ऐतरेय a. [इतरा-ठक्] Originating from Aitareya. -यः, -यम् A descendant of Itarā (or Itara, a sage) to whom the Aitareya Brāhmaṇa and Āraṇyaka were revealed. -Comp. ˚आरण्यकम् N. of the Āraṇyaka composed by Aitareya. -उपनिषद् N. of an Upaniṣad. -ब्राह्मणम् N. of the Brāhmaṇa composed by Aitareya (attached to the Ṛigveda and prescribing the duties of the Hotṛi priest) It is divided into forty Adhyāyas or eight Pañchikās.
(‘Descendant of Itara or Itarā’) is the name of the sage from whom the Aitareya Brāhmana and Aranyaka take their names. He is several times referred to in the Aitareya Araṇyaka, but not as its author. He is credited with a life of 116 years in the Chāndogya Upanisad and the Jaiminiya Upanisad Brāhmana.
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