आयुधः धम् [आयुध्-घञर्थे क] 1 A weapon, shield &c.; it is of 3 kinds (1) प्रहरण, e. g. a sword; (2) हस्तमुक्त, e. g. a disc; (3) यन्त्रमुक्त, e. g. an arrow; आयुधानामहं वज्रम् Bg.1.28. न मे त्वदन्येन विसोढमायुधम् R.3.63. An implement; वशाया यज्ञ आयुधम् Av.1.1.18. -2 A vessel (Ved.). -धम् 1 Gold used for ornaments. -2 (pl.) Water (Ved.). -Comp. (-अ) आगारम् an armoury, arsenal; अहमप्यायुधागारं प्रविश्यायुधसहायो भवामि Ve.1; Ms.9.28. -आगारिकः Governor of an arsenal. -जीविन् a. living by one's weapon. (m.) a warrior, soldier. -धर्मिणी the tree called जयन्ती (रोगनाशने तस्या आयुधधर्मत्वात्). -पालः the governor of an arsenal; Hariv. -पिशाचिका 'devil of arms', devilish warlike spirit; Mv.3; A. R.4; B. R.4. -शाला see आयुधागार.
n. missile of the gods; -½ari, m. foe of the gods, Asura or Râkshasa; 1. -½âlaya, m. abode of the gods, heaven; house of god, temple; 2. â½âlaya, m. tavern; -½âvâsa, m. abode of the gods, N. of a tem ple; -½âsraya, m. resort of the gods, Meru.
‘weapon/ in its widest sense covers the whole of a Ksatriya’s warlike equipment, which in the Aitareya Brāhmana is summed up as horse-chariot (aśva-ratha), bow and arrows (isu-dhanva), and corselet (kavaca). As the bow and arrow (isu, dhanvan) were essential as the main weapons of the Vedic fighter, they are probably meant when Áyudha is used specifically of weapons, as often from the Rigveda onwards. The battle hymn in the Rigveda confirms this view, as it presents to us the warrior armed with bow and arrow on his chariot, and clad in armour (Varman), with a guard (Hastaghna) on the left arm to avoid the friction of the bow-string. The corselet was not a single solid piece of metal, but consisted of many pieces fitted together (syūta); it may have been made either of metal plates or, as is more likely, of some stiff material plated with metal. In addition the warrior wore a helmet (Siprā). There is no trace of the use of a shield, nor is there any clear record of the employment of greaves or other guard for the feet. Skill in the use of weapons is referred to in the Rigveda. It is doubtful whether sling stones (Adri, Aśani) were in ordinary use. The hook (ankiáa) also is merely a divine weapon, and the axe (svadhiti, vāśī, paraśu) does not occur in mortal combats. For the use of the spear see Rsti, Rambhinī, Sakti, Saru; of the sword, Asi, Krti. Neither weapon can be considered ordinary in warfare, nor was the club (Vajra) used. For the modes of warfare see Samgrāma.
noun (masculine neuter) a weapon (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
gold used for ornaments (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
implement (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of Śiva Frequency rank 919/72933
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