purāṇa पुराण

Definition: पुराण a. (-णा, -णी f.) [पुरा नवम् Nir.] 1 Old, ancient, belonging to olden times; पुराणमित्येव न साधु सर्वं न चापि काव्यं नवमित्यवद्यम् M.1.2; पुराणपत्रापगमादनन्तरम् R.3.7 -2 Aged, primeval; गृध्रराजः पुराणो$सौ श्वशुरस्य सखा मम Rām.3.53.5; अजो नित्यः शाश्वतो$यं पुराणः Bg.2.2. -3 Decayed, worn out. -णम् 1 A past event or occurrence. -2 tale of the past, legend, ancient or legendary history. -3 Name of certain well-known sacred works; these are 18; these are supposed to have been composed by Vyāsa, and contain the whole body of Hindu mythology. A Purāṇa treats of five topics (or लक्षणानि), and is hence often called पञ्चलक्षण; सर्गश्च प्रतिसर्गश्च वंशो मन्वन्तराणि च । वंशानुचरितं चैव पुराणं पञ्चलक्षणम् ॥ For the names of the 18 Purāṇas see under अष्टादशन्. -णः A coin equal to 8 cowries; ते षोडश स्याद् धरणं पुराणश्चैव राजतः Ms.8.136. -Comp. -अन्तः an epithet of Yama. -उक्त a. enjoined by or laid down in the Purāṇas. -कल्पः = पुराकल्प q. v. -गः 1 an epithet of Brahman. -2 a reciter or reader of the Purāṇas. -पुरुषः 1 an epithet of Viṣṇu. -2 an old man; यद् वदन्ति चपलेत्यपवादं तन्न दूषणमहो चपलायाः । दोष एष जलधेः पितुरस्या यत् पुराणपुरुषाय ददौ ताम् Subhāṣ.; (where both senses are intended). -प्रोक्त a. proclaimed by ancient sages; P.IV.3.15. -विद्या, -वेदः knowledge of the past events.


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