Definition: an afix marked with the mute letter ञ्; causing the substitution of vrddhi for the preceding vowel and acute accent for the first vowel of the word to which it is added, but, causing vrddhi for the first vowel of the word to which it is added in case the affix is a tad. affix: cf. P.VII.2, 115, 116, 117; (2) a root marked with the consonant ञ्, taking verb-endings of both the Parasmaipada and the Atmanepada kinds; e.g. करोति, कुरुते, बिभर्ति, बिभृते, क्रीणाति, क्रीणीते elc.; cf. स्वरितञितः कत्राभिप्राये, क्रियाफले P.I.3.72.