m.Name of the Vedic personification of an imaginary malignant influence or demon of darkness and drought (supposed to take possession of the clouds, causing them to obstruct the clearness of the sky and keep back the waters; indra- is represented as battling with this evil influence in the pent up clouds poetically pictured as mountains or castles which are shattered by his thunderbolt and made to open their receptacles[ seeespecially ];as a dānava-, vṛtra- is a son of tvaṣṭṛ-, or of danu-q.v,and is often identified with ahi-, the serpent of the sky, and associated with other evil spirits, such as śuṣṇa-, namuci-, pipru-, śambara-, uraṇa-, whose malignant influences are generally exercised in producing darkness or drought) etc.
वृत्रः [वृत्-रक्] 1 N. of a demon killed by Indra; (he is supposed to be a personification of darkness); see इन्द्र. -2 A cloud. -3 Darkness. -4 An enemy. -5 Sound. -6 A wheel. -7 N. of Indra. -8 A mountain. -त्रम् Leather. -Comp. -अरिः, -द्विष् m., -शत्रुः, -हन् m. epithets of Indra; क्रुद्धे$पि पक्षच्छिदि वृत्रशत्रौ Ku.1.2; वाचा हरिं वृत्रहणं स्मितेन 7.46.
n. (gnly. pl.) [encloser, invester; √ 1. vri] harasser, foe, hostile host (RV.); m. id. (TS.1); m. N. of a demon, personifica tion of the malign power of drought, slain by Indra, son of Tvashtri, imprisoner of the celestial waters, often called Ahi; thunder-cloud (rare, V.).
m. a worse Vritra (RV.1); -túr, a. conquering foes or Vritra, victorious (V.); -t&usharp;rya, n. conquest of foes or of Vri tra, victorious fight (V.); -druh, m. foe of Vritra, ep. of Indra; (á)-putrâ, a. f. having Vritra as a son, Vritra's mother (RV.1); -vadha, m. slaying of Vritra; -vi dvish, -vairin, m. ep. of Indra; -satru, m. id.; -hátya, n. fight with foes or with Indra; -hán, a. (f. -ghn&isharp;) slaying foes orVritra, victorious; m. ep. of Indra; -hán tama, spv. most victorious, bestowing abun dant victory (RV.); -½ari, m. foe of Vritra, ep. of Indra.
Occurs in a passage of the Aitareya Brāhmaṇa, where in a Gāthā reciting the prowess of Bharata it is said that he bound horses on the Yamunā (Jumna) and Gangū (Ganges) Vrtraghne, which Sāyaṇa renders ‘ at Vṛtraghna,’ as the name of a place. Roth, however, seems right in interpreting the form as a dative, ‘for the slayer of Vṛtra’—i.e., Indra.
Literally ‘Vṛtra-peg,’ found in one passage of the Satapatha Brāhmaṇa, is said by the scholiast on the Kātyāyana śrauta Sūtra to denote a stone pillar. This improbable interpretation is based on another passage in the same Brāhmaṇa.
noun (masculine) a mountain (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a stone (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a thunder-cloud (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a wheel (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
darkness (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a particular mountain (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of Indra(?) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of the Vedic personification of an imaginary malignant influence or demon of darkness and drought (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
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