m. (once in the varuṇ/a-) "All-enveloping Sky", Name of an āditya- (in the veda- commonly the night as mitra- over the day, but often celebrated separately, whereas mitra- is rarely invoked alone; varuṇa- is one of the oldest of the Vedic gods, and is commonly thought to correspond to the of the Greeks, although of a more spiritual conception;he is often regarded as the supreme deity, being then styled"king of the gods"or"king of both gods and men"or"king of the universe";no other deity has such grand attributes and functions assigned to him;he is described as fashioning and upholding heaven and earth, as possessing extraordinary power and wisdom called māyā-,as sending his spies or messengers throughout both worlds, as numbering the very winkings of men's eyes, as hating falsehood, as seizing transgressors with his pāśa-or noose, as inflicting diseases, especially dropsy, as pardoning sin, as the guardian of immortality;he is also invoked in the veda- together with indra-, and in later Vedic literature together with agni-, with yama-, and with viṣṇu-;in ,he is even called the brother of agni-;though not generally regarded in the veda- as a god of the ocean, yet he is often connected with the waters, especially the waters of the atmosphere or firmament, and in one place[ ] is called with mitra-, sindhu-pati-,"lord of the sea or of rivers";hence in the later mythology he became a kind of Neptune, and is there best known in his character of god of the ocean;in the varuṇa- is said to be a son of kardama- and father of puṣkara-, and is also variously represented as one of the deva-gandharva-s, as a nāga-, as a king of the naga-s, and as an asura-;he is the regent of the western quarter[ seeloka-pāla-]and of the nakṣatra-śatabhiṣaj-[ ];the jaina-s consider varuṇa- as a servant of the twentieth arhat- of the present avasarpiṇī-) etc. etc. (see)
m.dual numbermitra- and varuṇa- etc. etc. (together they uphold and rule the earth and sky, together they guard the world, together they promote religious rites, avenge sin, and are the lords of truth and light see under 1. mitr/a-above; ṇayor ayanam-and ṇayor iṣṭiḥ-Name ofparticular sacrifices; ṇayoḥ saṃyojanam-Name of a sāman-) etc. (sg., wrong reading for maitrāvaruṇa-)
वरुणः [वृ-उनन् Uṇ.3.53] 1 N. of an Āditya (usually associated with Mitra); Bṛi. Up.1.4.11. -2 (In later mythology) The regent of the ocean and of the western quarter (represented with a noose in hand); यासां राजा वरुणो याति मध्ये सत्यानृत्ये अवपश्यञ्जनानाम्; वरुणो यादसामहम् Bg.1.29; त्वं विश्वेषां वरुणासि राजा ये च देवा ये च मर्ताः Ṛv.2.27.1; प्रतीचीं वरुणः पाति Mb.; अतिसक्तिमेत्य वरुणस्य दिशा भृशमन्वरज्यदतुषारकरः Śi.9.7. -3 The ocean. -4 Firmament. -5 The Sun. -6 The Varuṇa tree. -Comp. -अङ्गरुहः an epithet of Agastya. -आत्मजः N. of the sage Jamadagni; ततः सुतास्ते वरुणात्मजोपमाः Mb.7. 155.45. -आत्मजा spirituous liquor (so called being produced from the sea). -आलयः, -आवासः the ocean. -ईशम्, -देवम्, -दैवतम् the Nakṣatra Śatabhiṣaj. -पाशः 1 a shark. -2 the noose of Varuṇa. -लोकः 1 the world of Varuṇa. -2 water.
m. [√ 1. vri] Encompasser (of the world), N. of an Âditya, chief among the Vedic gods; he specially presides over the waters, the night, and the west; he is om niscient, punishes sin and is prayed to for forgiveness; he is also the sender of disease; often associated with Mitra and Indra (--°ree; du.); in C. he is god of the waters or ocean, and regent of the west: -grihîta, pp. seized by Varuna=attacked by disease, esp. dropsy (V.); -pâsá, m. Varuna's noose or fetter (V.); -purusha, m. servant of Varuna; -loka, m. Varuna's world; Varuna's sphere, the waters; -sarman, m. N. of a mythical warrior; -se nâ, -senikâ, f. N. of a princess; -½adri, m. N. of a mountain.
a. (î) relating or belonging to or derived from Mitra and Va runa; relating to the Maitrâvaruna priest; m. pat. son of Mitra and Varuna; a kind of priest who is the chief assistant of the Hotri: -pâtra, n. dish meant for Mitra and Varuna.
noun (masculine) (prob.) the gods generally (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a warder off or dispeller (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
Crataeva religiosa Forst. Crataeva religiosa Hook Crataeva murvala Buch. (Surapāla (1988), 169)
name of a particular magical formula recited over weapons (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of an Āditya (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the ocean (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the sun (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the tree Crataeva Roxburghii (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
water (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
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