśinī, nārī, yoṣit, vanitā, vadhūḥ, yoṣā, vāmā
su2.4.5MasculineSingularati
sucaritrā2.6.6FeminineSingular‍pativratā, satī, sādhvī
śūlākṛtam2.9.45MasculineSingularbhaṭitram, śūlyam
śulvaḥ2.10.27NeuterSingularrajjuḥ, baṭī, guṇaḥ, varāṭakam
sumanāḥFeminineSingularjātiḥ, mālatī
sūnā3.3.120FeminineSingularjavanam, āpyāyanam, pratīvāpaḥ
sūraḥ1.3.28-30MasculineSingularsahasrāṃśuḥ, raviḥ, chāyānāthaḥ, jagaccakṣuḥ, pradyotanaḥ, lokabāndhavaḥ, aryamā, dhāmanidhiḥ, divākaraḥ, braghnaḥ, bhāsvān, haridaśvaḥ, arkaḥ, aruṇaḥ, taraṇiḥ, virocanaḥ, tviṣāṃpati, haṃsaḥ, savitā, tejasāṃrāśiḥ, karmasākṣī, trayītanuḥ, khadyotaḥ, sūryaḥ, bhagaḥ, dvādaśātmā, abjinīpati, ahaskaraḥ, vibhākaraḥ, saptāśvaḥ, vikartanaḥ, mihiraḥ, dyumaṇiḥ, citrabhānuḥ, grahapati, bhānuḥ, tapanaḥ, padmākṣaḥ, tamisrahā, lokabandhuḥ, dinamaṇiḥ, inaḥ, ādityaḥ, aṃśumālī, bhāskaraḥ, prabhākaraḥ, vivasvān, uṣṇaraśmiḥ, mārtaṇḍaḥ, pūṣā, mitraḥ, vibhāvasuḥ, aharpatiḥ(53)the sun
sūrmī2.10.35NeuterSingularsthūṇā, ayaḥprati
śuṣirāFeminineSingularvidrumalatā, kapotāṅghriḥ, naṭī, nalī
svairiṇī2.6.11FeminineSingular‍pāṃśulā, carṣaṇī, bandhakī, asatī, kulaṭā, itvarī, ‍puṃścalī
svāmī3.1.8MasculineSingularprabhuḥ, adhibhūḥ, īśvaraḥ, adhipaḥ, netā, īśitā, parivṛḍhaḥ, nāyakaḥ, pati
śvasanaḥMasculineSingularvāyuḥ, pṛṣadaśvaḥ, anilaḥ, mārutaḥ, samīraṇaḥ, pavanaḥ, mātariśvā, gandhavahaḥ, āśugaḥ, marut, nabhasvān, pavamānaḥ, sparśanaḥ, sadāgati, gandhavāhaḥ, samīraḥ, jagatprāṇaḥ, vātaḥ, prabhañjanaḥair or wind
svayambarā2.6.7FeminineSingularvaryā, ‍patiṃvarā
śyāmaḥ3.3.151MasculineSingularpratīpaḥ, valguḥ
tapasvinīFeminineSingularjaṭilā, lomaśā, misī, jaṭā, māṃsī
taruṇī2.6.8FeminineSingularyuvati
tiniśaḥ2.4.26MasculineSingularnemiḥ, rathadruḥ, atimuktakaḥ, vañjulaḥ, citrakṛt, syandanaḥ
tūbaraḥ3.3.173MasculineSingularpratijñā, ājiḥ, saṃvit, āpat
tvamī2.10.37FeminineSingularnibhaḥ, saṃkāśaḥ, nīkāśaḥ, pratīkāśaḥ
tyāgaḥ2.7.31MasculineSingularaṃhati, prādeśanam, vitaraṇam, utsarjanam, apavarjanam, pratipādanam, viśrāṇanam, dānam, nirvapaṇam, sparśanam, visarjanam, vihāyitam
udyānam3.3.124NeuterSingularupakaraṇam, māraṇam, anuvrajyā, mṛtasaṃskāraḥ, gati, dravyopapādanam, nirvartanam
ulūkaḥ2.5.16MasculineSingularpecakaḥ, divāndhaḥ, kauśikaḥ, ghūkaḥ, divābhītaḥ, vāyasārātiḥ, niśāṭanaḥ
umā1.1.44FeminineSingularkātyāyanī, haimavatī, bhavānī, sarvamaṅgalā, durgā, ambikā, girijā, cāmuṇḍā, gaurī, īśvarī, rudrāṇī, aparṇā, mṛḍānī, āryā, menakātmajā, carmamuṇḍā, kālī, śivā, śarvāṇī, pārvatī, caṇḍikā, dākṣāyaṇī, karmamoṭī, carcikābhavaani
upātyayaḥ2.7.41MasculineSingularatipātaḥ, paryayaḥ
ūrīkṛtam3.1.110MasculineSingularupaśrutam, viditam, āśrutam, samāhitam, saṅgīrṇam, aṅgīkṛtam, upagatam, saṃśrutam, pratijñātam, urarīkṛtam
utkarṣaḥ3.4.11MasculineSingularatiśayaḥ
utpattiḥ3.1.27MasculineSingularutpatiṣṇuḥ
utsavaḥ3.3.217MasculineSingularjñātiḥ, ātmā
vadānyaḥ3.3.168MasculineSingularpitrādyaḥ, gīrpati
vāgīśaḥ3.1.33MasculineSingularvākpati
vallīFeminineSingularvratati, latā
varaḥ3.3.181MasculineSingularyāpanam, gati
vāvadūkaḥ3.1.33MasculineSingularvāgmī, ativaktā, vācoyuktipaṭuḥ
vidārigandhāFeminineSingularaṃśumatī, śālaparṇī, sthirā, dhruvā
vikramaḥ2.8.107MasculineSingularatiśaktitā
vilambhaḥ2.4.28MasculineSingularatisarjanam
vipraḥ2.7.4MasculineSingularvāḍavaḥ, brāhmaṇaḥ, dvijātiḥ, agrajanmā, bhūdevaḥ
virajastamāḥ2.7.48MasculineSingulardvayātigaḥ
virati:2.4.37FeminineSingularārati, avarati, uparāmaḥ
viṣṇuḥ1.1.18-21MasculineSingularadhokṣajaḥ, vidhuḥ, yajñapuruṣaḥ, viśvarūpaḥ, vaikuṇṭhaḥ, hṛṣīkeśaḥ, svabhūḥ, govindaḥ, acyutaḥ, janārdanaḥ, cakrapāṇiḥ, madhuripuḥ, devakīnandanaḥ, puruṣottamaḥ, kaṃsārātiḥ, kaiṭabhajit, purāṇapuruṣaḥ, jalaśāyī, muramardanaḥ, kṛṣṇaḥ, dāmodaraḥ, mādhavaḥ, puṇḍarīkākṣaḥ, pītāmbaraḥ, viśvaksenaḥ, indrāvarajaḥ, padmanābhaḥ, trivikramaḥ, śrīpati, balidhvaṃsī, viśvambharaḥ, śrīvatsalāñchanaḥ, narakāntakaḥ, mukundaḥ, nārāyaṇaḥ, viṣṭaraśravāḥ, keśavaḥ, daityāriḥ, garuḍadhvajaḥ, śārṅgī, upendraḥ, caturbhujaḥ, vāsudevaḥ, śauriḥ, vanamālī(45)vishnu, the god
viśrāvaḥ2.4.28MasculineSingularpravikhyātiḥ
viśvāFeminineSingularupaviṣā, aruṇā, śṛṅgī, viṣā, mahauṣadham, prativiṣā, ativiṣā
viviktaḥ3.3.89MasculineSingularpūjitaḥ, arātiḥ, abhiyuktaḥ, agrataḥkṛtaḥ
vyasanam3.3.127NeuterSingularsaṅgati, rati
yajamānaḥ2.7.9MasculineSingularvratī, yaṣṭā
yati2.7.47MasculineSingularnirjitendriyagrāmaḥ, yatī
yātrā3.3.183FeminineSingularsaraghā, kaṇṭakārikā, krūraḥ, vyaṅgā, adhanaḥ, naṭī, alpaḥ, veśyā
amarāvatīFeminineSingularthe city of indra
bṛhaspati1.3.24MasculineSingularāṅgirasaḥ, surācāryaḥ, vācaspati, gīrpati, citraśikhaṇḍijaḥ, dhiṣaṇaḥ, guruḥ, jīvaḥthe janet
pakṣatiFeminineSingularpratipatthe first day of half month
anumati1.4.8FeminineSingularmoon,a little gibbous
jātiḥ1.4.31FeminineSingularjātam, sāmānyamkind
prativākyam1.6.10NeuterSingularuttaraman answer
ruśatīMasculineSingularinauspicious speech
pratiśrut1.7.1FeminineSingularpratidhvānaḥan echo
kumudvatī1.10.38FeminineSingularkumudinīa place abounding in water-lillies
jagatīFeminineSingularlokaḥ, viṣṭapam, bhuvanam, jagat
vṛkṣavāṭikā2.4.2FeminineSingular
vanaspatiMasculineSingular
pratihāsaḥMasculineSingularkaravīraḥ, śataprāsaḥ, caṇḍātaḥ, hayamārakaḥ
kirātatiktaḥMasculineSingularbhūnimbaḥ, anāryatiktaḥ
śaṭīFeminineSingulargandhamūlī, ṣaḍgranthikā, karcūraḥ, palāśaḥ
pakṣati2.5.38FeminineSingularpakṣamūlam
khagagatikriyā2.5.39FemininePlural
icchāvatī2.6.9FeminineSingularkāmukā
kaulaṭineyaḥ2.6.26MasculineSingular‍kaulaṭeyaḥ
prajāvatī2.6.30FeminineSingularbhrātṛjāyā
pati2.6.25MasculineSingulardhavaḥ, priyaḥ, bhartā
dampatī2.6.38FeminineDual‍jampatī, ‍jāyāpatī, bhāryāpatī
sātisāraḥ2.6.60MasculineSingularatisārakaḥ
kaṭiḥ2.6.75FeminineSingularśroṇiḥ, kakudmatī
pratisīrā2.6.121FeminineSingularjavanikā, tiraskariṇī
jātīkoṣam1.2.133NeuterSingularjātīphalam
pratigrāhaḥ1.2.140MasculineSingularpatadgrahaḥ
santati2.7.1FeminineSingularvaṃśaḥ, gotram, anvavāyaḥ, jananam, santānaḥ, kulam, abhijanaḥ, anvayaḥ
sthapati2.7.10MasculineSingular
satīrthyaḥ2.7.14MasculineSingularekaguruḥ
yati2.7.47MasculineSingularnirjitendriyagrāmaḥ, yatī
gṛhapati2.8.14MasculineSingularsatrī
āyati2.8.29FeminineSingular
pratimānam2.8.39NeuterSingular
padātiḥ2.8.68MasculineSingularpādātikaḥ, pa‍dājiḥ, padgaḥ, padikaḥ, pa‍ttiḥ, padagaḥ
pratigrahaḥ2.8.81MasculineSingularsainyapṛṣṭhaḥ
pratīkāraḥ2.8.112MasculineSingularvairaśuddhiḥ, vairaniryātanam
lāṅgalapaddhati2.9.15FeminineSingularsī‍tā
satīnakaḥ2.9.16MasculineSingularkalāyaḥ, hareṇuḥ, khaṇḍikaḥ
khanati2.9.65MasculineSingulardhu‍rīṇaḥ, dhūrvahaḥ, dhuryyaḥ, dhaureyaḥ
pratidānam2.9.82NeuterSingular
caṭikāśiraḥ2.9.111NeuterSingular‍golomī
ghaṭīyantram2.10.27NeuterSingularudghāṭanam
prati2.10.36MasculineSingularpratiyātanā, praticchāyā, pratikṛtiḥ, arcā, pratimānam, pratinidhiḥ, pratibimbam
pratibhuvaḥ2.10.44MasculineSingularlagnakaḥ
pratītaḥ3.1.7MasculineSingularvijñātaḥ, viśrutaḥ, prathitaḥ, khyātaḥ, vittaḥ
pratibandhaḥ2.4.27MasculineSingularpratiṣṭambhaḥ
pratiśāsanam2.4.34NeuterSingular
virati:2.4.37FeminineSingularārati, avarati, uparāmaḥ
pratīkaḥ3.3.7MasculineSingularrāmaṭham
lālāṭikaḥ3.3.17MasculineSingularparikaraḥ
sthapati3.3.67MasculineSingularviṣṇuḥ
vratati3.3.73FeminineSingularjanma, sāmānyam
vasati3.3.73FeminineSingularpracāraḥ, syandaḥ
sātiḥ3.3.74FeminineSingularudayaḥ, adhigamaḥ
jātiḥ3.3.74FeminineSingularvīṇābhedaḥ
mahatī3.3.76FeminineSingularśastram, vahnijvālā, raverarciḥ
bhogavatī3.3.76FeminineSingularchandaḥ, daśamam
jagatī3.3.78FeminineSingularyoniḥ, liṅgam
āyati3.3.78FeminineSingularbālukā
pakṣati3.3.79FeminineSingularyoṣit, janitātyarthānurāgāyoṣit
bṛhatī3.3.81FeminineSingularrupyam, hema
pratītaḥ3.3.88MasculineSingulardhavalaḥ, mecakaḥ
pratiyatnaḥ3.3.114MasculineSingularcandraḥ, agniḥ, arkaḥ
pratiśrayaḥ3.3.161MasculineSingularbalam, prabhāvaḥ
pratīhāraḥ3.3.178MasculineSingularanyaśubhadveṣaḥ, anyaśubhadveṣavat, kṛpaṇaḥ
pratisaraḥ3.3.182MasculineSingular
jhaṭiti2.4.2MasculineSingulardrāṅ, maṅkṣu, sapadi, srāk, añjasā, āhnāya
taṭī3.5.7FeminineSingular
sātiḥ3.5.9FeminineSingular
svātiḥ3.5.38Ubhaya-lingaSingular
sṛpāṭī3.5.38Ubhaya-lingaSingular
śāṭī3.5.38Ubhaya-lingaSingular
kaṭī3.5.38Ubhaya-lingaSingular
     Macdonell Vedic Search  
Results for ati
     
aṅga 2. aṅgá, emphatic pcl. just, only, i. 1, 6; x. 129, 7 [180].
ac ac bend, I. P. ácati. úd-, draw up, v. 83, 8.
aj aj drive, I. P. ájati [Lat. ago ‘lead’, ‘drive’, Gk. ἄγω, ‘lead’]. á̄- drive up, vi. 54, 10. úd- drive out, ii. 12, 3; iv. 50, 5.
ajamāyu ajá-māyu, a. (Bv.) bleating like a goat, vii. 103, 6. 10 [māyú, m. bleat].
atirātra ati-rātrá, a. (celebrated) overnight, vii. 103, 7 [rá̄trī night].
adhvaryu adhvar-yú, m. officiating priest, vii. 103, 8.
apratīta á-pratīta, pp. (K.) irresistible, iv. 50, 9 [prati + pp. of i go].
arc arc sing, praise, I. árcati. sám-, praise universally. pf. ānṛcé, i. 160, 4.
av av help, I. P. ávati, i. 85, 7; ii. 12, 14; 35, 15; iv. 50, 9. 11; vii. 49, 1-4; 61, 2; x. 15, 1. 5; quicken, v. 83, 4.
inv i-nv go, I. P. ínvati [secondary root from i go according to class v.: i-nu]. sam- bring, i. 160, 5.
īṣ īṣ more, I. í̄ṣati, -te, from (ab.), v. 83, 2.
uktha uk-thá, n. recitation, iv. 51, 7 [vac speak].
katidhā kati-dhá̄, adv. into how many parts? x. 90, 11 [ká-ti how many? Lat. quot].
kṛ kṛ make, V. kṛṇóti, kṛṇuté, iv. 50, 9; v. 83, 3; = hold, x. 34, 12; = raise [230] (voice), 8; pr. sb. 3. s. kṛṇávat, viii. 48, 3; 3. pl. kṛṇávan, iv. 51, 1; vii. 63, 4; 2. pl. Ā. kṛṇúdhvam, x. 34, 14; ipv. kṛṇuhí, x. 135, 3; pf. cakṛmá, vii. 86, 5; x. 15, 4; cakrúr, vii. 63, 5; Ā. cakré, x. 90, 8; cakrá̄te, viii. 29, 9; cakriré, i. 85, 1. 2. 7. 10; ft. kariṣyási, i. 1, 6; root ao. ákar, ii. 12, 4; iii. 59. 9; v. 83, 10; ákran, x. 14, 9; 3. pl. Ā. ákrata, vii. 103, 8; x. 34, 5; sb. kárati, ii. 35, 1; kárāma, x. 15, 6; ao. ps. ákāri, vii. 61, 7 [cp. Gk. κραίνω ‘accomplish’. Lat. creò ‘create’]. úpa á̄- drive up for: rt. ao. ákaram, x. 127, 8. āvís- make manifest, v. 83, 3. nís- turn out: rt. ao. askṛta, x. 127, 3.
kṛṣ kṛṣ draw, I. P. kárṣati, v. 83, 7; VI. P. kṛṣá-ti till, x. 34, 13.
kḷp kḷp be fit, I. kálpati, cs. kalpáyati, -te arrange, x. 15, 14. vi- dispose, x. 90, 11. 14.
krand krand bellow. I. P. krándati. abhí- bellow towards, v. 83, 7.
kram kram stride, I. P. krá̄mati, Ā. krámate. *ví- stride out, pf. cakrame, viii. 29, 7. abhí ví- spread asunder, develop into: ipf. ákràmat, x. 90, 4.
krudh krudh be angry, IV. P. krúdhyati; red. ao. inj. cukrudhāma, ii. 33, 4.
kṣema kṣé-ma, m. possession, viii. 86, 8. [kṣi: kṣáyati possess].
gabhīravepas gabhīrá-vepas, a. (Bv.) of deep inspiration, i. 35, 7.
gam gam go, I. gáchati, -te to (acc.), i. 1, 4; x. 14, 13; root ao. 3. pl. ágman, vii. 71, 6; 1. pl. áganma, viii. 48, 3. 11 [Gk. βαίνω, Lat. venio, Eng. come]. á̄- come, i. 1, 5; 85, 11; root ao. ipv. gahí, vi. 54, 7; x. 14, 5; 2. pl. gatá, x. 15, 4; 3. gámantu, x. 15, 52. 11; go to (acc.), x. 168, 2. sám- go with (inst.), a ao. op., vi. 54, 2; unite with (inst.), x. 14, 8.
gṛdh gṛdh be greedy, IV. P. gṛ́dhyati; a ao. ágṛdhat, x. 34, 4.
gharmasad gharma-sád, a. (Tp.) sitting at the heating vessel, x 15, 9. 10 [sad sit].
cat cat hide (intr.), I. P. cátati; cs. cātáya drive away, ii. 33, 2.
car car fare, I. cárati, -te, iv. 51, 6. 9; viii. 29, 8; x. 14, 12; 168, 4. abhí- bewitch, x. 34, 14. á̄- approach, iv. 51, 8. prá- go forward, enter, viii. 48, 6. abhí sám- come together, viii. 48, 1.
cit cit perceive, I. cétati, -te; pf. cikéta, i. 35, 7; sb. cíketat, i. 35, 6; cs. citáya stimulate, iv. 51, 3; cetáya cause to think, vii. 86, 7. á̄- observe: pf. ciketa, vii. 61, 1.
jan jan generate, create, I. jánati; pf. jajá̄na, i. 160, 4; ii. 12, 3. 7; 35, 2; jajñiré were born, x. 90, 92. 10; iṣ ao. ájaniṣṭa has been born, iii. 59, 4; v. 11, 1; red. ao. ájījanas hast caused to grow, v. 83, 10; cs. janáya generate, ii. 35, 13; x. 135, 5 [Old Lat. gen-ō ‘generate’; Gk. ao. ἐ-γεν-ό-μην]. prá- be prolific, IV. Ā. jāya, ii. 33, 1; 35, 8.
janayant janáy-ant, cs. pr. pt. generating, i. 85, 2.
janus jan-ús, n. generation, vii. 86, 1 [jan generate].
jāgṛvi já̄gṛ-vi, a. watchful, v. 11, 1; stimulating, x. 34, 1 [from red. stem of 2. gṛ wake].
ji ji conquer, I. jáyati; ft. jeṣyá̄mi, x. 34, 6; ps. jīyate, iii. 59, 2 [when accented this form appears in the RV. as jí̄yate, i. e. it is then pr. Ā. of jyā overpower]. ví- conquer, ii. 12, 9. sám- win, iv. 50, 9.
tṛp tṛp be pleased, IV. P. tṛpṇoti; cs. tarpáya satisfy, i. 85, 11 [cp. Gk. τέρπω].
dham dham blow, I. P. dhámati, ps. dham-yáte, x. 135, 7. ví- blow asunder, iv, 50, 4.
pathikrt pathi-kṛ́t, m. path-maker, x. 14, 15 [kṛ-t making: kṛ + determinative t]. [239]
pavitravant pavítra-vant, a. purifying, i. 160, 3 [pavítra, n. means of purification; root pū purify].
pratikāmam prati-kāmám, adv. at pleasure, x. 15, 8 [ká̄ma desire].
pratijanya prátijan-ya, a. belonging to adversaries, iv. 50, 9; n. hostile force, iv. 50, 7 [prati-janá, m.adversary].
pratidīvan prati-dí̄van, m. adversary at play, x. 34, 6 [div play].
pratidoṣam prati-doṣám, adv. towards eventide, i. 35, 10 [doṣá̄ evening].
pratibudhyamāna prati-búdhyamāna, pr. pt. awaking towards (acc.), iv. 51, 10.
pratimāna prati-má̄na, n. match, ii. 12, 9 [countermeasure: mā measure].
prayati prá-yati, f. impulse, x. 129, 5 [yam extend].
prayasvant práyas-vant, a. offering oblations, iii. 59, 2 [práy-as enjoyment from prī please].
bhūṣ bhūṣ strive, I. P. bhú̄ṣati [extended form of bhū be]. pári- surpass, ii. 12, 1.
mad mad rejoice, I. máda, in (lc.), i. 85, 1; 154, 5; in (inst.), 154, 4; x. 14, 3. 7; with (inst.), x. 14, 10; be exhilarated, viii. 29, 7; drink with exhilaration, vii. 49, 4; cs. mādaya, Ā. rejoice, x. 15, 14; in(inst.), x. 14, 14; (gen.), i. 85, 6; with (inst.), x. 14, 5; gladden, x. 34, 1 [Gk. μαδάω, Lat. madeō‘drip’].
mada mád-a, m. intoxication, i. 85, 10; viii. 48, 6.
madacyut mada-cyút, a. reeling with intoxication, i. 85, 7 [cyu move]. [243]
rāj rāj rule, over (gen.), I. P. rá̄jati, i. 1, 8.
rādhas rá̄dh-as, n. gift, blessing, ii. 12, 14 [rādh gratify].
riṣ riṣ be hurt, IV. ríṣyati, vi. 54, 3; a ao. inj., vi. 54, 7. 9; injure, viii. 48, 10.
ruh ruh grow, I. róhati, róhate. áti- grow beyond (acc.), x. 90, 2. á̄- rise up in (acc.), viii. 48, 11.
vap vap strew, I. vápati, vápate. ní- lay low, ii. 33, 11.
varṇa vár-ṇa, m. colour, ii. 12, 4 [coating: vṛ cover].
vas 3. vas dwell, I. P. vásati [AS. wesan ‘be’, Eng. was; in Gk. ἄστυ = ϝάστυ]. prá- go on journeys, viii. 29, 8.
vāyavyȧ vᾱyav-yȧ, a. relating to the wind, aërial, x. 90, 8 [vāyú].
visarjana vi-sárjana, n. creation, x. 129, 6 [vi + sṛj let go].
visṛṣṭi ví-sṛṣṭi, f. creation, x. 129, 6. 7 [ví + sṛj let go].
ven ven long, I. P. vénati. ánu- seek the friendship of, x. 135, 1.
śaśvant śáś-vant, a. ever repeating itself, many, ii. 12, 10; -vat, adv. for ever, i. 35, 5 [for sá + śvant, orig. pt. of śū swell, Gk. ἅ-παντ-].
satpati sát-pati, m. true (?) lord, ii. 33, 12.
sad sad sit down, I. P. sí̄dati, i. 85, 7; sit down on (acc.). a ao. sadata, x. 15, 11 [Lat. sīdo]. á̄- seat oneself on (acc.), i. 85, 6; occupy: pf. sasāda, viii. 29, 2. ní- sit down, pf. (ní)ṣedur, iv. 50, 3; inj. sīdat, v. 11, 2; settle: pf. s. 2. sasáttha, viii. 48, 9.
sṛp sṛp creep, I. P. sárpati. ví- slink off, x. 14, 9.
sarvahut sarva-hút, a. (Tp.) completely offering, x. 90, 8. 9 [hu-t: hu sacrifice + determinative t].
sahūti sá-hūti, f. joint praise, ii. 33, 4 [hūti invocation from hū call].
sāśanānaśana sāśanānaśaná, n. (Dv.) eating and noneating things, x. 90, 4 [sa-aśana + anaśana].
sidh sidh repel, I. P. sédhati. ápa- chase away, i. 35, 10.
siṣvidāna siṣvid-āná, pf. pt. Ā. sweating, vii. 103, 8 [svid perspire: Eng. sweat].
sujanman su-jánman, a. (Bv.) producing fair creations, i. 160, 1.
suhava su-háva, a. (Bv.) easy to invoke, ii. 33, 5 [háva invocation].
skand skand leap, I. P. skándati, int. inj. kániṣkan, vii. 103, 4.
stan stan thunder, II. P.; cs. stanáyati, id., v. 83, 7. 8 [Gk. στένω ‘lament’].
svābhu sv-ābhú, a. invigorating, iv. 50, 10.
hava háv-a, m. invocation, x. 15, 1 [hū call].
havanaśrut havana-śrút, a. (Tp.) listening to invocations, ii. 33, 15 [hávana (from hū call) + śrú-t hearingfrom śru hear with determinative t].
havirad havir-ád, a. (Tp.) eating the oblation, x. 15, 10 [havís + ad].
havispā havis-pá̄, a. drinking the oblation, x. 15, 10 [havís + pā].
havis hav-ís, n. oblation, ii. 33, 5; 35, 12; iii. 59, 5; iv. 50, 6; vi. 54, 4; viii. 48, 12. 13; x. 14, 1. 4. 13. 14; 15, 8. 11. 12; 90, 62; 168, 4 [hu sacrifice].
havīman háv-ī-man, n. invocation, ii. 33, 5 [hū call].
havya hav-yá, (gdv.) n. what is to be offered, oblation, iii. 59, 1; vii. 63, 5; 86, 2; x. 14, 15; 15, 4 [husacrifice].
havyavāhana havya-vá̄hana, m. carrier of oblations, v. 11, 4 [vá̄hana from vah carry].
havyasūd havya-sú̄d, a. (Tp.) sweetening the oblation, iv. 50, 5 [sūd = svād sweeten].
hotrāvid hotrā-víd, a. (Tp.) knowing oblations, x. 15, 9 [hó-trā, Av. zao-thra; cp. Gk. χύ-τρᾱ ‘pot’].
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akīrti f. disgrace; -kara, a. disgraceful, infamous, humiliating.
akravyād a-kravya̮ad, degree;da a. not eating flesh.
akṛtārtha a. unsatisfied.
akliṣṭakāra m. indefatigable activity; -kârin, a. indefatigable.
akṣauhiṇī f. complete army; -pati, m. lord of an army, general.
agatika a. having no resource left; â gati, f. very last resource.
akheda m. absence of fatigue, freshness.
agniśuddhi f. purification by fire; -susrûshâ, f. careful tending of the sacred fire; -sesha, m. remains of fire.
agni m. fire; conflagration; god Agni.
agnīṣomīya a. relating to Agni and Soma.
aghaṭita pp. impossible; -ghatita, pp. ill put together.
agrāśana a. eating in presence of (ab.).
agrāmyabhojin a. eating no food prepared in the village.
aṅga pcl. 1. emphatic: just, only; especially; 2. exhortative: w. voc. or impv.; 3. intr.: kim a&ndot;ga, how much more?
aṅkapāta m. account, enumeration; -bandha, m. impress of a brand; -bhâg, a. falling to one's (lap=) share; -bhrit, a. holding in the lap; -mukha, n. plot of a play.
aṅgāṅgi ind. limbs and body, reciprocally; -bhâva, m. reciprocal relation of limbs and body, -of whole & parts &c.
aṅgavikāra m. bodily defect; -vidyâ, f. palmistry; -vyathâ, f. bodily pain; -samskâra, m. adornment of the person; -sam-â-khyâyam, abs. naming the limbs; -sparsa, m. bodily contact, with(saha); -hâ ra, m. gesticulation; -hîna, pp. deficient in a limb: -tva, n. want of a limb.
aṅgarakṣaka m. body-guard; -rakshâ, f. id.; -râga, m. powder, paint, unguent; -ruha, a. growing on the body, n. hair on the body; hide; feather; -latikâ, f. slender body; -vat, a. possessed of limbs.
ajamāyu a. bleating like a goat.
ajanman n. cessation of re-birth.
ajanani f. deprivation of birth (in imprecations).
aja a. unborn, existing from the bg.; m. the Unborn, the Eternal One; (C.) N. of Brahma, Vishnu, and Siva; kind of grain (by a forced explanation).
ajātapakṣa a. unfledged; -ragas, a. pollenless; not yet menstruating; -lomnî, f. a. whose hair has not yet grown, immature; -vyañgana, a. beardless; -satru, a. having no enemy (as a match); m. N. of Yudhishthira.
añjali m. the two open hands held together hollowed: -m kri, raise -to the forehead (as a reverential salutation); two handfuls (as a measure); -karman, n. folding the hands (in salutation); -pâta, m. id.
ajñāti m. no blood-relation.
atikramin a. violating (--°ree;).
atikrama m. overstepping; passing by, lapse (time); variation; violation; transgression, offence; neglect; blunder.
atitṛpti f. excessive satiety, surfeit.
aticāra m. transgression, violation; -kârin, a. transgressing.
atiprasakti f. too great addiction, to (g.); -prasa&ndot;ga, m. id.; too wide application (of a gr. rule); excessive diffuseness; -prastâva, m. very suitable opportunity.
atimukhara a. extremely talkative; -mûdha, pp. very foolish, very stupid.
atirātra a. kept during the night; m. form of the Soma sacrifice requiring three nocturnal recitations.
atiraktatā f. excessive liking for (lc.); -ratita, n. violent shrieking; -ratna, n. precious gem; jewel of the first water; -ratha, m. great champion; -rabhasa, a. very wild, -impetuous; -m, ad.; -ramanîya, fp. extremely charming: -tâ, f. abst. n.; -ramya, fp. id.; -raya, a. running extremely fast; -rasa, a. very palatable; m. too strong a key-note (rh.); violent desire: -tas, ad. too eagerly.
atisarpaṇa n. violent agitation.
atisaṃbhrama m. violent agitation.
atisaṃkaṭa n. extreme density; great distress; -samkruddha, pp. very angry; -samkshepa, m. too great brevity; -sam kaya, m. excessive accumulation, vast hoard; -samrambha, m. violent indignation.
atiśrama m. great fatigue; -slishta, pp. firmly attached, firmly united.
atṛpta pp. unsatisfied, insatiate; -tâ, f. abst. n.
atṛpṇuvat pr. pt. insatiable.
atuṣṭi f. dissatisfaction, discontent.
atuṣṭa pp. dissatisfied.
atisaujanya n. too great magnanimity; -sauhitya, n. excessive satiety.
atisṛṣṭi f. higher creation.
atyādara m. too much consideration: in. very urgently; -para, a. very cautious.
atyaśnat pr. pt. eating too much.
atṛpyat pr. pt. not becoming satisfied.
atyautsukya n. great impatience.
atyutka a. ardently longing; -½ut kata, a. excessive, extraordinary; -½uttama, a. most excellent; -½udâtta, a. very eminent; -½udâra, a. most excellent; too liberal: -tâ, f. abst. n.; -½un-nata, pp.excessively high; -½unnati, f. eminence.
atyukti f. much talk; exaggeration.
atyāsaṅga m. violent inclination for (lc., --°ree;).
adana n. eating.
adat pr. pt. eating.
atharvāṅgiras m. pl. the families of Atharvan and A&ndot;giras; their in cantations, esp. those of the AV.; -a, a. (î) descended from Atharvan and A&ndot;giras; m. s. & pl. the hymns of the AV.
atharvan m. fire-priest; N. of the first fire-priest: pl. his descendants; s. & pl. his magical incantations, the AV.
atha ad. then, thereupon; now, here begins (at bg. of works or sections, cp. iti); now, so, then (at bg. of sentences); but, however, and yet; if; then, corr. to yadâ; often strengthened by atas, api, ka, tu, punar; sts. mere verse-filler; atha vâ, or, or else, or rather (giving another explanation); however; even; repeated: either--or; atha kim, what else ?= certainly; atha kimu, to say nothing of --.
atvarā f. deliberation.
adarśana n. not seeing; not visiting; non-investigation; non-occurrence; disappearance, invisibility: ab. beyond the vision of (ab.); a. invisible; -patha, m. what is beyond the vision of (g.).
adṛṣṭa pp. unseen; unknown; invisible; unexpected; unsanctioned; n. the invisible, fate; -karman, a. inexperienced in (lc.); -kâma, m. love for one not yet seen; -kârita, pp. caused by fate; -nara, -purusha, a. concluded without an intermediary (alliance); -para-sâmarthya, a. not having experienced an enemy's power; -pûrva, a. never seen, unknown before; -rûpa, a. of unknown appearance; -viraha-vyatha, a.not having experienced the pangs of separation.
adri m. [not splitting], rock, hill, mountain-range; stone (as missile); pressing stone; cloud; -grahana, n. reverberation; -dugdha, pp. milked, i. e. pressed out, with stones; -pati, m. Himâlaya: -kanyâ, f.Pâr vatî; -budhna, a. founded on rock; -bhed ana, n. cleaving of rocks.
adhaścaraṇāvapāta m. prostration at the feet of any one.
adharottara a. losing or winning; high and low; earlier and later; n. address and answer; gradation; topsy-turviness.
adhikaraṇa n. substratum; substance, matter; subject, department; section, paragraph; law-court; that in which anything happens; sphere of the locative (gr.); -mandapa, n. law-court; -lekhaka,m. lawyer's clerk.
adhikāra m. superintendence, administration, control, authority; office, post, dignity; sovereignty; eligibility; claim to (lc.); striving, endeavour for (lc.); chapter (on, --°ree;); heading rule to be supplied with following rules till a new section (gr.); -purusha, m. official; -vat, m. id.; -stha, a. official, in office; -½âdhya, a. invested with authority.
adhivāsa m. perfume; -tâ, f. abst. n.; -na, n. perfuming; consecration.
adhyāsa m. placing upon; erroneous predication.
adhyāropa m., °ree; -nâ, f. erro neous predication (ph.).
adhīkāra m. administration (of, lc.); capacity, ability.
adhogata pp. gone down; bowing low; -gati, f. going down (+to hell); sinking; a. going downwards, going to hell; -gamana, n. going downwards; -drishti, f. downcast gaze; a. looking down; -nayana, n. bringing down; -nilaya, m. hell; -nivîta, pp. wearing the sacred cord low; -bhâga, m. lower part; lower part of the body; depth; -mukha, a. (î) downcast; downward.
adhvaśrama m. fatigue of travel.
adhvakheda m. fatigue of travel; -gá, a. travelling; m. traveller; -dársin, m. guide.
anatiprakāśaka a. not highly illuminative; -tva, n. abst. n.
anaṅga a. bodiless; m. god Kâma (so called because reduced to ashes by the fire of Siva's eye); -krîdâ, f. dalliance; -tva, n. bodi lessness; -pura, n. N. of a town; -mañgarî, f. N.; -rati, f. N.; -lekhâ, f. love-letter; N.; -vatî, f. N.; -sena, m. N.; -½udaya, m. N.
ananusaṃdhāna n. absence of investigation.
anadat pr. pt. not eating, not con suming.
anatyāśa m. moderation in eating.
ananyagāmin a. going to no other; -guru, a. having no other father, fa therless; -kitta, a. thinking exclusively of (lc.); -ketas, a. id.; -ga, a. legitimately born; -gâni, a. having no other wife; -drishti, a. looking at nothing else; -nâtha, a. having no other protector; -nârî-kamanîya, fp. not to be desired by another woman; -nârî-sâmâ nya, a. having communion with no other wo man; -para, a. intent on nothing else; -pa râyana, a. devoted to no one else; -pûrva, a. not married to any one else before; -pûrvikâ, f. not married before; -prati kriya, a. having no other expedient; -bhâg, a. devoted to no one else; -manas, a. think ing of no one else; -mânasa, a. id.; -ruki, a. liking nothing else; -vishaya, a. relating to nothing else; -vyâpâra, a. occupied with no thing else; -sarana, a. having no other re fuge; -sâsana, a. under no one else's com mands; -samtati, a. without other offspring; -sama, a. like no one else, unequalled; -sâ dhârana, a. (î) common to no one else; -sâ mânya, a. unequalled; -½adhîna, a. depending on no other; -½apatya, a. having no other off spring; -½âsrita, pp. not transferred to another.
ananya a. exclusively devoted to (lc.); -gati, a. having no other refuge, help less; -gatika, a. id.: -tâ, f. helplessness.
anapaśabdam ad. grammati cally correct.
anabhiṣecanīya fp. un worthy of inauguration.
anabhiprīta pp. not satisfied.
anaśnat pr. pt. not eating.
anātreyī f. woman who has not bathed after menstruation.
anāyāsa m. no trouble; inde fatigableness; a. causing no trouble.
anādeśa m. absence of an injunc tion; -paribhâshâ, f. explanatory rule re garding non-specification (of deity and metre).
anāśin a. not eating; (si)-tva, n. abst. n.
anāśaka n. fasting; starvation.
anāśa a. void of expectation.
anāśa m. preservation.
anālapana n. no conversation w. (g.).
aniyama m. lack of limitation; want of self-restraint.
anirhāṇarca a. having nothing wanting in the recitation of the (Yâgyâ) verses.
anirvṛta pp. dissatisfied, un happy; -vriti, f. lack of pleasure, sorrow.
anirdeśa m. non-specification.
anirdiṣṭa pp. unindicated; un specified; unauthorised; -kâranam, ad. with out indicating the reason.
anivṛtti f. brave resistance; non-cessation.
anukāṅkṣin a. striving after, eager; -kâmá, m. desire, longing; a. conform ing to one's wish: -m, ad.; -kâra, -ka, a. imitating; resembling; -kârin, a. id.; corre sponding, conforming to, following; -kârya, fp. to be represented; n. subsequent business; -kâlam, ad. at the regular time.
anuga a. following; flying after; corresponding to (--°ree;); m. follower: pl. reti nue; -gati, f. following: -ka, a. following; imitating; conforming to; -gantavya, fp. to be followed or accompanied; -gama, m., -na, n. following; -gara, m. invitation ad dressed to the reciter; -gargita, n. echo; -gâmin, a. following, obedient to (ac.); m. servant; -giram, ad. on the mountain.
anukrama m. regular order: in. & ab. in order; table of contents: -na, n. enumeration, -nî, f., -ni-kâ, f. table of con tents; Vedic index; -krosa, m. compassion, sympathy with (prati; g., lc., --°ree;): -vat, a. sympathetic, -½âtmatâ, f. compassionateness; -kshanam, ad. every moment, continually; -kshapam, ad. every night.
anukṛti f. imitation; -kritya, fp. to be imitated; -krishta-tva, n. the being supplied from a preceding rule (gr.).
anukūla a. toward the bank; facing; suitable; agreeable; favourable; well disposed: -m, ad. on the bank; -kârin, a. showing kindness; -ga, m. tree growing on the bank; -tâ, f., tva, n. favour; proneness; -na, n. currying favour; -parinâma, a. ter minating favourably.
anuja a. born after, younger; m. younger brother; f. &asharp;, younger sister; -gan man, m. younger brother; -gâta, pp. √ gan: -ka, a. taking after, like (ac.); -gighrikshâ, f. desire to gratify;-gîvika, m. follower; -gî vin, a., m. dependent, inferior; -gîvi-sât-kri, subject; -gîvya, fp. to be lived according to.
anugraha m. favour: -krit, a. giving satisfaction; -na, n. showing favour; -½artham, ad. in favour of; î-kri, make a token of favour; -grâhaka, a. favouring, furthering; m. sup porter; -grâhya, fp.deserving favour; fa voured by (g.); -ghatana, n. continuation.
anugīta (pp.) n. imitative song; -gîti, f. a metre; -guna, a. of similar quali ties with, corresponding, suitable to (--°ree;): -m, ad. according to merit, -tva, n. abst. n.; -gri hîta, pp. favoured, obliged; -godam, ad. on the river Godâ.
anudhāvana n. running after; cleansing; -dhyâna, n. meditation; -dhyâ yin, a. reflecting; indulging in longing; -dhye ya, fp. to be reflected on.
anudyama m. absence of exertion; -udyoga, m. id.; inactivity; -udyogin, a. not exerting oneself, lazy; -ud-vigna, pp. not agitated, not frightened: -m, ad.; -udvega, m. absence of excitement, calmness: -kara, a. not agitating, not frightening; -udvegaka, a. causing no excitement, giving no offence to (g.); -ud-vegayat, pr. pt. not agitating.
anudāsīna pp. not indifferent to (prati).
anudarśa m. representation, ad monition: -na, n. consideration; -darsin, a. perceiving; considering.
anuttama a. (without a highest), highest, most excellent; mightiest; -uttara, a. not answering; unanswerable; n. unsatis factory answer in court: -tva, n. abst. n.; -uttara&ndot;ga, a. not billowy; -utthâna, n. lack of energy; -utpatti, f. non-production; -utpâda, m. id.; non-appearance; -utsâha, m. absence of energy; -utsâhin, a. weak willed; -utsuka-tâ, f. unassumingness, mo desty; -utsûtra-pada-nyâsa, a.without a step against the rules of policy; without a word against grammatical rules; -utseka, m. lack of presumption, modesty; -utsekin, a. unassuming, modest, humble.
anumata pp. approved; permitted; n. consent: lc. with the consent of (g.); (ánu) mati, f. approbation, assent; -mantri, m. one who assents; -mantrana, n. recitation of a verse to (g., --°ree;); -marana, n. following in death (esp. of widows).
anuprapattavya fp. to be fol lowed; -pra-vakanîya, fp. requisite for learning the Veda; -pravesa, a. entering, penetrating into (feelings, &c.); accommodation to (--°ree;); -prasna, m. enquiry after (g.); -pra sakti, f. connexion; -prâsa, m. alliteration.
anṛta a. wrong; untrue, lying; n. wrong; fraud; lie; -pûrvam, ad. falsely; -maya, a. false, lying; -vâk, a. lying; m. liar; -vâdin, a. id.: (di)-tâ, f. untruthfulness; -samhita, a. not keeping engagements; -½abhi- samsana, n. false accusation.
anurūpa a. suitable; conformable to; fit for (g.): -m, -tas, in. ad. in propor tion to (--°ree;); -rûpaka, a. suitable, conformable, corresponding; -rodha, m. compliance, grati fication; regard, consideration; -ródhana, n. compliance; partiality; -rodhin, a. consi dering (--°ree;): (i)-tâ, f. complaisance.
anurakta pp. devoted, attached, fond; -rakti, f. attachment, fondness; -rañg aka, a. gratifying; -rañgana, n. gaining the affection of; -rathyâ, f. footpath, pavement; -râga, m. colouring; redness; affection; at tachment; fondness for (--°ree;); contentment: -vat, a. red; fond; enamoured of (saha): -î, f. N.: -sri&ndot;gâravatyau, du. f. Anurâgavatî and Sri&ndot;gâravatî; -râgi-tâ, f. attachment; -râ gin, a. attached to; worldly; enamoured; lovely; -râtram, ad. by night.
anuvyādha n. filling; -vyâhara- na, n. repeated recitation; -vyâhâra, m. cursing; -vragya, fp. to be accompanied; -vragyâ, f. attendance on a person departing; (ánu)-vrata, a. devoted to (ac., g.).
anuvaṃśa m. genealogical table; a. equal by birth: -m, by birth; -vamsya, a. relating to one's genealogy; -vákana, n. repetition; study; lesson; -vanam, ad. in the forest; in every forest; -vana½antam, ad. in the forest; -vandin, a. praising; -vapram, ad. on the bank; -vartana, n. continuation; compliance, tractableness; -vartanîya, fp. to be followed; -varti-tva, n. compliance; -vartin, a. following, yielding, obedient; -vartman, a. following, serving; -vartya, fp. to be followed; -vasa, m. obedience; a. obedient; -vashat-kâra, m. repetition of the concluding sacrificial invocation.
anusaṃtati ad. in uninterrupted succession; -samtâna, m. offspring, son; -sam dhâtavya, fp. to be heeded, to be attended to; -samdhâna, n. careful attention, application; scrutiny; -samdheya,fp. to be attended to.
anuśaya m. repentance; revocation (of a bargain): -vat, a. penitent; -½âkshepa, m. implication of remorse: a rhet. figure; -s&asharp;sana, n. instruction; precept, doctrine; order; -sâsanîya, fp. to be instructed; to be punished; -sâsitri, m. guide, teacher; -sâ sin, a. chastising; -sâsti, f. instruction; -si kshin, a. acquiring, practising; -sishta, pp. √ sâs; -susrûshâ, f. (des. n.) obedience; -sok ana, n. lamentation;-sokin, a. lamenting for (--°ree;); -sobhin, a. splendid.
antarajña a. discriminating: -tâ, f. discrimination; -tara, cpv. very intimate with (g.); -tás, ad. within; prp. within (g.); from within (--°ree;); -patita, pp. vanished,=not coming into consideration; -pûrusha, m. soul; -prabhava, a. of intermediate origin, i. e. of mixed caste; -prepsu, des. a. wishing to obtain an opportunity; -stha, a. being within (g., --°ree;); inner; m. surety; witness; -sthita, pp. standing within (--°ree;).
antaruṣya m. station, resting-place.
antya a. last; lowest; m. man of lowest caste, f. â, woman--; -karman, n. last act, cre mation; -ga, a. born in the lowest caste (also n.); -ganman, a. id.; -gâti, a. id.: -tâ, f. abst. n.; -yoni, a. of the lowest birth.
anukara a. imitating; m. assistant.
annāda a. (â, î) eating food; -in, a. id.; -ya, n. nourishment: -kâma, a. de sirous of nourishment.
annakāma a. desirous of food; -da, a. giving food; -dâtri, m. giver of food; -dâna, n. gift of food; -dosha, m. offence in diet, eating forbidden food; -pakti, f. prepar ation of food; -pati, m. lord of food (Savitri, Agni, or Siva); -prada, a. bestowing food; -prâsana, n. first feeding of an infant with rice; -bhatta, m. N. of an author; -maya, a. con sisting of food; -mala, n. secretion of rice; -yoni, arrack; -rasa, n. sg. & m. pl. food & drink; taste in preparing food: -maya, a. con sisting of food & drink; -vat, a. hvg. food, rich in food; -vikâra, m. transformation of food: -tva, n. abst. n.; -samskâra, m. preparation of viands.
anyarūpa n. another form; (anyá-), a. of different form, changed in form; -rû pin, a. id.; -lokya, a. destined for another world; -vâdin, a.=anyathâ-vâdin; -visha ya, a. having another object; relating to something else; (á)-vrata, a. serving others; perfidious; -sa&ndot;kita, a. distrustful; -sa&ndot;ke ta, a. having another appointment; consort ing with others; -strî-ga, a. adulterous.
anyathādarśana n. wrong in vestigation (leg.); -prathâ, f. becoming dif ferent; -buddhi, f. prejudice; -bhâva, m. change; difference; -½abhidhâna, n. false evi dence; -vâdin, a. giving false evidence, rais ing a false suit: (di)-tva, n. abst. n.; -vritti, a. of changed mood, agitated; -sambhâvanâ, f. false supposition; distrust; -sambhâvin, a. distrustful; -siddha, pp. falsely proved; -siddhi, f. false proof; -stotra,n. ironical praise.
anveṣa m., -na, n., -nâ, f. search, quest, investigation; -ka, a. searching after; -nîya, fp. doubtful, questionable.
anvavekṣā f. regard, consideration; -in, a. circumspect.
anvaya m. progeny; race, family; connexion; attraction; -vyatirekin, a. connected with and excluded from a thing; -½â gata, pp. inherited.
apacaya m. decrease, diminution; -karita, (pp.) n. transgression; -kâra, m. want; death; transgression; -kârin, a. deviating fr.; erring; faithless (wife).
apakartana n. cutting in pieces; -kartri, m. injurer; -karman, n. delivery; -karsha, m. removal; decrease; deterioration; low position; annulment; anticipation (gr.); -karshaka, a. diminishing, detracting; -kar shana, a. id.; n. removal; degradation; -kar shin, a. drawing away; -kalmasha, a. free from sin; -kâra, m., -tâ, f. hurt, injury; -kârin, a. injurious; offensive; mischievous; -kîrtya, fp. dishonourable.
apacchattra a. lacking an um brella; -kkhâya, a. shadowless; -kkheda, m., -na, n. cutting off, separation, division.
apabhaya a. fearless; -bhartrí, m. remover; -bhramsá, m. fall; ungrammatical form; vulgar dialect; -bhrashta, pp. debased, corrupt, provincial (dialect).
apadravya n. bad ware; -dh&asharp;, f. hiding-place; -dhûma, a. smokeless: -tva, n. -ness; -dhyâna, n. disfavour, malice; -dhvam sá, m. degradation: -ga, m. child of a mixed marriage; -dhvasta,pp. degraded.
apadāna n. heroic deed; -desa, m. advice; designation; pretext, appearance; -desin, a. disguised as (--°ree;); -desya, fp. to be indicated; -dosha, a. faultless: -tâ, f. -ness.
apathya a. not beneficial, unsuitable; unwholesome; -kârin, a. intriguing against (--°ree;): (i)-tva, n. abst. n.; -bhug, a. eating un wholesome food.
aparituṣṭa pp. not pleased; -tosha, a. dissatisfied; m. dissatisfaction; -tyakta, pp. unforsaken; -tyagya, fp. not to be forsaken; -tyâga, m. non-abandonment; -tyâgya, fp. not to be abandoned; -nirvâna, pp. not quite extinguished or ended; -ni shthita, pp. not standing quite firm.
apavikṣata pp. unhurt; -vi ghna, a. free from hindrances; -viddha, pp. √ vyadh; -vidyâ, f. bad knowledge; igno rance; -vritta, pp. ill-behaved; -vritti, f. running down, coming to an end; -vedha, m. faulty perforation.
apaha a. removing, destroying (--°ree;); -hati, f. counteracting, repelling; driving a way; -hantrí, m. (f. trî) expeller; -harana, n. appropriation; abduction; removal; -har tavya, fp. to be taken away; -hartri, m. pur loiner; remover; -harsha, a. joyless.
apaśaṅkam ad. fearlessly; -sabda, m. slander; corrupt form, ungrammatical lan guage; -sasi-tilaka, a. lacking a moon as forehead mark; -sastra, a. weaponless; -sû la, a. spearless; -soka,a. free from sorrow.
apādāna n. what remains after separation, source; notion of the ablative (gr.).
apitva n. participation; cohabita tion.
apāya m. departure; issue, end; decay; harm, detriment, danger; diminution; trespass; -samdarsana-ga, a. arising from the manifestation of futile means.
apekṣita pp. intentional; n. purpose, business; -tâ, f. expectation; -tva, n. requisiteness.
apekṣā f. looking about; attention, consideration, regard; expectation; require ment: in. with regard to, in comparison with.
apūraṇa a. insatiable; -pûrna, pp. not full; diminished by (in.).
apoha m. removal; combating, disputing; -na, a. removing; n. removal.
apratiṣṭha a., -shthita, pp. hav ing no foundation, perishable, unstable.
apratarkya fp. inconceivable; whose destination is unknown.
aprāmāṇya n. unauthoritative ness; lack of proof.
aprāpta pp. not having reached; not yet arrived; not obtained; not encoun tered; not concluded; not resulting (from a grammatical rule); not grown up; -kâla, a. whose time has not yet come; -vikalpa, m. alternative not resulting from any rule; -vyavahâra, a. under age, minor: -tva, n. mi nority; -½avasara, a. ill-timed, inopportune.
abandhu a. lacking relations, com panionless.
abruvat pr. pt. not stating.
abjinī f. lotus plant; lotus pond; -pati, m. sun.
abja a. aquatic; n. lotus; -bhû, m. Lotus-born (Brahmâ); -saras, n. lotus pond.
abāndhava a. lacking relations; -krita, pp. not caused by relations.
abhāgin a. not participating in, not entitled to (g.).
abhāgadheya a. excluded from participation.
abhayaḍiṇḍima m. war drum: -m dâ, proclaim security of person amid beating of drums; -tama, n. greatest safety; -da, a. affording security; -dakshi- nâ, f. promise of security; -datta, m. N. of a physician; -dâna, n. granting of security; -prada, -pradâyin, a. granting security; -pradâna, n. granting of security; -yâkanâ, f. begging for security of person; -vâk, f. as surance of safety.
abhikhyā f. sight; splendour, beauty; name, appellation.
abhikṣadā f. giving without solicitation.
abhinabhyam ad. up to the clouds; -namra, a. greatly bent; -naya, m. dramatic performance: -½âkârya, m. dramatic teacher.
abhidhā a. surrounding; f. appellation, name: -tavya, fp. to be said or announced, -tri, m. one who speaks, -na, n. statement; designation; name; word: -kosa, m. dictionary, -yin, a. saying, speaking; stating, explaining; -dhâvaka, a. hastening up.
abhitāḍana n. beating, blow; -tâpa, m. heat; pain; -tâmra, a. dark red.
abhimata pp. esteemed, loved; wished for, approved; n. wish, desire; -man tavya, fp. to be regarded as (nm.); -man tri, a. bringing objects into relation with it self; -mantrana, n. invocation; consecration.
abhinna pp. not pierced, not pene trated; unhurt; unbroken, undivided; stead fast; unchanged; not different from (ab.): -gati, a. not changing one's gait; -vela, a. not breaking bounds; -sthiti, a. id.
abhivadana n. address; -vand ana, n. respectful salutation; -varnana, n. description; -vardhana, n. strengthening, increasing.
abhiṣikta pp. sprinkled, an ointed, installed, inaugurated; -sheká, m. besprinkling; inauguration (of a king); water for inauguration; ablution; -shekta vya, fp. to be inaugurated; -shekana, n. in auguration (of a king); -shekanîya, fp. relat ing to inauguration; m. inauguration; -she- nana, n. expedition against (--°ree;).
abhiśrāva m. giving ear; -sr&isharp;, a. arranging; m. arranger; -sha&ndot;ga, m. de feat; -sha&ndot;gin, a. defeating, humbling; -shava, m. pressing (Soma).
abhivyakta pp. √ añg: -m, ad. plainly; -vyakti, f. manifestation.
abhivikrama a. valorous; -vidhi, m. inclusive limitation; -visa&ndot;kin, a. afraid of (ab.).
abhivāhya n. presentation.
abhivāda m. greeting; abuse: -ka, a. saluting; about to greet (ac.): -vâd ana, n. greeting, salutation; -vâdayitri, m. greeter; -vâdin, a. explaining; signifying.
abhīśāpa m. grave accusation.
abhihata pp. (√ han) stricken; -hati, f. impact; -harana, n. conveying; -hita, pp. (√ dhâ) said, uttered; accosted.
abhisneha m. inclination, desire.
abhisaṃdhaka a. cheating; -samdhâ, f. statement, speech; -samdhâna, n. connexion; statement; intention; decep tion; -samdhi, m. intention; scheme; con dition: -pûrva, a. intentional: -kam, ad.with a definite purpose; -sambandha, m. connexion; relation.
abheda m. non-separation, cohesion; no difference, identity; a. identical.
abhyasana n. application; study; î-ya, fp. to be practised.
abhyarthana n., â, f. begging; -½arthanîya, fp. to be requested; -arthita, pp. n. request; -arthin, a. asking for (--°ree;); -arthya, fp. to be requested; -árdha-yag van, a. receiving special offerings;-arhana, n. homage, adoration; -arhanîya, fp. vener able: -tâ, f. venerableness.
abhyudaya m. rise; beginning; success, fortune, prosperity; wealth; festi val, esp. sacrifice to the Manes; -udayin, a. arising, imminent; -udgati, f. going to meet; -udgama, m. rising to greet.
abhyukṣaṇa n. besprinkling; -ug- gayini, ad. towards Uggayinî; -½utthâna, n. rising from one's seat (as a greeting); rise, ascendency, exaltation; -½utthita, pp. √ sthâ.
abhyāsa m. addition; repetition; reduplication (gr.); practice; application; use, habit; familiarity with (--°ree;); repeated recitation; study.
amara a. (â, î) immortal; m. god; -garbha, m. divine child; -guru, m. Brihas pati, the planet Jupiter; -tatinî, f. river of the gods, Ganges; -taru, m. a certain tree; -tâ, f., -tva, n. divinity; immortality; -dat ta, m. N.; -druma, m. tree of the gods, Pârigâta; -dvish, m. Asura; -paksha-pâtin, m. friend of the gods; -pati-kumâra, m. son of Indra (Gayanta); -parvata, m. N. of a mtn.; -pura, n., î, f. city of the gods; -prakhya,a. like an immortal; -prabha, a. bright as an im mortal; -prârthita, pp. wooed by immortals; -mrigî-dris, f. A psaras.
amita pp. immeasurable; innumer able; -gati, m. N. of a fairy; -guna, a. hav ing innumerable merits; -tegas, a. of immea surable splendour; -buddhi-mat, a. of im measurable intellect.
amātya m. inmate; relative; min ister.
amāṃsabhakṣa a. eating no meat.
amarṣa m. impatience; displea sure; anger; -ana, n. id.; a. impetuous; in tolerant; incensed; impatient; -ita, pp. dis pleased, indignant; -in, a. id.
ambuja a. aquatic; m. n. (day) lotus: -bândhava, m. sun; -½aksha, a. (î) lotus eyed; -½âsanâ, f. Lakshmî (lotus-seated).
ambu n. water; -kârin, a. living in the water; m. aquatic animal.
ambikā f. N. of Pârvatî; N. of Dhri ta-râshtra's mother; -pati, m. Rudra or Siva.
amṛṣyamāṇa pr. pt. not tolerating.
amṛta pp. not hvg. died; immortal; m. god; â, f. goddess; a herb; n. immortality; world of immortals; nectar; a certain remedy; medicine; remnant of a sacrifice; water; milk; ray; -kara, m. moon; -kirana, m. id.; -tegas, m. N. of a fairy prince; -tvá, n. immortality; condition of ambrosia; -dîdhiti, m. moon; -drava, a. flowing with nectar; -dhâyin, a. sipping --; -pâyin, a. drinking nectar=hearing fine speeches; -prabha, m. N. of a fairy; â, f. N.; -bhavana, n. N. of a monastery; -bhâsh ana, n. nectar-like speech; -bhug, m. god; -bhogana, a. eating the remnants of sacrifices; -máya, a. (î) immortal; nectar-like; consist ing of nectar; -rasmi, m. moon; -rasa, m. nectar; a. tasting like nectar; -latâ, f. creeper yielding nectar; -loka, m. world of the immortals; -varshin, a. raining nectar; -hrada, m. lake of nectar.
ambuda m. cloud: -nâsa, m. dis persion of clouds; -dhara, m. cloud; -dhi, m. sea; -nidhi, m. id.; -pakshin, m. water-bird; -pati, m. Varuna; sea; -paddhati, f. current; -muk, m. cloud; -raya, m.current; -râsi, m. sea; -ruha, n. day-flowering lotus; -ruhinî, f. lotus; -lîlâ-geha, n. pleasure-house in the water; -vâha, m. cloud; -vega, m. current.
ayās a. indefatigable; -ya, a. id.; m. N. of a seer.
araṇya n. distance, foreign country; wilderness; forest; -ka, n. forest; -gaga, m. wild elephant; -kara, a. living in a forest; wild; -gîva, a. id.; -dharma, m. savage state, wildness; -nripati, m. king of the forest, tiger; -bhava, a. growing in the forest; wild; -mârgâra, m. wild cat; -râg, m. (nm. -rât) lion; tiger; -râgya, n. sovereignty of the forest; -rudita, n. crying in the forest=vain lament; -vat, ad. like a wilderness; -vâsa, m. forest-abode; -vâsin, a. forest-dwelling; m. denizen of the forest; -shashtikâ, f. kind of celebration.
arax{093c}ñjita pp. dissatisfied.
ayoga m. separation; wrong em ployment; bad quality; inappropriateness; impossibility.
aramati f. devotion, piety; god dess of devotion; a. indefatigable.
aratika a. lacking Rati.
aruṃtuda a. making a wound; touching a sore; excruciating.
arūpa a. formless; deformed; -na, n. no figurative term (ph.); -tva, n. deformity.
arthaya den. Â. (P.), (arthate, E.), endeavour, strive for; ask one (ac., ab.) for (ac.); explain. abhi, ask one (ac.) for (ac., d., lc., or -artham). pra, desire; ask one (ac.) for (ac., lc.); request something (ac.) from (ab.); wish to, ask one to (inf.); woo; have recourse to; Â. oppose oneself to (ac.). sam, prepare; conclude; judge, think, consider; connect with (in. or prati w. ac.); perceive; contemplate; resolve; cheer up, encourage.
arthanāśa m. loss of property; -nirdesa, m. explanation of the sense.
arthika a. in need of, desirous of (--°ree;); -i-tavya, fp. to be sought; -i-tâ, f., -tva, n. solicitation; desire of (in.); request; -ín, a. busy; eager; desirous of (in., --°ree;); needy; amorous, lustful; m.suitor; suppliant, beg gar; prosecutor.
arthāgama m. substantial income; -½âtura, a. avaricious; -½âtman, m. true na ture; -½adhikâra, m. administration of money; -½antara, n. another thing; different meaning: -nyâsa, m.adduction of another case, general or particular corroboration (a rhetorical fig.); -½âpatti, f. self-evidence; kind of rhetorical figure; -½abhiprâya, m. meaning intended; -½argana, n. acquisition of property; -½arth am, ad. for the sake of money; -½arthi-tâ, f. desire of wealth; -½arthin, a. interested, selfish; -½avamarda, m. prodigality; -½âsâ, f. desire for money; -½âharana, n. accumu lation of money; adduction of meanings.
arthaśāstra n. treatise on prac tical life or policy; -sauka, n. blamelessness in money matters; -srî, f. abundance of wealth; -samsiddhi, f. success of a matter; -sam graha, m. accumulation of riches; -samkaya, m. sg. pl. property, wealth; -samdeha, m. doubtful or critical case.
arthayukta pp. significant; -yukti, f. gain, advantage; -râsi, m. wealth; -ruki, a. avaricious; -lâbha, m. acquisition of wealth; -lubdha, pp. avaricious; -lolupa-tâ, f. love of money; -vat, a. wealthy; significant; in telligible; ad. judiciously: -tâ, f., -tva, n. significance; -vargita, pp. meaningless; -varman, m. N.; -vâda, m. explanation of the purpose; praise; -vâdin, a. reporting facts; -vid, a. knowing the sense; -vinâsana, a. de trimental; -viparyaya, m. impoverishment; poverty; -vriddhi, f. increase of wealth; -vy avahâra, m. pecuniary suit.
anukaraṇa n. imitation.
arcā f. worship, adoration.
arcaka a. honouring, adoring; -ana, n., â, f. honouring, adoration: -mani, m. jewel of honour.
ardhakathana n. incomplete narration; -kapisa, a. brownish; -krishta, pp. half drawn out; -kotî, f. five millions; -kosha, m. half one's treasure.
arpaṇa a. (î) procuring; making over, entrusting; n. throwing; attaching; placing upon; application; offering; consign ment, making over, transference; restitution; -anîya, fp. to be given up, to be handed over; -ita, cs. pp. (√ ri) placed in or on, applied; made over to.
arvākkālikatā f. modern date; -kâlîna, a. dating from a recent period.
alaghu a. clumsy; slow; not insig nificant; -bhava, m. no degradation; -sarîra, a. fatigued.
alamarthavacas n. prohibi tive word, negative.
avani f. current, stream, course; earth; ground, place: -pa, -pati, -pâla, -pâlaka, m. sovereign, king.
alobha m. freedom from confusion; lack of cupidity; moderation; a. moderate, contented.
avacaya ava-kaya, ˚cāya m. plucking, gathering; -kâyin, a. plucking, gathering; -kârana, n. treatment, application: î-ya, fp. applicable; -kikîshâ, f. desire to pluck; -kû- da, m. pendent tuft; -kûla, m. id.
avagantavya fp. to be understood; to be concluded from (ab.); -gantri, m. one who understands; -gama, m., -na, n. understanding, cognizance, ascertainment; -gâha, m. immersion; washing; bathing: -na, n. id.; -gâhin, a. reaching to; engaging in (--°ree;); -gunthana, n. veiling; veil: -vat, a. veiled; -gûrana, n. roaring, raging; -graha, m. hindrance; obstacle; drought; division of a word; pause, mark of elision (gr.); -grâha, m. drought; -grâham, abs. separating the words; -grâhin, a. separating; -gharsha- na, n. rubbing off; -ghâta, m. blow; un husking by pounding.
avanati f. going down, setting; humiliation; -namra, a. bent, bowed.
avadhāna n. attention, devotion; -dhârana, n. affirmation; restriction; sin gling out: î-ya, fp. to be looked upon as settled; to be restricted to (in.); -dhârya, fp. to be ascertained; -dhí, m. limit;terminus ad quem; respite: --°ree;, ad. up to, till (g.).
avabhaṅga m. breaking; -bhañg ana, n. breaking, tearing off; -bhâs-a, m. brightness; appearance, manifestation: -aka, a. illuminating, manifesting, -ana, n. mani festation; illuminating, -in,a. shining, ap pearing; manifesting; -bhrithá, m. ritual ablution.
avataraṇa n. coming down, de scent: -ma&ndot;gala, n. solemn welcome; -ita vya, fp. n. one must descend; -târa, m. de scent (esp. of gods to earth); incarnation; manifestation: -na, n. causing to descend; laying aside, -mantra, m. spell causing one to descend from the air; -târin, a. appearing, entering; -titîrshu, a. wishing to descend.
avadha m. no murder; no beating.
avaṣṭabhya fp. to be stopped; -shtambha, m. recourse to, employment; re soluteness; courage: -na, n. id., -maya, a. indicative of courage.
avaśya a. unyielding, uncomplying: °ree;-or -m, ad. necessarily; certainly: -ka-tâ, f. necessity, obligation; -bhâva, m. necessity; -bhâvin or -m-bhâvin, a. that must neces sarily be, necessarily taking place.
avaloka m. observation; sight, view; -ana, n. look at; glance; sight, inspec tion; view; appearance; -ayitri, m. observer; -itâ, f. N.; -ita½îsvara, m. N. of a Bodhi sattva; -in, a. looking at; -lopana,n. cutting off, destroying, injuring.
avācāla a. not talkative; not boastful.
avasthā f. appearance in court; state, condition; circumstance; â-tavya, fp. that must remain; -na, n. appearing; con dition, position; dwelling, abiding, stay; stability; -½antara, n. changed condition; -pana, n. exposing for sale; -yin, a. staying in; -sthita, pp. (√ sthâ) stationed; standing; arrayed; engaged in; -sthiti, f. stay, sojourn, abode.
avasakta pp. (√ sañg) fixed; -sak thikâ, f. loin cloth: -m kri, place a cloth round the loins; -sanna, pp. ended, waned; spent; -sara, m. occasion, opportunity; right time; appropriateness, use; turn; -sárpana, n. descent; -sarpinî, f. descending cycle; -sâda, m. sitting down; sinking; exhaustion, lassi tude; defeat: -na, n. discouragement; de jection; -s&asharp;na, n. resting-place; cessation; end; death; end of a sentence or verse; pause: -bhûmi, f. acme; -sita, pp. (√ sâ) ended: -½artha, a. satisfied; -siti, f. conclusion, end; -seka, m. sprinkling; bleeding (by leeches); -sekana, n. sprinkling; water for washing; bleeding.
avikalpa a. not hesitating: -m, ad. without hesitation.
avitṛpta pp. unsatiated: -ka, a. not yet sated with (g.).
avatta pp. √ dâ (dyati).
avicāra m. lack of reflexion; a. not reflecting: -m, ad. without delay, -gña, a. unacquainted with reflexion; -ana, n. lack of reflexion; -ayat, pr. pt. unreflecting; -ita, pp. unconsidered: -m, ad.without hesitation; -ya, fp. needing no reflexion.
aviraha m. non-separation; union; -ita, pp. unseparated; united.
aviyukta pp. unseparated from (in.); -yoga, m. non-separation from (in.); -rata, pp. not desisting from (ab.); ceaseless: -m, ad.; -ramat, pr. pt. not desisting fr. (ab.).
avimarśitavya fp. not de serving further consideration.
aviśeṣa m. no difference: -tas, in. ad. without difference; a. indiscriminate, -gña, a. undiscriminating; -ita, pp. unspe cified.
aviśaṅka a. unhesitating; fear less; â, f. freedom from hesitation or timidity; -ita, pp. fearless; unhesitating; -in, a. not assuming or supposing.
aviveka m. want of discrimina tion; lack of judgment; a. lacking judgment: -tâ, f. abst. n.; -in, a. undivided; lacking insight; having no discriminating people.
avilamba m. no hesitation; a. not hesitating: -m, in. without delay; -ita, pp. unhesitating: -m, ad. without delay; -in, a. not delaying; -ya, gd. without hesi tating.
aśana n. eating; food; --°ree;, a. feed ing on; -kriyâ, f. taking of food; -½anasa ná, n. eating and fasting.
aśaṅka a. fearless: -m, ad. -ly; -anîya, fp. not to be feared; -ita, pp. fear less: -m, ad. without hesitation; suddenly.
avyutpanna pp. not resulting; having no etymology: -mati, a. uneducated.
aśuci a. impure: -tva, n. impurity; -bhakshana, n. eating impure things; -bhâva, m. impurity; -varna, a. of impure colour: -tâ, f. impurity of colour.
aśāntatanu a. whose body is not satisfied.
aśas a. cursing, hating.
aśubha a. ill-favoured; ill-omened; evil; disagreeable; -mati, a. ill-disposed; -½âtmaka, a. id.
aṣṭākṣara a. having eight syllables; -½a&ndot;ga, eight members (°ree;--); a. having eight parts: -pâta, m. prostration with the eight members (hands, feet, knees, forehead, breast), profound obeisance.
asajjamāna pr. pt. unhesitating.
asajāti a. not of the same caste; -gâtyá, a. lacking blood-relations.
asaṃskāra m. lack of ornament, naturalness; a. lacking ornament; -skrita, pp. unequipped; unconsecrated; unadorned; unrefined, coarse; not having undergone the sacraments: -½alakin, a.having unadorned locks; -stuta, pp. unknown, strange; not agreeing, obstinate; -sthita, pp. not stand ing still, restless; scattered; -sprishta, pp. unattained; -hata, pp. disunited; m. kind of array; -hati, f. non-connexion;-hrita, pp. uninterrupted.
aśrānta pp. indefatigable: m, ad. assiduously.
asaṃtāpa a. feeling no grief; -tushta, pp. dissatisfied, discontented; -to sha, m. discontent; -tyâga, m. non-renun ciation of (g.).
asadgraha m. foolish whim; evil in clination; -dharma, m. evil practice; -bhâva, m. non-existence, absence; -vritta, pp. not nicely rounded; not well-behaved.
asat pr. pt. non-existent; untrue; bad; -î, f. unchaste woman; n. non-entity; lie; evil; -kalpanâ, f. false supposition; lie; -krita, pp. badly treated; offered ungraciously; n. injury; -tva, n. non-existence:-vakana, a. expressing no entity: -tâ, f. abst. n.; -putra, a. sonless; -pratigraha, m. acceptance of a gift from an unworthy person; -pralâpa, m. empty talk; -pravritti, f. evil course of action.
asapatna m. no rival; a. (á) without a rival; n. peace; -pinda, a. too distantly related to join in the funeral oblation; -pûrva, a. not possessed by ancestors.
asādhaka a. not accomplishing; unsatisfactory; -ana, n. no means; a. destitute of resources; unfeasible: -tva, n. abst. n.
asaha a. unable to bear (ac., --°ree;); un able to (inf., --°ree;); impatient; -ana, a. unable to bear (--°ree;); jealous: -tâ, f. weakness; -at, pr. pt. (f. -antî), not bearing; -a-mâna, pr. pt. not tolerating.
asaṃbhava m. destruction; absence, lack; impossibility, inadmissibility, absurdity; a. not being born again; having no material body; not occurring, impossible, absurd; -bhavyám, ad. irretrievably;-bhâv anâ, f. incredulity; disrespect; -bhâvayat, pr. pt. thinking impossible; -bhâvita, pp. uncompleted; inconceivable; unworthy of (g.): -½upamâ, f. simile in which an impos sibility is assumed; -bhâvya, fp. inconceiv able: -m, ad. irretrievably; -bhâshana, n. not addressing; -bhâshâ, f. no conversation with (in.); -bhâshya, fp. not to be conversed with, not suitable for a conference; -bhinna, pp. not broken through; -bhrita, pp. not made, natural; -bhoga, m. non-enjoyment; -bhogya, fp. with whom it is not lawful to eat; -bhrânta, pp. unbewildered, calm: -m, ad.
asinva a. insatiable.
asau prn. m. f. of ad-ás, that; he, she; so and so, M. or N.; as such (emphatic); with eva, the same.
asthāsnu a. impatient.
astra n. (m.) missile, arrow; bow; -kshati-mat, a. wounded by missiles; -grâ ma, m. collection of missiles; -gña, a. skilled in arms or in launching missiles; -vid, a. id.; -vrishti, f. shower of arrows; -½agâra, n. armoury.
ahiṃsaka a. doing no hurt, harm less; -at, pr. pt. (á-) harmless; -â, f. (á-) harmlessness; abstention from injury to living things, gentleness; non-violation; -ra, a. doing no injury, harmless.
aśrama m. absence of fatigue; a. (or má) indefatigable.
ā ad. near (vbl. px.: reverses the meaning of verbs of giving and going); besides, also; quite, entirely, just (emphatic); px. w. pt. & a. somewhat, a little; scarcely; -ish; px. form ing ad. & a. up to, till; prp. up to (after ac., before ab.); except (before ac.); from (ab.); at, on, in, near (after lc.): °ree;--, from, up to.
ahīna pp. not deprived of, practising (in.): -karman, a. following no low occupation; not neglecting rites.
ahīna a. lasting several days; m. sacrifice of several days' duration.
ākranda m. cry, wail, lamentation; natural ally of a belligerent king (neighbour's neighbour); -ana, n. lamentation; -anîya, fp. to be called on for help; -ita, (pp.) n. cry; -in, a. calling upon piteously (--°ree;).
ākāśa m. n. clear space, sky; ether as the subtlest element: lc. behind the scenes (of what is said to or by some one off the stage): -ga, a. moving in the air; m. bird; -ga&ndot;gâ, f. the aerial Ganges; -gata, pp. coming from the air (voice); -kârin, a. moving in the air; m. bird; -desa, m. region of the air; -patha, m. path in the air; -pathika, m. wanderer in the sky, ep. of the sun; -bhâshita, n. fictitious conversation of a person on the stage with an absent one; -yâna, n. passage through the air; -vartman, n. path in the air; -sayana, n. sleeping in the open air; -samkârin, m. bird; -½îsa, a. ruling the air only (=quite helpless).
ākhyā f. name: in. by name; period: a. named (--°ree;); -ta, (pp.) n. finite verb; -tavya, fp. to be told or related; -ti, f. tale, report; appellation; -tri, m. teller, relater; teacher; -na, n. narration; story, tale; legend: -ka, n. short tale: î, f. a metre, -pañkama, a. having the Purânas as the fifth; -paka, a. announcing, proclaiming; -pana, n. invitation to relate; -yikâ, f. short tale; -yin, a. relating, report ing (--°ree;).
āgneya a. (î) relating to fire or Agni; n. the lunar mansion Krittikâ.
āgnika a. (î) relating to fire-service.
āgrayaṇa m. offering of new grain (a Soma libation); n. offering of first-fruits at the end of the rainy season; î, f. (sc. -ishti) sacrifice of first-fruits; (a)-ka, n. id. (--°ree;, a.).
āṅgirasa a. (î) relating to the A&ndot;giras; m. pat. descendant of A&ndot;giras.
ājātaśatrava a. relating to Agâtasatru; m. descendant of Agâtasatru.
ājagara a. (î) relating to or behav ing like a boa.
āja a. relating to goats; n. N. of a lunar mansion.
ātitheya a. (î) relating to guests, hospitable; n. hospitality.
āṭopa m. inflation; pride.
āṭavika a. relating to a forest; con sisting of foresters; m. forest-dweller; wood man.
ātmanepada n. the middle terminations (gr.); -in, a. having the middle terminations.
ātta pp. (√ dâ) taken; sts. °ree;--, a. grasped, obtained; taken away, -less; felt= grasping, feeling; -gandha, a. whose pride has been taken away; -garva, a. humbled; -danda, a. grasping one's staff; -rati, a. feel ing delight, in (lc.); -vibhava, a. having at tained to wealth; -vîrya, a. deprived of strength; -sastra, a. grasping his weapon; -sâra, a. robbed of treasure; -sva, a. deprived of one's possessions: -tâ, f. abst. n.
ātmādiṣṭa pp. self-dictated; -adhika, a. dearer than oneself; -½adhîna, a. dependent on oneself; -½anapeksha, a. disinterested; -½anugamana, n. personal attendance; -½aparâdha, m.one's own transgression; -½âpahâra, m. dissimulation; -½apahâraka, -hârin, a. making away with oneself, denying oneself, dissimulating; -½abhim&asharp;ni-tâ, f. high opinion of oneself; -½amisha, m. alliance (peace) bought by sacrifice of one's army; -½artha: -m or lc. for oneself: lc. pl. in one's own interest.
ādāra m. consideration, regard.
ādāna n. grasping, taking;--away; receiving; seizure, appropriation; withdrawal; -ya, gd. having taken=with; -yin, a. inclined to receive gifts; --°ree;, appropriating.
ādāhana n. place of cremation.
ādara m. regard, respect; consideration, care, attention (lc., --°ree;, or -½artham): -m kri, endeavour; in., ab. considerately, carefully, seriously; -nîya, fp. to be regarded: -tâ, f. abst. n.; -vat, a.attentive to (lc.).
ātreya m. descendant of Âtri; î, f. id.; woman who has bathed after menstruation.
ātmotkarṣa m. self-elevation; boasting; -½udaya, m. self-advantage, rise; -½udbhava, m. son; -½upagîvin, a. supporting oneself by personal labour.
ādin a. eating.
āditya a. belonging to the Âdi tyas; divine; relating to the sun; -kandra, m. du. sun and moon; -prabha, m. N. of a king; -mandalá, n. sun's orb; -vat, ad. like the sun; -varna, a. sun-coloured; -varman, -sena, m. Ns. of kings.
ādhidaivata âdhi-daivata, ˚daivika a. relating to the gods; -patya, n. (paramount) sovereignty, lordship (over, lc.); -bhoga, m. usufruct of a pledge; -râgya, n. paramount dominion; -vedanika, n.present made to a first wife by a man on marrying a second.
ādṛta pp. considerate, careful, attentive; intent on (lc., --°ree;); respected, valued, honoured: -vati, f. act. (for finite verb) having paid attention or treated with respect.
ādhāra m. support, prop, foundation; receptacle, reservoir; trench (round the foot of a tree); dyke, dam; location or sphere of an action (gr.): --°ree;, a. relating to; -tâ, f. state of a receptacle; -½adheya-bhâva, m. relation between the receptacle and what it contains.
ādhāna n. laying or placing on; kindling of the sacred fires; impregnation; ceremony preceding impregnation; produc tion; pledging; employment: -hetu, a. occasioning the creation of (--°ree;).
ādyudātta a. having the acute on the first syllable: -tva, n. accentuation on that syllable.
ādhvaryava a. relating to the Adhvaryu (Yagur-veda); n. function of the Adhvaryu.
ānūpa a. watery, swampy; m. aquatic animal.
āpo&100;śāna n. rinsing of the mouth accompanied by the words âpo&zip;sâna before & after eating.
ābhijana a. patronymic; -gâtî, f., -gâtya, n. nobility; -gñânika, a. relating to cognition; -dhânika, m. lexicographer; -plavika, a. belonging to the abhiplava; -mukhya, n. direction towards (ac., g., --°ree;); -râmika, a. amiable; -sheka, -shekanika, a. (î) referring to the inauguration of a king.
āprī f. pl. (propitiation) N. of cer tain hymns to Agni in the RV.: -sûkta, n. Âprî-hymn.
āpyāya m. increase, becoming full; -ana, a. causing corpulency; causing well-be ing; n. satisfying; advancement; causing Soma to swell: â, f. satiety; -in, a. bestowing pros perity (--°ree;).
āmiṣa n. flesh; prey: -tâ, f., -tva, n. being a coveted object; -½âsin, a. flesh eating.
āmād a. eating raw flesh or carrion.
āmantraṇa n. calling, address ing; invitation; -ayitavya, fp. to be taken leave of; -ita, n. (pp.) address; vocative.
āyati f. extension, length; future; hope, expectation; offspring.
āyāsa m. exertion, trouble; ex haustion; -aka, a. fatiguing; -ayi-tri, -trika, a. (-trikâ) troubling; -ita, n. exertion, endeavour; -in, a. exerting oneself, taking trouble.
ārādha m. homage; -ana, a. con ciliating, winning; n. prospering, success; accomplishment; propitiation, gratification; adoration; -anîya, fp. to be conciliated or adored; -ayitri, m. adorer, devotee;-ayish- nu, a. adoring (ac.); -ya, fp. to be accom plished; to be conciliated; pleasing to (in.).
ārabhaṭī f. dramatic representation of the supernatural and horrible.
āraṇya a. living or growing in the forest; wild: (a)-ka, a. id.; m. forester; anchorite; n. forest-treatise (part of a Brâhmana to be studied in solitudes).
ārtava a. (î) seasonable; menstrual; n. monthly purification; the ten days following it.
āropa m. placing upon; attribu tion; substitution for, identification with (lc.); -aka, a. planting (--°ree;); -ana, n. causing to ascend; setting up; putting on; stringing (a bow); identification; -anîya, fp.that should be caused to ascend (lc.); -ita, pp. cs. from √ ruh; -ya, fp. to be placed upon.
āryarāja m. N. of a king; -rûpa, a. having the air of respectability; -li&ndot;gin, a. bearing the marks of respectability; -var man, m. N. of a king; -vâk, a. speaking an Aryan tongue; -vidagdha-misra, a. honour able, learned, &c. &c. (honorific designation); -vritta, n. honourable behaviour; a. behav ing honourably; -vesha, a. respectably dressed; -vrata, a. behaving like an Aryan; -sîla, a. of honourable character; -samaya, m. ordi nance of honourable men; -suta, m.=ârya putra (husband); -strî, f. woman of the upper castes.
āryamiśra a. venerable, &c. &c. (as an honorific designation).
ārya a. (â or î) belonging to the faith ful, of one's own tribe; honourable, noble; m. Âryan (Vedic Indian); man of the first three castes; man of worth: voc. sir, friend; â, f.; Âryâ verse; a metre; -ka, m. man of worth; N. of a king; -guna, m. noble quality; -grihya, a. siding with the noble; -ketas, a. noble-minded; -gana, m. Âryans, honourable people; -gushta, pp. approved by the honourable; -tâ, f., -tva, n.honourableness; -dâsî, f. N.; -duh itri, f. daughter of a noble (honorific mode of addressing a female friend); -desa, m. dis trict inhabited by Âryans; -desya, a. coming from an Âryan district; -putra, m. son of an Âryan,honorific designation of (1) son of person addressed; (2) husband; (3) sovereign; -prâya, a. inhabited chiefly by Âryans; -buddhi, a. noble-minded; -bhata, m. N. of two astronomers: î-ya, n. work composed by Ârya bhata.
ālāpa m. talk, conversation; song (of birds): -vat, a. addressing.
ālamba a. hanging down; m. hold, support; -ana, n. holding fast to; supporting (--°ree;); hold, support; foundation; -in, a. hanging down; attached to, resting on, reaching down to, dependent on, supporting (--°ree;).
ālapana n. chat, conversation; -ita, n. (pp.) discourse, talk; -itavya, fp. to be addressed.
āvarjana n. conciliating, winning.
āvantika a. relating to Avanti: â, f. N.
ālocana n., â, f. seeing; con sideration; -anîya, -ya, fp. to be considered.
fāloka m. seeing, looking, sight; light, lustre; glimmer, trace of (g.); praise, panegyric; -na, a. beholding, looking at; n. look; sight: -tâ, f. looking at, contemplation; -nîya, fp. that may be gazed at: -tâ, f. abst. n.; -patha, m. horizon; -mârga, m. id.
āvya a. (âvî) relating to sheep; woollen.
āveṣṭa m. strangulation.
āvedaka a. informing, stating (--°ree;); -ana, n. announcement; legal notice; -anîya, fp. to be reported or announced; -ita, cs. pp. made known, told; -in, a. announcing (--°ree;); -ya,fp.=âvedanîya.
āviṣkaraṇa n., °ree;-kâra, m. manifestation, display.
āvirbhāva m., °ree; -bhûti, f. manifestation.
āvāhana n. invitation.
āśin a. eating, enjoying (--°ree;).
āśā f. id. (w. g., lc., or --°ree;): in. in the expectation or hope of; -ganana, a. in spiring hope; -pisâk-ikâ, -î, f. demon of (=cruel and delusive) hope; -bandha, m. bond of hope; cobweb; -vat,a. hopeful; hoping for (d., lc.); -vibhinna, pp. cut off from hope, disappointed.
āśaṃsa a. expecting (--°ree;); -na, n. wishing; â, f. wish; expectation, hope; presentiment; -parikalpita, pp. only expected.
āśraya m. leaning on, attach ment to; connexion with, devotion to, recourse to; dependence on, relation to; support; re fuge, shelter, protection; seat, abode; recep tacle; foundation; (logical) subject; --°ree;, a. depending on; relating to; -na, a. (î) taking refuge in; relating to (--°ree;); n. recourse to; -nîya, fp. to be had recourse to or followed.
āśu a. swift: n. quickly, at once; m. horse; -kârin, a. operating quickly; -klânta, pp. quickly faded; -gá, a. moving swiftly; m. arrow; -gamana, n. rapid course; -tva, n. quickness; -mát, ad. quickly.
āṣāḍha m. N. of a month (June- July); staff of Palâsa-wood (borne in certain rites); a. relating to Âshâdha; m. a certain holiday; -ka, m. N.; -pura, n. N. of a mythi cal mountain; -bhûti, m. N. of a cheat.
āśvāsa m. breathing again, re covery, recreation; consolation; confidence in (g., lc.); -ana, n. animating; consoling: â, f. recreation, consolation; -anîya, fp. to be cheered or consoled; -in, a.breathing again; -ya, fp. to be comforted about.
āśvamedhika a. relating to the horse-sacrifice.
āśva a. relating to or coming from the horse.
āśrayin a. attaching to, seated on, dwelling in, relating to (--°ree;).
āśrayabhūta pp. being the sup port or foundation of (g. or --°ree;); being a refuge.
āsevana n. frequenting; addiction; -â, f. continuous application, addiction; -in, a. frequenting; addicted to (--°ree;); -ya, fp. to be visited.
āseka m. watering, irrigation.
āsṛṣṭi ad. from the creation of the world.
āhuti f. oblation, offering; -bhâga, a. whose share is an oblation.
āhava m. challenge, contest, fight, battle; -(háva)-na, n. oblation; -n&isharp;ya, a. meant for the oblation; m. (sc. agni) the eastern sacrificial fire; -bhûmi, f. battle-field.
icchā f. wish, desire: °ree;-or in. ac cording to wish or inclination; at will; -bhar ana, m. N.; -sakti-mat, a. having the faculty of wishing; -sadrisa, a. conforming to one's wishes; -sampad, f. fulfilment of wishes.
iṅganā f. designation of (g.); -ita, (pp.) n. gesture, sign, hint, look; intention.
āhvāna n. calling upon, invocation; conjuring (a spirit); summons; challenge.
āhvā f. appellation, name.
ālhāda m. recreation, joy: -ka, -kara, -kârin, a. gladdening, delighting; -na, n. delighting; -nîya, fp. fit for refreshing.
āheya a. relating to a snake (ahi),
āhūti f. invocation.
iti ad. so, thus (quoting words or thoughts, generally at the end, sts. at beg. or near the end, serving the purpose of inverted commas, and supplying the place of oratio obliqua; it is also used to conclude an enumeration, with or without ka): iti tathâ karoti, so saying, he acts accordingly (stage direction); iti kritvâ, so saying, therefore, considering that --; kimiti=kim, why? (sts. =iti kim). iti½iti, iti½iva, iti½uta, iti½e vam, iti sma, iti ha, iti ha sma=iti (sts. iti is followed pleonastically by a dem. prn.).
iḍā ídâ, iळा ílâ, ilā f. libation; prayer; goddess of devotion; earth; -vat, a. refresh ing, quickening.
itthā ad. thus; (often only emphatic =) just, quite, even, really; kim te --, what ails thee?
iṣkṛta pp. prepared, equipped; -kriti, f. preparation; cure.
iṣudhyā f. supplication; -dhyú, a. supplicating.
iṣidh f. oblation, offering.
iṣi f. recreation, comfort.
iṣ f. juice, draught, comfort; libation; refreshing waters of heaven; strength; food.
iva (encl.) ad. like, as it were; about, al most; somewhat; indeed (with inter.): often merely emphatic=only, just, quite; or ren dered by stress.
irā f. (=idâ) potion; recreation, com fort.
ukṣaṇa n. besprinkling, consecration: -ga, a. arising from consecration.
uktha n. praise, hymn of praise; invocation; recitation (later called Sastra) of the Hotri.
ukti f. declaration; express statement; speech, saying; word, expression; song: -m kri, raise the voice; -posha, m. pleonasm; -pratyuktikâ, f. speech and reply.
ukta pp. (√ vak) spoken, uttered; addressed; n. word, expression: -tva, n. statement; -pûrva, a. said before; -pratyuktá, n. address and reply, conversation; -mâtra, a. merely uttered: lc. no sooner said than --; -rûpa, a. of the form or kind mentioned; -vat, pp. act. √ vak; -vâkya, a. hvg. spoken.
u 2. U, ū encl. pcl. and, also; but, whereas; now, just; forthwith: u--u, both-and; it is used after pronouns, relatives, interr., some pcls., and the inf. in -tavai; in C. it occurs only in atha½u, na½u, andkim-u.
uccāra a. rising; m. pronunciation; evacuation, excrement; -ana, n. pronuncia tion: -ita, pp. having voided excrement.
uccaya m. accumulation, collection, pile, heap, quantity; -½apakaya, m. du. rise and fall.
ucchiṣṭa pp. (√ sish) left over; having a remnant of food (in the mouth or hands), ritually impure; n. remnant, leavings (esp. of a sacrifice or of food): -tâ, f. im purity; condition of a remnant:-m nî,=al most entirely devour; -½asana, n. eating of remnants.
uccairabhijana a. of high de scent; -ukkaih-sravas, m. the exalted Uk kaih-sravas; -ukkais-tarâm, ad. higher and higher; -gati, f. ascent; -dvish, a. having mighty foes; -dhâman, a. of exalted splen dour; -bhâshana or -bhâshya, n. loud talk; -bhuga, a. having uplifted arms.
uḍupa m. moon; m. n. boat, skiff; -pati, m. moon.
ucchvasana n. becoming slack; -khvasita, (pp.) n. breath; exhalation; solu tion; -khvâsá, m. expiration; breath; sigh; expiring; swelling, rising; section; chapter; -khvâsita, cs. pp. riven; -khvâsin,a. breath ing out; breathing again; sighing; swelling; rising; issuing.
ucchraya m. rise, elevation; height; growth: -na, n. raising, setting up; -khrâya, m. rise, elevation; height, growth, increase; -khrita, pp. (√ sri) high; exalted; -khriti, f. rise, exaltation; growth, increase.
ucchotha m. swelling, inflation; -khopha, m. id.; -khoshana, a. parching or drying up; n. drying up (tr. & int.).
uccheda m., -ana, n. cutting or chop ping off; destruction, extermination: -anîya, fp. to be cut off; -in, a. destroying (--°ree;); -ya, fp. to be destroyed.
utkarṣa a. boastful; m. elevation, increase, exaltation, eminence; distinction; excellence; excess; boastfulness; -in, a. su perior, better.
utkhāta n. undermining; ex tirpation; uneven ground; -in, a. uneven (ground).
uttarakāya m. upper part of the body; -kâla, m. subsequent period, future; a. future; -kosala, m. pl. northern Kosalas; -khanda, m. n. designation of last section in various works.
utpatti f. coming into being, birth; origin; mine; new birth, regeneration; pro duce; productiveness; occurrence, esp. of or in a Vedic passage: -dhâman, n. birthplace; -mat, a. produced, born.
uttha a. arising; springing up; pro ceeding from, originating in (--°ree;); -thâ-ta vya, fp. n. one should rise; one should be up and doing; -th&asharp;na, m. originator; n. rising; rise (of heavenly bodies); resurrection; insurrection, tumult; exertion, activity; origin: -vat, a. strenuous, -vîra, m. man of action; -thâpana, n. raising; awakening; -thâya, gd. having arisen; -thây-in, a. rising; appearing; active, strenuous: -i-tva, n. abst. n.; -thita, pp. √ sthâ.
utprekṣaṇa n. anticipation; foreboding; figurative expression; -â, f. dis regard, indifference; simile, figurative expres sion: -½âkshepa, m. kind of rhetorical figure; -ita½upamâ, f. kind of simile.
utpavana n. purification; imple ment of purification; -pavitrí, m. purifier.
utsedha m. elevation; prominence; height, thickness; superiority.
utsuka a. uneasy, agitated; eager; yearning; longing for (lc., prati, or --°ree;); *anxious about (in., lc.): -tâ, f. uneasiness; eagerness, zeal; longing, yearning; -vadana, a. having a yearning face.
utsāha m. power, energy; effort, resolution, perseverance; inclination for, de light in (--°ree;): -yoga, m. display of energy; -vat, a. energetic; -sakti, f. strength of will, force of energy; -sâhin, a.resolute; powerful.
utsādana n. cessation; destruc tion; rubbing, shampooing; -anîya, fp. to be destroyed.
utsarga m. emission, discharge; evacuation; throwing away; laying aside; setting free, liberation; donation; abandon ment, relinquishment; cessation; restitution; general rule; (sc. khandasâm)ceremony on suspension of Vedic study; -sargana, a. (î) re jecting; n. letting go, dismissal; cessation; ceremony on suspension of Vedic study.
udakya a. being in the water; â, f. menstruating: -gamana, n. intercourse with a woman in her courses.
udaka n. water; ablution; libation to the Manes: -m kri, dâ, or pra-dâ, present libation of water to the dead (d., g.); -m kri, perform the prescribed ablutions; -m upa-spris, touch various parts of the body with water as prescribed; -karman, n. libation of water to the Manes; -kârya, n. id.; ablution; -kriyâ, f.=udaka-karman; -tarpana, n. li bation with water; -dâna, n. id.; -dâyin, a. offering the funeral libation ofwater; -pûr va, a. beginning with a pouring out of water; -maya, a. consisting of water only; (á)-vat, a. supplied with water; -vatî, f. girl's N.; -sparsana, n. contact with water; ablution.
udgama m. rise (of heavenly bodies); ascent; rising, elevation, breaking forth, ap pearance; springing up; shoot; departure; -tva, n. abst. n.
udīpa m. inundation.
uddhūnana n. shaking up, violent agitation (tr.).
udghoṣa m. proclaiming aloud; -ka, m. eager; -na, n. public proclamation; blazing abroad.
udra m. kind of aquatic animal.
udyama m. raising; exertion, en deavour, diligence (w. d., prati, inf., --°ree;): -na, n. raising; endeavour; -bhrit, a. exert ing oneself, working.
udbhūti f. origin; appearance; ex altation; prosperity.
unnata pp. √ nam: -tva, n. exal tation, majesty; -karana, a. with uplifted paws, rampant; -sattva-sâlin, a. endowed with a lofty nature.
āśas f. wish, expectation, hope.
udvega m. tremor, heaving, surging; uneasiness, agitation; objection; -kara, a. (î) causing uneasiness, distressing, agitating, alarming; -kâraka, -kârin, a. id.; -krit, a. causing aversion.
unmūlana n. uprooting; exter mination.
unnamra a. rising: -tâ, f. elevation.
unnati f. rising; heaving; elevation (above, lc.); exalted position; -mat, a. high, prominent; exalted.
upakaraṇa n. doing a service or favour; accessory; implement, instrument; furniture; contribution; means; aid; supple mentary treatise; (á)-vat, a. supplied with means; î-kri, make a tool of; î-bhû,become a tool of; î-ya, fp. to whom a service is to be done or is done: -tâ, f. abst. n.
upacāra m. behaviour; conduct, practice; proficiency; procedure with (g.); at tendance, service; courtesy, (polite) atten tion, compliment; homage; ornament; cere mony; complimentary garland; (medical) treatment; idiom; figurative term; -ka, courtesy (--°ree; a., f. ikâ); -kriyâ, f. polite at tention; -pada, n. complimentary word, empty flattery; -paribhrashta, pp. devoid of civility, discourteous; -vat, a.decorated, adorned.
udāharaṇa n. speaking; reci tation; declaration; example; -vastu, n. pl. matters of speech.
upacaya m. accumulation; increase; growth; welfare: -m kri, promote the welfare of, assist (g.); -½âvaha, a. advantageous.
upaga a. betaking oneself to, situated in, standing on, furnished with (--°ree;); -gata, (pp.) n. receipt; -gati, f. approach; -gan tavya, fp. to be submitted to; -gama, m. ap proach, arrival; accession orcommencement of (--°ree;): -na, n. resorting to (--°ree;); -gamya, fp. accessible.
upakṣepa m. mention, intimation; -na, n. id.
upapatti f. coming about, occur rence, appearance; success; resultance, de monstration, establishment, proof; suitable ness: -pari-tyakta, pp. unfounded; -yukta, pp. proved.
upacitabali a. covered with offerings; -vapus, a. whose bulk is increased; -kiti, f. accumulation, store; increase, aug mentation; gain.
upanyāsa a. procuring; m. ad junction; procurement; incidental mention, intimation; statement, declaration; discus sion; kind of alliance or peace: -m, ad. while alleging (--°ree;).
upaniṣad f. [sitting down be side], secret or esoteric doctrine; N. of a class of works treating of the secret meaning of the Veda.
upanimantraṇa n. invitation.
upanaya m. bringing, supplying; application; introduction: -na, n. id.; initi ation of a pupil; investiture; offering.
upadeśa m. reference; direction, instruction; precept, rule, lesson; advice; grammatical designation: -tâ, f. instructive ness for (g.); -anâ, f. direction, instruction, lesson, rule; -in, a. (-î) instructing;m. teacher; prescribed form of a word, suffix &c. as stated in grammatical works.
upabhoga m. enjoyment, use; eating: -vat, a. affording enjoyment; -in, a. enjoying, using (--°ree;); -ya, fp. to be enjoyed or used; n. object of enjoyment.
upaplava m. disaster, misfortune, visitation; portent; eclipse; -in, a. assailed by calamity; eclipsed.
upapraiṣa m. ritual invitation.
upapradāna n. donation, gift.
upapādaka a. effecting, bring ing about; -na, a. bringing forward; n. pro curement; appearance; demonstration.
uparāga m. coloration; eclipse, darkness; influence: -vat, a. eclipsed (by Râhu).
uparati f. cessation; quiescence; death; -rama, m. cessation; relinquishment; decease: -na, n. cessation from (ab.), -tva, n. quiescence.
upayoga m. application, employ ment; use, utility; enjoyment; acquirement; -in, a. applicable, serviceable, suitable; --°ree;, employing, using.
upayācana n. solicitation; -ita, (pp.) n. prayer, request.
upamā f. comparison; likeness; image; simile: --°ree; a, a. like; (â)-na, n. compari son; likeness, resemblance; analogy; object with which anything is compared; --°ree; a. like, comparable to;-½artha, m. purport of an image: in. figuratively; -vyatireka, m. kind of simile.
upalakṣaka a. expressing im plicitly; perceiving, guessing; -ana, n. look ing after; mark; designation; implicit or elliptical designation: -tâ, f., -tva, n. abst. n.
uparudita (pp.) n. lamentation.
upasarga m. addition; trouble; ca lamity; eclipse; preposition (gr.); -sargana, n. addition; obscuration, eclipse; secondary thing; subordinate person; representative; dependent (in a compound or as a derivative) word determining another (gr.).
upasaṃgamana n. sexual intercourse; -graha, m. clasping (e. g. the feet in token of respect); taking (a wife): -na, n. clasping; respectful salutation by clasping the feet; -grâhya, fp. whose feet should be clasped.
upaśānti f. tranquillization; cessation; abatement.
upaśama m. cessation; abatement; extinction; calmness; -na, n. appeasement; -vat, a. having peace of mind.
upastha m. lap; driver's seat; m. n. organs of generation: -nigraha, m. control of the sexual passion; -sthâtavya, fp. n. one should appear; one should wait upon; -sthâ tri, a. putting in an appearance (leg.); -sth&asharp; na, n. presence; approach; attendance; ser vice; veneration; assembly; -sthâyika, m. attendant on the sick; -sthâyin, a. putting in an appearance (leg.); -sthita, pp. √ sthâ.
upādāna n. taking, seizure, ap propriation; apprehension; admission, non exclusion; employment; mention, quotation; material cause.
upākaraṇa n. preparation; be ginning of Vedic study; -karman, n. id.
upāhita pp. (√ dhâ); n. con flagration.
upāya m. approach; means; ex pedient, stratagem, device, craft: in. or -tas, cleverly, craftily; -kintâ, f. devising an ex pedient; -gña, a. fertile in resources; -sam darsana-ga, a. arising from the manifestation of successful means.
upasaṃhāra m. drawing back; recapitulation; conclusion; -hrita-tva, n. withdrawal from consideration; -hriti, f. denouement, catastrophe (in a play).
uraḥkapāṭa m. n. broad chest; -pratipesham, abs. breast pressing breast.
umā f. flax; N. of Siva's wife (Pârvatî, Durgâ); -nâtha, m. husband of Umâ, Siva; -pati, -½îsa, m. id.
urvītala n. surface of the earth, earth; -dhara, m. mountain; -pati, m. king; -bhug, m. id.; -bhrit, m. mountain; -ruha, a. sprung from the earth; m. tree.
ūha m. 1. addition; modification; 2. consideration; inference; -ana, n. id.; -anîya, -ya, fp. 1. to be changed; 2. to be inferred.
ūṣman m. heat; ardour; vapour; breathing (grammatical designation of all the sibilants, h, and anusvâra).
ūrdhvakara a. with raised hands or upward rays; -karna, a. pricking up one's ears; -krita, pp. raised upwards; -ga, a. going upwards; -gati, f. going upwards; bounding; a. going upwards or to heaven; -gamana, n. rising, ascending, elevation: -vat, a. moving upwards; -gâmin, a.=-ga; -gvalana, n. flaming up; -ghampa, m. up ward leap; -dris, a. looking upwards; -drishti, a. upward gaze; -pâtra, n. tall vessel; -pâda, a. holding up the feet; m. tip of the foot; -pundra, -ka, m. vertical line marked with sandal &c. on the forehead of a Brâhman, sectarian mark; -bâhu, a. having the arms raised; -brihatî, f. a metre; -bhâga, m.upper part; -mukha, a. with upturned face; having its mouth turned upwards; darting up wards; -munda, a. shaved on the crown; -râgi, f. upward streak; -rekhâ, f. upward line; -retas, a. whose seed remains above, chaste; -loka, m. upper world, heaven; -vâla, a. hair outwards; -vrita, pp. worn above=over the shoulder.
ekānnādin a. eating the food of one only.
ṛgmin a. praising, shouting; -míya (or ríg-), a. praiseworthy; -yagusha, n. the Rik and the Yagus verses; -vidhâna, n. employment of the rik verses; T. of a work; -vedá, m. Veda of verses or hymns, Rig-veda (i. e. the rik verses with or without the ritual and speculative works connected with them).
ṛṇādāna n. recovery of debt; (a½a) non-payment of debt; -½apanayana, n. dis charge of an obligation or debt.
ṛṇa (pp.) a. guilty; n. obligation, debt; -m dhâraya, owe (ac.) to (g.); -m kri, borrow from (ab.); -pra-yam, -nî, -sam-nî, pay off a debt; -dâ, id.; lend to (lc.); -pra½âp, incur a debt; -mrigaya or yâk, ask for a loan.
ṛtokti f. truthful declaration.
ekala a. one, the one; alone; -lak shya-tâ, f. being the sole aim; -lavyâ, f. N. of a town; -vakaná, n. singular (gr.); -vat, ad. like one, as if one were concerned; -vad bhâva, m. presenting itself as a unity; -var- na, a. having one and the same colour; -vasana, a. clothed with but one garment; -vastra, a. id.: -tâ, f. possession of but one garment, -½ardha-samvîta, pp. clothed in half a single garment; -vâram, ad. only once, once more; at once; some time or other; -vâsa, a. living in the same place; -vâsas, a. wearing but one garment; -vimsá, a. (&isharp;) 21st; consisting of 21; -vimsaka, a. (ikâ) 21st; n. 21; -vimsat, f. pl. 21; -vimsati,f. sg. pl. (é-) id.: -tama, a. 21st; -vidha, a. (é-) simple; identical; -vîrá, m. incompar able hero; -vriksha, m. isolated tree; one and the same tree; -vrishá, m. single bull, sole ruler; -veni, î, f. single braid of hair (token of mourning); a. consisting of a single braid; (î)-dharâ, a. f. wearing a single braid: -tva, n. abst. n.; -vesmán, n. a single build ing; -vrata, a. devoted to one only; faithful, obedient.
ekayaṣṭi eka-yashti*, -˚kā f. pearl necklace on a single thread; -yoni, a. born of the same mother; of the same extraction or caste; -rasa, m. the only inclination; a. having only one taste; finding pleasure in one object only; exclusively devoted to (--°ree;); unchang ing; -r&asharp;g, -râgá, m. monarch; -râtrá, m. celebration lasting a night; n. one night (and day); -râtrika, a. sufficing for one night (or day); -rikthin, m. co-heir of one man; -rûpa, a. of one colour, form, or appearance; uniform; n. N. of two metres: -tâ, f. uni formity; invariableness.
ekapati a. having the same husband; -patni-tâ, f. having one wife in common; -patnî, f. (é-) wife of any one man, faithful spouse; a. pl. having one and the same husband; -pád (or é-), strong base -pâd, f. -padî, a. one-footed; -pada, n. one and the same spot: -m, lc. at once, suddenly, in a trice; a. (é-) one-footed; only one step long: -m, ad. in short; -padâ, f. verse consisting of one pâda; -padî, f. foot-path; -pará, a. marked with one point (die); -pâna, m. single wager or stake; -pâtin, a. isolated, separate; connected: pl. taken together; -pâda, m. one foot; a. (é-) one-footed; -pârthiva, m. sole monarch; -pi&ndot;ga, m.(quite brown) ep. of Kubera: -la, m. id.: -½akala, m. Kubera's mountain, i. e. the Himavat; -pîta, a. quite yellow; -prakhya, a. homogeneous; uniform; -phala, a. bearing the same fruit as (--°ree;); -buddhi, a.unanimous; simple-minded; m. N. of a fish; f. simple conception (ph.); -bhakta, pp. serving or kept by one master; n. eating one meal a day; -bhakti-ka, a. taking only one meal a day; -bhaksha, m. sole food; -bhâva, m.simplicity, straightforwardness, sincerity; a. having one and the same nature; honest, sincere; behaving uprightly towards (g.); -bhâvin, a. becoming one, coalescing; -bhû- ta, pp. undivided; closely attentive; -bhû mi½îsvara, m. sole ruler of earth; -bhogin, a. eating only once a day; -mati, f. unanimity; concentration of mind; a. unanimous; -manas, a. having the mind fixed on one object, attentive (sts. --°ree;); unanimous; -maya,a. (î) consisting exclusively of, quite filled with (--°ree;); -mukha, a. superintended by one; -mûrti, f. one person; -mûla, a. having a single root.
ekasaṃśraya m. harmony; a. united; -sapta-ta, a. 71st; -saptati, f. 71: -tama, a. 71st; -sarga, a. attending to a single object; -sahasra, n. 1001; a. 1001st; -sâra, a. whose sole nature is (--°ree;); -sârtha prayâta, pp. pursuing one and the same ob ject as (saha); -srika, m. jackal; -stambha, a. supported by a single pillar; -sthá, a. standing together, united; standing alone; indepen dent; -sthâna, n. one and the same place.
etatkāla m. this time, the pre sent (opp. tat-kâla); -para, a. intent on this; -samgñaka, a. having this designation; -sama, a. equal to this.
ekodaka a. related in so far as to offer oblations of water to the same ancestor.
evaṃvādin a. speaking thus; -víd, a., -vidvás, pt. knowing thus, having such knowledge; well instructed, knowing what is right; -vidha, a. of such sort, such-like; -vishaya, a. directed to orrelating to this; -vritta, pp. behaving thus; of such a kind; in this condition; -vritti, a. id.
aikādhikaraṇya n. unity of relation.
aikāgrya n. fixed attention to one object, concentration.
aiṣṭikapaurtika a. relating to sacrifices and charitable works.
audaka a. (î) aquatic; relating to or growing in water.
autsukya n. yearning, desire; impatience; zeal.
aucitī f. suitableness, propriety; -ya, n. id.; experience; habituation to (--°ree;).
oṣadhi óshadhi, ˚dhī f. [avasa-dhi, containing nourishment], plant, herb; medi cinal herb; -gá, a. born --, living among or produced from plants; (i)-pati, m. moon; (i) prastha, m. N. of a mythical city.
om ij. the sacred syllable om (often= amen; used in invocations, at the commencement of prayers, at the beg. and end of Vedic recitation, and as a respectful salutation; the subject of many mystical speculations).
auma a. flaxen; relating to Umâ.
aupavasta aupavasta, ˚ka n. preliminary fast on the eve of a celebration.
aupanāyanika a. relating to or appointed for initiation.
audvāhika a. relating to or presented at marriage.
audāttya n. acute accentuation.
ka m. (Who?) ep. of Pragâpati or Brahman; n. bliss; water; head.
ka inter. prn. st. (n. V. kád; C. kím) who? what? which? with iva, u, nâma, who indeed? often used in a depreciating sense= as good as none, no one or nothing: kâ½esha kathâ? that is out of the question; kim with in. or gd.=what does -matter? what is the use of -to (g.)? with nu, who pray? with vâ, who possibly? with svid, who or what, I wonder? Indef. prn. 1. with neg. any, any one; 2. with preceding ya and following ka, whosoever, whichever; anysoever, every; with preceding ya and following vâ, anysoever; 3. with kaná, none whatever (often strengthened by negatives); 4. with kana, kid, or api, some, any, a certain (a. or n.): pl. some; kaskid kaskid, the one--the other: pl. some--others.
auṣasa a. (î) relating to the morning; î, f. day-break.
aurdhvadeha n. future life: i-ka, a. relating to the future life; n. obsequies; gifts distributed at obsequies.
kakṣa m. hiding-place, lair; thicket; m., â, f. arm-pit; girth, girdle, cincture; balance (generally f.); â, f. circular wall, enclosure; orbit of a planet; equality; emulation: (â)-pata, m. loin-cloth.
kakkola m. a tree; n. an aromatic substance; -ka, n. id.
kaṭphala m. a tree with aromatic fruit and rind.
kaca m. hair; N. of a son of Brihaspati; -graha, m., -na, n. seizing by the hair.
katham ad. how? whence? why? with pot. or impv. (sts. ind.) how could, would, or should ? with mâ and aor. how should not --? sts. exclamation, what! sts. weakened to a simple interrogative=nonne or num? with nú, how, I wonder? how much more? with neg. how much less? with iva, how so? why pray? with nâma, svid, how pray? why I wonder? with kana, by no means: generally strengthened by preceding negative; with kid and api (not till Kâlidâsa) indef. in some way, by some means, somehow or other, by accident; with difficulty, only just, scarcely (katham often repeated); a. little, somewhat;with neg. in no manner, by no means; yathâ katham kid, in whatever manner; in any way.
kathana n. narration, communica tion, mention, report; -anîya, fp. to be re lated; worthy of mention.
kathodaya m. beginning of a story; statement; -½udghâta, m. beginning of a narrative.
kathita (pp.) n. conversation, nar rative.
kathāśeṣa a. dead: -tâ, f. abst. n.; -sandhi, m. junction in the narrative where it is interrupted by another; -sarit sâgara, m. ocean of streams of stories, T. of a collection of tales by Somadeva.
kathālāpa m. conversation; nar ration; -½âvalî, f. collection of tales; -½ava- sesha, m. survival in story only, i. e. death; a. dead: -tâ, f. abst. n.; -½avaseshî-bhû, die.
kathāpīṭha n. T. of the 1st book of the Kathâsaritsâgara; -prabandha, m. le gend; -prasa&ndot;ga, m. occasion of conversation: in., ab.=in the course of conversation, inci dentally; -prastâva, m. id.: -tas, in the course of conversation; -maya, a. consisting of tales; -mukha, n. introduction to a story; T. of the 2nd book of the Kathâsaritsâgara; -yoga, m. conversation.
kathāntara n. conversation, talk.
kathākrama m. continuous con versation; discourse; story, tale.
kathā f. conversation, talk, dis cussion about (lc., --°ree;); story, tale (about, g. or --°ree;); mention, statement; Story (personi fied); kâ kathâ, it is not a question of --, -is out of the question, to say nothing of (g., lc., or prati); kâ½eshâ kathâ, how could there be a question about it?=it is out of the question.
kaṇḍūya den. P. scratch: Â. itch; -yana, n. itching, scratching: -ka, a. titil lating; -yitri, m. scratcher.
kanyā f. girl, virgin; daughter; Virgo (in the Zodiac); -½âgâra, n. women's apart ments; -griha, n. id.; -tva, n. virginity; -dâtri, m. man who gives a daughter in mar riage; -dâna, n. bestowal of a daughter in marriage; -dûshin, a. deflowering a virgin; -pura, n. women's apartments; -bhâva, m. virginity; -bhaiksha, n. begging for a girl; -maya, a. consisting of a maiden or daughter; -vat, a. having a daughter; m.father of a daughter; -vedin, m. son-in-law; -vrata, n. monthlies: -sthâ, f. menstruating woman.
kapittha m. [monkey-stand], a tree; n. its fruit; -pati, m. ep. of Hanumat.
kamala m. n. lotus (called utpala at an earlier stage); â, f. ep. of Lakshmî; sg. & pl. riches; n. water; -ka, n. N. of a town; -garbha, -ga, m. ep. of Brahman; -devî, f. N. of a queen; -nayana, a. lotus-eyed; -nâbha, m. ep. of Vishnu; -netra, n. lotus eyed; -bândhava, m. ep. of the sun; -bhav ana, m. ep. of Brahman; -mati, m. N.; -maya, a. consisting entirely of lotuses; -lok ana, a. lotus-eyed: â, f. N.; -vatî, f. N. of a princess; -vana, n. bed of lotuses: -maya, a. consisting of beds of lotuses; -vardhana, m. N. of a king; -varman, m. N. of a king; -sambhava, m. ep. of Brahman.
kam (ac. sg.) pcl. well: emphasizes a preceding dative.
kapha m. phlegm (one of the 3 humours of the body); -ghna, a. anti-phlegmatic.
kampa m. tremor, quivering; earth quake; quavered svarita accent; -ana, a. trembling; shaking; agitating; m. N. of a country; n. shaking, waving; a-vat, a. trem bling; -ita, (pp.) trembling; shaken; n.tremor; -in, a. trembling; --°ree;, shaking.
karṇa m. (--°ree; a., f. â, î) ear; handle; rudder; N. of several men, esp. of a son of Kuntî; a. having ears or handles; long-eared (also á); -kuvalaya, n. lotus attached to the ear; -kâmara, n. whiskadorning the ears of elephants; -gâpa, m. tale-bearing; -tâ, f. condition of an ear; -tâla, m. flapping of elephants' ears (--°ree;); -dhâra, m. helmsman; sailor: -tâ, f. helmsmanship; -nîlotpala, n. blue lotus attached to the ear; -pa, m. N.; -pattraka, m. flap of the ear (tragus); -patha, m. ear-shot, hearing: -m, â-yâ, or upa½i, come to the ears: -½atithi, m.=come to the ears; -paramparâ, f. passing from ear to ear, gossip; -pâsa, m.beautiful ear; -pûra, m. n. ear or nament, esp. flowers: -pûraka, m. N. of a chattering servant; -pûrî-kri, turn into an ear ornament; -bha&ndot;ga, m. curve of the ears; -bhûshana, n. ear ornament; -mûla, n. root of the ear (where it is attached to the head); -vamsa, m. flat projecting bamboo roof; -vat, a. having ears; -vish, f. ear-wax; -visha, n. poison for the ears; -veshta, m. ear-ring: *-na, n. id.; -sirîsha, n. Sirîsha flower at tached to the ear; -srava, a. audible; -su bhaga, a. pleasant to the ear.
karta m. separation, distinction.
karṣa m. dragging; ploughing; a weight (=16 mâshas); -aka, a. dragging about, harassing (--°ree;); ploughing, cultivating; m. busbandman; -ana, a.=karshaka: n. bring ing; driving out; pulling; tormenting; plough ing, agriculture; bending a bow; -in, a. drag ging along; inviting; ploughing; m. culti vator; -&usharp;, f. furrow; trench; incision.
karmanāman n. name from an activity; participle; -nâsâ, f. N. of a river; -nishtha, a. diligent in (holy) works; -nyâsa, m. cessation of work; -pâka, m. ripening of works, retribution for worksdone in a former life; -pâtaka, n. sinful deed; -pravakanîya, m. (determining an action), designation of pre positions used with nouns and of some adverbs; -phala, n. result of actions: -hetu, a. to whom results of action are a motive; -bandha, m. bondage of action; -bâhulya, n. hard work; -buddhi, a. believing in human exertion; -bhûmi, f. land of works; sphere of action; -máya, a. (î) consisting of, produced by or having the nature of action; -mârga, m. road to action, thieves' slang for openings in walls &c.; -mîmâmsâ, f.=pûrva-mîmâmsâ; -yo ga, m. activity; practice of holy works; con nexion with a sacrifice; connexion with pre vious acts: ab. or -tas, in consequence of fate; -vidhi, m. rules of action or duty; -viparyaya, m. perverse action; -vipâka=karma-pâka; -samâpta, pp. having performed the sacred rites; -siddhi, f. success of an action; -sthâ na, n.administrative office.
kalana a. producing, effecting (--°ree;); â, f. impelling; gesture; n. shaking, agitation.
kaluṣa a. dirty; impure; turbid, dim; husky, choked; --°ree;, unable; n. dirt, im purity; -ketas, -mati, a. impure-minded.
kalya a. healthy, vigorous; ready (for, lc. or inf.); clever; n. health; day-break (-m, lc., °ree;--, at day-break); intoxicating liquor: -tâ, f. health.
kalpāgni m. world conflagration at the end of a Kalpa: -½anta, m. end of a Kalpa, destruction of the world; °ree;--, till the end of the world.
kalpapāla m. guardian of order, king; -latâ, f. creeper yielding all wishes; -latikâ, f. id.; -vallî, f. id.; -vitapin, -vriksha, m.=Kalpa tree; -satâya, den. Â. appear as long as 100 Kalpas; -sâkhin, m.Kalpa tree; -sundarî, f. N.; -sûtra, n. Sûtra on ritual.
kalpana n. inventing; â, f. fashion ing; performance; invention, fiction; hypothesis; caparisoning an elephant; fixing, determination; work, deed, act; formation, form.
kaṣāya a. astringent (taste); fra grant; red, yellowish red; m. red colour; passion; m. n. astringent juice; decoction; medicinal potion; ointment; dirt; taint; de terioration, moral decline; n. yellow garment; -ya, den. P. dirty; molest; i-ta, pp. coloured red; dirtied, stained; penetrated w., full of (--°ree;).
kavitā f., -tvá, n. poetic art or gift; -putra, m. N. of a dramatist; -râga, m. king of poets; N. of a poet; (í)-sasta (or á), pp. spoken or praised by sages.
kāṭha a. derived from Katha; -ka, a. (î) relating to Katha; n. N. of a Veda: -½upanishad=katha½upanishad.
kādambara n. sour cream; î, f. kind of intoxicating liquor; T. of a romance & its heroine: -lokana½ânanda, m. ep. of the moon; -sagdhikâ, f. common carouse.
kāmapāla m. N.; -pûra: -ka, a. fulfilling wishes; -prada, a. granting wishes; -bhaksha, m. eating at pleasure; -bhoga, m. pl. sensual enjoyments.
kāmakāma a. having all kinds of desires; -kâmin, a. id.; -kâra, a. fulfil ling the wishes of (g.); m. voluntary act; free dom of will: -tas, in., ab., °ree;--, intentional ly; voluntarily; -krita, pp. done intention ally; -ga, a. going anywhere at one's own free will; following one's desires; -gati, a. going anywhere at will; -gama, a. id.; -go, f. cow of plenty; -kara, a. (î) moving at will: -tva, n. abst. n.; -kârá, m. freedom of action; voluntary or intentional action; self-indulg ence: -kâra-vâda-bhaksha, a. acting, speak ing, and eating at will; -kâr-in, a. moving at will: -i-tva, n. freedom of action; -ga, a. produced from love of pleasure; begotten through sensual passion; -tantra, n. T. of a work (book of love); -taru, m. Kâma (as a) tree; -tas, ad. through desire, lust, or love of pleasure; voluntarily; intentionally; -da, a. granting desires: -tva, n. abst. n.; -daminî, f. ironical N. of a lascivious woman (love-con trolling); -dúgha, a. milking=yielding every wish: â, f. cow of plenty; -duh, f. (nm. -dhuk) id.; -deva, m. god of love; -dhenu, f. cow of plenty.
kāpila a. (î) relating or peculiar to Kapila; m. disciple of Kapila; -eya, m. de scendant of Kapila.
kāpāla a. (î) connected with or made of skulls; m. pl. school of Kapâlin; -ika, m. Saiva sectary (wearing and eating out of human skulls); a certain mixed caste; -in, m. ep. of Siva; N.; a. practised by a Kâpâlika.
kāmarasika a. indulging in love; libidinous; -rûpa, n. any form desired; a. assuming any form at will; m. pl. N. of a people in western Assam; -rûpin, a. id.; -vat, a. enamoured; -varsha, a.raining as desired; -vâda, m. talking as one lists; -vâs in, a. changing one's abode at pleasure; -vritta, pp. indulging one's desires, pleasure-loving; -sara, m. arrow of Kâma; -sâsana, m. ep. of Siva; -sâstra, n. treatise on love, T. of various works; -sû, a. granting desires; -sûtra, n. a Sûtra treating of love; -haituka, a. caused by desire only.
kāra a. (î) making, producing, fashion ing, performing; m. maker (--°ree;); fashioner, author; making, action; --°ree;, sound, letter; uninflected word; -aka, a. (-ikâ) making, producing, causing, performing (g. or --°ree;); *about to do (ac.); effecting an object; m. maker, fashioner; agent; n. relation of noun to verb, case-notion; -ana, --°ree;, a. making, causing, producing; n. (--°ree;, f. î) cause, occasion, motive (g., lc.,--°ree;); prime cause, element; basis; argument, proof; means, instrument; organ of sense; in., ab., lc., °ree;--, from some cause: w. kena, kasmât, kasmin, for what reason? why? kim kâranam, why? ab. for the sake of (g., --°ree;); kenâpi kâranena, for some reason or other; yat kâranam, yena kâranena, because.
kāyoḍhaja a. born of a woman married after the manner of Pragâpati.
kāya a. relating to the god Ka (Pragâpati); m. nuptial form of Pragâpati; root of the little finger (sacred to Pragâpati).
kārita pp. caused, produced by, re lating to (--°ree;); â, f. (sc. vriddhi) excessive in terest offered by debtor under pressure.
kārikā f. activity; torment; memo rial verse explaining obscure grammatical rules or philosophical doctrines.
kāryatas ad. as a matter of fact; -tâ, f., -tva, n. fact of being a product or effect; -darsana, n. (legal) investigation of a case; -darsin, a. sagacious, acute; -dhvamsa, m. abandonment of a cause; -nirnaya, m. legal decision of a case; -parikkheda, m. correct judgment of a case.
kārmaṇa a. relating to or proceed ing from action; enchanting (-tva, n. abst. n.); n. sorcery, magic; -ika, a. produced bymagic.
kālaka a. dark blue, black; -kañgá, m. pl. N. of a tribe of Asuras; -kanthaka, m. sparrow; -karman, n. death; -kâ&ndot;kshin, a. waiting or impatient for the right moment; -kârita, pp. temporary; -kûta, m. kind of poison (esp. that produced at the churning of the ocean); -krita, pp. produced by time; temporary; -krama, m. course of time: in., ab. in course of time; -kshepa, m. waste of time, delay; d. to gain time;-m kri, waste time (w. lc.); -gandikâ, f. N. of a river; -gupta, (pp.) m. N. of a Vaisya.
kāla m. due season, appointed or right time (for, d., g., lc., inf., --°ree;); time; oppor tunity; season; meal-time (of which there are two a day); half a day; hour; age, era; measure, prosody; Time, fate; death, god of death; --°ree;, at the right time; in time, gradually; parah kâlah, high time (w. inf.); kâlam kri, fix a time for (lc.); kâlam âsâdya, according to circumstances; in. kâlena, in due season; in course of time: -gakkhatâ, as time goes on, in course of time; dîrghena --, mahatâ -or bahunâ --, after a long time; kenakit --, after some time; tena --, at that time; ab. kâlât, in the long run, in course of time; kâlatas, id.; with regard to time; g. dîrghasya or mahatah kâlasya, after a long time; kasya kit --, after some time; lc. kâlé, at the right or appointed time, opportunely; in time=gra dually; -prâpte, when the time has come; -gakkhati, in course of time; -yâte, after the lapse of some time; kasmims kit --, one day; kâle kâle, always at the right time; shashthe --, at the end of the third day: --&zip;hnah, at the sixth hour of the day, i. e. at noon; pañ- kasate --, =after 250 days; ubhau kâlau, morning and evening.
kālaśāka m. a plant; -samrodha, m. protracted retention; -sa&ndot;khyâ, f. com putation or determination of time; -sarpa, m. a. black snake; -sûtra, n. noose of the god of death; m. n. (also -ka),N. of a hell; -harana, n. loss of time; -hâra, m. id.; gain of time.
kālayavana m. N. of a Dvîpa; -yâpa, m.: -na, n., -nâ, f. procrastination; -yoga, m. conjuncture of time or fate; point of time: -tas, ad. according to circumstances; -loha, n. iron, steel; -vâla, a.having a black tail; -vid, a. knowing the times; -vidyâ, f. knowledge of chronology or the calendar; -vibhakti, f. division of time; -vriddhi, f. kind of illegal interest; -vyatîta, pp. for which the right time has passed.
kārśya n. emaciation; smallness; di minution.
kālatā f. 1. seasonableness; 2. blackness; -danda, m. wand of death; -dû ta, m. harbinger of death; -daurâtmya, n. tyranny of time; -dharma, -n, m. law of time=inevitable death; -niyama, m. limita tion of time; determination of the terminus ad quem; -nemi, m. N. of an Asura slain by Krishna; N. of a Brâhman.
kālīna a. relating to the time of (--°ree;).
kālidāsa m. (servant of Kâlî), N. of various poets; the celebrated lyric, epic, and dramatic poet of this name lived in the sixth century a. d.
kālika a. relating to time; seasonable; lasting as long as (--°ree;).
kālāguru m. kind of black aloe; -½añgana, n. black ointment; -½anda-ga, m. black bird=Indian cuckoo; -½atikramana, n. neglect of the right moment for (g.); -½ati pâta, m. delay; -½atyaya½apadishta, pp. lapsed, become void; -½anala, m. fire of all-destroying time, fire of universal death; -½anu sârya, n. kind of fragrant benzoin, resin; -½antara, n. interval of time; favourable moment: in., ab.after the lapse of some time: -kshama, a. brooking delay.
kāvya m. pl. kind of Manes; n. poem; -kartri, m. poet; -goshthî, f. discussion on poetry; -gîva-gña, m. Venus, Jupiter, and Mercury, or a. understanding the purport of a poem; -tâ, f., -tva, n.condition of a poem; -devî, f. N. of a queen; -prakâsa, m. Light of poetry: T. of a work on poetics by Mammata and Alata (11th or 12th century); -mîmâmsa ka, m. rhetorician; -rasa, m. flavour of poetry; -sâstra, n.poetry and learning (°ree;--); treatise on poetry; Poetics: T. of a work.
kiṃyu a. desiring what? -rûpa, a. of what form or appearance? -vadanta, m. N. of a demon: î, f. report; saying, proverb; -varna, a. of what colour? -vishaya-ka, a. relating to what? -vritta, pp. surprised at what has happened, incautious; -vyâpâra, a. occupied with what?
kiyat a. how great? how far? how long? how various? of what kind? of what value? kíyat, ad. how far? how much? where fore?=uselessly; indef. prn. a. small, little, some; n. ad. a little, somewhat; with following ka & preceding yâvat, however great; of what ever kind; with api, however great; kíyati½&asharp;, (lc. with prp. &asharp;) since how long?
kimadhikaraṇa a. directed to what? -abhidhâna, a. how named? -ar tha, a. having what purpose? -m, ad. for what purpose? wherefore? -âkhya, a. how named? -âdhâra, a. relating to what?
kīdṛgākāra a. having what appearance? -rûpa, a. id.; -vyâpâra-vat, a. having what occupation?
kuṭṭāra a. tearing, lacerating (--°ree;); m. brawler.
kuṭila a. bent, curved; crooked, winding; curly; going crooked ways, deceit ful; adverse: -ka, a. winding; curly; -kesa, a. (î) curly-haired; -gati, a. going crookedly or stealthily; f. a metre; -gâ, f. river:-½îsa, m. lord of rivers, ocean; -gâman, a. winding; capricious; -tâ, f. curliness; deceitfulness; -tva, n. id.; deviation from (--°ree;); -mati, a. crooked-minded, deceitful; -manas, a. id.
kuṇḍāśin a. eating the food given by a kunda (bastard of an adulteress).
kudravya n. bad wealth; -dvâra, n. back-door; -dhî, a. foolish; m. fool; -nakha, -nakhín, a. having deformed nails; -nadikâ, f. insignificant rivulet; -nadî, f. id.; -na ra½indra, -½îsvara, m. bad king;-nîta, n. bad guidance; -nripa, -nripati, m. bad king.
kutūhala n. [cry of whence], id.; pleasure, delight in (prati, lc. or --°ree;); curious, interesting, or amusing object: in. eagerly, zealously: -krit, a. exciting curiosity, curious; -vat, a. inquisitive; interested; eager.
kubja a. hunch-backed; crooked; (a)-ka, a. id.; m. an aquatic plant.
kupaṭa m. poor garment; -patu, a. stupid; -pathita, pp. who has learnt (his part) badly; -pati, m. bad husband; bad king; -parigñâta, pp. ill-comprehended; -parîk sha-ka, a. estimating badly; m. bad estimator; -parîkshita, pp. ill-investigated; -pâtra, n. unworthy person; -putra, m. bad son; -puru sha, m. contemptible man; coward.
kulika m. relation.
kulayoṣit f. virtuous woman; -râgadhânî, f. royal capital; -vat, a. of noble race; -vardhana, m. support of a family; -vidyâ, f. knowledge hereditary in the family; -vrata, n. family practice (religious or moral): -dhara, a. maintaining the family virtue; -sî la-vayo-vritta-vitta-vat, a. of good family, character, age, conduct, and means; -sikharin, m., -saila, m.=kula-parvata; -sa&ndot;khyâ, f. be ing accounted of good family; -samgata, m. ac quaintance of the family; -samtati, f. progeny; -samnidhi, m. presence of many persons: lc. in the presence of witnesses; -samudbhava, a. sprung of a noble house; -sevaka, m.excel lent servant; -stamba, m. family like a bunch of grass; -strî, f. virtuous woman; -sthiti, f. family usage; -hîna, pp. of ignoble race.
kulapatana n. fall --, degradation of the family; -pati, m. head of the family; -parvata, m. chief mtn. or mtn.-range; -p&asharp;, m. f. head of the family or community; -pâms anî, f. disgrace to her family; -pâlikâ, f. N.; -putra, m. son of a good family; virtuous youth: -ka, m. id.; -purusha, m. man of good family; virtuous man; -pratishthâ, f. support of the race; -prasûta, pp. born of a noble race; -bhava, a.coming of a noble race; -bhavana, n. chief residence; -bhûta, pp. being the head of the guild; -bhûbhrit, m. chief mtn. or mtn.-range; model of a prince; -mârga, m. ancestral path; -mitra, n. friend of the family.
kīrtana n. mention, report; enu meration; narration; -anîya, fp. to be men tioned or praised.
kusakhī f. bad friend; -sakiva, m. bad minister; -sambandha, m. bad relation; -sarit, f. shallow river.
kuvivāha m. low marriage; -vritti, f. poor maintenance; -vedhas, m. evil fate; -vaidya, m. bad physician; -vyâpâra, m. low occupation.
kuhara m. N. of a Nâga; cave, cavity; copulation.
kṛta pp. made, done, performed; pre pared, ready; acquired; well done, all right; --°ree;, relating to: -m, done!=it shall be done at once; w. in. away with, enough of; n. deed, work, action; benefit (-mvid, be conscious of benefits received); stake (in play); booty; die or side of a die marked with 4; first or golden age.
kṛcchrakarman n. distress, trouble; -kâla, m. time of distress or danger; -gata, pp. distressed, endangered; practising penance; -tâ, f. dangerousness; -patita, pp. fallen into distress; -prâna,a. whose life is in danger; eking out one's existence with difficulty; -sâdhya, fp. difficult of accom plishment.
kūrma m. (f. î) tortoise; one of the vital airs which causes the eyes to close; -pati, m. king of the tortoises (who supports the earth).
kṛtayatna a. having exerted him self; -yantrana, a. controlling oneself; -yuga, n. golden age; -lakshana, a. marked; branded; -vat, pp. act. having done; -varman, m. N. of various men; -vasati, a.having taken up his abode, dwelling; -vâpa, -vâpana, a. hav ing the head shaved; -vidya, a. learned; -vet ana, a. receiving wages, hired; -vedin, a. grateful; -vaira, a. having shown ill-will.
kṛtapada a. having found a foot ing; -punya, a. happy; -pûrva, a. done be fore: -nâsana, n. non-recognition of previous benefits, ingratitude; -pûrvin, a. having done something (ac.) before; -pragña, a. wise; -pratikrita, n. attack and resistance; -pra yatna, a. well cared for; -prayogana, a. having attained his object; -buddhi, a. whose mind is matured, discriminating; resolved (to, d. or inf.); -bhûmi, f. spot prepared for the purpose; -mati, a. having made up his mind; -manda-pada-nyâsa, a. stepping slowly and using few words; -mandâra, m. N.; -mâr ga, a. made accessible, pervious; -mûla, a. firmly rooted, having gained firm footing; -mauna, a. observing silence: -tva, n. abst. n.
kṛtaka a. artificial, feigned, false; adopted (son): -m, feignedly, -tva, n. quality of being artificially produced; -kartavya, a. having fulfilled his task; -karman, n. an ac complished deed; a. having fulfilled one's duty; -kârin, a. doing a thing; -kârya, n. an at tained object; a. having accomplished his ob ject; satisfied: -tva, n. abst. n.; -kâla, m. ap pointed time; -kritya, a. having done his duty; having attained his object, satisfied (as to, lc.): -tâ, f. satisfaction; -kriya, a. hav ing performed a sacred rite; pious; -kshana, a. having an appointed time, i. e. waiting im patiently for (lc., ac. w. prati, inf., --°ree;); -ksho bha, a. shaken; -ghna, a. ignoring benefits, ungrateful: -tâ, f., -tva, n. ingratitude; -kûda, a. having received the tonsure; -gan man, a. planted; -gña, a. recognising benefits, grateful: -tâ, f. gratitude.
kṛtin a. active; clever; skilful, ex perienced (in, lc., --°ree;); having attained one's object, satisfied; -i-tva, n. satisfaction.
kṛti f. making, performance; action; production, literary work; N. of various metres; confirmation, verification (dr.).
kṛtārthīkaraṇa a. satisfac tory; -kri, satisfy; -bhû, be satisfied.
kṛtārthaya den. P. satisfy; fulfil.
kṛtāṅka a. branded; -½añgala, a. having the palms joined in supplication to (d.); -½âtithya, a. having practised hospi tality; hospitably entertained; -½âtman, a. whose mind is cultivatedor purified; -½âdara, a. treated with due respect; -½anuvyâdha, a. filled with (in.); -½anta, a. making an end, decisive; m. matter, affair, case; fate; Death, Yama; system, doctrine: -nagarî, f. city of Yama, -samtrâsa,m. N. of a Râkshasa; -½antara, a. having made one's way to (g.); -½anná, n. cooked food; -½aparâdha, a. hav ing committed an offence against (g.); -½abhi sheka, a. hvg. performed a religious ablution; consecrated;-½abhyâsa, a. kept to one's studies (by, --°ree;); -½artha, a. having attained his object; satisfied: -tâ, f., -tva, n. satisfaction.
kṛtvas (ac. pl.) ad. [makings], times (C. only--°ree;, forming multiplicative numerals).
kṛśāṅga a. (î) thin, slender; -½atithi, a. having thin (starving) guests.
kṛpāṇa m. sword: î, f. scissors; dagger, knife; -latikâ, f. sword-blade.
kṛṣṇa n. black; dark; w. paksha, dark half of the month (from full to new moon); m. (kríshna) black antelope; N. of a god (in carnation of Vishnu): du. Krishna and Ar guna; â, f. kind of leech; N. of several plants; ep. of Draupadî, and of Durgâ; n. blackness, darkness.
ketana n. invitation; shelter; place; body; sign, token, banner; business.
keśa n. the lunar mansion Rohinî (ruled by Ka, i. e. Pragâpati).
kevalāgha a. alone guilty; -½ât man, a. whose nature is absolute unity; -½âdín, a. eating alone; -½anvayin, a. relat ing to connexion only.
kevala a. (î; C. â) exclusively proper to (d., g.); alone, only, nothing but, mere, pure; whole, complete; every, all: -m, ad. only; entirely; but, only; na kevalam -api, not only -but; -tas, ad. only; -sas, ad.entirely; -vyatirekin, a. relating to separation only.
kaivarta m. fisherman (a mixed caste); î, f.; a-ka, m. id.; î-ya, a. relating to a fisher man.
kairāta a. relating to the Kirâtas; m. prince of the Kirâtas.
kaimutika a. based on the &open;how much more or less;&close; -ya, n. relation of &open;how much more or less.&close;
kopana a. passionate, wrathful, angry; n. excitement; provocation; -in, a. angry, wrathful.
kopa m. morbid excitement (esp. of the bodily humours); fury (of battle, etc.); wrath, anger (at, g., lc., prati, upari, or --°ree;): -m kri, be angry: -ka, a. irascible; -kshamâ vismaya-harsha-vat, a. angry, compassion ate, astonished, and glad; -ganman, a. pro duced by anger.
kaumāra a. (î) relating to a youth or virgin; youthful; relating to Kumâra (god of war); n. childhood, youth; innocence of youth, virginity; -kârin, a. practising chas tity; -vrata, n. vow of chastity:-kârin, a. practising a vow of chastity.
kaubera a. (î) relating to Kubera.
kautsa a. relating to Kutsa; m., î, f. pat.; n. hymn composed by Kutsa.
kautūhala n. curiosity, interest, eagerness (with lc., prati, or inf.); festival.
kaula a. (î) relating to a family; hereditary, inherited; m. worshipper of Sakti according to the left-hand ritual.
kratu m. power, might, efficacy; coun sel, intelligence, wisdom; inspiration; plan, purpose, wish, will; sacrifice (sts. personified); N. of the three liturgies forming the prâtar anuvâka; N. of a son of Brahman (one of the Pragâpatis and of the seven Rishis); a star in the Great Bear.
kausuma a. coming from or made of flowers; -½âyudha, a. relating to Kâma.
kravyād kravya◡́ad, ˚da a. flesh-eating, corpse-consuming; m. beast of prey.
kravya n. id.: -bhakshin, -bhug, a. flesh-eating; -mukha, m. N. of a wolf; -v&asharp;h ana, a. carrying away bodies (v. l. for kavya-).
krīḍā f. play, sport, jest, dalliance: -kapi-tva, n. jesting imitation of a monkey; -kânana, n. pleasure-grove; -kâsâra, m. plea sure-pond; -kopa, n. simulated anger; -kau tuka, n. wanton curiosity; -kausala, n. art of jesting; -gríha, m. n. pleasure-house; -par vata, m. (artificial) pleasure-hill: -ka, m. id.; -mayûra, m. pet peacock; -markata pota, m. pet young monkey; -mahîdhra, m. pleasure-hill; -rasa, m.enjoyment of sport or fun: -maya, a. consisting in the water of play; -vesman, n. pleasure-house; -sakun ta, m. pet bird; -saila, m. pleasure-hill; -saras, n. pleasure-lake.
klānti f. fatigue, languor, exhaustion.
klama m. fatigue, exhaustion, lan guor: -½apaha, a. dispelling fatigue.
kṣānti f. id.; mat, a. patient, for bearing; -sîla, m. N. (patient).
kṣānta pp. √ ksham; n. patience, forbearance.
kṣaya m. decrease; depreciation; decline, loss, destruction; end: ac. with verbs of going: decrease, come to an end, be lost, perish; -kara, -kartri, -krit, a. destroying (--°ree;).
kṣamā f. patience, forbearance, indulgence (towards, lc. or prati); tameness; earth: -pati, m. king; -bhrit, m. mountain; king; -mandala, n. orbis terrarum, whole earth; -li&ndot;ga½âtma-pîdâ-vat,a. in which proof of forbearance and loss on one's own part is adduced (leg.); -vat, -sîla, a. patient, indulgent, forbearing; compassionate.
kṣama a. patient; enduring (--°ree;); capable of, able to, equal to (in., lc., or --°ree;); endurable; suitable, useful, favourable (for, d., g., lc., inf., or --°ree;; inf. or --°ree; after verbal n. having a passive sense): -tâ, f., -tva, n. capacity for, ability to (lc. or --°ree;).
kṣība kshîba, kṣīva a. intoxicated; excited: -tâ, f., -tva, n. intoxication.
kṣitikampa m. earthquake; -kshit, m. king, prince; -kshoda, m. dust of the earth; -tala, n. surface of the earth: -½ap saras, f. Apsaras dwelling on earth; -dhara, m. mountain; -dhenu, f. the cowlike earth; -pa, -pati, -pâla, -bhug, m. king; -bhrit, m. mountain; king; -rasa, m. sap of the earth; -lava-bhug, m. petty prince; -sakî pati, m. king; -sata-kratu, m. id.; -½indra, -½îsa, -½îsvara, m. king.
kṣunnirodha m. suppression of hunger, starvation; -mat, a. hungry.
kṣepa m. throwing, moving about; motion, agitation, swaying; delay; accusa tion; abuse; transference; -aka, a. throwing, casting; destroying; -ana, n. throwing, let ting fly: î, f. sling; -anika, m.boatman; -anîya, n. sling.
kṣetrakarman n. agriculture; -karma-krit, a. husbandman; -karshaka, m. husbandman; -ga, a. growing in the fields; m. wife's son begotten by another man; -gâta, pp. id.; -gña, a. having local knowledge; conversant with (g.); m. soul; -tara, n. place very suitable for cultivation or habitation; -tâ, f. residence; -pa, m. field-watcher; -pati, m. owner of a field; -pâla, m. field-watcher; tutelary deity of the fields; -raksha, m. field-watcher; -víd, a. knowing the place; expert; knowing the body.
kṣobha m. swaying, tremor; jolting, agitation; -ana, a. shaking, agitating; -ayitri, m. prime mover or originator.
kṣoṇī f. (nm. -s)=kshoní: -pati, -ramana, m. prince, king.
kṣaipra a. produced by rapid enunciation: said of the Sandhi by which îbrev; or ûbrev; become y or v; also of the svarita accent arising on such a syllable.
kṣaitrapata a. (î) relating to the lord of the soil; -patyá, a. id.; n. (kshaítra-) dominion; estate.
khaṇḍaya den. P. break or cut in pieces; injure; bite; interrupt, disturb; destroy, dispel; cause to cease, satisfy; neglect; refute; deceive. ava, break in pieces. ud, tear off. vi, cut in pieces, lacerate.
kṣmādhara m. mountain; -dhriti, m. king; -pa, -pati, -pâla, -bhartri, -bhug, m. prince, king; -bhrit, m. mountain; king; -ruh, m. tree; -vrisha, m. bull of the earth, mighty king.
khalu pcl. [plainly], indeed, certainly; however, and yet: often merely emphatic; khálu vaí, certainly; nu khalu, with inter. pray? I wonder? na khalu, not at all; kha lu½api, now again (introducing a new topic); khalu with gd.=enough of --, do not --.
khaga a. moving in the air, flying; m. bird: -pati, m. lord of the birds, ep. of Garuda.
khāda a. devouring (--°ree;); m. food; -aka, m. eater, consumer; debtor; -ana, n. chewing, eating; food: â, f. N.; -ikâ, f. eat ing (--°ree;); -i-tri, m. eater, consumer; -i-tavya, fp. to be eaten or consumed;-in, a. chewing, biting (--°ree;).
gaganagati m. dweller in the sky; -kara, m. sky-goer, bird; -kârin, a. coming from the sky (voice); -tala, n. vault of heaven; -nagara, n. mirage; -pratishtha, a. being in the air; -lih, a. reaching to the sky; -vihârin, a. moving in the sky; -sad, m. denizen of the sky; -sindhu, f. celestial Ganges; -sparsana, m. N. of one of the Ma ruts; -spris, a. touching=dwelling in, the sky; reaching to the sky.
khyāpaka (cs.) a. announcing, indicating (--°ree;).
kheda m. pressure, hardship, trouble; faintness, weariness, affliction; annoyance at (g.): â, f. N. of a locality; -ana, n. exhaus tion; -ayitavya, fp. to be afflicted; -in, a. tired, weary; fatiguing.
gaṇadīkṣin a. officiating for a community (priest); -dravya, n. property of a corporation.
gaṇa m. host, multitude; class; troop, retinue; inferior deities appearing in troops (esp. Siva's retinue, under the special rule of Ganesa); member of Siva's following; com munity, association, corporation; metrical foot; group of roots or words to which a grammatical rule applies.
gajadanta m. ivory; -nimîlita, n. elephant's wink=connivance; -pati, m. lordly elephant; -pumgava, m. lordly elephant; -pura, n. N. of a city=Hastinâpura; -mada, m. elephant's temple-juice; -muktâ, f. pearl said to be sometimes found in an elephant's forehead; -mauktika, n. id.; -yûtha, m. herd of elephants; -râga-muktâ, f.=gaga-muktâ; -vat, a. provided with elephants; -vadana, m. Elephant-face, ep. ofGanesa.
gajacchāyā f. (elephant's sha dow), a certain constellation; -tâ, f., -tva, n. condition of an elephant.
gaṇikā f. harlot; -ita, pp.; n. cal culation; -ín, a. having troops of (--°ree;); ac companied by (in.).
gaṇādhipati m. ep. of Siva; Ganesa; -½adhîsa, m. Ganesa; -½adhyaksha, m. id.; -½anna, n. food coming from a corpora tion; -½abhyantara, m. member of a corpo ration.
gaṇana n. counting, calculation; â, f. id.; annumeration (--°ree;); consideration; regard to (g.).
gati f. gait, course, motion, flight; going away, departure; progress; success; attainment (of, g., lc., --°ree;); way, path; egress, outlet; source, basis; expedient, means, feasibleness; stratagem; refuge; state, condition, nature; transmigration, human lot; manner; preposition or adverb combined with a verb.
gatāgata pp. n. sg. & pl. going and coming, going hither and thither; flying to and fro: â-ni kri, negotiate; -½âgati, f. going and coming=death and rebirth; -½âdhi, a. free from care; -½adhvan,a. who has completed his journey; thoroughly conversant with (lc.); -½anugati-ka, a. following precedents; -½anta, a. whose end has come; -½âyus, a. whose life is past; moribund; dead; a&halfacute;asu, a. lifeless, dead.
gatajīva a. dead; -gîvita, a. id.; -pâra, a. having attained his object; -pûrva, a. trodden before; -pratyâgata, pp. gone and returned; -prâna, a. inanimate, dead; -prâ ya, a. almost past or perished; -mati, a. stupid, senseless; -manas-ka, a. thinking of (lc.); -mâtra, a. only just gone away; -yauvana, a. whose youth is past; -roga, a. convalescent; -vayas, a. whose youth is past; (á)-srî, a. being in the height of prosperity; -sâra, a. worthless; -spriha, a. having no more desire or pleasure (in, g. or lc.); dis interested; merciless.
gata pp. (√ gam) gone (evam gate, such being the case); gone or come to, fallen into, being at, on or in, contained or resting in (ac., lc., --°ree;); directed or referring to (prati or --°ree;); departed, gone away (to, d. or inf.); deceased; passed, elapsed; disappeared, lost: very often °ree;--=deprived or devoid of, free from, without, -less; produced from (ab., --°ree;); spread abroad in (lc.); known; trodden, frequented; reached, obtained (°ree;--); n. gait; disappearance; manner.
gaṇanātha m. Ganesa; -nâyaka, m. id.; -pa, m. id.; head of a corporation; (á)-pati, m. lord of hosts, Ganesa; -pâtha, m. list of ganas (gr.); -pradâtri, m. benefactor of a corporation; -bhartri, m. ep. of Siva.
gamāgama m. going and coming, going to and fro; sg. & pl. negotiation.
gamana n. gait; going; betaking oneself to (ad.; ac. ± prati, g., --°ree;); sexual intercourse with (--°ree;); entering upon, undergoing (--°ree;); course; departure; walking; motion: -vat, a. past; -anîya,fp. accessible to, as sailable by (g.); -ayitavya, cs. fp. to be passed (time).
gavāmayana n. N. of a sattra lasting a whole year; (m)-pati, m. bull (lord of cows); lord of rays, ep. of the sun or Agni.
galitaka m. kind of dance or ges ticulation; -pradîpa, m., -pradîpikâ, f. Lamp of omitted passages, T. of a work; -vayas, a. whose youth is past, stricken in years, aged.
garbhāgāra n. womb; bed chamber; lying-in room; inner sanctuary; -½âdi, a. beginning with conception; -½âdhâ na, n. impregnation; a certain ceremony preceding impregnation; -½ashtama,m. eighth year after conception.
garbha m. womb; interior (--°ree; a. con taining -within); foetus, embryo; new-born child; child; offspring, brood (of birds); con ception; sprout: *-ka, m. wreath of flowers interwoven with the hair; -kâma, a. desirous of the fruit of the womb; -kâra, n. N. of a Sastra (producing fertility); -kâla, m. time of pregnancy; -gata, pp. lying in the womb; -griha, -geha, n. inner apartment, bed chamber; inner sanctuarycontaining the image of the deity; -graha, m., -grahana, n. conception; -kyuti, f. birth; -tâ, f., -tva, n. pregnancy; -dâsa, m. (î, f.) slave by birth (Pr.); -dvâdasa, m. pl. twelfth year after conception; -dharâ, a. f. pregnant;-dhâr ana, n. pregnancy; -purodâsa, m. cake offered during the pregnancy of a female animal; -bhartri-druh, a. injuring the foetus and the husband; -bharman, n. nurture of the foetus; -bhavana, n. inner sanctuary con taining the image of the deity; -bhâra, m. burden of the womb: -m dhri, become preg nant; -mandapa, m. inner apartment, bed chamber; -mâsa, m. month of pregnancy; -rûpaka, m. young man; -lakshana, n. sign of pregnancy; -vatî, a. f. pregnant; -vasati, f., -vâsa, m. womb; -vesman, n. inner chamber; lying-in room; -sâtana, n. causing of abortion; -samsravana, n. miscarriage; -samkarita, m. one of mixed extraction; -sambhava,m. conception; -sambhûti, f. id.; -stha, a. being in the womb; -sthâna, n. womb; -srâva, m. miscarriage.
gāṇeśa a. relating to Ganesa; m. worshipper of Ganesa.
gāṇapatya a. relating to Ganesa; m. worshipper of Ganesa.
gavya a. consisting of or re lating to cattle; produced by a cow; n. herd of cows; pasture; cow's milk.
gāmin a. going anywhere (ad., prati, or *ac.); gnly. --°ree;, going, moving, walking (in, to, like); having sexual intercourse with; reaching or extending to; devolving on; be fitting, behoving; obtaining; directed to; re lating to.
gāli f. pl. execration: -dâna, n. abuse; -mat, a. using execrations.
gārbha a. born from a womb; refer ring to an embryo, performed during preg nancy; i-ka, a. relating to the womb, uterine.
gāyatra m. n. song, hymn; a. re lating to or composed in gâyatrî.
girikuhara n. mountain cave; -kshít, a. dwelling on mountains; -kakra vartin, m. prince of mountains, the Himâ laya; -kará, a. mountain-roaming; m. wild elephant; -ga, a. mountain-born: â, f.daughter of the mountain, ep. of Pârvatî; -nadî, f. mountain stream; -trá, a. moun tain-ruling, ep. of Siva; -durga, a. inac cessible owing to mountains; n. hill-fort; -dhâtu, m. pl. mountain ores; -nadikâ, f. mountain brook; -nadî, f.=giri-nadî; -pati, m. king of mountains, lofty mountain; -pri shtha, n. mountain ridge; -prapâta, m. preci pice; -prastha, m. mountain plain, plateau; -bhid, a. mountain-piercing; -râg, m. king of mountains, lofty mountain; -vâsin, a. dwelling in the mountains; -sá, a. dwelling in the mountains, ep. of Siva; -shad, a. sit ting on mountains (Rudra); -shth&asharp;, a.= giri-vâsin; -sutâ, f. daughter of the moun tain,ep. of Pârvatî.
guṇana n. panegyric, exaltation; -anikâ, f. repetition.
guṇakarman n. unessential secondary action; remote object (gr.); -ka lusha, n. coalescence of the three fundamental qualities; -kritya, n. function of a bow-string; -gana, m. multitude of excel lences; -grihya, a. appreciating excellences; -grahana, n. recognition of merit, eulogy; -grâma, m. multitude of virtues; -grâhin, a. appreciating merit; -ghâtin, a. detract ing from merit; -kkheda, m. breaking of the ropeand disappearance of virtue; -gña, a. recognising merits: -tâ, f. abst. n.; -tantra, a. guided by virtue; -tas, ad. conformably to the fundamental qualities; with regard to good qualities; -tâ, f. subordinateness; ex cellence; -tyâgin, a. forsaking virtue; -tva, n. consistency of a rope; accessoriness; excel lence; -deva, m. N. of a pupil of Gunâdhya.
guṇa m. strand, thread, string, rope; wick; bow-string; lute-string; species; con stituent of policy (of which there are six or four), subordinate element, accessory; second ary dish, seasoning; remote object (of a verb); property, quality; elemental quality (sound, feeling, colour, taste, smell); fundamental quality (sattva, ragas, tamas); good quality, virtue, merit, excellence; high degree of (--°ree;= excessive); external articulation (of letters); first strong grade of vowels (a, ar, al, e, o); time (with numerals); multiple: almost always --°ree; a. after numerals=-fold (lit. having so many strands), so many times as much as or more than (in. or ab.).
guṇākara m. mine of virtues; -½aguna, m. pl. virtues and faults; -½âdhya, m. N. of a poet; -½antara, n. another quality: -m vrag=attain superior excellence: -½âdhâ na, n. contributing something on one's own part=caring for (g.); -½anvita, pp. endowed with good qualities; auspicious (constellation); -½abhilâshin, a. desirous of virtues.
guṇayukta pp. tied to a rope and endowed with virtues; -râga, m. delight in virtues; -vakana, m. n. adjective; -vat, a. furnished with a thread; having the elemental qualities; possessing good qualities, virtuous, excellent: -tâ, f. possession of virtues; -varman, m. N.; -vâkaka, a. expressing a quality; -sata-sâlin, a. possessing hundreds of virtues; -sabda, m. adjective; -samyukta, pp. endowed with good qualities; -samskâra, °ree;--, quality and preparation; -sampanna, pp. endowed with good qualities; -sâgara, m. a perfect ocean of virtues; -hâni, f. lack of virtues; -hîna, pp. devoid of virtues.
gurvīsakhī f. female friend of an elderly female relative.
gurulaghutā f. great and little value; -lâghava, n. importance and insig nificance, relative value; -loka, m. powerful men; -vat, ad. like a preceptor (=nm. or lc.); -vâsa, m. sojourn with a preceptor, pupilage; -vritti, f. (proper) behaviour towards one's teacher: -para, a. intent on one's teacher; -susrûshâ, f. obedience towards one's teacher; -susrûshu, a. obedient to one's teacher; -sa khî, f. female friend of an elder relative; -samnidhi, m. presence of the teacher; -sam avâya, m. plurality of teachers; -strî-gam anîya, fp. relating to adultery with a teach er's wife.
gurukarman n. affair of the teacher; -kârya, n. important business; -kula, n. teacher's house: -vâsa, m. sojourn in a teacher's house, tutelary stage in a Brâhman's life; -krita, pp. made much of, lauded; -kratu, m. great sacrifice; -griha, n. pre ceptor's house; -gana, m. venerable person, father, mother, parents; -talpa, m. teacher's conjugal bed; violation of one's preceptor's bed: -ga, -gâmin, a. defiling a teacher's conjugal bed, -½abhigamana, n. violation of one's teacher's bed; -talpin, a. = -talpa ga; -tâ, f. heaviness; importance; dignity; condition of a teacher; -tva, n. id.; proso dical length: -ka, n. heaviness; -darsana,n. sight of one's teacher; -dâra, m. teacher's wife; -dhur, f. pl. severe task; -patnî, f. teacher's wife; -pûgâ, f. reverence towards a teacher; -prasâdanîya, fp. obliging to one's teacher; -prasûta, pp. permitted or bidden by elder relatives; -bhâryâ, f. teacher's wife.
guru a. (v-î) heavy; heavier than (ab.); great, large; violent, serious, hard, severe; weary, sad (days); important, weighty, of much account; venerable; prosodically long; m. venerable or highly respected person: father, mother, or elder relative, esp. teacher: du. parents; pl. parents and other venerable per sons, also teacher (pl. of respect); chief of (g. pl. or --°ree;).
gupti f. preservation; concealment; protection; defences.
gūrti f. praise, approbation, flattery.
gūḍha pp. (√ guh) n. mystery; secret: lc. secretly; -katurtha-pâda-prahelikâ-pra dâna, n. propounding a riddle in which the fourth pâda is concealed; -kâra, m. spy; -kârin, a. going about secretly ordisguised; -ga, a. begotten in secret (not by the husband); -tâ, f. secretness: in. secretly; -tva, n. id.; -pâda, a. whose feet are covered with (--°ree;); -purusha, m. spy; -maithuna, n. secret copu lation; -vasati, f. dwelling in secret.
guṣpita n. confused mass; accumu lation.
gṛhakapota m. domestic pigeon; -karma-kara, m. domestic; -karma-dâsa, m. domestic slave; -karman, n. household affair; -kâraka, m. carpenter; -kârin, m. kind of wasp; -kârya, n. household affair; -kritya, n. id.; kind of tax; -gupta, (pp.) m. N.; -kkhidra, n. hole or weak point in the house; -ga, a. born in the house; -gana, m. family; -gâta, pp. born in the house; -dâru, n. beam of a house; -dâha, m. con flagration; -dîpti, f. light (=ornament) of the house; -devatâ, f. pl. domestic deities; -dvâra, n. house-door; -nadikâ, f. drain of a house; -nirvâha, m. housekeeping; -pá, m. guardian of the house; (á)-pati, m. master of the house, paterfamilias; ep. of Agni; one who has precedence at a Sattra; village magistrate; -pâta, m. collapse of a house; -pâla, m. guardian of the house; -poshana, n. maintenance of the household; -bali, m.domestic offering: -bhug, m. bird that feeds on the domestic offering (sparrows, crows, and other birds); -bhartri, m. master of the house; -bhogin, m. member of the house hold; -medhá, 1. m. domestic sacrifice; 2. a.performing or taking part in the domestic sacrifices; m. householder, paterfamilias; -medhín, a. id.; m. married Brâhman house holder (second stage in his religious life): -î, f. Brâhman housewife.
gṛdhra a. id.; m. (î, f.) vulture: -kûta, m. N. of a mountain (vulture-peak); -drishti, a. vulture-eyed; -pati, -râg, -râga, m. vul ture-king, ep. of Gatâyu.
gṛhyā f. domestic rites and the rules treating of them.
gocara m. (cow-pasture), sphere of action, province; dwelling; reach, ken, view, range; horizon; familiar matter (to, g.); a. being or dwelling in or on, relating to, within reach of, accessible to, being in the power of (g., --°ree;); perceptible; used in the sense of (lc.): -gata, pp. come into contact with (g.); -½an tara-gata, pp. being in the power of (g.).
gopana n. protection, preservation; concealment; keeping secret: &asharp;, f. protection.
godhūma m. [earth-exhalation], wheat (gnly. pl.); -narda, a. roaring like a bull; m. N. of a king; pl. N. of a people; -nasâ, -nâsâ, f. snout of a cow.
godha m. N. of a people; &asharp;, f. bow string; lute-string; leather guard (on bow man's left arm); kind of lizard; -dhana, n. property in cattle; herd of cattle; cattle station; m. N.; -dhâra, m. kind oflizard.
gotraka n. race; family name; -kar tri, m. founder of a family; -kârin, a. found ing a family; -ga, a. born in the same race; of high lineage; m. blood-relation; -nâman, n. family name; -pravara, m.chief of a fa mily, prime ancestor: -dîpa, m., -nirnaya, m., -mañgarî, f. titles of works; -bhâg, a. be longing to the family; -bhíd, a. bursting open the cowshed; destroying families, name-de stroying; m. ep. of Indra (who releases the cows=rain-clouds from the stronghold of Vritra); -riktha, n. du. surname and heri tage: -½amsa-bhâgin, a. assuming the family surname and coming into one's share of the inheritance; -vrata, n. family law;-sthiti, f. id.; mountain-like stability.
gaurava a. relating to the preceptor; n. heaviness; prosodical length; importance, value; dignity; respect (for, lc.), reverence, honour.
gautama a. (î) relating to Gotama; m. pat. from Gotama: N. of various men: -½aranya, n. N. of a forest.
gauṇa a. (î) subordinate, secondary; figurative: i-ka, a. (î) relating to the three fundamental qualities.
gauḍa a. made of sugar; m. n. (Sugar land), N. of a country (central Bengal); m. pl. its inhabitants; î, f. rum distilled from sugar; î-ya, a. relating to the Gaudas.
goṣṭhī f. assembly, company; fel lowship, conversation: -ka, --°ree; a. id.; -ban dha, m. social assembly; -yâna, n. carriage for company.
goṣṭhika a. less correct form of gaushthika: -karman, n. negotiation for a company; -srâddha, n. kind of srâddha.
grantha m. knot; composition; verse (of 32 syllables); treatise, book; text, word ing; chapter; -ana, n. connecting, tying.
gauṣṭhika a. relating to an assem bly.
gaurī f. female of the Gaura buffalo; girl (of eight) prior to menstruation; N. of Siva's wife; N.: -guru, m. Gaurî's father, the Himâlaya; -nâtha, -pati, m. ep. of Siva; -pûgâ, f. worship of Gaurî, N. of a festival in the month of Mâgha; -bhartri, m. ep. of Siva; -vrata, n. vow of Gaurî, N. of a rite; -½îsa, m. ep. of Siva.
grahaṇa a. holding (--°ree;); n. gráhana, seizing, holding, capturing; eclipse; obtaining, receiving; buying; reverberation; catching, absorbing; putting on (clothes), assuming (a body); undergoing; pronouncing, mentioning; using an expression, employment, word mentioned; learning; perception, understanding; taking to mean.
grāvagrābha m. (handling the Soma stones), a priest, later grâvastut; -stút, m. a kind of priest; -stotra, n. invo cation of the pressing-stones at noon: î-ya, a. relating to the invocation of the pressing stones.
grāmya a. referring to, coming from, prepared in or inhabiting villages; tame; cultivated; raised by cultivation; rustic, coarse; m. villager; domestic animal; n. sensuality.
ghuṣṭasvara a. with a loud voice; -½anna, n. food offered by invitation.
ghaṭana n. union with (in. or --°ree;): â, f. course of action, doings, practice; striving for (lc. or --°ree;); exertion; discharging (arrows, --°ree;); accomplishment, success; union with (--°ree;); literary composition; procuring, find ing; producing, creating.
glapana n. relaxation; withering.
graiveya m. n. id.: -ka, n. id.; necklace; -ya, a. relating to the neck.
gharma m. heat (both of sun and of fire); hot season; milk-kettle (for the Asvin sacrifice); hot milk or other hot libation (esp. for the Asvins).
gharmya n. vessel for preparing the hot libation.
gharmita pp. heated; -ín, a. offer ing the hot libation.
ghorākāra a. of terrible ap pearance; -½âkriti, a. id.; -½atighora, a. excessively terrible (designation of a hell); -½âsaya, a. cruelly disposed towards (lc.).
ghṛtānna n. whose food is ghee; -½abdhi, m. ocean of ghee; -½âhutí, f. libation of ghee.
ghṛtakīrti f. mention of ghee; -kumbha, m. pot of ghee; -ghata, m. id.; -p&usharp;, a. clarifying ghee; -pûra, m. kind of pastry; (á)-prishtha, a. whose back is drip ping with ghee; (á)-pratîka, a.whose face is shining with ghee; -prâsana, n. eating ghee; -prúsh, a. scattering ghee or shower ing blessings; -madhu-maya, a. consisting of ghee and honey; (á)-vat, a. abounding in ghee; -skút, a. dripping ghee; -snú,1. a. dipped in ghee; (á)-snu, 2. a.=ghrita-prish tha; -havishka, a. accompanied by a ghee offering; -homa, m. offering of ghee.
ghūrṇa a. swaying; vacillating; -ana, n., â, f. swaying, waving, oscillation.
cakita pp.; n. trepidation, fright.
ca encl. cj. (te, que) and; also; even, just; but, yet; if (=ked): ka--ka, both--and, as well--as, scarcely--when; although--yet: with negative, neither--nor; ka--na ka or tu, although--yet not; na ka--ka,although not--yet; with vâ, either, or; ka½eva ka½api, and also; anyak ka, api ka, kim ka, tathâ ka, more over, likewise (adding a similar saying); ka gives interrogatives (q. v.) an indefinite sense.
ghoṣavat a. sounding, roaring; sonant (gr.): -î, f. kind of lute; -vriddha, m. elder of a herdsmen's station.
ghoṣaṇa a. sounding; n., â, f. proclamation.
ghoṣa m. noise, din; shout, battle-cry; roar (of waters); cry, yell (of animals); sound; rumour; proclamation; herdsman's statíon; herdsman.
caturbāhu a. four-armed; -bila, a. having four apertures; -bhâgá, m. fourth, quarter; -bhuga, a. four-armed, ep. of Vishnu or Krishna; -bhûmika, a. four-storied; -mâsî, f. period of four months; -mukha, a. four-faced; ep. of Brahman, Vishnu, and Siva: -samîrita, pp. uttered by the four mouths; -muhûrtam, ac. for four muhûrtas; -mûrti, a. having four forms or faces; -yuga, n. the four ages; a. comprising the four ages; -vak tra, a. four-faced; ep. of an attendant of Durgâ; -varga, m. aggregate of four: esp. the four goods of life, the good (artha), the pleasant (kâma), the useful (artha), and final liberation (moksha):-kintâmani, m. T. of a work; -varna-maya, a. consisting of the four castes; -varsha-sata½âyus, a. attaining an age of 400 years; -vimsá, a. (î) twenty-fourth; consisting of twenty-four; m. N. of a stoma in which three verses are chanted eight times; n. the day on which it is employed; -vimsat, f. twenty-four; (kátur)-vimsati, f. sg. and (rarely) pl. id.: -kritvas, ad. twenty-four times, -tama, a. twenty-fourth, y-aha, m. sg. twenty-four days; -vimsika, n.=katur-vimsa, m.; -vidha, a. fourfold: -m, ad.; -vîra, m. kind of Soma rite lasting four days; -veda, m. pl. the four Vedas; a. containing or fami liar with the four Vedas; -vedin, a. versed in the four Vedas; (kátur)-hanu, a. four-jawed.
caturthakāla m. fourth meal time: -m, lc.=on the evening of the second day; -kâlika, a. eating the fourth meal only; -bhâg, a. receiving a fourth part as tribute.
candana m. n. sandal tree, wood, powder, or ointment: -ka, m. N.; -dâsa, m. N.; -pa&ndot;ka, m. sandal ointment; -pâta, m. application of sandal ointment; -pura, n. N. of a town; -maya, a. made of sandal wood; consisting of sandal ointment; -rasa, m., -vâ ri, n. fluid essence of sandal wood; -½adri, m. sandal mountain, the Malaya range.
cana immediately following emphasized word: V. not even; without neg. meaning (rare) also; after neg. even; C. (= kid) only after interrogatives in indefinite sense, even, at all.
catvāriṃśa a. (&isharp;) fortieth; -sat, f. forty; -sati, f. id.; -san-mâna, n. having a weight of forty.
caraṇaka n. little foot; -granthi, m. ankle; -nyâsa, m. footstep, tread; foot print; -patana, n. prostration at the feet; -pâta, m. kick; prostration; -prishtha, m. instep; -prasâra, m. extension of the legs; -bha&ndot;ga, m. fracture of the leg; -mûla, n. root of the foot: e ni-pat, fall down at the feet; -vyûha, m. T. of a work (description of the Vedic schools); -½ânati, f. bowing at the feet, prostration.
camū f. bottom of the Soma press (often du. bottom and upper board of the Soma press); army (consisting of 729 elephants, 729 chariots, 2187 cavalry, and 3645 infan try): -nâtha, -pa, -pati, -pâla, m. com mander of an army.
carcita pp. n. coating (of ointment).
carcā f. repetition of a word (esp. with iti); coating (of ointment); care, trouble about, attention to, meddling with (--°ree; or g.); speaking about (--°ree;); discussion: -pada, n. pl. words repeated with the insertion of iti.
caru m. caldron, pot; oblation (of grain boiled in milk, butter, or water).
caritārthaya den. P. cause any one (ac.) to attain his object, satisfy.
caritārtha a. having obtained one's object; successful; satisfied: -tâ, f. at tainment of one's object, satisfaction; -tva, n. accomplishment.
carācara a. moving, running; 2. kara½akara, a. moving and stationary; n. animals and plants, the whole world.
calana a. moving, unsteady; walk ing; dissolute; n. tremor, unsteadiness, mo tion; activity, function; agitation; deviation from (ab.).
carya fp. to be practised; â, f. roam ing; procedure, conduct; observance; per formance or practice of, occupation with (--°ree;, in.).
cāmara a. relating to the yak (bos grunniens); n. tail of the yak, used as a fly-whisk, also as an ornament on the heads of horses and elephants; one of the insignia of royalty: -grâhinî, f. female whisk-bearer.
cāru a. agreeable, welcome, pleasing; dear; fair, lovely: n. ad.: -gîti, f. a metre; -tâ, f. popularity; beauty; -datta, m. N. of a Brâhman; -danta, m. N. of a merchant's son; -darsanâ, f. fair woman; -netra, a. fair-eyed; -mati, m. N. of a parrot; -rûpa, a. of fair form; -lokana, a. fair-eyed; -venî, f. fair braid, N. of a river; -sabda-bha&ndot;ga-vat, a. rich in lovely faltering and in charming ex pressions (speech); -hâsin, a. laughing sweet ly: -î, f. a metre.
cāra m. spy; motion, course; action, behaviour; occupation as (--°ree;): -ka, a. acting, proceeding (--°ree;); m. spy; prison; -kakshus, n. spy for an eye; a. using spies for eyes.
citta pp.; n. observation; thought; purpose, will; mind, heart, intellect, reason; a. thinking of (--°ree;).
citaidha a. relating to a funeral pile.
cittākarṣaṇa n. winning of the heart; -½âkarshin, a. charming the heart; -½anuvartin, a. gratifying (g., --°ree;); -½anu vritti, f. gratification.
cittakheda m. affliction, grief; -kaura, m. heart-stealer, lover; -ga, m. (heart-born), love; Kâma; -ganman, m. id.; -gña, a. knowing the intentions or heart of (g.); having knowledge of human nature; -nâtha, m. heart's lord, lover; -nâsa, m. loss of con sciousness; -nirvritti, f. peace of mind; -pramâthin, a. disturbing the mind; -bheda, m. depression of mind; -bhrama, m. men tal confusion; -bhrânti, f., -moha,m. id.; -yoni, m. (having its origin in the mind), love; -rañgana, n. gladdening of hearts; -vat, a. rational, sensible, wise; -vikâra, m. mental derangement; -viplava, m. id., mad ness; -vislesha, m. alienation of hearts; breach of friendship with (in.); -vritti, f. mental disposition, sentiments, feeling; train of thought; frame of mind, mental process; -hârin, a. ravishing.
cāndra a. (î) lunar; -ka, -ma, -masá, (î) a. id.; -vratika, a. having the character of the moon.
cid enc. pcl. [n. of interrogative, Lat. -quid] in V. emphasizing preceding word (but often to be rendered by stress merely), even, just, very, at least; generalizing nouns, every, all, and esp. pns. and cjs., -- ever, all: with neg. not even; in C. it is used only with in terrogatives (and gâtu), rendering them in definite.
cintā f. thought, reflection, con sideration; uneasiness, apprehension; solici tude regarding (lc. or --°ree;); anxiety about (g., lc., or upari); N.: -para, a. engrossed by (sad) reflections, thoughtful; -mani, m. magical thought-gem (fulfilling its possessor's every wish); philosopher's stone; T. of various works, esp. --°ree;; -moha, m. bewilderment of thought; -visha-ghna, a. destroying the poison of care.
cīrikā f. written proclamation.
cinha n. [√ khan] mark, sign, token, indication, attribute: --°ree;, a. marked or cha racterised by: -ka, n. jot, tittle.
cirarātra m.(?) long time: d. after a long time, at length; -viraha-ga, a. arising from long separation; -velâ, f. late time of day: in. at so late an hour; -sam- kita, pp. long accumulated; -sthita, pp.having stood for a long time.
cūrṇa pp. (√ kar) pulverised, fine; m. n. flour, meal; aromatic or medicinal powder: -kuntala, n. lock of hair; -tâ, f. pulverised condition.
cūta m. mango-tree; -mañgarî, f. N. of a fairy; -latikâ, f. N.; -sara, m. mango arrow (of Kâma).
cedi m. pl. N. of a people in Bundel- kund; -pati, m. king of Kedi; -râga, m. id.
codana a. urging, impelling; n., â, f. incitement, invitation; command; precept, prescription; -ayi-tavya, cs. fp. to be cen sured or criticised; -ayitri, m., trî, f. inciter, stimulator, promoter; -i-tri, m.inciter, stimulator, promoter; -ya, fp. to be urged; -censured; -called in question; na kodya, not to be insisted on=matter of course.
coda m. goad, whip; -á, a. inspiring, stimulating; furthering; -aka, a. impelling; m. injunction, direction; invitation.
cyautna a. stimulating; n. shaking; enterprise, endeavour.
cheda m. one who cuts down (--°ree;); cut, piece, slice; slit; cutting, cutting off or down (g. or --°ree;); separation; destruction, dissipation; interruption; cessation, failure, lack; exact statement, definition; decision, settlement of a dispute (in all these senses generally --°ree;).
chalika n. song accompanied with gesticulations.
chardana a. emetic; n. vomiting; -i, f. vomiting, nausea; 1. -ís, n. protection; secure habitation; 2. -is, n. vomiting.
chandoma m. N. of the 8th, 9th, and 10th days in the dasarâtra; -mañgari, î, f. (nosegay of metres), T. of a work on metre; -máya, a. consisting or having the nature of sacred hymns; -vikiti, f.sifting of metres, prosody, T. of Pi&ndot;gala's work; -vivriti, f. elucidation of metres, T. of Pi&ndot;gala's work; -vritta, n. metre.
chāya a. giving shade; &asharp;, f. shade, shadow; image, reflexion; reflected light, splendour, glitter; colour; beauty, grace (--°ree;, a, n. in all these meanings compounded with a word in the genitive sense); quantity; mere shade of=a little (--°ree;); Sanskrit translation of a Prâkrit work; Shadow of Samgñâ and wife of the Sun and mother of the planet Saturn.
jagatkāraṇa n. cause of the world; -traya, n. triad of worlds (heaven, earth, and lower regions); -tritaya, n. id.; -pati, m. lord of the world (ep. of Brahman, Siva, Vishnu or Krishna, Agni, and of the Sun); -prakâsa, a. universally known, notorious; -prathita, pp. world-famed; -pra bhu, m. lord of the world; -prasiddha, pp. world-renowned; -prâsâha, a. consisting chiefly of gagatî verses; -srashtri, m. creator of the world, ep. of Brahman; -svâmin, m. sovereign of the world ˙ -svâmitva, n. sovereignty of the world.
jagatījāni m. prince, king; -tala, n. surface of the earth; -pati, m. king: -kanyakâ, f. princess; -pâla, -bhartri, -bhug, m. king, prince.
jagdhi f. eating; food.
jagannātha m. protector of the world, ep. of Vishnu and his incarnations; N.; -nivâsa, m. abode=pervader, of the world, ep. of Vishnu or Krishna; -netra, n. eye of the world, ep. of the moon: du. ep. of the sun and moon; -mâtri, f. mother of the world, ep. of Durgâ and of Lakshmî.
jajñi a. germinating.
jaḍāṃśu m. moon (cool-rayed); -½âtmaka, a. cool; stupid; irrational; -½ât man, a. id.
jaḍatā f. rigidity, motionlessness, numbness, apathy; obtuseness, stupidity; -tva, n. id.; -dhî, a. dull-witted; -prakriti, a. id.; buddhi, a. id.; -bhâva, m. coolness, freshness; -mati, a. dull-minded, stupid.
janus m. n. birth, origin; creation; kind: in. by nature.
janitra n. birth-place, origin: pl. parents; blood-relations.
janmarkṣa n. natal constellation; -vat, a. born, living: -tâ, f. existence, life; -vasudhâ, f. land of birth; -sthâna, n. birth place.
janmapādapa m. tree of one's home; -pratishthâ, f. mother; -bandha, m. bonds of (repeated) birth; -bhû, -bhûmi, f. land of birth; -bhûmî-bhû, become the land of --'s birth (--°ree;).
jayāvaghoṣa m. shout of vic tory, cheer; -½âsis, f. invocation of victory, cheer.
jaladāna n. libation of water (fes tival in Uggayinî); -dravya, n. ocean-pro duct, pearl; -dhara, m. (water-bearer), cloud: -mâlâ, f. tract of clouds, -½abhyudaya, m. (rise of the clouds), rainy season; -dhârâ, f. stream of water, shower; -dhi, m. ocean, sea: -tâ, f. abst. n., -rasanâ, f. ocean-girt (earth); -nidhi, m. ocean, sea; -pakshin, m. water bird; -patha, m. sea-voyage; -pâda, m. (water-foot), N. of a frog-king; -pûra, m. full channel (of a river); -pûrusha, m. water pixie; -pravâha, m. current; -plava, m. de luge; -bindu, m. drop of water: -durdina, n. shower of rain; -budbuda, m. water-bub ble; -bhâgana, n. water-vessel; -maya, a. (î) consisting of water; -mânusha, m. (î) fa bulous aquatic being; otter; -muk, a. dis charging rain; m. cloud.
jalakapi m. (river) dolphin; -kum bha, m. water-pot; -kumbhikâ, f. jar of wa ter; -keli, m. f. sporting in the water; -kriyâ, f. libation of water to the dead; -krîdâ, f. sporting in the water; -khaga,m. aquatic bird; -gandha½ibha, m. fabulous animal; -kara, m. aquatic animal; fish; -kârin, a. living in the water; m. aquatic animal; fish; -ga, a. water-born, existing or growing in water; m. aquatic animal, fish; shell;n. day-lotus; pro duct of the sea, pearl: -kusuma, n. lotus blossom, -½âsana, m. ep. of Brahman (seated on a lotus); -gantú, m. aquatic animal; -gîv- in, a. living in or on water; m. fisherman; -tumbikâ-nyâya, m. in. like water and the gourd; -trâsa, m. hydrophobia; -trâsin, a. suffering from hydrophobia.
jalauka m. leech; â, f.: -½okas, a. living in the water; m. aquatic animal; N. of a king; f. leech; -½oka½avakaranîya, fp. treat ing of the application of leeches.
jalodara n. (water-belly), dropsy; -½uddhata-gati, a. moving violently in the water; f. a metre; -udbhava, a. sprung from the water; m. aquatic animal; N. of a water sprite.
jalecara a. (î) living in the water; m. aquatic animal (--°ree; a. f. â); -saya, a. abid ing in the water; ep. of Vishnu.
jalāṃśu m. (cool-rayed), moon (= gadâmsu); -½âgama, m. rain; -½añgali, m. two handfuls of water in honour of the dead; fare well for ever (fig.); -½atyaya, m. (cessation of the rain), autumn; -½âdhâra, m. reservoir, pond.
jāgṛvi a. watchful; bright; stimu lating.
jahallakṣaṇā f. mediate desig nation giving up the primary meaning (an example is: &open;on the Ganges,&close; meaning &open;on the bank of the Ganges&close;).
jalpa m. talk, conversation, words: pl. prate; -aka, a. chattering; m. chatterer; -ana, n. speaking, talking; -âka, a. chatter ing, loquacious; -ita, pp. n. talk; words; -in, a. speaking, talking (--°ree;); -ya, n. chatter.
jātakarman n. after-birth cere mony; -dosha, a. guilty; -nashta, pp. hav ing appeared and disappeared; -paksha, a. fledged; -prâya, a. almost come to pass; -preta, pp. first born and thendeceased; -mâtra, a. but just born, only just arisen; -rûpa, a. of native beauty, beauteous; golden; n. gold: -maya, a. (î) golden; -vat, a. born; containing a derivative of the √ gan; -vâsaka, n. lying-in room; -vâsa-griha, n. (apart ment in which living takes place), sitting room; (á)-vidyâ, f. science of the origin or of the essence of things, metaphysics; -vi nashta, pp.=gâta-nashta; -visvâsa, a. hav ing confidence engendered, inspired with con fidence; (á)-vedas, a. having knowledge of beings; m. Agni; (C.) fire; -vesman, n. chamber of a new-born infant; lying-in room; -silâ, f. (real=) massive stone; -samkalpa, a. resolved; enamoured.
jātaka a. --°ree;, begotten by --; born under (a star); m. new-born child; n. (astro logical) nativity; story of one of Buddha's former births.
jāṭhara a. (î) relating to the belly; (with agni, m. digestive fire, hunger); m. son.
jānapada a. living in the country; relating to districts; referring to or meant for the country-people; m. countryman; subject: î, f. provincial expression; -padika, a. con cerning a realm.
jātya a. belonging to the family, caste, etc. of (--°ree;); related; noble; genuine; native, original (svarita accent).
jātijānapada a. relating to the castes and to the districts; -bhâg, a. sub ject to birth; -bhramsa, m. loss of caste; -bhrashta, pp. having lost caste; -mat, a. high-born; capable of being classed under a general notion; -mâtra, n. mere rank: -½upa- gîvin, a. subsisting by the name of his caste only; -vakana, n. generic term; -sampanna, pp. endowed with good family, high-born; -smara, a. remembering one's former exist ence: -tâ, f., -tva, n. abst. n.; -smarana, n. remembrance of a former birth; -hîna, pp. destitute of good family, of low birth or rank.
jāmitva n. relationship.
jāmi a. consanguineous (brother or sister), related, allied, own: du. pl. bro ther(s) and sister(s): î, f. (C.) female relation, esp. daughter-in-law; sts. sister; n. í, consan guinity; sameness; repetition, tautology (gr.).
jāmadagneya m. descendant of Gamadagni; -ya, m. pat. id., N.; relating etc. to Gamadagni or Gâmadagnya; -yâyi-ta, (den. pp.) n. slaughter after the manner of Parasurâma.
jighatsā f. desire or intention to eat; hunger; -sú, a. desirous of eating (ac.).
jigīṣā (des.) f. wish to obtain, expectation; desire to conquer, ambition; -shú, a. desirous to obtain, conquer, or excel; ambitious: -tâ, f. emulation, ambition.
jānhavīya a. relating to the Ganges.
jihmaga a. moving in curves (snake); m. snake; -gati, a. id.; -tâ, f. crookedness, duplicity; -s&isharp;, a. lying on the side.
jitaśrama a. (overcoming=) inured to fatigue; practised in (lc.).
jijñāsana n. wish to know; ex amination; -sâ, f. id.; investigation; -su, a. wishing to know or test, examining.
jīvanmaraṇa n. living death; -mukta, pp. having obtained final liberation while yet alive; -mukti, f. liberation during life; -mrita, pp. living and yet dead, half dead: -ka, a. id.
jīvana a. (î) quickening, animat ing; restoring to life (--°ree;); n. restoration to life; existence, life; subsistence; manner of life; maintenance by (--°ree; or in.); water: -yoni, a. having its origin in life; -hetu, m. means of subsistence.
jīra a. swift, active; urging, stimu lating.
jaina a. (î) relating to the Ginas; m. Jain: î, f. doctrine of the Jains.
jīvitavya fp. n. to be lived (with in. of subject=will live); n. possibility of living; allotted term of life; possible restora tion to life: -vishaya, m. duration of life; -samdeha, m. danger to life.
jīvita pp. (√ gîv) alive; n. living being; life; duration of life; livelihood, means of subsistence.
jīvaloka m. world of the living, mankind; -vadha, m. killing a living being; -vishaya, m. duration of life; -vishâna, n. horn of a living animal; -samsá, m. com munity of the living; -sesha, a. having life only as a remnant, having bare life; -siddhi, m. N.; -sû, a. f. bearing a living child.
jīvala a. animating; m. N.
juhoti m. (3 sg. of √ hu) techni cal designation of the sacrifices denoted by the term guhoti (not by yagati).
juṣṭi f. favour; satisfaction.
jyotiḥṣṭoma m. (Praise of Light), kind of Soma sacrifice (which consists of four, Agnishtoma, Ukthya, Shodasin, and Atirâtra, or seven parts: the same and Atyag nishtoma, Vâgapeya, and Âptoryâma).
jñāti m. near blood-relation; kinsman: -karman, n. business of a kinsman; -kârya, n. kinsman's duty; -tva, n. consanguinity; -putra, m. son of a relative; -prabhu ka, a. of high position among relatives; -prâ ya, a. meant specially for blood-relations; -bhâ va, m. relationship: -tas, ad. on the strength of his relationship; -bheda, m. quarrel among kinsmen; -mat, a. having near kinsmen.
joṣa m. satisfaction: -m, ad. at will, as one pleases; gladly; gosham âs, be silent.
jaihva a. relating to the tongue (gihvâ).
jaihmya n. fraud, cheating.
jaiva a. (î) relating to the individual soul.
jaimini m. N. of a teacher, founder of the Pûrva-Mîmâmsâ school of philosophy: î-ya, f. relating to Gamini; m. adherent of Gaimini; n. Gaimini's work.
jñāpaka a. (ikâ) causing to know, teaching, indicating; m. master of petitions (an official); n. precept; implicit rule (of grammar); -ana, n. notifying, indicating; -anîya, fp. to be made known ornotified as (nm.); -ayitri, m. instructor.
jñāna n. knowledge; true or superior knowledge (sts. pl.); wisdom; intention; assumption; consciousness; organ of sense: -kânda, n. the part of revelation treating of the higher knowledge; -kakshus,n. eye of knowledge; a. seeing with the eye of know ledge; -da, m. imparter of knowledge; -pûrva, a. preceded by knowledge, i. e. well-considered; -maya, a. (î) consisting in or containing knowledge; -mârga, m. path of knowledge; -yoga, m. the theoretical Yoga; -vat, a. knowing; learned; possessed of superior knowledge; -sakti-mat, a. having the faculty of knowing; -siddhi, m. N.
jyotiragra a. (preceded by=) radiating light; -îsa, -îsvara, m. N. of an author.
jyaiṣṭha m. N. of a summer month (May-June); î, f. day of full moon in Gyaishtha; -sâmika, a. relating to the gyeshtha-sâman.
jyeṣṭha spv. most excellent or beauteous; greatest; highest; best; first; chief; superior to (ab.); eldest: -m, ad. most, greatly; m. elder brother; (sc. ghata) ascending bucket on the water-wheel; N. of a month, May--June (=gyaishtha); &asharp;, f. eldest wife; N. of the 16th (18th) lunar station; misfortune; n. chief thing.
jvāla m. flame; torch; â, f. illumination; flame, bright light: -dhvaga, m. fire, -mukha, m. (Flame-mouth), kind of ghost; N. of a Brahmarâkshasa, -li&ndot;ga, n. N. of a temple of Siva.
ḍāmara a. astounding, extraordinary (-tva, n. abst. n.); m. astonishment, admiration; knight.
ṭāṅka n. kind of intoxicating liquor.
ta prn. of the 3rd prs. (nm. sg. m. sa, f. sâ) he, she, it, they; that, those (a. or n.); sts. attenuated to an article in mg.; correl. to (preceding) relative; with prns. of 1st & 2nd prs., e.g. so&zip;ham=I being such; repeated: this and that, each, several, various, respective; with relative (±vâ) yah sa, whoever; yat tad, whatever, every, any; yo yah -sa sa, who ever -he; yad yad -tat tad, whatever -that; tad yathâ, that is asfollows, that is to say.
ḍauṇḍubha a. relating to the dundubha.
taṭinī f. (having banks), river: -pati, m. ocean.
tadātva n. present time or state (opp. âyati).
tattvākhyānopamā f. simile implied in stating a truth (e. g. &open;thy mouth is not a lotus&close; implies &open;thy mouth is like a lotus&close;); -½apahnava-rûpaka, n. simileimplied in denying the truth (e. g. &open;thy eyes are not eyes but two bees&close; implies &open;thy eyes are like two bees&close;); -½abhiyoga, m. prosecution based on facts; -½artha, m. matter of fact, truth; true sense of (--°ree;): -vid, a. knowing the true sense.
tatkartavya fp. n. (necessity to do that), appropriate course of action; -karma kârin, a. following the same occupations; -kârin, a. doing the same thing; -kâla, m. that time, that particular time, previous time: -m, at that time, at the same time; instantly, at once; a. happening at the same time or at once, -parikaryâ, f. immediate hospitality; -kâlîna, a. being at or belonging to that time; simultaneous; -krita, pp.caused thereby; -kshana, m. the same moment: -m, ab., lc., °ree;--, straightway, instantly.
tadā ad. at that time, then (often redundant in E. with tatah, purâ, and atha): frequently with correlative yatah, yatra, yad, yadâ, yadi, ked; in that case; tadâ pra bhriti, thenceforward; yadâ yadâ -tadâ tadâ, whenever--then; yadâ tadâ, at any time, always.
tatpada n. its place; the word tad; -padavî, f. his path: y-âm padam dhâ, set foot in his path=imitate or vie with him; -para, a. 1. following upon that; 2. (having that as the highest), occupied with that only; exclusively devoted to, intent on, (lc., --°ree;): -tâ, f. exclusive devotion, intentness; -pará yana, a. having that as their final aim; -pârsva, n. his side; -purusha, m. his servant: the example used to designate the class of determinative compounds (i. e. those in which the first part determines or limits the second, specifically those in which the first part has the sense of a case); -pûrva, a. happening for the first time; -pradhâna, a.dependent on her; -prahrishta, pp. pleased with that.
tan f. duration: in. continually.
tadrasa m. essence of it; -râga, m. suffix attached to the name of a people to designate their king; -rûpa, a. of such kind or appearance; of the same kind; -vamsya, m. relative of that ruler; -vaktri, m.propounder of that; -vat, 1. ad. in this way, thus; similarly, likewise, also; 2. a. possess ing or containing that: -tâ, f. conformity, harmony; -vayas, a. of the same age; -víd, a. knowing or versed in that; m. connoisseur; -vidha, a. of such a kind, such, such-like; corresponding thereto: -tva, n. corresponding nature; -vishaya, a. belonging to that cate gory; having that as an object; -vritti, a. living according to that; -vrata, a. fulfilling duties towards him, her, or them.
tantra n. loom; warp; groundwork, underlying principle, essence; system; stand ard; main point; rule, doctrine; manual; section in a manual; a class of magical and mystical treatises; spell; physic, specific; government; --°ree;, line, rank, troop; a. chiefly concerned with, dependent on (--°ree;).
tanūkaraṇa n. attenuating; -kar tri, m. diminisher.
tanu a. (ûbrev;, v-î) thin; small; slender; scanty, moderate (in amount); delicate, weak; u, û, f. body, person, form; one's self (=refl. prn.: also pl.); manifestation: rarâtyâm tanur manyoh=frown of anger; iyam tanur mama, I here; svakâ tanuh, one's own person.
tapaścaraṇa n. self-castigation, mortification; austerity; -karyâ, f. id.
tandrālu a. weary, fatigued.
tapodhana a. whose wealth is pen ance; devout, pious; m. ascetic, devotee; N.; -nidhi, m. treasury of penance; rigorous devotee; -bhrit, a. devout, pious; m. devotee, ascetic; -maya, a. (î) consisting of penance or austerity; devoted to piety; -mûla, a. having austerity for its root; -yagña, a. sacri ficing with penance; -yukta, pp. ascetic, pious; m. ascetic, devotee; -rata, pp. delighting in penance, devout; -rati, a. id.; -vat, a. ascetic, devout; -vana, n. sacred grove (in which ascetics practise penance); -vriddha, pp. abounding in penance, rigorously ascetic, very pious.
tapas n. heat; fire (of which there are five, the four directed towards the cardinal points and the sun); torment; penance, self castigation, mortification, religious austerity, devotion; N. of a month(Jan.--Feb.); N. of one of the seven worlds (situated above Ganas).
taraṃgaya den. P. cause to wave; cause to move about (eyes): pp. taramgita, waving; moving to and fro; n. fluctuation, backward and forward motion.
tamas n. (sg. & pl.) darkness; gloom of hell; N. of a hell; eclipse=Râhu; error, ignorance; delusion; Darkness (one of the three fundamental qualities (gunas) incident to creation; in the Sâ&ndot;khya philosophy one of the five forms of Avidyâ).
taraṃgin a. fluctuating, unsteady, restless: -î, f. river; title of various works (--°ree;).
talpa m. couch, bed: -m adhi-gam, have sexual intercourse with (--°ree;); turret; -ga, a. having sexual intercourse with (--°ree;); violating the bed of (--°ree;); -ga, a. born in the nuptial couch.
tarpaṇīya fp. to be satisfied w. (in.).
tarpaṇa a. (î) satisfying; n. satis faction (act. & ps.); satisfying, pleasing (the gods or Manes by oblations); nourishment, refreshment.
tarkin a. supposing, surmising, skilled in speculation.
tarka m. supposition, conjecture; re flexion, speculation; speculative doctrine, philosophical system (of which there are six, the Pûrvaand Uttara-Mîmâmsâ, Nyâya, Vaiseshika, Sâ&ndot;khya, and Yoga); refutation, reductio ad absurdum (in logic); -gñâna, n. knowledge derived from speculation; -vid, m. philosopher, dialectician; -vidyâ, -sâstra, n. science of thought; -samgraha, m. T. of a manual on the Nyâya system.
tātkarmya n. homogeneousness of occupation; -kâlika, a. (î) lasting the same length of time; happening instantly; -kâlya, n. simultaneousness.
tācchīlya n. regular habituation to or practice of that.
tāpasa a. (î) practising penance; re lating to religious penance; m., -î, f. ascetic, hermit; -ya, n. status of ascetics.
tāpa m. heating (gold as a test); heat; pain, torment (mental and bodily); -aka, a. burning; purifying; tormenting, distressing; -ana, a. (î) burning, tormenting (--°ree;); m. sun; n. burning; mortification;N. of a hell; -anîya, a. golden: -½upanishad, f. T. of various Upanishads.
tānūnaptra n. ritual oath with in vocation of Tanûnapât when the Âgya is touched by the sacrificer and the priests.
tātparya n. addiction or devotion to a thing; chief aim (with lc. of object); true purport (of a speech or work); a. in tended: -tas, ad. with a view to this; -nir- naya, m. determination of the purport.
tāmasa a. (î) dark; relating to the quality tamas, connected with error or ignor ance; m. N. of a Manu.
tārā f. [strewer, radiator], star; pupil of the eye: -dharma, m. N. of a prince; -½adhipa, m. moon (lord of the stars); -pati, m. id.; Brihaspati; -patha, m. heavens (path of the stars); N. of a country; -pîda, m. N. of various princes; -pura, n. N. of a town; -maya, a. (î) consisting of stars, starry.
tāratamya n. condition of more or less (tara-tama), gradation; great difference.
tāra a. [√ trî] penetrating, piercing; shrill, high, loud; sparkling: -m, cpv. -ta ram, spv. -tamam, ad.; m. n. loud, high, or shrill sound; m. pearl of pure water; putting across (--°ree;); sacred syllable om or other mys tic monosyllable in a Tantra; â, f. N.
tāla m. palmyra or fan palm (from the sap of which sugar and an intoxicating liquor are prepared); flapping (esp. of elephants' ears); clapping of hands; (musical) measure; dance; cymbal(?); n.palmyra nut; a. made from the palmyra: -ka, m. kind of poisonous insect.
titikṣā (des.) f. endurance (of, --°ree;); patience; -shú, des. a. enduring (ac.); patient.
tāvat a. so great, so extensive; so long; so much; so manifold, so numerous, just so many (with corr. yâvat): n. ad. (with corr. yâvat) so much, so far; so long, during that time, then; (without corr.) meanwhile; for a while; in the first place, first; just, at once (very often with the impv. to express what is to be done immediately=pray just or at once --; or with 1st pers. pr.=I will first of all); only, merely; indeed, certainly, it is true (concessively, followed by but); already, even (opp. how much more or less); well! enough! emphasizes a notion (±eva), only, just, quite, why (sts. to be rendered by stress only); tâvat -ka, scarcely -when; tâvan na -api na, not only not -but also not; na tâvat, not yet: na tâvat--yâvat, not yet while; m&asharp; tâvat, (interjectionally) not for heaven's sake, God forbid; yâvad yâvat tâvat tâvat, in proportion--as;yâvan na tâvat, while not--so long=till: in. tâvatâ, during that time, meanwhile; to the same extent, just as far; lc. t&asharp;vati, so far; so long, in that time.
tilakārṣika a. cultivating sesamum; -khalî, f. oil-cake of sesamum; -grâma, m. N. of a village; -kûrna, n. pounded sesamum seeds; -taila, n. sesamum oil; -dvâ dasî, f. a certain twelfth day; -parna, -parn ika, n. sandal-wood; -parnî, f. sandal tree (Pterocarpus santalinus); -pîda, m. oil grinder; -pushpa, n. sesamum blossom=the nose.
tilaka m. a tree; freckle, mole; coloured mark on the forehead (always here in the case of women) or elsewhere, as an orna ment or sectarian distinction; m. ornament of (--°ree;); N.; n. alliteration;a metre: -ka, m. N.
tiryagāyata pp. extended across; -ga, a. moving horizontally; -ga, a. born of animals; -gana, m. animal, beast; -gâti, m. id.; -yona, m. animal; -yoni, f. womb of an animal; condition of animals; animal creation; -vâta, m. side-wind; -visamsarpin, a. spread ing sideways.
tiryaktā f. nature or condition of beasts; -tva, n. id.; -pâtin, a. falling ob liquely on (lc.); -pratimukha½âgata, n. ob struction from the side or in front; -preksh ana, a. looking at sideways.
tuṅgin a. lofty; culminating (planet).
tīvra a. sharp; hot; violent, intense, severe, great, excessive, bad: -tâ, f. severity, violence, intensity; -gati, f. great pace; a. being in an evil plight; -dyuti, m. sun; -½atitîvra, a. excessively severe.
tīrthya a. relating to a Tîrtha; m. ascetic, sectary.
tulana n. raising; weighing, esti mating; â, f. equality with (in., --°ree;): -m î, gam, or â-yâ, become like, equal, resemble, compare with (in. or --°ree;).
tulyakakṣa a. equal (--°ree;); -kulya, a. of the same family; m. relative; -guna, a. of similar qualities, equally good; -gâtîya, a. of the same kind, like; -tâ, f. equality with (in. or --°ree;), in (in.); -tva, n. equality, with (in. or --°ree;); -darsana, a. looking at every thing with indifference; -naktam-dina, a. to whom night and day are alike; -nindâ-stuti, a. indifferent to blame and praise; -bhâgya, a. having a like fate; -yoga½upamâ, f. a rhe torical figure in which dissimilar objects are treated alike; -vayas, a. of equal age; -sas, ad. alike, in equal parts; -sîla, a. acting simi larly: -tâ, f. abst. n.
tuṣṭi f. satisfaction, contentment.
tṛṇāgni m. grass-fire (which is quickly consumed); -½a&ndot;kura, m. young grass; -½ada, a. grass-eating; -½âsa, -½âsana, -½âsin, a. grass-eating; m. grass-eater.
tṛṇatantu m. blade of grass; -pu rusha-ka, m. man of straw; -pulî, f. bunch of grass; -prâya, a. grassy; -bindu, m. N. of a sage and prince; -bhug, a. grass-eating; m. grass-eater; -bhûta, pp.become as thin or weak as a blade of grass; -maya, a. made of grass.
tūṣṇīm ad. silently, in silence: m-samsa, m. silent recitation (designation of certain verses to be repeated in silence); m danda, m. secret punishment; m-bhâva, m. silence.
taiṣa a. (î) relating to the lunar man sion Tishya; m. N. of a month; î, f. day of full moon in the month Taisha.
tṛptikara a. satisfying; -kâraka, a. id.; -mat, a. satisfied (with, lc.); -yoga, m. satisfaction.
tṛpti f. (also -tí) satisfaction; satiety.
toṣa m. satisfaction, pleasure (in, g., lc., --°ree;); -ana, a. (î) appeasing, satisfying, de lighting; n. id.; -in, a. (--°ree;) content with, liking; satisfying, gladdening.
toyakaṇa m. drop of water; -kar man, n. libation of water to the dead; -krîdâ, f. sporting in the water; -kara, a. moving in the water; m. aquatic animal; -ga, a. growing or living in the water; n.lotus: -½akshî, f. lotus-eyed maiden; -da, m. rain cloud: -½atyaya, m. autumn; -dhara, a. wa ter-bearing; -dhâra, m., â, f. stream of water; -dhi, m. ocean; -maya, a. (î) consisting of water; -mâtra½avasesha, a. having nothing but water left (in them); -muk, m. cloud; -yantra, n. water-clock; -râg, m. ocean (lord of waters); -râsi, m. pond, lake; sea; -vat, a. supplied with or surrounded by water; -vâha, m. rain-cloud.
toya n. water: -m kri, offer a libation of water to the dead (g.).
tyājaka a. abandoning, refusing; -ana, n. giving up, renunciation; -ya, fp. to be abandoned, -deserted, -cast off; -shunned; -given up or away.
tyāga m. abandonment, desertion; quitting; giving up, sacrifice, renunciation; liberality: -karma-samanvita, pp. linked with charity; -sîla, a. liberal: -tâ, f. liberality.
triṃśa a. (î) thirtieth; -sát, f. [tri+ (da) sat] thirty (rarely pl., gnly. in the same case as its noun, sts. governing a gen.); -sati, f. id.
tridaśādhipa m. lord of the gods; -½adhipati, m. id.; -½âyudha, n. rain bow; -½ari, m. enemy of the gods, Asura; -½âlaya, m. abode of the gods, heaven; celestial, god.
tridaśa a. pl. three times ten; m. the thirty sc. gods (round number for 33): -tâ, f., -tva, n. divine nature; -pati, m. ep. of Indra: -sastra, n. Indra's weapon, thunderbolt; -vanitâ, f. celestial female, Apsaras; -saila, m. ep. of mount Kailâsa; -sreshtha, a. ep. of Brahma or Agni.
tripuruṣa n. three men=three generations: -m, ad. for three generations; á, a. as long as three men.
tripṛṣṭha a. having or occupying three backs, ridges, or heights; m. Vishnu; -prakâra, a. threefold; -phala, a. bearing three fruits; -bâhu, a. three-armed; -bhâga, m. third part (esp. of the eye in a side-glance); -bhuvana, n. the three worlds: heaven, sky or lower regions, and earth; m. N.: -guru, m. ep. of Siva, -pati, m. ep. of Vishnu; -bhauma, a. three-storied; -madhu, a. who knows or recites the three versesbeginning with madhu (RV. I, xc, 6-8); -mâtra, a. containing three morae; -mârga-gâ, f. ep. of the Ganges; -mûrti, a. having three forms; °ree;--, the trinity, i. e. Brahma, Vishnu, Siva.
tretā f. triad; the three sacred fires; die or side of a die marked with three points; the second age of the world (the age of threes, so called from three being contained in the numbers expressing its duration: it is de scribed as lasting 3000 years of the gods, etc.): -½agni, m. sg. the three sacred fires; -yuga, n. the second age of the world; -hrita-sar vasva, a. robbed of one's all by the three die.
truṭi f. particle, atom; moment (as a measure of time, the exact duration of which varies in different statements).
trisatya n. triple oath; -samdhya, n. the three diurnal junctures (sunrise, noon, sunset): -m, ad. at the time of the three Sam dhyâs; a. relating to the three Samdhyâs; -savana, a. & n.=tri-shavana; -sâdhana, a. produced or conditioned by three things; (í) suparna: -ka, m. n. N. of the verses RV. X, cxiv, 3-5; a. conversant with these verses; -stana, a. (î) three-breasted; -sthâna, a. having three places; -srotas, f. ep. of the Ganges (triple-flowing).
traisrotasa a. relating to the Gan ges (Trisrotas).
traiṣṭubha a. (î) relating to or con sisting of trishtubh; n. trishtubh metre.
traivarṇika m. member of the three upper castes; -vârshika, a. lasting or sufficient for three years; -vikrama, a. be longing to Vishnu (trivikrama); -vidya, a. versed in the three Vedas; n. the three Vedas; study or knowledge of the three Vedas; as semblage of Brâhmans versed in the three Vedas: -vriddha, pp. (old=) learned in the three Vedas; -vidhya, n. triplicity; -vish- tapa: e-ya, m. pl. gods; -vedika, a. (î) re lating to the three Vedas.
traivargika a. (î) relating to the triad virtue, pleasure, utility; -ya, a. id.
trailokya n. the three worlds; -râg ya, n. sovereignty of the three worlds; -½adhi patitva, -½âdhipatya, n. id.
traiyambaka a. relating or dedi cated to Tryambaka (Siva).
traipura a. relating to Tripura; m. pl. inhabitants of Tripurî; sg. prince of the Kedis; n. Siva's exploit in connexion with Tripura.
traidaśika a. relating to the thirty (-three) gods.
traikālika a. (î) relating to the three times (past, present, and future); -ya, n. the three times: past, present, future; morning, noon, evening.
tvaksāra m. reed, cane (lit. in which the rind is the chief thing): -vyava hâra-vat, a. whose occupation is in reeds, dealing in cane.
tryakṣa a. (â, î) three-eyed; m. Siva: -ka, -n, m. id.; -½akshara, a. consisting of three sounds or syllables; -½a&ndot;ga, n. army of three members (chariots, cavalry, infantry); -½adhishthâna, a.having three locations (mind, voice, body).
da a. (--°ree;) giving, bestowing, imparting; producing, yielding; indicating.
dakṣa a. able, active, dexterous, skilful, clever (with lc., --°ree;); suitable for (--°ree;); right (not left); m. activity, capacity, power, aptitude; will; N. of an Âditya; N. of a Pragâpati; N. of a legislator: -sya½ayana, n. (sacrifice of the) winter solstice.
daṇḍanāyaka m. judge; leader of a troop; -nipâtana, n. causing the rod to descend, punishment (of, g.); -niyoga, m. award of punishment; -nîti, f. administration of justice, science of government.
daṇḍana n. beating, punishing.
daṇḍakāṣṭha n. wooden staff; -ghna, a. striking with a staff, committing assault; -kakra, n. detachment of an army -tâdana, n. chastisement with a stick; -tva, n. condition of a staff; -dâsa, m.slave for (non-payment of) a fine, one who serves out a fine; -dhara, a. wielding the rod or sceptre over, punishing, chastising (g.); m. prince, king; judge, magistrate; leader of a troop; ep. of Yama: -½adhipati, m. chief of judges, king; -dhâra, a. wielding the rod, exercising judicial authority: -ka, a. id.; -dhârana, n. bearing of a staff; employment of force; chastisement.
daṇḍādhipa m. chief justice; -½adhipati, m. id.; -½anîka, n. detachment of an army; -½âpûpa-nyâya, m. manner of the stick and the cake (if the mouse has eaten the stick she must have eaten the cake also): ab.= as a matter of course from what precedes.
daṇḍapāṇi a. holding a staff in one's hand; m. policeman; ep. of Yama; -pâta, m. (descent of the rod), punishment, chastisement; -pâtana, n. castigation; -pâ rushya, n. assault: du. bodily chastisement and admonition; -pâla, m. guardian of jus tice, judge: -tâ, f. abst. n.; -pâláka, m. guardian of justice, judge; -pâsaka, m. policeman, watchman; -pranâma, m. prostration at full length like a staff; -pradâna,n. presentation of the staff (at investiture); -bhaya, n. fear of the rod; -bhâg, a. liable to punishment; -bhrit, a. wielding the rod; m. ep. of Yama; -mukhya, m. leader of an army.
datिtrama a. received by donation, adopted (son or slave).
dattātaṅka a. giving a fright to (g.); -½âtman, a. who has offered himself for adoption (son); -½a-pradân-ika, a. relating to the non-delivery of a present.
dambha m. fraud, dissimulation, hy pocrisy, deceit; -aka, a. deceiving, deluding (--°ree;); -ana, a. injuring (--°ree;); n. deceiving, deceit.
darśana a. (î) --°ree;, seeing, looking at; knowing; showing, teaching; n. 1. with active meaning: seeing, looking at, beholding; sight of, meeting with, visiting, attendance at (--°ree; or g.); adoration (of, g.); eyesight; review of (g.); inspection, investigation of (--°ree;); foreseeing (--°ree;); perception, understanding, in sight; recognition of (--°ree;); opinion, intention; doctrine, philosophical system; 2. with ps. meaning: becoming or being visible, appear ance, presence, attendance (in court); occur rence, mention (esp. in a standard work); ap parition, vision; 3. with cs. meaning: showing; with concrete meaning: eye; it is often --°ree; a. having a -appearance, looking --; -m dâ, show oneself.
daśaka a. containing ten, tenfold; -kantha, m. (ten-necked), ep. of Râvana: -½ari, m. enemy of Râvana, ep. of Râma; -kamdhara, m. (ten-necked), ep. of Râvana; -kumâra-ka ri-ta or -tra, n.Adventures of the Ten Princes, title of a novel by Dandin; -guna, a. tenfold, ten times greater or more: -m, ad.; -gun ita, pp. multiplied by ten; -grâma-pati, m. chief of ten villages; -grâmî, f. aggregate of ten villages.
dala n. fragment, piece; part; half; leaf, petal (that which unfolds itself); -ana, n. bursting (int.); breaking, crushing, shat tering; annihilation.
daśamāsya a. ten months old; -mukha, m. (ten-faced), Râvana: -ripu, m. Râvana's foe, ep. of Râma; -yoganî, f. dis tance of ten yoganas; -ratha, m. N. of several kings, esp. of Râma's father, sovereign of Ayodhyâ; -rasmi-sata, m. (thousand-rayed), sun; -râtra, m. n. period of ten days: á, a. lasting ten days; m. festival of ten days; -a½ri- ka, having ten verses; -rûpa, n. sg. the ten kinds of dramas; T. of a treatise on rhetoric by Dhanamgaya (tenth century): -ka, n. id.; -lakshana-ka, a. having ten characteristics, tenfold; -varsha, -varshîya, a. ten years old; -vârshika, a. (î) id.; lasting ten years; occur ring after ten years; -vidha, a. tenfold; -satá, n. 110; 1000: î, f. 1000; -sata-kara-dhârin, a. having a thousand rays (moon); -sata½ak- sha, a. thousand-eyed (Indra); -siras, a. ten-headed; -sîrsha, a. id.; m. Râvana; -sâhas ra, a. consisting of ten thousand; n. ten thousand.
dava m. [√ du] forest fire: -thu, m. burning, pain; inflammation; -½agni, m. fire of a burning forest; -½anala, m. id.
dākṣiṇa a. relating to the sacri ficial fee (dakshinâ).
dākṣāyaṇa a. (î) descended from or relating to Daksha; î, f. daughter of Daksha; m. n. sacrifice of the winter solstice; -yagña, m. a modification of the Darsapaur- namâsa sacrifice lasting fifteen years instead of thirty.
dākṣa a. southern, dwelling in the south; relating to Daksha.
daśāṃśa m. tenth part; -½akshara, a. decasyllabic; -½a&ndot;gula, a. ten fingers (= inches) long; -½ânana, m. (ten-faced), ep. of Râvana; -½antarushyá, n. distance of ten stations; -½abda½âkhya, a. of ten years stand ing.
dānava m., î, f. demon; in C. repre sented as the offspring of Danu and Kasyapa and as irreconcilable foes of the gods; a. re lating to the Dânavas.
dānadharma m. duty of alms giving or liberality; -pattaka, n. deed of gift; -pati, m. chief in liberality, very charitable man; -para, a. intent on liberality, generous, charitable: -tâ, f. generosity; -pârami-tâ, f. acme of generosity; -yogya, fp. worthy of a gift.
dāna n. [√ 1. dâ] giving, -away (a daughter), presenting, offering (a sacri fice), teaching (of, g., --°ree;, to, lc., --°ree;); abandon ment of life (--°ree;); payment of debt; gift; cha ritable gift; bribery; addition; offering, ob lation.
dākṣiṇya a. relating to the sacri ficial fee; n. politeness, courtesy; kindness, reverence, towards (g., lc., --°ree;); south: -vat, a. courteous, kind, amiable.
dāyakāla m. time of dividing the heritage; -bhâga, m. division of the heritage; -hara, m. heir, relative.
dāyaka m. heir, relative.
dāṃpatya n. wedlock (fr. dampati).
dārśa m. new-moon sacrifice; a. (î) relating to the --; -ika, a. (î) relating to the new-moon (sacrifice).
dārdura a. (î) relating to a frog.
dārḍhya n. firmness; stability, stead fastness; confirmation.
dāva m. (forest) conflagration; m. n. forest: -dahana, m. forest fire; -½agni, m. fire of a burning forest; -½anala, m. id.
dārṣṭāntika a. elucidated or elucidating by an example or simile (drish tânta).
dikkanyā f. quarter of the sky as a maiden; -karin, m. elephant of the quarters (supporting the earth at one of the four or eight points of the compass); -kântâ, -kâminî, f. quarter of the sky as amaiden; -kakra, n. horizon: -vâla, n. surrounding horizon; -khabda, m. word expressive of direction; -ta- ta, m. brink of the compass, horizon, extreme distance; -pati, m. regent of a quarter; -pa tha, m. horizon, extreme distance; -pâla, m. guardian of a quarter; -prekshana, n. looking about in all directions (in fear); -sundarî, f.=dik-kanyâ.
dāha m. burning, conflagration; cau terising; being burnt; inward heat, feverish heat: disâm dâha, preternatural redness of the sky.
didhiṣu a. wishing to obtain; courting; m. suitor, husband; ûbrev;, f. woman re married; unmarried woman having a younger married sister: (û)-pati, m. husband of a (brother's) widow; husband of a woman mar ried after her younger sister.
diṅnāga m. elephant of the quar ters; -nâtha, m. regent of a quarter; -mand ala, n. circle of the quarters, horizon; -mâ ta&ndot;ga, m. elephant of the quarters; -mâtra, n. mere indication, mere example; -mukha, n. point of the compass; place, location; -moha, m. bewilderment as to the cardinal points.
dina n. day: -kara, m. (day-making), sun; N.; -kartavya, n. daily observance; -kartri, m. (day-maker), sun; -kârya, n. daily observance; -krit, m. sun; -kritya, n. =-kârya; -kshaya, m. decline of day, even ing; -naktam, ad. day and night; -nâtha, m. (lord of day), sun; -pati, m. id.; -bhartri, m. id.; -mani, m. id. (gem of day); -mukha, n. day-break.
dīpana a. (î) inflaming, exciting; promoting digestion; n. setting on fire; il luminating.
dīpa m. lamp, lantern: -ka, a. in flaming; illuminating; m. lamp.
dīkṣāguru m. teacher initi ating in (--°ree;); -pâla, m. guardian of consecra tion, ep. of Agni and Vishnu.
dīkṣā f. consecration; (undergoing) a religious observance for a particular pur pose; solemn preparation; devotion to (--°ree;); first acquaintance with (--°ree;); personified as wife of Soma.
dīkṣaṇa n. consecration; -an&isharp;ya, fp. relating to consecration; -ayi-tri, m. consecrator.
diṣṭivṛddhi f. congratulation.
dīrghakarṇa m. Long-ear, N. of a cat; -kâlam, ac. ad. for a long time; -ga&ndot; gha, m. Long-shanks, N. of a Yaksha; -gîvin, a. long-lived; -tapas, m. N. of a Rishi; (á) tamas, m. N. of a sage; -tâ,f. length; -tva, n. id.; -tîkshna-mukha, a. (î) having a long and pointed mouth; -darsi-tâ, f. far-sightedness, providence; -darsin, a. far-seeing; -nidrâ, f. long sleep; sleep of death; -bâhu, a. long-armed; -mukha, a. (î) long-mouthed, long-beaked; -râva, m. Long-yell, N. of a jackal; -rosha, a. whose wrath lasts long, bearing a lingering grudge: -tâ, f. abst. n.; -roshana, a. id.; -lokana, a. long-eyed; -sri&ndot;ga, a. long-horned; -srút, a.audible afar; far-famed; -sattrá, n. Soma sacrifice of long duration; a. engaged in a --; -sattrín, a. id.; -samdhya, a. praying long at the Samdhyâs: -tva, n. long continuance of prayer at the Samdhyâs; -sûtra, a. (long-threaded), dila tory, procrastinating: -tâ, f. dilatoriness, pro crastination; -sûtrin, a. id.
duḥkhākula a. sorrowful; -½anta, m. end of suffering; final liberation.
dundubha m. kind of aquatic animal.
durbhakṣa a. hard to eat; -bhága, a. loathsome, ugly; unpleasant; ill-fated: â, f. ugly woman; -bhaga-tva, n. misfortune; -bhara, a. hard to bear; -support; -satisfy; heavily laden with (--°ree;); -bhâgya, a. unfortunate; -bhâsha, a. using bad language; m. abu sive language; -bhâshita, pp. offensive (lan guage); -bhâshin, a. using abusive language; -bhiksha, n. (m. rare) famine; distress: -tva, n. abst. n., -vyasanin, a. having to cope with famine; -bhida, a. hard to burst; -disperse; -bheda, a. hard to burst, disunite, or sunder; -bhedya, fp. id.
durvaca a. ill-spoken, abusive (word); hard to answer; -vakana, n. pl. hard words, abuse (Pr.); -vakas, n. id.; stupid words; a. abusive; hard to answer; -vanig, m. rogue of a merchant; -varna, m. bad colour; im purity; (-várna), a. having a bad colour or complexion; of low caste; n. silver; -vala, a. having a skin disease; -vasa, a. (n. it is) hard to dwell; hard to pass (time); -vasati, f. painful residence; a. hard to bear; -execute or accomplish; -vâk, f. abuse; a. abu sive; -vâkya, a. difficult to utter, harsh (words); n. abuse; ill-tidings; -vâda, m. blame, reproach; -vânta, pp. that has not fully vomited the blood it has sucked (leech); -vâra,a. hard to restrain or check; irresist ible; -vârana, a. id.; -vârttâ, f. ill-tidings; -vârya, fp. hard to restrain or check, irre sistible: -tâ, f. abst. n.; -vâla, a. bald-headed or red-haired or afflicted with skin disease; -vâsanâ, f.false notion; -v&asharp;sas, a. ill-clad; m. N. of an irascible Brâhman; -vâhita, n. heavy burden; -vikatthana, a. disagreeably boastful; -vikalpa, m. unjustifiable irresolution; -vigâha, a. hard to fathom or penetrate; profound; serious, critical; -vigâhya, fp. id.; -vikâra, m. ill-timed hesitation; a. very irresolute; -vigñâna, n. difficult ascer tainment; a. (á) hard to comprehend; -vi- gñeya, fp. hard to distinguish; -vidagdha, pp. perverse;-vidya, a. uneducated; -vidha, a. mean, base; -vidhi, m. evil destiny; -vi naya, m. imprudent behaviour; -vinîta, pp. ill-bred, ill-behaved: -ka, a. id.; -vipâka, m. ill-ripening, evil issue; a. having evil conse quences; -vibhâva, a. hard to comprehend; -vibhâvana, a. hard to perceive; -vibhâvya, fp. id.; indistinctly visible; hard to compre hend; -vilasita, n. wicked trick; -vivâha, m. blamable marriage; -vivekana, a. hard to judge rightly; -vishaha, a. hard to en dure or overcome; irresistible; hard to per form or accomplish; -vritta, n. bad or base conduct, baseness; a. ill-conducted, wicked; poor; m. wicked man; -vritti, f. distress, misery; baseness; -vyavasita, n. evil intent; -vyavasthâpa-ka, a. pronouncing a bad or unfavourable decision; -vyavahâra, m. bad decision of a suit; -vyavahriti, f. evil rumour; -vyasana, n. evil passion, vice; -vyâhrita, pp. ill-spoken; n. unsuitable utterance.
duryaśas n. dishonour; -yuga, n. evil age; -yoga, m. deceit; transgression; -yoná, n. habitation; -yodhana, a. hard to combat; m. N. of Dhrita-râshtra's eldest son; -yoni, a. of impure extraction, base-born.
duḥsaṃlakṣya fp. hard to per ceive; -samskâra, m. pl. bad habits; -sa&ndot; ga, m. bad inclination; -samkâra, a. hard to traverse, impervious; -samkintya, fp. hard to conceive.
duṣparigraha a. hard to re tain; -parihántu, a. hard to remove; -pari hara, a. hard to avoid; -pâra, a. hard to cross; -perform; -pârshni-graha, a. hav ing a bad enemy in the rear, -grâha, a. id.;-pûra, a. hard to fill; -satisfy; -prakriti, f. low nature; a. base; -prakriyâ, f. trifling dignity; -pragña, a. stupid: -tva, n. stu pidity; -pranîta, pp. led astray; n. indis cretion; -pradharsha, a. hard to assail; -prabhañgana, m.hurricane; -prayukta, pp. badly or wrongly employed; -pravâda, m. slander; -pravritti, f. bad news; -pra vesa, a. hard to enter; -prasaha, a. hard to endure, irresistible; -prasâda, a. hard to ap pease: -na, a. id.; -prasâdhana, a. hard to manage (person); -prasâdhya, fp. id.; -prâ pa, a. hard to attain; -preksha, a., -preksha- nîya, fp. hard to see; unpleasant to look at; -prekshya, fp. id.
upastuti f. invocation.
dūṣa a. defiling (--°ree;); -aka, a. (ikâ) destroying; disfiguring; sullying; falsifying; seducing, violating; corrupting, defiling; transgressing; -ikâ, f. rheum of the eyes.
dṛḍhadasyu m. N. of an ancient sage; -dhanvan, a. having a stiff bow; -dhriti, a. strong-willed; -prahâri-tâ, f. hardness of hitting; -bhakti, a. firm in de votion to (lc.); -mati, a. firmly resolved; -mushti, m. tight fist; a. close-fisted.
dūṣaya den. P. (E. also Â.) spoil, destroy; falsify; defile, deflower, dishonour; pronounce to be wrong, blame; accuse; in timidate: pp. dûshita, calumniated; exposed; blemished by (--°ree;). ud,calumniate. pra, spoil; defile; calumniate, abuse. prati-pra, pp. defiled. sam, spoil, defile; expose to shame, disgrace.
dūṣaṇa a. (î) destructive, injurious; defiling, dishonouring (g. or --°ree;); m. N. of a Râkshasa; n. destroying, undoing, ruining; defiling, seducing; adulterating; slandering, detracting; refutation; blemish, fault; guilt, sin: -vâdin, m. opponent (in an argument).
dṛḍhīkaraṇa n. confirmation; -kâra, m. id.
deya fp. to be given; -bestowed in marriage; -granted; -delivered; -restored, -paid: -h panthâh, way must be made for (g.); atithitvena saktyâ deyam, n. impl. one should give according to one's ability in regard to hospitality; n. gift; impost; wages.
dṛṣṭādṛṣṭa pp. visible and invisible; relating to this life and the next; -½anta, m. (non plus ultra of experience), model, pattern; precedent; illustration; example; a. serving as a pattern; -½artha, a. whose object or aim is clear; serving as a model; having ascertained the true state of (g.).
devadatta a. god-given; m. Arguna's conch; the vital air which causes yawning; Dieu-donné, very common N., hence used to denote indefinite persons, So and-so; -dantin, m. ep. of Siva (?); -darsana, a. seeing or associating with the gods; m. N.; n. manifestation of a god; -darsin, a. associating with the gods; -dâru, m. n. N. of a kind of pine (Pinus Deodora); -dâsa, m. N.; -dûtá, m. messenger of the gods; -deva,m. god of gods, supreme god, ep. of Brahma, Siva, Vishnu, Krishna, and Ganesa: î, f. Durgâ; -daivatya, a. having the gods as a divinity, sacred or addressed to the gods.
durhaṇāyu a. meditating mis chief; -hrid, a. bad-hearted; m. enemy.
devakula n. temple; (á)-krita, pp. made by the gods; -kritya, n.=deva-kârya; -kshetra, n. divine territory; -khâta, pp. dug by the gods=hollowed out by nature; -ganá, m. host of gods; -ganikâ, f.courtesan of the gods, Apsaras; -giri, m. mountain of the gods, N. of a mountain-range; -gupta, pp. protected by the gods; m. N.; -gurn, m. preceptor of the gods; ep. of Kasyapa and of Brihaspati; -grihá, m. n. house of the gods, temple; royal palace.
devapati m. lord of the gods, Indra; (á)-patnî, a. f. having a god for a husband; -pasu, m. animal consecrated to the gods; -pâtrá, n. cup of the gods; -p&asharp;na, a. serving the gods for drinking;-putra, m. son of a god; a. (devá-) having gods as children; -pur, f. citadel of the gods; Indra's abode; -pura, n. Indra's abode; -pûgâ, f. divine worship; -pûrva, a. preceded by the word deva: -giri, m.=deva-giri; -prabha, m. N. of a Gandharva; -prasâda, m. N.; -priya, a. beloved of the gods (Siva); -bhakti, f. devotion to a god or the gods; -bhavana, n. abode of the gods, heaven; temple; -bhi shag, m. divine physician; -bhûta,pp. hav ing become or being a god; -maní, m. divine jewel, esp. Vishnu's breast ornament; whirl of hair on a horse's neck; -maya, a. con taining the gods; -mâtri-ka, a. nourished by rain only, i. e. by no other water; -mârga, m. path of the gods, jocular designation of the hind quarters; -muni, m. divine sage.
daikṣa a. relating to initiation (dîkshâ).
devaśakti m. N. of a king; -satru, m. foe of the gods, Asura, Râkshasa; -sar man, m. N.; (á)-sishta, pp. taught by the gods; -sunî, f. bitch of the gods, Saramâ; -sesha, n. remnant of a sacrifice to the gods; -samnidhi, m. presence of the gods; -sarasa, n. N. of a locality; -srishta, pp. discharged or created by the gods; -sena, m. N.: &asharp;, f. divine host; N. of Skanda's wife; -smitâ, f. N. of a merchant's daughter; -sva, n. pro perty of the gods; -svâmin, m. N.; (á)-hiti, f. divine ordinance; (á)-hûti, f. invocation of the gods.
daitya m. descendant of Diti, Asura or demon, esp. Râhu: -dânava-mardana, m. Crusher of the Daityas and Dânavas (Indra); -nishûdana, m. ep. of Vishnu; -pa, -pati, m. ep. of Bali.
devāṃśa m. part of a god, partial incarnation; -½agâra, m. n. house of god, tem ple; -½a&ndot;ganâ, f. divine female; -½âtman, m. divine soul; -½adhipa, m. lord of the gods, Indra.
deśya fp. to be pointed to, exemplary; a. being on the spot, having been present (m. eye-witness); belonging to or current in the country, provincial; native of (--°ree;); bordering or verging on, not far removed from, almost, like (--°ree;).
deśīya a. belonging to the country, provincial; living in, native of (--°ree;); bordering or verging on, not far from, about, like (--°ree;).
deśin a. indicating (--°ree;): -î, f. forefinger.
deśākramaṇa n. invasion; -½âkâra, m. custom of the country; -½atana, n. travelling; -½atithi, m. guest in the country, stranger; -½antara, n. another region; foreign country; -½antarita, pp.living in a foreign country; -½antarin, a. foreign; m. foreigner.
daivadatta pp. bestowed by fate, innate; -durvipâka, m. ill-ripening dispensa tion=cruelty of fate; -para, a. to whom fate is the chief thing; m. fatalist; -parâyana, a. m. id.; -yoga, m. dispensation of fate; -vasa, m. will of fate: ab. accidentally; -vid, a. acquainted with fate; m. astrologer; -vi dhi, m. fate; -sampanna, pp. favoured by fortune: -tâ, f. abst. n.; -hata-ka, a. buf feted by fortune, unfortunate; accursed; n.accursed fate (Pr.).
daivata a. (î) relating to a deity (worshipped or invoked); divine; n. deity or coll. deities (celebrated in a hymn); having or worshipping -as one's deity (--°ree;).
daivakṛta pp. produced by fate, natural; -gati, f. course of fate; -kinta-ka, a. thinking about --, knowing human fate; m. astrologer; -gña, a. skilled in destiny; m. astrologer; -gña-tva, n. skill in astrology.
daiva a. (î) peculiar to, coming from, or having to do with the gods, divine; royal; connected with or produced by fate; ± vivâ ha, m. or dharma, m. marriage rite of the gods (in which a daughter is given to the officiating priest); with tîrtha, n. part of the hand sacred to the gods (the finger-tips); n. deity; rite in honour of the gods; divine dispensation, fate, destiny; good luck: yukte daive, when fate is auspicious; daivam sikshayati, necessity teaches.
daipa a. relating to a lamp.
daurga a. relating to Durgâ.
daiśika a. relating to place or space; native; belonging to the country of (--°ree;); m. instructor.
doṣākṣara m. accusation, re proach.
draḍhiman m. firmness; resolu tion; confirmation; -ishtha, spv. (of dridha) very firm.
dyotanikā f. explanation.
dyotana a. flashing; illu minating; n. shining; showing, displaying.
dyota m. brilliance: -ka, a. shining; illuminating; displaying; expressing, expres sive of (g., --°ree;); significant: -tva, n. abst. n.
dravya n. [fp. movable: √ dru] object, thing; substance, matter; property; gold; implement; fit object: -tva, n. sub stantiality; -krisa, a. of slender means, poor; -gâta, n. kind of substance; -prakriti, f. pl. minister, realm, fortresses, treasure and army; -maya, a. substantial, material: -mâtra, n., â, f. gold; -yagña, a. offering material sacri fices; -vat, a. inherent in matter; wealthy; -vriddhi, f. increase of wealth; -suddhi, f. purification of defiled objects.
draviṇarāśi m. heap of money or valuables; -½adhipati, m. lord of treasures, Kubera; -½îsvara, m. possessor of wealth.
drutagati a. swift-paced, hasty; -tara-gati, a. moving faster; -tva, n. melt ing, emotion; -pada, n. ad. with swift steps, hastily; n. a metre (swift-paced); -vilamb ita, n. a metre (fast and slow).
dvaṃdva n. pair, couple, man and wife, male and female; pair of opposites (heat and cold, etc.); quarrel; contest; duel; doubt; copulative or aggregative compound (in which the members are connected in sense with and): -m, in. by twos, in pairs.
dvāratā f. access: -m gam, become the occasion of (g.) to (g.); -darsin, m. jani tor, porter; -nâyaka, m. janitor, chamber lain; -pa, m. janitor; -paksha, m. fold of a door; door: -ka, n. id.: -ubhayatas ka dvâ rapakshakayoh, on both sides of the door: -patta, m. id.; -pati, m. janitor, chamberlain; -pâla, m. door-keeper: -ka, m., i-kâ, f. id.; -pidhâna, n. door-bolt; -phalaka, n. fold of a door; -bâhu, m. door-post; -rakshin, m. door-keeper; -vamsa, m. lintel of a door; -vat, a. many-gated: -î, f. N. of Krishna's residence; -stha, a. standing at the door or gate; m. janitor.
dvikarmaka a. having two ob jects, governing two accusatives; -gava, a. yoked with two oxen; -gu, m. numeral com pound (the first member being a numeral); (í) guna (or á), a. double, twofold; twice as great or much as (ab., --°ree;); folded double: -tara, cpv. id., -tâ, f., -tva, n. duplication.
dvitva n. two; duality; dual; reduplication; -devatyã, a. sacred to two deities; *-drona, n. sg. two dronas (measure): in. two dronas at a time.
dvitīya a. second: -m, ad. secondly; a second time; m. companion, friend; foe; --°ree; a. accompanied by, furnished with; â, f. female companion; second day of the fort night;(terminations of the) second case, accusative; word in the accusative case (gr.); 2. -tîya, a. with bhâga, m. half; n. half.
dviṣa a. hating (--°ree;).
dviṣ f. (nm. dvít) enmity, hate; m. f. foe; a. disliking, hostile to, hating (--°ree;).
dvilakṣa n. distance of two hundred thousand yoganas; -lakshana, a. of two descriptions, twofold; -laya, m. (?) double time (in music); -vakana, n. (terminations of the) dual; -varna, a. two-coloured; -varsha, a. two years old; -varshaka, a. (ikâ) id.; -vastra, a. clothed in an upper and an under garment; -vidha, a. twofold, of two kinds; -vidhâ, ad. twofold.
dvirbhāva m. doubling, reduplication; duplicity; -vakana, n. reduplication.
dvirūpa a. two-coloured; having two forms, twofold; -retás, a. (ass) impregnating doubly (i. e. mare and she-ass); -re pha, m. kind of bee (lit. containing two r's in its name bhramara).
dvirukta pp. said twice, repeated; reduplicated; n. reduplication; -ukti, f. repetition, doubling.
dveṣin a. disliking, hating, ab horring (g. or --°ree;); seeking to injure; m. foe; -tri, m. hater, enemy.
dveṣaṇa a. disliking, hating; n. dislike, hatred, hostility towards (g. or --°ree;); -anîya, fp. hateful.
dviṣat pr. pt. (f. -antî) hating, disliking, hostile; m. foe.
dvyaṃśa m. sg. two parts: î, f. id.; a. having two shares; -½aksha, a. (î) two-eyed; -½ãkshara, n. sg. two syllables; a. (also rá) dissyllabic; n. dissyllabic word; -½anu-ka, a. combination of two atoms; -½adhi ka, a. increased by two, two later than (tatah); two more; -½antara, a. separated by two intermediate links; -½abhiyoga, m. prosecution of two kinds; -½artha, a. having two senses, ambiguous; -½ardha, a. one and a half; -½ahá, a. lasting two days; m. period of two days: -m, for two days; ab., lc. after two days; -½aha-vritta, pp. having happened two days ago.
dvaipāyana m. Islander, ep. of Vyâsa; a. relating to Dvaipâyana.
dhanasaṃcaya m.: -na, n. accumulation of riches; -sañkayin, a. rich; m. rich man; -sampatti, f. riches; -sâdhana, n. acquisition of riches; -sthâna, n. treasury: -½adhikârin, m. treasurer; -svâmin,m. monied man, capitalist; -hîna, pp. destitute of wealth, poor: -tâ, f. poverty.
dhananāśa m. loss of property; -pati, m. lord of wealth; rich man; ep. of Kubera; -para, a. intent on money; -mada, m. pride of wealth: -vat, a. purse-proud; -mitra, m. N. of a merchant; -mûla, a.having its root in=arising from wealth; -yau vana-sâlin, a. endowed with wealth and youth; -raksha, a. money-saving, penurious; -rûpa, n. particular kind of wealth; -lobha, m. avarice; -vat, a. wealthy; m. rich man; ocean: -î, f. N.; -vargita, pp. destitute of wealth, poor; -viparyaya, m. loss of property; -vriddha, pp. rich in money; -vyaya, m. expenditure of money.
dauṣyanta a. relating to Dush yanta; m. a mixed caste.
dharaṇi f. earth: *-tala-taitila, m. god on earth, Brâhman; -dhara, a. support ing or preserving the earth, ep. of Vishnu or Krishna; m. mountain; -pati, -bhug, -bhrit, m. prince, king.
dhanāgama m. acquisition of wealth, income; -½âdhya, a. rich: -tâ, f. wealth; -½adhika, a. rich; -½adhipa, -½adhipati, m. ep. of Kubera; -½adhyaksha, m. treasurer: -½anvita, pp. wealthy; -½âpti, f. acquisition of treasure.
dharma m. established order, usage, institution, custom, prescription; rule; duty; virtue, moral merit, good works; right; jus tice; law (concerning, g. or --°ree;); often per sonified, esp. as Yama, judge of the dead, and as a Pragâpati; nature, character, es sential quality, characteristic attribute, pro perty: in. dhármena, in accordance with law, custom, or duty, as is or was right; --°ree;, after the manner of, in accordance with; dharme sthita, observing the law, true to one's duty.
dharuṇa a. (î) bearing, supporting; spacious; m. bearer, supporter; n. support, foundation; firm ground; n., î, f. receptacle.
dharādhara a. a preserving or supporting the earth; ep. of Vishnu or Kri shna; m. mountain: -½indra, m. lord of mountains, the Himâlaya; -dhava, m. king; -½adhipa, m. lord of earth, king; -pati,m. lord of earth, ep. of Vishnu; prince, king; -bhug, m. (enjoyer of earth), king; -bhrit, m. (supporter of earth), mountain.
dharmākhyāna n. setting forth of duty; -½âkârya, m. teacher of the law; -½atikrama, m. transgression of the law; -½âtma-tâ, f. justice, virtue; -½âtman, a. having a virtuous nature, conscious of duty, just; -½âdesaka, m. instructor in the law (v. l. for dharma-desaka); -½adharma-gña, a. knowing right and wrong; -½adharma parîkshana, n. enquiry as to right and wrong; kind of ordeal; -½adhikarana, n. law court: -½adhishthita-purusha, m. law court official, -sthâna, n. court of justice; -½adhi kâra, m. administration of justice; -½adhi kâranika, m. judge; -½adhikârin, m. id.; -½adhikrita, (pp.) m. id.; -½adhishthâna, n. court of justice; -½adhyaksha, m. chief justice; -½adhvan, m. path of virtue; -½anu kâ&ndot;kshin, a. striving after justice; intent on righteousness; -½anushthâna, n. fulfilment of the law; -½abhisheka-kriyâ, f. prescribed ablution.
dharmaśāsana n. manual of law; -sâstra, n. authoritative compendium of law; law-book; -sâstrin, m. adherent of the law-books: pl. a certain school; -sîla, a. just, virtuous; m. N.; -samyukta, pp.legal; -samsrita, pp. just, virtuous; -samka thâ, f. pl. discourses on virtue; -samgñâ, f. sense of duty; -samaya, m. obligation entered into; -sâdhana, n. fulfilment of duty; necessary means for the fulfilment of duty; -sûtra, n. sûtra treatise on customary law; -sena, m. N. of a merchant; -sevana, n. fulfilment of duty; -skandha, m. chapter on law; -stha, m. judge; -sthûnâ-râga, m. main pillar of the law; -svâmin, m. N. of a temple erected by king Dharma; -hantri, m. (-trî, f.) violator of the law; -hâni, f. neglect of duty; -hîna, pp. excluded from the pale of the law.
dharmanātha m. lawful pro tector; -nitya, a. persistent in duty; -pati, m. lord of order; -patnî, f. lawful wife; -patha, m. path of duty or virtue; -para, -parâyana, a. devoted to duty, righteous; -pâthaka, m. teacher of law, jurist; -pîdâ, f. violation of duty; -pûta, pp. of unsullied virtue; -pratibhû, a. for which justice is surety; -pravaktri, m. teacher of law, jurist; -pravritti, f. practice of virtue, virtuous con duct; -buddhi, a. righteous-minded; N.; -bhaginî, f. woman admitted to the rights of a sister; sister in faith (Pr.); -bhâgin, a. possessed of virtue, virtuous; -bhikshu-ka, m. beggar for virtuous reasons; -bhrit, a. maintaining the law, just (king); -bhrâtri, m. brother in the sacred law, co-religionist; -máya, a. consisting of virtue; -mâtra, n. the manner only; a. relating to attributes only; only attributive; -mârga, m. path of virtue; -mûla, n.source of the sacred law or of justice; -yukta, pp. endowed with virtue, virtuous, just; harmonizing with the law; -yuddha, n. fair contest; -rakshitâ, f. N.; -rata, pp. delighting in virtue; -rati, a. id.; -râg, m. king of justice, ep. of Yama; -râga, m. just king, ep. of Yama; -râgan, m. ep. of Yudhishthira; -ruki, a. delighting in virtue; N. of a Dânava; -lopa, m. neglect of duty; absence of an attribute (rh.); -vat, a. virtuous, just: -î, f. N.; -vardhana, a. increasing virtue (Siva); m. N.; -vâda, m. discourse on virtue or duty; -vâdin, a. discoursing on duty; -vahikâ, f. vehicle of religious merit = account-book of charitable gifts; -vigaya, m. triumph of virtue orjustice; -vid, a. knowing the sacred law or one's duty; versed in customary law; -viplava, m. violation of the law; -vi vekana, n. discussion of the law or of duty; -vriddha, pp. rich in virtue; -vyatikrama, m. transgression of the law; -vyavasthâ, f. judicial decision; -vyâdha, m. N. of a virtuous hunter.
dharṣaka a. assailing (--°ree;); -ana, n., â, f. assault, ill-treatment, offence; -anîya, fp. easy to assail or conquer; -in, a. assailing, ill-treating, offending (--°ree;).
dharmitva n. justice, virtue, devotion to duty; --°ree;, obligation or duty of; possession of the characteristics of.
dhānyāṃśa m. grain of corn; -½adá, a. grain-eating; -½amla, n. sour rice gruel; -½argha, m. price of corn.
dhātra a. relating to Dhâtri.
dhāraṇā f. wearing (a dress); sup porting, assistance; repression; mental reten tion; memory; mental concentration, sus pension of the breath, immovable abstraction; settled rule; understanding.
dhāraṇa a. (--°ree; or g.) bearing, containing; possessing; preserving; n. (dh&asharp;r-) bearing, holding; wearing; maintaining, pre serving; observance of (g.); mental retention; mentalconcentration, on (lc.); possession; suppression; endurance: -ka, a. containing (--°ree;); m. debtor.
dhīti f. thought, conception, medi tation; perception; skill; devotion, prayer.
dhī f. thought, conception; inten tion, purpose; opinion; intelligence, insight, understanding, intellect; knowledge, art; skill; religious meditation, devotion, prayer, hymn; --°ree;, supposition: in.supposing it to be; --°ree; a.=intent on.
dhiyaṃjinva a. meditation stimulating.
dhikkṛta n. pl. disapprobation, re proaches.
dhik ij. of dissatisfaction, reproach, or lamentation; fie! woe! with nm., vc., g., gnly. ac., sts. aho --, hâ -(± kashtam), ha hâ dhik; dhig astu, shame on --! fie on --! (ac. or g.); dhik kri, reproach (ac.); ridi cule, belittle.
dhūmaketana m. (smoke-ban nered), fire; (á)-ketu, a. smoke-betokened, smoke-bannered; m. fire; Agni; comet; N. of a Yaksha; (á)-gandhi, a. smelling of smoke; -graha, m. Râhu; -gâla, m. film of smoke; -dhvaga, m. fire; -pa, a. smoking (a pipe); imbibing only smoke (i. e. subsist ing on nothing else); -pallava, m. streak of smoke; -pâta, m. wreath of smoke; -pâna, n. inhalation of smoke or vapour; -maya, a. (î) consisting entirely of smoke or vapour.
dhūpana n. fumigation; incense.
dhūpa m. (sg. & pl.) incense, aromatic vapour: -ka, m. id. (gnly. --°ree; a.).
dhūnvat pr. pt. of √ dhû; m. kind of personification.
dhūrgata pp. standing at the head of, chief of (--°ree;); -gata, m., -gati, m. (having a burden of a top-knot), ep. of Siva.
dhaurjaṭa a. (î) belonging to Siva (Dhurgati).
dhenā f. milch cow: pl. libations of milk.
dhṛtimat a. steadfast, firm, reso lute; contented, satisfied; -maya, a. (î) con sisting of strong will; -mush, a. robbing of steadfastness.
dhṛti f. holding fast; standing still; firmness, steadiness; fortitude; constancy; resoluteness; satisfaction, contentment: -m kri, find satisfaction; stand one's ground; -m bandh, direct one's will towards (lc.).
dhyānika a. proceeding from re ligious meditation; -in, a. devoted to reli gious meditation.
dhyāna n. meditation; religious contemplation: -tatpara, a. lost in thought; -dhîra, a. absorbed in thought; -para, a. id.; -yoga, m. deep meditation, religious ab sorption; -vat, a. devoted to religious medi tation; -sthita, pp. absorbed in thought.
dhmāna n. inflation, swelling.
na pcl. not; less (with numerals=not quite by, in. or ab.: ékayâ na vimsati, 19; ekân na trimsat, 29); lest (with pot.); V.: as, like (not exactly, almost; or as it does not coalesce metrically, it may have been an affirmative particle originally= Gk. nai/). When repeated it implies a very strong affirmation (exceptionally a strengthened negation). In a second or later clause it is sometimes replaced by ka, vâ, api vâ, or even dropped. It is often strengthened by api, api ka, u, utá, eva, khalu, ka, ka½api, ka½eva, ked, tu, tu½eva, vâ, atha vâ, ha.
dhvani m. sound; cry; noise; thunder; figurative style; allusion, indication; -ita, pp. n. sound; noise; thunder.
dhvanana n. sounding; allusion, indication.
dhvaṃsa m. decay; loss; destruction, ruin, demolition: -ka, a. destroying (--°ree;); -kârin, a. causing the destruction of (--°ree;); violating (a woman).
nakṣatra n. heavenly body; star; constellation; lunar mansion (originally 27, later 28 were enumerated: personified as daughters of Daksha and wives of the moon): -nâtha, m. (lord of the stars), moon; -patha, m. course of the stars, starry heavens; -pâthaka, m. astrologer; -mâlâ, f. wreath or group of stars; elephant's head-ornament.
naktabhojin a. eating only at night: (-i)-tva, n. abst. n.; -mâla, m. a tree.
dhiṣaṇa a. wise; m. ep. of Brih aspati.
nakta n. night; eating at night only (a penance): -m, ad. by night.
nagna a. naked, bare; desert (region); m. naked mendicant; â, f. girl before menstruation.
nagarādhikṛta (pp.) m. chief of the city police; -½adhipa, -½adhipati, -½adhyaksha, m. id.; -½abhyâsa, m. neighbourhood of the or a city: lc. in the neighbourhood of the city.
nanu ad. not (emphatic); inter. pcl. not? (=nonne), surely? with inter. prn. or impv. pray; nanu ka, surely (at the begin ning of a sentence); nanu½astu--tathâ½api, well, even granting--yet; nanu mâ bhut tathâ½api, well, even granting that--is not the case -yet (nanu here to be taken with the apodosis); nanu is frequently used by com mentators to state a supposed objection, which is disposed of with a followingukyate, to this the reply is as follows.
namaskāra m. the exclamation &open;namas;&close; obeisance, salutation, adoration, homage: -vat, a. containing adoration; -kâr ya, fp. to be adored; -krita, pp. adored; -kriti, f., -kriyâ, f.adoration, reverence, homage.
nayavat a. versed in policy, pru dent; -vid, a. id.; -vartman, n. policy; -sâl in, a. possessed of worldly wisdom or of policy; -sâstra, n. doctrines of policy; -sâdh ana, n. politic procedure; -sâhasa½unnati mat, a. requiring a high degree of discretion and resolution; -hîna, pp. destitute of dis cretion.
narādhipa m. lord of men, king, prince; -½adhipati, m. id.
narapa m. prince, king; -pati, m. id.: -patha, m. king's high-way, royal high-road; -pâla, m. prince, king; -medha, m. human sacrifice.
navaṣaṣṭi f. sixty-nine; -saptati, f. seventy-nine.
navaprāśana n. eating of the new grain.
navana n. laudation, praise.
nasya a. being in the nose, nasal; n. substance provocative of sneezing, sternuta tory: -karman, n. employment of a sternu tatory.
nāganātha m. chief of serpents; -nâyaka, m. id.; -pati, m. id.; -pâla, m. N.; -pura, n. Elephant-city (=Hâstina-pura); -bandha, m. a serpent as a fetter; -maya, a. consisting of elephants.
nākṣatra a. relating to the stars, sidereal.
nāka m. firmament, vault of heaven: -nadî, f. celestial Ganges; -nâyaka, m. ep. of Indra; -pati, -pâlá, m. god; -puramdhri, f. Apsaras; -prishtha, n. vault of heaven; -sád, m. denizen of heaven, celestial, god; -strî, f. celestial female, Apsaras.
nāṭya n. dance; dramatic represen tation, scenic art; actor's attire: in. (represent) mimetically=on the stage; -vedî, f. stage; -sâlâ, f. dancing-hall; -sâstra, n. principles of dramatic art; -½âkârya, m.teacher of dancing or of the scenic art: -ka, n. office of a dancing-master; -½ukti, f. theatrical term.
nāṭita (pp.) n. mimic representation (of an emotion or action): -ka, n. id. (--°ree;).
nāṭakīya a. dramatic; â, f. actress.
nāgādhirāja m. king of the elephants; -½ânana, m. Elephant-face, ep. of Ganesa; -½ari, m. foe of the serpents, ep. of Garuda; -½arguna, m. N. of an ancient Bud dhist teacher; -½asana, m.(snake-eating), peacock.
nānā ad. variously, in different places, separately; often, esp. °ree;--, used like an adjec tive, different, various, manifold; -½âkâra, a. various, sundrv; -gati, m. wind; -tva, n. dif ference; manifoldness; -digdesa, m.: ab. sg. from various quarters, from all parts of the world; -devatya, a. addressed to various gods; -desa, m. sg. various regions; -desîya, -desya, a. pl. belonging to various lands; -dhâtu-sata,n. pl. hundreds of various minerals; -dhâtu-samâkîrna, pp. filled with various minerals; -pakshi-gana½âkîrna, pp. filled with flocks of various birds; -pakshi nishevita, pp. frequented by various birds; -mantra½ogha-siddhi-mat, a. possessed of a number of efficacious spells; -mriga-gana, m. pl. flocks of various animals; -rasa, a. having various sentiments (drama); -rûpa, a. hete rogeneous; -½argha-mahâratna-maya, a. consisting of various priceless precious stones; -½artha, a. having different meanings; con taining something different; N. word with several meanings; new sentence; -varna½â kriti, a. of various colours and shapes; -vi dha, a.various, manifold; -strî, f. pl. women of different castes.
nādeya a. coming from a river (nadî); aquatic.
nātinirvṛti f. not too great satisfaction; -nîka, a. not too low; -pari- kara, a. having a limited retinue; -pari sphuta, a. somewhat concealed; -paryâpta, pp. not too abundant; -pushta, pp.not too well furnished with (in.); -prakupita, pp. not excessively angry; -pramanas, a. not too good-humoured; -prasiddha, pp. not noto rious; -bhârika, a. not too weighty; -bhin na, pp. not very different from (ab.); -mâ tram, ad. not excessively; -mân-in, a. not esteeming oneself toohighly: (-i)-tâ, f. absence of vanity; -ramanîya, fp. not too charming: -tâ, f. abst. n.; -rûpa, a. not very pretty; -visadam, ad. (kiss) not very audibly; -vis târa-samkata, a. neither too wide nor too narrow; -sîta½ushna, a. neither too hot nor too cold; -slishta, pp. not very firm; -sva stha, a. not very well, poorly.
nāmadhāraka a. merely bear ing the name, being (nm.) only in name; -dhârin, a. bearing the name of, named (--°ree;); -dhéya, n. name-giving, appellation, name; ceremony of naming: -tas, ad.nominally.
nābhi f., (C.) m. navel, navel-cord (also î); nave of a wheel (also î); hub, centre; home; relationship; relative; m. musk animal; chief (esp. among kings); -krintana, n. cut ting the navel-cord; -gandha, m. scent of musk; -tva, n. condition of a navel.
nāsadāsīya a. relating to RV. X, 129 (which begins n&asharp;sad âsît).
nāradīya a. relating to Nârada; n. T. of various works.
nāman n. (f. --°ree; a. -mnî or less commonly -man) mark, token; form, manner; name, appellation; mere name (opp. reality), trace; personal name (opp. family name or gotra); nature; kind, race; good name, fame (only --°ree; a.); noun (gr.): nâma kri, Â. take a name; -grah, mention the name; -bhri, bear a name; -kri, -dâ, or -dhâ, give a name; nâmnâ kri or vi-dhâ, name (2 ac.); n&asharp;ma, ad. by name (sts. nâmnâ or nâmatas is redun dantly added); indeed, certainly, of course; perhaps; with inter. then, pray; with impv. ever so much, no matter if; api nâma, with pot. at the beginning of a sentence, perhaps;emphasizes a preceding word more strongly than api; mâ nâma, ± pot. would that not, if only not; nanu nâma, surely.
nārāśaṃsa a. (î) relating to the praise of men; sacred to Agni Narâsamsa; m. N. of certain Soma cups over which a prayer containing the word Narâsamsa is uttered: -pa&ndot;kti, a. performed with five Nârâsamsa cups.
nārāyaṇa m. Son of the primal Man, pat. of the personified Purusha; identi fied with Vishnu and Krishna; N.; a, a. re lating to Nârâyana: î, f. ep. of Durgâ.
nikara m. dense mass, multitude; -kartana, n. cutting off; robbing; -karsha, m. diminution, depreciation; low degree; -kasha, m. rubbing in, friction; harrow; touchstone; n. streak of gold on the touch stone: -grâvan, m. touchstone; -kashana, m. n. touchstone; -kashâ, in. ad. near (ac.).
nāvika m. boatman: -nâyaka, m. skipper; -pati, m. id.
nikāma m. desire, pleasure: °ree;--, -m, -tas, ad. according to wish, at pleasure; one's fill, sufficiently, abundantly; altogether; -kâyá, m. assemblage, class, society; multi tude; body; -kâra, m.humiliation, insult.
nicamana n. sipping; -kaya, m. accumulation, heap, crowd, multitude; store, provision; -kayin, a. multitudinous; -kula, m. a tree; N. of a poet (rival of Kâlidâsa): -ka, m. a tree; case, covering;-kulita, pp. covered with a case; covered with (--°ree;).
nityakarman n. necessary duty or rite; -kâlam, ad. always, invariably; -kritya, n., -kriyâ, f. regular ceremony, daily routine; -gati, a. constantly moving; m. wind; -gâta, pp. being constantly born; -tâ, f., -tva, n. perpetuity, eternity; necessity; perseverance in, devotion to (--°ree;); -dâ, ad. perpetually; -parîkshana, n. constant inspection; -bhâva, m. eternity.
nidhuvana n. copulation.
nidhi m. putting down; food set down; receptacle; fig. embodiment; (hidden) treasure: apâm --, receptacle of waters, ocean; kalânâm --, full moon; -guhyaka½adhipa, m. ep. of Kubera; -datta, m. N. of a mer chant; -pa, m. guardian of treasure; -pati datta, m. N.; -p&asharp;, -pâla, m. guardian of a treasure; -pâlita, m. N.; -maya, a. (î) con sisting of treasures; -vâda, m. art of finding treasure.
nidhana n. [putting down], abode; conclusion, end; annihilation; death; musical finish of a Sâman.
nidarśaka a. seeing; announcing; -darsana, a. (î) showing; announcing; teaching; n. seeing, sight; reference to (--°ree;); showing, authority, evidence; instance, example, illustration; symptom; prognostic; system; contradictory instance; -darsin, a. (--°ree;) seeing, understanding; pleasing; -dâghá, m. heat, hot season, summer: -dhâman, m. sun, -½avadhi, m. hot season; -dâna, n. rope, halter; prime cause, original form; cause; a class of Buddhistic works: in. originally, essentially, really; -didrâsu, des. a. sleepy; -didhyâsana, n. profound meditation; -di dhyâsitávya, fp. to be profoundly meditated on; -desa, m. command, order; neighbour hood: e sthâ, be at any one's (d.) command.
nipatana n. falling; flying, flight; -pâta, m. fall; descent; cast (of a look); fall ing from (ab.) on (--°ree;); alighting (of a bird); fall (fig.); assault, attack; death; incidental mention; irregularity (gr.); particle (gr.); -pâtana, n. causing to fall or descend; falling down; flying down (of a bird); beating, striking; destroying, killing; incidental men tion, esp. of an irregular or rare form (gr.): -pratîkâra, m. repelling of assaults; -pâtin, a. falling down; dropping; alighting, on (--°ree;); striking down, destroying, consuming; -pâdá, m. lowland, valley; -pâna, n. drinking; trough; trench, tank, pool: -vat, a. abound ing in pools, -saras, n.drinking-pool.
nindaka a. blaming; defaming; m. caviller, mocker, scorner, scoffer (gnly. --°ree;); -ana, n. blame; abuse; -&asharp;, f. defamation; cavilling; abuse; censure, blame, condemna tion; disgrace.
ninīṣā f. desire to carry off (--°ree;); -shu, des. a. wishing to carry off (ac.); -to bring to (ac. ± prati).
niyata pp. √ yam: -m, ad. cer tainly, assuredly; n. pl. organs of sense (ph.); -kâla, a. lasting for a limited time, temporary; -vasati, a. having his permament abode any where; -vishaya-vartin, a.steadily abiding in his appointed sphere; -vrata, a. faithful to one's vow; -½âtman, a. self-controlled.
nimna n. low ground, hollow; a. concave; low-lying, depressed, deep: -gata, pp. situated in hollows; n. low ground; -gâ, f. (going to the lowlands), river: -pati, m. lord of rivers, sea, -suta, pp. m.Bhîshma (son of the river, i. e. of the Ganges); -½un nata, pp. depressed and elevated; n. pl. hill and dale.
nimajjana n. immersion; -man trana, n. invitation; -mantrya, fp. to be in vited; to be offered something (in.); -maya, m. [√ mâ] barter, exchange (of, g., for, in.); -mâtavya, fp. to be bartered or exchanged for (in.).
nirmiti f. formation, creation; addition (of a word).
niyogin m. authorised person, deputy, agent, functionary; -i½artha-graha½u pâya, m. resource of confiscating the property of public functionaries.
niyama m. restraint, limitation; re striction to (lc. or prati with ac.); fixed rule, certainty, absolute necessity (in a particular case); contract, promise; vow; self-imposed (religious) observance, minor (occasional) duty: ab. necessarily, certainly; in. id.; with certain limitations; -yamana, n. restraining, subduing; restriction; -yama-vat, a. prac tising religious observances; -yamya, fp. to be restrained, -subdued; -limited; -re stricted; -y&asharp;na, n. going in, entry; -yâma ka, a. (ikâ) restraining, checking; restricting.
niyantavya fp. to be restrained or held in check; -guided; -enforced; -yantrí, m. restrainer, ruler; charioteer: -tva, n. faculty of restraining; -yantrana, n. restraining; limitation.
nirabhiprāya a. aimless; -bha va, a. not degrading or humiliating; -mâna, a. free from pride; -lapya, a. unspeakable; -lâsha, a. free from desire for, regardless of (--°ree;); -samdhin, a.disinterested.
nirūpaka a. observant, contem plative; defining; m. observant man; -rûp ana, a. determining; n. defining; investiga tion; shape; -rûpya, fp. to be determined; questionable.
nirukta pp. √ vak; n. explanation; etymological interpretation; esp. T. of Yâs ka's commentary on the Nighantus; -ukti, f. etymological explanation; -uñkhana, n. = nî-râgana; -uttara, a.having no superior; unable to give an answer; -utsava, a. devoid of festivals; -utsâha, a. destitute of energy, unenterprising, spiritless: -tâ, f. cowardice; -utsuka, a. unconcerned; having no desire for (prati); -utseka, m.modesty; a. unpre tentious, modest; -udara, a. trunkless; -ud desam, ad. without making any statement; -udyama, a. avoiding exertion, indolent; -udyoga, a. id.; -udvigna, pp. untroubled, unagitated: -manas, a. havingone's mind undisturbed; -udvega, a. free from agitation, calm; -unmâda, a. free from arrogance; -upakârin, a. unable to render a service; -upakriya, a. rendering no service; -upa-drava, a. unassailed by mischances orcalami ties, prosperous, faring well; free from danger, safe: -tâ, f. security; -upadhi, a. free from guile, honest; blameless; -upapatti, a. un suitable; -upapada, a. unaccompanied by a secondary word; -upaplava, a.undisturbed, uninterrupted; -upabhoga, a. not enjoying; -upama, a. having no equal; -upayoga, a. useless; -upâkhya, a. indescribable: -tva, n. abst. n.; -upâya, a. futile; -ushna-tâ, f. coldness: -m nî, make cold, kill; -ushnîsha, a. turbanless, bareheaded.
nirīkṣaka a. seeing, beholding; intending to see (--°ree;); -ana, a. looking at (--°ree;); n. regarding; inspection, contemplation; look.
nirākaraṇa n. expulsion; re pudiation of a wife; removal; disproval; -âkaranîya, fp. to be disproved; -âkari shnu, a. repudiating (ac.); seeking to remove from (ab.); forgetful; -âkartavya, fp. to be disproved; -âkartri, m. contemner of (g.); a. disproving; -âkâ&ndot;ksha, a. expecting nothing; having no desires; requiring no supplement; -âkâra, a. formless, bodiless; having no object, vacant; -âkula, a. not crowded, unfrequented; not confused, orderly; unconcerned, calm; -â kriti, a. formless; neglecting one's religious duties; -âkranda, a. unprotected; affording no protection; m. or n. unsheltered place; -âkri yâ, f.expulsion; disproval; -âgas, a. guiltless; -âgraha, a. not obstinately insisting on any thing; -âkikîrshu, des. a. wishing to refute any one (ac.); -âgîvya, a. affording no livelihood; -âdambara, ad. without much talk (°ree;--); -âta&ndot;ka, a. free from ailment or anxiety; causing no ailment or anxiety; -â- tapa, a. sheltered from the heat of the sun, shady; -âtapatra, a. destitute of an umbrella; -âtithya, n. inhospitable (forest); -âdara, a.showing no respect towards (lc.); -âdhi, a. free from care; -ânanda, a. joyless, sad; -ântra, a. disembowelled; -âpad, a. free from adversity; -âbâdha, a. undisturbed; harm less; frivolous, futile; -âmaya, m. health, welfare; a. healthy, well; salubrious; in fallible; -âmarsha, a. putting up with every thing, apathetic; -âmisha, a. fleshless; hav ing no sensual desires: -½âsin, a. not eating flesh, not carnivorous; -âyata-tva, n. lack of extension, shortness; -âyati, a. having no future; -âyâsa, a. involving no trouble; causing no fatigue; -âyudha, a. unarmed; -ârambha, a. unenterprising, inactive; -â lamba, a. having no support; suspended in the air; self-supported, isolated, affording no support; -âlâpa, a. not talking; -âloka, a. devoid of light, dark; blind, foolish; -âvar ana, a. uncovered, manifest; -âsa, a. having given up all hope or expectation, despairing (of, ac. with prati, d., ab., lc., or --°ree;): -kara, a. taking away all hope of, rendering impos sible, -tva, n. hopelessness; -âsa&ndot;ka, a. fear less; not afraid of (lc.); -âsa&ndot;kya, fp. not to be feared; -âsâ, f. renunciation of all hopes: -½âsanna, pp. verging on despair; -âsitva, n. despair; -âsin, a. having renounced all hope, hopeless; -âsis, a. having no desires or hopes; -âsî-bhû, lose all hope; -âsrama, a. being in none of the four stages of a Brâh man: -pada, a. having no hermitages (forest); -âsramin, a. id.; -âsraya, a. shelterless, un supported; independent; unprotected; -âsa, m. expulsion, exclusion, rejection, repudiation; -âstha, a. taking no interest in, not caring about (--°ree;); -âhâra, m. fasting; a. abstaining from food, having nothing to eat: -tâ, f. abst. n.
nirmūla a. deprived of its roots; void of foundation, unfounded: -na, n. up rooting.
nirṇikti f. expiation; -níg, f. bright robe; -neka, m. cleansing, purifica tion; expiation; -negaka, m. washerman; -negana, n. cleansing; expiation, atonement; -netri, m. umpire; -noda, m. expulsion.
nirgatākhilakalmaṣa a. freed from all sin: -tâ, f. abst. n.; -gati, f. setting out; -gandha, a. scentless: -tâ, f. -ness; -gama, m. going out, departure, escape from (ab.); vanishing; outlet, exit; destination of an export; issue, conclusion; -gamana, n. going out of (--°ree;); -garva, a. free from pride; -garha, a. blameless; -gavâksha, a. windowless; -gahana, a. knowing no precipices=intrepid; -guna,a. lacking a cord; stringless (bow); destitute of qualities; worthless, base, bad: -tâ, f., -tva, n. lack of all qualities; worthlessness, baseness, wickedness; -gulika, a. lacking a pill; -griha, a. (î) houseless; -gaurava, a.devoid ofreverence: -m, ad. condescendingly; -grantha, a. freed from all bonds; m. naked Jain mendicant; -granthika, m. naked Jain mendicant; -graha, m. ascertainment.
nirnamaskāra a. receiving no salutation, despised by all; -nâtha, a. hav ing no protector: -tâ, f. widowhood; -nâbhi, a. reaching below the navel; -nâyaka, a. lacking a guide or leader; -nâsana, a. ban ishing, dispelling; -nidra, a. sleepless: -tâ, f. sleeplessness; -nimitta, a. causeless; quite dis interested: -m or °ree;--. ad. without an ascertain able cause, -tva, n. lack of causation; -nime sha, a. unwinking;-nirodha, a. unimpeded.
nirdeśa m. order, direction; descrip tion, designation; detail, particulars; -desya, fp. to be described, -determined; -dainya, a. cheerful; -dosha, a. faultless, free from blemish; infallible; innocent: -tâ,f. fault lessness.
nirmaryāda a. boundless; know ing no bounds, impious, wicked; -mala, a. spotless, unsullied, pure, clear, limpid: -tâ, f., -tva, n. purity, -svâdu-salila, n. clear and sweet water; -mâmsa, a. fleshless; lean; -mâna, n. measuring; measure; fashioning, forming, creating; composition, work.
nirmakṣika n. freedom from flies: -m kri, clear the premises (Pr.); -mañkana, n. purification; -mandûka, a. destitute of frogs; -matsara, a. free from envy or jealousy; -matsya, a. fishless: -tâ, f.absence of fish: -m nî, clear of fish; -math ana, n. friction, esp. of tinder-wood; churn ing; -mada, a. not in rut; not proud, humble; -manas-ka, a. destitute of intellect: -tâ, f. abst. n.; -manyu, a. free from wrath.
nirbandha m. objection; insis tance on, persistence in (lc., --°ree;); pertinacity; accusation: -m kri, urge any one (g.); °ree;--, in., ab. persistently; -barha, a. lacking tail feathers (peacock); -bala, a.destitute of strength, weak; -bâdha, a. untroubled, un disturbed; unobstructed; -buddhi, a. wit less, senseless, stupid; -bodha, a. id.
nirvācya fp. to be explained, determined; -vâ-na, pp. of √ vâ; -vâ½ana, n. extinction; extinction of the vital flame, dis solution, final emancipation, union with the absolute; absorption in (--°ree;); individual ex tinction (B.); complete satisfaction, bliss: -pûrana, n. funeral sacrifice.
nirvaṃśa a. having no family, child less, alone in the world; -vakana, n. ex planation, etymology; a. speechless: -m, ad. without saying a word; -vatsala, a. not tenderly attached to, esp. children (lc.);-váp ana, n. (funeral) offering; -vartaka, a. per forming; -vartana, n. performance; -vart anîya, fp. to be accomplished; -varti, a. wickless; -vartitavya, fp. to be performed (Pr.); -vartin, a. ill-behaved (--°ree;); performing, doing (--°ree;); -vartya, fp. to be accomplished; -produced; -uttered; -vasa, a. possessing no will of one's own, dependent: -tâ, f. depend ence; -vashatkâra-ma&ndot;gala, a. lacking sacri fices and festivities;-vasu, a. poor; -vastrî kri, deprive of one's clothes; -vahana, n. con clusion, issue; final act, catastrophe (dr.)
niryatna a. inactive; -yantrana, a. unlimited; necessitating no constraint (°ree;--): -m, ad. without obstruction, unimpededly; -yâna, n. setting out; vanishing; decease, death; outer corner of an elephant's eye; rope for tying a calf's feet; -yâtaka, a. removing (--°ree;); -yâtana, n. restoration, repayment; re quital; -yâpana, n. expulsion, from (ab.); -yâsá, m. exudation of trees, gum, resin; -yûha, n. turret; -yoga-kshema, a. destitute of possessions.
nirviśaṅka a. unhesitating, fear less: -m or in., fearlessly; -visesha, a. de void of distinction, like, equal; not differing from (--°ree;); unqualified, absolute: -m, without a difference; n. lack of distinction, like ap pearance: in. in the same way as (--°ree;), -vise sha, m. difference without a distinction=not the slightest difference, -½âkriti, a. having an appearance not differing from the rest, looking precisely alike; -visha, a. not poisonous; deprived of poison; -vishaya, a. driven from one's abode; banished, from (--°ree;); not relating to an object; unattached to the ob jects of sense; -vishayî-kri, banish, remove from (--°ree;);-vishî-kri, free from poison; -vîrya, a. feeble, tame, spiritless.
nirvid f. despair, faintheartedness; -vidya, a. unlearned, uneducated; -vinoda, a. destitute of diversion; -vindhyâ, f. (com ing from the Vindhyas), N. of a river; -vi bandha, a. offering no obstacle to (g.); harm less; -vimarsa, a. devoid of reflexion; un considered; -vivara, a. having no aperture or interstice: -tâ, f. close contiguity; har mony; -vivâda, a. free from strife, concor dant; subject to no dispute; -viveka, a. de void of discrimination: -tâ, f., -tva, n. lack of judgment.
nirvikalpa a. admitting of no alternative, changeless, free from distinctions, undifferentiated; unhesitating: -m, ad. with out hesitation; -ka, a. undifferentiated; -vi kâra, a. unchanged; -vighna, a.unob structed, unimpeded: -m or in., without obstacles; -vikâra, a. unreflecting: -m, with out long reflexion; -vikikitsa, a. subject to no doubt: -m, ad. without long reflexion; -vikeshta, a. motionless, unresisting.
nirvega a. unagitated, calm; -ve tana, a. wageless; -veda, m. disgust (of, g., lc., or --°ree;); mundane indifference; despera tion, faintheartedness: -vat, a. indifferent to all things; -vesa, m. requital, recompense, payment; expiation, atonement; -vesanîya, fp. to be enjoyed; -veshtavya, fp. to be re quited; enjoyable; -vaira, n. peaceableness; a. free from hostility, peaceable, concordant; -vairina, n. concord, harmony;-vodhrí, a. carrying out, accomplishing; nm. used as finite verb=will carry away.
nirvṛti f. in ward tranquillity; satis faction, joy, pleasure; happiness, bliss; ex tinction (of a lamp): -mat, a. tranquil; happy; -vritti, f. accomplishment, perform ance, completion; impropriety, unseemly be haviour.
nivṛtta pp. turned away: -râga, a. whose passions are subdued, -hridaya, a. with relenting heart; -vritti, f. return; dis appearance; cessation; abstention from (ab., --°ree;); abstinence; escape from (ab.); absten tion from action, inaction; discontinuance of a grammatical rule.
nivid f. direction, precept; invo cation of the gods inserted in certain parts of the liturgy: -dhâna, a. containing the Nivids; n. insertion of the Nivids.
nirharaṇa n. removal; carrying out a corpse to the funeral pyre; -haranîya, fp. to be removed; -hâra, m. appropriation, personal expenditure from (ab.); -hâraka, a. carrying out a corpse to the funeral pyre; -hârana, n. causing a corpse to be carried out to the funeral pyre; -hriti, f. removal; -heti, a. unarmed; -hetu, a. causeless; -hrâda, m. sound; -hrâdin, a. resounding, echoing, pealing.
niścala a. immovable; steady; unal terable, immutable: -mati, a. steady-minded.
nivedana a. announcing, making known; n. communication, announcement; of fering; -vedin, a. announcing, making known; offering (--°ree;); -vedya, fp. to be reported; n. offering of food to an idol; -vesá, m. enter ing into; settling; encampment, camp; habi tation, residence; settling down, marriage, matrimony; foundation (of a city); building, edifice; impression, mark; -vésana, a. (î) entering into (--°ree;); laying to rest; sheltering; n. entrance; setting down; introduction, ap plication; causing to encamp; settling down, marrying; resting-place, bed, lair, nest; home, abode, dwelling; -vesanîya, fp. to be put down; -vesayitavya, fp. to be placed; -vesa vat, a. lying on (--°ree;); -vesin, a. lying near, being in, resting or based on (--°ree;).
niḥśrīka a. destitute of beauty, ugly; luckless, unhappy; -srenî=ni-srenî; -sreyas-a, a. (î) having nothing better, best of all; n. final beatitude, bliss, salvation; -svasita, n. expiration, breath; sigh;-svâ pada, a. lacking wild animals; -svâsa, m. breath; sigh: -parama, a. constantly sighing.
niścetana a. unconscious; inani mate; irrational, senseless; -ketas, a. irra tional, senseless, foolish; -keshta, a. motion less.
niḥśeṣa a. lacking a remainder, one and all, all, whole, complete: -m kri, destroy utterly, exterminate; °ree;--, -tas, in. utterly, completely; -tâ, f. extermination.
niḥśaṅka a. free from anxiety, fearless, unhesitating; having nothing to fear from (--°ree;); that need cause no anxiety: -m or °ree;--, calmly, without hesitation, without more ado;-sa&ndot;kâ, f. absence of timidity: in. without hesitation; -sa&ndot;kita, pp. free from anxiety; causing no anxiety; fearless, unhesitating; -satru, a. free from foes; -sabda, a. silent; noiseless, mute: °ree;--, silently: -stimita, pp. noiseless and still; -sarana, a. unprotected; -salâka, a. free from tall grass; -salya, a. free from an arrow: -m, ad. pain lessly, without a struggle, willingly; -sastra, a. unarmed; -sâkha, a. branchless: -tâ, f.branchlessness.
niśvāsita n. expiration of breath; -svâsa, m. inspiration, inhalation; expiration, breath; sigh.
niṣeddhavya fp. to be restrained or prevented; -sheddhrí, m. restrainer, pre venter; -shedha, m. keeping off, prevention; prohibition; negation: -ka, a. prohibiting; -shedhin, a. repelling = surpassing (--°ree;); -shedhya, fp. to be prevented or prohibited; -sheva, a. practising (--°ree;); m. adoration: â, f. practice, addiction to; enjoyment; adoration; -shevaka, a. (--°ree;) frequenting; practising; enjoying; -shevana, n. visiting; practice; employment of, addiction to (g., --°ree;); -shev- -itavya, fp. to be practised or observed; -employed; -enjoyed; -shevin, a. devot ing oneself to, practising; enjoying, having sexual intercourse with; -shevya, fp. to be visited; -enjoyed; venerable.
niṣeka m. sprinkling, distilling; injection; impregnation; seed; ceremony per formed on impregnation; slops; dripping fluid; -shektavya, fp. to be poured upon (lc.); -shektri, m. begetter; -shékana, n.pouring out; sprinkling, with (--°ree;).
niṣadha m. N. of a mountain: pl. N. of a people; sg. N.: -vamsa, m. race of Nishadha; -½adhipa, m. lord of Nishadha; -½adhipati, m. id.; -½îsvara, m. id.
niṣkrama m. going out; first walk out with a child in the fourth month after birth; -kramana, n. id.; leaving (ab.); disappearing; -kráya, m. redemption; com pensation; reward, payment: -kráyana,n. redemption; ransom; expiation.
niṣkevalya a. belonging to some one exclusively: with sastra, n., or uktha, n. midday recitation meant for Indra alone; -kaitava, a. free from fraud, honest (person); -kaivalya, a. mere, simple.
niṣkṛta (pp.) n. expiation; ap pointed place, rendezvous; (nísh)-kriti, f. restoration, restitution, compensation; ex piation; -kripa, a. pitiless.
niṣkuṭa m. n. grove; -kutûhala, a. free from curiosity; -kula, a. having no family, whose family is extinct, alone in the world: -tâ, f. extirpation; -kulîna, a. of ignoble family.
niṣpāṇḍava a. delivered from the Pândavas; -pâda-ka, a. accomplishing; -pâdana, n. accomplishment; -pâdya, fp. to be accomplished, -brought about: -½abda sahasra, full millennium; -pâpa,a. sinless; -pâlaka, a. having no guardian; -pîdana, n. pressure; -putra, a. sonless, childless; -pu rusha, a. having no males; -pulâka, a. free from shrivelled grain: î-kri, free from shrivelled grain; -pesha, m. impact; clash ing sound; -paurusha½âmarsha, a. desti tute of manliness and anger; -prakâra-ka, a. free from specifications; -prakâsa, a. dark; -pragña, a. witless, stupid; -pratâpa, a. destitute of dignity; -pratikriya, a. not to be saved, past help: -tâ, f. abst. n.; -prati graha, a. accepting no gifts: -tâ, f. abst. n.; -pratigha, a. unobstructed; -pratipaksha, a. having no adversary: -tâ, f., -tva, n. abst. n.; -pratibandha, a. free from ob stacles; unobjectionable; -pratîkâra, a. that cannot be helped; irremediable; unhindered; -pratyâsa, a. having given up all hope of (lc. or upari): î-bhu, lose all hope of (prati); -pratyûha, a. free from obstacles: -m, ad. without hindrance; -pradesa, a. having no fixed place; -prapañka, a. unevolved, exempt from multiformity: -sad-âtman, a. having real existence without being evolved; -pra bha, a. deprived of radiance or splendour: -tâ, f., -tva, n. abst. n.; -prabhâva, a. powerless: -tva, n. -ness; -pramâna-ka, a. supported by no authority; -prayogana, a. disinterested (spectator); useless: -m, ad. uselessly; needless, uncalled for; -pravâni, a. fresh from the loom; quite new.
niṣpanda panda ] a. motionless: î kri, render motionless; -parikara, a. not having made the necessary preparations; -parikaya, a. not becoming intimate; -pari- kkhada, a. having no retinue; -paryanta,a. unlimited.
niṣpaṅka a. free from mud or dirt, clean, pure; -patti, f. being brought about; maturity; derivation, from (--°ree;); -pat tra, a. featherless; leafless; -pattrâ-kri, wound with an arrow in such a manner that only the feathers do not penetrate; -pathya, a. ill.
niṣṇāta pp. √ snâ: -tva, n. fami liarity with (prati).
niṣṭha a. (--°ree;) being or situated on; based or dependent on; relating to; devoted to, intent on; °ree;--, dependent (people, loka, m. pl.=dependants); with d. leading to, pro ducing; â, f. basis, state; intentness; per fection, completion; summit, limit; end, ca tastrophe, death; perfect knowledge, cer tainty, complete familiarity with (lc.); deci sion, regarding (g.); the terminations -ta and -ta-vat of the past participle, one of these past participles (gr.): -sûnya, a. irresolute (mind).
nistuṣa a. unhusked; purified, pure; -trish, a. satisfied.
nistamaska a. free from darkness, light; -tamisra, a. id.; -tara&ndot;ga, a. waveless, calm; -tarana, n. getting out of danger, escape; -taranîya, fp. to be got over; -tartavya, fp. to be crossed; to be over come; -tala, a. not flat, round, spherical; -târa, m. crossing, passing over the sea (also fig.); liquidation, payment.
nisarga m. evacuation of excre ment; giving away; bestowal, grant; crea tion; innate disposition, nature: °ree;--, -tas, in., ab. by nature; -ga, a. innate, original, origin ally formed by (--°ree;); -padva,a. (î) naturally inclined towards (lc.).
nis ad. out, forth (V.); prp. combined with verbs, out, away from (ab.); nominal prefix, 1. as prp.: out of; 2. as negation: dis-, lack of; without,-less; 3. emphasizing the following word: altogether.
niḥsneha a. not oily, not greasy, free from fat; lacking moisture (soil); devoid of affection for (prati); having no desire for, indifferent towards (--°ree;); not treated with affection (servants); abhorred, odious.
niḥsaṃśaya a. undoubted, cer tain; undoubting, sure: -m, ad. certainly, undoubtedly; -samsayita, pp. unquestioned, sure, safe; -samskâra, a. unrefined, ill-man nered: -tâ, f. abst. n.; -sa&ndot;khya, a. in numerable; -sa&ndot;ga, a. unattached; indif ferent to (lc.), disinterested, free from all de sires: -tâ, f., -tva, n. abst. n.; -sakiva, a. lacking a minister; -samkâra, a. not going out, not leaving the house; -samgña, a. un conscious; -sattva, a. devoid of reality; wanting in courage or firmness; weak, wretched; deprived of living beings: -tâ, f. abst. n.; -satya, a. untrue, lying: -tâ, f. untruthfulness, mendacity, insincerity; -sam tati, a. destitute of offspring; -samdigdha, pp. not doubtful, certain: -m, ad. undoubtedly, certainly; -samdeha, a. id.; -samdhi, a. lacking a joining or interstice; close, firm (embrace); -sapatna, a.having no rival; uncontested; unrivalled: -tâ, f. abst. n.; -sambâdha, a. uncrowded; -sambhrama, a. unperplexed (about, inf.); -sarana, n. going out; exit; expedient against (ab. or --°ree;); -sarani, a. pathless; -sarpa, a.free from serpents; -salila, a. waterless; -saha, a. powerless; fainting: °ree;--, ad. in a faint; -sahâya, a. companionless, helpless.
nīkāra m. degradation, humiliation.
nihatasena a. having one's forces destroyed; -½artha, a. of obsolete meaning: -tâ, f., -tva, n. use of an obsolete meaning; -½ushtra, a. whose camels have been slain; -hantavya, fp. to be slain ordestroyed; -hantri, m. slayer; destroyer; dispeller; preventer; -hava, m. summons, call; -hnava, m. denial; secrecy, conceal ment; contradiction; surpassing; expiation; excuse, craving pardon (a ceremony); -hnuti, f.denial; -hrâda, m. sound, note.
nīrava a. noiseless, mute; -rasa, a. sapless, withered, dry; tasteless, insipid; devoid of charm, tedious; having no taste for or sense of; feelingless; -râga, a. colour less; devoid of passions; -râgana, n.,â, f. royal lustration of an army (including do mestic priest, retainers, horses, elephants, etc.: a military and religious ceremony); -ruk, a. lustreless; bereft of beauty; -rug, a. pain less; healthy, well; -ruga, a. id.; -rûpa, a.formless; -renu-ka, a. dustless; -roga, a. healthy, well: -tâ, f. health, -durbhiksha, a. not afflicted with disease or famine.
nīti f. guidance; worldly wisdom, practical morality, political and social ethics; discretion, prudent counsel; policy: -kusala, a. skilled in the conduct of human affairs, politic; -gña, a. prudent, politic; -dosha, m. error of conduct; -patala, n. treatise on policy; -mat, a. (-î) acquainted with the rules of worldly wisdom, politic, prudent; -yukta, pp. versed in policy; -vid, m. poli tician; -vidyâ, f. science of policy; -vedin, a.knowing policy; -sataka, n. T. of Bhartri hari's century of verses on worldly wisdom; -sâstra, n. science of political ethics; trea tise on polity; -samdhi, m. quintessence of polity.
nīrapatatrin m. aquatic bird; -râsi, m. ocean; -ruha, n. lotus.
neṣṭrīya a. relating to the Neshtri.
ned pcl. not (emphatic); that not, lest (ne), with sbj., impv., or pot.; nét tú, but not, but by no means.
naiyāyika a. relating to the Nyâya philosophy; m. logician.
naiyagrodha a. relating to the sacred fig-tree (ficus Indica).
naimiṣa n. N. of a sacred forest: î-ya, a. relating to the Naimisha forest; m. pl. inhabitants of the Naimisha forest.
naidhana a. final; relating to death: perishable; funeral (fire); n. death.
naitala a. relating to the hell Nitala(?).
naigama a. (î) relating to Vedic quotations (nigamas); Vedic; m. Vedic exegete; trader, merchant.
naiḥśreyasa a. (î) leading to future beatitude: i-ka, a. id.
nairṛta a. (&isharp;) relating to nirriti; south-western; pointed southward; m. son of Nirriti, demon, Râkshasa: î, f. south-west; ep. of Durgâ; -ritya, a. relating or sacred to Nirriti; south-western.
nairantarya n. [v. nir-] uninterruptedness; immediatesuccession: in. constantly; -apeksh-ya, n. regardlessness, indifference; complete independence; -arth-ya, n. senselessness; -âkâ&ndot;ksh-ya,n. non-requirement of supplying anything; -âs-ya, n. hopelessness, despair (of, prati or --°ree;); -ukta, a. etymologically explained; m. etymologist.
nyāsa m. setting down, planting (the foot); putting on; insertion, impact; applying, drawing, commitment; writing down, inscribing; written text; renunciation; laying aside; deposit; bringing forward, adduction: -dhâraka, m. depositary.
nyāya m. [going back, reference, precedent], rule, standard, axiom, principle, method; manner; propriety, correct way; logical proof or conclusion, syllogism; logic, the Nyâya system of philosophy;lawsuit; decision, judgment: in., ab., °ree;--, after the manner of (--°ree;); in. -tas, °ree;--, suitably, properly; -vartin, a. behaving with propriety; -vâdin, a. speaking suitably; -vid, m. connoisseur; -vidyâ, f. logic; -vritta,pp. behaving with propriety; -sâstra, n. treatise on logic; -sikshâ, f. logic.
nyakkāra m. humiliation; disregard; -kriti, f. id.
pakṣatva n. being a component part of (--°ree;); being the subject of a conclusion; prosecution; -dvâra, n. side-door; -dhara, a. taking the side of (g.); attached to (lc.); m. bird; -pâta, m. flight; partisanship, partiality, predilection for (ac.±prati, g., lc., --°ree;); -pâti-tâ, f. partiality or predilection for (lc. or --°ree;); -pâtin, a. siding with, partial to (--°ree;); -puta, m. outspread wing; wing; -bala, n. strength of wing; -rakanâ, f. formation of a party; (á)-vat, a. winged; having a large following; -vikala, a. paralyzed in the wings.
pakṣa m. (n.1) wing, pinion; feathers of an arrow; flank, side; half; half-month, fortnight (15 days); side, party, following, ally, partisans, family, race (sg. & pl.); host, troop, class; quantity (of hair); place; alternative; case; opinion, proposition; prosecution (leg.); subject of an inference (logic); topic, subject under discussion: pakshe, in the other case; with regard to (--°ree;); atra --, in this case; tâbhyâm mukte --,in a case other than these two.
nauyāna n. navigation; -yâyin, a. faring in boats; m. passenger; -vyasana, n. shipwreck.
pakṣānta m. end or last day of a fortnight; -½antara, n. a particular case (lc. =supposing, if); another opinion; -½âbhâsa, n. mock prosecution: -tva, n. abst. n.; -½ash- tamî, f. eighth day in a fortnight; -½âhati, f. stroke with the wing.
pañcamaya a. (î) consisting of five (elements); -mâshaka (or ika), a. consisting of or amounting to five mâshas; -mâsya, a. needing five months for its development (seed); -mukha, a. five-faced; having five points (arrow); -mûla, m. N. of an attendant on Durgâ; -yâma, a. having five courses; -yoganî, f. distance of five yoganas; -râtra, n. period of five days; a. (á) lasting five days; n. general designation of the sacred book of Vishnuite sects: -ka, a. lasting five days; -lakshana, a. having five characteristics; -lambaka, m. T. of the 14th Lambaka in the Kathâsaritsâgara; -vata, m. N.; N. of a locality: î, f. id.; -varga, m. group orseries of five; -varna, a. five-coloured; of five kinds; -varsha: -ka, -varshîya, a. five years old; -vârshika, a. recurring every five years; -vimsá, a. (î) twenty-fifth; consisting of or containing twenty-five; -vimsati, f.twenty-five: -tama, a. twenty-fifth; -vidha, a. fivefold; -vrit, ad. five times; -sata, n. pl. five hundred; consisting of five hundred panas (fine); paying a fine of five hundred (panas); five-hundredth: e kâle, in the 500th year; n. 105; 500; î, f. 500; -sara, m. (five-arrowed), Kâma; -sikha, a. wearing five top-knots (ascetic); m. N. of an attendant of Siva; -sîrsha, a. five-headed.
pañcama a. (&isharp;) fifth; with amsa, m. a fifth part: -m, ad. for the fifth time; fifthly; m. fifth (later seventh) note of the Indian scale; a musical mode; fifth consonant of a class, nasal; î, f. fifth day in a fortnight; terminations of the fifth case, word in the ablative; terminations of the imperative.
pañcīkaraṇa n. reduction to five, combination with the five subtle elements.
paṭu a. sharp; dazzling; shrill, clear (sound); acute; clever, dexterous, skilful; skilled in, fitted for (lc.); intense, fierce, vio lent; -karana, a. having sound organs; -tâ, f., -tva, n. keenness (of sight); cleverness, dexterity, skill; craft; -mati, a. of keen intellect.
paṭaha m. (n.) [striking or sounding on a membrane], drum, kettle-drum, tabor: -m bhramaya, dâ, or dâpaya, proclaim by beat of drum; -ghoshaka, m. one who pro claims publicly by beat of drum; -ghosha- nâ, f. public proclamation by beat of drum: -m dâ or bhramaya, proclaim by beat of drum; -tâ, f. condition or function of a drum; -pra½udghoshana, n., -bhramana, n. id.
paṇi m. [bargainer], niggard, miser: said esp. of those who are stingy at the sacri fice and of unbelievers who keep their pro perty to themselves (V.); also designation of certain malevolent demons, guardians of trea sure, overcome by the gods and the A&ndot;girases (V., P.); thief, -in the guise of a Purohita (P.).
paṇa m. play for a stake (g., lc., --°ree;); bargain, stipulation, compact; stake; wage; a coin of a certain weight: -m kri, bet; e ni½as, stake; -kâla, m. time for play; -kri yâ, f. staking; wager for (--°ree;):-m kri, stake in play; -bandha, m. conclusion of a com pact, contract: -na, n. id.
pattra n. wing; feather (also of an arrow); vehicle (car, horse, or camel); (plum age of a tree), leaf, petal; leaf prepared for writing on (-m âropaya=put on paper); letter, document; foil of metal;ornamental leaf painted with (--°ree;): -ka(ikâ)=pattra --°ree; a.; -kkhedya, a. having its feathers plucked out; n. a kind of artistic skill (?); -pati, m. ep. of Garuda; -puta, m. n.: i-kâ, f. leaf rolled up into a funnel-shape;-bha&ndot;ga, m. streaks painted with musk and other frag rant substances on the face or parts of the body; -ratha, m. (riding on wings), bird: -½indra, m. lord of birds, ep. of Garuda: -ketu, m. having Garuda as his badge, Vishnu; -rekhâ, f.=-bha&ndot;ga; -latâ, f. id.; N.; -le khâ, f. id.; N.; -vâha, m. (borne on wings), bird; arrow; -viseshaka, m. (?) leaf-like painted mark; -veshta, m. kind of earring; -sâka, n. vegetable with leaves;-½âlî, f.= -bha&ndot;ga; -½âhâra, m. pl. feeding on leaves.
patitva n. matrimony, wedlock; -darsana-lâlasa, a. desirous of seeing her husband; -devatâ, a. f. making a god of --, idolizing her husband; -dharma, m. duty to a husband; -prânâ, a. f. whose life is her husband; -la&ndot;ghana, n. conjugal infidelity in a wife; -lâlasa, a. longing for her hus band; devoted to her husband; -loka, m. world or abode of the husband (after death); -vamsya, a. belonging to the husband's family; -vatnî, a. f. having a husband; n. married woman, wife; -vrata, n. fidelity to a husband: â, a. f. faithful or devoted to her husband: -maya, a. consisting in a faithful wife; -suk, f. mourning for a husband; -sthâna,n. husband's place; -sthânîya, a. belonging to or being in the husband's place; m. husband's representative.
padaka n. step; office, position; -krama, m. kind of gait; peculiar method of reciting and writing the Veda; -gati, f. gait; -kihna, n. footprint; -tâ, f. original form of a word; condition of a word; -nyâsa, m. putting down the foot, step; footprint; inditing of verses; (á)-pa&ndot;kti, f. series of footsteps, track; a metre (5 X 5 syllables); series of words; -paddhati, f. series of foot steps, track; -pâtha, m. word-reading, a mode of reciting and writing the Veda in which every word is given in its original form irrespective of Sandhi; -pûrana, a. verse filling; -yópana, a. (î) pace-retarding; -rak anâ, f. arrangement of words, literary work; -vigraha, m. separation of words; -víd, a. (knowing the place), familiar with (g.).
pada (m.) n. step; stride; footstep; trace; mark, sign; footing, place, abode, home; station, position, office; dignity, rank; object (of contempt, dispute, etc.); cause, oc casion; foot (also as a measure); quarter verse; word; nominal base before consonant terminations (so-called because treated like a word in external Sandhi); word-reading of the Veda (in which the words are given sepa rately irrespective of the rules of Sandhi): padam kri, set foot on, enter (lc.); have a regard for (prati); have to do with (lc.): mûrdhni, place one's foot on the head of (g.) =overcome, surpass, hridaye or kitte --, take complete possession of the heartor mind; padam â-tan, gain ground; -dhâ, gain a footing; -ni-dhâ, set foot on=make an im pression on (lc.): -padavyâm, set foot on the path of=emulate (g.); padam ni-bandh= engage in (lc.); pade pade, at every step, everywhere, on every occasion.
pathya a. (relating to or fit for the way or progress of a thing), customary, regular; proper, suitable; salutary; advan tageous; âtilda;, f. path, way: -revátî, bounteous path, personified as genius of plenty.
padmaka m. N.; kind of sitting posture during religious absorption; n. a tree; -kûta, m. N. of a fairy prince; -kosa, m. calix of a day-lotus; position of the fingers resem bling the calix of a lotus; -kosâ-ya, den. Â. resemble the calix of a day-lotus; -khanda, n. group of day-lotuses; -garbha, m. (produced from a lotus), ep. of Brahman, Vishnu, and Siva; N.; inside of a lotus; n. Lotus-filled, N. of a lake; -tâ, f.condition of a day-lotus; -darsana, m. (lotus-like), N.; -nâbha, m. (having a lotus in his navel), ep. of Vishnu; N.; -nidhi, m. one of the nine treasures of Kubera (also personified); treasure having the value of a Padma = 100,000,000 pieces of money; -nibha½îkshana, a. having lotus-like eyes; -pura, n. N. of a city; -prabhâ, f. N.; -mihira, m. N. of a historian; -yoni, m. (sprung from a lotus), ep. of Brahma; -rati, m. N.; -râga, m. (lotus-coloured), ruby: -ka, m. id.; -râga, m. N.; -lekhâ, f. N.; -varkas, a. lotus-coloured; -varna, a. id.; -vishaya, m. N. of a country; -vesha, m. N.; -vyâkosa, n. breach of a certain shape; -sekhara, m. N. of a prince of the Gandharvas; -srî, f. N.; -samkâsa, a. lotus-like; -sadman, m. (seated on a lotus), ep. of Brahma; -saras, n. lotus-lake; N. of a lake; -sena, m. N.; -svâmin, m. N. of a shrine.
paddhati f. [pad-hati, foot-tread], track, trace; way, path (also fig.); line, row; guide (a class of manuals).
panu f. admiration, praise.
padya a. relating to the foot; n. verse.
parapakṣa m. party of the enemy; -patnî, f. another's wife; -parigraha, m. another's property; another's wife; -pari bhava, m. humiliation of others; -parivâda, m. speaking ill of others; -pâka, m.another's food or table; -pinda, n. another's cake; -puram-gaya, a. conquering the city or cities of the foe; -purusha, m. another man, stranger; -pushta, (pp.) m. Indian cuckoo: â, f.; N. of a princess; -pushta-maya, a.(î) being a perfect cuckoo; -pûrvâ, f. woman having had another husband before, woman previously married: -pati, m. husband of a woman married before; -prayogana, a. useful to or benefiting others.
para a. [leading beyond: √ 2. pri], 1. of place: farther, than (ab.); remoter, ulterior; opposite (shore); next (life); 2. of time: past, previous; future, subsequent; following (ab.); latest, extreme (age), high (time); 3. of amount: exceeding, more than (ab., --°ree;); remaining over; 4. of sequence: following, coming next after (ab., --°ree;); repeated: each successive; 5. of degree: superior, higher, better, worse, than (ab.; rarely --°ree;); supreme, pre-eminent, best; utmost, deepest, greatest; 6. of range: transcending (ab.); 7. of relation: other; alien, strange, hostile; different, from (ab.); m. descendant; stranger; adversary, foe, enemy; universal soul, the Absolute; n. remotest distance; height, summit, acme; supreme bliss; extreme limit (--°ree;); further or wider meaning of a word (--°ree;, a. synonymous with); chief aim, main thing: --°ree;, a. having -as the main thing=intent on, absorbed in, deeply affected with, mainly consisting in, chiefly meant for, altogether based on; -m, ad. afterwards, subsequently; beyond, after (ab.); highly, excessively; completely; at the most; nothing but, only; however, but; atah param, beyond that; after that; next; hereafter; still further; itah param, henceforth; tatah or tatas ka --, id.; thereupon; na½asmât param, no more of that, enough; na param - api, not only--but also; na param--yâvat, not only--but even; yadi param, if at all, perhaps; param tu or kim tu, however, but; param na--api na, not only not--but also not.
padasaṃdhi m. euphonic combi nation of words; -stha, a. pedestrian; in vested with office; -sthâna, m. footprint; -sthita, pp. invested with office.
parakṛta pp. done or committed by another; -kriti, f. act of another; analogous case, precedent; -kritya, n. another person's business or affair; a. belonging to the enemy's party, supporting the enemy's cause: -paksha, m. hostile party; -kshetra, n. another's field; another man's wife; -gata, pp. belonging to another; -gâmin, a. benefiting another; relating to another (adjective); -guna, m. pl. or °ree;--, other people's merits: -grâhin, a. recognising the merits of others; -geha-vâsa, m. sojourn in another's house; -glâni, f. laxity of the enemy.
pathyaśana n. victuals for the journey; -½âsin, a. eating wholesome diet; -½odana, m. id.
parayoṣit f. wife of another man; -ramana, m. second lover, paramour; -loka, m. the other or future world: -½arthin, n. seeking heaven; -vat, 1. ad. like a stranger; -vat, 2. a. depending on another; ready to obey (lc.); dependent on (in., g.); devoted to, a prey to (--°ree;): -tâ, f. readiness to gratify or obey, complaisance; -varga, m. party of others; -vasa, a. dependent on the will of another, subservient; overpowered by, a prey to (--°ree;): -m kri, overcome; -vâkya, n. fault of another; -vâda, m. talk of others, rumour; detraction; objection; -vîra-han, a. slayer of the warriors of the enemy; -vyâ kshepin, a. scattering foes; -vyûha-vinâsana, m. destroyer of the ranks of the enemy.
parāṅmukha a. (î) having one's face averted; turning one's back upon (g.), fleeing from (ab.); averted (gaze); averse from, not caring for, avoiding, indifferent to (prati, g., lc., --°ree;); adverse: -tâ, f. aversion of the face; -tva, n. aversion, to (--°ree;); î-bhû, avert the face, flee; not care for (g.); become adverse (fate).
parasva n. sg. & pl. property of others: -½âdâyin, a. appropriating the property of others.
parābhava m. departure; disappearance; defeat, overthrow; humiliation, frustration, mortification (by, in., ab.); -bhâ va, m. defeat; (párâ)-bhûti, f. defeat, humiliation, mortification (by, ab., --°ree;).
parāpara n. the further and the nearer; the earlier and the later (cause and effect); the higher and the lower, the better and the worse: -tâ, f. condition of being both genus and species; absoluteness and relativity; -tva, n. id.; priority and posteriority; absoluteness and relativity.
parānna n. food of another: -bhog in, a. eating the food of another, living at another's cost.
parājaya m. deprivation, loss, of (ab., --°ree;); defeat; loss of a lawsuit; subjugation, conquest of (g., --°ree;); -gi-shnu, a. victorious.
parikhaṇḍana n. diminution, derogation; -khâ, f. trench, moat, fosse; -khî-kri, turn into a moat; -kheda, m. ex haustion, fatigue.
parikampin a. trembling vio lently; -kara, m. sg. & pl. retinue, dependents; assistance, expedient; addition; abundance, multitude; girdle for looping up a garment: -m bandh or kri, gird oneself for, prepare to (lc. or inf.); -karita, pp. accompanied by (in.); -karman, n. adoration; decoration of the person, anointing the body; purification, means of purifying; preparation for (--°ree;); -karma-ya, den. P. adorn; -karmin, m. at tendant, servant; -kalayitri, a. enclosing; -kalpana, n. cheating; -kîrtana, n. proclaim ing aloud, promulgation; naming; -kopa, m. violent anger; -krama, m. succession, order; -kraya, m. hire; redemption, peace pur chased with money; -kriyâ, f. attention to (--°ree;); -kleda, m. wetness; -klesa, m. hard ship; trouble, suffering; -kshaya, m. dis appearance, cessation, failure; decline; ruin; -kshâna, n. pl. coal-dust; -kshâma,a. ema ciated; -kshit, a. dwelling around (Agni), extending around (du., heaven and earth); m. N. of various princes; -kshiti, f. wound ing; -kshîna, pp. emaciated, wasted away; -kshepa, m. moving to and fro; surrounding, encompassing; that which encircles; compass.
parārtha m. great importance; another's affair or interests, advantage of others; (chief thing=) copulation: -m, lc., °ree;--, for another's sake, for the good of others; a. having another purpose; existing for others; -ka, a. id.: -tva, n. abst. n.; -tâ, f. abst. n.; -vâd in, a. speaking for another, proxy.
paritarkaṇa n. consideration; -tarpana, a. satisfying; n. satisfaction.
paritakmya a. agitating, unsafe, perilous; â, f. peril.
pariṇatavayas a. of declining age, old; -nati, f. transmutation, trans formation, change; development; ripening; maturity; mature age; consequence, effect; issue, end; fulfilment of a promise;°ree;--, in the end, finally; -m yâ, come to an end; -nam ana, n. transformation into (in.); -nama yitri, m. ripener; -naya, m. leading the bride round the nuptial fire, wedding, mar riage; -nayana, n. id.; -nâma, m.transforma tion, change; natural development; transmu tation of food, digestion; withering; lapse of time; decline of life, old age; consequence, issue; termination, last stage, final state, end: lc. or °ree;--, in the end, finally: -vat, having a natural development; -nâmin, a. changing; developing; ripening; -nâyaka, m. guide; husband; -nâha, m. extent, width, circum ference: -vat, a. big; -nâhin, a. extensive, large; --°ree;, having the circumference of; -ni namsu, a. about to strike sideways with his tusks (elephant); -nîta, pp. (√ nî) married; n. marriage: -pûrvâ, a. f. previously married, -vat, act. pf. pt. having married; -netavya, fp. to be married;-netri, m. husband; -neya, fp. to be led round; to be ascertained; interchangeable with (in.): â, f. to be led round the nuptial fire, to be married.
parijana m. (surrounding folk), servant (male or female); gnly. coll., retinue, train, followers, attendants, domestics (esp. female); -gâta, pp. completely grown; -gi hîrshâ, f. desire to avoid orremove; -gñapti, f. recognition; -gñâtri, m. accurate knower; -gñâna, n. recognition, discrimination; full ascertainment, thorough information, com plete knowledge or acquaintance; -gñânin, a. possessing much information; -gñeya, fp. to be learned or known thoroughly; (pári)- gman, a. moving or speeding round; every where present: lc. all around.
paricaya m. 1. accumulation; 2. acquaintance, knowledge; intimacy; fami liarity with, practice of (in.±samam, g., lc., --°ree;); repetition or frequency of (--°ree;): -vat, a. well-known; -kara, m.companion; attendant, servant; -kárana, m. attendant; n. service; attendance on (--°ree;); -karanîya, fp. to be tended; applicable; -karitavya, fp. to be tended, served, or honoured; -karya, fp. to be tended or honoured:â, f. attendance, service, devotion, homage; -kâra-ka, m. as sistant, attendant, servant: ikâ, f. female attendant, waiting-maid; -kârana, n. at tendance; -kâr-in, a. attending on, doing homage to (--°ree;): (-i)-tâ, f. abst.n.; -kiti, f. acquaintance, intimacy with (--°ree;); -kintanî ya, fp. to be maturely considered; -kumb ana, n. passionate kissing.
parigaṇana n., â, f. complete enumeration, exact statement; counting; -gananîya, fp. to be completely enumerated, -exactly stated; *-ganit-in, a. having fully considered everything; -gata, pp.encom passed, surrounded; overwhelmed: -½artha, a. familiar with a thing; -gantavya, fp. attain able; -gama, m. acquaintance; occupation with (--°ree;); -garvita, pp. very haughty; -garhana, n. censure; -grihîti, f.inclusion; -grahá, m. embracing; inclusion; putting on, as sumption (of a body); taking; laying hold of; acceptance, receipt; deriving from (ab.); obtainment, acquisition, possession; admission, reception; marrying, marriage; selection; taking to mean; undertaking, prac tice of, addiction to (--°ree;); grace, favour, as sistance; claim, to (lc.); amount, sum, total number; property; wife (also coll.); depend ents, household, family, concubines of a king; abode; root, foundation; -grahana, n. put ting on; -graha-tva, n. woman's marriage with (--°ree;); -grahîtri, m. husband; adopted father; -grâhaka, a. doing a favour; -grâh ya, fp. to be kindly treated; -glâna, pp. (√ glai) exhausted.
parilaghu a. extremely light or small; very minute or thin; easily digested; trivial, senseless: -tâ, f. extreme minuteness or thinness; -lamba, m. dilatoriness, delay: -na, n. hesitating, delaying; -lekha,m. out line, sketch; -lopa, m. neglect, omission.
paritāpa m. heat, warmth; dis tress, anguish, sorrow, affliction; remorse; giving pain; -tâpin, a. burning hot; causing affliction or sorrow, distressing; -tushti, f. satisfaction; -tripti, f. perfect satisfaction; -tosha, m. satisfaction, gratification, glee; pleasure or delight in (g. or lc.); -toshayi tri, a. satisfying, gratifying; -tosha-vat, a. satisfied, gratified; -toshin, a. satisfied with, gratified by (--°ree;); -tyakta, pp.deserted, abandoned; -tyaktri, m. forsaker; -tyâga, m. abandonment, desertion; repudiation; re linquishment, renunciation, loss, privation, sacrifice: -sena, m. N. of a prince; -tyâgin, a. abandoning; resigning, renouncing (--°ree;); liberal; m. renouncer; -tyâgana, n. causing to abandon; depriving of (--°ree;); -tyâgya, fp. to be abandoned, -deserted, -renounced, avoided; -trâna, n. preservation, protection, help, deliverance, rescue from (ab.); shelter, refuge; preventive of (g.); -trâtavya, fp. to be protected from (ab.); -trâtri, m. pro tector, deliverer (with ac. or g.); -trâsa, m. fright, fear.
parirakṣaṇa n. protection; maintenance; preservation; keeping secret; î-ya, fp. to be guarded or preserved; -rak shâ, f. protection; preservation; -rakshitri, m. guardian; protector; -rambha, m.em brace: -na, n. embracing, embrace; -rambh in, a. embracing; girt by (--°ree;); -rodha, m. resistance.
parimaṇḍala n. circumference; a. circular; globular: -tâ, f. circularity, i-ta, pp. made round; -manthara, a. very slow: -tâ, f. sluggishness; -manda, a. very dim (eye); °ree;--, ad. very slightly: -tâ,f. exhaus tion, ennui; -manyú, a. fierce; -marda, m. wearing out, consumption; destruction (of an enemy); -marsa, m. consideration, con templation; -mala, m. fragrance; fragrant substance; sexual intercourse; -mâna,n. measurement; measure, circumference, ex tent, size; weight; duration; number, a mount: -tas, ad. in weight, -ka, n. mea sure, quantity; -mâthin, a. trying severely, wearing out; -mârga, m. searching around: -na, n.tracing, searching; -mârgitavya, fp. to be sought; -mârgana, n. wiping off, cleansing; removal; -mita-tva, n. limited nature; -miti, f. measure, quantity: -mat, a. limited; -milana, n. touch; -mugdha-tâ, f. silliness; loveliness; -mûdha-tâ, f. confu sion; -meya, fp. measurable; limited in num ber; -moksha, m. deliverance, from (ab., g., --°ree;); divestment: -na, n. liberation; deliver ance from (g.); -moshá, m. theft, robbery; -moshana,n. taking away; -mohana, n. in fatuation; -mohin, a. confused.
paribhaya m. apprehension, fear; -bhava, m. disrespect, contumely, insult, in jury, humiliation; disregard, contempt, for (g., lc., --°ree;), on the part of (in., ab., --°ree;): -pa da, -½âspada, n. object of contempt; -bhav ana, n. humiliation: î-ya, fp. who can be insulted or humiliated; to be humbled; -bhavin, a. insulting, despising, mocking (g.); -bhâva, m. disregard, contumely; -bhâvanâ, f. thought, reflexion; -bhâvin, a. slighting; mocking, baffling (--°ree;); -bhâvuka, a. sur passing (ac.); -bhâshana, n. conversation, chatter; reproof, reprimand: î-ya, fp. to be reproved; -bhâshâ, f. speech; censure, re proach, contumely; general rule or maxim; rule defining the application of (grammatical) sûtras; -bhâshin, a. speaking (--°ree;); -bh&usharp;, a. (with ac.) surrounding, encompassing; pervad ing; superior, guiding; (pári)-bhûti, f. su perior might (V.); disrespect, contumely, hu miliation (sts. pl.); -bhûshana, m. (sc. Samdhi) peace bought by the cession of all the revenues of a country; -bheda, m. injury; -bhoktri, m. enjoyer; one who lives on another, spunge; -bhoga, m. enjoyment; sexual intercourse; means of enjoyment or subsistence; -bhramsa, m. escape: -na, n. loss, of (ab.); -bhrama, m. digressions, irrelevant talk: -na, n. turn ing, revolution; going to and fro; circumfer ence; -bhrashta-sukha, a. whose joy has departed, joyless.
paribarha m. necessaries or luxu ries of life: -vat, a. well furnished (house); -bâdhâ, f. hardship, distress, fatigue; -brimh ana, n. prosperity; supplement, appendage (of the Veda); -bodhana, n., â, f.admoni tion; -bodhanîya, fp. to be admonished; -bodha-vat, a. endowed with reason.
paridāha m. burning; distress, affliction; -durbala, a. extremely weak or poorly; -deva, m.: -na, n., -nâ, f. complaint, lamentation; -devita, (pp.) n. complaint, la ment; -devin, a. lamenting.
paripaṇa n. playing for (--°ree;); -pat ana, n. flying about, hovering; -pantha-ka, m. (obstructor of one's path), adversary, enemy; -pantha-ya, den. P. oppose, resist (ac.); -panthín, a. besetting one'spath; m. waylayer, opponent, enemy; -panthî-bhû, become the adversary of, oppose (g.); -pava na, n. cleansing (of grain), winnowing; flail; -pasavya, a. relating to the sacrificial animal; -pâka, m. becoming fully cooked; digestion; ripening; maturity; perfection; consequence, effect; fulness, fulfilment (of time): -tas, ab. in consequence of; -pâkana, a. cooking fully; maturing; -pâkayitri, a. id.; -pâtala, a. very pale-red; -pât&ibrevcirc;, f. succession; -pâtha, m. complete enumeration: in. (know) com pletely; -p&asharp;na, n. hiding-place; -pândiman, m. extreme whiteness; -pându, a. very white or pale: -ra, a. very white; -pârsva, a.being at the side, close at hand: -vartin, a. remain ing at one's side, standing beside (g.); -pâ laka, a. protecting; maintaining; -pâlana, n. protection; maintenance; nurture: â, f. protection, nurture, î-ya, fp. to be guarded; -maintained; -pâlya, fp. to be protected; -maintained or observed; -pi&ndot;gî-kri, colour deep red-brown; -piñga, a. full of (in.); -piñg ara, a. brownish-red, orange-coloured; -pi pâlayishâ, f. desire to maintain; -pîdana, n. squeezing out; injuring, prejudicing (--°ree;); -pushta-tâ, f. being nourished by, feeding on (--°ree;); -pûti, f. complete purification; -pûra ka, a. fulfilling; bestowing abundance; -pûr ana, n. filling; completion; -pûrin, a. be stowing abundantly; -pûrna, pp. (√ 1. pri) filled with (--°ree;); -pûrnendu, m. full moon; -pûrti, f. becoming full of (--°ree;); completion; -pelava, a. very delicate, tiny; -pothaka, a.furthering, confirming; -poshanîya, fp. to be cherished; -prasna, m. enquiry, after (--°ree;); -prâpti, fp. obtainment; -prepsu, des. a. wishing to reach or obtain, seeking after, de siring (ac.); -plavá, a. running to and fro;m. fluctuation; -pluta, pp. (√ plu) over whelmed; bathed (in tears: --°ree;).
parivatsara m. complete year; &isharp;-na, a. relating to a full year; -vargana, n. avoidance of, abstention from (g. or --°ree;): î-ya, fp. to be avoided; -varta, m. revolution; end of a period, esp. of a cycle (yuga); end; exchange, barter; change; moving to and fro, haste, bustle; abode, place; causing to come to an end: -ka, a. causing to flow back; -vártana, a. (î) causing to turn; n. turn ing; tossing or rolling about on (--°ree;); revo lution; periodic course; end of a period; exchange, barter; change; -vartanîya, fp. to be exchanged for (in.); -vartin, a. turn ing, revolving; winding; circling, under going perpetual cycles, ever renewing itself; turning into, being exchanged for (--°ree;); abid ing or being in, at, or near (lc., -tas, --°ree;); -vartula, a. quite round; -vardhaka, m. groom; -vardhana, n. augmentation, mul tiplication; -vardhita-ka, a.reared; -vas trâ, f. curtain; -vaha, m. one of the seven winds; one of the seven tongues of fire.
parisaṃvatsara m. full year; a. a full year old; waiting a full year; -sakhya, n. true friendship; -samkhyâ, f. complete tale or enumeration; full number, totality, sum, number; exhaustive statement (i. e. excluding everything not specified): -na, n. complete enumeration, full number; exhaustive statement; just examination or estimate; -samghushta, pp. resonant on all sides; -samâpti, f. conclusion, completion, end; extension to (lc. or ad. with prati); -sara, a. adjacent; bordering on (--°ree;); m. neighbourhood, region, proximity; -sarpana, n. creeping about; walking about; running to and fro, continual change from place to place; -sarpin, a. moving about; -sâdhana, n. accomplishment; settlement, exaction (of debts); -sântvana, n. consoling: pl. blandish ments; -sâraka, n. N. of a place on the Sarasvatî.
parāmarśa m. injury; assault, attack, on (g., lc., --°ree;); relation to; recollection; reflexion, consideration.
pariśrama m. fatigue, weariness, exhaustion; exertion; continual study of (--°ree;); -srânta, pp. (√ sram) greatly exhausted; -srít, f. (encloser), one of the small stones surrounding the sacrificial altar: -srita, (pp.) n. sacrificial shed; -slatha, a. quite slack.
pariśaṅkanīya fp. to be dis trusted; n. imps. distrust should be shown; -sa&ndot;kin, a. (--°ree;) fearing; fearful on account of; -sishta, (pp.) n. supplement, appendix; -sîl ana, n.frequent contact, intercourse; study; -suddhi, f. complete purification (also fig.); exoneration; -m kri, prove one's innocence; -sushka, a. perfectly dry or dried up; -sû nya, a. quite empty; quite free from (--°ree;); -sesha,a. remaining, left; m. n. remainder; supplement: in. completely; ab. consequently; -sodhana, n. purification; payment; -sosha, m. dryness: -na, a. drying up (--°ree;); -soshin, a. drying up, withering.
parīkṣaka m. examiner or knower of a thing; -ana, n. (rarely â, f.) testing, investigation, examination; -anîya, fp. to be investigated; -â, f. inspection, exami nation, trial, test: -kshama, a.standing the test, valid.
parihara m. concealment; -hara- nîya, fp. to be shunned or avoided: -tâ, f. avoidance; -hartavya, fp. to be given up or delivered; to be avoided, shunned, or re moved; -concealed or kept to oneself; refuted; -hâni or -hâni, f. diminution; -hâpanîya, fp. to be discontinued; -hâra, m. avoidance; abandonment, desertion (of a person); escaping from (--°ree;); concealment; refutation; exemption, privilege, immunity; common grazing ground round a village or town; -h&asharp;ram, abs. moving around; -hârin, a. avoiding (--°ree;); -hârya, fp. to be avoided or let alone, avoidable; to be separated; to be exempted from (in.).
pariskanda m. servant, esp. one running beside a carriage; -skhalita, (pp.) n. staggering; -stara, m. layer of sacrificial grass; -stárana, n. strewing about; -stoma, m. cover, bolster; -spanda, m.motion; -spand ita, (pp.) n. quivering; flaming up; manifes tation; -spardhin, a. vying with (--°ree;); -sphu- ta, a. quite evident; -m, ad.; -syanda, m. flow, stream (fig.); -srava, m. flow, effusion; overflow; river; birth (of a child); -srút, a. overflowing, foaming; f. kind of intoxicant.
parīṣṭi f. investigation.
parītāpa m. heat; -tosha, m. satisfaction; -tta, pp. √ dâ; -pâka, m. de velopment; ripeness; consequences, result.
parka m. [√ prik] mixture or libation (--°ree;).
paryāsa m. rotation; border; con clusion; concluding stanza in recitation: -na, n. revolution.
paryālocana n. deliberation; â, f. id.; plan, scheme.
paryāya m. revolution; expiration of a period; change of seasons; periodic re turn; repetition; regular succession; turn; ritual turn with the Soma cups in the Atirâ tra feast; period, sentence; stanza; alterna tive word, synonym: °ree;-or in. in order; alter nately, -m, abs. going about; -krama, m. order of succession, regular rotation; -tva, n. condition of being a ritual turn; -½anna, n. food meant for another.
paryaya m. revolution, expiration (of a period); change, alteration.
parvan n. [fulness: √ 1. pri] knot of a cane or plant; joint; limb; section, divi sion in a book; natural break in a narrative or conversation; juncture, period; node, day of periodic change of the moon (of which there are two or four); sacrifice performed on one of these days; time when the moon passes through the node at conjunction or opposi tion; end of an eclipse; (-va)-sarkaraka, m. N.; (-va)-samdhi, m.change of moon, esp. time of new or full-moon.
paryuka m. N.; -½ukshana, n. sprinkling; -½utsuka, a. very restless or agitated; very me lancholy; vehemently longing for (d.): -tva, n. longing desire, î-bhû, become very melan choly; -½ud-asta, pp.excepting; -½udâsa, m. exclusion, negation; -½upâsaka, a. honour ing, respecting; -½upâsana, n. sitting round (Pr.); courtesy, affability; -½ushita, pp. (√ vas, dwell) stale; not punctually kept (word); -½ushta, pp. id.
paśu m. [tethered beast], cattle (single head or herd); domestic animal (including cows, horses, goats, sheep, asses, and dogs: opp. mriga, wild beast); beast, brute; sacrificial animal, victim: -kalpa, m. ritual of the animal sacrifice; (ú)-kâma, a. desiring cattle; -ghna, a. killing animals; m. cattle-slayer; -tâ, f., -tva, n. condition of being a sacrificial animal; condition of cattle; bestiality; -trip, a. cattle-stealing;-dharma, m. manner of beasts or in which beasts are treated; -páti, m. lord of beasts, ep. of Siva; -pâla, m. guardian of flocks, herds man (also: -ka): -vat, ad. after the manner of herdsmen; -pîdita, (pp.) n. damagecaused by cattle; -bandhá, m. (binding of victim to sacrificial post), animal sacrifice; -mát, a. connected with or abounding in cattle; containing the word &open;pasu;&close; -rakshin, m. tender of cattle, herdsman; -roman, n. hair of an animal; -vat, ad. like the brutes; as with cattle; -vadha, m. slaughter of animals; -sam âmnâya, m. enumeration of the sacrificial animals in the Asvamedha: i-ka, a. mentioned in the Samâmnâya; -han, a. (ghnî) killing beasts; -havya, n. animal sacrifice.
pallī f. small village, esp. settlement of wild tribes: -pati, m. headman of --.
pallava m. n. sprout, shoot, twig (the term is figuratively applied to fingers, toes, and lips); strip of cloth, lappet: -ka, m. libertine, i-kâ, f. N.; -grâhin, a. over-spreading with shoots=diffuse, prolix;-na, n. prolixity; -maya, a. consisting of young shoots.
paśavya a. relating to or fit for cattle.
pavitravat a. possessed of a means of purification, a strainer or blades of Kusa grass; purifying, cleansing.
pāṭava n. acuteness; skill, clever ness, in (lc.); precipitation in (--°ree;); -ika, a. clever, crafty.
pākṣika a. (î) partisan; alternative, optional, applicable in certain cases only.
pāñcajanya a. relating to the five races; m. Krishna's conch (taken from the demon Pañkagana); -nada, a. prevail ing in the Panjâb; m. prince of Pañkanada: pl. the people of Pañkanada; -bhautika, a. consisting of or containing the five elements: with âdânam, n. reception of the five ele ments; -yagñika, a. belonging or relating to the five sacrifices; -sara, a. (î) belonging to Kâma (the five-arrowed).
pāṇini m. N. of the great grammarian by whom classical Sanskrit is dominated: î-ya, a. relating to or composed by Pânini; m. adherent of Pânini; n. Pânini's grammar.
pāṇigata pp. as good as held in one's very hand; -graha, m. taking the hand (of a girl), marriage: -kara, m. taker of the hand, lawful husband; -grahana, n. marriage: i-ka, a. relating to --; -grâha: -ka, m. hand-grasper, bridegroom; husband; -grâh am, abs. taking by the hand; -kâpala or -kâpalya, n. fidgetting with the hands; -ga, m. finger-nail; -tala, n. palm of the hand.
pāta m. manner of flying, flight; throw ing oneself into (lc.); fall, into (lc.), from (ab.); cast, shot, stroke; collapse, death; falling=direction (of the eye or gaze); drop (of blood); application (of ointment, of a knife); case, possibility; entrance, appear ance; --°ree;, falling from, to, into, upon or at: -ka, a. causing to fall (--°ree;); (m.) n. crime or sin depriving of caste; -k-in, a. sinning; wicked; m. criminal.
pāthas n. place; water: -pati, m. lord of the waters, ep. of Varuna.
pādānta m. tip of the foot, claw: lc. at any one's feet; -½antara, n. distance of a foot: lc. close beside (g.); -½ambhas, n. water for washing the feet; -½aravinda, m. lotus of a foot (said of the foot of a deity, lover, etc.); -½ardha, n. half a quarter, an eighth; -½arpana, n. placing the foot upon; -½avanâma, m. bowing down before any one's feet; -½avasekana, n. water in which the feet have been washed; -½âsphâlana, n. tram pling or shuffling of the feet; -½âhati, f. blow of the foot, kick; -against (--°ree;).
pādanamra a. bowing down to the feet of any one; -nikrit, a. having a de ficiency of a syllable in each quarter-verse; -nyâsa, m. setting down of the feet, step; footprint; -pa, m. (drinking by the root), plant, esp. tree: -ka, --°ree;, a. id.; -patana, n. throwing oneself at the feet of any one, pros tration; -patita, pp. having thrown oneself at any one's feet; -paddhati, f. line of foot steps, footprints; -padma, m. lotus-foot; -parikâraka, m. humble servant; -pâda dhâvana, n. washing of one foot with the other; -pîtha, n. footstool: î-kri, turn into a footstool; -pûrana, a., n. filling a verse foot; -prakshâlana, n. washing of the feet; -prasârana, n. stretching out the feet; -pra hâra, m. kick; -bhata, m. foot-soldier; -bhâ ga, m. a fourth; -bhâg, a. possessing=equalling only a fourth part of any one (g.) in (lc.); -mudrâ, f. footprint; trace, sign, indication:-pa&ndot;kti, f. line of footprints, track; -mûla, n. root of the foot, tarsus; sometimes used as a respectful designation of a person; foot of a mountain: e ni-pat, fall at the feet of (g.); -yuddha, n. foot-fight; -ragas, n.dust of the feet; -lagna, pp. sticking in the foot (thorn); lying at any one's feet; attached to the foot; -lepa, m. foot-ointment of a peculiarly magical power; -vandana, n. adoration of the feet, reverential salutation;-sabda, m. sound of footsteps; -sas, ad. foot by foot; by a fourth; sauka, n. cleansing of the feet; -stambha, m. supporting beam, pillar.
pāda m. [goer], foot (of men and animals); foot or leg (of inanimate objects), post; bottom (of a water-skin); wheel; root (of a tree); spur (of a mountain); ray, beam (foot of a heavenly body); (foot of a quad ruped=) quarter (pl. the four parts); fourth part of a (four-versed) stanza; verse (even of a three-versed stanza); the du. or pl. is often used (gnly. --°ree;) to designate a person respectfully; pâdayoh pat,fall at any one's (g.) feet; pâ daih, on foot (of several); -ká, m. little foot; --°ree;, a. (ikâ) footed; -krikkhra, m. quarter (a kind of) penance; -grahana, n. grasping or embracing the feet of any one (in token of respect or submission); -kâpala or -kâpal ya, n. carelessness in placing the feet; -kâ ra, a. going on foot, walking; m. foot-soldier; walking: in. on foot; -kârin, a. going on foot; m. foot-soldier; -kkhedana, n. cutting off of a foot; -tala, n. sole of the foot: -½âhati, f. kick; -tas, ad. from, at, near, or by the feet; at or near the foot; step by step, by degrees: -kri, place at the feet; -tra, n. (?) shoe.
pāpācāra a. leading a wicked life; -½âtman, a. evil-minded, malevolent, wicked; m. wicked man, villain; -½anuban dha, m. evil consequences; -½ârambha-ka, -½ârambha-vat, a. machinating evil; -½âsaya, a. evil-intentioned.
pāpaka a. wicked, bad; m. rascal; n. evil; -karman, n. wicked deed; a. doing evil deeds, wicked, sinful; m. ill-doer, mis creant, criminal, sinner; -kârin, -krít, a., m. id.; -krita, (pp.) n. misdeed; -gati, a.ill starred; -ketas, a. evil-minded, malevolent; -timira, a. blinded by sin, sin-bedarkened; -pûrusha, m. rascal, villain; -priya, a. fond of or prone to evil; -bandha, m. continuous series of misdeeds; -buddhi, f. evil intent;a. evil-minded, malevolent; -bhañgana, a. destroying the wicked; m. N. of a Brâhman; -bh&asharp;g, a. participating in wrong, guilty; -bhâva, a. evil-minded; -mati, a. evil minded, malevolent, ungodly; -yoni, f. low womb, birth as a punishment of sin; -rahita, pp. freed from sin, sinless; -ripu, (foe of sin), N. of a Tîrtha; -roga, m. bad disease, dis ease as punishment for sin; -rogin, a. suf fering from a bad disease or disease in punish ment for former sin; -½riddhi, f. hunting, chase; -lokya, a. leading to hell; -vasîyasa or -vasyas-a, n. [betterness of the bad], topsy turvyness, preposterousness; -sîla, a. of bad character, prone to evil: -tva, n. depravity;-sodhana, a. purifying from guilt; n. N. of a sacred bathing-place; -sûdana-tîrtha, n. N. of a sacred bathing-place; -han, a. destroy ing sin or sinners; -hara, a. taking away sin; -hridaya, a. bad-hearted.
pāna n. drinking (esp. of strong drink); draught; sipping (the lips); beverage, drink: -ka, m. n. beverage, drink; -pa, a. drinking intoxicating liquors; -pâtra, n. drinking ves sel, cup (esp. for spirituous liquor); -bhû or -bhûmi, f. drinking-place or room; -ma&ndot; gala, n. drinking-bout; -matta, pp. intoxi cated; -mada, m. intoxication.
pāratrika a. relating to the next world (cp. paratra); -ya, a. id.
pāraga a. crossing to the farther bank; having gone to the end of anything, having accomplished, -thoroughly studied, fully conversant with (g., lc., --°ree;); deeply learned; -gata, pp. having reached the oppo site bank, having safely crossed (g.); -grâm ika, a. hostile: -m vidhim âkikîrshati, prepares for hostilities.
pāyu m. (SB. p&asharp;yu) anus: -kshâlana- bhûmi, f. privy: -tâ, f. abst. n.; -kshâla na-vesman, n. id.; -½upastha, n. sg. anus and organ of generation.
pāralaukika a. (î) relating to the next world.
pāraṃpara a. relating to the other side: with loka, m. the other world: î-ya, a. traditional, handed down; -ya, n. uninterrupted succession, oral tradition: -krama½â gata, pp. or -½âgata, pp. handed down in regular succession.
pārameṣṭhya a. relating to the supreme god (Brahman); n. highest position.
pārameśvara a. (î) relating to or coming from the supreme lord (Siva).
pāramārthika a. (î) relating to the real (paramârtha), real, true; loving truth; -ya, n. absolute truth.
pārokṣya a. invisible; unintelli gible, enigmatical; n. infallibility; mystery.
pāriṇāmika a. digestible; subject to development: with bhâva, m. natural disposition; -nâyya, n. household utensils; -nâhya, n. id.; -tosh-ika, n. reward, gratuity (token of satisfaction); -panth-ika, m. highwayman, robber; -pâtra, incorrect for -yâtra; -pârsva-ka, a. atten dant: ikâ, f. chambermaid; -pârsvika, a. standing at one's side; m. attendant: pl. retinue; -pâlya, n. governorship; -plava, a. swimming; moving to and fro, unsteady; wavering, irresolute; m. ship: -tâ, f., -tva, n. unsteadiness, caprice; -bhadra, m. coral tree (Erythrina indica); -bhâsh-ika, a. (î) technical; -mândal-ya, n. spherical shape; -mân-ya, n.circumference; -yâtra, m. N. of the western Vindhya range; -vitt-ya, n. bachelorhood while a younger brother is mar ried; -vettr-ya, n. marriage of a younger before an elder brother; -sesh-ya, n. result: ab. therefore; -shada, m. member of an as sembly or council, auditor, spectator: pl. retinue of a god; -shad-ya, m. one who takes part in an assembly, spectator; -hâr-ika, a. privileged; -hâr-ya, m. bracelet; -hâs-ya, n. jest.
pārvaṇa a. relating to a phase of the moon (new or full); increasing or full (moon); being at the time of opposition or full moon; m. fortnight; new and full moon sacrifice.
pālaya den. P. (E. also Â.): regarded by the grammarians as the causal of √ pâ; guard, protect; rule; be the guardian of; preserve, maintain, keep (a promise etc.): pp. pâlita. ati, pass, spend (time). anu, guard, protect; take care of; be the guardian of; maintain, observe, keep (a promise etc.); adhere to. pari, guard, protect, from (ab.); govern; cherish, honour; support; maintain, keep; expect; wait. prati,protect, guard; maintain, observe, keep to; wait; wait for, expect. sam, protect; keep (a promise); get over, overcome.
pārṣada m. (= pârishada) attend ant (esp. of a god); member of an assembly, spectator: pl. (sts. sg.) retinue; n. manual recognised by a grammatical school.
pāśupata a. (î) belonging or referring to Siva Pasupati; m. worshipper of Siva Pasupati.
pāvīrava a. (î) coming from or relating to the thunderbolt (pavîru); f. daughter of lightning, thunder.
pāvamāna a. relating to Agni Pavamâna or the Soma which is being puri fied by a strainer: &isharp;, f. gnly. pl. Soma hymns (esp. in RV., mandala IX).
pāvana a. (î) purifying, sanctifying; pure, holy; m. a kind of fire; n. purification, sanctification; means of purifying.
piṇḍopajīvin a. eating the bread of, i. e. supported by, another.
piṇḍayajña m. sacrifice with funeral cakes; -lepa, m. what adheres to the hands from the funeral cakes (constituting an offering to the three ancestors preceding the great-grandfather); -sambandha, m. rela tionship entitling a man to offer the funeral oblations to the deceased; -½agra, n. bit of a flour-ball; -½anvâhârya-ka, a. with srâd dha, n. feast after the funeral oblation.
piṇḍa m. (n. rare) lump, knob, ball; flake (of wall-plaster); morsel, mouthful= daily bread, food, livelihood; flour-ball (of fered to the Manes), funeral cake; body; person, individual; material object: -ka, m. lump, ball; -khargûra, m. kind of date tree: -tas, ad. from a ball or lump; -tâ, f. condi tion of a body; -tva, n. density, condensation, state of a material mass: -m âgata, (darkness) become palpable; -da, a. offeringor entitled to offer the funeral cakes to the Manes; m. bread-giver, lord, master; -dâtri, a. id.; -dâna, n. offering of a flour-ball (esp. at the sacrifice to the Manes); sacrifice of funeral cakes (on the evening of new moon); alms-giving; -nirvapana, n. offering of funeral cakes; -pâtra, n. alms-bowl; alms; -pitri yagña, m. offering of funeral cakes (on the evening of new moon); -prada, a. offering funeral cakes; -bhâg, a. partaking of the funeral cakes; m. pl. the Manes; -maya, a. consisting of a clod; -mâtra½upagîvin, a. living solely on morsels offered.
pitrya a. paternal; ancestral; re lating or sacred to the Manes; with tîrtha, n. part of the hand between thumb and forefinger sacred to the Manes; with dis, f. south.
pitṛvya m. paternal uncle; elderly relative or friend.
pitṛtarpaṇa n. oblation to the Manes; -tas, ad. on the father's side; -tva, n. paternity; -deva, m. pl. the Manes and gods; certain divine beings; -devata, a. hav ing the Manes as gods, sacred to the Manes; -devatyã, a. id.; -devatâ, f. pl. the Manes and the gods; -daivata, a. (î) relating to the worship of the Manes; -drohin, a. plotting against one's father.
piyāla m. [for priyâla], a tree (Buchanania latifolia); n. its fruit.
pippala m. sacred fig-tree, Peepal (Ficus religiosa); â, f. N. of a river; n. (píp-), berry, sp. the fruit of the sacred fig-tree; sensual enjoyment: -½ada, a. eating the fruit of the Peepal tree; m. pl. a school of the AV.; &isharp;, f. berry; long pepper.
piśuna a. backbiting, detracting, slanderous, calumnious (person, speech); treacherous; malignant, mischievous, insi dious; wicked, base, vile; --°ree;, betraying, in dicative of; m. backbiter; tale-bearer, in former, betrayer; N. of a minister of Dush yanta: -tâ, f. backbiting, sycophancy; -vak ana, n. calumnious speech, detraction, slan der.
piśācaka m. (î, f.) Pisâka: -pu ra, n. N. of a village; -grihîta-ka, m. one possessed of a demon; -tâ, f., -tva, n. con dition of a Pisâka; -pati, m. ep. of Siva; -vadana, a. having the face of a Pisâka; -½uraga-râkshasa, m. pl. imps, serpents, and demons.
putrīya a. relating to or procuring a son.
putra m. son, child; young of an animal, whelp: du. two sons or son and daughter; vc. (sg., du., pl.) often used in addressing young persons: î, f. daughter; (a)-ka, m. son, boy: often used as a term of endearment; N. of the reputed founder of Pâtaliputra; -kâmy&asharp;, f. wish for a son or children; -kri ta-ka, a. adopted as a child; -kritya, n. duty of a son; -krithá, m. n. procreation of children; -tâ, f., -tva, n.sonship; -dâra, n. sg. son and wife, wife and child; -nivesana, n. son's abode; -pura, n. N. of a town; -pau tra, n. sg. or m. pl. sons and grandsons: -ka, n. sg. id.; -pautrin, a. having sons and grand sons; -priya, a. dear toor beloved by one's son; -bhâga, m. heritage of a son; -bhânda, n. (?) substitute for a son; -vat, ad. like a son or sons; as in the case of the son; (á)-vat, a. having a son, sons, or children; possessed of a son in the true sense of the word.
puṇya a. auspicious, propitious, lucky, favourable; beautiful, agreeable; fragrant; good, virtuous, righteous, meritorious; pure, purifying, holy; n. the good, virtue; good work; moral or religious merit:-kartri, m. righteous man; -karman, n. virtuous action; a. righteous, virtuous; -krit, a. acting piously, virtuous; -gandha, -gandhi: -n, a. of plea sant smell, fragrant; -geha, n. abode of virtue; -ganá, m. pl. good people,designation of cer tain genii (V. E.)=the Yakshas (C. P.): -½îs vara, m. ep. of Kubera; -gala, a. having pure water; -tarî-kri, make purer or holier; -tâ, f. purity, holiness; -tîrtha, n. sacred place of pilgrimage (esp. along the course of sacred streams); a. possessed of sacred bath ing-places; -tva, n. purity, holiness; -dars ana, a. of handsome appearance, beautiful; -pâpa, n. pl. good and bad deeds; -punya tâ, f. supreme holiness; -prada, a.meritori ous; -phala, n. fruit or reward of good works; -bharita, pp. abounding in bliss; -bhâg, -bhâgin, a. happy, blessed; -yoga, m. con sequence of virtuous actions (done in a former life); -vat, a. righteous, virtuous, meritori ous; lucky, fortunate, happy: with ab.= happier than; -varman, m. N. of a prince; -sîla, a. righteous, virtuous; -srîka, a. happy; -sloka, a. of good repute; m. ep. of Nala, Yudhishthira, and Krishna: -didrikshâ, f.desire to see Nala, -parâ&ndot;mukha, a. averse to Nala; -sena, m. N.; -sthâna, n. sacred place.
pīḍā f. pain, ache, suffering (in.= unwillingly); harm, disadvantage, damage; restriction; infringement, violation; eclipse: -kara, -krit, a. harmful, hurtful; -krita, (pp.) n. infliction of hurt.
puraḥpāka a. whose fulfilment is imminent; -prahartri, m. champion; -phala, a. prognosticating fruits.
punaḥsaṃskāra m. renewed consecration; -samgama, m. re-union; -sam dhâna, n. id.; -sambhava, m. renewal; -sara, a. coming back; -siddha, pp. cooked twice.
punaryuddha n. renewal of battle; -lâbha, m. re-attainment, recovery; -lekhana, n. renewed writing down; -vaktavya, fp. to be repeated: -tâ, f. abst. n.; -vakana, n. saying over again, repeating; -vasu, a. bringing back boons; m. du. & sg. fifth or seventh lunar mansion.
punargamana n. setting out again; -garbha-vat-î, a. f. again pregnant; -grahana, n. repetition; -ganman, n. second birth, regeneration; -gâta, pp. born again; -dars ana, n. seeing again; -dâra-kriyâ, f. marrying again (after the death of the first wife); -bhava, a. born again; m. re-birth; -bhâr yâ, f. second wife, re-marriage; -bh&usharp;, a. being renewed; f. re-married widow.
puraścaraṇa a. preparatory to (--°ree;); n. preparatory rite: -tâ, f. preparation.
puraṃdara m. destroyer of strong holds, ep. of Indra, Agni, and Siva: (a)-pura½atithi, m. guest in Indra's city=deceased; -purî, f. N. of a town.
purāṇa a. (î) belonging to the olden time, primaeval, ancient, old; withered (leaf); n. things of the olden time; tale of past ages, ancient legend; Purâna, N. of eighteen legen dary works treating chiefly of cosmogony and divine genealogy; m. a coin of a certain weight (a measure of silver equal to eighty cowries).
purastādapakarṣa m. an ticipation (gr.); -brihatî, f. a metre (a bri hatî the first pâda of which has twelve syl lables).
puruṣākāra a. having a human form; -½âkriti, f. figure of a man; -½ada, a. (î) man-devouring; m. man-eater, Râkshasa: -ka, a., m. id.; -½anrita, n. falsehood respect ing a human being; -½antara, n. another (= following) generation; m. (sc. samdhi) proxy ship, a kind of treaty settled by a duel be tween warriors representative of both parties: -m, ad. through an intermediary, indirectly; -½âyusha, n. full period of human life; -½ar tha, m. human object, aim of existence; action of man, human effort: -m, ad. for man; for the sake of the soul; -½avatâra, m. human incarnation.
puruṣa m. (metrically often leng thened to p&usharp;-), man; human being (pl. people; man kind); person (with danda, m. punishment personified); attendant; functionary; per sonal and animating principle, soul; highest personal principle, universal soul, Supreme Spirit (sts. with para, parama, or uttama); primaeval male from whom the universe was evolved (± nârâyana); member of a race, generation; person (in grammar: prathama --, =our third person; uttama--, =our first).
pulina n. alluvial formation in a river, low sandbank, small island: -dvîpa- sobhita, pp. adorned with sandbanks and islands; -pradesa, m. sandbank.
pulaha m. N. of an ancient Rishi, mentioned as one of the spiritual sons of Brahman, as one of the Pragâpatis, and as one of the seven Rishis; N. of a star.
pulastya m. N. of an ancient Rishi, mentioned as one of the spiritual sons of Brahman, as one of the Pragâpatis, and as one of the seven Rishis; N. of a star.
pulakaya den. P. feel an erection of the hairs of the body (caused by pleasure): pp. ita, having the hairs of the body erect (symptomatic of exquisite delight), feeling a thrill of joy.
pulaka m. an esculent plant: pl. erec tion of the hairs of the body (symptomatic of exquisite delight).
puroratha a. whose car is in front of others; surpassing others, pre-eminent; -rúk, a. shining before; f. kind of Nivid verse to be recited before the hymn (sûkta) or its parts at the morning sacrifice during the recitation of the Âgya and Praüga; -vartin, a. being before any one's eyes; for ward, obtrusive; -vâtá, m. wind from the front, east wind (which brings rain); -vâda, m. previous mention; -vritta, pp. being in front, preceding.
puṣṭikara a. producing growth or prosperity, nourishing; -kâma, a. desirous of prosperity or wealth; -da, a. conferring prosperity etc.; (í)-pati, m. lord of wealth; -mát, a. abundant, thriving, prosperous, wealthy; -várdhana, a. increasing prosperity.
puṣpin a. bearing flowers, blos soming; flowery (speech); menstruating.
puṣpita pp. flowering, blossom ing, blooming, flowery; having flower-like marks, spotted; in full bloom (fig.); flowery (talk=empty words); provided with (in. or --°ree;): -palâsa-pratima, a.resembling a flower ing Palâsa tree (i. e. covered with red spots).
puṣpaka (m.) n. Kubera's car: -vimâna, n. id.; -karanda, n. flower-basket: -½udyâna, n. N. of a pleasure-garden near Uggayinî; -kâla, m. flower-time, spring; time of menstruation; -granthana, n.weav ing of a wreath of flowers; -kâpa, m. bow of flowers, Kâma's bow; m. (having a bow of flowers), Kâma; -danta, m. Flower-tooth, N. of an attendant of Siva; n. N. of a temple; -dâman, n. garland of flowers; -dha,m. (√ dhâ) son of an outcast Brâhman; -dhanus or -dhanvan, m. (having a bow of flowers), Kâma; -nyâsa, m. offering of flowers; -pata, m. flowery cloth; -pattrin, a. having flowers for arrows; -pura, n., -purî, f.Flower-city, ep. of Pâtaliputra; -phala, n. flowers and fruits; -bali, m. of fering of flowers; -bâna, m. (flower-arrowed), Kâma; -bha&ndot;ga, m. festoon of flowers; -bhû ti, m. N. of a prince; -maya, a. (î) formed orconsisting of flowers; -mâtham, abs. with √ math, crush like a flower; -mâlâ, f. gar land of flowers; -mitra, m. N. of two princes; -megha, m. cloud raining flowers; -meghî kri, turn into a cloud raining flowers; -rak ta, a. red like the flower of (--°ree;); -ratha, m. pleasure-car; -râga, m. (flower-hued), topaz; -lâvî, f. flower-picker, weaver of garlands, flower-seller; -vat, 1. ad. like a flower; 2. a. flowering, adorned with flowers: -î, f.menstruating; -vartman, m. hidden name of Drupada; -varsha, m. N. of a mountain; n. rain of flowers; -vâtikâ or -vâtî, f. flower garden; -vrishti, f. rain of flowers; -venî, f. garland of flowers; -sayyâ, f. couch of flowers;-sarâsana, m. (having a bow of flowers), Kâma; -silîmukha, m. (flower arrowed), id.; -sekhara, m. garland of flowers; -sâyaka, m. (flower-arrowed), Kâ ma; -hâsa, m. (laughing with flowers), flower garden.
pūjya fp. to be honoured or wor shipped; venerable, adorable; fit for or de serving of worship, adoration, etc. (with in., g., or --°ree;): -tama, spv. most worthy of honour; -tâ, f., -tva, n. venerableness.
pūjā f. honour, respect; homage, worship, adoration; hospitable reception (--°ree; after the object of the honour or that with which it is shown): -kara, a. doing or show ing honour or homage to (--°ree;); -griha, n. house of worship, temple; -½arha, a. worthy of honour or distinction; -vidhi, m. showing of honour (Pr.).
pūrṇa pp. (√ 1. pri) filled, full: -kâma, a. whose wishes are fulfilled; -kumbha, m. pitcher full of water (also with apâm); m. n. breach of a particular form; a. having a full pitcher; -kandra, m. full moon: -nibha, a. resembling the full moon, -prabhâ, f. lustre of the full moon; -tâ, f. fulness; plenty; -tva, n. id.; being full of (--°ree;); -pâtrá, m., î, f. full vessel, vessel-full: also as a measure of capacity; n. present (such as clothes) given to the bringer of good news: (a)-pra tibhata, a. vying with a full vessel=over flowing, supreme (glory), -maya, a. (î) con sisting of a full vessel or of the measure called pûrna-pâtra, amounting to so much or only concerned therewith (speech); -bhadra, m. N. of a snake-demon; -mandala, n. full circle; -mânasa, a. whose heart is satisfied; (á)-mâs, m. full moon; -mâsa, m. full moon and full-moon sacrifice: î, f. day ornight of full moon; -mukha, n. full mouth: in. (blow) with full cheeks; m. (full-faced), N. of a snake-demon; -mushti, m. f. handful; -yau vana, a. being in the full bloom of youth; -ratha, m. (having a complete chariot), pre eminent warrior; -lakshmî-ka, a. having abundant splendour or wealth; -vapus, a. full-orbed (moon); -srî, a. having abundant riches.
pūra a. filling; satisfying; m. filling; satisfying; swelling of a river or of the ocean; volume of water, flood, stream (often --°ree; with words denoting water or other fluid); superabundance, high degree of (--°ree;); cake; slow inhalation of breath through the nose (an ascetic practice); -aka, a. filling, -up, completing (g. or --°ree;); fulfilling, satisfying; m. stream, effusion; multiplier; slow inspira tion of breath through the nose (an ascetic practice); citron-tree: -pinda, m. pl. flour balls for completing the sacrifice to the Manes; -ana, a. (î) filling; fulfilling, satis fying; producing; m. filler-up or completer of a number, masculine ordinal number (from dvitîya onwards); n. act of filling or filling up; complete drawing of a bow; fulfilling, satisfying; equipping: -pratyaya, m. suffix forming ordinal nouns (gr.); -anîya, fp. to be filled in or supplied; to be fulfilled or satisfied; -ayitavya, fp. to be filled up or completed; to be satisfied; -ayitri, m. filler, of (g.); fulfiller, satisfier.
pūti f. purification, purity; 2. a. stinking, putrid; m. pus, matter: -ka, a. putrid, stinking; -gandhá, m. stench, foul smell; -nâsika, a. having a stinking nose; -bhâva, m. putrefaction; -mrittika,m. (hav ing stinking earth), N. of a hell; -vaktra, a. having a stinking (mouth=) breath: -tâ, f. condition of having stinking breath.
pūrvaka a. (ikâ) prior, preceding, previous; first; --°ree; a. accompanied or pre ceded by, based on, consisting above all things in: -m, ad. after, with, amid, in accordance with (--°ree;); m. forefather, ancestor; -karman, n. former or previous action; preparation; -kalpa, m. previous manner, precedent; olden time (only lc. sg. & pl.); -kâya, m. fore part of the body (of animals), upper part of the body (of men); -kârin,a. acting first; -kâr ya, fp. to be done first; -kâla, a. belonging to a previous time; previously mentioned: -tâ, f. priority of time; -kâlika, a. belonging to a former time; -kâlîna, a. prior in time; -krita, pp. formerly done, performed in a previous life; n. former act, act committed in a previous life; -krama½âgata, pp. handed down from one's ancestors; -kriyâ, f. preparation.
pūrva a. being in front, fore; fronting, eastern; being to the east of (ab.); preceding; former, earlier; prior to (ab. or --°ree;); ancient, traditional, of the olden time; first (in succession); lowest (fine); previously or first mentioned or named; very commonly --°ree; after a pp.=previously or before (e.g. drishta-pûrva, seen before); e vayasi, in youth; --°ree; a. having as the preceding thing=preceded or accompanied by, based on, with: -m, ad. before, beforehand, previously, already; first; formerly, long ago (sts. with pr.); --°ree; (also pûrvena), in accordance with, amid, after, with (or when the privative negation precedes=without); m. pl. the ancients, forefathers, ancestors; sg. elder brother; n. fore part; â, f. east.
pūrvapakṣa m. fore part or side; first half of a lunar month (when the moon increases), light fortnight; (primâ facie case), action at law; first objection to a proposi tion; -pakshin, a. making the first objection to a proposition; -pakshî-kri, make the first objection to a proposition; -patha, m. pre vious path, same way as before; -pada, n. previous member of a compound (gr.); -pad ya, a. belonging to the first member of a compound; -parigraha, m. first claim, pre cedence, privilege; a. claimed as a privilege by (g.); -pâda, m. fore-foot; -pitâmaha, m. fore-grandfather=ancestor; -pîthikâ, f. in troduction; -purusha, m.forefather (pl. ancestors); primaeval spirit, ep. of Brahman: -½upârgita, pp. collected by one's ancestors; -pûgita, pp. previously consecrated; -pûrva, a. every preceding one, each previously men tioned one; m. pl.ancient ancestors; -pûr va½ukta, pp. respectively mentioned before; -péya, n. precedence in drinking; precedence (in general); -pragñ&asharp;, f. knowledge of the past, memory; -prati-panna, pp. having previously agreed to or promised something; -pravritta, pp. having occurred previously; -prasthita, pp. having started previously, hastening on before.
pūrvadakṣiṇa a. south-eastern; -datta, pp. previously given or presented; -dis, f. eastern quarter, east; -dishta, pp. determined by previous actions; -dîkshin, a. taking the first consecration (of two or more who sacrifice at the same time and place); -dugdha, pp. previously (milked=) drained or plundered; -drishtá, pp. seen before; formerly seen, ancient; looked upon of old or long regarded as (nm.); -deva, m.primaeval god; -devatâ, f. primaeval deity; -desa, m. eastern direction: lc. to the east of (ab.); eastern country; -deha, m. former body: lc.=in a previous existence.
pūrvaraṅga m. prelude (of a play); -râga, m. incipient love; -râga, m. ex-king; -râtra, m. first part of the night; -rûpá, n. (previous appearance), omen; precursor of (g.), sure symptom of (prati); first of two vowels or consonants coming into contact (gr.); a. having its previous form, being as before; -lakshana, n. preceding symptom; -vát, 1. ad. as before, as formerly; as said above; 2. -vat, a. preceded by something; containing an inference from cause to effect; -vayas, a. being in early life, young; -vart in, a. being in front of (--°ree;); previously ex isting: (-i)-tâ, f. priority; -vâda, m. (primâ facie statement), action at law;-vâdin, m. plaintiff; -vid, a. knowing the past; -vidhi, m. preceding rule; -vrita, pp. previously chosen; -vritta, pp. having happened before; relating to a former occurrence; n. former occurrence, event of old; former behaviour; -vairin, a. commencing hostilities first.
pūrvabhāga m. fore or upper part; earlier part (of the day=forenoon, morning); -bh&asharp;g, a. receiving the first share, privileged; excellent; relating to what precedes; -bhâva, m. priority; -bhâvin, a. preceding, prior; -bhâshin, a. speaking first, affable; -bhuk ti, f. priority of occupation, long-continued possession; -bhûta, pp. being before, pre ceding; -bhûbhrit, m. eastern mountain (be hind which the sun rises); former prince.
pūrvāśā f. eastern quarter, east; -½âsin, a. eating before others (ab. or lc.).
pūrvākṣara a. accompanied by the previous letter; -½agní, m. original, i. e. domestic, fire; -½a&ndot;ga, n. former body; com ponent of what precedes; m. first day in the civil month; -½akala,m. eastern or sunrise mountain; -½âkârya, m. ancient or former teacher; -½âdya, a. beginning in the east; -½adri, m. eastern or sunrise mountain; -½a dhika, a. greater than before; -½anubhûta, pp. formerly experienced; -½anta, m. end of the preceding word; anticipation; -½apara, a. being before and behind, directed forward and backward; eastern and western; earlier and later; preceding and following, follow ing in succession, relatively connected: -dak shina, a. eastern, western, and southern, -dina, n. forenoon and afternoon, -râtri, f. former and latter half of the night.
pūga m. society, corporation; multi tude, quantity; betel-palm (Areca Catechu); n. betel-nut: -yagña, m. sacrifice offered for a corporation.
pṛthagartha a. having separate and distinct advantages; having a severally distinct meaning: -tâ, f. separate signification; -âlaya, a. pl. having separate dwellings; -upâdâna, n. separate mention.
pṛthakkārya n. separate busi ness, private affair; -kriti, f. individual; -kriyâ, f. separation; -kshetra, a. pl. be gotten by one father on different mothers; -keshtâ, f. various and distinct activities; -tâ, f., -tva, n. separateness; separation; severalty; individuality: in. singly, one by one; -pada, a. consisting of single (uncom pounded) words; -pinda, m. distant kinsman making separate funeral offerings (i. e. not in common with others); -sabda, m. word by itself; -sayyâ, f. sleeping by oneself; -su kha, a. having separate and distinct joys.
pṛthivīkampa m. earthquake; -kshit, a. inhabiting the earth; earth-ruling; m. prince, king; -kandra, m. N. of a prince of Trigarta; -tala, n. surface of the earth, ground; also=world, infernal regions (bot tom of the earth); -danda-pâla, m. chief constable of the country: -tâ, f. office of --; -devî, f. N.; -pati, m. lord of the earth, prince, king; -paripâlaka, m. prince, king; -pâla: -ka, m. keeper of the earth, king, sovereign; -bhug, m. enjoyer of the earth, prince, king; -bhugamga, m. spouse of the earth, prince, king; -bhrit, m. support of the earth, mountain; -máya, formed of earth, earthen; -râgya, n. dominion over the land, sovereignty; -ruha, m. (growing out of the earth), plant, tree; -½îsa, -½îsvara, m. lord of the earth, prince, king; -½âpîda, m. N. of two princes of Cashmere.
pṛṣat (pr. pt.) a. (-î) speckled, spot ted, dappled (V.); m. spotted gazelle; prish atâm patih, m. lord of the dappled (clouds), wind; -î, f. dappled cow; piebald mare; female of the spotted gazelle.
pṛthvī f. the (wide) earth; land, realm; ground; earth (as an element): -khâta, n. cavern or hole in the earth; -griha, n. dwelling in the earth, cave; -tala, n. surface of the earth, dry land; -danda-pâla, m. chief constable of the country: -tâ, f. office of --; -dhara, m. support of the earth, mountain; -pati, m. lord of the earth, prince, king: -tva, n. sovereignty; -pâla, m. N.; -bhug, m. enjoyer of the earth, prince, sovereign; -bhrit, m. supporter of the earth, prince, king; -râgya, n. dominion over the land, sovereignty; -rûpa, m. N. of a prince; -½îsa, m. lord of earth, prince, king; -hara, m. N.
pṛṣṭha n. [pra-sthá, prominent ridge], prominent back of animals; back; upper side, surface; height, ridge, top; hinder part, rear; kind of Stotra (consisting of several Sâmans and employed at the midday libation): lc. at the back, in or from the rear, behind (g.); -m dâ, bow deeply; e-na yâ, ride upon (g.); e-na vah, carry on the back.
pṛṣṭa pp. (√ prakh) asked, question ed, interrogated; demanded, etc.: -prativak ana, n. answering a question; -vat, pp. act. (he) asked or questioned; -½abhidhâyin, a. answering when asked, always ready with a reply.
paiṅgala m. pat. fr. Pi&ndot;gala; n. treatise composed by Pi&ndot;gala; -ya, n. tawny colour.
peya fp. to be drunk or imbibed; drinkable; that can be tasted; delectable to (e. g. the ear); m. libation; n. drinking, draught (--°ree;, V.); drink.
paiśāca a. (î) relating or peculiar to the Pisâkas; belonging to the goblins, demon-like.
paitra a. (î) relating or sacred to the Manes.
paitta a. (î) relating to gall, bilious; i-ka, a. id.; having a bilious temperament.
paitṛmedhika a. relating to the sacrifice to the Manes; -yagñ-ika, -yagñ îya, a. id.; -shvas-eya, a. (î) descended from a father's sister; m. son of a paternal aunt.
paitṛka a. (î) paternal; ancestral; relating or sacred to the Manes; n. paternal house; father's temperament; rite sacred to the Manes.
paitāputrīya a. relating to father and son; -maha, a. (î) relating to or inherited from the grandfather; belonging or relating to Brahman; m. son of Brahman.
poṣaka a. nourishing, breeding, rearing; m. nourisher, breeder; -ana, a. cherishing, favouring (--°ree;); n. nurture, maintenance, cultivation (of trees, of the senses); -anîya, fp. to be nourished; -ayitnú, a. causing to thrive (ac.); -ayishnú, a. beneficial; -i-tri, m. nourisher, breeder; -in, a. rearing, bringing up (--°ree;); -u-ka, a. thriving; -tri, m. nourisher, bringer up; -ya, fp. thriving, well-fed; abundant; causing prosperity; to be nourished: -putraka, m. adopted son.
potrīya a. belonging or relating to the Potri.
pauraṃdara a. (î) belonging or relating to Puramdara, i. e. Indra.
paunarbhava a. connected with a remarried woman; m. son of a remarried woman; -bhavika, a. (î) relating to a second birth; -vasava, a. relating to the physician Punarvasu: w. yuvan, m. student of medicine; -vâkika, a. pleonastic, redundant.
pautra a. (î) relating to or proceeding from a son or children; m. son of a son, grandson: -ka, m. id.
pauloma a. relating to or treating of Pulomâ; m. pl. a class of demons: î, f. pat. of the wife of Indra: -vallabha, m. lover of Paulomî, ep. of Indra.
paurvāparya n. relation between prior and posterior, succession; -½ahn-ika, a. (î) relating to the forenoon.
paurvaka a. derived from ancestors, inherited; ancient; -kâl-ya, n. priority; -deh-ika (or -daih-ika), a. relating to or derived from a former existence; performed in a former life.
paurtika a. relating to a charitable or meritorious work.
paurṇamāsa a. (&isharp;) belonging or relating to or offered at full-moon; m. n. full-moon sacrifice; n. day of full-moon: î, f. night or day of full-moon.
pauruhūta a. relating to Puru hûta or Indra.
pauruṣya a. relating to Purusha; n. manly deed, valour.
pauruṣeya a. (î) made by, derived from or relating to men; derived from the soul; n. human effort: -tva, n. human origin.
pauruṣa a. (î) human; manly; belonging or relating to Purusha; m. man's load; n. manhood; manliness; manly cour age, vigour, or deed, valour, prowess; force (opp. intellect); length of a man; generation; membrum virile.
paurāṇa a. (î) relating to past ages, ancient: i-ka, a. (î) id.; versed in ancient story.
prakara m. (scattered) heap, quantity, plenty: î, f. kind of song; short interlude (in a drama); -karana, n. production, creation; treatment, discussion, exposition; subject of discussion, topic; section, chapter; special treatise, monograph; kind of drama (in which the plot is invented by the poet): asminn eva prakarane, in regard to this very point, in this connection; na ka prakaranam vetsi, nor do you know what the point in question is: -tas, ad. on a suitable occasion, -tva, n. condition of discussing (--°ree;); -kartavya, fp. to be prepared; to be displayed or cherished; to be appointed to (lc.); -kartri, m. one who causes or occasions; -karsha, m. (preference, advantage), excellence, superiority, pre-eminence; intensity, excess; predominance; --°ree; a. consisting for the most part in: in., ab., °ree;--, highly, strongly, thoroughly; -karshana, m. troubler;n. drawing off; protrusion; extension, long duration; -karsha-vat, a. excellent; --°ree;, distinguished or pre-eminent in; -kalpanâ, f. allotment; -kalp-ita, pp. fitted, arranged, placed; -kalp-ya, to be allotted or settled; -kâ&ndot;kshâ, f. appetite; -kânda, m. n. trunk of a tree (between the root and branches); minor section in a book; --°ree;=pre-eminent, excellent; -kâmá, m. delight, voluptuousness: pl. objects of desire: -m, -tas, or°ree;--, ad. with delight, willingly; according to desire, sufficiently; in very deed; -kâra, m. kind, sort, species; way, manner; --°ree; a. of the nature of, -like: kena prakârena, in what way? how? prakâraih, in one way or another; râmâyanasya bhâratasya vâ pra kârah, a kind of Râmâyana or Mahâbhârata; -kâra-ka, a. (--°ree;) of the nature of, -like; -kâra-tâ, f. speciality; -kâra-vat, a. belonging to a species; -kârya, fp. to be exhibited; -kâlana, a. driving on; m. N. of a Nâga.
prakṛṣṭa pp. (√ krish) extended, long (road); distinguished: -tva, n. excellence; -ketá, m. (V.) perception, intelligence, understanding; knower; -kopa, m. raging (of war, disease); turbulence, tumult, insurrection; anger, rage (ord. mg.): -m -kri, be angry with (g.); -kopana (or na), a. (î) exciting, arousing (--°ree;); n. irritation; provoking, exasperating; -kopita, cs. pp. (√ kup) provoked, enraged; -koshtha, m. fore-arm (ord. mg.); space near the gate of a palace; court of a palace (Pr.).
prakṛti f. (putting before, what is presupposed), original or natural form or condition (opp. vi-kriti, derivative form); nature, constitution, disposition, temper; fundamental form, pattern, standard, rule (sp. damental form, pattern, standard, rule (sp. in ritual); nature (opp. spirit: ph.): pl. material elements (rare); primary constituents of nature (from which all else is evolved: there are eight: avyakta, mahat, ahamkâra, and the five elements: ph.); constituent elements of the state (in politics: there are seven: king, minister, fortress, territory or subjects, treasure, army, and ally; kings primarily (of these there are four) and secondarily (of these there are eight) concerned in a war (each of these twelve having five prakritis in the form of minister, territory, fortress, treasure, army); constituent elements of a king's own state (exclusive of himself); ministers; subjects, citizens; sg. root, base (gr.): °ree;-or in. by nature, originally, properly; in the original state, unchanged: -ka, a. (--°ree;) id.; kripana, a. naturally feeble in discriminating between (lc.); -ga, a.innate; -purusha, m. nature and spirit (du.); minister; -bhâva, m. original or unmodified state; -mandala, n. whole circle of subjects, entire territory; -mat, a. having or being in the original, natural, or usual condition orform; -sampanna, pp. endowed with a noble nature; -subhaga, a. naturally beautiful; -stha, a. being in the natural state or condition, natural, genuine, normal; healthy; being in good circumstances.
prakīrtana n. proclaiming, announcing: â, f. mention; -kîrti, f. celebration, praise; -kuñka, m. a measure of capacity equal to about a handful; -krita, pp. √ kri: -tva, n. state of being in question.
prakāśa a. shining (out), clear, bright; manifest, open, visible, public; produced or occasioned by (--°ree;); generally known, renowned, for (in. or --°ree;), in (--°ree;); having the appearance of, resembling, like (--°ree;): -m or °ree;--, ad. openly, publicly; aloud (dr.); m. lustre, splendour, light (often --°ree; in titles of exegetical works); manifestation; renown; open place, open air; publicity: ab. manifestly, certainly; lc. publicly, openly; aloud; -kâsa-ka, a. (ikâ) clear, bright, shining; generally known, renowned; illuminating; making clear, explaining; expressing, designating; m. illuminator, sun; -kâsa-tâ, f. brightness, lustre; renown; publicity: -m gam, become known; -kâsa-tva, n. manifestation, appearance, renown; -kâsa-devî, f. N.; -kâs-ana, a. illuminating; n. illumination; allowing to appear, manifestation; -kâsa-nârî, f. public woman, prostitute; -kâs-anîya, fp. to be illuminated; -kâs-ayi tavya, fp. to be made clear or evident; to be manifested; -kâsa½âtma-ka-tva, n. luminousness; -kâsa½âtman, a. whose nature is light, luminous; -kâs-i-tâ, f.brightness, light; -kâs-i-tva, n. id.; -kâs-in, a. bright, shining; bringing to light (g.); -kâsî-karana, n. illumination; -kâsî-kri, illuminate; pub lish; -kâsî-bhâva, m. becoming light, dawn; -kâsa½itara, a. reverse of manifest, invisible; -kâs-ya, fp. to be brought to light or manifested: -tâ, f. publicity.
pragama m. first advance of love in courtship; -gardhín, a. hastening onwards (RV.); -galbha, 1. den. Â. be courageous or resolute; be capable of (lc.), be able to (inf.); 2. a. bold, intrepid, resolute, confident; mature (age): -kulâla, m. dexterous potter, -tâ, f. boldness, confidence; -gâthá, m. kind of three-verse stanza (combination of a Brihatî or Kakubh with a Satobrihatî); N. of a Rishi; -guna, a. right, correct (road); being in good order, efficient; excellent; gunaya, den. P. put in order; manifest, show: pp. ita, put in order, properly arranged; -guna-rakanâ, f. putting in proper order; -gunin, a. kind towards (lc.); -gunî kri, put in proper order, arrange; render amenable to (lc.); -grihîta-pada, a. having the words pronounced separately (i. e. with out Sandhi); -grihya, fp. (to be) pronounced separately, not liable to the rules of Sandhi (vowel).
prakṣapaṇa n. destruction; -kshaya, m. id. ruin, end; -ksharana, n. flowing; -kshâlaka, a. washing; m. washer;-kshâlana, a. performing frequent ablutions; -kshâlana, a. performing frequentablutions; n. washing, -off, cleansing, purifying; water for washing; means of purifying; -kshîna, pp. √ kshi; -kshepa, m. cast, throw; throwing or scattering upon; setting down (of the feet, pāda-, pl.=steps); interpolation; sum deposited by each member of a commercial company; -kshepana, n. sprinkling or pouring upon; throwing into, -upon (--°ree;); fixing (of a price, --°ree;); -kshepin, a throwing or placing upon (--°ree;); -ksheptavya, pp. to be thrown into (lc.); -thrown or scattered on (lc.); -kshepya, pp. to be put on (ornament).
prakrama m. stride (Br., S.); C.: beginning (also S.); proportion, measure; right sequence of words, grammatical construction; -kramana, n. striding forward; advancing towards (--°ree;); going forth;-krama-bha&ndot;ga, m. violation of grammatical construction; -krânta, pp. √ kram; n. setting out, departure: -tva, n. state of being meant; -kriyâ, f. procedure, method, manner; ceremony; formality; privilege, prerogative, precedence, high position (ord. mg.); insignia of high rank; characterization; chapter; -krîdá, m. sport; playground; -krîdín, a. playing, gambolling (RV.1).
pracaya m. [√ ki] picking, gathering; accumulation, collection, quantity, multitude; -kayana, n. collecting; -kaya-svara, m. accumulated tone (i. e. tone occurring in a series of syllables), tone of the unaccented syllables following a Svarita; -karana, n. setting to work: &isharp;, f. kind of supplementary wooden ladle (rit.); -karanîya, fp. being in actual use (Br., S.); -karitavya, fp. n. imps. one should set to work;-kala, a. moving, tremulous, shaking; -kalana, n trembling, swaying; fleeing; -kalâyita, (den. pp.), n. nodding while asleep (âsîna-, -in a sitting posture); -kalita, pp. set out, departed, etc.; -kâra, m. walking about, ranging; going in pursuit of (--°ree;); showing oneself, manifestation, appearance; application, employment; currency; conduct, behaviour; pasture-ground; exercising-ground; -kârana, n. scattering; -kârin, a. going about; attaching oneself to (lc., --°ree;); acting, behaving; -kita, pp. (√ ki), pronounced with the Prakaya tone; -kura, a. abundant, ample, much, many, frequent; --°ree;, abounding in, replete with: -gaha&ntod;a,a. having abundance of impervious passages, -tva, n. abundance of (--°ree;), -ratna-dhana½â gama, a. having a large income of gems and money; -kurī-bhû, grow in extent; -kritta- sikha, a. having loosened braids orflowing hair; (á)-ketas, a. heedful, intelligent, wise (V.); m. (C.), ep. of Varuna; N.; -kodana, n. instigation, incitement; command; -kodin, a. driving before one (--°ree;).
prajāpati m. lord of creatures; genius presiding over procreation, protector of life; Creator, N. of a supreme being above the Vedic gods; this epithet is in the post-Vedic period applied to various holy men regarded as demiurgic beings; Time (personified); planet Mars; N.: -yagña, m. sacrifice to Pragâpati=procreation of children prescribed by law; -loká, m. Pragâpati's world.
prajādāna n. procreation of children; -dvâra, n. gate of progeny, ep. of the sun; -dhara, a. maintaining creatures (Vishnu); -½adhyaksha, m. surveyor of creatures, ep. of the sun, Daksha, etc.; -nâtha, m. lord of creatures, ep. of Brahman, Manu, and Daksha; protector of the people, king, prince; -½antaka, m. destroyer of creatures, Yama.
prajāti f. procreation, parturition, propagation, birth; procreative energy: -kâ ma, a. desirous of propagation; -mat, a. (verse) containing words relating to procreation.
prajāgupti f. protection of sub jects; -ghnî, f. of -han; -kandra, m. moon to his subjects (honorific epithet of a prince); -tantu, m. continuation of a family, progeny.
prajā f. procreation, propagation, birth; offspring, progeny, family, descendants; creature; folk, people, subjects (of a prince): -kâma, a. desirous of offspring; m. desire of offspring.
prajana m. (n.) procreation, impregnation; parturition; m. procreator; -gánana, a. generating, procreative; n. impregnation; parturition, procreation; birth, propagation; production, of (--°ree;); genital member; progeny, children; -gaya, m. victory; -galpa, m. conversation; prattle; -galpana, n. speaking, talking; -gavá, m. haste, speed; -gav ana, a. running very fast; -gavin, a. hurry ing, running fast, quick;-gas, a. --°ree;=pragâ, progeny; -gahitá, pp. given up, abandoned.
prajñā f. information; discrimina tion, judgment, intelligence, understanding; wisdom, knowledge; purpose, resolve: -gup ta, pp. protected by wisdom; -kakshus, n. eye of understanding; a. seeing with the eye of understanding; having understanding in place of eyes, blind; -½âdhya, m. (rich in wisdom), N.
prajña a. intelligent; knowing, acquainted with (--°ree;): (á)-tâ, f. knowledge; -gñapti, f. instruction, information; kind of magic art personified: -kausika, m. N. of a teacher familiar with this art.
prajeśa m. lord of creatures, Creator; genius presiding over procreation; lord of the people, prince, king; -½îsvara, m. id.; -½îhâ, f. desire of offspring.
praṇāḍikā f. channel: in. in directly; by means of (--°ree;); -nâdî, f. id.; -nâda, m. loud noise, shout, yell, roar, cry, neigh, etc.; tingling in the ear; -nâma, m. bow, obeisance, reverent salutation (--°ree; with the object): bhuvi or bhûmau --, bow down to the ground; -nâmin, a. (--°ree;) bowing down before, worshipping; -nâyaka, m. commander (of an army); -nâyya, fp. suitable, worthy (pupil); -nâla, m. row, series (?): î, f. chan nel, watercourse; mediation, means; -nâl ikâ, f. channel, conduit; means: in. in directly; by means of; -nâsa, m. extinction, cessation, disappearance, loss; decease, death; -nâsana, a. (î) causing to cease, destroying, removing; n. destruction; -nâsin, a. destroy ing, removing (only --°ree; f. and at the end of a kemistich).
paulastya a. relating to or descended from Pulasti or Pulastya; m. pat. descendant of Pulasti or Pulastya, ep. of Kubera and of Râvana; moon.
praṇaya m. leader; guidance; mani festation, display; confidence, in (lc.); friendly regard; familiarity; affection, love; fond attachment (of lovers), display of affection; desire, longing, for (lc.): in., ab., °ree;--, and pranaya½upetam, ad. confidently, fearlessly; unreservedly, without ceremony: -kalaha, m. friendly quarrel; -nayana, n. bringing, fetching; means or vessel for fetching; mani festation, display; adduction; wielding (a weapon), infliction of punishment (danda); establishing, founding; performance, execu tion; composition (of, --°ree;); satisfying, satiat ing (--°ree;); -naya-bha&ndot;ga, m. breach of con fidence; -naya-vat,a. acting without re serve or ceremony, unaffected; tenderly at tached to (lc. or --°ree;); addicted to (--°ree;); -nay i-kriyâ, f. friendly service; -nayi-tâ, f. love, affection (for, lc.); desire, longing (for, g. or --°ree;); -nay-in,a. beloved, dear (to, g.); ten derly attached, affectionate, loving; fond of, liking, devoted to, longing for (in. or --°ree;); frequenting, dwelling or being in (--°ree;); aim ing at, having in view (--°ree;); combined orprovided with (--°ree;); m. favourite, dear friend; lover, husband: -î, f. mistress, wife; -nayî kri, attach closely: pp. connected with (in. or --°ree;); -nayî-bhû, again become attached to (lc.).
praṇakha n. (?) tip of the nail; -nata, pp. bowing etc.; -nati, f. bow, reverential salutation, obeisance (with g., lc., or --°ree; of the object); (á)-napât, m. great-grandson; -nap tri, m. id.; -namana, n.bowing down be fore (g. or --°ree;).
prati ad. with verbs and °ree;-- with nouns, against, counter; back, in return; with nouns also=every; prp. 1. with (usually preceding) ac. against, towards, to, upon, in the direction of; before, in the presence or the eyes of; about, near, on, in, at; at the time of, about; through, for (of time); from (protect); compared with; in favour of, for; concerning, in regard to, on account of, through; for, as (with predicative ac., e. g. take for, regard as); according to, by; in or at every; 2. with ab. at the time of, about (only RV.); 3. with g. concerning, with regard to; °ree;-in ad. cpds. towards; at the time of, about; according to; in or at every;âtmânam prati, to oneself (speak); kiram --, for a long time; bhrisam --, repeatedly; mâm --, in my opinion, to my mind; varsham --, every year; na bubhukshitam prati bhâti kim kit, to a hungry man nothing is of any ac count; mâm prati aranyavat pratibhâti, to me seems like a (lonely) forest.
prataṅkam abs. gliding, creeping; -tata, n. (?) high bank; -tatâmaha, m. great grandfather; -tanu, a. very fine, delicate, narrow, slender, thin, emaciated, small, or in significant: -ka, a. very delicate; -tapana, n. warming; -tapta, pp.; n. (?) purified gold; -taptri, m. burner, scorcher; -tam&asharp;m, (spv. ac. f.) ad. especially; -tara, m. crossing over (--°ree;); -tárana, a. (î) furthering, pro moting, increasing;n. crossing over; -tarám, -tar&asharp;m, (cpv. ac.) ad. further, still more; in future; -tarka, m. inference, supposition; -tarkya, fp. conceivable; -tardana, a. de stroying; (á)-tavas, a. vigorous, powerful; -tâná, m. tendril; plant with tendrils, climb ing plant: -vat, a. having tendrils; rami fied; -tânita, pp. treated diffusely; -tâpa, m. heat; splendour; majesty, dignity, su periority (often compared with the heat of the sun); vigour, power, energy; N.; -tâpana, a. making it hot for any one, pressing hard on, harassing, afflicting; n. heating; -tâpa pâla, m. N.; -tâpa-pura, n. N. of a city; -tâpa-vat, a. full of dignity, powerful, ma jestic, glorious (of persons); -tâpa-sîla, m. N. of a prince; -tâpa½âditya, m. Sun of Majesty, N. and ep. of various princes; -tâp itri, m. nm. used as 3 sg. ft. of cs. of pra tap; -tâpin, a. hot, burning, scorching; making it hot for any one, harassing, afflict ing; glorious, majestic; conferring dignity; -tâmra, a. extremely red; -târa, m. crossing over (g.): -ka, a. deceiving, cheating; m. cheat; -târana, n. taking across (water); crossing over (g. or --°ree;)=-tarana; deceiving, cheating: â, f. cheating, fraud; -târanîya, fp. to be deceived or cheated; -târayitri, m. promoter, increaser.
praṇidhāna n. application, em ployment; exertion, endeavour; respectful behaviour, towards (lc.); submission to the will of (--°ree;); profound meditation; vehement desire (B.); vow (B.);-nidhâyin, a. em ploying (emissaries); -nidhi, m. spying; sending out (of emissaries); request; spy, emissary; -nidhî-bhû, become a spy in the service of (--°ree;); -nidheya, fp. to be applied; to be sent out as a spy;-nipatana, n. falling down before any one, prostration; -nipâta, m. prostration, reverent salutation; humble submission to (g.); -nipâtin, a. prostrating oneself, submitting; -n&isharp;, m. leader; (á)-nîta, pp. √ nî: â,f. pl. water fetched (on the morning of the rite), holy water: -karu, m. pot for the holy water, -pranáyana, n. vessel for fetching the holy water; (á)-nîti, f. guidance; leading away.
pratikrama m. inverse order; -krámana, n. striding hither and thither; going to confession (B.); -kriyâ, f. requital (of good or evil: --°ree; with object; --°ree;, g., or lc. of person); compensation; resistance; counteraction, remedy, help; venting (of anger); adornment (of the person): --°ree; a. (a) warding off, repelling; -krodha, m. anger in return.
pratikṛta (pp.) n. requital, re taliation; resistance; -kriti, f. resistance; counterfeit, image, likeness: -rakanâ, f. painting of a likeness.
pratikañcuka m. man armoured against all assaults, obstinate adversary; -kantham, ad. singly, one by one; -kara, a. (î) counteracting (--°ree;); m. compensation (--°ree;); -karkasa, a. equally hard with, of the same hardness as (--°ree;); -kartavya, fp. to be re quited (of good or evil); to be repaid to (g.); to be done by way of compensation; to be paid back (debt); to be opposed or counter acted; n. (impl.) one should requite (d., lc.); -repay as a debt to (d.); -counteract any one (g.); -give medical aid to (g.); -kartri, m. requiter; opponent; -karma, ad. for every act; at every rite or celebration; -karman, n. requital; corresponding action (--°ree;); counter action; (medical) treatment; personal adorn ment; -karsha, m. combination; -kâ&ndot;k shin, a. desiring (--°ree;); -kâmám, ad. accord ing to wish, at pleasure; -kâmin, a. dis agreeable; -kâminî, f. female rival; -kâya, m. (counter body), adversary; -kâra, m. re quital (of good or evil), compensation for (--°ree;); counteraction, employment of remedies; alleviation, remedy: -karman, n.opposition, resistance, -vidhâna, n. medical treatment; -kârin, a. obviating, counteracting (--°ree;); -kâr ya, n. reward (to, g.); -kitava, m. adver sary at play; -kuñgara, m. hostile elephant.
pratipakṣa m. opposite side; opposition, hostile party; opponent, adver sary; rival (in, --°ree;); --°ree; a. rivalling: -gan man, a. produced by enemies, -tâ, f., -tva, n. opposition, hostility; -pakshita,pp. op posed, contradictory; -pakshin, m. opponent, adversary; -paná, m. exchange; counter stake (in play); -pattavya, fp. to be ob tained or received; -given (answer); comprehended or understood; n. impl. one should behave; one should assume or lay down; -patti, f. obtainment, acquirement; perception, comprehension; understanding, intelligence; supposition, view, assertion; admission; giving, bestowal on any one (lc. or --°ree;); causing; taking in hand (--°ree;); enter prise, procedure, action, in or with (g. or lc.); respectful behaviour, mark of respect, honour; confidence, assurance, determination; re source, means for (lc.), expedient against (g.); high rank, dominion, rule; conclusion; ta tra kâ pratipattih syât, what is to be done in that case? kâ tasya pratipattih, what is to be done with it? pratipattim dâ, show honour: -daksha, a. resourceful; -pûrva kam,ad. respectfully; -pradâna, n. showing of honour; -mat, a. intelligent, resourceful.
prauga n. fore-part of the shafts of a vehicle; triangle; m. n. N. of the second Sastra in the morning libation.
praticakṣaṇa n. looking at, beholding; appearance; making visible; -kákshya, fp. visible; -kandra, m. mock moon; -kikîrsh, des. a. (nm. -kikîh), wish ing to requite or avenge anything (lc.);-kikîrshâ, f. desire to requite or retaliate on (ac. or g.); -kikîrshu, des. a. wishing to requite (ac.); -kintanîya, fp. to be pon dered anew; -kkhanda, m. image, likeness (--°ree;=-like): -ka, m. likeness; substitute; -kkhâyâ,f. likeness, image; -kkhâyikâ, f. image, phantom; -ganá, m. adversary; -ga nam, ad. in every one; -ganman, n. rebirth; -gâgarana, n. watching (g.); -gihîrshu, des. a. desirous of requiting (ac.); -gîvana, n., -gîvita, (pp.) n. resuscitation.
pratikṣaṇam ad. every mo ment or instant, continually; -kshapam, ad. every night; -kshipta-tva, n. repudiation, rejection; -kshetra, n. spot, place: lc. in the place of (g.); -kshepa, m. contest; combat ing (--°ree;); rejection; -kshepana, n. combating (--°ree;); -kshonibhrit, m. opposition king.
pra ad. (with verbs) before; forward, onward, on, forth; °ree;-with nouns, fore-; great(in relationship); °ree;-with a. exceedingly, very.
pratinagaram ad. in every town; -nadi, ad. at every river; -nándana, n. greeting; grateful acceptance; -namas kâra, a. returning a reverential salutation; -nava, a. new, young, fresh, recent; -nâga, m. hostile elephant; -nâdî, f. branch-vein; -nâda, m. echo; -nâma, ad. by name: -grah anam, n. ad. mentioning each individual name; (práti)-nâman, a. related in name; -nâyaka, m. opposing hero (in a play); -nârî, f. female rival; -nidhâtavya, fp. to be substituted; -nidhâpayitavya, fp. to be caused to be substituted; -nidhi, m. substi tution; substitute; image, likeness; counter part of (--°ree;); -nidhî-kri, substitute anything (ac.) for (--°ree;); -nidheya, fp. to be substi tuted; -nipâta, m. falling down; -niyama, m. rule for each particular case; -nirdesa, m. reference back to, renewed mention of (g.): -ka, a. referring back to; -nirdesya, fp.referred to again; -niryâtana, n. restor ation, restitution; -nivartana, n. return; -nivârana, n. keeping off; -nivritti, f. re turn; -nisam, ad. every night; -niskaya, m. opposing opinion; -nishtha, a. standing on the oppositeside; -nripati, m. rival king; -noda, m. repulse; -nyâyám, ad. in reverse order; -nyâsa, m. counter deposit.
pratijñāntara n. change of the proposition in an argument; -paripâl ana, n. adherence to a promise, keeping one's word; -pûrvakam, ad. beginning with the prosecution; -virodha, m.contradiction between proposition and argument; -sam nyâsa, m. abandonment of one's own pro position after hearing the argument of one's opponent; -hâni, f. abandonment of a pro position in a disputation.
pratiprajñāti f. discrimina tion, ascertainment; -pranavam, ad. at every &open;om;&close; -pranava-samyukta, pp. accompanied with &open;om&close; on each occasion; -pranâma, m.counter-bow, salutation in return; -pratí, a. (m. n.) forming a counterpart, counterbalanc ing, a match for (ac.); -pratîka, °ree;-or -m, ad. at every initial word; on every part of the body; -pradâna, n. giving back, restitu tion; bestowal in marriage; -prabhâ, f. pl. reflexion (of fire); -prabhâtam, ad. every morning; -prayavana, n. repeated mixing; -prayâna, n. return; -prasna, m. counter question, answer; -prasava, m. counter pre cept, annulment of a prohibition regarding (--°ree;); return to the original state; -prasa vam, ad. at every birth; -prasthâtrí, m. priest assisting the Adhvaryu; -prasth&asharp;na, n. office of the Pratiprasthâtri; -prahâra, m.counter blow, stroke in return; -prâni, ad. in or for every living being; -prâbhrita, n. counter present; -prâsthânika, a. relat ing to the office of the Pratiprasthâtri.
pratipuṃniyata pp. specially meant for every soul; -purusha, m. similar man, representative; companion; doll; °ree;-or -m, ad. man for man, for each man; for every soul; -pustaka, n. copy of an original manuscript, transcript; -pûgaka, a. honour ing (--°ree; or g.); -pûgana, n. doing honour to (g.); -pûgâ, f. id. (with g. or lc.); -pûgya, fp. to be honoured; -pûrana, n. filling, oc cupation of (g.); being filled with (in.); stoppage, obstruction; -prishthâ, f. each side of a leaf.
pratipitsā f. desire to obtain, striving after; -pitsu, des. a. desiring to obtain, striving after (ac. or --°ree;); wishing to learn (ac.); -pipâdayishâ, f. desire to pro pound or discuss (ac.); -pipâdayishu, des. a. being about to propound, discuss, or ex plain; -pîdana, n. devastation, of (--°ree;).
pratipāṇa a. bartering; m. counter stake; revenge at play; -pâtram, ad. in or on every part (in a play); -pâdaka, a. (ikâ) giving, bestowing (--°ree;); discussing, treating of, teaching; explanatory, illustrative; -pâd ana, n. causing to attain (--°ree;); giving, be stowal, on (lc. or --°ree;); giving back, return ing; bringing back; inauguration in (--°ree;); producing, causing; setting forth, treating of, propounding, illustrating, teaching; com mencement; -pâdanîya, fp. to be given, in marriage (Pr.); to be propounded, dis cussed or treated of; -pâdapam, ad. in every tree; -pâdam, ad. in every verse (pâda); -pâdayitavya, fp. to be bestowed or pre sented; -pâdayitri, m. bestower, on (lc.); propounder, teacher; -pâdukâ, f. pedestal; -pâdya, fp. to be propounded, explained, or discussed; under discussion; -pâna, n. drink ing; drinking water; -pâpa, a.bad in return, requiting any one (lc.) with evil; -pâlana, n. watching, guarding, protection; rearing, nurture (of animals); keeping, observance, maintenance, of (g. or --°ree;); expectation (Pr.); -pâlanîya or -pâlayitavya,fp. to be ex pected or waited for; -pâlin, a. guarding, protecting; -pâlya, fp. to be protected or guarded; to be waited for.
puraṃdhi a. spirited; f. sg. and pl. high spirit, enthusiasm, exaltation.
pauṣya a. relating to the asterism Pushya.
pauṣpa a. (î) coming from or made of flowers; -ketava, a. relating to the god of love (Pushpa-ketu).
pratiyatna m. trouble bestowed upon anything, elaboration, preparation, manufacture; -yâtana, n. requital: â, f. image, figure, statue (of a god); -yâna, n. return; -yâmini, ad. every night; -yâyin,a. going against, attacking; -yuddha, n. counter-contest, fight in return; -yuvati, f. female rival, concubine; -yuvam, ad. to wards the youth; -yoga, m. opposition, re sistance: in. pl. by remedies or antidotes; -yogam, ad.rule by rule; -yogika, a. cor relative, contrasting with (--°ree;): -tva, n. corre lativeness; -yog-in, a. correlative, contrast ing; m. opponent, adversary: (-i)-tâ, f., (-i) tva, n. correlation, contrast; -yogayitavya, fp. to be strung or the strings of which are to be tuned (lute); -yoddhavya, fp. to be fought against in return; -yoddhri, m. combatant; well-matched adversary; -yodha, m. combat ant, antagonist; -yodhana, n. combating; combat; -yodhin, m. combatant, equal an tagonist (--°ree;); -yoshit, f. female rival, con cubine.
pratibhū m. surety, for (d., g., or --°ree;); representative of=equalling; -bhû pâla, m. hostile prince: pl. every single prince; -bhûbhrit, m. hostile prince.
pauṣa a. (î) relating to the time when the moon is in the asterism Pushya; m. a month, December-January; î, f. night or day of full-moon in the month Pausha.
prativighāta m. warding off; -vitapam, ad. for every branch; -vidyam, ad. at every doctrine; -vidhâtavya, fp. to be employed; -provided against; n. impl. one should take care; -vidhâna, n.counter action, prevention, precaution against (g. or --°ree;); care or provision for (--°ree;); -vidhi, m. remedy for (--°ree;); -vidhitsâ, f. desire or in tention to counteract; -vidheya, fp. to be done against; -rejected; n. impl. one should take precautions; one should take measures against (lc.); -viparîta, pp. exactly opposite; -vibhâga, m. distribution, apportionment; -virati, ad. on each cessation or disappear ance; -visesha, m.peculiarity, particular circumstance; -viseshana, n. detailed speci fication; -visva, a. pl. all and sundry: lc. in all cases; -visha, a. containing an antidote; -vishaya, m. pl. all objects of sense: °ree;-or -m, ad. with regard to each individual object of sense; -vîta, pp. √ vyâ; -vîra, m. op ponent; equal antagonist; -vrittântam, ad. according to the saying, as they say; -vri sha, m. hostile bull; -vedam, ad. in the case of or for every Veda; -vedântam, ad. in every Upanishad; -velam, ad. at every opportunity; -vesa, a. neighbouring; aux iliary, subordinate, minor; m. neighbour; neighbouring house; -vesin, a. neighbouring; m. neighbour; -vesma, ad. in every house; -vesman, n. neighbouring house; -vesya, m. neighbour; -vaira, n. counter-hostility, re venge; -vodhavya, fp. to be carried home.
prativaktavya fp. to be replied to; to be given (answer); to be combated or disputed; to be contradicted (person); -vak ana, n. answer, reply, to (g. or --°ree;): î-kri, give as an answer, reply with (ac.); -vakas, n. answer; -vatsara, m. year; -vatsaram, ad. every year; -vaditavya, fp. to be com bated or disputed; -vanam, ad. in every forest; -vat, a. containing the word &open;prati;&close; -vanitâ, f. female rival; -varna, m. each caste: -m, ad. for every caste; -varnika, a. having a corresponding colour, similar; -var sha, °ree;-or -m, ad. every year; -vallabhâ, f. female rival, concubine; -vasati, ad. in or on every house; -vastu, n. corresponding thing, equivalent, compensation: -½upamâ, f. parallel simile (rh.); -vahni-pradakshi- nam, ad. at every circumambulation of the fire from left to right; -vâkya, n. answer; -vâk, f. yelling orbarking at (pl.); answer; -vâkita, n. answer; -vâta, m. wind blowing in front: -m, ad. against the wind; lc. to the leeward; -vâda, m. refusal, rejection; -vâd in, a. contradicting; refractory; m. oppo nent; defendant (in a lawsuit); -vârana, 1. a. warding off; n. keeping off; 2. hostile elephant; -vârttâ, f. news; -vârya, fp. to be warded off (--°ree;); -vâsaram, m. daily.
pratihatadhī a. hostilely dis posed; -hata-raya, a. whose current is im peded by (--°ree;); -hati, f. blow; rebound; -hantavya, fp. to be opposed; -hantri, m. warder off, preventer; -hartrí, m.withdrawer; destroyer; remover, preventer; a kind of priest, assistant of the Udgâtri; -harsha, m. expression of joy; -harshana, a. causing joy in return; -hasta, m. (person at one's hand), substitute, deputy, proxy: -ka,m. substitute, -tva, n. deputyship; -hastin, m. keeper of a brothel.
pratiskandha m. each shoulder: in. each on his shoulder; -sthânam, ad. in every place, everywhere; -sneha, m. incor rect for pati-sneha; -spardhin, a. vying with, rivalling, emulating; -spasá, a.spy ing, lurking; -srotas, ad. against the stream, upstream; -svana, m. pl. or °ree;--, echo; -svam, ad. each singly; -svara, m. echo.
pratiṣeddhavya fp. to be re strained; -denied; -sheddhri, m. preventer, restrainer, of (g., sts. ac. of thing); -shedha, m. prevention, determent, restrainment; pro hibition; annulment, negation; negative; refusal: -ka, a. (ikâ) keeping off, forbidding; negativing; -shedana, a. warding off; n. preventing, deterring, restraining, from (ab.); prohibition against (ab.); rejection, refuta tion; -shedanîya, fp. to be restrained or prevented; -shedhayitri, a. (trî) negativing; -shedha½akshara, n. refusal; -shedha½ât maka, a. having a negative form; -she dha½apavâda, m. annulment of a prohibition; -shedha½arthîya, a. having the meaning of a negation; -shedha½ukti, f. negative or pro hibitory expression; -shedha½upamâ, f. com parison having a negative form; -shedhya, fp. to be prevented, prohibited, or rejected; -denied; -shtambha, m.obstruction, hind rance, impediment; annulment; -shtambh in, a. impeding (--°ree;); -shthá, a. steadfast; resisting; -shthâ, f. standing still; stead fastness, stability, perseverance in (--°ree;); stand ing-place, position; repository; foundation; support; abiding-place, homestead, dwelling; pediment, foot (of men or animals); tran quillity; pre-eminence; standing, high posi tion; accession to the throne; erection of an image or Li&ndot;ga;N. of various metres: (â) kâma, a. desiring a fixed abode or high position; -shth&asharp;na, n. firm standing-place, foundation; pedestal, foot; founding of a city; N. of a town situated at the confluence of the Ganges and the Yamunâ; m. N. of a locality on the Godâvarî (the Paithana of the Greeks); -shthâpana, n. erection of an image; establishment, corroboration: â, f. counter-assertion, statement of an antithesis; -shthâpayitavya,fp. to be placed; -shth&asharp;p ya, fp. to be placed or based on (lc.); to be entrusted to (d. or lc.); -shthâsu, des. a. in tending to depart; -shthí, f. resistance; -shthita, pp. (√ sthâ) famous, celebrated; expert in (lc.):-pada, n. having verses (pâdas) containing a fixed number of sylla bles); -shthiti, f. firm stand or footing.
pratiśaṅkā f. supposition, con sidering to be (--°ree;); -satru, m. combatant, antagonist, foe; -sabda, m. echo: -ka, m. id., -ga, a. following the sound, -vat, a. echoing; -sama, m. cessation;-sayita, pp. √ sî; n. importunity; -sara, m. fracture; -sarâsana, n. adversary's bow; -sasin, m. mock moon; -sâkham, ad. for every Vedic school; -sâkhâ, f. minor branch: pl. all the Vedic schools; -sâpa, m. counter-curse; -sâsana, n. secondary authority (--°ree;); -syâya, m. cold, catarrh; -sraya, m. refuge, assistance; asylum, shelter; dwelling, abode, habitation; repository of (g.); --°ree; a. dwelling; -sravá, a. answering (V.); m.promise, word, assurance; -srava- na, n. answering; promising; assenting; -srut, f. echo; answer; -sruti, f. answer; promise; echo; -slokam, ad. at every sloka.
pratīcī f. of pratyañk; -îná, 1. a. turned or coming towards; -&isharp;na, 2. a. averted, turning the back; coming from or being be hind; turned or lying westward; imminent, future; following upon (ab.); -î-pati, m. ep. of Varuna, ocean.
pratīkṣa a. looking back (--°ree;); waiting for, expecting; considerate towards (--°ree;); -aka, a. waiting for, expecting (--°ree;); -ana, n. consideration, regard; observance, fulfilment; -anîya, fp.to be waited for or expected; -am, abs. waiting for; &asharp;, f. ex pectation; regard for (--°ree;); -in, a. waiting; waiting for, expecting (--°ree;); -ya, fp. to be expected or waited for; -kept, observed, or fulfilled; -treated with consideration, worthy.
pratihāra m. striking against any thing, contact (of the tongue); certain syl lables with which the Pratihartri strikes into the chant (in the Sâma litany); gate; janitor: î, f. female janitor; (a)-goptrî, f.female door-keeper; -pa, m. door-keeper; -bhûmi, f. site or region of the gate; office of a door keeper; -rakshî, f. female door-keeper.
pratyakṣa a. being before the eyes, evident, visible, perceptible; clear, plain, manifest; undoubted, actual, real; immediate, direct; having a clear knowledge of (g.); n. superintendence of, care for (g.); evidence, immediate perception; cognizance: -m, ad. before one's eyes or face; in the presence of (g. or --°ree;); visibly, evidently, from one's own immediate knowledge; clearly, distinctly; actually, really; immediately, directly, per sonally; ab. actually, really; immediately; in. before one's eyes, to one's face; at sight, evidently; lc. id.; °ree;--, before one's face, visibly; clearly; actually; directly, person ally: -karana, n.personal observation; -kri ta, pp. directly or personally addressed (in the second person); containing a direct invo cation; -kârin, a. moving in bodily shape before (g.); -gñâna, n. immediate know ledge; -tamât, -tam&asharp;m, ad. most evidently, immediately, or actually, etc.; -tas, ad. before one's very eyes: with √ sru, hear with one's own ears; -tâ, f. visibility: in. visibly; -tva, n. manifestness; explicitness; direct ness of perception; -darsana, n. seeing with one's own eyes, power of seeing (a god) bodily; -darsin, a. seeing or having seen anything (g.) with one's own eyes; -dris, a. seeing any thing clearly as if with one's own eyes; -drisya,fp. to be seen with one's own eyes, evident; -drishta, pp. seen with one's own eyes; -pramâ, f. correct conception gained by the evidence of the senses; -bhaksha, m. actual eating; -bhûta, pp. manifested, be come visible, appearing in bodily shape.
pratyakṣavat ad. as if it were a perfect certainty; -vidhâna, n. explicit regu lation; -vishayî-bhû, present oneself within the range of vision; -vihita, pp. expressly enjoined; -vritti, a. formed clearly or in telligibly (word); -½âgamana, n. approach in bodily form.
pratyākalita (pp.) n. counter investigation: judicial consideration as to which of the litigants is to prove his case, after the defendant has pleaded; -kshepaka, a. mocking, deriding; -khyâta,pp. rejected, refused: -tva, n. rejection; -khyâtavya, fp. to be impugned or denied; -khyâtri, m. re fuser; -khyâna, n. rebuff, rejection; refusal; combating (feelings, etc.); impugnment, de nial, disavowal; -khyâyin, a.rejecting (--°ree;); -khyeya, fp. to be repelled or rejected; curable (disease); -gati, f., -gama, m. return; -gamana, n. coming back, return, to (--°ree;); -ghâta, m. repulse; -kakshâna-ka, a. in tending to dispute anything (ac.); -kâra, m. corresponding conduct.
pratyayasarga m. intellectual creation.
pratyaya m. [going or turning to, recourse], confidence, trust, belief, faith, in (g., lc., --°ree;); conviction, certainty; proof, as certainment; assumption; solution, explana tion; conception, notion, idea; cause; ordeal; following letter (gr.); suffix (gr.): -kâraka, a. causing confidence, trustworthy; -dhâtu, m. (suffix-root), denominative base (gr.).
pratyabhighāraṇa n. repeated besprinkling of a sacrificial remnant; -gñâ, f. recognition; regaining of consciousness; -gñâna, n. recognition; counter token of re cognition; reciprocity;-gñâpana, n. causing to recognise; -gñâyamâna-tva, n. recog nition (ps.); -nandin, a. receiving grate fully (--°ree;); -bhâshin, a. speaking to (ac.); -marsa, m.: -na, n. stroking or touching (with the hand); -methana, n.mocking reply; -yoga, m. countersuit or action; -lekh ya, n. counter-document (leg.); -vâda, m. re turn salutation: -ka, a. returning any one's greeting; -vâdana, n. answer to a salutation (g.), counter greeting to (g.); -vâdayitri, m. one who returns a salutation; -skandana, n. counter-accusation.
pratyavāya m. decrease, diminu tion; reverse, contrary course, opposite con duct; unpleasantness; disadvantage; disap pointment; sin; -½avekshana, n., -½avekshâ, f. looking after, care, attention, trouble; -½avekshya, fp. to be regarded or paid at tention to; -½asta-gamana, n. setting (of the sun); -½astam, ad. with gam, set, cease; -½as tam-aya, m. cessation; -½astra, n. counter missile; -½aha, a.daily: -m, ad. every day.
pratyavarodhana n. obstruc tion; -rohá, m. coming down towards any one; descending succession; a kind of ritual verse; -rohana, n. coming down towards any one (from a seat, etc.); renewed descent (a do mestic rite in the month Mârgasîrsha); -roh am, abs. descending; -rohin, a. moving downwards, descending; -sâna, n. eating; -sita, pp. √ sâ; -skanda, m. attack, sur prise; -sthâna, n.objection; -hartos, g. inf. √ hri; -hâra, m. withdrawal; dissolution.
pratyavanejana n. renewed ablution; -bhâsa, m. appearance before any one; -marsa, m. inward contemplation of, absorption in (--°ree;); counter-conclusion, re consideration; -marsana, n.inward contem plation, reflexion; -marsa-vat, a. contempla tive, reflective; -yava, °ree;-or -m, ad. on every part of the body; for every part, singly, in detail.
pratyari m. well-matched foe, adver sary equal to (g.); -½arka, m. mock sun; -½ark ana, n. return of a salutation; -½artham, ad. with regard to anything; -½arthin, a. hostile; rivalling, vying with (--°ree;); m. opponent, ad versary, rival; defendant; (práti)-½ardhi, a. standing at the side of, equal to (g.); -½arp ana, n. re-delivery, restoration; -½arpanîya, fp. to be given back or restored; -½arshá, m. side, slope (of a hill).
pratyāśam ad. in all directions; -½âsâ, f. confidence in (--°ree;); hope, expectation.
pratyāyaka (cs.) a. [√ i] causing to know or comprehend; convincing, cre dible; -½â½ayana, 1. n. setting (of the sun); -½âyana [fr. cs. of √ i], 2. a. convincing, credible; n. elucidation, explanation, demon stration: â, f. convincing; consolation; -½âyay itavya, fp. to be elucidated or demonstrated; -½âyita, (cs. pp.) m. agent.
pratyāpatti f. turning back from evil, conversion; restoration, restitution; ex piation, sanctification; -plavana, n. leaping back; -mnâna, n. opposite or altered de signation; -mnâya, m. id.; conclusion (in a syllogism).
pratyādhāna n. place for keep ing anything; -nayana, n. fetching back again; bringing back, restoration; -neya, fp. to be made good.
pratyātāpa m. sunny spot; -½âtma, °ree;-or -m, ad. for or in every soul; singly; -½âtmaka, -½âtmika, a. belonging to oneself, severally one's own; -½âtmya, n. likeness to oneself: in. after his own image; -½âdarsa, m. incorrect for pratyâdesa; -½âdâna, n. re covery, re-acquisition; reiteration, repetition; -½âditya, 1. m. mock sun; 2. ad, towards the sun (°ree;--); -½âditsu, des. a. desirous of gaining or regaining; -½âdeya, fp. to be received; -½âdesa, m. injunction, order; repudiation, rejection; refusal; prevention, determent, (deterrent) example; casting into the shade, eclipsing.
pratyupakāra m. requital of kindness, service in return; -kârin, a. re turning a kindness; requiting (--°ree;); -kriyâ, f. requital of kindness, service in return; -desa, m. instruction in return; -panna mati, a. possessed of presence of mind: -tva, n. presence of mind; -bhoga, m. enjoyment; -mâna, n. counter-simile; -vesa, m. beset ting or besieging (any one in order to make him yield); -sthâna, n. imminence; -sthâ pana, n. (mental) realisation; -sparsana, n. renewed washing or rinsing; -hâra, m. re storation, restitution.
pratyukta pp. √ vak; n. answer: -tva, n. refutation; -½ukti, f. reply; -½uggîv ana, n. revival; resuscitation; -½uta, ad. on the contrary, rather, even; -½utkarsha, m. surpassing; -½úttabdhi, f.supporting, propping; -½uttambha, m.: -na, n. id.; -½ut tara, n. reply to an answer, rejoinder; an swer; -½uttarî-karana, n. making a reply, answer; -½uttarî-kri, answer; -½utthâna, n. rising up to meet (a guest), respectful recep tion; rising up against, hostility; -½uttheya, fp. to whom respect should be shown by rising; -½utpanna, pp. prompt, ready: -mati, a. possessed of presence of mind; m. Ready wit, N. of a fish; -½udadhi,ad. at the sea; -½udâharana, n. counter-example; -½udâ hârya, fp. to be given as a counter-example; -½udgati, f., -½udgama, m.: -na, n. going to meet, esp. as a mark of respect; -½udgaman îya, fp. suitable for the respectful reception of a guest; -½udyama, m. counter-weight, balance; -½udyamin, a. balancing; -½udyâ tri, m. assailant; -½udyâmín, a. rebellious; -½unnamana, n. rebounding.
prajñāta pp. well-known; -tavya, fp. to be known; -ti, f. information; ascertainment of the way to (g.); -trí, m. knowing the way, guide.
pratyāharaṇa n. bringing back; withdrawal or withholding from (ab.); -hâra, m. withdrawal (of troops), retreat; with holding (the senses) from (ab.); abstention from the objects of the senses;withdrawal of creation, dissolution; technical grammatical contraction to a single syllable of a series of letters or suffixes by combining the initial of the first with the final of the last: thus al, the first vowel a+the last consonant ha-l (h with the technical suffix l), designates the entire alphabet; -hârya, fp. to be received or learned, from (ab.); -hvaya, m. echo.
pratyāśraya m. shelter, abode; -srâvá, m., -sr&asharp;vana, n. answering call (ritual formula); -svâsa, m. breathing again, re covery; -svâsana, n. consolation; -samkali ta, (pp.) n. weighing side by side, pondering both sides of a question; -sa&ndot;ga, m. con nexion; proximity (--°ree;); -satti, f. immediate proximity (in time or space); analogy; cheer fulness, good humour; -sanna, pp. near, proximate, close at hand: -tâ, f. proximity; -svara, a. reflecting back.
prathamaka a. first; -kalpa, m. primary ordinance; -kalpita, pp. first in rank; -garbha, m. first pregnancy; a. f. â, pregnant for the first time; -ga or -g&asharp;, a. first-born; original; firstling; born in the first (i. e. first mentioned) wedlock; -gâta, pp. first-born; -tara, °ree;-or -m, (cpv.) ad. first; -tas, ad. first; forthwith; before, in preference to (g.); be fore, previously to (--°ree;); -darsana, n. first sight (lc. at --): -dina, n. first day of seeing any one (g.); -dugdhá, pp. just milked; -dhâra, m. (?) first drop; -nirdishta, pp. first stated or mentioned; -purusha, m. first (our third) person (gr.); -pravada, a. utter ing the first sound (child); -prasûtâ, pp. f. having calved for the first time; -bh&asharp;g, a. obtaining the first share; -yagñá, m. first sacrifice; -râtra, m. beginning of the night; -vayas-ín, a. young; -vasati, f. original or old home; -vittâ, f.first wife; -samgama, m. N.; -samâvritta, pp. only just turned to wards (lc.); -½âgâmin, a. coming or men tioned first; -½âdesa, m. initial position (of a word); -½abhidheya, n. fundamental meaning: -tâ, f. abst. n.; -½ardha, m. n. first half; -½ava ra-tva, n. higher and lower rank, seniority and juniority; -½astamita, n. recent setting of the sun; -½ahám, ad. on the first day; -½âhâra, m. first employment; -½itara, a. re verse of the first, second.
prathama spv. foremost], a. first; earliest; original; prior, pre vious, former; chief, most excellent, eminent, leading: it may often be translated by an ad.: first, for the first time; previously; just; forthwith: °ree;-or -m, ad. first, first of all, for the first time; only just; forthwith; for merly, previously: with g. before, previously to; ab. first; m. first consonant of a class, unaspirated tenuis; first (=our third) per son; personal endings of the third person; â, f. first or nominative case (including the vocative), termination of the nominative (in cluding the vocative): du. the two first cases, the terminations of the two first cases (=nm. and ac.); n. sg. coll. the first.
pratyupeya fp. to be met or treated with (in.); -½urasam, ad. against or upon the breast; -½usha, m., -½ushas, n. day break; -½ûrdhvam, ad. upwards, above (ac.); -½ûsha, m. or n. (?) dawn, daybreak; -½ûshas, n. id.; -½ûha, m. hindrance, impediment, obstacle: -kârin, a. obstructing; -½ûhana, n. suspension, cessation.
pradātavya fp. to be given or be stowed; -given in marriage; -delivered or restored; -granted; -allowed; -placed in (lc.); -dâtrí, m. giver, bestower (often --°ree; with the object, exceptionally with the reci pient); giver of a girl in marriage; imparter of, instructor in (g. or --°ree;); granter (of a wish); -d&asharp;na, n. giving, bestowal; presentation (of an offering in the fire); delivery; donation, gift; giving away a girl (g.) in marriage to (d.); utterance (of a curse); granting, vouch safing (a boon); imparting, teaching, an nouncing; declaring; application; bringing about or to pass: -vat, a. bountiful; -dâp ya, cs. fp. to be forced to give or pay (ac.); -dâya, n. gift: -ka, a. giving, bestowing, granting, imparting; -dây-in, a. id.; causing, producing: (-i)-tva, n. position of supplier of (--°ree;); -dâha, m. burning, heating with fire; destruction of (--°ree;).
pradakṣiṇit ad. in such a manner that one's right side is turned towards an object; -dakshinî-kri, turn one's right side towards (ac.), walk round (ac.) from left to right; -dakshinena, in. ad. from left to right; towards the south; -dagdhavya, fp. to be burnt; -datta, pp. (√ dâ) given up, re stored: -nayana½utsava, a. affording a feast to the eyes; -dará, m. dispersion (of an army); cleft, fissure (in the ground); -darsa, m. ap pearance (--°ree;); direction, injunction: -ka, a. showing, indicating; propounding, teaching; m. teacher; -darsana, n. appearance (often --°ree;); showing, exhibition, designation; teach ing; example: â, f. indication; -darsin, a. (--°ree;) beholding, seeing; showing, indicating; -darsya, cs. gd. having exhibited or shown; -dahana, n. burning (of earthenware).
prada a. (gnly. --°ree;) giving, granting, bestowing; yielding; furnishing; uttering, pronouncing; causing, producing; -dakshi- na, a. moving to the right; standing or being on the right; auspicious, favourable, pros perous; turning one's right hand to any one, respectful: -m kri or pra-kri, turn one's right hand towards an object as a mark of respect (ac.); °ree;-or -m, ad. towards the right, from left to right (so that the right side is towards an object, as a sign of respect); towards the south: with kri or pra-kri, turn one's right side to an object (ac.); m. n., â, f. keeping the right side towards an object, circumambula tion from left to right (the object of the honour being in the g. or °ree;--, or, when kri or dâ is used, in the d., g., or lc.): (a)-kriyâ, f. honour of right-hand circumambulation.
pauṣṇa a. (î) belonging, relating, or sacred to Pûshan; relating to the sun; n. the lunar asterism Revatî.
pradvār f. space in front of the door or gate; -dvâra, n. id.; -dvesha, m. aversion, dislike, of (g., lc., --°ree;); enmity, hatred: -na, n. hating.
pradyumna m. (Mighty), god of love; the pleasant (=kâma); intellect (=man as); N.; N. of a mtn.; N. of a river: -pura, n. N. of a city; -dyotá, m. flashing forth, radiance, light; N. of a Yaksha and of various kings; -dyotin, a. illustrating, explaining (--°ree;).
pradeya fp. to be given, bestowed, or offered, to (--°ree; or d.); -given in marriage, marriageable (f.); -imparted (news, doctrine) or taught, to (d. or --°ree;); -initiated or instructed in (lc.); m. present; -desa, m. designation, reference; determination, definition; appeal to a precedent; example; spot, place, region (often --°ree; with a part of the body); short while: -bhâg, -vartin, -stha, a. of short duration, -vat, a.occupying a place; -des- ita, cs. pp. urged, directed; -desinî, f. fore-finger; second toe; -deshtri, m. chief justice; -deha, m. unction; unguent, plaster.
pradīdhyāna pr. pt. radiant; -dîpa, m. lamp; fig.=ornament, of (--°ree;); often --°ree; in the titles of explanatory works= commentary: -ka, m., i-kâ, f. (little) lamp; small commentary; -dîpana, a.inflaming; m. kind of poison; n. kindling; -dîpâ-ya, den. Â. represent or play the part of a lamp; -dîpta, pp. kindled, blazing, burning: -½aksha, m. (flaming-eyed), N. of a Yaksha; -dîpti-mat, a. radiant, luminous; -dîrgha, a. extremely long; -dûshaka, a. defiling, polluting; -dûshana, a. deteriorating, spoiling; (á)-dripti, f. wantonness, madness.
pauṣṭika a. (î) relating to or furthering prosperity or growth; furthering (g.).
pradhyāna n. reflexion, absorp tion; -dhvamsa, m. annihilation, destruc tion; disappearance (of a disease); -dhváms ana, a. destroying; m. destroyer; -dhvams a½abhâva, m. (non-existence in consequence of annihilation), cessation of existence; -dhvamsin, a. perishable, transitory; --°ree;, de stroying.
pradhi m. [outer setting: √ dhâ], felly (of a wheel); disc (of the moon); -dhura, n. tip of the pole; -dhrishti, f. subjugation; -dhrishya, fp. assailable (--°ree;).
pradhana n. prize of the contest; contest, battle; best of one's goods, valuables: -½âghâtaka, a. setting a contest on foot, -½a&ndot;gana, n. battle-field; -dharsha, m. as sault (--°ree;); -dharsha-ka, a.(--°ree;) wronging, violating (another man's wife); -dharshana, a. attacking, molesting; n., â, f. assaulting, laying hands on, ill-treatment, molestation; -dharshanîya, fp. liable to assault, ill-treat ment, or insult.
praditsu des. a. intending to give (ac.); -div, 1. f. (nm. -dyaús) third and uppermost heaven (in which the fathers dwell); also the fifth of seven heavens; -dív, 2. a. of former days, long existing, ancient: ab. from of old, ever; -dís, f. indication, guidance, order, dominion (V.); direction, point of the compass; intermediate point, half-quarter (e.g. north-east): ac. pl. in all directions.
prabodha m. awaking; revival, re covery of consciousness; awaking=opening of flowers; manifestation, appearance (of intelligence); waking, wakefulness; know ledge, understanding, intelligence; awak ening (tr.); restoration of an evaporated scent; friendly admonition: -ka, a. awaking =causing to open or blossom; --°ree; a. (i-kâ), knowledge, understanding; -kandra, m. moon of knowledge: -½udaya, m. rise of the moon of knowledge: title of a philosophical drama; -bodhana, a. awaking, arousing; n. awaking (int.), understanding, comprehension; instructing, enlightening; wakening (tr.); -bodhita, cs. pp. aroused, awakened: -vat, pp. act. (he) aroused; -bodhin, a. awaking; -bodha½udaya, m. rise of knowledge: title of a work; -bodhya, 1. cs. gd. having in structed, explained, suggested, or called the attention; 2. fp. to be awakened.
prapitāmaha m. great grandfather; also designation of Brahman and Krishna: pl. great-grandfathers, ances tors: î, f. paternal great-grandmother; -pi trivya, m. paternal grand-uncle; -pitvá, (V.) n. going away; flight, retreat; retired spot; evening; -pitsu, des. a. desirous of plunging into (lc.); wishing to enter upon a path (ac.); -pîdana, n. pressing, squeezing; means of squeezing tumours; -purâna, a.long kept, old; -pushpita, pp. covered with blossoms, flowering; -pûraka, a. (ikâ) fulfilling, satis fying; -pûrana, a. (î) filling up (oil) and increasing (love for anything); insertion in (lc. or --°ree;); drawing of a bow;embellishment of Indra's banner; -pûrya, ps. base of √ 1. pri, be thoroughly filled or satiated; be filled to the brim.
pramaṃhiṣṭhīya n. N. of RV. I. 57 (which begins with the words &open;pra mamhishthâya&close;); (á)-mati, f. care, protection; provider, protector; -matta, pp. (√ mad) inattentive, careless, heedless, negligent, remiss: -sakiva, a. having a careless minister; -matha, m. Teazer, kind of sprite attendant on Siva; -mathana, a. (î) tor menting, harassing; destroying, removing; m. N. of a Dânava; n.destruction; -ma tha-nâtha, m. ep. of Siva; -matha½adhipa, m. id.; -mathin, a. tormenting, racking, harassing; -mada, m. pleasure, joy; a. intoxicated, wild, mad: â, f. handsome, buxom, lively woman; woman; -madana, n. joy of love; place of amusement, playground; -ma da-vana, n. pleasure-grove (of a prince); -madâ-gana, m. womankind, the female sex, woman; -madâ-vana, n. pleasure-grove of the women (of a prince); -madâ½âspada, n. harem, gynaeceum; -maditavya, fp. n. imps. one should be negligent regarding (ab.); -madvara, a. foolish; m. fool: â, f. N. of the wife of Ruru; -mánas, a. careful, tender; pleased, joyful; willing; -mantha, m. fire-drill (by the rotation of which fire is produced from wood); -manyu, a. indignant with, incensed against (lc.); very sad; -maya, m. death; -mará, m. death; -marana, n. dying, death; -mardaka, a. crushing, destroying; -mardana, a. crushing, destroying, annihi lating (g. or --°ree;); m. N. of a fairy; -mardi tri, m. crusher, destroyer; -mardin, a. crush ing, destroying (--°ree;); (á)-mahas, a. of great might.
prapakva a. inflamed (med.); -pak sha, m. tip of a wing; -pañka, m. expansion, prolixity, amplification, of (g. or --°ree;); phe nomenon; manifestation or form of (g.); phenomenal world (ph.); mutual flattery (rh.); ludicrous dialogue (dr.): in. or -tas, ad. in detail, -pañka-ka, a. (ikâ) multiply ing (--°ree;); amplifying, explaining in detail; -pañkana, n. detailed or prolix account; -pañka-buddhi, a. crafty, wily; -pañka-ya,den. describe or explain in detail; represent in a false light; -pañka-vakana, n. prolix discourse; -paná, m. trade, barter, purchase; -patana, n. flying away; falling down, from (ab. or --°ree;), into (lc. or --°ree;); -patti, f.pious resignation; (á)-patha, m. onward way, journey; road; -pathín, a. wandering; -pad, f. 1. road; 2. (prá-) fore part of the foot; (prá) pada, n. fore part or tip of the foot; -pada na, n. entry, into (--°ree;); -padam, ad. reciting in such a manner as to cut up verses into sec tions of an equal number of syllables and to interpose between them formulae contain ing the word prapadye (Br.); -panna, pp. (√ pad) reached, arrived; attained, obtained: -pâla, m. protector of suppliants (Krishna); -palâyana, n. flight; -palâyin, a. fleeing, fugitive; -p&asharp;, f. water-tank, reservoir, well; water-hut for travellers; affluent (of a tank etc.); -pâka, m.ripening (of an ulcer etc.); digestion; -pâtha: -ka, m. lesson (subsection in books); -pâni, m. fore-arm: -ka, m. id.; -pându, a. very white: -ra, a. id.; -pâta, m. kind of flight; leaping forward; hasten ing away; fall, from (ab. or --°ree;), into (lc. or --°ree;); falling out (of the hair); effusion (of semen); fall (of a glance on anything); steep declivity, precipice; -pâtana, n. felling, cast ing down; directing or causing (the eye) to alight (--°ree;);-pâna, n. drinking; -pâ-pâlikâ, -pâ-pâlî, f. female watcher of a water-tank, well, or water-hut; -pâ-mandapa, m. water hut (for travellers); -pâlaka, m. protector, guardian; -pâlana, n. guarding, protecting.
prabheda m. cutting through, pierc ing, division; opening of the temples of ele phants during rut; separation, distinction, difference; species, kind; -bhedana, a. (--°ree;) cleaving, piercing; -bhramsin,a. falling down; -bhrashta-sîla, a. of fallen character, immoral (person); -bhrâg, a. (nm. t) flaming up.
pratuda m. pecker (a class of birds); goad; -tushti, f. satisfaction: -da, a. giving pleasure to (--°ree;); -trid, a. cleaving; -todá, m. goad; -tolî, f. broad road, main street.
prabhaṅga m. breaker, crusher; crushing, destruction; -bha&ndot;gín, a. breaking, crushing, destroying; -bhañgana, a. id.; m. storm, tempest, hurricane; wind; god of wind; n. breaking; -bhadraka, a. extremely handsome; n. a metre; combination of four slokas containing a single sentence; -bhartav ya, fp. to be nourished or maintained; -(á) bhartri, m. bringer, procurer (RV.); (á) bharman, n. setting before, presenting; reci tation (of a hymn); -bhavá, a. prominent; m. origin, source, cause of existence, birthplace; a. arising or proceeding from, originating with; being in or on; -bhavitri, m. mighty one, great lord; -bhavishnu, a. mighty, pre-eminent; producing, creating; m. mighty one, master, lord, of (g., lc., --°ree;): -tâ, f. lordship, dominion; power, to (inf.); tyranny.
pramita pp. √ mâ, measure; -miti, f. correct notion; condition of being proved or established; manifestation.
pramātha m. tugging; violent ab duction (of a woman); subjugation; destruc tion; N. of a Dânava; -mâthin, a. striking off; stirring, agitating, disturbing, afflicting; m. N.; -m&asharp;da, m.intoxication; heedlessness, inattention, negligence, with regard to (--°ree;): -pâtha, m. wrong reading; -mâdin, a. heedless, careless, negligent, off one's guard; -mâpa-ka, a. proving; -mâpana, 1. (cs. √ mâ) n. form, figure; 2. (cs. √ mî) a. (î) murder ing; m. murderer; n. killing; -mâpayitri, a. leading to destruction: -tva, n. abst. n.; -mâyu, -m&asharp;yuka, a. liable to perish; -mârg aka, a. wiping off, removing; -mârgana, n.wiping away; removal.
pratyeka a. each single: °ree;-or -m, ad. singly; at, on, with, or for each singly; in connexion with each; -buddha, m. isolated Buddha (who works out his individual salvation only); -sas, ad. singly, for each single one.
pramāṇa n. measure, scale, standard; extent, size; length; distance; weight; quan tity; duration; sp. prosodical length of a vowel; measure of physical strength; prin cipal (opp. interest); right measure, stand ard, authority; rule of action; means of cor rect knowledge, evidence, proof; true con ception, correct notion: bhavatî or bha vantah pramânam, you are the authority, i. e. the decision rests with you: in this sense the word is almost exclusively used in the sg., rarely in the pl. or fem. (î); with the inf. it =person authorized to: -ka, a. --°ree;=pramâ na, measure etc., means of knowledge, proof; -koti, f. extreme of evidence=irrefragable proof; -tara, a. or n. greater authority than (ab.); -tas, ad. with respect to measure, size, weight, length, etc.; -tva, n. correct ness; -drishta, pp. accounted an authority; demonstrable; -patha, m.way of proof: -m na½ava-tri, not admit of proof; -paddha ti, f. id.; -purusha, m. arbitrator, umpire, referee.
prayas n. [√ prî] enjoyment, de light; refreshing draught, libation (of ghee): -vat, a. offering libations.
pramoka m. setting free, release; -moktavya, fp. to be released; -moksha, m. loss; release, deliverance, from (--°ree;); redemp tion; -mokana, a. (î) delivering from (--°ree;); n. shedding (of tears); freeing or delivering from (--°ree;); -modá, m. joy, delight (sts. pl.); strong perfume; N.: -ka, m. kind of rice; N.; -modana, a. delighting; n. enjoyment, hilarity; gladdening; -modita, (cs. pp. √ mud) m. ep. of Kubera;N.; -modín, a. delighting; m. kind of rice; -moda½upa-ruddha, (pp.) n. retreat of joy, harem; -mo sha, m. deprivation; -moha, m. bewilder ment: -kitta, a. bewildered in mind; -moh ana, a. (î) bewildering; -mohin, a. (--°ree;) id.
prameya fp. measurable, limited; ascertainable, demonstrable; that of which a correct notion should be formed; n. object of correct knowledge or of demonstration: -tva, n. demonstrability.
prabhā f. (shining forth), splendour, brightness, light; brilliancy, radiant beauty: often --°ree; a. (a) radiant like: -kara, m. sun; N.: du. sun and moon: -deva, m. N., -vardhana, m. N. of a prince,-varman, m. N. of a minister, -svâmin, m. N. of a temple of Vishnu; -bhâga, m. division; -bhâta, pp. (√ bhâ) begun to be light; n. dawn, daybreak: -kalpa, a. nearly grown light, approaching dawn (night), -prâya, a. id.; -bhâ-praroha, m. rising lustre, effulgence; -bhâ-mandala, n. circle or orb of light: -ka, n. id.; -bhâ maya, a. consisting of light, radiant; -bhâ lepin, a. radiant, brilliant; -bhâva, m. might; majesty; dignity; supernatural power; effi cacy; power, over (lc.); splendour: in., ab., -tas,=by means or in consequence of, through; -bhâva-ka, a. prominent, in (lc. or --°ree;); -bhâ vat, a. luminous, splendid: -î, f. N.; -bhâv ana, a. (î) creating, creative; bestowing prosperity; m. creator: â, f. promulgation (of a doctrine); -bhâvayitri, a. raising to power or dignity (ac.); -bhâva-vat, a. power ful; -bhâvita, cs. pp. id.; -bhâvin, a. id.; -bhâsha, n.declaration; doctrine; -bhâsh ana, n. explanation; -bhâshita, (pp.) n. speech; -bhâshin, a. talking, speaking; -bhâsa, m. (radiance), N. of a Vasu; N. of the son of a minister of Kandraprabha; m. n. N. of a place of pilgrimage on the west coast of the Deccan; -bhâsana, n. illumination; -bhâsura, a. of great brilliance; -bhâs-vat, a. brilliant; -bhâs-vara, a. id.
pramukti f. liberation; -mukha, a. having the face turned towards (ac.); foremost, first, chief, principal: gnly. --°ree;, having as the foremost=preceded or led by, and so forth; n. beginning (of a chapter); present time: lc. in front, opposite (w. g. or --°ree;): °ree;--, before one's face, in one's presence; -tas, ad. in front, at the head; opposite; in the presence of, before (g. or --°ree;); -múd, f. pleasure, de light; joy of love; -mudita, pp. √ mud; n. mirth, gaiety: -vat, act. pp. (he) rejoiced.
prarakṣaṇa n. protection; -rúh, a. shooting (of plants); f. shoot, sprout; -rûdha, pp. √ ruh; -rûdhi, f. shooting up; growth, in crease; -reká, m., -rékana, n. abundance; -rokana, a. (î) seductive;n. instigation; se duction; laudation; elucidation: â, f. enco mium; exciting interest by praise (rh.); painting the future in rosy colours; -roha, m. germinating, sprouting (also fig.); sprout, shoot, bud; excrescence; shoot=ray of light (--°ree;); -rohana, n. sprouting, budding, shoot ing or growing up (also fig.); sprout, shoot, bud; -rohin, a. shooting up, out of (--°ree;); producing, causing to grow (--°ree;); -rohi-sâkh in, a. the branches of which grow again.
prayāga m. Place of sacrifice: cele brated place of pilgrimage at the confluence of the Yamunâ and the Ganges; also known as a kingdom: pl. inhabitants of Prayâga; N.; -yâkaka, a. entreating (-artham); -yâkana, n. imploration; -yâgá, m. preliminary offer ing (gnly., five, sts. nine or eleven); -y&asharp;na, n. setting out, going forth, departure; march, journey; day's journey; gait; attack (--°ree;); riding on (in.); expiration of life, decease; beginning; back of a horse (where the rider sits): -ka, n. march, journey, day's march, -kâla, m. time of death, -pataha, m. march ing drum, -bha&ndot;ga, m. interruption of a journey.
pravaktavya fp. to be propounded, imparted, or taught; -vaktri, m. one who tells, imparts, or says anything (--°ree;); good speaker; teacher, propounder; originator of a story: -tva, n. condition of an instructor; -vakana, n. speaking; propounding; reciting; instruction; expression, designation; pro pounded doctrine, holy treatise, sacred scrip tures, sp. the Brâhmanas: -patu, a. skilful in speech, eloquent; -vakanîya,fp. to be propounded.
pralāpa m. prattle, chatter, idle talk; lamentation; raving, delirious talk; -lâpana, n. teaching to talk; -lâpi-tâ, f. lovers' prattle; -lâpin, a. prattling, chattering, talking (gnly. --°ree;); lamenting; delirious (fever).
pralaghu a. very small or insignificant (retinue): -tâ, f. excessive smallness; -lap ana, n. prattling, chattering; -lapita, pp. √ lap; n. prattle, chatter; lament; -lab dhavya, fp. to be made sport of, to be de ceived; -lamba, a. hanging down, pendulous; stooping; m. N. of a Daitya slain by Bala deva or Krishna: -tâ, f. pendulousness, -bâhu, a. having pendulous arms, -bhuga, a. id.; -lambin, a. pendulous; -lambha, m.obtainment; deception; -lambhana, n. taking in, deceiving; -laya, m. dissolution, destruction, death; annihilation or end of the world; setting (of stars); cause of dissolu tion; swoon: -ghana, m. cloud producing the dissolution of the world, -m-kara, a. (î) causing destruction, -tâ, f. dissolution: -m gam, be annihilated, -tva, n. id.: â-ya klip, go to ruin, -dahana, m. conflagration causing the destruction of the world, -½anta-ga, a.perishing only at the end of the world (sun).
pravilambin a. prominent; -laya, m. melting; dissolution, complete dis appearance; -lâpana, n. annihilation; -lâpayitavya, fp. to be annihilated; -lâpita-tva, n. complete annihilation; -lâpin, a.lament ing; -lâpya, fp. to be completely destroyed; -vâda, m. quarrel; -vikta, pp. √ vik; n. (?) solitude (only lc. pl.); -vikshu, des. a. being about to enter; -veka, m. complete retirement.
pravidhāna n. means employed; -bhâga, m. division, separation, classifica tion; part: -vat, a. having subdivisions.
pravigraha m. distinct separation of words euphonically combined; -ghatana, n. breaking in pieces; -kâra, m.: -nâ, f. dis tinction, species; -kintaka, a. foreseeing; -ketana, n. comprehension; -dalana, n. shattering; -dâra, m. bursting asunder.
pravarga m. large earthenware pot (used in the Pravargya ceremony); -vargyã, m. introductory ceremony of the Soma sacri fice, at which fresh milk is poured into a red-hot pot: -vat, a. connected with the Pravargya ceremony; -várgana, n. perform ance of the Pravargya rite, placing in or near the fire; -vartaka, a. (ikâ) causing to roll onward, setting in motion; promoting, insti gating; causing, producing; m.founder, author; n. entrance of a previously announced person on the stage (at the end of the intro duction); -vartana, n. advance, forward movement; emergence from (ab.); flow (of water); walking; activity; occupation with, engaging in (in., lc.); going on, proceeding, coming to pass, occurrence; procedure, be haviour; moving onward; erection, execu tion (of works); stimulation, promotion, pro duction, introduction, employment (of, g. or --°ree;): â, f. incitement to activity; -vartanî ya, fp. to be employed; -commenced; -vart ayitri, m. instigator, of (g.), to (lc.); erector, introducer; employer: -tva, n. instigation; -vartita, cs. pp.administered, dispensed; al lowed to take its course; enforced; -varti tavya, fp. n. imps. one should act; -varti tri, m. producer, bringer; one who fixes or settles; -vartin, a. issuing, streaming forth; moving forward, flowing; engaging in action; causing to flow; producing; employing; in troducing, propagating; -vartya, fp. being incited; -vardha-ka, a. (ikâ) augmenting, increasing (--°ree;); -vardhana, a. id.; -varsha, m. rain (sts. pl.):-na, n. raining; first rain; -varshin, a. raining, shedding (--°ree;); -varha, v. -barha; -valha, m. riddle; -vasathá, n. departure; separation (pl.) from (ab.); -vas ana, n. setting out on travel; dying, de cease; -vaha, a.carrying, wafting; m. one of the seven winds which set the planets in motion; one of the seven tongues of fire; reservoir for receiving water; -vahana, n. giving a girl in marriage; carriage; ship (also î, f.: --°ree; a. â): -bha&ndot;ga, m. shipwreck.
pravaṇa m. (?) slope, declivity; abyss, depth (in V. only lc. sg. and pl.1; in E. also ab. sg.); a. shelving, sloping, towards (--°ree;); prone, inclined, or devoted to (d., g., lc., inf., or --°ree;); declining, vanishing; di rected towards (--°ree;): -tâ, f. inclination or proneness to (--°ree;); -vana-vidhêyî-bhû, gladly obey (a command); -vanâyita, (den. pp.) n. proneness or inclination to (lc.); -vanî-kri, dispose favourably orincline any one (ac.); -vanî-bhû, become favourably disposed.
pravyakti f. manifestation, appear ance; -vyâdhá, m. shot, shooting distance; -vyâhâra, m. prolongation of a discourse: -m kri, address any one (g.).
praveka a. choice, chief, exquisite, most excellent of (--°ree;); -vega, m. great swift ness; -vegita, den. pp. moving rapidly; -ve- nî, f. braid of hair; coloured woollen cloth; -vetri, m. charioteer; -vettri, m. connoisseur of (--°ree;); -vedana, n. making known, pro claiming; -vedin, a. thoroughly knowing (--°ree;); -vedya, fp. to be made known; -vedha, m. shot; -vepin, a. trembling; -verita, pp. cast, hurled; -vesa, m.entrance, entry, pene tration, intrusion, into (lc., g.±antar, or --°ree;); appearance on the stage; getting into the house, coming into one's possession (e. g. of a deposit); obtrusiveness, meddlesomeness; entering into=admissibleness, applicability in (lc.); employment or utilization of (--°ree;); entrance, door: -ka, a. --°ree;, id.; m. interlude (explaining what has happened between two acts and is essential for the understanding of what follows); -vesana, n. entering, en trance or penetration into (g., lc., or --°ree;); co pulation; introduction, into (lc.); driving home (of cattle); -vesa-bhâgika, m. collector of taxes; -vesayitavya, fp. to be introduced; -vesita, cs. pp. introduced, made or allowed to enter; n. causing to appear on the stage; -vesin, a. entering, into (--°ree;); accessible through or over (--°ree;); having sexual intercourse with (--°ree;); -vesya, fp. to be entered; -played (musical instrument); -introduced; -vesh- tavya, fp. to be entered; -allowed to enter; n. imps. one should enter or penetrate into (lc.); -veshtri, m. one who enters: -tva, n. condition of --.
pravṛtti f. moving forward, ad vance, progress; appearance, manifestation, production; rise, origin; advent, setting in (of spring etc.); activity, efficacy, function; advance into, prosecution of, engaging in, ex posure of oneself to danger, predilection, pro pensity, addiction to (lc. or --°ree;); proceeding, occupation; behaviour, practice; employ ment, use, currency; applicability or validity of a grammatical rule;continuance, preva lence, continued validity; lot, fate; tidings, of (g. or --°ree;): -mat, a. devoted to a thing; -vriddha, pp. (√ vridh) grown up, great; -vriddhi, f. growth, increase; rise (of price); preferment, promotion, elevation; prosperity; -vrídh, f. growth.
praśākhā f. branch; extremity (of the body); -sâkhikâ, f. small branch, twig; -sâtana, n. breaking off; -sânta, pp. (√ sam) tranquillized, calmed, etc.: -ka, a. calm (of the mind), -tâ, f. mental calm, com posure; -sânti, f. tranquillization, appease ment, alleviation; tranquillity, calm; abate ment, cessation; extinction (of fire); de struction; mental calm, composure, quietude; -s&asharp;m, (nm. n) a. painless;-sâsaka, m. spiri tual guide; -s&asharp;sana, n. guidance, govern ment, rule; -sâsitri, m. governor, master; sovereign ruler, dictator; -sâstrí, m. spiritual guide; N. of a priest (also called Maitrâva runa), who is the first assistant of the Hotri; -sâstrá, n. office or Soma-vessel of the Prasâs tri priest; -sâsya, fp. to be ordered by (g.).
praśaṃsaka a. praising (--°ree;); -samsana, n. laudation; -samsanîya, fp. to be praised; -sams&asharp;, f. praise, eulogy, ap plause (sts. pl.); fame; -nâman, n. term of praise, -½âlâpa, m.applause, -vakana, n. laudatory remark, -½âvali, f panegyric poem; -samsin, a. praising, extolling (--°ree;); -sam sâ½upamâ, f. comparison implying praise (rh.); -samstavya, fp. praiseworthy; -sáms ya, fp. id.; better than (ab.); -sama, m. tranquillization, pacification, appeasement; composure, calm; cessation, extinction (of fire), abatement, removal (of obstacles, pain, etc.); mental calm, quietude; -samaka, a. tranquillizing, rendering innocuous (--°ree;); -sam am-kara, a. causing the cessation of (g.), disturbing; -samana, a. tranquillizing, calming, allaying, extinguishing, curing; n. tranquillization, pacification; alleviation, mitigation; healing; rendering innocuous; securing (property); -sas, f. axe, knife; -sasta, pp. (√ sams) praised, commended, etc.: -kalasa, m. N., -tva, n. excellence; -sastav ya, fp. praiseworthy; (á)-sasti, f. praise, laudation; glory; direction, guidance; bene diction expressing a desire for peace in the realm (dr.); (metrical) eulogistic inscription: -krít, a. bestowing praise, approving, -patta, m. written edict; -sásya, fp. praiseworthy, com mendable, excellent; blessed: -tâ, f. excellence.
pravrajana n. going abroad, leav ing home; -vragita, (pp.) m. religious men dicant (Brâhman in the fourth order); n. life of a religious mendicant: â, f. nun; -vragya, n. going abroad, migration, wander ing forth from home: â, f. religious mendi cancy; order of ascetics; joining the monastic (or fourth) order; -vraska, m. cut; -vrâg, m. religious mendicant, recluse; -vrâgá, m. river-bed (V.); -vrâgaka, m. religious men dicant: -strî, f. mendicant nun; -vrâgikâ, f. id.; -vrâgana, n. banishment; -vr&asharp;gin, going forth or after (--°ree;); m. religious mendi cant; -vlaya, m. collapse.
praśvasitavya fp. n. imps. one should restore or revive any one (g.) by means of (in.); -svâsa, m. inhalation.
praśnakathā f. story involving a question; -pûrvakam, -pûrvam, ad. with a preceding question, after examination.
praśna m. 1. question; interrogation (also of the stars, etc.); judicial inquiry or investigation; inquiry after (--°ree;); subject of controversy, disputed point, problem; lesson (in Vedic recitation); short section or para graph (in books): -m i, submit a question to any one (ac.) for decision; -m â-gam, id. (but lc. of person); 2. wicker-work, wicker-basket.
prasita pp. (√ si) devoted to, intent on (in. or lc.); (á)-siti, (V.) f. onward rush (of fire); onset; shot, missile; extension, sphere; duration; dominion, power; -siddha, pp. √ sidh: -tâ, f., -tva, n.notoriousness; -siddhi, f. accomplishment, success; proof; current opinion, general acceptation; publicity, no toriousness; fame, celebrity: -m utpâdya, having spread the rumour; ato me sasa&ndot;ka iti prasiddhih, therefore I am generally known as Sasa&ndot;ka: -mat, a. universally known, famous.
prasāda m. clearness (of water, the voice); brightness; perspicuity (of speech or style); radiance (of the countenance); calm ness (of mind), serenity; cheerfulness, good temper; kindness, graciousness, favour; help, aid; gracious gift; food offered to an idol; remnants of a preceptor's food (which may be eaten without scruple): -m kri, be gra cious, show favour; grant the favour of (inf. or --°ree;); -sâda-ka, a. making clear, clarifying; cheering, gladdening; -sâdana, a. (î) making clear, clarifying; n. making clear, clarification; soothing, calming, tranquillizing; rendering cheerful; gratifying; propitiation; -sâdanîya, fp. to be propitiated; -sâda-parâ&ndot;mukha, a. (î) indifferent to any one's favour; with drawing one's favour from (g.); -sâda-bhû mi, f. object of favour, favourite; -sâdayi tavya, fp. to be rendered propitious towards (upari); -sâda-vitta: -ka, a. abounding in favour, standing high in the favour of (g. or --°ree;); m. favourite; -sâda½antara, n. another mark of favour; -sâdita, cs. pp. (√ sad) pleased, propitiated, well-satisfied; -sâdin, a. bright (eye, face); clear (neetar); perspi cuous; cheering, gladdening; -sâdî-kri, grant (ac.) as a favour to (g.), graciously present; -sâdya, 1. cs. gd. having ap peased, pleased, or propitiated; 2. fp. to be propitiated; -sâdhaka, a. (ikâ) adorn ing; m. dresser, valet; f. (ikâ) lady's maid; -s&asharp;dhana, a. accomplishing; n. ac complishment; putting in order, arranging; embellishment, personal adornment, toilet; means of decoration, toilet requisites; orna ment of (--°ree;): î, f. comb; -sâdhita, pp. ac complished; decorated; -sâra, m. spreading or stretching out, extension; rising, whirling up (of dust); opening; -sârana, n. stretch ing out, extending; development; extension, diffusion, augmentation; vocalization of a semivowel (gr.); -sâranin, a. containing a semivowel liable to vocalization (gr.); -sâr ita, cs. pp. (√ sri) extended, expanded, dif fused; stretched forth, exposed for sale; -sârin, a. breaking forth, issuing from (--°ree;); stretching oneself out; extending to (--°ree;); -sârya, 1. cs. gd. having extended or put forth; 2. fp. to be vocalized (semivowel).
prasava m. 1. pressing (of Soma); 2. setting in motion, impulse; course, current; quickening power, stimulation, instigation; aid; command; acquisition; vivifier; 3. be getting, generation; conception; bringing forth, bearing; birth; delivery, confinement; augmentation; birth-place; flower, blossom; sg. & pl. offspring, progeny (--°ree;, sts.=young --): -griha, n. lying-in chamber; -savana, n. bringing forth, bearing of children; fe cundity; -sava-vedanâ, f. pangs of child birth, travail; -savitrí, m. 1. impeller, in citer, vivifier (of, g.); 2. (-tri), m. procreator, father; -savin, a. bearing, producing; -sa vya, a. (holding the left hand outtowards anything), following one's left hand, keeping one's left hand towards anything (in walking round it): -m, ad. to the left; -sáh, a. (str. st. -s&asharp;h) overpowering; -saha, a. enduring, withstanding (--°ree;); m.endurance, resistance (only --°ree;); beast or bird of prey; -sahana, n. resisting; overcoming; embracing; -sahya, 1. gd. forcibly; exceedingly; without more ado; necessarily (with na, by no means); 2. fp. conquerable;with inf. capable of being (ps. pt.): -kârin, a. acting with violence; -harana, n. forcible abduction or appro priation.
prasakala a. very full (bosom); -sakta, pp. √ sañg: °ree;-or -m, ad. incessantly; -saktavya, fp. to be attached to (lc.); -sak ti, f. attachment, devotion, or addiction to, indulgence in, occupation with (lc.), occur rence of a case; bearing, applicability; practicableness: -m pra-yâ, be practicable; -sa&ndot;ktavya, fp. to be allowed to occur; -sa&ndot;khyâ, f. sum total; consideration; -sam khyâna, n. enumeration; reflexion, medita tion; fame, reputation; -sa&ndot;ga, m. attach ment, inclination; fondness for, addiction to; indulgence in (lc. or --°ree;); gratification, of (g.); association or intercourse with (--°ree;); illicit pursuit; applicability; contingency; opening, opportunity, occasion; connexion (pl. all that is connected with or results from anything): in. assiduously, with one's whole soul; in the course of (--°ree;); occasionally, in cidentally (also ab., °ree;--, or -tas); amunâ or tat-prasa&ndot;gena, on that occasion; etat prasa&ndot;ge, on this occasion; prasa&ndot;ge ku tra½api, on a certain occasion: -vat, a. occa sional, incidental, -vinivritti, f. non-recur rence of a contingency, prevention of the re currence; -sa&ndot;gin, a. attached or devoted to (--°ree;); connected with anything; contin gent, occurring; secondary, unessential; -sag ya, fp. applicable: -tâ, f. -ness,-pratishe dha, m. negative form of an applicable (posi tive) statement: -tva, n. abst. n.; -satti, f. graciousness; favour, complacency; -sam dhâna, n. combination, union; -sanna, pp. (√ sad) clear; bright; pleased, soothed, de lighted; complacent; gracious, propitious, kindly disposed; plain (meaning); distinct (impression); correct (supposition): -tâ, f. clearness, purity; brightness; perspicuity; complacence, good humour, -tva, n.clearness, brightness, -mukha, a. of a placid counte nance, looking pleased, -salila, a. having clear water; -sabha, °ree;-or -m, ad. forcibly; violently; exceedingly, very much; importu nately: -damana, n. forcible subjugation; -sara, m. advance; diffusion, expansion, ex tension; range; issue (of smoke); free scope, ample space; motion (of the eye); appear ance, manifestation; prevalence, influence; stream, flood; multitude, quantity: -na, n. running away, escaping; coming into force; complaisance, amiability; -sárga (or á), m. gushing forth; dismissal; -sárpana, n. going forward, advancing; betaking oneself to (lc.); -sarpin, a. issuing from (--°ree;); slinking away.
nagnikā f. girl before menstruation.
prathana n. broadening, extension; place of extension (Br.); manifestation of (--°ree;; C.).
praseka m. effusion; watering of the mouth, nausea; exudation, resin; spout (of a ladle); -sekin, a. discharging fluid; suffering from (excessive) salivation; -sena: -git, m. N. of various princes; -sevaka, m. sack, bag; damper on the neck of a lute.
prasṛta pp. √ sri; m. outstretched hollowed palm; handful (as a measure=2 Palas); (á)-sriti, f. flow; successful pro gress; diffusion; hollow outstretched palm; handful (as a measure=2 Palas): -yâvaka, m. eating porridge made of not more than a handful of barley; -srimara, a. welling forth, distilling; going in front, being at the head of (g.); -srishta, pp. √ srig.
prasū a. bearing, giving birth to; fruitful, prolific; producing, providing for (--°ree;); f. mother; sprout; flowering sacrificial grass; -sûta, pp. born, produced; n. pri mordial soul or matter (phil.);(á)-sûti, 1. f. instigation, command; permission; (a) sûti, 2. f. bringing forth, parturition; laying (of eggs); birth; coming forth, production (of fruit, flowers, etc.); producer; child, off spring, progeny; product; -sûtikâ, f. a. re cently confined; having lately calved; -sûna, pp. √ sû; n. blossom, flower: -bâna, m. (flower-arrowed), Kâma, -½âsuga, m. id.
prasyanda m. trickling or welling forth; -syandana, n. id.; exudation; -syánd in, a. oozing forth; --°ree;, shedding (tears); m. shower of rain.
praspandana n. quivering, pal pitating; -spardhin, a. rivalling; -sphuta, a. plain, manifest, evident; -sphurita, pp. quivering, vibrating, tremulous; manifested; -sphuli&ndot;ga, m. (?) darting spark; -sphot ana, n. splitting (int.); causing to expand or bloom.
prastha m. n. [standing forth, promi nent], table-land on a mountain, plateau; level expanse, plain; a measure of capacity (=32 Palas); -sthâna, n. setting out, march ing forth, proceeding, departure; advent; de spatch (of wares), journey to the next world; religious mendicancy; way of thinking, method, system, sect; kind of inferior drama: -dundubhi, m. drum giving the sig nal for marching; -sthânîya, a. relating to departure; -sthâpana, n. sending away, de spatching, dismissing; giving currency to (an expression); -sthâpita, cs. pp. (√ sthâ) sent away, despatched; -sthâpya, cs. fp. to be sent away or dismissed; -sthâyin, a.setting out, departing; -sthita, pp. (√ sthâ) set out, departed; marched forth; gone on a journey; n. departure: -yâgyâ, f. verse pro nounced on offering the Soma vessels called &open;prasthita;&close; -sthiti, f.setting out, depar ture; -stheya, fp. n. imps. one should set out or depart.
prastāra m. strewing, spreading out; abundance; litter, bed of straw; couch; layer; stair (leading down to water); flat surface; table of all the possible combinations in a metre: -pa&ndot;kti, f.combination-pa&ndot;kti, a metre (12+12+8+8 syllables); -stârin, a. spreading out, extending to; -stâva, m. pre liminary mention, allusion, propounding or introducing a topic; subject of conversation, topic; opportunity, occasion, season, proper time; beginning, commencement; introduc tion; -of a Sâman sung by the Prastotri priest: in. at any one's convenience; lc. on a suitable occasion, opportunely, -tas, ad. in the course of (--°ree;); -stâvanâ, f. blazing abroad, through (in.); beginning, commencement; introduction, (dramatic) prologue (the scene between the benediction and beginning of the first act); -stâva-sadrisa, a. suited to the occasion, seasonable, appropriate; -stâvita, cs. pp. commenced, begun; referred to.
prahaṇana n. striking; -hata, pp. (√ han) struck, beaten, etc.; -hati, f. stroke, blow; -hantavya, fp. to be killed; -han trí, a. striking down (ac.); -hara, m. (stroke on a gong), watch (period of about three hours): -ka, m. id.; -harana, n. strik ing, beating; pecking; attacking; combat; removing, dispelling; weapon; -haranîya, fp. to be attacked; -removed or expelled; n. weapon, missile; -hartavya, fp. to be at tacked; n. imps. one must strike or attack (d. or lc.); -hartri, m. sender; assailant, combatant, warrior; -harsha, m. great joy, rapture: -m kri, delight in (lc.); -harshana, a. causing (the hair of the body) to stand on end; making very glad, enrapturing; n. erection (of the hair of the body); joy, rap ture; -harsha-vat, a. rejoicing; -harshin, a. gladdening; -hasana, n. laughter; deri sion; kind of comedy, farce; -hasita, (pp.) n. breaking out into a laugh; -hasta, m. hand with extended fingers; a. long-handed; m. N.; -hâna, n. 1. abstraction, speculation; 2. abandonment, avoidance; -hâni, f. dis appearance; -hâtavya, fp. to be abandoned; -hâra, m. stroke, blow, thump, cut, thrust, shot, kick (with, --°ree;; on, lc., sts. --°ree;): -da, a. giving a blow to, striking (--°ree;), -varman, m. N. of a prince, -½ârta, pp. wounded; -hârin, a. striking, with (--°ree;); fighting against (g. or --°ree;); m. good fighter; -hâsa, m. laughter; derision, irony; -hasín, a. laughing, derisive.
prasvana m. sound, noise; (á)-svâ das, a. very sweet, highly pleasing; -svâpa, a. inducing sleep, soporific (missile); m. fall ing asleep; dream; -svâpana, a. (î) causing slumber: î dasâ, f. condition of sleep; n. causing sleep; -sveda, m. perspiration; -svedin, a. perspiring, covered with sweat.
prākṛta a. (â, î) connected with nature (prakriti), natural, original; unal tered; usual, ordinary, common; low, vul gar; proceeding from or relating to nature (phil.); Prâkritic; m. low orvulgar man, n. vernacular dialect (derived from Sanskrit and spoken by women and inferior charac ters in Sanskrit plays), Prâkrit: -bhâshin, a. speaking Prâkrit, -sâsana, n. treatise on Prâkrit, -kandrikâ, f. Moonlight of Prâkrit, T. of Vararuki's Prâkrit grammar, -pra kâsa, m. Illustration of Prâkrit, id.
prākaṭya n. manifestness, manifestation.
prāgra n. extreme point: -sara, a. going in the forefront; foremost, chief, in (--°ree;), among (g.), -hara, a. (appropriating the best), chief, principal, among (--°ree;).
prāggṅgam ad. on the east of the Ganges; -gamana-vat, a. going forward; -gâmin, a. preceding or intending to precede; -guna, a. having the previously mentioned quality; -grîva, a.having the neck directed eastward; -ganman, n. previous birth or existence; -gâta, (pp.) n., -gâti, f. previous existence; -gyotish-a, a. lighted from the east; relating to the city of Prâggyotisha; m. prince or country of Prâggyotisha: pl. inhabitants of--; n. N. of a city supposed to have been inhabited by the demon Naraka; -dakshina, a. (east-southern, i.e.) south-east ern: â, f. south-east; â, ad. south-easterly: -pravana, a. sloping towards the south-east; -desa, m. eastern country; -daihika, a. be longing to a former life; -dvâr, f. door facing east; -dvâra, n. id.; space in front of a door; a. having a door facing eastward; -bhâra, m. [having the weight in front, inclined], de clivity; inclination; (subsiding) mass, great quantity; -bhâva, m. previous existence.
prācya a. being in front; situated, living, prevailing, or spoken in the east, eastern; prior, previous; preceding (in a book); former, ancient, old; m. pl. people of the east, eastern country; the ancients: -pada-vritti, f. the euphonic combination e½a; -ratha, m. car used in the eastern country; -½udañk, a. (f. -½udîkî) running from east to west.
prācetasa a. relating to Varuna (w. âsâ, f. west); descended from Praketas; m. pat. of Manu, Daksha, and Vâlmîki.
prāṇa m. breath; vital spirit (pl. life); vital air (five are generally assumed; but three, six, seven, nine, and even ten are also spoken of); sp. inhaled air; breath of air, wind; breath as a measure of time (requisite for pronouncing ten long sylla bles); vigour, energy, power; soul (in the Sâmkhya phil.); intelligence associated with totality (Vedânta); sign of vitality (pl.); organ of sense (mouth, nose, eyes, and ears: pl.); N.; --°ree;, a. = loving -as dearly as life, or having one's life dependent on --: -kara, a. invigorating; -karman, n. vital function; -krikkhra, n. danger to life; -ghna, a. life destroying, deadly; -khid, a. cutting life short, fatal; -kkheda, m. destruction of life, murder; -tyâga, m. abandonment of life, suicide; death.
prāḍvivāka m. [interrogating (prâkh) and deciding], judge.
prājña a. (relating to intellect, pra gñâ), intellectual; intelligent, wise, clever; m. wise or sensible man; intelligence asso ciated with individuality (phil.): -tva, n. wisdom, intelligence, cleverness, -mâninor -m-mânin, a. considering oneself wise.
prājāpata a. (î)=-ya; -yá, a. coming from, relating, or sacred to Pragâ pati (w. sakata, m. n. car of Rohinî); m. pat. descendant of Pragâpati;±krikkhra or upa-vâsa, kind of penance; ± vivâha, m.Pragâ pati form of marriage, in which the father gives away his daughter without receiving a present from the bridegroom.
prāṇāghāta m. destruction of life or of a living being; -½âkârya, m. body physician; -½atipâta, m. attempt on life; taking away life, killing a living being; -½atilobha, m. excessive attachment to life; -½âtman, m. breath-soul (the lowest of the three souls of man; the other two being gîvâtman and paramâtman); -½atyaya, m. danger to life; -½adhika, a. dearer than life; superior in energy, more vigorous; -½adhipa, m. lord of vital breath, soul; -½anta, m. end of life, death; a. (ending life), capital (pun ishment); -½antika, a. (î) destructive to life, fatal; capital (punishment); life-long; des perate, vehement (love, desire): -m,ad. till death; n. danger to life; -½âbâdha, m. in jury to life; -½abhisara, m. saver of life; -½ayana, n. organ of sensation; -½âyâma, m. suspension of breath (sts. pl.): -sas, ad. with frequent suspension of the breath; -½âyâmin, a. suspending the breath.
pauṣkara a. (î) relating to the blue lotus.
prāṇanātha m. lord of life, lover, husband; -nâsa, m. loss of life, death; -ni graha, m. restraint of breath; -pati, m. lord of life, soul; -parikraya, m. staking one's life; -parikshîna, pp. whose life is on the decline; -parigraha, m. possession of life, existence; -parityâga, m. abandonment of life; -prada, a. having restored or saved any one's life; -pradâyaka, -pradâyin, a. id.; -prayâna, n. departure of the vital spirit, death; -priya, a. as dear as life; m. lover, husband; -prepsu, des. a. wishing to preserve one's life, in mortal terror; -bâdha, m. danger to life, mortal peril; -bhaksha, m. feeding on breath only (i. e. on the mere smell of food or drink); -bhaya, n. mortal fear; -bhâg, a. possessing life; m. living being; -bhûta, pp. being the vital breath; -bhrít, a. life-preserving; possessing life, living; m. living being; man; -máya, a. consisting of vital air orbreath; -mokshana, n. abandonment of breath, suicide; -yâtrâ, f. support of life, subsistence; -yâtrika, a. requisite for subsistence: -mâtrah syât, he should possess only as much as will support life; -yuta, pp. endowed with life, living, alive; -yoni, f. source of life; -rakshâ½ar tham, ad. for the preservation of life; -râg ya-da, a. having saved any one's life and throne; -rodha, m. suppression of the breath; -lâbha, m. saving of life; -vat,a. endowed with life, living; vigorous, strong; -vallabhâ, f. mistress or wife who is as dear to one as life; -vinâsa, m. loss of life, death; -vipra yoga, m. id.; -vritti, f. vital activity or function; -vyaya, m. renunciation orsacri fice of life; -vi½âyakkhana, n. imperilment of life; -samyama, m. suspension of breath; -samsaya, m. risk or danger to life (sts. pl.); -samkata, n. id.; -samtyâga, m. renunciation of life; -samdeha, m. risk or peril to life; -samdhârana, n. preservation of life; -sam nyâsa, m. giving up the spirit; -sama, a. dear as one's own life: â, f. mistress, wife; -sam mita, pp. dear as one's own life; reaching to the nose; -sâra, n. vital energy; a. full of strength, vigorous, muscular; -hara, a. taking away life, fatal to (--°ree;); capital (pun ishment); -hâni, f. loss of life; -hâraka, a. life-depriving, fatal; -hârin, a. id.; -hîna, pp. bereft of life, lifeless.
prāṇana a. [√ an] animating, quick ening; n. respiration; animating.
prāṇatha m. respiration; -da, a. life-giving; saving the life of (g., --°ree;); -dak shinâ, f. gift of life; -dayita, (pp.) m. hus band loved as dearly as life; -dâna, n. gift or saving of life; abandonment of life; -dyû ta, n. play or contest for life; -droha, m. attempt on the life of any one; -drohin, a. seeking the life of (--°ree;); -dhara, m. N.; -dhârana, n. maintenance or preservation of life; means of supporting life: -m kri, P. sup port any one's life; Â. support one's life, take food; -dhârin, a. preserving the life of (g.).
prātaradhyeya fp. to be recited early in the morning; -anuvâká, m. early recitation (the litany with which the Prâtah savana begins); -anta, a. ending in the morning; -apavarga, a. id.; -abhivâda, m. morning greeting; -avanegá, m. morning ablution; -ahna, m. early part of the day, forenoon; -âsa, m. morning meal, breakfast; -âsita, pp. having taken one's morning meal, having breakfasted; -âhutí, f.morning sacri fice (the second half of the daily Agnihotra sacrifice).
prādur ] ad. (only °ree;-- with the following three verbs or derivatives of the last two), forth, to view, manifest, visible: with as and bhû, become manifest, appear, reveal oneself; arise; resound; with kri, manifest, reveal; cause to appear, make to blaze (fire).
prādurbhāva m. manifestation, appearance (also of a deity on earth).
prādakṣiṇya n. circumambu lation while following one's (extended) right hand, keeping the right hand towards a per son or object; respectful behaviour.
prātikāmin m. (acting ac cording to one's desire: prati-kâmam), ser vant; messenger; -kûlika, a. (î) resisting, hostile, contrary: -tâ, f. opposition, hostility; -kûlya, n. unfriendliness, opposition; repug nant practice; disagreeableness; disagree ment with (--°ree;); -gña, n. subject under dis cussion; -daivas-ika, a. occurring daily (prati-divasam); -nidhi-ka, m. representa tive; -paksha, a. belonging to the enemy oradversary; -pakshya, n. hostility, enmity, towards (g.); -pada, a. forming the com mencement; m. N.; -pad-ika, a. express, ex plicit; n. crude base of a noun (before it re ceives the case terminations or other suffixes); -paurush-ika, a. relating to manliness or valour; -bha, a. intuitive; n. intuition; pre sence of mind; -bhat-ya, n. rivalry; -bhâv ya, n. surety, for (--°ree;); certainty, trustworthy news of (g.); -bhâs-ika, a. existing only in appearance, apparent only; -rûp-ika, a. coun terfeit, spurious; using false measure or coun terfeit coin; -lom-ya, n. inversion, inverse order; opposition, hostility; -ves-ika, m. neighbour; -vesm-ika, m. neighbour: î, f.female neighbour; -ves-ya, a. neighbouring; m. opposite neighbour; neighbour;--°ree;=neigh bouring: -ka, m. neighbour; -sâkhya, n. a grammatical treatise on the phonetic changes of words in the text of the Vedasaccording to the respective recension (prati-sâkham; there are four such treatises, one for the RV., two for the YV., and one for the AV.); -satvanam, ad. in the direction of the Sat van; -sv-ika, a. own, peculiar, not common to others; -hata, m. kind of svarita ac cent; -hartra, n. office of the Pratihartri; -hârika, m. door-keeper; -hâr-ya, n. jug glery, performance of miracles; miracle.
prātaḥsaṃdhyā f. morning twi light, dawn; -sava, m., -savaná, n. early Soma libation (the ritual of which consists of ten parts); -sâvá, m. morning Soma liba tion; -snâna, n. morning ablution; -snâyin, a. bathing in the early morning.
prāpaka (cs.) a. leading or con veying to (--°ree;); procuring; making valid, establishing; -½âp-ana, a. (î) leading to (--°ree;); n. occurrence, appearance; reach, extension (of the arms); attainment, acquisition; arri val at (lc.); conveying; extension or refer ence to (lc.); making valid, establishment; presentation, elucidation.
prādhīta pp. well-read in Vedic studies, proficient in Vedic knowledge; -½adhyayana, n. commencement of recitation, reading, or study.
prādhānika a. pre-eminent, most excellent; relating to or proceeding from primordial matter or nature (pradhâ na); -ya, n. preponderance, predominance, prevalence, prominence; ascendancy, supre macy: °ree;--, in., ab., -tas, chiefly, mainly, with regard to the main or essential points, summarily; m. chief or most distinguished person.
prādoṣa a. relating to or appearing in the evening: i-ka, a. id.
prāpti f. advent, occurrence (of time); reach, range; arrival at (--°ree;); power of obtaining anything one wants (one of the eight supernatural powers or siddhis); res cue from (ab.); attainment, acquisition, gain; occurrence; discovery, determination; ob tainment, validity (of a rule); lot, fortune, luck; joyful event (dr.); conjecture based on the observation of a particular thing (dr.).
prāpta pp. (√ âp) gotten, gained, obtained; reached, attained; met with, found; incurred, suffered; arrived, come; following from a rule (gr.): -karman, a. being the direct object (of an action) deduced from a rule (gr.); -karma-tva, n. abst. n.; -kârin, a. doing what is right or suitable; -kâla, m. arrived time, fitting season, proper time, favourable moment; a. whose hour has come; suitable to the occasion, opportune, season able; marriageable (f.): -m, ad. at the right time; -kâla-tva, n. opportuneness, season ableness; -gîvana, a. having one's life re stored, rescued from death; -tva, n. result ance from a grammatical rule; -dosha, a. having incurred guilt; -bîga, a. sown; -yau vana, a. having the bloom of youth arrived, adolescent, marriageable; -rûpa, a. suitable, proper; learned, wise; -vat, pp. act. (-î) obtained, incurred; -vikalpa, m.alternative to what follows from a grammatical rule: -tva, n. justifiableness of an alternative.
prāyadarśana n. frequent phe nomenon; -vidhâyin, a. resolved on dying of starvation.
prāyaṇīya a. introductory, ini tial; m. initiatory libation or first day of the Soma sacrifice: â, f. initiatory sacrifice.
prāya m. going forth (to battle); departure from life, seeking death by fast ing; (what is prominent=) chief part, ma jority; --°ree; a. 1. after a n., having -for the chief part, chiefly consisting of, in which predominates, abounding in; primarily meant for; frequently applying or inflicting (pun ishment); near, on the verge of (e. g. accom plishment); like, resembling; 2. after an a. or pp., mostly; 3. after a pp., almost, so to speak: -m âs, upa½âs, upa-vis, upa½i, â sthâ, sam-â-sthâ, or kri, renounce life, seek death, esp. by means of fasting in order to extort something; -m kâraya, force any one (ac.) to resolve to die of starvation.
navībhāva m. renovation.
prāyopagamana n. going to death, starving oneself to death; -½upayog ika, a. most usual; -½upavishta, pp. sit ting down to starve oneself to death; -½upa-vesa, m.: -na, n. starvation by fasting; -½upavesin, a. sitting down to starve oneself to death.
prāyaścitta n. [thought of death], atonement, expiation, penance; amends, satis faction; -kitti, f. id.; a. expiating (Agni); -kittin, a. making atonement; -kittîya, 1. den. Â. be bound to perform penance; 2. a. serving as an atonement; bound to perform penance: -tâ, f. liability to perform a pe nance; -ketana, n. expiation, atonement.
prāmāṇika a. constituting or passing as a measure; based on evidence or authority, authoritative; considering demon strable: -tva, n. authoritativeness, cogency.
prābhṛta n. [relating to an offer ing: prabhriti], present, gift: -ka, n. id.; î-kri, make a present of.
prāvāduka m. opponent (in a disputation).
prārthana n. solicitation, entreaty, prayer, request, desire, for (lc. or --°ree;); peti tion, suit; supplication of any one (--°ree;): â, f. (more common), id.: -bha&ndot;ga, m. refusal of a request, -½abhâva, m. absence of a suit, -siddhi, f. fulfilment of a desire or request.
prāśa m. eating, tasting; food; first feeding of a child with rice; -½asana, n. id.; feeding: -½arthîya, a. intended for food; -½asanîya, fp. serving as food.
prāveśika a. (î) relating to en trance into the house or on the stage; -vrâg ya, n. life of a religious mendicant.
prāstāvika a. (î) introductory; -sthân-ika, a. referring to a journey or to departure; suitable or favourable for depar ture; n. preparations for a journey.
prāsāda m. raised platform for sitting, terrace; top storey of a lofty building; edifice on high foundations, palace; temple, shrine: -gata, pp. gone to the flat roof of the palace; -garbha, m. inner apartment or sleeping chamber of a palace; -tala, n. flat roof of a palace; -prishtha, n. balcony on the top of a palace; -stha, a. standing on the top of the palace; -½agra, n. top of a palace.
prīṇana a. pleasing, soothing; n. delectation, satisfaction; means of satis fying etc.
priyāla m. a tree (Buchanania lati- folia), commonly called Piyal.
priyākhya a. announcing good tidings; called pleasure; â-gana, m. pl. loved ones, mistresses; a½atithi, a. fond of guests, hospitable; a½âtman, a. of an agreeable na ture, pleasant; a½annatva,n. dearness of food; a½apriyá, n. (sg., du., pl.) what is agreeable and disagreeable, pleasure and dis pleasure, likes and dislikes; â-mukhî-bhû, turn into the face of one's beloved; a½arha, a. worthy of love or kindness.
priyacikīrṣā f. desire to do any one (g.) a kindness; -kikîrshu, des. a. wishing to do a service to any one (g.); -gana, m. loved person (male or female); -gâni, m. gallant, lover; -gîvita, a. to whom life is dear: -tâ, f. attachment to life; (á)-ta ma, spv. very dear; m. lover, spouse; -tara, cpv. dearer: -tva, n. being dearer to any one (lc.) than (ab.); (á)-tâ, f., -tva, n. popularity; affection; fondness or love for (--°ree;); -darsa, a. pleasant to look at; -darsana, n. sight of a dear friend; a. having a pleasing aspect, good-looking, handsome, to (g.); m. N. of a prince of the Gandharvas: â, f. N.; -darsin, m. (kindly-looking), ep. ofAsoka; -prasna, m. friendly inquiry (after any one's health etc.); -prâya, a. exceedingly kind (speech); -bhâshana, n. kind words; -bhâshin, a. speaking kind words; -bhogana, a. fond of eating; -mandana, a. fond of ornaments; (á)-medha, m. N. of a Rishi; -vaktri, m. one who says pleasant things (in a good or a bad sense); flatterer: -tva, n. kindly speech; -vakana, n. kind or endearing words; -vak as, n. id.; a. speaking kindly; -vasantaka, m. pleasant spring and dear Vasantaka; -vas tu, n. favourite object or topic; -vâk-sahita, pp. accompanied by kind words; -vâk, f. kind words; a. speaking kindly or affably; -vâda, m. kind words; -vâdikâ, f. kind of musical instrument; -vâd-ín, a. speaking sweetly or kindly, saying pleasant things; flattering; m. flatterer: (-i)-tâ, f. pleasing speech; flat tery; -vinâkrita, pp. abandoned or deserted by one's beloved; (á)-vrata, a.having de sirable ordinances or loving obedience; m. N.; -sravas, a. fame-loving, ep. of Krishna; -samvâsa, m. society of loved ones: -sakha, m. (î, f.) dear friend; a. loving one's friends; -samgamana, n. meeting of beloved ones, N. of a place where Indra and Krishna are said to have met their parents Kasyapa and Aditi; -satya, a. pleasant as well as true; -samprahâra, a. quarrelsome; -sâhasa, a. addicted to indiscretions: -tva, n. abst. n.; -suhrid, m. dear friend; -sevaka, a. kind to one's servants; -hita, pp. pleasant as well as salutary; n. what is agreeable and bene ficial.
prekṣā f. seeing, viewing; look ing on at a performance or entertainment; appearance; good looks, beauty; public spec tacle, show; being regarded as or taken to mean (--°ree;); reflexion, deliberation; under standing: -½agâra, m. n., -griha, n. play house, theatre; -pûrva, °ree;-or -m, ad. with deliberation; -prapañka, m. stage-play; -vat, a. circumspect, deliberate; -vidhi, m. stage-play; -samâga, m. du.public shows and assemblies.
prekṣaka a. (ikâ) looking on; looking at or intending to look at (ac.); con sidering, investigating, judging; m. specta tor; -ana, n. viewing, looking at; looking on at a performance; view, look; eye; public show, spectacle: -ka, a. looking on; m. spectator; n. spectacle, show; comedy (opp. reality); -anîya, fp. to be seen, visible, to (in.); to look at, looking like (--°ree;); worthy to be seen by (--°ree;); beautiful to look at: -ka, n. show, spectacle, -tara, cpv. more beautiful to look at, -tâ, f. fitness to be seen.
prīti f. satisfaction, gratification, joy, delight, pleasure (in or at, lc. or --°ree;); kindly feeling, favour; friendship, with (sa mam or --°ree;); affection, love, or fondness for (g., lc., --°ree;); Joy(personified, esp. as the daughter of Daksha and as one of the wives of Kâma): in. joyfully; in a friendly way; affectionately: -kara, a. giving satisfaction to, pleasing (--°ree;); -karman, n. act of love, friendlyaction; -kûta, N. of a village; -datta, pp. given through affection or love; -dâna, n. gift of love; -dâya, m. id.; -dhana, n. money given through friendship; -pûrva kam, ad. kindly, affectionately; -pramukha, a. kindly (speech); -mat, a. glad; satisfied; feeling love or friendship for (g. or lc.); kind (word); -maya, a. produced by joy; -yug, a. beloved, dear; -rasâyana, n. elixir of joy; -vakas, n. kind or friendly words; -vardhana, m. (increaser of joy), N. of the fourth month; -visrambha-bhâgana, n. re pository of affection and confidence; -sam gati, f. friendly alliance with (in.).
pretya gd. after dying, i.e. in the other world (opp. iha): -gâti, f. position in the next world; -bhâg, a. enjoying the fruits of anything after death; -bhâva, m. condition after death, future life: i-ka, a.relating to the condition after death.
pretādhipa m. Lord of the dead, ep. of Yama: -nagarî, f. city of Yama; -½adhipati, m. Lord of the dead or the Manes; -½anna, n. food offered to the Manes; -½âvâsa, m. burial-place; -½asthi, n.bone of a dead man.
preta pp. gone forward, i. e. departed, dead; m. dead man, corpse; ghost, spirit: -karman, n. funeral ceremony; -kârya, -kritya, n. id.; -gata, pp. gone to the de parted, dead; -gopa, m. guardian of the dead (in Yama's realm); -kârin, a. moving among the dead (Siva); -tva, n. condition of a dead man, death; condition of a ghost; -dhûma, m. smoke from a burning corpse; -nâtha, m. Lord of the dead, ep. of Yama; -paksha: -ka, m. fortnight of the Manes, dark fortnight in the month Bhâdra; -patâ kâ, f. funeral flag; -pati, m. Lord of the dead, ep. of Yama: -pataha, m. drum of death (fig.); -pinda-bhug, a. partaking of the funeral feast; -pitri, a. whose father is dead; -purî, f. city of the dead, Yama's abode; -prasâdhana, n. adornment of the dead; -bhâva, m. condition of one dead, death; -medha, m. funeral sacrifice; -râga, m. King of the dead,ep. of Yama; -loka, m. world of the dead; -vasa, m. power of the dead; -silâ, f. stone of the dead (a stone near Gayâ on which funeral cakes are offered); -suddhi, f., -sauka, n. purification for the dead or after a death; -samklipta, pp. pre pared in honour of a dead person (food); -sparsin, m. corpse-bearer; -hâra, m. id.
preṣaṇa n. despatching (a messen ger), to any one (prati); sending on a mis sion, charge, commission, order; rendering of a service: -krit, a. executing an order or commission, -½adhyaksha, m.head of the executive.
preraka a. urging, impelling; m. stimulator, instigator; -ana, n. (also â, f.) stimulation, instigation, incitement, to (pra ti); activity, action; -anîya, fp. to be urged, to (d.); -ita, pp. urged, instigated,etc.; sent, despatched; -itri, m. instigator, inciter.
plāva m. [√ plu] flowing over; leaping; -ana, n. ablution, bathing; filling to overflowing (for the purification of fluids); protracted pronunciation of a vowel; -ayi tri, m. ferryman; -ita, cs. pp.√ plu; n. in undation, deluge; -in, a. spreading, divulg ing (--°ree;); flowing from (--°ree;); -ya, fp. to be immersed in (in.).
proccaṇḍa a. extremely violent or powerful; -½ukkâtanâ, f. scaring away; -½ukkais, in. ad. exceedingly loud; in a very high degree; -½ugghitum, inf. (√ uggh) to escape, evade; -½uñkhana, n. wiping away or off; -½uta, pp. (√ vâ, weave), woven, sewn, etc.; -½utkata, a. very great: -bhritya, m. high official; -½utkantha, a. stretching out the neck far; at the top of one's voice (shout etc.); -½utkrushta, (pp.) n. loud noise, up roar; -½uttâna, a. far-extended; -½uttâla, a. very loud; -½uttu&ndot;ga, a. very high; -½ut phulla, a. full-blown, fully expanded (flower); wide open (eyes); -½utsârita, cs. pp.(√ sri) relinquished, given up, etc.; -½utsâha, m. great exertion; -½utsâhana, n. instigation, stimulation, invitation, to (--°ree;).
prokṣaṇa n. besprinkling with water; consecration by sprinkling; vessel for holy water: î, f. pl. water for sprinkling, holy water (containing grains of rice and barley); sg. vessel for holy water: î-ya, n. sg. & pl. holy water.
pro V. pra+u (not liable to euphonic combination).
plāta m. pat. son of Plati.
plākṣa a. relating or belonging to the wavy-leaved fig-tree (Ficus infectoria).
plava a. [√ plu] swimming, floating; inclined or sloping, towards (--°ree;); transient; m. n. boat, skiff; m. kind of duck (Kâran dava); swimming; bathing; overflowing of a river, flood; leaping, bound: -ga, m. (moving by leaps), frog; monkey: -½indra, m. Lord of the Monkeys, ep. of Hanumat.
prauṣṭhapada a. (î) relating to the lunar mansion Proshthapada; m. a month (=Bhâdrapada); â, f. pl. a certain double lunar mansion; î, f. day of full moon in the month Praushthapada.
ploṣa m. burning, combustion, con flagration; -ana, a. burning, scorching (--°ree;); -in, a. id. (--°ree;); m. scorcher (--°ree;).
pluti f. overflowing, inundation, flood; protracted pronunciation of a vowel, prolation; leap, bound.
pluta pp.; n. leap, bound: -gati, f. moving by leaps.
phala n. (--°ree; a. â or î) fruit (esp. of a tree); kernel of a fruit (rare); fruit=consequence, effect, result; reward, recompense, advantage; retribution, punishment, loss, disadvantage; gain, enjoyment; compensa tion; result of a calculation, produet, quo tient etc. (in mathematics); interest (on capital); gaming-board; blade; arrow-head.
phaṇināyaka m. chief of the serpents, ep. of Vâsuki; -pati, m. chief of snakes, gigantic serpent; lord of serpents, ep. of Sesha; ep. of Patañgali; -bhâshita-bhâ shya½abdhi or -bhâshya½abdhi,m. ocean of comments uttered by Patañgali (designation of Patañgali's Mahâbhâshya); -bhug, m. (serpent-eater), peacock; -mukha, n. snake-face, a kind of burglar's implement; -latâ, -vallî, -vallîka, -vîrudh, f. betel pepper.
phiṭsūtra n. the Phit-sûtras, T. of a grammatical work.
phalotprekṣā f. a kind of simile; -½udaya, m. appearance of consequences, retribution, recompense, punish ment, for (g., lc., --°ree;); attainment of success; -½udgama, m. development of fruit; -½ud bhava, a. obtained from fruit; -½unmukha, a. on the point of yielding fruit; -½upagama, a. fruit-bearing; -½upagîvin, a. living by the sale of fruit; -½upabhoga, m. enjoyment of the fruit, participation in the consequences or reward of anything.
phulla pp. (√ 1. phal) expanded, blown (flower); wide open, dilated (eyes); puffed, inflated (cheeks); beaming, smiling (face): -na, a. inflating (--°ree;); -pura, n. N. of a city; -½utpala, n. (having blooming lotuses), N. of a lake.
baddha pp. (√ bandh) bound, etc.: -ka, m. prisoner (V.); -kadambaka, a. forming groups; -kalâpin, a. having his quiver tied on; -graha, a. insisting on something; -kitta, a. having one's thoughts fixed on (lc.); -trishna, a. longing for (--°ree;); -drishti, a. having one's gaze fixed on (lc.); -dvesha, a. entertaining hatred for any one; -niskaya, a. firmly resolved; -netra, a. having the eyes fixed on anything, gazing steadfastly; -pratigña, a. having made a promise; -pratisrut, a. echoing; -bhâva, m. having the affections fixed on, enamoured of (lc.); -bhîma½andhakâra, a. wrapped in terrible gloom; -mandala, a. having circles formed, ranged in circles; -mushti, a. having the fist elenched; close-fisted; -mûla, a. having taken root, firmly rooted; having gained a firm footing: -tâ, f. firm footing; -mauna, a. observing silence; -rabhasa, a.impetuous, passionate; -râga, a. having one's desire fixed on, enamoured of (lc.); -râgga, a. hav ing gained the sovereignty, having succeeded to the throne; -laksha, a. having the gaze fixed on, gazing steadfastly at (--°ree;); -vasati, a. having one's abode fixed in, dwelling in (lc.); -vâk, a. obstructing speech; -vepathu, a. trembling; -vaira, a. having contracted hostility with (in. or --°ree;); -sikha, a. having one's hair tied in a top-knot;-srotra-manas- kakshus, a. having ears, mind, and eyes fixed on (lc.); -sneha, a. entertaining affection for (lc.); -spriha, a. feeling a longing for (--°ree;); -½añgali, a. holding one's hands joined together (in supplication or as a mark of respect); -½âdara, a. attaching great value to (--°ree;); -½ânanda, a. having joy attaching to it, joyful (day); -½anurâga, a. conceiving an attachment, enamoured; -½anusaya, a. con ceiving an unconquerable hatred; -½andha kâra, a. wrapped in darkness; -½avasthiti, a. constant; -½âsa, a. entertaining hope of (--°ree;); -½âsa&ndot;ka, a. conceiving anxiety; -½ut sava, a. entering upon a festival; -½udyama,a. making efforts or prepared to (inf.).
bakaripu m. foe of Baka (a Râk shasa conquered by him), ep. of Bhîmasena; -vatî, f. N. of a river; -vritti, a. behaving like the heron, hypocritical; m. hypocrite; -vrata, n. action of a heron: -kara, a.act ing like a heron, hypocritical; -vratika, a. hypocritical; -vratin, a. id.; -sahavâsin, m. fellow-lodger of the heron=lotus; -½ari, m. foe of Baka (an Asura), ep. of Krishna; -½âlîna, pp. lurking like a heron.
bandhu m. connexion, relation; kinship, kindred; (maternal) kinsman; relative; friend; husband; --°ree;, relation of=extremely like; friend of=visited by or favourable for; --°ree; a. (û), coming under the head of, i. e. being only in name: -kritya, n. duty of a kinsman; business of a friend, friendly service; -ksít, a. dwelling among kinsmen (RV.1); -gana, m. kinsfolk; relative; friend; -gîva, m. (liv ing in the family), a tree (Pentapetes phoenicea; it has a beautiful red flower which opens at noon and falls off next morning at sunrise): -ka, m. id.; N. of a kakravartin; (ú)-tâ, f. connexion, relation; kinship; -tva, n. kinship, relationship; -datta,pp. given by relatives; m. N. of a man; â, f. N.; -pâla, m. N.; -príkkh, a. seeking one's kin (RV.1); -prabha, m. N. of a fairy; -prîti, f. love of one's friend; -bhâva, m. relationship.
prāmāṇya n. authoritativeness; authenticity; evidence.
bandhana a. (î) binding, fettering; captivating; n. binding, tying, fastening; bandaging; tying on (of a girdle etc.); entwining, clasping; capture; confinement, imprisonment, captivity; construction (of a bridge etc.); embanking or damming up (water); bridging over; connexion; fixing upon, directing towards (lc.); checking, suppressing; mundane bondage (opp. final liberation); bond, fetter; rope, cord, thong, halter, tether; fig. bond = that which holds any thing (g.) together; prison; sinew, muscle; embankment; stalk, stem (of flower or fruit): --°ree; a. bound to (lc.), fettered by (--°ree;): -kâr-in, a. (--°ree;) fettering, clasping: (-i)-tâ,f. abst. n.; -stha, a. being or living in confinement or captivity, imprisoned; m. captive, prisoner; -½agâra, m. house of bondage, prison.
bandha m. tying, fastening, bandaging; catching, capturing; fettering; arrest; connexion with (--°ree;); intercourse with (--°ree;); putting together, joining (the hands etc.); posture, position of the hands and feet; construction, building (of a bridge etc.); damming up (of a river); bridging; fixing on, directing towards (lc.); assumption or obtainment of a body (--°ree;); manifestation, display, or possession of (--°ree;); bond, deposit, pledge; mundane bondage (opp. final emancipation); bond, tie; band, fillet; bandage; fetter; sinew, tendon; receptacle; combination of words or letters: -ka, m. binder (of animals); catcher (--°ree;); rope, thong, fetter; part (--°ree; with an ordinal, e.g. tenth); n. (?) pledging: î, f. unchaste woman; -karana, n. fettering or checking by magic; -kartri, m. binder, fetterer, restrainer (Siva).
bandhuvat ad. like a relative (=nm. or ac.); -varga, m. whole body of one's kinsmen; -hîna, pp. destitute of kindred; friendless.
balavat a. 1. strong, powerful, mighty; vehement (desire etc.); dense (darkness); stout, weighty; prevalent, predominant; of more weight or importance than (ab.); ad. strongly, powerfully; heavily, stoutly; greatly, lustily; 2. accompanied by an army: -tara, cpv. stronger; -vargita, pp. destitute of strength, weak; -varman, m. N.; -vîrya, n. sg. strength and valour; -vritra-ghna, -vritra-nishûdana, -vritra han, m. ep. of Indra; -vyasana, n. disorder in the army; -samûha, m. assemblage of forces, army; -sena, m. N. of a warrior; -senâ, f. army; -stha, a. strong, powerful, mighty (of persons); m. (standing in the army), warrior, soldier; -han, a. defeating armies; -hantri, m. Slayer of Bala, ep. of Indra; -hara, m. (strength-depriving), N.; -hîna, pp. destitute of strength, weak: -tâ, f. weakness.
balakṣobha m. disturbance among the troops, mutiny; -gupta, m. N.; -kakra, n. [circle of power or of troops], sovereignty; army; -ga, m., â, f. heap of corn; -da, m. ox; -darpa, m. pride of strength; -d&asharp;, a. strength-giving; -dî-bhû, become an ox; -deva, m. N. of Krishna's elder brother (who has white hair, having been produced from a single white hair); N.; -dhara, m. N.; -nâsana, -nishûdana, m. ep. of Indra; -pati, m. lord of might; commander of an army, general; -pura, n. Bala's citadel; -prada, a. strength-giving; -bandhu, m. N.
balivyākula a. engaged in offering oblations; -shad-bhâga, m. sixth part as tribute: -hârin, a. taking the sixth part as tribute.
baliniyamanodyata pp. bent on vanquishing Bali; -putra, m. son of Bali, pat. of the Asura Bâna; -push- ta, (pp.) m. (fed on the rice-offering), crow; -bhug, a. eating the food-offering;m. crow; -bhrit, a. paying tribute; -bhogana, m. crow; -mát, a. receiving tribute; attended with food oblations.
bali m. tax, impost, tribute; offering, gift, oblation; offering of food (generally rice, grain, or ghee) thrown up into the air and made to living creatures, esp. birds (also called bhûta-yagña): very often --°ree; with the object, the time, the place, or material of the offering; handle (of a fly-whisk); N. of a Daitya, a son of Virokana, who obtained the sovereignty of the three worlds, but was deprived of it by Vishnu in the form of a dwarf after promising the latter as much land as he could measure in three steps; he was cast down by Vishnu to Pâtâla, which he was allowed to rule; N.; incorrect for vali, fold: -kara, m. pl. taxes and duties;-karman, n. performance of the Bali or food offering; -krit, a. paying taxes; -dâna, n. presentation of an offering or oblation.
balādhika a. superior in strength (e.g. in running); -½adhikarana, n. pl. affairs of the army; -½adhyaksha, m. inspector of the forces, minister of war; -½anuga, m. younger brother of Baladeva,ep. of Krishna; -½anvita, pp. endowed with power, mighty; suggestive of power; -½abala, n. strength or weakness, comparative strength, importance, or significance; relative highness (of price); a. now strong, now weak; -½abhra, n. army in the shape of a cloud.
bahiraṅga a. external; unessen tial: -tâ, f., -tva, n. abst. n.; -argala, --°ree;, a. external bolt; -artha, m. external object; -gata, pp. come forth: -tva, n. appearance; -giri, m. (country beyond the hills), N. of a country: pl. N. of a people; -geham, ad. outside the house; -grâmam, ad. outside the village; -grâma-pratisraya, a. dwelling outside the village; -dris, a. looking at the outside, superficial (person); -dvâra, n. outer door; space outside the door; -dvârin, a. being outside the door; -dh&asharp;, ad. prp. with ab. outside, away from (V.); -nirgamana, n. going out of (ab.); -nihsarana, n. taking out, removal; -bhava, a.external; -bhâga, m. exterior; -mandala-stha, a. being out side the circle; -mukha, a. issuing from the mouth; averting one's face, averse from (--°ree;); having one's mind outward, i.e. directed to wards the external world; -yâna, n. going out; (ír)-loma, a. having the hair turned outwards; -loman, a. id.; -vâsas, n. upper garment; -vikâram, ad. apart from indi vidual existence (Sâmkhya ph.); -vritti, f. occupation with external matters; -vedi, 1. f. space outside the Vedi; 2. ad. (í) outside the Vedi; -vedi-ka, a. being outside the Vedi.
ballava m. cowherd; î, f. cowherdess; (a)-yuvati, f. young cowherdess.
balya a. invigorating.
baliharaṇa a. (î) suitable for presenting an offering; n. presentation of an offering; -hârá, a. paying taxes; m. presenta tion of offerings; -hrít, a. paying tribute.
bahuvaktavya fp. about which much can be said; -vakaná, n. plural; case and personal terminations of the plural; -vat, a. in the plural; -varna, a. many-coloured; -valkala, m.=Priyâla tree (Buchanania latifolia); -vâdín, a. talking much, loquacious; -vâra: -ka, m. a. small tree (Cordia Myxa): -phala, n. its fruit (=Selu); -vâram, ad. frequently, often; -vârshika, a. (î) many years old; lasting many years; -vâla, a. hairy, shaggy (tail); -vighna, a. attended with many difficulties; -víd, a. knowing much; -vidya, a. having much knowledge, learned; -vidha, a. of many sorts, manifold, various: -m, ad. variously, repeatedly; -vistara, m. great extension; a. wide-spread; manifold, various; very detailed; -vistâra, a. of wide extent; -vistîrna, pp. wide-spread; -vîrya, a. of great strength, very efficacious; -velam, ad. ofttimes, frequently; -vyâla nishevita, pp. infested by many beasts of prey; -vrîhi, m. (having much rice), possessive adjective compound: the last member is a substantive, the whole compound becoming an adjective qualifying another substantive and agreeing with it in gender; these possessives often become substantives to designate a species (a generic term being under stood) or an individual as a proper name (a specific term being understood): e.g. bahu vrîhih (sc. samâsah), m. a &open;much-rice&close; com pound; Brihadasvah, m. Many-horse (sc. man: cp. Gr. Philippos, horse-loving, and Engl. Great-head). The term bahuvrîhi being an instance is used to designate the whole class.
bahutama spv. remotest: â bahutamât purushât, down to the remotest descendant; -tara, cpv. more numerous, more, than (ab.); more extensive, greater (fire); too or very much; several: etad eva½asmâkam bahutaram -yad, it is already a great thing for us that --; -m, ad. more; repeatedly; -tara-ka, a. very much or numerous; -tarâm, (ac. f.) ad. highly, greatly, very; -tâ, f. abundance, multitude; -titha, a.(having many tithis or lunar days), long (time); much, manifold: -m, ad. greatly; e&zip;hani, on many a day=for many days; -trina, n. almost grass, a mere straw; -trish- na, a. suffering from great thirst; -trivarsha, a.almost three years old; -tva, n. multiplicity, multitude; majority, opinion of the majority; plural; -dakshiná, a. accompanied by many gifts (sacrifice); -dâna, n. bounteous gift; 2. a. (á) munificent; -dâyin, a. id.; -drisvan,m. great observer, very learned man; -devata, a. addressed to many deities (verse); -devatyã, a. belonging to many gods; -daivata, a. relating to many gods; -dosha, 1. m. great harm or disadvantage; 2. a. having many drawbacks (forest); -dhana, a. possessing much wealth, very rich: -½îsvara, m. very wealthy man; -dh&asharp;, ad. in many ways, parts, or places; variously; many times, repeatedly; very: -kri, multiply; spread abroad;-nâman, a. having many names; -patnîka, a. having many wives: -tâ, f. polygamy; -pada, a. many footed; -parná, a. many-leaved; -pasu, a. rich in cattle; -pâda, a. many-footed; hav ing several pâdas (verse); -putra, a.having many sons or children; -pushpa-phala½upe ta, pp. having many flowers and fruits; -pra kâra, a. manifold: -m, ad. variously; repeatedly; -prakriti, a. consisting of several nominal bases (compound); -praga, a.rich in children; -pragña, a. very wise; -pra- gñâna-sâlin, a. possessed of much knowledge; -pratigña, a. involving several charges or counts (leg.); -prapañka, a. of great diffuseness, prolix; -pralâpin, a. garrulous; -bhâshin, a. id.; -bhâshya, n. loquacity; -bhug, a. eating much; -bhûmika, a. consisting of many stories (building); -bhoktri, m. great eater; -bhogyâ, f. harlot; -bhog aka, a. eating much; -bhog-in, a. id.: (-i) tâ, f.voracity; -bhauma, a. many-storied (building); -mati, f. high opinion, esteem, respect; -matsya, n. place abounding in fish; -madhya-ga, a. belonging to many; -mantavya, fp. to be highly thought of, prized or esteemed; -mâna, m. high opinion or regard, esteem, respect, for (lc. of prs. or thing, rarely g. of prs.); attaching great im portance to (lc.): -purah-saram, ad. with respect; -mânin, a. held in esteem, respected; -mânya, fp. to be highly thought of, estimable; -mâya, a. having many wiles, artful, treacherous; -mitra, a. having many friends; -mukha, a. many-mouthed, talking of many things; -mûla-phala½anvita, pp. furnished with many roots and fruits; -mûlya, 1. n. large sum of money; 2. a. of great price, costly; -yâgín, a. having offered many sacrifices; -ragas, a. very dusty and having much pollen; -ratna, a. abounding in jewels.
bahukara a. doing much, for any one (g.); -kalpa, a. of many kinds, manifold; -kalyâna, a. very noble; -kâma, a. having many wishes; -krítvas, ad. ofttimes, frequently; -kshama, a. bearing much, of great forbearance; -gamana, a. having many goings or courses; -garhya-vâk, a. talking much that is censurable, garrulous; -guna, a. many-stranded (rope); manifold, much; possessing many virtues; -gotra-ga, a.having many blood relations; -graha, a. hold ing much (pot); taking much (minister); -kitra, a. extremely manifold or various; -kkhala, a. abounding in fraud, deceitful: -tva, n. deceitfulness; -gana, 1. m. the great multitude; 2. a. having many people about one; -galpa, a. garrulous; -galpitri, m. chat terer; -tanaya, a. having many sons.
bāḍha bâdhá, bāळ्ha pp. √ bah: lc. mightily (RV.1); (a)-m, ad. (C.) certainly, assuredly, really, indeed; exceedingly; gnly. used as a pcl. of consent: very well, confirmation: so it is, or assent: yes.
bahūkṣara a. polysyllabic; -½agni, a. mentioning many Agnis (certain verses); -½añkana, a. having many goings or courses; -½anná, a. abounding in food; -½apa tya, a. promising numerous offspring; m. (?) mouse; -½apâya, a. attended with many dangers; -½abaddha-pralâpin, a. talking much meaningless chatter; -½abhidhâna, n. (many-designation), plural; -½amitra, a. having many enemies; -½artha,a. having many meanings; -½avarodha, a. having many wives; -½asvá, a. rich in horses; m. N.; -½âgya, a. abound ing in ghee; -½âdin, a. eating much, vora cious; -½âsin, a. id.; m. N.; -½âskarya, a. containing many marvels: -maya, a. id.; -½rik, a. abounding in verses (a term esp. applied to the Rig-veda); -½riká, a. id.; m. (knowing many verses), knower or follower of the Rig-veda; -½enas, a. having committed many sins.
bādha m. tormentor; resistance; m., â, f. pain, affliction, distress, suffering, annoyance, from (ab. or --°ree;); injury, damage, hurt, prejudice to (--°ree;); exclusion from (--°ree;); obstruction, annulment, suspension; contra diction, absurdity; -aka, a. (ikâ) distressing, harassing; injuring, prejudicing; setting aside, annulling; m. a tree: -tva, n. annulment; -ana, a. harassing, distressing; n. annoyance, molestation, pain (sts. pl.); annulment; removal; hindrance to (d.): â, f. trouble, affliction; -anîya, fp. to be removed; -ayitri, m.: trî, f. injurer, oppressor; -itatva, n. annulment; -itavya, fp. to be distressed, afflicted, ortroubled; -annulled or removed; -itri, m. troubler, afflicter.
bāṇāvalī f. combination of five verses forming one sentence; -½âsana, n. bow; bowstring.
bālaka a. (ikâ) young, childish, not yet full-grown; m. child, boy; young of an animal; five-year-old elephant; N. of a prince; -kânda, n. Boy-section, T. of the first book of the Râmâyana treating of the boy hood of Râma; -kunda½anuviddha, pp. n. spray of young jasmine intertwined (in their hair); -krishna, m. the boy Krishna; -kel&ibrevcirc;, f. children's game; -kriyâ, f. doings of children; -krîdana, n. child's play: -ka, m. children's toy; n. child's play; -krîdâ, f. child's play, childish sport; -ghna, m. child murderer; -kandra, m. young or crescent moon; n. breach of a peculiar shape; -kandra mas, m. young moon; -kandrikâ, f. N.; -karita, n. early life of a god, etc.; -karyâ, f. doings of a child; -tantra, n. midwifery; -tâ, f. childhood; -tva, n. id.; -darsam, abs. on seeing a boy; -pattra, m. a tree; -putra, a. having young children, having young: -ka,m. little son; -bandhana, m. binder of children (a demon of disease); -bhañgaka, m. N.; -bhâva, m. childhood; recent rise of a planet; -bhritya, m. servant from child hood; -mati, a. of childish intellect; -man dâra-vriksha, m. young coral tree; -râmâ yana, n. T. of a play; -roga, m. children's disease; -lîlâ, f. child's play; -vinashta: -ka, m. N.; -vaidhavya, n. child-widow hood; -sri&ndot;ga, a. having young horns; -sakhi, m. friend from youth; friend of a fool: -tva, n. friendship with a fool; -su hrid, m. friend from childhood; -han, a. (-ghnî) child-murdering.
bārhaspata a. (î) relating to or descended from Brihaspati; -yá, m. pat. descendant of Brihaspati; pupil of Brihaspati; unbeliever; n. the Artha-sâstra of Brihaspati.
bārhaddaivata n. T. of a work =Brihaddevatâ; -ratha, a. relating to Brihad-ratha.
bārhata a. (î) relating to the metre brihatî: -ka, m. N.; -½ânushtubha, a. con sisting of a brihatî and an anushtubh.
bāndhava m. (having relationship: bandhu), kinsman, relation; maternal relative; friend: î, f. female relative; a-ka, a. concerning relations; -dhurâ, f. friendly service.
bāṣpāya den. Â. shed tears. ati, weep excessively.
bālopacaraṇa n. medical treatment of children: î-ya, a. relating to the --; -½upakâra, m. medical treatment of children.
bāleya a. suitable for an oblation (bali); descended from Bali; m. ass.
bāhucyuta pp. fallen or dropped from the arm or hand; (u)-tarana, n. cross ing with the arms, i. e. swimming across a river; (ú)-tâ, ad. in the arms (V.); (u)-dan- da, m. long arm; -danta-ka, a. with sâstra, n. N. of a treatise on jurisprudence abridged by Indra; -dant-in, m. ep. of Indra: (-i) putra, m. Indra's son (as the author of a Tantra); -pâsa, m. fetter of the arms, encircling arms; a certain attitude in fighting; -prasâra, m. extension of the arms; -bandhana, n. clasped or encircling arms; -bala, n. strength of arm; m. (Arm-strong), N.; -balín, a. strong-armed; -madhya, a. middle most with the arms: â-ni karmâni=actions with the arms are intermediate; -mûla, n. root of the arm, shoulder; -yuddha, n. hand to hand fight, pugilistic encounter; -yodha, -yodhin, m. pugilist.
bāhyakaraṇa n. external organ of sense; -tara, cpv. external etc.; outcast; -tas, ad. prp. outside, without (ab., g.); -tâ, f. deviation or divergence from (ab.); -pra kriti, f. pl. constituent parts of a foreign state (except the king).
bimba m. n. disc of the sun or moon; sphere, orb, disc, esp. of any rounded part of the body (hips, buttocks); mirror; image, reflexion; object compared (in comparisons: opp. prati-bimba, that with which it is com pared); m. lizard, chameleon; N.; n. fruit of a tree (Momordica monadelpha): as it is of a ruddy colour when ripe, the lips of beautiful women are often compared with it; â, f. N. of a princess.
bīja n. seed (of plants and animals); seed-corn, grain; runner of the Indian fig-tree; germ, element; source, origin, begin ning; germ of a poem or play (from which the plot is developed); algebra; quicksilver: --°ree; a. caused or occasioned by: -ka, m. citron; n. seed; list; -kânda-prarohin, a. spring ing from seed or from slips; -kânda-ruha, a. id.; -kosî, f. seed-vessel (esp. of the lotus); -kriyâ, f. algebraic solution; -ganita, n. algebra; -dravya, n. elementary substance; -pûra: -ka, m. citron tree; -pûrna, m. id.; n. citron; -mâtra, n. only what is necessary for the preservation of seed or the race; -ruha, a. springing from seed;-vat, a. provided with seed or corn; -vâpa, m. sowing of seed; -sesha-mâtra, n. even their seed as a re mainder; -samhriti-mat, a. containing the germ and the catastrophe (of a play).
buddhikṛt a. producing the im pression of (--°ree;); -krita, pp. wisely acted; -kintaka, a. thinking wisely; -gîvin, a. sub sisting by intelligence; -tattva, n. the tattva of intellect (produced from Prakriti and Purusha); -pûrva, a. premeditated, inten tional: -m, ad. intentionally; -pûrvaka, a. id.: -m, ad. purposely; -prabha, m. N. of a prince; -prâgalbhî, f. soundness of judg ment; -mat, a. intelligent; shrewd, wise:-tva, n. wisdom; -matikâ, f. N.; -maya, a. consisting of intellect; -moha, m. confusion of mind; -vara, m. N. of a minister of Vikra mâditya; -vargita, pp. destitute of under standing, foolish; -vriddhi, f. increase of understanding or wisdom: -kara, a. produc ing --; -sarîra, m. N.; -sastra, a. armed with wisdom; -sâlin, a. possessed of under standing, intelligent, wise; -suddha, pp. pure of purpose; -suddhi, f. purification of the intellect; -sreshtha, spv. best through intel lect: â-ni karmâni=the works of the intel lect are best; -sampanna, pp. endowed with understanding, intelligent, wise; -sammita, pp. commensurate with reason; -sâgara, m. N.; -stha, a. present to the mind, conscious; -hîna, pp. destitute of intellect, dull-witted: -tva, n. deficiency of intellect, stupidity.
buddhi f. intelligence, understand ing, reason, intellect, mind; discernment, judgment; presence of mind, ready wit; perception; comprehension; opinion, view; belief, conviction; supposition; thought, about (lc.); feelings of (--°ree;, e.g. pity); correct or reasonable view; reflection or meditation on (lc.); intention, purpose (in. with a view to, from, through: --°ree;); --°ree;, impression, belief, notion (of, e.g. a wall=that something is a wall): in. under the impression, in the belief of (e.g. a tiger=that it was a tiger; obtain ment=that something has been obtained); -m kri, make up one's mind, form a resolu tion, to (inf., lc., or prati with ac. of vbl. n.); -m pra-kri, set a purpose before one, make up one's mind, decide.
buddha pp. (√ budh) awakened, fully awake; expanded (flower); enlightened, wise; known, observed; m. enlightened person who is qualified by good works and knowledge of the truth for Nirvâna and reveals the true doctrine of salvation to the world before his decease (B.); the historical Buddha, named Sâkya-muni Gautama, the founder of the Buddhist religion, who was born in Magadha and died about 477 b. c.; -gayâ, f. Buddha's Gayâ, the Buddhistic name of the town of Gayâ (so called because Buddha obtained true knowledge there); -ghosha, m. N. of a celebrated Buddhist scholar who lived at the beginning of the fifth century a. d. (the N. is not quotable in Sanskrit); -tva, n. Buddha hood; -datta, m. N. of a minister; -dharma, m. Buddha's law; -pâlita, m. N. of a pupil of Nâgârguna; -mârga, m. way or doctrine of Buddha; -rakshita, m. N.: â, f. N.; -½âgama, m. Buddha's doctrine; -½anta, m. waking condition.
bījākṣara n. initial syllable of a mantra or spell; -½a&ndot;kura, m. seed-sprout: du. seed and sprout: -nyâya, m. principle of seed and sprout (each of which is in turn the cause of the other)=relation of mutual causa tion; -½âdhya, m. (abounding in seeds), citron; -½asva, m. stallion.
bṛṃhaṇa a. fattening, nourishing; n. fattening, invigorating: -tva, n. quality of strengthening; -an-îya, a. fattening, nour ishing; -ayitavya, fp. to be strengthened; -ita, pp. n. trumpeting of an elephant;roar of a lion.
bubhukṣā f. wish to enjoy (--°ree;); desire to eat, appetite, hunger: -½apanayana, m. remedy of hunger, food; -sh-ita, pp. hun gry, famishing; -shu, des. a. hungry; wish ing for worldly enjoyment (opp. desiring final liberation).
bṛhat pr. pt. (-&isharp;) lofty, long, tall; vast, abundant, extensive; much; strong, mighty; big, large, great (fig. in all mgs.); full-grown, old; far-extending, bright (light); high, loud, clear (sound); ad. widely, on high; firmly, compactly; brightly; aloud; mightily, very; n. height; N. of various Sâmans having the metrical form of the Brihatî; m. or n. speech (brihatâm patih=Brihaspati); -&isharp;, f. a metre of 36syllables (8+8+12+8 sylla bles); later, every metre of 36 syllables; the number thirty-six.
bodha a. understanding, knowing; m. awaking (int.); waking state, conscious ness; expanding, blooming (of flowers); call ing forth (a perfume); beginning to take effect (of a spell); apprehension, knowledge, understanding; designation; N.; -aka, a. (ikâ) awakening, rousing; causing to know, teaching, explaining; designating, indicating (--°ree;); enlightening, instructing; m. teacher, instructor; N.; -ana, a. (î) causing to awake, i.e. to expand (of a flower); arousing, excit ing; instructing, informing, teaching; m. planet Mercury; n. awaking, waking; per ceiving, understanding, knowledge; arous ing; causing to take effect (spell); causing to perceive or understand; instructing, in forming, enlightening; designating, indicat ing; ninth day of the dark fortnight in Bhâ dra, on which Durgâ awakes: î, f. eleventh day of the light fortnight of the month Kârttika, on which Vishnu awakes from his sleep; -anîya, fp. to be admonished; -un derstood; -regarded as.
baiḍāla a. peculiar to the cat: -vrat ika, -vratin, a. following the ways of the cat, deceitful.
baijika a. relating to seed, seminal; inherited from one's father (guilt).
bṛhaspatimat a. accompa nied by Brihaspati; -vat, a. id.
bṛhaspati m. Lord of devotion, N. of a god (the outcome of theological specu lation) in whom piety towards the gods is personified; in C. he is accounted the god of wisdom and eloquence (to whom various works are ascribed); the planet Jupiter; N.
brahmaloka m. world or heaven of Brahman (sts. pl.); -laukika, a. inhabit ing the world of Brahman; -vaktri, m. ex pounder of the Vedas; -vat, ad. in accord ance with or like the Veda; -vadya, n.recitation of Vedic texts; -vadha, m. mur der of a Brâhman; -vadhyâ, f. id.: -krita, n. perpetrated murder of a Brâhman; -vark asá, n. pre-eminence in sacred knowledge, sanctity; -varkas-in, a. pre-eminent in di vine knowledge, holy; -varkas-vin, a. id.; -vâdá, m. discourse on sacred matters; -vâd ín, a. discoursing on sacred matters; m. theologian, Vedântin; -vâsa, m. Brahman's abode or heaven; (bráhma)-vâhas, a. to whom prayer is offered; -vit-tva, n. sacred knowledge, theology, philosophy; -víd, a. knowing the Vedas; versed in magic; m. theologian, philosopher; -vidy&asharp;, f. knowledge of Brahman or of sacred things; -vidvas, pt. knowing Brahman; -vivardhana, a. increas ing sacred knowledge, ep. of Vishnu; -vrik sha, m. Brahman as a tree; -vritti, f. sub sistence of a Brâhman; -veda, m. Veda of Spells, Atharva-veda; -vedi, f. N. of a local ity; -vedin, a.knowing the Brahman or the Vedas; -vaivarta: -ka, n. T. of a Purâna; -vrata, n. vow of chastity: -dhara, a. prac tising --; -sâyin, a. resting in Brahman; -sâlâ, f. Brahman's hall; N. of a sacred locality; -siras, -sîrshan, n. kind of mythi cal missile; -samsad, f. Brahman's audience chamber; -samstha, a. devoted to sacred things; -samhitâ, f. collection of prayers; -sattra, n. sacrifice of prayer; -sattrin, a. offering a sacrifice of prayer; -sadana, n. seat of the Brahman priest; abode or heaven of Brahman; -sabhâ, f. hall or audience chamber of Brahman; -sambhava, a. sprung from Brahman; -saras, n. N. of a bathing place; -savá, m. purification of prayer; kind of sacrificial rite; -sât-kri, bring into har mony with Brahman; -sâmá, -sâmán, n. Sâman chanted after a verse recited by the Brahman priest; -sâyugya, n. complete union or identification with the universal soul; -sârshti-tâ, f. equality with Brahman; -sâ varna, m. N. of the tenth Manu; -sâvarni, m. id.; -siddhânta, m. T. of various astrono mical works; -siddhi, m. N. of an ascetic; -suta, m. son of Brahman; -suvarkalâ, f. kind of plant; decoction of this plant (drunk as a penance); -sûtra, n. sacred cord worn by Brâhmans over the shoulder; sacred or theological Sûtra; T. of a Sûtra work on the Vedânta philosophy ascribed to Bâdarâyana or Vyâsa: -pada, n. statement of a theolo gical Sûtra; a. (î) consisting of the state ments of a theological Sûtra; -sûtrin, a. wearing the sacred cord; -srig, m. creator of Brahman, ep. of Siva; -soma, m. N. of a saint; -stamba, m. universe, world; -stena, m. (thief of=) one in unlawful possession of the Veda; -steya, n. (theft of=) unlawful acquisition of the Veda; -sthala, n. N. of a town and of various villages; -sva, n. pro perty of a Brâhman; -haty&asharp;, f. murder of a Brâhman; -hán, m. murderer of a Brâhman; -hridaya, m. n. N. of a star (Capella).
baudhāyana m. pat. N. of an ancient teacher: pl. his race; a. (î) relating to or composed by Baudhâyana: pl. school of Baudhâyana; î-ya, m. pl. a school of the Black Yagur-veda.
baudha a. relating or belonging to Mercury: w. ahan, n. day of Mercury, Wed nesday.
bauddha a. kept in the mind (bud dhi), mental (=not uttered); relating to the understanding; belonging to or connected with Buddha; m. Buddhist: -darsana, n., -mata, (pp.) n. Buddhist doctrine.
brahmanirvāṇa n. extinction or absorption in Brahman (n.); -nishtha, a. absorbed in the contemplation of Brahman (n.); -nîda, n. resting-place of Brahman (n.); -pattra, n. Brahman's leaf=leaf of the Palâsa tree (Butea frondosa); -patha, m. path to Brahman (m. or n.); -pada, n. place of Brahman (n.); pârâyana, n. complete study or entire text of the Veda; -putrá, m. son of a priest or Brâhman; son of the god Brahman; kind of vegetable poison; N. of a large river rising in the eastern Himâlayas and falling into the bay of Bengal; N. of a lake; -pura, n. Brahman's citadel (in heaven); N. of a city (Theopolis): î, f. id.; ep. of the city of Benares; -puraka, m. pl. N. of a people; -pura½âkhya, a. named Brahmapura; -purâna, n. T. of a Purâna; -purusha, m. servant of the Brahman priest; servant of the god Brahman; -prakriti-ka, a. having Brahman as its source (world): -tva, n. origination from Brahman; -priya, a. found of devotion; -prî, a. id. (RV.); -bandhava, n. function of a priest's assistant; -bandhu, m. priest fellow (used contemptuously), unworthy Brâhman, Brâhman in caste only, nominal Brâhman; sp. Brâhman who does not perform the morning and the evening Samdhyâ ceremony (according to Sâyana); -bindu, m. Dot (Anusvâra) of Brahman, T. of an Upani shad; -bîga, n. seed of the Veda, the sacred syllable &open;om;&close; -bruvâna, pr. pt. Â. calling himself or pretending to be a Brâhman; -bhavana, n. abode of Brahman; -bhâgá, m. share of the Brahman priest; -bhâva, m. absorption in the Absolute; -bhâvana, a. manifesting or teaching the Veda; -bhid, a. dividing the one Brahman into many; -bhuvana, n. world of Brahman; -bhûta, pp. having become one with, i.e. absorbed in Brahman or the Abso lute; -bhûya, n. identification with or absorption in Brahman; rank of a Brâhman, Brâhmanhood; -bhûyas, a. becoming one with Brahman; n. absorption in Brahman; -bhrashta, pp. having forfeited sacred knowledge; -ma&ndot;gala-devatâ, f. ep. of Lakshmî; -matha, m. N. of a monastic school or college; -maya, a. (î) consisting or formed of Brahman; -maha, m. festival in honour of Brâhmans; -mîmâmsâ, f. inquiry into the nature of Brahman, the Vedânta philosophy; -yagñá, m. sacrifice of devotion=Vedic reci tation or study (one of the five daily sacri fices of the householder); -yasas, n.: -a, n. glory of Brahman; -yasas-in, a. possessing the glory of Brâhmans; -yúg, a. yoked by prayer = bringing the god in answer to prayer; -yoni, f. home of Brahman (n.); a. having one's home in Brahman; sprung from Brahman: -stha, a. abiding in Brahman (n.) as one's source; -rakshas, n. kind of evil demon; -ratna, n. valuable present bestowed on Brâh mans; -ratha, m. Brâhman's cart; -râkshasa, m. kind of evil demon; -râga, m. N.; -râta, m.given by Brahman, ep. of Suka; N. of Yâgñavalkya's father; -râsi, m. entire mass or circle of Vedic texts or sacred knowledge.
brahmatā f. nature of the absolute deity; -tegas, n. glory or power of Brah man; a. having the glory or power of Brah man; -tego-maya, a. formed of Brahman's glory; -tva, n. office of the Brahman priest; rank of a Brâhman; position of Brahman; -da, a. giving the Veda, imparting sacred knowledge; -danda, m. Brahman's staff (a kind of mythical weapon); curse of a Brâh man; -dandin, m. N. of an ancient sage; -dattá, m. given by the god Brahman; N.; -dâtri, m. imparter of the Veda, spiritual teacher; -dâna, n. gift of the Veda, impart ing of sacred knowledge; -dâya, 1. a. im parting the Veda; 2. m. sacred knowledge as a heritage; inheritance of a Brâhman; -dâya hara, a. receiving the Veda as an inherit ance from (g.); -dâyâda, a. enjoying sacred knowledge as his inheritance or m. son of Brahman; -dûshaka, a. falsifying the Veda; -deya, a. being given in marriage after the manner of Brahman or the Brâhmans: with vidhi, m. marriage of this kind; n. instruc tion in the Veda, imparting of sacred know ledge: -½anusamtâna, a. in whose familyteaching of the Veda is hereditary; -dvísh, a. hostile to devotion or religion, impious; m. hater of Brâhmans; -dvesha, m. hatred of religion, impiety; -dhara, a. possessed of sa cred knowledge; -dharma-dvish, a. hating the Vedas and the law; -dhâtu, m. compo nent part of Brahman.
brahma m. priest (only --°ree; with asura-); n. metrical for brahman, the Absolute: -ka, --°ree; a.=brahman, m. the god Brahman; -kara, m. tribute paid to Brâhmans; -karman, n. function of a Brâhman; office of the Brah man priest; -karma-samâdhi, a. intent on Brahman in action; -kalpa, a. resembling Brahman; m. age or cosmic period of Brahman (a primaeval age); -kânda, n. the Brahman section=the dogmatic part of the scriptures; T. of a work or part of a work by Bhartri hari; -kilbishá, n. sin against Brâhmans (RV.1); -kûrka, n. a kind of penance in which the five products of the cow are eaten (=pañka-gavya); -krít, a. offering prayers; (bráhma)-kriti, f. prayer, devotion; -kosá, m. treasury of prayer; -kshatra, n. sg. & du. Brâhmans and nobles: -sava, m. pl. sacri fices offered by Brâhmans and Kshatriyas; -kshetra, n. N. of a sacred locality; -gav&isharp;, f. cow of a Brâhman; -gîtikâ, f. Brahman's song, N. of certain verses; -gupta, m. N. of a son of Brahman; N. of an astronomer born 598 a. d.; N.; -gola, m. universe; -ghât aka, m.Brâhman-killer; -ghâtin, m. id.: -î, f. woman on the second day of her menses; -ghosha, m. murmur of prayer (sts. pl.); sacred word, Veda (coll.): -rava, m. sound of murmured prayer; -ghna, m. Brâhman slayer; -ghnî,f. of -han, q. v.; -kakra, n. Brahman's wheel; kind of mystical circle; -kárya, n. religious study; religious student ship (of a Brâhman youth, passed in celibacy, being the first stage in the religious life of a Brâhman); sp.self-restraint, continence, chastity: -m upa½i, -â-gam, grah, kar, or vas, practise chastity: â, f. chastity, a-tva, n. continence, chastity, -vat, a. practising chastity, -½âsrama, m. order of religious stu dentship; -kârín, a. (n-î) practising sacred knowledge; sp. practising continence or chas tity; m. religious student; -kâri-vâsa, m. living as a religious student; -kâri-vrata, n. vow of chastity; -ganman, n. Veda-birth, regeneration by sacred knowledge; -gîvin, a. subsisting by sacred knowledge; -gña, a. knowing the scriptures or Brahman; -gñâna, n. knowledge of the Veda or of Brahman; -gyá, a. oppressing Brâhmans; -gyotis, n. splendour of Brahman; a.having the splen dour of Brahman or of the Veda.
brahmojjha a. having abandoned Vedic study: -tâ, f. forgetting the Veda; -½uttara, m. pl. N. of a people (consisting chiefly of Brâhmans); n. T. of a section of the Skanda-purâna (treating chiefly of Brah man); -½udumbara, n. (?) N. of a place of pil grimage; a&halfacute;udya, n. discussion of theological problems, giving of riddles from the Veda; -½odaná, m. rice pap boiled for Brâhmans, esp. officiating priests.
brahmin a. relating to Brahman.
brahmāyus n. Brahman's life time; a. living as long as Brahman; m. N. of a Brâhman; -½aranya, n. N. of a forest; -½ârambha, m. beginning of Vedic recitation; -½arpana, n. offering of sacred knowledge; -½âvarta, m. N. of the sacred tract between the Sarasvatî and the Drishadvatî, north west of Hastinâpura; -½âsana, n. seat of the Brahman priest; a sitting posture suitable for sacred meditation; -½astra, n. Brahman's missile (a mythical weapon); -½âsya, n. a Brâhman's mouth; -½âhuti, f. offering of devotion.
brahmāṇḍa n. egg of Brahman, universe, world (sts. pl.): -kapâla, m. hemi sphere of the world=inhabited earth; -½âdya, 1. fp. eatable for Brâhmans; 2. a. beginning with Brahman; -½adhigamika, a. relating to Vedic study; -½ânanda, m. rapturous joy in Brahman; -½apeta, (pp.) m. N. of a Râk shasa; -½abhyâsa, m. Vedic study.
brāhmaṇācchaṃsin m. (re citing after the Brâhmana), priest who assists the Brahman at the Soma sacrifice; -îya, n., -îyâ, f. office of the Brâhmanâkkhamsin; -yã, a. relating to the Brâhmanâkkhamsin priest; n. office of the Brâhmanâkkhamsin.
brāhmaṇaspatya a. sacred to Brahmanaspati.
brāhmaṇa a. (î) belonging to a Brâhman, Brâhmanic; î, f. woman of the priestly caste; kind of red-tailed lizard; n. Brahman (n.), the divine (V.); divine power; dictum of a Brahman orpriest, theological exegesis relating to matters of faith and cult; N. of a class of works containing such disquisitions, a Brâhmana; passage in a Brâhmana; Soma-vessel of the Brahman priest: -ka, m. wretched or merely nominal Brâhman; -kalpa, a. resembling a Brâhman; -kumâra, m. Brâhman boy; -kula, n. house of a Brâhman; -griha, n. house of a Brâh man; -ghna, m. slayer of a Brâhman; -kând âla, m. (kândâla of a=) contemptible Brâh man; -gâtá, n. Brâhman race; -gushta, pp. pleasing to Brâhmans; -tâ, f. rank or con dition of a Brâhman; -tva, n. id.; -dârikâ, f. Brâhman girl; -patha, m. Brâhmana text; -putra-ka, m. Brâhman boy; -prasa&ndot;ga, m. applicability of the term Brâhmana, notion of Brâhman; -prâtivesya, m. neighbouring Brâhman; -priya, m. friend of Brâhmans; -bruva, a. calling himself a Brâhman, Brâh man only in name; -bhâva,m. condition or rank of a Brâhman; -bhogana, n. feeding of Brâhmans; -yagñá, m. sacrifice meant for or offered by Brâhmans; -vakana, n. statement of a Brâhmana text; -vadha, m. murder of a Brâhman.
brāhma a. (î) relating to Brahman; belonging, peculiar, or favourable to or con sisting of Brâhmans, Brâhmanical; bestowed on Brâhmans (money); prescribed by the Veda, scriptural; spiritual (birth); sacred, divine; sacred to Brahman: with tîrtha, n. part of the hand under the root of the thumb; w. vivâha, m. Brahman form of marriage (the highest of the eight forms, in which the bride is given to the bridegroom without any pre sent in return on his part); m. pat. N.; n. study of the Veda.
bhakti f. partition, distribution (V.); the being a part of or belonging to anything; appurtenance; portion, part; division, streak, line; order, succession; attachment, devotion, homage, honour, respect, worship, faith (in, etc., g., lc., or --°ree;; ordinary mg.); --°ree;, assumption of the form of (e.g. steps): in. figuratively; in succession (also -tas): -kkheda, m. pl. broken lines or streaks; -gña, a. knowing devotion, faithfully attached: -tva, n. faithfulness, loyalty; -pûrva-kam, -pûrvam, ad. devoutly, reverentially; -bhâg, a. possessed of faithful attachment or devotion; greatly devoted to a thing (lc.); -mat, a. attached, loyal, faithful, devoted, having pious faith (in, etc., lc. or --°ree;); -yoga, m. pious faith, devotion; -rasa, m. feelings of devotion; -râga, m. predilection for (lc.); -vâda, m. assurance of devotion; -hîna, pp. destitute of devotion.
bhakta pp. (√ bhag) devoted, etc.; m. worshipper; n. food; meal: -kara, m. preparer of food, cook; -kkhanda, n. appetite; -tva, n. being a part of or belonging to (--°ree;); -da, -dâyaka, a.presenting food to (g.); -dâsa, m. one who serves in return for his daily food; -dvesha, m. aversion to food, lack of appetite; -dveshin, a. disliking food, lacking appetite; -pâtra, n. dish of food; -ruki, f. appetite; -rokana,a. stimulating appetite; -sarana, n. kitchen; -sâlâ, f. dining-hall; -½âkâ&ndot;kshâ, f. appetite; -½abhilâsha, m. id.; -½abhisâra, m. dining-room; -½aruki, f. aversion for food.
brāhmya a. relating to Brahman or the Brâhmans: -tîrtha, n. a part of the hand.
brāhmī f. (of brâhma), female energy of Brahman; goddess of speech, Sarasvatî (Brahman's wife); speech; narrative; wife espoused according to the Brâhma form; N. of various plants; N. of a river: -putra, m. son of a woman married according to the Brâhma rite.
bhakṣi m. the root bhaksh (gr.); -ita, (pp.) n. being devoured by (in.): -sesha, a. remaining from what has been eaten; m. leavings of food: -½âhâra, m. meal of leavings; -itavya, fp. to be eaten; -itri, m. eater; -in, a. eating (gnly. --°ree;); -ya, fp. to be eaten, eatable, fit for food; n. food; sp. solid food (which has to be chewed); m. food, dish (incorrect for bhaksha): -bhaksha-ka, m. du. food and eater, -vastu, n.eatable thing, victuals.
bhakṣa m. partaking of nourishment, drinking, eating; drink (V.), food (ord. mg.): very commonly --°ree; a. feeding or subsisting on; -aka, a. eating, feeding on (--°ree;); m. feeder, eater, of (g., --°ree;); (bháksh)-ana, n. drinking, eating, partaking of, feeding on (g. or --°ree;); being devoured, by (in.); -anîya, fp. to be eaten, eatable: -tâ, f. eatableness; -ayitavya, fp. to be eaten or devoured; -ayitri, m. eater.
bhagna pp. (√ bhañg) broken, etc.; n. fracture of the leg; -krama, n. violation of syntactical construction; -gânu, a. broken-kneed; -tâ, f. condition of being broken: pravahanasya, ship wrecked condition; -pra krama, n. inappropriate sequence in using a word not suiting one previously employed (rh.); -pratigña, a. having broken one's promise, faithless; -bhânda, a. having broken his pots; -manas, a.discouraged; -manoratha, a. disappointed; -mâna, a. whose pride has been offended; -yâkña, a. whose request has been refused; -vrata, a. having broken his vow; -sakti, a. whose power is broken; -samdhi, a. having broken joints; -½âsa, a. whose hopes have been frustrated, disap pointed; -½udyama, a. whose efforts have been foiled, baffled.
bhagin a. prosperous, happy, fortunate, lucky; splendid, glorious: -î, f. sis ter (happy, as not being an only child but having a brother): -pati, m. sister's husband, brother-in-law, -suta, m. sister's son, nephew.
bhagavat a. possessing a happy lot, fortunate, blessed; adorable, venerable, divine (ep. of gods and demi-gods), august, illustrious, holy (of saints); worshipful as a term of address in vc.(bhagavan, bhagavas (V.), bhagos, f. bhagavati, m. pl. bhagavantah) or nm. with 3 sg.; m. ep. of Vishnu or Krish na, and of Siva: -î, f. ep. of Lakshmî and of Durgâ; -vad-âsraya-bhûta, pp. being the seat or resting-place of the Venerable One (Vishnu).
bhaṭṭa m. [Pr. for bhartri], doctor (designation of great scholars: the real name often being omitted, =e.g. Kumârila); â, f. N. of a sorceress.
bhajana n. adoration, worship: -tâ, f. id.; -anîya, fp. to be loved or adored; -i-tavya, fp. id.
bhaṅgībhakti f. formation of steps, wave-like stair.
bhaṅga a. breaking (V.1); m. breaking (also of waves), -down or off; plucking off; falling out; injury; fracture (of bones); separation, analysis (of words); bend, curve; collapse, downfall, fall, ruin, destruction, decay; interruption, disturbance; frustration, failure; infringement, diminution; non-performance (of an order); dispersion, discomfiture, rout, defeat (also in a lawsuit); fear; rejection, refusal; refutation; fragment; contraction, knitting (of the brows); fold; wave: -kara, a. breaking; m. breaker, infringer.
bhavadvirahanāma n. mere mention of separation from you.
bhavānī f. N. of a goddess (S.), later identified with Siva's wife Pârvatî (C.); N.: -pati, -vallabha, -sakha, m. ep. of Siva.
bhavabhaṅga m. annihilation of mundane existence; -bhâva, m. love of the world; -bhâvana, a. bestowing welfare: â, f. regarding anything as good fortune (--°ree;); -bhîru, a. fearing rebirth; -bhûti, f. for tunate existence; m. N. of a dramatic poet, author of the Mâlatîmâdhava, the Mahâvîra karita, and the Uttararâmakarita, who lived in the eighth century a.d.; -bhoga, m. plea sures of the world; -manyu, m. resentment against the world; -maya, a. proceeding from Siva; -mokana, a. releasing from mundane existence; -sarman, m. N.; -sa&ndot;gin, a. at tached to worldly existence; -samtati, f. continuous series of transmigrations; -sâyu- gya, n. union with Siva (after death); -sâra, m. ocean of existence.
bhasman a. eating, devouring (RV.); n. [that which is devoured by fire], ashes.
bhājana n. representation (in. in the place of: g.); --°ree;, representing, the equivalent of (V.); --°ree; a. sharing in, entitled to, be longing or relating to; n. vessel, dish, pot; recipient, repository, of (g. or --°ree;), fit object or person for (g.); a measure of capacity equal to 64 Palas: -tâ, f. being a vessel of (g.); pos session, -tva, n. being a vessel for, worthiness.
bhāgīratha a. (î) relating to Bha gîratha: î, f. ep. of the Ganges (also N. of one of the three sources and of an arm of the Ganges): -nâtha, m. lord of the Ganges, the ocean, -vallabha, m. lover of the Ganges, id.
bhāgika a. forming a part; m. N.; -ín, a. entitled to a share; receiving or having received a share; participating or concerned in (g., lc., or --°ree;); consisting of shares; m. par ticipator; possessor, owner; fortunate man.
bhāgavata a. (î) relating to or pro ceeding from the Adorable One (Vishnu or Krishna); m. follower of the Adorable One, Vaishnava monk.
bhāgadheya n. share, due; lot, fate; property; share of a king, tax; a. (î) due as a share (V.); -bhâg, a. having a share in anything; m. participator; -bhug, m. (enjoying the taxes), king; -mukha, m. N.; -lakshana, n. indirect indication of the part (rh.).
bhāṇḍa n. vessel, pot, pail, dish; vat; box, case; utensil, implement; musical in strument; wares, merchandise (sts. m.); jewel, valuable, treasure; capital, principal; buf foonery: -ka, n. pot; case; --°ree;a. wares, mer chandise; -pati, m. merchant; -mûlya, n. capital consisting in wares, stock in trade; -vâdana, n. playing a musical instrument; -vâdya, n. musical instrument; -sâlâ, f. store house; -½âgâra, n. store-room; treasury; trea sure: i-ka, m. superintendent of a store; treasurer.
bhājin a. (--°ree;) participating in, obtaining; combined with; -ya, fp. to be divided.
bhāradvājin m. pl. N. of a certain school; -îya, a. relating to Bhârad vâga; m. pl. the school of Bhâradvâga.
bhāradvāja a. (î) derived from or relating to Bharadvâga; m. descendant of Bharadvâga, pat. of Agastya and others; planet Mars; skylark: î, f. female descend ant of Bharadvâga; skylark; N. of a river; a-ka, a. belonging to or derived from Bhar advâga: i-kâ, f. skylark.
bhārgavīya a. relating to Bhrigu.
bhārgava a. (î) derived from, be longing or relating to Bhrigu; belonging to Bhârgava (Sukra); m. descendant of Bhrigu, Parasurâma; pat. of Sukra, teacher of the Daityas; ep. of Siva: î, f. female descend ant of Bhrigu; daughter of Bhârgava (Sukra); ep. of Pârvatî; (a)-râghavîya, a. relating to Parasurâma and Râma.
bhāvana a. (î) effecting, producing; furthering, promoting the welfare of (g. or --°ree;); imagining, fancying; teaching; n., â, f. producing, effecting; conception, imagina tion, idea, fancy; supposition; â, f. settling, determining; saturation of a powder with fluid; --°ree; a. nature: in. in thought, in imagi nation; -m bandh, occupy one's imagination with, direct one's thoughts to (lc.).
bhāva m. becoming, arising, occur ring; turning into (--°ree;), transformation into (lc.); being, existence; endurance, continu ance; state of being (--°ree;, forming abst. nouns like -tâ and -tva); being orbecoming (as the fundamental notion of the verb, sp. of the int. or imps. vb.); behaviour, conduct; condition, state; rank, position; aspect of a planet (in astrology); true state, reality (°ree;--, in reality); manner of being, nature; mental state, dis position, temperament; way of thinking, thought, opinion, sentiment, feeling; emotion (in rhetoric there are eight or nine primary Bhâvas corresponding to that number of Rasas or sentiments); supposition; meaning, import (iti bhâvah is continually used by commen tators like iti½arthah or iti½abhiprâyah, at the end of an explanation); affection, love; seat of the emotions, heart, soul; substance, thing; being, creature; discreet man (dr.: vc.=re spected sir); astrological house: bhâvo bhâ vam nigakkhati, birds of a feather flock to gether; bhâvam dridham kri, make a firm resolution; bhâvam kri or bandh, conceive affection for (lc.): -ka, a. causing to be, pro ducing (--°ree;); promoting the welfare of (g.); imagining, fancying (g. or --°ree;); having a sense of the beautiful, having a poetic taste; -kar tri-ka, a. having as its agent an abstract noun; -gamya, fp. to be recognised by the imagination.
bhāryājita pp. ruled by his wife, hen-pecked; -tva, n. wifehood; -droh in, a. acting maliciously towards his wife; -pati, m. du. man and wife: -tva, n. wed lock; -vat, a. having a wife; -sama, a.equal to a wife.
bhāvitva n. necessity of being, in evitableness; --°ree;, being; accommodation to.
bhāvitātman a. whose soul is purified or is made the object of meditation; engaged or occupied with (--°ree;).
bhāvitā f. adaptation to (--°ree;).
bhāvarūpa a. really existing; -vak ana, a. expressing the abstract verbal notion (activity or state); -vat, a. being in a con dition or relation; -vikâra, m. modification of the notion of being orbecoming; -vritta, pp. relating to creation; -sabda, m. verb; -suddhi, f. purity of heart; -sûnya, a. de void of affection; -samsuddhi, f. purity of heart; -samâhita, pp. composed in mind; -stha, a. being in love, enamoured;-sthira, a. rooted in the heart; -snigdha, pp. heartily or deeply attached.
bhāṣika a. relating to the ver nacular; n. general rules: â, f. language; -ita, pp. spoken, said; n. speech, utterance, lan guage; -itavya, fp. to be addressed; -itri, a. saying, uttering (ac.; Br.), speaking (--°ree;); -in, a. saying, speaking; loquacious; gnly. --°ree;, speaking, talking.
bhāṣā f. speech, talk, language; vernacular tongue (either=spoken Sanskrit of Pânini as opposed to Vedic or Prâkrit as opposed to Sanskrit); description, definition; plaint, charge, or accusation (in law); -kit raka, n. play on words; -gña, a. versed in languages; m. N.; -parikkheda, m. T. of a compendium of the Vaiseshika system; -sa ma, m. sentence identical with the vernacular (i.e. consisting of words which may be ac counted Sanskrit as well as Prâkrit: rh.).
bhikṣāka m. beggar; -karana, n. begging, mendicancy; -kara, m. N. of a son of Bhoga; -karana, n. mendicancy: -m kar, go about begging; -kárya, n. id.: -m kar, go about begging: â, f. id.; -karya-karana, n. id.; -kâra, a. practising mendi cancy; m. beggar; -½atana, n. wandering about begging, mendicancy: -m kri, beg; -m kâr aya, force any one (ac.) to go begging; -½anna, n. food obtained by begging; -pâtra, n.begging-bowl, alms-dish; -prakâra, m. going forth to beg; -bhânda, n. begging bowl; -bhug, a. living on alms; -½ayana, n. mendicancy; -½arthin, a. begging for charity; m. beggar; -vat, a. receiving charity, beg ging; -vritti, a. subsisting on alms; -½âsi tva, n. eating of begged food, living on alms; -½âsin, a. eating begged food, living on alms; -½âhâra, m. begged food; a. living on alms; m. beggar.
bhāsya a. becoming manifest or known: -tva, n. manifestation.
bhaṭīya a. relating to Âryabhata.
bhī f. fear, fright, alarm, dread, of (ac. with prati, ab., lc., --°ree;).
bhinnakāla a. overstepping the time; -kûta, a. employing different strata gems; -krama, a. having the wrong order, displaced; -ganda-karata, a. whose temples are streaming (elephant); -garbha, a. (hav ing a discordant interior=) suffering from in ternal dissensions, disorganized (army); -gâti, a. pl. of different rank; -gâtîya, a. various; -tva, n. difference from (--°ree;); -darsin, a. see ing a difference, distinguishing; -desa, a. occurring in different places: -tva, n. occur rence in widely distant places; -prakâra, a. of a different sort; -mantra, a. having be trayed counsel; -maryâda, a. breaking down or transgressing the bounds; -ruki, a. having different tastes; -li&ndot;ga, n. incongruity of gender in a simile: -ka, a. (i-kâ) containing words of different gender; -vakana, a. con taining words of different number; n. incon gruity of numberin a simile; -varna, a. co lourless; -vritta, pp. behaving irregularly, leading a bad life; -vritti, a. having differ ent occupations; having a different vocation; leading an evil life: -tâ, f. abst. N.; -½añgana, n. mixed collyrium (applied with oil): -var- na, a. having the colour of mixed collyrium: -tâ, f. abst. N.; -½artha, a. having a different object; having a distinct sense, clear, intel ligible: -tâ, f. clearness, intelligibility.
bhidā f. bursting, rending, tearing; separation, distinction; difference; species, sort: -bhrit, a. torn, lacerated.
bhujaga m. (moving in curves), snake, serpent: (-tva, n. condition of a ser pent): î, f. female serpent; (a)-pati, m. prince of serpents; -râga, m. king of serpents, ep. of Sesha: â-ya, den. Â. become the king of serpents; -valaya, m. n. bracelet consist ing of a serpent; -sayana, n. serpent couch; -sisu-srita, pp. having the gait of a young serpent: â, f. a metre; -½indra, m. chief of serpents, large serpent; -½îsvara, m. lord of serpents, ep. of Sesha.
bhukti f. eating, enjoyment; fruition, possession; food: -pâtra, n. dish for food; -vargita, pp. that cannot be eaten (food).
bhukta pp. (√ bhug) eaten, etc.; n. eating; what is eaten, food; --°ree; a. having as one's food, subsisting on: -pîta, pp. having eaten and drunk; -bhoga, a. the use of which has been enjoyed, employed, utilized; -mâtra, a. just eaten: lc. immediately after eating; -vat, pp. act. having eaten (=finite vb.); -sesha, m. remnants of a meal; a. left from a meal; -supta, pp. sleeping after a meal.
bhuvana n. being, creature, existing thing (V.); world, earth (three worlds, and sts. seven or fourteen are assumed); kingdom (fourteen are spoken of as existing on earth); place of existence, abode (V.): -kosa, m. sphere of the world, globe; -kandra, m. N.; -karita, n. doings of the world; -tala, n. surface of the earth; earth; -traya, n. the three worlds (heaven, air, earth); -dvaya, n. the two worlds (heaven and earth); -dvish, m. enemy of the world or earth; (bhúvana)-pati, m. lord of creatures or the world (V.); -pâvana, a. (î) purifying the world: î, f. ep. of the Ganges; -bhartri, m. lord of the world; -matî, f. N. of a princess; -mâtri, f. mother of the world, Durgâ; -râga, m. N. of a prince; -vidita, pp. famed in the world; -vrittânta, m. events of the world; -sâsin, m. ruler of the world, king.
bhūtejya a. making offerings to spirits; -½îsa, m. lord of creatures, ep. of Brahman, Vishnu, and the Sun; lord of evil spirits, ep. of Siva; -½îsvara, m. id.; -½odana, m. dish of rice eaten to keep offevil spirits; -½unmâda, m. mental aberration due to evil spirits; -½upadesa, m. reference to something already existing; -½upamâ, f. comparison with another being; -½upasarga, m. possession by evil spirits.
bhūti f. vigorous being, ability, fitness, power; well-being, prosperity, wealth, fortune; decoration; ashes.
bhūtakaraṇa n. that which pro duces the past tense, augment; -kartri, m. creator of beings; -kâla, m. past time; -kâl ika, a. relating to the past; -krít, a. creat ing beings; m. creator of beings; -ketu, m. N. of a Vetâla; -gana, m. the host of created beings; a or the host of spirits; -grâ ma, m. sg. & pl. the aggregate of created beings, community of creatures; multitude of spirits; -kârin, a. moving among beings (Siva); -kintâ, f. investigation of the ele ments; -kaitanika, m. believer in the doc trine that mind is produced from material elements; -kaitanya, n. state of matter being mind; -gananî, f. mother of all beings; -gâta, n.aggregate of beings; -tâ, f. verity, truth; -tva, n. condition of created beings or elements; -dayâ, f. tenderness to all creatures; -druh, a. injuring creatures; -dharâ, f. supporter of creatures, earth; -dhâtrî, f. supporter of creatures (sleep); earth; -dhârinî, f. earth; -nâtha, m. ruler of spirits, ep. of Siva; -nikaya, m. (aggre gate of elements), body; -páti, m. lord of creatures, esp. of evil spirits, ep. of Agni, Bhava, Sarva, and Siva; -pâla, m.protector of creatures; -pûrva, a. having been before, former; old (stories); deceased: -tâ, f. for mer circumstances; -prakriti, f. primal source of created beings; -bhartri, m. lord of spirits, ep. of Siva; -bhâvana, a.blessing creatures, ep. of Brahman; -bhâvin, a. creating beings; past and future; -bhâshâ, f., -bhâshita, (pp.) n. language of the goblins; -bhrit, a. supporting beings; -bhautika, a. consisting of the elements and what is formed of them; -maya, a. (î) including all beings; formed out of the five elements; -mahesvara, m. great lord of the spirits, ep. of Siva; -mâ trâ, f. pl. the subtile elements; the gross and the subtile elements; -yagñá, m.offering to all created beings (one of the five Mahâya gñas to be performed daily by the householder; it consists in the oblation of the Bali, q. v.); -yoni, f. origin of created beings; -râg, m. king of the spirits, ep. of Siva; -rûpa, a. having the form of a goblin.
bhūmikṣaya m. loss of terri tory; -gata, pp. fallen on the ground; -gar ta, m. hole in the ground; -griha, n. under ground chamber, cellar; -kala, m.: -na, n. earthquake; -ga, a. produced from the earth; m. planet Mars; -gâta, pp. produced or formed on the earth; -goshaná, n. choice of ground; -tanaya, m. son of the earth, planet Mars; -tala, n. surface of the earth, ground; -tundika, m. N. of a locality; -da, a.granting land; -dâna, n. grant of land; -deva, m. god on earth, Brâhman; -dhara, m. supporter of the earth, mountain; prince, king; -nâtha, m. lord of earth, king; -pa, m. guardian of earth, king; -pati, m. lord of earth, king: -tva, n. sovereignty, kingship; -parimâna, n. square-measure; -pâla, m. protector of earth, prince, king; -putra, m. son of the earth, planet Mars; N.; -puramdara, m. Indra on earth, ep. of Dilîpa; -pra, a. (V.) filling the earth (fame); -prakala, m. earthquake; -prâpta, pp. fallen on the ground; -bhâga, m. spot of earth, place; -bhug, m. enjoyer of earth, king; -bhûta, pp. forming the soil of anything; -bhrit, m. supporter of the earth, prince, king; -bhedin, a. different from what it is on earth; -vardhana, m. n. corpse; burden of the earth; -vâsin, a. dwelling on the ground; -saya, a. lying or living on or in the ground; m. animal living in the ground; -shtha, a. standing on the earth or ground; lying in the ground; being in his country; -sâmrâgya, n. supreme rule over the earth; -suta, (pp.) m. son of the earth, planet Mars; -spris, a. touching the earth; -svâmin, m. lord of earth, king.
bhūmi f. earth; ground, soil (sts. pl.), for (g.); territory, country, land, district; earth (as a substance); spot, site, place; storey, floor; position, office; part (of an actor); stage (in Yoga); degree, extent; --°ree;, object of (love, confidence), opportunity of (recreation), prodigy of (impudence).
bhūdhra m. [=-dhara] mountain; -nandana, m. N. of a prince; -nâyaka, m. leader of the earth, king; -pa, m. protector of the earth or of the land, prince, king: -tâ, f. royal dignity; (bh&usharp;)-pati,m. lord of beings, ep. of Rudra; lord of earth, prince, king; -patita, pp. fallen on the earth; -pa putra, m. king's son, prince; -paridhi, m. circumference of the earth; -pa-suta, m. king's son, prince; -pâta, m. falling on the ground; -pâla, m. protector of the earth, prince, king; N. of a son of Somapâla: -loka, m. crowd of princes, -vallabha, m. favourite of kings (horse); N.; -putra, m. son of earth, planet Mars: î, f. daughter of earth, Sîtâ; -prakampa, m. earthquake; -pradâna, n. gift of land; -bimba, m. n. ter restrial globe; -bhata, m. N.; -bhartri, m. lord of earth, prince, king; -bhâga, m. part of earth, place, spot: krosamâtrah --, distance of not more than a Krosa; -bhug, m. enjoyer of earth, prince, king; -bhrit, m. supporter of earth, mountain; ep. of Vishnu; prince, king.
bhūṣaṇa a. (î) adorning (--°ree;); n. ornament, decoration; --°ree; a. adorned with: -tâ, f. state of an ornament; -petikâ, f. jewel-casket.
bhūrikālam ac. ad. for a long time; -kritrima-mânikya-maya, a. con sisting of many spurious rubies; -gadgadam, a. with much stammering; -guna, a. multi plying greatly;(bh&usharp;ri)-ganman, a. having many births; -tâ, f. multiplicity, multitude; -tegas, a. having great lustre; m. N.: -a, a. id.; -toka, a. rich in children; -da, a. giving much, liberal; -dakshina, a. attended with liberal rewards (sacrifice); giving rich re wards, munificent; -d&asharp;van, a. (r-î) giving much, liberal; -dhâman, a. possessed of great might; -nidhana, a. perishing in many ways; -prayoga, a. frequently used; m. T. of a dictionary containing frequently used words; -bhoga, a. having many enjoyments; -retas, a. abounding in seed; -vasu, m. N.; -vikrama, a. of great valour; -vrishti, f. ex cessive rain; -sas, ad. variously; (bhûri)-sri&ndot;ga, a. many-horned; (-bh&usharp;ri)-sthâtra, a. having many stations, being in many places.
bhṛgu m. [bright: √ bhrâg], N. of a race of mythical beings closely connected with fire, which they discover, bring to men, and enclose in wood; N. of one of the leading Brâhmanic tribes (pl.); N. of a sage repre senting this tribe and spoken of as the son of Varuna, as one of the seven Rishis, as a law giver, etc.; planet Venus (his day being Fri day); precipice, abyss: -kakkha, m. n. Bank of Bhrigu, N. of a sacred place on the north ern bank of the Narmadâ; -ga, -tanaya, m. son of Bhrigu, planet Venus; -nandana, m. son of Bhrigu, pat. of Saunaka, Ruru, Para surâma, and the planet Venus; -patana, n. fall from a cliff; -pati, m.lord of the Bhri gus, ep. of Parasurâma; -putra, m. son of Bhrigu, planet Venus; -suta, -sûnu, m. id.
bheda m. 1. act. vbl. n. breaking, splitting, cleaving, bursting, piercing, per forating, rending; division, separation; be trayal (of a secret); disturbance, interruption, infringement; sowing dissension, winning over an ally (one of the four Upâyas); lead ing astray, seduction; 2. ps. vbl. n. (being broken etc.), bursting, rupture, breach; in jury, hurt; bursting open, blossoming; sprout ing (of the beard); contraction (of the brows); disunion, dissension, between (in.), in (--°ree;); change, alteration, modification; distinction, difference; 3. concrete: division, part; cleft, fissure, chasm; variety, species, kind.
bhṛśa a. [falling, weighty: √ bhras] mighty, powerful; intense (pain); excessive, rigorous (punishment); abundant (food): -m or °ree;--, exceedingly, violently, greatly, in a high degree, very much; without hesitation: -tâ, f. violence; -danda, a. chastising rigor ously (lc.); -dâruna, a. very terrible; -duh khita, pp. greatly afflicted; -pîdita, pp. exceedingly distressed; -svid, a. perspiring profusely.
bhedin a. breaking, cleaving, pierc ing; putting out (eyes); violating (an agreement etc.); dividing, separating from (ab.); creating discord in or among; interrupting (medita tion); -ya, fp. to be split; capable of being pierced; refutable; to be betrayed; corrupti ble, to be drawn off from his allies; that is differentiated or determined; n. substantive.
bhedana a. cleaving, splitting, rend ing, breaking, piercing; n. 1. act. vbl. n. splitting, slitting, rending, piercing; betrayal (of a secret); sowing of dissensions, creation of discord; 2. ps. vbl. n. breaking, bursting, breach; dissension, discord; -anîya, fp. to be split or cleft.
bhedaka a. breaking, -into or through, piercing; breaking down the dam of (tanks), diverting (water-courses); destroy ing (boundary-marks); leading astray (minis ters); discriminating, distinguishing; differ entiating, determining (meaning); n. adjec tive; -kara, a. (î) breaking down (bridges, --°ree;); sowing dissensions among or in (g. or --°ree;); -kârin, a. causing disunion; making a differ ence, altered; -krit, a.breaking down or into (--°ree;); -tas, ad. separately, singly; ac cording to the difference.
bhoga m. eating, enjoying, con suming; fruition, enjoyment; use, employ ment, application; usufruct; sexual enjoy ment; rule, sway; feeling, perception (of pleasure or pain); utility, advantage; plea sure, joy; object of enjoyment; property, revenue.
bhairavīya a. relating to Bhairava.
bhaimaratha a. (î) relating to Bhî ma-ratha.
bhaima a. (î) relating to Bhîma; m. pat. descendant of Bhîma: î, f. pat. daugh ter of Bhîma, Damayantî.
bhaikṣavat ad. like alms; -vritti, f. subsistence on alms, mendicancy; a. living on alms; -½anna, n. begged food; -½âsin, a. eating begged food; -½âsya, n. subsistence on alms; -½âhâra, a. eating begged food; -½upa- gîvin, a. subsisting on alms.
bhojana a. feeding (Siva); n. en joying, using; eating; meal; food (--°ree;, a. living on, affording as food, serving as the food of); property, possessions (V.); object of enjoyment; pleasure; giving of food, feed ing; preparation of food, cookery: -kâla, m. meal-time; -bhânda, n. dish for food; -bhû mi, f. eating-place, dining-hall; -visesha, m. special kind of food, choice food, dainty, delicacy.
bhogakara a. (î) affording enjoy ment; -griha, n. women's apartments, harem; -tva, n. condition of enjoyment etc.; -dattâ, f. N.; -deva, m. N.; -deha, m. body of en joyment (subtle body assumed by dead persons, with which they enjoy pleasure or pain ac cording to the actions of their pastlife); -pati, m. (lord of the revenue), governor of a city or province, viceroy; -bhug, a. indulging in pleasure; m. wealthy man.
bhauta a. relating to or meant for living beings (bhûta); possessed by evil spirits, deranged, imbecile; formed of the elements, elemental, material; m. idiot; --°ree;, idiot of a --, fool with regard to (water): -ka, --°ree; a. idiot; -prâya, a. almost imbecile.
bhaujaṅga a. (î) relating to snakes, snake-like (behaviour).
bhojika m. N. of a Brâhman; -in, a. (--°ree;) enjoying, eating; exploiting; -ya, fp. to be eaten; eatable; to be enjoyed or used; to be carnally enjoyed; -experienced or felt; -fed; n. eatables, provisions, food; eating; enjoyment, advantage (V.): -kâla, m. meal time, -tâ, f., -tva, n. condition of food.
bhojanavṛtti f. taking of food, eating (sts. pl.); -velâ, f. meal-time; -vyagra, a. engaged in eating; -½adhikâra, m. superintendence of the provisions, commis sariat; -½arthin, a. desirous of food, hungry.
bhramara m. [wandering, hovering], bee: -ka, n. humming-top: -bhrâmam bhram aya, cause to spin like a humming-top; -ka randa, m. small box of bees (which are let go at night by thieves to extinguish lights in houses); -bâdhâ, f. molestation by a bee; -vilasita, pp. hovered round by bees; n. hovering of bees; a metre (also â, f.).
bhramaṇa n. wandering about, roving; roaming over or through (--°ree;); tot tering, unsteadiness; rotation, revolution; orbit (of a heavenly body); giddiness; sending round the drum=assembling the people by beat of drum; -anîya, fp. to be wandered over (earth).
bhrama m. roaming about, roving; wandering about in (--°ree;); moving about (the eyes); rotation; whirling flame (RV.); whirl pool; turner's lathe; giddiness; bewilder ment, perplexity; mistake, error, delusion: --°ree;, erroneous opinion of=that something is or was: e.g. mani-bhramât, under the erroneous impression that it was a jewel.
bhraṃśa m. falling or slipping down or off, fall; decline, decay; destruction, ruin; separation, straying from (--°ree;); loss, disap pearance; deprivation of (--°ree;); deviation from, abandonment of (ab. or --°ree;); slip of the tongue due to excitement (dr.); -ana, a. causing to fall, overthrowing; n. being deprived of, losing (ab.); depriving of (ab.); -in, a. fall ing off, out, or down (from, --°ree;); falling, being ruined; transient (--°ree;); ruining, de stroying.
bhauvādika a. belonging to the class of roots beginning with bhû (bhû½âdi), i. e. to the first conjugational class (gr.).
bhrāmara a. relating or belonging to the bee; n. honey; î, f. ep. of Durgâ.
bhrānti f. wandering about; mov ing about, driving (of clouds), quivering (of lightning); reeling; rotation, revolution; --°ree;, encircling (the earth); perplexity, confu sion; uncertainty, doubt; mistake, error, de lusion, erroneousidea or impression: --°ree;, wrong idea that something is or was: e. g. sukha-, the delusion that there is such a thing as pleasure: -darsana, n. erroneous perception; -mat, a. revolving; roaming about; being under the erroneous impression that some thing is (--°ree;); delusion (a figure of speech in whi