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Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
abhigopāyaNom. P. y/ati-, to guard, protect, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhigṝ -gṛṇ/āti-, to call to or address with approbation ; to join in (accusative) ; to welcome, praise ; to approve of, accept propitiously, allow. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhikhyā(subjunctive 1. 2. 3. sg. -khyam-, -khyas-and -khy/as-, -khy/at-; imperfect tense 3. sg. abhy- /akhyat-; ind.p. -khy/āya-) to see, view, perceive ; to cast a kind or gracious look upon any one, to be gracious ; (imperfect tense 3. plural abh/i /akhyan-) : Causal -khyāpayati-, to make known
abhikṣip(only P. ; pr. p. -kṣip/at-) to fling at (as the lash of a whip at a horse) ; to excel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhipā -p/āti-, to guard ; to behold with attention : Causal P. -pālayati-, to protect, assist View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhisaṃgam(ind.p. -g/atya- , or -gamya- ) to approach together (Aorist A1.3. plural -agmata-), etc. ; to join in welcoming ; to meet with View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhiṣic( sic-) P., rarely A1. (exempli gratia, 'for example' ) to sprinkle, water, wet (pr. p. -siñc/at-), etc. ; to consecrate, anoint, appoint by consecration etc.: A1. (Imper. 2. sg. -ṣiñcasva-,sometimes varia lectio Passive voice -ṣicyasva-) to consecrate one's self or have one's self consecrated : A1. or Passive voice to bathe : Causal P. to water, wet : P. (rarely ā-.) to consecrate, anoint : A1. (with or without[ ] ātmānam-) to have one's self consecrated: Desiderative -ṣiṣikṣati- and Intensive -sesicyate- and commentator or commentary View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhiśnathto pierce through, (Vedic or Veda infinitive mood [ ablative ] -śn/athaḥ-[with abibhet-,he was afraid] of being pierced through) ; ( , combining abhi-śn/athaḥ-with v/ajrāt-,takes abhiśn/ath-as an adjective (cf. mfn.)"piercing through, killing") . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhiśrī(3. plural -śrīṇanti-, parasmE-pada -śrīṇ/at-;plusq. 3. plural -aśiśrayuḥ-) to mix, mingle ; -śrīṇāti-,"to prepare or dress", produce, cause ; (by placed under abhi-śri-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhiśvas(p. -śvas/at-; Vedic or Veda infinitive mood (ablative) -śv/asas-) to blow towards or hither ; (p. -śvasat-) to whistle ; to groan View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhrātṛmfn. brotherless (Nominal verb sg. f. t/ā-) (Nominal verb plural f. t/aras-) (Nominal verb plural f. abhr/ātaras-) (accusative sg. f. trīm-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyaghāyaNom. P. -aghāy/ati-, to intend to injure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyas -/asti- (1. plural abh/iṣmas-,but 3. plural abh/i s/anti-and pr. p. abh/i s/at-[according to abhismas-,but abhiṣanti-and abhiṣat-]; subjunctive -asat-,1. plural -/asāma-,3. plural -/asan-; Potential sg. -ṣyām-, -ṣyās-, -ṣyāt-,1. and 3. plural -ṣyāma-, -ṣyuḥ-or -ṣy/uḥ-; perf. 1. sg. -āsa-) to be over, reign over, excel, surpass, overpower ; to fall to one's share View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyatiric Passive voice -/ati-ric-yate-, or -ati-ricy/ate- (subjunctive abhy-/ati-r/icyātai-; Potential -/ati-ricyeta-) Ved. to remain for the sake of (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyatisṛj(1. plural -/ati-sṛjāmas-) to let pass
abhyāyamP. (3. plural -yacchanti-) to lengthen (as a syllable in speaking) ; to draw or pull (as the udder in sucking) : A1. (Imper. 2. sg. -yacchasva-) to assume ("to grant"commentator or commentary) : P. (subjunctive 3. plural -yaman-; ind.p. -y/atya-) to aim at ; for abhy-ā-gam-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyud(parasmE-pada -und/at-;Imper. 2. plural -un/atta-[for untt/a-See Whitney's grammar section 690]) to wet, flow over View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyukṣP. -ukṣ/ati-, (ind.p. -ukṣya-) to sprinkle over, besprinkle and Calcutta edition : A1. (perf. -vavakṣe-) to cover with sparks View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
acchāvañc Passive voice -vacy/ate-, to extend itself towards, to go towards View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ad cl.2 P. /atti-, āda-, atsyati-, attum-, to eat, consume, devour, Vedic or Veda infinitive mood /attave- : Causal ād/ayati- and te- (once adayate-[ ]) to feed ([ confer, compare Lithuanian edmi; Slavonic or Slavonian jamjforjadmj; Greek ; Latin edo; Gothic rootAT present tense ita; German essen; English toeat, Armorican or the language of Brittany utem]). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adat([ ]) or adatka- ([ ]) mfn. toothless. (For 1. ad/at-See above.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhaor /adhā- ind., Ved. (equals /atha-, used chiefly as an inceptive particle), now, then, therefore, moreover, so much the more, and, partly. /adha- /adha-as well as, partly partly. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adharāttāt(adhar/āt--) ind. below, beneath View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhvarīyaNom. P. (2. sg. rīy/asi-; parasmE-pada riy/at-) to perform an adhvara- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhvaryaNom. P. (parasmE-pada ry/at-) to be engaged in an adhvara- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādiśP. -did/eṣṭi- ([ subjunctive 3. sg. -dideśati- ]), -diś/ati- ([3. plural -diśanti- imperative 2. sg. -diśa- imperfect tense 1. sg. ādiśam-,etc.]) , rarely -diśate- ([ ]) infinitive mood -d/iśe- ([ ]) and -deṣṭum- (Aorist 3. sg. ādikṣat-[ See ] future 1. plural -dekṣyāmaḥ-, perf. -dideśa-) to aim at, have in view ; to threaten ; to hit ; to assign etc. ; to point out, indicate ; to report, announce, teach etc. ; to determine, specify, denominate etc. ; to declare, foretell, etc. ; to order, direct, command etc. ; to refer any one to (locative case) ; to banish etc. ; to undertake, try ; to profess as one's aim or duty : Causal -deśayati-, to show, indicate, announce, : Intensive (parasmE-pada -d/ediśāna-) to have in view, aim at (accusative)
ādoP. -d/āti-, -dy/ati- (subjunctive 1. plural -dyāmasi-,etc.) to reduce to small pieces, to crush View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aghāyaNom. P. aghāy/ati- (participle y/at-), to intend to injure, to threaten View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnimatmfn. being near the fire ( has v/at-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āgnipātnīvatīf. (scilicet ṛc-) the verse containing the words /agne p/atnīr- (id est ), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnivatmfn. being near the fire (= -m/at- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ahaḥpatim. equals aharp/ati- q.v commentator or commentary View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ājñā -jānāti- (imperative 2. plural -jānīta-; perf. -jajñau-;p. jān/at-) to mind, perceive, notice, understand ; (see /an-ājānat-): Caus. -jñāpayati-, te- (Inf. -jñaptum- ) to order, command, direct etc. ; to assure
ākhidP. -khid/ati- (1. sg. -khidāmi-; imperative 2. sg. -khidā-) to take away, draw to one's self View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ākhyāP. (imperfect tense -akhyat-) to behold ; (future parasmE-pada -khyāsy/at-; perf. 3. plural -cakhyuḥ-) to tell, communicate, inform, declare, announce etc. ; to call (with two accusative) : Passive voice -khyāyate-, to be named or enumerated ; to be called : Causal P. (2. sg. -khyāpayasi-) to make known, declare : A1. (Potential -khyāpayeta-) to cause to tell View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ākṣicl.2. -kṣeti- (3. plural -kṣiy/anti-and imperfect tense kṣiyan-; Potential 1. plural -kṣiyema-) to abide, dwell in (accusative), inhabit ; -kṣeti-, to possess, take possession of (accusative) : cl.6. -kṣiy/ati-, to exist View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alaṃkṛta(/ataṃ--) mfn. adorned, decorated , (see /araṃ-kṛta- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order /aram-,) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amasam. time (see 1. amata-and 3. am/ati-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amitrayaNom. P. (parasmE-pada y/at-) to have hostile intentions View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amitrāyaNom. P. parasmE-pada y/at- equals amitray/at- above (see ) : A1. yate-, to have hostile intentions View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅkh cl.10 P. (parasmE-pada aṅkhay/at-), to stir up, mix View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anuprajñā(pr. p. -jān/at-) to track, trace, discover View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anutakṣ(imperfect tense 2. plural -/atakṣata-) to create or procure for the help of (dative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anutapto heat ; to vex, annoy : Passive voice -tapy/ate- (rarely -tapyati-[ ]) , to suffer afterwards, repent ; to desiderate, miss: Causal -tāpayati-, to distress. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anuvapP. to scatter over ; A1. to scatter as dust : Passive voice /anu upy/ate-, to be scattered as dust View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anuyam(3. plural -yacchanti-;Imper. -yacchatu-; parasmE-pada fem. -y/acchamānā-) to direct, guide, give a direction to ; (perf. 3. plural -yemuḥ- A1.3. dual number -yem/āte-) to follow View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anvṛdhcl.6 P. -ṛdh/ati-, to carry out, accomplish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anyataḥsitibāhu(any/ataḥ--), mfn. having the forefeet white only on one side, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anyataḥsitirandhra(any/ataḥ--), mfn. having the ear-cavities white only on one side, ibidem or 'in the same place or book or text' as the preceding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anyatodatmfn. equals anyatar/ato-danta- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anyatomukha(any/ato--), mfn. hiving a face only on one side, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anyatomukha(any/ato--), mfn. hiving a face only on one side, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anyatramanas(any/atra--) mfn. having the mind directed to something else, inattentive View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apahan(subjunctive 3. sg. -han-;Imper. 2. sg. -jah/i-,2. dual number -hatam-;2. plural -hat/ā-,or -hata-; perf. -jagh/āna-; pr. p. -ghn/at-; Intensive p. Nominal verb m. -j/aṅghanat-) to beat off, ward off, repel, destroy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apahananan. warding off (see apa-gh/āta- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apān( an-), apāniti-, or apānati- ([ ]) to breathe out, expire ; pr. p. apān/at- mf(t/ī-)n. breathing out View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apasyaNom. P. (subjunctive sy/āt-) to be active View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apavā -v/āti-, to exhale, perspire (Imper. -vātu-) to blow off View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apivat(optative cl.1. plural -vatema-; pr. p. -v/atat-) to understand, comprehend : Caus. (Imper. 2. sg. -vātaya-; pr.p. -vāt/ayat-; Aorist 3. plural avīvatan- ) to cause to understand, make intelligible to (with or without dative case) ; (1. plural -vātayāmasi-) to excite, awaken View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āprathCaus. (Aorist subjunctive 3. plural -papr/athan- ) to spread, extend. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apuvāyaNom. A1. y/ate-, to get ill, become spoiled (see anvart-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arātiyaNom. P. (subjunctive tsy/āt-) to be malevolent, have hostile intentions against (dative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arātīyaNom. P. tīy/ati- (parasmE-pada tīy/at-[ ]; subjunctive tīy/āt-), Ved. idem or 'Nom. P. (subjunctive tsy/āt-) to be malevolent, have hostile intentions against (dative case) ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arcinmfn. equals arc/atri- q.v Name of a man. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āreind. (locative case;See ār/āt-) far, far from, outside, without View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aritran. (f ā-.) (ar/itra- [ ] or /aritra- [ ]) an oar (confer, compare d/aśāritra-, n/ityār-, ś/atār-, sv-aritr/a-) ; [ Latin aratrum.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārtanamfn. ([connected with ār/āt-and ār/e- ]) uncultivated, waste, desert View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśn/āti- (Potential aśnīyāt-; parasmE-pada aśn/at-(See sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order 1. aśna-); Aorist subjunctive aśīt- ; future parasmE-pada aśiṣy/at- , perf. /āsa- ; perf. p. āśivas-See /an-āśvas- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order /an-āsaka-; Pass.p. aśy/amāna- ) to eat, consume (with accusative [this only in classical Sanskrit] or genitive case) etc. ; to enjoy : Causal āśayati- (; Aorist āśiśat- ) to cause to eat, feed ; (with double accusative; see ) ; (see /āśita-): Desiderative /aśiśiṣāti- () to wish to eat : Intensive aśāśyate- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
as cl.2 P. /asti- (2. sg. /asi-,1. sg. /asmi-; plural sm/asi-or sm/as-, sth/a-, s/anti-;(rarely A1. exempli gratia, 'for example' 1.pl. smahe- ); subjunctive /asat-;Imper. astu-,2. sg. edhi-(fr. as-dhi- confer, compare ); Potential sy/āt-; imperfect tense /āsīt-,rarely ās-[only in ; confer, compare ]; perf. 1. and 3.sg, /āsa-,2. sg. /āsitha-,3. plural ās/uḥ-; parasmE-pada m. s/at- f. sat/ī-) to be, live, exist, be present ; to take place, happen ; to abide, dwell, stay ; to belong to (genitive case or dative case) ; to fall to the share of. happen to any one (genitive case) ; to be equal to (dative case) ; to turn out, tend towards any result, prove (with dative case) ; to become etc., (confer, compare ) ; to be (id est used as copula, but not only with adjective (cf. mfn.),but also with adverb [ exempli gratia, 'for example' tūṣṇīm āsīt- ],and often with participle,[ exempli gratia, 'for example' perf. Passive voice parasmE-pada prasthitāḥ sma- ; future past participle hantavyo 'smi- ; fut.p. especially with Potential,and only in y/adi dāsy/an-t-sy/āt-,"if he should intend to give"];the perfect tense āsa-helps to form the periphrastic perf. , and asmi-etc. the future); ([ confer, compare Greek Latin es-t; Gothic is-t; Lithuanian es-ti.])
as cl.4 P. /asyati- (parasmE-pada /asyat-; imperfect tense /āsyat-,A.V.[ see parās-and vy-as-]; future parasmE-pada asiṣy/at-; Aorist āsthat-[ ; see vy-as-]; perf. P. āsa-[ see parās-] A1. āse-[ see vy-as-]; Vedic or Veda infinitive mood /astave- ) to throw, cast, shoot at (locative case dative case,or gen) etc. ; to drive or frighten away ; See also 1. ast/a- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asaścatmf(śc/at-,eight times as adjective (cf. mfn.);or /a-saścantī-,thrice)n. not sticking View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asaścatf. plural (a-saśc/atas-) (id est dhārās-) inexhaustible streams View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āskabhP. (-skabhn/āti- ) to fix firmly into, stick into. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asma(fr. a-sma-), a pronominal base from which some forms (dative case /asmai-,or asm/ai- ablative asim/āt- locative case asmin-) of id/am- (q.v) are formed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asmaalso the base of the first person plural accusative asm/ān- ([= ]), instrumental case asm/ābhis- dative case asm/abhyam- ablative asm/at-, in later, language also asmat-tas- ([ etc.]) genitive case asm/ākam- ([exceptionally asm/āka- ]) locative case asm/āsu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asmatpreṣita(asm/at--) mfn. sent or driven towards us View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asmatsakhi(asm/at--) m(Nominal verb khā-)fn. having us as friends View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśrif. often in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' exempli gratia, 'for example' aṣṭāśri-, trir-/aśri-, c/atur-aśri-, śatāśri- q.v (confer, compare aśra-); ([ confer, compare Latin acies,acer; Lithuanian assmu3]). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
astamind. at home, home etc., especially used with verbs exempli gratia, 'for example' /astam-i- ([ /astam /eti-; pr. p. astaṃ-y/at- ; fut. p. astam-eṣy/at- ; perf. p. /astamita-See below sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order ]); /astaṃ-gam- ([ /astam g/acchati- etc.; perf. p. astaṃ-gata- etc., once in reversed order gata astaṃ- ]) or astaṃ-- ([ pr. p. -yāt- ]) to go down, set etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asūyaNom. P. yati-, rarely A1. yate- (pr. p. y/at- ; Aorist āsūyīt- ;3. plural asūyiṣuḥ- ) to murmur at, be displeased or discontented with (dative case [ ] or accusative [ etc.]) : Causal (ind.p. asūyayitvā-) to cause to be displeased, irritate () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
at cl.1 P. A1. /atati- (; parasmE-pada /atat-or /atamāna-), to go constantly, walk, run ; to obtain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ātañc -tanakti- (;1. sg. -tanacmi- ; Potential -tañcy/āt- ; ind.p. -tācya- ) to cause coagulation (by casting one liquid into another). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ataptatanū(/atapta--) mfn. whose body or mass is not prepared in fire, raw View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atasi /atka-. See sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
athaind. (or Vedic or Veda /athā-) (probably fr. pronominal base a-) an auspicious and inceptive particle (not easily expressed in English), now View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atharvanm. plural (/atharvāṇas-). descendants of atharvan-, often coupled with those of aṅgiras- and bhṛgu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atiin such compounds the accent is generally on /ati-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atī( i-) cl.2 P. aty-eti-, -etum-, to pass by, elapse, pass over, overflow ; to pass on ; to get over ; (Vedic or Veda infinitive mood /aty-etavai-), to pass through ; to defer ; to enter ; to overcome, overtake, outdo ; to pass by, neglect ; to overstep, violate ; to be redundant ; to die: Intensive atīyate-, to overcome. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atibahumfn. (/ati--) very much View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atibhā -bh/āti-, to blaze or be very bright View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āticchandasan. (fr. /ati-cchandas-), Name of the last of the six days of the pṛṣṭhya- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atidaghto go beyond, to pass (3. sg. /ate-dhak-,2. dual number /ati-dhaksam-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atidantura(/ati--) mfn. whose teeth are too prominent
atidīrgha(/ati--) mfn. very long, too long, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atigur(Potential /ati jugury/āt-), to cry out, give a shriek View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atihrasva(/ati--) mfn. excessively short View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atiji(Aorist /aty-ajaiṣīt-), to conquer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atikhyāto survey, overlook (3. sg. imperfect tense /aty-akhyat-) ; to neglect, pass over, abandon (2. sg. Conj. /ati-khyas-,2. dual number Conj. /ati-khyatam-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atikiriṭa(/ati--) ([Comm.]) mfn. having too small teeth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atikṛśa(/ati--) mfn. very thin, emaciated. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atikṛṣṇa(/ati--) mfn. very or too dark, very or too deep blue. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atikruṣṭa(/ati--) n. extraordinary cry or wailing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atikṣarto overflow or flow through etc. (3. sg. Aorist /akṣār /ati- ). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atikulva(/ati-.) mfn. too bald View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atiloma (/ati--) ([ ]) mfn. very hairy, too hairy. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atilomaśa(/ati--) ([ ]) mfn. very hairy, too hairy. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atimatif. (/ati--) haughtiness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atimemiṣa(/ati--) mfn. (1. miṣ-), opening the eyes too much, staring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atimirmira(/ati--) mfn. twinkling exceedingly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atimukti(/ati-.) f. final liberation (from death) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atinīto lead over or beyond, to help a person over anything etc. ; to allow to pass away: Intensive A1. -nenīy/ate-, to bring forward View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atiniṣṭan( tan-), (perf. Potential 3. plural /ati-n/iṣ-ṭatanyuḥ-) to penetrate (with rays) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atipūP. to clarify or purify through (3. plural Aorist /ati apāviṣuḥ-) : A1. -pavate-, to purify or purge by flowing through (especially used of the soma- juice, which is considered to be a purgative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atipuruṣa (/ati--) ([ ]) m. a first-rate man, hero. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atipūruṣa(/ati--) ([ ]) m. a first-rate man, hero. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atirājto shine over (aor.Subj. 3. sg. /ati rāṭ-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atiślakṣṇa(/ati--) mfn. too tender View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisṛṣṭi(/ati--) f. an extraordinary or excellent creation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisthūlamfn. (/ati-.) excessively big or clumsy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atiśukra(/ati--) mfn. too bright. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atitarāmind. (Comparative degree of /ati-), above in rank (with accusative), KenaUp.
atithipati(/atithi--) m. a host, entertainer of a guest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ātran. (fr. /atri-), Name of different sāman-s. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ātṛdP. -tṛṇ/atti-, to divide, pierce (as the ears) : A1. -tṛntt/e-, to sever one's self View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ātṛpP. (subjunctive 3. plural -tṛp/an- sg. p/at-) to be satisfied : Causal (imperative 2. dual number -tarpayethām-) to satisfy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āttasomapīthīya(/ātta--), mfn. deprived of the soma- drink, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āttavacas(/ātta--) mfn. destitute of speech View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
attriSee /atri-, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ātud(p. -tud/at-; perf. -tut/oda-; ind.p. -tudya-) to strike, push, spur on, stir up View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atūrtapathin(/atūrta--), m (Nominal verb -panthās-)fn. having a path that cannot be obstructed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āva Inst. dative case . ablative āvābhyām- (Vedic or Veda ablative also āv/at-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avadrai(future p. -drāsy/at-) to fall asleep (see an-avadrāṇ/a-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avagam -gacchati- (subjunctive -g/acchāt-; ind.p. -g/atya- ; Vedic or Veda infinitive mood /avagantos- ) to go down, descend to (accusative or locative case) ; (with accusative) to come to, visit, approach ; to reach, obtain ; to get power or influence ; to go near, undertake ; to hit upon, think of, conceive, learn, know, understand, anticipate, assure one's self, be convinced ; to recognize, consider, believe any one (accusative) to be (accusative) : Causal P. (3. plural -gamayanti-;Imper. 2. sg. -gamaya-) to bring near, procure ; to cause to know, teach View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avakhyā(Imper. 2. plural -khy/ata-; imperfect tense ava-khyat-) to look down ; (with accusative) to see, perceive : Causal -khyāpayati-, to cause to look at View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avakṣip -kṣipati- (subjunctive -kṣi p/at- ; parasmE-pada -kṣip/at- mfn. ) to throw down, cause to fly down or away, hurl etc. ; to revile (varia lectio apa-for ava) ; to grant, yield Caus. (Aorist subjunctive 3. plural -cikṣipan-) to cause to fall down View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avamucP. (parasmE-pada -muñc/at-) to loosen ; to let go ; (ind.p. -mucya-) to unharness ; (generally ind.p. -mucya-) to take off (as a garment etc.) etc.: A1. (parasmE-pada -muñc/am/ana-) to liberate one's self from, strip off View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasan. (with pad v/at-) "food that has feet" id est cattle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasṛj(subjunctive -sṛjāt-[ ] or -sṛj/at-[ ] or -sṛjat-[ ];Imper. 2. sg. -sṛj/ā-,or -sṛjā-; imperfect tense -/asṛjat-; perf. Potential -sasṛjyā- ; parasmE-pada -sṛj/at- ) to fling, throw (as arrows or the thunderbolt) etc. ; to throw or put into (locative case) , to let off, let loose, let go, send, dismiss, abandon, surrender (as to misfortune, agh/āya- ) etc. ; to give up (as one's anger etc.) , (or one's life, prāṇān-) xii, 88 ; to pardon ; (any one's life, prāṇān-) ; to deliver (a woman) ; to be delivered, bring forth ; to produce, form, shape : A1. (imperfect tense 3. plural /avāsṛjanta-) to relax, lose energy and power. ; (imperfect tense avāsṛjat-for sajat-,fr.- sañj- ) to attach to (locative case)
avatṝcl.1 P. -tarati- (perf. -tatāra-,3. plural -teruḥ-;Inf. -taritum-[ exempli gratia, 'for example' ]or -tartum-[ exempli gratia, 'for example' ]; ind.p. -tīrya-) to descend into (locative case or accusative), alight from, alight (ablative) ; to descend (as a deity) in becoming incarnate ; to betake one's self to (accusative), arrive at ; to make one's appearance, arrive ; to be in the right place, to fit ; to undertake: Vedic or Veda cl.6 P. (Imper. 2. sg. -tira-; imperfect tense -/atirat-,2. sg. -/atiras-,2. dual number -atiratam-; Aorist 2. sg. -tārīs-) to overcome, overpower : Ved. cl.4. (parasmE-pada fem. -t/īyatī-) to sink : Causal -tārayati- (ind.p. -tārya-) to make or let one descend, bring or fetch down (accusative or locative case) from (ablative) etc. ; to take down, take off, remove, turn away from (ablative ) ; "to set a-going, render current" See ava-tārita- below ; to descend(?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aviśvastamfn. equals a-viśvas/at- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avyathiṣyaiVed. infinitive mood () , for not trembling, for rendering sure-footed ; (a-vy/athiṣe-!) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bandh cl.9 P. () badhn/āti- (rarely A1. badhnīt/e-; cl.1 P. A1. bandhati-, te- ; cl.4 P. badhyati- ; imperative badhāna- , bandhāna- , -badhnīhi- , bandha- ; perfect tense P. bab/andha-,3. plural bedh/us- , babandhus- ; A1. bedh/e-, dhir/e- , babandhe- grammar; future bhantsyati- etc., bandhiṣyati-, te- ; banddhā- grammar; Aorist abhāntsīt- grammar; preceding badhyāt- ; infinitive mood banddhum-,or bandhitum- , b/adhe- ind.p. baddhv/ā- , dhv/āya- , -badhya- ; -bandham- ), to bind, tie, fix, fasten, chain, fetter etc. ; to bind round, put on (;later also P."on one's self") etc. ; to catch, take or hold captive, met. = to attach to world or to sin ; to fix, direct, fasten, rivet (eyes, ears or mind) on (locative case or infinitive mood) ; to arrest, hold back, restrain, suppress, stop, shut, close ; to bind a sacrificial victim, offer, sacrifice (with dative case of the deity to whom it is presented) : ; to punish, chastise ; to join, unite, put together or produce anything in this way, exempli gratia, 'for example' fold (the hands), clench (the fist), knit or bend (the eyebrows), arrange, assume (a posture), set up (a limit), construct (a dam or a bridge), span, bridge over (a river), conceive or contract (friendship or enmity), compose, construct (a poem or verse) etc. ; to form or produce in any way, cause, effect, do, make, bear (fruit), strike (roots), take up (one's abode) ; to entertain, cherish, show, exhibit, betray (joy, resolution etc.) : Passive voice badhy/ate- (ti- ), to be bound etc. etc. ; (especially) to be bound by the fetters of existence or evil, sin again ; to be affected by id est experience, suffer (instrumental case) : Causal bandhayati- (Aorist ababandhat-), to cause to bind or catch or capture, imprison etc. ; to cause to be built or constructed ; to cause to be embanked or dammed up ; to bind together (also bādhayati-) : Desiderative bibhantsati- grammar : Intensive bābanddhi-, bābadhyate- [ confer, compare Zend band; Greek , ; Latin foedus,fides; Lit.be4ndras; Gothic Anglo-Saxon bindan; German binden; English bind.]
bhā cl.2 P. () bh/āti- (pr. p. bhāt- f. bhāntī-or bhātī- ; Potential bhāyāt- ; plural babhau- etc.; Aorist abhāsīt- grammar ; future bhāsy/ati- etc.) , to shine, be bright or luminous etc. ; to shine forth, appear, show one's self ; to be splendid or beautiful or eminent etc. (with na-,to cut a poor figure ) ; to appear as, seem, look like, pass for (Nominal verb with or without iva- adverb in vat-) etc. ; to be, exist ; to show, exhibit, manifest (varia lectio): Passive voice bhāyate-, impers, radiance is put forth by (instrumental case) : Causal bhāpayate- ; Aorist abībhapat- grammar : Desiderative bibhāsati- : Intensive bābhāyate-, bābheti-, bābhāti- [ confer, compare bhan-, bhāṣ-, bhās-; Greek , ; Latin fa1rietc.; German Bann; English ban.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhajeratha ( bhaje-+ aratha-), prob. bhaj/e- (infinitive mood) or bh/aje- (1. sg. fr. bhaj-) + r/athasya-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhandanāya(Nom.fr. prec.) , only pr. p. y/at-, to shout loudly, yell View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhañj cl.7 P. () bhanakti- (perfect tense babh/añja- etc., 3. plural A1. babhañjire- ; Aorist abhāṅkṣīt- ; future bhaṅkṣyati-, ktā- ; ind.p. bhaṅktvā-, bhaktvā-or -bhajya- ), to break, shatter, split etc. ; to break into, make a breach in (a fortress, with accusative) ; to rout, put to flight, defeat (an army) ; to dissolve (an assembly) ; to break up id est divide (a sūtra-) ; to bend ; to check, arrest, suspend, frustrate, disappoint etc.: Passive voice bhajy/ate- (Epic also ti-; Aorist abhāji-or abhañji- ), to be broken or break (intr.) etc. etc. etc.: Causal bhañjayati- (Aorist ababhañjat-) grammar : Desiderative bibhaṅkṣati- : Intensive bambhajyate- or jīti- [Perhaps for originally bhrañj-; confer, compare bhraj-; Latin frangere,nau-fraga; German brechen; English break.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhid cl.7.P. A1. () bhin/atti-, bhintte- (imperfect tense 2. 3. sg. /abhinat- ; subjunctive bhin/aadaḥ- ; imperative bindh/i- ; binddhi- [ confer, compare binddhi-lavaṇā-];cl.1. P. bh/edati- ; Potential bhideyam- ; perfect tense bibh/eda- ; Aorist , 2. 3. sg. bh/et- abhaitsīt- ; bhitthās- ; preceding bhitsīṣṭa- grammar; future bhetsy/ati-, te- etc.; Conditional abhetsyat- ; future bhettā- grammar; infinitive mood bh/ettav/ai- ; bhettum- etc.; ind.p. bhittv/ā-, -bhidya- etc.) , to split, cleave, break, cut or rend asunder, pierce, destroy etc.,; to pass through (as a planet or, comet) ; to disperse (darkness) ; to transgress, violate, (a compact or alliance) etc. ; to open, expand ; to loosen, disentangle, dissolve etc. ; to disturb, interrupt, stop ; to disclose, betray etc. ; to disunite, set at variance ; to distinguish, discriminate : Passive voice bhidy/ate- (Epic also ti- Aorist abhedi- etc.; perfect tense bibhide- ), to be split or broken, burst (intrans.) etc. ; to be opened (as a closed hand, eyes etc.) ; to overflow (as water) ; to be loosened, become loose ; to be stopped or interrupted ; to be disclosed or betrayed ; to be changed or altered (in mind), be won over ; to be disunited ; to keep aloof from (instrumental case) ; to be distinguished, differ from (ablative) etc.: Causal bhedayati-, te- (Aorist abībhidat-; confer, compare also bhidāpana-), to cause to split or break etc. ; to split, break, shatter, crush, destroy ; to separate, divide (See bhedita-) ; to disunite, set at variance, perplex, unsettle (in opinion), seduce, win over : Desiderative b/ibhitsati-, te-, to wish to break through or disperse or defeat (confer, compare, bibhitsā-): Desiderative of Causal See bibhedayiṣu-: Intensive bebhidīti- or bebhetti-, to cleave repeatedly [ confer, compare Latin findo; German beissen; English bite.]
bhiṣajyaNom. P. jy/ati- (gaRa kaṇḍv-ādi-) to heal, cure, possess healing power etc. ; to be physician to any one (dative case) ; to be a physician or remedy for id est to gain the mastery over anything (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhṛ cl.1 P. A1. () bh/arati-, te- ; cl.3 P. A1. () b/ibharti- (bibh/arti-only ), bibhṛte- ; cl.2 P. bh/arti- (parasmE-pada P. b/ibhrat-, q.v; A1. bibhrāṇa-with act. meaning , bibhramāṇa-with pass. meaning ; perfect tense jabh/āra-, jabh/arat-; jabhre-, ajabhartana- ; babhāra-, babhṛma- etc.; parasmE-pada babhrāṇ/a-with pass. meaning ; bibharāmbabhūva- , rām-āsa- ; Aorist abhār- ; bhart/am-, bhṛt/am- ; abhṛta- grammar; abhārṣam- subjunctive bharṣat- ; abhāriṣam- ; preceding bhriyāsam-, yāt- ; future bhariṣyati- Conditional /abhariṣyat- ; bhart/ā- ; infinitive mood bh/artum-, bh/artave-, bh/artav/ai-,Ved.; bh/aradhyai- ; ind.p. -bh/ṛtya- etc.) , to bear, carry, convey, hold ("on"or"in" locative case) etc. ; to wear id est let grow (hair, beard, nails) etc. ; to balance, hold in equipoise (as a pair of scales) ; to bear id est contain, possess, have, keep (also"keep in mind") etc. ; to support, maintain, cherish, foster ; to hire, pay ; to carry off or along (A1. bharate-,"for one's self" id est gain, obtain, or =ferri"to be borne along") ; to bring, offer, procure, grant, bestow etc. ; to endure, experience, suffer, undergo ; to lift up, raise (the voice or a sound; A1. bharate-,also "to rise, be heard") ; to fill (the stomach) ; (with garbham-) to conceive, become pregnant (confer, compare under dhṛ-) ; (with kṣitim-) to take care of, rule, govern ; (with, ājñām-) to submit to, obey ; (with ūrjām-) to exert, employ : Passive voice bhriy/ate- (Epic also ti-; Aorist abhāri-), to be borne etc. etc. etc.: Causal bhārayati- (Aorist abībharat-), to cause to bear etc. ; to engage for hire : Desiderative b/ubhūrṣati- ( ), bibhariṣati- () , to wish to bear or support or maintain: Intensive b/aribharti- (3. plural bhrati- , where also 2. dual number jarbhṛt/aḥ-), barībharti- (), to bear repeatedly or continually, carry hither and thither. [ confer, compare Zend bar; Greek ; Latin fero; Slavonic or Slavonian brati; Gothic bai4ran; German beran,ge-ba0ren; English bear.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhrajj cl.6 P. A1. (; confer, compare bhṛj-) bhṛjj/ati-, te- (in only forms of the proper P.,and perfect tense babhrajja-; grammar also perfect tense babhrajye-and babharja-, je-; Aorist abhrākṣīt-, abhārkṣīt-; abhārkṣīt-, abhaṣṭa-; abharṣṭa-; future bhrakṣyati-, te-, bharkṣyati-, te-; bhraṣṭā-, bharṣṭā-; infinitive mood bhraṣṭum-and bharṣṭum-; ind.p. bhṛṣṭvā-), to fry, parch, roast (especially grain) etc.: Passive voice bhṛjjyate- (Epic also ti-; parasmE-pada bhṛjjyamāna- ) : Causal bharjayati- (confer, compare bhṛj-; grammar also bhrajjayati-; Aorist ababharjat-or ababhrajjat-), to fry, roast : Desiderative bibhrakṣati-, bibharkṣati- ; bibhrajjiṣati-, bibharjiṣati- grammar : Intensive barībhṛjjyate-, bābhraṣṭi-, bābharṣṭi- [ confer, compare bhrāj-; Greek ; Latin frigere.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhrātṛvyam. (mostly with /a-priya-, dviṣ/at-etc.) a hostile cousin, rival, adversary, enemy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhṛṇīyaNom. A1. y/ate-, to be angry (equals krudhyate-) (see bhrī-and hṛṇīya-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhū cl.1 P. () bh/avati- (rarely A1. te-; perfect tense babh/ūva-,2. Persian /ūtha-or ūvitha- confer, compare ; babhūyās-, y/ār-, babhūtu- ; A1. babhūve-or bubhūve- ; confer, compare below; Aorist /abhūt-, ūvan-; imperative bodh/i-[ confer, compare budh-], bhūtu- ; Aorist or imperfect tense /abhuvat-, bh/uvat-, bhuvāni- ; preceding bhūyāsam-,2. 3. sg. yās- ; bhūyāt- ; bhūyiṣṭhās- ; bhaviṣāt-[?] ; abhaviṣṭa-, bhaviṣīṣta-. grammar; future bhaviṣy/ati-, Epic also te-and 2. plural ṣyadhvam-; bhavitā- etc.; infinitive mood bhuv/e-, -bhv/e-, bhūṣ/aṇi- ; bhavitum-, tos- ; ind.p. bhūtv/ā-; bhūtv/ī- ; -bh/ūya- etc.; -bh/ūyam-, -bh/avam- ), to become, be (with nom, or adverb or indeclineable words ending in ī-or ū- confer, compare kṛṣṇī-bhū-etc.) , arise, come into being, exist, be found, live, stay, abide, happen, occur etc. (often used with participles and other verbal nouns to make periphrastical verbal forms;with a fut.p. =to be going or about to exempli gratia, 'for example' anuvakṣyan bhavati-,he is going to recite ;the future of bhū-with a perfect tense parasmE-pada =a future perfect tense exempli gratia, 'for example' kṛtavān bhaviṣyasi-,you will have done ;the perfect tense P. babhūva-after the syllable ām-is put for the perfect tense of verbs of the 10th classetc.[ confer, compare 1. as-and1. kṛ-];the A1.appears in this meaning ;observe also bhavati-with a future tense, it is possible that, exempli gratia, 'for example' bhavati bhavān yājayiṣyati-,it is possible that you will cause a sacrifice to be performed ; bhavet-,may be, granted, admitted on ; bhavatu- idem or ' bhusukha-or bhusura- m. Name of a yogin- ',well, good, enough of this ; iticed bhavet-,if this question should be asked ; kva tad bhavati-,what is to become of this, it is quite useless ;with na-= to cease to exist, perish, die etc.;with iha na-,not to be born on earth ;with śata-dhā-,to fall into a hundred pieces ;with dūrataḥ-,to keep aloof. ;with manasi-or cetasi-and genitive case,to occur to the mind of any one ; idem or ' bhusukha-or bhusura- m. Name of a yogin- ' with genitive case alone ) ; to fall to the share or become the property of, belong to (confer, compare"esse alicujus";with genitive case,rarely dative case or locative case according to to also with pari-or prati-and preceding accusative) etc. ; to be on the side of, assist (with genitive case or -tas-) (confer, compare ) ; to serve for, tend or conduce to (with dative case of thing) etc. (with phalāya-.to bear fruit ) ; to be occupied with or engaged in, devote one's self to (with locative case) ; to thrive or prosper in (instrumental case), turn out well, succeed ; to be of consequence or useful ; (also A1. ) to fall, or get into, attain to, obtain ; (with id/am-) to obtain it id est be successful or fortunate : Passive voice bhūyate- (or ti- ; Aorist abhāvi-) sometimes used impersonal or used impersonally exempli gratia, 'for example' yair bhaviṣyate-, by whom it will be existed id est who will be : Causal bhāvayati- (rarely te-; Aorist abībhavat- grammar; infinitive mood bhāvitum- ; Passive voice bhāvyate-etc. ), to cause to be or become, call into existence or life, originate, produce, cause, create ; to cherish, foster, animate, enliven, refresh, encourage, promote, further etc. ; to addict or devote one's self to, practise (accusative) ; to subdue, control ; (also A1. ) to obtain ; to manifest, exhibit, show, betray ; to purify ; to present to the mind, think about, consider, know, recognize as or take for (two accusative) etc. ; to mingle, mix, saturate, soak, perfume (confer, compare bhāvita-,): Desiderative of Causal bibhāvayiṣati- (), to wish to cause to be etc. : Desiderative b/ubhūṣati- (te-), to wish or strive to become or be etc. ; (with kṣipram-), to strive to be quickly possessed ; to want to get on, strive to prosper or succeed ; to want to have, care for, strive after, esteem, honour ; to want to take revenge : Intens, b/obhavīti-, bobhavati-, bobhoti-, bobhūyate-, to be frequently, to be in the habit of ; to be transformed into (accusative) ; (with tiraḥ-), to keep anything (instrumental case) secret [ confer, compare Zend bu1; Greek , ; Latin fuit,fuatetc.; Slavonic or Slavonian byti; Lithuanian bu4ti; German bim,bim; Anglo-Saxon beo4; English be.]
bhuj cl.6 P. () bhuj/ati- (perfect tense bubhoja- Aorist abhaukṣīt- future bhokṣyati-and ktā- grammar;really only proper stem Aorist -/abubhojīs-and ind.p. -bhujya-after nir-and, pari-; confer, compare also bhujam-in bhujaṃ-ga-and bhujaṃgama-), to bend, curve ; (?) to sweep (confer, compare 1. bhuj/i-) : Passive voice bhujyate-, to be bent down or disheartened [ confer, compare Greek ; Latin fugio; Gothic biugan,baugjan(?); German biogan,biegen; Anglo-Saxon bu4gan; English bow.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhur (prob. a secondary form of bhri-not in ), P. A1. bhur/ati-, te-, to move rapidly or convulsively, stir, palpitate, quiver, struggle (in swimming) : Intensive j/arbhurīti- (parasmE-pada j/arbhurat-, rāṇa-), to flicker (as fire) (confer, compare Greek , ; Latin furere.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhuraṇyaNom. P. y/ati-, to be active or restless, stir ; to stir (trans.), agitate (a liquid) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmaṇaspatim. (fr. brahmaṇas- genitive case of brahman-+ p-) equals b/ṛhas-p/ati- etc. ( brahmaṇaspatisūkta -kta- n.Name of work) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmaṇvatmfn. (v/at- ) accompanied by prayer, devout View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmaṇyaNom. P. y/ati- (only pr. p. y/at-) to pray, be devout or religious View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛh or vṛh-, cl.6. P. () brih/ati- ; vṛh/ati- (perfect tense babarha-, vav/arha-; future varkṣyati-, varhiṣyati-; varḍhā-, varhitā-; Aorist barhīt-, avṛkṣat-; ind.p. vriḍhvā-, varhitvā-, v/ṛhya-, barham-, v/arham-;Ved. infinitive mood vṛhas-: Passive voice vṛhyate-; Aorist varhi-), to tear, pluck, root up (without a preposition only with mūlam- ): Causal barh/ayati- (See ni-bṛh-): Desiderative vivṛkṣati-, vivarhiṣati- grammar : Intensive varīvarḍhi-, varīvṛhyate-
bṛhaḍin compound for brih/at-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhadin compound for bṛh/at-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhajin compound for bṛh/at-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhalin compound for bṛh/at-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhanin compound for brih/at-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhantamfn. equals bṛh/at-, large, great View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaspatipraṇutta(bṛhas-p/ati-.) mfn. expelled by bṛhaspati- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaspatiprasūta(bṝhas-p/ati--) mfn. enjoined by bṛhaspati- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaspatisuta(b/ṛhas-p/ati--) mfn. pressed out (as soma- juice) by bṛhas-pati- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaṭin compound for bṛh/at-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhatīf. fr. bṛk/at- Name of a particular metre of 36 (originally 8+ 8+12+8) syllables or (later) any metre containing 36 syllables (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' (tīka-) mfn.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhatkamfn. equals bṛh/at-, large, great View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhatketumfn. (h/at--) having great clearness or brightness (said of agni-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhatsāmanmfn. (h/at-.) having the bṛhat-sāman- for a sāman- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhatsumna(h/at--) mfn. of great benevolence or kindness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
canasyaNom. (imperative 2. dual number sy/atam-) to delight in (accusative), enjoy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
carathamfn. moving, living (ca r/atha- manuscripts) ; 72, 6 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
carathan. going, wandering, course ( car/ātha-) ; iii, 31, 15; viii, 33, 8; x, 92, 13 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
carāthan. See r/atha-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cat cl.1. c/atati-,"to hide one's self." See c/atat- and c/atta- ; to go ; P. and A1. to ask, beg (= cad-) : Causal cāt/ayati-, te- (Aorist acīcattam-, acīcate- ),"to cause to hide", scare, frighten away (see niś--, pra--, vi--; see also cātaka-, cātana-, cāttra-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cātanamfn. ( cat-, Causal) in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' "driving away" See abhiśasti--, amīva--, arāya--, durṇāma--, piśāca--, bhrātṛvya--, yātu--, sadānvā--, and sapatna-c/ātana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catasṛf. plural of cat/ur-, 4 (Nominal verb and accusative c/atasras-[ see Va1rtt. 2 ]; instrumental case catas/ṛbhis-[ see ] ; genitive case sṝṇ/ām- ;or sṝṇām-[Ved. ] ; locative case s/ṛṣu- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catinmfn. equals c/atat- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catuḥsahasra(c/at-) n. 4000 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catuḥsamamfn. having 4 symmetric parts of the body (viz. arms, knees, legs, and cheeks Scholiast or Commentator;but see -śākha-and c/atur-aṅga-) (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catuḥsamudramf(ī-)n. (c/at-) having 4 seas View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catuḥśapha(c/at-) mfn. four-hoofed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catuḥśarāva(c/at-) mfn. measuring 4 śarāva-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catuḥśatan. (c/at-) 104 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catuḥśikhaṇḍa(c/at-) mf(ā-)n. four-tufted (tuṣ-kaparda- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catuḥsīta(c/at-) mfn. having 4 furrows View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catuḥsraktimfn. (c/at-) quadrangular (said of the vedi-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catuḥśṛṅgamfn. (c/at-) four-horned View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catuḥśrotra(c/at-) mf(ā-)n. four-eared View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catur tv/āras- m. plural , tv/āri- n. plural , 4 (accusative m. t/uras- instrumental case t/urbhis-[for f. ] genitive case turṇ/ām- ablative t/urbhyas-;class. instrumental case dative case ablative,and locative case also oxyt. ; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' and on ;for f.See c/atasṛ-); [ confer, compare, AEolic ; Gothic fidvor; Latin quatuor; Cambro-Brit. pedwar,pedair; Hibernian or Irish ceatkair; Lithuanian keturi; Slavonic or Slavonian cetyrje.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturakṣaramfn. (c/at-) consisting of 4 syllables View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturaṅgamfn. (c/at-) having 4 limbs (or extremities) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturanīka(c/at-) mfn. four-faced (varuṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturaśri(c/at-) mfn. quadrangular View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturbhṛṣṭimfn. (c/at-) four-cornered, quadrangular View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturbilamfn. (c/at-) having 4 openings View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturdaṃṣṭramfn. (c/at-) having 4 tusks View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturdaśākṣaramfn. (c/at-) having 14 syllables View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturdaśan(c/at-), a- plural (locative case ś/asu- ) 14 ; ([ confer, compare Latin quatuordecim; Lithuanian keturo1lika]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturhanumfn. (c/at-) having 4 jaws View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturhotṛm. (c/at-) sg. or plural Name of a litany (recited at the new-moon and full-moon sacrifice) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturnidhana(c/at-) mfn. consisting of 4 concluding passages View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturvaya(c/at-) mfn. fourfold View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturvidhamfn. (c/at-) fourfold, of 4 sorts or kinds etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cāturvidhyan. (fr. c/atur-vidha-) the being fourfold View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturviṃśativikramamf(ā-)n. (c/at-) measuring 24 paces View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturviṃśatyakṣaramf(ā-)n. (c/at-) having 24 syllables View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturyugamf(ā-)n. (c/at-) equals -yukta- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catuścatvāriṃśat(c/at-) f. 44 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catuṣkaparda(c/at-) mf(ā-)n. having 4 tufts View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catuṣpadmfn. (c/at-)(Nominal verb sg. -pād-; plural -pādas-,irreg. -padas- ; locative case -pātsu- ; ablative -pādbhyas- ) f. (-padī-) n. (Nominal verb -pad- 4 times,or -pād- twice) . () quadruped, m. a quadruped, n. quadrupeds (collectively) , animals etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catuṣpadamf(ā-)n. (c/at-), quadruped View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catuṣpādamf(ī-)n. (c/at-) quadruped
catuṣpakṣa(c/at-) mf(ā-)n. furnished with 4 posts View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catuṣpañcāśatf. (c/at-) (sg. or plural ) 54 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cātuṣṭayamfn. (fr. c/at-) versed in the sūtra-s consisting of 4 sections View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catustriṃśadakṣaramf(ā-)n. (c/at-) containing 34 syllables View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catustriṃśatf. (c/at-) 34 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catvālam. equals c/ātv- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catvāriṃśamf(ī-)n. (fr. ś/at-) the 40th View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cātvāriṃśan. "consisting of 40 (catvāriṃś/at-) adhyāya-s", the View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catvāriṃśatf. (;fr. catv/āri-[n. plural ]and daś/at-,a decad) 40 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catvāriṃśatif. equals ś/at- See dvā--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catvāriṃśatpada(ś/at--) mf(ā-)n. having 40 feet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chid cl.7. chin/atti-, chintte- (imperative n/attu-;2. sg. ndh/i-[ confer, compare ];2. dual number nt/am-; subjunctive 1. sg. n/adai-; Potential ndet- ; cl.9. 1. sg. chinnāmi- ; imperfect tense 2. sg. achinad-,or nas- ; perfect tense ciccheda-, cchide-; parasmE-pada cchidvas-, ; Aorist acchidat-or acchaitsīt-[ subjunctive ch- etc.] ;2. sg. chitsi- ;1. plural chedma- ; A1. acchitta-and 2. sg. tthās-[ subjunctive ch- ], on ; future chetsyati-, ; ind.p. chittvā- infinitive mood chettum-; Passive voice chidyate-; See /a-cchidyamāna-; Aorist /acchedi-and chedi- ) to cut off, amputate, cut through, hew, chop, split, pierce etc. ; to divide, separate from (ablative;exceptionally instrumental case ) ; to destroy, annihilate, efface, blot out etc. ; (in mathematics) to divide : Passive voice to be split or cut, break : Causal chedayati- (Aorist acicchidat-) to cut off. ; to cause to cut off or through : Desiderative See cicchitsu- : Intensive cecchidīti- (), dyate- ( Va1rtt. 2 ) ; future Ist ditā-, Va1rtt. 2 ; ([ confer, compare , etc.; Latin scindo; Gothic skeida.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ciran. () delay (exempli gratia, 'for example' gamana--,"delay in going"; kiṃ cireṇa-,"wherefore delay?" ; pur/ā cir/āt-,"to avoid delay") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cud cl.1. c/odati-, te- (subjunctive c/odat-; imperative da-, data-, dasva-,(2. dual number) dethām-; Aorist 2. sg. codīs-; pr. p. See a-cod/at-), to impel, incite, animate ; to bring or offer quickly (as the soma-) ; A1. to hasten : Causal cod/ayati-, rarely te- (subjunctive 2. sg. yāsi-, yāse-; Aorist acūcudat- ; parasmE-pada cod/ayat-;Pan. codyamāna-), to sharpen, whet (confer, compare ) ; ; to impel, incite, cause to move quickly, accelerate etc. ; (with cakṣus-) to direct (the eye) towards (locative case) ; to inspire, excite, animate ; to request, petition, ask, urge on, press or importune with a request etc. ; help on, assist in the attainment of (dative case) ; to bring or offer quickly, ; to ask for ; to inquire after ; to enjoin, fix, settle ; to object, criticise ; to be quick ; ([ confer, compare , ; Latin cudo.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cl.3. d/adāti- (plural dati- etc.; A1. datte- ;1. sg. dadmi- ; imperative d/adātu- plural dahu-;2. sg. daddh/i- ; deh/i-[ ] ;2. plural d/adāta- , tana- , datt/a- etc.;2. dual number tt/am- etc.; Potential dady/āt- etc.; imperfect tense /adadāt-; plural /adadur- ;2. dual number /adattam- etc.;2. plural ttana-, , /adadāta- ; subjunctive d/adat- , das- dan- parasmE-pada m. Nominal verb sg. d/adat- plural tas- etc.; parasmE-pada A1. d/adāna-, ; n/a-, ; sg. dadati-, ; plural danti-, ; imperative da-, ; data- ; Potential det- ; imperfect tense /adadat- ; A1. sg. d/adate- ; plural dante-, ; imperative sg. datām- ; dasva- etc.; imperfect tense plural /adadanta- ; parasmE-pada d/adamāna- ; Aorist /adāt-[ ], dat-, /adur-, d/ur-etc.; subjunctive 2. dual number dāsathas- [ confer, compare ]; Potential 1. plural deṣma- ; perfect tense dad/au-, d/ur-, d/athur-, datur-, d/o- etc.; Passive voice d/e-, ; dadade-, dāte-, dire- ; parasmE-pada genitive case dad/uṣas- , ṣām- ; Nominal verb dv/ān-, ; dāvan- ; accusative div/āṃsam-, [ confer, compare ]; future parasmE-pada dāsy/at- ; A1. syate-, syante-,1. sg. sye- ; preceding deyāt- ; infinitive mood dāv/ane- ; d/ātos-, ; tave-, ; d/ātav/ai-[ ] ; tum-, etc.: ind.p. dattv/āya-[ ] ; ttv/ā- etc.; -d/āya-[ ] etc.: Passive voice dīyate-[ ]; parasmE-pada y/amāna- ; Aorist adāyi- ; preceding dāsīṣṭa-, dāyis-, ) cl.1. d/āti- (; imperative tu-, ; confer, compare Va1rtt. 3 ) to give, bestow, grant, yield, impart, present, offer to (dative case,in later language also genitive case or locative case) etc. ; to give (a daughter, kanyām-) in marriage etc. ; to hand over ; (with haste-) ; to give back, ; to pay (daṇḍam-,"a fine"; ṛṇam-,"a debt", ) ; to give up, cede (āsanam-,"one's seat") ; (panthānam-or mārgam-,"to give up the road, allow to pass") and ; to sell (with instrumental case of the price), ; to sacrifice (ātmānam-,"one's self."; āt- khedāya-,"to give one's self up to grief", ) ; to offer (an oblation etc.) etc. ; to communicate, teach, utter (blessings, āśiṣas- ), give (answer, prati-vacas-, canam-, praty-uttaram- etc.), speak (satyaṃ vacas-,the truth, ; vacam-,to address a speech to [ dative case ] ) ; to permit, allow (with infinitive mood) ; to permit sexual intercourse ; to place, put, apply (in med.) etc. ; to add ; with varam-,"to grant a boon" etc. ; śoham-,"to cause grief", ; avakāśam-,"to give room or space, allow to enter" etc. ; prāṇān- or jīvitam-,"to spare any one's life" ; talam- or lān-, to slap with the palms of the hands ; la-prahāram-, to strike with the palm tālam-, to beat time with the hands ; saṃjñām-, to make a sign ; saṃketakam-, to make an appointment samayam-, to propose an agreement ; upamām-, to compare with [ genitive case ] ; paṭaham-, to proclaim with the drum ; śabdam-, to make a noise, call out ; śāpam-, to utter a curse etc. ; gāīh-. idem or 'm. fire ' ; anuyātram-, to accompany ; āliṅganane-, parirambhaṇam-, to embrace, ; jhampam-, to jump ; śrāddham-, to perform a śrāddha- ; vratakam-, to accomplish a vow ; yuddham-, niy-, saṃgrāmam-, to give battle, fight with ; ājñām- ādeśam-, to give an order, command, ; saṃdeśam-, to give information ; prayogam-, to give a dramatic representation vṛtim-, to fence in ; darśanam-, to show one's self ; dṛṣṭim-, dṛśam-, akṣi-, caksus-, to fix the eyes on (locative case) ; karṇam-, to give ear, listen ; manas-, to direct the mind to (locative case) ; kars- kapolam-, to rest the cheek on the hand ; nigaḍāni- to put on or apply fetters pāvakam-, to set on fire ; agnīn- to consume by fire ; śāram-, to move a chess-man ; argalam-, to draw a bolt, bar ; jānu-, to kneel upon (genitive case) ; padam-, to tread upon [loc.] ; to direct the steps ; viṣam-, to poison (with accusative !) ; garam- idem or 'm. fire ' (with genitive case) ; -- A1. to carry, hold, keep, preserve ; to show (Aorist adadiṣṭa-; aded-fr. diś- ) : Causal dāpayati- (; Aorist adīdapat-, ) to cause to give or be given, cause to bestow or present or give up, oblige to pay, make restore etc. ; to demand from (ablative) ; to cause to utter or speak ghoṣaṇām-, to cause to be made known ; to cause to place or advance, ; to cause to perform, to cause to be put on (locative case) : Desiderative d/itsati- (; parasmE-pada d/idāsat- ; d/itsat-, ; Potential tseyam- ; perfect tense 2. sg. didāsitha- ; confer, compare ) to wish to give, be ready to bestow etc. ; to wish to give in marriage etc.: Intensive dedīyate- ; ([ confer, compare ; Latin do;etc.])
cl.4 P. dy/ati- (see ā--4. -), to bind, only in dīṣva- ([ see ]) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
da equals d/at- see a-panna--, panna-- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dadāyudhaSee d/at-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dagh cl.5. (Potential ghnuyāt-; preceding 3. sg. ghyās-; Aorist subjunctive 1. plural ghma-) with paśc/ā-, or c/āt-, to fall short of (see /a-pascā-daghvan-) ; with adhas-, to reach below the regular height ; to strike ; to protect (see daṅgh-) : cl.4. d/aghyati-, to go ; to flow ; see ati--, ā-- ; prad/aghas- ; . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
damm. p/atir d/an- (genitive case sg.) equals d/am-patis-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
damm. p/ati d/an- equals d/am-patī-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
damāyaNom. (plural yantu-) to control one's self ; (p. y/at-) to subdue View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daṃṣṭraf. see /ayo--, aṣṭa--, aṣṭā--, c/atur--, tīkṣṇa--, bhagna--, raudra--, su--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daṃsupatnī(d/aṃsu--) f. having a powerful lord (see Va1rtt. 1 ) , iv, 19, 7 and (d/aṃsu-p/at-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dan d/anas- See d/at-, 2. and 1. dam-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dantam. (fr. &) equals d/at- etc. (n. ; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound',f(ā-).[ ]orf(ī-).[ ] ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dānun. a fluid, drop, dew (nas p/atī- m.du, Name of mitra-- varuṇa- or of the aśvin-s ; see ārdr/a--, jīr/a--). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daśasyaNom. (fr. śas-= Latin decus; confer, compare dāś-and y/aśas-) y/ati- (Impv. y/ā-, ya-;p. y/at-), to render service, serve, worship, favour, oblige (with accusative) ; to accord, do favour to (dative case)
dattravat(d/att-) mfn. rich in gifts, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devatāSee dev/atā-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devayaNom. P., only p., y/at-, loving or serving the gods, religious (see /a--) ; divine or shining (?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devāyaNom. P., only p. y/at- equals vay/at-, Maitr. and View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhā cl.3 P. A1. d/adhāti-, dhatt/e- etc. (P. dual number dadhv/as-, dhatth/as-, dhatt/as-[ ]; plural dadhm/asi-or m/as-, dhatth/a-, dādhati-; imperfect tense /adadhāt- plural dhur-, plural /adhatta-or /adadhāta- ; subjunctive d/adhat-or dhāt-[ ], dhas-, dhatas-, dhan-; Potential dadhy/āt-; imperative dādhātu- plural dhatu-;2. sg. dheh/i-[fr. dhaddhi-; confer, compare ] or dhattāt- ;2. plural dhatt/a-, , dhattana-, , d/adhāta-, ,or tana-, [ confer, compare ]; parasmE-pada d/adhat-, ti- m. plural tas-; A1.1. sg. dadh/e-[at once3. sg. equals dhatt/e- and= perfect tense A1.],2. sg. dh/atse-, or dhats/e- dual number dadh/āthe-, dh/āte-;2. plural dhidhv/e-[ confer, compare perfect tense ];3. plural d/adhate- ; imperfect tense /adhatta-, tthās-; subjunctive d/adhase-, [ ]; Potential d/adhīta- dadhīt/a-, ; imperative 2. sg. dhatsva-, or dadhiṣva-, ;2. plural dhaddhvam-[ ]or dadhidhvam- ,etc.;3. pl. dadhatām- ; parasmE-pada d/adhāna-) ; rarely cl.1 P. A1. dadhati-, te- ; only thrice cl.2 P. dh/āti- ; and once cl.4 A1. Potential dhāyeta- (pf.P. dadh/au-, dh/ātha-, dhatur-, dhim/ā-, dhur- etc.; A1. dadh/e-[ confer, compare proper ], dadhiṣ/e-or dhiṣe- ;2.3. dual number dadh/āthe-, dh/āte-,2. pl. dadhidhv/e-[ confer, compare proper ];3. plural dadhir/e-, dadhre-, ,or dhire-, ; parasmE-pada d/adhāna-[ confer, compare proper ]; Aorist P. /adhāt-, dh/āt-, dh/ās-; adh/ur-, dh/ur- etc.; Potential dheyām-, yur-; dhetana- ; 2. sg. dhāyīs- ; imperative dh/ātu-[ confer, compare ];2. plural dh/āta-or tana-,3. plural dhāntu- ; A1. adhita-, thās-, adhītām-, adhīmahi-, dhīmahi-, dhimahe-, dhāmahe- ;3. sg. ahita-, hita- ; subjunctive dh/ethe- , dhaithe-, ; imperative dhiṣv/ā-, ; P. adhat- ; dhat- ; P. dhāsur- subjunctive sathas-and satha- ; A1. adhiṣi-, ṣata- ; Potential dhiṣīya- [ ]; dheṣīya- ; future dhāsyati-, te-or dhātā- etc.; infinitive mood dh/ātum- etc.;Ved. also tave-, tav/ai-, tos-; dhiy/adhyai- ;Class. also -dhitum-; ind.p. dhitv/ā- ; hitvā-[ ], -dh/āya-and -dh/ām- : Passive voice dhīy/ate- etc.[ ] , p. dhīy/amāna- ; Aorist /adhāyi-, dh/āyi- [ ]; preceding dhāsīṣṭa-or dhāyiṣīṣṭa-[ ]) to put, place, set, lay in or on (locative case) etc. etc. (with daṇḍam-,to inflict punishment on [with locative case ,with genitive case ];with tat-padavyām padam-,to put one's foot in another's footstep id est imitate, equal ) ; to take or bring or help to (locative case or dative case;with ār/e-,to remove) ; (A1.) to direct or fix the mind or attention (cintām-, manas-, matim-, samādhim-etc.) upon, think of (locative case or dative case), fix or resolve upon (locative case dative case accusative with prati-or a sentence closed with iti-) ; to destine for, bestow on, present or impart to (locative case dative case or genitive case) etc. (Passive voice to be given or granted, fall to one's [dat.] lot or share ) ; to appoint, establish, constitute ; to render (with double accusative) ; to make, produce, generate, create, cause, effect, perform, execute etc. (Aorist with pūrayām-, mantrayām-, varayām-etc. equals pūrayām-etc. cakāra-) ; to seize, take hold of, hold, bear, support, wear, put on (clothes) etc. ; (A1.) to accept, obtain, conceive (especially in the womb), get, take (with /okas-or c/anas-,to take pleasure or delight in [loc. or dative case ]) ; to assume, have, possess, show, exhibit, incur, undergo : Causal -dhāpayati- (See antar-dhā-, śrad-dhā-etc.) : Desiderative dh/itsati-, te- () , to wish to put in or lay on (locative case) (Class. Passive voice dhitsyate-; dhitsya-See sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order) ; d/idhiṣati-, te-, to wish to give or present ; (A1.) to wish to gain, strive after (parasmE-pada d/idhiṣāṇa-, ) : with avady/am-, to bid defiance (confer, compare didhiṣ/āyya-, didhiṣ/u-): Intensive dedhīyate- [ confer, compare Zend da1,dadaiti; Greek ,; Lithuanian dedu4,de4ti; Slavonic or Slavonian dedja,diti; Old Saxon duan,do7n, Anglo-Saxon do7n,Engl.do; German tuan;tuon,thun.]
dham or dhmā- cl.1 P. dh/amati- (A1. te- ; parasmE-pada dhmāntas- equals dhamantas- ; perf. dadhmau-,3. plural A1. mire- ; Aorist adhmāsīt- ; preceding dhmāyāt-or dhmeyāt- grammar; future dhamāṣyati- ; dhmāsyati-, dhmātā- grammar; ind.p. -dhm/āya- ) to blow (either intrans. as wind [applied also to the bubbling soma- ]or trans. as,to blow a conch-shell or any wind instrument) etc. ; to blow into (locative case) ; to breathe out, exhale ; to kindle a fire by blowing ; to melt or manufacture (metal) by blowing etc. ; to blow or cast away : Passive voice dhamyate-, Epic also ti-, dhmāy/ate-, ti- ( ) to be blown etc.: Causal dhmāpayati- (Aorist adidhmapat- grammar; Passive voice dhmāpyate- ) to cause to blow or melt ; to consume by fire, reduce to cinder : Desiderative didhnāsati- grammar : Intensive dedhmīyate- ; dādhmāyate-, parasmE-pada yamāna- being violently blown (conch-shell) [ confer, compare Slavonic or Slavonian dumo"smoke"] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhārayatkavi(y/at-k-) mfn. supporting or cherishing sages View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhārayatkṣiti(y/at-kṣ-) mfn. bearing or sustaining creatures View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhātum. constituent part, ingredient (especially [ and in only] in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound',where often ="fold" exempli gratia, 'for example' tri-dh/ātu-,threefold etc.; see triviṣṭi--, sapta--, su--) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhe cl.1 P. () dh/ayati- etc. (perfect tense dadhau-,3. plural dh/ur- ; Aorist -adhāt- ; adhāsīt-or adadhat- ; preceding dheyāt-, ; future dhāsyati- , dhātā- grammar; dative case infinitive mood dh/ātave- ; ind.p. dhītv/ā-and -dh/īya- ; -dhāya- grammar) to suck, drink, suck or drink in, take to one's self, absorb, appropriate etc. etc.: Passive voice dhīyate- grammar : Causal dhāp/ayāte- (confer, compare Va1rtt. 1 ) to give suck, nourish ; ti- (confer, compare anu-- dhe-) ; Aorist adīdhapat- grammar : Desiderative dhitsati- : Intensive dedhīyate-, dādheti-, and dādhāti- grammar ([ confer, compare Greek , ; Latin fe1-lare; Gothic dadd-jan; German ta1-an,ta1-jan.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhīf. notion, opinion, the taking for (compound) etc. (y/athā dhiy/ā-or dhiy/ā n/a-,according to thy wisdom or will; itth/ā dhiy/ā-or dh/iyaḥ-,willingly literally such is thy will ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhṛ cl.1 P. A1. dharati-, te- (; A1. Potential dhareran- ), but more commonly in the same sense the Causal form dhārayati-, te- (perf. P. dh/āra-, dh/artha-[Impv. dadhartu- ]; A1. dadhr/e-,3. plural dhrir/e- etc.; Aorist adhāram- ; adhṛta-, dhṛthās- ; /adīdharat- etc.[ dīdhar-, didhṛtam-, ta- ;3. plural rata- ]; adārṣīt- grammar; future dhariṣyati- ; ṣy/e- ; dhartā- ; infinitive mood dhartum- , tavai- [ dhart/ari-See under tṛ-]; ind.p. dhṛtvā-, -dhṛtya- ) to hold, bear (also bring forth), carry, maintain, preserve, keep, possess, have, use, employ, practise, undergo etc. ; (with or scil ātmānam-, jīvitam-, prāṇān-, deham-, śarīram-etc.) to preserve soul or body, continue living, survive etc. (especially future dhariṣyati-; confer, compare Passive voice below) ; to hold back, keep down, stop, restrain, suppress, resist etc. ; to place or fix in, bestow or confer on (locative case) etc. ; to destine for (dative case; A1.also to be destined for or belong to) ; to present to (genitive case) ; to direct or turn (attention, mind, etc.) towards, fix or resolve upon (locative case or dative case) ; A1. to be ready or prepared for ; P. A1. to owe anything (accusative) to (dative case or genitive case) (confer, compare ) ; to prolong (in pronunciation) ; to quote, cite ; (with garbham-) to conceive, be pregnant (older bham-bhṛ-) etc. ; (with daṇḍam-) to inflict punishment on (locative case) (also damam-) ; (with keśān-,or śmaśru-) to let the hair or beard grow ; (with raśmīn-[ ] or praharān-[ ]) to draw the reins tight ; (with dharamam-) to fulfil a duty ; (with vrat/am-) to observe or keep a vow etc. ; (with dhāraṇām-) to practise self-control ; (wit. ipas-) to perform penance ; (with mūrdhnā-or dhni-, śirasā-or si-) to bear on the head, honour highly ; (with or scilicet tulayā-) to hold in a balance, weigh, measure etc. ; (with or scilicet manasā-) to bear in mind, recollect, remember ; (with samaye-) to hold to an agreement, cause to make a compact (Bombay edition dṛṣṭvā-for dhṛtvā-): Passive voice dhriy/ate- (Epic also yati-; perfect tense dadhr/e-etc. = A1.; Aorist adhāri-) to be borne etc. ; so be firm, keep steady etc. ; continue living, exist, remain etc. (also dhāryate- ) ; to begin, resolve upon, undertake (dative case; accusative or infinitive mood) : Causal dhār/ayati-, te- See above: Desiderative didhīrṣati- (See ṣā-), didhariṣate- ; didhārayiṣati-, to wish to keep up or preserve (ātmānam-) : Intensive d/ardharti- () and dādharti- (3. plural dhrati- ; confer, compare ) to hold fast, bear firmly, fasten. [ confer, compare Zend dar; Greek ,; Latin fre1-tus,fre1-num.]
dhrai cl.1 P. dhrāyati-, to be pleased or satisfied ; cl.2. etc. dhr/āti-, dhr/āti-, dhr/ayati- See dhr/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhṛṣ cl.5 P. dhṛṣṇ/oti- etc. ; cl.1 P. dh/arṣati- (parasmE-pada dhṛṣ/at-, ṣ/amāṇa- ; ṣāṇ/a-. ; perf. dadh/arṣa- etc.;3. plural dādhṛṣur- ; subjunctive dadharṣat-, ṣati-, ṣīt- ; dadhṛṣate-, ṣanta- ; parasmE-pada dadhṛṣv/as- ; Aorist adhṛṣas- , adhaṣiṣur- ; future dharṣiṣyati-, ṣitā- grammar; ind.p. -dhṛṣya- ; infinitive mood -dh/ṛṣas-, ṣi- ), to be bold or courageous or confident or proud ; to dare or venture (infinitive mood in tum- ) ; to dare to attack, treat with indignity (accusative) ; to surpass (?) : Causal dharṣayati- (; Aorist adīdhṛṣat-,or adadharṣat- grammar) to venture on attacking ; to offend, violate (a woman), overpower, overcome : Desiderative didharṣiṣati-: Intensive darīdhṛṣyate- or darīdharṣṭi- grammar ([ confer, compare Zend dareS; Greek , ; literally dristu; Gothic ga-dars, Anglo-Saxon dors-te, Engl. durs-t.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhṛṣadvinmfn. equals -ṣ/at- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhru cl.6 P. dhruv/ati- () to go ; to be firm or fixed (also cl.1 P. dhravati- ; parasmE-pada dhruvat-,knowing ; perf. dudhrāva-,be killed ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhū cl.5 P. A1. dhūn/oti-, nut/e- ; dhunoti-, nute- etc. ; cl.6 P. () dhuvati- (confer, compare ni--; Potential dhūvet- ) ; cl.9 P. A1. () Potential dhunīyāt- ; parasmE-pada A1. dhunāna- ; cl.1 P. () dhavati- ; cl.2 A1., 3. plural dhuvate- (dhunv/ate-?) ; parasmE-pada dhuvān/a- (perfect tense dudhāva- , dhuve- ; dudhuvīta-and dūdhot- : Aorist adhūṣṭa-,3. plural ṣata- ; adhoṣṭa-, adhaviṣṭa-; adhauṣīt-, adhāvīt- grammar; future dhaviṣyati-, te- etc.; dhoṣyati-, te-, dhotā-& dhavitā- grammar; ind.p. dhūtvā- , -dh/ūya- etc.; infinitive mood dhavitum- grammar) to shake, agitate, cause to tremble etc. ; to shake down from (exempli gratia, 'for example' fruits [ accusative ] from a tree [ accusative ]) ; (oftener A1.) to shake off, remove, liberate one's self from (accusative) etc. ; to fan, kindle (a fire) etc. ; to treat roughly, hurt, injure, destroy ; to strive against, resist : Passive voice dhūy/ate- etc. (parasmE-pada dhūyat- ): Causal dhāvayati- () and dhūnayati- (See dhūna-): Desiderative dudhūṣati-, te- grammar ; Intensive dodhavīti- (parasmE-pada dodhuvat d/avidhvat- ) ; dodhūyate-, parasmE-pada yamāna-and yat- ; so shake or move violently (trans. and intr.) ; to shake off or down ; to fan or kindle. [ confer, compare dhav-and dhāv-; Greek , .] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīkṣ (Desiderative of dakṣ-?) cl.1 A1. dīkṣate- (perfect tense didīksk/e-; future dīkṣiṣy/ate-; Aorist adidīkṣas-and adīkṣiṣṭa- ; ind.p. dīkṣitvā- ) to consecrate or dedicate one's self (especially for the performance of the soma--sacrifice) ; to dedicate one's self to a monastic order : Causal dīkṣayati-, te-, to consecrate, initiate ; perfect tense didīkṣur- ; to consecrate as a king ; to make ready, prepare : Desiderative didīkṣiṣate-, to wish to be consecrated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīp cl.4 A1. dīpyate- (dīpy/ate- , dipyati- perfect tense didīpe- ; future dīpiṣyate-, dīpitā-; Aorist adīpi-, adipiṣṭa- infinitive mood dipitum- ) to blaze, flare, shine, be luminous or illustrious etc. ; glow, burn (also with anger ): Causal dip/ayati-, te- Aorist adīdipat- or adidipat- () to kindle, set on fire, inflame ; illuminate, make illustrious etc. ; excite, rouse : Desiderative didīpiṣate-: Intensive dedīpyate-, to blaze fiercely, shine intensely, be very bright ; parasmE-pada dedīpyantī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
diś cl.3 P. d/ideṣṭi- (Imper. d/ideṣṭu- ; cl.6. diś/ati-, te-[later the only present tense stem]; perfect tense did/eśa-, didiś/e-; future dekṣyati-, te-[ deṣṭā- ]; Aorist adikṣat- etc.; adikṣi-, /adiṣṭa- ; infinitive mood deṣṭum- etc.; d/iśe- ) to point out, show, exhibit ; to produce, bring forward (as a witness in a court of justice) ; to promote, effect, accomplish ; to assign, grant, bestow upon (dative case ; genitive case ; locative case ) ; to pay (tribute) ; to order, command, bid (infinitive mood) : Passive voice diśyate- etc.: Causal deśayati-, te- ; Aorist adīdiśat-, to show, point out, assign ; to direct, order, command ; teach, communicate, tell, inform, confess : Desiderative didikṣati-, te-, to wish to show etc.: Intensive d/ediṣṭe-, 3. plural śate-, (parasmE-pada f. plural śatīs-) to show, exhibit, manifest ; to order, command : Passive voice dediśyate-, to show or approve one's self. [ confer, compare Z.dis; Greek ; Latin di1co,in-dr2careetc.; Gothic teihan; O. E.te4on(fr.ti4han).] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
diyan. diy/ānām p/ati- lord of gifts, a very liberal man. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
do cl.2.4. P. dāti- etc. ; dy/ati- etc. (perfect tense 3 plural A1. -dadire- ; Aorist adāsīt-and adāt- ; preceding deyāt-, ; dāyāt-, ; -diṣīya- ; see ava-do-) to cut, divide, reap, mow etc.: Passive voice dīyate-, prob. to be cast down or, dejected : Desiderative ditsati- : Intensive dedīyate-, (see day-and 3. -). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dṛ cl.6 A1. driy/ate- (Epic also ti-), to respect, honour () ; occurring only with preposition ā- see ā-dri- ; Desiderative didariṣate- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
drā cl.2 P. dr/āti- (imperative dr/ātu-, dr/āntu- ; perfect tense dadrur-, parasmE-pada A1. dadrāṇ/a- ; Aorist adrāsīt-; subjunctive drāsat- ), to run, make haste: Causal drāpayati- (Desiderative of Causal d/idrāpayiṣati-) ; Aorist adidrapat- : Intensive d/aridrāti- ; 3 plural daridrati- ; to run hither and thither ; to be in need or poor: Desiderative of Intensive didaridrāsati- and didaridriṣati- Va1rtt. 2 [ confer, compare 2. dru-and dram-; Greek , .]
drai or drā- () cl.1 P. A1. drāyati-, te- (confer, compare ni--) or cl.2 P. drāti- (perfect tense -dadrau- ; Aorist adrāsīt- ; future drāsy/ati- ) to sleep. [ confer, compare Greek , Latin dormio]. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dṛbh cl.6 P. dṛbh/ati- (); 1. 10. P. darbhati- and darbhayati- () , to string or tie together, tie in a bunch. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dṛś (Pres. forms supplied by paś- q.v; perfect tense P. dad/arśa- etc. [2. sg. dadarśitha-and dadraṣṭha- ]; A1. dadṛś/e- [ d/adṛśe-,3 plural dṛśre- ; śrire- ]; parasmE-pada P. dadṛśv/as- ; sivas- ; darśivas- q.v; A1. d/adṛśāna- ; future P. -drakṣy/ati- etc.; A1. ṣyate-and future 2. draṣṭā- ; Aorist P. adarśam-, śas-, śat-,3 plural śur- ; 1 plural adarśma- ; adṛśma- ; subjunctive darśam-, śat-, śathas- ; A1.3 plural /adṛśran- ; śram- ; parasmE-pada dṛśān/a-or d/ṛśāna-[ confer, compare sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order ] ; P. dṛśan-,3 plural /adṛśan- ; Potential dṛś/eyam- ; śema- ; P. adrākṣit-and adrāk- ; A1.3 plural /adṛkṣata-; subjunctive 2 sg. d/ṛkṣase- ; infinitive mood dṛś/e-and driś/aye- ; dr/aṣṭum- etc.; ind.p. dṛṣṭv/ā- etc.[ also dṛśya-], ṭvāya- ; -d/ṛśya- ; -darśam- ) to see, behold, look at, regard, consider etc. ; to see id est wait on, visit ; to see with the mind, learn, understand etc. ; to notice, care for, look into, try, examine ; to see by divine intuition, think or find out, compose, contrive (hymns, rites, etc.) : Passive voice dṛśy/ate- (Epic also ti-) Aorist ad/arśi- etc. to be seen, become visible, appear etc. ; to be shown or manifested, appear as (iva-), prove etc.: Causal P. A1. darśayati-, te- etc. ; Aorist adīdṛśat- ; adadarśat- , to cause to see or be seen, to show a thing (A1. especially of something belonging to one's self) or person (P.and A1.with or scilicet ātmānam-,also one's self) , to (accusative etc.; genitive case etc.; dative case etc.; instrumental case after A1.refl. ) ; to show = prove, demonstrate etc. ; to produce (money) id est pay ; (a witness) , : Desiderative A1. didṛkṣate- (Epic also ti-) to wish to see, long for (accusative) etc.: Desiderative of Causal didarśayiṣati-, to wish to show ; adidarśayiṣīt- : Intensive darīdṛśyate-, to be always visible ; darīdarṣṭi- or dard- [ confer, compare Greek , ; Gothic tarhjan.]
ducchunāyaNom. A1. y/ate-, to wish to harm, be evil disposed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duh (originally dugh- see d/ughāna-, dugha-etc., and the initial dh-of some forms) cl.2 P.A1. dogdhi- ; dugdhe- or duh/e- etc. (plural A1. duhat/e-, ; duhrate-, ; duhr/e-, ; imperfect tense P. /adhok-, ; duh/ur- ; A1. adugdha-[according to Aorist ] plural aduhra-,i sg. aduha- plural hra- [ see ]; imperative dhukṣva- sg. duh/ām- ; plural duhr/ām-, r/atām- ; dhuṅgdhvam- ; subjunctive dohat-[3 plural hān- ], hate- ; Potential duhīyat- ; y/an-, ; A1. hīta-, ; parasmE-pada P. duh/at- A1. duhān/a-, d/uhāna-,and d/ugh- ; cl.6 P. A1. duh/ati-, te- etc.; cl.4. duhyati-, te- ; perfect tense dud/oha-[ hitha- ], duduh/e-,3 plural duduhur-[ dudūhur- ] etc.; A1. duduhre- [ hrire-]; future dhokṣyati-, te- ; Aorist /adhukṣat-, ṣata-[3 sg. plural ], adukṣat-, ; dukṣata-,3 sg. ; imperative dhukṣ/asva- ; Potential dhukṣīm/ahi- ; infinitive mood dogdhum- etc.; dogdhos- ; duh/adhyai-and doh/ase- ; ind.p. dugdhvā- ) to milk (a cow or an udder) figuratively take advantage of (see) , enjoy ; to milk or squeeze out, extract (milk, soma- exempli gratia, 'for example' any good thing) ; draw anything out of another thing (with 2 accusative) etc. ; (mostly A1.) to give milk, yield any desired object (accusative,rarely genitive case) etc. etc.: Passive voice duhy/ate- Aorist adohi- ( ) to be milked, to be drawn or extracted from etc.: Causal doh/ayati-, te- Aorist adūduhat- Passive voice dohy/ate-, to cause to milk or be milked ; to milk, milk out, extract : Desiderative d/udukṣati- (), dudhukṣati- ( see dudhukṣu-), to wish to milk.
durasyaNom. P. y/ati-, to wish to hurt or injure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
durhaṇāyaNom. P., parasmE-pada y/at-, meditating harm View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
durhṛṇāyaNom. P., parasmE-pada y/at-, furious, enraged (varia lectio for haṇ- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duvasyaNom. P. y/ati-, to honour, worship, celebrate, reward ; give as a reward, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cl.3 P. j/igāti- (; jagāti-, (varia lectio); subjunctive j/igāt-; imperative j/igātu-; Aorist agāt-;3. plural agan- ; subjunctive [1. sg. geṣam-See anu--and upa--],2. sg. g/ās-,3. sg. gāt-,2. plural gāt/a-,3. plural gur-;[ perf. jigāya-See ud--], perf. Potential jagāyāt-[ ] ; infinitive mood g/ātave- ;in Class. Sanskrit only the Aorist P. agāt-occurs, for A1.See adhi--; Aorist Passive voice agāyi-, agāsātām- on ; cl.2 P. g/āti- ; A1. gāte- ) to go, go towards, come, approach (with accusative or locative case) etc. ; to go after, pursue ; to fall to one's (dative case) share, be one's (accusative) due, ; to come into any state or condition (accusative), undergo, obtain etc. ; to go away (from ablative;to any place locative case) ; to come to an end ; to walk (on a path accusative or instrumental case) ; (jigāti-) to be born on : Desiderative jigīṣati-, to desire to go ; ([ confer, compare , ; Old German ga1m,ga1s,etc.; Gothic ga-tvo; English go.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gadāyaNom. A1. y/ate-,"to become sick", to become lazy or idle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gai cl.1 P. g/āyati-, rarely A1. te- (1. sg. g/āye-[ ] & gāyiṣe-[ ] etc.) , exceptionally cl.2. gāti- ( : cl.3 P. jigāti- ; perf. jagau- etc.; Aorist agāsīt-; preceding geyāt- ; pr. p. P. g/āyat- etc.; ind.p. gītvā-[with preposition -gāya-() -g/īya- etc.]; infinitive mood gātum-), to sing, speak or recite in a singing manner, sing to (dative case ), praise in song (with accusative), relate in metrical language etc. ; to sing before (accusative) : Passive voice gīy/ate- (parasmE-pada y/amāna-), to be sung or praised in song etc. ; to be called (perf. jage-), etc.: Causal gāpayati- (Potential 3. plural gāyayeyur- ), to cause to sing or praise in song etc.: Intensive jegīyate- () , to sing ; to be sung or praised in song ; to be asserted obstinately ; ([ confer, compare 3. -; confer, compare also Lithuanian zaidziu.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gam Ved. cl.1 P. g/amati- (; subjunctive gamam-, g/amat-[ gamātas-, gamātha- ], gamāma-, gaman- ; Potential gam/ema- ; infinitive mood g/amadhyai- ) : cl.2 P. g/anti- (; imperative 3. sg. gantu-,[2. sg. gadhi-See ā--,or gahi-See adhi--, abhy-ā--, ā--, upā--],2. plural g/antā-or gantana- ; imperfect tense 2. and 3. sg. /agan-[ ] , 1. plural /aganma-[ ; confer, compare ] , 3. plural /agman- ; subjunctive [or Aorist subjunctive confer, compare ]1. plural ganma-,3. plural gm/an- ; Potential 2. sg. gamyās- ; preceding 3. sg. gamy/ās- ; pr. p. gm/at-, ) : cl.3 P. jaganti- (; Potential jagamyām-, yāt- ; imperfect tense 2. and 3. sg. ajagan-,2. plural ajaganta-or tana- ) : Ved. and Class. cl.1 P. (also A1. etc.) , with substitution of gacch- ([= ]) for gam-, g/acchati- (confer, compare ; subjunctive cchāti- ;2. sg. gacchās-[ ] or gacchāsi-[ ];2. plural gacchāta- ;3. plural g/acchān- ; imperfect tense /agacchat-; Potential gacchet-; pr. p. g/acchat- etc.; Aorist agamat- ;for A1.with prepositions confer, compare future gamiṣyati- etc.; 1st future g/antā-[ ] etc.; perf. 1. sg. jagamā-[ ],3. sg. jagāma-,2. dual number jagmathur-,3. plural jagm/ur- etc.; parasmE-pada jaganv/as-[ etc.] or jagmivas- f. jagm/uṣī- etc.;Ved. infinitive mood g/antave-, g/antav/ai-;Class. infinitive mood gantum-:Ved. ind.p. gatvāya-, gatv/ī-;Class. ind.p. gatv/ā-[ etc.] , with prepositions -gamya-or -gatya- ) to go, move, go away, set out, come etc. ; to go to or towards, approach (with accusative or locative case or dative case [ ; confer, compare ] or prati-[ ]) etc. ; to go or pass (as time exempli gratia, 'for example' kāle gacchati-,time going on, in the course of time) ; to fall to the share of (accusative) etc. ; to go against with hostile intentions, attack ; to decease, die ; to approach carnally, have sexual intercourse with (accusative) etc. ; to go to any state or condition, undergo, partake of, participate in, receive, obtain (exempli gratia, 'for example' mitratāṃ gacchati-,"he goes to friendship" id est he becomes friendly) etc. ; jānubhyām avanīṃ-gam-,"to go to the earth with the knees", kneel down ; dharaṇīṃ mūrdhnā-gam-,"to go to the earth with the head", make a bow ; m/anasā-gam-, to go with the mind, observe, perceive ; (without m/anasā-) to observe, understand, guess ; (especially Passive voice gamyate-,"to be understood or meant") and ; doṣeṇa- or doṣato-gam-, to approach with an accusation, ascribe guilt to a person (accusative) : Causal gamayati- (; imperative 2. sg. Ved. gamayā-or gāmaya-[ ] , 3. sg. gamayatāt- ; perf. gamay/āṃ cakāra- etc.) to cause to go ( ) or come, lead or conduct towards, send to (dative case ), bring to a place (accusative [ ] or locative case) etc. ; to cause to go to any condition, cause to become etc. ; to impart, grant ; to send away ; "to let go", not care about ; to excel ; to spend time etc. ; to cause to understand, make clear or intelligible, explain ; to convey an idea or meaning, denote ; (causal of the causal) to cause a person (accusative) to go by means of jigamiśati- another : Desiderative j/igamiṣati- ( jigāṃsate- ; imperfect tense ajigāṃsat- ) to wish to go, be going ; to strive to obtain ; to wish to bring (to light, prak/āśam-) : Intensive j/aṅganti- (), jaṅgamīti- or jaṅgamyate- ( ), to visit (parasmE-pada g/anigmat-) (imperfect tense aganīgan-) ; ([ confer, compare ; Gothic qvam; English come; Latin venioforgvemio.])
gat gat/a-, g/ati-, etc. See gam-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gātuyaNom. P. (imperative 2. sg. -: pr. p. y/at-;3. plural gātūy/anti-, pada-pāṭha- gātuy-) to wish to obtain or to procure free progress View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gavāmpatim. (g/avām p/ati- )"cow-lord" , a bull View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gavyaNom. P. vyati-, to desire cattle or cows ; See gavy/at-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gāyatramf(ī-)n. the gāyatrī- (id est ; t/at savit/ur v/areṇyam bh/argo dev/asya dhīmahi dh/iyo y/o naḥ pracod/ayāt- etc.;this is a very sacred verse repeated by every Brahman at his morning and evening devotions;from being addressed to savitṛ- or the Sun as generator, it is also called sāvitrī-; see ;the gāyatrī- verse is personified as a goddess, the wife of brahmā- and mother of the four veda-s ;it is often mentioned in connection with the amṛta-, both together constituting as it were the essence and type of sacred hymns in general ;the gāyatrī- personified is also considered as the mother of the first three classes in their capacity of twice-born ; see ;some other verse [perhaps ] is denoted by gāyatrī- ;with tāntrika-s a number of mystical verses are called gāyatrī-s, and each deity has one in particular) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghas not used in proper (cl.1. ghasati- ), but supplies certain tenses (especially Aorist and Desiderative ) of ad- (Aorist 2. and 3. sg. /aghas- ; aghās-(?) ;3. sg. aghat-, aghasat-[? ], ajīghasat-[ ];3. plural /akṣan- ; aghasan- [ ];2. dual number /aghastām-;2. plural aghasta-; subjunctive 2. sg. gh/asas-,3. sg. sat- ;3. plural kṣan-, ; imperative 3. dual number gh/astām-; perfect tense jagh/āsa- etc.;3. plural jakṣur- ; Potential jakṣīy/āt- ; parasmE-pada jakṣiv/as- ; f. kṣ/uṣī- ) , to consume or devour, eat: Desiderative j/ighatsati- (see ), to wish to consume or devour, wish to eat (see jakṣ-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gopāyaNom. P. (fr. go-p/ā-; see gup-) y/ati- (see ; Aorist agopāyīt- ), to represent a cowherd, act like a herdsman ; to guard, protect, preserve etc. ; to hide, conceal (Passive voice gopāyyate-) : Causal gopāyayati-, to preserve, protect (see abhi--, pari--.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gopīf. Abrus precatorius (see ahi--, indra--, kula--, tridaśa--, v/āta--, surendra--.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṝ cl.9 P. A1. gṛṇ/āti-, ṇīt/e- (1. sg. A1.and 3. sg. Passive voice gṛṇ/e- ;1. sg. A1. gṛṇīṣ/e- ;2. plural gṛṇ/atā- ; parasmE-pada P. gṛṇ/at- etc.; A1.& Passive voice gṛṇān/a- ;Ved. infinitive mood imperative gṛṇīṣ/aṇi- ), to call, call out to, invoke ; to announce, proclaim ; to mention with praise, praise, extol ; to pronounce, recite ; to relate, teach in verses, ; ([ confer, compare , ; Hibernian or Irish goirim; Old German quar,quir,etc.; Old Pruss.gerbu,"to speak"; Anglo-Saxon gale; German Nachtigal; Latin gallus?]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
grah ([ in a few passages only etc.]) or grabh- ([ ;rarely ]) cl.9 P. gṛbhṇāti- gṛhṇ/āti- (also A1. gṛhṇīte-,irreg. gṛhṇate- ;3. plural gṛbhṇate- ; imperative 2. sg. gṛhāṇ/a-,[ ṇ/ā-, saṃhitā-pāṭha-, parasmE-pada Passive voice Nominal verb plural n. ] etc.; gṛbhṇān/a-& gṛhṇ-[Ved.]; gṛhṇa- ; -gṛhṇāhi-, -gṛbhṇīhi-See prati-grabh-; A1. gṛbhṇīṣva-[ ] or gṛhṇ-;3. sg. P. gṛhṇītāt-;Ved. imperative gṛbhāy/a-etc.See sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order ya- confer, compare gṛhaya-; perf. jagrāha- etc.;1. sg. gr/abhā- ; gṛbhm/a- ; A1. gṛhe-, ;3. plural gṛbhr/e-& gṛbhrir/e- ; P. Potential gṛbhyāt-, ; parasmE-pada gṛbhv/as-, ; future 2nd grahīṣyati-, te- etc.[ confer, compare ];sometimes wrongly spelt gṛh- ; grahiṣy- ; Conditional agrahaiṣyat- ; future 1st grahītā- ; Aorist agrabham- ; bhīt- etc.; hīt-[ ] etc.; -/ajagrabhīt-etc.See saṃ-grah-; subjunctive 2. plural grabhīṣṭa- ; A1. agrahīṣṭa- ; aghṛkṣata- [not in ];Ved. 3. plural agṛbhran-[ ] and agṛbhīṣata-; ind.p. gṛbhītv/ā- ; gṛhītv/ā-, ; grahāya- ; infinitive mood grahītum-[ etc.; confer, compare ;wrongly spelt gṛh- ]; Passive voice gṛhyate-[ future 1st grahītā-or grāhitā- future 2nd grahīṣyate-or grāhiṣy- Aorist agrāhi-,3. dual number agrahīṣātām-or agrāhiṣ- ];Ved. subjunctive 3. plural gṛhyāntai- on ;Ved. Passive voice 3. sg. gṛhate-[ ]or gṛhe-[ ] or gṛhaye-[ ; confer, compare gṛhaya-]; subjunctive 1. plural gṛhāmahi- ; Potential gṛhīta- ) to seize, take (by the hand, pāṇau-or kare-,exceptionally pāṇim-(double accusative) ; confer, compare ), grasp, lay hold of (exempli gratia, 'for example' pakṣaṃ-,to take a side, adopt a party ; pāṇim-,"to take by the hand in the marriage ceremony", marry etc.) etc. ; to arrest, stop ; to catch, take captive, take prisoner, capture, imprison etc. ; to take possession of, gain over, captivate ; to seize, overpower (especially said of diseases and demons and the punishments of varuṇa-) etc. ; to eclipse ; to abstract, take away (by robbery) ; to lay the hand on, claim ; to gain, win, obtain, receive, accept (from ablative,rarely genitive case), keep etc. (with double accusative ) ; to acquire by purchase (with instrumental case of the price) etc. ; to choose ; to choose any one (accusative) as a wife ; to take up (a fluid with any small vessel), draw water ; to pluck, pick, gather ; to collect a store of anything ; to use, put on (clothes) i etc. ; to assume (a shape) ; to place upon (instrumental case or locative case) ; to include ; to take on one's self, undertake, undergo, begin etc. ; to receive hospitably (a guest), take back (a divorced wife) ; "to take into the mouth", mention, name etc. ; to perceive (with the organs of sense or with m/anas-), observe, recognise etc. ; (in astronomy) to observe ; to receive into the mind, apprehend, understand, learn ; (in astronomy) to calculate ; to accept, admit, approve ; to obey, follow ; to take for, consider as etc. ; (Passive voice) to be meant by (instrumental case) and Scholiast or Commentator : Causal grāhayati-, to cause to take or seize or lay hold of ; to cause to take (by the hand[ pāṇim-]in the marriage ceremony) ; to cause to marry, give away a girl (accusative) in marriage to any one (accusative) ; to cause any one to be captured ; to cause any one to be seized or overpowered (as by varuṇa-'s punishments or death etc.) ; to cause to be taken away ; to make any one take, deliver anything (accusative) over to any one (accusative; exempli gratia, 'for example' āsanam-with accusative"to cause to take a seat, bid any one to sit down") ; to make any one choose (Aorist ajigrahat-) ; to make any one learn, make acquainted or familiar with (accusative) etc.: Desiderative jighṛkṣati- (confer, compare ), also te-, to be about to seize or take ; to be about to eclipse ; to be about to take away ; to desire to perceive (with the organs of sense), strive to apprehend or recognise : Intensive jarīgṛhyate- ; ([ confer, compare Zend gerep,geurv; Gothic greipa; German greife; Lithuanian gre1bju; Slavonic or Slavonian grablju1; Hibernian or Irish grabaim,"I devour, stop."])
granth or grath- cl.9 P. grathn/āti- (future parasmE-pada granthiṣyat- ; perf. 3. plural jagranthur-or grethur- ; ind.p. granthitvā-or grath-, ), to fasten, tie or string together, arrange, connect in a regular series ; to string words together, compose (a literary work) : cl.1 P. A1. grathati-, te- (varia lectio) ; P. granthati-, ; A1. granthate- (Aorist agranthiṣṭa-), to be strung together or composed (a literary work), on : Causal P. A1. granthayati-, te-, to string together ; ([ confer, compare ; Latin glut-en?]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
grath or granth- cl.9 P. grathn/āti- (future parasmE-pada granthiṣyat- ; perf. 3. plural jagranthur-or grethur- ; ind.p. granthitvā-or grath-, ), to fasten, tie or string together, arrange, connect in a regular series ; to string words together, compose (a literary work) : cl.1 P. A1. grathati-, te- (varia lectio) ; P. granthati-, ; A1. granthate- (Aorist agranthiṣṭa-), to be strung together or composed (a literary work), on : Causal P. A1. granthayati-, te-, to string together ; ([ confer, compare ; Latin glut-en?]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṛbhāyaNom. P. y/ati- (see vArttika;only imperative y/a-and y/ata-; see anu--, ā-saṃ--, ud--, prati--, saṃ--, sam-ā-grah-;fr. gṛbhāya-are to be derived the forms of grah-(q.v)beginning with gṛbhī-, grabhī-, gṛhī-, grahī-), to grasp, seize View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guṇam. the string of a musical instrument, chord : in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' (f(ā-).) with numerals"fold, times" (See c/atur--, tri--, daśa--, dv/i--, pañca--;rarely the numeral stands by itself along with guṇ/a-[ exempli gratia, 'for example' viśiṣṭo daśabhir guṇaiḥ-,"of ten times higher value" ] ;[ guṇa- equals bhāga-] ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cl.3 P. () j/ahāti- (rarely cl.1. jahati-3. dual number jahltaḥ- imperative jah/ihi-[or jahāhi- ]; jahītāt- ; Potential jahyāt- etc.; perfect tense jahau-, jah/uḥ- etc.; jahe- ; Aorist ahāt- etc.; ahāsīt- grammar;3. sg. ahās- ; /ahāsi- ; hāsiṣṭa- ,; future hātā- grammar; hāsyati-, te- etc., jahiṣyati- etc.; infinitive mood hātum- ; ind.p. hitv/ā-.[ q.v ] etc.; hitv/ī- tv/āya- ; -hītvā- grammar; -h/āya- , h/īyam- ), to leave, abandon, desert, quit, forsake, relinquish (with śarīram-, deham-, prāṇān-, asūn-, jīvitam-etc. - "to die") etc., etc. ; to discharge, emit ; to put away, take off, remove, lay aside, give up, renounce, resign, avoid, shun, abstain or refrain from etc. ; to disregard, neglect ; to lose, be deprived of. ; to get rid of. escape from etc. ; to cause to emit (with śardham-,"to cause to break wind") : Passive voice hīy/ate- or h/īyate- (Epic also hīyati-; Aorist ahāyi-), to be left or abandoned or deserted etc. ; to be left behind, fall short of (ablative) etc. ; to be excluded from or bereft of (ablative or instrumental case;with prāṇaiḥ-,"to die") etc. ; to be overtaken by (instrumental case) ; to be deficient or wanting, suffer loss or injury, fail (also in a lawsuit), decrease, wane, decline, come to an end etc. ; to weigh less (at the ordeal of the balance) ; to be given up or avoided (varia lectio) ; to be subtracted ; to become detached from (with ablative or instrumental case), fall out (as hair) : Causal hāpayati- (mc. also te- Aorist ajīhapat-; -jīhipaḥ- ), to cause to leave or abandon etc. ; to omit, neglect etc. ; to fall short of. be wanting in (accusative) ; to give up (asūn-,"life") ; to lose (kālam-,"time") ; to abandon (pratijñām-,"a thesis") : Desiderative jihāsati-, to wish to leave or abandon ; to wish to reject or disdain ; to wish to escape : Intensive jehīyate-, jāhāti-, jāheti- grammar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
han cl.2 P. () hanti- (3. dual number hat/aḥ-,3. plural ghnanti-;rarely A1. hate-,3. plural ghnate-;and cl.1. hanati-, Vedic or Veda also jighnate-, ti-; Potential hanyāt- also h/anīta-, ghnīta-; imperative jah/i- handh/i-; imperfect tense /ahan-, Vedic or Veda and Epic also ahanat-, ahanan-, aghnanta-; parasmE-pada jaghnat-, ghnamāna- ; perfect tense jagh/āna-, jaghn/uḥ- Epic also jaghne-, nire- subjunctive jagh/anat- ; parasmE-pada jaghniv/as-, Vedic or Veda also jaghanvas-; Aorist ahānīt- [ confer, compare vadh-]; future hantā- ; haṃsyati- ; haniṣy/ati-, te- etc.; infinitive mood h/antum-,Ved. also h/antave-, tav/ai-, toḥ-; ind.p. hatv/ā-,Ved. also tv/ī-, tvāya-, -hatya-; -hanya- ; -gh/ātam- etc.) , to strike, beat (also a drum) , pound, hammer (accusative), strike etc. upon (locative case) etc. ; to smite, slay, hit, kill, mar, destroy ; to put to death, cause to be executed ; to strike off ; to ward off, avert ; to hurt, wound (the heart) ; to hurl (a dart) upon (genitive case) ; (in astronomy) to touch, come into contact ; to obstruct, hinder ; to repress, give up, abandon (anger, sorrow etc.) ; (?) to go, move : Passive voice hany/ate- (Epic also ti-; Aorist avadhi-or aghāni-), to be struck or killed etc. etc.: Causal ghātayati-, te- (properly a Nom.fr. ghāta- q.v; Aorist ajīghatat-or ajīghanat-), to cause to be slain or killed, kill, slay, put to death, punish etc. ; to notify a person's death (kaṃsaṃ ghātayati- equals kaṃsa-vadham ācaṣṭe-) Va1rtt. 6 ; to mar, destroy (varia lectio): Desiderative j/ighāṃsati-, te- (Potential jighāṃsīyat- ; imperfect tense ajighāṃsīḥ- ), to wish to kill or destroy etc. etc.: Intensive j/aṅghanti- (; parasmE-pada jaṅghanat-, j/aṅghnat-or gh/anighnat-), jaṅghanyate- (with pass. sense ), jeghnīyate- () , to strike = tread upon (locative case or accusative) ; to slay, kill ; to dispel (darkness) , destroy (evil, harm) ; to hurt, injure, wound [ confer, compare Greek , ; , ; Latin de-fendere,of-fendere; Lit.genu,gi4ti; Slavonic or Slavonian gu8nati.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hary cl.1 P. () hary/ati- (rarelyA. te-; pr. p. P. h/aryat-,or hary/at-[see below]A. h/aryamāṇa-), to like, delight in, be fond of or pleased with, yearn after, long for (accusative or locative case) ; to go ; to threaten : Intensive jāharyīti-, jāharti-, jāharyati- [ confer, compare Greek .] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hi (see hay-) cl.5 P. () hin/oti- (Vedic or Veda also hinut/e-, h/invati-and hinv/ati-, te-; parasmE-pada hinvān/a-[with act. and pass. sense] ; h/ayat- : sg. hiṣe- ; perfect tense jighāya-, jighyuḥ- etc.; jighye-[with pass. sense] ; Aorist /ahema- /ahema-, ahyan-, heta- parasmE-pada hiyān/a-[with pass. sense] ; ahyam-[?], /ahait- ; ahaiṣīt- ; aheṣata- ; future hetā- grammar; heṣyati- etc.; infinitive mood -hy/e- ), to send forth, set in motion, impel, urge on, hasten on (A1.also intrans.) ; to stimulate or incite to (dative case) ; to assist or help to (dative case) ; to discharge, hurl, cast, shoot ; to convey, bring, procure ; to forsake, abandon, get rid of ; (hinvati-) to gladden, delight : Passive voice hīyate- (Aorist ahāyi-) grammar : Causal hāyuyati- (Aorist ajīhayat-) : Desiderative of Causal jihāpayiṣati- : Desiderative jighīṣati- : Intensive jeghīyate-, jeghayīti-, jegheti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hṛ cl.1 P. A1. () h/arati-, te- (once in harmi-,and once in Scholiast or Commentator on -jiharti-; perfect tense P. jahāra-, jah/artha-, jahruḥ-[ -jaharuḥ-?] etc.; A1. jahre- etc.; Aorist ahār-, ahṛthās- ; ahārṣīt- etc. etc.; 3. plural A1. ahṛṣata- ; preceding hriyāt-, hṛṣīṣṭa- grammar; future hartā- etc.; hariṣyati-, te- ; Conditional ahariṣyat- ; infinitive mood h/artum-, tos-, tave-, tav/ai- ; haritum- ; ind.p. hṛtvā-, -h/āram- etc.; -h/ṛtya- etc.), to take, bear, carry in or on (with instrumental case), carry, convey, fetch, bring etc. ; to offer, present (especially with balim-) etc. ; to take away, carry off, seize, deprive of, steal, rob ; to shoot or cut or hew off, sever (the head or a limb) etc. ; to remove, destroy, dispel, frustrate, annihilate ; to turn away, avert (the face) ; A1. (older and more correct than P.), to take to one's self, appropriate (in a legitimate way), come into possession of (accusative), receive (as an heir), raise (tribute), marry (a girl) etc. ; to master, overpower, subdue, conquer, win, win over (also by bribing) etc. ; to outdo, eclipse, surpass ; to enrapture, charm, fascinate etc. ; to withhold, withdraw, keep back, retain etc. ; to protract, delay (with kālam-,"to gain time") ; (in arithmetic) to divide : Passive voice hriy/ate- (Epic also ti-; Aorist ahāri-), to be taken or seized etc. etc. etc.: Causal hārayati-, te- (Aorist ajīharat-; Passive voice hāryate-), to cause to be taken or carried or conveyed or brought by (instrumental case or accusative; confer, compare ) or to (dative case) etc. ; to cause to be taken away, appropriate, seize, rob ; to have taken from one's self, be deprived of, lose (especially at play) ; (harayate-) See pra-hṛ- ; (hārāpayati-), to lose (at play) : Desiderative j/ihīrṣati-, te- (confer, compare jihīrṣā-, ṣu-), to wish to take to one's self or appropriate, covet, desire, long for etc. ; (with kālam-), to wish to gain time : Intensive jehrīyate-; jarharīti-, jarīharīti-, jarharti-, jarīharti- (confer, compare saṃ-hṛ-) grammar ([ confer, compare Greek .]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hu cl.3 P. () juh/oti- (Ved. and Epic also A1. juhut/e-3. plural proper j/uh-3. plural proper j/uhvati-, te- etc.;2. sg. imperative juhudh/i- etc.; hoṣi- ; parasmE-pada P. j/uhvat-; A1. j/uhvāna-[also with pass. sense];3. plural imperfect tense /ajuhavuḥ- ; perfect tense P. juhāva-, juhuvuḥ- ; A1. juhuve- ; juhv/e-, juhur/e- ; juhvire- ; juhavāṃ-cakāra- ; juhavām-āsa- ; Aorist ahauṣīt- etc.; preceding hūyāt- grammar; future hotā- ; hoṣy/ati-, te- etc.; Conditional ahoṣyat- ; infinitive mood h/otum-, tos-, tav/ai-,and ind.p. hutvā- etc.) , to sacrifice (especially pour butter into the fire) , offer or present an oblation (accusative or genitive case) to (dative case) or in (locative case), sacrifice to, worship or honour (accusative) with (instrumental case) etc. ; to sprinkle on (locative case) ; to eat : Passive voice hūy/ate- (Aorist /ahāvi-), to be offered or sacrificed etc. etc.: Causal hāvayati- (Aorist ajūhavat-), to cause to sacrifice or to be sacrificed or to be honoured with sacrifice etc.: Desiderative juhūṣati-, to wish to sacrifice : Intensive johavīti- (imperfect tense ajohavīt-or ajuhavīt- ), johūyate-, johoti- (grammar), to offer oblations repeatedly or abundantly. [ confer, compare Greek in (for) , , ; Latin fu1tis,"water-pot."]
hve cl.1 P. A1. () hv/ayati-, te- (Vedic or Veda also h/avate-and huv/ati-, te-; other present forms are hve- ; hvāmahe- ; h/oma-, hūm/ahe-, juhūm/asi- ; p. huvān/a-[with pass. sense] ; hvayāna- ; perfect tense juhāva-, juhuvuḥ- etc.; juhv/e-, juhūr/e- ; juhuve-, huhurire- ; hvayāṃ-āsa-and hvayāṃ-cakre- ; Aorist /ahvat-, ahvata-[or ahvāsta- ] etc. etc.; ahvi- ; /ahūmahi-, ahūṣata- ; ahvāsīt-[?] ; future hvātā- grammar; hvayiṣyati-, te- ; hvāsyate- ; infinitive mood Class. hvātum-; Vedic or Veda h/avitave-, hv/ayitum-, tav/ai-; huv/adhyai-; ind.p. Class. hūtvā-;Ved. -h/ūya-and -hāvam-), to call, call upon, summon, challenge, invoke (with nāmnā-,"to call by name"; with yuddhe-,"to challenge to fight") etc. ; to emulate, vie with : Passive voice hūy/ate- (Aorist /ahāvi-,or ahvāyi-), to be called etc. : Causal hvāyayati- (Aorist ajūhavat-or ajuhāvat-), to cause anyone (accusative) to be challenged by (instrumental case) : Desiderative juhūṣati-, te- grammar : Intensive johūyate- or j/ohavīti- (johuvanta-, ajohavuḥ-, j/ohuvat-, j/ohuvāna- ) or johoti- (grammar), to call on, invoke etc. [ confer, compare Greek .]
i cl.2 P. /eti- (imperative 2. sg. ih/i-) and 1. P. A1. /ayati-, ayate- ([ confer, compare ay-]), (perfect tense iyāya-[2. sg. iy/atha- , and iy/etha- ] future eṣyati-; Aorist aiṣīt-; infinitive mood etum-, /etave- and , /etav/ai- /etos- ity/ai- ) to go, walk ; to flow ; to blow ; to advance, spread, get about ; to go to or towards (with accusative), come etc. ; to go away, escape, pass, retire ; to arise from, come from ; to return (in this sense only future) ; (with punar-) to come back again, return etc. ; to succeed ; to arrive at, reach, obtain etc. ; to fall into, come to ; to approach with prayers, gain by asking (confer, compare ita-) ; to undertake anything (with accusative) ; to be employed in, go on with, continue in any condition or relation (with a participle or instrumental case exempli gratia, 'for example' asura-rakṣasāni mṛdyamānāni yanti-,"the asura-s and Rakshases are being continually crushed" ; gavāmayaneneyuḥ-,"they, were engaged in the [festival called] gavāmayana-" ) ; to appear, be : Intensive A1. /īyate- (; parasmE-pada iyān/a- ; infinitive mood iy/adhyai- ) to go quickly or repeatedly ; to come, wander, run, spread, get about ; to appear, make one's appearance ; to approach any one with requests (with two accusative), ask, request : Passive voice /īyate-, to be asked or requested : Causal āyayati-, to cause to go or escape ; ([ confer, compare Greek , ; Latin e-o,i1-mus,i-ter,etc.; Lithuanian ei-mi4,"I go"; Slavonic or Slavonian i-du7,"I go",i-ti,"to go"; Gothic i-ddja,"I went."]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
idind. indeed, assuredly (especially, in strengthening an antithesis, exempli gratia, 'for example' y/athā v/aśanti dev/ās t/ah/ed asat-,as the gods wish it, thus indeed it will be ; d/ipsanta /id rip/avo n/āha debhuḥ-,the enemies wishing indeed to hurt were in nowise able to hurt ). id- is often added to words expressing excess or exclusion (exempli gratia, 'for example' viśva it-,every one indeed; śaśvad it-,constantly indeed; eka it-,one only) . At the beginning of sentences it often adds emphasis to pronouns, prepositions, particles (exempli gratia, 'for example' tvam it-,thou indeed; yadi it-,if indeed, etc.) id- occurs often in the ṛg-- veda- and atharva-- veda-, seldom in the brāhmaṇa-s, and its place is taken in classical Sanskrit by eva- and other particles. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indh cl.7 A1. inddh/e-, indhāṃ-cakre- or īdh/e-, indhiṣyate-, aindhiṣṭa-, indhitum-, to kindle, light, set on fire etc. (parasmE-pada /indhāna- ,kindling, lighting; /idhāna- ,kindled, lighted, flaming): Passive voice idhy/ate-, to be lighted ; to blaze, flame ; ([of. Greek , ; , Latin oes-tus,oes-tas; Old. German eit,"fire."]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
irasyaNom. P. irasy/ati-, to show enmity to, be angry or envious ; ([ confer, compare Latin ira,irasci.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
iṣ cl.1 P. eṣati- (See anu--1. iṣ-and pari--1. iṣ-) A1. eṣate-, to seek, search : cl.4 P. /iṣyati- and 9. P. A1. iṣṇ/āti- (parasmE-pada iṣṇ/at- iṣṇān/a- ; perfect tense 3. plural īṣus- īṣir/e- ; aiṣīt-; infinitive mood iṣ/adhyai- ) to cause to move quickly, let fly, throw, cast, swing ; to send out or off, stream out, pour out, discharge ; to deliver (a speech), announce, proclaim ; to impel, incite, animate, promote View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
iṣ cl.6 P., Epic and Vedic or Veda also A1. ic-ch/ati- (subjunctive icchāt- ), icchate- (; imperfect tense aicchat-, iyeṣa-and īṣe-, eṣiṣyate-, aiṣīt-, eṣitum-or eṣṭum-), to endeavour to obtain, strive, seek for ; to endeavour to make favourable ; to desire, wish, long for, request ; to wish or be about to do anything, intend etc. ; to strive to obtain anything (accusative) from any one (ablative or locative case) ; to expect or ask anything from any one etc. ; to assent, be favourable, concede ; to choose ; to acknowledge, maintain, regard, think commentator or commentary Passive voice iṣyate-, to be wished or liked ; to be wanted etc. ; to be asked or requested ; to be prescribed or ordered ; to be approved or acknowledged ; to be accepted or regarded as etc. ; to be worth ; to be wanted as a desideratum See 2. iṣṭi-: Causal eṣayati-, (in surgery) to probe : Desiderative eṣiṣiṣati- ; [with iṣ- confer, compare Old German eisco7m,"I ask"; modern German heische; Anglo-Saxon a4sciani confer, compare also Greek , ; Lithuanian je0sko4ti; Russian iskate,"to seek."] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
iṣaṇyaNom. P. iṣaṇyati- (parasmE-pada iṣaṇy/at- ) to cause to make haste, excite, drive View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
iṣudhyaNom. P. iṣudhy/ati-, to implore, request, crave for (dative case) ; ([ confer, compare Zend iṣud-,"prayer"; iṣūidyāmahi-,"we will pray."]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
iṭ cl.1 P. eṭati-, eṭitum- () , to go ; to go to or towards ; (parasmE-pada iṭ/at- ) to make haste ; to err ([ ]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jabh or jambh- (cl.1. jabhate-or jambh- ; Aorist subjunctive jambhiṣat-) to snap at (genitive case) : Causal jambh/ayati- (parasmE-pada yat-) to crush, destroy : Intensive jañjabhy/ate- (and bhīti- ; parasmE-pada bhy/amāna-[ ], bhāna-[ ], bhat-[ ]) opening the jaws wide, snapping at (implying blame ) see abhi-- and jrimbh-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jagatpatim. the lord of the world (tas p/ati- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jagdhan. see apa--, nṛ--, pari--, pr/ati--, vi--, saraṃga--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jāgṛ cl.2. garti- (confer, compare ; cl.1. garati- sg. irregular gṛmi-, ;3. plural j/āgrati- etc.[ ]; imperative gṛh/i-, gṛtāt-, gṛtam-, gṛt/a-; subjunctive garat-; Potential gṛyāt-,or griy- ; imperfect tense /ajāgar-[ ] ; parasmE-pada j/āgrat-; rarely A1. jāgramāṇa- ; perfect tense Vedic or Veda g/āra-[ ] , 1. sg. g/ara-[ ], parasmE-pada gṛv/as-[see sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order ]; perfect tense class.[ ] jajāgāra-or jāgaraṃ-cakāra-; future 2nd jāgriṣy/ati- etc.[A1. ]; future 1st ritā- Va1rtt. 1 ; Aorist ajāgarīt-, ; Passive voice impersonal or used impersonally ajagāri-, ; preceding jāgaryāt-, ) to be awake or watchful etc. ; to awake ; to watch over, be attentive to or intent on, care for, provide, superintend (with locative case or locative case with /adhi-) etc. (with accusative ) ; (said of fire) to go on burning ; to be evident ; to look on : Causal (Aorist 2. and 3. sg. /ajīgar- imperative jigṛt/am-, t/a-) to awaken ; jāgarayati-, (; Aorist Passive voice impersonal or used impersonally añāgari-or gāri- ) idem or 'n. saffron ' ; ([ confer, compare ; Latin vi1gilo.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jaivātṛkamfn. (see jīv/ātu-) long-lived, one for whom long life is desired (vocative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jānantim. (fr. jān/at-) Name of a teacher View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
janīyaNom. (p. y/at-) equals niya- (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jātṛ j/ātya- See jāt/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jātuind. some day, once, once upon a time (also with cid-following) . naj/ātu-, not at all, by no means, never etc. (also with cid-following). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jātūbharmanetc. See j/ātu-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ji cl.1. j/ayati-, te- (imperfect tense /ajayat-; Aorist ajaiṣīt-,Ved. /ajais-,1. plural /ajaiṣma-, j/eṣma-,2. sg. jes-and A1. j/eṣi- subjunctive j/eṣat-, ṣas-, ṣāma- ; Aorist A1. ajeṣṭa-; future 1st. j/etā- etc.; future jeṣy/ati-, ; perfect tense jig/āya-[ ], jigetha-, jigyur-; parasmE-pada jigīv/as-[ giv/as- ; accusative plural gy/uṣas-] etc.; infinitive mood jiṣ/e-, ; j/etave- ; Classical jetum-: Passive voice jīyate-, ajīyata-[ ], ajāyi-, jāyiṣyate-;for j/īyate-and cl.9. jin/āti-See jyā-) to win or acquire (by conquest or in gambling), conquer (in battle), vanquish (in a game or lawsuit), defeat, excel, surpass etc. (with p/unar-,"to reconquer" ) ; to conquer (the passions), overcome or remove (any desire or difficulties or diseases) etc. ; to expel from (ablative) ; to win anything (accusative) from (accusative), vanquish anyone (accusative) in a game (accusative) ; to be victorious, gain the upper hand ; often proper in the sense of an imperative "long live!""glory to" etc.: Causal jāpayati- () to cause to win ; (Aorist 2. pl, /ajījipata-and /ajījap-) ; to conquer (Aorist ajījayat-): Passive voice jāpyate-, to be made to conquer : Desiderative j/igīṣati-, te- (; parasmE-pada ṣat-, ṣamāṇa-) to wish to win or obtain or conquer or excel etc. ; (A1.) to seek for prey : Intensive jejīyate- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jinv cl.1 P. j/invati- (rarely A1. and [1. sg. nv/e-] ; imperative nvatāt- ; parasmE-pada nvat-; perfect tense 3. dual number jijinv/athur-) to move one's self, be active or lively () ; to urge on, cause to move quickly, impel, incite ; to refresh, animate ; to promote, help, favour ; to help any one (accusative) to anything (dative case) ; to receive favourably (prayers or acts of devotion) : Causal (jinvayati-) varia lectio for juñc- q.v ; see ā--, pra--, and upa-pra--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jīv cl.1. j/īvati- (Epic also A1.; subjunctive vāti- ; vāt- ; parasmE-pada j/īvat-; Aorist ajivīt-; jīvīt- ; perfect tense jijīva-; future jīviṣy/ati-; preceding vy/āsam-, vyāsma- ; infinitive mood j/īvitum-, etc.;Ved. se- ; j/īvitavaī-. ) to live, be or remain alive etc. ; to revive ; (with punar-) ; to live by (instrumental case;exceptionally locative case, ) etc.: Causal jīv/ayati- (Epic also A1.; Aorist aījijvat-or ajijīv- ) to make alive, restore to life, vivify etc. ; to support life, keep alive etc. ; to nourish, bring up, ; to shout" jīva- " (id est long live!) ; jīvāpayati- (confer, compare pita-) to restore to life : Desiderative jijīviṣati- (A1. ) to wish to live etc. ; to seek a livelihood, wish to live by (instrumental case) ; j/ujyūṣati- idem or 'm. equals jīna- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order 1. jyā-.' ; confer, compare jijyūṣita-; ([ confer, compare Latin vivo; Lithuanian gIve1nu.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jñā cl.9 P.A1. jān/āti-, nit/e- (see ; subjunctive nat-; imperative nītat-,2. sg. nīh/i-,once irregular jña- ;[fr. cl.3.] jijāhi- ;2. plural irregular nata-. ;2. sg. A1. irregular nase- ; parasmE-pada n/at-, nān/a- irregular namāna-[ ]; perfect tense jajñau-, jñe-[ Passive voice ] , 3. plural jñ/ur- ; parasmE-pada jñān/a- ; future jñāsyati-, te-; Aorist ajñāsīt-, sta- Passive voice /ajñāyi-, ; Potential jñāyāt-or jñey- ;2. sg. jñeyas- equals ; infinitive mood jñātum-) to know, have knowledge, become acquainted with (accusative;rarely genitive case ), perceive, apprehend, understand (also with infinitive mood [ ] ) , experience, recognise, ascertain, investigate etc. ; to know as, know or perceive that, regard or consider as (with double accusative exempli gratia, 'for example' tasya māṃ tanayāṃ jānīta-,"know me to be his daughter" ;with mṛṣā-,"to consider as untrue" ) etc. ; to acknowledge, approve, allow ; to recognise as one's own, take possession of ; to visit as a friend ; to remember (with genitive case) ; A1. to engage in (genitive case exempli gratia, 'for example' sarpiṣo-,"to make an oblation with clarified butter") : Causal jñapayati-, to teach any one (accusative) ; jñāp- (Passive voice jñāpyate-) to make known, announce, teach anything and ; to inform any one (genitive case) that (double accusative) ; A1. to request, ask (jñap-) (jñāp-): Desiderative jijñāsate- (; Epic also P.) to wish to know or become acquainted with or learn, investigate, examine etc. ; to wish for information about (accusative) ; to conjecture : Causal Desiderative jijñapayiṣati- (also jñāp- ) and jñīpsati- (see psyamāna-), to wish to make known or inform ; ([ see etc.])
(see jinv-), cl.1.A1. cl.9. P. j/avate-, jun/āti- ( ju- cl.1 P. javati- varia lectio;a sautra- root ; subjunctive 2. sg. jun/ās-; Aorist subjunctive jūjuvat-; perfect tense 3. plural jūjuvur-) to press forwards, hurry on, be quick ; to impel quickly, urge or drive on, incite ; to scare ; to excite, promote, animate, inspire : Causal Aorist ajījavat- : Causal Desiderative jijavayiṣati- ; see pra--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jur (jṝ-) cl.4.6. P. jūryati- ( jūr- A1. te- ; parasmE-pada j/ūryat-and jur/at-; perfect tense parasmE-pada jujurv/as-) to become old or decrepit, decay, perish ; to cause to grow old or perish, ; see a-jury/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
juṣ cl.6 A1. ṣ/ate- (also P. [ ṣ/at-, /ajuṣat-] etc.; subjunctive ṣāte-; Potential ṣ/eta-;3. plural ṣerata- ; imperative ṣ/atām-; imperfect tense ajuṣata-, ;1. sg. /ajuṣe- ; parasmE-pada ṣ/amāṇa-) cl.3. P. irregular j/ujoṣati- (subjunctive and parasmE-pada j/ujoṣat-; confer, compare Va1rtt. 2; imperative 2. plural juṣṭana- ) , rarely cl.1 P. joṣati- (subjunctive j/oṣat-;- Aorist parasmE-pada juṣāṇ/a-;3. plural ajuṣran-, ;2. sg. j/oṣi-, ;3. sg. j/oṣiṣat-, [ confer, compare on ]; perfect tense juj/oṣa-, juṣ/e-; parasmE-pada juṣv/as-,generally ṣāṇ/a-; ind.p. juṣṭv/ī- ) to be pleased or satisfied or favourable etc. ; to like, be fond of delight in (accusative or genitive case), enjoy (with tanvām-or v/as-,"to be delighted", ) etc. ; to have pleasure in granting anything (accusative) to (locative case) ; to have pleasure in (dative case), resolve to (Ved. infinitive mood), ; to give pleasure to (locative case) ; to choose for (dative case) ; to devote one's self to (accusative), practise, undergo, suffer ; to delight in visiting, frequent, visit, inhabit, enter (a carriage etc.) ; to afflict : Causal A1. (subjunctive 2. sg. joṣ/ayāse-) to like, love, behave kindly towards (accusative), cherish ; to delight in, approve of(accusative), choose ; (P. confer, compare ) ; ([ confer, compare ; Zend zaoSa; Hibernian or Irish gus; Gothic kiusu; Latin gus-tus.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jūtamfn. see /adri-- /indra--, d/asyu--, dev/a--, br/ahma--, v/āta--, v/ipra--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jūtim. see r/atha--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyā (see ji-) cl.9 P. jin/āti- (Potential nīy/āt-; parasmE-pada n/at-; perfect tense jijy/au-; future jyāsyati- ; ind.p. -jyāya-, ) Vedic or Veda to overpower, oppress, deprive any one (accusative) of property (accusative) etc. ; (derived fr. jy/āyas-,"senior") to become old : cl.4 A1. j/īyate- or Passive voice y/ate-, Vedic or Veda to be oppressed or treated badly, be deprived of property (or everything, sarva-jyān/im- ) etc.: Causal jyāpayati-, to call any one old : Desiderative (parasmE-pada j/ijyāsat-) to wish to overpower : Intensive jejīyate- ; see pari-- ; . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyeyamfn. to be oppressed or deprived of property (see a-jyey/at/a-, brahma-jy/eya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
= kan- (perf. cake-, cakān/a-;See k/āyamāna- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order), to seek, desire, yearn, love (with accusative and dative case) ; to like, enjoy, be satisfied with (locative case genitive case or inst.) : Intensive (parasmE-pada cāk/at-) to please, be sought after, be wished for, satisfy (see anu--, ā--, saṃ--3. -, kāti-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṇḍūyaNom. P. A1. kaṇḍūy/ati-, -te-, to scratch, scrape, rub etc. ; to itch, : Passive voice kaṇḍūyate-, to be scratched : Desiderative kaṇḍūyiyiṣati- vArttika on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāś cl.1 A1. kāśate- (perf. cakāśe-,3. plural śire-), to be visible, appear etc. ; to shine, be brilliant, have an agreeable appearance : cl.4. kāśyate- : Intensive P. A1. c/ākaśīti-, cākaśy/ate-, to shine brightly ; to see clearly, survey Va1rtt. 1 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
katikṛtvasind. how many times? (see k/ati-, k/ṛtvas- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaulakāvatī Nominal verb dual number m. (fr. k/ūla-and āv/at-?), Name of two ṛṣi-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khad cl.6 P. khadati- (pr. p. khad/at-), to be steady or firm or solid ; to strike, hurt, kill ; (for khād-) to eat View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khai cl.1 P. khāyati-, to make firm ; to be firm or steady ; to strike, injure, kill ; (derived fr. khāy/ate- Passive voice of khan-) to dig ; to mourn, sorrow View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khan cl.1 P. kh/anati- (imperfect tense /akhanat-; perf. cakhāna-,3. plural cakhnur- ; A1. cakhne- ; pr. p. A1. kh/anamāna- ; imperative khanatāt- [ ]; Potential khanyāt-or khāyāt- ; Passive voice khāy/ate-[ ] or khanyate- ; infinitive mood khanitum- ), to dig, dig up, delve, turn up the soil, excavate, root up etc. ; to pierce (said of an arrow) (varia lectio): Causal khānayati- (once khan- ), to cause to dig or dig up etc.: Desiderative cikhaniṣati- : Intensive caṅkhanyate- or cākhāyate- ; caṅkhanti- or cākhāti- ([ confer, compare, ; Old German gine1m,gino1m; modern German ga0hne; Anglo-Saxon cina,cinan; Latin cuniculus,canalis.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khud cl.6 P. khud/ati-, to sport wantonly or amorously : Intensive (parasmE-pada canīkhudat-) idem or ' cl.1 A1. ḍate-, to break in pieces ; to limp : cl.10 P. khuṇḍayati- (varia lectio khoḍayati- see kṣodayati-fr. kṣudr/a-), to break in pieces ' ; (k/anīkhunat-,fr. khun-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kim atha kim- See /atha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kiriṭaSee /ati-kir-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
klath cl.1 P. (parasmE-pada kl/athat-) to be formed into clots or lumps ; to hurt, kill View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛ Ved. (I) cl.2 P. 2. sg. k/arṣi- dual number kṛth/as- plural kṛth/a-; A1. 2. sg. kṛṣ/e-; imperfect tense 2. and 3. sg. /akar-, 3. sg. rarely /akat- () ; 3. dual number /akartām-; plural /akarma-, /akarta- (also ), /akran- (Aorist,according to ); A1. /akri- (), /akṛthās- (), /akṛta- (); akrātām- (), /akrata- ( ) : imperative kṛdh/i- (also ), kṛt/am-, kṛt/a-; A1. kṛṣv/a-, kṛdhv/am-; subjunctive 2. and 3. sg. kar- plural k/arma-, k/arta- and kartana-, kran-; A1. 3. sg. kṛta- () , 3. plural kr/anta- () : Potential kriyāma- (); pr. p. P. (Nominal verb plural) kr/antas- A1. krāṇ/a-. (II) cl.1 P. k/arasi-, k/arati-, k/arathas-, k/aratas-, k/aranti-; A1. k/arase-, k/arate-, k/arāmahe-: imperfect tense /akaram-, /akaras-, /akarat- (Aorist,according to ) : imperative k/ara-, k/aratam-, k/aratām-: subjunctive k/aram-, k/arāṇi-, k/aras-, k/arat-, k/arāma-, k/aran-; A1. karāmahai-; pr. p. f. k/arantī- () (III) cl.5 P. kṛṇ/omi-, ṇ/oṣi-, ṇ/oti-, kṛṇuth/as-, kṛṇm/as- and kṛṇmasi-, kṛṇuth/a-, kṛṇv/anti-; A1. kṛṇv/e-, kṛṇuṣ/e-, kṛṇut/e-, 3. dual number kṛṇv/aite- (); plural kṛṇm/ahe-, kṛṇv/ate-: imperfect tense /akṛṇos-, /akṛṇot-, /akṛṇutam-, /akṛṇuta- and ṇotana- (), /akṛṇvan-; A1. 3. sg. /akṛṇuta- plural /akṛṇudhvam-, /akṛṇvata-: imperative kṛṇ/u- or kṛṇuh/i- or kṛṇut/āt-, kṛṇ/otu-, kṛṇut/am-, kṛṇut/ām-, 2. plural kṛṇut/a- or kṛṇ/ota- or kṛṇ/otana-, 3. plural kṛṇv/antu-; A1. kṛṇuṣv/a-, kṛṇut/ām-, kṛṇv/āthām-, kṛṇudhv/am-: subjunctive kṛṇ/avas-, ṇ/avat- or ṇ/avāt-, kṛṇ/avāva-, ṇ/avāma-, ṇ/avātha-, ṇ/avatha-, ṇ/avan-; A1. kṛṇ/avai- (once ṇavā- ), kṛṇavase- (also varia lectio ṇvase-), kṛṇavate-, kṛṇ/avāvahai-, kṛṇ/avāmahai-, 3. plural kṛṇ/avanta- () or kṛṇavante- or kṛṇvata- () : Potential A1. kṛṇvīt/a-; pr. p. P. kṛṇv/at- (f. vat/ī-) A1. kṛṇvāṇ/a-. (IV) cl.8. (this is the usual formation in the brāhmaṇa-s; sūtra-s, and in classical Sanskrit) P. kar/omi- (Epic kurmi- ); kurv/as-, kuruth/as-, kurut/as-, kurm/as- ([ kulmas-in an interpolation after ]), kuruth/a-, kurv/anti-; A1. kurv/e-, etc., 3. plural kurv/ate- () : imperfect tense akaravam-, akaros-, akarot-, akurva-, etc.; A1. 3. sg. akuruta- plural akurvata-: imperative kuru-, karotu- (in the earlier language 2. and 3. sg. kurutāt-,3. sg. also ), kuruta- or kurutana- (); A1. kuruṣva-, kurudhvam-, kurv/atām-: subjunctive karavāṇi-, karavas-, vāt-, vāva- or vāvas- ( ), vāma- or vāmas- (), vātha-, van-; A1. karavai-, kuruthās-, karavāvahai- (; he- ), karavaithe-, vaite- ( , ), vāmahai-(he- ) : Potential P. kuryām- A1. kurvīya- (); pr. p. P. kurv/at- (f. vat/ī-); A1. kurvāṇ/a-: perf. P. cak/āra-, cak/artha-, cakṛv/a-, cakṛm/a-, cakr/a- (); A1. cakr/e-, cakrir/e-; parasmE-pada cakṛvas- (accusative cakr/uṣam- ); A1. cakrāṇa- () : 2nd future kariṣy/ati-; subjunctive 2. sg. kariṣy/ās- (); 1st future k/artā-: preceding kriyāsam-: Aorist P. Ved. cakaram- (), acakrat- (), /acakriran- (); A1. 1. sg. kṛske- (); Class. akārṣīt- ( ;once akāraṣīt- ); Passive voice Aorist reflex. akāri- and akṛta- ( ) : infinitive mood k/artum-, Ved. k/artave-, k/artav/ai-, k/artos- (See ss.vv.); ind.p. kṛtv/ā-, Ved. kṛtv/ī- ([ ]) and kṛtv/āya- ([ ]) ; to do, make, perform, accomplish, cause, effect, prepare, undertake etc. ; to do anything for the advantage or injury of another (genitive case or locative case) etc. ; to execute, carry out (as an order or command) ; to manufacture, prepare, work at, elaborate, build ; to form or construct one thing out of another (ablative or instrumental case) etc. ; to employ, use, make use of (instrumental case) etc. ; to compose, describe ; to cultivate (confer, compare ) ; to accomplish any period, bring to completion, spend (exempli gratia, 'for example' varṣāṇi daśa cakruḥ-,"they spent ten years"; kṣaṇaṃ kuru-,"wait a moment"; confer, compare kritakṣaṇa-) ; to place, put, lay, bring, lead, take hold of (accusative or locative case or instrumental case exempli gratia, 'for example' ardh/aṃ-kṛ-,to take to one's own side or party, cause to share in(genitive case;See 2. ardh/a-); haste-or pāṇau-kṛ-,to take by the hand, marry ; hṛdayena-kṛ-,to place in one's heart, love ; hṛdi-kṛ-,to take to heart, mind, think over, consider ; manasi-kṛ- idem or 'f. (equals kuhī-) a fog ' ;to determine, purpose [ ind.p. si-kṛtvā-or si-kṛtya-] ; vaśe-kṛ-,to place in subjection, become master of ) ; to direct the thoughts, mind, etc. (m/anas-[ etc.] or buddhim-[ ] or matim-[ ]or bhāvam-[ ], etc.) towards any object, turn the attention to, resolve upon, determine on (locative case dative case infinitive mood,or a sentence with iti- exempli gratia, 'for example' mā śoke manaḥ kṛthāḥ-,do not turn your mind to grief ; gamanāya matiṃ cakre-,he resolved upon going ; alābuṃ samutsraṣṭuṃ manaś cakre-,he resolved to create a gourd ; draṣṭā tavāsmīti matiṃ cakāra-,he determined to see him ) ; to think of (accusative) ; to make, render (with two accusative exempli gratia, 'for example' ādityaṃ kāṣṭhām akurvata-,they made the sun their goal ) etc. ; to procure for another, bestow, grant (with genitive case or locative case) etc. ; A1. to procure for one's self, appropriate, assume ; to give aid, help any one to get anything (dative case) ; to make liable to (dative case) ; to injure, violate (exempli gratia, 'for example' kanyāṃ-kṛ-,to violate a maiden) ; to appoint, institute ; to give an order, commission ; to cause to get rid of, free from (ablative or -tas-) ; to begin (exempli gratia, 'for example' cakre śobhayitum purīm-,they began to adorn the city) ; to proceed, act, put in practice etc. ; to worship, sacrifice ; to make a sound (svaram-or śabdam-) ( ), utter, pronounce (often in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' with the sounds phaṭ-, phut-, bhāṇ-, v/aṣaṭ-, svadh/ā-, sv/āhā-, hiṃ-), pronounce any formula () ; (with numeral adverbs ending in dhā-) to divide, separate or break up into parts (exempli gratia, 'for example' dvidhā-kṛ-,to divide into two parts, ind.p. dvidhā kṛtvā-or dvidhā-kṛtya-or -kāram- ; sahasradhā-kṛ-,to break into a thousand pieces) ; (with adverbs ending in vat-) to make like or similar, consider equivalent (exempli gratia, 'for example' rājyaṃ tṛṇa-vat kṛtvā-,valuing the kingdom like a straw ) ; (with adverbs ending in sāt-) to reduce anything to, cause to become, make subject (See ātma-sāt-, bhasma-sāt-) The above senses of kṛ- may be variously modified or almost infinitely extended according to the noun with which this root is connected, as in the following examples: sakhyaṃ-kṛ-, to contract friendship with ; pūjāṃ-kṛ-, to honour ; rājyaṃ-kṛ-, to reign ; snehaṃ-kṛ-, to show affection ; ājñāṃ- or nideśaṃ- or śāsanaṃ- or kāmaṃ- or yācanāṃ- or vacaḥ- or vacanaṃ- or vākyaṃ-kṛ-, to perform any one's command or wish or request etc. ; dharmaṃ-kṛ-, to do one's duty ; nakhāni-kṛ-,"to clean one's nails" See kṛta-nakha- ; udakaṃ- ([ ]) or salilaṃ- ([ ]) kṛ-, to offer a libation of Water to the dead ; to perform ablutions ; astrāṇi-kṛ-, to practise the use of weapons ; darduraṃ-kṛ-, to breathe the flute ; daṇḍaṃ-kṛ-, to inflict punishment etc. ; kālaṃ-kṛ-, to bring one's time to an end id est to die ; ciraṃ-kṛ-, to be long in doing anything, delay ; manasā- (for si-See above) kṛ-, to place in one's mind, think of, meditate ; śirasā-kṛ-, to place on one's the head ; mūrdhnā-kṛ-, to place on one's head, obey, honour. Very rarely in veda- () , but commonly in the brāhmaṇa-s, sūtra-s, and especially in classical Sanskrit the perf. forms cakāra-and cakre- auxiliarily used to form the periphrastical perfect of verbs, especially of causatives exempli gratia, 'for example' āsāṃ cakre-,"he sat down" ; gamay/āṃ cakāra-,"he caused to go"[see ;in veda- some other forms of kṛ-are used in a similar way, viz. proper karoti- ; imperfect tense akar- and ;3. plural akran- and ; preceding kriyāt- (See );according to , also karotu-with vid-]. Causal kārayati-, te-, to cause to act or do, cause another to perform, have anything made or done by another (double accusative instrumental case and accusative [see ] exempli gratia, 'for example' sabhāṃ kāritavān-,he caused an assembly to be made ; rāja-darśanaṃ māṃ kāraya-,cause me to have an audience of the king; vāṇijyaṃ kārayed vaiśyam-,he ought to cause the vaiśya- to engage in trade ; na śakṣyāmi kiṃcit kārayituṃ tvayā-,I shall not be able to have anything done by thee ) ; to cause to manufacture or form or cultivate etc. ; to cause to place or put, have anything placed, put upon, etc. (exempli gratia, 'for example' taṃ citrapaṭaṃ vāsa-gṛhe bhittāv akārayat-,he had the picture placed on the wall in his house )