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1096 results for above
Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
abhimandP. (3. plural Aorist -/amandiṣuḥ-) to gladden ; A1. (2. sg. -mandase-) to be pleased with, enjoy (with locative case) (see abhi-mad-above.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhimantṛm. one who refers all objects to self (Name of īśvara-, together with ahaṃkāra-; see abhi-mati-above ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhīrupattrīf. the above plant Asp. rac-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyoṣīya mfn. consisting of, or belonging to, or fit for the above cake or preparation of parched grain, (gaRa apūpādi-, q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyoṣyamfn. consisting of, or belonging to, or fit for the above cake or preparation of parched grain, (gaRa apūpādi-, q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyuddiśto point at anything above with reference to View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyuṣīya mfn. consisting of, or belonging to, or fit for the above cake or preparation of parched grain, (gaRa apūpādi-, q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyūṣīya mfn. consisting of, or belonging to, or fit for the above cake or preparation of parched grain, (gaRa apūpādi-, q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyuṣya mfn. consisting of, or belonging to, or fit for the above cake or preparation of parched grain, (gaRa apūpādi-, q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyūṣya mfn. consisting of, or belonging to, or fit for the above cake or preparation of parched grain, (gaRa apūpādi-, q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abjayonim. (equals -ja-above) Name of brahmā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abliṅgan. plural ([ ]) plural ([ ]) Name of some Vedic verses ([ ]) addressed to the waters (see abdaivata-above.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abliṅgāf. plural ([ ]) Name of some Vedic verses ([ ]) addressed to the waters (see abdaivata-above.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ācyutantīyam. a prince of the above tribe View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādāram. (according to on = ā-dara-fr. ā-dṛ-above) , Name of a plant that can be substituted for the soma-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adat([ ]) or adatka- ([ ]) mfn. toothless. (For 1. ad/at-See above.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādhānan. lighting, kindling, placing a fire (especially the sacred fire, see agny-ā-above ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādheyan. putting on, placing (see agnyā-above) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhiind., as a prefix to verbs and nouns, expresses above, over and above, besides. As a separable adverb or preposition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhiind. from above, from View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhimātramfn. above measure, excessive View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhinī(Aorist 2. plural -naiṣṭa-) to lead away from (ablative) , to raise above the ordinary measure, enhance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhipāṃśula mfn.being dusty above; dusty View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhipāṃsulamfn. being dusty above; dusty View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhirohaṇan. act of ascending or mounting or rising above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhirohinmfn. rising above, ascending, etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhiropitamfn. raised, placed above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhiruhcl.1 P. or poetry or poetic A1. to rise above, ascend, mount: Causal -ropayati-, to raise, place above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhiśīlaśikṣāf. (with Buddhists) training in higher morality (confer, compare adhicitta-- ś- above), . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhivāsam. one who dwells above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhivāsanan. sitting in dharna (See above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyadhiind. on high, just above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyakṣaramind. above all syllables (as the mystic om-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyuddhif. ( dha-) ([ ]), a tubular vessel above the udder, or above the scrotum. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyūdhnīf. (fr. ūdhan-) ([ ]) a tubular vessel above the udder, or above the scrotum. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyūhto lay on, overlay ; to place upon, to raise above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aditimfn. (4. -or do-, dyati-;for 1. /a-diti-See above) , not tied, free , boundless, unbroken, entire, unimpaired, happy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādityavratikamfn. performing the above rite on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādurim. "destroyer (of enemies)", Name of indra- ([ ;See also under ā-dṛ-above]) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādyakavim. "the first poet", Name of vālmīki- (see ādi-kavi-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āghāṭimf. (equals ṭ/a-above) a cymbal or rattle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āgneyam. of agastya- (see āgnimārut/a-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ahidviṣm. indra- (see -jit-above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aitaśapralāpam. Name of a section of the atharva-- veda- by the above muni- (coming after the kuntāpa- hymns ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aitikāyanīyamfn. belonging to the above.
ajakājātan. the above disease. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ākhaṇḍiśālāf. the workshop of the above artisan View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ākhanikam. (equals -kha-above commentator or commentary) a digger, ditcher, a miner, underminer, thief View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ākidantīyam. plural Name of the tribe governed by the above prince (or princess) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ākṛṣṭimantram. the above formula View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣarāf. (see a-kṣ/ara- n.above) , word, speech View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣikūṭa n. the prominent part of the forehead above the eye View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣikūṭakan. the prominent part of the forehead above the eye View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alābūf. (equals al/ābu-above) the bottle-gourd commentator or commentary View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ālālamehinmfn. discharging the above with the urine, ibidem or 'in the same place or book or text' as the preceding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alaṃkṛtif. rhetorical ornament (see -kara-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alaṃprajananamfn. (see alaṃ prajāyāḥ-above sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order /alam-) able to beget or generate View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alipakam. (= 1 ali-above) a bee View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ālokagadādharīf. Name of a commentary on the above work called āloka-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alpīyasmfn. ( see alpa-tara-above) smaller, less , very small. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āmanahomam. an offering at which the above two verses of the are spoken View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āmātisārinmfn. afflicted with the above disease. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āmikṣavatmfn. having the above mixture View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṃśam. (probably fr.1. -, perf. ān-/aṃśa-,and not from the above aṃś-fictitiously formed to serve as root) , a share, portion, part, party View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amutasind. from above, from the other world, from heaven View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amutraind. there above id est in the other world, in the life to come etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ānandamayan. (scilicet brahman-) the supreme spirit (as consisting of pure happiness see ānanda-above ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anantarajam. "next-born", the son of a kṣatriyā- or vaiśyā- mother by a father belonging to the caste immediately above the mother's View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anānupūrvyasaṃhitāf. the manner of constructing a sentence with the above tmesis. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ānartam. plural Name of the inhabitants of the above country View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anatyudyamfn. (equals aty-an-udya-), quite unfit to be mentioned, far above any expression View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
andhamehalamfn. having the above smell, ibidem or 'in the same place or book or text' as the preceding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āṇim. the part of the leg just above the knee View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
añjalikarmann. making the above respectful salutation. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āñjanābhyañjanīyan. sg. ([ ]) plural ([ ]) another Name of the above sattra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āñjanābhyañjanīyāf. plural ([ ]) another Name of the above sattra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅkam. the curve in the human, especially the female, figure above the hip (where infants sitting, astride are carried by mothers hence often ="breast"or"lap") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āntarāgārikan. the office of the above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āntyāyanam. a descendant of the above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anupūrveṇaind. in regular order or succession, from the first, from the beginning, from above downwards. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anurādhagrāmam. the ancient capital of Ceylon founded by the above-named anurādha-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anurādhapuran. the ancient capital of Ceylon founded by the above-named anurādha-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anusvāram. ( svṛ-), after-sound, the nasal sound which is marked by a dot above the line, and which always belongs to a preceding vowel. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anuvācanapraiṣam. an injunction to recite as above
anuvrajanan. following as above, Heat. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anvagramind. from below to above, ibidem or 'in the same place or book or text' as the preceding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āpadevīf. Name of a book written by the above (the mīmāṃsānyāya-prakāśa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apārṇamfn. (fr. apār-above See abhy-arṇa-), distant, far from (ablative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āpastambim. a descendant of the above.
aprajātāf. not having brought forth (see a-prajā-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apramodamānāf. Name of another of the above asiddhi-s. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apratāind. See sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order above. -1. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apratirathan. Name of the above-named hymn (composed by apratiratha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apratistabdhamfn. unrestrained (see a-pratiṣṭabdha-above.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aptumfn. small, tender [Comm.;but perhaps connected with apt/ur-above, because also, applied to the soma-] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apyatyarj(3. plural -arjanti-) to add over and above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āraddhāyanim. a descendant of the above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
araḍukamfn. made of the wood of the above tree, (gaRa ṛśyādi- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārājñakamfn. belonging to the above region View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
araṇyayānan. going into a forest (see -gata-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
araṭvamfn. made of the wood of the above tree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arbudan. Name of the above-named hymn View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arbudim. a serpent like demon (probably equals /arbuda-and arbud/a- m.above, but called /indramedhin- q.v) (in almost every verse) (see ny-/arbudi-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arcanasmfn. (fr. arcā-below),"one whose nose is like that of an idol" and on ([The rule perhaps originally meant to explain the above N. arcan/ānas-,taking it for arcan/ānas-,"whose nose shows submission or devotion."]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardhacandrikāf. Name of a climbing plant (Gynandropsis Pentaphylla or Convolvulus Torpethum;See ardhacandrā-above ). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardhacaturthamfn. plural (See above 2. ardh/a-tend) three and a half , (jaina- PrakritaddhuTThaSee sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order adhyuṣṭa-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardhalakṣmīharim. "half lakṣmī- and half hari-", one of the forms of viṣṇu- (see ardha-nārīṇāteśvara-above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardharcam. (ṛsc-; see -ṛc/a-above) half a verse etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardhatṛtiyamf(ā-)n. pl. (See above, 2. ardh/a-at end) two and a half. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardhayāmam. (equals -prahara-above) half a watch = View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardhendum. (-ardha-candra-above) a half moon or crescent View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardhikamf(ī- )n. (equals ardha-sīrin-above) receiving half the crop for his labour (see ārdhika-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārghyamfn. relating to or coming from the above bee View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arkaprakāśam. Name of a medical work (see -cikitā-above) , of a work on jurisprudence. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arkaśaśiśatrum. "enemy of sun and moon", rāhu- (see -ripu-above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arkopalam. (equals arkāhva-above) sūryakānta- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arṇam. the teak tree (See arjunāpama-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arṇobhavam. equals arṇavabhava- - above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārṣīf. a wife married by the above form of marriage View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arthasaṃsambandham. connection of the sense with the word or sentence (see -bandha-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arthaśāstran. a book treating of practical life (see -vidyā-above) and political government (see -cintana-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arthaśaucan. purity, honesty in money matters (see -prayoga-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aruṇam. (/aruṇa-) Name of a pupil of upaveśi- (see aruṇ/a-m.above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aruṇaketubrāhmaṇan. the brāhmaṇa- of the aruṇāḥ- ketavaḥ- (See aruṇās-above) , View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aruṇānujam. "the younger brother of aruṇa-", garuḍa- (see aruṇāgraja-above and aruṇāvaraja-below) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aruṇātmajam. "son of aruṇa-", jaṭāyu- (See aruṇa- m.above)
aruṣkam. (equals aruṣ-kara-above) Semecarpus Anacardium View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āśliṣ(see ā-śr/eṣa-above) P. -śliṣyati- (but also -śliṣati- ) and A1. -śliṣyate- () to adhere or cling to ; to embrace etc.: Causal -śleṣayati-, to affix, stick on ; to embrace (See ā-śleṣita-).
asmadalso by native grammarians considered to be the base of the cases asm/ān- etc. (See above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsphotam. (probably for ā-sphoṭa-above) , Name of several plants, viz. Calotropis Gigantea (), Bahinia Variegata, Echites Dichotoma View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āṣṭakīyamfn. belonging to or coming from the above country View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśvamedhakam. (equals aśvamedha-ja-above) Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atharvavedam. Name of the fourth veda- (See above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
athoind. (equals atha-above) , now View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atitarāmind. (Comparative degree of /ati-), above in rank (with accusative), KenaUp.
aulapīyam. a king of the aulapi-s above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aupariṣṭamfn. (fr. upariṣṭāt- on ), being above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aurvam. the submarine fire (cast into the ocean by aurva- bhārgava- see above ). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
auṣṭrāyaṇakamfn. relating to the above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
autathyam. a descendant of utathya-, Name of dīrghatamas- (see aucathy/a-above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
auttarādharyan. (fr. uttarādhara-), the state of being below and above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avadhijñāninmfn. having the above knowledge View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avado -dyati- (ind.p. -dāya- ) Ved. to cut off, divide (especially the sacrificial cake and other objects offered in a sacrifice) etc. ; to cut into pieces ; (Aorist Potential A1.1. sg. -diṣīya-[derived fr. ava--,"to present", by ];perhaps fr. ava-day-above) to appease, satisfy with (instrumental case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avakādamfn. eating the above plant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avakokilamfn. (equals avakruṣṭaḥ kokilayā-) called down to by the koil (singing in a tree above ?) commentator or commentary View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avanībhṛtm. (equals avani-bh-above) a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āvartam. the two depressions of the forehead above the eyebrows View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āvartakam. a depression above the frontal ridge or over the eyebrows View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avatap tapati-, to radiate heat (or light) downwards : Causal (ind.p. -tāpya-) to heat or illuminate from above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avatāpinmfn. heated from above (by the sun) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayācitavratamfn. keeping the above obligation (quoted by on ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āyajiṣṭhamfn. procuring most or best (superlative of the above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āyatanan. (with Buddhists) the five senses and manas- (considered as the inner seats or āyatana-s) and the qualities perceived by the above (the outer āyatana-s) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayutāśvam. (equals ayutā-jit-above) Name of a son of sindhudvīpa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
badarikāśramam. Name of a hermitage (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
badhirāndham. "deaf and blind", Name of a serpent-demon (see above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāhulamfn. (fr. bahula-for 1.See above) manifold gaRa saṃkalādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāhyārtham. an external meaning (see bāhya artha-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāliśan. (for 1.See above) = Persian $ a pillow, cushion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bandhuran. (for 1.See above) equals vandhura- (Bombay edition) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaktimārgam. "the way of devotion"(regarded as a means of salvation and opp. to karma--and jñāna-m-; see above ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhallam. Name of śiva- (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāluSee above under bhāla-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāratan. the land of bharata-s id est India (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhārgavamf(ī-)n. plural the descendants of bhṛgu- (properly called bhṛgavaḥ-; see above ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhartṛhariśatakan. Name of husband's collection of couplets (see above and ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhojarājam. of bhoja-deva- (king of dhārā-, above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūmif. (also)= bhū- (above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūtan. (see above) that which is or exists, any living being (divine, human, animal, and even vegetable), the world (in these senses also m.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bījamantran. Name of a mystical syllable of a mantra- (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bindumatm. of the wife of marīci- (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bodhitarum. "tree of wisdom", Ficus Religiosa (see above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaspatim. of other authors (also with miśra-and ācārya- see above ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaspatim. (with āṅgirasa- see above) Name of the author of View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakran. a circle or depression of the body (for mystical or chiromantic purposes; 6 in number, one above the other, viz. 1. mūlādhāra-,the parts about the pubis;2. svādhiṣṭhāna-,the umbilical region;3. maṇi-pūra-,the pit of the stomach or epigastrium;4. anāhata-,the root of the nose;5. viśuddha-,the hollow between the frontal sinuses;6. ājñākhya-,the fontanelle or union of the coronal and sagittal sutures;various faculties and divinities are supposed to be present in these hollows) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daivoḍhāf. a woman married according to the daiva- ritual (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daivyahotṛm. plural the divine priests (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dākṣāyiṇīf. wrong reading for yaṇī- (above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dampati according to to some ="lord, master", from daṃs- + p- [ confer, compare dan- above]; ī-, dual number,"master and mistress". View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daradam. plural Name of a people (living above Peshawar; also called d- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dauṣṭhavaSee dauḥ-- (above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dāyaviram. (in rhetoric) compassionate or liberal heroism (confer, compare dāna-- v- above), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devam. Name of the number 33 (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devadattāf. Name of the mother of deva-datta- who was the cousin of gautama- buddha- (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devadatttāgrajam. "the elder brother of deva-datta-", Name of gautama- buddha- (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devakīf. Name of a daughter of devaka- (See above) who was wife of vasu-deva- and mother of kṛṣṇa- (identified with a-diti- ;with dākṣāyaṇī- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devapathīyamfn. relating to or coming from deva-patha- (above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhānīf. See dhāna- (above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhārāf. Name of a sacred bathing-place (also with māheśvarī- see above ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharaṇīṃdharaSee ṇī-dh- (above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhārāṭam. a horse (going in pacesSee above ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmam. equals upamā- (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmapuraskāramfn. placing duty above all View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhārṣṇaka(wrong reading for dhārṣṇava-) mfn. descended fr. dhṛṣṇu- (varia lectio ṭaka-; see above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhātum. a constituent element or essential ingredient of the body (distinct from the 5 mentioned above and conceived either as 3 humours [called also doṣa-]phlegm, wind and bile [ see purīṣa-, māṃsa-, manas-, ];or as the 5 organs of sense, indriyāṇi-[ see sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order and , where śrotra-, ghrāṇa-, āsya-, hṛdaya-and koṣṭha-are mentioned as the 5 dhātu- of the human body born from the either] and the 5 properties of the elements perceived by them, gandha-, rasa-, rūpa-, sparśa-and śabda- ;or the 7 fluids or secretions, chyle, blood, flesh, fat, bone, marrow, semen [ rasādi-or rasa-raktādi-,of which sometimes 10 are given, the above 7 and hair, skin, sinews ]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhātum. primary element of the earth id est metal, mineral, are (especially a mineral of a red colour) etc. element of words id est grammatical or verbal root or stem etc. (with the southern Buddhists dhātu-means either the 6 elements [see above] ;or the 18 elementary spheres[ dhātu-loka-] ;or the ashes of the body, relics [ see -garbha-]). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhṛṣitāind. = (or wrong reading for) ṣat/ā- (See above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhṛtarāṣṭram. of a king of the geese (see haṃsa-, above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhruvam. (in music) the introductory verse (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhundhuhanm. Name of kuvalāśva- (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhvajavatm. a vendor of spirituous liquors (see dhvaj/a-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
diśf. the numeral 10 (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
div, dy/u- m. (Nominal verb dy/aus-; vocative case dyaus-[ ]; accusative dy/ām- d/ivam-; instrumental case div/ā-or d/īvā-[see below]; dative case dive-[ dyave- ]; ablative genitive case div/as-[rarely dy/os- exempli gratia, 'for example' ]; locative case div/i-, dy/avi-; dual number dyāvā- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order [ dy/avī-as vocative case only ]; plural Nominal verb dy/āvas-[ divas-only ]; accusative dy/ūn-[rare, d/ivas-, div/as- exempli gratia, 'for example' ]; instrumental case dy/ubhis-;native grammarians give as stems div-and dyo-;the latter is declined through all cases like go-,but really does not occur except in forms mentioned above and in dyo-salila- , while div-and dyu-regularly alternate before vowel and consonant) (rarely f.) in Vedic or Veda f. in later Skr. heaven, the sky (regarded in Vedic or Veda as rising in three tiers[ avama-, madhyama-, uttama-or tṛtīya- ] , and generally as the father(dy/auṣ- pit/ā-,while the earth is the mother[ see dyāvā-pṛthivī-],and uṣas- the daughter) , rarely as a goddess, daughter of prajā-pati- )
doṣatrayan. vitiation of the 3 humours (above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dṝ cl.9 P. dṛṇāti- Potential -dṛṇīyāt- ; cl.2 P. 2. sg. subjunctive d/arṣi-, 2. 3. sg. d/art- imperfect tense 2. sg. adar- (perfect tense dad/āra-,[2. sg. dadaritha- plural dadrur-or dadarur-, ] Aorist adarat-[Ved. adārīt-] ; subjunctive P. darṣasi-, d/arṣat-; A1. darṣate-; Potential ṣīṣṭa- ; preceding dīryāt- ) to burst, break asunder, split open (confer, compare above) ; to cause to burst, tear, rend, divide : Passive voice dīryate- (ti- ) , p. dīryamāṇa- and dīryat- ; perfect tense dadre- () to be split, break open, fall asunder, decay ; to be dispersed or scattered (as an army) ; to be frightened or afraid (also darati-) : Causal P. darayati-, to split, tear, break open ; P. A1. dārayati-, te- ; Aorist adadarat- () to tear asunder, divide by splitting or digging etc. ; to scatter, disperse : Intensive P. d/ardarti- or d/ādarti- ; imperative 2. sg. dādṛh/i- ; subjunctive 3. sg. dardirat- ; imperfect tense 2. 3. sg. /adardar-, 3. plural adardirur- = Causal [ confer, compare Greek and ; Lithuanian diru4; Slavonic or Slavonian drati; Gothic tairan; Anglo-Saxon te0ran; English to@tear; German zerren,zehren.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
drāviḍam. also collect. N. for the above 5 peoples, and of the 5 chief draviḍa- languages, Tamil, Telugu, Kanarese, Malayalam and Tulu View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dṛḍhadasyum. Name of an old sage, also named idhmavāha- (son of dṛḍha-cyuta-See above ) (see dṛhasyu-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
droghavācmfn. equals -vacas- (above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
droṇakāka m. a raven (see above-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
droṇakākalam. a raven (see above-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
droṇamegham. a kind of cloud (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
droṇapuṣpan. flower of Leucas Linifolia (see above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dṛśyapuran. Name of a town (See above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
drupadātmajāf. patronymic of kṛṣṇā- or draupadī- (see above) , who is sometimes identified with umā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duḥkhataran. greater pain, a greater evil than (ablative) (see above) . = View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dūramind. far above (ut-patati- ) or below (ambhasi- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dūṣaṇan. the act of corrupting etc. (See above) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvaṃdvātitamfn. gone beyond or freed from opposites (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvesatamfn. "in two places equal", having the same length above and below the navel (varia lectio dvaya--.same) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dviṣatāf. () hostility, hatred (See above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dviṣatvan. () hostility, hatred (See above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvitīyakuladhārakam. a son (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
eḍakaf(ā-, ikā-). (ā- gaRa ajādi- ikā-) the female of the above sheep, a ewe (see aiḍaka-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekadhaninmfn. carrying the above water-vessels View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekapalāśīyamfn. being on or belonging to the above tree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekārāmatāf. the state of the above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekaśākhīyamfn. belonging to the above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekāvaliprakāśam. Name of commentary on the above works. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekāvalīprakāśam. Name of commentaries on the above work. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekāvalitaralam. Name of commentary on the above works. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekāvalītaralam. Name of commentaries on the above work. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekaveṇif. a woman wearing her hair in the above manner. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekaveṇīf. a woman wearing her hair in the above manner. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekavṛkṣīyamfn. belonging to an isolated tree or to one and the same tree, belonging to a country like the above gaRa gahādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
elavālukan. the above fragrant bark View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
emūṣam. (formed fr. the above) Name of the boar which raised up the earth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
eṇakam. a species of deer (equals eṇa-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
eṇīpacanīyamfn. belonging to the above tribe on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ervārun. the fruit of the above plant. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
eṣṭavyamfn. (See above) to be striven after, desirable, wished for etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
eṣṭif. (See above) seeking to go towards, wish, desire
evaind. (in its most frequent use of strengthening the idea expressed by any word, eva-must be variously rendered by such adverbs as) just, exactly, very, same, only, even, alone, merely, immediately on, still, already, etc. (exempli gratia, 'for example' tvam eva yantā nānyo 'sti pṛthivyām-,thou alone art a charioteer, no other is on earth, i.e. thou art the best charioteer ; tāvatīm eva rātrim-,just so long as a night; evam- eva-or tathaiva-,exactly so, in this manner only;in the same manner as above; tenaiva mantreṇa-,with the same mantra- as above; apaḥ spṛṣṭvaiva-,by merely touching water; tān eva-,these very persons; na cirād eva-,in no long time at all; japyenaiva-,by sole repetition; abhuktvaiva-,even without having eaten; iti vadann eva-,at the very moment of saying so; sa jīvann eva-,he while still living, etc.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gambhīranābhitāf. the having a deep navel (confer, compare above), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gambhīrasattvasvaranābhimfn. equals tri-g- (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gandharvam. plural the gandharva-s (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gataśaiśavamfn. past infancy, above eight years of age View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ind. an exclamation expressive of pain, anger, astonishment, satisfaction etc. (= ah! alas! oh! ha! often before or after a vocative case case, also repeated -- see 1. hahā-above, or followed by other particles, especially dhik-, hanta-, kaṣṭam-etc.) etc., View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hāhala n. the above poison View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hāhālan. the above poison View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haiheyam. Name of arjuna- kārtavīrya- (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hālahala() () n. the above poison. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hālahāla() n. the above poison. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hālāhalan. (rarely m.) , a deadly poison prepared from the roots of the above plant according to to and produced at she churning of the ocean (see halāhala-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
halāyudham. "plough-weaponed", Name of bala-rāma- (See above;also transferred to viṣṇu-kṛṣṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hallīsakāya(only yita- n.also impersonal or used impersonally) to perform the above dance, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
harimfn. (prob. fr. a lost hṛ-,"to be yellow or green";for 1. hari-See above, column 2) fawn-coloured, reddish brown, brown, tawny, pale yellow, yellow, fallow, bay (especially applied to horses) , green, greenish etc., etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haritālikāvratan. a particular religious observance on the above day View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
harṣacaritasaṃketam. Name of Comm. on the above work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
harṣacaritavārttikan. Name of Comm. on the above work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hatāf. a violated woman (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
havyakavyavahamfn. receiving both oblations (see above) conveying both oblations View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
helim. (Greek ;for 1. heli-See above) the sun View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hemapuṣpan. the flower of Michelia Champaka etc. (See above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hīhīkāram. the above exclamation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hiṃsitosSee under the root above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hīnavādinmfn. making a defective statement, insufficient or inadmissible (as a witness;See hīna-above ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hiṅguniryāsam. the fluid extracted from Asa Foetida (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
holīSee above under holākā-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hṛdgolīyan. plural the inhabitants of the above mountain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hṛṇīyaNom. A1. yate- (only in hṛṇīyathās-[ for hṛṇīthāḥ- ;See above under2. hṛ-]and hṛṇīyamāna-[ see /a-hṛ-] ), to be angry. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hvṛ or hvṝ- (see hval-, dhvṛ-) cl.1 P. () hv/arati- (in also hv/arate-; and according to to also hvṛṇāti-; perfect tense jahvāra-, vartha-, varuḥ- grammar; Aorist ahvārṣīt-, hvārṣīt-, hvār-, hvāriṣuḥ- ; preceding hvaryāt- grammar; future hvartā-, hvariṣyati- ; infinitive mood hvartum- ), to deviate or diverge from the right line, be crooked or curved, bend, go crookedly or wrongly or deviously, stumble, fall, down etc. (See above) : Causal hvārayati- (Aorist jihvaraḥ-, ratam-; juhuraḥ-, juhūrthāḥ-, juhurāṇ/a-), to cause to go crookedly, lead wrong or astray ; (A1.) to go wrong or astray : Desiderative juhvūrṣati- grammar : Intensive jāhvaryate-, jāhvarti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
iḍāf. or (in ṛg-- veda-) /iḷā-, (not to be confounded with the inst. case of iḍ-above) , refreshing draught, refreshment, animation, recreation, comfort, vital spirit View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
idāvatsaram. one of the five years in which gifts of clothes and food are productive of great rewards etc. ( idāvatsarīya idāvatsarīya-, mfn.belonging to such a year commentator or commentary on idu-vatsara-and id-vatsara- equals idā-vatsara-above. id-vatsarīya- equals idāvatsarīya-above.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
iḷāf. (not to be confounded with the inst. case of iḍ-above) , refreshing draught, refreshment, animation, recreation, comfort, vital spirit View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indram. (for etymology as given by native authoritiesSee on ;according to fr. in-= inv-with suffix ra-preceded by inserted d-,meaning"to subdue, conquer";according to Muir, S. T. , for sindra-fr. syand-,"to drop";more probably from ind-,"to drop"q.v,and connected with indu-above) , the god of the atmosphere and sky
indradevībhavanan. Name of the monastery built by the above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indravṛkṣīya([ gaṇa- utkarādi- ]), belonging to or coming from the above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
īrmanm. = īrm/a-2 above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
irvālumf. Cucumis (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jalaśayam. "reposing on water (id est on his serpent-couch above the waters, during the 4 months of the periodical rains and during the intervals of the submersion of the world)", viṣṇu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jalaśayanam. "reposing on water (id est on his serpent-couch above the waters, during the 4 months of the periodical rains and during the intervals of the submersion of the world)", viṣṇu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
janalokam. "world of men", the 5th loka- or next above mahar-loka- (residence of the sons of brahmā- and other godly men), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jīrṇajvarinmfn. affected with the above fever View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kadaryatāf. the state or condition of the above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kadaryatvan. the state or condition of the above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kakkolakan. the above perfume View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kakudāvartinm. a horse having the above curl View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalahaṃsīf. the female of the kala-haṃsa- above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalākuśalamfn. skilled in the arts (enumerated above). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalatūlikāf. a wanton or lascivious woman (see -kūṇikā-above.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaliyugan. the kali- age (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāmadevam. the god of love (See kāma-above;according to some, son of sahiṣṇu- and yaśo-dharā- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kamalāhāsaNom. (fr. the above) P. sati-, to smile like a lotus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kambugrīvāf. a shell-like neck (id est one marked with three lines, see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kambukaṇṭhamf(ī-)n. "shell-neck", having folds in the neck like a spiral shell (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kamphilla vv.ll. for the above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kanakārakam. Bauhinia Variegata (see kanakāntaka-above.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṇānnatāf. the state of the above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāñcanābhidhānasaṃdhim. the alliance called golden (See -saṃdhi-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāṇelīmātṛ(perhaps connected with kāṇera-above) m. a bastard (a name of reproach occurring generally in the vocative case case and according to native commentator or commentary designating one whose mother was an unmarried woman) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṅkam. (fr. the above according to ), a heron (the first heron is supposed to be a son of surasā- ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṅkaṇavarṣitāf. the state of being the above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṇṭhābharaṇadarpaṇan. Name of a commentary on the above work. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṇṭhābharaṇamārjanan. Name of a commentary on the above work. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaphila vv.ll. for the above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaphina vv.ll. for the above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kapidhvajam. Name of arjuna- (see -ketana-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kapilasāṃkhyapravacanabhāṣyan. Name of a commentary on the above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kapiratham. Name of rāma- (see -prabhu-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kapiṣṭhalam. plural the descendants of the above gaRa upakādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kapphilla vv.ll. for the above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaputsala varia lectio for the above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karabhādanīf. a species of Alhagi (equals -priyā-above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karabhakam. of a village (see karabha-grāma-above.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karabhañjika varia lectio for the above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karakudmalan. "hand-bud" (see above) , the finger
karaṇīf. a woman of the above mixed tribe View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karapātran. splashing water about while bathing (see -pattra-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karavālam. a sword, scymitar etc. (see -pāla-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karkaṭāhvāf. gall-nut (see śriṅgī-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karkoṭakim. Name of a nāga- (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karmabhūmif. the land or region of religious actions (id est where such actions are performed, said of bhārata-varṣa-) etc., (see -kṣetra-above; see also phala-bhūmi-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karmaghātam. annihilation or termination of work or activity (see -kṣaya-above.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karmaraṅgam. Averrhoa Carambola (see -phala-above.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karṇapūraṇam. Name of an author (equals -pūra-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karotpalan. a lotus-hand (see -kamala-above.)
karuṇāf. the sentiment of compassion (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karūṣam. Name of a son of manu- vaivasvata- (the founder of the above people) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karūṣakam. Name of a son of manu- vaivasvata- (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṣāyavasanan. the yellowish-red garment of Buddhist mendicants (forming with head-shaving their distinctive badge, see kaṣāya- n.above, and kāṣāya-v-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṭam. the hollow above the hip or the loins, the hip and loins View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṭaghoṣīyamfn. belonging to the above place View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
katamamfn(at-). in addition to the above uses katama- is said to mean"best","excessively good-looking" (see 3. ka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṭanagarīyamfn. belonging to the above place View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kātantrakaumudīf. Name of a comm. on the above by go-vardhana-. Other similar works are: -gaṇa-dhātu-, -catuṣṭaya-pradīpa-, -candrikā-, -dhātu-ghoṣā-, -pañjikā-, -pariśiṣṭa-, -pariśiṣṭa-prabodha-, -laghu-vṛtti-, -vibhramasūtra-, -vistara- or -vistāra-, -vṛtti-, -vṛtti-ṭīkā-, vṛtti-pañjikā-, -śabda-mālā-, -ṣaṭ-kāraka-, and kātantroṇādi-vṛtti-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṭapalvalīyamfn. belonging to the above place View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṭhādhyāpakam. a teacher of the above branch. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kathāvaśeṣatāf. the state of the above, (kathāvaśeṣatāṃ gataḥ-,deceased, dead ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kati(for 1.See above) m. Name of a sage (son of viśvā-mitra- and ancestor of kātyāyana-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
katika(for 1.See above) n. Name of a town View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṭikūpam. the hollow above the hip, the loins View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṭiśīrṣakam. the hip and loins or the hollow above the hip
ketugraham. the descending node (See above sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order ketu-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khemasiṃha see kṣetra-- s-, kṣema-- s- (above). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khetasiṃhasee kṣetra-- s-, kṣema-- s- (above). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛ Ved. (I) cl.2 P. 2. sg. k/arṣi- dual number kṛth/as- plural kṛth/a-; A1. 2. sg. kṛṣ/e-; imperfect tense 2. and 3. sg. /akar-, 3. sg. rarely /akat- () ; 3. dual number /akartām-; plural /akarma-, /akarta- (also ), /akran- (Aorist,according to ); A1. /akri- (), /akṛthās- (), /akṛta- (); akrātām- (), /akrata- ( ) : imperative kṛdh/i- (also ), kṛt/am-, kṛt/a-; A1. kṛṣv/a-, kṛdhv/am-; subjunctive 2. and 3. sg. kar- plural k/arma-, k/arta- and kartana-, kran-; A1. 3. sg. kṛta- () , 3. plural kr/anta- () : Potential kriyāma- (); pr. p. P. (Nominal verb plural) kr/antas- A1. krāṇ/a-. (II) cl.1 P. k/arasi-, k/arati-, k/arathas-, k/aratas-, k/aranti-; A1. k/arase-, k/arate-, k/arāmahe-: imperfect tense /akaram-, /akaras-, /akarat- (Aorist,according to ) : imperative k/ara-, k/aratam-, k/aratām-: subjunctive k/aram-, k/arāṇi-, k/aras-, k/arat-, k/arāma-, k/aran-; A1. karāmahai-; pr. p. f. k/arantī- () (III) cl.5 P. kṛṇ/omi-, ṇ/oṣi-, ṇ/oti-, kṛṇuth/as-, kṛṇm/as- and kṛṇmasi-, kṛṇuth/a-, kṛṇv/anti-; A1. kṛṇv/e-, kṛṇuṣ/e-, kṛṇut/e-, 3. dual number kṛṇv/aite- (); plural kṛṇm/ahe-, kṛṇv/ate-: imperfect tense /akṛṇos-, /akṛṇot-, /akṛṇutam-, /akṛṇuta- and ṇotana- (), /akṛṇvan-; A1. 3. sg. /akṛṇuta- plural /akṛṇudhvam-, /akṛṇvata-: imperative kṛṇ/u- or kṛṇuh/i- or kṛṇut/āt-, kṛṇ/otu-, kṛṇut/am-, kṛṇut/ām-, 2. plural kṛṇut/a- or kṛṇ/ota- or kṛṇ/otana-, 3. plural kṛṇv/antu-; A1. kṛṇuṣv/a-, kṛṇut/ām-, kṛṇv/āthām-, kṛṇudhv/am-: subjunctive kṛṇ/avas-, ṇ/avat- or ṇ/avāt-, kṛṇ/avāva-, ṇ/avāma-, ṇ/avātha-, ṇ/avatha-, ṇ/avan-; A1. kṛṇ/avai- (once ṇavā- ), kṛṇavase- (also varia lectio ṇvase-), kṛṇavate-, kṛṇ/avāvahai-, kṛṇ/avāmahai-, 3. plural kṛṇ/avanta- () or kṛṇavante- or kṛṇvata- () : Potential A1. kṛṇvīt/a-; pr. p. P. kṛṇv/at- (f. vat/ī-) A1. kṛṇvāṇ/a-. (IV) cl.8. (this is the usual formation in the brāhmaṇa-s; sūtra-s, and in classical Sanskrit) P. kar/omi- (Epic kurmi- ); kurv/as-, kuruth/as-, kurut/as-, kurm/as- ([ kulmas-in an interpolation after ]), kuruth/a-, kurv/anti-; A1. kurv/e-, etc., 3. plural kurv/ate- () : imperfect tense akaravam-, akaros-, akarot-, akurva-, etc.; A1. 3. sg. akuruta- plural akurvata-: imperative kuru-, karotu- (in the earlier language 2. and 3. sg. kurutāt-,3. sg. also ), kuruta- or kurutana- (); A1. kuruṣva-, kurudhvam-, kurv/atām-: subjunctive karavāṇi-, karavas-, vāt-, vāva- or vāvas- ( ), vāma- or vāmas- (), vātha-, van-; A1. karavai-, kuruthās-, karavāvahai- (; he- ), karavaithe-, vaite- ( , ), vāmahai-(he- ) : Potential P. kuryām- A1. kurvīya- (); pr. p. P. kurv/at- (f. vat/ī-); A1. kurvāṇ/a-: perf. P. cak/āra-, cak/artha-, cakṛv/a-, cakṛm/a-, cakr/a- (); A1. cakr/e-, cakrir/e-; parasmE-pada cakṛvas- (accusative cakr/uṣam- ); A1. cakrāṇa- () : 2nd future kariṣy/ati-; subjunctive 2. sg. kariṣy/ās- (); 1st future k/artā-: preceding kriyāsam-: Aorist P. Ved. cakaram- (), acakrat- (), /acakriran- (); A1. 1. sg. kṛske- (); Class. akārṣīt- ( ;once akāraṣīt- ); Passive voice Aorist reflex. akāri- and akṛta- ( ) : infinitive mood k/artum-, Ved. k/artave-, k/artav/ai-, k/artos- (See ss.vv.); ind.p. kṛtv/ā-, Ved. kṛtv/ī- ([ ]) and kṛtv/āya- ([ ]) ; to do, make, perform, accomplish, cause, effect, prepare, undertake etc. ; to do anything for the advantage or injury of another (genitive case or locative case) etc. ; to execute, carry out (as an order or command) ; to manufacture, prepare, work at, elaborate, build ; to form or construct one thing out of another (ablative or instrumental case) etc. ; to employ, use, make use of (instrumental case) etc. ; to compose, describe ; to cultivate (confer, compare ) ; to accomplish any period, bring to completion, spend (exempli gratia, 'for example' varṣāṇi daśa cakruḥ-,"they spent ten years"; kṣaṇaṃ kuru-,"wait a moment"; confer, compare kritakṣaṇa-) ; to place, put, lay, bring, lead, take hold of (accusative or locative case or instrumental case exempli gratia, 'for example' ardh/aṃ-kṛ-,to take to one's own side or party, cause to share in(genitive case;See 2. ardh/a-); haste-or pāṇau-kṛ-,to take by the hand, marry ; hṛdayena-kṛ-,to place in one's heart, love ; hṛdi-kṛ-,to take to heart, mind, think over, consider ; manasi-kṛ- idem or 'f. (equals kuhī-) a fog ' ;to determine, purpose [ ind.p. si-kṛtvā-or si-kṛtya-] ; vaśe-kṛ-,to place in subjection, become master of ) ; to direct the thoughts, mind, etc. (m/anas-[ etc.] or buddhim-[ ] or matim-[ ]or bhāvam-[ ], etc.) towards any object, turn the attention to, resolve upon, determine on (locative case dative case infinitive mood,or a sentence with iti- exempli gratia, 'for example' mā śoke manaḥ kṛthāḥ-,do not turn your mind to grief ; gamanāya matiṃ cakre-,he resolved upon going ; alābuṃ samutsraṣṭuṃ manaś cakre-,he resolved to create a gourd ; draṣṭā tavāsmīti matiṃ cakāra-,he determined to see him ) ; to think of (accusative) ; to make, render (with two accusative exempli gratia, 'for example' ādityaṃ kāṣṭhām akurvata-,they made the sun their goal ) etc. ; to procure for another, bestow, grant (with genitive case or locative case) etc. ; A1. to procure for one's self, appropriate, assume ; to give aid, help any one to get anything (dative case) ; to make liable to (dative case) ; to injure, violate (exempli gratia, 'for example' kanyāṃ-kṛ-,to violate a maiden) ; to appoint, institute ; to give an order, commission ; to cause to get rid of, free from (ablative or -tas-) ; to begin (exempli gratia, 'for example' cakre śobhayitum purīm-,they began to adorn the city) ; to proceed, act, put in practice etc. ; to worship, sacrifice ; to make a sound (svaram-or śabdam-) ( ), utter, pronounce (often in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' with the sounds phaṭ-, phut-, bhāṇ-, v/aṣaṭ-, svadh/ā-, sv/āhā-, hiṃ-), pronounce any formula () ; (with numeral adverbs ending in dhā-) to divide, separate or break up into parts (exempli gratia, 'for example' dvidhā-kṛ-,to divide into two parts, ind.p. dvidhā kṛtvā-or dvidhā-kṛtya-or -kāram- ; sahasradhā-kṛ-,to break into a thousand pieces) ; (with adverbs ending in vat-) to make like or similar, consider equivalent (exempli gratia, 'for example' rājyaṃ tṛṇa-vat kṛtvā-,valuing the kingdom like a straw ) ; (with adverbs ending in sāt-) to reduce anything to, cause to become, make subject (See ātma-sāt-, bhasma-sāt-) The above senses of kṛ- may be variously modified or almost infinitely extended according to the noun with which this root is connected, as in the following examples: sakhyaṃ-kṛ-, to contract friendship with ; pūjāṃ-kṛ-, to honour ; rājyaṃ-kṛ-, to reign ; snehaṃ-kṛ-, to show affection ; ājñāṃ- or nideśaṃ- or śāsanaṃ- or kāmaṃ- or yācanāṃ- or vacaḥ- or vacanaṃ- or vākyaṃ-kṛ-, to perform any one's command or wish or request etc. ; dharmaṃ-kṛ-, to do one's duty ; nakhāni-kṛ-,"to clean one's nails" See kṛta-nakha- ; udakaṃ- ([ ]) or salilaṃ- ([ ]) kṛ-, to offer a libation of Water to the dead ; to perform ablutions ; astrāṇi-kṛ-, to practise the use of weapons ; darduraṃ-kṛ-, to breathe the flute ; daṇḍaṃ-kṛ-, to inflict punishment etc. ; kālaṃ-kṛ-, to bring one's time to an end id est to die ; ciraṃ-kṛ-, to be long in doing anything, delay ; manasā- (for si-See above) kṛ-, to place in one's mind, think of, meditate ; śirasā-kṛ-, to place on one's the head ; mūrdhnā-kṛ-, to place on one's head, obey, honour. Very rarely in veda- () , but commonly in the brāhmaṇa-s, sūtra-s, and especially in classical Sanskrit the perf. forms cakāra-and cakre- auxiliarily used to form the periphrastical perfect of verbs, especially of causatives exempli gratia, 'for example' āsāṃ cakre-,"he sat down" ; gamay/āṃ cakāra-,"he caused to go"[see ;in veda- some other forms of kṛ-are used in a similar way, viz. proper karoti- ; imperfect tense akar- and ;3. plural akran- and ; preceding kriyāt- (See );according to , also karotu-with vid-]. Causal kārayati-, te-, to cause to act or do, cause another to perform, have anything made or done by another (double accusative instrumental case and accusative [see ] exempli gratia, 'for example' sabhāṃ kāritavān-,he caused an assembly to be made ; rāja-darśanaṃ māṃ kāraya-,cause me to have an audience of the king; vāṇijyaṃ kārayed vaiśyam-,he ought to cause the vaiśya- to engage in trade ; na śakṣyāmi kiṃcit kārayituṃ tvayā-,I shall not be able to have anything done by thee ) ; to cause to manufacture or form or cultivate etc. ; to cause to place or put, have anything placed, put upon, etc. (exempli gratia, 'for example' taṃ citrapaṭaṃ vāsa-gṛhe bhittāv akārayat-,he had the picture placed on the wall in his house ) . Sometimes the Causal of kṛ- is used for the simple verb or without a causal signification (exempli gratia, 'for example' padaṃ kārayati-,he pronounces a word ; mithyā k-,he pronounces wrongly ; kaikeyīm anu rājānaṃ kāraya-,treat or deal with kaikeyī- as the king does ) : Desiderative c/ikīrṣati- (Aorist 2. sg. acikīrṣīs- ) , Epic also te-, to wish to make or do, intend to do, design, intend, begin, strive after etc. ; to wish to sacrifice or worship : Intensive 3. plural karikrati- (pr. p. k/arikrat-See ), to do repeatedly ; Class. carkarti- or carikarti- or carīkarti- ([ ]) , also carkarīti- or carikarīti- or carīkarīti- or cekrīyate- ([ib. Scholiast or Commentator ]); ([ confer, compare Hibernian or Irish caraim,"I perform, execute";ceard,"an art, trade, business, function";sucridh,"easy"; Old German karawan,"to prepare"; modern German gar,"prepared (as food)"; Latin creo,ceremonia;, .])
kram cl.1 P. A1. kr/āmati- (; Epic also kramati-), kramate- ( , Epic also krāmate-;according to cl.4 P. krāmyati-[ kramyati- ]; Aorist akramīt- etc.; A1. kr/amiṣṭa-, kraṃsate-[ ] , 3. plural c/akramanta-[ ]; perf. cakrāma-,or cakrame-; parasmE-pada cakramāṇ/a- ; future kramiṣyati-or kraṃsyate- ind.p. krāntvā-, krantvā-,or kramitvā- ), to step, walk, go, go towards, approach (with /accha-, /adhi- accusative or locative case) etc. ; to approach in order to ask for assistance (with locative case) ; to go across, go over etc. ; Ved. to climb (as on a tree's branch) ; to cover (in copulation) ; to stretch over, project over, tower above, (ind.p. krāntvā-) ; to take possession of ; A1. to undertake, strive after, make effort for (dative case) ; (locative case) ; A1. () to proceed well, advance, make progress, gain a footing, succeed, have effect ; to be appliable or practicable ; P. to be liable to the peculiar arrangement of a Vedic text called krama- (id est to be doubled, as a letter or word) ; A1. to read according to the krama- arrangement of a Vedic text (a-krānta-): Causal P. kramayati-, to cause to step ; kramayati- or krām-, to make liable to the peculiar arrangement called krama- (id est to double a letter or word) etc.: Intensive caṅkramyate- ( ; parasmE-pada caṅ-kramy/amāṇa-[ ]or kramam- and ) or caṅkramīti- (; imperfect tense 2. plural caṅkramata- ; future parasmE-pada caṅkramiṣy/at- ; ind.p. mitvā- ; see mit/a-), to step to and fro, walk or wander about. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kramapāṭham. the krama- reading (i.e. a peculiar"step by step" arrangement of a Vedic text made to secure it from all possible error by, as it were, combining the saṃhitā-pāṭha- and the padapāṭha- id est by giving the words both as connected and unconnected with following and preceding words;See also krama-above ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kroḍam. the flank, hollow above the hip View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtayugan. the first of the four ages of the world, golden age (See kṛta-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulanakṣatran. any nakṣatra- or lunar mansion distinguished above others, any auspicious asterism View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kumbhalagnan. that time of day in which Aquarius rises above the horizon. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuraṅganābhim. musk (formed in a bag attached to the belly of the deer above the navel) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
labh (confer, compare rabh-) cl.1 A1. () labhate- (Epic also ti-and lambhate-; perfect tense lebh/e-, Epic also lalābha-; Aorist alabdha-, alapsata- ; preceding lapsīya- ; future labdhā- grammar; lapsyate-, ti- etc.; labhiṣyati- ; infinitive mood labdhum- ; ind.p. labdhv/ā- etc.; -labhya-, -lambham- etc.; lābham- ), to take, seize, catch ; catch sight of, meet with, find etc. etc. (with antaram-,to find an opportunity, make an impression, be effective;with avakāśam-,to find scope, be appropriate;with kālam-,to find the right time or moment) ; to gain possession of, obtain, receive, conceive, get, receive ("from" ablative;"as" accusative), recover (with garbham-,"to conceive an embryo","become pregnant";with padam-,to obtain a footing) ; to gain the power of (doing anything), succeed in, be permitted or allowed to (infinitive mood or dative case exempli gratia, 'for example' labhate draṣṭum-,or darśanāya-,"he is able or allowed to see") etc. ; to possess, have ; to perceive, know, understand, learn, find out : Passive voice labhy/ate- (Epic also ti-; Aorist alābhi-or alambhi-,with preposition only alambhi-; confer, compare ), to be taken or caught or met with or found or got or obtained etc. ; to be allowed or permitted (infinitive mood sometimes with pass. sense exempli gratia, 'for example' dharmo labhyate kartum-,"injustice ought not to be done", confer, compare above) ; to follow, result ; to be comprehended by (ablative) : Causal lambhayati-, te- (Aorist alalambhat-), to cause to take or receive or obtain, give, bestow (generally with two accusative;rarely with accusative and instrumental case = to present with;in with two accusative and instrumental case; confer, compare ) etc. ; to get, procure (confer, compare lambhita-) ; to find out, discover ; to cause to suffer ; Desiderative l/ipsate- (mc. also ti- līpsate-), to wish to seize or take or catch or obtain or receive (with accusative or genitive case;"from" ablative) : Intensive lālabhyate-, lālambhīti- or lālabdhi- grammar ([ Greek , ; Latin labor; Lithuanian la4bas, l/obis-.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakāram. the letter or sound la- (applied in naming the 10 tenses and moods as above ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lākṣātarum. the tree Butea Frondosa (in which the above insect is especially found) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakṣmaṇaprasūf. "mother of lakṣmaṇa-", Name of sumitrā- (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakṣmīsahajam. "produced together with lakṣmī-", the moon (supposed to have arisen together with lakṣmī- from the ocean when churned by the gods and asura-sSee lakṣmī-above ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lalāṭalikhitamfn. written (by brahmā-) on the forehead (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lāsyāṅgan. a division of the lāsya- (see above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
layaśuddhamfn. to be performed in clear or right time (see laya-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lelāf. (only instrumental case lel/ayā- see above) quivering, flickering, shaking about View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lepabhāginm. "sharing the lepa-", a paternal ancestor (in the 4th, 5th, and 6th degrees; see above ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
likhitasmṛtif. Name of a law-book (see above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
liṅgadeham. n. the subtle body (See liṅga-above and liṅga-śarīra-below) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lokam. the wide space or world (either"the universe"or,"any division of it", especially "the sky or heaven" ; 3 loka-s are commonly enumerated, viz. heaven, earth, and the atmosphere or lower regions; sometimes only the first two; but a fuller classification gives 7 worlds, viz. bhū-loka-, the earth; bhuvar-loka-, the space between the earth and sun inhabited by muni-s, siddha-s etc.; svarloka-, indra-'s heaven above the sun or between it and the polar star; maharloka-, a region above the polar star and inhabited by bhṛgu- and other saints who survive the destruction of the 3 lower worlds; janarloka-, inhabited by brahmā-'s son sanat-kumāra- etc.; tapar-loka-, inhabited by deified vairāgin-s; satya-loka- or brahma-- loka-, abode of brahmā-, translation to which exempts from rebirth; elsewhere these 7 worlds are described as earth, sky, heaven, middle region, place of re-births, mansion of the blest, and abode of truth; sometimes 14 worlds are mentioned, viz. the 7 above, and 7 lower regions called in the order of their descent below the earth --- a-tala-, vi-tala-, su-tala-, rasā-tala-, talā-tala-, mahā-tala-, and pātāla-; see ) etc.
lokam. Name of the number"seven" (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lokottaravādinm. plural Name of a Buddhist school (prob. so called from their pretending to be superior to or above the rest of the world) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lumbinīyamfn. relating to the above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahādevatantran. the mahā-deva- tantra- (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāpadmam. Name of a nāga- dwelling in the mahā-padma- treasure mentioned above etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāpatham. Name of the book which treats of the above subjects View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāpūruṣam. the Supreme Spirit (equals -puruṣa-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maharind. (for mahas-) the fourth of the seven worlds which rise one above the other (supposed to be the abode of those saints who survive a destruction of the world ; ; see ). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahasn. the fourth of the seven worlds (written mahar-;See above and see vyāhṛti-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāṣṭamīsaṃdhipūjāf. the festival mentioned above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahattattvan. "the great principle", Intellect (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāvṛkṣakṣīram. n. the milky juice of the above tree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahilākhyāf. equals priyaṅgu- (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahinmfn. keeping a feast, festive (see 3. mahi-,above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mallabhaṭītūryan. equals -tūrya- (above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mallāpuran. equals malla-pura- (above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manasn. the spirit or spiritual principle, the breath or living soul which escapes from the body at death (called asu-in animals; see above ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṇḍalinm. a snake or a particular species of snake (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mandārakam. Erythrina Indica (see above) (f(ikā-).Name of a woman ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mārgyamfn. (for 1.See above) to be wiped away or removed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mathinm. (strong stem, m/anthan-,older m/anthā-; middle math/in-or math/i-[q.v.]; sg. Nominal verb m/anthās- accusative m/anthām-[for mantkānam-See manthāna-under manth-]; instrumental case math/ā- dual number math/ibhyām- plural math/ibhyas-etc.[ see pathin-and ] ; for mathīn/ām-See mathi-above) a churning-stick, any stick or staff for stirring or churning etc.
mātṛgaṇam. the assemblage of divine mother (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
matsyāf. Name of the sister of king virāṭa- (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
matsyadeśam. the country of the (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
matsyagandhāf. Name of satya-vatī- (mother of vyāsa-, also called mīna-gandha-;See matsya-above ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
matsyodarīf. "sprung from a fish-belly", Name of satya-vatī- (See under matsya-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
matsyotthāf. "sprung from a fish", Name of satyavatī- (See under matsya-above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mīmāṃsāsūtran. (equals jaimini-s-) Name of the 12 books of aphorisms by jaimini- (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitran. a friend, companion (see m.above) etc., etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitrāvaruṇam. dual number mitra- and varuṇa- etc. etc. (together they uphold and rule the earth and sky, together they guard the world, together they promote religious rites, avenge sin, and are the lords of truth and light see under 1. mitr/a-above; ṇayor ayanam-and ṇayor iṣṭiḥ-Name of particular sacrifices; ṇayoḥ saṃyojanam-Name of a sāman-) etc. (sg., wrong reading for maitrāvaruṇa- )
mṛ cl.6 A1. () mriy/ate- (Epic and mc. also P. ti-; cl.1 P. A1. marati-, m/arate- ; imperative mara-, ; perfect tense mam/āra-, mamruḥ- etc.; parasmE-pada mamṛv/as- ; A1. mamrire- ; Aorist amṛta- subjunctive mṛthāh- ; Potential murīya-. ; mriṣīṣṭa- ; future martā- grammar; mariṣyati- etc.; te- ; infinitive mood martum- etc.; martave- ; ind.p. mṛtv/ā- ; -māram- ), to die, decease etc. etc.: Passive voice mriyate- (confer, compare above;sometimes used impers, with instrumental case; perfect tense mamre-; Aorist amāri-) : Causal mār/ayati- (mc. also te-; Aorist, amīmarat-): Passive voice māryate-, to cause to die, kill, slay etc. etc.: Desiderative of Causal See mimārayiṣu-: Desiderative mumūrṣati- () , to wish or be about to die, face death : Intensive memrīyate-, marmarti- grammar ([ confer, compare Zend mar,mareta; Greek for ; Latin mors,morioretc.; Slavonic or Slavonian mre8ti; Lithuanian mi4rti; Gothic maurthr; German Mord,morden; English murder.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛgīf. (of mṛga-above) a female deer, doe. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mudrāf. (fr. mudra-See above) a seal or any instrument used for sealing or stamping, a seal-ring, signet-ring (see aṅguli-m-), any ring etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
muhūkaramfn. (fr. madhu-kara-) gathered or collected after the manner of bees (see mādhu-k-above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
muktābharaṇa(bh-) mfn. (for 1. see under mukta-above) having a pearls ornament View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūlan. (or m. gaRa ardharcādi-; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-or ī-).;prob. for 3. m/ūra-See above)"firmly fixed", a root (of any plant or tree;but also figuratively the foot or lowest part or bottom of anything) etc. (mūlaṃ- kṛ-or bandh-,to take or strike root) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūlādhāran. Name of a mystical circle situated above the generative organs View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūrdhanm. () the forehead, head in general, skull, (figuratively) the highest or first part of anything, top, point, summit, front (of battle), commencement, beginning, first, chief (applied to persons) etc., etc., (mūrdhni-with vṛt-etc., to be above everything, prevail;with dhṛ-,or ā-- equals mūrdhnā-1. kṛ-,to place on the head, hold in high honour) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūta1. 2. mūta-. See under 1. mīv- and above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naind. not, no, nor, neither (-, ) etc. etc. (as well in simple negation as in wishing, requesting and commanding, except in prohibition before an imperative or an augmentless Aorist [ see a. -];in successive sentences or clauses either simply repeated exempli gratia, 'for example' ;or strengthened by another particle, especially at the second place or further on in the sentence exempli gratia, 'for example' by u-[ see no-], ut/a-, api-, pi-, -, pi-or atha vā- ;it may even be replaced by ca-, -, api ca-, api vā-,etc. alone, as ;often joined with other particles, beside those mentioned above especially with a following tu-, tv eva-, tv eva tu-, ced- q.v, khalu- q.v, ha-[ see gaRa di-and ] etc.;before round or collective numbers and after any numeral in the instrumental case or ablative it expresses deficiency exempli gratia, 'for example' ekayā na viṃśati-,not 20 by 1 id est 19 ; pañcabhir na catvāri śatāni-,395 ;with another na-or an a- privative it generally forms a strong affirmation[ see ] exempli gratia, 'for example' neyaṃ na vakṣyati-,she will most certainly declare ; daṇḍyo 'sti-,he must certainly be punished ;it may also, like a-,form compounds [ see below]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nabhf. or m. injury () or injurer (only accusative plural n/abhas-;but see 1. nabh-above ).
nābhāgadiṣṭa wrong reading for n/ābhā-n/ediṣṭha- (above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nābhāganediṣṭha wrong reading for n/ābhā-n/ediṣṭha- (above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nadīf. flowing water, a river (commonly personified as a female;butSee nad/a-above ) etc. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' nadikā-; see ku-nadikā-and giri--; ind. -nadi-; see upa-nadi-[beside -nadam-,fr. nad/a- ]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāḍīṃdhama wrong reading for nāḍiṃ-dh- (above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nadīnadam. plural () or n. sg. () equals nada-nadī- (above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāgarayāyigraham. plural planets opposed to each other in various particular ways (see above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāgīf. Name of a metre (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nagnācāryam. a bard (see nagn/a-above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nah cl.4 P. A1. () n/ahyati-, te- (Potential -nahet- ; nahyur- ; parasmE-pada A1. n/ahyamāna-[also with pass. meaning] etc.; perfect tense nanāha-, nehe-; future natsyati-, naddhā- [ confer, compare ]; Aorist, anātsīt-, ; anaddha- ; ind.p. naddhvā- grammar; -n/ahya- etc.; infinitive mood -naddhum- ) to bind, tie, fasten, bind on or round or together ; (A1.) to put on (as armour etc.), arm one's self. etc. etc.: Passive voice nahyate-, parasmE-pada hyamāna- (See above) : Causal nāhayati- (Aorist anīnahat- grammar) to cause to bind together : Desiderative ninatsati-, te- grammar : Intensive nānahyate-, nānaddhi-. [Prob. for nagh-; confer, compare Latin nectere, German Nestel(?).] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nahuṣātmajam. Name of king yayāti- (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naktāf. (confer, compare above) Methonica Superba [ confer, compare nak-and nakti-; Zend nakht-uru,nakht-ru; Greek ; Latin nox; Lithuanian naktis; Slavonic or Slavonian nos8ti; Gothic nahts; Anglo-Saxon neaht,niht,Engl.night, German Nacht.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naktabhojanan. the eating only at night (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nakuleṣṭā f. "liked by the ichneumon", a kind of medicine plant (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nakuleṣṭakāf. "liked by the ichneumon", a kind of medicine plant (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nalinīf. (fr. nalina-above or fr. nala-"lotus"as ab-jinī-fr. ab-ja-, padminī-fr. padma-etc.) a lotus, Nelumbium Speciosum (the plant or its stalk) , an assemblage of lotus flowers or a lotus pond etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāmann. personal name (as opp. to gotre-,family name; see nama-gotra-above ) on (often in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' = named, called exempli gratia, 'for example' viṣṇu-śarma-nāmā paṇḍitah-,a sage named viṣṇu-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nandapālam. "guardian of the treasure nanda-", id est varuṇa- (see above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāndīmukhan. () equals -śrāddha- n. a śrāddha- offered to a class of deceased ancestors (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nandinītanayam. metron. of vyāḍi- (see above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nārācacūrṇan. Name of particular medicaments (see above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nārācaghṛta m. Name of particular medicaments (see above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nārācarasam. Name of particular medicaments (see above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naranārāyaṇam. dual number nara- and nārāyaṇa- (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
narmadāf. of -da- (above),"pleasure-giver", Name of a river (the modern Nerbudda) etc. (she is personified as the wife of puru-kut-sa and mother of trasa-dasyu-, or as a sister of the ura-ga-s id est serpents, or as a daughter of the soma-pa-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nastakaraṇan. instrument used by bhikṣu-s for injecting the nose (taḥ-k-? see above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
natakālam. hour-angle (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navāf. Name of a woman (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nicito pile up, heap up, collect, only in deriv. (see ni-kāya-etc. above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nidarśinmfn. suiting, pleasing (varia lectio nidarśana-; see above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nigamasthānan. place of insertion (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nigārakamfn. swallowing (see ni-gālaka-above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nigaraṇam. the smoke of a burnt offering (see ni-gaṇa-above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nigṝP. -girati-, or -gilati- (-griṇāti- ; Aorist -gārīt- ; future -gariṣyati- ; infinitive mood -giritum- ) ; to swallow, ingurgitate, devour etc. ; to swallow id est totally appropriate : Passive voice -gīyate-, parasmE-pada yamāṇa- (with act. meaning) -gārayati- or -gālayati- '> (see ni-- gal-above) ; Passive voice -gāryate- or -gālyate- Intensive jegilyate-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nij cl.2 A1. niṅkte- ; cl.3 P.A1. nenekti-, nenikte- (Intensive ?; confer, compare below) (from the present tense stem only 2 plural imperative ninikta- , parasmE-pada nijān/a- , nije- equals ninije- ; perfect tense nineja-, ninije- grammar; future, nekṣyati-, nektā- ; Aorist anijam-, jan- ; anaikṣīt-, nikṣi- ; ind.p. niktv/ā- ; -nijya- ; dative case infinitive mood -nije-. ), to wash, cleanse, purify (A1.one's self) etc. ; to nourish : Passive voice nijyate-, to be washed etc. : Causal nejayati- ; Aorist anīnijat- grammar : Desiderative ninikṣati- grammar : Intensive n/enekti-, nenikt/e- (confer, compare above; Potential neniyāt- ; nenijīsti-, nenijyate- grammar), to wash (one's self). [ confer, compare Greek for; Anglo-Saxon nicor; German Nix,Nixe.]
nikartanan. plucking, impoverishing (See above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nikasa tmoja- equals ni-kaṣa-, ṣāt- (above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nikrandcl.1 P. -krandati-, (Aorist ny-akrandīt-), to cry from above (as a bird on a tree) : Causal -krandayati-, to cause to roar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nimīlitamukhamf(ī-)n. ( -dṛś- see above) equals -dṛś- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nimittan. (possibly connected with ni--above) a butt, mark, target View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nimittinmfn. operated on or influenced by a cause, having a cause or reason (see nimitta-n-above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nimnābhimukhamfn. (water) tending id est flowing downwards (see -pravaṇa-above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ninṛttamfn. repeated (as above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirākṛtinmfn. making no show etc. equals -ākāra- (above) (varia lectio kṛti-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirāsitva wrong reading for -āśitva-, or -āśatva- (above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirekeind. above all, in a high degree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirvṛtA1. -vartate- (P.only in future -vartsyāmi-,to cause to roll out or cast (as dice) ; future -vartsyati-and Conditional -avartsyat-,to take place, happen ), to come forth, originate, develop, become etc. ; to be accomplished or effected or finished, come off ; take place (see above) etc. ; often wrong reading for ni-vṛt- q.v : Causal -vartayati- (ind.p. -vartya-; Passive voice -vartyate-), to cause to come forth, bring out, turn out, do away with, remove ; to bring about, complete, finish, perform, make, produce, create etc. ; to gladden, satisfy (a-nirvartya- varia lectio for a-nirvṛtya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nisind. out, forth, away etc. (rarely used as an independent word[ exempli gratia, 'for example' ],but mostly as a prefix to verbs and their derivatives[ see niḥ-- kṣi-etc. below], or to nouns not immediately connected with verbs, in which case it has the sense,"out of","away from"[ see nirvana-, niṣ-kauśāmbi-etc.] or that of a privative or negative adverb= a-3,"without","destitute of","free from","un-"[ see nir-artha-, nir-mala-etc.], or that of a strengthening particle"thoroughly","entirely","very"[ see nih-śūnya-, niṣ-kevala-, nir-muṇḍa-];it is liable to be changed to niḥ-, nir-, niś-, niṣ-,and -; see above and below).
niṭilākṣa() () m. Name of śiva- (see above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niṭilekṣaṇa() m. Name of śiva- (see above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nyagrodhakamfn. gaRa ṛśyādi- (see also above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nyakind. (nyag-) with bhū-, to humble one's self. be humble or modest: Caus. -bhāvayati- = kṛ- (see nyak--.and nyag--above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nyañcmf(n/īci-)n humble, vile, contemptible (see nyak-etc. above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nyāyam. a system of philosophy delivered by gotama- or gautama- (it is one of the six darśanas- q.v,and is perhaps so called, because it"goes into"all subjects physical and metaphysical according to the above syllogistic method treated of in one division of the system;its branch is called vaiśeṣika-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
olaj vv.ll. for the above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
olj vv.ll. for the above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
oṣadhif. (etymology doubtful;probably fr. oṣa-above,"light-containing"See ) a herb, plant, simple, especially any medicinal herb etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pac cl.1 P. A1. () p/acati-, te- (cl.4. A1. p/acyate- confer, compare below; parasmE-pada pacāna- [ confer, compare kim-pacāna-]; perfect tense papāca-[2. sg. papaktha-or pecitha- ], pecur-; pece-, pecire-[ /apeciran-, ; peciran- on ]; Aorist p/akṣat- ; apākṣīt-, apakta- grammar; preceding pacyāt- ; future pakṣyati-, te-or paktā- ; ind.p. paktv/ā- ; infinitive mood p/aktave- ; paktum-, ), to cook, bake, roast, boil (A1.also "for one's self") etc. ; (with double accusative) to cook anything out of (exempli gratia, 'for example' tandulān odanam pacati-,"he cooks porridge out of rice-grains") ; to bake or burn (bricks) ; to digest ; to ripen, mature, bring to perfection or completion etc. ; (with double accusative) to develop or change into (exempli gratia, 'for example' puṇyāpuṇyaṃ sukhāsukham-,"merit and demerit into weal or woe") ; (intrans.) to become ripe or mature : Passive voice pacy/ate- (ti- ; Aorist apāci- grammar), to be cooked or burnt or melted or digested or ripened or developed etc. ; to be tormented ; also intrans. equals p/acyate- (confer, compare above) , to become ripe or mature, to develop or ripen (with accusative of the fruit that is borne or ripens ; confer, compare Va1rtt. 14 ; lok/aḥ p/acyamānaḥ-,"the developing world") : Causal pācayati-, te- (Aorist apīpacat- grammar; Passive voice pācyate-, parasmE-pada cyamāna- ) ; to cause to cook or be cooked (A1."for one's self") , to have cooked or to cook etc. (confer, compare ) ; to cause to ripen ; to bring to completion or to an end, cure, heal : Desiderative pipakṣati- grammar : Intensive pāpacīti- grammar ; pāpacyate-, to be much cooked, to cook very much or burn excessively, to be much afflicted : Desiderative of Intensive pāpacishati-, te- grammar ([ confer, compare Greek for ; Latin coquo; Slavonic or Slavonian peka,pes8ti.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pakṣmākṣamfn. suffering from Entropium (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pakṣmann. (sg. and plural) the eyelashes (ṇonipātena-,"in the twinkling of an eye, in an instant"; see pakṣma-pāta-etc. above) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pālakan. a spittoon (see pāla-above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pālakāpyan. Name of his work (see pālakāvya-above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
palālānupalālam. dual number palāla- and anupalāla- (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāñcajanyadhamam. Name of kṛṣṇa- (see above-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāñcajanyadharam. Name of kṛṣṇa- (see above-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāñcajanyanādinm. Name of kṛṣṇa- (see above-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcakaṣāyajamfn. produced from the above decoction View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcakaṣāyātthamfn. produced from the above decoction View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcaman. the fifth part, 1/5 (see above and ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcanadatīrthan. Name of a sacred bathing-place (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcāṅgādikamfn. (a pantomime) dealing with 5 members (see above) etc., View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcāṅgapattran. a calendar or almanac (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcīkṛtamfn. made into 5 (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāparoginmfn. suffering from a bad disease (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paratasind. high above (in rank) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paribhṛP. A1. -bharati-, te- (perfect tense P. -babhrima-[!] ; A1. -jabhre- ), to bring ; (A1.) to extend or pass beyond (also trans. = extend, spread, ) ; to roam or travel about (see above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paridhisaṃdhim. (prob.) the putting together of the 3 fire-sticks (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paripannan. the change of m- into anusvāra- (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parivāpyamf(ā-)n. having or requiring or deserving the pari-vāpa- (See above) (see parī-v-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parivedanīyā f. the wife of a parivettṛ- (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parivedinīf. the wife of a parivettṛ- (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parorajasmfn. (r/o--) being beyond the dust or above the world View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paruśśasind. (fr. parus-) equals paru-śas- (above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parvatadānan. a gift in shape of a mountains (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāśajālan. the outer world conceived as a net (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paṭahaghoṣaṇāf. a proclamation made by beating a drum (accusative with -etc. as above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paṭalam. varia lectio for paṭara- (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāṭalīputran. equals li-p- (above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pataṃgāśmanm. the sun-stone (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
patidevā() f. regarding a husband as a divinity, honouring a husband above all others. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
patidevatā( ) f. regarding a husband as a divinity, honouring a husband above all others. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pātyan. (for f.See above) dominion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pavitreṣṭif. Name of a particular sacrifice (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pich cl.10 P. picchayati-, to press flat, squeeze, expand, divide (varia lectio picc-; see above) ; cl.6 P. picchati-, to inflict pain, hurt View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piṇḍam. (dual number) the fleshy parts of the shoulder situated above the collar-bone View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piṣṭamfn. (for 1.See above) crushed, ground etc. etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pitryan. equals pitṛ-tīrtha- (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṝ cl.9 P. () pṛṇ/āti- ; cl.6 P. ( pṛṇ-, ) priṇ/ati- ; cl.3 P. () p/iparti- (also A1.; imperative pipīpṛhi- ; perfect tense papāra-,3. plural paparuḥ-,or papruḥ- ; pupūre-, rire- ; -pupūryās- ; papṛv/as-[?] ; Aorist apārīt- grammar, pūriṣṭhās- ; imperative pūrdh/i- ; preceding priyāsam- , pūryāt- grammar; future parīṣyati-, parī- grammar; ind.p. pūrtvā- grammar, -pūrya- ; -pūram-[in compound with its object; confer, compare udara-p-, goṣpada-p-, carma-p-.and ]; infinitive mood pṛṇ/adhyai- ; -puras- ; pūritum- ), to fill (A1."one's self") ; to fill with air, blow into (accusative) ; to sate, cherish, nourish, bring up ; to refresh (as the pitṛ-s) (Aorist apārīt- varia lectio atārpsīt-) ; to grant abundantly, bestow on (dative case), present with (instrumental case) (often parasmE-pada pṛṇ/at-= bounteous, liberal, ungrudging) ; to fulfil, satisfy (as a wish) : Passive voice pūry/ate- (Epic also ti-,and A1. p/ūryate-, parasmE-pada p/ūyamāṇa-), to be filled with, become full of (instrumental case), be sated etc. ; to become complete (as a number) : Causal pārayati-, to fill ; to fulfil (only Aorist pīparat-) ; pūr/ayati- (), te- (Passive voice pūryate-[ confer, compare above]; Aorist apūri-, apūriṣṭa-), to fill, fill up with (instrumental case) etc. ; to fill (with a noise, said also of the noise itself) ; to fill with wind, blow (a conch) ; to draw (a bow or an arrow to the ear) ; to make full, complete, supplement (a sentence) ; to cover completely, overspread, bestrew, surround etc. ; to load or enrich or present with (instrumental case) ; to fulfil (a wish or hope) etc. ; to spend completely (a period of time) : Desiderative piparīṣati-, pupūrṣati- grammar : Intensive pāparti-, popūrti-, popūryate- [ confer, compare Greek ; Latin plere,plenus; Lit.pi4lti,pi4lnas; Slavonic or Slavonian plu8nu8; Gothic fulls; German voll; English full.]
prabhāvayaNom. yati- See under Causal above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prabhū equals bhu- (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prach cl.6 P. (), pṛcchati- (Ved. and Epic also A1. pṛcchate-; perfect tense papraccha- etc., papṛkṣ/e-[?] ; Aorist /aprākṣīt- etc., /aprāṭ- , apraṣṭa- ; future prakṣyati- etc., praṣṭā- grammar; ind.p. pṛṣṭvā-, -pṛcchya- ; infinitive mood pr/aṣṭum- etc., -p/ṛccham-, cche- ), to ask, question, interrogate (accusative) ; to ask after inquire about (accusative) ; to ask or interrogate any one (accusative) about anything (accusative dative case locative case, prati-,or adhikṛtya-with accusative; arthe-or hetoḥ- in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') (pr.p. A1. pṛcchamāna-,"asking one's self") etc. etc. ; (in astrology) to consult the future ; (with nāmato mātaram-) to inquire about one's (genitive case) mother's name ; (with na-) not to trouble one's self with ; to seek, wish, long for ; to ask, demand, beg, entreat (accusative) : Passive voice pṛcchy/ate-, to be asked or questioned about (act. dative case etc., as above ) etc. etc.: Causal pracchayati- (Aorist apapracchat-) grammar : Desiderative pipṛcchiṣati- : Intensive parīpṛcchyate- [Orig. pṛk-; confer, compare Latin preces,procus;poscereforporscere; Slavonic or Slavonian prositi; Lithuanian praszy4ti; German fra7he7n,fragen;forsko7n,forschen.]
pradakṣiṇamind. from left to right, so that the reverential side is turned towards a person or object etc. etc. (also in the beginning of a compound; see compound below;with kṛ-and pra-kṛ-as above ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāduṣin compound for prādur- (see above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prahitu(only t/o saṃyojane-), Name of 2 sāman-s (see pra-hita-above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prajāf. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).; see pra-ja-above) procreation, propagation, birth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prajāpati(--) m. lord of creatures, creator etc. etc. (Name of a supreme god above or among the Vedic deities[ ]but in later times also applied to viṣṇu-, śiva-, Time personified, the sun, fire, etc., and to various progenitors, especially to the 10 lords of created beings first created by brahmā-, viz. marīci-, atri-, aṅgiras-, pulastya-, pulaka-, kratu-, vasiṣṭha-, pracetas- or dakṣa-, bhṛgu-, nārada-[ ; see ], of whom some authorities count only the first 7, others the last 3) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prajñamf(ā-)n. (for 1.See above) wise, prudent View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāñcmfn. first, in the first place, above all View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāṇiyodhanan. setting animals to fight (= -dyūta-above ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praśāmmfn. (Nominal verb ś/ān-) painless, unhurt (see śān-above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasavam. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).;for 1. 2.See above) begetting, procreation, generation, conception, parturition, delivery, birth, origin etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasitamfn. (2. si-; see pra-si-above) darting along View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasitif. (pr/a--) (for 1.See above) onward rush, onset, attack, assault View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāṣṭaSee above under 1. prāś-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasthāvatSee above under pra-stha-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prathamapuruṣam. the first (= our 3rd) person in the verb or its terminations (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiind. or used distributively (see ) to express at every, in or on every, severally (exempli gratia, 'for example' yajñam pr-,at every sacrifice ; yajñaṃ yajñam pr- ; varṣam pr-,every year, annually ;in this sense often compound; see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratibimbayaNom. P. yati-, to reflect, mirror (see bita-above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prātībodhīputram. Name of a teacher (see under prāti-bodha-above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratīhāram. a particular alliance (wrong reading for pratī-kāra-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratihāravatmfn. containing the Priyad syllables (above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratipāṇam. a counter-stake, counter-game, revenge at play (see -paṇa-,above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisarabandhāf. (see above) a female servant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiśrutan. a promise, engagement (See above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyayatvan. (see above) the being a cause, causality View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravaraṇan. (for 1.See above) a call, summons, invocation (ati-prav-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravāraṇan. (for 1.See above) satisfying, fulfilment of a wish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravāritamfn. (for 1.See above) offered, set out for sale (Bombay edition pra-codita-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāyasn. (for 1.See above) = 2. pr/ayas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
premābandham. equals prema-b- (above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛṣṭhyastomam. Name of 6 ekāha-s or of a period of 6 sacrificial days (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pulakan. horripilation (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṇḍarīkānvayam. an elephant of pāṇḍu-'s (See above) race, an elephant with peculiar marks View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṇḍarisrajāf. either "a lotus-wreath"(if puṇḍari-is substituted for puṇḍarīka-) or"a wreath of Hibiscus Mutabilis" (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puraskṛ(P. A1. -karoti-, -kurute-), to place before or in front, cause to precede etc. ; to make one's leader, place in office, appoint ; to respect, honour etc. ; to place above all, prefer, choose, attend to ; to show, display View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrtayaNom. P. yati- (with dharmam-) to perform the meritorious works called pūrta- (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puruṣam. plural men, people (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrvamind. before (also as a preposition with ablative), formerly, hitherto, previously (sometimes with present tense) etc. etc. (often in the beginning of a compound exempli gratia, 'for example' pūrva-kārin-,active before, pūrvokta-,said before;also in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' in the sense of"with" exempli gratia, 'for example' prīti-pūrvam-,with love; mati-pūrvam-with intention, intentionally; mṛdu-pūrva-bhāṣ-,to speak kindly; see above;also with an ind.p. exempli gratia, 'for example' pūrva-bhojam-,or -bhuktvā-,having eaten before ; adya-p-,until now, hitherto;previously -tataḥ-,first-then; pūrva-paścāt-,previously-afterwards; pūrva-upari-,previously-subsequently; pūrva-adhūnā-or adya-,formerly-now) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṣ cl.1 P. () poṣati- (trans.) , only ; cl.4 P. () p/uṣyati- (trans. and intrans.; mc. also te-) etc. etc.; cl.9 P. () puṣṇāti- (trans.) etc. (perfect tense pup/oṣa-, pupuṣyās- ; Aorist apuṣat-or apoṣīt- grammar; Potential puṣeyam-, ; preceding puṣyāsam-, sma- ; future poṣiṣyati-, pokṣyati-; poṣitā-, poṣṭā- grammar; Passive voice puṣyate- ; Aorist apoṣi- grammar; infinitive mood puṣy/ase- ), to be nourished (with instrumental case exempli gratia, 'for example' bhāryayā- ), to thrive, flourish, prosper (also with p/oṣam-, puṣṭim-or vṛddhim-) (rarely in later language exempli gratia, 'for example' [see above], and sometimes in , where also 3 sg. puṣyati-tarām-) ; to cause to thrive or prosper, nourish, foster, augment, increase, further, promote, fulfil (exempli gratia, 'for example' a wish) , develop, unfold, display, gain, obtain, enjoy, possess etc. etc.: Causal posk/ayati- (Aorist apūpuṣat- grammar), to rear, nourish, feed, cause to thrive or prosper etc. ; to cause to be reared or fed by (instrumental case) : Desiderative pupoṣiṣati-, pupuṣithati-, pupukṣati- grammar : Intensive popuṣyate-, popoṣṭi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūtidhānya wrong reading for pūta-dh- (above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
putrikāpūrvaputram. the son of a daughter adopted before (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rabhasapālam. Name of a lexicographer (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rādh (confer, compare ṛdh-and radh-) cl.5.4. P. () rādhn/oti- rādhyati- (Vedic or Veda also proper rādhati-and r/ādhyate-; perfect tense rar/ādha- etc. etc. [2. sg. rarādhitha-or redhita-, confer, compare ]; Aorist, arātsīt-, rādhiṣi- ; preceding rādhyāsam- ; future rāddhā- grammar; rātsyati- ; ind.p. rāddhv/ā-, -rādhya- ), to succeed (said of things), be accomplished or finished ; to succeed (said of persons), be successful with (instrumental case), thrive, prosper ; to be ready for, submit to (dative case) ; to be fit for, partake of, attain to (dative case or locative case), ; (rādhyati-) to prophesy to (dative case) ; to accomplish, perform, achieve, make ready, prepare, carry out ; to hit, get at (accusative) ; to propitiate, conciliate, gratify ; to hurt, injure, destroy, exterminate (confer, compare ) : Passive voice rādhyate- (Aorist /arādhi-), to be conciliated or satisfied (confer, compare rādhyate-above) : Causal rādh/ayati- (Aorist arīradhat- ; Passive voice rādhyate- ), to accomplish, perform, prepare, make ready etc. ; to make favourable, propitiate, satisfy : Desiderative of Causal rirādhayiṣati- : Desiderative rirātsati- or -ritsati- Va1rtt. 1 : Intensive rārādhyate-, rārāddhi- grammar ([ confer, compare iradh-; Gothic gare7dan,rathjo1; Slavonic or Slavonian raditi.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raivatagirim. Name of a mountain (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rajastamaskamfn. (any one or any thing) under the influence of the two qualities rajas- and tamas- (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raktapittakaramfn. causing the above disease View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
randhran. of the number"nine" (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratāmbuka(?) n. dual number the two cavities immediately above the hips View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rathāṅgatulyāhvayanam. "having the same name as a chariot's-wheel", the above bird View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛbhukṣinm. (See grammar 162 ), Name of the above ṛbhu-s, and especially of the first of them View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛcf. the collection of the ṛc- verses (sg., but usually plural /ṛcas-), the ṛg-- veda- and (see ṛg-veda-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛgyajuḥsāmavedinmfn. conversant with the above three veda-s. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rījyāf. (see rīḍhā-above) contempt, disgust View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
riricānaSee above under ric-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ririkvasSee above under ric-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rodham. (for 1.See above, column 1) the act of stopping, checking, obstructing, impeding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rodhanamf(ī-)n. (for 1.See above, column 1) obstructing, impeding, being an obstacle or hindrance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rohiṇīf. (f.of rohita-,"red", below;also f.of rohin-above) a red cow or [later] any cow (represented as a daughter of surabhi- and mother of cattle, especially of kāma-dhenu-,"cow of plenty";in the veda-, rohiṇī- may perhaps also mean "a red mare") etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
romakācāryam. Name of a teacher of astronomy (author of the above siddhānta-).
romalatā() () f. a winding line of hair above the navel (in women). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
romalatikā() f. a winding line of hair above the navel (in women). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
romālīf. a line of hair (above the navel in women; see roma-rāji-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
romarāji f. a row or line or streak of hair (especially on the abdomen of women just above the navel, said to denote puberty) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
romarājīf. a row or line or streak of hair (especially on the abdomen of women just above the navel, said to denote puberty) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
romāvalīf. a line of hair (above the navel; see romā-)
ṛṣisāhvayan. "having ṛṣi- as an appellation"Name of the forest ṛṣi-patana- above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛtabhāgam. plural the descendants of the above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛtaṃbharaprajñamfn. possessing the above knowledge (said of a class of yogin-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛtavyātvan. state of being the above brick View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛtavyavatmfn. furnished with the above bricks View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛtum. sexual union at the above time View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛtukālam. the time of a woman's courses, the time after the courses (favourable for procreationSee above ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rucakan. a kind of tonic (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rūḍha rūḍhi- See column 2 and above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudhiramfn. (prob. fr. the above lost root rudh-,"to be red"; see rohita-and also under rudra-) red, blood-red, bloody
rudrādhyāyāyinmfn. reciting the above prayers View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rukminm. Name of the eldest son of bhīṣmaka- and adversary of kṛṣṇa- (he was slain by bala-rāma-;See rukmiṇī-above ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rurubhairavam. a form of bhairava- (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śabalamf(ā-,or ī-)n. (also written śavala-; see śabara-above) variegated, brindled, dappled, spotted (in applied to the two four-eyed watch-dogs of yama-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sabhāgamfn. (for sa-bhāga-See above) going into an assembly or council View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sabhājanan. (for sa-bhājana-See above, column 2) service, honour, courtesy, politeness, civility (especially in receiving or taking leave of a friend) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sabhaṅgaśleṣam. a śleṣa- formed by the above division View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣaḍavattan. a double vessel designed for the above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sādhyam. (plural) "they that are to be propitiated", Name of a class of celestial beings (belonging to the gaṇa-devatā- q.v,sometimes mentioned in the veda- [see ];in the their world is said to be above the sphere of the gods;according to yāska-[ ] their locality is the bhuvarloka- or middle region between the earth and sun;in , the sādhya-s are described as created after the gods with natures exquisitely refined, and in , as children of the soma-sad-s, sons of virāj-;in the purāṇa-s they are sons of sādhyā-, and their number is variously twelve or seventeen;in the later mythology they seem to be superseded by the siddha-sSee siddha-;and their names are manas-, mantṛ-, prāṇa-, nara-, pāna-, vinirbhaya-, naya-, daṃśa-, nārāyaṇa-, vṛṣa-, prabhu-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣaḍvargavaśyamfn. subject to the above six faults View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sagaramfn. (fr. 7. sa-+ gara-,"poison",2. gṝ-;for 1. sa-gara-See above) containing poison, poisonous (n."poisonous food") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahapāṃsukrīḍitamfn. one with whom another has played etc. (See above) , a friend from childhood View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sairaṃdhrīf. a maid-servant in the women's apartments, a woman of the above mixed caste View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaiṣam. (?for śaiśa-;See śaiśir/a-above) the cool season View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaivālakamfn. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') = the above plant, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śākadvīpam. Name of a dvīpa- (See above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śākambharīyan. a kind of fossil salt from the above lake View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śākaśreṣṭhāf. the above medicinal plant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śakaṭāhvāf. "cart-named", the asterism rohiṇī- (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sākṣātind. (ablative of kṣa-above) with the eyes, with one's own eyes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śākteyam. a worshipper of the śakti- (See above) , View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāktikam. a worshipper of the śakti- (See śākta-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śākuntaleyam. metron. of bharata- (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śalamfn. (connection with above very doubtful) = dravaṇa-samartha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śālabhañjikāprakhyamfn. resembling the above game View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śālagrāmamn. a sacred stone worshipped by the vaiṣṇava-s and supposed to be pervaded by the presence of viṣṇu- (it is a black stone which contains a fossil ammonite and is chiefly found near the above village in the gaṇḍakī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śalākāyantran. (in surgery) a pointed instrument or probe (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śalala śalākā- etc. See , and column 1 above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śālmalimf. one of the 7 dvīpa-s or great divisions of the known continent (so called from the above tree said to grow there;it is surrounded by the sea of ghee or clarified butter) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śālmalīf. equals śālmali- (above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śālmalidvīpam. the śālmali-dvīpa- (See above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śam cl.4 P. (), ś/āmyati- (rarely te-,and Epic also śanati-, te-; Vedic or Veda śamyati-, śimyati-,and cl.9. śamnāti-[ ], śamnīṣe-, śamnīthās- imperative śamnīṣva-, śamīṣva-, śamiṣva-, śamīdhvam-; perfect tense śaśāma-, śemuḥ- etc.; śaśam/e- subjunctive śaś/amate- ; parasmE-pada śaśamān/a-[ q.v ]; Aorist /aśamiṣṭhās- ; aśamat- [ confer, compare present tense ]; preceding śamyāt- grammar; future śamiśā-, śamiṣyati- ; ind.p. śamitvā-, śāntvā-, śāmam- ), to toil at, fatigue or exert one's self (especially in performing ritual acts) ; to prepare, arrange ; to become tired, finish, stop, come to an end, rest, be quiet or calm or satisfied or contented etc. ; to cease, be allayed or extinguished etc. ; cl.9. (confer, compare above) to put an end to, hurt, injure, destroy : Passive voice śamyate- (Aorist aśami-) : Causal śam/ayati- (mc. also śāmayati-; Aorist aśīśamat-; Passive voice śāmyate-), to appease, allay, alleviate, pacify, calm, soothe, settle etc. ; to put to an end or to death, kill, slay, destroy, remove, extinguish. sup. press etc. ; to leave off, desist ; to conquer, subdue : Desiderative śiśamiṣati- grammar : Intensive śaṃśamīti- (), śaṃśamyate-, śaṃśanti- (grammar), to be entirely appeased or extinguished (perfect tense śaṃśamāṃ cakruḥ- ) . ([ confer, compare Greek ]) , View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samāf. (of 2. sama-above) a year etc. etc. (also sama- n.in pāpa-s/ama-, puṇya-s-, su-ṣ/ama-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samadhigatadhigamanan. going beyond or above, surpassing, overcoming View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samadhiṣṭhitamfn. standing above or at the highest place View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samānamfn. (for 1.See above) having the same measure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samaṅkam. (for 1.See above) a hook, crotchet (figuratively = "pain, ache") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samānodakabhāvam. the above relationship View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samārabhyamfn. (see above) to be undertaken or begun (superl. -tama-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samaryarājyan. the region occupied by a concourse (such as the above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāmastikamfn. relating to the above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samāvartanan. returning, (especially) the return home of a Brahman student as above (also"the saṃskāra- ceremony performed on the above occasion"; see saṃskāra-) () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavāyasambandham. intimate and constant connection, inseparable relation (as described above), connection by inseparable inherence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samāvṛttamfn. turned back, returned (especially as described above) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sambhāraśīlan. (with Buddhists) the virtue of possessing the requisites (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sambharodbhavan. "produced in Sambhar", the above salt View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śambhūmfn. (equals śambh/u-above) beneficent, kind View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sambhūP. A1. -bhavati-, te- (ind.p. -bhūya-, q.v), to be or come together, assemble, meet, be joined or united with (instrumental case with or without saha-,or locative case) etc. ; to be united sexually with (instrumental case with or without saha-,or rdham-,or accusative) etc. ; to be born or produced from (ablative), arise, spring up, develop ; to happen, occur, be, be found, exist etc. ; to be possible ; to be or become anything (Nominal verb) ; to accrue to, fall to the share of (locative case or genitive case) ; to prevail, be effective ; to be able to or capable of (infinitive mood or locative case) ; to enter into, partake of, attain to (accusative) ; to find room in, be contained in or numbered among (locative case) etc. ; to be adequate ; to be capable of holding : Causal -bhāvayati-, to cause to be together, bring together, present or affect any one (accusative) with (instrumental case;with doṣeṇa-,"to attach blame to", with annena-,"to give food to") ; to cause to be born or produced, effect, accomplish, make etc. ; to foster, cherish ; to resort to (accusative) ; to meet with, find (jīvantīm-,"alive") ; to honour, revere, salute, greet etc. ; to receive or accept graciously ; to imply, suggest a possibility, suppose anything possible in any one (locative case or genitive case) ; etc. ; to regard or consider as (two accusative) ; to think it possible that (Potential with and without yad-,or future) ; (with na-) to think it impossible that (Potential with and without yad-, yacca-, yatra-, yadā-, yadi-,or jātu-; future with and without kiṃ kila-) Scholiast or Commentator ; (A1.) to reach, arrive at (accusative) : Passive voice of Causal -bhāvyate-, to be brought about or together etc. (See above) ; to be (thought) possible or probable or fitting or consistent etc.: Desiderative -bubhūṣati-, to wish to thrive or prosper
saṃdeham. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) a conglomeration or conglutination (of material elements;See above ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃdehālaṃkāram. a particular figure of speech (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃdehālaṃkṛtif. a particular figure of speech (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃdhijamfn. belonging to the junctures of the parts of the eye (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃdhivigrahakam. a minister presiding over the above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃdhivigrahakāryādhikārinm. dual number the ministers presiding over the above affairs View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃdhyāf. the religious acts performed by Brahmans and twice-born men at the above three divisions of the day (accusative with ās-or anv-ās-or upa-ās-,"to perform these saṃdhyā- services", which consist of sipping water, repetition of prayers and mantra-s, especially of the gāyatrī- prayer;if regarded as an act of meditation the saṃdhyā-may be connected with saṃ-dhyai-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃdhyāṃśa(dhyā-) m. ( ) "portion of twilight", the period at the end of each yuga- (See above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃdhyāṃśakam. () "portion of twilight", the period at the end of each yuga- (See above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃdṛśf. (e- dative case as infinitive mood; see above) sight, appearance (samyak paśyati yaḥ-,"one who sees well or thoroughly") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃgatasaṃdhim. a friendly alliance (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃgītaśāstran. the science of singing etc. or any work on the above subject View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samidhamSee above under verb. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samidheSee above under verb. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samitin compound for samidh- (for sam-it-See above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samitiind. (for 1.See above) a sacred verse beginning with sam- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāmitran. the place for the above fire View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāmitrakarmann. the office of the above official View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃjñapanan. killing a sacrificial animal (by suffocation; see above ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaṃkarāf. (see śaṃ-garā-under śaṃ-above) equals śakunikā-, Va1rtt.i View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃkarṣaṇavidyāf. the art of drawing a child from the womb of one woman and transferring it to that of another (applied to baladeva- see above ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāṃkhyakārikāf. Name of a collection of 72 memorial verses or stanzas by īśvara-kṛṣṇa- (also called sāṃkhyasaptati-;the oldest extant systematic exposition of the sāṃkhya- system; see above ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sammātrior s/am-mātṛ- mfn. (for 1.See above) having the same mother, twin View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃnipātanudm. "removing the above fever", a species of Nimba tree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāṃnipātikakarmann. the treatment of the above illness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sampātikam. the above bird View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samprajñātāvasthāf. the above state View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃśabdyaSee above and a-saṃśabdya-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsadam. equals saṃsadām ayana- (above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃśaptakavadhaparvann. Name of the section of the describing the above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskṛtan. the Sanskrit language (see above) etc.
sāṃtapanīyāf. (scilicet iṣṭi-) a sacrifice offered to the above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃtṛdyamfn. to be joined together by pegs or fastenings (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samuccayālaṃkāram. the above rhetorical figure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samuccayopamāf. a simile containing the above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samudantamfn. rising above the edge, about to overflow View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samudetamfn. (see 2. sam-udita-above) excelling in (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samudgamfn. (for samudga-See above) going up or rising together View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samūhyamfn. to be swept together etc. (in equals samuhy/a-purīṣa-above ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samutkṣepaṇan. the altitude above the horizon (opp. to nāmana-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samutthitamfn. risen up together, risen, raised (as dust), towering above (as a peak), surging (as waves), gathered (as clouds) appeared, grown, sprung or obtained or derived from (ablative or compound; dhanaṃ daṇa-samutthitam-,"money derived from fines") etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃvaham. "bearing or carrying along", Name of the wind of the third of the 7 mārga-s or paths of the sky (that which is above the ud-vaha-and impels the moon;the other five winds being called ā--, pra--, vi--, pari--,and ni-vaha-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃvāham. Name of one of the 7 winds (= or wrong reading for saṃ-vaha-above )
saṃvargavidyāf. (in philosophy) the science of resolution or absorption (see above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃvartakinm. Name of bala-deva- (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃvatsaram. a year of the vikrama- era (See above; varṣa-is used for the śaka-) the first in a cycle of five or six years View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃvatsarasattrasadmfn. one who performs the above soma- sacrifice, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃvṛtan. close articulation (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃyamanan. yama-'s residence (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāṇḍilyasūtran. the aphorisms of śāṇḍilya- (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaṇīran. an island enclosed by the branches of the river sarayū- at the point where it falls into the Ganges above Chupra (this spot is also called dardarī-taṭa-," dardarī--bank") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaṅkhakan. a bracelet (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sapādalakṣamfn. Name of a district ( sapādalakṣmāpāla kṣmāpāla- m.a king of the above district; sapādalakṣaśikharin -śikharin- m.Name of a mountain) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sapattrākṛP. -karoti-, to wound in the way described above (see niṣpattrā-kṛ-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sapattrākṛtamfn. (according to to some also sa-pattra-kṛta-) severely wounded (as above described) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaphaśasind. by eighths (See śapha-above) , View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saptabhuvanan. plural the 7 worlds (one above the otherSee loka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saptadaśābhikḷptamfn. corresponding to the above stoma- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saptadaśastomamfn. having the above stoma- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saptadaśavartanimfn. (ś/a--) forming the course for the above stoma- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saptadaśavatmfn. (ś/a--) connected with the above kind of stoma- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saptadvārāvakīrṇamfn. scattered over or dominated or affected by the 7 gates (id est according to to ,"by the 5 organs of sense, the mind and the intellect",or"by this world and the 3 above and the 3 below it") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saptamīf. (of saptam/a-above) the 7th tithi- or lunar day of the fortnight (on which day in the light fortnight there is a festival in honour of the 7th digit, of the moon;often in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' See gaṅgā-s-, jayantīs-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saptapadamf(ā-)n. making the 7 steps (described above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saptapadīgamanan. () the walking together round the nuptial fire in 7 steps (See above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāramn. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).;perhaps to be connected with 1. sāra-above;prob. fr. a lost root meaning. "to be strong") the core or pith or solid interior of anything etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saralāf. the above pine View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saraladravam. the above resin View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatam. (plural) Name of a particular tribe of Brahmans (so called as coming from the above country or as supposed to be descended from the above ṛṣi-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatakalpam. the above sarasvatī- ceremonial View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvataprakriyāf. Name of a grammar (see above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīf. Name of the goddess of eloquence and learning (see above;she is opposed to śrī- or lakṣmī-[ see ] , and sometimes considered as the daughter and also wife of brahmā-, the proper wife of that god being rather sāvitri- or gāyatrī-;she is also identified with durgā-, or even with the wife of viṣṇu- and of manu-, and held to be the daughter of dakṣa-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarayūf. later Name of the river sarayu- (above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śarkarācaladānan. the gift of the above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārṣṭyan. a particular state of mukti- (See above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārvakārmikamfn. (see -karmika-above) all-effective as a remedy against (genitive case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvarāsam. (see -rasa-above) the resinous exudation of the Vatica Robusta View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvāstivādinmfn. or m. an adherent of the above doctrine View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvatobhadran. a mystical diagram of a square shape but enclosing a circle (employed for astrological purposes or on special occasions to foretell good or bad fortune; perhaps identical with the above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvatobhadracakran. a particular diagram (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvavedasamfn. accompanied by a gift of all one's goods (as a sacrifice;also m.[ scilicet kratu-]"a sacrifice of the above kind") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sas cl.2 P. () s/asti- (in also sasāsti-and in s/asasti-, pr. p. sas/at- ; grammar also perfect tense sasāsa- Aorist asāsīt-; future sasitā-, sasiṣyati-), to sleep etc. (see above) ; to be inactive or idle : Causal sāsayati- (Aorist asīṣasat-), grammar : Desiderative sisasiṣati- : Intensive sāsasyate-, sāsasti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāṣṭaṅgamind. with the above prostration (with pra-nam-"to make the above reverential prostration") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāṣṭaṅgapātamind. making the above prostration View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣaṣṭikyamfn. sown with the above rice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣaṣṭitamamfn. (according to to the only form when used alone;of ṣaṣṭa-above) the 60th View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣaṭkarmanm. a performer of the above six acts, a Brahman who is an adept in the tantra- magical formularies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satkāryavādinm. an adherent of the above doctrine View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sattvaguṇam. the quality of purity or goodness (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sattvaguṇinmfn. having the above quality predominant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāṭyāyanahomam. Name of a particular oblation (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saurīf. See above under 2. saura-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
savitrīf. (according to to some f.of savitṛ-above) a mother View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāvitrīf. initiation as a member of the three twice-born classes by reciting the above verse and investing with the sacred thread (see under sāvitr/a-,and upa-nayana-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāvitrīf. Name of the wife of brahmā- (sometimes regarded as the above verse deified or as the mystical mother of the three twice-born classes, or as the daughter of savitṛ- by his wife pṛśni-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāvitryupākhyānan. the story of sāvitrī- (; see above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
savyāhṛtipraṇavakamfn. with the above and the syllable Om (See praṇava-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāyujyamuktif. emancipation consisting in the above absorption View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śekharavyākhyāf. Name of a grammatical work (See above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śeṣam. Name of a celebrated mythological thousand-headed serpent regarded as the emblem of eternity (whence he is also called an-anta-,"the infinite" ; in the viṣṇu-purāṇa- he and the serpents vāsuki- and takṣaka- are described as sons of kadru-, but in one place śeṣa- alone is called king of the nāga-s or snakes inhabiting pātāla-, while elsewhere vāsuki- also is described as king of the naga-s and takṣaka- of the serpents; the thousand headed śeṣa- is sometimes represented as forming the couch and canopy of viṣṇu- whilst sleeping during the intervals of creation, sometimes as supporting the seven pātāla-s with the seven regions above them and therefore the entire world; he is said to have taught astronomy to garga-; according to some legends he became incarnate in bala-rāma- q.v) etc. ()
śeṣāhim. the serpent śeṣa- (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śeṣanāgam. the serpent śeṣa- (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevitavyamfn. (for 1.See above) to be sewn View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhāntaśiromaṇiprakāśam. Name of Comm. on the above work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhāntaśiromaṇivāsanāvārttikan. Name of Comm. on the above work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhāntaśiromaṇyudāharaṇan. Name of Comm. on the above work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śigrun. the seed of the above tree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sikatāf. (said to be fr. the above, but prob fr. sic-,p.1214) sand, gravel (mostly plural sg. also "a grain of sand") etc.
sikatāmehinmfn. suffering from the above disease View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śikhaṇḍinm. Name of a daughter of drupada- (afterwards changed to a male;See above ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śikyādhāram. "loop-holder", the hook or eye at each end of a pole or beam which bears the above looped cord for holding the strings of a balance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sīmantakamf(ikā-)n. having the hair parted (in pregnancySee above ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sindhusauvīram. a king of the above people View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sindhuvāram. a horse (of a good breed) brought from Sindh (see -pāra-ja-above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śīpālāf. water or a pool abounding in the above plants View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śipiviṣṭavatīf. a verse containing the above word View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śirasn. (prob. originally śaras- equals karas-;and connected with karaṅka- q.v) the head, skull (accusative with -,"to give up one's head id est life ";with dhṛ-,or vah-,"to hold up one's head, be proud";with Causal of vṛt-or with upa-sthā-,"to hold out the head","acknowledge one's self guilty"See śiropasthāyin-; instrumental case with grah-, dhā-, dhṛ-, vi-dhṛ-, bhṛ-, vah-,or kṛ-,"to hold or carry or place on the head, receive deferentially"; instrumental case with gam-, abhi-gam-, pra-grah-, -, pra-ṇam-[ nam-], ni-pat-, pra-ṇi-pat-,"to touch with the head, bow or fall down before"; locative case with kṛ-or ni-dhā-,"to place on one's head"; locative case with sthā-,"to be on or stand over a person's head, stand far above [gen.]") etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śirimbiṭham. (prob.) a cloud (see ; according to to "Name of a ṛṣi- having the patronymic bhāradvāja- and author of the above hymn") . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śiṣṭam. (see above) a chief. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śiṣṭif. (fr. śikṣ-,for 1.See above), help, aid (in su-s- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śiśupālavadham. "slaying of śiśu-", Name of a poem by māgha- (q.v) on the above subject View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sītāf. (less correctly written śītā-; see sīm/an-, sīra-) a furrow, the track or line of a ploughshare (also personified, and apparently once worshipped as a kind of goddess resembling Pomona;in , sitā- is invoked as presiding over agriculture or the fruits of the earth;in , sitā-"the Furrow"is again personified and addressed, four furrows being required to be drawn at the ceremony when the above stanzas are recited;in she is called sāvitrī-,and in indra-patnī-,"the wife of indra-";in epic poetry sitā- is the wife of rāmacandra- and daughter of janaka-, king of mithilā-, capital of videha-, who was otherwise called sīradhvaja-;she was named sitā- because fabled to have sprung from a furrow made by janaka- while ploughing the ground to prepare it for a sacrifice instituted by him to obtain progeny, whence her epithet ayoni--,"not womb-born";her other common names, maithilī- and vaidehī-, are from the place of her birth;according to one legend she was vedavatī- q.v,in the kṛta- age; according to to others she was an incarnation of lakṣmi- and of umā-;the story of rāma-'s bending the bow, which was to be the condition of the gift of sitā-, is told in ; sītā-'s younger sister urmilā- was at the same time given to lakṣmaṇa-, and two nieces of janaka-, daughters of his brother king kuśa-dhvaja-, to bharata- and śatrughna-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sitāsitan. (s-) (for sitās-See above) Name of prayāga- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sitīvāraa kind of plant (varia lectio sitār-[q.v.]; see siti-v-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivam. "The Auspicious one", Name of the disintegrating or destroying and reproducing deity (who constitutes the third god of the Hindu trimūrti- or Triad, the other two being brahmā-"the creator"and viṣṇu-"the preserver";in the veda- the only Name of the destroying deity was rudra-"the terrible god", but in later times it became usual to give that god the euphemistic N. śiva-"the auspicious"[just as the Furies were called "the gracious ones"], and to assign him the office of creation and reproduction as well as dissolution;in fact the preferential worship of śiva- as developed in the purāṇa-s and Epic poems led to his being identified with the Supreme Being by his exclusive worshippers [called śaiva-s];in his character of destroyer he is sometimes called kāla-"black", and is then also identified with"Time", although his active destroying function is then oftener assigned to his wife under her name kālī-, whose formidable character makes her a general object of propitiation by sacrifices;as presiding over reproduction consequent on destruction śiva-'s symbol is the liṅga- [ q.v ] or Phallus, under which form he is worshipped all over India at the present day;again one of his representations is as ardha-nārī-,"half-female", the other half being male to symbolize the unity of the generative principle[ ];he has three eyes, one of which is in his forehead, and which are thought to denote his view of the three divisions of time, past, present, and future, while a moon's crescent, above the central eye, marks the measure of time by months, a serpent round his neck the measure by years, and a second necklace of skulls with other serpents about his person, the perpetual revolution of ages, and the successive extinction and generation of the races of mankind: his hair is thickly matted together, and gathered above his forehead into a coil;on the top of it he bears the Ganges, the rush of which in its descent from heaven he intercepted by his head that the earth might not be crushed by the weight of the falling stream;his throat is dark-blue from the stain of the deadly poison which would have destroyed the world had it not been swallowed by him on its production at the churning of the ocean by the gods for the nectar of immortality;he holds a tri-śūla-,or three-pronged trident [also called pināka-] in his hand to denote, as some think, his combination of the three attributes of Creator, Destroyer, and Regenerator;he also carries a kind of drum, shaped like an hour-glass, called ḍamaru-: his attendants or servants are called pramatha- [ q.v ];they are regarded as demons or supernatural beings of different kinds, and form various hosts or troops called gaṇa-s;his wife durgā- [otherwise called kālī-, pārvatī-, umā-, gaurī-, bhavāṇī- etc.] is the chief object of worship with the śākta-s and tāntrika-s, and in this connection he is fond of dancing [see tāṇḍava-]and wine-drinking;he is also worshipped as a great ascetic and is said to have scorched the god of love (kāma-deva-) to ashes by a glance from his central eye, that deity having attempted to inflame him with passion for pārvatī- whilst he was engaged in severe penance;in the exercise of his function of Universal Destroyer he is fabled to have burnt up the Universe and all the gods, including brahmā- and viṣṇu-, by a similar scorching glance, and to have rubbed the resulting ashes upon his body, whence the use of ashes in his worship, while the use of the rudrākṣa- berries originated, it is said, from the legend that śiva-, on his way to destroy the three cities, called tri-pura-, let fall some tears of rage which became converted into these beads: his residence or heaven is kailāsa-, one of the loftiest northern peaks of the himālaya-;he has strictly no incarnations like those of viṣṇu-, though vīra-bhadra- and the eight bhairava-s and khaṇḍobā- etc.[ ] are sometimes regarded as forms of him;he is especially worshipped at Benares and has even more names than viṣṇu-, one thousand and eight being specified in the 69th chapter of the śiva-purāṇa- and in the 17th chapter of the anuśāsana-parvan- of the mahā-bhārata-, some of the most common being mahā-deva-, śambhu-, śaṃkara-, īśa-, īśvara-, maheśvara-, hara-;his sons are gaṇeśa- and kārttikeya-) etc.
śivagaṇan. (or śivagaṇapura -pura- n.) Name of a town founded by the above king
skandāpumārinmfn. attacked by the above disease View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smārtapaṇḍitam. a smārta- scholar or Brahman (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śmaśānan. (according to to for śmaśayana-above;but prob. for aśma-śayana-) an elevated place for burning dead bodies, crematorium, cemetery or burial-place for the bones of cremated corpses etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śmaśānan. an oblation to deceased ancestors (equals pitṛ-medha-See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtif. symbolical N. for the number 18 (fr. the 18 lawgivers above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtiśāstran. a law-book, code, digest (= dharma-ś-; see above under smṛti-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
snā (confer, compare snu-) cl.2 P. () sn/āti- cl.4 P. () snāyati- (Epic also A1. snāyate- Potential snāyāt-; Epic also snāyīta-; perfect tense sasnau-,3. plural sasnuḥ- ; future snātā- grammar; snāsyati-, te- etc.; Aorist asnāsīt- grammar; preceding snāyāt-[ confer, compare above] or sneyāt- ; infinitive mood snātum- etc.; ind.p. snātv/ā-, -sn/āya- etc.;Ved. also snātvī- ), to bathe, perform the ceremony of bathing or certain prescribed oblations (especially on returning home from the house of a religious preceptor, or on concluding certain vows etc., also with avabhṛtham-) etc. ; to smear one's self with (instrumental case) : Passive voice snāyate- (Aorist asnāyi- impersonal or used impersonally) : Causal snāp/ayati- or snap/ayati-, (with preposition only snāp-), to cause to bathe, wash, cleanse etc. ; to wash away ; to steep or soak in (locative case) ; to bathe with tears, weep for(?) : Desiderative sisnāsati- (but confer, compare siṣṇāsu-): Intensive sāsnāyate-, sāsnāti-, sāsneti- grammar ([ confer, compare Greek , ; Latin nare.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
snānayātrikamfn. a member of the above procession View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śnauṣṭan. (fr. prec.) Name of various sāman-s (see śnabhāśnauṣṭīya-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
somam. the moon or moon-god (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
somam. Name of various authors (also with paṇḍita-, bhaṭṭa-, śarman-etc.; see above ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
somanāthapattanan. Name of a town on the western coast of India (commonly called Somnath Pattan in Kathiawar, celebrated for the śiva- temple above described) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
somapāmfn. (see -p/a-above accusative plural m. -pas-; dative case sg. -pe-) drinking or entitled to drink soma--juice
somasiddhāntinm. a follower of the above system View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śoṇam. the river śoṇa- or Sone (alsof(ā-).;it rises in Gondwana in the district of Nagpore, on the table-land of amara-kaṇṭaka-, four or five miles east of the source of the narmadā- [Nerbudda], and running first northerly and then easterly for 500 miles falls into the Ganges above pāṭali-putra- or Patna) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śoṇitārśinmfn. suffering from the above disease View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
spandanan. throbbing, pulsation, palpitation, quivering, twitching (twitchings and quiverings of the body are supposed to prognosticate good or bad luck, and are therefore minutely described in certain works;See above ), trembling, agitation etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
spandasūtravimarśinīf. Name of a commentator or commentary on the above work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sphaiyakṛtam. patronymic fr. sphya-kṛt- or sphya-kṛta- (see above) on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sphoṭacandrikāf. Name of work (on the above philosophical sphoṭa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sphoṭanan. (in gram.) the separation of certain conjunct consonants by the insertion of an audible vocal sound (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sphoṭavādam. Name of various works (on the above sphoṭa- of philosophy) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śraddhāP. A1. -dadhāti-, -dhatte- (pr. p. śraddadhat-, śrad-d/adhāna-;Ved. infinitive mood śraddh/e- see śr/at-above), to have faith or faithfulness, have belief or confidence, believe, be true or trustful (with na-,"to disbelieve"etc.) etc. ; to credit, think anything true (two accusative) etc. ; to believe or have faith in or be true to (with dative case,and in later language with genitive case of thing or person, or with locative case of thing) etc. ; to expect anything (accusative) from (ablative) ; to consent, assent to, approve, welcome (with accusative;with na-,"to disapprove") ; to be desirous of (accusative), wish to (infinitive mood) : Causal -dhāpayati-, to make faithful, render trustful, inspire confidence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śraddhāf. (with kāmāyanī-) Name of the authoress of (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrāvikāf. a female śrāvaka- (See above;two female disciples of the buddha- were called agraśrāvikā-,"chief female disciples") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sravitaveSee root above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śreṇif. ( also m.;according to ,fr. śri-;connected with śreṭī-above) a line, row, range, series, succession, troop, flock, multitude, number etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śri cl.1 P. A1. () śrayati-, te- (perfect tense śiśr/āya-, śiśriy/e-; Aorist /aśret-, āśriyan- ; aśrait- ; /aśiśriyat- etc.; aśrāyiṣṭa- grammar [Ved. forms belonging either to the perfect tense or Aorist type are also aśiśret-, śrema-, śrayuḥ-, śiśrīt/a-]; future śrayitā- grammar; śrayiṣyati-, te- etc.; infinitive mood śrayitum- ; śrayitav/ai- ; ind.p. śrayitvā- etc., -śr/itya- etc.) P. to cause to lean or rest on, lay on or in, fix on, fasten to, direct or turn towards, (especially) spread or diffuse (light or radiance or beauty) over (locative case) ; (A1.or Passive voice,rarely P.) to lean on, rest on, recline against (accusative), cling to (locative case), be supported or fixed or depend on, abide in or on (accusative locative case or adverb) ; (A1. P.) to go to, approach, resort or have recourse to (for help or refuge) , tend towards (accusative) etc. ; (A1.) to go into, enter, fall to the lot or take possession of (accusative or locative case) ; (A1. P.) to attain, undergo, get into any state or condition (accusative) etc. ; to assume (with śrāvikā-tvam-,"to assume the form of a śrāvikā-", q.v) ; to show, betray (heroism) ; to honour, worship : Passive voice śrīyate- (Aorist /aśrāyi-: confer, compare above) etc. etc.: Causal śrāpayati- (in uc-chr-) ; śrāyayati- (Aorist aśiśrayat-;for aśiśriyat-See above) grammar : Desiderative śiśrayiṣati-, te- or śiśrīṣati-, te- grammar : Intensive śeśrīyate-, śeśrayīti-, śeśreti- [ confer, compare Greek , ; Latin clino,clivus; Lithuanian szly4ti,szle14ti,szlai4tas; Gothic hlains;hlaiw; German hline7n,line7n,lehnen; Anglo-Saxon hlinian; English lean.]
śrīdrumam. the tree called śrī- (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrīpañcamīvratan. the above religious observance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrīraṅgapattanan. " viṣṇu-'s city", the city of Seringapatam (situated in Mysore on an island an a channel of the kāverī-, said to have been founded by an ancient king who called it after himself, or by a devotee who dedicated it to viṣṇu-; see above ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sṛkka sṛkkaṇī- etc. = (or varia lectio for) sṛkva-, sṛkvaṇī- etc. above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sṛmam. Name of an asura- (see sṛpa-above and sṛmara- column 1) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śṛṅgāraveṣābharaṇamfn. dressed and ornamented suitably for the above purpose View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
srotaāpannamfn. one who has entered the above river () . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śru cl.5 P. () śṛṇ/oti- (Vedic or Veda and Epic also A1. śṛṇute-,and in sg. śṛṇv/e-,2. sg. viṣ/e-,3. plural vir/e-[ confer, compare below]; imperative śṛṇu-, ṇudh/ī-and ṇuh/ī- plural śṛṇut/ā-, ṇota-and ṇotana- ; perfect tense śuśr/āva-[once in with pass. sense], śuśruve-[2. sg. śuśrotha-,1. plural śuśruma-,in also mas-; śuśravat-, śuśrūy/ās- , parasmE-pada śuśruv/as- q.v ]; Aorist Ved. /aśravam-, /aśrot-,2. sg. śr/oṣi-; subjunctive śr/avat-, vathaḥ-;[?] śruvam- ; imperative śrudh/ī-, śr/otu- ; aśrauṣīt- etc.; subjunctive śroṣan- imperative śroṣantu- [ confer, compare śr/oṣamāṇa-]; preceding śrūy/āsam- etc.; future śrotā- ; śroṣyati-, te- etc.; infinitive mood śrotum- etc.; ind.p. śrutv/ā- etc.; -śr/utya- etc.; śrāvam- etc.) , to hear, listen or attend to anything (accusative), give ear to any one (accusative or genitive case), hear or learn anything about (accusative) or from (ablative genitive case instrumental case, mukhāt-or śakāśāt-), or that anything is (two accusative) etc. ; to hear (from a teacher), study, learn etc. ; to be attentive, be obedient, obey etc.: Passive voice śrūy/ate- (Epic also ti-;and in śṛṇve-etc.[ confer, compare above] with pass. meaning; Aorist aśrāvi-, śrāvi-), to be heard or perceived or learnt about (accusative) or from (genitive case ablative or mukhāt-;in later language often 3. sg. śrūyate- impersonal or used impersonally"it is heard","one hears or learns or reads in a book", ="it is said","it is written in (with locative case)"; imperative śrūyatām-,"let it be heard"="listen!") etc. ; to be celebrated or renowned, be known as, pass for, be called (Nominal verb) ; to be heard or learnt (from a teacher) ; to be taught or stated (in a book) ; to be heard id est pronounced or employed (as a sound or word) : Causal śrāv/ayati- (Epic also te-,in also śrav/ayati-; Aorist aśuśravi-, vuḥ- ; aśuśruvat- ; aśiśravat- grammar; Passive voice śrāvyate-See below) , to cause to be heard or learnt, announce, proclaim, declare etc. ; to cause to hear, inform, instruct, communicate, relate, tell (with accusative of thing, and accusative genitive case,or dative case of Persian,or with instrumental case in sense of "through") etc.: Passive voice of Causal śrāvyate-, to be informed of (accusative) etc.: Desiderative ś/uśrūṣate- (; Epic or mc. also ti-; Passive voice śuśrūṣyate-), to wish or like to hear (accusative), desire to attend or listen to (dative case) etc. ; to attend upon, serve, obey (accusative,rarely genitive case) etc.: Causal of Desiderative śuśrūṣayati-, to wait upon, be at the service of (accusative) on : Desiderative of Causal śiśrāvayiṣati- or śuśrāvayiṣati- grammar : Intensive śośrūyate-, śośravīti-, śośroti- grammar ([ confer, compare Greek , equals śrudh/i-, equals śrut/a-etc.; Latin cluo,in-clutus; Slavonic or Slavonian sluti; German laut; English loud.])
stavadhyaiSee above under root. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthālīpākīyamfn. belonging to the above oblation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthaviradyutimfn. having the dignity of an"Elder" (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthāyinmfn. permanent, constant, enduring, lasting (as a feeling or state; see sthāyi-bhāva-above ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthitopasthitamfn. (a word) which stands with and without the particle iti- (in the pada- text;See sthita-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
stipāSee above under st/i-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
stobhanasaṃhāraprob. wrong reading for stobhānusaṃhāra- (above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
stomabhāgāf. plural the bricks above mentioned View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
subhadraharaṇan. "the carrying off of subhadrā-", Name of a section in the (see above) and of other poems View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūcipattran. an index (See above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūcitamfn. (5. su- ucita-;for 1. sūcita-See above) very fit or suitable View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sudāyamfn. one who makes the above gift (exempli gratia, 'for example' a father, mother, husband etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuddhāvāsadevaputram. a deva-putra- belonging to the above class View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuddhiśrāddhan. a kind of śrāddha- (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūkāf. the sting of an insect (see above) , anything that stings or causes pain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūkadoṣam. the injurious effect of the above sūka- insect View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūkalam. (perhaps connected with śū-kara-above) a restive horse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūkarīf. a small pillar above a wooden beam View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sukhatamaSee above under sukha-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sukhataraSee above under sukha-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sukīrtim. of the above hymn View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śulkatvan. the being a nuptial gift or dowry (see above) , View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sunaphāyogam. the above configuration View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūrasenam. plural Name of the people inhabiting the above country (also naka-and na-ja-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūrvyamfn. being in beautiful vessels etc. (see under sūrmya-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūryapuran. "city of the Sun", Name of a city (see -nagara-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūryavaṃśyamfn. belonging to the above solar race View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suśrutan. Name of the above medical work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtikāṣaṣṭhīpūjāf. the worship of the above goddess View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sutyāf. (for 1.See above) bringing forth a child, parturition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svabhāvavādinm. one who maintains the above doctrine View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svadhāind. (with dative case or genitive case) the exclamation or benediction used on presenting (or as a substitute for) the above oblation or libation to the gods or departed ancestors (according to to the highest form of benediction at a śrāddha-;with kṛ-,"to pronounce the exclamation or benediction sva-dhā-"; svadhāstu-,"let there be a blessing on it"[ see ]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svadhitīvatmfn. furnished with axes or knives (said of the chariot of the marut-s; according to to some,"made of svadhiti- wood"See above ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śvapacatāf. the condition of a member of the above low caste View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śvapacatvan. the condition of a member of the above low caste View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śvapākam. one who cooks dogs, a man of an outcaste tribe (equals -paca-above) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śvapākīf. a woman of the above outcaste tribe View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svarind. bright space or sky, heaven (as distinguished from div-,which is regarded as the vault above it;often"heaven"as a paradise and as the abode of the gods and the Blest, in also of the asura-s; svaḥ prayātaḥ-,"gone to heaven" id est"departed this life") etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svarind. the space above the sun or between the sun and the polar star, the region of the planets and constellations (regarded as the 3rd of the 7 worlds [see loka-]and the 3rd of the three vyāhṛti-s [i.e. bh/ur bh/uvaḥ sv/aḥ-]; svar-is pronounced after om-and before the gāyatrī- by every Brahman on beginning his daily prayers) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svaritam. n. the svarita- accent (a kind of mixed tone, produced by a combination of high and low tone, and therefore named in sam-āhāra-,the high and low tones being called ud-ātta-,"raised"or"acute", and an-udātta-,"low"or"grave";the svarita- corresponds to the Greek circumflex and is of four kinds, viz. kṣaipra-[as in vy-/āpta-for v/i-āpta-], jātya-[as in kv/a-for k/ua-], praśliṣṭa-[as in div/īva-for div/i iva-],or abhinihita-[as in t/e 'bruvan-for t/e abruvan-];it is marked in by a small upright stroke above a syllable;and when produced by an udātta-immediately preceding is sometimes called "a dependent svarita-", and, when it properly belongs to a word, an"independent svarita-") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śvāsatāf. the being breath, the being aspirated (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svastikāsanan. a mode of sitting (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svayaṃhominmfn. offering a sacrifice of the above kind View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śvetagirim. white mountain, snowy range of hills (See under śveta-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
syam cl.1 P. () syamati- (only in 3. plural perfect tense sasyamuḥ-and syemuḥ-; grammar also Aorist asyamīt-; future syamitā-, syamiṣyati-; ind.p. syamitvā-,or syāntvā-; according to to also cl.10 P. syamayati-), to sound, cry aloud, shout, cry, shriek ; (syamati-), to go ; see cl.10. A1. syāmayate- (ti-), to consider, reflect : Causal syamayati- (Aorist asisyamat-) grammar (see above) : Desiderative sisyamiṣati- : Intensive sesimyate-, saṃsyanti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tapasn. warmth, heat (pañca tapāṃsi-,the 5 fires to which a devotee exposes himself in the hot season, viz. 4 fires lighted in the four quarters and the sun burning from above ; see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tapolokam. one of the 7 worlds (also called tapar-l-,situated above the jana-l-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tij cl.1. t/ejate- (ti- ; parasmE-pada t/ejamāna-;Ved. infinitive mood t/ejase-) to be or become sharp (t/etijāna-,"sharp") ; to sharpen, : Causal tejayati- idem or 'm. "collection of verbs and nouns (sub-anta-) ", a phrase ' ; to stir up, excite : Desiderative t/itikṣate- (;1. plural kṣmahe- ; future kṣiṣyate- ; Epic also P. exempli gratia, 'for example' parasmE-pada kṣat- )"to desire to become sharp or firm" , to bear with firmness, suffer with courage or patience, endure etc.: Intensive t/etikte- (; parasmE-pada tijāna-See above) to sharpen ; ([ confer, compare ; Latin dis-tinguo,etc.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tribhonalagnan. "part of the ecliptic which does not reach the eastern point by 90 degrees", the highest point of the ecliptic above the horizon, Scholiast or Commentator View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ūbadhyagoham. any hole in the ground where the above is concealed & View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ubhayaśirasmfn. "having a head towards both ways"or"two-headed", a pregnant female (see -mukha-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uccācakra(ucc/ā-) mfn. having a wheel above (said of a well) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ucchalitamfn. jerked up, moved, waved, waved above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ucchedavādinm. an adherent of the above doctrine, ibidem or 'in the same place or book or text' as the preceding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ucchvasatmfn. breathing etc. (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udover, above. (As implying separation and disjunction) out, out of, from, off, away from, apart. (According to native authorities ud-may also imply publicity, pride, indisposition, weakness, helplessness, binding, loosing, existence, acquisition.) ud- is not used as a separable adverb or preposition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udakadānikamfn. relating to the above rite
udakamehinmfn. suffering from the above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udakapūrvakamind. preceded by the above ceremony. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udaktasind. from above, from the north View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udaktāt(/udak-) ind. from above, from the north View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udarāmayinmfn. suffering from the above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udaśvidvatmfn. having the above mixture View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udavasānan. the act of leaving the place of sacrifice (See above)
udayagirim. the eastern mountain (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udayajyāf. the orient sine (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udbarhismfn. having sacrificial grass above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udbhidP. -bhinatti- (subjunctive -bhin/adat- ; Potential 1. sg. -bhideyam- ) to break or burst through, break out ; to appear above, become visible, rise up ; to pierce : Passive voice -bhidyate-, to spring open, burst forth ; to shoot open or up, break out, appear View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udbhinnamfn. appearing above etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udbhṛP. A1. -bharati-, -te- (perfect tense -jabhāra- present tense parasmE-pada -bh/arat-;but -bibhrat- ) to take or carry away or out ; to take for one's self, choose, select ; to raise up, elevate ; to carry above, raise up View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uddhāntamfn. (See above) , ejected, vomited View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uddhūtamfn. thrown upwards, tossed up, scattered above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udgrahP. A1. -gṛhṇāti- (or Vedic or Veda -gṛbhṇāti-), -ṇīte- (imperative 2. sg. -gṛbhāya- ; parasmE-pada -gṛhṇ/at- ) to lift up, keep above ; to set up, erect, raise, elevate : (A1.) to raise one's self ; to take out, draw out ; to tear away, take away ; to take away from, preserve, save ; to intercept, cause (the rain) to cease ; to break off, discontinue (speaking) ; to concede, grant, allow : Causal -grāhayati-, to cause to take up or out, cause to pay ; to bespeak, describe, set forth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uditamfn. being above, high, tall, lofty etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udvatsarīyamfn. belonging to the above year View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udvegamfn. an ascetic whose arms by long habit continue always raised above the head View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ūh cl.1 P. A1. ūhati-, -te- (Ved. ohate-), ūhāṃ-cakāra-, etc. (by native authorities not distinguished from 1. ūh-above ), to observe, mark, note, attend to, heed, regard ; to expect, hope for, wait for, listen for ; to comprehend, conceive, conjecture, guess, suppose, infer, reason, deliberate upon etc.: Causal ūhayati- (Aorist aujihat-), to consider, heed ; to cause to suppose or infer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ullasatmfn. coming forth etc. (See above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
umbhitamfn. included or contained in (see ubh- above), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
unmṛś(ud-mṛś-) P. -mṛśati-, to touch from above : A1. (imperative -mṛśasva-) to lift up (after having touched) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
unnidhā(ud-ni-dhā-) A1. -dhatte-, to hold above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaind. with, together with, at the same time with, according to (with inst. exempli gratia, 'for example' upa dharmabhiḥ-,according to the rules of duty) upa-, besides the meanings given above, is said by native authorities to imply disease, extinction; ornament; command; reproof; undertaking; giving; killing; diffusing; wish; power; effort; resemblance, etc.; ([ confer, compare Zend upa; Greek ; Latin sub; Gothic uf; Old German oba; modern German obinObdach,obliegen,etc.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upācāram. a particular saṃdhi- (See above), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upadehavatmfn. having the above excrescence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upadhālopinmfn. subject to the above (as a bahuvrīhi- compound ending in an-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaja(for 2.See) mfn. ( jan-), additional, accessory ( reads upa-c/am-[1. ci-];See Weber's extracts from the commentator or commentary on the above passage, where reads correctly tricatura-māsād āropitam-instead of tṛcaturān mākhābapitam-[?]) .
upajāpam. the act of rousing to rebellion or bringing over to one's own party (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upajihvikāf. an abscess (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upakaraṇan. anything added over and above, contribution, expedient View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upakrāmyamfn. = upa-kramya-1 above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upakurvāṇa(parasmE-pada of the A1.of upa--1. kṛ-See above) m. a brahmacārin- or student of the veda- who honours his religious teacher by a gift on completing his studies and becoming a gṛhastha- (opposed to the naiṣṭhika-, who stays with his teacher till death) commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upalekhabhāṣyan. Name of commentaries on the above work. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upamā(for 2.See below, and for 3.See column 3) ind. (Ved. instrumental case of the above) in the closest proximity or neighbourhood View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upamanyum. plural (avas-) the descendants of the above (see aupamanyava-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upamita(for 1.See above) mfn. stuck or fastened on, put into View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upāṅga(for 1.See above) m. the act of smearing, anointing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaniṣadan. = upa-niṣ/ad-2 above (especially occurring in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upapāduka(for 1.See above) mfn. having shoes, shod View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uparibhāvam. the state of being higher or above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uparibhūmiind. above the ground View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uparibudhna(up/ari--) mfn. raised above the ground View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uparicaramfn. moving or walking above or in the air View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uparicihnitamfn. marked or sealed above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uparicitamfn. piled over or above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uparigamfn. moving or soaring above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uparijānuind. above the knee View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uparimekhalam. plural the descendants of the above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uparinābhiind. above the navel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upariprutmfn. ( pru-= plu-), coming from above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uparipuruṣam. a man standing above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upariṣadmfn. sitting above (equals -s/ad-below) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uparisadmfn. sitting or being above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upariṣadyan. the sitting above (equals -s/adya-below) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uparisadyan. the sitting above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upariśayamfn. lying above or over commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uparispṛśmfn. reaching above, elevated, high View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upariṣṭādvātam. wind coming from above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upariṣṭhamfn. staying above (equals -stha-below) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uparisthamfn. standing above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uparisthāpanan. the act of placing upon or above commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uparisthitamfn. staying above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uparyāsanan. the sitting on high or above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uparyāsīnamfn. sitting above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasadam. the upasad- ceremony (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasadvratinmfn. performing the above observance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasaṃkḷptamfn. put above, being above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasargayaNom. (fr. the above) P. upasargayati-, to cause trouble, plague. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaspṛśP. -spṛśati-, to touch above, reach up to, touch ; to touch softly, caress etc. ; (with or without apaḥ-or jalam-etc.) to touch water (for ablution), wash, bathe (as a religious ceremony) ; to sip water (from the palm of the hand;it is not the custom to spit out the water after sipping it) & etc. ; to touch certain parts of one's body (accusative) with water (instrumental case) ; (also without the instrumental case) ; (or without the accusative) : Causal -sparśayati-, to cause to touch water or wash the hands
upastutam. plural the family of the above