m. the children of six degrading marriages (of a Brahman with the women of the three lower classes, of a kṣatriya- with women of the two lower, and of a vaiśya- with one of the śūdra-,but see and apadhvaṃsa-ja-), an outcast (often in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound';Seebrāhmaṇāpasada-).
n. religious austerity, bodily mortification, penance, severe meditation, special observance (exempli gratia, 'for example'"sacred learning"with Brahmans,"protection of subjects"with kṣatriya-s,"giving alms to Brahmans"with vaiśya-s,"service"with śūdra-s, and"feeding upon herbs and roots"with ṛṣi-s )
अपस् n. [आप् असुन् ह्रस्वश्च; आपः कर्माख्यायां ह्रस्वो नुट् च वा स्यात् Uṇ.4.27. अप्नः, अपः] 1 Work, action; अपसा सन्तु नेमे Rv.1.54.8. -2 Sacred act or rite, sacrificial work. -3 Water. -a. (अपाः) 1 Active, engaged in any act (कर्मयुक्त). -2 Got or obtained. According to B. and R. अपसः f. pl. stands in the Veda for (1) the hands and fingers busy in kindling the sacred fire and performing the sacrificial rites; (2) the three goddesses of sacred speech or the three divinities, fire, wind and sun; and (3) the active or running waters. [cf. L. opus.]
अपसदः [अपकृष्टो नीच इव सीदति, सद-अच्] 1 An outcast, a low man; usually at the end of comp. in the sense of 'vile', 'wretched', 'accursed'; कापालिक˚ Māl.5; रे रे क्षत्रियापसदाः Ve.3; नर˚, ब्राह्मण˚ &c. -2 N. for the children of six degrading connections, i. e. of men of the first three castes with women of the castes inferior to their own; विप्रस्य त्रिषु वर्णेषु नृपतेर्वर्णयोर्द्वयोः । वैश्यस्य वर्णे चैकस्मिन् षडेते$पसदाः स्मृताः ॥ Ms.1.1. See अपध्वंसः. -3 प्रतिलोमजः contrary to अनुलोमजः (परवर्णासु अनुलोमजाः ष़ड- पध्वंसजाः विलोमजा अपसदाः षडिति ज्ञेयम्) cf. Mb.13.49.6-8.
अपसलवि ind. [अप-सल् बा˚ अविं] 1 To the left (opp. प्रसलवि; ˚वि सृष्टया रज्ज्वा Kāty. (अप्रादक्षिण्येन). -2 (The space) Between the thumb and the forefinger, supposed to be sacred to the Manes, as water &c. in ceremonies like तर्पण is offered to them being poured down through that space; प्रदेशिन्यङ्गुष्ठयोरन्तरा अपसलवि अपसव्यं वा तेन पितृभ्यो निदधाति Śabdak.
अपसव्य सव्यक a. 1 Not on the left, right; मण्डलान्य- पसव्यानि खगाश्चक्रू रथं प्रति Rām.6.57.34 अपसव्येन हस्तेन Ms. 3.214. -2 Contrary, opposite यद्येतदपसव्यं ते वचो मम भविष्यति Mb.5.138.27. -व्यम् ind. To the right, making the sacred thread hang down towards the left part of the body over the right shoulder (opp. सव्यम् when it hangs over the left); a position of the thread in Śrāddha or other religious ceremonies at particular times of those ceremonies (the three positions being सव्य, निवीत & अपसव्य); प्राचीनावीतिना सम्यगपसव्यमतन्द्रिणा । पित्र्यमानिधनात्कार्यं विधिवद्दर्भपाणिना ॥ Ms.3.279; ˚व्यं कृ to go round one so as to keep the right side towards him; to make the sacred thread hang over the right shoulder.
अपस्मरणम् Reminding (?); सकृद्वचनेन ज्ञातस्य पुनर्वचनेन प्रयोजनमस्तीति । उच्यते । भवति अपस्मरणमपि प्रयोजनमित्युक्तम् । ŚB. on MS.5.1 1. (If the word is अप्रस्मरण it would mean 'absence of forgetting' प्र + स्मृ is used by Śabara in the sense 'to forget'. It is, therefore, likely that the reading here is अप्रस्मरण instead of अपस्मरण which does not appear in शबर's भाष्य elsewhere.)
अपसृ 1 P. 1 To walk off, go or get away, depart; अपसर इतः begone, avaunt hence, get you gone; अपसरा- ग्रतः Pt.1. -2 To withdraw, retire, retreat, turn back; यदपसरति मेषः कारणं तत्प्रहर्तुम् Pt.3.43. -3 To vanish, disappear; यस्यानुष्ठानेन मे सन्ततिविनाशदुःखमपसरति Pt.1. -4 To escape, elude the sight. -Caus. To make (a thing or person) go away or retire, take or put away, remove, drive away or off, throw aside; अपसारय घनसारम् K. P.9; अपसार्यतां वेत्रलता Pt. 1 put aside, take away; Ms.7.149.
अपसृप् 1 P. 1 To glide or move gently along, glide away or off. -2 To withdraw, retire, go away; अपसर्पन्तु ते भूता ये भूता भूमिसंस्थिताः Sandhyā; त्वरितमनन तरुगहनेनापसर्पत
U.4; उत्प्रेक्षितविकारः अपसर्पेत Mv.4 retire, go into voluntary exile. -3 To observe closely (as a spy); शुद्धान्तचारी दुर्मुखः स मया पौरजानपदानपसर्पितुं प्रयुक्तः U.1. -Caus. To drive away or off.
अपस्य a. [अपसि कर्मणि साधुः यत्] Ved. Active, fit for an act, skilful in doing any thing (साधुकर्मकारिन्); सिध्मा यद् वनधितिरपस्यात् Rv.1.121.7; Yv.1.7; flowing, watery. -स्या 1 Activity यादृशिमन् धायि तमपस्यया विदद् Rv.5.44.8. -2 Water. -3 A sort of brick used in preparing the sacrificial altar.
तपस् n. [तप्-असुन्] 1 Warmth, heat, fire, light; एकः सूर्यस्तपसो योनिरेका Mb.12.351.1. -2 Pain, suffering; न तपः कुतश्चन Rv.7.82.7. -3 Penance, religious austerity, mortification; तपः किलेदं तदवाप्तिसाधनम् Ku.5.64. -4 Meditation connected with the practice of personal self-denial or bodily mortification; गीरा वा$$शंसामि तपसा ह्यनन्तौ Mb.1.3.57.; Bhāg.12.11.24. -5 Moral virtue, merit. -6 Special duty or observance (of any particular caste); यत्सप्तान्नानि मेधया तपसाजनयत्पिता Bṛi. Up. 1.5.1. -7 One of the seven worlds; i. e. the region above the world called जनस्. -8 The month of religious austerities. -9 A long period of time, Kalpa. -1 (In astrol.) The ninth lunar mansion. -11 Chastisement (दण्ड); आयुः शक्तिं च कालं च निर्दिश्य तप आदिशेत् Mb. 12.267.35. -m. 1 The month of Māgha; तपसि मन्द- गभस्तिरभीषुमान् Śi.6.63. -2 An epithet of Agni. -m., -n. 1 The cold season (शिशिर). -2 The winter (हेमन्त). -3 The hot season (ग्रीष्म). -Comp. -अनुभावः the influence of religious penance. -अर्थीय a. destined for austerities; तपोर्थीयं ब्राह्मणी धत्त गर्भम् Mb.11.26.5. -अवटः the Brahmāvarta country. -कर a. undergoing penance; also तपस्कर> -करः the mango-fish (Polynemus Risua). -कृश a. emaciated by austerities. -क्लेशः the pain of religious austerity. -गच्छः (also तपागच्छः) the 6th गच्छ of the Śvetāmbara Jainas. -चरणम्, -चर्या the practice of penance. -तक्षः, -तङ्कः an epithet of Indra. -धन a. 1 rich in religious penance. -2 pious, ascetic. -3 consisting in penance, (-नः) 'rich in penance', an ascetic, devotee; रम्यास्तपोधनानां क्रियाः Ś.1.13; शमप्रधानेषु तपोधनेषु 2.7;4.1; Śi.1.23; R.14.19; Ms.11.242. -निधिः an eminently pious
man, an ascetic; R.1.56. -निष्ठ a. performing penance; Ms.3.134; Y.1.221. -पतिः N. of Viṣṇu; Bhāg.4.24.14. -प्रभावः, -बलम् the power acquired by religious austerities; efficacy or potency of devotion. -भृत् a. ascetic, pious. -मूर्तिः 1 an ascetic. -2 the Supreme spirit. -मूल a. founded on religious austerity; तपोमूलमिदं सर्वं दैवमानुषकं सुखम् Ms.11.234. -यज्ञः sacrificing by austerites; Bg.4.28. -राजः the moon. -राशिः 1 an ascetic. -2 N. of Viṣṇu (पुरुषोत्तम). -लोकः the region above the world called जनस्; Bhāg.2.5.4. -वनम् a penance-grove, a sacred grove in which ascetics practise penance; कृतं त्वयोपवनं तपोवनमिति प्रेक्षे Ś1; R.1.9;2.18. -वासः a place of penance or religious austerities. -विशेषः excellence of devotion, pre-eminent religious austerities. -वृद्ध a. very ascetic or devout. -शील a. inclined to practise penance. -समाधिः the practice of penance or religious austerities; तपःसमाधेः प्रतिकूलवर्ती Ku.3.24;5.6,18. -सुतः N. of Yudhiṣṭhira; Mb.3.313.19. -स्थली 1 a seat of religious austerity. -2 N. of Benares.
m. outcast; worst among (--°ree;): pl. children of mixed marriages (in which the father is lower); -sarana, n. going away, retreat; -sarpa, m. spy; -savya, a. not left, right: -m kri, turn the right side towards (ac., lc.); hang the sacred thread on the right shoulder: -vat, a. in which the sa cred cord is on the right shoulder; -sâra, m. exit, outlet, egress: -na, n. removing, dismiss ing, banishing; -sâri-tâ, f. issue, end; -sârin, a. decreasing, diminishing.
n. heat; fire (of which there are five, the four directed towards the cardinal points and the sun); torment; penance, self castigation, mortification, religious austerity, devotion; N. of a month(Jan.--Feb.); N. of one of the seven worlds (situated above Ganas).
The word occurs only in one passage of the Atharvaveda, where the tip of it is mentioned as poisoned. Roth suggests that the fastening of the arrow-point to the shaft is meant. Whitney inclines to this version, but suggests corruption of text. Zimmer follows Roth. Ludwig renders the word by ‘ barb.’ Bloomfield thinks it means ‘ tearing (arrow),’ a sense deduced from the etymology.
noun (masculine) a wheel (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
anus (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
any part of a carriage (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
faeces (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
vulva (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
noun (neuter) tapoloka
bodily mortification (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
heat (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
pain (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
penance (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
religious austerity (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
severe meditation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
special observance (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
suffering (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
warmth (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
noun (masculine) name of a Kalpa period (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a month intervening between winter and spring (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the 9th lunar mansion (dharma) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the hot season (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
noun (masculine) Arjuna (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a son of Manu Tāmasa (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the second month of the season intervening between winter and spring (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
noun (feminine) a female devotee (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
Helleborus niger (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
Nardostachys Jaṭā-māṃsī (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
poor wretched woman (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
noun (masculine) a great ascetic (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a Muni (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of Viṣṇu (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of Śiva (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
noun (masculine) an ascetic (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
hermit (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a class of gods under the eighth Manu (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a son of Pariṣṇava
name of a son of Sena
name of a son of Vasiṣṭha
name of other persons (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of various Ṛṣis and their sons under various Manus (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the sun (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
adjective artificially fashioned (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
artistic (said of Tvaṣṭṛ) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
doing good work (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
skilful (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
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