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WordReferenceGenderNumberSynonymsDefinition
upaniṣad3.3.100FeminineSingulariṣṭam, madhuram
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Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
upaniṣad( upa-ni-sad-) P. (perfect tense -n/i-ṣedus-) to sit down near to ; to approach, set about View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaniṣadf. (according to some) the sitting down at the feet of another to listen to his words (and hence, secret knowledge given in this manner;but according to native authorities upaniṣad-means "setting at rest ignorance by revealing the knowledge of the supreme spirit") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaniṣadf. the mystery which underlies or rests underneath the external system of things (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaniṣadf. esoteric doctrine, secret doctrine, mysterious or mystical meaning, words of mystery etc. etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaniṣadf. a class of philosophical writings (more than a hundred in number, attached to the brāhmaṇa-s [butSee īśopaniṣad-];their aim is the exposition of the secret meaning of the veda-, and they are regarded as the source of the vedānta- and sāṃkhya- philosophies;for the most important of the upaniṣad-sSee ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
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upaniṣad उपनिषद् f. [said to be from उपनि-सद् 'knowledge derived from sitting at the feet of the preceptor'; but, according to Indian authorities, it means 'to destroy ignorance by revealing the knowledge of the Supreme Spirit and cutting off the bonds of worldly existence'; यथा य इमां ब्रह्मविद्यामुपयन्त्यात्मभावेन श्रद्धाभक्तिपुरःसराः सन्तस्तेषां गर्भजन्मजरारोगाद्यनर्थपूगं निशातयति परं वा ब्रह्म गमयति अविद्यादि- संसारकारणं चात्यन्तमवसादयति विनाशयतीत्युपनिषद् । उपनिपूर्वस्य सदेरेवमर्थस्मरणात्; Śaṅkara] 1 N. of certain mystical writings attached to the Brāhmaṇas, the chief aim of which is to ascertain the secret meaning of the Vedas; Bv.2.4; Māl 1.7; (other etymologies also are given to explain the name:- (1) उपनीय तमात्मानं ब्रह्मापास्तद्वयं यतः । निहन्त्यविद्यां तज्जं च तस्मादुपनिषद्भवेत् ॥ or (2) निहत्यानर्थमूलं स्वाविद्यां प्रत्यक्तया परम् । नयत्यपास्तसंभेदमतो वोपनिषद्भवेत् ॥ or (3) प्रवृत्तिहेतून्निःशेषास्तन्मूलोच्छेदकत्वतः । यतोवसादयेद्विद्या तस्मा- दुपनिषद्भवेत् ॥ In the मुक्तकोपनिषद् 18 Upaniṣads are mentioned, but some more have been added to this number. They are said to have been the source of the six Darśanas or systems of philosophy, particularly of the Vedānta Philosophy. The more important Upaniṣads are:- ईशकेनकठप्रश्नमुण्डमाण्डूक्यतित्तिरः । ऐतरेयं च छान्दोग्यं बृहदारण्यकं तथा ॥. -2 (a) An esoteric or secret doctrine, mystical meaning, words of mystery; साङ्गोपाङ्गोपनिषदः सरहस्यः प्रदीयताम् Rām.1.55.16. (b) Mystical knowledge or instruction; मन्त्रपारायण˚ U.6; दिव्यामस्त्रोपनिषदमृषेर्यः कृशाश्वस्य शिष्यात् Mv.2.2. -3 True knowledge regarding the Supreme Spirit. -4 Sacred or religious lore. -5 Secrecy, seclusion. -6 A neighbouring mansion. -7 A lonely place. -8 A religious observance. -9 Me- ditation, यदेव विद्यया करोति श्रद्धयोपनिषदा तदेव वीर्यवत्तरं भवति Ch. Up.1.1.1. -1 One that takes to (like a boat); तस्योपनिषत्सत्यस्य सत्यमिति Bṛi. Up.2.1.2.
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upaniṣad f. [sitting down be side], secret or esoteric doctrine; N. of a class of works treating of the secret meaning of the Veda.
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upaniṣad in the Brāhmanas normally denotes the secret sense ’ of some word or text, sometimes the * secret rule ’ of the mendicant. But in the Brhadāranyaka Upanisad it is already used in the plural as the designation of a class of writings, no doubt actually existing and similar to the Upanisads in the nature of their subject-matter and its treatment. Similarly the sections of the Taittirīya Upanisad end with the words ily upanisad. The Aitareya Aranyaka commences its third part with the title The Upanisad of the Samhitā/ and the title occurs also in the Sāñkhāyana Aranyaka. The exact primary sense of the expression is doubtful. The natural derivation, adopted by Max Muller and usual ever since, makes the word mean firstly a session of pupils, hence secret doctrine, and secondly the title of a work on secret doctrine. Oldenberg, however, traces the use of the word to the earlier sense of ‘worship’ {cf. upāsana). Deussen considers the original sense to have been ‘secret word,’ next ‘secret text,’ and then ‘ secret import,’ but this order of meaning is im¬probable. Hopkins8 suggests that Upanisad denotes a sub¬sidiary treatise, but this sense does not account naturally for the common use as ‘ secret meaning,’ which is far more frequent than any other.
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upaniṣad noun (feminine) (according to some) the sitting down at the feet of another to listen to his words (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a class of philosophical writings (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
esoteric doctrine (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
mysterious or mystical meaning (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
secret doctrine (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the mystery which underlies or rests underneath the external system of things (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
words of mystery (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

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Ayurvedic Medical
Dictionary
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upaniṣad

literary works intended to explain the meaning of Vedas.









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