ṣaṣṭhī षष्ठी

Definition: the sixth case; the genitive case. This case is generally an ordinary case or विभक्ति as contrasted with कारकविभक्ति. A noun in the genitive case shows a relation in general, with another noun connected with it in a sentence. Commentators have mentioned many kinds of relations denoted by the genitive case and the phrase एकशतं षष्ठ्यर्थाः (the genitive case hassenses a hundred and one in all),. is frequently used by grammarians cf. षष्ठी शेषे P. II. 3.50; cf. also बहवो हि षष्ठ्यर्थाः स्वस्वाम्यनन्तरसमीपसमूहविकारावयवाद्यास्तत्र यावन्त: शब्दे संभवन्ति तेषु सर्वेषु प्राप्तेषु नियमः क्रियते षष्ठी स्थानेयोगा इति । Kas. on P. I. 1.49. The genitive case is used in the sense of any karaka when that karaka; is not to be considered as a karaka; cf. कारकत्वेन अविवक्षिते शेषे षष्ठी भविष्यति. A noun standing as a subject or object of an activity is put in the genitive case when that activity is expressed by a verbal derivative, and not by a verb itself; cf. कर्तृकर्मणोः कृति P. II. 3 .65. For the senses and use of the genitive case, cf. P. II. 3.50 to 73.


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