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WordReferenceGenderNumberSynonymsDefinition
adhīnaḥ3.1.14MasculineSingularnighnaḥ, āyattaḥ, asvacchandaḥ, gṛhyakaḥ
amaraḥ1.1.7-9MasculineSingularnirjaraḥ, vibudhaḥ, sumanasaḥ, āditeyaḥ, aditinandanaḥ, asvapnaḥ, gīrvāṇaḥ, daivatam, devaḥ, suraḥ, tridiveśaḥ, diviṣad, ādityaḥ, amartyaḥ, dānavāriḥ, devatā, tridaśaḥ, suparvā, divaukāḥ, lekhaḥ, ṛbhuḥ, amṛtāndhāḥ, vṛndārakaḥimmortal
asvaraḥ3.1.36MasculineSingularasaumyasvaraḥ
brāhmīFeminineSingularvāṇī, sarasva, bhāratī, bhāṣā, gīḥ, vākthe goddess of spech
dharmarājaḥ1.1.61-62MasculineSingularantakaḥ, daṇḍadharaḥ, yamarāṭ, kṛtāntaḥ, pitṛpatiḥ, vaivasvataḥ, kālaḥ, śamanaḥ, paretarāṭ, śrāddhadevaḥ, yamaḥ, yamunābhrātā, samavartīyama
gāṅgerukīFeminineSingularnāgabālā, jhaṣā, hrasvagavedhukā
kālindīFeminineSingularśamanasva, sūryatanayā, yamunāyamuna(river)
kharvaḥ2.6.46MasculineSingularhrasva, vāmanaḥ
nadī1.10.29-30FeminineSingularkūlaṅkaṣā, sravantī, dhunī, śaivalinī, rodhovakrā, apagā, dvīpavatī, hradinī, taraṅgiṇī, nirjhariṇī, nimnagā, srotasva, taḍinī, sarit, sarasvaa river
ratnam2.9.94NeuterSingularhiraṇyam, ‍tapanīyam, ‍bharma, jātarūpam, rukmam, a‍ṣṭāpadaḥ, suvarṇam, hema, śātakumbham, karburam, mahārajatam, kārtasvaram, kanakam, hāṭakam, gāṅgeyam, cāmīkaram, kāñcanam, jāmbūnadam
saritaḥ1.10.34FemininePluralcandrabhāgā, sarasva, kāverī, śarāvatī, vetravatīsavarmati(river)
vāmanaḥ3.1.70MasculineSingularnīcaḥ, kharvaḥ, hrasva, nyaṅ
vikāsī3.1.29MasculineSingularvikasvaraḥ
rajasva2.6.20FeminineSingularātreyī, malinī, puṣpavatī, ṛtumatī, strīdharmiṇī, udakyā, aviḥ
ūrjasvalaḥ2.8.76MasculineSingularūrjasvī
vivasvataḥ3.3.64MasculineSingularmeghaḥ, parvataḥ
sarasvataḥ3.3.64MasculineSingularpāṇiḥ, nakṣatraḥ
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731 results for asva
     
Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
asvamfn. having no property View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvabhāvam. unnatural or unusual character or temperament View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvabhāvamfn. of a different nature View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvacchandamfn. not self-willed, dependant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvacchandamfn. docile View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvadharmam. neglect of one's duty, diś-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvaditamfn. not made agreeable to the taste or sweet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvadṛśmfn. not seeing one's self or soul View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvagamfn. not going to one's own home, homeless View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvagatāf. homelessness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvagatā according to to some = a-- svasthatā-,"ill health", others,"dependence", . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvajātimfn. of a different caste View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvakamf(akā-or ikā- )n. equals asva-, q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvanamfn. not having a clear sound View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvantaSee aśvanta-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvantamfn. (sv-anta-), ending ill, having an unfavourable issue View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvantamfn. (See also asv-anta- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order aśvanta-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvapatmfn. not sleeping View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvapnam. sleeplessness (am-, n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvapnamfn. (=) not sleeping, watchful View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvapnamfn. not dreaming View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvapnam. "sleepless", a god View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvapnajmfn. not sleepy, sleepless View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvaramfn. not loud (as the voice), indistinct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvaramfn. having no vowel Up having no accent View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvaramfn. having a bad or croaking voice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvarādimfn. not beginning with a vowel. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvarakamfn. unaccentuated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvaramind. in low tone, indistinctly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvargyamfn. not leading to heaven View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvaritamfn. not having the accent called svarita- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvarūpamfn. essentially different View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvarūpamfn. shapeless (opposed to rūpa-vat-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvaryamfn. not good for the voice, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvaryogyamfn. uuworthy of heaven, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvasthamf(ā-)n. not in good health, sick, feeling uneasy etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvasthamf(ā-)n. not being firm in itself. () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvasthaSee a-sva-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvasthānamfn. occurring out of its proper place, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvasthaśarīramfn. ill View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvasthatāf. illness, (PrakritassatthadA) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvaf. the having no property View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvaunselfishness, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvatantramf(ā-)n. not self-willed, dependant, subject View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvatantratāf. the not being master of one's feelings or passions View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvatvan. idem or 'unselfishness, .' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asvaveśa(/a-sva--) mfn. having no home of one's own View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adbhutasvanam. "having a wonderful voice", Name of śiva-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adharasvastikan. the nadir. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aikasvaryan. (fr. eka-svara-), the state of having but one accent (as of a compound) on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aikasvaryan. sameness of tone, monotony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alaṃkārasarvasvan. Name (also title or epithet) of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alpasvamfn. having little property View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alpasvamatmfn. possessing little, poor, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alpasvaramfn. having a feeble voice, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alpasvaracontaining few vowels, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amasvanmf(varī-)n. for t/amasvan- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṃśasvaram. key-note or chief note in music. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anasvat(/anas--) mfn. yoked to a cart View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅgirasvatind. like aṅgiras- ? View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅgirasvatmfn. connected with or accompanied by the aṅgirasa-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anṛtasarvasvam. Name (also title or epithet) of a man, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
antasvaritam. the svarita- accent on the last syllable of a word View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
antasvaritan. a word thus accentuated. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aparasvastikan. the western point in the horizon. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apasvaram. an unmusical note or sound View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apasvaramfn. singing out of tune, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apnasvat(/apnas--) mfn. giving property, profitable View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardhahrasvan. the quantity of half a short vowel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arṇasvatmfn. containing many waves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārtasvaram. a cry of pain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsurasvan. the property of the A, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atihrasva(/ati--) mfn. excessively short View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisarasvaf. a particular personification, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āttasvamfn. deprived of one's property, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āttasvatva(n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aupasvastīf. Name of a woman. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aupasvastīputram. Name of a teacher View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasvadvatmfn. united with the desirous one ([ ]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasvan(Aorist -/asvanīt-) to fly down with noise (see ava-ṣvan-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasvanyamfn. roaring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasvatmfn. desirous View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasvatSee 1. /avas-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avilambasarasvaf. Name (also title or epithet) of a poetess, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āyurvedasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
baladevasvasṛf. Name of śiva-'s wife View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bālasarasvam. Name of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bālasarasvatīyan. (with or scilicet kāvya-) Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadrasvapna(bhadr/ā--) m. a good dream View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāgavatapurāṇasvarūpaviṣayakaśaṅkānirāsam. Name of work connected with the View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhargasvat(bh/a-) mfn. clear, shrill (said of the voice) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhārgavasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhartṛsārasvatam. Name of a poet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāṣikasvaram. equals brāhmaṇasvara- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāvasvabhāvam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bheṣajasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhidurasvanam. "making a piercing noise", Name of an asura- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhinnasvaramfn. having a broken or changed voice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhinnasvaramfn. discordant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhinnasvaramukhavarṇamfn. having a broken or changed voice and complexion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhīṣmagarjitaghoṣasvararājam. Name of a number of buddha-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhīṣmasvararājam. "king of terrible sounds", Name of a buddha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhrājasvatmfn. (bhr/ā-) sparkling, glittering View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhrājasvatmfn. containing the word bhrājas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūmānandasarasvam. Name of the teacher of advaitānanda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bilasvargam. "subterranean heaven", the lower regions, hell View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmānandasārasvam. brahmānanda
brāhmaṇasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brāhmaṇasvan. the property of brāhmaṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brāhmaṇasvaram. the accent usual in a brāhmaṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmasvan. the property id est lands or money of Brahmans View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmasvarūpamfn. of the nature or essence of the one self-existing Spirit View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakrasvastikanandyāvartam. "having the wheel the svastika- and the nandy-āvarta- emblems", Name of buddha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
calasvabhāvamf(ā-)n. equals -prakṛti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturdaśasvapanavicāram. "disquisition on the 14 kinds of sleep"Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturhrasvamfn. having the 4 extremities too short View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturthasvaram. having the 4th tone or accent View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturthasvaran. Name of a sāman-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chandasvat(ch/and-) mfn. desiring (-pakṣa- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrasvanam. "clear-voice", Name of a rākṣasa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
damasvasṛf." dama-'s sister", damayantī- f. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daśaṭīkāsarvasvan. Name of work , Scholiast or Commentator = View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devasvan. divine property View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devasvapaharaṇan. plunder of divine property, sacrilege View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmaśāstrasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhīrapraśāntasvaramfn. dhīrapraśānta
dīkṣāṅgasvastivācana(kṣāṅg-) n. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīrghasvaram. equals -varṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
draviṇasvatmfn. possessing or bestowing goods View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dūrasvargamfn. having heaven distant, far off from heaven (varia lectio re-sv-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duvasvat(d/uv-) mfn. offering or enjoying worship View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvitīyasvalakṣaṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvitīyasvalakṣaṇadīdhitiṭīkāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvitīyasvalakṣaṇālokam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvitīyasvalakṣaṇānugamam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvitīyasvalakṣaṇarahasyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvitīyasvalakṣaṇaṭīkāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvitīyasvaran. Name of a sāman-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekānekasvarūpamfn. simple yet manifold View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
enasvatmfn. wicked, sinful, a sinner View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gadgadasvaramf(ā-)n. idem or 'mfn. idem or 'mfn. idem or 'mfn. idem or 'mfn. (speech) stopped by sobs, ' ' ' ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gadgadasvaram. stammering utterance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gadgadasvaram. a buffalo View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gadgadasvaram. Name of a bodhi-sattva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gambhīrasattvasvaranābhimfn. equals tri-g- (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghanasvanam. equals -śabda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghanasvanam. Amaranthus polygamus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gharmasvaras(rm/a--) mfn. sounding like the contents of a boiler (said of rivers) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghasvaramfn. voracious View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghorasvaramfn. of dreadful sound View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gīrvāṇendrasarasvam. Name of a teacher. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gopālasarasvaf. Name of a pupil of śiva-rāma- and teacher of govindānanda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
grahasvaram. the 1st note of a musical piece. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guṇisarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guptarajasvaf. a girl who has begun to have her courses View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guptasarasvaf. Name of a river (also called eastern sarasvatī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
harasvatmfn. (h/aras--) seizing (or"fiery") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
harasvatf. (plural) rivers(?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haribhaktibhāskarasadvaiṣṇavasārasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hariharasarasvam. Name of a teacher View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
harṣasvanam. a cry of joy, sound of pleasure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hastasvaralakṣaṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hastasvastikam. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) crossing the hand, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hatasvaramfn. one who has lost his voice, hoarse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hatasvasṛ(hat/a--) mfn. one whose sister has been slain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
heṣasvat(h/eṣas--) mfn. quick, strong, fiery View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hīnasvaramfn. defective in sound, soundless ( hīnasvaratā -- f.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hīnasvaratāf. hīnasvara
homasvarottaran. Name of a tantra- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvamf(ā-)n. short, small, dwarfish, little, low (as an entrance), weak (as a voice) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvamf(ā-)n. unimportant, insignificant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvamf(ā-)n. less by (ablative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvamf(ā-)n. prosodically or metrically short (as opp. to dīrgha-; see laghu-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvam. a dwarf. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvam. a short vowel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvam. Name of yama- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvam. Name of various plants (Phaseolus Trilobus; equals nāga-balā-and bhūmi-jambū-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvam. of a sāman- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvan. a kind of vegetable View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvan. green or black sulphate of iron View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvan. a particular short measure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvabāhumfn. short-armed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvabāhum. Name of nala- (while in the service of king ṛtu-parṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvabāhukamfn. short-armed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvaf. the incense-producing tree (varia lectio hradā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvadarbham. equals -kuśa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvagavedhukāf. Uraria Lagopodioides View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvairaṇḍam. red Ricinus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvajambūf. a species of jambū- with small black fruit View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvajātyamfn. of a small sort or kind View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvakamfn. very short or small View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvakarṇam. "short-eared", Name of a rākṣasa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvakarṣaṇan. a particular svara- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvakuśam. kuśa- grass or a kind of short kuśa- grass (see -darbha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvamūlam. "having a small root", the red sugar-cane View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvamūlakam. (prob.) idem or 'm. "having a small root", the red sugar-cane ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvamūrtimfn. short in stature, dwarfish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvanirvaṃśakam. a small sword View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvaparṇam. "id.", Ficus Infectoria View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvapattrakam. "having short leaves", a kind of Bassia View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvapattrikāf. the small pippala- tree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvaphalam. "having small fruit or kernels", the date tree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvaphalāf. the tree bhūmi-jambū-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvaplakṣam. a species of small plakṣa- tree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvapūrvamfn. preceded by a short vowel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvaromanm. "short-haired", Name of a king of videha- (son of svarṇa-roman-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvasabhāf. a small or narrow hall View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvaśākhāśipham. "having short branch roots", a small tree, shrub View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvaśigrukam. a species of Moringa View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvaf. shortness (of stature) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvataṇḍulam. a kind of rice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvatvan. idem or 'f. shortness (of stature) ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvatvan. prosodial shortness on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hṛtasarvasvamfn. robbed or stripped of all personal property, entirely ruined View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indrasarasvam. Name (also title or epithet) of an author, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indrasvatmfn. (/indras-vat-) similar to indra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indrasvatmfn. accompanied by indra-, possessed of power (?) ([ ]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
janitasvanamfn. making a noise, sounding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jasvanmfn. needy, hungry View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jīmūtasvanam. "cloud-sound", thunder , View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jitasvargamfn. equals -loka-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jīvitasarvasvan. the whole essence of life, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jñānendrasarasvam. Name of a scholiast on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jñātasarvasvamfn. all-knowing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyāyasvat(jy/āy-) mfn. having a superior View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyāyasvatothers,"following a leader, obedient"; others,"excellent, superior". View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyotīrūpasvayambhūm. brahmā- in the form of light View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kākasvaram. a shrill tone. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalasvanamfn. having a charming voice (as a bird) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalasvaran. a low musical sound View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālasvarūpamfn. having the very form of death (applied to any terrific object). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalaviṅkasvaram. a kind of samādhi- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalaviṅkasvaramfn. having a voice (soft) as a sparrow's, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālīkulasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṇṭhyasvaram. a guttural vowel (id est a-and ā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karasvanam. sound produced by clapping the hands View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karmasvakamfn. one who has to bear the consequence of his acts View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kārtasvaran. (fr. kṛta-sv-), gold View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kārtasvaran. the thorn-apple View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kasvaramfn. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kasvaraSee 1. kas-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kautukasarvasvan. Name of a comedy. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kharasvaf. wild jasmine (vana-mallikā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
komalasvabhāvamfn. tender-natured. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇasvasṛf. equals -bhaginī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtasvaramfn. having the original accent View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtasvastyayanamf(ā-)n. blessed or commended to the protection of gods previous to any journey or undertaking View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
krūrasvaramfn. crying frightfully View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣudrasvarṇan. equals -suvarṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuhakasvanam. a wild cock (Phasianus gallus) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuhakasvaram. idem or 'm. a wild cock (Phasianus gallus) ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kūṭasvarṇan. alloyed or counterfeit gold View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuṭilasvabhāvamfn. idem or 'mfn. idem or 'mfn. crooked-minded, deceitful ' ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
labdhapraśamanasvasthamfn. at ease by (reason of) the securing or secure possession of acquisitions View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakṣasvastikavratakalpam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakṣasvastikavratodyāpanan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakṣmīsarasvaf. dual number lakṣmī- and sarasvatī- Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lalitasvacchandam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mādhavarāmānandasarasvam. Name of a teacher View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhurasvanamfn. sweetly-sounding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhurasvanam. a conch View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhurasvaramfn. sweetly-sounding, sweet-voiced ( madhurasvaram am- ind.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhurasvaram. Name of a gandharva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhurasvaramind. madhurasvara
madhyamasvabhāvamfn. indifferent, neutral, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhyamasvaram. the middle or dominant note View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhyamasvaramfn. spoken in a middle tone (not too loud and not too low) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhyasvaritamfn. having the svarita- accent on the middle syllable View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahādevakavīśācāryasarasvam. Name of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahādevasarasvam. Name of learned man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahādevasarasvatīvedāntinm. Name of learned man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahādevendrasarasvam. Name of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāghoṣasvararājam. Name of a bodhi-sattva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāgnisarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāhrasvamfn. very short, exceedingly low View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahālīlāsarasvaf. a form of the goddess tārā- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāmeghanibhasvanamfn. equals -svana- below View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāmeghasvanamfn. sounding like immense thunder-clouds View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāmohasvarottaratantran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāsarasvaf. the great sarasvatī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāsarasvatīdvādaśanāmastotran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāsarasvatīstavarājam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāsarasvatīstotran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāsarasvatīsūktan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahasvatmfn. (m/ahas--) giving pleasure, gladdening View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahasvatmfn. great, mighty, glorious, splendid View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahasvatmfn. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mainākasvasṛf. "sister of maināka-", Name of pārvatī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mānasvarūpan. the nature of honour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mānasvarūpābhijñatvan. knowledge of the nature of honour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manasvatmfn. (m/anas--) full of sense or spirit View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manasvatmfn. containing the word manas-, TS View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manasvaf. (atī-) wrong reading for /anas-vatī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mandrasvanam. equals -dhvani- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mandrasvaram. having the low or base tone View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṅgalasvaram. a sea-shell View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manojñasvaram. Name of a gandharva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
medasvat(m/edas--) mfn. possessed of fat, fat View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
meghasvaf. "sounding like a thunder-cloud"Name of a mātṛ- attending on skanda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
meghasvaram. Name of two buddha-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
meghasvararājam. Name of two buddha-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mīmāṃsāsarvasvan. Name of work equals -śā-tra-sarvasva-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mīmāṃsāśāstrasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛdurasvanam. Name of an asura- (varia lectio) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛtasvamoktṛm. "letting alone (id est not taking) the property of deceased persons", Name of kumāra-pāla- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mugdhasvabhāvam. artlessness, simplicity, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mugdhasvabhāvamfn. artless or charming by nature View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
muhūrtasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mumukṣusārasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mumukṣusarvasvan. (and mumukṣusarvasvasārasaṃgraha -sāra-saṃgraha-,m.) Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mumukṣusarvasvasārasaṃgraham. mumukṣusarvasva
murārināṭakavyākhyāpūrṇasarasvaf. murārināṭaka
muṣṭikasvastikam. a particular position of the hands in dancing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nabhasvatmfn. idem or 'mf(ī-)n. vaporous, misty, hazy ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nabhasvatmfn. young View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nabhasvatm. wind etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nabhasvatm. Name of a son of naraka- bhauma- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nabhasvatind. like vapour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nabhasvaf. Name of the wife of antar-dhāna- and mother of havir-dhāna- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāgarasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nagasvarūpiṇīf. a kind of metre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
namasvat(n/a-) mfn. paying or inspiring veneration View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
narakasvargaprāptiprakāravarṇanan. "description of the mode of obtaining heaven and hell", Name of chapter of the māghamāhātmya-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naṣṭahīnavikalavikṛtasvaramfn. whose voice has been lost or become feeble or deficient or changed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naṣṭahīnavikalavikṛtasvaratāf. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nasvatmfn. nosed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navasvastaram. a bed or couch of fresh grass View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nibandhasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niḥśvasvasitamfn. breathed or breathing out, sighing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niḥśvasvasitan. expiration View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niḥśvasvasitan. a sigh View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nijasvan. one's own property View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīlasarasvaf. Name of a goddess (equals tārā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīlasarasvatīmanum. Name of an incantation or magic. formula View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīlasarasvatīpaddhatif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīlasvarūpan. a kind of metre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīlatārāsarasvatīstotran. Name of a stotra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīrajasvamfn. free from dust View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niṣekasvaf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nṛsiṃhasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nṛtyasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nyāyasvarūpanirūpaṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ojasvatmfn. vigorous, powerful, strong, energetic View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
padmasvastikan. a svastika- mark consisting of lotus-flowers View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pājasvat(jas) mfn. firm, strong, brilliant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcamasvaran. Name of a metre, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcasvaf. Name of an astrology work on divination View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcasvarānirṇayam. Name of commentator or commentary View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcasvarodayam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcasvastyayanan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paṇḍitasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paramasvadharmanmfn. most exact in the observance of the duties of one's own (caste or tribe) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paraśivendrasarasvam. Name of an author. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parasvan. sg. or plural another's property etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parasvamfn. equals sarvasva-bhūta- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parasvagraham. seizing another's property View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parasvaharaṇan. equals -graha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parasvahṛtmfn. taking or seizing another's property () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parasvatm. (prob.) the wild ass (see prec. and pārasvata-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pārasvatamf(ī-)n. (fr. parasvat-) relating etc. to the wild ass
parasvatvan. another's right ( parasvatvatvāpādāna -tvādāna- n.conferring a right upon another as by gift etc. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parasvatvatvāpādānan. parasvatva
pārijātasarasvatīmantram. plural Name of Partic. magical formulas View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paṭhitasiddhasārasvatastotran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
payasvalamf(ā-)n. rich in milk (varia lectio vin-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
payasvalam. a goat View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
payasvatmfn. (p/a-) full of juice or sap, juicy, succulent, containing water or milk or semen View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
payasvatmfn. overflowing, exuberant, copious, powerful, strong View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
payasvaf. (ī-) the night View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
payasvaf. plural rivers View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
peśasvat(p/eśas--) mfn. decorated, adorned View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pikasvaf. "cuckoo's note", Name of a surāṅganā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pīvasvatmfn. abundant, exuberant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pracayasvaram. "accumulated tone", the tone occurring in a series of unaccented syllables following a svarita- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prācīsarasvatīmāhātmyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pracitasvaram. equals pracaya-svara-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakriyāsarvasvan. Name of gram. work
prakriyāsarvasvan. Name (also title or epithet) of gram. work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prākṛtasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasvanam. ( svan-) sound, noise View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasvanita(pr/a-.,fr. Causal) , sounding, roaring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasvapP. -svapiti-, or pati- (Potential A1. -svapīta-or peta- ), to fall asleep, go to sleep, sleep View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prātarvikasvaramfn. rising early View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prathamasvaram. the first sound View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prathamasvaramfn. supplied with the first sound View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prathamasvaran. Name of a sāman- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prathasvat(pr/athas--) mfn. wide, spacious View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyaksarasvaf. the western sarasvatī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyayasvaram. (in gram.) an accent on an affix View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prauḍhasvaramind. with a strong or loud voice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayasvatmfn. (pr/ayas--) having or bestowing pleasant food, offering libations (svanto 'trayaḥ-Name of the authors of ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayasvatn. Name of a sāman- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
priyasvapnamfn. fond of sleep, sluggish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṇyāhasvanam. () equals -vācana- n. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
purāṇasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrvasvaram. (in gram.) having the accent of the preceding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rabhasvat(r/a-bhas--) mfn. violent, impetuous, zealous View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rajakasarasvaf. Name of a poetess View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājasvan. the property of a kind View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rajasvalamf(ā-)n. covered with dust, dusty View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rajasvalamf(ā-)n. full of the quality rajas-, full of passion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rajasvalamf(ā-)n. having water (equals udaka-vat-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rajasvalam. a buffalo View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rajasvalam. uṣṭra- or gardabha- (see rajeṣita-under 2. raja-, column 1) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rajasvaf. a menstruating or marriageable woman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājasvarṇam. a kind of thorn apple View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāmasvasṛf. equals bhaginī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rasasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rasikasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rathasvanam. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) the sound or rattling of chariots View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rathasvanam. (n/a-) "having the sound of a chariots (?), having a sounding chariots", a particular personification View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rathasvanam. Name of a yakṣa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raticaraṇasamantasvaram. Name of a gandharva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratisarvasvan. the whole essence of love View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratisarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāyaṇendrasarasvaf. Name of a Scholiast View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rekṇasvat(r/e-) mfn. possessed of valuable property, wealthy, rich View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
retasvatmfn. (r/etas--) possessed of seed, prolific, impregnating View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
retasvatm. Name of agni- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rodhasvatmfn. (r/odhas--) having high banks View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rodhasvaf. (atī-) Name of a river View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrasvargam. rudra-'s heaven View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rūkṣasvaramfn. harsh-sounding ( rūkṣasvaram am- ind.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rūkṣasvaram. an ass View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rūkṣasvaramind. rūkṣasvara
rūpyasvarṇamaṇimayamf(ī-)n. consisting of silver and gold and (or) jewels View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śābaratantraśarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saccidānandasarasvam. Name of scholars and authors View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sadānandasarasvam. Name of author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sādhakasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sagadgadasvaramind. idem or 'mfn. with or having a faltering or stammering voice, ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahasvatmfn. (s/ahas--.) powerful, mighty, victorious ( sahasvat vat- ind.mightily) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahasvatmfn. containing the word sahas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahasvatm. Name of a king (varia lectio mahas-vat-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahasvatind. sahasvat
sahasvaf. (prob.) (atī-) Name of a plant. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāhityasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaivasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaivasarvasvasāram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāktasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samasvaramfn. having the same or a similar tone or accent View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃdadasvasSee saṃ-das-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃgītasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃvatsarasvadita(r/a--) mfn. well seasoned or prepared for a year View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaṅkhasvanam. equals -dhvani- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaṅkhasvaraprob. wrong reading for saṃkasvara- = saṃkasuka-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāntisarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saptasārasvatan. Name of a tīrtha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saptasvasṛ(sapt/a--) mf(-)n. having 7 sisters View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatmfn. (s/aras--) abounding in or connected with ponds etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatmfn. juicy, sapid View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatmfn. elegant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatmfn. sentimental View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatmfn. finding pleasure or delight in (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatm. Name of a divinity belonging to the upper region (considered as offspring of the water and plants, as guardian of the waters and bestower of fertility) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatm. of a male deity corresponding to sarasvatī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatm. the sea View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatm. a river View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatm. Name of a river (equals sarasatī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatm. a buffalo View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatamf(ī-)n. relating or belonging to sarasvat- (q.v) or to sarasvatī- (the river or the goddess) derived or coming from them etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatamf(ī-)n. relating to the ṛṣi- sārasvata- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatamf(ī-)n. belonging to the sārasvata- country View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatamf(ī-)n. eloquent, learned View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatam. a bilva- stick View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatam. Name of a ṛṣi- (fabled to have sprung from the personified sarasvatī- river) (also tā gaṇāḥ-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatam. of a vyāsa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatam. (plural) Name of a people dwelling on the sarasvatī- river (id est in the north-west part of the province of Delhi including part of the Panjab) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatam. (plural) Name of a particular tribe of Brahmans (so called as coming from the above country or as supposed to be descended from the above ṛṣi-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatam. (sg.) the twelfth kalpa- or day of brahmā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatam. a staff of the bilva- tree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatam. a particular ceremonial in the worship of sarasvatī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatam. (with or scilicet prakriyā-) Name of a grammar by anubhūti-svarūpācārya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatan. a particular sattra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatan. eloquence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatan. Name of a grammar (equals f.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatābhidhānan. Name of a short vocabulary. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatādarśan. Name of a nāṭaka- by appāśāstrin-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatakalpam. the above sarasvatī- ceremonial View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatakośam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatālaṃkāram. Name of work on rhetoric (prob. the sarasvatī-kaṇṭhābharaṇa-) .
sārasvatamāhātmyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatamaṇḍanan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvataprakriyāf. Name of a grammar (see above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvataprasādaṭīkāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatapuran. Name of a town View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatasārasarasamagraham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatasūtran. (see sarasvatīs-) Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatatantran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatatīrthan. Name of a tīrtha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatauṣadhībhūP. -bhavati-, to be a medicine for strengthening the voice in singing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatavilāsam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatavratan. a particular observance in honour of sarasvatī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatavyākaraṇan. Name of a grammar. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvaf. See (atī-) sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatiin compound for sarasvatī-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvaf. (of s/arasvat- q.v under s/aras-) a region abounding in pools and lakes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvaf. Name of a river (celebrated in and held to be a goddess whose identity is much disputed;most authorities hold that the name sarasvatī- is identical with the Avestan Haraquaiti river in Afghanistan, but that it usually means the Indus in the , and only occasionally the small sacred rivers in madhya-deśa- [see below];the river-goddess has seven sisters and is herself sevenfold, she is called the mother of streams, the best of mothers, of rivers, and of goddesses;the ṛṣi-s always recognize the connection of the goddess with the river, and invoke her to descend from the sky, to bestow vitality, renown, and riches;elsewhere she is described as moving along a golden path and as destroying vṛtra- etc.;as a goddess she is often connected with other deities exempli gratia, 'for example' with pūṣan-, indra-, the marut-s and the aśvin-s;in the āprī- hymns she forms a triad with the sacrificial goddesses iḍā- and bhāratī-; according to to a myth told in the , sarasvatī- through speech[ vācā-]communicated vigour to indra-;in the brāhmaṇa-s she is identified with vāc-,"Speech", and in later times becomes goddess of eloquenceSee below) etc.
sarasvaf. Name of a well-known small river (held very sacred by the Hindus;identified with the modern Sursooty, and formerly marking with the dṛṣadvatī- one of the boundaries of the region ārya-deṣa- and of the sacred district called brahmāvarta- [see ] in ,this river is represented as flowing into the sea, although later legends make it disappear underground and join the Ganges and Jumna at Allahabad;See tri-veṇī-, prayāga-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvaf. Name of various rivers (especially of rivers which in sacredness are equal to sarasvatī- and which are three according to to ,andseven according to to ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvaf. any river View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvaf. Name of the goddess of eloquence and learning (see above;she is opposed to śrī- or lakṣmī-[ see ] , and sometimes considered as the daughter and also wife of brahmā-, the proper wife of that god being rather sāvitri- or gāyatrī-;she is also identified with durgā-, or even with the wife of viṣṇu- and of manu-, and held to be the daughter of dakṣa-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvaf. speech or the power of speech, eloquence, learning wisdom etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvaf. a celestial or oracular voice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvaf. a cow View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvaf. an excellent woman (equals strī-ratna-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvaf. Name of various plants (Cardiospermum Halicacabum, Egle Marmelos, Ruta Graveolens etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvaf. Name of a two-year-old girl representing durgā- at her festival View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvaf. of a poetess View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvaf. of various other women (especially of the wives of dadhīca-, śaṃkarācārya-, maṇḍanamiśra- etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvaf. of one of the ten mendicant orders traced back to śaṃkarācārya- (whose members add the word sarasvatī-to their names). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvaetc. See . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvaf. Cardiospermum Halicacabum View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatībālavāṇīf. a particular dialect View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīdānavidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīdaṇḍakan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīdaśaślokīf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīdvādaśanāmastotran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīkaṇṭhābharaṇan. the necklace of sarasvatī- (goddess of eloquence) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīkaṇṭhābharaṇan. Name of work on alaṃkāra- (generally ascribed to bhoja-deva-, but probably written by some Pandit during or after the reign of that king, in the end of the 11th century A.D.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatikṛta(s/ari-) mfn. made by sarasvatī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīkṛtamfn. made or composed by sarasvatī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīkuṭumbam. Name of a poet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīkuṭumbaduhiśrif. of a poetess View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīmāhātmyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīmantram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīnivāsam. Name of a poet (author of the rukmiṇī-naṭaka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīprakriyāf. Name of a commentator or commentary on the sarasvatī-sūtra- (by anubhūti-svarūpa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīprayegam. a kind of mystical rite peculiar to the tāntrika-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīpūjāf. the worship of sarasvatī- (observed as a holiday on the fifth of the light half of the month māgha- and therefore also called vasanta-pañcamī-, on which day books and writing implements are held sacred and not allowed to be used) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīpūjanan. the worship of sarasvatī- (observed as a holiday on the fifth of the light half of the month māgha- and therefore also called vasanta-pañcamī-, on which day books and writing implements are held sacred and not allowed to be used) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīpūjāvidhānan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīpurāṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīrahasyopaniṣadf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīsarasn. Name of a sacred lake View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīṣaṭślokīf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīstavam. Name of hymns. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīstotran. Name of hymns. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīsūktan. Name of a hymn. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīsūtran. the aphorisms of the sarasvatī- grammar (by an unknown author; see -prakryā-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīsvāminm. Name of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatītantran. Name of two works. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatītīrthan. Name of a tīrtha- ( sarasvatītīrthamāhātmya -māhātmya- n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatītīrtham. Name of an author (also called nara-hari-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatītīrthamāhātmyan. sarasvatītīrtha
sarasvativatmfn. accompanied by sarasvatī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīvat(s/ar-) mfn. accompanied by sarasvatī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīvilāsam. Name of various works. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīvinaśanan. the place where the river sarasvatī- disappears View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīvratan. Name of a particular religious observance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatīyamf(ā-)n. relating to or connected with the sarasvatī-sūtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatīyaśilpasāstran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatotsavam. the festival in honour of sarasvatī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatyamfn. equals sārasvata- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatyaṣṭakastotran. Name of a stotra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvasvan. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) the whole of a person's property or possessions etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvasvan. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') entirety, the whole, whole sum of. etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvasvadakṣiṇamfn. (a sacrifice) at which the whole property is given away View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvasvadaṇḍamfn. fined or mulcted of all possessions View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvasvadaṇḍan. confiscation of entire property View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvasvahāram. the seizure or confiscation of all one's property View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvasvaharaṇa n. the seizure or confiscation of all one's property View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvasvaphalinmfn. with all one's possessions and fruits View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvasvarahasyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvasvaralakṣaṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvasvaritamfn. having only the svarita- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvasvarṇamayamf(ī-)n. entirely golden View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sasvadham. plural "having the svadhā- (q.v) ", a particular class of deceased ancestors View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sasvanamf(ā-)n. sounding, loud ( sasvanam am- ind.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sasvanamind. sasvana
sasvarind. (of unknown derivation) , secretly (see ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sasvaramfn. sounding, having the same sound with (instrumental case or compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sasvaramfn. having accent, accentuated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sasvaramind. loudly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sasvartāind. idem or 'ind. (of unknown derivation) , secretly (see ) .' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣaṭcakrasvarūpan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satyasvapnamfn. one whose dream comes true ( satyasvapnatā -- f.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satyasvapnatāf. satyasvapna
śaunakīyasvarāṣṭakan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhāntatattvasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhasārasvatam. Name of a tantra- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhasārasvatam. (with śabdānuśāsana-) Name of a gram. work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhasārasvatadīpikāf. Name of a commentator or commentary by padma-nābha- on the bhuvaneśvarī-stotra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhasārasvatastotran. another N. for bhuvaneśvarī-stotra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śilpasarvasvasaṃgraham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivasvan. " sūtra-s's property", anything that has been offered to śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivasvarūpamantram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivasvarūpapūjāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivasvarūpapūjāvidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtisārasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtisarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sotkṛṣṭahasitasvaramfn. accompanied by loud laughter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
spandasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrautasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrīkṛṣṇasarasvam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrīsarasvaf. dual number lakṣmī- and sarasvatī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śṛṅgārasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
srotasvatmfn. possessing a stream or current View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
srotasvaf. a river View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrotriyasvan. the property of a learned Brahman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
subantaprakriyāsarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuddhasvabhāvamf(ā-)n. equals -śīla- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuktasvaramfn. (said to be) equals a-vyakta-svara- (Scholiast or Commentator) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suvratasvaram. Name of an asura- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svahastasvastikastanīf. covering (her) breasts with crossed hands View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svakasvakamfn. equals svaka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svarasvarūpan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svasvabhāvam. one's natural disposition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svasvadham. plural Name of a particular class of pitṛ-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svasvakālam. the proper time for each View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svasvaprāṇam. plural the respective breath or life of each View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svasvarucimfn. plural every one brilliant in his own way View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svasvarūpan. one's true character View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svasvarūpan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tālasvanam. equals -vādya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tamasvanmf(arī-)n. (t/am-) equals -vat- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tamasvanmf(arī-)n. see /am-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tamasvatmf(atī-)n. (tam-) gloomy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tamasvaf. (-) night View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tamasvaf. turmeric View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tānasvaramfn. uttered monotonously, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tapasvatmfn. (t/ap-) burning, hot
tapasvat equals po-v- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tārasvaramfn. sounding loud View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tarasvatmfn. (t/ar-) equals -v/in- (indra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tarasvatm. Name of a son of the 14th manu- (varia lectio s-mat-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tarasvatf. plural "the swift ones", the rivers View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
taṭataṭasvanamfn. rumbling, thundering View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tavasvat(t/av-) mfn. strong View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tejasvatmfn. (t/ej-) sharp-edged View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tejasvatmfn. splendid, bright, glorious, beautiful View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tejasvatmfn. energetic, spirited View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tejasvaf. (-) Name of a princess View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tejasvaf. see jo-v-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṭīkāsarvasvan. Name (also title or epithet) of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tṛtīyasvaran. "3rd tune", Name of a sāman-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ubhayatohrasvamfn. having a short vowel on both sides, produced by two short vowels (as a vowel accented with a svarita-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udarasarvasvamfn. one whose whole essence is stomach, a glutton, epicure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ūdhasvaf. (a female) with full udders View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upādhyāyasarvasvan. Name of a grammar (frequently referred to by the commentator or commentary on ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upahasvanmfn. laughing at, deriding, mocking View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasvatvan. the produce or profit of property (as corn etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
urasvatmfn. broad-chested, full-breasted, strong View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ūrdhvasvapnamfn. sleeping upright (said of trees) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ūrjasvalamfn. powerful, strong, mighty etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ūrjasvalam. Name of a ṛṣi- in the second manv-antara- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ūrjasvatmfn. (/ūrjas-) sappy, juicy, vigorous etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ūrjasvatmfn. powerful, strong View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ūrjasvaf. (-) Name of several women. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaidikasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaidyakasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaidyasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaikuṇṭhasvargam. equals -bhuvana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaivasvatamf(ī-)n. (fr. vivasvat-) coming from or belonging to the sun View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaivasvatamf(ī-)n. relating or belonging to yama- vaivasvata- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaivasvatamf(ī-)n. relating to manu- vaivasvata- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaivasvatam. patronymic of yama- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaivasvatam. of a manu- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaivasvatam. of the planet Saturn View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaivasvatam. Name of one of the rudra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaivasvatam. patronymic of yamī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaivasvatam. the south View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaivasvatam. Name of yamunā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaivasvatan. (scilicet antara-) Name of the 7th or present manv-antara- (as presided over by manu- vaivasvata-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaivasvatamanvantaran. Name of the 7th or present manvantara- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaivasvatatīrthan. Name of a tīrtha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaivasvaf. a daughter of sūrya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaivasvatīyamfn. relating to manu- vaivasvata- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasarvasvan. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiyākaraṇasarvasvan. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vajrāśanisamasvanamfn. sounding like indra-'s thunderbolt View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vākyasvaram. the accent in a word or sentence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāmasvabhāvamf(ā-)n. of noble character or disposition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varcasvatmfn. (v/arcas-.) vigorous, fresh View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varcasvatmfn. shining, bright View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varcasvatmfn. containing the word varcas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāsukeyasvasṛf. "sister of vāsuki-", Name of the goddess manasā- (presiding over serpents and regarded as wife of jaratkāru-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasvanantam. Name of a son of upagupta- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasvantamfn. ending with the word vasu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasvaukasārāf. Name of a river View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasvaukasārāf. of the residence of kubera- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasvaukasārāf. of the city of indra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātasvanamfn. (v/āta--) sounding like wind (also nas-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātasvanam. Name of a mountain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vayasvat(yas--) mfn. possessed of power or vigour, mighty, vigorous View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vetasvatmfn. abounding in reeds View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vetasvatmfn. Name of a place View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vicitrālaṃkārasvaram. Name of a serpent-demon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vidyendrasarasvam. Name of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vikasvaramfn. opened (as eyes) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vikasvaramfn. expanded, blown View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vikasvaramfn. clear (as sound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vikasvaramfn. candid View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vikasvarūpa(?) m. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vimalasvabhāvam. Name of a mountain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viprasvan. the property of a Brahman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viraktāsarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīrasarasvam. Name of a poet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśuddhasvaranirghoṣāf. a particular dhāraṇī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśveśvarānandasarasvam. Name of author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśveśvarasarasvam. Name of several authors or learned men View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivasvadvātamf(ā-)n. (prob.) loved by vivasvat- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivasvanonly in instrumental case plural (prob. ="to shine forth") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivasvat v/i-vasvat- or vi-v/asvat- mfn. shining forth, diffusing light, matutinal (applied to uṣas- agni- etc.; sadane vivasvataḥ-,"at the seat of Fire") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivasvatm. "the Brilliant one", Name of the Sun (sometimes regarded as one of the eight āditya-s or sons of aditi-, his father being kaśyapa-;elsewhere he is said to be a son of dākṣāyaṇī- and kaśyapa-;in epic poetry he is held to be the father of manu- vaivasvata- or, according to another legend, of manu- sāvarṇi- by sa-varṇā-;in he is described as the father of yama- vaivasvata-, and in as father of the aśvin-s by saraṇyū-, and elsewhere as father of both yama- and yamī-, and therefore a kind of parent of the human race) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivasvatm. the soma- priest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivasvatm. Name of aruṇa- (charioteer of the Sun) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivasvatm. of the seventh or present manu- (more properly called vaivasvata-, as son of vivasvat-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivasvatm. Name of a daitya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivasvatm. a god View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivasvatm. Name of the author of the hymn (having the patronymic āditya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivasvatm. Name of the author of a dharma-śāstra- (see -smṛti-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivasvaf. Name of the city of the Sun View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivasvatsmṛtif. the law-book of vivasvat- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivasvatsutam. "son of vivasvat-", Name of manu- vaivasvata- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛṣabhasvargavidhānan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyacasvat(vy/acas--.) mfn. spacious, expansive View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavahārāṅgasmṛtisarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yājñikasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yamasvasṛf. " yama-'s sister", Name of the river yamunā- or Jumna View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yamasvasṛf. of durgā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yaśasvatmfn. (y/aśas--) glorious, famous, honourable View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yaśasvatmfn. splendid, magnificent, excellent View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yaśasvatmfn. pleasant, dear View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yaśasvaf. (atī-) Name of a woman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yathāprāptasvaram. a regular accent View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yogasvarodayam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yuddharatnasvaram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yugapradhānasvarūpan. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yuktasvapnāvabodhamfn. moderate in sleeping and waking View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
     Apte Search  
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atri अत्रि a. [properly अ, Uṇ.4.68, अदेस्त्रिनिश्च, अद्-त्रिन्] Devourer; अत्रिमनु स्वराज्यमग्निभ् Rv.2.8.5. -त्रिः N. of a celebrated sage and author of many Vedic hymns. [He appears in the Vedas in hymns addressed to Agni, Indra, the Aśvins and the Viśve-devas. In the Svāyambhuva Manvantara, he appears as one of the ten Prajāpatis or mind-born sons of Brahmā, being born from his eye. These sons having died by the curse of Śiva, Brahmā performed a sacrifice, at the beginning of the present Vaivasvata Manvantara, and Atri was born from the flames of Agni. Anasūyā was his wife in both lives. In the first, she bore him three sons, Datta, Durvāsas and Soma; in the second, she had two additional children, a son by name Aryaman and a daughter called Amalā. In the Rāmāyaṇa an account is given of the visit paid by Rāma and Sītā to Atri and Anasūyā in their hermitage, when they both received them most kindly. (See Anasūyā.) As a Riṣi or sage he is one of the seven sages who were all sons of Brahmā, and represents in Astronomy one of the stars of the Great Bear situated in the north. He is also the author of a code of laws known as अत्रिस्मृति or अत्रिसंहिता. In the Purāṇas he is said to have produced the moon from his eye, while he was practising austere penance, the moon being in consequence called अत्रिज, -जात, -दृग्ज, अत्रिनेत्रप्रसूत, -˚प्रभव, ˚भव &c.; cf. also अथ नयनसमुत्थं ज्योतिरत्रेरिव द्यौः R.2.75. and अत्रेरिवेन्दुः V.5.21] - (pl.) descendants of Atri. -अत्री wife of अत्रि; अत्रिरञ्य नमस्कर्ता Mb.13.17.38. -Comp. -चतुरहः N. of a Sacrifice. -जातः 1 The moon. -2 Datta. -3 Durvāsas. -भारद्वाजिका Marriage of descendants of Atri with those of Bhāradvāja.
anubhūtiḥ अनुभूतिः f. 1 Perception, apprehension, experience. -2 (In Nyāya) Knowledge derived from four sources: namely direct perception, inference, comparison, and verbal knowledge; see Bhāṣā. P.51,52. -3 Dignity, consequence. -Comp. -प्रकाशः N. of the metrical gloss or paraphrase of the principal Upaniṣads by Mādhavāchārya. -स्वरूपाचार्यः N. of the author of the grammar Sārasvata-prakriyā.
anuṣṭubh अनुष्टुभ् f. [अनु निरन्तरम् स्तुभ्यते$नया अनुष्टुप् वाक्] 1 Following in praise; speech. -2 Sarasvatī. -3 N. of a class of metres consisting of four Pādas of 8 syllables each, the whole stanza consisting of 32 syllables (so called because it follows with its praise i. e. अनुष्टोभति the Gāyatrī, which has 3 Pādas), अनुष्टोभनादनुष्टुप्. In later metrical systems it stands as a general name for all metres which have 8 syllables in each foot (the highest possible number being computed to be 256); पञ्चमं लघु सर्वत्र सप्तमं द्विचतुर्थयोः । गुरु षष्ठं च पादानां शेषेष्वनियमो मतः ॥ which rule is sometimes violated. अनुष्टुभा सोम उक्थै- र्महस्वान् Rv.1.13.4.
arka अर्क a. [अर्च्-घञ्-कुत्वम् Uṇ.3.4.]. Fit to be worshipped (अर्चनीय). -र्कः 1 A ray of light, a flash of lightning (Ved.). -2 The sun; आविष्कृतारुणपुरःसर एकतो$र्कः Ś.4.2. -3 Fire. य एवमेतदर्कस्यार्कत्वं वेद Bṛi. Up. 1.2.1. -4 A crystal; पुष्पार्ककेतकाभाश्च Rām.2.94.6. -5 Copper. -6 Sunday. -7 Membrum virile. एवा ते शेपः सहसायमर्को$ङ्गेनाङ्गं संसमकं कृणोतु Av.6.72.1. -8 N. of the sun-plant, Calatropis Gigantea (Mar. रुई), a small tree with medicinal sap and rind; अर्कस्योपरि शिथिलं च्युतमिव नवमल्लिकाकुसुमम् Ś.2.9; यमाश्रित्य न विश्रामं क्षुधार्ता यान्ति सेवकाः । सो$र्कवन्नृपतिस्त्याज्यः सदापुष्पफलो$पि सन् Pt.1.51. अर्के चेन्मधु विन्देत ŚB. on MS. -9 N. of Indra. -1 A sort of religious ceremony. -11 Praise, hymn; praising, extolling, song of praise. -12 A singer (Ved. in these two senses). -13 A learned man. -14 An elder brother. -15 Food (अर्कम् also). -16 N. of Viṣṇu. -17 A kind of decoction. -18 The seventh day of a month. -19 The उत्तरा- फल्गुनी asterism. -2 The number 12. -21 The sunstone (सूर्यकान्त); मसारगल्वर्कमयैर्विभङ्गैर्विभूषितं हेमनिबद्धचक्रम् Mb.12.46.33. cf. अर्को$र्कपर्णे स्फटिके ताम्रे सूर्ये दिवस्पतौ । ज्येष्ठभ्रातरि शुक्ले$र्कपादपे च पुमान् भवेत् ॥ Nm. -Comp. -अंशः, -कला a digit or 12th part of the sun's disc. -अश्मन् m. -उपलः 1 the sun-stone, heliotrope, girasol. -2 a sort of crystal or ruby. -आह्वः the swallow wort. -इन्दुसंगमः the time of conjunction of the sun and moon (दर्श or अमावास्या). -कान्तः A class of eleven storeyed buildings; Māna.29.25-34. -कान्ता 1 N. of a plant commonly called हुड्हुडिया. -2 sun's wife. -3 sun's shadow. -कुण्डतीर्थम् N. of a Tīrtha; Skanda P. -क्षेत्रम् 1 the field of the sun; the sign Leo, presided over by the sun. -2 N. of a holy place in Orissa. -ग्रहः The eclipse of the sun; Bṛi. S. -ग्रीवः N. of the Sāman. -चन्दनः a kind of red sandal (रक्तचन्दन). -चिकित्सा Arka's work on medical science. -जः epithet of Karṇa, Yama, Sugrīva. (-जौ) the two Aśvins regarded as the physicians of Heaven. -तनयः 'a son of the sun', an epithet of Karṇa, Yama, Manu Vaivasvata, Manu Sāvarṇi and Saturn; see अरुणात्मज. (-या) N. of the rivers Yamunā and Tāpti. -त्विष् f. light of the sun. -दिनम्, -वासरः Sunday. -दुग्धम् milky sap or exudation of Arka. -नन्दनः, -पुत्रः, -सुतः, -सूनुः N. of Saturn, Karṇa or Yama. -नयन a. one whose eyes are difficult to be gazed at. (-नः) an epithet of Virat Puruṣa. -नामन् m. the red arka tree. -पत्रः, -पर्णः N. of the plant अर्क. (-त्रा) a kind of birthwort (सुनन्दा, अर्कमूला) with wedge-shaped leaves. (-त्रम्, -र्णम्) the leaf of the अर्क plant. -पादपः N. of a plant (निम्ब); another tree (आकन्द). -पुष्पम् a flower of arka -पुष्पाद्यम् N. of a Sāman. (-ष्पी), -पुष्पिका N. of a plant (कुटुम्बिनी) -पुष्पोत्तरम् N. of a Sāman. -प्रकाश a. Bright like the sun; Mb. -प्रिया N. of a plant (जव). -बन्धुः, -बान्धवः 1 N. of Buddha Śākyamuni, meaning सूर्यवंश्यः, cf. शुद्धोदनो नाम नृपो$र्कबन्धुः Bu. Ch.9.9. -2 a lotus (the sun-lotus). -भम् 1 an asterism influenced by the sun. -2 the sign Leo. -3 उत्तराफल्गुनीनक्षत्र. -भक्ता = ˚कान्ता q. v. -मण्डलम् disc of the sun. -मूलः, -ला = ˚पत्रा; विलिखति वसुधामर्कमूलस्य हेतोः Bh.2.1. -रेतोजः Revanta, the son of Sūrya. -लपणम् Saltpetre. -वर्षः a solar year. -वल्लभः 1 N. of a plant (बन्धूक; Mar. दुपारी). -2 a lotus. -विवाहः marriage with the arka plant (enjoined to be performed before a man marries a third wife, who thus becomes his fourth); चतुर्थादिविवाहार्थं तृतीयो$र्कं समुद्वहेत् Kāśyapa. -वेधः N. of a tree (तालीशपत्र). -व्रतः, -तम् 1 a vow performed on माघशुक्लसप्तमी. -2 the law or manner of the sun; when a king exacts taxes from his subjects only to add to their material comforts and happiness, just as the sun draws up water during 8 months of the year, only to give it back increased a thousandfold, he is said to follow अर्कव्रत, अष्टौ मासान् यथादित्यस्तोयं हरति रश्मिभिः । तथा हरेत्करं राष्ट्रान्नित्यमर्कव्रतं हि तत् ॥ Ms.9.35; cf. R.1.18 (the point of comparison may also be the imperceptible way in which the sun absorbs water, see Pt.1.221). -शोकः Ved. brilliancy of rays. -सातिः f. 1 finding of rays. -2 poetical inspiration; finding out hymns; रपत् कविरिन्द्रार्कसातौ Rv.1. 174.7. -सोदरः 'brother of the sun', an epithet of Airāvata. -हिता = ˚कान्ता q. v.
āpayā आपया [आपेन जलपूरेण याति या-क] N. of a river near the Sarasvatī; दृषद्वत्या मानुष आपयायां सरस्वत्यां रेवदग्ने दिदीहि Rv.3.23.4.
āprī आप्री f. [आप्रीणात्यनया आ-प्री-ड-गौरा˚ ङीष्] Ved. 1 Conciliation, propitiation, gaining one's favour. -2 (pl.) 'Propitiatory verses', a name given to certain invocations addressed to several deified objects in consecutive order, and said to be introductory to the animal sacrifice; some take the Apris to represent the objects themselves, the verses being consequently called Apri verses. The objects invoked are 12:- Susamiddha, Tanūnapāt, Narāśaṁsa, the divine being bearing invocations to the gods, Barhis, the doors of the sacrificial chamber, night and dawn the two divine beings protecting the sacrifice, the three goddesses Ilā, Sarasvatī, and Mahī, Tvaṣṭṛi, Vanaspati and Svāhā, (all these being regarded by Sāyaṇa to be different forms of Agni); स एता आप्रीरपश्यत्ताभिर्वै स मुखत आत्मानमा- प्रीणीत; cf. also Max Muller's Hist. Anc. Lit. pp. 463-466.
ikṣvākuḥ इक्ष्वाकुः 1 N. of the celebrated ancestor of the Solar kings who ruled in Ayodhyā; (he was the first of the Solar kings and was a son of Manu Vaivasvata; (cf. Bhāg. क्षुवतस्तु मनोर्जज्ञ इक्ष्वाकुर्घाणतः सुतः); इक्ष्वाकुवंशो$भि- मतः प्रजानाम् U.1.44. -2 (pl.) Descendants of Ikṣvāku; गलितवयसामिक्ष्वाकूणामिदं हि कुलव्रतम् R.3.7. -क्रुः f. A kind of bitter gourd, Cucurbita Lagenaria (Mar. कडू दुध्या).
irā इरा [इ-रन् Uṇ.2.28; इं कामं राति रा-क वा Tv.] ('इरा तु मदिरावारिभारत्यशनभूमिषु' इति विश्वलोचनः) 1 The earth. -2 Speech. -3 The goddess of speech, Sarasvatī, -4 Water. -5 food; इरावतीं धारिणीं भूधराणाम् Mb.13. 26.95. -6 Spirituous liquor. -7 Any drinkable fluid; a draught (especially of milk). -8 Refreshment, comfort (Ved. in the last three senses). -9 N. of one of the wives of Kaśyapa. -Comp. -ईशः 1 N. of Varuṇa, of Viṣṇu, of Gaṇeśa and of Brahman; इतीरेशे$तर्क्ये निजमहिमनि स्वप्रमितिके Bhāg.1.13.57. -2 a king, sovereign. -क्षीर a. Ved. whose milk is a refreshment or enjoyment; यज्ञपदीराक्षीरा स्वधाप्राणा महीलुका Av.1.1.6. (-रः) the milk ocean. -चर a. earth-born, terrestrial. -2 aquatic. (-रम्) hail; so इरावरम्. -जः N. of Kāma or Cupid. -वेल्लिका pimples on the head or, pimples on the face produced at the time of puberty (Mar. मुरुमाची पुटकुळी).
udīcya उदीच्य a. Situated or living in the north. -च्यः 1 The country to the north and west of the river Sarasvatī; northern country. -2 (pl.) The inhabitants of the north; R.4.66. -च्यम् A kind of perfume. -Comp. -वृत्तम् a kind of Vaitālīya metre.
aikaśabdyam ऐकशब्द्यम् 1 The state of having the same term (to express them), the state of being expressed or referred to by the same term; सर्वस्य वैकशब्द्यात् । MS.7.1.18. -2 Sameness or identity of words (Jaina.). ऐकश्रुत्यम् aikaśrutyam ऐकस्वर्यम् aikasvaryam ऐकश्रुत्यम् ऐकस्वर्यम् The one accentless-monotonous tone, monotony.
kacchaḥ कच्छः च्छम् 1 Bank, margin, skirt, bordering region (whether near water or not); यमुनाकच्छमवतीर्णः Pt.1; गन्धमादनकच्छो$ध्यासितः V.5; Śi.3.8; Māl.9.16. -2 A marsh, morass, fen. 'जलप्रायमनूपं स्यात्पुंसि कच्छस्तथाविधः' Nm. -3 The hem of the lower garment tucked into the waistband; see कक्षा. -4 A part of boat. -5 A particular part of a tortoise (in कच्छप). -6 A tree, the timber of which is used for making furniture of (तुन्न, Mar. नांदुरकी); Mb.1.7.21. -7 A populous region. -च्छा 1 A cricket. -2 The plant Lycopodium Imbricatum (वाराही). -Comp. -अन्तः the border of a lake or stream; marshy place; Ki.7.39; कच्छान्ते सुरसरितो निधाय सेनाम् 12.54. -देशः N. of a place in the South. -पः (-पी f.) 1 a turtle, tortoise; केशव धृतकच्छपरूप जय जगदीश हरे Gīt.1; Ms.1.44,12.42 (thus explained by Durga; कच्छं आत्मनो मुखसंपुटं पाति स हि किंचित् दृष्ट्वा शरीर एव मुखसंपुटं प्रवेशयति). -2 a tumour on the palate. -3 an apparatus used in the distillation of spirituous liquor. -4 an attitude in wrestling. -5 the tree Cedrela Toona (Mar. नांदुरकी) -6 one of the nine treasures of Kubera. (-पी) 1 a female tortoise. -2 a cutaneous disease, wart or blotch. -3 a kind of lute; also the lute of Sarasvatī. -भूः f. marshy ground, morass. -रुहा a kind of grass (दूर्वा). कच्छ kaccha (च्छा cchā) टिका ṭikā कच्छाटी kacchāṭī कच्छ (च्छा) टिका कच्छाटी The end or hem of a lower garment which, after being carried round the body, is gathered up behind and tucked into the waist-band.
kādambaram कादम्बरम् 1 A spirituous liquor distilled from the flowers of the Kadamba tree; निषेध्य मधु माधवाः सरसमत्र कादम्बरम् Śi.4.66. -री 1 A spirituous liquor distilled from the flowers of the कदम्ब tree. -2 Spirituous liquor or wine in general; कादम्बरीसाक्षिकं प्रथमसौहृदमिष्यते Ś.6; or कादम्बरीमदविघूर्णितलोचनस्य युक्तं हि लाङ्गलभृतः पतनं पृथिव्याम् Udb.; ˚रसभरेण K.24. -3 The fluid issuing from the temples of a rutting elephant. -4 An epithet of Sarasvatī, the goddess of learning. -5 A female cuckoo. -6 The rain-water collected into clefts or hollow places. -7 A female bird (सारिका). -8 N. of a celebrated story by Bāṇa; the heroine is of the same name being a daughter of Chitraratha Gandharva. -Comp. -बीजम् a ferment, yeast.
kuṭila कुटिल a. [कुट्-इलच्] 1 Crooked, Pt.1.65; bent, curved, curled; भेदाद् भ्रुवोः कुटिलयोः Ś.5.23; R.6.82; 19.17; -2 Tortuous, winding; क्रोशं कुटिला नदी Sk. -3 (fig.) Insincere, fraudulent, dishonest; अ˚ Pt.1.126. -ला 1 N. of Sarasvatī. -2 A kind of perfume. -लम् 1 N. of a plant (Mar. तगर). -2 Tin. -Comp. -आशय a. evil-minded; malevolent; संध्यावत्क्षणरागिण्यो नदीवत्कुटिलाशयाः Ks.37.143. -पक्ष्मन् a having curved eye-lashes. -मति, -बुद्धि a. evil-minded, malevolent; कुटिलमतिः स एष येन क्रोधाग्नौ प्रसभमदाहि नन्दवंशः Mu.1.7. -स्वभाव a. crooked by nature, dishonest, malevolent.
kumbhaḥ कुम्भः [कुं भूमिं कुत्सितं वा उम्भति पूरयति उम्भ्-अच् शकं˚ Tv.] 1 A pitcher, water-pot, jar; इयं सुस्तनी मस्तकन्यस्तकुम्भा Jag.; वर्जयेत्तादृशं मित्रं विषकुम्भं पयोमुखम् H.1.74; R.2.36; so कुच˚, स्तन˚. -2 The frontal globe on the forehead of an elephant; इभकुम्भ Māl.5.32; मत्तेभकुम्भदलने भुवि सन्ति शूराः Bh.1.59. -3 Aquarius, the eleventh sign of the zodiac. -4 A measure of grain equal to 2 droṇas; धान्यं दशभ्यः कुम्भेभ्यो हरतो$भ्यधिकं वधः Ms.8.32. -5 (In Yoga phil.) Closing the nostrils and mouth so as to suspend breathing. -6 The paramour of a harlot. -7 An urn in which the bones of dead bodies are collected. -8 A kind of heart-disease. -9 N. of a plant (and also of its fruit); क्वचिद् बिल्वैः क्वचित्कुम्भैः क्वचिच्चा- मलकमुष्टिभिः Bhāg.1.18.14. -भा A harlot, a whore. -भम् A fragrant resin (गुग्गुल). -Comp. -उदरः one of the attendants of Śiva; अवेहि मां किङ्करमष्टमूर्तेः कुम्भोदरं नाम निकुम्भमित्रम् R.2.35. -उलूकः a kind of owl; हृत्वा पिष्ट- मयं पूपं कुम्भोलूकः प्रजायते Mb.13.111.11. -उलूखकम् a medicinal plant (Mar. गुग्गुळ). -कर्णः 'pitcher-eared', N. of a gigantic Rākṣasa, a brother of Rāvaṇa and slain by Rāma. [He is said to have devoured thousands of beings including sages and heavenly nymphs, and the gods were anxiously waiting for an opportunity to retaliate upon the powerful demon. After Brahmā had inflicted on him a curse for the humiliation to which he subjected Indra and his elephant Airāvata, Kumbhakarṇa began to practise the most rigid austerities. Brahmā was pleased and was about to grant him a boon, when the gods requested Sarasvatī to sit on his tongue and to pervert it. Accordingly when he went to the god, instead of asking Indrapada he asked Nidrāpada which was readily granted. It is said that he slept for six months at a time, and, when roused, was awake for only one day. When Lankā was besieged by the monkey-troops of Rāma, Ravāṇa with great difficulty roused Kumbhakarṇa, desirous of availing himself of his gigantic strength. After having drunk 2 jars of liquor, he took Sugrīva prisoner, besides devouring thousands of monkeys. He was ultimately slain by Rāma.] Rām.6; R.12.8. -2 an epithet of Śiva; Mb.12. -कामला a bilious affection. -कारः 1 a potter; मृद्दण्डचक्रसंयोगात्कुम्भकारो यथा घटम् (करोति) Y.3.146. -2 a mixed tribe (वेश्यायां विप्रतश्चौर्यात् कुम्भकारः स उच्यते Uśanas; or मालाकारात्कर्मकर्यां कुम्भकारो व्यजायत Parāśara). -3 a serpent. -4 a kind of wild fowl. (-री), -कारिका 1 the wife of a potter. -2 a kind of collyrium. -घोणः N. of a town. -जः, -जन्मन् m. -योनिः, m. -संभवः 1 epithets of Agastya; एतदाख्याय रामाय महर्षिः कुम्भसंभवः Rām.7.8.1; प्रससादोदयादम्भः कुम्भयोनेर्महौजसः R.4.21;15.55. -2 an epithet of Droṇa, the military preceptor of the Kauravas and Pāṇḍavas. -3 an epithet of Vasiṣṭha. -दासी a bawd, procuress; sometimes used as a term of reproach or abuse. -धरः the sign ef the zodiac called Aquarius. -पञ्जरः a niche in the wall. -राशिः the sign Aquarius. -रेतस् m. a form of Agni. -लग्नम् that time of the day in which Aquarius rises above the horizon. -मण्डूकः 1 (lit.) a frog in a pitcher. -2 (fig.) an inexperienced man; cf. कूपमण्डूक. -शाला pottery. -सन्धिः the hollow on the top of an elephant's head between the frontal globes.
keliḥ केलिः m. f. [केल्-इन्] 1 Play, sport. -2 Amorous sport, pastime; केलिचलन्मणिकुण्डल &c. Gīt.1; हरिरिह मुग्ध- वधूनिकरे विलासिनि विलसति केलिपरे ibid; राधामाधवयोर्जयन्ति यमुनाकूले रहः केलयः ibid; Amaru.8; Pt.1.175; Ms.8.357; Ṛs.4.17; केलिं कुरुष्व परिभुङ्क्ष्व सरोरुहाणि Udb. -3 Joke, jest, mirth. -लिः f. The earth. -Comp. -कलहः a quarrel in jest or joke. -कला 1 sportive skill, wantonness, amorous address; रतिकेलिकलाभिरधीरम् Gīt.11. -2 the lute of Sarasvatī. -किलः the confidential companion of the hero of a drama (a kind of विदूषक or buffoon). (-ली) N. of Rati. -किलावती Rati, wife of the god of love. -कीर्णः a camel. -कुञ्चिका a wife's younger sister. -कुपित a. angry in sport; Ve.1.2. -कोषः an actor, a dancer. -गृहम्, -निकेतनम्, -मन्दिरम्, -सदनम् a pleasure-house, a private apartment; मञ्जुतरकुञ्जतलकेलि- सदने प्रविश राधे माधवसमीपम् Gīt.11; Amaru.9 (v. l.) -नागरः a sensualist. -पर a. sportive, wanton, amorous. -पल्वलम् a pleasure-pond; N.1.117. -मुखः joke, sport, pastime. -रङ्गः a pleasure ground. -वनम् A pleasure-garden; निरीक्षते केलिवनं प्रविश्य क्रमेलकः कण्टकजालमेव Vikr.1.29. -वृक्षः a species of Kadamba tree. -शयनम् a pleasure-couch, sofa; केलिशयनमनुयातम् Gīt.11. -शुषिः f. the earth. -सचिवः a boon companion, confidential friend.
gir गिर् a. [गॄ-क्विप् वा टाप्] Ved. Addressing, invoking. -f. (nom. sing. गीः; instr. dual गीर्भ्याम् &c.) 1 Speech, words, language; वचस्यवसिते तस्मिन् ससर्ज गिरमात्मभूः Ku.2.53;3.72; भवतीनां सूनृतयैव गिरा कृतमातिथ्यम् Ś.1; प्रवृत्तिसाराः खलु मादृशां गिरः Ki.1.25; Śi.2.15; Y.1.71. -2 Invocation, praise, song. -3 N. of Sarasvatī, the goddess of speech and learning. -4 Intellect; cf. गिर्धीः Enm. -5 Knowledge from hearing (श्रवणजज्ञान); प्रपूर्वगौ पूर्वजौ चित्रभानू गिरा वा$$शंसामि तपसा ह्यनन्तौ Mb.1. 3.57 com. -Comp. -देवी (गीर्देवी) Sarasvatī, the goddess of speech. -पतिः (written as गीःपतिः, गीष्पतिः and गीर्पतिः) 1 N. of Bṛihaspati, the preceptor of the gods. -2 a learned man; so गिरीशः, -रथः (गीरथः) N. of Bṛihaspati. -वा (बा) णः (गीर्वाण) a god, deity; परिमलो गीर्वाणचेतोहरः Bv.1.63,84. ˚कुसुमम् cloves.
go गो m. f. (Nom. गौः) [गच्छत्यनेन, गम् करणे डो Tv.] 1 Cattle, kine (pl.) -2 Anything coming from a cow; such as milk, flesh, leather &c. -3 The stars; वि रश्मिभिः ससृजे सूर्यो गाः Rv.7.36.1. -4 The sky. -5 The thunderbolt of Indra; Ki.8.1. -6 A ray of light; नान्यस्तप्ता विद्यते गोषु देव Mb.1.232.11; बालो$यं गिरिशिखरेषु चारयन् गाः त्रैलोक्यं तिमिरभरेण दुष्टमेतत् (रविः नैर्मल्यं नयति) । Rām. Ch. 7.6. -7 A diamond. -8 Heaven. -9 An arrow. -f. 1 A cow; जुगोप गोरूपधरामिवोर्वीम् R.2.3; क्षीरिण्यः सन्तु गावः Mk.1.6. -2 The earth; दुदोह गां स यज्ञाय R.1.26; गामात्तसारां रघुरप्यवेक्ष्य 5.26;11.36; Bg.15.13; सेको$- नुगृह्णातु गाम् Mu.3.2; Me.3; cf. also the quotation for (-6). -3 Speech, words; कुलानि समुपेतानि गोभिः पुरुषतो$- र्थतः Mb.5.28; रघोरुदारामपि गां निशम्य R.5.12;2.59; Ki.4.2. -4 The goddess of speech, Sarasvatī. -5 A mother. -6 A quarter of the compass. -7 Water; सायं भेजे दिशं पश्चाद्गविष्ठो गां गतस्तदा Bhāg.1.1.36; also pl.; Bhāg.11.7.5. -8 The eye; गोकर्णा सुमुखी कृतेन इषुणा गोपुत्रसंप्रेषिता Mb.8.9.42. -9 A region of the sky. -m. A bull, an ox; असंजातकिणस्कन्धः सुखं स्वपिति गौर्गडिः K. P.1; Ms.4.72; cf. चरद्गव. -2 The hair of the body. -3 An organ of sense; अदान्तगोभिर्विशतां तमिस्रं पुनः पुनश्चर्वितचर्वणानाम् Bhāg..7.5.3. -4 The sign Taurus of the zodiac; Bṛi. S.49. -5 The sun. -6 The number 'nine' (in math.). -7 The moon. -8 A singer. -9 A billion. -1 A cow-sacrifice -11 A house; cf. गौर्वज्रं गौः प्रभा भूमिर्वाणी तोयं त्रिविष्टपम् । धेनुर्बस्तो वृषो दिग्गौर्नेत्रं लज्जा गुरू रमा ॥ इन्द्रियं श्रीरुमा ... Enm. -Comp. -कण्टकः, -कम् 1 a road or spot trodden down by oxen and thus made impassable. -2 the cow's hoof. -3 the print of a cow's hoof. -कर्ण a. having cow's ears. (-र्णः) 1 a cow's ear; गोकर्णसदृशौ कृत्वा करावाबद्धसारणौ Ks.6.57. -2 a mule. -3 a snake; Mb.8.9.42. -4 a span (from the tip of the thumb to that of the ring-finger); गोकर्णशिथिल- श्चरन् Mb.2.68.75; तालः स्मृतो मध्यमया गोकर्णश्चाप्यनामया Brahmāṇḍa P. -5 N. of a place of pilgrimage in the south, sacred to Śiva. श्रितगोकर्णनिकेतमीश्वरम् R.8.33. -6 a kind of deer. -7 a kind of arrow; Mb.8.9.42. -किराटा -किराटिका the Sārikā bird. -किलः, -कीलः 1 a plough -2 a pestle. -कुलम् 1 a herd of kine; वृष्टिव्याकुलगोकुलावनरसादुद्धृत्य गोवर्धनम् Gīt.4; गोकुलस्य तृषा- र्तस्य Mb. -2 a cow-house. -3 N. of a village (where Kṛiṣṇa was brought up). -कुलिक a. 1 one who does not help a cow in the mud. -2 squint-eyed. -कुलोद्भवा an epithet of Durgā. -कृतम् cow-dung. -क्षीरम् cow's milk. -क्षुरम्, -रकम् a cow's hoof. -खरः a beast (पशु); यत्तीर्थबुद्धिः सलिले न कर्हिचिज्जनेष्वभिज्ञेषु स एव गोखरः Bhāg.1.84.13. -खा a nail. -गृष्टिः a young cow which has had only one calf. -गोयुगम् a pair of oxen. -गोष्ठम् a cow-pen, cattle-shed. -ग्रन्थिः 1 dried cowdung. -2 a cow-house. -ग्रहः capture of cattle (गवालम्भ); Mb.12.265.2. -ग्रासः the ceremony of offering a morsel (of grass) to a cow when performing an expiatory rite. -घातः, -घातकः, -घातिन् m. a cow-killer. -घृतम् 1 rain-water. -2 clarified butter coming from a cow. -घ्न a. 1 destructive to cows. -2 one who has killed a cow. -3 one for whom a cow is killed, a guest. -चन्दनम् a kind of sandal-wood. -चर a. 1 grazed over by cattle. -2 frequenting, dwelling, resorting to, haunting पितृसद्मगोचरः Ku.5.77. -3 within the scope, power, or range of; अवाङ्मनसगोचरम् R.1.15; so बुद्धि˚, दृष्टि˚, श्रवण˚ स्वगोचरे दीप्ततरा बभूव Bu. Ch.1.13. -4 moving on earth. -5 accessible to, attainable; त्याग- सूक्ष्मानुगः क्षेम्यः शौचगो ध्यागोचरः Mb.12.236.12. -6 circulating, having a particular meaning, prevalent. (-रः) 1 the range of cattle, pasturage; उपारताः पश्चिम- रात्रिगोचरात् Ki.4.1. -2 (a) a district, department, province, sphere. (b) an abode, dwelling-place, a place of resort; Śi.1.21; Ms.1.39. -3 range of the organs of sense, an object of sense; श्रवणगोचरे तिष्ठ be within ear-shot; नयनगोचरं या to become visible. -4 scope, range, in general; हर्तुर्याति न गोचरम् Bh.2.16. -5 (fig.) grip, hold, power, influence, control; कः कालस्य न गोचरा- न्तरगतः Pt.1.146; गोचरीभूतमक्ष्णोः U.6.26; Māl.5.24; अपि नाम मनागवतीर्णो$सि रतिरमणबाणगोचरम् Māl.1. -6 horizon. -7 field for action, scope; इन्द्रियाणि हयानाहुर्विषयांस्तेषु गोचरान् Kaṭh.3.4. -8 the range of the planets from the Lagna or from each other. ˚पीडा inauspicious position of stars within the ecliptic; गोचर- पीडायामपि राशिर्बलिभिः शुभग्रहैर्दृष्टः (पीडां न करोति) Bṛi.S.41.13. (गोचरीकृ to place within the range (of sight), make current). -चर्मन् n. 1 a cow's hide. -2 a particular measure of surface thus defined by Vasiṣṭha :-- दशहस्तेन वंशेन दशवंशान् समन्ततः । पञ्च चाभ्यधिकान् दद्यादेतद्गोचर्म चोच्यते ॥ ˚वसनः an epithet of Śiva. -चर्या seeking food like a cow; गोचर्यां नैगमश्चरेत् Bhāg.11.18.29. -चारकः cowherd. -चरणम् the tending or feeding of cows; Bhāg.1.38.8. -ज a. 1 born in the earth (rice &c.). -2 produced by milk; अब्जा गोजा ...... Kaṭh.5.2. -जरः an old ox or bull; नाद्रियन्ते यथापूर्वं कीनाशा इव गोजरम् Bhāg.3.3.13. -जलम् the urine of a bull or cow. -जागरिकम् auspiciousness, happiness. (-कः) a preparer of food, baker. -जात a. born in the heaven (gods); गोजाता अप्या मृळता च देवाः Rv.6.5.11. -जिह्वा N. of a plant (Mar. पाथरी). -जिह्विका the uvula. -जीव a. living on cattle (milkman); Hch.1.7. -तल्लजः an excellent bull or cow. -तीर्थम् a cowhouse. -त्रम् [गां भूमिं त्रायते त्रै-क] 1 a cow-pen. -2 a stable in general. -3 a family, race, lineage; गोत्रेण माठरो$स्मि Sk.; so कौशिकगोत्राः, वसिष्ठगोत्राः &c.; Ms.3.19,9.141. -4 a name, appellation; जगाद गोत्र- स्खलिते च का न तम् N.1.3; Ś.6.5; see ˚स्खलित below; मद्गोत्राङ्कं विरचितपदं गेयमुद्गातुकामा Me.88. -5 a multitude. -6 increase. -7 a forest. -8 a field. -9 a road. -1 possessions, wealth. -11 an umbrella, a parasol. -12 knowledge of futurity. -13 a genus, class, species. -14 a caste, tribe, caste according to families. (-त्रः) a mountain; 'गोत्रं नाम्नि कुले$प्यद्रौ' इति यादवः; Śi.9.8. Hence गोत्रोद्दलनः means Indra; cf. इन्द्रे तु गोत्रोद्दलनः कुलघ्ने गिरिदारणे Nm. (-त्रा) 1 a multitude of cows. -2 the earth. ˚उच्चारः recitation of family pedigree. ˚कर्तृ, -कारिन् m. the founder of a family. ˚कीला the earth. ˚ज a. born in the same family, gentile, a relation; Bhāg.3.7.24; Y.2.135. ˚पटः a genealogical table, pedigree. ˚प्रवरः the oldest member or founder of a family. -भिद् m. an epithet of Indra; हृदि क्षतो गोत्रभिदप्यमर्षणः R.3.53;6.73; Ku.2.52. ˚स्खलनम्, ˚स्खलितम् blundering or mistaking in calling (one) by his name, calling by a wrong name; स्मरसि स्मर मेखलागुणैरुत गौत्रस्खलितेषु बन्धनम् Ku.4.8. -द a. giving cows; Ms.4.231. (-दः) brain. (-दा) N. of the river Godāvarī. -दत्र a. Ved. giving cows. (-त्रः) an epithet of Indra. (-त्रम्) a crown (protecting the head). -दन्त a. armed with a coat of mail. (-तम्) 1 yellow orpiment. -2 a white fossil substance. -दानम् 1 the gift of a cow. -2 the ceremony of tonsure or cutting the hair; रामलक्ष्मणयो राजन् गोदानं कारयस्व ह Rām.1.71.23; अथास्य गोदानविधेरनन्तरम् R.3. 33; (see Mallinātha's explanation of the word); कृत- गोदानमङ्गलाः U.1; अतोनं गोदानं दारकर्म च Kau. A.1.5; (Rām. explains the word differently). -3 the part of the head close to the right ear. -दाय a. intending to give cows. -दारणम् 1 a plough. -2 a spade, hoe. -दा, -दावरी N. of a river in the south. -दुह् m., -दुहः 'cow-milker', a cowherd; सुदुघामिव गोदुहे R.1.4.1; चिरं निदध्यौ दुहतः स गोदुहः Śi. -दोहः 1 the milking of cows. -2 the milk of cows. -3 the time of milking cows. -दोहनम् 1 the time of milking cows. -2 the milking of cows; न लक्ष्यते ह्यवस्थानमपि गोदोहनं क्वचित् Bhāg.1.19. 4. -दोहनी a milk-pail. -द्रवः the urine of a bull or cow. -धनम् 1 a herd or multitude of cows, cattle. -2 possession of cows. (-नः) a broad-pointed arrow. -धरः a mountain. -धर्मः the law of cattle, rules relating to cattle; (open and unconcealed intercourse of the sexes); गोधर्मं सौरभेयाच्च सो$धीत्य निखिलं मुनिः । प्रावर्तत तदा कर्तुं श्रद्धावांस्तमशङ्कया ॥ Mb.1.14.26. -धुमः, -धूमः 1 wheat; Bṛi. Up.6.3.13. -2 the orange. ˚चूर्णम् wheat flour; -सम्भवम् a sour paste. -धूलिः 'dust of the cows', the time of sunset or evening twilight (so called because cows, which generally return home at about sunset, raise up clouds of dust by their treading on the earth). -धेनुः a milch-cow with a calf. -भ्रः a mountain. -नन्दा an epithet of the wife of Śiva. -नन्दी the female of the Sārasa bird. -नर्दः 1 the (Indian) crane. -2 an epithet of Śiva (bellowing like a bull). -3 N. of a country. -नर्दीयः an epithet of Patañjali, author of the Mahābhāṣya. -नसः, -नासः 1 a kind of snake. -2 a kind of gem. -नसा the mouth of a cow. -नाथः 1 a bull. -2 an owner of land. -3 a herdsman. -4 an owner of kine. -नायः a cowherd; तद्यथा गोनायो$श्वनायः पुरुषनाय इत्येवं तदप आचक्षते$शनायेति Ch. Up.6.8.3. -नाशनः a wolf. -नासा the projecting snout of a cow or ox. -नासम् a kind of gem. -निष्यन्दः cow's urine. -पः 1 a cowherd (considered as belonging to a mixed tribe); गोपवेशस्य विष्णोः Me.15. -2 the chief of a cowpen. -3 the superintendent of a village. -4 a king. -5 a protector, guardian; Rv.1.61.1. ˚अनसी the wood of a thatch; गोपानसीषु क्षणमास्थितानाम् Śi.3.49. ˚अष्टमी the eighth day of the bright fortnight of Kārttika when Kṛiṣṇa is said to have worn the dress of a cowherd. ˚आटविका a cowherd. ˚कन्या 1 the daughter of a cowherd. -2 a nymph of Vṛindāvana. ˚अध्यक्षः, ˚इन्द्रः, ˚ईशः the chief of herdsmen, an epithet of Kṛiṣṇa. ˚चापः the rainbow. ˚दलः the betel-nut tree. ˚भद्रम् the fibrous root of a water-lily. ˚रसः gum myrrh. ˚राष्ट्राः (pl.) N. of a people. ˚वधूः f. a cowherd's wife; Bhāg.1.9.4. ˚वधूटी a young cowherdess, a young wife of a cowherd; गोपवधूटीदुकूलचौराय Bhāṣā P.1. (-पकः) 1 the superintendent of a district. -2 myrrh. (-पिका) 1 a cowherdess; Bhāg.1.9.14-15. -2 protectress. (-पी) a cowherd's wife (especially applied to the cowherdesses of Vṛindāvana, the companions of Kṛiṣṇa in his juvenile sports). -2 a milk-maid. -3 a protectress. -4 Nature, elementary nature. -पतिः 1 an owner of cows. -2 a bull. -3 a leader, chief. -4 the sun; नीहारमिव गोपतिः Bhāg.1.12.1; Mb.1.173.32. -5 Indra; सुराङ्गना गोपतिचापगोपुरं पुरम् (जहुः) Ki.8.1. -6 N. of Kṛiṣṇa. -7 N. of Śiva. -8 N. of Varuṇa; एष पुत्रो महाप्रज्ञो वरुणस्येह गोपतेः Mb.5.98.11. -9 a king; नासतो विद्यते राजन् स ह्यरण्येषु गोपतिः Mb.12.135.26. -पथः N. of a Brāhmaṇa of Av. -पर्वतम् the name of the place where Pāṇini is said to have performed penance and propitiated Śiva; गोपर्वतमिति स्थानं शम्भोः प्रख्यापितं मया । यत्र पाणिनिना लेभे वैयाकरणिकाग्ऱ्यता ॥ अरुणाचलमाहात्म्यम्- उत्तरार्धः 2 अ. 68 श्लो. -पशुः a sacrificial cow. -पाः m. Ved. 1 a herdsman. -2 protector, or guardian; मन्द्राग्रे- त्वरी भुवनस्य गोपा Av.2.1.57. -पानसी a curved beam which supports a thatch; गोपानसी तु वलभिच्छादने वक्रदारुणि Ak.2.2.15. -पालः 1 a cowherd; Ms.4.253. -2 a king. -3 an epithet of Śiva. -4 an epithet of Kṛ&iṣṇa. ˚धानी a cow-pen, cow-shed. -पालकः 1 a cowherd. -2 a king. -3 an epithet of Śiva; also of Kṛiṣṇa. -पालिः an epithet of Śiva. -पालिका, -पाली the wife of a cowherd; पार्थः प्रस्थापयामास कृत्वा गोपालिकावपुः Mb.1.221.19. -पालितः N. of a lexicographer. -पित्तम् bile of cows, ox-bile (from which the yellow pigment गोरोचना is prepared; गोपित्ततो रोचना Pt.1.94.). -पीतः a species of wagtail. -पीथः protection; अस्माकमृषीणां गोपीथे न उरुष्यतम् Rv.5.65.6. (-थम्) a holy place, a place of pilgrimage. -पुच्छम् a cow's tail. -2 a particular point of an arrow. (-च्छः) 1 a sort of monkey; Bhāg.8.2.22. -2 a sort of necklace consisting of two or four or thirty-four strings. -3 a kind of drum. -पुटिकम् the head of Śiva's bull. -पुत्रः 1 a young bull. -2 an epithet of Karṇa. -पुरम् 1 a town-gate; उत्तुङ्गसौधसुरमन्दिरगोपुरम् Māl.9.1. -2 a principal gate; दधतमुच्चशिलान्तरगोपुराः Ki.5.5. -3 the ornamental gateway of a temple. -पुरीषम् cowdung. -प्रकाण्डम् an excellent cow or bull. -प्रचारः pasture-ground, pasturage for cattle; ग्राम्येच्छया गोप्रचारो भूमी राजवशेन वा Y.2.166. -प्रत (ता) रः 1 a ford for cattle. -2 a place of pilgrimage on the Śarayū; यद्गोप्रतरकल्पो$भूत्संमर्दस्तत्र मज्जताम् । अतस्तदाख्यया तीर्थं पावनं भुवि पप्रथे ॥ R.15.11. -प्रदानम् same as गोदान. -प्रवेशः the time when cows return home, sunset or evening-twilight; गोप्रवेशसमये Bṛi. S.24.35. -फणा 1 a bandage hollowed out so as to fit the chin or nose &c. -2 a sling. -बालः the hair of cows. -भुज् m. a king; गोभुजां वल्लभा लक्ष्मीः Rāj. T.5.6. -भृत् m. 1 a mountain. -2 a king. -मक्षिका a gadfly. -मघ a. granting cattle or cows कदा गोमघा हवनानि गच्छाः Rv.6.35.3. -मंडलम् 1 the globe. -2 a multitude of cows. -मण़्डीरः a kind of an aquatic bird; L. D. B. -मतम् = गव्यूति q. v. -मतल्लिका a tractable cow, an excellent cow; अरिर्मधोरैक्षत गोमतल्लिकाम् Śi.12.41. -मथः a cowherd. -मध्यमध्य a. slender in the waist. -महिषदा N. of one of the Mātṛis attending on कार्तिकेय. -मांसम् beef. -मायु 1 a kind of frog. -2 a jackal; अनुहंकुरुते घनध्वनिं न हि गोमायुरुतानि केसरी Śi.16. 25. -3 bile of a cow. -4 N. of a Gandharva. -मीनः a kind of fish. -मुखः, -मुखम् [गोर्मुखमिव मुखमस्य] a kind of musical instrument; Bg.1.13; गोमुखानां च शृङ्गाणाम- नीकद्वयवर्तिनाम् Śiva. B.24.55. (-खः) 1 a crocodile, shark. -2 a hole of a particular shape in a wall made by thieves. (-खम्) 1 a house built unevenly. -2 spreading unguents, smearing; 'गोमुखं कुटिलाकारे वाद्यभाण्डे विलेपने' इति विश्वः; यस्यामलिन्देषु न चक्रुरेव मुग्धाङ्गना गोमयगो- मुखानि Śi.3.48. (-खम्, -खी) a cloth-bag of the shape of a gnomon containing a rosary, the beads of which are counted by the hand thrust inside. -2 a house built unevenly. -3 a particular method of sitting (a योगासन) (-खी) the chasm in the Himālaya mountains through which the Ganges flows. -मूढ a. stupid as a bull. -मूत्रम् cow's urine. -मूत्रकः a variety of lapis lazuli (बैदूर्य); Kau. A.2.11. -कम् a particular attitude (मण्डल) in गदायुद्ध; दक्षिणं मण्डलं सव्यं गोमूत्रकमथापि च । व्यचर- त्पाण्डवो राजन्नरिं संमोहयन्निव ॥ Mb.9.58.23. -a. zigzagging, going unevenly. -मूत्रिका 1 an artificial verse, the second of which repeats nearly all the syllables of the first. (Malli. thus defines it :-- वर्णानामेकरूपत्वं यद्येकान्तरमर्धयोः गोमूत्रिकेति तत्प्राहुर्दुष्करं तद्विदो विदुः ॥ see Śi.19.46.) -2 a form of calculation. -मृगः a kind of ox (गवय). -मेदः a gem brought from the Himālaya and Indus, described as of four different colours:-- white, pale-yellow, red, and dark-blue. -मेदकः 1 see गोमेद. -2 a kind of poison (काकोल). -3 smearing the body with unguents. -मेधः, -यज्ञः a cow-sacrifice; Rām.7.25.8. -यानम्, -रथः a carriage drawn by oxen; Rām.2.82.26; Ms. 11.174. -युक्त a. drawn by oxen. -युतम् 1 a cattle station. -2 a measure of two Krośas (गव्यूत); गोयुते गोयुते चैव न्यवसत्पुरुषर्षभः Mb.14.65.22. -रक्षः 1 a cowherd. -2 keeping or tending cattle. -3 the orange. -4 an epithet of Śiva. ˚जम्बू f. wheat. -रक्षणम् tending cattle (with religious faith). -रङ्कुः 1 a water-fowl -2 a prisoner. -3 a naked man, a mendicant wandering about without clothes. -4 a chanter. -रवम् saffron. -रसः cow's milk. -2 curds. -3 buttermilk. -4 the flavour of a sentence; को रसो गोरसं विना Udb. ˚जम् buttermilk. -राजः an excellent bull. -राटिका, -राटी the Sārikā bird. -रुतम् a measure of distance equal to two Krośas. -रूपम् the form of a cow. (-पः) N. of Śiva. -रोचम् yellow orpiment. -रोचना a bright yellow pigment prepared from the urine or bile of a cow, or found in the head of a cow. -लवणम् a measure of salt given to a cow. -लाङ्गु- (गू) लः a kind of monkey with a dark body, red cheeks and a tail like that of a cow; गोलाङ्गूलः कपोलं छुरयति रजसा कौसुमेन प्रियायाः Māl.9.3. -लोकः a part of heaven, cow-world. -लोभिका, -लोभी 1 a prostitute. -2 white Dūrvā grass. -3 Zedoary. -4 N. of a shrub. -वत्सः a calf. ˚आदिन m. a wolf. -वधः the killing of a cow; Ms.11.59. -वर्धनः a celebrated hill in वृन्दावन the country about Mathurā. ('This hill was lifted up and supported by Kṛiṣṇa upon one finger for seven days to shelter the cowherds from a storm of rain sent by Indra to test Kṛiṣṇa's divinity.') ˚धरः, ˚धरिन् m. an epithet of Kṛiṣṇa. -वरम् pounded cowdung. -वशा a barren cow. -वाटम्, -वासः a cow-pen. -वासन a. covered with an ox-hide. -विकर्तः, -विकर्तृ m. 1 the killer of a cow; Mb.4.2.9. -2 a husbandman. -विततः a horse-sacrifice having many cows. -विन्दः 1 a cowkeeper, a chief herdsman. -2 N. of Kṛiṣṇa. -3 Bṛihaspati. ˚द्वादशी the twelfth day in the light half of the month of फाल्गुन -विष् f., -विष्ठा cowdung. -विषाणिकः a kind of musical instrument; Mb.6.44.4. -विसर्गः day-break (when cows are let loose to graze in forests); Rām.7.111.9. -वीथिः f. N. of that portion of the moon's path which contains the asterisms भाद्रपदा, रेवती and अश्विनी, or according to some, हस्त, चित्रा and स्वाती Bṛi. S.9.2. -वीर्यम् the price received for milk. -वृन्दम् a drove of cattle. -वृन्दारकः an excellent bull or cow. -वृषः, -वृषभः an excellent bull; न तां शेकुर्नृपा वोढुमजित्वा सप्त गोवृषान् Bhāg 1.58.33. ˚ध्वजः an epithet of Śiva. -वैद्यः a quack docter. -व्रजः 1 a cow-pen. -2 a herd of cows. -3 a place where cattle graze. -व्रत, -व्रतिन् a. one who imitates a cow in frugality; ...अत्र गोव्रतिनो विप्राः ... ॥ यत्रपत्रशयो नित्यं येन केन- चिदाशितः । येन केनचिदाच्छन्नः स गोव्रत इहोच्यते ॥ Mb.5.99. 13-14. -शकृत् n. cowdung; Ms.2.182. -शतम् a present of a hundred cows to a Brāhmaṇa. -शालम्, -ला a cow-stall. -शीर्षः, -र्षम् a kind of sandal; Kau. A.2.11. -2 a kind of weapon (arrow ?); Mb.7.178. 23. -षड्गवम् three pairs of kine. -षन्, -षा a. Ved. acquiring or bestowing cows. -षा (सा) तिः 1 acquiring cattle; or fighting for cattle. गोषाता यस्य ते गिरः Rv.8.84.7. -2 giving cattle. -ष्टोमः a kind of sacrifice fasting for one day. -संख्यः a cowherd. -सदृक्षः a species of ox (गवय). -सर्गः the time at which cows are usually let loose, day-break; see गोविसर्ग. -सवः a kind of cow-sacrifice (not performed in the Kali age); Mb.3.3.17. -सहस्रम् a kind of present (महादान). (-स्त्री) N. of two holidays on the fifteenth day of the dark half of कार्तिक and ज्येष्ठ. -सावित्री N. of a hymn (cf. गायत्री). -सूत्रिका a rope fastened at both ends having separate halters for each ox or cow. -स्तनः 1 the udder of a cow. -2 a cluster of blossoms, nosegay &c. -3 a pearl-necklace of four strings. -4 a kind of fort. -स्तना, -नी a bunch of grapes. -स्थानम्, -क्रम् a cow-pen. -स्वामिन् m. 1 an owner of cows. -2 a religious mendicant. -3 an honorary title affixed to proper names; (e. g. वोपदेवगोस्वामिन्). -हत्या cow-slaughter. -हल्लम् (sometimes written हन्नम्) cow-dung. -हरः, -हरणम् stealing of cows; गोष्ठमुत्किरति गोहरं वदेत् Bṛi. S.89.9. (v. l.) -हित a. cherishing or protecting kine. (-तः) N. of Viṣṇu.
ghṛtācī घृताची a. 1 Greasy, abounding in ghee. -2 Containing water. -3 Shining. -f. 1 Night. -2 N. of Sarasvatī. -3 N. of an apsaras; N.2.19 (the following are the principal nymphs of Indra's heaven; घृताची मेनका रम्भा उर्वशी च तिलोत्तमा । सुकेशी मञ्जुघोषाद्याः कथ्यन्ते$- प्सरसो बुधैः). -Comp. -गर्भसंभवा large cardamoms.
camasaḥ चमसः सम् [चमत्यस्मिन्, चम्-असच् Tv.] 1 A vessel (can, ladle &c.) used at sacrifices for drinking the Soma juice; Y.1.183 (also चमसी); इडोदरे चमसाः कर्ण- रन्ध्रे Bhāg.3.13.36. -2 A cake made of barley, rice &c. -Comp. -अध्वर्युः the priest who manages the drinking vessels. -उद्भेदः, -दनम् N. of place of pilgrimage where the river Sarasvatī is said to have burst forth.
chyu छ्यु 1 Ā. (छयवते) To go, move, approach. 1 the Supreme deity. -2 Śiva. -3 Nārada. -4 Brahmās -5 Viṣṇu. -चक्षुस् m. the sun. -चन्द्रिका Bhaṭṭotpala'. commentary on Bṛihatsaṁhitā (also called चिन्तामणि). -चित्रम् a wonder of the universe; पश्येदानीं जगच्चित्रम् Rām.7.34.9. -जीवः a living being; एक एको जगज्जीवैरियेष स्वात्मपोषणम् Rāj. T.2.25. -त्रयम् the three worlds i. e. heaven, earth and the lower world. -दीपः the sun. -धात्री 1 Durgā. -2 Sarasvatī. -नाथः 1 the lord of the universe. -2 Viṣṇu. -3 Dattātreya. -4 N. of a country. -5 N. of an idol at Jagannātha. -6 N. of a poet. (-थौ) Viṣṇu and Śiva. (-था) N. of Durgā. -निवासः 1 the Supreme Being. -2 an epithet of Viṣṇu; जगन्निवासो वसुदेवसद्मानि Śi.1.1. -3 wordly existence. -पतिः God, Lord of the universe; यदा च तस्याधिगमे जगत्पतेः Ku. -प्रभुः 1 an epithet of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Śiva. -2 an Arhat of the Jainas. -प्राणः, -बलः wind. -बीजम् N. of Śiva. -मातृ f. 1 Durgā. -2 Lākṣmī. -योनिः 1 the Supreme Being. -2 an epithet of Viṣṇu. -3 of Śiva. -4 of Brahmā. (-निः f.) the earth. -वन्द्यः N. of Kṛiṣṇa. विनाशः the expiration of Yugas. -वहा the earth. -साक्षिन् m. 1 the Supreme spirit. -2. the sun. -सेतुः the Supreme Being. -स्रष्टृ m. 1 the creator of the world. -2 Brahmā. -3 Śiva. -स्वामित्वम् the sovereignty of the world; जगत्स्वामित्वलाभः प्रभोः Ratn. 4.19.
jūḥ जूः f. 1 Speed. -2 Atmosphere. -3 A female demon. -4 An epithet of Sarasvatī. -5 Going speedily, quick motion. -6 A mark on the forehead of horses and oxen.
jñānam ज्ञानम् [ज्ञा-भावे ल्युट्] 1 Knowing, understanding, becoming acquainted with, proficiency; सांख्यस्य योगस्य च ज्ञानम् Māl.1.7. -2 Knowledge, learning; तथेन्द्रियाकुलीभावे ज्ञेयं ज्ञानेन शुध्यति Mb.12.24.2; बुद्धिर्ज्ञानेन शुध्यति Ms.5.19; ज्ञाने मौनं क्षमा शत्रौ R.1.22. -3 Consciousness, cognizance, knowledge; ज्ञानतो$ज्ञानतो वापि Ms.8.288 knowingly or unknowingly, consciously or unconsciously. -4 Sacred knowledge; especially, knowledge derived from meditation on the higher truths of religion and philosophy which teaches man how to understand his own nature and how he may be reunited to the Supreme Spirit (opp. कर्मन्); cf. ज्ञानयोग and कर्मयोग in Bg.3.3. -5 The organ of intelligence, sense, intellect; कच्चिज्ज्ञानानि सर्वाणि प्रसन्नानि तवाच्युत Mb.12.54.18. -6 Conscience. -7 The Supreme spirit. -8 An epithet of Viṣṇu. -9 The Vedas taken collectively. -1 Means of knowing; औत्पक्तिकस्तु शब्दस्यार्थेन सम्बन्धस्तस्य ज्ञानम्˚ । MS.1.1.5. -11 An opinion, a view; बलदेवस्य वाक्यं तु मम ज्ञाने न युज्यते Mb.5.4.3. -Comp. -अग्निः knowledge-fire; ज्ञानाग्निः सर्वकर्माणि भस्मसात्कुरुते$र्जन Bg.4.37. -अनुत्पादः ignorance, folly. -अपोहः forgetfulness. -अभ्यासः 1 study. -2 thinking, reflection. -आत्मन् a. all wise. -इन्द्रियम् an organ of perception; (these are five त्वच्, रसना, चक्षुस्, कर्ण and घ्राण- the skin, tongue, eye, ear and nose; see बुद्धीन्द्रिय under इन्द्रिय). -काण्डम् that inner or esoteric portion of Veda which refers to true spiritual knowledge, or knowledge of the Supreme spirit, as distinguished from the knowledge of ceremonial rites (opp. कर्मकाण्ड). -कृत a. done knowingly or intentionally. -गम्य a. attainable by the understanding. -घन m. pure or mere knowledge; निर्विशेषाय साम्याय नमो ज्ञानघनाय च Bhāg.8.3.12; तं त्वामहं ज्ञानघनं...कथं...परिभावयामि ibid 9.8.24. -चक्षुस् n. the eye of intelligence, the mind's eye, intellectual vision (opp. चर्मचक्षुस्); सर्वं तु समवेक्ष्येदं निखिलं ज्ञानचक्षुषा Ms.2.8;4.24. (-m.) a wise and learned man. -तत्त्वम् true knowledge, knowledge of God. -तपस् n. penance consisting in the acquisition of true knowledge. -दः a preceptor. -दा an epithet of Sarasvatī. -दुर्बल a. wanting in knowledge. -निश्चयः certainty, ascertainment. -निष्ठ a. intent on acquiring true (spiritual) knowledge; ज्ञानिनिष्ठा द्विजाः केचित् Ms.3.134. -पतिः 1 the Supreme spirit. -2 a teacher, preceptor. -पूर्व a. preceded by knowledge, well-considered; निष्कामं ज्ञानपूर्वं तु निवृत्तमुपदिश्यते Ms.12.89. -बोधिनी f. N. of a Vedāntic treatise. -मुद्र a. 'having the impress of wisdom', wise. -मूल a. founded on spiritual knowledge. -यज्ञः a man possessed of true or spiritual knowledge, philosopher. -योगः contemplation as the principal means of, attaining the Supreme spirit or acquiring true or spiritual knowledge; ज्ञानयोगेन सांख्यानां कर्मयोगेण योगिनाम् Bg.3.3. -लक्षणम्, -णा 1 indication, sign, a means of knowing or inferring. -2 (in logic) sign or proof of knowledge; subsequent derived from antecedent knowledge. -विज्ञानम् 1 sacred and miscellaneous knowledge; तत्प्राज्ञेन विनीतेन ज्ञानविज्ञानवेदिनाMs.18.41. -2 the Vedas with the supplementary branches of knowledge, such as medicine, arms &c. -वृद्ध advanced in knowledge; ज्ञानवृद्धो वयोबालो मृदुर्वीर्यगुणान्वितः Rām.2.45.8. -शास्त्रम् the science of fortune-telling. -साधनम् 1 a means of acquiring true or spiritual knowledge. -2 an organ of perception.
tejas तेजस् n. [तिज्-भावे करुणादै असुन्] 1 Sharpness. -2 The sharp edge (of a knife &c.). -3 The point or top of a flame. -4 Heat, glow. glare. -5 Lustre, light, brilliance, splendour; दिनान्ते निहितं तेजः R.4.1; तेजश्चास्मि विभावसौ Bg.7.9,1. -6 Heat or light considered as the third of the five elements of creation (the other four being पृथिवी, अप्, वायु and आकाश). -7 The bright appearance of the human body, beauty; अरिष्टशय्यां परितो विसारिणा सुजन्मनस्तस्य निजेन तेजसा R.3.15. -8 Fire of energy; शतप्रधानेषु तपोधनेषु गूढं हि दाहात्मकमस्ति तेजः Ś. 2.7; U.6.14. -9 Might, prowess, strength, courage, valour; martial or heroic lustre; तेजस्तेजसि शाम्यतु U. 5.7; Ś.7.15. -1 One possessed of heroic lustre; तेजसां हि न वयः समीक्ष्यते R.11.1; Pt.1.328;3.33. -11 Spirit, energy. -12 Strength of character, not bearing insult or ill-treatment with impunity. -13 Majestic lustre, majesty, dignity, authority, consequence; तेजोविशेषानुमितां (राजलक्ष्मीं) दधानः R.2.7. -14 Semen, seed, semen virile; स्याद्रक्षणीयं यदि मे न तेजः R.14.65; 2.75; दुष्यन्तेनाहितं तेजो दधानां भूतये भुवः Ś.4.3. -15 The essential nature of anything. -16 Essence, quintessence. -17 Spiritual, moral, or magical power. -18 Fire; यज्ञसेनस्य दुहिता तेज एव तु केवलम् Mb.3.239.9. -19 Marrow. -2 Bile. -21 The speed of a horse. -22 Fresh butter. -23 Gold. -24 Clearness of the eyes. -25 A shining or luminous body, light; ऋते कृशानोर्न हि मन्त्रपूतमर्हन्ति तेजांस्यपराणि हव्यम् Ku.1.51; Ś.4.2. -26 The heating and strengthening faculty of the human frame seated in the bile (पित्त). -27 The brain. -28 Violence, fierceness. -29 Impatience. -3 Anger; मित्रैः सह विरोधं च प्राप्नुते तेजसा वृतः Md.3.28.18. -31 The sun; उपप्लवांस्तथा घोरान् शशिनस्तेजसस्तथा Mb.12. 31.36. -Comp. -कर a. 1 illuminating. -2 granting vital power or strength. -पदम् a mark of dignity; तेजःपदं मणिमयं च हृतं शिरोभ्यः Bhāg.1.15.14. -बीजम् marrow. -भङ्गः 1 disgrace, destruction of dignity. -2 depression, discouragement. -भीरः f. shadow. -मण्डलम् a halo of light; सर्वा एतस्मिंस्तेजोमण्डल एकीभवन्ति Praśna. Up.4.2. -मात्रा sense-organ; स एतास्तेजोमात्राः समभ्याददानो हृदयमेवान्ववक्रामति Bṛi. Up.4.4.1. -मूर्तिः the sun; Ms.3.93. -रूपम् 1 the Supreme Spirit, Brahman. -2 the nature of light. -वृत्तम् 1 noble behaviour; Ms.9.33. -2 superior power or lustre. तेजस्वत् tējasvat तेजोवत् tējōvat तेजस्वत् तेजोवत् a. 1 Bright, brilliant, splendid. -2 Sharp, pungent. -3 Brave, heroic. -4 Energetic.
tri त्रि num. a. [Uṇ.5.66] (declined in pl. only, nom. त्रयः m., तिस्त्रः f., त्रीणि n.) Three; त एव हि त्रयो लोकास्त एव त्रय आश्रमाः &c. Ms.2.229; प्रियतमाभिरसौ तिसृभिर्बभौ R.9.18; त्रीणि वर्षाण्युदीक्षेत कुमार्यृतुमती सती Ms.9.9 [cf. L. tres; Gr. treis; A. S., Zend thri; Eng. three]. -Comp. -अंशः 1 a three-fold share; त्र्यंशं दायाद्धरेद्विप्रः Ms.9.151. -2 a third part. -3 three-fourths. -अक्ष a. triocular. -अक्षः, -अक्षकः an epithet of Śiva; शुष्कस्नायु- स्वराह्लादात्त्र्यक्षं जग्राह रावणः Pt.5.57. -अक्षरः 1 the mystic syllable ओम् consisting of three letters; see under अ. आद्यं यत्त्र्यक्षरं ब्रह्म Ms.11.265. -2 a matchmaker or घटक (that word consisting of three syllables). -3 a genealogist. (-री) knowledge, learning; see विद्या. -अङ्कटम्, -अङ्गटम् 1 three strings suspended to either end of a pole for carrying burdens. -2 a sort of collyrium. (-टः) N. of Śiva. -अङ्गम् (pl.) a tripartite army (chariots, cavalry and infantry). -अङ्गुलम् three fingers' breadth. -अञ्जनम् the three kinds of collyrium; i. e. कालाञ्जन, रसाञ्जन and पुष्पाञ्जन. -अञ्जलम्, -लिः three handfuls taken collectively. -अधिपतिः (the lord of the 3 guṇas or worlds), an epithet of Viṣṇu; Bhāg.3.16.24. -अधिष्ठानः the soul. (नम्) spirit, life (चैतन्य). -a. having three stations; Ms.12.4. -अध्वगा, -मार्गगा, -वर्त्मगा epithets of the river Ganges (flowing through the three worlds). -अनीक a. having the three properties of heat, rain and cold; त्यनीकः पत्यते माहिनावान् Rv.3.56.3. (-का) an army consisting of horses, elephants and chariots. -अब्द a. three years old. -ब्दम् three years taken collectively. -अम्बकः (also त्रियम्बक in the same sense though rarely used in classical literature) 'having three eyes', N. of Śiva.; त्रियम्बकं संयमिनं ददर्श Ku.3.44; जडीकृतस्त्र्यम्बकवीक्षणेन R.2. 42;3.49. ˚सखः an epithet of Kubera; कुबेरस्त्र्यम्बकसखः Ak. -अम्बका an epithet of Pārvatī -अशीत a. eighty-third. -अशीतिः f. eighty-three. -अष्टन् a. twenty-four. -अश्र, -अस्र a. triangular. (-स्रम्) a triangle. -अहः 1 a period of three days. -2 a festival lasting three days. -आर्षेयाः deaf, dumb and blind persons. -आहिक a. 1 performed or produced in three days. -2 recurring after the third day, tertian (as fever). -3 having provision for three days कुशूलकुम्भीधान्यो वा त्र्याहिको$श्वस्तनो$पि वा Y.1.128. -ऋचम् (तृचम् also) three Riks taken collectively; Ms.8.16. -ऐहिक a. having provision for three days. -ककुद् m. 1 N. of the mountain Trikūṭa. -2 N. of Viṣnu or Kṛiṣṇa. -3 the highest, chief. -4 a sacrifice lasting for ten nights. -ककुभ् m. Ved. 1 Indra. -2 Indra's thunderbolt. -कटु dry ginger, black pepper and long pepper taken together as a drug; शिरामोक्षं विधायास्य दद्यात् त्रिकटुकं गुडम् Śālihotra 62. -कण्टः, -कण्टकः a kind of fish. -करणी the side of a square 3 times as great as another. -कर्मन् n. the chief three duties of a Brāhmaṇa i. e. sacrifice, study of the Vedas, and making gifts or charity. (-m.) one who engages in these three duties (as a Brāhmaṇa). -काण्डम् N. of Amarsiṁha's dictionary. -कायः N. of Buddha. -कालम् 1 the three times; the past, the present, and the future; or morning, noon and evening. -2 the three tenses (the past, present, and future) of a verb. (-लम् ind. three times, thrice; ˚ज्ञ, ˚दर्शिन् a. omniscient (m.) 1 a divine sage, seer. -2 a deity. -3 N. of Buddha. ˚विद् m. 1 a Buddha. -2 an Arhat (with the Jainas). -कूटः N. of a mountain in Ceylon on the top of which was situated Laṅkā, the capital of Rāvaṇa.; Śi.2.5. -कूटम् sea-salt. कूर्चकम् a knife with three edges. -कोण a. triangular, forming a triangle. (-णः) 1 a triangle. -2 the vulva. -खम् 1 tin. -2 a cucumber. -खट्वम्, -खट्वी three bedsteads taken collectively. -क्षाराणि n. (pl.) salt-petre, natron and borax. -गणः an aggregate of the three objects of worldly existence; i. e. धर्म, अर्थ and काम; न बाधते$स्य त्रिगणः परस्परम् Ki.1.11; see त्रिवर्ग below. -गत a. 1 tripled. -2 done in three days. -गर्ताः (pl.) 1 N. of a country, also called जलन्धर, in the northwest of India. -2 the people or rulers of that country. -3 a particular mode of calculation. -गर्ता 1 a lascivious woman, wanton. -2 a woman in general. -3 a pearl. -4 a kind of cricket. -गुण a. 1 consisting of three threads; व्रताय मौञ्जीं त्रिगुणां बभार याम् Ku.5.1. -2 three-times repeated, thrice, treble, threefold, triple; सप्त व्यतीयुस्त्रिगुणानि तस्य (दिनानि) R.2. 25. -3 containing the three Guṇas सत्त्व, रजस् and तमस्. (-णम्) the Pradhāna (in Sāṅ. phil.); (-ind.) three times; in three ways. -णाः m. (pl.) the three qualities or constituents of nature; त्रयीमयाय त्रिगुणात्मने नमः K.1. (-णा) 1 Māyā or illusion (in Vedānta phil.). -2 an epithet of Durgā. -गुणाकृतम् ploughed thrice. -चक्षुस् m. an epithet of Śiva. -चतुर a. (pl.) three or four; गत्वा जवात्त्रिचतुराणि पदानि सीता B.R.6.34. -चत्वा- रिंश a. forty-third. -चत्वारिंशत् f, forty-three. -जगत् n. -जगती the three worlds, (1) the heaven, the atmosphere and the earth; or (2) the heaven, the earth, and the lower world; त्वत्कीर्तिः ...... त्रिजगति विहरत्येवमुर्वीश गुर्वी Sūkti.5.59. -जटः an epithet of Śiva. -जटा N. of a female demon, one of the Rākṣasa attendants kept by Rāvaṇa to watch over Sītā, when she was retained as a captive in the Aśoka-vanikā. She acted very kindly towards Sītā and induced her companions to do the same; सीतां मायेति शंसन्ति त्रिजटा समजीवयत् R.12.74. -जातम्, जातकम् The three spices (mace, cardamoms, cinnamon). -जीवा, -ज्या the sine of three signs or 9˚, a radius. -णता a bow; कामुकानिव नालीकांस्त्रिणताः सहसामुचन् Śi.19.61. -णव, -णवन् a. (pl.) three times nine; i. e. 27. -णाकः the heaven; तावत्त्रिणाकं नहुषः शशास Bhāg.6.13.16. -णाचिकेतः 1 a part of the Adhvaryu-sacrifice or Yajurveda, or one who performs a vow connected therewith (according to Kull. on Ms.3.185); Mb.13.9.26. -2 one who has thrice kindled the Nāchiketa fire or studied the Nāchiketa section of Kāṭhaka; त्रिणाचिकेत- स्त्रिभिरेत्य सन्धिम् Kaṭh.1.17. -णीता a wife ('thrice married'; it being supposed that a girl belongs to Soma, Gandharva and Agni before she obtains a human husband). -णेमि a. with three fellies; विचिन्वतो$भूत् सुमहांस्त्रिणेमिः Bhāg.3.8.2. -तक्षम्, तक्षी three carpenters taken collectively. -दण्डम् 1 the three staves of a Saṁnyāsin (who has resigned the world) tied togethar so as to form one. -2 the triple subjection of thought, word, and deed. (-ण्डः) the state of a religious ascetic; ज्ञानवैराग्यरहितस्त्रिदण्डमुपजीवति Bhāg.11.18.4. -दण्डिन् m. 1 a religious mendicant or Saṁnyāsin who has renounced all worldly attachments, and who carries three long staves tied together so as to form one in his right hand; तल्लिप्सुः स यतिर्भूत्वा त्रिदण्डी द्वारका- मगात् Bhāg.1.86.3. -2 one who has obtained command over his mind, speech, and body (or thought, word, and deed); cf. वाग्दण्डो$थ मनोदण्डः कायदण्डस्तथैव च । यस्यैते निहिता बुद्धौ त्रिदण्डीति स उच्यते ॥ Ms.12.1. -दशाः (pl.) 1 thirty. -2 the thirty-three gods:-- 12 Ādityas, 8 Vasus, 11 Rudras and 2 Aśvins. (-शः) a god, an immortal; तस्मिन्मघोनस्त्रिदशान्विहाय सहस्रमक्ष्णां युगपत्पपात Ku.3.1. ˚अङ्कुशः (-शम्) the heaven. ˚आयुधम् Indra's thunderbolt; R.9.54. ˚आयुधम् rainbow; अथ नभस्य इव त्रिदशायुधम् R.9.54. ˚अधिपः, ˚ईश्वरः, ˚पतिः epithets of Indra. ˚अधिपतिः N. of Śiva. ˚अध्यक्षः, ˚अयनः an epithet of Viṣṇu. ˚अरिः a demon. ˚आचार्यः an epithet of Bṛihaspati. ˚आधार Nectar. ˚आलयः, ˚आवासः 1 heaven. -2 the mountain Meru. -3 a god. ˚आहारः 'the food of the gods', nectar. ˚इन्द्रः 1 Indra. -2 Śiva. -3 Brahman. ˚गुरुः an epithet of Bṛihaspati, ˚गोपः a kind of insect; (cf. इन्द्रगोप) श्रद्दधे त्रिदशगोपमात्रके दाहशक्तिमिव कृष्णवर्त्मनि R.11.42. ˚दीर्घिका an epithet of the Ganges. ˚पतिः Indra; एषो$प्यैरावतस्थस्त्रिदशपतिः Ratn.4.11. ˚पुङ्गवः Viṣṇu; Rām.1. ˚मञ्जरी the holy basil. ˚वधू, ˚वनिता, an Apsaras or heavenly damsel; कैलासस्य त्रिदशवनितादर्पणस्यातिथिः स्याः Me.6. ˚वर्त्मन् the sky. ˚श्रेष्ठः 1 Agni. -2 Brahman. ˚दशीभूत Become divine; त्रिदशीभूतपौराणां स्वर्गान्तरमकल्पयत् R.15.12. -दिनम् three days collectively. ˚स्पृश् m. concurrence of three lunations with one solar day. -दिवम् 1 the heaven; त्रिमार्गयेव त्रिदिवस्य मार्गः Ku.1.28; Ś.7.3. -2 sky, atmosphere. -3 paradise. -4 happiness. (-वा) cardamoms. ˚अधीशः, ˚ईशः 1 an epithet of Indra. -2 a god. ˚आलयः the heaven; अश्वमेधजिताँल्लोका- नाप्नोति त्रिदिवालये Mb.13.141.53. ˚उद्भवा 1 the Ganges. -2 small cardamoms. ˚ओकस् m. a god; वपुषि त्रिदिवौकसां परं सह पुष्पैरपतत्र्छिलीमुखाः Vikr.15.72. ˚गत dead; त्रिदिवगतः किमु वक्ष्यते पिता मे Vikr.6.62. -दृश् m. an epithet of Śiva. -दोषम् vitiation or derangement of the three humours of the body, i. e. वात, पित्त and कफ. -धा ind. in 3 parts, ways or places; triply, ˚त्वम् tripartition; Ch. Up. -धातुः an epithet of Gaṇeśa; -तुम् 1 the triple world. -2 the aggregate of the 3 minerals or humours. -धामन् m. 1 N. of Viṣṇu. -2 of Vyāsa; -3 of Śiva. -4 of Agni. -5 death. -n. the heaven; हंसो हंसेन यानेन त्रिधाम परमं ययौ Bhāg.3.24.2. -धारा the Ganges. -नयन, -नेत्रः, -लोचनः epithets of Śiva; R.3. 66; Ku.3.66;5.72. -नवत a. ninety-third. -नवतिः f. ninety three. -नयना Pārvat&imacr. -नाभः Viṣṇu; Bhāg.8. 17.26. -नेत्रचूडामणिः the moon. -नेत्रफलः the cocoa-nut tree. -पञ्च a. three-fold five, i. e. fifteen. -पञ्चाश a. fiftythird. -पञ्चाशत् f. fifty-three. -पुटः glass (काच). -पताकः 1 the hand with three fingers stretched out or erect. -2 the forehead marked naturally with three horizontal lines. -पत्रकः the Palāśa tree. -पथम् 1 the three paths taken collectively, i. e. the sky, atmosphere, and the earth, or the sky, earth and the lower world. -2 a place where three roads meet. (-था) an epithet of Mathura. ˚गा, ˚गामिनी an epithet of the Ganges; गङ्गा त्रिपथगामिनी; धृतसत्पथस्त्रिपथगामभितः स तमारुरोह पुरुहूतसुतः Ki.6.1; Amaru.99. -पद्, -पाद्, -पात् m. Ved. 1 Viṣṇu. -2 fever (personified). -पद a. three-footed. (-दम्) a tripod; त्रिपदैः करकैः स्थालैः ...... Śiva. B.22. 62. -पदिका 1 a tripod. -2 a stand with three feet. -पदी 1 the girth of an elephant; नास्रसत्करिणां ग्रैवं त्रिपदी- च्छेदिनामपि R.4.48. -2 the Gāyatrī metre. -3 a tripod. -4 the plant गोधापदी. -परिक्रान्त a. one who walks thrice round a sacred fire. -पर्णः Kiṁśuka tree. -पाटः 1 intersection of a prolonged side and perpendicular (in a quadrangular figure). -2 the figure formed by such intersection. -पाटिका a beak. पाठिन् a. 1 familiar with Saṁhitā, Pada, and Krama. -2 one who learns a thing after three repetitions. -पादः 1 the Supreme Being. -2 fever. -पाद् a. 1 having three feet. -2 consisting of three parts, having three fourths; राघवः शिथिलं तस्थौ भुवि धर्मस्त्रिपादिव R.15.96. -3 trinomial. (-m.) 1 an epithet of Viṣṇu in his dwarf incarnation. -2 the Supreme Being. -पिटकम् the 3 collections of Buddhistic sacred writings (सुत्त, विनय and अभिधम्म). -पुट a. triangular. (-टः) 1 an arrow. -2 the palm of the hand. -3 a cubit. -4 a bank or shore. -पुटकः a triangle. -पुटा an epithet of Durgā. -पुटिन् m. the castor-oil plant. -पुण्ड्रम्, -पुण्ड्रक a mark on the forehead consisting of three lines made with cowdung ashes. -पुरम् 1 a collection of three cities. -2 the three cities of gold, silver, and iron in the sky, air and earth built for demons by Maya; (these cities were burnt down, along the demons inhabiting them, by Śiva at the request of the gods); Ku.7.48; Amaru.2; संरक्ताभिस्त्रिपुरविजयो गीयते किन्नरीभिः Me.56; Bh.3.123; (-रः) N. of a demon or demons presiding over these cities. ˚अधिपतिः N. of Maya, ˚अन्तकः, ˚अरिः, ˚घ्नः, ˚दहनः, ˚द्विष् m., हरः &c. epithets of Śiva; अये गौरीनाथ त्रिपुरहर शम्भो त्रिनयन Bh.3.123; R.17.14. ˚दाहः burning of the three cities; मुहुरनुस्मरयन्तमनुक्षपं त्रिपुरदाहमुमापतिसेविनः Ki.5.14. ˚सुन्दरी Durgā. (-री) 1 N. of a place near Jabalpura, formerly capital of the kings of Chedi. -2 N. of a country. -पुरुष a 1 having the length of three men. -2 having three assistants. (-षम्) the three ancestorsfather, grand-father and great-grand-father. -पृष्ठम् the highest heaven; Bhāg.1.19.23. (ष्ठः) Viṣṇu. -पौरुष a. 1 belonging to, or extending over, three generations of men. 2 offered to three (as oblations). -3 inherited from three (as an estate). -प्रस्रुतः an elephant in rut. -फला (1) the three myrobalans taken collectively, namely, Terminalia Chebula, T. Bellerica, and Phyllanthus (Mar. हिरडा, बेहडा and आंवळकाठी). Also (2) the three sweet fruits (grape, pomegranate, and date); (3) the three fragrant fruits (nutmeg, arecanut, and cloves). -बन्धनः the individual soul. -बलिः, बली, -वलिः, -वली f. 1 the three folds or wrinkles of skin above the navel of a woman (regarded as a mark of beauty); क्षामोदरोपरिलसत्त्रिवलीलतानाम् Bh.1.93,81; cf. Ku.1.39. -2 the anus. -बलीकम् the anus. -बाहुः a kind of fighting with swords. -ब्रह्मन् a. with ब्रह्मा, विष्णु and महेश. -भम् three signs of the zodiac, or ninety degrees. -भङ्गम् a pose in which the image is bent at three parts of the body. -भद्रम् copulation, sexual union, cohabitation. -भागः 1 the third part; त्रिभागं ब्रह्महत्यायाः कन्या प्राप्नोति दुष्यती Mb.12.165.42. -2 the third part of a sign of the zodiac. -भुक्ल a. one possessed of learning, good conduct and good family-descent (Dānasāgara, Bibliotheca Indica,274, Fasc.1, p.29). -भुजम् a triangle. -भुवनम् the three worlds; पुण्यं यायास्त्रिभुवन- गुरोर्धाम चण्डीश्वरस्य Me.35; Bh.1.99. ˚गुरु Śiva. ˚कीर्तिरसः a patent medicine in Āyurveda. ˚पतिः Viṣṇu. -भूमः a palace with three floors. -मद the three narcotic plants; the three-fold haughtiness; Bhāg.3.1.43. -मधु n. -मधुरम् 1 sugar, honey, and ghee. -2 three verses of the Ṛigveda (1.9.6-8; मधु वाता ऋतायते˚). -3 a ceremony based on the same; L. D. B. -4 threefold utterance of a vedic stanza ˚मधु वाता -m. a reciter and performer of the above ceremony; L. D. B. -मार्गा the Ganges; त्रिमार्गयेव त्रिदिवस्य मार्गः Ku.1.28. -मुकुटः the Trikūṭa mountain. -मुखः an epithet of Buddha. -मुनि ind. having the three sages पाणिनि, कात्यायन and पतञ्जलि; त्रिमुनि व्याकरणम्. -मूर्तिः 1 the united form of Brahmā, Viṣṇu, and Maheśa, the Hindu triad; नमस्त्रिमूर्तये तुभ्यं प्रांक्सृष्टेः केवलात्मने । गुणत्रयविभायाय पश्चाद्भेदमुपेयुषे ॥ Ku.2.4. -2 Buddha, or Jina. -मूर्धन् m. 1 a demon; त्रयश्च दूषण- खरस्त्रिमूर्धानो रणे हताः U.2.15. -2 a world called महर्लोक; G&imac;rvāṇa; cf. अमृतं क्षेममभयं त्रिमूर्ध्नो$धायि मूर्धसु Bhāg.2.6.19. -यव a. weighing 3 barley corns; Ms.8.134. -यष्टिः a necklace of three strings. -यामकम् sin. -यामा 1 night (consisting of 3 watches of praharas, the first and last half prahara being excluded); संक्षिप्येत क्षण इव कथं दीर्घयामा त्रियामा Me.11, Ku.7.21,26; R.9.7; V.3. 22. -2 turmeric. -3 the Indigo plant. -4 the river Yamuṇā. -युगः an epithet of Viṣṇu; धर्मं महापुरुष पासि युगानुवृत्तं छन्नः कलौ यदभवस्त्रियुगो$थ सत्त्वम् Bhāg.7.9.38; the god in the form of यज्ञपुरुष; Bhāg.5.18.35. -योनिः a law-suit (in which a person engages from anger, covetousness, or infatuation). -रसकम् spirituous liquor; see त्रिसरकम्. -रात्र a. lasting for three nights. (-त्रः) a festival lasting for three nights. (-त्रम्) a period of three nights. -रेखः a conch-shell. -लिङ्ग a. having three genders, i. e. an adjective. -2 possessing the three Guṇas. (-गाः) the country called Telaṅga. (-गी) the three genders taken collectively. -लोकम् the three worlds. (-कः) an inhabitant of the three worlds; यद्धर्मसूनोर्बत राजसूये निरीक्ष्य दृक्स्वस्त्ययनं त्रिलोकः Bhāg.3. 2.13. ˚आत्मन् m. the Supreme Being. ˚ईशः the sun. ˚नाथः 'lord of the three worlds', an epithet of 1 Indra; त्रिलोकनाथेन सदा मखद्विषस्त्वया नियम्या ननु दिव्यचक्षुषा R.3.45. -2 of Śiva; Ku.5.77. ˚रक्षिन् a. protecting the 3 worlds; त्रिलोकरक्षी महिमा हि वज्रिणः V.1.6. -लोकी the three worlds taken collectively, the universe; सत्यामेव त्रिलोकीसरिति हरशिरश्चुम्बिनीविच्छटायाम् Bh.3.95; Śānti.4.22. -लोचनः Śiva. (-ना) 1 an unchaste woman. -2 an epithet of Durgā. -लोहकम् the three metals:-- gold, silver, and copper. -वर्गः 1 the three objects of wordly existence, i. e. धर्म, अर्थ, and काम; अनेन धर्मः सविशेषमद्य मे त्रिवर्गसारः प्रतिभाति भाविनि Ku.5.38; अन्योन्यानुबन्धम् (त्रिवर्गम्) Kau. A.1.7; प्राप त्रिवर्गं बुबुधे$त्रिवर्गम् (मोक्षम्) Bu. Ch.2.41. -2 the three states of loss, stability, and increase; क्षयः स्थानं च वृद्धिश्च त्रिवर्गो नीतिवेदिनाम् Ak. -3 the three qualities of nature, i. e. सत्त्व, रजस्, and तमस्. -4 the three higher castes. -5 the three myrobalans. -6 propriety, decorum. -वर्णकम् the first three of the four castes of Hindus taken collectively. -वर्ष a. three years old; Ms.5.7. -वलिः, -ली f. (in comp.) three folds over a woman's navel (regarded as a mark of beauty) -वली the anus. -वारम् ind. three times, thrice. -विक्रमः Viṣṇu in his fifth or dwarf incarnation. ˚रसः a patent medicine in Āyurveda. -विद्यः a Brāhmaṇa versed in the three Vedas. -विध a. of three kinds, three-fold. -विष्टपम्, -पिष्टपम् 1 the world of Indra, heaven; त्रिविष्टपस्येव पतिं जयन्तः R.6.78. -2 the three worlds. ˚सद् m. a god. -वृत् a. 1 threefold; मौञ्जी त्रिवृत्समा श्लक्ष्णा कार्या विप्रस्य मेखला Ms.2.42. -2 consisting of three parts (as three गुणs, विद्याs); Bhāg.3.24.33;1.23.39; (consisting of three letters- ओङ्कार); हिरण्यगर्भो वेदानां मन्त्राणां प्रणवस्त्रिवृत् Bhāg.11.16.12. (-m.) 1 a sacrifice. -2 a girdle of three strings; Mb.12.47.44. -3 an amulet of three strings. (-f.) a plant possessing valuable purgative properties. ˚करण combining three things, i. e. earth, water, and fire. -वृत्तिः livelihood through 3 things (sacrifice, study and alms). -वेणिः, -णी f. the place near Prayāga where the Ganges joins the Yamunā and receives under ground the Sarasvatī; the place called दक्षिणप्रयाग where the three sacred rivers separate. -वेणुः 1 The staff (त्रिदण्ड) of a Saṁnyāsin; केचित् त्रिवेणुं जगृहुरेके पात्रं कमण्डलुम् Bhāg.11.23.34. -2 The pole of a chariot; अथ त्रिवेणुसंपन्नं ...... बभञ्ज च महारथम् Rām.3. 51.16; Mb.7.156.83; a three bannered (chariot); Bhāg.4.26.1. -वेदः a Brāhmaṇa versed in the three Vedas. -शक्तिः a deity (त्रिकला), Māyā; Bhāg.2.6.31. -शङ्कुः 1 N. of a celebrated king of the Solar race, king of Ayodhyā and father of Hariśchandra. [He was a wise, pious, and just king, but his chief fault was that he loved his person to an inordinate degree. Desiring to celebrate a sacrifice by virtue of which he could go up to heaven in his mortal body, he requested his family-priest Vasiṣṭha to officiate for him; but being refused he next requested his hundred sons who also rejected his absurd proposal. He, therefore, called them cowardly and impotent, and was, in return for these insults, cursed and degraded by them to be a Chāṇḍāla. While he was in this wretched condition, Viśvāmitra, whose family Triśaṅku had in times of famine laid under deep obligations, undertook to celebrate the sacrifice, and invited all the gods to be present. They, however, declined; whereupon the enraged Viśvāmitra. by his own power lifted up Triśaṅku to the skies with his cherished mortal body. He began to soar higher and higher till his head struck against the vault of the heaven, when he was hurled down head-foremost by Indra and the other gods. The mighty Viśvāmitra, however, arrested him in his downward course, saying 'Stay Triśaṅku', and the unfortunate monarch remained suspended with his head towards the earth as a constellation in the southern hemisphere. Hence the wellknown proverb:-- त्रिशङ्कुरिवान्तरा तिष्ठ Ś.2.] -2 the Chātaka bird. -3 a cat. -4 a grass-hopper. -5 a firefly. ˚जः an epithet of Hariśchandra. ˚याजिन् m. an epithet of Viśvāmitra. -शत a. three hundred. (-तम्) 1 one hundred and three. -2 three hundred. -शरणः a Buddha. -शर्करा three kinds of sugar (गुडोत्पन्ना, हिमोत्था, and मधुरा). -शाख a. three-wrinkled; भ्रुकुट्या भीषणमुखः प्रकृत्यैव त्रिशाखया Ks.12.72. -शालम् a house with three halls or chambers. -शिखम् 1 a trident; तदापतद्वै त्रिशिखं गरुत्मते Bhāg.1.59.9. -2 a crown or crest (with three points). -शिरस् m. 1 N. of a demon killed by Rāma. -2 an epithet of Kubera. -3 fever. त्रिशिरस्ते प्रसन्नो$स्मि व्येतु ते मज्ज्वराद्भयम् Bhāg.1.63.29. -शीर्षः Śiva. -शीर्षकम्, -शूलम् a trident. ˚अङ्कः, ˚धारिन् m. an epithet of Śiva. -शुक्लम् the holy combination of 'three days' viz. Uttarāyaṇa (day of the gods), the bright half of the moon (day of the manes) and daytime; त्रिशुक्ले मरणं यस्य, L. D. B. -शूलिन् m. an epithet of Śiva. -शृङ्गः 1 the Trikūṭa mountain. -2 a triangle. -शोकः the soul. -षष्टिः f. sixty-three. -ष्टुभ् f. a metre of 4 x 11 syllables. -संध्यम्, -संध्यी the three periods of the day, i. e. dawn, noon, and sunset; also -त्रिसवनम् (-षवणम्); Ms.11.216. -संध्यम् ind. at the time of the three Sandhyas; सान्निध्यं पुष्करे येषां त्रिसन्ध्यं कुरुनन्दन Mb. -सप्तत a. seventy-third. -सप्ततिः f. seventy-three. -सप्तन्, -सप्त a. (pl.) three times 7, i. e. 21. -सम a. (in geom.) having three equal sides, equilateral. -सरः milk, sesamum and rice boiled together. -सरकम् drinking wine thrice ('सरकं शीधुपात्रे स्यात् शीधुपाने च शीधुनि' इति विश्वः); प्रातिभं त्रिसरकेण गतानाम् Śi.1.12. -सर्गः the creation of the 3 Guṇas; Bhāg.1.1.1. -साधन a. having a threefold causality; R.3.13. -सामन् a. singing 3 Sāmans (an उद्गातृ); उद्गाता तत्र संग्रामे त्रिसामा दुन्दुभिर्नृप Mb.12.98.27. -साम्यम् an equilibrium of the three (qualities); Bhāg.2.7.4. -सुपर्णः, -र्णम् 1 N. of the three Ṛigvedic verses (Rv.1.114.3-5). -2 N. of T. Ār.1.48-5; -a. familiar with or reciting these verses; Ms.3.185. -स्थली the three sacred places : काशी, प्रयाग, and गया. -स्थानम् the head, neck and chest together; तन्त्रीलयसमायुक्तं त्रिस्थानकरणान्वितम् Rām.7.71.15. -a. 1 having 3 dwelling places. -2 extending through the 3 worlds. -स्रोतस् f. an epithet of the Ganges; त्रिस्रोतसं वहति यो गगनप्रतिष्ठाम् Ś.7.6; R.1.63; Ku.7.15. -सीत्य, -हल्य a. ploughed thrice (as a field). -हायण a. three years old.
dṛṣadvat दृषद्वत् a. Stony, rocky. -ती 1 N. of a river flowing into the Sarasvatī and forming the eastern boundary of the Aryāvarta; cf. Ms.2.17. -2 An epithet of Durgā.
deva देव a. (-वी f.) [दिव्-अच्] 1 Divine, celestial; Bg.11. 11; Ms.12.117. -2 Shining; यज्ञस्य देवमृत्विजम् Rv.1.1.1. -3 Fit to be worshipped or honoured. -वः 1 A god, deity; एको देवः केशवो वा शिवो वा Bh.3.12. -2 (a) The god of rain, an epithet of Indra; as in द्वादश वर्षाणि देवो न ववर्ष; अवर्षयद्देवः Rām.1.9.18; काले च देशे च प्रववर्ष देवः Bu. Ch.2.7. (b) A cloud. -3 A divine man, Brāhmaṇa, as in भूदेव. -4 A king, ruler, as in मनुष्यदेव; तां देवसमितिं (अभ्या- गच्छत्) Mb.3.13.22. -5 A title affixed to the names of Bārhmaṇas; as in गोविन्ददेव, पुरुषोत्तमदेव &c. -6 (In dramas) A title of honour used in addressing a king, ('My lord', 'Your majesty'); ततश्च देव Ve.4; यथाज्ञापयति देवः &c. -7 Quicksilver. -8 The Supreme Spirit; हित्वा च देहं प्रविशन्ति देवं दिवौकसो द्यामिव पार्थ सांख्याः Mb.12.31.112. -9 A fool -1 A child. -11 A man following any particular business. -12 A lover. -13 Emulation. -14 Sport, play. -15 A husband's brother (cf. देवृ, देवर). -16 A lancer. -वम् An organ of sense; देवानां प्रभवो देवो मनसश्च त्रिलोककृत् Mb.14.41.3. [cf. L. deus; Gr. deos.]. -Comp. -अंशः a partial incarnation of god. -अगारः, -रम् a temple. -अङ्गना a celestial damsel, an apsaras. -अतिदेवः, -अधिदेवः 1 the highest god. -2 an epithet of (1) Śiva. (2) Buddha. (3) Viṣṇu. देवातिदेवो भगवान् प्रसूतिरंशे हरिर्यस्य जगत्प्रणेता Hariv. -अधिपः 1 an epithet of Indra. -2 the supreme god. -अनीकम् an army of celestials. -अनुचरः, -अनुयायिन् m. an attendant or follower of a god; निशम्य देवानुचरस्य वाचं मनुष्यदेवः पुनरप्युवाच R.2.52. -अन्धस् n., अन्नम् 1 the food of gods, divine food, ambrosia. -2 food that has been first offered to an idol; see Ms.5.7 and Kull. thereon. -अभीष्ट a. 1 liked by or dear to gods. -2 sacred or dedicated to a deity. (-ष्टा) piper betel. -अरण्यम् the garden of gods, the Nandana garden; अलमुद्द्योतयामासुर्देवारण्यमिवर्तवः R.1.8. -अरिः a demon. -अर्चनम्, -ना 1 the worship of gods. -2 idolatry. -अर्पणम् 1 an offering to the god. -2 the Veda; पृथग्- भूतानि चान्यानि यानि देवार्पणानि च Mb.13.86.17 (see com.). -आवसथः a temple. -अश्वः an epithet of उच्चैःश्रवस्, the horse of Indra. -आक्रीडः 'the garden of the gods', Nandana garden. -आजीवः, -आजीविन् m. an attendant upon an idol. -2 a low Brāhmaṇa subsisting by attendance upon an idol and upon the offerings made to it. -आत्मन् a. 1 consecrated, holy, sacred. -2 of a divine nature. (-m.) 1 the divine soul; ते ध्यानयोगानुगता$ पश्यन् देवात्मशक्तिं स्वगुणैर्निगूढाम् Śvet. Up.1.3. -2 the holy fig-tree. -आयतनम् a temple; Ms.4.46; न देवा- यतनं गच्छेत् कदाचिद् वा$प्रदक्षिणम् । न पीडयेद् वा वस्त्राणि न देवा- यतनेष्वपि ॥ Kūrma P. -आयुधम् 1 a divine weapon. -2 rainbow. -आयुष्म् the life-time of a god. -आलयः 1 heaven. -2 a temple. -आवासः 1 heaven. -2 the holy fig-tree (अश्वत्थ). -3 a temple. -4 the Sumeru mountain. -आहारः nectar, ambrosia. -इज् a. (nom. sing. देवेट्-ड्) worshipping the gods. -इज्यः an epithet of Bṛihaspati, preceptor of the gods. -इज्जः 1 an epithet of Indra. -2 of Śiva. -इष्ट a. dear to gods. (-ष्टः) bdellium. (-ष्टा) the wild lime tree. -ईशः an epithet of (1) Indra. (2) Śiva. (3) Viṣṇu. (4) Brahman. (-शी) N. of Durgā also of Devakī mother of Kṛiṣṇa. -ईश्वरः N. of (1) Śiva. (2) Indra. -उद्यानम् 1 divine garden. -2 The Nandana garden. -3 a garden near a temple. -ऋषिः (देवर्षिः) 1 a deified saint, divine sage such as अत्रि, भृगु, पुलस्त्य, अङ्गिरस् &c.; एवंवादिनि देवर्षौ Ku.6.84 (i. e. अङ्गिरस्); अथ देवऋषी राजन् संपरेतं नृपात्मजम् Bhāg.; आब्रह्मभुवनाल्लोका देवर्षिपितृमानवाः । तृप्यन्तु पितरः सर्वे मातृमातामहा- दयाः Tarpaṇamantra. -2 an epithet of Narada; देवर्षीणां च नारदः Bg.1.13.26. -ओकस् n. the mountain Meru or Sumeru. -कन्या a celestial damsel, a nymph; also देवकन्यका. -कर्दमाः sandal, aloe wood, camphor, saffron pounded together and made into a paste. -कर्मन् n., -कार्यम् 1 a religious act or rite, divine command; अनुष्ठितदेवकार्यम् R.12.13. -2 the worship of gods. -काष्ठम् the Devadāru tree. -किरी N. of a Rāgiṇī; ललिता मालती गौरी नाटी देवकिरी तथा । मेघरागस्य रागिण्यो भवन्तीमाः सुमध्यमाः ॥ -कुटम् a temple. -कुण़्डम् a natural spring. -कुलम् 1 a temple. -2 a race of gods. -3 a group of gods. -कुल्या the celestial Ganges. -कुसुमम् cloves; एलां च देवकुसुमं त्वक्पत्रं देवदारु च Śiva. B.3.14. -खातम्, -खातकम् 1 a natural hollow among mountains. -2 a natural pond or reservoir; Ms.4.23. -3 a pond near a temple. ˚बिल a cavern, chasm. -गणः a class of gods. -गणिका an apsaras; q. v. -गतिः the path of देवलोक; अनुज्ञातश्च रामेण ययौ देवगतिं मुनिः A. Rām. 2.1.4. -गन्धर्वः an epithet of Nārada. (-र्वम्) a particular mode of singing. -गर्जनम् thunder. -गर्भः see हिरण्यगर्भ; Rām.2.4.23. -गायनः a celestial chorister, a Gandharva. -गान्धारी N. of a Rāgiṇī गान्धारी देवगान्धारी मालवी श्रीश्च सारवी । रामकीर्यपि रागिण्यः श्रीरागस्य प्रिया इमाः ॥ -गिरिः 1 N. of a mountain; cf. Me.44. -2 N. of a town (Daulatabad). -गिरी f. N. of a Rāgiṇī. -गुरुः 1 an epithet of Kaśyapa (the father of gods). -2 of Bṛihaspati (the preceptor of gods). -गुही an epithet of Sarasvatī or of a place situated on it. -गुह्यम् 1 a secret only known by gods. -2 death. -गृहम् 1 a temple. -2 the place of a king. -3 a planetary sphere. -ग्रहः a class of demons who causes harmless madness. -चरितम् the course of action or practices of the gods; न देवचरितं चरेत्. -चर्या the worship or service of gods. -चिकित्सकौ (du.) Aśvins, the twin physicians of gods. -छन्दः a pearl-necklace having 81, 1 or 18 strings; शतमष्टयुतं हारो देवच्छन्दो ह्यशीतिरेकयुता Bṛi. S.81.32. -जनः the gods collectively. ˚विद्या the science of music, dance, other arts &c.; Ch. Up.7.1.2. -जातम् a class of gods. -जामिः f. a sister of the gods; देवजामीनां पुत्रो$सि Av. 6.46.1. -तरुः 1 the holy fig-tree. -2 one of the trees of paradise. (i. e. मन्दार, पारिजात, सन्तान, कल्प and हरि- चन्दन); पञ्चैते देवतरवो मन्दारः पारिजातकः । सन्तानः कल्पवृक्षश्च पुंसि वा हरिचन्दनम् ॥ Ak. -3 the tree in a village (चैत्यवृक्ष) where the villagers usually meet (Mar. पार). -तर्पणम् offerings of water, part of the सन्ध्या ceremony. -ताडः 1 fire. -2 an epithet of Rāhu. -तातः 1 a sacrifice. -2 N. of Kaśyapa. -तातिः 1 a god. -2 divine service; स नो यक्षद् देवताता यजीयान् Rv.3.19.1. -तीर्थम् 1 the right moment for the worship of gods. -2 the tips of the fingers sacred to gods. -दत्त a. 1 god-given, granted by the gods. -2 given to the gods (as a village, &c.). (-त्तः) 1 N. of the conch-shell of Arjuna; देवदत्तं धनञ्जयः (दध्मौ) Bg.1.15. -2 a certain person (used in speaking of men indefinitely); मुक्तस्ततो यदि बन्धाद्देवदत्त उपाच्छिनत्ति Bhāg.5.14.24; देवदत्तः पचति, पिनो देवदत्तो दिवा न भुङ्क्ते &c. -3 one of the vital airs exhaled in yawning; देवदत्तो विजृम्भणे. ˚अग्रजः N. of Buddha. -दर्शन a. visiting the gods. (-नः) N. of Nārada; यथा प्राह नारदो देवदर्शनः Bhāg.2.8.1. -दारु m., n. a species of pine; गङ्गाप्रवाहोक्षित- देवदारु Ku.1.54; R.2.36. -दासः a servant or attendant upon a temple. (-सी) 1 a female in the service of gods or a temple. -2 a courtezan (employed as a dancer in a temple). -3 the wild citron tree. -दीपः the eye. -दुन्दुभिः 1 divine drum; देवदुन्दुभिनिर्घोषो पुष्पवृष्टिश्च खात् पतन् Rām. -2 the holy basil with red flowers. -3 an epithet of Indra. -दूतः a divine envoy or messenger, an angel. -देवः 1 an epithet of Brahman; Rām.1.43.1. -2 of Śiva; अयाचितारं न हि देवदेवमद्रिः सुतां ग्राहयितुं शशाक Ku.1.52. -3 of Viṣṇu; Bg.1.15. -4 of Gaṇeśa; दृष्टप्रभावो वरदो देवदेवो विनायकः Ks.2.55. -दैवत्य a. destined for the god; Ms.2.189. -द्रोणी a procession with idols. -धर्मः a religious duty or office. -धानी the city of Indra; तां देवधानीं स वरुथिनीपतिर्बहिः समन्ताद्रुरुधे पृतन्यया Bhāg. 8.15.23. -धान्यम् a kind of grass-grain (Mar. देवभात). -धिष्ण्यम् a chariot of the gods (विमान); Bhāg.1. 82.7. -नक्षत्रम् N. of the first 14 नक्षत्रs in the southern quarter (opp. to यमनक्षत्रम्). -नदी 1 the Ganges. -2 any holy river; Ms.2.17. -नन्दिन् m. N. of the doorkeeper of Indra. -2 N. of a grammarian. -नागरी N. of the character in which Sanskrit is usually written. -नाथः Śiva. -निकायः 1 'residence of gods', paradise, heaven; तं तुष्टुवुर्देवनिकायकेतवः Bhāg.1.27.25. -2 a host or assembly of gods; Ms.1.36. -निन्दकः a blasphemer, unbeliever, heretic, atheist. -निन्दा heresy, atheism. -निर्माल्यम् 1 a garland remaining from a sacrifice. -निर्मित a. 'god-created', natural. -पतिः an epithet of Indra. -पादाः 'the royal feet or presence', an honorific term for a king; देवपादाः प्रमाणम्. -पथः 1 'heavenly passage', heaven, firmament दिव्यो देवपथो ह्येष नात्र गच्छन्ति मानुषाः Mb. -2 the milky way. -पशुः any animal consecrated to a deity. -पात्रम् an epithet of Agni. -पुर्, -पुरी f. an epithet of Amarāvatī, the city of Indra. -पुरोहितः 1 a domestic priest of the gods. -2 the planet Jupiter (बृहस्पति). -पुष्पम् cloves. -पूज्यः an epithet of Bṛihaspati. -प्रतिकृतिः f., -प्रतिमा an idol, the image of a deity. -प्रश्नः 'consulting deities', astrology, fortune-telling. -प्रसूत a. good-produced (water); Av.6. 1.2. -प्रियः 'dear to the gods', an epithet of Śiva; (देवानांप्रियः an irreg. comp. meaning1 a goat. -2 a fool, idiot like a brute breast, as in ते$प्यतात्पर्यज्ञा देवानांप्रियाः K. P. -3 an ascetic, who renounces the world). -बलिः an oblation to the gods. -बाहुः 1 N. of a king in the Yadu race. -2 N. of a sage; देवबाहुः शतधनुः कृतवर्मेति तत्सुताः Bhāg. -ब्रह्मन् m. an epithet of Nārada. -ब्राह्मणः 1 a Brāhmaṇa who lives on the proceeds of a temple. -2 a venerable Brāhmaṇa. -भक्तिः worship or service of the gods. -भवनम् 1 the heaven. -2> a temple. -3 the holy fig-tree. -भागः the northern hemisphere. -भ m. a god; (-f.) heaven. -भूमिः f. heaven; पितुः प्रदेशा- स्तव देवभूमयः Ku.5.45. -भूतिः f. an epithet of the Ganges. -भूयम् divinity, godhead; विदितमेव भवतां ...... परां निर्वृतिमुपेत्य देवभूयं गताः सर्वे न पूर्वपुरुषा इति Rām. Champū. -भृत् m. an epithet of 1 Viṣṇu. -2 of Indra. -भोगः Pleasure of the gods, heavenly joy; अन्नन्ति दिव्यान् दिवि देवभोगान् Bg.9.2. -भोज्यम् nectar. -मणिः 1 the jewel of Viṣṇu called कौस्तुभ. -2 the sun. -3 a curl of hair on a horse's neck; आवर्तिनः शुभफल- प्रदशुक्तियुक्ताः संपन्नदेवमणयो भृतरन्ध्रभागाः (अश्वाः) Śi.5.4; N.1.58. -मधु n. divine honey; असौ वा आदित्यो देवमधु Ch. Up.3.1.1. -मातृ f. N. of Aditi, mother of gods. -मातृक a. 'having the god of rain or clouds as foster-mother', watered only by the clouds, depending on rain-water and not on irrigation, deprived of every other kind of water (as a country); देशो नद्यम्बुवृष्ट्यम्बु- संपन्नव्रीहिपालितः । स्यान्नदीमातृको देवमातृकश्च यथाक्रमम् ॥ Ak.; cf. also वितन्वति क्षेममदेवमातृकाः (i. e. नदीमातृकाः) चिराय तस्मिन् कुरवश्चकासते Ki.1. 17. -मानकः the jewel of Viṣṇu called कौस्तुभ. -माया the Māyā of gods; ते दुस्तराम- तितरन्ति च देवमायाम् Bhāg. -मार्गः the air or sky. -मासः the eighth month of pregnancy. -मुनिः a divine sage. -यजनम् 1 a sacrificial place, a place where a sacrifice is performed; ततस्ते देवयजनं ब्राह्मणाः स्वर्णलाङ्गलैः (कृष्ट्वा) Bhāg.1.74.12. देवयजनसंभवे सीते U.4. -2 a place of worship; मण्डलं देवयजनं दीक्षासंस्कार आत्मनः Bhāg.12.11.17. -यजि a. making oblations to gods. -यज्ञः a sacrifice to the superior gods made by oblations to fire, or through fire to the gods; (one of the five daily sacrifices of a Brāhmaṇa; see Ms.3.81,85 and पञ्चयज्ञ also). -यज्यम्, -यज्या a sacrifice. -यात्रा 'an idolprocession,' any sacred festival when the idols are carried in procession; केनापि देवयात्रागतेन सिद्धादेशेन साधुना मत्समक्षमादिष्टा M.5.12-13. -यान bestowing मोक्ष; यज्ञस्य देवयानस्य मेध्याय हविषे नृप Bhāg.8.8.2. -नः the path leading to मोक्ष; सत्येन पन्था विततो देवयानः Muṇḍ.3.1.6. -यानम् a celestial car. -युगम् 1 the first of the four ages of the world; also called कृतयुग, सनत्कुमारो भगवान् पुरा देवयुगे प्रभुः Rām.1.11.11. -2 an age of the gods comprising four ages of men. -योनिः 1 a superhuman being, a demigod; विद्याधरो$प्सरोयक्षरक्षोगन्धर्वकिन्नराः । पिशाचो गुह्यकः सिद्धो भूतो$मी देवयोनयः ॥ Ak. -2 a being of divine origin. -3 fuel used in kindling fire (f. also). -योषा an apsaras. -रथः a car for carrying the image of god in procession. -थम् a day's journey for the sun's chariot. -रहस्यम् a divine mystery. -राज्, -राजः 1 an epithet of Indra; Rām.7.6.6. -2 a king. -3 N. of Buddha. -रातः 1 an epithet of Parīkṣit. -2 a kind of swan or crane. -राष्ट्रम् N. of an empire in the Deccan. -लक्ष्मम् the Brāhmanical cord. -लता the Navamallikā or double jasmine plant. -लिङ्गम् the image or statue of a deity; Bhāg.3.17.13. -लोकः heaven, paradise; देवलोकस्य चर्त्विजः (प्रभुः) Ms.4.182. -वक्त्रम् an epithet of fire. -वर्त्मन् n. the sky or atmosphere. -वर्धकिः, -शिल्पिन् m. Viśvakarman, the architect of gods. -वाणी 'divine voice', a voice from heaven. -वाहनः an epithet of Agni. -विद्या 1 divine science; Ch. Up.7.1.2. -2 the science of Nirukta or etymology; ibid. -विभागः the northern hemisphere. -विश् f., -विशा a deity. -वीतिः food of the gods. -वृक्षः the Mandāra tree. -व्यचस् a. Ved. occupied by the gods. -व्रतम् 1 a religious observance, any religious vow. -2 the favourite food of the gods. (-तः) an epithet of 1 Bhīṣma; ततो विनशनं प्रागाद्यत्र देवव्रतो$पतत् Bhāg.1.9.1. -2 Kārtikeya. -व्रतत्वम् celibacy (ब्रह्मचारिव्रत); देवव्रतत्वं विज्ञाप्य Mb.5.172.19. -शत्रुः a demon; स देवशत्रूनिव देवराजः Mb. -शुनी an epithet of Saramā, the bitch of the gods. -शेखर the damanaka tree (Mar. दवणा). -शेषम् the remnants of a sacrifice offered to gods. -श्रीः m. a sacrifice. (f.) Lakṣmī. -श्रुतः an epithet of 1 Viṣṇu. -2 Nārada. -3 a sacred treatise. -4 a god in general. -संसद् f. देवसभा q. v. -सत्यम् divine truth, established order of the gods. -संध a. divine. -सभा 1 an assembly of the gods (सुधर्मन्). -2 a council of a king, council-chamber. -3 a gambling-house. -सभ्यः 1 a gambler. -2 a frequenter of gaming-houses. -3 an attendant on a deity. -4 the keeper of a gambling-house. -सहा 1 rules of begging alms (? भिक्षासूत्र); L. D. B. -2 N. of a plant. -सायुज्यम् identification or unification with a deity, conjunction with the gods, deification. -सिंह an epithet of Śiva. -सुषिः a tube or cavity (in the heart) leading to the gods; cf. उदान, तस्य ह वा एतस्य हृदयस्य पञ्च देवसुषयः Ch. Up.3.13.1. -सू N. of 8 deities (अग्नि, सोम, सवितृ, रुद्र, बृहस्पति, इन्द्र, मित्र and वरुण). -सृष्टा an intoxicating drink. -सेना 1 the army of gods. -2 N. of the wife of Skanda; स्कन्देन साक्षादिव देवसेनाम् R.7.1. (Malli.:-- देवसेना = स्कन्दपत्नी perhaps it merely means 'the army of the gods' personified as Skanda's wife). ˚पतिः, ˚प्रियः an epithet of Kārtikeya. -स्वम् 'property of gods', property applicable to religious purposes or endowments; यद्धनं यज्ञशीलानां देवस्वं तद्विदु- र्बुधाः Ms.11.2,26. ˚अपहरणम् sacrilege. -सावर्णिः the 13th Manu; मनुस्त्रयोदशो भाव्यो देवसावर्णिरात्मवान् Bhāg. 8.13.3. -हविस् n. an animal offered to gods at a sacrifice. -हिंसकः an enemy of gods. -हूः the left ear; Bhāg.4.25.51. -हूतिः f. 1 invocation of the gods. -2 N. of a daughter of Manu Svāyambhuva and wife of Kardama. -हेडनम् an offence against the gods. -हेतिः a divine weapon.
devī देवी 1 A female deity, a goddess. -2 N. of Durgā. -3 N. of Sarasvatī. -4 N. of Sāvitrī. -5 A queen, especially a crowned queen (अग्रमहिषी who has undergone the consecration along with her husband); प्रेष्य- भावेन नामेयं देवीशब्दक्षमा सती । स्नायीयवस्त्रक्रियया पत्त्रोर्णं वोपयुज्यते M.5.12; देवीभावं गमिता परिवारपदं कथं भजत्येषा K. P.1. -6 A respectful title applied to a lady of the first rank. -7 A kind of bird (श्यामा). -8 A particular supernatural power (कुण्डलिनी). -Comp. -कोटः 1 the city of Bāṇa (शोणितपुर). -2 Devikotta (on the Coromandal coast). -गृहम् 1 the temple of a goddess. -2 the apartment of a queen. -पुराणम् N. of an Upapurāṇa. -भागवतम् N. of an Upapurāṇa. -भावः the dignity of a queen. -सूक्तम् a Sūkta addressed to Devī.
namuciḥ नमुचिः [न मुञ्चति] 1 N. of a demon slain by Indra; वनमुचे नमुचेररये शिरः R.9.22. [When Indra conquered the Asuras, there was only one called Namuchi who strongly resisted and at last captured him. He offered to let Indra go provided he promised 'not to kill by day or by night, with wet or dry'. Indra promised to do so and was released, but he cut off Namuchi's head at twilight and with foam of water (which is neither wet nor dry). According to another version Namuchi was a friend of Indra, and once drank up his strength and made him quite imbecile. The Aśvins (and Sarasvatī also, as the story goes) then supplied Indra with a Vajra with which he cut off the demon's head]. -2 N. of the god of love. -Comp. -सूदनः, -द्विष्, -हन् m. epithets of Indra; विगृह्य चक्रे नमुचिद्विषा बली य इत्थमस्वास्थ्यमहर्निशं दिवः Śi.1.51.
nariṣyantaḥ नरिष्यन्तः N. of Vaivasvata Manu.
nābhāgaḥ नाभागः N. of the son of Vaivasvata Manu. ˚अरिष्टः N. of the son of Vaivasvata Manu.
nṛgaḥ नृगः A son of Manu Vaivasvata, who, it is said, was cursed by a Brāhmaṇa to be a lizard.
padma पद्म a. [पद्-मन्] Lotus-hued. -द्मम् 1 A lotus (m. also in this sense); Nelumbium Speciosum (variety red); पद्मपत्रस्थितं तोयं धत्ते मुक्ताफलश्रियम्. -2 A lotus-like ornament. -3 The form or figure of a lotus. -4 The root of a lotus. -5 The coloured marks on the trunk and face of an elephant; कालः किरातः स्फुटपद्मकस्य वधं व्यधा- द्यस्य दिनद्विपस्य N.22.9; -6 An army arrayed in the form of a lotus; पद्मेन चैव व्यूहेन निविशेत सदा स्वयम् Ms.7. 188. -7 A particular high number (one thousand billions). -8 Lead. -9 N. given by the Tāntrikas to the six divisions of the upper part of the body called Chakras. -1 A mark or mole on the human body. -11 A spot. -12 N. of a particular part of a column. -द्मः A kind of temple. -2 N. of a quarter-elephant. ये पद्मकल्पैरपि च द्विपेन्द्रैः Bu. Ch.2.3. -3 A species of serpent. -4 An epithet of Rāma. -5 One of the nine treasures of Kubera; see नवनिधि. -6 A kind of coitus or mode of sexual enjoyment. -7 A particular posture of the body in religious meditation. -8 One of the eight treasures connected with the magical art called पद्मिनी. -द्मा 1 N. of Lakṣmī, the goddess of fortune, and wife of Viṣṇu; (तं) पद्मा पद्मातपत्रेण भेजे साम्राज्य- दीक्षितम् R.4.5. -2 Cloves. -Comp. -अक्ष a. lotuseyed; रामं दूर्वादलश्यामं पद्माक्षं पीतवाससम् Rāmarakśā 25, (-क्षः) an epithet of Viṣṇu or the sun; (-क्षम्) the seed of a lotus. -अटः Cassia Tora (Mar. टाकळा). -अन्तरम्, -रः a lotus-leaf. -आकरः 1 a large tank of pond abounding in lotuses. -2 a pond or pool or water in general. -3 a lotus-pool. -4 an assemblage of lotuses; पद्माकरं दिनकरो विकचीकरोति Bh.2.73. -आलयः an epithet of Brahman, the creator. (-या) 1 an epithet of Lakṣmī. -2 cloves. -आसनम् 1 a lotus-seat; प्रणेमतुस्तौ पितरौ प्रजानां पद्मासनस्थाय पितामहाय Ku.7.86. -2 a particular posture in religious meditation; ऊरुमूले वाम- पादं पुनस्तु दक्षिणं पदम् । वामोरौ स्थापयित्वा तु पद्मासनमिति स्मृतम् ॥; ध्यायेदाजानुबाहुं धृतशरधनुषं बद्धपद्मासनस्थम् Rāmaraṣā 1. -3 a kind of coitus. (-नः) 1 an epithet of Brahman, the creator. -2 of Śiva. -3 of the sun. -आह्वम् cloves. -उद्भवः an epithet of Brahman. -कर, -हस्त a. holding a lotus. (-रः, -स्तः) 1 an epithet of Viṣṇu. -2 a lotus like hand. -3 N. of the sun. (-रा, -स्ता) N. of Lakṣmī. -कर्णिका 1 the pericarp of a lotus. -2 the central part of an army arrayed in the form of a lotus. -कलिका a lotus-bud, an unblown lotus. -काष्ठम् a fragrant wood used in medicine. -केशरः, -रम् the filament of a lotus. -कोशः, -कोषः 1 the calyx of a lotus. -2 a position of the fingers resembling the calyx of a lotus. -खण्डम्, -षण्डम् a multitude of lotuses. -गन्ध, -गन्धि a. lotus-scented, or as fragrant as or smelling like a lotus. (-न्धम्, -गन्धि n.) = पद्मकाष्ठ q. v. -गर्भः 1 an epithet of Brahman. -2 of Viṣṇu. -3 of Śiva. -4 of Buddha. -5 the sun. -6 the inside or middle of a lotus; पद्मगर्भादिवोद्धृतम् Kāv.2.41. -गुणा, -गृहा 1 an epithet of Lakṣmī, the goddess of wealth. -2 cloves. -जः, -जातः, -भवः, -भूः, -योनिः, -संभवः epithets of Brahman, the lotus-born god. -तन्तुः the fibrous stalk of a lotus. -नाभः, -भिः an epithet of Viṣṇu; शान्ताकारं भुजगशयनं पद्मनाभं सुरेशम्. -नाभः 1 N. of the eleventh month (reckoned from मार्गशीर्ष). -2 a magical formula spoken over weapons. -नालम् a lotus-stalk. -निधिः a treasure of the value of a Padma. -पाणिः 1 an epithet of Brahman. -2 N. of Buddha. -3 N. of the sun. -4 of Viṣṇu. -पुष्पः the Karṇikāra plant. -प्रिया the goddess Manasā, the wife of sage Jaratkāru. -बन्धः a kind of artificial composition in which the words are arranged in the form of a lotus-flower; see K. P.9. ad. loc. -बन्धुः 1 the sun, -2 a bee. -बीजम् the seed of a lotus. -भासः an epithet of Śiva. -मालिनी the goddess of wealth. -मुद्रा (-द्रिका) a particular pose according to Tantraśāstra; हस्तौ तु संमुखौ कृत्वा तदधः प्रोथिताङ्गुली । तलान्तर्मिलिताङ्गुष्ठौ कृत्वैषा पद्ममुद्रिका ॥ Tantrasāra. -रागः, -गम् a ruby; R.13.53;17.23; Ku.3.53; Kau. A.2.11.29; आकरे पद्मरागाणां जन्म काचमणेः कुतः ॥ H. -रूपा an epithet of the goddess of wealth. -रेखा a figure on the palm of the hand (of the form of a lotus-flower) which indicates the acquisition of great wealth. -लाञ्छनः 1 an epithet of Brahman. -2 Kubera. -3 the sun. -4 a king. (-ना) 1 an epithet of Lakṣmī, the goddess of wealth. -2 or of Sarasvatī, the goddess of learning. -3 N. of Tārā. -वनबान्धवः the sun. -वर्चस् a. lotus-hued. -वासा an epithet of Lakṣmī. -समासनः an epithet of Brahman. -स्नुषा 1 an epithet of Gaṅgā. -2 of Lakṣmī. -3 of Durgā. -हस्तः a particular measure of length. -हासः an epithet of Viṣṇu.
payoṣṇī पयोष्णी N. of a river rising in the Vindhya mountain (identified by some with the modern Tāptī river, but more correctly with Purṇā, a feeder of that river). -Comp. -जाता (पयोष्णी जाता यस्याः सा) an epithet of the river Sarasvatī.
pāraḥ पारः रम् [परं तीरं परमेव अण्, पॄ-घञ् वा] 1 The further or opposite bank of a river or ocean; पारं दुःखोदधेर्गन्तुं तर यावन्न भिद्यते Śānti.3.1; विरहजलधेः पारमासादयिष्ये Pad. D.13; H.1.177. -2 The further or opposite side of anything; स हि देवः परं ज्योतिस्तमःपारे व्यवस्थितम् Ku.2.58. -3 The end or extremity of anything; furtherest or concluding limit; तेजस्वी रिपुहतबन्धुदुःखपारम् (व्रजति) Ve. 3.25. -4 The fullest extent, the totality of anything; स पूर्वजन्मान्तरदृष्टपाराः स्मरन्निव R.18.5. (पारं गम्, -इ, -या 1 to cross over, surmount, get over; व्यसनेष्वेव सर्वेषु यस्य बुद्धिर्न हीयते । स तेषां पारमभ्येति Pt.2.6. -2 to accomplish, fulfil; as in प्रतिज्ञायाः पारं गतः -3 To master fully, become proficient in; सकलशास्त्रपारं गतः Pt.1; पारं नी 'to bring to a close.'). -रः 1 Quick-silver. -2 Guardian; तस्माद् भयाद् येन स नो$स्तु पारः Bhāg.6.9.24. -3 The end; महिम्नः पारं ते Mahimna.1. (पारे meaning 'on the other side of', 'beyond' sometimes enters into comp.; e. g. पारेगङ्गम्, पारेसमुद्रम् beyond the Ganges or the ocean; मम लङ्कापुरी नाम्ना रम्या पारे महोदधेः Mb.3.274.35.) -Comp. -अपारम्, -अवारम् both banks, the nearer and further bank. (-रः) the sea, ocean; शोकपारावारमुत्तर्तुमशक्नुवती Dk.4; Bv.4.11. -अयणम् 1 going across. -2 reading through, perusal, thorough study. -3 the whole, completeness, or totality of anything; as in ब्रह्मपारायणम्, मन्त्रपारायणम् &c. याज्ञवल्क्यो मुनिर्यस्मै ब्रह्मपारायणं जगौ Mv.1. 14. -अयणी 1 N. of the goddess Sarasvatī. -2 considering, meditation. -3 an act, action. -4 light. -काम a. desirous of going to the other end. -ग a. 1 crossing over, ferrying across. -2 one who has gone to the end of, one who has completely mastered anything, completely familiar of conversant with (with gen. or in comp.); वेदपारगः Ms.2.148; Y.1.111. -3 profoundly learned. (-गम्) keeping, fulfilling (of a promise). -गत, -गामिन् a. one who has gone to the other side or shore. (-तः) an Arhat or deified saint with Jainas. -चर a. emancipated forever. -दर्शक a. 1 showing the opposite bank. -2 transparent. -दृश्वन् a. 1 far-seeing, wise, prudent. -2 one who has seen the other side of anything, one who has completely mastered or has become familiar with anything; (cf. P.III.2.94); श्रुतिपारदृश्वा R.5.24. -नेतृ a. making a person conversant with. -समुद्रकः A variety of gems; Kau. A.2.11.29.
pārāvataḥ पारावतः 1 pigeon, turtle-dove, dove; पारावतः खरशिला- कणमात्रभोजी कामी भवत्यनुदिनं वद को$त्र हेतुः Bh.3.154; Me.4. -2 A monkey. -3 A mountain. -Comp. -अङ्घ्रिपिच्छः a kind of pigeon. -घ्नी N. of the river Sarasvatī.
pāvaka पावक a. [पू-ण्वुल्] Purifying; पन्थानं पावकं हित्वा जनको मौढ्यमास्थितः Mb.12.18.4. -कः 1 Fire; पावकस्य महिमा स गण्यते कक्षवज्ज्ज्वलति सागरे$पि यः R.11.75;3.9;16.87. -2 Agni or the god of fire. -3 The fire of lightning. -4 The Chitraka tree. -5 The number 'three'. -6 A person purified by religious abstraction, saint, sage. -7 Good conduct or behaviour. -8 N. of Varuṇa. -की 1 The wife of Agni. -2 Ved. N. of Sarasvatī. -Comp. -अरणिः an epithet of a plant called अग्निमन्य (Mar. थोर ऐरण). -अर्चिस् f. a flash of fire. -अस्त्रम् a fiery weapon; प्रशान्तमेव पावकास्त्रम् U.6.5/6. -आत्मजः 1 an epithet of Kārtikeya. -2 N. of a sage called सुदर्शन who married the daughter of Duryodhana of the Ikṣvāku family. -मणिः m. The Sūryakānta Maṇi. -शिखः (= अग्निशिखः) Saffron; Śiva B.3.19.
pūtkārī पूत्कारी 1 An epithet of Sarasvatī. -2 N. of the capital of the Nāgas.
prajñā प्रज्ञा 1 Intelligence, understanding, intellect, wisdom; आकारसदृशप्रज्ञः प्रज्ञया सदृशागमः R.1.15; नाभिनन्दति न द्वेष्टि तस्य प्रज्ञा प्रतिष्ठिता Bg.2.57; शस्त्रं निहन्ति पुरुषस्य शरीरमेकं प्रज्ञा कुलं च विभवं यशश्च हन्ति ॥ Subhāṣ. -2 Discernment, discrimination, judgment; इयं निष्ठा बहुविधा प्रज्ञया त्वध्यवस्यति Mb.14.3.24. -3 Device or design. -4 A wise or learned woman. -5 Longing for (वासना); impression (संस्कार); तं विद्याकर्मणि समन्वारभेते पूर्वप्रज्ञा च Bṛi. Up.4.4.2. -6 N. of the goddess Sarasvatī. -7 A particular Śakti or energy. -8 A true or transcendental wisdom; Buddh. -Comp. -अस्त्रम् a missile, weapon; ततः प्रज्ञास्त्रमादाय मोहनास्त्रं व्यनाशयत् Mb.6.77.53. -घनः nothing but intelligence; Bhāg. -चक्षुस्, -नयन a. blind; (lit. having understanding as the only eyes); ततो ज्ञास्यसि मां सौते प्रज्ञाचक्षुष- मित्युत Mb.1.1.149; Bhāg.1.13.28; Manodūta 115; N.12.16. (-m.) an epithet of Dhṛitarāṣṭra; Mb.3. 7.24; Kāvyamālā, Part.13. (-n.) the mind's eye, mental eye, the mind; M.1. -पारमिता one of the transcendent virtues; Buddh. -मात्रा an organ of sense. -वादः a wise saying; अशोच्यानन्वशोचस्त्वं प्रज्ञावादांश्च भाषसे Bg.2.11. -वृद्ध a. old in wisdom. -सहाय a. intelligent, wise. -हीन a. void of wisdom, silly, foolish.
prabhā प्रभा 1 Light, splendour, lustre, effulgence, radiance; प्रभास्मि शशिसूर्ययोः Bg.7.8; प्रभा पतङ्गस्य R.2.15,31; 6.18; Ṛs.1.2; Me.49; दृष्टस्त्वं प्रभया गोप्या युक्तो वृन्दावने वने Brahmavaivasvata P. -2 A ray of light. -3 The shadow of the sun on a sun-dial. -4 An epithet of Durgā; प्रभा प्रभानशीलत्वात् Devī. P. -5 N. of the city of Kubera. -6 N. of an Apsaras. -Comp. -करः 1 the sun; प्रसन्नत्वात् प्रभाकरः R.1.74. -2 the moon. -3 fire. -4 the ocean. -5 an epithet of Śiva. -6 N. of a learned writer, the founder of a school of Mīmāṁsā philosophy called after him. -7 A gem (पद्मराग); Rām.2.114.1. -कीटः a fire-fly. -तरल a. tremulously radiant; न प्रभातरलं ज्योतिरुदेति वसुधातलात् Ś.1.25. -पल्लवित a. overspread or glowing with lustre; प्रभा- पल्लवितेनासौ करोति मणिना खगः (अवतंसकम्); V.5.3. -प्रभुः the sun; दृष्टदृग्भिर्दुरालोकं प्रभयेव प्रभाप्रभुम् (व्यलोकत) N.17. 25. -प्ररोहः a ray or flash of light. -भिद् a. brilliant, shining; शक्रधनुः प्रभाभिदः Ki.16.58. -मण्डलम् a circle or halo of light; स्फुरत्प्रभामण्डलया चकाशे Ku.1.24;6.4; R.3.6;14.14. -लेपिन् a. covered with lustre, emitting lustre; प्रभालेपी नायं हरिहतमृगस्यामिषलवः V.4.62.
prācya प्राच्य a. [प्राचि भवः यत्] 1 Being or situated in front. -2 Being or living in the east, eastern, easterly. -3 Prior, preceding, previous. -4 Ancient, old. -च्याः (pl.) 1 'The eastern country', the country south or east of the river Sarasvatī. -2 The people of this country. -Comp. -पदवृत्तिः a term applied to the rule according to which ए remains in particular cases unchanged before अ -भाषा the eastern dialect, language spoken in the east of India. -वृत्तिः a kind of metre.
plakṣaḥ प्लक्षः [प्लक्षते कीटैः प्लक्ष्-कर्मणि घञ्] 1 The Indian fig-tree; प्लक्षप्ररोह इव सौधतलं विभेद R.8.93;13.71; कपित्थैः किंशुकैः प्लक्षैः Parṇāl.4.62. -2 One of the seven Dvīpas or continents of the world; प्लक्षो जम्बूप्रमाणो द्वीपः ख्यातिकरो हिरण्मय उत्थितो यत्राग्निरुपास्ते सप्तजिह्वः Purāṇam. -3 A side or back-door, a private entrance. -4 The space at the side of a door. -Comp. -जाता, -समुद्रवाचका an epithet of the river Sarasvatī. -तीर्थम्, -प्रस्रवणम्, -राज् -m. the place where the Sarasvatī rises. -द्वारम् a back-door, a side-entrance; Matsya P.264.15.
brahman ब्रह्मन् n. [बृंह्-मनिन् नकारस्याकारे ऋतो रत्वम्; cf. Uṇ.4.145.] 1 The Supreme Being, regarded as impersonal and divested of all quality and action; (according to the Vedāntins, Brahman is both the efficient and the material cause of the visible universe, the all-pervading soul and spirit of the universe, the essence from which all created things are produced and into which they are absorbed; अस्ति तावन्नित्यशुद्धबुद्धमुक्तस्वभावं सर्वज्ञं सर्वशक्तिसमन्वितं ब्रह्म Ś. B.); ... यत्प्रयन्त्यभिसंविशन्ति । तद् विजिज्ञा- सस्व । तद् ब्रह्मेति Tai. Up.3.1; समीभूता दृष्टिस्त्रिभुवनमपि ब्रह्म मनुते Bh.3.84; Ku.3.15; दर्शनं तस्य लाभः स्यात् त्वं हि ब्रह्ममयो निधिः Mb. -2 A hymn of praise. -3 A sacred text; मैवं स्याद् ब्रह्मविक्रिया Bhāg.9.1.17. -4 The Vedas; ब्रह्मणः प्रणवं कुर्यात् Ms.2.74; यद् ब्रह्म सम्यगाम्नातम् Ku.6.16; U.1.15; समस्तवदनोद्गीतब्रह्मणे ब्रह्मणे नमः Bm.1.1; Bg.3.15. -5 The sacred and mystic syllable om; एकाक्षरं परं ब्रह्म Ms.2.83. -6 The priestly of Brahmanical class (collectively); तदेतद् ब्रह्म क्षत्रं विट् शूद्रः Bṛi. Up.1.4.15; ब्रह्मैव संनियन्तृ स्यात् क्षत्रं हि ब्रह्मसंभवम् Ms.9.32. -7 The power or energy of a Brāhmaṇa; पवनाग्निसमागमो ह्ययं सहितं ब्रह्म यदस्त्रतेजसा R.8.4. -8 Religious penance or austerities. -9 Celibacy, chastity; शाश्वते ब्रह्मणि वर्तते Ś.1. -1 Final emancipation or beatitude. -11 Theology, sacred learning, religious knowledge. -12 The Brāhmaṇa portion of the Veda. -13 Wealth. -14 Food. -15 A Brāhmaṇa. -16 Truth. -17 The Brāhmaṇahood (ब्राह्मणत्व); येन विप्लावितं ब्रह्म वृषल्यां जायतात्मना Bhāg.6.2.26. -18 The soul (आत्मा); एतदेषां ब्रह्म Bṛi. Up.1.6.1-3. -19 See ब्रह्मास्त्र. अब्राह्मणे न हि ब्रह्म ध्रुवं तिष्ठेत् कदाचन Mb.12.3.31. -2 The गायत्री mantra; उभे सन्ध्ये च यतवाग्जपन् ब्रह्म समाहितः Bhāg.7. 12.2. -m. 1 The Supreme Being, the Creator, the first deity of the sacred Hindu Trinity, to whom is entrusted the work of creating the world. [The accounts of the creation of the world differ in many respects; but, according to Manu Smṛiti, the universe was enveloped in darkness, and the self-existent Lord manifested himself dispelling the gloom. He first created the waters and deposited in them a seed. This seed became a golden egg, in which he himself was born as Brahmā-the progenitor of all the worlds. Then the Lord divided the egg into two parts, with which he constructed heaven and earth. He then created the ten Prajāpatis or mind-born sons who completed the work of creation. According to another account (Rāmāyaṇa) Brahmā sprang from ether; from him was descended marīchi, and his son was Kaśyapa. From Kaśyapa sprang Vivasvata, and Manu sprang from him. Thus Manu was the procreator of all human beings. According to a third account, the Supreme deity, after dividing the golden egg, separated himself into two parts, male and female, from which sprang Virāj and from him Manu; cf. Ku.2.7. and Ms.1.32 et seq. Mythologically Brahman is represented as being born in a lotus which sprang from the navel of Viṣṇu, and as creating the world by an illicit connection with his own daughter Sarasvatī. Brahman had originally five heads, but one of them was cut down by Śiva with the ring-finger or burnt down by the fire from his third eye. His vehicle is a swan. He has numerous epithets, most of which have reference to his birth, in a lotus.] -2 A Brāhmaṇa; Ś.4.4. -3 A devout man. -4 One of the four Ritvijas or priests employed at a Soma sacrifice. -5 One conversant with sacred knowledge. -6 The sun. -7 Intellect. -8 An epithet of the seven Prajāpatis :-मरीचि, अत्रि, अङ्गिरस्, पुलस्त्य, पुलह, क्रतु and वसिष्ठ. -9 An epithet of Bṛihaspati; ब्रह्मन्नध्ययनस्य नैष समयस्तूष्णीं बहिः स्थीयताम् Hanumannāṭaka. -1 The planet Jupiter; ब्रह्मराशिं समावृत्य लोहिताङ्गो व्यवस्थितः Mb. 3.6.18. -11 The world of Brahmā (ब्रह्मलोक); दमस्त्यागो- $प्रमादश्च ते त्रयो ब्रह्मणो हयाः Mb.11.7.23. -1 Of Śiva. -Comp. -अक्षरम् the sacred syllable om. -अङ्गभूः 1 a horse. -2 one who has touched the several parts of his body by the repetition of Mantras; स च त्वदेकेषुनिपात- साध्यो ब्रह्माङ्गभूर्ब्रह्मणि योजितात्मा Ku.3.15 (see Malli. thereon). -अञ्जलिः 1 respectful salutation with folded hands while repeating the Veda. -2 obeisance to a preceptor (at the beginning and conclusion of the repetition of the Veda); अपश्यद्यावतो वेदविदां ब्रह्माञ्जलीनसौ N.17.183; ब्रह्मारम्भे$वसाने च पादौ ग्राह्यौ गुरोः सदा । संहत्य हस्तावध्येयं स हि ब्रह्माञ्जलिः स्मृतः ॥ Ms.2.71. -अण्डम् 'the egg of Brahman', the primordial egg from which the universe sprang, the world, universe; ब्रह्माण्डच्छत्रदण्डः Dk.1. ˚कपालः the hemisphere of the world. ˚भाण्डोदरम् the hollow of the universe; ब्रह्मा येन कुलालवन्नियमितो ब्रह्माण्ड- भाण्डोदरे Bh.2.95. ˚पुराणम् N. of one of the eighteen Purāṇas. -अदि(द्रि)जाता an epithet of the river Godāvarī. -अधिगमः, अधिगमनम् study of the Vedas. -अम्भस् n. the urine of a cow. -अभ्यासः the study of the Vedas. -अयणः, -नः an epithet of Nārāyaṇa. -अरण्यम् 1 a place of religious study. -2 N. of a forest. -अर्पणम् 1 the offering of sacred knowledge. -2 devoting oneself to the Supreme Spirit. -3 N. of a spell. -4 a mode of performing the Śrāddha in which no Piṇḍas or rice-balls are offered. -अस्त्रम् a missile presided over by Brahman. -आत्मभूः a horse. -आनन्दः bliss or rapture of absorption into Brahma; ब्रह्मानन्दसाक्षात्क्रियां Mv.7.31. -आरम्भः beginning to repeat the Vedas; Ms.2.71. -आवर्तः N. of the tract between the rivers Sarasvatī and Dṛiṣavatī (northwest of Hastināpura); सरस्वतीदृषद्वत्योर्देवनद्योर्यदन्तरम् । तं देवनिर्मितं देशं ब्रह्मावर्तं प्रचक्षते Ms.2.17,19; Me.5. -आश्रमः = ब्रह्मचर्याश्रमः; वेदाध्ययननित्यत्वं क्षमा$थाचार्यपूजनम् । अथोपाध्यायशुश्रूषा ब्रह्माश्रमपदं भवेत् ॥ Mb.12.66.14. -आसनम् a particular position for profound meditation. -आहुतिः f. 1 the offering of prayers; see ब्रह्मयज्ञ. -2 the study of the Vedas. -उज्झता forgetting or neglecting the Vedas; Ms.11.57 (अधीतवेदस्यानभ्यासेन विस्मरणम् Kull.). -उत्तर a. 1 treating principally of Brahman. -2 consisting chiefly of Brāhmaṇas. -उद्यम् explaining the Veda, treatment or discussion of theological problems; ब्राह्मणा भगवन्तो हन्ताहमिमं द्वौ प्रश्नौ प्रक्ष्यामि तौ चेन्मे वक्ष्यति न वै जातु युष्माकमिमं कश्चिद् ब्रह्मोद्यं जेतेति Bṛi. Up. -उपदेशः instruction in the Vedas or sacred knowledge. ˚नेतृ m. the Palāśa tree. -ऋषिः (ब्रह्मर्षिः or ब्रह्माऋषिः) a Brahmanical sage. ˚देशः N. of a district; (कुरुक्षेत्रं च मत्स्याश्च पञ्चालाः शूरसेनकाः । एष ब्रह्मर्षिदेशो वै ब्रह्मावर्तादनन्तरः Ms.2.19). -ओदनः, -नम् food given to the priests at a sacrifice. -कन्यका an epithet of Sarasvatī. -करः a tax paid to the priestly class. -कर्मन् n. 1 the religious duties of a Brāhmaṇa, the office of Brahman, one of the four principal priests at a sacrifice. -कला an epithet of Dākṣāyaṇī (who dwells in the heart of man). -कल्पः an age of Brahman. -काण्डम् the portion of the Veda relating to spiritual knowledge. -काष्ठः the mulberry tree. -किल्बिषम् an offence against Brāhmaṇas. -कूटः a thoroughly learned Brāhmaṇa. -कूर्चम् a kind of penance; अहोरात्रोषितो भूत्वा पौर्णमास्यां विशेषतः । पञ्चगव्यं पिबेत् प्रातर्ब्रह्मकूर्चमिति स्मृतम् ॥. -कृत् one who prays. (-m.) an epithet of Viṣṇu. -कोशः the treasure of the Vedas, the entire collection of the Vedas; क्षात्रो धर्मः श्रित इव तनुं ब्रह्मकोशस्य गुप्त्यै U.6.9. -गायत्री N. of a magical mantra composed after the model of गायत्री mantra. -गिरिः N. of a mountain. -गीता f. The preaching of Brahmā as included in the Anuśāsana parva of the Mahābhārata. -गुप्तः N. of an astronomer born in 598. A. D. -गोलः the universe. -गौरवम् respect for the missile presided over by Brahman; विष्कम्भितुं समर्थो$पि ना$चलद् ब्रह्मगौरवात् Bk.9.76 (मा भून्मोघो ब्राह्मः पाश इति). -ग्रन्थिः 1 N. of a particular joint of the body. -2 N. of the knot which ties together the 3 threads of the यज्ञोपवीत. -ग्रहः, -पिशाचः, -पुरुषः, -रक्षस् n., -राक्षसः a kind of ghost, the ghost of a Brāhmaṇa, who during his life time indulges in a disdainful spirit and carries away the wives of others and the property of Brāhmaṇas; (परस्य योषितं हृत्वा ब्रह्मस्वमपहृत्य च । अरण्ये निर्जले देशे भवति ब्रह्मराक्षसः ॥ Y.3.212; cf. Ms.12.6 also). -ग्राहिन् a. worthy to receive that which is holy. -घातकः, -घातिन् m. the murderer of a Brāhmaṇa. -घातिनी a woman on the second day of her courses. -घोषः 1 recital of the Veda. -2 the sacred word, the Vedas collectively; U.6.9 (v. l.). -घ्नः the murderer of a Brāhmaṇa. -चक्रम् 1 The circle of the universe; Śvet. Up. -2 N. of a magical circle. -चर्यम् 1 religious studentship, the life of celibacy passed by a Brāhmaṇa boy in studying the Vedas, the first stage or order of his life; अविप्लुतब्रह्मचर्यो गृहस्थाश्रममाचरेत् Ms.3.2;2. 249; Mv.1.24; यदिच्छन्तो ब्रह्मचर्यं चरन्ति तत्ते पदं संग्रहेण ब्रवीम्योमित्येतत् Kaṭh. -2 religious study, self-restraint. -3 celibacy, chastity, abstinence, continence; also ब्रह्म- चर्याश्रम. (-र्यः) a religious student; see ब्रह्मचारिन्. (-र्या) chastity, celibacy. ˚व्रतम् a vow of chastity. ˚स्खलनम् falling off from chastity, incontinence. -चारिकम् the life of a religious student. -चारिन् a. 1 studying the Vedas. -2 practising continence of chastity. (-m.) a religious student, a Brāhmaṇa in the first order of his life, who continues to live with his spiritual guide from the investiture with sacred thread and performs the duties pertaining to his order till he settles in life; ब्रह्मचारी वेदमधीत्य वेदौ वेदान् वा चरेद् ब्रह्मचर्यम् Kaṭhaśrutyopaniṣad 17; Ms.2.41,175;6.87. -2 one who vows to lead the life of a celibate. -3 an epithet of Śiva. -4 of Skanda. -चारिणी 1 an epithet of Durgā. -2 a woman who observes the vow of chastity. -जः an epithet of Kārtikeya. -जन्मन् n. 1 spirtual birth. -2 investiture with the sacred thread; ब्रह्मजन्म हि विप्रस्य प्रेत्य चेह च शाश्वतम् Ms.2.146,17. -जारः the paramour of a Brāhmaṇa's wife; Rāmtā. Up. -जिज्ञासा desire to know Brahman; अयातो ब्रह्मजिज्ञासा Brahmasūtra. -जीविन् a. living by sacred knowledge. (-m.) a mercenary Brāhmaṇa (who converts his sacred knowledge into trade), a Brāhmaṇa who lives by sacred knowledge. -ज्ञानम् knowledge about Brahman; वेदान्तसाङ्ख्यसिद्धान्त- ब्रह्मज्ञानं वदाम्यहम् Garuḍa. P. -ज्ञ, -ज्ञानिन् a. one who knows Brahma. (-ज्ञः) 1 an epithet of Kārtikeya. -2 of Viṣṇu. -ज्ञानम् true or divine knowledge, knowledge of the identity of the universe with Brahma; ब्रह्मज्ञान- प्रभासंध्याकालो गच्छति धीमताम् Paśupata. Up.7. -ज्येष्ठः the elder brother of Brahman; ब्रह्मज्येष्ठमुपासते T. Up.2.5. (-a.) having Brahmā as first or chief. -ज्योतिस् n. 1 the light of Brahma or the Supreme Being. -2 an epithet of Śiva. -तत्त्वम् the true knowledge of the Supreme Spirit. -तन्त्रम् all that is taught in the Veda. -तालः (in music) a kind of measure. -तेजस् n. 1 the glory of Brahman. -2 Brahmanic lustre, the lustre or glory supposed to surround a Brāhmaṇa. -दः a spiritual preceptor; Ms.4.232. -दण्डः 1 the curse of a Brāhmaṇa; एकेन ब्रह्मदण्डेन बहवो नाशिता मम Rām. -2 a tribute paid to a Brāhmaṇa. -3 an epithet of Śiva. -4 N. of a mythical weapon (ब्रह्मास्त्र); स्वरस्य रामो जग्राह ब्रह्मदण्डमिवापरम् Rām.3.3.24. -5 magic, spells, incantation (अभिचार); ब्रह्मदण्डमदृष्टेषु दृष्टेषु चतुरङ्गिणीम् Mb.12. 13.27. -दर्मा Ptychotis Ajowan (Mar. ओवा). -दानम् 1 the imparting of sacred knowledge. -2 sacred knowledge, received as an inheritance or hereditary gift; सर्वेषामेव दानानां ब्रह्मदानं विशिष्यते Ms.4.233. -दायः 1 instruction in the Vedas, the imparting of sacred knowledge. -2 sacred knowledge received as an inheritance; तं प्रतीतं स्वधर्मेण ब्रह्मदायहरं पितुः Ms.3.3. -3 the earthly possession of a Brāhmaṇa. -दायादः 1 one who receives the Vedas as his hereditary gift, a Brāhmaṇa. -2 the son of a Brāhmaṇa. -दारुः the mulberry tree. -दिनम् a day of Brahman. -दूषक a. falsifying the vedic texts; Hch. -देय a. married according to the Brāhma form of marriage; ब्रह्मदेयात्मसंतानो ज्येष्ठसामग एव च Ms.3.185. (-यः) the Brāhma form of marriage. (-यम्) 1 land granted to Brahmaṇas; श्रोत्रियेभ्यो ब्रह्मदेयान्यदण्डकराण्यभिरूपदायकानि प्रयच्छेत् Kau. A.2.1.19. -2 instruction in the sacred knowledge. -दैत्यः a Brāhmaṇa changed into a demon; cf. ब्रह्मग्रह. -द्वारम् entrance into Brahmā; ब्रह्मद्वारमिदमित्येवैतदाह यस्त- पसाहतपाप्मा Maitra. Up.4.4. -द्विष्, -द्वेषिन् a. 1 hating Brāhmaṇas; Ms.3.154 (Kull.). -2 hostile to religious acts or devotion, impious, godless. -द्वेषः hatred of Brāhmaṇas. -धर a. possessing sacred knowledge. -नदी an epithet of the river Sarasvatī. -नाभः an epithet of Viṣṇu. -निर्वाणम् absorption into the Supreme Spirit; स्थित्वास्यामन्तकाले$पि ब्रह्मनिर्वाणमृच्छति Bg.2.72. -2 = ब्रह्मानन्द q. v.; तं ब्रह्मनिर्वाणसमाधिमाश्रितम् Bhāg.4.6.39. -निष्ठ a. absorbed in or intent on the contemplation of the Supreme Spirit; ब्रह्मनिष्ठस्तथा योगी पृथग्भावं न विन्दति Aman. Up.1.31. (-ष्ठः) the mulberry tree. -नीडम् the resting-place of Brahman. -पदम् 1 the rank or position of a Brāhmaṇa. -2 the place of the Supreme Spirit. -पवित्रः the Kuśa grass. -परिषद् f. an assembly of Brāhmṇas. -पादपः, -पत्रः the Palāśa tree. -पारः the final object of all sacred knowledge. -पारायणम् a complete study of the Vedas, the entire Veda; याज्ञवल्क्यो मुनिर्यस्मै ब्रह्मपारायणं जगौ U.4.9; Mv.1.14. -पाशः N. of a missile presided over by Brahman; अबध्नादपरिस्कन्दं ब्रह्मपाशेन विस्फुरन् Bk.9.75. -पितृ m. an epithet of Viṣṇu. -पुत्रः 1 a son of Brahman. -2 N. of a (male) river which rises in the eastern extremity of the Himālaya and falls with the Ganges into the Bay of Bengal. (-त्रा) 1 a kind of vegetable poison. -2 See ब्रह्मपुत्रः (2). (-त्री) an epithet of the river Sarasvatī. -पुरम् the heart; दिव्ये ब्रह्मपुरे ह्येष व्योम्न्यात्मा प्रतिष्ठितः Muṇḍ.2.2.7. -2 the body; Ch. Up. -पुरम्, -पुरी 1 the city of Brahman (in heaven). -2 N. of Benares. -पुराणम् N. of one of the eighteen Purāṇas. -पुरुषः a minister of Brahman (the five vital airs). -प्रलयः the universal destruction at the end of one hundred years of Brahman in which even the Supreme Being is supposed to be swallowed up. -प्राप्तिः f. absorption into the Supreme spirit. -बलम् the Brahmanical power. -बन्धुः 1 a contemptuous term for a Brāhmaṇa, an unworthy Brāhmaṇa (cf. Mar. भटुर्गा); वस ब्रह्मचर्यं न वै सोम्यास्मत्कुलीनो$ननूज्य ब्रह्मबन्धुरिव भवतीति Ch. Up.6.1.1; ब्रह्मबन्धुरिति स्माहम् Bhāg.1.81.16; M.4; V.2. -2 one who is a Brāhmaṇa only by caste, a nominal Brāhmaṇa. -बिन्दुः a drop of saliva sputtered while reciting the Veda. -बीजम् 1 the mystic syllable om; मनो यच्छेज्जितश्वासो ब्रह्मबीजमविस्मरन् Bhāg.2.1.17. -2 the mulberry tree. -ब्रुवः, -ब्रुवाणः one who pretends to be a Brāhmaṇa. -भवनम् the abode of Brahman. -भागः 1 the mulberry tree. -2 the share of the chief priest; अथास्मै ब्रह्मभागं पर्याहरन्ति Śat. Br. -भावः absorption into the Supreme Spirit -भावनम् imparting religious knowledge; छेत्ता ते हृदयग्रन्थिमौदर्यो ब्रह्मभावनः Bhāg.3.24.4. -भिद् a. dividing the one Brahma into many. -भुवनम् the world of Brahman; आ ब्रह्म- भुवनाल्लोकाः पुनरावर्तिनो$र्जुन Bg.8.16. -भूत a. become one with Brahma, absorbed into the Supreme Spirit; आयुष्मन्तः सर्व एव ब्रह्मभूता हि मे मताः Mb.1.1.14. -भूतिः f. twilight. -भूमिजा a kind of pepper. -भूयम् 1 identity with Brahma, absorption or dissolution into Brahma, final emancipation; स ब्रह्मभूयं गतिमागजाम R.18.28; ब्रह्मभूयाय कल्पते Bg.14.26; Ms.1.98. -2 Brahmanahood, the state or rank of a Brāhmaṇa. धृष्टाद्धार्ष्टमभूत् क्षत्र ब्रह्मभूयं गतं क्षितौ Bhāg.9.2.17. -भूयस n. absorption into Brahma. -मङ्गलदेवता an epithet of Lakshmī. -महः a festival in honour of Brāhmaṇas. -मित्र a. having Brāhmaṇas for friends. -मीमांसा the Vedānta philosophy which inquires into the nature of Brahma or Supreme Spirit. -मुहूर्तः a particular hour of the day. -मूर्ति a. having the form of Brahman. -मूर्धभृत् m. an epithet of Śiva. -मेखलः the Munja plant. -यज्ञः one of the five daily Yajñas or sacrifices (to be performed by a householder), teaching and reciting the Vedas; अध्यापनं ब्रह्मयज्ञः Ms.3.7 (अध्यापनशब्देन अध्य- यनमपि गृह्यते Kull.) -योगः cultivation or acquisition of spiritual knowledge. -योनि a. 1 sprung from Brahman; गुरुणा ब्रह्मयोनिना R.1.64. (-निः) f. 1 original source in Brahman. -2 the author of the Vedas or of Brahman; किं पुनर्ब्रह्मयोनेर्यस्तव चेतसि वर्तते Ku.6.18. ˚स्थ a. intent on the means of attaining sacred knowledge; ब्राह्मणा ब्रह्मयोनिस्था ये स्वकर्मण्यवस्थिताः Ms.1.74. -रत्नम् a valuable present made to a Brāhmaṇa. -रन्ध्रम् an aperture in the crown of the head through which the soul is said to escape on its leaving the body; आरोप्य ब्रह्मरन्ध्रेण ब्रह्म नीत्वोत्सृजेत्तनुम् Bhāg.11.15.24. -राक्षसः See ब्रह्मग्रह; छिद्रं हि मृगयन्ते स्म विद्वांसो ब्रह्मराक्षसाः Rām. 1.8.17. -रवः muttering of prayers. -रसः Brahma's savour. ˚आसवः Brahma's nectar. -रातः an epithet of Śuka; Bhāg.1.9.8. -रात्रः early dawn. -रात्रिः an epithet of Yājñavalkya, (wrong for ब्रह्मरातिः) -राशिः 1 the whole mass or circle of sacred knowledge. -2 an epithet of Paraśurāma. -3 a particular constellation. -रीतिः f. a kind of brass. -रे(ले)खा -लिखितम्, -लेखः lines written by the creator on the forehead of a man which indicate his destiny, the predestined lot of any man. -लोकः the world of Brahman. -लौकिक a. inhabiting the ब्रह्मलोक. -वक्तृ m. an expounder of the Vedas. -वद्यम् knowledge of Brahma. -वधः, -वध्या, -हत्या the murder of a Brāhmaṇa. -वर्चस् n., -वर्चसम् 1 divine glory or splendour, spiritual pre-eminence or holiness resulting from sacred knowledge; स य एवमेतद्रथन्तरमग्नौ प्रोतं वेद ब्रह्मवर्चस्यन्नादो भवति Ch. Up.2.12.2; (तस्य) हेतुस्त्वद्ब्रह्मवर्चसम् R.1.63; Ms.2.37;4.94. -2 the inherent sanctity or power of a Brāhmaṇa; Ś.6. -वर्चसिन्, -वर्चस्विन् a. holy or sanctified by spiritual pre-eminence, holy; अपृथग्धीरुपा- सीत ब्रह्मवर्चस्व्यकल्मषः Bhāg.11.17.32. (-m.) an eminent or holy Brāhmaṇa; ब्रह्मवर्चस्विनः पुत्रा जायन्ते शिष्टसंमताः Ms. 3.39. -वर्तः see ब्रह्मावर्त. -वर्धनम् copper. -वाच् f. the sacred text. -वादः a discourse on the sacred texts; ब्रह्मवादः सुसंवृत्तः श्रुतयो यत्र शेरते Bhāg.1.87.1. -वादिन् m. 1 one who teaches or expounds the Vedas; U.1; Māl.1. -2 a follower of the Vedānta philosophy; तस्याभिषेक आरब्धो ब्राह्मणैर्ब्रह्मवादिभिः Bhāg.4.15.11. (-नी) an epithet of Gāyatrī; आयाहि वरदे देवि त्र्यक्षरे ब्रह्मवादिनि Gāyatryāvāhanamantra. -वासः the abode of Brāhmaṇas. -विद्, -विद a. 1 knowing the Supreme Spirit; ब्रह्मविद् ब्रह्मैव भवति. (-m.) a sage, theologian, philosopher. -विद्या, -वित्त्वम् knowledge of the Supreme Spirit. ब्रह्मविद्यापरिज्ञानं ब्रह्मप्राप्तिकरं स्थितम् Śuka. Up.3.1. -विन्दुः see ब्रह्मबिन्दु. -विवर्धनः an epithet of Indra. -विहारः a pious conduct, perfect state; Buddh. -वीणा a particular Vīṇā. -वृक्षः 1 the Palāśa tree. -2 the Udumbara tree. -वृत्तिः f. livelihood of a Brāhmaṇa; ब्रह्मवृत्त्या हि पूर्णत्वं तया पूर्णत्वमभ्यसेत् Tejobindu Up.1.42. -वृन्दम् an assemblage of Brāhmaṇas. -वेदः 1 knowledge of the Vedas. -2 monotheism, knowledge of Brahma. -3 the Veda of the Brāhmaṇas (opp. क्षत्रवेद). -4 N. of the Atharvaveda; ब्रह्मवेदस्याथर्वर्णं शुक्रमत एव मन्त्राः प्रादु- र्बभूवुः Praṇava Up.4. -वेदिन् a. knowing the Vedas; cf. ब्रह्मविद्. -वैवर्तम् N. of one of the eighteen Purāṇas -व्रतम् a vow of chastity. -शल्यः Acacia Arabica (Mar. बाभळ). -शाला 1 the hall of Brahman. -2 a place for reciting the Vedas. -शासनम् 1 a decree addressed to Brāhmaṇas. -2 a command of Brahman. -3 the command of a Brāhmaṇa. -4 instruction about sacred duty. -शिरस्, -शीर्षन् n. N. of a particular missile; अस्त्रं ब्रह्मशिरस्तस्मै ततस्तोषाद्ददौ गुरुः Bm.1.649. -श्री N. of a Sāman. -संसद् f. an assembly of Brāhmaṇas. -संस्थ a. wholly devoted to the sacred knowledge (ब्रह्म); ब्रह्मसंस्थो$मृतत्वमेति Ch. Up.2.23.1. -सती an epithet of the river Sarasvatī. -सत्रम् 1 repeating and teaching the Vedas (= ब्रह्मयज्ञ q. v.); ब्रह्मसत्रेण जीवति Ms.4.9; ब्रह्मसत्रे व्यवस्थितः Mb.12.243.4. -2 meditation of Brahma (ब्रह्मविचार); स्वायंभुव ब्रह्मसत्रं जनलोके$भवत् पुरा Bhāg.1.87.9. -3 absorption into the Supreme Spirit. -सत्रिन् a. offering the sacrifice of prayer. -सदस् n. the residence of Brahman. -सभा the hall or court of Brahman. -संभव a. sprung or coming from Brahman. (-वः) N. of Nārada. -सर्पः a kind of snake. -सवः distillation of Soma. -सायुज्यम् complete identification with the Supreme Spirit; cf. ब्रह्मभूय. -सार्ष्टिता identification or union or equality with Brahma; Ms.4.232. -सावर्णिः N. of the tenth Manu; दशमो ब्रह्मसावर्णिरुपश्लोकसुतो महान् Bhāg.8.13.21. -सुतः 1 N. of Nārada, Marīchi &c. -2 a kind of Ketu. -सुवर्चला f. 1 N. of a medicinal plant (ब्राह्मी ?). -2 an infusion (क्वथितमुदक); पिबेद् ब्रह्मसुवर्चलाम् Ms.11.159. -सूः 1 N. of Aniruddha. -2 N. of the god of love. -सूत्रम् 1 the sacred thread worn by the Brāhmaṇas or the twice-born (द्विज) over the shoulder; Bhāg. 1.39.51. -2 the aphorisms of the Vedānta philosophy by Bādarāyaṇa; ब्रह्मसूत्रपदैश्चैव हेतुमद्भिर्विनिश्चितैः Bg.13.4. -सूत्रिन् a. invested with the sacred thread. -सृज् m. an epithet of Śiva. -स्तम्बः the world, universe; ब्रह्मस्तम्बनिकुञ्जपुञ्जितघनज्याघोषघोरं धनुः Mv.3.48. -स्तेयम् acquiring holy knowledge by unlawful means; स ब्रह्मस्तेयसंयुक्तो नरकं प्रतिपद्यते Ms.2.116. -स्थली a place for learning the Veda (पाठशाला); ...... ब्रह्मस्थलीषु च । सरी- सृपाणि दृश्यन्ते ... Rām.6.1.16. -स्थानः the mulberry tree. -स्वम् the property or possessions of a Brāhmaṇa; परस्य योषितं हृत्वा ब्रह्मस्वमपहृत्य च । अरण्ये निर्जले देशे भवति ब्रह्मराक्षसः ॥ Y.3.212. ˚हारिन् a. stealing a Brāhmaṇa's property. -स्वरूप a. of the nature of the Supreme Spirit. -हत्या, -वधः Brahmanicide, killing a Brāhmaṇa; ब्रह्महत्यां वा एते घ्नन्ति Trisuparṇa. हन् a. murderer of a Brāhmaṇa; ब्रह्महा द्वादश समाः कुटीं कृत्वा वने वसेत् Ms.11.72. -हुतम् one of the five daily Yajñas or sacrifices, which consists in offering the rites of hospitality to guests; cf. Ms.3.74. -हृदयः, -यम् N. of a star (Capella).
brāhmī ब्राह्मी 1 The personified female energy of Brahman. -2 Sarasvatī, the goddess of speech. -3 Speech; संस्कारो- पगतां ब्राह्मीं नानाशास्त्रोपबृंहिताम् Mb.1.1.19. -4 A tale or narrative. -5 A pious usage or custom, Vedic rituals; ब्राह्म्या संवर्तयामासू राङ्कवास्तरणावृताम् Rām.6.111.113. -6 N. of the constellation Rohiṇī. -7 N. of Durgā. -8 A woman married according to the Brāhma form of marriage. -9 The wife of a Brāhmaṇa. -1 A kind of medicinal plant; ब्राह्मी हिमा सरा तिक्ता लघुर्मेध्या च शीतला । कषाया मधुरा स्वादुपाकायुष्या रसायनी । स्वर्या स्मृतिपदा कुष्ठपाण्डु- मेहाश्रकासजित् ॥ Bhāva. P.; बभूव तेषां रजनी ब्राह्मीव प्रीतिवर्धिनी Mb.15.18.23. -11 A kind of brass. -12 N. of a river. -Comp. -कन्दः a species of bulbous plant. -पुत्रः the son of a Brāhmī, see above; दश पूर्वान् परान् वंश्यानात्मानं चैकविंशकम् । ब्राह्मीपुत्रः सुकृतकृन्मोचयेदेनसः पितॄन् ॥ Ms.3.37.
bhārata भारत a. (-ती f.) [भरतस्येदम्, भारतान् भरतवंश्यानधिकृत्य कृतो ग्रन्थः अण्] Belonging to or descended from Bharata. -तः 1 A descendant of Bharata; (such as विदुर; सञ्जातहर्षो मुनिमाह भारतः Mb.3.2.8; also धृतराष्ट्र, अर्जुन in Bg.). -2 An inhabitant of Bharatavarṣa or India. -3 An actor, -4 An epithet of the sun shining on the south of Meru. -5 Fire. -तम् 1 India, the country of Bharata; एतदूढगुरुभार भारतं वर्षमद्य मम वर्तते वशे Śi.14.5. -2 N. of the most celebrated epic poem in Sanskrit which gives the history of the descendants of Bharata with innumerable episodes. (It is attributed to Vyāsa or कृष्णद्वैपायन, but the work, as we have it at present, is evidently the production of many hands); श्रवणाञ्जलिपुटपेयं विरचितवान् भारताख्यममृतं यः । तमहमरागमकृष्णं कृष्णद्वैपायनं वन्दे ॥ Ve.1.4; व्यासगिरां निर्यासं सारं विश्वस्य भारतं वन्दे । भूषणतयैव संज्ञां यदङ्कितां भारती वहति ॥ Āryā. S.31. -3 The science of music and dramaturgy founded by Bharata. -ती Speech, voice, words, eloquence; भारतीनिर्घोषः U.3; तमर्थमिव भारत्या सुतया योक्तुमर्हसि Ku.6.79; नवरसरुचिरां निर्मिति- मादधती भारती कवेर्जयति K. P.1. -2 The goddess of speech, Sarasvatī; कीरानने स्फुरसि भारति का रतिस्ते Govindarāja. -3 N. of a particular kind of style; भारती संस्कृतप्रायो वाग्व्यापारो नटाश्रयः S. D.285. -4 A quail. -5 The dramatic art in general. -6 The Sanskrit speech of an actor. -7 One of the 1 orders (दशनाम) of Gosāvins, mendicants (Mar. दसनाम गोसावी). -Comp. -आख्यानम्, -इतिहासः, -कथा the story of the Bhāratas (महाभारत). -मण्डलम्, -वर्षम् India. -सावित्री N. of a stotra; इमां भारतसावित्रीं प्रातरुत्थाय यः पठेत् Mb.18.5.64.
bhāṣā भाषा [भाष्-अ] 1 Speech, talk; as in चारुभाषः. -2 Language, tongue; सत्या न भाषा भवति यद्यपि स्यात् प्रतिष्ठिता Ms.8.164. -3 A common or vernacular dialect; (a) the spoken Sanskṛit language (opp. छन्दस् or वेद); विभाषा भाषायाम् P.VI.1.181; (b) any Prākṛita dialect (opp. संस्कृत); भाषाश्च विविधा नृणाम् Ms.9.332; see प्राकृत. -4 Definition, description; स्थितप्रज्ञस्य का भाषा Bg.2.54. -5 An epithet of Sarasvatī, the goddess of speech. -6 (In law) The first of the four stages of a law-suit; the plaint, charge or accusation; यदावेदयते राज्ञे तद्भाषेत्यभि- धीयते Y. -7 (In music) N. of a Rāgiṇī. -Comp. -अन्तरम् 1 another dialect or language. -2 translation (?). -चित्रकम् a play on words, conundrum. -पत्रम् application (Mar. अर्ज); भाषापत्रं तु तज्ज्ञेयमथवावेदनार्थकम् Śukra.2.39. -पादः a charge, plaint; see भाषा (6) above. -समः a figure of speech, which consists in so arranging the words of a sentence that it may be considered and read either as Sanskṛit or Prākṛita (one or more of its varieties); e. g. मञ्जुलमणिमञ्जीरे कलगभ्भीरे विहारसरसीतीरे । विरसासि केलिकीरे किमालि धीरे च गन्धसारसमीरे ॥ S. D.642 (एष श्लोकः संस्कृतप्राकृतशौरसेनीप्राच्यावन्तीनागराप- भ्रंशेष्वेकविध एव); किं त्वां भणामि विच्छेददारुणायासकारिणि । कामं कुरु वरारोहे देहि मे परिरम्भणम् Māl.6.11. (which is in Sanskṛit or Śaurasenī); so 6.1. -समितिः f. (with Jainas) moderation in speech.
bhāṣita भाषित p. p. [भाष्-कर्मणि-क्त] Spoken, said, uttered. -तम् Speech, utterance, words, language; आकारैरिङ्गितै- र्गत्या चेष्टया भाषितेन च । नेत्रवक्त्रविकारैश्च गृह्यते$न्तर्गतं मनः ॥ Ms.8.26. -Comp. -ईशा Sarasvatī; N.11.16. -पुंस्क = उक्तपुंस्क q. v.
bhās भास् f. [भास्-भावे-क्विप्] 1 Light, lustre, brightness; यदि भाः सदृशी सा स्याद् भासस्तस्य महात्मनः Bg.11.12; दृशा निशेन्दीवरचारुभासा N.22.43; R.9.21; Ku.7.3. -2 A ray of light; रविकरसंवलिताः फलन्ति भासः Ki.5.38,46; 9.6; अस्तापास्तसमस्तभासि नभसः पारं प्रयाते रवौ Ratn.1.24; 4.16. -3 A reflection, an image. -4 Majesty, glory, splendour. -5 Wish, desire. -Comp. -करः 1 the sun; परिणतमदिराभं भास्करेणांशुबाणैः Śi.11.49; R.11.7;12.25; Ku.6.49; स स्तौति भास्करं भक्त्या नौति पापहरं हरम् । -2 a hero. -3 fire. -4 an epithet of Śiva. -5 N. of a celebrated Hindu astronomer who is said to have flourished in the eleventh or twelfth century A. D. (-रम्) 1 gold. -2 a kind of breach (made by thieves in a wall); पद्मव्याकोशं भास्करं बालचन्द्रम् ...... तत्कस्मिन् देशे दर्शया- म्यात्मशिल्पम् Mk.3.13. ˚अध्वन् the sky; स भास्कराध्वानमनु- प्रपन्नः Rām.6.74.65. ˚आवर्तः N. of a disease of the head (Mar. अर्धशिशी). ˚द्युतिः N. of Viṣṇu; चन्द्रांशुर्भास्करद्युतिः V. Sah. ˚प्रियः a ruby. ˚लवणम् a kind of salt or mixture. ˚सप्तमी the seventh day in the bright half of Māgha. -करिः 1 the planet Saturn. -2 Vaivasvata Manu. -3 Karṇa. -4 N. of Sugrīva.
mahasam महसम् 1 Knowledge. -2 Kind, sort, manner. महस्वत् mahasvat महस्विन् mahasvin महस्वत् महस्विन् a. 1 Splendid, bright, brilliant, luminous, lustrous. -2 Great, mighty.
mukham मुखम् [खन् अच् डित् धातोः पूर्वं मुट् च cf. Uṇ.5.2] 1 The mouth (fig. also); प्रजासृजा यतः खातं तस्मादाहुर्मुखं बुधाः; ब्राह्मणो$स्य मुखमासीत् Ṛv.1.9.12; सभ्रूभङ्गं मुखमिव Me.24; त्वं मम मुखं भव V.1 'be my mouth or spokesman'. -2 The face, countenance; परिवृत्तार्धमुखी मयाद्य दृष्टा V.1.17; नियमक्षाममुखी धृतैकवेणिः Ś.7.21; so चन्द्रमुखी, मुखचन्द्रः &c; ओष्ठौ च दन्तमूलानि दन्ता जिह्वा च तालु च । गलो गलादि सकलं सप्ताङ्गं मुखमुच्यते ॥ -3 The snout or muzzle (of any animal). -4 The front, van, forepart; head, top; (लोचने) हरति मे हरिवाहनदिङ्मुखम् V.3.6. -5 The tip, point, barb (of an arrow), head; पुरारि- मप्राप्तमुखः शिलीमुखः Ku.5.54; R.3.57. -6 The edge or sharp point (of any instrument). -7 A teat, nipple; मध्ये यथा श्याममुखस्य तस्य मृणालसूत्रान्तरमप्य- लभ्यम् Ku.1.4; R.3.8. -8 The beak or bill of a bird. -9 A direction, quarter; as in अन्तर्मुख. -1 Opening, entrance, mouth; नीवाराः शुकगर्भकोटरमुखभ्रष्टास्तरूणामधः Ś.1.14; नदीमुखेनेव समुद्रमाविशत् R.3.28; Ku.1.8. -11 An entrance to a house, a door, passage. -12 Beginning, commencement; सखीजनोद्वीक्षणकौमुदीमुखम् R.3.1; दिनमुखानि रविर्हिमनिग्रहैर्विमलयन् मलयं नगमत्यजत् 9.25;5.76; Ghaṭ.2. -13 Introduction. -14 The chief, the principal or prominent (at the end of comp. in this sense); बन्धोन्मुक्त्यै खलु मखमुखान् कुर्वते कर्मपाशान् Bv.4.21; so इन्द्रमुखा देवाः &c. -15 The surface or upper side. -16 A means. -17 A source, cause, occasion. -18 Utterance; as in मुखसुख; speaking, speech, tongue; आत्मनो मुखदोषेण बध्यन्ते शुकसारिकाः Pt.4.44. -19 The Vedas, scripture. -2 (In Rhet.) The original cause or source of the action in a drama. -21 The first term in a progression (in alg.). -22 The side opposite to the base of a figure (in geom.). -Comp. -अग्निः 1 a forest conflagration. -2 a sort of goblin with a face of fire. -3 the consecrated or sacrificial fire. -4 fire put into the mouth of a corpse at the time of lighting the funeral pile. -5 a Brāhmaṇa. -अनिलः, -उच्छ्वासः breath. -अस्त्रः a crab. -आकारः look, mien, appearance. -आक्षेपः 1 an invective. -2 the act of throwing up soil with the ploughshare. -आसवः nectar of the lips. -आस्रवः, -स्रावः spittle, saliva. -आस्वादः kissing the mouth; Y. -इन्दुः a moon-like face, i. e. a round lovely face. -उच्छ्वासः breath. -उल्का a forest-conflagration. -कमलम् a lotuslike face. -खुरः a tooth. -गन्धकः an onion. -गोपनम् concealment of the face; अवधीरितमुखमण्डलमुखगोपनं किमिति Udb. -ग्रहणम् kissing the mouth. -घण्टा f. hurraying of women in festivities. -चन्द्रः a moon-like face. -चपल a. talkative, garrulous. -चपेटिका a slap on the face. -चालिः an introductory dance; -चीरिः f. the tongue. -चूर्णम् scented powder to smear the face with; छविकरं मुखचूर्णमृतुश्रियः R.9.45. -जः 1 a Brāhmaṇa. -2 a tooth. -जाहम् the root of the mouth. -दूषणः an onion. -दूषिका an eruption disfiguring the face. -दोषः fault of the tongue; आत्मनो मुखदोषेण बध्यन्ते शुकसारिकाः Pt.4.44. -निरीक्षकः a lazy fellow, an idler. -निवासिनी an epithet of Sarasvatī. -पटः a veil; कुर्वन् कामं क्षणमुखपट- प्रीतिमैरावतस्य Me.64. -पाकः inflammation of the mouth; द्राक्षाविपाकसमये मुखपाको भवति काकानाम् Udb. -पिण्डः a mouthful of food; cf. को न याति वशं लोके मुखपिण्डेन पूरितः Bh.2.118. -पुष्पकम् a kind of ornament. -पूरणम् 1 filling the mouth. -2 a mouthful of water, a mouthful in general. -प्रसादः a pleased countenance, graciousness of aspect. -प्रसाधनम् dacorating the face. -प्रियः an orange. (-यम्) cloves. -प्रेक्ष a. observing or watching the face. -फुल्लकम् a kind of ornament. -बन्धः a preface, an introduction. -बन्धनम् 1 a preface. -2 a lid, cover. -भगा (a woman) who suffers her mouth to be used as a vulva. -भङ्गः 1 a blow on the face. -2 wry face, grimace. -भूषणम् a preparation of betel; see ताम्बूल. -भेदः 1 distortion of the face. -2 gaping. -मण़्डनकः a kind of tree (तिलक). -मण्डलम् the (round) face. -मधु a. honey-mouthed, sweet-lipped. -माधुर्यम् a particular disease of the phlegm. -मारुतः breath. -मार्जनम् washing the face. -मुद्रा silence; यापदृष्टिरपि या मुखमुद्रा N.5.12. -मोदः Hyperanthera Moringa (Mar. शेवगा). -यन्त्रणम् the bit of a bridle. -रज्जुः f. the bridle of a horse. -रसः speech, talk; मधुरमुखरसामृतकलया चान्तस्तापमनघार्हसि क्षमयितुम् Bhag.6.9.41. -रागः the colour or complexion of the face; ददृशुर्विस्मितास्तस्य मुखरागं समं जनाः R.12.8;17.31; तव खलु मुखरागो यत्र भेदं प्रयातः Śi.11.31. -रेखा feature, mien, air. -रोगः a disease of the mouth or face. -लाङ्गलः a hog. -लेपः 1 anointing the face or upper side (of a drum); मृदङ्गो मुखलेपेन करोति मुखरध्वनिम् Bh. 2.118. -2 a disease of the phlegmatic humour. -वल्लभः the pomegranate tree. -वस्त्रिका a piece of fine cloth (net) held before the face (Mar. बुरखा). -वाद्यम् 1 an instrument of music sounded with the mouth, any wind-instrument. -2 a sound made with the mouth; (Mar. बोंब). -वासः, -वासनम् a perfume used to scent breath. -विलुण्ठिका a she-goat. -विषमः one of the ways of embezzlement namely misrepresentation of the source of income; Kau. A.2.8. -विष्ठा a species of cockroach. -वैरस्यम् bad taste in the mouth. -व्यादानम् gaping, yawning. -शफ a. abusive, foul-mouthed, scurrilous. -शाला entrance-hall, vestibule. -शुद्धिः f. washing or purifying the mouth. -शृङ्गः a rhinoceros. -शेषः an epithet of Rāhu. -शोधन a. 1 cleansing the mouth. -2 pungent, sharp. (-नः) the sharp flavour, pungency. (-नम्) 1 cleansing the mouth. -2 cinnamon. -शोधिन् m. the citron tree. -शोषः dryness of the mouth. -श्रीः f. 'beauty of countenance', a lovely face. -संदंशः forceps. -संधिः m. A kind of fugue; S. D. 6th Parichcheda. -संभवः a Brāhmaṇa. -सुखम् facility of pronunciation, phonetic ease. -सुरम् the nectar of the lips (अधरामृत). -स्रावः saliva. -हासः cheerfulness or liveliness of countenance; सकमलमुखहासं वीक्षितः पद्मिनीभिः Śi.11.47.
medhā मेधा [मेध्-अञ्] (changed to मेधस् in Bah. comp. when preceded by सु, दुस् and the negative particle अ) 1 Retentive faculty, retentiveness (of memory); धी- र्धारणावती मेधा Ak. -2 Intellect, intelligence in general; यत् सप्तान्नानि मेधया तपसाजनयत् पिता Bṛi. Up.1.5.1; Bg. 1.34; आयुष्मन्तं सुतं सूते यशोमेधासमन्वितम् Ms.3.263; Y. 3.173. -3 A form of Sarasvathī. -4 A sacrifice. -5 Strength, power (Ved.). -Comp. -अतिथिः N. of a learned commentator on Manusmṛiti. -जननम् N. of a rite for producing mental and bodily strength. -जित् m. an epithet of Kātyāyana. -रुद्रः an epithet of Kālidāsa.
raviḥ रविः [cf. Uṇ.4.15] 1 The sun; सहस्रगुणमुत्स्रष्टुमादत्ते हि रसं रविः R.1.18. -2 A mountain. -3 The Arka plant. -4 The number 'twelve'. -Comp. -इष्टः an orange. -कान्तः, ग्रावन् the sun-stone (सूर्यकान्त). -चक्रम् a particular astronomical diagram. -जः, -तनयः, -पुत्रः, -सूनुः 1 the planet Saturn. -2 epithets of Karṇa; रवितनयो$भ्यहनच्छिनिप्रवीरम् Mb.8.3.9. -3 of Vāli. -4 of Manu Vaivasvata. -5 of Yama. -6 of Sugrīva. -दिनम्, -वारः, -वासरः, -रम् Sunday. -दीप्त a. lighted by the sun. -ध्वजः day. -नेत्रः N. of Viṣṇu. -प्रियम् 1 a red lotus flower. -2 copper. -बिम्बः the sun's disk. -मासकः a solar month. -रत्नम् a ruby. -लोचनः N. of 1 Viṣṇu. -2 Śiva. -लोहम्, -संज्ञकम् copper. -वंशः the solar race (of kings). -संक्रान्तिः f. the sun's entrance into any zodiacal sign. -सारथिः 1 N. of Aruṇa. -2 the dawn.
vara वर a. [वृ-कर्मणि अप्] 1 Best, excellent, most beautiful or precious, choicest, finest, royal, princely; with gen. or loc. or usually at the end of comp.; वदतां वरः R.1.59; वेदविदां वरेण 5.23;11.54; Ku.6.18; नृवरः, तरुवराः, सरिद्वरा &c. -2 Better than, preferable to; ग्रन्थिभ्यो धारिणो वराः Ms.12.13; Y.1.352. -रः 1 The act of choosing, selecting. -2 Choice, selection. -3 A boon, blessing, favour (तपोभिरिष्यते यस्तु देवेभ्यः स वरो मतः); वरं वृ or याच् 'to ask a boon'; प्रीतास्मि ते पुत्र वरं वृणीष्व R.2.63; भवल्लब्धवरोदीर्णः Ku.2.32; (for the distinction between वर and आशिस् see आशिस्). -4 A gift, present, reward, recompense. -5 A wish, desire in general. -6 Solicitation, entreaty. -7 Charity, alms. -8 Surrounding, enclosing. -9 Obstructing, checking. -1 A bridegroom, husband; वरं वरयते कन्या; see under वधू (1) also. -11 A suitor, wooer. -12 A dowry. -13 A son-in-law; 'वरो जामातरि श्रेष्ठे' इति विश्वः; रथाङ्गभर्त्रे$भिनवं वराय Śi.3.36. -14 A dissolute man, libertine. -15 A sparrow. -16 Bdellium. -रम् Saffron; (for वरम् see separately). -Comp. -अङ्ग a. having an excellent form. (-ङ्गः) 1 an elephant. -2 N. of Viṣṇu. -3 N. of Cupid. -4 a Nakṣatra year consisting of 324 days. (-ङ्गी) turmeric. (-ङ्गम्) 1 the head; वराङ्गानि महार्हाणि धनुषा शातयामि वः Rām.1.66.1; वराङ्गमुर्व्यामपतच्चमूमुखे Mb.8.91.53. -2 the best part. -3 an elegant form. -4 pudendum muliebre. -5 green cinnamon. -अङ्गना a lovely woman; वराङ्गनासेवनमल्पभोजनम् Lakṣmīcharitra. -अन्नम् excellent dish; पक्वापक्वं दिवारात्रं वरान्नममृतोपमम् Mb.7.67.2. -अरणिः a mother; ददर्श रावणस्तत्र गोवृषेन्द्रवरारणिम् Rām.7.23.22. -अर्ह a. 1 worthy of a boon. -2 very worthy, highly esteemed; -मत्कृते$द्य वरार्हायाः श्यामतां समुपागतम्(मुखम्) Mb.3.144. 11. -3 very expensive. -आनना a lovely-faced woman. -आजीविन् m. an astrologer. -आरुहः an ox. -आरोह a. having fine hips. (-हः) 1 an excellent rider. -2 a rider on an elephant or horse. -3 mounting, riding. (-हा) an elegant or a beautiful woman; कामं कुरु वरा- रोहे देहि मे परिरम्भणम् Māl.6.11. -आलिः the moon. -आसनम् 1 an excellent seat. -2 the chief seat, a seat of honour. -3 the China rose. -4 a cistern, reservoir. (-नः) 1 a door-keeper. -2 a lover, paramour -इन्द्रः 1 a chief, sovereign. -2 Indra. -3 (also n.) N. of a part of Bengal. -न्द्री the ancient Gaura or Gauda country. -ईश्वरः N. of Śiva. -उरुः, -रूः f. a beautiful woman (lit. having beautiful thighs). -क्रतुः an epithet of Indra. -गात्र a. fair-limbed, beautiful. -चन्दनम् 1 a kind of sandal wood. -2 the pine tree. -तनु a. fairlimbed. (-नुः f.) a beautiful woman; वरतनुरथवासौ नैव दृष्टा त्वया मे V.4.22. -तन्तुः N. of an ancient sage; कौत्सः प्रपेदे वरतन्तुशिष्यः R.5.1. -त्वचः the Nimba tree. -द a. 1 conferring a boon, granting or fulfilling a boon; आगच्छ वरदे देवि जपे मे संनिधौ भव Sandhyā. -2 propitious. (-दः) 1 a benefactor. -2 N. of a class of Manes. -3 fire for propitiatory burnt offerings. ˚चतुर्थी N. of the 4th day in the bright half of माघ, ˚हस्तः the boon-giving or beneficent hand (placed on the head of a suppliant by a deity &c.). (-दा) 1 N. of a river; वरद वरदारोधोवृक्षैः सहावनतो रिपुः M.5.1. -2 a maiden, girl. -दक्षिणा 1 a present made to the bridegroom by the father of the bride. -2 a term for expense incurred in fruitless endeavours to recover a loss. -दानम् the granting of a boon. -दानिक a. arising from the bestowal of a favour or boon; चतुर्दश वने वासं वर्षाणि वरदानिकम् Rām.2.17.7. -द्रुमः agallochum. -धर्मः a noble act of justice. -निमन्त्र- णम् a journey undertaken by the parents of the bride to recall the bridegroom (who pretends to go to Kāśī.). -निश्चयः the choice of a bridegroom. -पक्षः the party of the bridegroom (at a wedding); प्रमुदितवरपक्षमेकतस्तत् R.6.86. -पुरुषः the best of men; अहं वरपुरुषमनुष्यो वासुदेवः कामयितव्यः Mk.1.3/31. -प्रद a. granting wishes. -प्रदा N. of Lopāmudrā. -प्रस्थानम्, -यात्रा the setting out of the bridegroom in procession towards the house of the bride for the celebration of marriage. -फलः the cocoa-nut tree. -बाह्लिकम् saffron. -युवतिः, -ती f. a beautiful young woman. -रुचिः N. of a poet and grammarian (one of the 'nine gems' at the court of king Vikrama; see नवरत्न; he is identified by some with Kātyāyana, the celebrated author of the Vārtikas on Pāṇini's Sūtras). -लक्षणम् the requisites of wedding. पाणिग्रहणमन्त्राश्च प्रथितं वरलक्षणम् Mb.7.55.16. -लब्ध a. received as a boon. (-ब्धः) the Champaka tree. -वत्सला a mother-in-law. -वर्णम् gold. -वर्णिनी 1 an excellent or fair-complexioned woman; मया हीयं वृता पूर्वं भार्यार्थे वरवर्णिनी Mb.1.5.23. -2 a woman in general. -3 turmeric. -4 lac. -5 N. of Lakṣmī. -6 of Durgā. -7 of Sarasvatī. -8 the creeper called Priyaṅgu. -9 a yellow pigment. -वृद्धः N. of Śiva. -शीतम् cinnamon. -सुरत a. 1 very wanton. -2 acquainted with the secrets of sexual intercourse. -स्रज् f. 'the bridegroom's garland', the garland put by the bride round the neck of the bridegroom.
varṇaḥ वर्णः [वर्ण्-अच् Uṇ.3.1] 1 A colour, hue; अन्तः- शुद्धस्त्वमपि भविता वर्णमात्रेण कृष्णः Me.51. -2 A paint, dye, paint-colour; see वर्ण् (1). -3 Colour, complexion, beauty; विविक्तवर्णाभरणा सुखश्रुतिः Ki.14.3; त्वय्यादातुं जलमवनते शार्ङ्गिणो वर्णचौरे Me.48; R.8.42. -4 Look, countenance; मध्यस्थवर्ण इव दृश्यते Madhyamavyāyoga 1; किं त्वं शङ्कितवर्ण इव Chārudatta 4; अवदातिका परशङ्कितवर्णेव दृश्यते Pratimā 1. -5 A class of men, tribe, caste (especially applied to the four principal castes, ब्राह्मण, क्षत्रिय, वैश्य and शूद्र); वर्णानामानुपूर्व्येण Vārt; न कश्चिद्वर्णानामपथमपकृष्टो$पि भजते Ś.5. 1; R.5.19. -6 A class, race, tribe, kind, species; as in सवर्णम् अक्षरम्; ब्रह्मणा पूर्वसृष्टं हि कर्मभिर्वर्णतां गतम् Mb.12. 188.1. -7 (a) A letter, character, sound; न मे वर्ण- विचारक्षमा दृष्टिः V.5; Ki.14.3. (b) A word, syllable; S. D.9. -8 Fame, glory, celebrity, renown; राजा प्रजा- रञ्जनलब्धवर्णः R.6.21. -9 A good quality, merit, virtue; त्रिवर्णा वर्णिता$स्माभिः किं भूयः श्रोतुमिच्छसि Bhāg.11.3.16. -1 Praise; स्वगुणोच्चगिरो मुनिव्रताः परवर्णग्रहणेष्वसाधवः Śi.16. 29. -11 Dress, decoration. -12 Outward appearance, form, figure. -13 A cloak, mantle. -14 A covering, lid. -15 The order or arrangement of a subject in a song (गीतक्रम); अभिध्यायन्वर्णरतिप्रमोदानतिदीर्घे जीविते को रमेत Kaṭh.1.28; उपात्तवर्णे चरिते पिनाकिनः Ku.5.56 'celebrated in song, made the subject of a song.' -16 The housings of an elephant. -17 A quality, property; जङ्गमानामसंख्येयाः स्थावराणां च जातयः । तेषां विविधवर्णानां कुतो वर्णविनिश्चयः ॥ Mb.12.188.9. -18 A religious observance. -19 An unknown quantity. -2 The number 'one'. -21 Application of perfumed unguents to the body. -22 Gold. -23 A musical mode. -र्णा Cajanus Indicus (Mar. तूर). -र्णम् 1 Saffron. -2 A coloured unguent or perfume. -Comp. -अङ्का a pen. -अधिपः a planet presiding over a caste or class. -अनुप्रासः alliteration. -अन्तरम् 1 another caste. ˚गमनम् the passing into another caste. -2 change of sound. -अपसदः an outcast. -अपेत a. devoid of any cast, outcast, degraded; वर्णा- प्रेतमविज्ञातं ...... कर्मभिः स्वैर्विभावयेत् Ms.1.57. -अवकृष्टः a Śūdra; अपि वर्णावकृष्टस्तु नारी वा धर्मकाङ्क्षिणी Mb.12.24.34. -अर्हः a kind of bean. -अवर a. inferior in caste. -आगमः the addition of a letter; भवेद्वर्णागमाद्धंसः Sk. -आत्मन् m. a word. -आश्रमाः the (four) castes and stages of life; वर्णाश्रमाणां गुरवे स वर्णी विचक्षणः प्रस्तुतमाचचक्षे R.5.19. ˚गुरुः N. of Śiva. ˚धर्मः the duties of caste and order. -उदकम् coloured water; वर्णोदकैः काञ्चनशृङ्गमुक्तै- स्तमायताक्ष्यः प्रणयादसिञ्चन् R.16.7. -कविः N. of a son of Kubera. -कूपिका an ink-stand. -क्रमः 1 the order of castes or colours. -2 alphabetical order or arrangement. -गत a. 1 coloured. -2 algebraical. -गुरुः a king, prince. -ग्रथणा a method (artificial) of writing verses. -चारकः a painter. -ज्येष्ठः a Brāhmaṇa. -तर्णकम्, -तर्णिका woollen cloth used as a mat. -तालः (in music) a kind of measure. -तूलिः, -तूलिका, -तूली f. a pencil, paint-brush. -द a. colouring. (-दम्) a kind of fragrant yellow wood. -दात्री turmeric. -दूतः a letter. -दूषक a. violating the distinctions of castes; यत्र त्वेते परिध्वंसा जायन्ते वर्णदूषकाः Ms.1.61. -धर्मः the peculiar duties of a caste. -नाथः the planetary regent of a caste. -पत्रम् a pallet. -परिचयः skill in song or music. -पातः the omission of a letter. -पात्रम् a paint-box. -पुष्पम् the flower of the globe-amaranth. -पुष्पकः the globeamaranth. -प्रकर्षः excellence of colour. -प्रसादनम् aloe-wood. -बुद्धिः the notion connected with particular letters or sounds. -भेदिनी millet. -मातृ f. a pen, pencil. -मातृका N. of Sarasvatī. -माला, -राशिः the alphabet. -रे(ले)खा, -लेखिका chalk. -वर्तिः, -वर्तिका f. 1 a paint-brush; फलकमादाय मणिसमुद्गकाद्वर्णवर्तिकामुद्धृत्य Dk.2.2. -2 a pencil. -वादिन् m. a panegyrist. -विक्रिया enmity against the castes. -विपर्ययः the substitution or change of letters; (भवेत्) सिंहो वर्णविपर्ययात् Sk. -विलासिनी turmeric. -विलोडकः 1 a house-breaker. -2 a plagiarist (lit. word-stealer). -वृत्तम् a metre regulated by the number of syllables it contains (opp. मात्रावृत्त). -व्यव- -स्थितिः f. the institution of caste, caste-system. -शिक्षा instruction in letters. -श्रेष्ठः a Brāhmaṇa; वर्णश्रेष्ठो द्विजः पूज्यः H.4.21. -संयोगः marriage between persons of the same caste. -संसर्गः confusion of castes, marriage with members of other castes; Ms.8.172. -संहारः an assemblage of different castes. -संकरः 1 confusion of castes through intermarriage; स्त्रीषु दुष्टासु वार्ष्णेय जायते वर्ण- संकरः Bg.1.41. -2 mixture or blending of colours; चित्रेषु वर्णसंकरः K. (where both senses are intended); Śi.14.37. -संघातः, -समाम्नायः the alphabet. -स्थानम् an organ of utterance. -हीन a. outcast.
vāc वाच् f. [वच्-क्विप् दीर्घो$संप्रसारणं च Uṇ.2.67] 1 A word, sound, an expression (opp. अर्थ); वागर्थाविव संपृक्तौ वागर्थप्रतिपत्तये R.1.1. -2 Words, talk, language, speech; वाचि पुण्यापुण्यहेतवः Māl.4; लौकिकानां हि साधूनामर्थं वागनुवर्तते । ऋषीणां पुनराद्यानां वाचमर्थो$नुधावति U.1.1; विनिश्चितार्थामिति वाचमाददे Ki.1.3 'spoke these words', 'spoke as follows'; R.1.49; Śi.2.13,23; Ku.2.3. -3 A voice, sound; अशरीरिणी वागुदचरत् U.2; मनुष्यवाचा R.2.33. -4 An assertion, a statement. -5 An assurance, a promise. -6 A phrase, proverb, saying. -7 N. of Sarasvatī, the goddess of speech. -Comp. -अपहारकः (वागपहारकः) 1 a 'stealer of speech', a reader of prohibited texts; Ms.11.51. -2 a liar (मिथ्यावादी). -अपेत (वागपेत) a. dumb. -अर्थः (वागर्थः) a word and its meaning; वागर्थाविव संपृक्तौ R.1.1; see above. -असिः cutting speech (cutting like a sword); स्फुरन्नसाधोर्विवृणोति वागसिः Ki.14.12. -आडम्बरः, (-वागाडम्बरः) verbosity, bombast. -आत्मन् a. (वागात्मन्) consisting of words; ऋषे प्रबुद्धो$सि वागात्मनि ब्रह्मणि U.2. -ईशः (वागीशः) 1 an orator, an eloquent man. -2 an epithet of Bṛihaspati, the preceptor of the gods; वागीशाद्याः सुमनसः Nyāyamāla. -3 an epithet of Brahman; वागीशं (धातारं) वाग्भिरर्थ्याभिः प्रणिपत्योपतस्थिरे Ku.2.3. -4 the lunar mansion called Puṣya. (-शा) N. of Sarasvatī. -ईश्वरः (वागीश्वरः) 1 an orator, eloquent man. -2 an epithet of Brahman. (-री) Sarasvatī, the goddess of speech. -उत्तरम् (वागु- त्तरम्) end of speech. -ऋषभः, (वागृषभः) 'eminent in speech', an eloquent or learned man. -कलहः- (वाक्कलहः) a quarrel, strife. -कीरः (वाक्कीरः) a wife's brother. -केलिः, -ली (वाक्केलिः -ली) witty conversation. -गुदः (वाग्गुदः) a kind of bird; Ms.12.64. -गुणः (वाग्गुणः) a merit or excellence of speech; (35 such merits are enumerated by Hemachandra). -गुम्फः (pl.) artificial language. -गुलिः, -गुलिकः (वाग्गुलिः &c.) the betel-bearer of a king &c.; cf. ताम्बूलकरङ्कवाहिन्. -चपल a. (-वाक्चपल) chattering, frivolous or inconsiderate in talk. -चापल्यम् (वाक्चापल्यम्) idle or frivolous talk, chattering, gossiping. -छलम् (वाक्छलम्) 'dishonesty in words', an evasive reply, a prevarication; एतावदेवास्ति मे वाक्छलम् Mu.2; केनेदममृतं मे वाक्छलाद् वृष्टम् K.33. -जालम् (वाग्जालम्) bombast, empty talk; अनिर्लोडितकार्यस्य वाग्जालं वाग्मिनो वृथा Śi.2.27. -जीवमः (वाग्जीवनः) a buffon; Kau. A.2.1. -डम्बरः (वाग्ड- म्बरः) 1 bombast. -2 eloquent language. -दण्डः (वाग्दण्डः) 1 reproachful words, reprimand, reproof. -2 restraint of speech, control over words; cf. त्रिदण्ड Ms.12.1. -दत्त (वाग्दत्त) a. promised, affianced, betrothed. (-त्ता) an affianced or betrothed virgin; Kull. on Ms.5.72. -दरिद्र (वाग्दरिद्र) a. 'poor in words', i. e. speaking little. -दलम् (वाग्दलम्) a lip. -दानम् (वाग्दानम्) betrothal; Ms.5.72 (Kull.). -दुष्ट a. (वाग्दुष्ट) 1 abusive, scurrilous, using abusive words; Ms.8.345. -2 using ungrammatical language. (-ष्टः) 1 a defamer. -2 a Brāhmaṇa not invested with the sacred thread at the proper time of his life. -देवता, -देवी (वाग्देवता, वाग्देवी) Sarasvatī, the goddess of speech; वाग्देवतायाः सांमुख्यमाधत्ते S. D.1. ˚कुलम् science, learning. -दोषः (वाग्दोषः) 1 the utterance of a (disagreeable) sound; द्वीपिचर्मपरिच्छन्नो वाग्दोषाद् गर्दभो हतः H. B. -2 abuse, defamation. -3 an ungrammatical speech. -निबन्धन (वाग्निबन्धन) a. depending on words. -निमि- त्तम् (वाङ्निमित्तम्) Prognostications; तच्चाकर्ण्य वाङ्- निमित्तज्ञः पितरि सुतरां जीविताशां शिथिलीचकार Hch. V. -निश्चयः (वाङ्निश्चयः) affiance by word of month, marriage contract. -निष्ठा (वाङ्निष्ठा) faithfulness (to one's word or promise). -पटु a. (वाक्पटु) skilful in speech, eloquent. -पति a. (वाक्पति) eloquent; oratorical. (-तिः) 1 N. of Bṛihaspati (in this sense वाचसांपतिः is also used). -2 the constellation Puṣya. -पथः(वाक्पथः) 1 a moment fit for speech. -2 the range of speech. -पाटवम् (वाक्पाटवम्) eloquence. -पारीणः (वाक्पा- रीणः) beyond the range of speech; वाक्पारीणरुचिः स चेन्मुखमयं पद्मः प्रिये तावकम् N.22.14. -पारुष्यम् (वाक्पारु- ष्यम्) 1 severity of language. -2 violence in words, abusive or scurrilous language, defamation; एवं दण्डविधिः प्रोक्तो वाक्पारुष्यस्य तत्त्वतः Ms.8.278. -प्रचोदनम् (वाक्प्रचो- दनम्) an order expressed in words. -प्रतोदः (वाक्प्र- तोदः) 'the goad of words', goading or taunting language. -प्रलापः (वाक्प्रलापः) eloquence. -बन्धनम् (वाग्बन्धनम्) stopping the speech, silencing; व्रीडार्ता प्रकरोति दाडिमपलव्याजेन वाग्बन्धनम् Amaru.16. -भट (वाग्भटः) N. of a writer on medicine. -मनस n. (the duel -वाङ्मनसी in Vedic language) speech and mind; अथैनं तुष्टुवुः स्तुत्यमवाङ्मनसगोचरम् R.1.15; अतीतः पन्थानं तव च महिमा वाङ्मनसयोः Śiva-mahimna 2. -मात्रम् (वाङ्मात्रम्) mere words. -मुखम् (वाङ्मुखम्) the beginning or introduction of a speech, an exordium, a preface. -यत a. (-वाग्यत) one who has controlled or curbed his speech, silent. -यमः (वाग्यमः) one who has controlled his speech, a sage. -यामः (वाग्यामः) a dumb man. -युद्धम् (वाग्युद्धम्) a war of words, (hot) debate or discussion, controversy. -रोधः (वाग्रोधः) stopping the speech, silencing. -वज्रः (वाग्वज्रः) 1 adamantine words; अहह दारुणो वाग्वज्रः U.1. -2 harsh or severe language. -विद् a. (वाग्विद्) eloquent. -विदग्ध a. (वाग्विदग्ध) skilled in speech. (-ग्धा) a sweet-speaking or fascinating woman. -विनिःसृत a. (वाग्विनिःसृत) put forth by speech; वाच्यर्था नियताः सर्वे वाङ्मूला वाग्वि- निःसृताः । तां तु यः स्तेनयेद्वाचं स सर्वस्तेयकृन्नरः ॥ Ms.4.256. -विभवः (वाग्विभवः) stock or provision of words, power of description, command of language; नास्ति मे वाग्विभवः प्रशंसितुम् V.3; रघूणामन्वयं वक्ष्ये तनुवाग्विभवो$पि सन् R.1.9; Māl.1.26. -विलासः (वाग्विलासः) graceful or elegant speech. -विलासिन् m. (वाग्विलासिन्) pigeon, dove. -विस्तरः (वाग्विस्तरः) prolixity. -वीरः (वाग्वीरः) master of speech. -व्ययः (वाग्व्ययः) waste of breath. -व्यवहारः (वाग्व्यवहारः) verbal or oral discussion; प्रयोगप्रधानं हि नाट्यशास्त्रं किमत्र वाग्व्यवहारेण M.1. -व्यापारः (वाग्व्यापारः) 1 the manner of speaking. -2 the style or habit of speaking. -3 customary phraseology or mode of talking. -शलाका (वाक्शलाका) injurious speech. -शल्यम्(वाक्शल्यम्) = वाक्शलाका. -शस्त्रम् (वाक्शस्त्रम्) a curse; वाक्शस्त्रं वै ब्राह्मणस्य तेन हन्यादरीन् द्विजः Ms.11.33. -संतक्षणम् sarcastic remarks; असारस्य वाक्संतक्षणैः ... अपवाहनम् Dk.2.2. -संयमः (वाक्संयमः), -संवरः (वाक्संवरः) restraint or control of speech. -संगः (वाक्संगः) 1 impeded or slow speech. -2 paralysis of speech. -सारः (वाक्सारः) eloquence. -सिद्धम् (वाक्सिद्धम्) supernatural perfection of speech. -स्तम्भः (वाक्स्तम्भः) paralysis of speech.
vāṅmaya वाङ्मय a. (-यी f.) 1 Consisting of words; लिपेर्यथावद्- ग्रहणेन वाङ्मयं नदीमुखेनेव समुद्रमाविशत् R.3.28; इत्येषा वाङ्मयी पूजा श्रीमच्छंकरपादयोः Śiva-mahimna 4. -2 Relating to speech or words; Ms.12.6; स्वाध्यायाभ्यसनं चैव वाङ्मयं तप उच्यते Bg.17.15. -3 Endowed with speech; अयमात्मा वाङ्मयो मनोमयः प्राणमयः Bṛi. Up.1.5.3. -4 Eloquent, rhetorical, oratorical. -यम् 1 Speech, language; म्यरस्तजभ्नगैर्लान्तैरेभिर्दशभिरक्षरैः । समस्तं वाङ्मयं व्याप्तं त्रैलोक्यमिव विष्णुना Chand. M.1.7; द्विधाप्रयुक्तेन च वाङ्मयेन सरस्वती तन्मि- थुनं नुनाव Ku.7.9; Śi.2.72. -2 Eloquence. -3 Rhetoric. -यी The goddess Sarasvatī.
vāṇiḥ वाणिः f. 1 Weaving. -2 A weaver's loom. -3 Speech, words. -4 N. of Sarasvatī. -5 A cloud. -6 Price, value.
vāṇī वाणी 1 Speech, words, language; वाण्येका समलंकरोति पुरुषं या संस्कृता धार्यते Bh.2.19. -2 Power of speech. -3 Sound, voice; केका वाणी मयूरस्य Ak.; so आकाशवाणी. -4 A literary production, a work or composition; मद्वाणि मा कुरु विषादमनादरेण मात्सर्यमग्नमनसां सहसा खलानाम् Bv.4.41; U.7.2. -5 Praise. -6 Sarasvatī, the goddess of learning; तव करकमलस्थां स्फाटिकीमक्षमालां, नखकिरणविभिन्नां दाडिमीबीजबुद्ध्या । अनुलवमनुकर्षन् येन कीरो निषिद्धः, स भवतु मम भूत्यै वाणि ते मन्दहासः ॥. -7 Eloquent speech. -8 Music. -9 N. of a metre consisting only of long syllables. -Comp. -वादः a kind of bird.
vāmā वामा 1 A woman. -2 A lovely woman; मधु द्राक्षा साक्षादमृतमथ वामाधरसुधा Bv.4.39,42. -3 N. of Gaurī. -4 Of Lakṣmī. -5 Of Sarasvatī.
vāri वारि n. [वृ-इञ् Uṇ. 4.124] 1 Water; यथा खनन् खनित्रेण नरो वार्यधिगच्छति Subhāṣ. -2 A fluid. -3 A kind of perfume (वाल or ह्रीवेर). -रिः, -री f. 1 A place for fastening an elephant; वारी वारैः सस्मरे वारणानाम् Śi.18. 56; R.5.15. ˚कर्मन् n. method of catching elephants with traps; Mātaṅga L.1.1. -2 A rope for fastening an elephant. -3 A hole or trap for catching elephants. -4 A captive, prisoner. -5 A water-pot. -6 N. of Sarasvatī. -7 Speech. -Comp. -अयनम् a reservoir of water, pond; दूरे वार्ययनं तीर्थं लावण्यं केशधारणम् Bhāg. 12.2.6. -ईशः 1 the ocean; (चरणः) चिरं चेतश्चारी मम भवतु वारीशदुहितुः Lakṣmīlaharī S.6. -2 N. of Viṣṇu. -उद्भ- -वम् a lotus. -ओकः a leech; यथाल्पाल्पमदन्त्याद्यं वार्योकोवत्स- षट्पदाः Ms.7.129. -गर्भः a cloud. -गृहम् a pond. -कर्पूरः a kind of fish (इलीश). -कुब्जकः the plant शृङ्गाटक. -कूटः a turret protecting the access to the gate of a town. -क्रिमिः a leech. -चत्वरः a piece of water. -चर a. aquatic. (-रः) 1 a fish. -2 any aquatic animal; अनृणी चाप्रवासी च स वारिचर मोदते Mb.3.313.15. -चामरम् moss. -ज a. produced in water. (-जः) 1 a conchshell; प्रणनाद सांनहनिको$स्य वारिजः Śi.15.72. -2 any bivalve shell. (-जम्) 1 a lotus; दधद्भिरभितस्तटौ बिकचवारिजाम्बू नदैः Śi.4.66. -2 a kind of salt. -3 a kind of plant. (गौरसुवर्ण). -4 cloves. -तस्करः 1 a cloud. -2 the sun. -त्रा an umbrella. -दः 1 a cloud; वितर वारिद वारि दवातुरे Subhāṣ Bv.1.3; विद्युद्वारिदगर्जितैः सचकिता Mk. (-दम्) 1 a kind of perfume; रास्रारग्वधवर्षाभूकटुकोशीर- वारिदैः Suśr. -2 an offerer of water to ancestors; पितुर्भव वारिदः Ve.6.24. -द्रः the Chātaka bird. -धरः a cloud; नववारिधरोदयादहोमिर्भवितव्यं च निरातपत्वरम्यैः V.4.1. -धारा a shower of rain. -धिः 1 the ocean; वारिधिसुतामक्ष्णां दिदृक्षुः शतैः Gīt.12. -2 a jar or pot. -नाथः 1 the ocean. -2 an epithet of Viṣṇu. -3 a cloud. -4 the habitation of the serpent-race. -निधिः the ocean. -पथः, -थम् 'journey by sea', a voyage. -पिण्डः a frog in the middle of a stone. -प्रवाहः a cascade, water-fall. -भवः a conch. (-वम्) antimony. -मसिः, -मुच् m., -रः a cloud. -यन्त्रम् a water-wheel, a machine for drawing up water; बिन्दूतक्षेपान् पिपासुः परिपतति शिखी भ्रान्तिमद्वारियन्त्रम् M.2.13. -रथः a raft, boat, float. -राशिः 1 the ocean. -2 a lake. -रुहम् a lotus. -लोमन् m. 1 N. of Varuṇa. -2 collyrium. -वरः Carissa Carandas (Mar. करवंद). -वल्लभा Batatas Paniculata (Mar. भुईकोहाळी). -वासः a dealer in spirituous liquors. -वाहः, -वाहनः a cloud; अथ दीपितवारिवाहवर्त्मा Ki.13.2; कृतनिश्चयिनो वन्द्यास्तुङ्गिमा नोपभुज्यते । चातकः को वराको$यं यस्येन्द्रो वारिवाहकः Pt.2.142. -शः N. of Viṣṇu. -संभवः 1 cloves. -2 a kind of antimony. -3 the fragrant root called उशीर q. v. -साम्यम् milk.
vikarṇikaḥ विकर्णिकः The Sārasvata country; L. D. B.
vidhiḥ विधिः [विधा-कि] 1 Doing, performance, practice, an act or action; ब्रह्मध्यानाभ्यसनविधिना योगनिद्रां गतस्य Bh.3.41; योगविधि R.8.22; अस्याः सर्गविधौ V.1.8; लेखाविधि Māl. 1.35. -2 Method, manner, way, means, mode; निः- साराल्पफलानि ये त्वविधिना वाञ्छन्ति दण्डोद्यमैः Pt.1.376. -3 A rule, commandment, any precept which enjoins something for the first time (as distinguished from नियम and परिसंख्या q. q. v. v.); विधिरत्यन्तमप्राप्तौ; चिकीर्षाकृतिसाध्यत्व- हेतुधीविषयो विधिः; वहति विधिहुतं या हविः Ś.1.1. -4 A sacred precept or rule, ordinance, injunction, law, a sacred command, religious commandment (opp. अर्थवाद which means 'an explanatory statement coupled with legends and illustrations'; see अर्थवाद); प्रवृत्तिपरं वाक्यं विधिः, as ज्योतिष्टोमेन स्वर्गकामो यजेत; श्रद्धा वित्तं विधिश्चेति त्रितयं तत् समागतम् Ś.7.29; R.2.16. -5 Any religious act or ceremony, a rite, ceremony; स चेत् स्वयं कर्मसु धर्मचारिणां त्वमन्तरायो भवसि च्युतो विधिः R.3.45;1.34. -6 Behaviour, conduct. -7 Condition; V.4. -8 Creation, formation; सामग्ऱ्यविधौ Ku.3.28; कल्याणी विधिषु विचित्रता विधातुः Ki.7.7. -9 The creator. -1 Fate, destiny, luck; विधौ वामारम्भे मम समुचितैषा परिणतिः Māl.4.4. -11 The food of elephants. -12 Time. -13 A physician. -14 N. of Viṣṇu. -15 Use, application. -16 A means, expedient for; अक्षरं गन्तुमनसो विधिं वक्ष्यामि शीघ्रगम् Mb.12. 236.13. -17 Any act, action. -Comp. -अन्तः The end or the concluding portion of an injunctive text, all the other portion of the प्रयोगविधि (pertaining to an act) except the प्रधान or मुख्य विधि which is called विध्यादि; विध्यन्तो वा प्रकृतिवत्˚ MS.7.4.1; सोमेन यजेत इति विध्यादिः । सौमिकमपि ब्राह्मणं विध्यन्तः ŚB. ibid. Also see विध्यादि. -आदिः m. the beginning of a विधि or injunction; the main or प्रधान injunction; वेदे$पि दर्शपूर्णमासाभ्यां यजेत इति विध्यादिः । विध्यन्तो$पि प्रधानविधिवर्जितं कृत्स्नं पौरोडाशिकं ब्राह्मणम् ŚB. on MS.7.4.1. -कर a. executing commands; विधिकरीरिमा वीर मुह्यतीरधरसीधुनाप्याययस्व नः Bhāg.1.31.8. -m. a servant; सो$यं ते विधिकर ईश विप्रशप्तस्तस्येदं निधन- मनुग्रहाय विद्मः Bhāg.7.8.57. -घ्नः a. disregarding prescribed rites or rules. -ज्ञ a. knowing the ritual. (-ज्ञः) a Brāhmaṇa versed in the ritual, a ritualist. -दर्शकः a priest at a sacrifice who sees that everything is done according to the precepts, and corrects any deviation from them. -दृष्ट, -विहित a. prescribed by rule, enjoined by law. -देशकः 1 = विधिदर्शक above. -2 a preceptor, teacher. -द्वैधम् diversity of rules, variance of precept or commandment. -पूर्वकम् ind. according to rule. -प्रयोगः application of a rule. -यज्ञः 1 a sacrifice performed according to rule; Ms.2. 85-86. -2 a ceremonial act of worship. -योगः 1 the force or influence of fate. -2 the observance of a rule; अनेन विधियोगेन कर्तव्यांशप्रकल्पना Ms.8.211. -लोपः transgression of a commandment. -वधूः f. an epithet of Sarasvatī. -विपर्ययः misfortune. -विभक्तिः f. a potential termination; a termination which lays down an injunction; विधिविभक्तिं हि विधायिकां लिङं मन्यमानाः श्लोकमिमं समामनन्ति ŚB. on MS.4.3.3. The श्लोक referred to here is; कुर्यात् क्रियेत कर्तव्यं भवेत् स्यादिति पञ्चमम् । एतत् स्यात् सर्ववेदेषु नियतं विधिलक्षणम् ॥ This श्लोक speaks of the five forms which the विधिविभक्ति takes in the Vedic literature. -हीन a. devoid of rule, unauthorised, irregular.
vinaśanam विनशनम् Perishing, loss, destruction, disappearance. -नः N. of the place where the river Sarasvatī is lost in the sand; cf. हिमवद्विन्ध्ययोर्मध्यं यत् प्राग्विनशनादपि । प्रत्यगेव प्रयागाच्च मध्यदेशः प्रकीर्तितः ॥ Ms.2.21.
veṇiḥ वेणिः णी f. [वेण्-इन्-वा ङीप् Uṇ.4.18] 1 Braided hair, a braid of hair; तरङ्गिणी वेणिरिवायता भुवः Śi.12.75; Me. 18. -2 Hair twisted into a single unornamented braid and allowed to fall on the back (said to be worn by wom en whose husbands are absent from them); वनान्निवृत्तेन रघूत्तमेन मुक्ता स्वयं वेणिरिवावभासे R.14.12; अबलावेणिमोक्षोत्सुकानि Me.11; Ku.2.61. -3 Continuous flow, current, stream; जलवेणिरम्यां रेवां यदि प्रेक्षितुमस्ति कामः R.6.43; Me. 2; प्रवृत्तबाष्पवेणिकं चक्षुः प्रमृज्य K.; cf. the word त्रिवेणि also. -4 The confluence of two or more rivers. -5 The confluence of the Ganges, Yamunā and Sarasvatī. -6 N. of a river. -7 The property re-united after it has been before divided. -8 A cascade. -9 A dam, bridge. -1 A ewe. -Comp. -बन्धः hair twisted into a braid; मोक्ष्यध्वे स्वर्गबन्दीनां वेणीबन्धानदूषितान् R.1.47. -वेधनी a leech. -वेधिनी a comb. -संहारः 1 tying the hair into a braid; Ve.6. -2 N. of a drama by Bhaṭṭa Nārāyaṅa.
vedaḥ वेदः [विद्-अच् घञ् वा] 1 Knowledge. -2 Sacred knowledge, holy learning, the scripture of the Hindus. (Originally there were only three Vedas :- ऋग्वेद, यजुर्वेद and सामवेद, which are collectively called त्रयी 'the sacred triad'; but a fourth, the अथर्ववेद, was subsequently added to them. Each of the Vedas had two distinct parts, the Mantra or Samhitā and Brāhmaṇa. According to the strict orthodox faith of the Hindus the Vedas are a-pauruṣeya, 'not human compositions', being supposed to have been directly revealed by the Supreme Being, Brahman, and are called Śruti' i. e. 'what is heard or revealed', as distinguished from 'Smṛiti', i. e. 'what is remembered or is the work of human origin'; see श्रुति, स्मृति also; and the several sages, to whom the hymns of the Vedas are ascribed, are, therefore, called द्रष्टारः 'seers', and not कर्तारः or सृष्टारः 'composers'.) -3 A bundle of Kuśa grass; पद्माक्षमालामुत जन्तुमार्जनं वेदं च साक्षात्तप एव रूपिणौ Bhāg. 12.8.34; Ms.4.36. -4 N. of Viṣṇu. -5 A part of a sacrifice (यज्ञांग). -6 Exposition, comment, gloss. -7 A metre. -8 Acquisition, gain, wealth (Ved). -9 N. of the number 'four'. -1 The ritual (वेदयतीति वेदो विधिः); Karma-kāṇda; वेदवादस्य विज्ञानं सत्याभासमिवानृतम् Mb.12.1. 2 (see Nīlakaṇtha's commentary). -11 Smṛiti literature; आम्नायेभ्यः पुनर्वेदाः प्रसृताः सर्वतोमुखाः Mb.12.26.9. -Comp. -अग्रणीः N. of Sarasvatī. -अङ्गम् 'a member of the Veda', N. of certain classes of works regarded as auxiliary to the Vedas and designed to aid in the correct pronunciation and interpretation of the text and the right employment of the Mantras in ceremonials; (the Ved- āṅgas are six in number :-- शिक्षा कल्पो व्याकरणं निरुक्तं छन्दसां चयः । ज्योतिषामयनं चैव वेदाङ्गानि ष़डेव तु ॥; i. e. 1 शिक्षा 'the science of proper articulation and pronunciation'; 2 छन्दस् 'the science of prosody'; 3 व्याकरण 'grammar'; 4 निरुक्त 'etymological explanation of difficult Vedic words'; 5 ज्योतिष 'astronomy'; and 6 कल्प 'ritual or ceremonical'). A peculiar use of the word 'वेदाङ्ग' in masculine gender may here be noted; वेदांश्चैव तु वेदाङ्गान् वेदान्तानि तथा स्मृतीः । अधीत्य ब्राह्मणः पूर्वं शक्तितो$न्यांश्च संपठेत् ॥ Bṛihadyogiyājña- valkya-Smṛti 12.34. -अधिगमः, -अध्ययनम् holy study, study of the Vedas; काम्यो हि वेदाधिगमः कर्मयोगश्च वैदिकः Ms.2.2. -अधिपः 1 one who presides over the Veda; ऋग्वेदाधिपतर्जीवो यजुर्वेदाधिपो भृगुः । सामवेदाधिपो भौमः शशिजो$- थर्ववेदपः ॥ -2 N. of Viṣṇu. -अध्यापकः a teacher of the Vedas, a holy preceptor. -अनध्ययनम् Remissness in the Vedic study; Ms.3.63. -अन्तः 1 'the end of the Veda', an Upaniṣad (which comes at the end of the Veda). Also -अन्तम् (See quotation from बृहद्योगियाज्ञ- वल्क्यस्मृति under -अङ्ग above). -2 the last of the six principal Darśanas or systems of Hindu philosophy; (so called because it teaches the ultimate aim and scope of the Veda, or because it is based on the Upaniṣads which come at the end of the Veda); (this system of philosophy is sometimes called उत्तरमीमांसा being regarded as a sequel to Jaimini's पूर्वमीमांसा, but it is practically quite a distinct system; see मीमांसा. It represents the popular pantheistic creed of the Hindus, regarding, as it does, the whole world as synthetically derived from one eternal principle, the Brahman or Supreme Spirit; see ब्रह्मन् also). ˚गः, ˚ज्ञः a follower of the Vedanta philosophy. -अन्तिन् m. a follower of the Vedanta philosophy. -अभ्यासः 1 the study of the Vedas; वेदाभ्यासो हि विप्रस्य तपः परमिहोच्यते Ms.2.166. -2 the repetition of the sacred syllable Om. -अर्थः the meaning of the Vedas. -अवतारः revelation of the Vedas. -अश्र a. quadrangular. -आदि n., -आदिवर्णः, -आदिवीजम् the sacred syllable. Om. -उक्त a. scriptural, taught in the Vedas. -उदयः N. of the sun (the Sāma Veda being said to have proceeded from him). -उदित a. scriptural, ordained by the Vedas; वेदोदितं स्वकं कर्म नित्यं कुर्यादतन्द्रितः Ms. 4.14. -कार the composer of the Veda. -कौलेयकः an epithet of Śiva. -गर्भः 1 an epithet of Brahman; कमण्डलुं वेदगर्भः कुशान् सप्तर्षयो ददुः Bhāg.8.18.16. -2 a Brāhmaṇa versed in the Vedas. -3 N. of Viṣṇu. -ज्ञः a Brāhmaṇa versed in the Vedas; तथा दहति वेदज्ञः कर्मजं दोषमात्मनः Ms.12.11. -त्रयम्, -त्रयी the three Vedas collectively. -दर्शिन् a. one who discerns the sense of the Veda; तपोमध्यं बुधैः प्रोक्तं तपो$न्तं वेददर्शिभिः Ms.11.234. -दृष्ट a. sanctioned by the Vedas. -निन्दकः 1 an atheist, a heretic, an unbeliever (one who rejects the divine origin and character of the Vedas). -2 a Jaina or Buddhist. -निन्दा unbelief, heresy; Ms.11.56. -पारगः a Brāhmaṇa skilled in the Vedas. -पुण्यम् a merit acquired by the study of the Veda. वेदपुण्येन युज्यते Ms.2.78. -बाह्य a. contrary to the Veda. (-ह्यः) a sceptic. -मातृ f. 1 N. of a very sacred Vedic verse called Gāyatree q. v. -2 N. of सरस्वती, सावित्री and गायत्री; सूतश्च मातरिश्वा वै कवचं वंदमातरः Mb.5.179.4. -भूतिः (embodiment of the Veda) an honourable title before the names of learned Brāhmaṇas. -वचनम्, -वाक्यम् a Vedic text. -वदनम् grammar. -वादः see वेदः (1); तदुक्तं वेदवादेषु गहनं वेददर्शिभिः Mb.12.238.11 (com.); Vedic discussion; यामिमां पुष्पितां वाचं प्रवदन्त्यविपश्चितः । वेदवादरताः Bg. 2.42. -वासः a Brāhmaṇa. -वाह्य a. contrary to, or not founded on, the Veda. -विद् m. 1 a Brāhmaṇa versed in the Vedas. -2 N. of Viṣṇu. -वद्वस् a. conversant with the Vedas; ब्राह्मणान् वेदविदुषो यज्ञार्थं चैव दक्षिणाम् Ms. 11.4. -विहित a. enjoined by the Vedas. -व्यासः an epithet of Vyāsa who is regarded as the 'arranger' of the Vedas in their present form; see व्यास. -शास्त्रम् the doctrine of the Vedas; Ms.4.26. -श्रुतिः Vedic revelation. -संन्यासः givig up the ritual of the Vedas. -संमत, -संमित a. sanctioned by the Vedas.
vediḥ वेदिः [विद्-इन्] A learned man, sage; Paṇḍita. -दिः, -दी f. 1 An altar, especially one prepared for a sacrifice; उर एव वेदिः Ch. Up.5.18.2; अमी वेदिं परितः क्लृप्त- धिष्ण्याः (वह्वयः) Ś.4.8. -2 An altar of a particular shape, the middle points of which come very close to each other; मध्येन सा वेदिविलग्नमध्या Ku.1.39; (some propose to take वेदि in this passage as meaning 'a sealring'). -3 A quadrangular spot in the court-yard of a temple or palace; विमानं नवमुद्वेदि चतुःस्तम्भप्रतिष्ठितम् (कल्पयामासुः) R.17.9. -4 A seal-ring. -5 N. of Sarasvatī. -6 A tract or region. -Comp. -ईशः 1 N. of Agni. -2 of Brahman. -जा an epithet of Draupadī who was born from the midst of the sacrificial altar of king Drupada. -मेखला the cord which forms the boundary of the उत्तरवेदि.
vaivasvataḥ वैवस्वतः [विवस्वतो$पत्यम् अण्] 1 N. of the seventh Manu who is supposed to preside over the present age; see under Manu; वैवस्वतो मनुर्नाम माननीयो मनीषिणाम् R.1.11; U.6.18. -2 N. of Yama; यानं सस्मार कौबेरं वैवस्वतजिगीषया R.15.45. -3 N. of Agni. -4 One of the eleven Rudras. -5 The planet Saturn. -तम् The present age or Manvantara, as presided over by Manu Vaivasvata or the seventh Manu. -Comp. -मन्वन्तरम् N. of the 7th (the present) मन्वन्तर.
śābda शाब्द a. (-ब्दी f.) [शब्द-अण्] 1 Relating to or derived from a word. -2 Relating to or depending on sound (opp. आर्थ). -3 Verbal, oral. -4 Sounding, sonorous. -5 Nominal (as inflection). -ब्दः A philologist, grammarian. -ब्दी N. of Sarasvatī. -Comp. -बोधः perception or apprehension of the sense of words. -व्यञ्जना (in rhet.) insinuation founded on words (opp. to आर्थव्यञ्जना).
śārada शारद a. [शरदि भवम् अण्] 1 Belonging to autumn, autumnal; (the f. is शारदी in this sense); विमलशारद- चन्दिरचन्द्रिका Bv.1.113; R.1.9; Ms.6.11; मेघः शारद एव काशधवलः पानीयरिक्तोदरः Subhāṣ. -2 Annual. -3 New, recent; P.VI.2.9. -4 Young, fresh. -5 Modest, shy, bashful. -6 Diffident, not bold. -7 Able, clever; शिखीब शारदः N.9.14. -दः 1 A year. -2 An autumnal sickness. -3 Autumnal sunshine. -4 A kind of kidneybean. -5 The Bakula tree. -दी 1 The full-moon day in the month of Āśvina (or Kārtika). -2 Alstonia Scholaris (Mar. सातवीण). -दम् 1 Corn, grain. -2 The white lotus. -दा 1 A kind of Vīṇā or lute. -2 N. of Durgā. -3 Of Sarasvatī; (शरत्काले पूरा यस्मान्नवम्यां बोधिता सुरैः । शारदा सा समाख्याता पीठे लोके च नामतः ॥; लिखति यदि गृहीत्वा (लेखनीं) शारदा सार्वकालम् Śiva mahimna 32. ˚अम्बा (शारदाम्बा) the goddess Sarasvatī.
śuklā शुक्ला 1 N. of Sarasvatī. -2 Candied sugar. -3 A woman having a white complexion. -4 The plant Kākolī.
śrī श्री f. [श्रि-क्विप् नि˚ Uṇ.2.57] 1 Wealth, riches, affluence, prosperity, plenty; अनिर्वेदः श्रियो मूलम् Rām.; साहसे श्रीः प्रतिवसति Mk.4 'fortune favours the brave'; कर्माव्यारभमाणं हि पुरुषं श्रीर्निषेवते Ms.9.3; Ki.7.28. -2 Royalty, majesty, royal wealth; श्रियः कुरूणामधिपस्य पालनीम् Ki.1.1. -3 Dignity, high position, state; श्री- लक्षण Ku.7.45 'the marks or insignia of greatness or dignity'; दुराराध्याः श्रियो राज्ञां दुरापा दुष्परिग्रहाः Pt.1.67; विद्युल्लेखाकनकरुचिरं श्रीवितानं ममाभ्रम् V.4.13. -4 Beauty, grace, splendour, lustre; (मुखं) कमलश्रियं दधौ Ku.5.21; 7.32; R.3.8. -5 Colour, aspect; तेषामाविरभूद् ब्रह्मा परि- म्लानमुखश्रियाम् Ku.2.2. -6 The goddess of wealth, Lakṣmī, the wife of Viṣṇu; आसीदियं दशरथस्य गृहे यथा श्रीः U.4.6; Ś.3.14; Śi.1.1. -7 Any virtue or excellence. -8 Decoration. -9 Intellect, understanding. -1 Superhuman power. -11 The three objects of human existence taken collectively (धर्म, अर्थ and काम). -12 The Sarala tree. -13 The Bilva tree. -14 Cloves. -15 A lotus. -16 The twelfth digit of the moon. -17 N. of Sarasvatī, (the goddess of speech). -18 Speech. -19 Fame, glory. -2 The three Vedas (वेदत्रयी); श्रिया विहीनैरधनैर्नास्तिकैः संप्रवर्तितम् Mb.12.1.2. ('ऋचः सामानि यजूंषि । सा हि श्रीरमृता सताम्' इति श्रुतेः । com.). -m. N. of one of the six Rāgas or musical modes. -a. Splendid, radiant, adorning. (The word श्री is often used as an honorific prefix to the names of deities and eminent persons; श्रीकृष्णः, श्रीरामः, श्रिवाल्मीकिः, श्रीजयदेवः; also celebrated works, generally of a sacred character; श्रीभागवत, श्रीरामायण &c.; it is also used as an auspicious sign at the commencement of letters, manuscripts &c; Māgha has used this word in the last stanza of each canto of his Śiśupālavadha, as Bhāravi has used लक्ष्मी). -Comp. -आह्लम् a lotus. -ईशः an epithet of Viṣṇu. -कण्ठः an epithet of Śiva; श्रीकण्ठपदलाञ्छनः (भवभूतिः) Mv.1.4/5. -2 of the poet Bhavabhūti; श्रीकण्ठपदलाञ्छनः U.1. ˚सखः an epithet of Kubera. -करः an epithet of Viṣṇu. (-रम्) the red lotus. -करणम् a pen. -करणादिः a chief secretary; Inscr. -कान्तः an epithet of Viṣṇu. -कारः the word 'श्री' written at the top of a letter, (as an auspicious beginning). -कारिन् m. a kind of antelope. -कृच्छ्रः a kind of penance. -खण़डः, -ण्डम् sandal wood; श्रीखण्डविलेपनं सुखयति H.1.97. -गदितम् a kind of minor drama. -गर्भः 1 an epithet of Viṣṇu. -2 a sword. -ग्रहः a trough or place for watering birds. -ग्रामरः an epithet of Nārāyaṇa. -घनम् sour curds. (-नः) a Buddhist saint. -चक्रम् 1 the circle of the earth, the globe. -2 a wheel f Indra's car. -3 A diagram for the worship of त्रिपुरसुन्दरी in Tantra rituals. -4 An astrological division of the body (representing the public region). -जः an epithet of Kāma. -तालः a kind of palm tree. -दः an epithet of Kubera. -दयितः, -धरः epithets of Viṣṇu. -नगरम् N. of two old towns (one in Cawnpur district and the other in Bundelkhand); Raj. T.; H. -नन्दनः 1 an epithet of Kāma. -2 (in music) a kind of measure. -निकेतनः, -निवासः epithets of Viṣṇu. -पञ्चमी the fifth day of the bright half of Māgha (a festival in honour of the goddess of learning, Sarasvatī). -पतिः 1 an epithet of Viṣṇu; श्रीपतिः पतिरसाववनेश्च परस्परन् Śi.13.69. -2 a king, sovereign. -पथः a main road, high way. -पर्णम् a lotus. -पर्णी the silk-cotton tree. -पर्वतः N. of a mountain; Māl.1. -पिष्टः turpentine. -पुत्रः 1 N. of Cupid; निर्जेतुं निखलजगत्सु मानुषाणि श्रीपुत्रे चरति पदैव शीतरश्मिः Rām. ch.7. 11. -2 the moon. -3 N. of the horse of Indra. -पुष्पम् 1 cloves. -2 a fragrant wood (पद्मकाष्ठ). -प्रसूनम् cloves. -फलः the Bilva tree. (-लम्) 1 the Bilva fruit; स्तनयुगलं श्रीफलश्रीविडम्बि Vikr.; Ms.5.12. -2 a cocoanut. -फला, -फली 1 the indigo plant. -2 emblic myrobalan. -भ्रातृ m. 1 the moon. -2 a horse. -मकुटम् gold. -मस्तकः garlic. -मुद्रा a particular mark on the forehead by the Vaiṣṇavas. -मूर्तिः f. 1 an idol of Viṣṇu or Lakṣmī. -2 any idol. -युक्त, -युत a. fortunate, happy. -2 wealthy, prosperous (often used as an honorific prefix to the names of men). -3 famous, illustrious. -रङ्गः an epithet of Viṣṇu. -रसः 1 turpentine. -2 resin. -वत्सः 1 an epithet of Viṣṇu. -2 a mark or curl of hair on the breast of Viṣṇu; प्रभानुलिप्त- श्रीवत्सं लक्ष्मीविभ्रमदर्पणम् R.1.1. -3 a hole in a wall made by a house-breaker. ˚अङ्कः, ˚धारिन्, ˚मृत्, ˚लक्ष्मन्, ˚लाञ्छन m. epithets of Viṣṇu; तमभ्यगच्छत् प्रथमो विधाता श्रीवत्सलक्ष्मा पुरुषश्च साक्षात् Ku.7.43. -वत्सकिन् m. a horse having a curl of hair on his breast. -वरः, -वल्लभः epithets of Viṣṇu. -वर्धनः an epithet of Śiva. -वल्लभः a favourite of fortune, a happy or fortunate person; Pt.1.45. -वासः 1 an epithet of Viṣṇu. -2 of Śiva. -3 a lotus. -4 turpentine. -वासस् m. turpentine. -वृक्षः 1 the Bilva tree. -2 the Aśvattha or sacred fig-tree; वक्षः श्रीवृक्षकान्तं मधुकरनिकरश्यामलं शार्ङ्गपाणेः Viṣṇu. S.28. -3 a curl of hair on the breast and forehead of a horse. ˚किन् having such mark; श्रीवृक्षकी पुरुषकोन्नमिताग्रकायः Śi.5.56. -वेष्टः 1 turpentine. -2 resin. -संझम् cloves. -सहोदरः the moon. -सिद्धिः N. of the 16th Yoga (in astrol.). -सूक्तम् N. of a Vedic hymn (Ṛv.1.165). -हरिः an epithet of Viṣṇu. -हस्तिनी the sun-flower.
śruta श्रुत p. p. [श्रु-क्त] 1 Heard, listened to. -2 Reported, heard of. -3 Learnt, ascertained, understood. -4 Wellknown, famous, celebrated, renowned; श्रुतानुभावं शरणं व्रज भावेन भाविनि Bhāg.3.32.11; श्रुतस्य किं तत् सदृशं कुलस्य R.14.61;3.4. -5 Named, called. -6 Promised; तदवश्यं त्वया कार्यं यदनेन श्रुतं मम Rām.2.18.21. -7 Vedic, like Vedas (वेदरूप); गिरः श्रुतायाः पुष्पिण्या मधुगन्धेन भूरिणा Bhāg.4.2.25. -तम् 1 The object of hearing. -2 That which was heard by revelation i. e. the Veda, holy learning, sacred knowledge; श्रुतप्रकाशम् R.5.2. -3 Learning in general (विद्या); श्रोत्रं श्रुतेनैव न कुण्डलेन (विभाति) Bh.2.71; R.3.21;5.22; अग्निहोत्रफला वेदाः शीलवत्तफलं श्रुतम् Pt.2.15;4.68. -4 The act of hearing; योगे बुद्धिं, श्रुते सत्त्वं, मनो ब्रह्मणि धारयन् Mb.12.177.31. -Comp. -अध्ययनम् study of the Vedas. -अन्वित a. conversant with the Vedas. -अर्थः a fact verbally or orally communicated. ˚आपत्तिः see अर्थापत्तिः. -ऋषिः a class of sages like Śuśruta; L. D. B. -कीर्ति a. famous, renowned. (-m.) 1 a generous man. -2 a divine sage. (f.) N. of the wife of Śatrughna. -देवी N. of Sarasvatī. -धर a. remembering what is heard, retentive. (-रः) the ear; राष्ट्रमुत्तरपाञ्चालं याति श्रुतधरान्वितः Bhāg.4. 25.51. -श्रवस् m. N. of the father of Śiśupāla. ˚अनुजः the planet Saturn.
sanātana सनातन a. (-नी f.) 1 Perpetual, constant, eternal, permanent; ज्वलन्मणिव्योमसदां सनातनम् Ki.8.1; एष धर्मः सनातनः. -2 Firm, fixed, settled; एष धर्मः सनातनः U.5. 22. -3 Primeval, ancient. -तः 1 The primeval being, Viṣṇu; सनातनः पितरमुपागमत् स्वयम् Bk.1.1. -2 N. of Śiva. -3 Of Brahman. -4 A guest of the Manes. -5 N. of one of the sons of Brahman. -6 An ancient sage; द्विजाति- चरितो धर्मः शास्त्रे दृष्टः सनातनैः Rām.2.61.23. -नी 1 N. of Lakṣmī. -2 Of Durgā or Pārvatī. -3 Of Sarasvatī.
sāyam सायम् ind. In the evening; प्रयता प्रातरन्वेतु सायं प्रत्युद्- व्रजेदपि R.1.9,48. -Comp. -कालः evening. -धृतिः f. the evening oblation. -प्रातर् ind. in the evening and morning. -भोजनम् an evening meal; Kull. on Ms. 3.15. -मण्डनम् 1 sunset. -2 the sun. -संध्या 1 the evening twilight. -2 the evening prayer. -3 the goddess to be worshipped in the evening. ˚देवता N. of Sarasvatī.
sāra सार a. [सृ-घम्, सार्-अच् वा] 1 Essential. -2 Best, highest, most excellent; एतद्वः सारफल्गुत्वं बीजयोन्योः प्रकीर्तितम् Ms.9.56; द्वयोः सारं तुल्यं द्वितयमभियुक्तेन मनसा Mu.1.13. -3 Real, true, genuine. -4 Strong, vigorous; सारबलम् Kau. A.1; सुयुद्धकामुकं सारमसारं विपरीतकम् Śukra.4.872. -5 Sound, thoroughly proved. -6 Highest or best (at the end of comp.); त्रिवर्गसारः Ku.5.38. -7 Just, right; पृथोस्तत् सूक्तमाकर्ण्य सारं सुष्ठु मितं मधु Bhāg.4.22.17. -8 Speckled, motley. -9 Driving away; यो$यं दिधक्षोर्दावपावकस्य गरिम- सारः सीकरासारः B. R.2.6/61. -रः, -रम् (but usually m. only except in the first 4 senses) 1 Essence, essential part, quintessence; स्नेहस्य तत् फलमसौ प्रणयस्य सारः Māl.1. 9; U.6.22; असारे खलु संसारे सारमेच्चतुष्टयम् । काश्यां वासः सतां संगो गङ्गांम्भः शंभुसेवनम् ॥ Dharm.14. -2 Substance, pith. -3 Marrow; निःशेषं शकलितवल्कलाङ्गसारैः Ki.17.62. -4 Real truth, main point. -5 The sap or essence of trees; as in खदिरसार, सर्जसार. -6 Summary, epitome, compendium. -7 Strength, vigour, power, energy; सारं धरित्रीधरणक्षमं च Ku.1.17; R.2.74. -8 Prowess, heroism, courage; राज्ञा हिमवतः सारो राज्ञः सारो हिमाद्रिणा R.4.79. -9 Firmness, hardness. -1 Wealth, riches; गामात्तसाराम् R.5.26. -11 Nectar. -12 Fresh butter. -13 Air, wind. -14 Cream, coagulum of curds. -15 Disease. -16 Matter, pus. -17 Worth, excellence, highest perception. -18 A man at chess. -19 Impure carbonate of soda. -2 A figure of speech corresponding to English 'climax'; उत्तरोत्तरमुत्कर्षो भवेत् सारः परावधिः K. P.1. -21 The heart. -22 Course, motion. -23 Extension. -24 Any or chief ingredient. -25 (In Rhet.) A kind of climax. -26 Dung. -27 Pus. -रा 1 Dūrvā grass. -2 Kuśa grass. -रम् 1 Water -2 Fitness, propriety. -3 Wood, thicket. -4 Steel. -Comp. -अपराधौ m. du. the ability (of a criminal to suffer) and the nature of crime; the greatness of the crime; सारापराधौ चालोक्य दण्डं दण्ड्येषु पातयेत् Ms.8. 126; cf. 9.262. -असार a. valuable and worthless, strong and weak. (-रम्) 1 worth and worthlessness; सारासारं च भाण्डानाम् Ms.9.331. -2 substance and emptiness. -3 strength and weakness. ˚विचारः consideration of strong and weak points &c. -गन्धः sandal wood. -गात्र a. strong-limbed. -गुणः a principal virtue. -गुरु a. heavy with weight. -ग्रीवः N. of Śiva. -जम् fresh butter. -तरुः the plantain tree. -दा 1 N. of Sarasvatī. -2 of Durgā. -द्रुमः the Khadira tree. -फल्गु a. superior and inferior; Kau. A.2.7. ˚त्वम् goodness and badness; comparative importance; एतद्वः सारफल्गुत्वं बीज- योन्योः प्रकीर्तितम् Ms.9.56. -भङ्गः loss of vigour. -भाण्डम् 1 a natural vessel. -2 a bale of goods, merchandise. -3 implements. -मार्गणम् searching for pith or marrow. -मितिः the Veda. -योध a. consisting of excellent warriors. -लोहम् steel.
sārasvata सारस्वत a. (-ती f.) [सरस्वती देवतास्य, सरस्वत्या इदं वा अण्] 1 Relating to the goddess Sarasvatī. -2 Belonging to the river Sarasvatī कृत्वा तासामभिगममपां सौम्य सारस्वतीनाम् Me.51. -3 Eloquent. -4 Belonging to the Sāravata country. -तः 1 N. of a country about the river Sarasvatī. -2 N. of a particular class of Brāhmaṇas. -3 A particular ceremonial used in the worship of Sarasvatī. -4 A staff of the Bilva tree. -5 N. of a certain sage; सारस्वतश्चापि जगाद नष्टम् (वेदम्) Bu. Ch.1.48. -ताः (m. pl). The people of the Sārasvata country. -तम् speech, eloquence; शृङ्गारसारस्वतम् Gīt.12.
sūryaḥ सूर्यः [सरति आकाशे सूर्यः, यद्वा सुवति कर्मणि लोकं प्रेरयति; cf. Sk. on P.III.1.114] 1 The sun; सूर्ये तपत्यावरणाय दृष्टेः कल्पेत लोकस्य कथं तमिस्रा R.5.13. [In mythology, the sun is regarded as a son of Kaśyapa and Aditi. He is represented as moving in a chariot drawn by seven horses, with Aruṇa for his charioteer. He is also represented as all-seeing, the constant beholder of the good and bad deeds of mortals. Samjñā (or Chhāyā or Aśvinī) was his principal wife, by whom he had Yama and Yamunā, the two Aśvins and Saturn. He is also described as having been the father of Manu Vaivasvata, the founder of the solar race of kings.] -2 The tree called Arka. -3 The number 'twelve' (derived from the twelve forms of the sun). -4 The swallow-wort. -5 N. of Śiva. -Comp. -अपायः sunset; सूर्यापाये न खलु कमलं पुष्यति स्वामभिख्याम् Me.82. -अर्ष्यम् the presentation of an offering to the sun. -अश्मन् m. the sun-stone. -अश्वः a horse of the sun. -अस्तम् sunset. -आतपः heat or glare of the sun, sunshine. -आलोकः sunshine. -आवर्तः 1 a kind of sun-flower. -2 a head-ache which increases or diminishes according to the course of the sun (Mar. अर्धशिशी). -आह्व a. named after the sun. (-ह्वः) the gigantic swallow-wort. (-ह्वम्) copper. -इन्दुसंगमः the day of the new moon (the conjunction of the sun and moon); दर्शः सूर्येन्दुसंगमः Ak. -उत्थानम्, -उदयः sunrise. -ऊढः 1 'brought by the sun', an evening guest; संप्राप्तो यो$तिथिः सायं सूर्योढो गृहमेधिनाम् । पूजया तस्य देवत्वं लभन्ते गृहमेधिनः ॥ Pt.1.17. -2 the time of sunset. -उपस्थानम्, -उपासना attendance upon or worship of the sun; V.1. -कमलम् the sun-flower, a heliotrope. -कान्तः 1 the sun-stone, sun-crystal; स्पर्शानुकूला इव सूर्यकान्तास्तदन्यतेजो$भिभवाद्वमन्ति । Ś.2.7. -2 a crystal. -कान्ति f. 1 sun-light. -2 a particular flower. -3 the flower of sesamum. -कालः day-time, day. ˚अनलचक्रम् a particular astrological diagram for indicating good and bad fortune. -ग्रहः 1 the sun. -2 an eclipse of the sun. -3 an epithet of Rāhu and Ketu. -4 the bottom of a water-jar. -ग्रहणम् a solar eclipse. -चन्द्रौ (also सूर्याचन्द्रमसौ) m. du. the sun and moon. -जः, -तनयः, पुत्रः 1 epithets of Sugrīva; यो$हं सूर्यसुतः स एष भवतां यो$यं स वत्सो$ङ्गदः Mv. 5.55. -2 of Karṇa. -3 of the planet Saturn. -4 of Yama. -जा, -तनया the river Yamunā. -तेजस् n. the radiance or heat of the sun. -द्वारम् the way of the sun; उत्तरायण q. v.; सूर्यद्वारेण ते विरजाः प्रयान्ति यत्रामृतः स पुरुषो ह्याव्ययात्मा Muṇḍ.1.2.11. -नक्षत्रम् that constellation (out of the 27) in which the sun happens to be. -पर्वन् n. a solar festival, (on the days of the solstices, equinoxes, eclipses &c.). -पादः a sun-beam. -पुत्री 1 lightning. -2 the river Yamunā. -प्रभव a. sprung or descended from the sun; क्व सूर्यप्रभवो वंशः क्व चाल्पविषया मतिः R.1.2. -फणिचक्रम् = सूर्यकालानलचक्रम् q. v. above. -बिम्बः the disc of the sun. -भक्त a. one who worships the sun. (-क्तः) the tree Bandhūka or its flower. -मणिः the sunstone. -मण्डलम् the orb of the sun. -मासः the solar month. -यन्त्रम् 1 a representation of the sun (used in worshipping him). -2 an instrument used in taking solar observations. -रश्मिः a ray of the sun, sun-beam; Ms.5.133. -लोकः the heaven of the sun. -वंशः the solar race of kings (who ruled at Ayodhyā). -वर्चस् a. resplendent as the sun. -वारः Sunday. -विलोकनम् the ceremony of taking a child out to see the sun when four months old; cf. उपनिष्क्रमणम्. -संक्रमः, -संक्रातिः f. the sun's passage from one zodiacal sign to another. -संज्ञम् saffron. -सारथिः an epithet of Aruṇa. -सिद्धान्तः a celebrated astronomical work (supposed to have been revealed by the god Sun). -स्तुतिः f., -स्तोत्रम् a hymn addressed to the sun. -हृदयम् N. of a hymn to the sun.
srotasyaḥ स्रोतस्यः 1 N. of Śiva. -2 A thief. स्रोतस्वती srōtasvatī स्रोतस्विनी srōtasvinī स्रोतस्वती स्रोतस्विनी A river.
haṃsaḥ हंसः [हस्-अच्-पृषो˚ वर्णागमः] (said to be derived from हस्; cf. भवेद्वर्णागमाद् हंसः Sk.) 1 A swan, goose, duck; हंसाः संप्रति पाण्डवा इव वनादज्ञातचर्यां गताः Mk. 5.6; न शोभते सभामध्ये हंसमध्ये बको यथा Subhāṣ; R.17. 25. (The description of this bird, as given by Sanskrit writers, is more poetical than real; he is described as forming the vehicle of the god Brahman, and as ready to fly towards the Mānasa lake at the approach of rains; cf. मानस. According to a very general poetical convention he is represented as being gifted with the peculiar power of separating milk from water e. g. सारं ततो ग्राह्यमपास्य फल्गु हंसो यथा क्षीरमिवाम्बुमध्यात् Pt.1; हंसोहि क्षीरमादत्ते तन्मिश्रा वर्जयत्यपः Ś.6.28; नीरक्षीरविवेके हंसालस्यं त्वमेव तनुषे चेत् । विश्वस्मिन्नधुनान्यः कुलव्रतं पालयिष्यति कः Bv.1.13; see Bh.2.18 also). -2 The Supreme Soul, Brahman. -3 The individual soul (जीवात्मन्); प्रीणीहि हंसशरणं विरम- क्रमेण Bhāg.4.29.56. -4 One of the vital airs. -5 The sun; हंसः शुचिषद्वसुरन्तरिक्षसद्धोता वेदिषत् Ka&tod;h.2.5.2; उषसि हंसमुदीक्ष्य हिमानिकाविपुलवागुरया परियन्त्रितम् Rām. ch.4.91. -6 Śiva. -7 Viṣṇu. -8 Kāmadeva. -9 An unambitious monorch. -1 An ascetic of a particular order; Bhāg.3.12.43. -11 A spiritual preceptor; Bhāg.7. 9.18. -12 One free from malice, a pure person. -13 A mountain. -14 Envy, malice. -15 A buffalo. -16 A horse. -17 A particular incantation; L. D. B. -18 The best of its kind (at the end of a compound; cf. कविहंस); L. D. B. -19 A temple of a particular form. -2 Silver. -a. 1 moving, going (गतिमान्); नव- द्वारं पुरं गत्वा हंसो हि नियतो वशी Mb.12.239.31 (see com.). -2 Pure; हंसाय संयतगिरे निगमेश्वराय Bhāg.12.8.47;6.4. 26. -साः (m. pl.) N. of a tribe said to live in the Plakṣa-Dvīpa. -Comp. -अंशुः a. white. -अङ्घ्रिः vermilion. -अधिरूढा an epithet of Sarasvatī. -अभिख्यम् silver. -आरूढः N. of Brahman. -उदकम् a kind of cordial liquor (prepared from infusion of cardamoms). -कान्ता a female goose. -कालीतनयः a buffalo. -कीलकः, -नीलकः a particular mode of sexual enjoyment. -कूटः 1 N. of one of the peaks of the Himālaya. -2 the hump on the shoulder of an ox (for अंसकूट). -गति a. having a swan's gait, stalking in a stately manner. -गद्गदा a sweetly speaking woman. -गामिनी 1 a woman having graceful gait like that of a swan; अव्यङ्गाङ्गीं सौम्यनाम्नीं हंसवारणगा- मिनीम् (उद्वहेत् स्त्रियम्) Ms.3.1. -2 N. of Brahmāṇi. -गुह्यम् N. of a particular hymn; अस्तौषीद्धंसगुह्येन भगवन्त- मधोक्षजम् Bhāg.6.4.22. -च्छत्रम् dry ginger. -तूलः, -लम् the soft feathers of down of a goose; रत्नखचितहेमपर्यङ्के हंसतूलगर्भशयनमानीय Dk.1.4;2.2. -दाहनम् aloewood. -नादः the cackling of a goose. -नादिनी a woman of a particular class (described as having a slender waist, large hips, the gait of an elephant and the voice of a cuckoo; गजेन्द्रगमना तन्वी कोकिलालापसंयुता । नितम्बे गुर्विणी या स्यात् सा स्मृता हंसनादिनी). -पक्षः a particular position o the hand. -पदः a particular weight (कर्ष). -पादम् 1 vermilion. -2 quick-silver. -बीजम् a goose's egg. -माला a flight of swans; तां हंसमालाः शरदीव गङ्गाम् Ku.1.3. -यानम् a car drawn by swans. -युवन् m. a young goose or swan. -रथः, -वाहनः epithets of Brahman. -राजः a king of geese, a large gander. -लिपिः a particular mode of writing (with Jainas). -लोमशम् green sulphate of iron. -लोहकम् brass. -श्रेणी a line of geese.
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vaivasvata Vaivasvatá, m. son of Vivasvant, x. 14, 1.
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asva a. lacking goods; -tva, n. poverty.
asvadharma n. neglect of duty.
asvadita pp. unpalatable.
asvagatā f. homelessness.
asvargayogya a. unfit for heaven.
asvargya a. not leading to heaven.
asvarita a. not having the svarita accent: -tva, n. abst. n.
asvastha a. unwell, indisposed: -ketana, a. troubled in mind; -tâ, f. indis position; -sarîra, a. unwell.
asvatantra a. not one's own master, dependent: -tâ, f. dependence.
asvayaṃkṛta pp. not done by oneself.
atyūrjasvala a. extremely heroic (deed).
ahrasva a. not short, long.
kārtasvaramaya a. golden and sounding piteous.
ghuṣṭasvara a. with a loud voice; -½anna, n. food offered by invitation.
tapasvat a. glowing, hot; ascetic, full of devotion, pious.
tarasvat a. energetic.
namasvat a. reverential; inspir ing reverence.
nabhasvat a. cloudy; m. wind.
parasva n. sg. & pl. property of others: -½âdâyin, a. appropriating the property of others.
payasvat a. juicy, full of sap; abounding in milk.
pratyaksarasva f. the western Sarasvatî; -srotas, a. flowing to wards the west.
prasvana m. sound, noise; (á)-svâ das, a. very sweet, highly pleasing; -svâpa, a. inducing sleep, soporific (missile); m. fall ing asleep; dream; -svâpana, a. (î) causing slumber: î dasâ, f. condition of sleep; n. causing sleep; -sveda, m. perspiration; -svedin, a. perspiring, covered with sweat.
brāhmaṇasva n. (pl.) property of Brâhmans; -svara, m. accent usual in a Brâhmana.
madhurasvara a. uttering a sweet sound; mellifluous (speech).
manasvat a. (V.) spirited.
mahasvat a. gladdening (V.); (mahas-), great, mighty; brilliant, lustrous.
rajasvala a. filled or covered with dust, dusty; having menses (f.); filled with the quality of passion: â, f. woman in her courses; marriageable girl; -vin, a. full of pollen; full of the quality ofpassion.
vasvaukasārā f. N. of the city of Kubera.
vātasvana a. roaring with wind (Agni; RV.1); m. N. of a mountain (C.); -svanas, a. id. (RV.1).
rabhasvat a. impetuous (RV.).
vaivasvata a. (î) derived from the sun (vivasvat); relating or belonging to Yama Vaivasvata; relating to Manu Vaivasvata; m. pat. of Yama and of a Manu; -îya, a. connected with ManuVaivasvata.
sasvara a. identical in sound with (--°ree;); having the same accent as (in.); ac cented: -m, ad. loudly; -svâhâ-kâra, a. accompanied with the exclamation svâhâ; -sveda, a. perspiring.
sasvar ad. (RV.) secretly; without (ab.).
sahasvat a. mighty, victorious (V.; rarely P.); containing the word sahas (Br.): -î, f. a plant (?; V.).
sārasvata a. (î) belonging or re lating to, derived from the goddess or the river Sarasvatî; m. N. of a people dwelling on the Sarasvatî (pl.); N. of a Rishi (son of Sarasvatî); n. eloquence.
svasvakāla m. proper time for each; -prâna, m. pl. one's respective breath or life; -bhâva, m. one's natural disposition; -rûpa, n. one's true character.
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asva tvāprajasaṃ kṛṇomi AVś.7.35.3c.
asvapnajas taraṇayaḥ suśevāḥ RV.4.4.12a; TS.1.2.14.5a; MS.4.11.5a: 174.1; KS.6.11a.
asvapnajau sattrasadau yatra devā JB.2.27d (bis). Cf. next.
asvapnajau satrasadau ca devau VS.34.55d. Cf. prec.
asvapnajo animiṣā adabdhāḥ RV.2.27.9c. See avṛjinā.
asvapnaś ca tvānavadrāṇaś ca rakṣatām AVś.8.1.13b. See next, and next but two.
asvapnaś ca mānavadrāṇaś cottarato gopāyetām (KSṃG. ca dakṣiṇato gopāyatām) KS.37.10; PG.3.4.17; MG.2.15.1. See under prec.
asvapnena sukṛtaḥ puṇyam āyuḥ AVP.3.8.5b. See svapnena etc.
asvapno yaś ca jāgṛviḥ AVś.5.30.10b; AVP.9.13.10b. See under prec. but two.
asvaveśaṃ yaṃ kṛṇavanta martāḥ RV.7.37.7d.
aṅgirasvad dhavāmahe # RV.1.78.3b; 8.43.13c.
aṅgirasvantā uta viṣṇuvantā # RV.8.35.14a.
aṅgirasvan mahivrata # RV.1.45.3c; N.3.17c.
atihrasvam atidīrgham # TB.3.4.1.19. See atidīrghaṃ.
anasvantaḥ śrava aiṣanta pajrāḥ # RV.1.126.5d.
anasvantā satpatir māmahe me # RV.5.27.1a. Cf. BṛhD.5.29.
anulimpasva # PG.2.14.17.
anvārabhasva yajamāna # śB.3.2.4.15; Kś.7.6.12.
apnasva mama dhīr astu śakra # RV.10.42.3c; AVś.20.89.3c.
apnasvatīm aśvinā vācam asme # RV.1.112.24a; VS.34.29a; śB.14.1.3.33; Apś.15.8.13. P: apnasvatīm Kś.26.4.10; Mś.4.2.35.
apnasvatīṣūrvarāsv iṣṭaniḥ # RV.1.127.6b.
abhyāvartasva paśubhiḥ sahainām # AVś.11.1.22a. P: abhyāvartasva Kauś.61.42.
abhyāvartasva pṛthivi (AVP. pṛthivī) # AVP.15.2.6a; VS.12.103a; TS.4.2.7.1a; MS.2.7.14a: 95.4; KS.16.14a; śB.7.3.1.21.
avapadyasva svapathāt # HG.2.3.3c.
avabādhasva pṛtanāyataḥ # PG.1.7.1d. Cf. avabādhe pṛtanyataḥ.
āñjasvānulimpasva # PG.2.14.17. Cf. under asāv abhyaṅkṣvāsāv.
ārohasva same pādau # MG.1.10.17a.
ālabhasva # Svidh.3.4.9.
indrasvantaṃ havāmahe # RV.4.37.5c.
uddīpyasva jātavedaḥ # TA.10.1.4a; Kauś.70.1a; ApMB.1.9.9a (ApG.3.8.5); HG.1.18.5a; BDh.1.4.6.2; MahānU.2.9a.
upahūtāpahvayasva # see upahūto-.
upahūtopahvayasva # Mś.1.7.2.17; 2.4.1.31; --4.5.8 (text upahūtā-, read upahūto-). Cf. under asā upahvayasva.
upahvayasva # śB.2.4.4.25; śś.7.6.4; 8.5.5; Kś.4.4.19. See under asā upa-.
ūrjasvatīḥ payasvatīḥ # TS.1.1.1.1; MS.2.8.14c: 118.18; 3.3.4: 36.6; TB.3.2.1.5. See ūrjasvatīḥ svadhā-.
ūrjasva ghṛtavatī payasvatī # AVś.3.12.2c; AVP.3.20.2c. See under ūrjasvatī payasā.
ūrjasva ghṛtavat pinvamānā # AVś.3.17.9d.
ūrjasva ca payasvatī ca # MS.4.13.9: 212.3; TB.3.5.10.2; śB.1.9.1.7; śś.8.19.1. See ūrjasvatī payasvatī.
ūrjasva ca me payasvatī caidhi # TB.3.7.6.6; Apś.4.6.2.
ūrjasva cāsi payasvatī ca # VS.1.27; śB.1.2.5.11. P: ūrjasvatī Kś.2.6.31.
ūrjasva payasā pinvamānā # VS.12.70c; TS.4.2.5.6c; śB.7.2.2.10; TA.10.42.1c; HG.1.8.4c; 27.3c; MahānU.16.7. See ūrjasvatī ghṛtavatī, ūrjasvatīr ghṛtavatīḥ, and ūrjo bhāgaṃ madhumat.
ūrjasva payasvatī # AVś.9.3.16a; Aś.1.9.1; śś.1.14.5; VārG.1.7. See ūrjasvatī ca pa-.
ūrjasvatīm anamīvāṃ svādhyām # AVP.14.5.2b.
ūrjasva rājasvaś (AVP. rājasūyā; TS. rājasūyāya; MS.KS. rājasūyāś) citānāḥ (AVP. mayobhuvaḥ) # AVP.14.1.6b; VS.10.1b; TS.1.8.11.1b; MS.2.6.8b: 68.9; KS.15.6b; śB.5.3.4.3.
ūrjasvatīr oṣadhīr ā riśantām (KSA. viśantām) # RV.10.169.1b; TS.7.4.17.1b; KSA.4.6b.
ūrjasvatīr ghṛtavatīḥ payasvatīḥ # AVP.8.18.3c. See under ūrjasvatī payasā.
ūrjasvatīḥ svadhāvinīḥ (KS. svadhāyinīḥ) # TS.4.4.11.4c; KS.17.10. See ūrjasvatīḥ payasvatīḥ.
ūrjasvantaḥ payasvantaḥ # AVś.7.60.2b; AVP.3.26.2b; HG.1.29.1a.
ūrjasvantaṃ haviṣo datta bhāgam # RV.10.51.8b; N.8.22b.
ūrjasvantaṃ tvā payasopasaṃsadema # TA.6.12.1b.
ūrjasvantam ā rabhadhvam # AVP.8.11.2a.
ūrjasvanto gṛhā mama # Kauś.89.12d.
ūrjasvanto haviṣaḥ santu bhāgāḥ # RV.10.51.9b; N.8.22b.
edhasva yamarājasu # AVś.18.2.25d. See next.
enasvato vāpaharād enaḥ # AB.5.30.11b.
enasvantaṃ cid enasaḥ sudānavaḥ # RV.8.18.12c.
ojasvac chiro astu me # KS.36.15b; TB.2.7.7.4b.
ojasva stha rāṣṭradāḥ # VS.10.3 (bis); śB.5.3.4.8 (bis). See ojasvinīḥ stha.
ojasvat kṣatram ajaraṃ te astu # MS.4.12.2d: 181.14; KS.8.17d. See āyuṣmat kṣatram.
ojasvad astu me mukham # KS.36.15a; TB.2.7.7.4a.
ojasvantaṃ virapśinam # RV.8.76.5b.
ojasvantaṃ mām āyuṣmantaṃ varcasvantaṃ (MS. māṃ sahasvantaṃ) manuṣyeṣu kuru (Vait. āyuṣmantaṃ manuṣyeṣu kṛṇuhi) # TS.3.3.1.1; MS.4.7.3: 96.12; Aś.6.3.22; Vait.25.14. See next, ojasvy, and ojiṣṭho.
kramasvarśa iva rohitam # AVś.4.4.7c; 6.101.3c.
gharmasvaraso nadyo apa vran # RV.4.55.6d.
chandasva (AVś. chandaḥpakṣe) uṣasā (MS.KS. uṣasau) pepiśāne # AVś.8.9.12a; TS.4.3.11.1a; MS.2.13.10a: 160.3; KS.39.10a; ApMB.2.20.31a (ApG.8.22.5).
juṣasva tiroahnyam # RV.3.28.6c.
juṣasva naḥ sakhyā veśyā ca # RV.6.61.14c; MS.4.11.2c: 166.5; KS.17.18c; 30.3c; TB.2.4.3.1c.
juṣasva naḥ samidhaṃ jātavedaḥ # RV.5.4.4c.
juṣasva naḥ samidham agne adya # RV.7.2.1a. P: juṣasva naḥ samidham Aś.3.2.6. Cf. BṛhD.5.160.
juṣasva pra su mām ava # RV.8.6.32b.
juṣasva lokam # PB.1.5.5.
juṣasva vājinīvati # RV.2.41.18b.
juṣasva saprathastamam # RV.1.75.1a; MS.3.10.1a: 130.6; 4.13.5: 204.7; KS.16.21a; AB.2.12.3a; KB.28.2; TB.3.6.7.1a; Aś.3.4.1; śś.5.18.1; 6.4.1; 10.12.15; 14.56.12; 15.1.25; Mś.5.2.8.26.
juṣasva samidho mama # VS.3.4c; TB.1.2.1.10c; Apś.5.6.3c.
juṣasva sū no adhvaram # RV.3.24.2c.
juṣasva havyam aṅgiraḥ # RV.6.2.10d.
juṣasva havyam āhutam # RV.2.32.6c; AVś.7.20.2c; 46.1c; 68.1c; VS.34.10c; TS.3.1.11.3c; MS.4.12.6c: 195.5; KS.13.16c; N.11.32c. Cf. juṣantāṃ havyam.
jyāyasvantaś cittino mā vi yauṣṭa # AVś.3.30.5a; AVP.5.19.5a.
tejasvac chiro astu me # TB.2.7.7.3b. Cf. varcasvac etc.
tejasvad astu me mukham # TB.2.7.7.3a; Apś.22.26.3. Cf. varcasvad etc.
tejasvad dharo astu te # AVś.18.3.71b.
tejasvantaṃ mām āyuṣmantaṃ varcasvantaṃ manuṣyeṣu kuru # TS.3.3.1.1. See āyuṣmantaṃ māṃ.
tenānnenāpyāyasva # TA.10.37.1; MahānU.16.2; BDh.2.7.12.10.
tenārabhasva tvaṃ śatrūn # AVś.10.3.1c.
tenedhyasva vardhasva ceddha (HG. cendhi) # AG.1.10.12b; HG.1.2.11b.
trāyasva no 'vṛkebhir varūthaiḥ # RV.7.19.7c; AVś.20.37.7c; TS.1.6.12.6c; MS.4.12.3c: 183.3.
dīdyasva # Apś.6.13.11.
dṛṃhasva # VS.1.2,9; TS.1.1.3.1; 4.1; MS.1.1.5: 3.2; 4.1.5: 6.14; KS.1.4; 31.3; śB.1.7.1.11; TB.3.2.3.2; 4.5.
dṛṃhasva devi pṛthivi svastaye # VS.11.69a; TS.4.1.9.2a; MS.2.7.7a: 82.15; KS.16.7a; śB.6.6.2.6.
dṛṃhasva pṛthivyām # VS.5.27; KS.2.12; 25.10; śB.3.6.1.15. Cf. dṛṃha pṛthivīm, pṛthivīṃ skabhāna, pṛthivīṃ dṛṃha, and pṛthivīm upareṇa.
dṛṃhasva vīḍayasva (MS. vīrayasva) su # TS.4.1.9.1b; MS.2.7.7b: 82.13.
draviṇasvanta iha santv indavaḥ # RV.9.85.1d; SV.1.561d.
dhukṣasva pipyuṣīm iṣam # RV.8.54 (Vāl.6).7d; 9.61.15b; SV.2.687b; JB.3.273b.
dhukṣasva pipyuṣīm iṣam avā ca naḥ # RV.8.13.25c.
nabhasvatīr ā vāṃ carantu vṛṣṭayaḥ # RV.8.25.6c.
namasvanta id upavākam īyuḥ # RV.1.164.8d; AVś.9.9.8d.
namasvantā dhṛtadakṣādhi garte # RV.5.62.5c.
nudasva kāma pra ṇudasva kāma # AVś.9.2.4a. P: nudasva kāma Vait.4.5; Kauś.48.5.
nudasva yāḥ parispṛdhaḥ # RV.9.53.1c; SV.2.1064c.
nudasva rakṣaḥ prataraṃ dhehy enām # AVś.11.1.21b.
payasva agna āgamam # see payasvān etc.
payasvac chiro astu me # KS.36.15b; TB.2.7.7.4b.
payasvatīḥ kṛṇuthāpa (TS. kṛṇutā-) oṣadhīḥ śivāḥ (TS. omits śivāḥ) # AVś.6.22.2a; TS.3.1.11.8b.
payasvatīḥ pradiśaḥ santu mahyam # AVP.2.76.6c (only in Kashmir ms.); VS.18.36c; TS.4.7.12.2c; MS.2.12.1c: 144.15; KS.18.13c; 31.14c.
payasva rantir (MS. rātir) āśā no astu # AVP.15.2.1d; TS.4.4.12.5d; MS.3.16.4d: 189.7; KS.22.14d; Aś.4.12.2d.
payasvatīr (KS. payasvatīr āpa) oṣadhayaḥ # RV.10.17.14a; AVś.3.24.1a; 18.3.56a; AVP.5.30.1a; TS.1.5.10.2a; KS.35.4a; TB.3.7.4.7a; Mś.1.4.1.5a; Apś.4.2.3,9; 9.17.1. P: payasvatīḥ Kauś.21.1; 82.9. Cf. BṛhD.7.10.
payasva sudughe śūram indram # VS.20.41b; MS.3.11.1b: 140.6; KS.38.6b; TB.2.6.8.3b.
payasvaty uttarām etu puṣṭiḥ # TB.2.4.8.6b.
payasvad astu me mukham # KS.36.15a; TB.2.7.7.4a.
payasvad uta dhānyam # AVP.2.76.3b.
payasvad vīrudhāṃ payaḥ # TS.1.5.10.3b; TB.3.7.4.7b; Mś.1.4.1.5b.
payasvanto gṛhā mama # Kauś.89.12d.
payasvan māmakaṃ vacaḥ (AVś.18.3.56b, payaḥ) # RV.10.17.14b; AVś.3.24.1b; 18.3.56b; AVP.5.30.1b; KS.35.4b.
payasvan me kṣetram astu # AVP.2.76.3a.
parasvantaṃ hataṃ vidat # RV.10.86.18b; AVś.20.126.18b.
pavasva gojid aśvajit # RV.9.59.1a.
pavasva carṣaṇīsahe (SV. carṣaṇīdhṛtiḥ) # RV.9.24.4b; SV.2.315b.
pavasva janayann iṣaḥ # RV.9.66.4a.
pavasva dakṣasādhanaḥ # RV.9.25.1a; SV.1.474a; 2.269a; JB.3.66; PB.12.9.1.
pavasva deva āyuṣak # SV.1.483a; 2.585a; JB.3.222a; PB.14.11.1. See pavasva devāyuṣak.
pavasva devamādano vicarṣaṇiḥ # RV.9.84.1a.
pavasva devavītaye # RV.9.106.7a; SV.1.571a; 2.676a; JB.3.266; PB.15.5.3.
pavasva devavīr ati # RV.9.2.1a; 36.2b; SV.2.387a; JB.3.137a.
pavasva devāyuṣak # RV.9.63.22a. See pavasva deva āyu-.
pavasva dhiṣaṇābhyaḥ # RV.9.59.2c.
pavasva bṛhatīr iṣaḥ # RV.9.13.4b; 42.6c; SV.2.540b.
pavasva maṃhayadrayiḥ # RV.9.52.5c; 67.1c; SV.2.673c. P: pavasva Rvidh.3.2.6.
pavasva madhumattamaḥ # RV.9.64.22b; 108.1a,15c; SV.1.472b,578a; 2.42a,426b; JB.3.29,296a (bis, once in fragments); PB.11.10.3.
pavasva vāco agriyaḥ (JB.3.11,20 [once], 'griyaḥ) # RV.9.62.25a; SV.2.125a; JB.1.91; 2.9,96,103,379,389 (bis); 3.11,20 (bis); PB.4.2.17; 6.9.10,11; 11.6.1; 16.11.2; 18.8.10; TB.1.8.8.2; Lś.4.5.19 (comm.). P: pavasva vācaḥ Lś.4.6.20. Fragments: pavasva, pavasva, vācaḥ, pavasva, vācaḥ, agriyaḥ JB.1.91; pavasva, vācaḥ JB.2.9; pavasva JB.2.389.
pavasva vājasātamaḥ # RV.9.100.6a; SV.1.521a. See next.
pavasva vājasātaye # RV.9.43.6a; 107.23a; SV.2.366a; TS.5.4.12.1; JB.1.352; 3.129a; PB.13.5.4. See prec.
pavasva viśvacarṣaṇe # RV.9.66.1a; SV.2.126c,246a; JB.3.60a. Designated as vaikhanasya ṛcaḥ Rvidh.3.2.5. See next but one.
pavasva viśvadarśataḥ # RV.9.65.13b; 106.5b.
pavasva viśvamejaya # RV.9.35.2b; 62.26c. See prec. but one.
pavasva vṛtrahantama # RV.9.24.6a; SV.2.316a.
pavasva vṛṣṭim ā su naḥ # RV.9.49.1a; SV.2.785a.
pavasva sūryo dṛśe # RV.9.64.30c; SV.2.6c.
pavasva soma kratuvin na ukthyaḥ # RV.9.86.48a.
pavasva soma kratve dakṣāya # RV.9.109.10a.
pavasva soma divyeṣu dhāmasu # RV.9.86.22a.
pavasva soma devavītaye vṛṣā # RV.9.70.9a.
pavasva soma dyumnī sudhāraḥ # RV.9.109.7a; SV.1.436a.
pavasva soma dhārayā # RV.9.1.1b; 29.4b; 30.3c; 67.13b; 100.5b; SV.1.468b; 2.39b; VS.26.25b; AB.8.8.9b; 20.3b; PB.8.4.5; N.11.3b.
pavasva soma madhumāṃ ṛtāvā # RV.9.96.13a; SV.1.532a; Svidh.1.4.14; 7.13.
pavasva soma mandayan # RV.9.67.16a; SV.2.1160a.
pavasva soma mahān samudraḥ # RV.9.109.4a; SV.1.429a; 2.591a; JB.3.230; PB.14.11.5.
pavasva soma mahe dakṣāya # RV.9.109.10a; SV.1.430a; 2.682a; JB.3.273; PB.15.5.5.
pavasva soma śaṃ gave # RV.9.11.7b; SV.2.797b.
pavasva somāndhasā # RV.9.55.3b; SV.2.327b.
pavasvauṣadhībhyaḥ # RV.9.59.2b.
pājasvanto na vīrāḥ panasyavaḥ # RV.10.77.3c.
pīvasvatīr jīvadhanyāḥ pibantu (KSA. -ti) # RV.10.169.1c; TS.7.4.17.1c; KSA.4.6c.
pṛṇasva kukṣī viḍḍhi śakra dhiyehy ā naḥ # AVś.2.5.4b; AVP.2.7.2cde. See next.
pṛṇasva kukṣī somo na # Aś.6.3.1c. See prec.
pṛṇasva madhoḥ # AVP.2.7.3b. See next.
pṛṇasva madhor divo na # AVś.2.5.2b; SV.2.303b; Aś.6.3.1b; śś.9.5.2b. See prec.
peśasva tantunā saṃvayantī (KSṭB. saṃvyayantī) # MS.3.11.1c: 140.7; KS.38.6c; TB.2.6.8.3c. See tantuṃ tataṃ peśasā.
prathasva # VS.13.17; śB.7.4.2.6. See pratho 'si.
prayasvatīr īḍate śukram arciḥ # RV.3.6.3d.
prayasvanta āyavo jījananta # RV.1.60.3d.
prayasvanta upa śikṣema dhītibhiḥ # RV.3.52.6d.
prayasvantaḥ prati haryāmasi tvā # RV.10.116.8c.
prayasvantaḥ camū sutāḥ # RV.9.46.3b.
prayasvantaḥ sahaskṛta # RV.6.16.37b; SV.2.1055b; MS.4.11.2b: 163.6; KS.40.14b.
prayasvantaḥ sute sacā # RV.1.130.1e; SV.1.459e.
prayasvanto na satrāca ā gata # RV.10.77.4d.
prayasvanto havāmahe # RV.5.20.3d; 7.94.6b; 8.65.6b; SV.2.152b.
prasva tvāvadhrim avaśāṃ kṛṇomi # AVP.11.1.4b.
prasva stha preyaṃ prajayā bhuvane śoceṣṭa # ApMB.1.9.3 (ApG.2.6.11).
bādhasva dūre (TS. dveṣo) nirṛtiṃ parācaiḥ # RV.1.24.9c; TS.1.4.45.1c. See āre bādhasva nir-, and cf. bādhethāṃ dūraṃ.
bādhasva dviṣo (MS. ripūn) rakṣaso amīvāḥ # RV.3.15.1b; VS.11.49b; TS.4.1.5.1b; MS.2.7.5b: 79.14; KS.16.4b; śB.6.4.4.21.
bādhasva dveṣo etc. # see bādhasva dūre.
bādhasva parirāpiṇaḥ # AVP.7.19.2b.
bādhasva mūradevinaḥ # AVP.7.19.2d.
bādhasva ripūn etc. # see bādhasva dviṣo.
bharasva sumnayur giraḥ # RV.1.79.10c.
bhrājasvantaṃ mām āyuṣmantaṃ varcasvantaṃ (MS. māṃ varcasvantaṃ) manuṣyeṣu kuru # TS.3.3.1.2; MS.4.7.3: 96.13. See next, and bhrājiṣṭho.
mandasva dhītibhir hitaḥ # RV.8.60.4d; 10.140.3b; SV.2.1168b; VS.12.108b; TS.4.2.7.2b; MS.2.7.14b: 95.18; KS.16.14b; śB.7.3.1.31.
mandasva sakhyasya ca # RV.1.26.5b.
mandasva hotrād anu joṣam andhasaḥ # RV.2.37.1a. Cf. BṛhD.3.27.
mahasvantaṃ matsaraṃ mādayāthaḥ (AVP. mādayethām) # AVś.4.25.6b; AVP.4.34.4b.
mahasvanto mahānto bhavāmi # SMB.2.5.10c.
mādayasva rādhasā sūnṛtāvatā # RV.8.97.6c.
mādayasva sute sacā # RV.1.81.8a; AVś.20.56.5a.
mādayasva svarṇare # RV.8.103.14d. Cf. mādayāse etc.
mādayasva haribhir ye ta indra # RV.1.101.10a. P: mādayasva haribhiḥ śś.1.8.14; 9.27.2 (comm.).
mucyasvainaso vi nayāmi rakṣaḥ # AVP.5.17.3d.
mṛśasva śūra rādhase # RV.8.70.9b.
medasva yajamānāḥ # AVś.6.114.3a; TB.2.4.4.9a.
medasvatīṃ ghṛtavatīṃ svadhāvatīm # HG.2.15.2c.
yajasva jātavedasam # RV.8.23.1b; SV.1.103b.
yajasva vīra pra vihi manāyataḥ # RV.2.26.2a.
yajasva su purvaṇīka devān # RV.7.42.3c.
yajasva hotar iṣito yajīyan # RV.6.11.1a. P: yajasva hotaḥ śś.14.55.4.
yatasva sadasyaiḥ # VS.7.45; TS.1.4.4.32; 6.6.1.4; MS.1.3.37: 44.1; 4.8.2: 109.1; KS.4.9; śB.4.3.4.18; Kś.10.2.18.
yamāyāṅgirasvate pitṛmate svāhā (ApśṃśḥGṃG. svadhā namaḥ; BDh. svadhā namaḥ svāhā) # śś.4.4.1; Apś.1.8.4; Mś.11.9.1.7; HG.2.10.7; MG.2.9.13; BDh.2.8.14.7. Cf. under yamāya tvāṅgirasvate.
yamāyāṅgirasvate svāhā # JG.2.1. Cf. under yamāya tvāṅgirasvate.
yaśasvatīr apasyuvo na satyāḥ # RV.1.79.1d; TS.3.1.11.5d.
yaśasvanto yaśaskṛtam (KS. yaśasvinam) # TS.1.5.5.4d; KS.6.9d. See sahasvantaḥ.
yuvasva poṣyāṇām # RV.4.48.5b; TS.2.2.12.7b; MS.4.14.2b: 216.4.
yuvasva poṣyā vaso # RV.8.26.20b; MS.4.14.2b: 216.9.
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"asva" has 74 results.
     
asvanot homogeneous: asavarṇa. confer, compare इवर्णादेः अस्वे स्वरे यवरलम् Hemacandra's Śabdānuśāsana. I.2.21, also अस्वे Śāk.I.1.73.
anekasvarahaving many vowels or syllables in it; the same as अनेकाच् of Pāṇini; confer, compare Hemacandra's Śabdānuśāsana. III. 4.46
asvapadavigrahaa term used for those compounds, the dissolution of which cannot be shown by the members of the compound: e. g. सुमुखी; confer, compare भवति वै कश्चिदस्वपदविग्रहोपि बहुव्रीहिः । तद्यथा । शोभनं मुखमस्याः सुमुखीति । M.Bh. on V.4.5.
asvayaṃdṛṣṭaA term used for the perfect tense; confer, compare कृ चकारमस्वयंदृष्टे (R.T. 19l).
asvarakauntoned; a word without an accent, as different from a word which has an accent,but which is not uttered with that accent: cf अक्रियमाणे ह्युपदेशिवद्भावे...अान्तर्यत अांदेशा अस्वरकाणामस्वरकाः स्युः M.Bh. on VII. 1.2, VII. 1. 89.
ekasvarapossessed of one vowel,monosyllabic; a term used by Hemacandra in his grammar for the term एकाच् of Pāṇini: confer, compare आद्योंश एकस्वरे Hemacandra's Śabdānuśāsana.IV.1.2, which means the same as एकाचेा द्वे प्रथमस्य P.VI.1.1.
ekādeśasvaraan accent prescribed for the single substitute,as, for instance, by rules like उदात्तस्वरितयोर्यणः स्वरितोनुदात्तस्य and the following rules P. VI.2.4, 5 and 6.
aikasvaryahaving only one principal accent (Udātta or Svarita) for the whole compound word which is made up of two or more individual words confer, compare Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on P. I.1.29.
kalyāṇasarasvaauthor of the Laghusārasvata, a small grammar work. He lived in the 18th century A. D.
dayānandasarasvatia brilliant Vedic scholar of the nineteenth century belonging to North India who established on a sound footing the study of the Vedas and Vyakarana and encouraged the study of Kasikavrtti. He has written many books on vedic studies.
napuṃsakasvarathe special accent viz. the acute accent for the first vowel for nouns in the neuter gender excepting those that end in इस्, as prescribed by नबिषयस्यानिसन्तस्य Phitsutra 11; confer, compare नपुंसकस्वरो मा भूत् M.Bh. on P.VII.1.77.
nipātanasvarathe accent, with which the Nipatana word is expressed in the Sutra, which is said to prevail over the accent which ordinarily should be possessed by the word; confer, compare स निपातनस्वरः प्रकृतिस्वरस्य बाधको भविष्यति M.Bh. on P.I.1.56 Vart. 23; confer, compare also M.Bh. on I.3.3, VI.1.123 et cetera, and others .
niyatasvara(1)an affix whose accent is definitely given by an indicatory mute letter applied to it; confer, compare M.Bh. on I.1.3; (2) the grave accent; a syllable with a grave accent; grave vowel; confer, compare नियतस्वरोदये R.Pr.XI.25; (3) name of a Samdhi when a visarga is changed into रेफ and then omitted and the preceding vowel is lengthened; cf ह्रस्वस्याकामनियता उभाविमौ R.Pr. IV.9; confer, compare also P. VIII.3.14 and VI.3.111.
parādisasvaraa consonant belonging to the succeeding vowel in sylllabication; confer, compare R.Pr.I.15.
pūrvāntasasvarabelonging to the previous vowel in syllabication; e. g. a consonant at the end of a word or the first in a consonant group ( संयोग ).
pratyayasvaraan accent caused by virtue of the affix which is added; confer, compare यथैव हि निपातनस्वरः प्रकृतिस्वरं बाधेत एवं प्रत्ययस्वरमपि बाधेत । लतिशिष्टत्वाप्रत्ययस्वरो भविष्यति । Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on P. I.I 56 Vart. 23.
prātipadikasvarathe general accent of the Pratipadika viz. the acute ( उदात्त ) for the last vowel as given by the Phit sutra फिषः ( प्रातिपदिकस्य ) अन्त उदात्तः; confer, compare also प्रातिपदिकस्वरस्यावकाशः । अाम्रः । Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on P. VI. 1.91 Vart. 7.
rāmakiṃkasarasvaa grammarian who wrote a small grammar treatise named अायुबोधव्याकरण which is different from the well-known अाशुबोध of तारानाथतर्कवाचस्पति.
rāmacandrasarasvapupil of वासुदेवेन्द्रसरस्वती of the sixteenth century who has written a gloss named विवरण on the Mahabhasyapradipa of Kaiyata.
laghusārasvataan epitome of the Sārasvata Vyākaraņa, by कल्याणसरस्वती.
vimalasarasvaa grammarian who wrote a small grammar work named रूपमाला
vaiyākaraṇasarvasvaa small treatise on grammar written by a scholar of grammar named Kasinatha who has also written a few more small works वर्णविवेकचन्द्रिका, वृत्तिचन्द्रिका,धातुमञ्जरी etc
satiśiṣṭasvarabalīyastvathe comparatively superior strength of a subsequent accent which prevails by the removal of the accent obtaining before in the process of the formation of a word; cf VI. 1. 158 Vart. 9. See सतिशिष्ट a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page..
saptasvaralit, the seven accents; the term refers to the seven accents formed of the subdivisions of the three main Vedic accents उदात्त, अनुदात्त and स्वरित viz उदात्त, उदात्ततर, अनुदात्त, अनुदात्ततर, स्वरित, स्वरितोदात्त,and एकश्रुति: cf त एते तन्त्रे तरनिर्देशे सप्त स्वरा भवन्ति ( उदात: । उदात्ततरः । अनुदात्तः ! अनुदात्ततरः । स्वरित: । स्वरिते य उदात्तः सोन्येन विशिष्टः । एकश्रुतिः सप्तम: ॥ M. Bh on P. I. 2. 33. It is possible that these seven accents which were turned into the seven notes of the chantings of the samans developed into the seven musical notes which have traditionally come down to the present day known as सा रे ग म प ध नी; confer, compare उदात्ते निषादगान्धारौ अनुदात्ते ऋषभधैवतौ । स्वरितप्रभवा ह्येते षड्जमध्यमपञ्चमाः। Pāṇini. Siksa. The Vajasaneyi Pratisakhya mentions the seven accents differently; confer, compare उदात्तादयः परे सप्त । यथा-अभिनिहितक्षैप्र-प्राशश्लिष्ट-तैरोव्यञ्जन-तैरोविराम-पादवृत्तताथाभाव्याः Uvvata on V.Pr.I.l l4.
sarasvatīkaṇṭhābharaṇacalled also सरस्वतीसूत्र, name of a voluminous grammar work ascribed to king Bhoja in the eleventh century. The grammar is based very closely on Panini's Astadhyayi, consisting of eight chapters or books. Although the affixes, the augments and the substitutes are much the same, the order of the Sutras is considerably changedition By the anxiety of the author to bring together, the necessary portions of the Ganapatha, the Unadiptha and the Paribhasas, which the author' has included in his eight chapters, the book instead of being easy to understand, has lost the element of brevity and become tedious for reading. Hence it is that it is not studied widely. For details see pp. 392, 393 Vyakarana Mahabhasya Vol. VII. D. E. Society's edition.
sasvaraliterally connected with a vowel; the term is used in connection with a consonant as connected with a vowel for purposes of syllabication, the vowel being either the previous one or the succeeding one.
sārasvataname of a grammar work which was once very popular on account of its brevity, believed to have been written in the sutra form by an ancient grammarian named Narendra who is said to have composed 700 sutras under the inspiration of Sarasvati.The exposition of these Sutras by a reputed grammarian named Anubhutisvarupacarya who possibly flourished in the thirteenth century A. D., is known by the name सारस्वतप्रक्रिया which has remained as a text book on grammar to the present day in some parts of India. This प्रक्रिया is popularly known as सारस्वतव्याकरण. The technical terms in this grammar are the current popular ones.
sārasvataṭīkāname in general given to commentary works on the Sarasvata Vyakarana out of which those written by Ramanarayana, Satyaprabodha, Ksemamkara, Jagannatha and Mahidhara are known to scholars.
sārasvataparibhāṣāa grammar work of the Sarasvata school written by Dayaratna in explanation of the technical rules giving conventions and maximanuscript.
sārasvataprakriyāthe popular name given to the gloss by Anubhutisvarupacarya on Narendra's grammar rules. See सारस्वत a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page..
sārasvataprakriyāṭīkāsee सारस्वतटीका a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page..
sārasvatabhāṣyaa critical gloss on the Sarasvata grammar by a grammarian named Kasinatha.
sārasvatavyākaraṇasee सारस्वत a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page..
sārasvatasāraa work giving a short substance of the Sarasvata Vyakarana with a commentary named Mitaksara on the same by Harideva.
sārasvatasiddhāntacandrikāa work on the Sarasvata Vyakarana by a grammarian named Ramasrama.
sārasvatakhyātadīpikāa work on the Sarasvata Vyakarana by Surasimha.
siddhāntasārasvataan independent work on grammar believed to have been written by Devanandin. सिद्धान्तिन् a term used in connection with the writer himself of a treatise when he gives a reply to the objections raised by himself or quoted from others,the term पूर्वपाक्षिन् being used for the objector. सिद्धि formation of a word: establishment of the correct view after the removal of the objection; e. g. संज्ञासिद्वि, कार्यसिाद्व, स्वरसिद्धि. सिप् (1) the personal ending ( सि ) of the second person singular (मध्यमपुरुषैकवचन ) substituted for the affix ल्; of the ten tenses and moods लट्, लिट्, लृट् and others; confer, compare P.III.4.78: (2 Vikarana affix स् added to a root before the affixes of लेट् or Vedic Subjunctive. सिम् a technical term used in the Vajasaneyi-Pratisakhya for the first eight vowels of the alphabet, viz. अ, आ, इ, ई, उ, ऊ, ऋ and ऋ: confer, compare सिमादितोष्टौ स्वराणाम् V. Pr.. I.44.
hrasvashort, a term used in connection with the short vowels taking a unit of time measured by one matra for their utterance; confer, compare ऊकालोज्ङ्ररस्वदीर्घप्लुत: P. I. 2.27.
akṛtakāridoing or accomplishing what is not done or accomplished; the expression is used in connection with grammatical operations like ह्रस्वकरण or दीर्घकरण only in cases where it is necessary i, e. where already there is no hrasva or drgha confer, compare अकृतकारि खल्वपि शास्त्रमग्निवत् । तद्यथा । अग्निर्यददग्धं तद्दहति । Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on VI. 1.127. the rules of Grammar, like fire, are applied to places where they produce a change.
akhyātaprakriyāa work dealing with verbs, written by Anubhūtisvarūpācārya on the Sārasvata Vyākaraṇa.
uṇādiaffixes headed by the affix उण्, which are similar to kṛt affixes of Pāṇini, giving derivation mostly of such words as are not derived by rules of Pāṇini. No particular sense such as agent, object et cetera, and others is mentioned in connection with these affixes, but, as Pāṇini has stated in 'ताभ्यामन्यत्रोणादयः P.III. 4.75, the various Uṇādi affixes are applied to the various roots as prescribed in any Kāraka sense, except the संप्रदान and the अपादान; in other words, any one of the senses, agent, object, instrument and abode, is assigned to the Uṇādi affix as suits the meaning of the word. Although some scholars believe that the Uṇādi affixes are given by a grammarian later than Pāṇini as there are words like ताम्बूल, दीनार and others included in the list of Uṇādi words and that there are many interpolated Sūtras, still the Uṇādi collection must be looked upon as an old one which is definitely mentioned by Pāṇini in two different rules; confer, compare Pāṇini उणादयो बहुलम् P. III.3.1 and ताभ्यामन्यत्रोणादयः III.4.76. Patañjali has given a very interesting discussion about these Uṇādi affixes and stated on the strength of the Vārttika, तत्रोणादिप्रतिषेधः, that these affixes and the words given in the Uṇādi collection should not be considered as genuinely deriveditionThe derivation is not a very systematic and logically correct one and therefore for practical purposes, the words derived by the application of the affixes उण् and others should be looked upon as underived; confer, compare उणादयोSव्युत्पन्नानि प्रातिपदिकानि. Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on. P.I.1.16, III.4.77, IV.1.1, VI.1.62, VII.1.2, VII.2.8 et cetera, and others There is a counterstatement also seen in the Mahābhāṣya उणादयो व्युत्पन्नानि, representing the other view prevailing at the time; confer, compare Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on III.I.133; but not much importance seems to be attached to it. The different systems of grammar have different collections of such words which are also known by the term Uṇādi. Out of the collections belonging to Pāṇini's system, three collections are available at present, the collection into five pādas given in the printed edition of the Siddhānta Kaumudi, the collection into ten Pādas given in the printed edition of the Prakriya-Kaumudi and the collection in the Sarasvatīkaṇthābharaṇa of Bhoja forming Pādas 1, 2 and 3 of the second Adhyāya of the work.
aindraname of an ancient school of grammar and of the treatise also, belonging to that school, believed to have been written under instructions of Indra. The work is not available. Patañjali mentions that Bṛhaspati instructed Indra for one thousand celestial years and still did not finish his instructions in words': (Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). I.1.1 ). The Taittirīya Saṁhitā mentions the same. Pāṇini has referred to some ancient grammarians of the East by the word प्राचाम् without mentioning their names, and scholars like Burnell think that the grammar assigned to Indra is to be referred to by the word प्राचाम्. The Bṛhatkathāmañjarī remarks that Pāṇini's grammar threw into the background the Aindra Grammar. Some scholars believe that Kalāpa grammar which is available today is based upon Aindra,just as Cāndra is based upon Pāṇini's grammar. References to Aindra Grammar are found in the commentary on the Sārasvata Vyākaraṇa, in the Kavikalpadruma of Bopadeva as also in the commentary upon the Mahābhārata by Devabodha.Quotations, although very few, are given by some writers from the work. All these facts prove that there was an ancient pre-Pāṇinian treatise on Grammar assigned to इन्द्र which was called Aindra-Vyākaraṇa.For details see Dr.Burnell's 'Aindra School of Sanskrit Grammarians' as also Vol. VII pages 124-126 of Vyākaraṇa Mahābhāṣya, edited by the D.E.Society, Poona.
kṛṣṇalīlāśukamuniauthor of a commentary named Puruṣakāra on Bhoja's Sarasvatīkaṇṭhābharaṇa.
kaiyaṭavivaraṇa(1)a commentary on the Mahābhāṣyapradīpa of Kaiyaṭa written by Iśvarānanda, in the 16th century; (2) a commentary on Kaiyaṭa's Kaiyaṭa's Mahābhāṣyapradīpa.by Rāmacandra-Sarasvatī, who lived in the 16th century.
gaṅgādhara[GANGADHARA SHASTRI TELANG] (l)a stalwart grammarian and Sanskrit scholar of repute who was a pupil of Bālasarasvatī of Vārāṇaśī and prepared in the last century a host of Sanskrit scholars in Banaras among whom a special mention could be made of Dr. Thebaut, Dr. Venis and Dr. Gaṅgānātha Jhā. He was given by Government of India the titles Mahāmahopādhyāya and C. I.E. His surname was Mānavallī but he was often known as गङाधरशास्त्री तेलङ्ग. For details, see Mahābhāṣya, D.E. Society Ed.Poona p.p.33, 34; (2)an old scholar of Vyākarana who is believed to have written a commentary on Vikṛtavallī of Vyādi; (3) a comparatively modern scholar who is said to have written a commentary named Induprakāśa on the Śabdenduśekhara; (4) author of the Vyākaraṇadīpaprabhā, a short commentary on the Vyākaraṇa work of Cidrūpāśramin. See चिद्रूपाश्रमिन्.
gopāla( देव )known more by the nickname of मन्नुदेव or मन्तुदेव who lived in the eighteenth century and wrote several commentary works on well-known grammatical treatises such as the Vaiyakaranabhusanasara, Laghusabdendusekhara, Paribhasendusekhara et cetera, and others He is believed to have written a treatise on Ganasutras also; (2) a grammarian different from the a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page. मन्नुदेव who has written an explanatory work on the Pratisakhyas;.(3) a scholar of grammar, different from the a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page. who is believed to have written a gloss named Visamarthadipika on the Sarasvata Vyakarana at the end of the sixteenth century.
candrakīrtia Jain grammarian of the twelfth century A.D. who has written a commentary named Subodhini on the Sarasvata Vyakaraha.
jagannātha(1)the well-known poet and scholar of Vyakarana and Alam kara who wrote many excellent poetical works. He lived in the sixteenth century. He was a pupil of कृष्णशेष and he severely criticised the views of Appaya Diksita and Bhattoji Diksita. He wrote a sort of refutation of Bhattoji's commentary Praudha-Manorama on the Siddhānta Kaumudi, which he named प्रौढमनेारमाखण्डन but which is popularly termed मनोरमाकुचमर्दन. His famous work is the Rasagangadhara on Alankrasastra; (2) writer of a commentary on the Rk-Pratisakhya by name Varnakramalaksana; (3) writer of Sarapradipika, a commentary on the Sarasvata Vyakarana.
jayantaauthor of तत्वचन्द्र a commentary on पाणिनिसूत्रवृत्ति written by Vitthala; (2) writer of a commentary named Vadighatamudgara on the Sarasvataprakriya.
jinacandraauthor of the Siddhantaratna, a commentary on the Sarasvata Sutras,
tattvabodhinīname of the well-known commentary on Bhattoji's Siddhnta Kaumudi written by his pupil Jnanendrasarasvati at Benares. Out of the several commentaries on the Siddhantakaumudi, the Tattvabodhini is looked upon as the most authoritative and at the same time very scholarly.
dayāratnaa.Jain scholar who has written a grammar treatise on the Sarasvata Grammar called सारस्वतपरिभाषा.
narendrasūrian old grammarian believed to have been the original writer of the Sarasvata Vyakarana, on the strength of references to him in the commentary on the Sarasvata Vyakarana written by क्षेमेन्द्र as also references in the commentary on the Prakriykaumudi by Vitthalesa. He is believed to have lived in the tenth century A;D.
paribhāṣāsegraha'a work containing a collection of independent works on Paribhasas in the several systems of Sanskrit Grammar, compiled by M. M. K. V. Abhyankar. The collectlon consists of the following works (i) परिभाषासूचन containing 93 Paribhasas with a commentary by Vyadi, an ancient grammarian who lived before Patanjali; ( ii ) ब्याडीयपरिभाषापाठ, a bare text of 140 Paribhaasaas belonging to the school of Vyadi (iii) शाकटायनपरिभाषासूत्र a text of 98 Paribhasa aphorisms, attributed to the ancient grammarian Saka-tayana, or belonging to that school; [iv) चान्द्रपरिभाषासूत्र a text of 86 Paribhasa aphorisms given at the end of his grammar work by Candragomin; (v) कातन्त्रपरिभाषासूत्रवृत्ति a gloss on 65 Paribhas aphorisms of the Katantra school by Durgasimha; (vi) कातन्त्रपारभाषासूत्रवृत्ति a short gloss on 62 Paribhasa aphorisms of the Katantra school by Bhavamisra; (vii) कातन्त्रपरिभाषासूत्र a text of 96 Paribhasa rules belonging to the Katantra school without any author's name associated with it; (viii) कालापपरिभाषासूत्र a text of 118 Paribhasa rules belonging to the Kalapa school without any author's name associated with it; (ix) जैनेन्द्रपरिभाषावृत्ति a gloss written by M. M. K. V. Abhyankar ( the compiler of the collection), on 108 Paribhasas or maxims noticeable in the Mahavrtti of Abhayanandin on the Jainendra Vyakarana of Pujyapada Devanandin; (x) भोजदेवकृतपरि-भाषासूत्र a text of 118 Paribhasa rules given by Bhoja in the second pada of the first adhyaaya of his grammar work named Sarasvatikanthabharana; (xi) न्यायसंग्रह a bare text of 140 paribhasas(which are called by the name nyaya) given by Hema-hamsagani in his paribhasa.work named न्यायसंग्रह; (xii) लधुपरिभाषावृत्ति a gloss on 120 Paribhasas of the Panini school written by Puruso-ttamadeva; (xiii) वृहत्परिभाषावृत्ति con-taining 130 Paribhasas with a commentary by Siradeva and a very short,gloss on the commentary by Srimanasarman ( xiv ) परिभाषावृत्ति a short gloss on 140 Paribhasas of the Panini school written by Nilakantha; (xv) परिभाषाभास्कर a collection of 132 Paribhasas with a commentary by Haribhaskara Agnihotri; (xvi) bare text of Paribhasa given and explained by Nagesabhatta in his Paribhasendusekhara. The total number of Paribhasas mentioned and treated in the whole collection exceeds five hundredition
pāṇinisūtravṛttia gloss on the grammer rules of Pāņini. Many glosses were written from time to time on the Sûtras of Pāņini, out of which the most important and the oldest one is the one named Kāśikāvŗtti, written by the joint authors Jayāditya and Vāmana in the 7th century A.D. It is believed that the Kāśikāvŗtti was based upon some old Vŗttis said to have been written by कुणि, निर्लूर, चुल्लि, श्वोभूति, वररुचि and others.Besides Kāśikā,the famous Vŗtti, and those of कुणि,निर्लूर and others which are only reported, there are other Vŗttis which are comparatively modern. Some of them have been printed, while others have remained only in manuscript form. Some of these are : the Bhāșāvŗtti by Purusottamadeva, Vyākaranasudhānidhi by Viśveśvara, Gūdhārthadīpinī by Sadāsivamiśra, Sūtravŗtti by Annambhatta, Vaiyākaraņasarvasva by Dharaņīdhara, Śabdabhūșaņa by Nārāyaņa Paņdita, Pāņinisūtravŗtti by Rāmacandrabhațța Tāre and Vyākaranadīpikā by Orambhațța. There are extracts available from a Sūtravŗtti called Bhāgavŗtti which is ascribed to Bhartŗhari, but, which is evidently written by a later writer (विमलमति according to some scholars) as there are found verses from Bhāravi and Māgha quoted in it as noticed by Sīradeva's Paribhāṣāvṛttiin his vŗtti on Pari.76. Glosses based upon Pāņini Sūtras, but having a topical arrangements are also available, the famous ones among these being the Praķriyākaumudī by Rāmacandra Śeșa and the Siddhāntakaumudī by Bhațțojī Dĩkșita. The मध्यमकौमुदी and the लघुकौमुदी can also be noted here although they are the abridgments of the Siddhānta Kaumudī. There are Vŗttis in other languages also, written in modern times, out of which those written by Bōhtlingk, Basu and Renou are well-known.
puruṣakāraname of a commentary on the Sarasvatikaņthābharaņa of Bhoja by Kŗşņalilāśukamuni.
bhaṭṭojīsurnamed Diksita; a stalwart grammarian of the Panini system who flourished in the first half of the seventeenth century and wrote many independent books and commentaries such as the Siddhantakaumudi, the Praudhamanorama, the Vaiyakaranasiddhantakarika, the Sabdakaustubha and others. The most reputed work out of these, however, is the Siddhantakaumudi which is very popular even today and which has almost set aside other works of its kind such as the Prakriyakaumudi and others. Bhattoji was a Telagu Brahmana, as generally believed, and although he belonged to the South, he made Varanasi his home where he prepared a school of learned Grammarians. Although he carried on his work silently in Varanasi, he was envied by the reputed rhetorician of his time Pandita Jagannātha, who criticised his work ( Bhattojis work ) named Manorama very severely. See प्रौढमनोरमा a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page.. The Siddhāntakaumudi has got many commentaries of which the Tattvabodhini written by Bhattoji's pupil Jnanendrasarasvati is appreciated much by learned grammarians.
bhojathe well-known king of Dhārā who was very famous for his charities and love of learning. He flourished in the eleventh century A.D. He is said to have got written or himself written several treatises on various śāstras. The work Sarasvatīkaṇṭhābharaṇa which is based on the Astādhyāyi of Pāṇini, but which has included in it the Vārttikas and Paribhāṣās also, has become in a way a Vyākaraṇa or a general work in grammar and can be styled as Bhoja-Vyākaraṇa.
mahīdharaa grammarian of the sixteenth century who, besides many small treatises on other subjects, wrote a commentary on the SarasvataPrakriya Vyakarana.
mitākṣarāname of a commentary on the Saarasvatasaara, written by Harideva.
rāmainhabitant of Mithila who wrote a commentary by name विद्वत्प्रबोधिनी on the Sarasvata Prakriya.
rāmanārāyaṇawriter of a commentary on the Sarasvataprakriya.
rāmāśramaa grammarian of the seventeenth century who wrote a commentary named Siddhantacandrika on the Sarasvata Vyakarana.
rūpamālā(1)an elementary work on Sanskrit grammar composed by Vimalasarasvatī, in which the Sūtras of Pāņini are arranged in different topics many of which are called माला, such as अजन्तमाला, हलन्तमाला, छान्दसमाला, अव्ययमाला and so on.(2) the name रूपमाला is also found given to a work giving collections of formed words written by Puņyanandana.
rūpasiddhiliterally the formation of words; the name रूपासिद्वि is given to a small literary work on the formation of words written by Dayānandasarasvatī.
vādighaṭamudgaraname of a commentary on the Sarasvata Vykarana by a grammarian Jayanta.
vidvatprabodhinīname of a commentary on the Sarasvata-prakriya by a grammarian named Rama.
śābdacandrikoddhāraname of a commentary on the Sarasvata-Vyakarana by Kamsavijaya.
śūrasiṃhaname of a grammarian who wrote a gloss named दीपिका on the Sarasvata Vyakarana.
satyapravodhaname of commentary work on the Sarasvataprakriya.
sārapradīpikāname of a commentary by Jagannatha on the Sarasvata grammar.
siddhāntakaumudīvādārthaan explanatory work, discussing the difficult sentences and passages of the Siddhantakaumudi, written by a grammarian named Ramakrisna. सिद्धान्तरत्न a gloss on the Sarasvatisutra written by a grammarian natmed Jinacandra. सिद्धान्तरत्नाङ्कुर name of a commentary on the Katantraparisista by Sivaramacakravartin.
subodhinīname given to (1) a commentary on the Siddhantakaumudi by Kshamaunin or Jayakrshamaunin; (2) a commentary on the Sarasvata Vyakarana by Amritabharati : (3) a commentary on the Sarasvata Vyakarana by Candrakirti.
hṛdayahāriṇīname of a commentary written by a grammrian named दण्डनाथ on the Sarasvatikanthabharana of Bhojarja.
     Vedabase Search  
237 results
     
asva horsesSB 10.86.12
asva-para-dṛṣṭīnām who do not distinguish between what is their own and what is another'sSB 10.24.4
asva-para-dṛṣṭīnām who do not distinguish between what is their own and what is another'sSB 10.24.4
asva-para-dṛṣṭīnām who do not distinguish between what is their own and what is another'sSB 10.24.4
asva-rūpam not the form of the LordSB 2.6.43-45
asva-rūpam not the form of the LordSB 2.6.43-45
asva-tantrāḥ dependentSB 5.18.19
asva-tantrāḥ dependentSB 5.18.19
asvargyam not leading to heavenSB 10.29.26
asvargyam which does not lead to higher planetsBG 2.2
asvarūpa-vidaḥ not knowing My actual situationSB 11.12.13
asvarūpa-vidaḥ not knowing My actual situationSB 11.12.13
asvastaye for defeatSB 3.18.12
asvastham not in tranquillitySB 8.16.10
asvatantrā was dependentSB 1.6.7
asvatantraḥ am not independentSB 9.4.63
asvatantrāḥ fully dependent on māyāSB 8.12.43
asvatantraiḥ not independentSB 6.15.6
asvatantrasya who is not independent (that is, who is under the control of his senses)SB 10.20.10
asvatantratvam there is no freedom from dependence on the modes of natureSB 11.10.33
adhitiṣṭhasva just remainSB 4.25.37
āharasva executeSB 10.72.9
ānayasva please bringSB 10.45.45
āpyāyayasva please restore to lifeSB 10.31.8
sarasvatīra artha the meaning of mother SarasvatīCC Antya 5.147
ati-hrasva very shortSB 4.14.44
bhajasva be engaged in loving serviceBG 9.33
bhajasva worshipSB 3.32.22
bhajasva go on executing devotional serviceSB 4.8.22
bhajasva engage in devotional serviceSB 4.12.6
bhajasva acceptSB 4.27.26
bhajasva enjoySB 5.1.19
bhajasva please reciprocate withSB 10.29.31
bhajasva please acceptSB 10.60.17
bharasva just maintainSB 9.20.21
brahmasva a brāhmaṇa's propertyCC Antya 9.89
śukraḥ citrasvanaḥ Śukra and CitrasvanaSB 12.11.36
darśayasva please show itSB 10.57.38-39
dhyāyasva meditateSB 8.24.43
dhyāyasva just meditateMM 10
mukunda-sarasvatī dila Mukunda Sarasvatī gaveCC Antya 13.53
hrasva-dīrgha in short and long formsSB 12.6.43
gacchasva please goSB 10.48.32
ghaṭasva take stepsSB 3.18.12
ghaṭasva trySB 3.19.10
ghaṭasva just try to exist on this battlefieldSB 8.11.6
gopāyasva just raise this childSB 10.8.19
govinda-sarvasva the be-all and end-all of Lord GovindaCC Adi 4.82
ati-hrasva very shortSB 4.14.44
hrasva shortSB 4.14.44
hrasva shortSB 4.14.44
hrasva shortSB 5.21.3
hrasva-kāyāḥ having dwarfed bodiesSB 12.3.34
hrasva-dīrgha in short and long formsSB 12.6.43
tri-hrasva three smallCC Adi 14.15
hrasvaromā HrasvaromāSB 9.13.17
hrasvati diminishesSB 12.3.22
hṛta-sarvasvam now bereft of everythingSB 8.22.21
īkṣasva you should seeSB 11.7.9
kārtasvara goldSB 1.17.4
kārtasvara-pariṣkṛtam bedecked with golden filigreeSB 4.9.39-40
kārtasvara of goldSB 6.10.19-22
kathayasva please continue speakingSB 2.8.3
kathayasva please tellSB 10.42.2
hrasva-kāyāḥ having dwarfed bodiesSB 12.3.34
kīrtayasva kindly describeSB 9.1.4
kīrtayasva please glorifyMM 34
kṣamasva forgiveSB 9.24.33
kṣamasva please excuseSB 10.14.10
labhasva gainBG 11.33
mā viramasva please never ceaseMM 9
mahasvat of a special degreeSB 2.6.43-45
rakṣasva mām protect meMM 43
sarasvatīra mana the explanation of mother SarasvatīCC Antya 5.144
vaivasvataḥ manuḥ Vaivasvata ManuSB 8.24.58
manuḥ vaivasvataḥ Vaivasvata Manu, known as ŚrāddhadevaSB 9.2.1
mukunda sarasva Mukunda SarasvatīCC Antya 13.50
mukunda-sarasvatī dila Mukunda Sarasvatī gaveCC Antya 13.53
sasvajāte na they did not embraceSB 10.44.51
nabhasvat the airSB 8.5.44
nabhasva by the windSB 3.19.26
nabhasva by windSB 10.89.52
nabhasva windsSB 11.20.17
nabhasva and the windSB 12.9.16
nabhasvataḥ of airSB 3.26.36
nabhasvataḥ because of windSB 4.10.22
nabhasvati air respirationSB 2.10.20
nabhasvatyām unto his wife NabhasvatīSB 4.24.5
vaivasvata-nāma named VaivasvataCC Adi 3.9
ojaḥ-sahasvat specific mental and sensual dexteritySB 2.6.43-45
pariṣasvaje embraced HerSB 8.12.28
pariṣasvaje embraced with pleasureSB 9.3.23
pariṣasvaje embracedSB 10.71.38
pariṣasvaje she embracedSB 10.81.26
pariṣasvajuḥ embracedSB 4.4.7
kārtasvara-pariṣkṛtam bedecked with golden filigreeSB 4.9.39-40
patasva you should fallSB 12.6.21
payasā udhasvatīḥ due to swollen milk bagsSB 1.10.4
prācī-sarasvatyām in the River Sarasvatī, which flows to the eastSB 6.8.40
rakṣasva please give protectionSB 9.14.21
rakṣasva mām protect meMM 43
ramasva please take pleasureSB 10.48.9
rathasvanaḥ RathasvanaSB 12.11.35
rodhasva RodhasvatīSB 5.19.17-18
ojaḥ-sahasvat specific mental and sensual dexteritySB 2.6.43-45
saṃramasva just become my companionSB 9.14.19
śańkarānanda-sarasva one of the devotees of Śrī Caitanya MahāprabhuCC Antya 6.288
sarasvat of the River SarasvatīSB 4.14.36
sārasvata SārasvataSB 2.7.43-45
sarasva with a lakeSB 10.15.3
sārasvatāḥ living along the Sarasvatī RiverSB 10.89.19
sārasvatān part of PunjabSB 1.10.34-35
sarasva the goddess of learningSB 2.4.22
sarasva the river of the name SarasvatīSB 4.16.24
sarasva the river named SarasvatīSB 4.19.1
sarasva SarasvatīSB 5.19.17-18
sarasva SarasvatīSB 5.20.10
sarasva the goddess of educationSB 8.8.16
sarasva the goddess SarasvatīSB 8.18.16
sarasva knowledgeSB 10.2.19
sarasvatī-tīre on the bank of the SarasvatīSB 10.34.4
sarasva the river SarasvatīSB 11.30.6
sarasva the wife of Lord NṛsiṃhadevaCC Adi 13.105
sarasva the goddess of learningCC Adi 16.38
sarasva mother SarasvatīCC Adi 16.89
sarasva mother SarasvatīCC Adi 16.90
sarasva mother SarasvatīCC Adi 16.94
sarasva mother SarasvatīCC Adi 16.97
sarasva of mother SarasvatīCC Adi 16.105
sarasva mother SarasvatīCC Adi 16.106
sarasva the goddess of learningCC Madhya 18.97
sarasva the goddess of learningCC Antya 5.135
sarasva the goddess of learningCC Antya 5.136
sarasva mother Sarasvatī, the goddess of learningCC Antya 5.139
sarasva the goddess of learningCC Antya 5.146
śańkarānanda-sarasva one of the devotees of Śrī Caitanya MahāprabhuCC Antya 6.288
mukunda sarasva Mukunda SarasvatīCC Antya 13.50
mukunda-sarasvatī dila Mukunda Sarasvatī gaveCC Antya 13.53
sarasva the goddess of learningBs 5.24
sarasvatīm the mistress of learningSB 1.2.4
sarasvatīm River SarasvatīSB 1.16.36
sarasvatīm the River SarasvatīSB 3.1.21
sarasvatīm the River SarasvatīSB 3.4.3
sarasvatīm speechSB 3.16.13
sarasvatīm the River SarasvatīSB 8.4.17-24
sarasvatīm on the bank of the SarasvatīSB 9.4.22
sarasvatīm the river SarasvatīSB 10.71.22
sarasvatīm to the river SarasvatīSB 10.78.18
sarasvatīm the Sarasvatī RiverSB 10.78.19-20
sarasvatīra mana the explanation of mother SarasvatīCC Antya 5.144
sarasvatīra artha the meaning of mother SarasvatīCC Antya 5.147
sarasvatīra of SarasvatīCC Antya 5.154
sarasvatyā by the River SarasvatīSB 3.21.33
sarasvatyā by the River SarasvatīSB 3.21.38-39
sarasvatyā by the River SarasvatīSB 3.24.9
sarasvatyāḥ on the bank of the SarasvatīSB 1.4.15
sarasvatyāḥ of the River SarasvatīSB 1.4.27
sarasvatyāḥ of the River SarasvatīSB 2.9.45
sarasvatyāḥ of the River SarasvatīSB 3.22.26-27
sarasvatyāḥ of the River SarasvatīSB 3.23.25
sarasvatyāḥ of the SarasvatīSB 3.33.13
sarasvatyāḥ of the river SarasvatīSB 10.89.1
sarasvatyām SarasvatīSB 1.7.2
sarasvatyām on the bank of the SarasvatīSB 3.4.6
sarasvatyām on the bank of the River SarasvatīSB 3.21.6
prācī-sarasvatyām in the River Sarasvatī, which flows to the eastSB 6.8.40
sarasvatyām in the womb of SarasvatīSB 8.13.17
sarasvatyām on the bank of the SarasvatīSB 9.14.33
sarasvatyām on the bank of the great river SarasvatīSB 9.16.23
sarasvatyām in the river SarasvatīSB 10.34.2
govinda-sarvasva the be-all and end-all of Lord GovindaCC Adi 4.82
sarvasva all possessionsCC Antya 9.111
sarvasvam everythingSB 8.19.33
sarvasvam everythingSB 8.21.11
hṛta-sarvasvam now bereft of everythingSB 8.22.21
sarvasvam everything he possessedSB 8.22.22
sasvajāte na they did not embraceSB 10.44.51
sasvajāte embracedCC Madhya 19.197
sasvaje embracedSB 10.5.21
sasvaje he embraced HimSB 10.71.25
śukraḥ citrasvanaḥ Śukra and CitrasvanaSB 12.11.36
yamasvasuḥ tām River YamunāSB 3.4.27
sarasvatī-tīre on the bank of the SarasvatīSB 10.34.4
titikṣasva just try to tolerateBG 2.14
tri-hrasva three smallCC Adi 14.15
payasā udhasvatīḥ due to swollen milk bagsSB 1.10.4
upatiṣṭhasva just try to worshipSB 8.16.20
ūrjasva ŪrjasvatīSB 6.6.12
ūrjasvatīm ŪrjasvatīSB 5.1.24
ūrjasvatīm ŪrjasvatīSB 5.1.34
vadasva please describeSB 3.7.23
vadasva kindly describeSB 3.10.2
vadasva kindly describeSB 8.1.1
vadasva kindly describeSB 8.5.11-12
vadasva kindly describeSB 8.14.1
vadasva kindly describeSB 10.1.4
vadasva please tellSB 11.1.9
vadasva please speakSB 11.16.3
vaivasvata of YamarājaSB 6.1.32
vaivasvata-nāma named VaivasvataCC Adi 3.9
vaivasvataḥ the son of the sun-godSB 5.26.6
vaivasvataḥ manuḥ Vaivasvata ManuSB 8.24.58
manuḥ vaivasvataḥ Vaivasvata Manu, known as ŚrāddhadevaSB 9.2.1
vaivasvatam VaivasvataSB 1.3.15
vaivasvatasya of VaivasvataSB 8.13.2-3
vaivasvate in the Vaivasvata-manvantaraCC Madhya 20.326
vandasva please offer obeisancesMM 34
vartasva remain situatedSB 10.49.19
vasvanantaḥ VasvanantaSB 9.13.25
vibhajasva just divideSB 8.9.7
vicarasva wanderSB 10.51.61
vicarasva wanderSB 11.7.6
viharasva enjoy with themSB 10.11.19
mā viramasva please never ceaseMM 9
viśasva please enterSB 11.6.26-27
vivardhasva increaseSB 6.9.11
vivasvataḥ of the sun-godBG 4.4
vivasvataḥ of the sun-godSB 6.6.40
vivasvataḥ of the sun-godSB 8.13.1
vivasvataḥ of VivasvānSB 8.13.8
vivasvataḥ of the sun-godSB 8.24.11
vivasvataḥ of VivasvānSB 9.1.2-3
vivasvate unto the sun-godBG 4.1
yajasva worshipSB 7.10.12
yajasva you should worshipSB 7.14.18
yajasva offer sacrificeSB 9.7.10
yajasva now sacrificeSB 9.7.11
yajasva now sacrificeSB 9.7.12
yajasva now sacrifice himSB 9.7.13
yajasva now you offer the sacrificeSB 9.7.14
yamasvasuḥ tām River YamunāSB 3.4.27
yudhyasva fightBG 2.18
yudhyasva fightBG 3.30
yudhyasva just fightBG 11.34
yudhyasva fightSB 10.50.18
yujyasva engage (fight)BG 2.38
yujyasva be so engagedBG 2.50
     DCS with thanks   
118 results
     
asva adjective having no property (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 13365/72933
asvabhāva adjective
Frequency rank 46066/72933
asvabhāva noun (masculine) unnatural or unusual character or temperament (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 26868/72933
asvabhāvaka adjective
Frequency rank 46067/72933
asvadharma noun (masculine) neglect of one's duty (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 46062/72933
asvahārya noun (masculine) name of a Ṛṣi
Frequency rank 46073/72933
asvajāti adjective of a different caste (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 46061/72933
asvamaya adjective
Frequency rank 46068/72933
asvanta adjective ending ill (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
having an unfavourable issue (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 46063/72933
asvapana noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 46064/72933
asvapant adjective not sleeping (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 32930/72933
asvapna noun (masculine) a god
Frequency rank 16529/72933
asvapna adjective not sleeping
Frequency rank 46065/72933
asvara adjective having a bad or croaking voice (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
having no accent (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
having no vowel (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
indistinct (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
not loud (as the voice) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 18959/72933
asvargya adjective not leading to heaven (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 11936/72933
asvartha adjective (words etc.) not elegant
Frequency rank 46070/72933
asvarya adjective bad for the voice
Frequency rank 46072/72933
asvarūpa adjective essentially different (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
shapeless (opposed to rūpavat) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 46071/72933
asvastha adjective feeling uneasy (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
not being firm in itself (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
sick (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 7387/72933
asvasti noun (feminine neuter)
Frequency rank 26870/72933
asvatantra adjective dependant (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
not self-willed (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
subject (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 6977/72933
asvavaśa adjective dependent not free not independent
Frequency rank 32931/72933
asvayaṃkṛta adjective not done by a person himself
Frequency rank 26869/72933
asvayaṃmaya adjective
Frequency rank 46069/72933
atihrasvaka adjective
Frequency rank 42283/72933
anatihrasva adjective
Frequency rank 42608/72933
annasvarūpavijñāna noun (masculine) name of Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā, ???
Frequency rank 43502/72933
apasvara adjective
Frequency rank 26453/72933
abhiprasvap verb (class 2 ātmanepada)
Frequency rank 44237/72933
ardhasvana noun (masculine) name of a Ṛṣi
Frequency rank 44968/72933
avasvap verb (class 2 ātmanepada) to fall asleep to sleep
Frequency rank 26722/72933
ahrasva adjective not short
Frequency rank 46140/72933
ṛkṣaśṛṅgasvargagamanavarṇana noun (neuter) name of Skandapurāṇa, Revākhaṇḍa, 53
Frequency rank 47879/72933
kārtasvara noun (neuter) gold (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the thorn-apple (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 12892/72933
kārttasvara noun (masculine) name of a hero
Frequency rank 34006/72933
kohanasva noun (neuter) name of a Tīrtha at the Narmadā
Frequency rank 34305/72933
kṣārasvarjin noun (masculine) svarjikṣāra natron
Frequency rank 50546/72933
khasvara noun (masculine)
Frequency rank 27764/72933
khasvaratā noun (feminine)
Frequency rank 34501/72933
gīrvāṇasvargamanavarṇana noun (neuter) name of SkPur, Revākhaṇḍa, 47
Frequency rank 51334/72933
ghanasvana noun (masculine) Amaranthus polygonoides (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 51803/72933
ghargharasva noun (feminine) a cricket
Frequency rank 51810/72933
citrasvana noun (masculine) name of a Rākṣasa (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 52342/72933
tejasvant adjective beautiful (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
bright (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
energetic (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
glorious (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
sharp-edged (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
spirited (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
splendid (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 24135/72933
nabhasvant noun (masculine) name of a son of Naraka Bhauma (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
wind (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 9856/72933
nīlasarasva noun (feminine) name of a goddess (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 56678/72933
payasvala noun (masculine) a goat (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 57117/72933
prasvap verb (class 2 ātmanepada) to fall asleep (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
to go to sleep (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
to sleep (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 3116/72933
prasvapana noun (neuter) sleeping
Frequency rank 29270/72933
bhāṅgasvari noun (masculine) name of a king; Ṛtuparṇa
Frequency rank 18264/72933
bhuvanakośasvabhāvavarṇana noun (neuter) name of Liṅgapurāṇa, 1.52
Frequency rank 60820/72933
manasva noun (feminine) name of a woman (?)
Frequency rank 61421/72933
mahasvant adjective giving pleasure (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
gladdening (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
glorious (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
great (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
mighty (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a king (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
splendid (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 61646/72933
yamasvasṛ noun (feminine) name of Durgā (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of the river Yamunā or Jumnā (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 38511/72933
yaśasvant adjective dear (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
excellent (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
famous (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
glorious (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
honourable (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
magnificent (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
pleasant (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
splendid (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 62969/72933
rajasva noun (feminine) a menstruating or marriageable woman (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 5459/72933
rajasvala noun (masculine) a buffalo (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
uṣṭra or gardabha (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
mercury
Frequency rank 63292/72933
rajasvala adjective covered with dust (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
dusty (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
full of passion (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
full of the quality rajas (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
having water (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
menstruating
Frequency rank 12187/72933
rathasvana noun (masculine) a particular personification (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a Yakṣa (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 25177/72933
rājasvarṇa noun (masculine) a kind of thorn apple (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 63589/72933
ūrjasvant adjective juicy (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
powerful (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
sappy (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
strong (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
vigorous (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 63912/72933
ūrjasvala adjective mighty (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
powerful (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
strong (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 63913/72933
varṇasvarīya noun (masculine) name of Carakasaṃhitā, Indr. 1
Frequency rank 64736/72933
vasvaukasārā noun (feminine) name of a river (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of the city of Indra (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of the residence of Kubera (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 64923/72933
vāmasvabhāva adjective of noble character or disposition (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 65143/72933
vikasva noun (feminine) a Punar-navā with red flowers
Frequency rank 65354/72933
vikasvara adjective blown (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
candid (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
clear (as sound) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
expanded (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
opened (as eyes) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 20036/72933
viparītāviparītasvapnanidarśanīya noun (masculine) name of Suśrutasaṃhitā, Sū. 29
Frequency rank 65800/72933
vivasvant adjective diffusing light (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
matutinal (applied to Ushas Agni etc) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
shining forth (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 39494/72933
vivasvant noun (masculine) a god (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of Aruṇa (charioteer of the Sun) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a Daitya (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of the author of a Dharmaśāstra (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of the seventh or present Manu (more properly called Vaivasvata) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of the sun (sometimes regarded as one of the eight Ādityas or sons of Aditi) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the Soma priest (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 3550/72933
vetasvant adjective abounding in reeds (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a place (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 39677/72933
vaivasvata adjective coming from or belonging to the sun (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
relating or belonging to Yama Vaivasvata (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
relating to Manu Vaivasvata (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 14470/72933
vaivasva noun (feminine) a daughter of Sūrya (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a mythical town on mount Meru name of Yamunā (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
patr. of Yamī (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the south (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 39735/72933
vaivasvata noun (masculine) name of a Maṅu (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of one of the Rudras (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of the planet Saturn (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
patr. of Yama (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 3172/72933
vaivasvata noun (neuter) name of the 7th or present Manvantara (as presided over by Manu Vaivasvata) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 9479/72933
vyādhasvargagamanavarṇana noun (neuter) name of SkPur, Revākhaṇḍa 57
Frequency rank 66912/72933
śamanasvasṛ noun (feminine) the Yamunā
Frequency rank 67223/72933
saptasārasvata noun (neuter) name of a Tirtha (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 22495/72933
sarasvant noun (masculine) a buffalo (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a river (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a divinity belonging to the upper region (considered as offspring of the water and plants) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a male deity corresponding to Sarasvatī (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a river (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the sea (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 40521/72933
sarasva noun (feminine) a celestial or oracular voice (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a cow (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a region abounding in pools and lakes (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
an excellent woman (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
Cardiospermum Halicacabum (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
Egle Marmelos (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
eloquence (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
learning wisdom (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a poetess (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a river (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a twoyear-old girl representing Durgā at her festival (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a well-known small river (held very sacred by the Hindūs) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of the goddess of eloquence and learning (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of various other women (esp. of the wives of Dadhica) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of various rivers (esp. of rivers which in sacredness are equal to Sarasvatī) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
Ruta Graveolens (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
speech or the power of speech (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 1686/72933
sarvasva noun (neuter) entirety (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the whole (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the whole of a person's property or possessions (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
whole sum of (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 9725/72933
sasvana noun (masculine) a conch
Frequency rank 69635/72933
sahasvant noun (masculine) name of a king; son of Ahīnagu (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 69704/72933
saṃprasvap verb (class 2 parasmaipada) to fall asleep to sleep
Frequency rank 30915/72933
sārasvata adjective belonging to the Sarasvata country (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
eloquent (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
learned (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
relating or belonging to Sarasvat or to Sarasvatī (the river or the goddess derived or coming from them. etc) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
relating to the ṣi Sārasvata (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 9086/72933
sārasvata noun (masculine) a Bilva stick (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a particular ceremonial in the worship of Sarasvatī (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a staff of the Bilva tree (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a particular tribe of Brāhmans (so called as coming from the above country or as supposed to be descended from the above ṣi) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a people dwelling on the Sarasvatī river (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a Vyāsa (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a Ṛṣi [fabled to have sprung from the personified Sarasvatī river] (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the twelfth Kalpa or day of Brahmā (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 11476/72933
sārasvata noun (neuter) a particular Sattra (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
eloquence (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a Tīrtha at the Narmadā [medic.] name of a medical preparation from ghee
Frequency rank 16267/72933
sārasva noun (feminine) name of a grammar by Anubhūtisvarūpācārya (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a plant
Frequency rank 70391/72933
sārasvatya adjective
Frequency rank 70392/72933
sitasvarṇa noun (neuter) a kind of bad gold (?)
Frequency rank 20308/72933
svasvabhāva noun (masculine) one's natural disposinon (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 72217/72933
svasvarūpa noun (neuter) name of a work (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 22738/72933
svasvarūpatā noun (feminine) State of svasvarūpa
Frequency rank 72218/72933
hatasvara adjective hoarse (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
one who has lost his voice (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 41359/72933
hrasva noun (neuter) a kind of vegetable (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a particular short measure (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
green or black sulphate of iron (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
puṣpakāsīsa
Frequency rank 20409/72933
hrasva adjective dwarfish (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
insignificant (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
less by (abl.) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
little (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
low (as an entrance) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
prosodically or metrically short (as opp. to dīrgha) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
short (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
small (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
unimportant (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
weak (as a voice) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 2551/72933
hrasva noun (masculine) a dwarf (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a short vowel (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of Yama (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of Śiva
Frequency rank 41499/72933
hrasvaka adjective very short or small (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 20410/72933
hrasvakarṇa noun (masculine) name of a Rākṣasa (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 72760/72933
hrasvakumbha noun (masculine) white Kuśa-grass
Frequency rank 72761/72933
hrasvagavedhukā noun (feminine) Uraria Lagopodioides (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 72762/72933
hrasvagrīva noun (masculine) [rel.] name of Śiva
Frequency rank 72763/72933
hrasva noun (feminine) shortness (of stature) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 31317/72933
hrasvataṇḍula noun (masculine) a kind of rice (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 72764/72933
hrasvatara adjective shorter smaller
Frequency rank 72765/72933
hrasvapattrikā noun (feminine) the small Pippala tree (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 72766/72933
hrasvaparṇa noun (masculine) Ficus Infectoria (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 72767/72933
hrasvapuṣpaphala noun (masculine) a kind of plant
Frequency rank 72768/72933
hrasvaplakṣa noun (masculine) a species of small Plakṣa tree (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 72769/72933
hrasvaphalā noun (feminine)
Frequency rank 72770/72933
hrasvaphala noun (masculine) a kind of cocoa-nut tree the date tree (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 72771/72933
hrasvabadarī noun (feminine) a kind of plant
Frequency rank 72772/72933
hrasvamūla noun (masculine) the red sugar-cane (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 72773/72933
hrasvamūlaka noun (masculine) the red sugar-cane (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 72774/72933
hrasvaroman noun (masculine) name of a king of Videha (son of Svarṇaroman) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 31318/72933
hrasvaśākhāśipha noun (masculine) a small tree (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
shrub (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 72775/72933
hrasvaśigruka noun (masculine) a species of Moringa (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 72776/72933
hrasvairaṇḍa noun (masculine) red Ricinus (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 72778/72933
Ayurvedic Medical
Dictionary
     Dr. Potturu with thanks
     
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harigandha

Go to asvagandha.

pañcavalkala

Plant nyagrodha (Ficus indica), udumbara (F. hispida), asvatha (F. religiosa), plakṣa (F. lacor), pārīśa (Thespesia populnea).

udīcya

1. northern region, country to the north and west of river sarasvati, 2. kind of perfume; 2. uśīra.

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