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Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
abhighātan. an irregular combination of consonants id est the combination of the fourth letter of gutturals, cerebrals, etc. with the first or third letter, of the second with the first letter, and of the third with the second letter of those classes of consonants. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ad cl.2 P. /atti-, āda-, atsyati-, attum-, to eat, consume, devour, Vedic or Veda infinitive mood /attave- : Causal ād/ayati- and te- (once adayate-[ ]) to feed ([ confer, compare Lithuanian edmi; Slavonic or Slavonian jamjforjadmj; Greek ; Latin edo; Gothic rootAT present tense ita; German essen; English toeat, Armorican or the language of Brittany utem]). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avariph(p. -riphat-) to utter a murmuring guttural sound View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhid cl.7.P. A1. () bhin/atti-, bhintte- (imperfect tense 2. 3. sg. /abhinat- ; subjunctive bhin/aadaḥ- ; imperative bindh/i- ; binddhi- [ confer, compare binddhi-lavaṇā-];cl.1. P. bh/edati- ; Potential bhideyam- ; perfect tense bibh/eda- ; Aorist , 2. 3. sg. bh/et- abhaitsīt- ; bhitthās- ; preceding bhitsīṣṭa- grammar; future bhetsy/ati-, te- etc.; Conditional abhetsyat- ; future bhettā- grammar; infinitive mood bh/ettav/ai- ; bhettum- etc.; ind.p. bhittv/ā-, -bhidya- etc.) , to split, cleave, break, cut or rend asunder, pierce, destroy etc.,; to pass through (as a planet or, comet) ; to disperse (darkness) ; to transgress, violate, (a compact or alliance) etc. ; to open, expand ; to loosen, disentangle, dissolve etc. ; to disturb, interrupt, stop ; to disclose, betray etc. ; to disunite, set at variance ; to distinguish, discriminate : Passive voice bhidy/ate- (Epic also ti- Aorist abhedi- etc.; perfect tense bibhide- ), to be split or broken, burst (intrans.) etc. ; to be opened (as a closed hand, eyes etc.) ; to overflow (as water) ; to be loosened, become loose ; to be stopped or interrupted ; to be disclosed or betrayed ; to be changed or altered (in mind), be won over ; to be disunited ; to keep aloof from (instrumental case) ; to be distinguished, differ from (ablative) etc.: Causal bhedayati-, te- (Aorist abībhidat-; confer, compare also bhidāpana-), to cause to split or break etc. ; to split, break, shatter, crush, destroy ; to separate, divide (See bhedita-) ; to disunite, set at variance, perplex, unsettle (in opinion), seduce, win over : Desiderative b/ibhitsati-, te-, to wish to break through or disperse or defeat (confer, compare, bibhitsā-): Desiderative of Causal See bibhedayiṣu-: Intensive bebhidīti- or bebhetti-, to cleave repeatedly [ confer, compare Latin findo; German beissen; English bite.]
catusind. (;in compound before hard gutturals and labials tuḥ-or tuṣ-, ) 4 times View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chid cl.7. chin/atti-, chintte- (imperative n/attu-;2. sg. ndh/i-[ confer, compare ];2. dual number nt/am-; subjunctive 1. sg. n/adai-; Potential ndet- ; cl.9. 1. sg. chinnāmi- ; imperfect tense 2. sg. achinad-,or nas- ; perfect tense ciccheda-, cchide-; parasmE-pada cchidvas-, ; Aorist acchidat-or acchaitsīt-[ subjunctive ch- etc.] ;2. sg. chitsi- ;1. plural chedma- ; A1. acchitta-and 2. sg. tthās-[ subjunctive ch- ], on ; future chetsyati-, ; ind.p. chittvā- infinitive mood chettum-; Passive voice chidyate-; See /a-cchidyamāna-; Aorist /acchedi-and chedi- ) to cut off, amputate, cut through, hew, chop, split, pierce etc. ; to divide, separate from (ablative;exceptionally instrumental case ) ; to destroy, annihilate, efface, blot out etc. ; (in mathematics) to divide : Passive voice to be split or cut, break : Causal chedayati- (Aorist acicchidat-) to cut off. ; to cause to cut off or through : Desiderative See cicchitsu- : Intensive cecchidīti- (), dyate- ( Va1rtt. 2 ) ; future Ist ditā-, Va1rtt. 2 ; ([ confer, compare , etc.; Latin scindo; Gothic skeida.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chṛd cl.7. (imperative chṛṇattu-,2. sg. chṛndhi-; future, chardiṣyati-and chartsy- ; perfect tense caccharda-,3. plural cchṛdur-, Va1rtt. 3 ) to vomit ; to utter, leave ; P. A1. (chṛntte-) to shine ; to play : cl.1. chardati- (varia lectio rpati-) to kindle, : Causal chardayati- idem or 'f. see ' (varia lectio rpay-) ; to cause to flow over ; to vomit, eject (with or without accusative) ; to cause to spit or vomit ; A1. to vomit : Desiderative cicchardiṣati- and cchṛtsati- : Causal Desiderative cicchardayiṣati-, Va1rtt. 2 ; see ā--, pra--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhustura() and tūra- ( ; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' also raka-) thorn-apple (see dhattūra-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ga(3rd consonant of the alphabet) , the soft guttural having the sound g in give View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
grāsam. slurring, inarticulate pronunciation of the gutturals View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hathe thirty-third and last consonant of the nāgarī- alphabet (in pāṇini-'s system belonging to the guttural class, and usually pronounced like the Englishhinhard;it is not an original letter, but is mostly derived from an older gh-,rarely from dh-or bh-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jihvāmūlīyamfn. (iv, 3, 62) belonging to or uttered from the root of the tongue (viz. -, -,the guttural class of consonants, but especially the visarga- before k-and kh-) Va1rtt. 1. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kathe first consonant of the alphabet, and the first guttural letter (corresponding in sound tokinkeeporking). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṇṭham. sound, especially guttural sound View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṇṭhasthamfn. guttural View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṇṭhyamfn. belonging to the throat, pronounced from the throat, guttural (as sounds;they are, according to the prātiśākhya-s, a-, ā-, h-,and the jihvāmūlīya- [or visarjanīya-];according to the commentator or commentary on , a-, ā-, k-, kh-, g-, gh-, -and h-;according to also e-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṇṭhyam. a guttural sound or letter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṇṭhyasvaram. a guttural vowel (id est a-and ā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṇṭhyavarṇam. a guttural sound or letter. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kavargam. the gutturals (of which ka-is the first letter) (see varg/a-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kavargam. the class of guttural letters (see varga-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kramavartaSee -vattu-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇapuṣpam. "black-blossomed" equals -dhattūra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
krūradhūrtam. a kind of thorn-apple (see kṛṣṇa-dattūraka-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuharan. a guttural sound View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mad (confer, compare mand-) cl.4 P. () m/ādyati- (Epic also te-; Vedic or Veda alsocl.1. P. A1. madati-, te-;cl.3. P. mam/atti-, ttu-, mam/adat-, /amamaduḥ-; Vedic or Veda imperative m/atsi-, sva-; perfect tense mam/āda-; Aorist amādiṣuḥ-, amatsuḥ-, amatta-; subjunctive m/atsati-, sat-; future maditā-, madiṣyati- grammar; Vedic or Veda infinitive mood maditos-), to rejoice, be glad, exult, delight or revel in (instrumental case genitive case locative case,rarely accusative), be drunk (also figuratively) with (instrumental case) etc. ; to enjoy heavenly bliss (said of gods and deceased ancestors) ; to boil, bubble (as water) ; to gladden, exhilarate, intoxicate, animate, inspire : Causal d/ayati-, te- (; Aorist /amīmadat-or amamadat-; Vedic or Veda infinitive mood maday/adhyai-), to gladden, delight, satisfy, exhilarate, intoxicate, inflame, inspire etc. ; (A1.) to be glad, rejoice, be pleased or happy or at ease ; (A1.) to enjoy heavenly bliss : Desiderative mimadiṣati- grammar : Intensive māmadyate-, māmatti- ([Perhaps originally "to be moist"; confer, compare Greek ; Latin madere.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mattāf. any intoxicating drink, spirituous or vinous liquor ; Name of a metre ([ confer, compare Latin mattus,drunk]) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛd (confer, compare mrad-and mṛḍ-) cl.9 P. mṛdnāti- (cl.1. P. A1. m/ardati-, te- ; confer, compare ; perfect tense P. mamarda-,3. plural mamṛduh-.or mamarduḥ- A1. mamṛde- ; Aorist, amaradīt- grammar; future, mardiṣyati-, te- ; infinitive mood marditum- ; tos- ; -mrad/e- ; ind.p., mriditvā- ; m/ṛdya- etc.; -mardam- ), to press, squeeze, crush, pound, smash, trample down, tread upon, destroy, waste, ravage, kill, slay etc. ; to rub, stroke, wipe (exempli gratia, 'for example' the forehead) ; to rub into, mingle with (instrumental case) ; to rub against, touch, pass through (a constellation) ; to overcome, surpass : Causal mardayati- (mc. also te-; Aorist amīmridat-or amamardat-), to press or squeeze hard, crush, break, trample down, oppress, torment, plague, destroy, kill etc. ; to rub ; to cause to be trampled down : Desiderative mimardiṣati-, to desire to crush or pound Intensive marmartti- (only imperative ttu- ), to crush, grind down, destroy ; marīmartti- and marimṛdyate- grammar ([ confer, compare Greek and under mṛdu-.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nṛt cl.4 P. () n/ṛtyati- (Epic also te-; perfect tense nanarta-, nanṛtur- ; Aorist anartiṣur- ; -nṛtur-[ see ā-nṛt-]; parasmE-pada nṛt/amāna-[?] ; future nartiṣyati- etc.; nartsyati-and nartitā- grammar; infinitive mood nartitum-and narttum- etc.; ind.p. nartitvā- , -nartam- ), to dance etc. etc. ; to act on the stage, represent (accusative) etc. ; to dance about (accusative) : Causal nart/ayati-, te-, to cause to dance etc. etc.: Desiderative ninṛtsati- and ninartiṣati- : Intensive narīnartti- ; narīnṛtyate-, ti- ; narnartti-, narnṛtīti-, narīnṛtīti- grammar , to dance about or cause to dance about (see naṭ-).
paricchid( chid-; infinitive mood -cchettum- ind.p. -cchidya-), to cut on both sides, clip round, cut through or off or to pieces, mutilate etc. ; to mow or reap (corn), ; to limit on all sides, define or fix accurately, discriminate, decide, determine ; to separate, divide, part ; to avert, obviate View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājadhūrtam. a species of large Datura or thorn-apple (see -dhattūra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājadhustūraka m. a species of large Datura or thorn-apple (see -dhattūra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
repham. a burring guttural sound, the letter r- (as so pronounced) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
riph cl.6 P. () riphati- (parasmE-pada -rephat- ; perfect tense rirepha-etc. grammar; ind.p. rephitvā- ), to snarl ; (only ) to speak or boast (kathane-or katthane-) ; to blame ; to fight ; to give ; to hurt, kill (see rimph-): Passive voice riphyate-, to be murmured or spoken in a guttural or burring manner (like the letter r-) ; to have or take the pronunciation of the letter r- (see repha-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
riphitamfn. pronounced with a guttural roll (as the letter r-), burred, rolled in the throat like r- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śad cl.1.6. A1. () śīyate- (confer, compare ; P.in non-conjugational tenses, ; perfect tense śaśada-, śeduḥ- ; future śatsyati- ; Aorist aśadat- grammar; future śattā- ; infinitive mood śattum- ), to fall, fall off or out : Causal śādayati-, to impel, drive on (cattle) ; śāt/ayati-, te- (confer, compare ) , to cause to fall off or out or asunder, hew or cut off, knock out etc. ; to fell, throw down, slay, kill ; to disperse, dispel, remove, destroy : Desiderative śiśatsati- grammar : Intensive śāśadyate-, śāśatti- [ confer, compare, according to to some, Latin cedo.]
sad cl.1. or cl.6. P. () sīdati- (Epic also te-;Ved. s/adati-or s/īdati-, te-; perfect tense sas/āda-, sas/attha-, sed/us-, sedir/e- ; sīdatus- ; sasadyāt-. ; Aorist asadat-[ confer, compare present tense stem-] grammar;2. 3. sg. s/atsi-, s/atsat- ; asādīt- ; future sattā- grammar; satsyati- ; sīdiṣyati- ; infinitive mood s/ade- ; sattum- ; sīditum- ; ind.p. -s/adya-, -s/adam- ; -sādam- ), to sit down (especially at a sacrifice), sit upon or in or at (accusative or locative case) ; to sit down before, besiege, lie in wait for, watch (accusative) ; to sink down, sink into despondency or distress, become faint or wearied or dejected or low-spirited, despond, despair, pine or waste away, perish etc. : Passive voice sadyate- (Aorist asādi-, sādi- ) : Causal sād/ayati-, te- (Aorist asīṣadat-), to cause to sit down or be seated, place down, put upon or in (locative case) etc. ; to put in distress, afflict, weary, exhaust, ruin, destroy etc.: Desiderative siṣatsati- grammar : Intensive sāsadyate- (grammar also sāsatti-), to sit down in an indecent posture [ confer, compare Greek for ; Latin sidere,sedere; Lithuanian se4sti,sede4ti; Slavonic or Slavonian se8sti; Gothic sitan; German sitzen; Anglo-Saxon sittan; English sit.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śakitamfn. (see on ) able, capable (mostly used with na-,and giving a pass. sense to the infinitive mood exempli gratia, 'for example' na śakitaṃ- chettum-,it could not be cut;also impersonal or used impersonally exempli gratia, 'for example' na śakitaṃ tena-,he was not able) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śakyamf(ā-)n. able, possible, practicable, capable of being (with infinitive mood in pass. sense exempli gratia, 'for example' na sā śakyā netum balāt-,"she cannot be conducted by force"; tan mayā śakyam pratśpattum-,"that is able to be acquired by me";the form śakyam-may also be used with a Nominal verb case which is in a different gender or number exempli gratia, 'for example' śakyaṃ śva-māṃsādibhir api kṣut pratihantum-,"hunger can be appeased even by dog's flesh etc."; see ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samuttuṅgamfn. equals uttuṅga-, lofty, high View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
savargīyamfn. belonging to the same group of consonants (as gutturals etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
syand (or syad-;often confounded with spand-) cl.1 A1. () sy/andate- (Epic and mc. also ti-; perfect tense siṣy/anda-, siṣyad/uḥ- ; sasyande-, dire- grammar; Aorist 2. 3. sg. -asyān- ; asyandiṣṭa-, asyantta-, asyadat- grammar; future syanttā-, syanditā- ; syantsy/ati- ; syandiṣyate-, syantsyate- grammar; infinitive mood sy/ade- ; sy/anttum- ; ind.p. syanttv/ā-, syattv/ā-, -syadya- ; syanditvā- grammar), to move or flow on rapidly, flow, stream, run, drive (in a carriage), rush, hasten, speed etc. ; to discharge liquid, trickle, ooze, drip, sprinkle, pour forth (accusative) etc. ; to issue from (ablative) : Causal syandayati- (Aorist /asiṣyadat-;Ved. infinitive mood syandayādhyai-), to stream, flow, run etc. ; to cause to flow or run : Desiderative sisyandiṣate-, sisyantsate-, sisyantsati- grammar : Intensive See acchā-syand-, under 3. accha-, and next. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
trisind. before gutturals and palatals ([ see ]) - may be substituted by - View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uccāraṇasthānan. the part of the throat whence certain sounds (such as nasals, gutturals etc.) proceed. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ucchid(ud-chid-) P. -chinatti- (imperative 2. sg. -chindhi- ; infinitive mood chettum- ; -chettav/ai- ) to cut out or off, extirpate, destroy etc. ; to interfere, interrupt, stop etc. ; to analyze, resolve (knotty points or difficulties) ; to explain ([ ]) : Causal P. -chedayati-, to cause to extirpate or destroy : Passive voice -chidyate-, to be cut off ; to be destroyed or extirpated ; to be interrupted or stopped ; to cease, be deficient, fail View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vargam. (especially) any series or group of words classified together (as manuṣya-vanas-pati-v-etc.), or a class or series of consonants in the alphabet (seven such classes being given, viz. ka-varga-,"the class of Guttural letters"ca-kāra-v-,or ca-v-,"the Palatals"; ṭa-v-"the Cerebrals"; ta-v-"the Dentals"; pa-v-"the Labials"; ya-v-"the Semivowels"; śa-v-"the Sibilants", and the aspirate h- see varga-dvitīya-and -prathama-)
vid cl.2 P. () vetti- (vidmahe- ; vedati-, te- ; vid/ati-, te- etc.; vindati-, te- etc.; imperative vidāṃ-karotu- [ confer, compare ];1. sg. imperfect tense avedam-,2. sg. avet-or aves-[ ] etc.;3. plural avidus- [ confer, compare ]; avidan- etc.; perfect tense v/eda-[often substituted for proper vetti- confer, compare ], 3. plural vid/us-or vidre- ; viveda- etc.; vidāṃcak/āra- etc.[ confer, compare ; according to to also vidām-babhūva-]; Aorist avedīt- ; vidām-akran- ; future vedit/ā- ; vettā- future vediṣyati-, te- ; vetsyati-, te- etc.; infinitive mood v/editum-, tos- ; vettum- etc.; ind.p. viditv/ā- etc.), to know, understand, perceive, learn, become or be acquainted with, be conscious of, have a correct notion of (with accusative,in older, language also with genitive case;with infinitive mood = to know how to) etc. (viddhi yathā-,"know that"; vidyāt-,"one should know","it should be understood"; ya evam veda-[in ],"who knows thus","who has this knowledge") ; to know or regard or consider as, take for, declare to be, call (especially in 3. plural vidus-,with two accusative or with accusative and Nominal verb with iti-, exempli gratia, 'for example' taṃ sthaviraṃ viduḥ-,"they consider or call him aged"; rājarṣir iti māṃ viduḥ-,"they consider me a rājarṣi-") etc. ; to mind, notice, observe, remember (with genitive case or accusative) ; to experience, feel (accusative or genitive case) etc. ; to wish to know, inquire about (accusative) : Causal ved/ayate- (rarely ti-; Aorist avīvidat-; Passive voice vedyate-), to make known, announce, report, tell etc. ; to teach, explain ; to recognize or regard as, take for (two accusative) etc. ; to feel, experience etc.: Desiderative of Causal in vivedayiṣu- q.v : Desiderative vividiṣati- or vivitsati-, to wish to know or learn, inquire about (acc) : Intensive vevidyate-, vevetti- grammar ([ confer, compare Greek for , for equals veda-; Latin videre; Slavonic or Slavonian ve8de8ti; Gothic witan,wait; German wizzan,wissen; Anglo-Saxon wa7t; English wot.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vid (originally identical with1. vid-) cl.6 P. A1. () vind/ati-, te- (Vedic or Veda also vitt/e-, vid/e-; parasmE-pada vidān/a-or vidāna-[ q.v ]; Epic 3. plural vindate- Potential vindyāt-,often equals vidyāt-; perfect tense viv/eda-[3. plural vividus- subjunctive vividat-], vividv/as-,3. plural vividre-, vidr/e- etc.; parasmE-pada vividv/as- ; vividivas- ; Aorist /avidat-, data- [ Vedic or Veda subjunctive vid/āsi-, d/āt-; Potential vid/et-, deta- ;3. sg. videṣṭa- ]; A1.1. sg. avitsi- ; future vettā-, vediṣyati- grammar; vetsyati-, te- etc.; infinitive mood vid/e- ; vettum- etc.; v/ettave- ; ttavai-[?] and tos- ; ind.p. vittv/ā- ; -vidya- etc.) , to find, discover, meet or fall in with, obtain, get, acquire, partake of, possess etc. etc. (with diśas-,to find out the quarters of she sky ) ; to get or procure for (dative case) ; to seek out, look for, attend to etc. ; to feel, experience ; to consider as, take for (two accusative) ; to come upon, befall, seize, visit ; to contrive, accomplish, perform, effect, produce ; (A1. mc. also P.) to take to wife, marry (with or scilicet bhāryām-) etc. ; to find (a husband), marry (said of a woman) ; to obtain (a son, with or scilicet sutam-) : Passive voice or A1. vidy/ate- (Epic also ti-; parasmE-pada vidyamāna-[ q.v ]; Aorist avedi-), to be found, exist, be etc. ; (especially in later language) vidyate-,"there is, there exists", often with na-,"there is not" ; with bhoktum-,"there is something to eat" ; followed by a future ,"is it possible that?" ; yathā-vid/e-,"as it happens" id est "as usual","as well as possible" : Causal vedayati-, to cause to find etc. : Desiderative vividiṣati- or vivitsati-, te- grammar (see vivitsita-): Intensive vevidyate-, vevetti- (for parasmE-pada v/evidat-and dāna-See vi--and saṃvid-).
viṣābhāvāf. "having no poison", a species of plant (equals kṛṣṇa-dhattūraka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣad( sad-) P. -ṣīdati- (imperfect tense Class. vy-aṣīdat-,Ved. vya-ṣīdat-,or vy-asīdat- ; perfect tense vi-ṣasāda- ; infinitive mood -ṣattum-or -ṣīditum- ), to be exhausted or dejected, despond, despair etc. ; to sink down, be immersed in (locative case) (perhaps vi-ṣeduḥ- wrong reading for ni--): Causal -ṣādayati-, to cause to despond or despair, vex, grieve, afflict ; Bombay edition etc.
viṣavṛkṣanyāyam. the rule of the poison-tree (denoting that as a tree ought not to be cut down by the rearer of it so a noxious object should not be destroyed by the producer of it; see , viṣa-vṛkṣo 'pi saṃvardhya svayaṃ chettum asāmpratam-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
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uccāraṇam उच्चारणम् 1 Pronunciation, utterance; वाचः Śik. 2; वेद˚. -2 Declaration, announcement, enunciation. -3 Lifting up; स्कन्धोच्चारणनम्यमानवदनप्रच्योतितोये घटे Pratima.1.5. -Comp. -अर्थ a. 1 useful for pronunciation. -2 necessary for pronunciation, such as a redundant letter only used to facilitate pronunciation. -ज्ञः a linguist. उच्चारणज्ञो$थ गिरा दधानम् Śi.4.18. -स्थानम् the part of the throat from which certain sounds (such as nasals, gutturals &c.) issue.
ka क् The first consonant of the alphabet, and first letter of the guttural class (क वर्ग).
k क् Jivhāmūlīya letter occurring before the guttural क् or ख् and written as ( क्, ख्). प् Upadhmānīya letter occurring before the labial प् or फ् and written also ( प्, फ्); These are called अर्धविसर्ग. of dry medicinal billets चूर्ण. (3) Decoction of medicinal herbs (कषाय). (4) Decoction mixed with medicinal powder (अवलेह). (5) A medicine to be pounded like condiment (कल्क). -पञ्चामृतं गुडूची, गोक्षुर, मुसली, मुण्डी, शतावरी. -प्रतिनिधिः A substitute for a herb which cannot be secured.
kaṇṭhaḥ कण्ठः ण्ठम् 1 Throat; कण्ठे निपीडयन् मारयति Mk.8. कण्ठः स्तम्भितबाष्पवृत्तिकलुषः Ś.4.6; कण्ठेषु स्खलितं गते$पि शिशिरे पुंस्कोकिलानां रुतम् 6.4. -2 The neck; अयं कण्ठे बाहुः U.1. कण्ठाश्लेषपरिग्रहे शिथिलता Pt.4.6; कण्ठाश्लेषप्रणयिनि जने किं पुनर्दूरसंस्थे Me.3,99,114; Amaru.19.57; Ku.5.57. -3 Sound, tone, voice; सा मुक्तकण्ठं चक्रन्द R.14.68; किमिदं किन्नरकण्ठि सुप्यते 8.64; आर्यपुत्रो$पि प्रमुक्तकण्ठं रोदिति U.3. -4 The neck or brim of a vessel &c. -5 Vicinity, immediate proximity (as in उपकण्ठ). -6 The opening of the womb. -7 A bud on a stalk. -8 The space of an inch from the edge of the hole in which sacrificial fire is deposited. -9 The मदन tree. -1 Guttural sound. -Comp. -अग्निः a bird (digesting in the throat or gizzard). -अवसक्त a. clinging to the neck. -आगत a. come to the throat (as the breath or soul of a dying person). -आभरणम् a neck-ornament, necklace; परि- क्षितं काव्यसुवर्णमेतल्लोकस्य कण्ठाभरणत्वमेतु Vikr.1.24; cf. names like सरस्वतीकण्ठाभरण. -आश्लेषः Neck-embrace; Me.3; कण्ठाश्लेषपरिग्रहे शिथिलता Pt.4.6; ˚उपगूढ Bh.3.28. -उक्ताम् personal testimony. -कुब्जः a kind of fever. -कूणिका the Indian lute. -ग a. reaching or extending to the throat; हृद्गाभिः पूयते विप्रः कण्ठगाभिस्तु भूमिपः Ms.2.62. -गत a. 1 being at or in the throat, coming to the throat; i. e. on the point of departing; न वदेद्यावनीं भाषां प्राणैः कण्ठगतैरपि Subhāṣ; Pt.1.296. -2 approaching or reaching the throat. -तटः, -तटम्, -टी the side of the neck. -तला- सिका the leather or rope passing round the neck of a horse. -त्रः A necklace; शुक्लकेयूरकण्ठत्राः Mb.5. 143.39. -दघ्न a. reaching to the neck. -नालम् Stalklike throat, a throat, neck; कण्ठनालादपातयत् R.15.52. also. -नाली, -नडिकः a kite. -नीलकः a large lamp or torch, a whisp of lighted straw &c. (Mar. मशाल). -पाशः, -पाशकः 1 a rope tied round an elephant's neck. -2 a halter in general. -बन्धः a rope for an elephant's neck. -भूषणम्, -भूषा a short necklace; विदुषां कण्ठभूषात्वमेतु Vikr.18.12. -भङ्गः Stammering. -मणिः 1 a jewel worn on the neck. -2 (fig.) a dear or beloved object. -3 Thyroid Cartilage. -रोधम् Stopping or lowering the voice. -लग्न a. 1 clinging to the throat. -2 suspended round the neck. -3 throwing the arms round the neck (in embraces); कण्ठेलग्ना. -लता 1 a collar. -2 a horse's halter. -वर्तिन् a. being at or in the throat, i. e. on the point of departing; ˚प्राणैः R. 12.54. -शालुकम् a hard tumour in the throat. -शुण्डी swelling of the tonsils. -शोषः (lit.) 1 drying up or parching of the throat. -2 (fig.) fruitless expostulation. -सज्जनम् hanging on, by, or round the neck. -सूत्रम् a kind of embrace; (thus defined :-- यत्कुर्वते वक्षसि वल्लभस्य स्तनाभिघातं निबिडोपगृहात् । परिश्रमार्थं शनकैर्विदग्धा- स्तत्कण्ठसूत्रं प्रवदन्ति सन्तः ॥); कण्ठसूत्रमपदिश्य योषितः R.19.32. -स्थ a. 1 being in the throat. -2 guttural (as a letter). -3 being in the mouth, ready to be repeated by rote. -4 learnt and ready to be repeated.
kaṇṭhya कण्ठ्य a. 1 Relating or suitable to, or being at, the throat. -2 Guttural. -Comp. -वर्णः a guttural letter; namely अ, आ, क्, ख्, ग्, घ्, ङ् and ह्. -स्वरः a guttural vowel (अ and आ).
kuharam कुहरम् 1 A cavity, hollow; as in नाभिकुहर, आस्य˚ &c. दधति कुहरभाजामत्र भल्लूकयूनामनुरसितगुरूणि स्त्यानमम्बूकृतानि Māl.9.6; Ve.1.22. -2 The ear. -3 The throat. -4 Proximity. -5 Copulation; प्रवृत्तकुहरपारावत ... &c. Dk.2.2. -6 A hole, rent. -7 A guttural sound. -रः A window, the interior window; कुहरा अभ्यन्तरगवाक्षाः Bṛi. S.56.2. B. P.13.5.27.
grāsaḥ ग्रासः [ग्रस् कर्मणि घञ्] 1 A mouthful, a quantity of anything equal to a mouthful; Ms.3.133;6.28; Y.3.55. -2 Food, nourishment; ग्रासाच्छादनमात्रं तु दद्या- दिति निदर्शनम् Mb.12.165.63. -3 The part of the sun or the moon eclipsed. -4 The morsel bitten. -5 The act of swallowing. -6 Slurring, indistinct pronunciation; fault in a pronunciation of the gutturals. -7 (In geom.) A piece cut out by the intersection of two circles -8 An eclipse. -Comp. -आच्छादनम् food and clothing; i. e. bare subsistence; see ग्रास (2); Ms.9.22. -प्रमाणम् the size of a morsel. -शल्यम् any extraneous substance lodged in the throat. -ग्रासीकृ To swallow; ग्रासीकर्तुं प्रवृत्तो$भूदुत्थायाजगरो महान् Ks.9.57.
cāmīkaram चामीकरम् [चमीकरे स्वर्णाकरभेदे भवम् अण् Tv.] 1 Gold; तप्तचामीकराङ्गदः V.1.14; R.7.5; Śi.4.24; Ku.7.49. -2 The Dhattura plant. -Comp. -प्रख्य a. like gold.
cāmpeyaḥ चाम्पेयः 1 The Champaka tree. -2 The Nāgakesara tree. -यम् 1 Filament, especially of a lotus flower. -2 Gold. -3 The Dhattura plant; m. (also in the last two senses).
jihvā जिह्वा 1 The tongue. -2 The tongue of fire i. e. a flame. -3 A sentence. -Comp. -आस्वादः licking, lapping. -उल्लेखनी, -उल्लेखनिका, -निर्लेखनम् a tonguescraper. -पः 1 a dog. -2 a cat. -3 a tiger. -4 a leopard. -5 a bear. -मलम् the fur of the tongue. -मूलम् the root of the tongue. -मूलीय a. a term particularly applied to the Visarga before क् and ख् and also to ऋ and लृ and the guttural class of consonants (in gram.) -रदः a bird. -लिह् m. a dog. -लौल्यम् greediness. -शल्यः the Khadira tree.
dharttūraḥ धर्त्तूरः The Dhattura plant.
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catuṣpād catuṣ-pá̄d, a. (Bv.) four-footed, iv. 51, 5 [catúr four, Lat. quattuor, Go. fidwōr].
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"ttu" has 25 results.
     
a,k(ೱ),(ೱ)जिह्वामूलीय, represented by a sign like the वज्र in writing, as stated by Durgasiṁha's Kātantra-Sūtravṛtti. who remarks वज्राकृतिर्वर्णो जिह्वामूलीयसंज्ञो भवति. the Jihvāmūlīya is only a voiceless breath following the utterance of a vowel and preceding the utterance of the guttural letter क् or ख् . It is looked upon as a letter (वर्ण), but dependent upon the following consonant and hence looked upon as a consonant. e. g. विष्णु ೱ करोति.
u(1)labial vowel standing for the long ऊ and protracted ऊ3 in Pāṇini's grammar unless the consonant त् is affixed to it, उत् standing for the short उ only: (2) Vikaraṇa affix उ of the 8th conjugation ( तनादिगण ) and the roots धिन्व् and कृण्व्;confer, compareP.III. 1.79-80; (3) substitute (उ) for the vowel अ of कृ,exempli gratia, for example कुरुतः, कृर्वन्ति before weak Sārvadhātuka affixes, confer, compareP.VI 4.110; (4) kṛt (affix). affix उ added to bases ending in सन् and the roots आशंस्, भिक्ष्, विद्, इष् as also to bases ending in क्यच् in the Vedic Literature,exempli gratia, for example चिकीर्षुः भिक्षुः, बिन्दुः,इच्छुः,सुम्नयु; confer, compare P. III. 2.168-170; (5) Uṅādi affix उ ( उण् ) e.g, कारुः, वायुः, साधुः, et cetera, and others; confer, compare Uṅādi I.1; (6) mute vowel उ added to the first letters of a class of consonants in Pāṇini's grammar to show the whole class of the five letters; exempli gratia, for example कु, चु, टु, तु, पु which stand for the Guttural, the palatal the lingual, the dental and the labial classes respectively; confer, compare also ष्टुना ष्टुः P.VIII.4.41(7) उ added to न् showing the consonant न् as nasalized n; cf, नुः V.Pr. III.133.
k(1)the consonant क्; the first con. sonant of the consonant group as also of the guttural group; (2) substitute क् for consonants ष्, and ढ् before the consonant स्;confer, compareV.P.2.41. For the elision ( लोप ) of क् on account of its being termed इत् see P.I.3.3 and 8.
kaṇṭhatālavyagutturo-palatal. The diphthongs ए and ऐ are called Kaṇṭhatālavya, as they are produced in the Kaṇṭhatalu-sthāna.
kaṇṭhoṣṭhya,kaṇṭhauṣṭhyagutturo-labial, the diphthongs ओ and औ are called Kaṇṭhoṣṭhya as they are produced at both the Kaṇṭha and the Oṣṭha Sthānas.
kaṇṭhyaproduced at the throat or at the glottis; the vowel अ, visarga and the consonant ह् are called कण्ठ्यं in the Prātiśākhyas, while later grammarians include the guttural consonants क्, ख् ग्, घ् and ङ् among the Kaṇṭhya letters; confer, compare अकुहविसर्जनीयानां कण्ठः Sid. Kau.on तुल्यास्यप्रयत्नं सवर्णम् P.I.1.9. See कण्ठ.
kavargathe class of guttural consonants consisting of the five consonants क्, ख्, ग्, घ् ङ्
ku(1)guttural class of consonants, ie the consonants क्, ख्, ग्, घ्, ङ् The vowel उ added to क्, signifies the class of क्. e. g. चजोः कु घिण्यतो, VII.3.52, कुहोश्चुः VII.4.62, चोः कुः VIII.2.30, किन्प्रत्ययस्य कुः; VIII.2.62; confer, compare अणुदित्सवर्णस्य चाप्रत्ययः P.I.1.69; (2) substitute कु for किम् confer, compare P.VII.2. 104.
kutvasubstitution of the consonants of the क् class or guttural consonants
kumata word containing a guttural letter in it;.confer, compare कुमति च P. VIII.4. 13.
kuvyavāyaintervention by a letter of the guttural class;confer, compare कुव्यवाये हादेशेषु प्रतिषेधो वक्तव्यः । प्रयोजनं वृत्रघ्नः, स्रुघ्नः प्राघानीति, P.VIII.4.2 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini).4,5.
khsecond consonant of the guttural class of consonants possessed of श्वासानुप्रदान, अघोष and विवार qualities.
gthird letter of the guttural class of consonants, possessed of the properties घोष, संवृत, नाद and अल्पप्राण; some grammarians look upon the word क्ङित् (P.I.1.5) as made up of क् , ग् and ङ् and say that the Guna and Vṛddhi substitutes do not take place in the vowels इ, उ, ऋ, and लृ if an affix or so, marked by the mute letter ग् follows.
gh(1)fourth consonant of the guttural class of consonants having the properties कण्ठसंवृतत्व, घोष, नादानुप्रदानत्व and महाप्राणत्व; (2)the consonant घ at the beginning of a taddhita affix. affix which is always changed into इय्; confer, compare P. VII. 1. 9; (3) substitute for ह् at the end of roots beginning with द्, as also of the root नह् under certain conditions; confer, compare P.VIII.2.32,33,34; (4) substitute for the consonant व् of मतुव् placed after the pronouns किम् and इदम् which again is changed into इय् by VII.1.9: exempli gratia, for example कियान्, इयान्: confer, compare P.V. 2.40.
ghitaffixes having the mute letter घ्, as for instance, घञ् घ, घच् et cetera, and otherswhich cause the substitution of a guttural in the place of the palatal letter च् or ज् before it: exempli gratia, for example त्याग: राग: confer, compare P.VII.3.52.
(1)fifth letter of the guttural class of consonants having the properties कण्ठसंवृतत्व, घोष, नादानुप्रदान, अल्पप्राणत्व and अानुनासिक्य; (2) the consonant ङ् getting the letter ,क as an augment added to it, if standing at the end of a word and followed by a sibilant, e. g. प्राङ्कूशेते confer, compare ङ्णो: कुक् टुक् शरि P. VIII. 3.28; (3) the consonant ङ् which, standing at the end of a word and preceded by a short vowel, causes the vowel following it to get the augment ङ् prefixed to it; e. g, प्रत्यङ्ङास्ते confer, compare ङमो ह्रस्वादचि ङमुण् नित्यम् P. VIII.3.32.
ṅa(1)fifth consonant of the guttural class of consonants which is a nasal ( अनुनासिक ) consonant; the vowel अ being added at the end for facility of pronunciation; confer, compare Taittirīya Prātiśākhya.I.21; (2) a conventional term used for all the nasal consonants in the Jainendra Vyakarana.
jihvāmūlasthāna(l)having the root of the tongue as the place of its production;the phonetic element or letter called जिह्वामूलीय; (2) name given to that phonetic element into which a visarga is changed when followed by क् or ख्; cf X क इति जिह्वामूलीयः V.Pr.VIII.19. The जिह्वामूलीय letter is called जिह्व्य also; see Nyasa on I. 1.9. The Rk. Pratisakhya looks upon ऋ, लृ, जिह्वामूलीय, and the guttural letters as जिह्वामूलस्थान.
(1)fifth consonant of the lingual class of consonants possessed of the properties, नादानुप्रदान, घोष, संवृतकण्ठत्व, अल्पप्राण and अानुनासिक्यः (2) the mute letter ण् indicating the substitution of vrddhi ( confer, compare P. VII. 2. 115-117) when attached to affixes; (3) the consonant ण् at the beginning of roots which is changed into न्; the roots, having ण् at the beginning changeable to न्, being called णोपदेशः (4) ण् as a substitute for न् following the letters ऋ, ॠ, र्, and ष् directly, or with the intervention of consonants of the guttural and labial classes, but occurring in the same word, Such a substitution of ण् for न् is called णत्व; confer, compare P.VIII.4. I-39. For णत्व in Vedic Literature; confer, compare Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.)V.20-28, T.Pr.VII.1-12. V.Pr.III.84-88;(5) the consonant ण् added as an augment to a vowel at the beginning of a word when it follows the consonant ण् at the end of the previous word; confer, compare P. VIII. 3. 32. In the Vedic Pratisakhyas this augment ण् is added to the preceding ण् and looked upon as a part of the previous word.
ṇopadeśaa root mentioned in the Dhatupatha by Panini as beginning with ण् which subsequently is changed to न् ( by P. VI. 1.65) in all the forms derived from the root; e. g. the roots णम, णी and others. In the case of these roots the initial न् is again changed into ण् after a prefix like प्र or परा having the letter र् in it and having a vowel or a consonant of the guttural or labial class intervening between the letter र् and the letter न्; e. g. प्रणमति, प्रणयकः et cetera, and others confer, compare Kāśikā of Jayāditya and Vāmana. on P. VIII. 4.14.
dhvePersonal-ending of the second. person. Pl. Atmanepada in the present and perfect tenses. न् fifth consonant of the dental class of consonants which is possessed of the properties घोष, नादानुप्रदान, अल्पप्राणत्व, संवृतकण्ठत्व and अानुनासिक्य. In Panini's grammar the nasal consonant न् (a)is added as an augment prescribed\ \नुट् or नुम् which originally is seen as न्, but afterwards changed into अनुस्वार or परसवर्ण as required, as for example in पयांसि, यशांसि, निन्दति, वन्दति et cetera, and others; confer, compare P. VII. 1.58-73, VII. 1.7983; VIII. 3.24; (b) is changed into ण् when it directly follows upon ऋ, ॠ, र् or ष् or even intervened by a vowel, a semivowel except ल् , a guttural consonant, a labial consonant or an anusvara; confer, compare P. VIII. 4.1.1-31. (c) is substituted for the final म् of a root, e. g. प्रशान्, प्रतान् confer, compare P. VIII. 2.64, 65.
nyaṅkvādia class of words headed by the word न्यङ्कु, which are formed by means of the substitution of a guttural consonant in the place of a consonant of any other class belonging to the root from which these words are formed; exempli gratia, for example न्यङ्कुः मद्गुः, भृगुः et cetera, and others; confer, compare Kās, on P.VII.3. 53.
(l)a sibilant letter of the cerebral class of consonants possessed of the properties श्वास, अघोष, कण्ठविवार and महाप्राण ; (2) mute indicatory letter ष्, attached to nouns as also to affixes with which nouns are formed, such as ष्वुन्, ष्कन्, ष्टरच्, ष्ट्रन् et cetera, and others showing the addition of the feminine affix ई ( ङीष् ); confer, compare षिद्गौरादिभ्यश्च P. IV. 1.41 ; (3) changeable to स् when placed at the beginning of roots in the Dhatupatha except in the case of the roots formed from nouns and the roots ष्ठिव् and ष्वष्क्; (4) substitute for the last consonant of the roots ब्रश्च, भ्रस्ज्, सृज्, मृज्, यज्, राज्, भ्राज्, as also of the roots ending in छ् and श् before a consonant excepting a nasal and a semivowel, as also when the consonant is at the end of the word; e. g. भ्रष्टा, स्रष्टा, यष्टुम् सम्राट् et cetera, and others cf P. VIII.2.36 (5) substitute for a visarjaniya preceded by a vowel except अ and followed by a consonant of the guttural or the labial class which does not begin a different word, as also before the words पाश, कल्प, क, काभ्य et cetera, and others confer, compare P. VIII. 3.39: confer, compare also P. VIII 3.41, 43, 44, 45 and 48 for some specified cases; (6) substitute for स् when placed near a consonant of the cerebral class or near the consonant ष्; e. g. वृक्षष्षण्डे , वृक्षष्टकार: Kāśikā of Jayāditya and Vāmana. on P. VIII. 4.41.
ṣaṭkārakakhaṇḍanamaṇḍanaknown also as कारकखण्डनमण्डन a grammar-work on consonant is at the end of the word; e. g. भ्रष्टा, स्रष्टा, यष्टुम् सम्राट् et cetera, and others cf P. VIII.2.36 (5) substitute for a visarjaniya preceded by a vowel except अ and followed by a consonant of the guttural or the labial class which does not begin a different word, as also before the words पाश, कल्प, क, काभ्य et cetera, and others confer, compare P. VIII. 3.39: confer, compare also P. VIII 3.41, 43, 44, 45 and 48 for some specified cases; (6) substitute for स् when placed near a consonant of the cerebral class or near the consonant ष्; e. g. वृक्षष्षण्डे , वृक्षष्टकार: Kāśikā of Jayāditya and Vāmana. on P. VIII. 4.41.
sthānaplace of articulation; place of the production of sound, which is one of the chief factors in the production of sound; confer, compare अनुप्रदानात् संसर्गात् स्थानात् करणविन्ययात् | जायते वर्णवैशेष्यं परीमाणाच्च पञ्चमात्, T.Pr. XXIII. 2. Generally there are given five places of the production of sound viz. कण्ठ, तालु, मूर्धन् , दन्त and ओष्ठ, respectively for the articulation of guttural, palatal cerebral, dental and labial letters and नासिका as an additional one for the articulation of the nasal consonants ञू, मू,ङू, णू and नू For the Jihvamuliya sound (क ), जिंह्वामूल is given as a specific one. For details and minor differences of views, see Taittirīya Prātiśākhya.III, Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) 1.18 to 20,Ṛktantra Prātiśākhya. 2-10; Vājasaneyi Prātiśākhya.I. 65 to 84 and M. Bh, on P. I. 1. 9. (2) place, substratum, which is generally understood as the sense of the genitive case-affix in rules which prescribe substitutes; confer, compare षष्ठी स्थोनोयागा. P. I. 1. 49.
     Wordnet Search "ttu" has 4 results.
     

ttu

uttuṅga, ucca, prāṃśu, udagra, ucchrita, tuṅga   

yaḥ ūrdhvadiśi vardhitaḥ।

evaresṭa nāma himālayasya uttuṅgaḥ śikharaḥ।

ttu

kitavaḥ, unmattaḥ, dhūrtaḥ, kanakāhvayaḥ, mātulaḥ, mahanaḥ, dhattūraḥ, śaṭhaḥ, mātulakaḥ, śyāmaḥ, śivaśekharaḥ, kharjjūghnaḥ, khalaḥ, kaṇṭaphalaḥ, mohanaḥ, mattaḥ, śaivaḥ, dhusturaḥ, dhutturaḥ, dhustūraḥ, purīmohaḥ, kaṣāyaḥ   

kṣupaviśeṣaḥ tat kṣupaṃ yasya bījāni viṣayuktāni santi।

śivāya kitavaḥ rocate।

ttu

saṃvivṛdh, vivṛdh, pravṛdh, adhyedh, adhivṛdh, abhivṛdh, ṛdh, edh, puṣ, prakḷp, mahīya, ruh, samedh, uttu, udṛ   

pūrvāpekṣayā śreṣṭhatarāvasthāprāpyanukūlaḥ vyāpāraḥ।

ahani ahani tasya karmayogaḥ saṃvivardhate।

ttu

uttuṅga, gaganasparśin   

atīva unnataḥ।

nagareṣu uttuṅgāni bhavanāni santi।









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