sa स

Definition: the actual base for the Nominal verb case of the 3rd Persian pronoun t/ad- q.v (occurring only in the Nominal verb sg. mf.[ s/a-or s/as-, -],and in the Vedic or Veda locative case [ s/asmin- ];the final s-of the Nominal verb m.is dropped before all consonants [except before p-in , and before t-in ] and appears only at the end of a sentence in the form of visarga-; sa-occasionally blends with another vowel [as in saīṣaḥ-];and it is often for emphasis connected with another pronoun as with aham-, tvam-, eṣa-, ayam-etc.[ exempli gratia, 'for example' so 'ham- sa tvam-,"I (or thou) that very person"; confer, compare under t/ad-,p.434] , the verb then following in the 1st and 2nd Persian even if aham-or tvam-be omitted[ exempli gratia, 'for example' sa- tvā pṛcchāmi-"I that very person ask you"; sa- vai no brūhi-"do thou tell us" ];similarly, to denote emphasis, with bhavān-[ exempli gratia, 'for example' sa bhavān vijayāya pratiṣṭhatām-,"let your Highness set out for victory" ];it sometimes [and frequently in the brāhmaṇa-s] stands as the first word of a sentence preceding a rel. pronoun or adverb such as ya-, yad-, yadi-, yathā-, ced-;in this position sa-may be used pleonastically or as a kind of ind.,even where another gender or number is required[ exempli gratia, 'for example' sa yadi- sthāvarā āpo bhananti-,"if those waters are stagnant" ];in the sāṃkhya- sa-,like eṣa-, ka-,and ya-,is used to denote puruṣa-, "the Universal Soul")


Dictionary: Monier-Williams
Literary Sources: RV. i , 152 , 6 ; i , 174 , 4 ; x , 95 , 11, RV. v , 2 , 4, RV. viii , 33 , 16, Br2A1rUp., S3Br., S3ak., S3Br., RV. cf. Zd.ha1,hA;Gk. 1 , 2.
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Parse Time: 0.535s Search Word: sa Input Encoding: IAST: sa


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