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371 results for rhe
     
Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
adbhutopamāf. (in rhetoric) a simile implying a miracle, ibidem or 'in the same place or book or text' as the preceding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikaraṇan. (in rhetoric) a topic View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āḍhyarogam. rheumatism, gout. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āḍhyaroginmfn. ill with rheumatism or with gout View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyavasānan. (in rhetoric) concise and forcible language. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āḍhyavātam. a convulsive or rheumatic palsy of the loins View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādidīpakan. Name of a figure in rhetoric (the verb standing at the beginning of the sentence) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āgamam. Name of a rhetorical figure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ahetum. (in rhetoric) a certain figure of speech. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ajahatsvārthāf. a rhetorical figure (using a word which involves the meaning of another word previously used, as"white ones"for"white horses","lances"for"men with lances"). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ākṣepam. (in rhetoric) pointing to (in compound), hinting etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ālambanan. (in rhetoric) the natural and necessary connection of a sensation with the cause which excites it View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alaṃkāram. the act of decorating , (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f. ) ornament, decoration (in rhetoric) an ornament of the sense or the sound (see arthāl-and śabdāl-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alaṃkāracandrikāf. work on rhetoric View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alaṃkāracūḍāmaṇim. work on rhetoric View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alaṃkārakārikāf. work on rhetoric View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alaṃkārakaustubham. work on rhetoric View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alaṃkāramālāf. work on rhetoric View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alaṃkāramañjarīf. work on rhetoric View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alaṃkāramuktāvalīf. work on rhetoric View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alaṃkāraśāstran. a manual or text book of rhetoric View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ālaṃkārikam. a writer on rhetoric, , Scholiast or Commentator View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alaṃkriyāf. rhetorical ornament. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alaṃkṛtif. rhetorical ornament (see -kara-above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anādarākṣepam. (in rhetoric) objection to anything by feigned indifference, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ananvayam. want of connexion, (in rhetoric) comparison of an object with its own ideal, (as,"a lady-like lady.") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavīkṛta"non-innovation", (in rhetoric) motonony in the construction of a phrase, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅgan. (in rhetoric) an illustration View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅgabhedamfn. causing rheumatism View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅgamardam. also rheumatism View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅgamardinm. aṅgamarda- also rheumatism View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅgamarṣam. pain in the limbs, rheumatism, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅgamarṣapraśamanan. alleviation of rheumatism. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anilam. rheumatism, paralysis, or any affection referred to disorder of the wind View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anilāmayam. morbid affection of the wind, flatulence, rheumatism. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aniyamopamāf. (in rhetoric) a kind of simile (in which the upamāna- is not restricted to a certain person or thing), . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
añjanan. fire (In rhetoric) making clear the meaning of an equivocal expression, double entendre or pun, etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
antadīpakan. a figure in rhetoric. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
antadīpakan. a particular rhetorical figure (exempli gratia, 'for example' ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anujñākṣepam. (in rhetoric) an objection expressed by a feigned consent, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anukrośākṣepam. (in rhetoric) an objection based on compassion or sympathy, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anuśayākṣepam. (in rhetoric) objection expressing (or resulting from) repenting, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apasmārawant of memory, confusion of mind (in rhetoric one of the vyabhicāribhāva-s, quod vide), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aprastutapraśaṃsā f. "conveying the subject-matter by that which is not the subject-matter", (in rhetoric) implied or indirect expression. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aprastutastutif. "conveying the subject-matter by that which is not the subject-matter", (in rhetoric) implied or indirect expression. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apuṣṭārthamfn. (in rhetoric) of irrelevant purport or meaning, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardhāntaraikapadatāf. (in rhetoric) placing a single word (which belongs grammatically to one hemistich) into the other half or hemistich of the verse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arītif. (in rhetoric) deficiency of style, a defect in the choice of expressions. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arocakinmfn. suffering from want of appetite or indigestion , (in rhetoric) having a fastidious or cultivated taste. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āropam. the rhetoric figure"super-imposition", . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arthāvṛttif. (in rhetoric) re-occurrence of words of the same sense View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arthotpādam. (in rhetoric), production of a (different) sense, putting words in an artificial order so that they give a different sense. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arūpakamfn. (in rhetoric) without figure or metaphor, literal. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asādhumfn. (in rhetoric) not grammatically correct (as anya-- kāraka- for anyat-- k-), . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asadṛśopaman. (in rhetoric) a dissimilar simile. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asaṃgatif. "incongruity, improbability", Name of a rhetorical figure etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asaṃvṛttavidheya(in rhetoric) the insertion into a compound of a word which ought to be independent, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āśarīkan. rheumatic pains View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśarīran. (in rhetoric) absence of the verb in a sentence. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asphuṭan. (in rhetoric) indistinct speech. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atadguṇam. (in rhetoric) the use of predicates not descriptive of the essential nature of the object. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atihasitan. (in rhetoric) excessive or foolish laughter, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ātiśāyanikam. (in rhetoric) an affix that expresses gradation in an ascending series. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atiśayopamāf. (in rhetoric) an exaggerated simile, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atyantatiraskṛtavācyadhvanif. (in rhetoric) a metaphoric View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasyanditan. (in rhetoric) attributing to one's own words a sense not originally meant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āvṛttif. repetition (as a figure of rhetoric) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āvṛttidīpakan. (in rhetoric) enforcing a statement by repeating it View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayonimfn. (in rhetoric)"having no source that can be traced" , original View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bandham. combination of sounds (in rhetoric), construction or arrangement of words View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhagnaprakraman. "broken arrangement", (in rhetoric) the use of a word which does not correspond to one used before (also bhagnaprakramatā -- f. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bharatasamuccayam. (a particular rhetoric figure consisting of an) accumulation of dramatic terms, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bharatasūtran. Name of a rhetoric work by śārṅgadhara- (also bharatasūtravṛtti -vṛtti- f.by vidyā-bhūṣaṇa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaṭṭanāyakam. Name of a poet and a rhetorician View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāvam. (in rhetoric) passion, emotion (2 kinds of bhāva-s are enumerated, the sthāyin-or primary, and vyabhicārin-or subordinate;the former are 8 or 9 according as the rasa-s or sentiments are taken to be 8 or 9;the latter 33 or 34) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāvaśabalāf. (in rhetoric) mixture or union of various emotions View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhrāntimatmfn. a particular figure of rhetoric (describing an error) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bimbam. (in rhetoric) the object compared (as opp. to prati-bimba-,"the counterpart"to which it is compared) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakravālakan. a kind of rhetorical figure, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
calātaṅkam. "fluctuating disease", rheumatism View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candrālokam. Name of work on rhetoric by jaya-deva-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chāyan. a kind of rhetorical figure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrahetum. a particular rhetoric fignre, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citramīmāṃsāf. Name of work on rhetoric View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dagdhāf. (soil. diś-) the quarter where the sun remains overhead View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dānavīram. (in rhetoric) liberal heroism, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daśadiśf. sg. the 10 regions (including that overhead and underneath) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daśarūpan. Name of work on rhetorical and dramatic composition (also called daśarūpāloka loka-m.and daśarūpāvaloka valoka-m.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daśāvasthāf. (in rhetoric) the ten conditions (of a lover, viz. abhilāṣa-, cintana-, smṛti-, gnṇa-- kathā-, udvega-, pralāpa-, unmāda-, saṃcara-, jaḍatā-, and maraṇa-, qq. vv.), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dāyaviram. (in rhetoric) compassionate or liberal heroism (confer, compare dāna-- v- above), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmadattam. Name of a poet and a writer on rhetoric View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīpakan. a particular class of rhetoric figures (throwing light upon an idea) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīpyakan. a figure of rhetoric View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dṛṣṭāntam. instance, exemplification (rhetoric) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dūṣīf. (or ṣ/īkā-) the rheum of the eyes (see ṣikā-under ṣaka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekārthamfn. (in rhetoric) tautological (as a sentence) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekāvalif. (in rhetoric) a series of sentences where the subject of each following sentence has some characteristic of the predicate of the preceding one View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekāvalif. Name of work on rhetoric View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekāvalīf. (in rhetoric) a series of sentences where the subject of each following sentence has some characteristic of the predicate of the preceding one View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekāvalīf. Name of work on rhetoric View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gāmbhīryan. (in rhetoric) a hidden allusion, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gandhivṛtta(in rhetoric) = vṛtta-- gandhi-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
garbhayamakan. (in rhetoric) a yamaka- (q.v) exhibited in an inserted phrase (exempli gratia, 'for example' ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
garbhitamfn. (in rhetoric) inserted (as a phrase) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
garbhitatāf. (in rhetoric) insertion of one phrase within another View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
garh cl.1.10.P. A1. hati-, hate-, hayati-, hayate- (the A1.is more common than P.; perf. jagarha-, rhe-), to lodge a complaint (accusative) before any one (dative case) ; to accuse, charge with, reproach, blame, censure any one or anything (accusative) etc. ; to be sorry for, repent of (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gatif. a kind of rhetorical figure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghṛṇinmfn. tenderhearted, compassionate View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṛdhrasīf. (metrically also -si-) rheumatism affecting the loins View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guṇakathāf. (in rhetoric) eulogy, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hanun. "cheek", a particular part of a spearhead [ confer, compare Greek , , ; Latin gena,genui1nus; Gothic kinnus; German Kinn; English chin.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hāsyamfn. laughing, laughter, mirth (in rhetoric one of the 10 rasa-s or of the 8 sthāyi-bhāva-s, qq. vv.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hetum. (in rhetoric) equals kāvya-liṅga- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hetuśliṣṭan. ? (in rhetoric) the combining of causes (a method of describing similarity by using epithets common to two objects) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hetuviśeṣoktif. (in rhetoric) a"mention of difference" (See viś-) accompanied with reasons View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hetvākṣepam. (in rhetoric) an objection accompanied with reasons View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hṛdayadarpaṇam. Name of a rhetoric work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
iṅgitaīakṣyan. a patric. rhetoric figure, hāla-, Scholiast or Commentator View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jātif. (in rhetoric) a particular figure of speech View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaitavāpahnutif. a kind of rhetorical figure commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalāvilāsam. Name of work on rhetoric. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāntif. (in rhetoric) beauty enhanced by love View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāraṇākṣepam. (in rhetoric) an objection raised to the cause of a phenomenon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāraṇamālāf. "a series or chain of causes", a particular figure in rhetoric View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāryākṣepam. (in rhetoric) a denial of the results stated to follow on a particular condition of things View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṣṭam. (in rhetoric) offending the ear View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṣṭatāf. (in rhetoric) state of being forced or unnatural. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṣṭatvan. (in rhetoric) state of being forced or unnatural. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kathodghātam. (in dramatic language) the opening of a drama by the character that first enters overhearing and repeating the last words of the sūtradhāra- or manager (see udghātyaka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kavikalpalatāf. Name of work on rhetoric by devendra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kavikaṇṭhābharaṇan. Name (also title or epithet) of a work on rhetoric by kṣemendra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kavikaṇṭhahāram. "poet's necklace", Name of a work on rhetoric View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kavipriyāf. Name of work on rhetoric by keśavadāsa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kavitārahasyan. "the secret of style", Name of work on rhetoric View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kavitvaratnākaram. "jewel-mine of poesy", Name of a modern work on rhetoric. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāvyalakṣaṇan. illustration of poetry or rhetoric. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāvyaliṅgan. a kind of alaṃkāra- or figure of rhetoric in which a statement is explained or made clearer by giving the reason for it
kāvyālokalocanan. Name (also title or epithet) of a rhetoric work by abhinavagupta-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāvyamīmāṃsakam. a rhetorician commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāvyaprakāśam. "illustration of poetry", Name of a work on rhetoric or the composition of artificial poems by mammaṭa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kevalavātikamf(ī-)n. applied for diseases of a simple rheumatic kind View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khaṇḍarasam. (in rhetoric) a partial rasa- (= saṃcāri-r-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khuḍam. (?) , rheumatism View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khuḍavātamfn. rheumatic
khyātiviruddhatāf. (varia lectio khyāta-v-) the state of being contradictory to general opinion (a defect of expression in rhetoric) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kliṣṭamfn. (in rhetoric) forced, obscure, not easily intelligible (see kleś-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kramam. (in rhetoric) a kind of simile (in which the comparisons exhibited correspond to each other in regular succession) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuvalayānandam. Name of work on rhetoric by apya-dīkṣita-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lalāmakarūpakan. (in rhetoric) a flowery metaphor. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lāṭamn. (in rhetoric) repetition of words in the same sense but in a different application View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
leśam. (in rhetoric) a figure of speech in which a statement is made indirectly (exempli gratia, 'for example' ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
līlāf. (in rhetoric) a maiden's playful imitation of her lover, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
liṅgan. (in rhetoric) an indication (word that serves to fix the meaning of another word; exempli gratia, 'for example' in the passage kupito makara-dhvajaḥ-the word kupita-restricts the meaning of makara-dhvaja-to " kāma-") equals liṅga-purāṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lodhratilakan. (in rhetoric) a species of upamā- (subdivision of the saṃsṛṣṭi-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
luptamfn. (in rhetoric) elliptical (as opp. to pūrṇa-,"complete") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
luptopamāf. (in rhetoric) a mutilated or imperfect simile (the conjunction expressing comparison or the common attribute being omitted), vam-. etc. () . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mādhuryan. (in rhetoric) grace of style (especially consisting in the employment of separated words in a sentence, as opp. to śleṣa- q.v) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhyadīpakan. (in rhetoric)"illuminating in the middle" , Name of a figure in which light is thrown on a description by the use of an emphatic verb in the middle of a stanza (exempli gratia, 'for example' ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
malan. (in med.) any bodily excretion or secretion (especially those of the dhātu-s q.v,described as phlegm from chyle, bile from the blood, nose mucus and ear wax from the flesh, perspiration from the fat, nails and hair from the bones, rheum of the eye from the brain; see also the 12 impurities of the body enumerated in ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mālāf. (in rhetoric) a series of epithets or similes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mālādīpakan. (in rhetoric) a particular figure of speech, a closely linked or connected climax View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mantham. a particular disease of the eye, excretion of rheum View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mantraśrutif. a consultation overheard View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mīlanan. (in rhetoric) a covert or concealed simile (see mīlita-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mīlitamfn. (in. rhetoric) an implied simile (in which the similarity between two objects is only implied, as in the example:"women clothed in white are invisible in the moonlight, therefore they are as bright as moonlight") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mohopamāf. "delusion-comparison", (in rhetoric) a comparison which leads to confusing the subject and object of comparison (exempli gratia, 'for example'"regarding thy face, O dear one, as the moon, I run after the moon as if it were thy face") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛduhṛdaya(mṛd/u--) mfn. tenderhearted (superl. -tama-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mudrāf. (in rhetoric) the natural expression of things by words, calling things by their right names View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mugdhamfn. inexperienced, simple, innocent, artless, attractive or charming (from youthfulness), lovely, beautiful, tender, young (especially ā- f.a young and beautiful female, often in vocative case;also in rhetoric a variety of the nāyikā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūrchākṣepa(chākṣ-) m. (in rhetoric) expression of vehement dissent or disapprobation by swooning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nārasiṃhīyan. Name of work on rhetoric View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niralaṃkṛtif. (in rhetoric) want of ornaments, simplicity. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirarthakan. (in rhetoric) an expletive. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirṇayam. (in rhetoric) narration of events View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirūḍham. (in rhetoric) the force or application of words according to their natural or received meanings View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirūḍhalakṣaṇāf. (in rhetoric) the secondary use of a word which is based not on the particular intention of the speaker but on its accepted and popular usage. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niruktif. (in rhetoric) an artificial explanation or derivation of a word View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niścayam. (in rhetoric) Name of a particular figure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niyamam. (in rhetoric) a common-place, any conventional expression or usual comparison View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nyāyavācaspatim. Name of an author on rhetoric View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nyāyavāgīśa m. Name of an author on rhetoric View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ojasn. (in rhetoric) elaborate style (abounding with compounds) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
padāvṛttif. (in rhetoric) the repetition of the same word with another meaning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcatapasn. (in the beginning of a compound) the 5 fires (to which an ascetic who practices self-mortification exposes himself. viz. one fire towards each of the 4 quarters, and the sun overhead) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parikaram. (in rhetoric) a particular figure in which many significant epithets or adjectives are employed one after the other to give force to a statement etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pariṇāmam. (in rhetoric) a figure of speech by which the properties of any object are transferred to that with which it is compared View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parisaṃkhyāf. (in rhetoric) special mention or exclusive specification View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pariṣkṛtif. (in rhetoric) a particular figure of speech equals pari-kara- (See under pari-kṛ-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parivartakam. (in rhetoric) the artificial separation of vowels and consonants to get another meaning of a word View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parivṛttif. (in rhetoric) a kind of figure in which one thing is represented as exchanged with another (exempli gratia, 'for example' ; see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paruṣākṣepam. (in rhetoric) an objection or contradiction containing harsh words View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryāyam. (in rhetoric) a particular figure of speech View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryāyoktan. (in rhetoric) a particular figure of speech (in which the fact to be intimated is expressed by a turn of speech or periphrasis) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
patatprakarṣamfn. (in rhetoric) "where preference or superiority sinks or is not observed", either prosaical or illogical ( patatprakarṣatā -- f.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pavanāhatamfn. struck or shaken by the wind, rheumatic View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pavanavyādhim. disease or morbid state of the wind of the body, rheumatism View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalan. (in rhetoric) the issue or end of an action View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piñjaṭam. the concrete rheum of the eyes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piñjeṭan. the excretion or concrete rheum of the eyes (see piñjaṭa-).
prabhutvākṣepam. (in rhetoric) an objection based on power (id est on a word of command) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prahasanan. (in rhetoric) satire, sarcasm View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakāśitaviruddhatāf. and (in rhetoric) a particular awkwardness in expression (saying something at variance with what ought to be said) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakāśitaviruddhatvan. and (in rhetoric) a particular awkwardness in expression (saying something at variance with what ought to be said) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakramabhaṅgam. (in rhetoric) want of order or method, the breaking of symmetry in composition or the violation of gram. construction (= bhagna-prakramatā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakṛtamfn. (in rhetoric) equals upa-meya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāṇaprada(in rhetoric)"vivifying", View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prapañcam. (in rhetoric) mutual false praise View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praśaṃsopamāf. (in rhetoric) laudatory comparison, comparing to anything superior
prastutan. (in rhetoric) the chief subject-matter, that which is the subject of any statement or comparison (equals upameya-; see , and ṅkura-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratāparudrayaśobhūṣaṇa n. Name of work by vidyā-nātha- on rhetoric (in which king pratāpa-rudra- is eulogized) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratāparudrīyan. Name of work by vidyā-nātha- on rhetoric (in which king pratāpa-rudra- is eulogized) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratīpan. (in rhetoric) inverse comparison (exempli gratia, 'for example'"the lotus resembles thine eyes", instead of the usual comparison"thine eyes resemble the lotus"; 5 forms are enumerated) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiṣedham. (in rhetoric) enforcing or reminding of a prohibition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisūrya(or yaka-) m. a mock sun, parhelion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prativastūpamāf. (rhetoric) a simile or parallel (in which a parallel is, drawn between two different objects by stating some common characteristic belonging to both) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyādityam. a mock sun, parhelion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyakṣan. (in rhetoric) a kind of style descriptive of impressions derived from the senses View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyarkam. a mock sun, parhelion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
premapātanan. rheum View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
preyasn. (in rhetoric) flattery View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrvabhāvam. (in rhetoric) disclosing an intention View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrvarūpan. (in rhetoric) a figure of speech which describes the unexpected return of anything to its former state View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rasam. (in rhetoric) the taste or character of a work, the feeling or sentiment prevailing in it (from 8 to 10 rasa-s are generally enumerated, viz. śṛṅgāra-,love; vīra-,heroism; bībhatsa-,disgust; raudra-,anger or fury; hāsya-,mirth; bhayānaka-,terror; karuṇa-,pity; adbhuta-,wonder; śānta-,tranquillity or contentment; vātsalya-,paternal fondness;the last or last two are sometimes omitted; see under bhāva-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rasakalikāf. Name of work on rhetoric. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratnāvalīf. a particular rhetorical figure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rītivṛttilakṣaṇan. Name of work on rhetoric View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
roṣākṣepam. (in rhetoric) angry expression of dissent, angry reproach, ironical taunt View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rūḍhif. (in rhetoric) the more amplified or popular or conventional meaning of words, the employment of a word in such a meaning (as opp. to yoga-, q.v) on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudraṭam. (with śatānanda-) Name of a writer on rhetoric (son of vāmuka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rūpakan. (in rhetoric) a figure of speech, metaphor, comparison, simile (especially one in which iva-, vat-etc. are omitted exempli gratia, 'for example' bāhu-latā-,"a creeper-like arm", paṇi-padma-,"a lotus-like hand";there are 3 or 4 varieties of rūpaka- exempli gratia, 'for example' the ardha-r-,"partial metaphor", khaṇḍa-r-,"imperfect metaphor", and lalāma-r-,"flowery metaphor") etc. (see )
śabdavṛttif. (in rhetoric) the function of a word View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śābdavyañjanāf. (in rhetoric) suggestion or insinuation founded on mere words, (as opp. to ārtha-v-,or suggestion dependent upon the meaning of words) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sācivyākṣepam. (in rhetoric) an objection under the form of assentor approval View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sādhyavasānā f. (in rhetoric) an elliptical figure of speech (in which the meaning is left to be implied) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sādhyavasānikāf. (in rhetoric) an elliptical figure of speech (in which the meaning is left to be implied) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahacarabhinnam. (in rhetoric) separation of what belongs together, joining discordant things or ideas (also sahacarabhinnnatā nna-- f. sahacarabhinnatva -tva- n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāhityan. literary or rhetorical composition, rhetoric, poetry View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāhityadarpaṇam. "mirror of composition", Name of a treatise on literary or rhetorical composition by viśvanātha-kavi-rāja- (15th century A.D.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāhityaśāstran. a treatise on rhetoric or composition (or any work explaining the figures of rhetoric or giving rules for literary or poetical composition) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahoktif. (in rhetoric) a comparison of many objects by using the word saha- (opp. to vinokti- q.v) etc. (see ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahṛdayalīlāf. Name of a rhetoric work by rucaka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saman. (in rhetoric) a particular figure, sameness of objects compared to one another View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samādhim. (in rhetoric) Name of various figures of speech (defined as ārohāvarohakrama-, artha-dṛṣṭi-, anya-dharmāṇām anyatrādhirohaṇa-etc.), etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samāhitan. (in rhetoric) a particular kind of comparison View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāmānyan. (in rhetoric) the connection of different objects by common properties View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samaprādhānyasaṃkaram. (in rhetoric) the artificial combination of two metaphors View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samayam. (in rhetoric) the conventional meaning or scope of a word View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sambhavam. (in rhetoric) a possible case View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sambhāvanamfn. imagination, supposition, assumption (also as a rhetoric figure, described by some as the use of the verb in the Imperative or Potential mood; accusative with bhaj-,"to be supposed"; sambhāvanojjhita nojjhita- mfn."rejected as an assumption","doubted") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sambhogam. (in rhetoric) a subdivision of the śṛṅgāra- or sentiment of love (described as"successful love leading to union" , and opp. to vipralambha-,"disappointed love, separation") etc. (only ,"duration;joy;employment, use;a Partic. part of an elephant's trunk;a jaina- or Buddhist edict;a libertine ") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃdeham. (in rhetoric) a figure of speech expressive of doubt (exempli gratia, 'for example'"is this a lotus flower or an eye?") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃkaram. (in rhetoric) the confusion or blending together of metaphors which ought to be kept distinct (opp. to saṃ-sṛṣṭi- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sammitatvan. (in rhetoric) universal analogy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samopamāf. (in rhetoric) comparison expressed by sama- in composition with the substantive to which an object is likened View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsṛṣṭif. (in rhetoric) the association of two distinct metaphors in close proximity in one sentence (see saṃkara-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samuccayam. (in rhetoric) a figure of speech (the joining together of two or more independent things associated in idea with some common action) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samuccayālaṃkāram. the above rhetorical figure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samudgam. (in rhetoric) a kind of paronomasia (in which a verse or part of a verse identical in sound but different in meaning is repeated) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samudgakam. (in rhetoric) equals prec. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃvṛtamfn. (in rhetoric) hidden, ambiguous (but not offensiveSee ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaṅkukam. of a writer on rhetoric View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāram. (in rhetoric) a kind of climax (uttarottaram utkarṣaḥ-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatālaṃkāram. Name of work on rhetoric (prob. the sarasvatī-kaṇṭhābharaṇa-) .
sāropamf(ā-)n. containing an attribute to be supplied (in rhetoric) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sasaṃdehamfn. (in rhetoric) a kind of indirect praise View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sasaṃśayamf(ā-)n. (in rhetoric) ambiguity (regarded as a fault) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāstran. any instrument of teaching, any manual or compendium of rules, any bock or treatise, (especially) any religious or scientific treatise, any sacred book or composition of divine authority (applicable even to the veda-, and said to be of fourteen or even eighteen kinds [see under vidyā-];the word śāstra-is often found in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' after the word denoting the subject of the book, or is applied collectively to whole departments of knowledge exempli gratia, 'for example' vedānta-ś-,a work on the vedānta- philosophy or the whole body of teaching on that subject; dharma-ś-,a law-book or whole body of written laws; kāvya-ś-,a poetical work or poetry in general; śilpi-ś-,works on the mechanical arts; kāma-ś-,erotic compositions; alaṃkāra ś-,rhetoric, etc.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śayyāf. stringing together (especially of words equals gumphana-or śabdagumpha-), rhetorical composition or a particular rhetor. figure ("couch"and"rhetor. composition") . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhif. (in rhetoric) the pointing out in the same person of various good qualities (not usually united) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śleṣam. (in rhetoric) "connection","combination"(one of the ten guṇa-s or merits of composition, consisting either in a pleasing combination of words or of contrasted ideas, or of words having a double meaning) double meaning, equivoque, ambiguity, paranomasia, pun, hidden meaning etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śleṣmanm. phlegm, mucus, rheum, the phlegmatic humour (one of the three humours of the body equals kapha-;See dhātu-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śliṣṭamfn. (in rhetoric) connected so as to be susceptible of a double interpretation, equivocal View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smaraṇan. a kind of rhetoric figure (see smṛti-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
snehabhūm. phlegm, rheum, the phlegmatic humour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śṛṅgāram. (in rhetoric) the erotic sentiment (one of the 8 or 10 rasa-s q.v;it has viṣṇu- for its tutelary deity and black for its colour; according to to most authorities it is of two kinds, viz. sambhoga-,"mutual enjoyment", and vipralambha-,"deception, disappointment", to which by some is added as third a-yoga-,"separation") etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śṛṅgārādirasam. Name of a rhetoric work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śṛṅgārahāram. Name of a rhet work by bala-deva-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śṛṅgārakaustubham. Name of a rhetoric work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śṛṅgāramañjarīf. of a rhetoric work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śṛṅgārāmṛtalaharīf. Name of a rhetoric work by sāma-rāja-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śṛṅgārarājīvanan. (prob. for rājīva-vana-) Name of a rhetoric work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śṛṅgārarasamaṇḍanan. Name of rhetoric work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śṛṅgārarasavilāsam. Name of rhetoric work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śṛṅgārataṭinīf. Name of a rhetoric work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śṛṅgāratilakan. Name of various works (especially of a kāvya-, attributed to kālidāsa-, and of a rhetoric work by rudraṭa- or rudra-bhaṭṭa- [12th or 13th century A.D.] corresponding in its contents to the 3rd chapter of the sāhitya-darpaṇa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śṛṅgāravidhim. Name of a rhetoric work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutikaṭum. (in rhetoric) a harsh or unmelodious sound, cacophony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuddhānumānan. "correct inference", a particular figure of rhetoric View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuddhāpahnutif. "entire denial", a particular figure of rhetoric (exempli gratia, 'for example'"this is not the moon, it is a lotus of the heavenly Ganges") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūkṣmam. a particular figure of rhetoric ("the subtle expression of an intended act") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tadguṇam. (in rhetoric) transferring the qualities of one thing to another (a figure of speech) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tārāvalīf. Name of a figure (in rhetoric) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tejavalkalam. Zanthoxylon Rhetsa View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tyaktapunaḥsvikṛta(in rhetoric) resuming what has been suspended, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ubhayacchannāf. (in rhetoric) a kind of enigma, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ubhayālaṃkāram. (in rhetoric) a figure of speech which sets off both the sense and the sound. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ubhayāvṛttif. (in rhetoric) recurrence of a word both with the same sound and sense View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udāram. a figure in rhetoric (attributing nobleness to an inanimate object). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udāttam. an ornament or figure of speech in rhetoric View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ullāsam. (in rhetoric) giving prominence to any object by comparison or opposition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ullekham. (in rhetoric) description of an object according to the different impressions caused by its appearance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
unmīlitan. (in rhetoric) unconcealed or open reference or allusion to View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upamāf. a particular figure in rhetoric, simile, comparison (a full simile must include four things;See pūrṇopama-, luptopamā-,etc.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upamārūpakan. (in rhetoric) a particular figure combining comparison and metaphor View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upamāvyatirekam. (in rhetoric) a particular figure combining comparison and contrast View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upāṃśum. a prayer uttered in a low voice (so as not to be overheard) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upāyākṣepam. (in rhetoric) deprecatory speech making mention of the remedy (against the evil deprecated) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ūrdhvadiśf. the point of the sky overhead, the region above, zenith View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ūrjasvinīf. (in rhetoric) description of violence. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utpaś(ud-paś-) P. -paśyati- (parasmE-pada -p/aśyat-. Passive voice ud-dṛśyate-) to see or descry overhead ; to descry before or in the future ; to foresee, expect ; to behold, perceive, descry View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utprekṣāf. (in rhetoric) comparison in general, simile, illustration, metaphor View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uttaran. a particular figure in rhetoric View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāgbhaṭam. Name of a writer on rhetoric (author of the vāg-bhaṭālaṃkāra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāṅmayamf(ī-)n. eloquent, rhetorical View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāṅmayan. eloquence, rhetoric, manner of speech etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vārttāf. talking or talk about (genitive case locative case accusative with uddiśya-,or compound) etc. (kā vārttā-with locative case,"what talk or question can there be about that?"vārttayā-kṛ-with accusative"to talk about"; anayā vārttayāpi kiṃ kāryam-,"what is to be done with her even in mere words?") the mere mention of facts without poetical embellishment (in rhetoric) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātam. morbid affection of the windy humour, flatulence, gout, rheumatism etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātagrastamfn. "wind-seized", epileptic or rheumatic
vātagulmam. acute gout or rheumatism View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātāhatamfn. struck by wind-disease, affected by rheumatism View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātāhatif. an attack of rheumatism or gout View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātakhuḍakāf. a particular rheumatic disease View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātakinmfn. suffering from wind-disease, rheumatic, gouty View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātameham. a kind of rheumatic urinary disease View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātapittan. "wind-bile", a form of rheumatism View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātaraktam. acute gout or rheumatism (ascribed to a vitiated state of wind and blood) (see -śoṇita-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātarogam. "wind-disease", any disease supposed to arise from a diseased state of the wind in the body (exempli gratia, 'for example' gout, rheumatism, paralysis etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātaroginmfn. suffering from gout or rheumatism etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātasahamf(ā-)n. suffering from gout or rheumatism View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātāsahamfn. equals vāta-s-, rheumatic, gouty View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātātmakamfn. having a rheumatic nature View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātikamf(ī-)n. affected by wind-disease, rheumatic View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātopasṛṣṭamfn. affected with wind-disease, rheumatic, gouty etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātulamfn. affected by wind-disease, gouty, rheumatic View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātūlamf(ā-)n. inflated with wind or affected with wind-disease, gouty, rheumatic etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vibhāvanāf. (in rhetoric) description of effects the causes of which are left to be conjectured (or according to to some, "description by negatives, bringing out the qualities of any object more clearly than by positive description") etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vibhāvanālaṃkāram. the rhetorical figure described above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vicchittif. (in rhetoric) a pointed or cutting or sharp style View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vidhyalaṃkāram. a kind of rhetorical figure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vidhyalaṃkriyāf. a kind of rhetorical figure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vikalpam. (in rhetoric) antithesis of opposites View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vikaṭatvan. (in rhetoric) a sound of words reminding of a dance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vinoktif. (in rhetoric) a figure of speech (using) vinā- (exempli gratia, 'for example' kā niśā śaśinā vinā-,"what is the night without the moon?") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
virodham. (in rhetoric) an apparent contradiction or incongruity (exempli gratia, 'for example' bharato- 'pi śatru-ghnaḥ-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
virodhābhāsam. (in rhetoric) apparent contradiction, the semblance of opposite qualities View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
virodhācaranam. (in rhetoric) apparent conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
virodhālaṃkāram. (in rhet) a figure of speech implying incongruity (see under vi-rodha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
virodhopamāf. (in rhetoric) a comparison founded on opposition (exempli gratia, 'for example'"the lotus flower and thy face are opposed [as rivals] to each other" id est resemble each other) , . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣaman. (in rhetoric) incongruity, incompatibility View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣayam. (in rhetoric) the subject of a comparison (exempli gratia, 'for example' in the compound"lotus-eye"the second member is the viṣaya-,and the first the viṣayin-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣayinm. (in rhetor.) the object of a comparison (see under viṣaya-)
viśeṣam. (in rhetoric) statement of difference or distinction, individualization, variation (see viśeṣokti-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśeṣaṇan. (in rhetoric) equals viśeṣokti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vismayam. (for 2.See) wonder, surprise, amazement, bewilderment, perplexity (in rhetoric one of the sthāyi-bhāva-s q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛttif. (in rhetoric) alliteration, frequent repetition of the same consonant (five kinds enumerated, scilicet madhurā-, prauḍhā-, puruṣā-, lalitā-,and bhadrā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyāghātam. (in rhetoric) a particular figure of speech (in which different or opposite effects are-shown to arise from the same cause or by the same agency exempli gratia, 'for example'"the god of love reduced to ashes by the eye [of śiva-] is brought to life again by the eye [of beautiful women ]") etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyājanindāf. (in rhetoric) artful or ironical censure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyājastutif. (in rhetoric) "artful praise", praise or censure conveyed in language that expresses the contrary, indirect eulogy, ironical commendation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyājoktif. (in rhetoric) dissimulating statement (a figure of speech in which the effect of one cause is ascribed to another, or where a feeling is dissembled by being attributed to a different cause) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyaṅgārtham. (in rhetoric) suggested sense or meaning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyaṅgyamf(ā-)n. (in rhetoric) indicated by allusion or insinuation, implied, suggestive View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyañjakamf(ikā-)n. (in rhetoric) indicating by implication, suggesting ( vyañjakatva -tva- n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyañjakārtham. (in rhetoric) suggested or implied sense. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyañjanāf. (in rhetoric) implied indication, allusion, suggestion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyatirekam. (in rhetoric) a particular figure of speech (the contrasting of things compared in some respects with each other) etc.; Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyatirekālaṃkāram. the rhetorical figure called vyatireka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yamakan. (in rhetoric) the repetition in the same stanza of words or syllables similar in sound but different in meaning, paronomasia (of which various kinds are enumerated) etc. (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yamakatvan. (in rhetoric) the being a yamaka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yathāsaṃkhyan. "relative enumeration", (in rhetoric) Name of a figure (which separating each verb from its subject so arranges verbs with verbs and subjects with subjects that each may answer to each) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yathopamāf. (in rhetoric) a comparison expressed by yathā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yuktif. (in rhetoric) emblematic or mystical expression of purpose View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
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aṅgam अङ्गम् [अम् गत्यादौ बा˚ -गन्; according to Nir. अङ्ग, अङ्ग- नात् अञ्चनात् वा] 1 The body. -2 A limb or member of the body; शेषाङ्गनिर्माणविधौ विधातुः Ku.1.33; क्लेशस्याङ्गमदत्वा Pt.5. 32 without undergoing troubles; इति स्वप्नोपमान्मत्वा कामान्मा गास्तदङ्गताम् । Ki.11.34 do not be influenced or swayed by them (do not be subject to them) -3 (a.) A division or department (of anything), a part or portion, as of a whole; as सप्ताङ्गम् राज्यम्, चतुरङ्गम् बलम्, चतुःषष्ट्ष्ट्यङ्गम् ज्योतिः- शास्त्रम् see the words; गीताङ्गानाम् Pt.5.56; यज्ञश्चेत्प्रतिरुद्धःस्या- देकेनाङ्गेन यज्वनः Ms.11.11. (Hence) (b.) A supplementary or auxiliary portion, supplement; षडङ्ग or साङ्ग वेदः A peculiar use of the word अङ्ग in masculine gender may here be noted वेदांश्चैव तु वेदाङ्गान् वेदान्तानि तथा स्मृतीः । अधीत्य ब्राह्मणः पूर्वं शक्तितो$न्यांश्च संपठेत् Bṛhadyogiyājñaval-kya Smṛiti 12.34. (c.) A constituent part, essential requisite or component; सर्वैर्बलाङ्गैः R.7.59; तदङ्गमग्ऱ्यं मघवन् महाक्रतो R.3.46. (d.) An attributive or secondary part; secondary, auxiliary or dependent member (serving to help the principal one) (opp. प्रधान or अङ्गिन्); अङ्गी रौद्र- रसस्तत्र सर्वे$ङ्गानि रसाः पुनः S. D.517; अत्र स्वभावोक्तिरुत्प्रेक्षाङ्गम् Malli. on Ki 8.26. (e.) An auxiliary means or expedient (प्रधानोपयोगी उपायः or उपकरणम्); सर्वकार्यशरीरेषु मुक्त्वा- ङ्गस्कन्धपञ्चकम् । मन्त्रो योध इवाधीर सर्वाङ्गैः संवृतैरपि ॥ Śi.2.28-29; See अङ्गाङ्गि, पञ्चाङ्ग also (the angas of the several sciences or departments of knowledge will be given under those words). -4 (Gram.) A name for the base of a word; यस्मात्प्रत्ययविधिस्तदादिप्रत्यये अङ्गम् P.I.4.13; यः प्रत्ययो यस्मात्क्रियते तदादिशब्दस्वरूपं तस्मिन्प्रत्यये परे अङ्गसंज्ञं स्यात् Sk. The अङ्ग terminations are those of the nominative, and accusative singular and dual. -5 (Drama) (a.) One of the sub-divisions of the five joints or sandhis in dramas; the मुख has 12, प्रतिमुख 13, गर्भ 12, विमर्ष 13 and उपसंहार 14, the total number of the angas being thus 64; for details see the words. (b.) The whole body of subordinate characters. -6 (astr.) A name for the position of stars (लग्न), See अङ्गाधीश. -7 A symbolical expression for the number six (derived from the six Vedāngas). -8 The mind; हिरण्यगर्भाङ्गभुवं मुनिं हरिः Śi.1.1, See अङ्गज also. -9 N. of the chief sacred texts of the jainas. -ङ्गः (pl.) N. of a country and the people inhabiting it, the country about the modern Bhāgalpur in Bengal. [It lay on the south of Kauśikī Kachchha and on the right bank of the Ganges. Its capital was Champā, sometimes called Aṅgapurī Lomapādapurī, Karṇapurī or Mālinī. According to Daṇḍin (अङ्गेषु गङ्गातटे बहिश्चम्पायाः) and Hiouen Thsang it stood on the Ganges about 24 miles west of a rocky island. General Cunningham has shown that this description applies to the hill opposite Pātharghāṭā, that it is 24 miles east of Bhāgalpur, and that there are villages called Champanagar and Champapura adjoininng the last. According to Sanskrit poets the country of the Aṅgas lay to the east of Girivraja, the capital of Magadha and to the north-east or south-east of Mithilā. The country was in ancient times ruled by Karṇa] cf. अङ्गं गात्रा- न्तिकोपाय प्रतीकेष्वप्रधानके । देशभेदे तु पुंसि स्यात्...॥ Nm. -a. 1 Contiguous. -2 Having members or divisions. -Comp. -अङ्गि, [अङ्गीभावः -अङगस्य अङ्गिनो भावः] the relation of a limb to the body, of the subordinate to the principal, or of that which is helped or fed to the helper or feeder (गौणमुख्यभावः, उपकार्येपकारकभावश्च); e. g. प्रयाज and other rites are to दर्श as its angas, while दर्श is to them the aṅgi; अङ्गाङ्गिभावमज्ञात्वा कथं सामर्थ्यनिर्णयः । पश्य टिट्टिभमात्रेण समुद्रो व्याकुलीकृतः ॥ H.2.138; अत्र वाक्ये समास- गतयोरुपमयोः साध्यसाधनभावात् ˚वेन सम्बन्धः Malli. on Ki.6.2; अविश्रान्तिजुषामात्मन्यङ्गाङ्गित्वं तु संकरः K.P.1. (अनुग्राह्यानुग्राह- कत्वम्). -अधिपः, -अधीशः 1 lord of the Aṅgas, N. of Karṇa (cf. ˚राजः, ˚पतिः, ˚ईश्वरः, ˚अधीश्वरः). -2 'lord of a लग्न', the planet presiding over it; (अङ्गाधिपे बलिनि सर्वविभूतिसम्पत्; अङ्गाधीशः स्वगेहे बुधगुरुकविभिः संयुतो वीक्षितो वा Jyotiṣa). -अपूर्वम् effect of a secondary sacrificial act. -कर्मन् n. -क्रिया 1 besmearing the body with fragrant cosmetics, rubbing it &c. Dk.39. -2 a supplementary sacrificial act. -क्रमः the order of the performance with reference to the अङ्गs. The rule in this connection is that the अङ्गक्रम must conform to the मुख्यक्रम. cf. MS. 5.1.14. -ग्रहः spasm; seizure of the body with some illness. -ज-जात a. [अङ्गात् जायते जन्-ड] 1 produced from or on the body, being in or on the body, bodily; ˚जं रजः, ˚जाः अलङ्काराः &c. -2 produced by a supplementary rite. -3 beautiful, ornamental. (-जः) -जनुस् also 1 a son. -2 hair of the body (n. also); तवोत्तरीयं करिचर्म साङ्गजम् Ki.18.32. -3 love, cupid (अङ्गं मनः तस्मा- ज्जातः); intoxicating passion; अङ्गजरागदीपनात् Dk.161. -4 drunkenness, intoxication. -5 a disease. (-जा) a daughter. (-जम्) blood, अङ्गजं रुधिरे$नङ्गे केशे पुत्रे मदे पुमान् । नागरे नखरे$पि स्यात्... । Nm. -ज्वरः [अङ्गमङ्गम् अधिकृत्य ज्वरः] the disease called राजयक्ष्मा, a sort of consumption. -दूष- णम् 1 the defects of the limbs; the penalties of a defective construction; Māna. -2 name of the 79th chapter. -द्वीपः one of the six minor Dvīpas. -न्यासः [अङ्गेषु मन्त्र- भेदस्य न्यासः] touching the limbs of the body with the hand accompanied by appropriate Mantras. -पालिः f. [अङ्गं पाल्यते सम्बध्यते$त्र, अङ्ग-पाल्-इ] an embrace (probably a corruption of अङ्कपालि). -पालिका = अङ्कपालि q. v. -प्रत्यङ्गम् [समा. द्वन्द्व] every limb, large and small; ˚गानि पाणिना स्पृष्ट्वा K.167,72. -प्रायश्चित्तम् [अङ्गस्य शुद्ध्यर्थं प्राय- श्चित्तम्] expiation of bodily impurity, such as that caused by the death of a relative, consisting in making presents (पञ्चसूनाजन्यदुरितक्षयार्थं कार्यं दानरूपं प्रायश्चित्तम् Tv.). -भूः a. [अङ्गात् मनसो वा भवति; भू-क्विप्] born from the body or mind. (-भूः) 1 a son. -2 Cupid. -3 [अङ्गानाम् अङ्गमन्त्राणां भूः स्थानम्] one who has touched and purified, and then restrained, his limbs by repeating the Mantras pertaining to those limbs; ब्रह्माङ्गभूर्ब्रह्मणि योजितात्मा Ku.3.15 (सद्योजातादिमन्त्राणाम् अङ्गानां हृदयादिमन्त्राणां भूः स्थानं, कृतमन्त्रन्यासः Malli.). -भङ्गः 1 palsy or paralysis of limbs; ˚विकल इव भूत्वा स्थास्यामि Ś.2. -2 twisting or stretching out of the limbs (as is done by a man just after he rises from sleep); साङ्गभङ्गमुत्थाय Vb.; जृम्भितैः साङ्गभङ्गैः Mu.3.21, K.85. -3 The middle part of the anus and testicles. -मन्त्रः N. of a Mantra. -मर्दः [अङ्ग मर्दयति; मृद्-णिच्] 1 one who shampoos his master's body. -2 [भावे घञ्] act of shampooing; so ˚मर्दका or ˚मर्दिन्, मृद्- णिच् ण्वुल् or णिनि) one who shampoos. -मर्षः [ष. त.] rheumatism; ˚प्रशमनम् the curing of this disease. ˚मेजयत्वम् subtle throbbing of the body; Pātañjala 1.31. -यज्ञः, -यागः [अङ्गीभूतः यज्ञः] a subordinate sacrificial act which is of 5 sorts; समिधो यजति, तनूनपातं यजति, इडो यजति, बर्हिर्यजति, स्वाहाकारं यजति इति पञ्चविधाः । एतेषां सकृदनुष्ठा- नेनैव तन्त्रन्यायेन प्रधानयागानामाग्नेयादीनामुपकारितेति मीमांसा Tv. -रक्तः, -क्तम् [अङ्गे अवयवे रक्तः] N. of a plant गुडारोचनी found in काम्पिल्य country and having red powder (रक्ताङ्गलोचनी). -रक्षकः [अङ्गं रक्षति; रक्ष्-ण्वुल्] a bodyguard, personal attendant Pt.3. -रक्षणी [अङ्ग रक्ष्यते अनया] a coat of mail, or a garment. (-णम्) protection of person. -रागः [अङ्गं रज्यते अनेन करणे घञ्] 1 a scented cosmetic, application of perfumed unguents to the body, fragrant unguent; पुष्पगन्धेन अङ्गरागेण R.12.27, 6.6, स्तनाङ्गरागात् Ku.5.11. -2 [भावे ल्युट्] act of anointing the body with unguents. -रुहम् [अङ्गे रोहति; रुह्-क स. त. P.III.9.135.] hair; मम वर्णो मणिनिभो मृदून्य- ङ्गरुहाणि च Rām.6.48.12. विहङ्गराजाङ्गरुहैरिवायतैः Śi.1.7. -लिपिः f. written character of the Aṅgas. -लेपः [अङ्गं लिप्यते अनेन; लिप्-करणे घञ्] 1 a scented cosmetic. -2 [भावे घञ्] act of anointing. -लोड्यः (लोड ण्यत्) a kind of grass, ginger or its root, Amomum Zingiber. -वस्त्रोत्था f. A louse. -विकल a. [तृ. त.] 1 maimed, paralysed. -2 fainting, swooning. -विकृतिः f. 1 change _x001F_2of bodily appearance; collapse. -2 [अङ्गस्य विकृतिश्चालनादिर्यस्मात् प. ब.] an apoplectic fit, swooning, apoplexy (अपस्मार). -विकारः a bodily defect. -विक्षेपः 1 movement of the limbs; gesticulation. -2 a kind of dance. -विद्या [अङ्गरूपा व्याकरणादिशास्त्ररूपा विद्या ज्ञानसाधनम्] 1 the science of grammar &c. contributing to knowledge. -2 the science of foretelling good or evil by the movements of limbs. Kau. A.1.12; N. of chapter 51 of Bṛhat Saṁhitā which gives full details of this science; न नक्षत्राङ्गविद्यया...भिक्षां लिप्सेत कर्हिचित् Ms.6.5. -विधिः [अङ्गस्य प्रधानोपकारिणः विधिः विधानम् [a subordinate or subsidiary act subservient to a knowledge of the principal one (प्रधान- विधिविधेयकर्मणो$ङ्गबोधकतया अङ्गविधिः). -वीरः chief or principal hero. -वैकृतम् [अङ्गेन अङ्गचेष्टया वैकृतं हृदयभावो ज्ञाप्यते यत्र बहु.] 1 a sign, gesture or expression of the face leading to a knowledge of internal thoughts (आकार) -2 a nod, wink. -3 changed bodily appearance. -वैगुण्यम् a defect or flaw in the performance of some subordinate or subsidiary act which may be expiated by thinking of Viṣṇu); श्राद्धादिपद्धतौ कर्मान्ते यत्किञ्चिदङ्गवैगुण्यं जातं तद्दोषप्रशमनाय विष्णुस्मरणमहं करिष्ये इत्यभिलापवाक्यम् Tv.). -संस्कारः, -संस्क्रिया [अङ्गं संस्क्रियते अनेन; कृ-करणे or भावे- घञ्) 1 embellishment of person, personal decoration, doing whatever secures a fine personal appearance, such as bathing, rubbing the body, perfuming it with cosmetic &c. -2 [कर्त्रर्थे अण्] one who decorates or embellishes the person. -संहतिः f. compactness, symmetry; body; स्थेयसीं दधतमङ्गसंहतिम् Ki.13.5; or strength of the body. -संहिता The phonetic relation between consonants and vowels in the body of a word Ts. Prāt. -सङ्गः bodily contact, union; coition. -सुप्तिः f. Benumbing of the body. -सेवकः a personal attendant, body-guard. -स्कन्धः [कर्मधा.] a subdivision of a science. -स्पर्शः fitness or qualification for bodily contact or being touched by others. -हानिः f. 1. a defect or flaw in the performance of a secondary or subsidiary act (= ˚वैगुण्यम्); दैवाद् भ्रमात् प्रमादाच्चेदङ्गहानिः प्रजायते । स्मरणादेव तद्विष्णोः संपूर्णं स्यादिति श्रुतिः ॥ -हारः [अङ्गं ह्रियते इतस्ततः चाल्यते यत्र, हृ-आधारे or भावे घञ्] gesticulation, movements of the limbs, a dance; अङ्गहारैस्तथैवान्या कोमलै- र्नृत्यशालिनी Rām.5.1.36. संसक्तैरगुरुवनेषु साङ्गहारम् Ki.7.37. Ku.7.91. -हारिः [अङ्गं ह्रियते$त्र; हृ-बा˚णि] 1 gesticulation. -2 stage; dancing hall. -हीन a. [तृ. त.] 1 mutilated, deprived of some defective limb (अङ्गं हीनं यथो- चितप्रमाणात् अल्पं यस्य) according to Suśruta a man is so born, if the mother's दोहद has not been duly fulfilled (सा प्राप्तदौर्हृदा पुत्रं जनयेत गुणान्वितम् । अलब्धदौर्हृदा गर्भे लभेता- त्मनि वा भयम् ॥ येषु येष्विन्द्रियार्थेषु दौर्हृदे वै विमानना । जायते तत्सुतस्यार्तिस्तस्मिंस्तस्मिंस्तथेन्द्रिये ॥).
anilaḥ अनिलः [अनिति जीवति अनेन, अन् इलच् Uṇ.1.54] 1 Wind; वायुरनिलममृतमथेदम् Īśop.17. प्राणानामनिलेन वृत्तिरुचिता Ś.7.12; स सखा दीप इवानिलाहतः Ku.4.3. (The number of winds is 7:- आवहो निवहश्चैव उद्वहः संवहस्तथा । विवहः प्रवहश्चैव परिवाहस्तथैव च ॥ and these are again subdivided into 7 divisions, the total number being 49). -2 The god of wind. -3 One of the subordinate deities, 49 of whom form the class of winds. -4 N. of one of the 8 Vasus, i. e. the fifth. -5 The wind in the body, one of the humours; ˚हन्, ˚हृत्, ˚घ्न. -6 Rheumatism or any disease referred to disorder of the wind. -7 The letter य्. -8 Symbolical expression for the number 49. -9 N. of the lunar asterism स्वाति. -1 N. of Viṣṇu (तस्य प्राणात्मना सर्वदेहधारणात् तथात्वम्). -Comp. -अयनम् way or course of the wind. -अशन, -आशिन् a. [अनिलमश्नातीति] 1 feeding on the wind, fasting. -2 a serpent. आर्जवेन विजानामि नासौ देवो$निलाशन Mb.12.36.5. -अन्तकः (wind-destroying) N. of a plant (Iṅgudī) or अङ्गारपुष्प. -आत्मजः son of the wind, epithet of Bhīma and Hanūmat. -आमयः [अनिलकृतः आमयः शाक. त.] 1 flatulence. -2 rheumatism (वातरोग). -घ्न, -हन्, -हृत् a. curing disorders from wind. -घ्नकः a large tree (बिभीतक) Terminalia Belerica. (Mar. बेहडा). -पर्यायः pain and swelling of the eyelids and outer parts of the eye. -प्रकृति a. of a windy nature. (-तिः) N. of the planet Saturn. -भद्रकः a. kind of chariot. With regard to shape the chariots are divided into seven classes - नभस्वद्भद्रक, प्रभञ्जनभद्रक, निवातभद्रक, पवनभद्रक, परिषद्भद्रक, इन्द्रकभद्रक, and अनिलभद्रक Māna.43.112-115. -व्याधिः derangement of the bodily (internal) wind. -सखः, -सारथिः fire (the friend of wind); जनमेजयस्य वो यज्ञे धक्ष्यत्यनिलसारथिः Mb.1.15.1. so ˚बन्धुः.
anyataḥ अन्यतः adv. 1 From another; न चान्यतस्तस्य शरीररक्षा R.2.4; तीर्थोदकं च वह्निश्च नान्यतः शुद्धिमर्हतः U.1.13. -2 On one side; अन्यतः-अन्यतः, एकतः-अन्यतः on the one side, on the other side; तपनमण्डल- दीपितमेकतः सततनैशतमोवृतमन्यतः Ki.5.2; एकवस्तु सकलानि निमित्तान्यन्यतो हि मनसः प्रतिपत्तिः Nīti. -3 To another place, towards some other person or direction; गन्तव्यं वा ततो$न्यतः Ms.2.2; अन्यतो$पि नयने प्रेरयन्त्या Ś.2.2; आर्ये व्रजामो$न्यतः R.6.82. -4 From another ground or motive. -5 On the other side; on the contrary. -6 Otherwise; in another place, elsewhere. -Comp. -अरण्यम् Ved. a land which is woody here and there. Vāj.3.19. -एत, -एतस्, -एनी Ved. variegated or spotted on one side. -घातिन् a. striking in one direction. -वात a. suffering occasional wind (rheumatism). (-तः) a sort of eye-disease.
apārtha अपार्थ [अप-अर्थ], अपार्थक a. 1 Useless, unprofitable, worthless; सर्वमेतदपार्थं ते क्षिप्रं तौ संप्रसादय Mb. -2 Meaningless, unmeaning, senseless; अपार्थं बहु भाषते Suśr. -र्थम् Senseless or incoherent talk or argument (regarded as one of the faults of composition in rhetoric); योग्यता- सत्त्याकाङ्क्षाशून्यं वाक्यम् Gautama; पौर्वापर्यायोगादप्रतिबन्धार्थ- मपार्थकम्; cf. also Kāv.3.128; समुदायार्थशून्यं यत्तदपार्थमिती- ष्यते । -2 uselessness; तेषां श्रमो ह्यपार्थाय यदात्मा नादृतः स्वयम् Bhāg.3.13.13. ind. In vain, unprofitably; स्वयं सधर्मा अपि शोचन्त्यपार्थम् Bhāg.7.2.37. -Comp. -करणम् advancing a false plea in a law-suit.
apīnasaḥ अपीनसः [अपीनाय, अपीनत्वाय सीयते कल्पते कर्मकर्तरि क Tv.] Dryness of the nose; cold (in the head), rheum, catarrh; see पीनस.
arthaḥ अर्थः [In some of its senses from अर्थ्; in others from ऋ-थन् Uṇ.2.4; अर्थते ह्यसौ अर्थिभिः Nir.] 1 Object, purpose, end and aim; wish, desire; ज्ञातार्थो ज्ञातसंबन्धः श्रोतुं श्रोता प्रवर्तते, सिद्ध˚, ˚परिपन्थी Mu.5; ˚वशात् 5.8; स्मर्तव्यो$स्मि सत्यर्थे Dk.117 if it be necessary; Y.2.46; M.4.6; oft. used in this sense as the last member of compounds and translated by 'for', 'intended for', 'for the sake of', 'on account of', 'on behalf of', and used like an adj. to qualify nouns; अर्थेन तु नित्य- समासो विशेष्यनिघ्रता च Vārt.; सन्तानार्थाय विधये R.1.34; तां देवतापित्रतिथिक्रियार्थाम् (धेनुम्) 2.16; द्विजार्था यवागूः Sk.; यज्ञार्थात्कर्मणो$न्यत्र Bg.3.9. It mostly occurs in this sense as अर्थम्, अर्थे or अर्थाय and has an adverbial force; (a) किमर्थम् for what purpose, why; यदर्थम् for whom or which; वेलोपलक्षणार्थम् Ś.4; तद्दर्शनादभूच्छम्भोर्भूयान्दारार्थ- मादरः Ku.6.13; (b) परार्थे प्राज्ञ उत्सृजेत् H.1.41; गवार्थे ब्राह्मणार्थे च Pt.1.42; मदर्थे त्यक्तजीविताः Bg.1.9; (c) सुखार्थाय Pt.4.18; प्रत्याख्याता मया तत्र नलस्यार्थाय देवताः Nala.13.19; ऋतुपर्णस्य चार्थाय 23.9. -2 Cause, motive, reason, ground, means; अलुप्तश्च मुनेः क्रियार्थः R. 2.55 means or cause; अतो$र्थात् Ms.2.213. -3 Meaning, sense, signification, import; अर्थ is of 3 kinds:-- वाच्य or expressed, लक्ष्य or indicated (secondary), and व्यङ्ग्य or suggested; तददोषौ शब्दार्थौ K. P.1; अर्थो वाच्यश्च लक्ष्यश्च व्यङ्ग्यश्चेति त्रिधा मतः S. D.2; वागर्थाविव R.1.1; अवेक्ष्य धातोर्गमनार्थमर्थवित् 3.21. -4 A thing, object, substance; लक्ष्मणो$र्थं ततः श्रुत्वा Rām.7.46.18; अर्थो हि कन्या परकीय एव Ś.4.22; that which can be perceived by the senses, an object of sense; इन्द्रिय˚ H.1.146; Ku.7.71; R.2.51; न निर्बद्धा उपसर्गा अर्थान्निराहुः Nir.; इन्द्रियेभ्यः परा ह्यर्था अर्थेभ्यश्च परं मनः Kaṭh. (the objects of sense are five : रूप, रस, गन्ध, स्पर्श and शब्द); शब्दः स्पर्शो रसो गन्धो रूपं चेत्यर्थजातयः Bhāg.11.22.16. -5 (a) An affair, business, matter, work; प्राक् प्रतिपन्नो$यमर्थो$- ङ्गराजाय Ve.3; अर्थो$यमर्थान्तरभाव्य एव Ku.3.18; अर्थो$र्था- नुबन्धी Dk.67; सङ्गीतार्थः Me.66 business of singing i. e. musical concert (apparatus of singing); सन्देशार्थाः Me. 5 matters of message, i. e. messages; (b) Interest, object; स्वार्थसाधनतत्परः Ms.4.196; द्वयमेवार्थसाधनम् R.1. 19;2.21; दुरापे$र्थे 1.72; सर्वार्थचिन्तकः Ms.7.121; माल- विकायां न मे कश्चिदर्थः M.3 I have no interest in M. (c) Subject-matter, contents (as of letters &c.); त्वामव- गतार्थं करिष्यति Mu.1 will acquaint you with the matter; उत्तरो$यं लेखार्थः ibid.; तेन हि अस्य गृहीतार्था भवामि V.2 if so I should know its contents; ननु परिगृहीतार्थो$- स्मि कृतो भवता V.5; तया भवतो$विनयमन्तरेण परिगृहीतार्था कृता देवी M.4 made acquainted with; त्वया गृहीतार्थया अत्रभवती कथं न वारिता 3; अगृहीतार्थे आवाम् Ś.6; इति पौरान् गृहीतार्थान् कृत्वा ibid. -6 Wealth, riches, property, money (said to be of 3 kinds : शुक्ल honestly got; शबल got by more or less doubtful means, and कृष्ण dishonestly got;) त्यागाय संभृतार्थानाम् R.1.7; धिगर्थाः कष्टसंश्रयाः Pt.1.163; अर्थानामर्जने दुःखम् ibid.; सस्यार्थास्तस्य मित्राणि1.3; तेषामर्थे नियुञ्जीत शूरान् दक्षान् कुलोद्गतान् Ms.7.62. -7 Attainment of riches or worldly prosperity, regarded as one of the four ends of human existence, the other three being धर्म, काम and मोक्ष; with अर्थ and काम, धर्म forms the well-known triad; cf. Ku.5.38; अप्यर्थकामौ तस्यास्तां धर्म एव मनीषिणः R.1.25. -8 (a) Use, advantage, profit, good; तथा हि सर्वे तस्यासन् परार्थैकफला गुणाः R.1.29 for the good of others; अर्थान- र्थावुभौ बुद्ध्वा Ms.8.24 good and evil; क्षेत्रिणामर्थः 9.52; यावानर्थ उदपाने सर्वतः सांप्लुतोदके Bg.2.46; also व्यर्थ, निरर्थक q. v. (b) Use, want, need, concern, with instr.; को$र्थः पुत्रेण जातेन Pt.1 what is the use of a son being born; कश्च तेनार्थः Dk.59; को$र्थस्तिरश्चां गुणैः Pt.2.33 what do brutes care for merits; Bh.2.48; योग्येनार्थः कस्य न स्याज्ज- नेन Ś.18.66; नैव तस्य कृतेनार्थो नाकृतेनेह कश्चन Bg.3.18; यदि प्राणैरिहार्थो वो निवर्तध्वम् Rām. को नु मे जीवितेनार्थः Nala.12. 65. -9 Asking, begging; request, suit, petition. -1 Action, plaint (in law); अर्थ विरागाः पश्यन्ति Rām.2.1. 58; असाक्षिकेषु त्वर्थेषु Ms.8.19. -11 The actual state, fact of the matter; as in यथार्थ, अर्थतः, ˚तत्वविद्, यदर्थेन विनामुष्य पुंस आत्मविपर्ययः Bhāg.3.7.1. -12 Manner, kind, sort. -13 Prevention, warding off; मशकार्थो धूमः; prohibition, abolition (this meaning may also be derived from 1 above). -14 Price (perhaps an incorrect form for अर्घ). -15 Fruit, result (फलम्). तस्य नानुभवेदर्थं यस्य हेतोः स रोपितः Rām.6.128.7; Mb.12.175.5. -16 N. of a son of धर्म. -17 The second place from the लग्न (in astr.). -18 N. of Viṣṇu. -19 The category called अपूर्व (in पूर्वमीमांसा); अर्थ इति अपूर्वं ब्रूमः । ŚB. on MS.7.1.2. -2 Force (of a statement or an expression); अर्थाच्च सामर्थ्याच्च क्रमो विधीयते । ŚB. on MS.5.1.2. [अर्थात् = by implication]. -21 The need, purpose, sense; व्यवधानादर्थो बलीयान् । ŚB. on MS.6.4.23. -22 Capacity, power; अर्थाद्वा कल्पनैकदेशत्वात् । Ms.1.4.3 (where Śabara paraphrases अर्थात् by सामर्थ्यात् and states the rule: आख्यातानामर्थं ब्रुवतां शक्तिः सहकारिणी ।), cf. अर्थो$भिधेयरैवस्तुप्रयोजननिवृत्तिषु । मोक्षकारणयोश्च...... Nm. -Comp. -अतिदेशः Extension (of gender, number &e.) to the objects (as against words), i. e. to treat a single object as though it were many, a female as though it were male. (तन्त्रवार्त्तिक 1.2.58.3;6.3.34.7). -अधिकारः charge of money, office of treasurer ˚रे न नियोक्तव्यौ H.2. -अधिकारिन् m. a treasurer, one charged with financial duties, finance minister. -अनुपपत्तिः f. The difficulty of accounting for or explaining satisfactorily a particular meaning; incongruity of a particular meaning (तन्त्रवार्त्तिक 4.3.42.2). -अनुयायिन् a. Following the rules (शास्त्र); तत्त्रिकालहितं वाक्यं धर्म्यमर्थानुयायि च Rām.5.51.21. -अन्वेषणम् inquiry after a matter. -अन्तरम् 1 another or different meaning. -2 another cause or motive; अर्थो$यम- र्थान्तरभाव्य एव Ku.3.18. -3 A new matter or circumstance, new affair. -4 opposite or antithetical meaning, difference of meaning. ˚न्यासः a figure of speech in which a general proposition is adduced to support a particular instance, or a particular instance, to support a general proposition; it is an inference from particular to general and vice versa; उक्तिरर्थान्तरन्यासः स्यात् सामान्यविशेषयोः । (1) हनूमानब्धिमतरद् दुष्करं किं महात्मनाम् ॥ (2) गुणवद्वस्तुसंसर्गाद्याति नीचो$पि गौरवम् । पुष्पमालानुषङ्गेण सूत्रं शिरसि धार्यते Kuval.; cf. also K. P.1 and S. D.79. (Instances of this figure abound in Sanskrit literature, especially in the works of Kālidāsa, Māgha and Bhāravi). -अन्वित a. 1 rich, wealthy. -2 significant. -अभिधान a. 1 That whose name is connected with the purpose to be served by it; अर्थाभिधानं प्रयोजनसम्बद्धमभिधानं यस्य, यथा पुरोडाश- कपालमिति पुरोडाशार्थं कपालं पुरोडाशकपालम् । ŚB. on MS.4.1. 26. -2 Expression or denotation of the desired meaning (वार्त्तिक 3.1.2.5.). -अर्थिन् a. one who longs for or strives to get wealth or gain any object. अर्थार्थी जीवलोको$यम् । आर्तो जिज्ञासुरर्थार्थी Bg.7.16. -अलंकरः a figure of speech determined by and dependent on the sense, and not on sound (opp. शब्दालंकार). अलंकारशेखर of केशवमिश्र mentions (verse 29) fourteen types of अर्थालंकारs as follows:- उपमारूपकोत्प्रेक्षाः समासोक्तिरपह्नुतिः । समाहितं स्वभावश्च विरोधः सारदीपकौ ॥ सहोक्तिरन्यदेशत्वं विशेषोक्तिर्विभावना । एवं स्युरर्थालकारा- श्चतुर्दश न चापरे ॥ -आगमः 1 acquisition of wealth, income; ˚गमाय स्यात् Pt.1. cf. also अर्थागमो नित्यमरोगिता च H. -2 collection of property. -3 conveying of sense; S. D.737. -आपत्तिः f. [अर्थस्य अनुक्तार्थस्य आपत्तिः सिद्धिः] 1 an inference from circumstances, presumption, implication, one of the five sources of knowledge or modes of proof, according to the Mīmāṁsakas. It is 'deduction of a matter from that which could not else be'; it is 'assumption of a thing, not itself perceived but necessarily implied by another which is seen, heard, or proved'; it is an inference used to account for an apparent inconsistency; as in the familiar instance पीनो देवदत्तो दिवा न भुङ्क्ते the apparent inconsistency between 'fatness' and 'not eating by day' is accounted for by the inference of his 'eating by night'. पीनत्वविशि- ष्टस्य देवदत्तस्य रात्रिभोजित्वरूपार्थस्य शब्दानुक्तस्यापि आपत्तिः. It is defined by Śabara as दृष्टः श्रुतो वार्थो$न्यथा नोपपद्यते इत्यर्थ- कल्पना । यथा जीवति देवदत्ते गृहाभावदर्शनेन बहिर्भावस्यादृष्टस्य कल्पना ॥ Ms.1.1.5. It may be seen from the words दृष्टः and श्रुतः in the above definition, that Śabara has suggested two varieties of अर्थापत्ति viz. दृष्टार्थापत्ति and श्रुता- र्थापत्ति. The illustration given by him, however, is of दृष्टार्थापत्ति only. The former i. e. दृष्टार्थापत्ति consists in the presumption of some अदृष्ट अर्थ to account for some दृष्ट अर्थ (or अर्थs) which otherwise becomes inexplicable. The latter, on the other hand, consists in the presumption of some अर्थ through अश्रुत शब्द to account for some श्रुत अर्थ (i. e. some statement). This peculiarity of श्रुतार्थापत्ति is clearly stated in the following couplet; यत्र त्वपरिपूर्णस्य वाक्यस्यान्वयसिद्धये । शब्दो$ध्याह्रियते तत्र श्रुतार्थापत्ति- रिष्यते ॥ Mānameyodaya p.129 (ed. by K. Raja, Adyar, 1933). Strictly speaking it is no separate mode of proof; it is only a case of अनुमान and can be proved by a व्यतिरेकव्याप्ति; cf. Tarka. K.17 and S. D.46. -2 a figure of speech (according to some rhetoricians) in which a relevant assertion suggests an inference not actually connected with the the subject in hand, or vice versa; it corresponds to what is popularly called कैमुतिकन्याय or दण्डापूपन्याय; e. g. हारो$यं हरिणाक्षीणां लुण्ठति स्तनमण्डले । मुक्तानामप्यवस्थेयं के वयं स्मरकिङ्कराः Amaru.1; अभितप्तमयो$पि मार्दवं भजते कैव कथा शरीरिषु R.8.43.; S. D. thus defines the figure:- दण्डापूपिकन्यायार्थागमो$र्थापत्तिरिष्यते. -उत्पत्तिः f. acquisition of wealth; so ˚उपार्जनम्. -उपक्षेपकः an introductory scene (in dramas); अर्थोपक्षेपकाः पञ्च S. D.38. They are विष्कम्भ, चूलिका, अङ्कास्य, अङ्कावतार, प्रवेशक. -उपमा a simile dependent on sense and not on sound; see under उपमा. -उपार्जनम् Acquiring wealth. -उष्मन् m. the glow or warmth of wealth; अर्थोष्मणा विरहितः पुरुषः स एव Bh.2.4. -ओघः, -राशिः treasure, hoard of money. -कर (-री f.), -कृत a. 1 bringing in wealth, enriching; अर्थकरी च विद्या H. Pr.3. -2 useful, advantageous. -कर्मन् n. 1 a principal action (opp. गुणकर्मन्). -2 (as opposed to प्रतिपत्तिकर्मन्), A fruitful act (as opposed to mere disposal or प्रतिपत्ति); अर्थकर्म वा कर्तृ- संयोगात् स्रग्वत् । MS.4.2.17. -काम a. desirous of wealth. (-˚मौ dual), wealth and (sensual) desire or pleasure; अप्यर्थकामौ तस्यास्तां धर्म एव मनीषिणः R.1.25. ह्रत्वार्थकामास्तु गुरूनिहैव Bg.2.5. -कार्ष्यम् Poverty. निर्बन्धसंजातरुषार्थकार्घ्यमचिन्तयित्वा गुरुणाहमुक्तः R.5.21. -काशिन् a. Only apparently of utility (not really). -किल्बिषिन् a. dishonest in money-matters. -कृच्छ्रम् 1 a difficult matter. -2 pecuniary difficulty; व्यसनं वार्थकृच्छ्रे वा Rām.4.7.9; Mb.3.2.19; cf. also Kau. A.1.15 न मुह्येदर्थकृच्छ्रेषु Nīti. -कृत्यम् doing or execution of a business; अभ्युपेतार्थकृत्याः Me.4. -कोविद a. Expert in a matter, experienced. उवाच रामो धर्मात्मा पुनरप्यर्थकोविदः Rām.6.4.8. -क्रमः due order or sequence of purpose. -क्रिया (a) An implied act, an act which is to be performed as a matter of course (as opposed to शब्दोक्तक्रिया); असति शब्दोक्ते अर्थक्रिया भवति ŚB. on MS.12.1.12. (b) A purposeful action. (see अर्थकर्मन्). -गत a. 1 based on the sense (as a दोष). -2 devoid of sense. -गतिः understanding the sense. -गुणाः cf. भाविकत्वं सुशब्दत्वं पर्यायोक्तिः सुधर्मिता । चत्वारो$र्थगुणाः प्रोक्ताः परे त्वत्रैव संगताः ॥ अलंकारशेखर 21. -गृहम् A treasury. Hariv. -गौरवम् depth of meaning; भारवेरर्थगौरवम् Udb., Ki.2.27. -घ्न a. (घ्नी f.) extravagant, wasteful, prodigal; सुरापी व्याधिता धूर्ता वन्ध्यार्थघ्न्य- प्रियंवदा Y.1.73; व्याधिता वाधिवेत्तव्या हिंस्रार्थघ्नी च सर्वदा Ms.9.8. -चित्रम् 'variety in sense', a pun, Kāvya-prakāśa. -चिन्तक a. 1 thinking of profit. -2 having charge of affairs; सर्वार्थचिन्तकः Ms.7.121. -चिन्ता, -चिन्तनम् charge or administration of (royal) affairs; मन्त्री स्यादर्थचिन्तायाम् S. D. -जात a. 1 full of meaning. -2 wealthy (जातधन). (-तम्) 1 a collection of things. -2 large amount of wealth, considerable property; Dk.63, Ś.6; ददाति च नित्यमर्थजातम् Mk.2.7. -3 all matters; कवय इव महीपाश्चिन्तयन्त्यर्थजातम् Śi.11.6. -4 its own meaning; वहन्द्वयीं यद्यफले$र्थजाते Ki.3.48. -ज्ञ a. knowing the sense or purpose; अर्थज्ञ इत्सकलं भद्रमश्नुते Nir. -तत्त्वम् 1 the real truth, the fact of the matter; यो$र्थतत्त्वमविज्ञाय क्रोधस्यैव वशं गतः H.4.94. -2 the real nature or cause of anything. -द a. 1 yielding wealth; Dk.41. -2 advantageous, productive of good, useful. -3 liberal, munificent Ms.2.19. -4 favourable, compliant. (-दः) N. of Kubera. -दर्शकः 'one who sees law-suits'; a judge. -दर्शनम् perception of objects; कुरुते दीप इवार्थदर्शनम् Ki.2.33; Dk.155. -दूषणम् 1 extravagance, waste; H.3.18; Ms.7.48. -2 unjust seizure of property or withholding what is due. -3 finding fault with the meaning. -4 spoiling of another's property. -दृश् f. Consideration of truth; क्षेमं त्रिलोकगुरुरर्थदृशं च यच्छन् Bhāg.1.86.21. -दृष्टिः Seeing profit; Bhāg. -दोषः a literary fault or blemish with regard to the sense, one of the four doṣas or blemishes of literary composition, the other three being परदोष, पदांशदोष, वाक्यदोष; for definitions &c. see K. P.7. अलंकारशेखर of केशवमिश्र who mentions eight types of doṣas as follows: अष्टार्थदोषाः विरस, -ग्राम्य, -व्याहत, -खिन्नताः । -हीना, -धिका, सदृक्साम्यं देशादीनां विरोधि च ॥ 17 -द्वयविधानम् Injunction of two ideas or senses; विधाने चार्थद्वयविधानं दोषः ŚB. on MS.1.8.7. -नित्य a. = अर्थ- प्रधान Nir. -निबन्धन a. dependent on wealth. -निश्चयः determination, decision. -प्रतिः 1 'the lord of riches', a a king; किंचिद् विहस्यार्थपतिं बभाषे R.2.46;1.59;9.3;18.1; Pt.1.74. -2 an epithet of Kubera. -पदम् N. of the Vārt. on Pāṇini; ससूत्रवृत्त्यर्थपदं महार्थं ससंग्रहं सिद्ध्यति वै कपीन्द्रः Rām.7.36.45. -पर, -लुब्ध a. 1 intent on gaining wealth, greedy of wealth, covetous. -2 niggardly, parsimonious; हिंस्रा दयालुरपि चार्थपरा वदान्या Bh.2.47; Pt.1.425. -प्रकृतिः f. the leading source or occasion of the grand object in a drama; (the number of these 'sources' is five :-- बीजं बिन्दुः पताका च प्रकरी कार्यमेव च । अर्थप्रकृतयः पञ्च ज्ञात्वा योज्या यथाविधि S. D.317.) -प्रयोगः 1 usury. -2 administration of the affairs (of a state) -प्राप्त a. derived or understood from the sense included as a matter of course, implied; परिसमाप्तिः शब्दार्थः । परिसमाप्त्यामर्थप्राप्तत्वादारम्भस्य । ŚB. on MS.6.2.13. -˚त्वम् Inplication. -बन्धः 1 arrangement of words, composition, text; stanza, verse; संचिन्त्य गीतक्षममर्थबन्धम् Ś.7.5; ललितार्थबन्धम् V.2.14 put or expressed in elegant words. -2. connection (of the soul) with the objects of sense. -बुद्धि a. selfish. -बोधः indication of the (real) import. -भाज् a. entitled to a share in the division of property. -भावनम् Deliberation over a subject (Pātañjala Yogadarśana 1.28). -भृत् a. receiving high wages (as a servant). -भेदः distinction or difference of meaning; अर्थभेदेन शब्दभेदः. -मात्रम्, -त्रा 1 property, wealth; Pt.2. -2 the whole sense or object. -युक्त a. significant, full of यस्यार्थयुक्तं meaning; गिरिराजशब्दं कुर्वन्ति Ku.1.13. -लक्षण a. As determined by the purpose or need (as opposed to शब्दलक्षण); लोके कर्मार्थलक्षणम् Ms.11.1.26. -लाभः acquisition of wealth. -लोभः avarice. -वशः power in the form of discrimination and knowledge. अर्थवशात् सप्तरूपविनिवृत्ताम् Sāvk.65. -वादः 1 declaration of any purpose. -2 affirmation, declaratory assertion, an explanatory remark, exegesis; speech or assertion having a certain object; a sentence. (It usually recommends a विधि or precept by stating the good arising from its proper observance, and the evils arising from its omission, and also by adducing historical instances in its support; स्तुतिर्निन्दा परकृतिः पुराकल्प इत्यर्थवादः Gaut. Sūt.; said by Laugākṣi to be of 3 kinds :- गुणवादो विरोधे स्यादनु वादो$वधारिते । भूतार्थवादस्तद्धानादर्थ- वादस्त्रिधा मतः; the last kind includes many varieties.) -3 one of the six means of finding out the tātparya (real aim and object) of any work. -4 praise, eulogy; अर्थवाद एषः । दोषं तु मे कंचित्कथय U.1. -विकरणम् = अर्थ- विक्रिया change of meaning. -विकल्पः 1 deviation from truth, perversion of fact. -2 prevarication; also ˚वैकल्प्यम् -विज्ञानम् comprehending the sense, one of the six exercises of the understanding (धीगुण). -विद् a. sensible, wise, sagacious. भुङ्क्ते तदपि तच्चान्यो मधुहेवार्थविन्मधु Bhāg.11.18.15. विवक्षतामर्थविदस्तत्क्षणप्रतिसंहृताम् Śi. -विद्या knowledge of practical life; Mb.7. -विपत्तिः Failing of an aim; समीक्ष्यतां चार्थविपत्तिमार्गताम् Rām.2.19.4. -विभावक a. money-giver; विप्रेभ्यो$र्थविभावकः Mb.3.33. 84. -विप्रकर्षः difficulty in the comprehension of the sense. -विशेषणम् a reprehensive repetition of something uttered by another; S. D.49. -वृद्धिः f. accumulation of wealth. -व्ययः expenditure; ˚ज्ञ a. conversant with money-matters. -शब्दौ Word and sense. -शालिन् a. Wealthy. -शास्त्रम् 1 the science of wealth (political economy). -2 science of polity, political science, politics; अर्थशास्त्रविशारदं सुधन्वानमुपाध्यायम् Rām.2.1.14. Dk.12; इह खलु अर्थशास्त्रकारास्त्रिविधां सिद्धिमुपवर्णयन्ति Mu.3; ˚व्यवहारिन् one dealing with politics, a politician; Mu.5. -3 science giving precepts on general conduct, the science of practical life; Pt.1. -शौचम् purity or honesty in money-matters; सर्वेषां चैव शौचानामर्थशौचं परं स्मृतं Ms. 5.16. -श्री Great wealth. -संस्थानम् 1 accumulation of wealth. -2 treasury. -संग्रहः, -संचयः accumulation or acquisition of wealth, treasure, property. कोशेनाश्रयणी- यत्वमिति तस्यार्थसंग्रहः R.17.6. कुदेशमासाद्य कुतो$र्थसंचयः H. -संग्रहः a book on Mīmāṁsā by Laugākṣi Bhāskara. -सतत्त्वम् truth; किं पुनरत्रार्थसतत्त्वम् । देवा ज्ञातुमर्हन्ति MBh. or P.VIII.3.72. -समाजः aggregate of causes. -समाहारः 1 treasure. -2 acquisition of wealth. -संपद् f. accomplishment of a desired object; उपेत्य संघर्ष- मिवार्थसंपदः Ki.1.15. -संपादनम् Carrying out of an affair; Ms.7.168. -संबन्धः connection of the sense with the word or sentence. -संबन्धिन् a. Concerned or interested in an affair; Ms.8.64. -साधक a. 1 accomplishing any object. -2 bringing any matter to a conclusion. -सारः considerable wealth; Pt.2.42. -सिद्ध a. understood from the very context (though not expressed in words), inferable from the connection of words. -सिद्धिः f. fulfilment of a desired object, success. द्वारमिवार्थसिद्धेः R.2.21. -हानिः Loss of wealth -हारिन् a. stealing money Ks. -हर a. inheriting wealth. -हीन a. 1 deprived of wealth, poor. -2 unmeaning, nonsensical. -3 failing.
āḍhya आढ्य a. [आ-ध्यै-क पृषो˚ Tv.] 1 Rich, wealthy; आढ्यो$भिजनवानस्मि को$न्यो$स्ति सदृशो मया Bg.16.15; Pt.5. 8; Ms.8.169. -2 (a) Rich in, abounding in, possessing abundantly, with instr. or as the last member of comp.; सत्य˚ Pt.3.9 very truthful; वंशसंपल्लावण्याढ्याय Dk.18; एवमादिगुणैराढ्यः Vet.; समुद्रमिव रत्नाढ्यम् Rām. (b) Mixed with, watered with; गन्धाढ्य, स्रज उत्तमगन्धाढ्याः Mb.; मूत्राढ्यैः करञ्जफलसर्षपैः Suśr. -3 Abundant, copious. -Comp. -आडु a. striving to get wealth. -कुलीन a. [आढ्यकुले भवः ] Descended from a rich family. -चर a. (-री f.) [भूतपूर्व आढ्यः चरट्] once opulent. -रोगः Rheumatism, gout. -वातः [आढ्यो वातो यत्र] a convulsive or rheumatic palsy of the loins.
ādi आदि a. 1 First, primary, primitive; निदानं त्वादिकारणम् Ak. -2 Chief, first, principal, pre-eminent; oft. at the end of comp. in this sense; see below. -3 First in time existing before. -दीः 1 Beginning, commencement (opp. अन्त); अप एव ससर्जादौ तासु बीजमवासृजत् Ms.1.8; Bg.3.41; अनादि &c.; जगदादिरनादिस्त्वम् Ku.2.9; oft. at the end of comp. and translated by 'beginning with', 'et cætera', 'and others', 'and so on' (of the same nature or kind), 'such like'; इन्द्रादयो देवाः the gods Indra and others (इन्द्रः आदिर्येषां ते); एवमादि this and the like; भ्वादयो धातवः भू and others, or words beginning with भू, are called roots; oft. used by Pāṇini to denote classes or groups of grammatical words; अदादि, दिवादि, स्वादि &c. -2 First part of portion. -3 A firstling, first-fruits. -4 Prime cause. -5 Nearness. -6 One of the seven parts of Sāma; अथ सप्तविधस्य वाचि सप्तविधं सामोपासीत यत्किंच वाचो हुमिति स हिंकारो यत्प्रेति स प्रस्तावो यदेति स आदिः Ch. Up.2.8.1. -Comp. -अन्त a. 1 having beginning and end. -2 first and last. (-तम्) beginning and end. -˚यमकम् N. of a figure in poetry. cf. Bk.1.21. ˚वत् having beginning and end, finite. ˚अन्तर्वर्तिन् a. having a beginning, end and middle; being all-in-all. -उदात्त a. having the acute accent on the first syllable. -उपान्तम् ind. from first to last. -करः, -कर्तृ, -कृत् m. the creator, an epithet of Brahmā or Viṣnu; गरीयसे ब्रह्मणो$प्यादिकर्त्रे Bg.11.37; विशेषणे द्वे य इहादिकर्तुर्वदेदधीती स हि कैयटीयः Śab. Kau. -कर्मन् n. the beginning of an action. -कविः 'the first poet', an epithet of Brahmā and of Vālmīki; the former is so called because he first produced and promulgated the Vedas; (तेने ब्रह्म हृदा य आदिकवये मुह्यन्ति यत्सूरयः Bhāg.1.1.1.) and the latter, because he was the first to show to others 'the path of poets'; when he beheld one of a pair of Krauñcha birds being killed by a fowler, he cursed the wretch, and his grief unconsciously took the form of a verse (श्लोकत्वमापद्यत यस्य शोकः); he was subsequently told by Brahmā to compose the life of Rāma, and he thus gave to the world the first poem in Sanskrit, the Rāmāyaṇa; cf. U.2. Viṣkambhaka. -काण्डम् the first book of the Rāmāyaṇa. -कारणम् the first or primary cause (of the universe), which, according to the Vedāntins, is Brahman; while, according to the Naiyāyikas and particalarly the Vaiśeṣikas, atoms are the first or material cause of the universe, and not God. -2 analysis. -3 algebra. -काव्यम् the first poem; i. e. the Rāmāyaṇa; see आदिकवि. -केशवः N. of Viṣṇu. -जिनः N. of Ṛiṣabha, the first तीर्थंकर. -तालः a sort of musical time or ताल; एक एव लघुर्यत्र आदितालः स कथ्यते. -दीपकम् N. of a figure in rhetoric (the verb standing at the beginning of the sentence). cf. Bk.1.23. -देवः 1 the first or Supreme God; पुरुषं शाश्वतं दिव्यं आदिदेव- मजं विभुम् Bg.1.12,11.38. -2 Nārāyaṇa or Viṣṇu. -3 Śiva. -4 Brahmā; Mb.12.188.2. -5 the sun. -दैत्यः an epithet of Hiraṇyakaśipu. -नाथः N. of Ādibuddha. -पर्वन् n. 'the first section or chapter', N. of the first book of the Mahābhārata. -पुराणम् the first Purāṇa, N. of the Brahma-Purāṇa. N. of a Jaina religious book. -पु (पू) रुषः 1 the first or primeval being, the lord of the creation. -2 Viṣṇu, Kṛiṣṇa, or Nārāyaṇa; ते च प्रापुरुदन्वन्तं बुबुधे चादिपूरुषः R.1.6; तमर्घ्यमर्घ्यादिकयादिपूरुषः Śi.1.14. -बलम् generative power; first vigour. -बुद्ध a. perceived in the beginning. (-द्धः) the primitive Buddha. -भव, -भूत a. produced at first. (-वः, -तः) 1 'the first-born', primeval being, an epithet of Brahmā; इत्युक्त्वादिभवो देवः Bhāg.7.3.22. -2 also N. of Viṣṇu; रसातलादादि. भवेन पुंसा R.13.8. -3 an elder brother. (-तम्) minute five elements (पञ्चमहाभूतानि); नष्टे लोके द्विपरार्धावसाने महा- भूतेष्वादिभूतं गतेषु Bhāg.1.3.25. -मूलम् first foundation, primeval cause. -योगाचार्यः 'the first teacher of devotion', an epithet of Śiva. -रसः the first of he 8 Rasas, i. e. शृङ्गार or love. -राजः the first king पृथु; an epithet of Manu. -रूपम् Symptom (of disease). -वंशः primeval race, primitive family. -वराहः 'the first boar', an epithet of Visṇu, alluding to his third or boar-incarnation. -विद्वस् m. the first learned man; कपिल. -विपुला f. N. of an Āryā metre. -वृक्षः N. of a plant (Mar. आपटा). -शक्तिः f. 1 the power of माया or illusion. -2 an epithet of Durgā. -शरीरम् 1. the primitive body. -2 ignorance. -3 the subtle body. -सर्गः the first creation.
āvṛttiḥ आवृत्तिः f. 1 Turning towards; return, coming back; तपोवनावृत्तिपथम् R.2.18; यत्र काले त्वनावृत्तिमावृत्तिं चैव योगिनः Bg.8.23. -2 Reversion, retreat, flight. -3 Revolving, whirling, going round; रटति कृतावृत्तिखट्वाङ्घण्टा Māl.5.4. -4 Recurrence to the same point or place (of the sun); उदगावृत्तिपथेन नारदः R.8.33. -5 Repetition of birth and death, worldly existence; अनावृत्तिभयम् Ku.6.77. -6 Repetition in general, an edition (modern use); सप्तमीयमङ्कनावृत्तिः seventh edition. -7 Repeated reading, study; आवृत्तिः सर्वशास्त्राणां बोधादपि गरीयसि Udb. cf. also तस्मादावृत्तिः स्तरणमन्त्रस्य । ŚB. on MS. 12.1.42. -8 Use, employment, application. -9 Turn of a way, course or direction. -1 Occurrence. -Comp. -दीपकम् a rhetorical figure; त्रिविधं दीपकावृत्तौ भवेदावृत्तिदीपकम् । (पदस्यार्थस्योभयोर्वा आवृत्तिः). क्रमेणोदाहरणम्:-- वर्षत्यम्बुदमालेयं वर्षत्येषा च शर्वरी ॥ उन्मीलन्ति कदम्बानि स्फुटन्ति कुटजोद्गमाः । माद्यन्ति चातकास्तृप्ता माद्यन्ति च शिखाबलाः ॥ Kuval.
āśārikaḥ आशारिकः आशरिकम् Violent and acute pain in the limbs; rheumatic pains; Av.19.34.1.
indakā इन्दका A king of star remaining overhead in the मृगशीर्ष-नक्षत्र.
udārahaṇam उदारहणम् 1 Relating, declaration, saying, utterance. -2 Narration, recital, opening a conversation; अथा- ङ्गिरसमग्रण्यमुदाहरणवस्तुपु Ku.6.65; अद्भुतोदाहरणानि Mv.5 stories or narrations. -3 A declaratory song or poem, a sort of panegyric beginning with words like जयति and full of alliteration; पत्रे निवेशितमुदाहरणं प्रियायाः V.2.14; चारणेभ्यस्त्वदीयं जयोदाहरणं श्रुत्वा V.1; जयोदाहरणं बाह्वोर्गापयामास किन्नरान् R.4.78; (येन केनापि तालेन गद्यपद्यसमन्वितम् । जयत्युप- क्रमं मालिन्यादिप्रासविचित्रितम् ॥ तदुदाहरणं नाम विभक्त्यष्टाङ्गसंयुतम् । Pratāparudra.) -4 An instance, example, illustration; समूलघातमव्नन्तः परान्नोद्यन्ति मानिनः । प्रध्वंसितान्धतमसस्त- त्रोदाहरणं रविः ॥ Śi.2.33. किमुदाहरणम् Kāśi. पुराणमितिवृत्ता- ख्यायिकोदाहरणम् ...। Kau. A.1.5. -5 (In Nyāya) The third member of an Indian syllogism (which has five members). -6 Beginning, commencement, introduction. -7 Exhibition, illustration; U.1. -8 (In Rhet.) An illustration reckoned as a figure of speech by some rhetoricians. It resembles अर्थान्तरन्यास; e. g. अमितगुणो$पि वदार्थो दोषेणैकेन निन्दितो भवति । निखिलरसायनराजो गन्धेनोग्रेण लशुन इव ॥ R. G. (For a clear distinction between the two figures see R. G., under उदाहरण).
ūruḥ ऊरुः m. [ऊर्णु-कर्मणि कु नुलोपश्च Uṇ.1.3] 1 The thigh; ऊरू तदस्य यद्वैश्यः Rv.1.9.12; Ms.1.31,87; R. 12.88; (at the end of fem. compounds the form is ˚रुः or ˚रूः, but more usually the latter; रम्भोरूः, वामोरूः करभोरु Voc.). -Comp. -अङ्गम् Fungus, mushroom. -अष्ठीवम [ऊरू च अष्ठीवन्तौ च P.V.4.77] thigh and knee. -उद्भव a. born or sprung from the thigh; ऊरूद्भवा नरसखस्य मुनेः सुरस्त्री V.1.4. -ग्लानिः f. weakness of the thigh. -ग्रहः, -ग्राहः = ˚स्तम्भः q. v. -ज, -जन्मन्, -संभव a. sprung from the thigh. -m. a Vaiśya. -दध्न, -द्वयस, -मात्र a. as high as or reaching the thighs, knee-deep; P.5.2.37. -पर्वन् m., n. the knee. -फलकम् the thigh-bone, hip-bone; Y.3.87. -भिन्न a. having a rent in the thigh; see -न्नी f. P.IV.1.52. -स्कम्भः, -स्तम्भः paralysis of the lower extremities, rheumatism of the thigh. करिणीवोरुस्तम्भविधृता K. (-म्भा) the plantain tree.
kaṭiḥ कटिः टी f. [कट्-इन्] 1 The hip. -2 The buttocks (considered by rhetoricians as vulgar and colloquial in these senses; the word कटि in कटिस्ते हरते मनः is said to be ग्राम्य.). -3 An elephant's cheek. -टी Long pepper. -Comp. -कुष्ठम् A kind of leprosy. -कूपः the hollow above the hip, the loins. -तटम् the loins; कटीतटनिवेशितम् Mk.1.27. -त्रम् 1 a cloth girt round the lions. -2 a zone, girdle; किरीटिकेयूरकटित्रकङ्कणम् Bhāg 6.16.3. -3 an ornament of small bells worn round the loins. -4 an armour of the hip or the loins. -देशः the loins. -(टि or टी) प्रोथः the buttocks. -मालिका a woman's zone or girdle. -रोहकः the rider of an elephant (who sits upon the hinder parts of the elephant as distinct from the driver). -शीर्षकः the loins. -शूलः Sciatic pain. -शृङ्खला a girdle furnished with small bells. -सूत्रम् a zone or waistband.
kathā कथा [कथ् नि˚ अ] A tale, story; ˚प्रावीण्यम् U.4. historical knowledge. -2 A fable, feigned story; कथाच्छलेन बालानां नीतिस्तदिह कथ्यते H. Pr.8. -3 An account, allusion, mention; कथापि खलु पापानामलमश्रेयसे यतः Śi.2. 4. -4 Talk, conversation, speech; प्रथमं कृतां कथाम् Ś. 4.1. -5 A variety of prose composition, often distinguished from आख्यायिका; (प्रबन्धकल्पनां स्तोकसत्यां प्राज्ञाः कथां विदुः । परंपराश्रया या स्यात् सा मताख्यायिका बुधैः ॥); see under आख्यायिका also. -6 (In phil.) Disputation. का कथा or कथा with प्रति (what mention) is often used in the sense of 'what need one say of', 'not to mention', 'to say nothing of', 'how much more', or 'how much less'; का कथा बाणसंधाने ज्याशब्देनैव दूरतः । हुंकारेणेव धनुषः स हि विघ्नानपोहति Ś.3.1; अभितप्तमयो$पि मार्दवं भजते कैव कथा शरीरिषु R.8.43; आप्तवागनुमानाभ्भ्यां साध्यं त्वां प्रति का कथा 1.28; Ve.2.25. -Comp. -अनुरागः taking pleasure in conversation; स्मर्तव्यो$स्मि कथान्तरेषु भवता Mk.7.7. -2 another tale. -अवशेष or कथाशेष a. one of whom only the narrative remains, i. e. deceased, dead. -आक्रमः the commencement of a conversation. -आरम्भः commencement of a tale. -आरामः garden of fable. -आलापः speech, conversation. -उदयः the beginning of a tale. -उद्धातः 1 the second of the five kinds of प्रस्तावना, where the first character enters the stage after overhearing and repeating either the words of the manager (सूत्रधार) or their sense; see S. D.29; e. g. in Ratn., Ve. or Mudrārākṣasa. -2 commencement of a tale or narration; आकुमारकथोद्धातं शालिगोप्यो जगुर्यशः R.4.2. -उपकथनम्, -उपाख्यानम् narration, relation, telling a story. -छलम् 1 the guise of a fable. -2 giving a false account. -नायकः, -पुरुषः the hero or leading character of a story; रामायण˚ U.4,6. -पीठम् 1 the introductory part of a tale or story. -2 N. of the first लम्बक or book of the कथासरित्सागर. -प्रबन्धः a tale, fiction, fable. -प्रसङ्ग a. 1 talkative, talking much and foolishly. -2 mad, foolish. (-ङ्गः) 1 conversation, talk or course of conversation; नानाकथाप्रसङ्गावस्थितः H.1; कथाप्रसङ्गेन विवादं किल चक्रतुः Ks.22.181; N.1.35. -2 a curer of poisons (विषवैद्य); कथाप्रसङ्गो वार्तायां विषवैद्ये$पि वाच्यवत् Viśvakoṣa. कथाप्रसंगेन जनैरुदाहृताम् Ki.1.24 (where the word is used in sense 1 also). -प्राणः an actor. -2 a professional story-teller. -मात्र a. One of whom nothing but the narrative is left; deceased, dead. कालेन ते कृताः सर्वे कथामात्राः कथासु च Bhāg.12.2.44. -मुखम् the introductory portion of a story; Pt.1 -योगः course of conversation, talk, discourse. -विपर्यासः changing the course of a story. -विरक्त a. reserved, taciturn, disliking conversation. -शेष a. see कथावशेष.
karuṇā करुणा Compassion, pity, tenderness; प्रायः सर्वो भवति करुणावृत्तिरार्द्रान्तरात्मा Me.93; so सकरुण kind; अकरुण unkind. -Comp. -आत्मन् a. tender-hearted. -आर्द्र a. tenderhearted, moved with pity, sensitive. -निधिः store of mercy. -पर, -मय a. very kind. काकुत्स्थं करुणामयं गुणनिधिं विप्रप्रियं धार्मिकम् Mahānār. -विमुख a. merciless, cruel; करुणाविमुखेन मृत्युना हरता त्वां वद किं न मे हृतम् R.8.67. -स्वनः, -ध्वनिः a cry of distress, a piteous tone, wail.
kāvya काव्य a. [कवि-यण्] 1 Possessed of the qualities of a sage or a poet. -2 Praiseworthy, fit to be described -3 Prophetic, inspired, poetical; अशंसीत् काव्यः कविः Rv.8.8.11. -व्यः N. of Śukra, preceptor of the Asuras; Mb.1.76.6; दानवेन्द्रैर्हतं दूरात् काव्यः कचमजीवयत् Bm.1.289. -व्या 1 Intelligence. -2 A female fiend; -व्याः m. (pl.) A class of manes; Ms.3.199. -व्यम् 1 A poem; महाकाव्यम्; मेघदूतं नाम काव्यम् &c. -2 Poetics, poetry, a poetical composition. (काव्य is defined by writers on Poetics in different ways; तददोषौ शब्दार्थौ सगुणावनलङ्कृती पुनः क्वापि K. P.1; वाक्यं रसात्मकं काव्यम् S. D.1; रमणीयार्थप्रतिपादकः शब्दः काव्यम् R. G.; शरीरं तावदिष्टार्थव्यवच्छिन्ना पदावली Kāv.1.1; निर्दोषा लक्षणवती सरीतिर्गुणभूषिता । सालङ्काररसा$नेकवृत्तिर्वाक् काव्यनामभाक् ॥ Chandr.1.7.) -3 Happiness, welfare. -4 Wisdom; काव्यानि वदतां तेषां संयच्छामि वहामि च Mb.12.124.34. -5 Inspiration. (The purposes of a Kāvya as mentioned by Mammaṭa are :-- काव्यं यशसे$र्थकृते व्यवहारविदे शिवेतरक्ष- तये । सद्यःपरनिर्वृतये कान्तासंमिततयोपदेशयुजे ॥ K. P.1.) -Comp. -अर्थः a poetical thought or idea. ˚आपत्तिः Necessary conclusion; a figure of speech; Kuval.59. ˚चौरः a robber of the ideas of another poet, a plagiarist; यदस्य दैत्या इव लुण्ठनाय काव्यार्थचौराः प्रगुणीभवन्ति Vikr.1.11. -अलङ्कारः N. of a work on poetics by Vāmana. -आदर्शः N. of a work on poetics by Daṇḍin. -चौरः a stealer of other men's poems. -प्रकाशः N. of a work on Rhetorics by Mammaṭa. -मीमांसकः a rhetorician, critic. -मीमांसा N. of a work on Rhetorics by Rāja-śekhara. -रसिक a. one who has a taste for and can appreciate the beauties of poetry. -लिङ्गम् Poetic Reason, a figure of speech; thus defined:- काव्यलिङ्गं हेतो- र्वाक्यपदार्थता K. P.1; e. g. जितो$सि मन्द कन्दर्प मच्चित्ते$स्ति त्रिलोचनः Chandr.5.119. -हास्यम् a farce.
kuvalayam कुवलयम् 1 The blue water-lily; कुवलयदलस्निग्धैरङ्गैर्ददौ नयनोत्सवम् U.3.22. -2 A water-lily in general. -3 The earth (-m. also). -Comp. -आनन्द N. of a work on rhetoric by अप्पय्या दीक्षित. -ईशः a king.
garvaḥ गर्वः 1 Pride, arrogance; मा कुरु धनजनयौवनगर्वं हरति निमेषात्कालः सर्वम् Moha. M.4; मुधेदानीं यौवनगर्वं वहसि M.4. -2 Pride considered as one of the 33 subordinate feelings in rhetoric; रूपधनविद्यादिप्रयुक्तात्मोत्कर्षज्ञानाधीनपरावहेलनम् R. G.; or, according to S. D. गर्वो मदः प्रभावश्रीविद्यासत्कुलतादिजः । अवज्ञासविलासाङ्गदर्शनाविनयादिकृत् ॥ 181.
guṇaḥ गुणः [गुण्-अच्] 1 A quality (good or bad); सुगुण, दुर्गुण; यदङ्गनारूपसरूपतायाः कञ्चिद्गुणं भेदकमिच्छतीभिः Śi.3.42. -2 (a) A good quality, merit, virtue, excellence; कतमे ते गुणाः Māl.1; वसन्ति हि प्रेम्णि गुणा न वस्तुनि Ki.8.37; R.1.9,22; साधुत्वे तस्य को गुणः Pt.4.18. (b) Eminence. -3 Use, advantage, good (with instr. usually), Pt. 5.; कः स्थानलाभे गुणः 2.21; H.1.49; Mu.1.15. -4 Effect, result, efficacy, good result; संभावनागुणमवेहि तमीश्वराणाम् Ś.7.4; गुणमहतां महते गुणाय योगः Ki.1.25;6. 7. -5 (a) A single thread or string. (b) Thread, string, rope, cord, मेखलागुणैः Ku.4.8;5.1; तृणैर्गुणत्व- मापन्नैर्वध्यन्ते मत्तदन्तिनः H.1.32; यतः परेषां गुणग्रहीतासि Bv.1. 9 (where गुण also means 'a merit'). -6 The bow- string; गुणकृत्ये धनुषो नियोजिता Ku.4.15,29; कनकपिङ्गतडिद्- गुणसंयुतम् R.9.54. -7 The string of a musical instrument; कलवल्लकीगुणस्वानमानम् Śi.4.57. -8 A sinew. -9 A quality, attribute, property in general; यादृग्गुणेन भर्त्रा स्त्री संयुज्येत यथाविधि Ms.9.22. -1 A quality, characteristic or property of all substances, one of the seven categories of padārthas of the Vaiśeṣikas, (the number of these properties is 24). -11 An ingredient or constituent of nature, any one of the three properties belonging to all created things; (these are स्त्व, रजस् and तमस्); गुणत्रयविभागाय Ku.2.4; सत्त्वं रजस्तम इति गुणाः प्रकृतिसंभवाः Bg.14.5; R.3.27. -12 A wick, cotton thread; नृपदीपो धनस्नेहं प्रजाभ्यः संहरन्नपि । अन्तर- स्थैर्गुणैः शुभ्रैर्लक्ष्यते नैव केनचित् ॥ Pt.1.221. -13 An object of sense, (these are five रूप, रस, गन्ध, स्पर्श, and शब्द); गुणैर्गुणान्स भुञ्जान आत्मप्रद्योतितैः प्रभुः Bhāg.11.3.5. -14 Repetition, multiplication, denoting 'folds' or 'times', usually at the end of comp. after numerals; आहारो द्विगुणः स्त्रीणां बुद्धिस्तासां चतुर्गुणा । ष़ड्गुणो व्यवसायश्च कामश्चाष्टगुणः स्मृतः ॥ Chāṇ.78; so त्रिणुण; शतगुणीभवति becomes a hundred-fold, अध्यर्धगुणमाहुर्यं बले शौर्ये च केशव Mb.11.2.1. -15 A secondary element, a subordinate part (opp. मुख्य); न च गुणानुग्रहार्थं प्रधानस्यावृत्तिर्युक्ता ŚB. on MS.12.1.4. -16 Excess, abundance, superfluity; पराङ्मुखवधं कृत्वा को$त्र प्राप्तस्त्वया गुणः Rām.4.17.16. -17 An adjective, a word subordinate to another in a sentence. -18 The substitution of ए, ओ, अर् and अल् for इ, उ, ऋ (short or long) and लृ, or the vowels अ, ए, ओ and अर् and अल्. -19 (In Rhet.) Quality considered as an inherent property of a Rasa or sentiment. Mammaṭa thus defines गुण. --ये रहस्याङ्गिनो धर्माः शौर्यादय इवात्मनः । उत्कर्ष- हेतवस्ते स्युरचलस्थितयो गुणाः ॥ K. P.8. (Some writers on rhetoric, such as Vāmana, Jagannātha Paṇḍita, Daṇḍin and others, consider Guṇas to be properties both of शब्द and अर्थ, and mention ten varieties under each head. Mammaṭa, however, recognises only three, and, after discussing and criticizing the views of others, says : माधुर्यौजःप्रसादाख्यास्त्रयस्ते न पुनर्दश K. P.8); Ki.17.6. -2 (In gram. and Mīm.) Property considered as the meaning of a class of words; e. g. grammarians recognise four kinds of the meaning of words; जाति, गुण, किया and द्रव्य, and give गौः, शुक्लः, चलः and डित्थः as instances to illustrate these meanings. -21 (In politics) A proper course of action, an expedient. (The expedients to be used by a king in foreign politics are six :-- 1 सन्धि peace or alliance; 2 विग्रह war; 3 यान march or expedition; 4 स्थान or आसन halt; 5 संश्रय seeking shelter; 6 द्वैध or द्वैधीभाव duplicity; सन्धिर्ना विग्रहो यानमासनं द्वैधमाश्रयः Ak.) see Y.1.346; Ms.7.16; Śi.2.26; R.8.21. -22 The number 'three' (derived from the three qualities). -23 The chord of an arc (in geom.). -24 An organ of sense. -25 A subordinate dish; Ms. 3.226,233. -26 A cook. -27 An epithet of Bhīma as in युधिष्टिरो$पि गुणप्रियः Vas. -28 Leaving, abandonment. -29 A multiplier, coefficient (in math.) -3 Division, subdivision, species, kind. -31 The peculiar property of letters which are pronounced with external utterance (बाह्यप्रयत्न); they are eleven. -Comp. -अग्ऱ्यम् a principal quality; ˚वर्तिन्; स्वमूर्तिभेदेन गुणाग्ऱ्यवर्तिना पतिः प्रजानामिव सर्गमात्मनः R.3.27. -अगुणः merit and demerit Ms.3.22;9.331; अनपेक्ष्य गुणागुणौ जनः स्वरुचिं निश्चयतो$नु- धावति Si.16.44. -अतीत a. freed from all properties, being beyond them; सर्वारम्भपरित्यागी गुणातीतः स उच्यते Bg.14.25. (-तः) the Supreme Being. -अधिष्ठानकम् the region of the breast where the girdle is fastened. -अनुबन्धित्वम् connection or association with virtues; गुणा गुणानुबन्धित्वात्तस्य सप्रसवा इव R.1.22. -अनुरागः love or appreciation of the good qualities of others; गुणा- नुरागादिव सख्यमीयिवान्न बाधते$स्य त्रिगणः परस्परम् Ki.1.11. -अनुरोधः conformity or suitableness to good qualities. -अन्तरम् a different (higher) quality; गुणान्तरं व्रजति शिल्पमाधातुः M.1.6. -अन्वित, -उपपन्न, -युक्त, -संपन्न a. endowed with good qualities, meritorious, worthy, good, excellent. -अपवादः, -निन्दा disparagement, detraction. -अभिधानम् A subsidiary injunction; द्रव्योपदेशाद्वा गुणा- भिधानं स्यात् M.8.4.5. -आकरः 1 'a mine of merits', one endowed with all virtues; सृजति तावदशेषगुणाकरं पुरुषरत्न- मलङ्करणं मुवः Bh.2.92. -2 N. of Śiva. -आढ्य a. rich in virtues. -आत्मन् a. having qualities. -आधारः 'a receptacle of virtues', a virtuous or meritorious person. -आश्रय a. virtuous, excellent. -ईश्वरः 1 the Supreme Being. -2 the Chitrakūṭa mountain. -उत्कर्षः excellence of merit, possession of superior qualities. -उत्कीर्तनम् panegyric, eulogium. -उत्कृष्ट a. superior in merit; Ms.8.73. -उपेत a. endowed with good qualities; पुत्रमेवङ्गुणोपेतं चक्रवर्तिनमाप्नुहि Ś.1.12. -ओघः, -घम् superior or abundant merits. -कथनम् extolling, praising. -2 a condition or state of mind of the hero of a drama to which he is reduced by Cupid. -कर्तृत्वम् the state of an agent of properties; गुणकर्तृत्वे$पि तथा कर्तेव भवत्युदासीनः Sāṅ. K.2. -कर्मन् n. 1 an unessential or secondary action. -2 (in gram.) the secondary or less immediate (i. e. indirect) object of an action; e. g. in the example नेता$श्वस्य स्रुघ्नं स्रुघ्नस्य वा, स्रुघ्नम् is a गुणकर्मन्. ˚विभाग a. distinguishing an action and an attribute. -कल्पना f. imputing a figurative meaning, one of the modes of interpreting a sentence. According to it an expression may be understood as conveying not what is actually expressed by it but the quality or qualities thereof. e. g. सिंहो देवदत्तः means प्रसह्यकरी देवदत्तः; ŚB. on MS.1.2.1. -काण्डः a series of subsidiary (details); एवमेक उत्कृष्यमाणः सर्वं गुणकाण्डमुत्कर्षति ŚB. on MS.5. 1.24. -कार a. productive of good qualities, profitable, salutary. (-रः) 1 a cook who prepares sidedishes or any secondary articles of food. -2 an epithet of Bhīma. -3 (in math.) the multiplier. -कीर्तनम्, -श्लाघा, -स्तुतिः f. praise, extolling. -कृत्यम् the function of a bow-string; गुणकृत्ये धनुषो नियोजिता Ku.4.15. -गणः a number or series of good qualities; Bhāg.5.3.11. -गानम् singing of merits, panegyric, praise. -गृध्नु a. 1 desiring good qualities; ये चान्ये गुणगृध्नवः Bhāg.3.14.2. -2 possessing enviable or good qualities. -गृह्य a. appreciating or admiring merits (wherever they may be), attached to merits; appreciative; ननु वक्तृविशेषनिःस्पृहा गुणगृह्या वचने विपश्चितः Ki.2.5. -गौरी a woman chaste by virtuous conduct; अनृतगिरं गुणगौरि मा कृथा माम् Śi. -ग्रहणम् appreciating merits. -ग्रहीतृ, -ग्राहक, -ग्राहिन् a. appreciating the merits (of others); श्रीहर्षो निपुणः कविः परिषदप्येषा गुणग्राहिणी Ratn.1.4; Śi.2.82; Bv.1.9. -ग्रामः a collection of virtues or merits; गुरुतरगुणग्रामांभोजस्फुटोज्ज्वलचन्द्रिका Bh.3.116; गणयति गुणग्रामम् Gīt.2; Bv.1.13. -घातिन् a. detractor, envious, censorious. -ज्ञ a. knowing how to admire or appreciate merits, appreciative; भगवति कमलालये भृशमगुणज्ञासि Mu.2; गुणा गुणज्ञेषु गुणा भवन्ति H. Pr.47. -त्रयम्, -त्रितयम् the three constituent properties of nature; i. e. सत्त्व, रजस् and तमस्. ˚आभासः life. -दोषौ (du.) virtue and vice; ˚कथा; Pt.2.67. -धर्मः the virtue or duty incidental to the possession of certain qualities. -निधिः a store of virtues. -पदी a woman having feet as thin as cords. -पूगम् great merits; भवद्गुणपूगपूरितम् (श्रवणम्) Śi.9.64. -प्रकर्षः excellence of merits, great merit; गुणप्रकर्षादुडुपेन शम्भोरलङ्- घ्यमुल्लङ्घितमुत्तमाङ्गम् Mk.4.23. -भावः being subsidiary to something else; परार्थता हि गुणभावः । ŚB. on MS.4.3.1. -भोक्तृ a. perceiving the properties of things; निर्गुणं गुणभोक्तृ च Bg.13.14. -महत् a superior quality. -मुष्टिः f. a particular method of stringing the bow; cf. पताका वज्रमुष्टिश्च सिंहकर्णस्तथैव च । मत्सरी काकतुण्डी च योजनीया यथा- क्रमम् ॥ Dhanur.84. -रागः delighting in the merits of others; गुणरागगतां तस्य रूपिणीमिव दुर्गतिम् Ks.2.51. -राशिः an epithet of Śiva -लक्षणम् mark or indication of an internal property. -लयनिका, -लयनी a tent. -लुब्ध a. 1 desirous of merits. -2 attached to merits. -वचनम्, -वाचकः a word which connotes an attribute or quality, an adjective, or substantive used attributively; as श्वेत in श्वेतो$श्वः. -वादः 1 pointing out good merits. -2 a statement in a secondary sense; गुणवादस्तु MS. 1.2.1 (Śabara explains this as : गौण एष वादो भवति यत् सम्बन्धिनि स्तोतव्ये सम्बन्ध्यन्तरं स्तूयते । ŚB. on ibid.). -3 a statement contradictory to other arguments; Madhusūdana. -विवेचना discrimination in appreciating the merits of others, a just sense of merit. -विशेषाः external organs, mind and spiritual ignorance; परस्पर- विलक्षणा गुणविशेषाः (बाह्येन्द्रियमनो$हङ्काराश्च) Sāṅ. K.36. -षः a different property. -वृक्षः, -वृक्षकः a mast or a post to which a ship or boat is fastened. -वृत्तिः f. 1 a secondary or unessential condition or relation (opp. मुख्यवृत्ति). -2 the character or style of merits. -वैशेष्यम् pre-eminence of merit; अन्योन्यगुणवैशेष्यान्न किंचिदतिरिच्यते Ms.9.296. -शब्दः an adjective. -संख्यानम् 'enumeration of the three essential qualities', a term applied to the Sāṅkhya (including the Yoga) system of philosophy; ज्ञानं कर्म च कर्ता च त्रिधैव गुणभेदतः प्रोच्यते गुणसंख्याने Bg.18.19. -संगः 1 association with qualities or merits. -2 attachment to objects of sense or worldly pleasures. -संग्रहः a collection of merits or properties; कथं गुणज्ञो विरमेद्विना पशुं श्रीर्यत्प्रवव्रे गुणसंग्रहेच्छया Bhāg.4.2.26. -संपद् f. excellence or richness of merits, great merit, perfection; गुणसंपदा समधिगम्य Ki.5.24. -सागरः 1 'an ocean of merit, a very meritorious man. -2 an epithet of Brahmā. -हीन a. 1 void of merit', meritless; काममामरणात्तिष्ठेद्- गृहे कन्यर्तुमत्यपि । न चैवैनां प्रयच्छेत्तु गुणहीनाय कर्हिचित् Ms.9. 89. -2 poor (as food).
gūḍha गूढ p. p. [गुह्-क्त] 1 Hidden, concealed, kept secret. -2 Covered. -3 Invisible, latent. -4 Secret, private. -5 Disguised. -ढम् 1 A solitary or private place. -2 A private part. -3 A mystery. -4 One of the शब्दालङ्कारs. ind. Secretly; संवत्सरं तत्र विहृत्य गूढम् Mb.3.176.1. -Comp. -अङ्गः a tortoise. -अङ्घ्रिः a snake. -अर्थ a. having a hidden meaning (cf. ˚चन्द्रिका-तत्त्वदीपिका-दीपिका &c. N. of different commentaries). -र्थः the hidden or mystic sense; A. L. -आत्मन् (the compound word being गूढोत्मन् thus accounted for in Sk.; भवेद् वर्णागमाद् हंसः सिंहो वर्णविपर्ययात् । गूढोत्मा वर्णविकृतेर्वर्णलोपात्पृषोदरः) the Supreme soul. -आलेख्यम् Cipher writing; Kau. A.1.12. -उत्पन्नः, -जः one of the 12 kinds of sons in Hindu-law; he is a son born secretly of a woman, when her husband is absent, the real father being unknown; गृहे प्रच्छन्न उत्पन्नो गूढजस्तु सुतः स्मृतः Y.2.129; Ms.9.159,17. -चार -चारिन् a. going about secretly; Y.2.268. (-m.) a spy, secret emissary. -नीडः the wag-tail. -पथः 1 a hidden path. -2 a by-path. -3 the mind, intellect. -पाद्, -पादः a snake. -पुरुषः a spy, secret emissary, disguised agent; गूढपुरुषोत्पत्तिः Kau. A.1.11. -पुष्पकः the Bakula tree. -भाषितम् secret intelligence, private communication. -मार्गः 1 a passage under-ground. -2 a defile. -मैथुनः a crow. -वर्चस् m. 1 'a concealed witness', one placed to overhear secretly what has been said by the defendant. -2 a frog. -a. of concealed glory; तल्लक्षणज्ञा अपि गूढवर्चसम् Bhāg. 1.19.28.
gauḍaḥ गौडः 1 N. of a country; the स्कन्दपुराण thus describes its position :-- वङ्गदेशं समारभ्य भुवनेशान्तगः शिवे । गौडदेशः समाख्यातः सर्वविद्याविशारदः ॥ -2 A particular subdivision of Brāhmaṇas. -3 see गोण्डः above. L. D. B. -डाः (pl.) The inhabitants of Gauḍa. -डी 1 Spirit distilled from molasses; गौडी पैष्ठी च माध्वी च विज्ञेया त्रिविधा सुरा Ms. 11.95. -2 One of the Rāgiṇis. -3 (In rhet.) One of the Ritis or Vrittis or styles of poetic composition; S. D. mentions four Ritis, while K. P. only three, गौडी being another name for पुरुषा वृत्ति; ओजःप्रकाशकैस्तैः (वर्णैः) तु परुषा (i. e. गौडी) M. P.7; ओजःप्रकाशकैर्वर्णैर्बन्ध आडम्बरः पुनः समासबहुला गौडी S. D.627. Here is an illustration : उन्मीलन्मधुगन्धलुब्धमधुपव्याधूतचूताङ्कुरः क्रीडत्कोकिलकाकंलीकलकलैरु- द्गीर्णकर्णज्वराः । नीयन्ते पथिकैः कथं कथमपि ध्यानावधानक्षणप्राप्त- प्राणसमासमागमरसोल्लासैरमी वासराः ॥ अलंकारशेखर 6. -डम् Sweet- meats; भोजनानि सुपूर्णानि गौडानि च सहस्रशः Rām.1.53.4. -a. Relating to or prepared from molasses; विविधानि च गौडानि खाण्डवानि तथैव च Rām.7.92.12. -Comp. -पादः N. of a commentator. -मालवः N. of a Rāga.
cala चल a. [चल्-अच्] 1 (a) Moving trembling, shaking, tremulous, rolling (as eyes &c.); चलापाङ्गां दृष्टिं स्पृशसि Ś.1.24; चलकाकपक्षकैरमात्यपुत्रैः R.3.28 waving; Bh.1.16. (b) Movable (opp. स्थिर), moving; चले लक्ष्ये Ś.2.5; परिचयं चललक्ष्यनिपातने R.9.49. -2 Unsteady, fickle, inconstant, loose, unfixed; दयितास्वनवस्थितं नृणां न खलु प्रेम चलं सुहृज्जने Ku.4.28; प्रायश्चलं गौरवमाश्रितेषु 3.1. -3 Frail, transitory, perishable; चला लक्ष्मीश्चलाः प्राणाश्चलं जीवितयौवनम् Bh.3.128. -4 Confused. -लः 1 Trembling, shaking, agitation. -2 Wind. -3 Quicksilver. -4 The supreme being. -ला 1 Lakṣmī, the goddess of wealth. -2 Lightning. -3 A kind of perfume. -Comp. -अचल a. 1 movable and immovable. -2 fickle, unsteady, very transitory (= अतिचल); चलाचले च संसारे धर्म एको हि निश्चलः Bh.3.128; लक्ष्मीमिव चलाचलाम् Ki.11.3 (चलाचला = चञ्चला Malli.); कस्य न भवति चलाचलं धनम् Mk.2.14; N.1.6; चलाचलैरनुपदमाहताः खुरैः Śi. (-लः) a crow. -आतङ्कः rheumatism. -आत्मन् a. inconstant, fickle-minded. -इन्द्रिय a. 1 sensitive. -2 sensual. -इषुः one whose arrow flies unsteadily or misses the mark, a bad archer. -कर्णः the true distance of a planet from the earth. -चञ्चुः the Chakora bird. -चित्त a. fickle-minded. -दलः, -पत्रः the Aśvattha tree; बिल्वै- श्चलदलैरपि Parṇāl.4.62; लीलाचलाचलं भाले हैमं चलदलच्छदम् (Mar. पिंपळपान) Śiva. B.6.83. ˚च्छदः An ornament worn on the forehead, having the shape of the leaf of the Aśvattha tree. -सन्धिः movable articulation of the bones.
jātiḥ जातिः f. [जन्-क्तिन्] 1 Birth, production, सङ्कुलं जल- जातिभिः Rām.3.11.6; Pt.1.38; Ms.2.148; also 'the time of birth'; cf. जातौ बाल्ये च कौमारे यौवने चापि मानवाः Mb.12.158.11. -2 The form of existence fixed by birth. -3 Race, family, lineage, rank. -4 A caste, tribe or class (of men); अरे मूढ जात्या चेदवध्यो$हं एषा सा जातिः परित्यक्ता Ve.3; (the primary castes of the Hindus are only four :-- ब्राह्मण, क्षत्रिय, वैश्य and शूद्र). -5 A class, genus, kind, species; पशुजातिः, पुष्पजातिः &c. -6 The properties which are peculiar to a class and distinguish it from all others, the essential characteristics of a species; as गोत्व, अश्वत्व of cows, horses &c; see गुण, क्रिया and द्रव्य; जातिक्रियागुणैः Śi.2.47; and cf. K. P.2. -7 A fire-place. -8 Nutmeg. -9 The Jasmine plant or its flower; नागपुन्नागजातिभिः Bhāg.8.2.18; पुष्पाणां प्रकरः स्मितेन रचितो नो कुन्दजात्यादिभिः Amaru.4 (written also as जाती in the last two senses). -1 (In Nyāya) Futile answer. -11 (In music) The seven primary notes of the Indian gamut; जातिभिः सप्तभिर्युक्तं तन्त्रीलयसमन्वितम् Rām.1.4.8. -12 Reduction of fractions to a common denominator. -13 False generalization. -14 A figure of speech (in rhetoric) which consists in so arranging words that they may read the same in Sanskṛit as well as in Prākṛita (संस्कृतप्राकृतयोः समा जातिः); cf. Vb.1.3. -15 A class of metres; see App. -Comp. -अन्ध a. born blind; Bh.1.9. -कोशः, -षः, -षम् nutmeg. -कोशी, -षी the outer skin of the nutmeg. -क्षयः (= जन्मोच्छेदः) the end of birth, spiritual release. जातिक्षयस्यासुलभस्य बोद्धा Bu. Ch.1.74. -गृद्धिः f. to take birth; जातिगृद्धयाभिपन्नाः Mb.5.6.9. -जानपद a. belonging to the castes and to the country; जातिजानपदान् धर्मान् Ms.8.41. -धर्मः 1 the duties of a caste. -2 a generic property. -ध्वंसः loss of caste or its privileges. -पत्री the outer skin of the nutmeg. -फलम् (sometimes जातीफलम् also) a nutmeg; जातीफलं मातुलानीमहिफेनं च पत्रकम् Śiva. B.3.15. -ब्राह्मणः a Brāhmaṇa only by birth, but not by knowledge or religious austerities, an ignorant Brāhmaṇa; (तपः श्रुतं च योनिश्च त्रयं ब्राह्मण्यकारणम् । तपःश्रुताभ्यां यो हीनो जातिब्राह्मण एव सः ॥ --शब्दार्थचिन्तामणि) -भ्रंशः loss of caste; Ms.11.67. -भ्रष्ट a. outcaste. -महः birth-day festival. -मात्रम् 1 'mere birth', position in life obtained by mere birth. -2 caste only (but not the performance of duties pertaining to it); Ms.8.2; 12.114. -3 species, genus. -लक्षणम् generic distinction, a characteristic of a class. -वाचक a. expressing a genus, generic (as a word); गौरश्वः पुरुषो हस्ती. -वैरम् instinctive or natural hostility. -वैरिन् m. a born enemy. -वैलक्षण्यम् inconsistency, incompatibility in kind. -शब्दः a name conveying the idea of a genus, a generic word, common noun; गौः, अश्वः, पुरुषः, हस्ती &c. -संकरः admixture of castes; mixed blood. -संपन्न a. belonging to a noble family. -सारम् nutmeg. -स्मर a. remembering one's condition in a former life; जातिस्मरो मुनिरस्मि जात्या K.355. -स्वभावः generic character or nature. -हीन a. of low birth, outcaste; रूपद्रव्यविहीनांश्च जातिहीनांश्च नाक्षिपेत् Ms.4.141;1.35.
dagdha दग्ध p. p. [दह्-क्त] 1 Burnt, consumed by fire. -2 (Fig.) Consumed by grief, tormented, distressed; (मही) न शक्यते द्रष्टुमपि प्रवासिभिः प्रियावियोगानलदग्धमानसैः Ṛs.1.1. -3 Famished. -4 Inauspicious, as in दग्धयोग. -5 Dry, tasteless, insipid -6 Wretched, accursed, vile, (used as a term of abuse before a word); नाद्यापि मे दग्धदेहः पतति U.4; अस्य दग्धोदरस्यार्थे कः कुर्यात् पातकं महत् H.1.68; so दग्धजठरस्यार्थे Bh.3.8. -7 Cunning (विदग्ध). -ग्धा 1 The quarter where the sun remains overhead. -2 A lunar day or तिथि on which it is considered inauspicious or unlucky to do any act. -ग्धम् 1 Burning; Mb. 12.33.6. -2 Cauterizing. -Comp. -काकः a raven. -जठरम् the hungry stomach; Bh.3. -व्रणः a burn, singe.
dūṣiḥ दूषिः षी f. The rheum of the eyes.
patat पतत् (-न्ती f.) Flying, descending, alighting, coming down &c. -m. A bird; परमः पुमानिव पतिं पतताम् Ki.6.1; क्वचित् तथा संचरते सुराणां क्वचिद्धनानां पततां क्वचिच्च R.13.19; Śi.9.15. -Comp. -ग्रहः 1 the reserve of an army. -2 a spitting pot, spittoon; तमेकमाणिक्यमयं महोन्नतं पतद्ग्रहं ग्राहितवान्नलेन सः N.16.27; रौप्यान् रौक्माँश्च पर्यङ्कान् करङ्काँश्च पतद्ग्रहान् Śiva B.17.43. -प्रकर्ष a. (in rhet.) illogical; prosaical. -भीरुः a hawk, falcon. -वहः (= पतद्ग्रहः) पतद्वहत्वेन कृतात्पतङ्गः पत्न्या जलेशस्य दिशा वहस्य Rām. Ch.6.15.
pavana पवन a. Clean, pure; महतां पदपद्मजं परागं पवनानां पवनं ह्युपादिशन्ति Rām. Ch.2.3. -नः [पू-ल्यु] 1 Air, wind; सर्पाः पिबन्ति पवनं न च दुर्बलास्ते Subhāṣ; Bg.1.31; पवनपदवी, पवनसुतः &c.; The vital air, breath. -2 N. of Viṣṇu. -3 A householder's sacred fire. -4 A purifier (wind); परितो दुरितानि यः पुनीते शिव तस्मै पवनात्मने नमस्ते Ki.18.37. -5 N. of the number five (from the 5 vital airs). -नम् 1 Purification. -2 Winnowing. -3 A sieve, strainer. -4 Water. -5 A potter's kiln (m. also). -नी A broom. -Comp. -अशनः, -भुज् m. a serpent. -आत्मजः 1 an epithet of Hanumat. -2 of Bhīma. -3 fire. -आशः a serpent, snake. ˚नाशः 1 an epithet of Garuḍa. -2 a peacock. -चक्रम् Whirl-wind. -जः, -तनयः, -भूः, -सुतः 1 epithets of Hanumat; संक्षोभं पवनभुवा जवेन नीताः Śi.4.59. -2 of Bhīma. -पदवी The sky, air; त्वामारूढं पवनपदवीम् (प्रेक्षिष्यन्ते पथिकवनिताः) Me.8. -वाहनः fire. -विजयः a kind of book dealing with omens relating to breath exhaled and inhaled. -व्याधिः 1 an epithet of Uddhava, a friend and counsellor of Kṛiṣṇa. -2 rheumatism.
prati प्रति ind. 1 As a prefix to verbs it means (a) towards, in the direction of; (b) back, in return, again; तष्ठेदानीं न मे जीवन् प्रतियास्यसि दुर्मते Rām.7.18.13; (c) in opposition to, against, counter; (d) upon, down upon; (see the several roots with this preposition). -2 As a prefix to nouns not directly derived from verbs it means (a) likeness, resemblance, equality; (b) opposite, of the opposite side; प्रतिबल Ve.3.5. 'the opposing force'; so प्रतिद्विपाः Mu.2.13; (c) rivalry; as in प्रतिचन्द्रः 'a rival moon'; प्रतिपुरुषः &c. -3 As a separable preposition (with acc.) it means (a) towards, in the direction of, to; तौ दम्पती स्वां प्रति राजधानीं प्रस्थापयामास वशी वसिष्ठः R.2.7;1. 75; प्रत्यनिलं विचेरु Ku.3.31; वृक्षं प्रति विद्योतते विद्युत् Sk.; (b) against, counter, in opposition to, opposite; तदा यायाद् रिपुं प्रति Ms.7.171; प्रदुदुवुस्तं प्रति राक्षसेन्द्रम् Rām.; ययावजः प्रत्यरिसैन्यमेव R.7.55; (c) in comparison with, on a par with, in proportion to, a match for; त्वं सहस्राणि प्रति Ṛv.2.1.8; (d) near, in the vicinity of, by, at, in, on; समासेदुस्ततो गङ्गां शृङ्गवेरपुरं प्रति Rām.; गङ्गां प्रति; (e) at the time, about, during; आदित्यस्योदयं प्रति Mb; फाल्गुनं वाथ चैत्रं वा मासौ प्रति Ms.7.182; (f) on the side of, in favour of, to the lot of; यदत्र मां प्रति स्यात् Sk.; हरं प्रति हलाहलं (अभवत्) Vop.; (g) in each, in or at every, severally (used in a distributive sense); वर्षं प्रति, प्रतिवर्षम्; यज्ञं प्रति Y.1.11; वृक्षं वृक्षं प्रति सिञ्चति Sk.; (h) with regard or reference to, in relation to, regarding, concerning, about, as to; न हि मे संशीतिरस्या दिव्यतां प्रति K.132; चन्द्रोपरागं प्रति तु केनापि विप्रलब्धासि Mu.1; धर्मं प्रति Ś.5.18; मन्दौत्सुक्यो$स्मि नगरगमनं प्रति Ś.1; Ku.6.27; 7.83; त्वयैकमीशं प्रति साधु भाषितम् 5.81; Y.1.218; R.6. 12;1.29;12.51; (i) according to, in conformity with; मां प्रति in my opinion; (j) before, in the presence of; (k) for, on account of. -4 As a separable preposition (with abl.) it means either (a) a representative of, in place of, instead of; प्रद्युम्नः कृष्णात् प्रति Sk.; संग्रामे यो नारायणतः प्रति Bk.8.89; or (b) in exchange or return for; तिलेभ्यः प्रति यच्छति माषान् Sk.; भक्तेः प्रत्यमृतं शंभोः Vop. -5 As the first member of Avyayībhāva compound it usually means (a) in or at every; as प्रतिसंवत्सरम् 'every year', प्रतिक्षणम्, प्रत्यहम् &c.; (b) towards, in the direction of; प्रत्यग्नि शलभा डयन्ते. -6 प्रति is sometimes used as the last member of Avyayī. comp. in the sense of 'a little'; सूपप्रति, शाकप्रति. [Note:-In the compounds given below all words the second members of which are words not immediately connected with verbs, are included; other words will be found in their proper places.] -Comp. -अंशम् ind. on the shoulders. -अक्षरम् ind. in every syllable or letter; प्रत्यक्षरश्लेषमयप्रबन्ध Vās. -अग्नि ind. towards the fire. -अग्र = प्रत्यग्र q. v. -अङ्गम् 1 a secondary or minor limb (of the body), as the nose. -2 a division, chapter, section. -3 every limb. -4 a weapon. (-ङ्गम्) ind. 1 on or at every limb of the body; as in प्रत्यङ्ग- मालिङ्गितः Gīt.1. -2 for every subdivision. -3 in each case (in grammar). -अधिदेवता a tutelary deity who stays in front or near one; Hch. -अधिष्ठानम्, -आधानम् the principal place of residence; Bṛi. Up.2.2.1. -2 repository. -अनन्तर a. 1 being in immediate neighbourhood; दानमानादिसत्कारैः कुरुष्व प्रत्यनन्तरम् Rām.4.15.27. (com. प्रत्यनन्तरं स्वाधीनम्). -2 standing nearest (as an heir). -3 immediately following, closely connected with; जीवेत् क्षत्रियधर्मेण स ह्यस्य (ब्राह्मणस्य) प्रत्यनन्तरः; Ms.1. 82;8.185. (-रम्) ind. 1 immediately after. -2 next in succession. -रीभू to betake oneself close to; P. R. -अनिलम् ind. towards or against the wind. -अनीक a 1 hostile, opposed, inimical. -2 resisting, opposing. -3 opposite. -4 equal, vying with. (-कः) an enemy. (-कम्) 1 hostility, enmity, hostile attitude or position; न शक्ताः प्रत्यनीकेषु स्थातुं मम सुरासुराः Rām. -2 a hostile army; यस्य शूरा महेष्वासाः प्रत्यनीकगता रणे Mb.; ये$वस्थिताः प्रत्यनीकेषु योधाः Bg.11.32. (प्र˚ may have here sense 1 also). -3 (in Rhet.) a figure of speech in which one tries to injure a person or thing connected with an enemy who himself cannot be injured; प्रतिपक्षमशक्तेन प्रतिकर्तुं तिरस्क्रिया । या तदीयस्य तत्स्तुत्यै प्रत्यनीकं तदुच्यते K. P.1. -अनुप्रासः a kind of alliteration. -अनुमानम् an opposite conclusion. -अन्त a. contiguous, lying close to, adjacent, bordering. (-न्तः) 1 a border, frontier; स गुप्तमूलप्रत्यन्तः R.4.26. -2 a bordering country; especially, a country occupied by barbarian or Mlechchhas. ˚देशः a bordering country. ˚पर्वतः an adjacent hill; पादाः प्रत्यन्तपर्वताः Ak. -अन्धकार a. spreading shadow; Buddh. -अपकारः retaliation, injury in return; शाम्येत् प्रत्यप- कारेण नोपकारेण दुर्जनः Ku.2.4. -अब्दम् ind. every year -अमित्र a. hostile. (-त्रः) an enemy. (-त्रम्) ind. towards as enemy. -अरिः 1 a well-matched opponent. -2 the 9th, 14th or 23rd asterism from the जन्मनक्षत्र. -3 a particular asterism; दारुणेषु च सर्वेषु प्रत्यरिं च विवर्जयेत् Mb.13.14.28 (com. प्रत्यरिं स्वनक्षत्राद् दिननक्षत्रं यावद् गणयित्वा नवभिर्भागे हृते पञ्चमी तारा प्रत्यरिः ।). -अर्कः a mock sun; parhelion. -अर्गलम् the rope by which a churning stick is moved. -अवयवम् ind. 1 in every limb. -2 in every particular, in detail. -अवर a. 1 lower, less honoured; पुरावरान् प्रत्यवरान् गरीयसः Mb.13.94.12. -2 very low or degrading, very insignificant; Ms.1.19. -अश्मन् m. red chalk. -अष्ठीला a kind of nervous disease. -अहम् ind. every day, daily; day by day; गिरिशमुपचचार प्रत्यहं सा सुकेशी Ku.1.6. -आकारः a scabbard, sheath. -आघातः 1 a counter-stroke. -2 reaction. -आचारः suitable conduct or behaviour. -आत्मम् ind. singly, severally. -आत्मक a. belonging to oneself. -आत्म्यम् similarity with oneself. -आत्मेन ind. after one's own image; स किंनरान् कुंपुरुषान् प्रत्यात्म्येना- सृजत् प्रभुः Bhāg.3.2.45. -आदित्यः a mock sun. -आरम्भः 1 recommencement, second beginning. -2 prohibition. -आर्द्र a. fresh. -आशा 1 hope, expectation; न यत्र प्रत्याशामनुपतति नो वा रहयति Māl.9.8. -2 trust, confidence. -आसङ्गः Connection, contact; अथ प्रत्यासङ्गः कमपि महिमानं वितरति Mv.1.12. -आस्वर 1 returning. -2 reflecting; Ch.Up.1.3.2. -आह्वयः echo, resonance; छाया प्रत्याह्वयाभासा ह्यसन्तो$प्यर्थकारिणः Bhāg.11.28.5. -उत्तरम् a reply, rejoinder. -उलूकः 1 a crow; मृत्युदूतः कपोतो$यमुलूकः कम्पयन्मनः । प्रत्युलूकश्च कुह्वानैरनिद्रौ शून्यमिच्छतः ॥ Bhāg.1.14.14. -2 a bird resembling an owl. -ऋचम् ind. in each Rik. -एक a. each, each one, every single one. (-कम्) ind. 1 one at a time, severally; singly, in every one, to every one; oft. with the force of an adjective; विवेश दण्डकारण्यं प्रत्येकं च सतां मनः R.12.9. 'entered the mind of every good man'; 12.3;7.34; Ku.2.31. -एनस् m. 1 an officer of justice (who punishes criminals); Bṛi. Up.4.3.7. -2 a heir responsible for the debts of the deceased; surety. -कञ्चुकः 1 an adversary. -2 a critic. -कण्ठम् ind. 1 severally, one by one. -2 near the throat. -कलम् ind. constantly, perpetually. -कश a. not obeying the whip. -कष्ट a. comparatively bad. -कामिनी a female rival; Śi. -कायः 1 an effigy, image, picture, likeness. -2 an adversary; स वृषध्वजसायकावभिन्नं जयहेतुः प्रतिकाय- मेषणीयम् Ki.13.28. -3 a target, butt, mark. -कितवः an opponent in a game. -कुञ्जरः a hostile elephant. -कूपः a moat, ditch. -कूल a. 1 unfavourable, adverse, contrary, hostile, opposite, प्रतिकूलतामुपगते हि विधौ विफलत्व- मेति बहुसाधनता Śi.9.6; Ku.3.24. -2 harsh, discordant. unpleasant, disagreeable; अप्यन्नपुष्टा प्रतिकूलशब्दा Ku.1. 45. -3 inauspicious. -4 contradictory. -5 reverse, inverted. -6 perverse, cross, peevish, stubborn. ˚आचार- णम्, ˚आचरितम् any offensive or hostile action or conduct; प्रतिकूलाचरितं क्षमख मे R.8.81. ˚उक्तम्, -क्तिः f. a contradiction. ˚कारिन्, -कृत, -चारिन्, -वत्ति a. opposing. ˚दर्शन a. having an inauspicious or ungracious appearance. ˚प्रवर्तिन्, -वर्तिन् a. acting adversely, taking an adverse course. ˚भाषिन् a. opposing, contradicting. ˚वचनम् disagreeable or unpleasant speech. ˚वादः contradiction. (प्रतिकूलता, -त्वम् adverseness, opposition, hostility. प्रति- कूलयति 'to oppose'.). -कूल ind. 1 adversely, contrarily. -2 inversely, in inverted order. -कूलय Den. P. to resist, oppose. -कूलिक a. hostile, inimical. -क्षणम् ind. at every moment or instant, constantly; प्रतिक्षणं संभ्रमलोलदृष्टि- र्लीलारविन्देन निवारयन्ती Ku.3.56. -क्षपम् ind. everynight. -गजः a hostile elephant -गात्रम् ind. in very limb. -गिरिः 1 an opposite mountain. -2 an inferior mountain. -गृहम्, -गेहम् ind. in every house. -ग्रामम् ind. in every village. -चक्रम् a hostile army. -चन्द्रः a mock moon; paraselene. -चरणम् ind. 1 in every (Vedic) school or branch. -2 at every foot-step. -छाया, -यिका 1 a reflected image, reflection, shadow; रूपं प्रतिच्छायिक- योपनीतम् N.6.45. -2 an image, picture. -जङ्घा the forepart of the leg. -जिह्वा, -जिह्विका the soft palate, -तन्त्रम् ind. according to each Tantra or opinion. -तन्त्र- सिद्धान्तः a conclusion adopted by one of the disputants only; (वादिप्रतिवाद्येकतरमात्राभ्युपगतः). -त्र्यहम् ind. for three days at a time. -दण्ड a. Ved. disobedient. -दिनम् ind. every day; राशीभूतः प्रतिदिनमिव त्र्यम्बकस्याट्टहासः Me.6. -दिशम् ind. in every direction, all round, everywhere. -दूतः a messenger sent in return. -देवता a corresponding deity; गताः कलाः पञ्चदश प्रतिष्ठा देवाश्च सर्वे प्रतिदेवतासु Muṇḍa.3.2.7. -देशम् ind. in every country. -देहम् ind. in every body. -दैवतम् ind. for every deity. -द्वन्द्वः 1 an antagonist, opponent, adversary, rival. -2 an enemy. (-द्वम्) opposition, hostility. -द्वन्द्विन् a. 1 hostile, inimical. -2 adverse (प्रतिकूल); कृतान्तदुर्वृत्त इवापरेषां पुरः प्रतिद्वन्द्विनि पाण्डवास्त्रे Ki.16.29. -3 rivalling, vying with; किसलयोद्भेदप्रतिद्वन्दिभिः (करतलैः) Ś.4.5. (-m.) an opponent, adversary, rival; तुल्यप्रति- द्वन्द्वि बभूव युद्धम् R.7.37.;15.25. -द्वारम् ind. at every gate. -धुरः a horse harnessed by the side of another. -नप्तृ m. great-grandson, a son's grandson. -नव a. 1 new, young, fresh. -2 newly blown budded; सान्ध्यं तेजः प्रतिनवजपापुष्परक्तं दधानः Me.38. -नाडी a branch-vein. -नायकः the adversary of the hero of any poetic composition; धीरोद्धतः पापकारी व्यसनी प्रतिनायकः S. D., as रावण in the Rāmāyaṇa, शिशुपाल in Māgha-Kāvya &c. -नारी, -पत्नी, -युवतिः a female rival; Śi.7.45. -निनादः = प्रतिध्वनिः q. v. -न्यायम् ind. in inverted order; पुनः प्रतिन्यायं प्रतियोन्याद्रवति स्वप्नायैव Bṛi. Up.4.3.15. -पक्ष a. like, similar. (-क्षः) 1 the opposite side, party or faction, hostility; विमृश्य पक्षप्रतिपक्षाभ्यामवधारणं नियमः Gaut. S, -2 an adversary, enemy, foe, rival; प्रति- पक्षकामिनी, -लक्ष्मी 'a rival wife'; Bv.2.64; दासीकृतायाः प्रति- पक्षलक्ष्याः Vikr.1.73; प्रतिपक्षमशक्तेन प्रतिकर्तुम् K. P.1; Vikr.1.7; often used in comp. in the sense of 'equal' or 'similar'. -3 remedy, expiation; यादवस्य पापस्य प्रतिपक्षमुपदिशामि Nāg.5. -4 a defendant or respondent (in law). ˚ता 1 hostility, opposition. -2 obstacle. -पक्षित a. 1 containing a contradiction. -2 nullified by a contradictory premise; (as a hetu in न्याय); cf. सत्प्रतिपक्ष. -पक्षिन् m. an opponent, adversary. -पण्यम् merchandise in exchange; Buddh. -प्रथम् ind. along the road, towards the way; प्रतिपथगतिरासीद् वेगदीर्घीकृताङ्गः Ku.3.76. -पदम् ind. 1 at evry stop. -2 at every place, everywhere. -3 expressly. -4 in every word; प्रतिपदाख्याने तु गौरवं परिहरद्भिर्वृत्तिकारैः सर्वसामान्यः शब्दः प्रति- गृहीतः प्रकृतिवदिति ŚB. on MS.8.1.2. -पल्लवः an opposite or outstretched branch; R. -पाणः 1 a stake. -2 a counter-pledge. -3 a counter-stake; Mb.3. -पादम् ind. in each quarter. -पात्रम् ind. with regard to each part, of each character; प्रतिपात्रमाधीयतां यत्नः Ś.1 'let care be taken of each character'. -पादपम् ind. in every tree. -पाप a. returning sin for sin, requiting evil for evil. -पु(पू)रुषः 1 a like or similar man. -2 a substitute, deputy. -3 a companion. -4 the effigy of a man pushed by thieves into the interior of a house before entering it themselves (to ascertain if any body is awake). -5 an effigy in general. (-षम्) ind. man by man, for each man. -पुस्तकम् a copy of an original manuscript. -पूर्वाह्णम् ind. every forenoon. -प्रति a. counter-balancing, equal to. -प्रभातम् ind. every morning. -प्रसवः 1 (As opposed to अनुप्रसव) tracing causes back to the origin as -a pot, a lump of mud, mud, clay, Pātañjala Yogadarśana. -2 Negation of (or exception to) a negation. The force of a प्रतिप्रसव is positive, limiting as it does the scope of a प्रतिषेध or negation. Hence it is just the opposite of परिसंख्या whose force is negative or exclusive since it limits the scope of a positive statement. प्रतिप्रसवो$यं न परिसंख्या ŚB. on MS.1.7.45. -प्रकारः an outer wall or rampart. -प्रियम् a kindness or service in return; प्रतिप्रियं चेद् भवतो न कुर्यां वृथा हि मे स्यात् स्वपदोपलब्धिः R.5.56. -बन्धुः an equal in rank or station; Mb.5.121.13. -बलः a. 1 able, powerful. -2 equal in strength, equally matched or powerful. (-लम्) 1 a hostile army; अस्त्रज्वालावलीढप्रतिबलजलधेरन्तरौर्वायमाणे Ve.3.7. -2 strength. -बाहु 1 the forepart of the arm. -2 an opposite side (in a square or polygon). -बि (वि) म्बः, -म्बम् 1 a reflection, reflected image; ज्योतिषां प्रतिबिम्बानि प्राप्नु- वन्त्युपहारताम् Ku.6.42; Śi.9.18. -2 an image, a picture. -बीजम् a rotten seed. -भट a. vying with, rivalling; घटप्रतिभटस्तनि N.13.5. (-टः) 1 a rival, an opponent; निवासः कन्दर्पप्रतिभटजटाजूटभवने G. L.21. -2 a warrior on the opposite side; समालोक्याजौ त्वां विदधति विकल्पान् प्रतिभटाः K. P.1. -भय a. 1 fearful, formidable, terrible, frightful. -2 dangerous; स्वगृहोद्यानगते$पि स्निग्धैः पापं विशङ्क्यते मोहात् । किमु दृष्टबह्वपायप्रतिभयकान्तारमध्यस्थे ॥ Pt.2.171; Nāg.5.1.; Bhāg.1.6.14. (-यम्) a danger; सुनन्द, श्रुतं मया संनिहितगरुडप्रतिभयमुद्देशं जामाता जीमूतवाहनो गतः Nāg.5. -भैरव a. dreadful. -मञ्चः a kind of measure (in music.) -मञ्चाः Platforms opposite to each other; दशभागिकौ द्वौ प्रतिमञ्चौ Kau. A.2.3.21. -मण्डलम् 1 a secondary disc (of the sun &c.). -2 an eccentric orbit. -मन्दिरम् ind. in every house. -मल्लः an antagonist, a rival; उपेयिवांसं प्रतिमल्लतां रयस्मये जितस्य प्रसभं गरुत्मतः N.1.63; पातालप्रतिमल्लगल्ल &c. Māl.5.22. -मानना worship (पूजा); स्पर्शमशुचिवपुरर्हति न प्रतिमाननां तु नितरां नृपोचिताम् Śi.15.35. -माया a counter-spell or charm; प्रतिमाया कृतं च तत् Mb.1.34.22. -मार्गः the way back; Mb.4. -मार्गम् ind. back, backwards. -माला capping verses (Mar. भंडी). -मासम् ind. every month, monthly. -मित्रम् an enemy, adversary. -मुख a. standing before the face, facing; प्रतिमुखागत Ms.8.291. -2 near, present. (-खम्) a secondary plot or incident in a drama which tends either to hasten or retard the catastrophe; see S. D.334 and 351-364. (-खम्) ind. 1 towards. -2 in front, before. -मुखरी a particular mode of drumming. -मुद्रा 1 a counterseal. -2 the impression of a seal. -मुहूर्तम् ind. every moment. -मूर्तिः f. an image, a likeness. -मूषिका f. a musk-rat (Mar. चिचुंदरी). -यूथपः the leader of a hostile herd of elephants. -रथः an adversary in war (lit. in fighting in a war-chariot); दौष्यन्तिमप्रतिरथं तनयं निवेश्य Ś.4.2. -रथ्यम् in every road; अस्मिन् नगरे प्रतिरथ्यं भुजङ्गबद्धसंचारे Udb. -रवः, -ध्वनिः 1 an echo; प्रतिरवविततो वनानि चक्रे Ki.1.4. -2 quarrel; controversy. -3 (Ved.) life (प्राण). -रसितम् an echo; केनास्मत् सिंह- नादप्रतिरसितसखो दुन्दुभिस्ताड्यते$यम् Ve.1.22. -राजः a hostile king. -रात्रम् ind. every night. -रूप a. 1 corresponding, similar, having a counter-part in; अग्निर्यथैको भुवनं प्रविष्टो रूपं रूपं प्रतिरूपो बभूव Kaṭh.2.2.9. -2 beautiful. -3 suitable, proper; इदं न प्रतिरूपं ते स्त्रीष्वदाक्षिण्यमीदृशम् Bu. Ch.4.66; आत्मनः प्रतिरूपं सा बभाषे चारुहासिनी Rām.4. 19.17. -4 facing (अभिमुख); प्रतिरूपं जनं कुर्यान्न चेत् तद् वर्तते यथा Mb.12.97.16 (com. प्रतिरूपं युद्धाभिमुखम्). (-पम्) 1 a picture, an image, a likeness. -2 a mirror-like reflecting object; अदर्शनं स्वशिरसः प्रतिरूपे च सत्यपि Bhāg. 1.42.28. -4 an object of comparison (उपमान); भवान्मे खलु भक्तानां सर्वेषां प्रतिरूपधृक् Bhāg.7.1.21. -रूपक a. resembling, similar (at the end of comp.); जहीमान् राक्षसान् पापानात्मनः प्रतिरूपकान् Mb.3.29.11; चेष्टाप्रतिरूपिका मनोवृत्तिः Ś.1. (-कम्) 1 a picture, an image; अग्निदैर्गर- दैश्चैव प्रतिरूपककारकैः Mb.12.59.49. -2 a forged edict; जर्जरं चास्य विषयं कुर्वन्ति प्रतिरूपकैः Mb.12.56.52. -3 a reflection. -लक्षणम् a mark, sign, token. -लिपिः f. a transcript, a written copy. -लेखः a writ of reply; प्रावृत्तिकश्च प्रतिलेख एव Kau. A.2.1.28. -लोम a. 1 'against the hair or grain', contray to the natural order, inverted, reverse (opp. अनुलोम); नववर्षसहस्राक्षः प्रतिलोमो$भवद् गुरुः Bhāg.12.14.15. -2 contrary to caste (said of the issue of a woman who is of a higher caste than her husband). -3 hostile. -4 low, vile, base. -5 left (वाम). -6 obstinate, perverse; अपरिचितस्यापि ते$प्रतिलोमः संवृत्तः Ś.7. -7 disagreeable, unpleasant. (-मम्) any injurious or unpleasant act. (-मम्) ind. 'against the hair or grain', inversely, invertedly. ˚ज a. born in the inverse order of the castes; i. e. born of a mother who is of a higher caste than the father; cf. Ms.1.16,25. -लोमक a. reverse, inverted; राजन्यविप्रयोः कस्माद् विवाहः प्रतिलोमकः Bhāg.9.18.5. -कम् inverted order. -लोमतः ind. 1 in consequence of the inverted order or course; Ms.1.68. -2 in an unfriendly manner; यदा बहुविधां वृद्धिं मन्येत प्रतिलोमतः Mb.12.13.39. -वत्सरम् ind. every year. -वनम् ind. in every forest. -वर्णिक a. similar, corresponding. -वर्धिन् a. being a match for. -वर्षम् ind. every year. -वस्तु n. 1 an equivalent, a counterpart. -2 anything given in return. -3 a parallel. ˚उपमा a figure of speech thus defined by Mammaṭa:-- प्रतिवस्तूपमा तु सा ॥ सामान्यस्य द्विरेकस्य यत्र वाक्यद्वये स्थितिः । K. P.1; e. g. तापेन भ्राजते सूर्यः शूरश्चापेन राजते Chandr.5. 48. -वातः a contrary wind; प्रतिवाते$नुवाते च नासीत गुरुणा सह Ms.2.23. (-तम्) ind. against the wind; चीनांशुक- मिव केतोः प्रतिवातं नीयमानस्य Ś.1.33. -वारणः a hostile elephant. -वासरम् ind. every day. -विटपम् ind. 1 on every branch. -2 branch by branch. -विषम् an antidote. (-षा) a birch tree. -विष्णुकः a Muchakunda tree. -वीरः an opponent, antagonist. -वीर्यम् being equal to or a match for. -वृषः a hostile bull. -वेलम् ind. at each time, on every occasion. -वेशः 1 a neighbouring house, neighbourhood. -2 a neighbour. -वेशिन् a. a neighbour; दृष्ट्वा प्रभातसमये प्रतिवेशिवर्गः Mk.3.14. -वेश्मन् n. a neighbour's house. -वेश्यः a neighbour. -वैरम् requital of hostilities revenge. -शब्दः 1 echo, reverberation; वसुधाधरकन्दराभिसर्पी प्रतिशब्दो$पि हरेर्भिनत्ति नागान् V. 1.16; Ku.6.64; R.2.28. -2 a roar. -शशिन् m. a mock-moon. -शाखम् ind. for every branch or school (of the Veda). -शाखा a side-branch; महाभूतविशेषश्च विशेषप्रतिशाखवान् Mb.14.35.21. -संवत्सरम् ind. every year. -सङ्गक्षिका 1 a cloak to keep off the dust; Buddh. -संदेशः a reply to the message; दर्पसारस्य प्रति- संदेशमावेदयत् D. K.2.1. -सम a. equal to, a match for. -सव्य a. in an inverted order. -सामन्तः an enemy. -सायम् ind. every evening. -सूर्यः, -सूर्यकः 1 a mock-sun. -2 a lizard, chameleon; 'कृकलासस्तु सरटः प्रतिसूर्यः शयानकः ।' Hemchandra; तृष्यद्भिः प्रतिसूर्यकैरजगरस्वेदद्रवः पीयते U.2.16. -सेना, सैन्यम् a hostile army; निहतां प्रतिसैन्येन वडवामिव पातिताम् Rām.2.114.17. -स्थानम् ind. in every place, everywhere. -स्मृतिः N. of particular kind of magic; गृहाणेमां मया प्रोक्तां सिद्धिं मूर्तिमतीमिव । विद्यां प्रतिस्मृतिं नाम Mb.3.36.3. -स्रोतस् ind. against the stream; सरस्वतीं प्रतिस्रोतं ययौ ब्राह्मणसंवृतः Bhāg.1.78. 18. -a. going against the stream; अथासाद्य तु कालिन्दी प्रतिस्रोतः समागताम् Rām.2.55.5. -हस्तः, -हस्तकः a deputy, an agent, substitute, proxy; आश्रितानां भृतौ स्वामिसेवायां धर्मसेवने । पुत्रस्योत्पादने चैव न सन्ति प्रतिहस्तकाः ॥ H.2.33. -हस्तीकृ to take; Pratijñā 3. -हस्तिन् the keeper of a brothel; Dk.2.2.
prabhutā प्रभुता त्वम् 1 Lordship, supremacy, mastery, ascendancy, authority; भर्तर्यपेततमसि प्रभुता तवैव Ś.7.32; 'मा गा इत्यपमङ्गलं, व्रज पुनः स्नेहेन हीनं वचः, तिष्ठेति प्रभुता, थयारुचि कुरु ह्येषाप्युदासीनता ।' Śabda Ch. -2 Ownership. -Comp. -आक्षेपः (प्रभुत्वाक्षेपः) (in rhet.) an objection based on power (i. e. on a word of command); प्रभुत्वेनैव रुद्धत्वात् प्रभुत्वाक्षेप उच्यते Kāv.2.138.
preman प्रेमन् m., n. [प्रियस्य भावः इमनिच् प्रादेशः एकाच्कत्वात् न टिलोपः Tv.] 1 Love, affection; तत् प्रेम हेमनिकषोपलतां तनोति Gīt.11; Me.46; भद्रं प्रेम सुमानुषस्य कथमप्येकं हि तत् प्राप्यते U.1. -2 Favour, kindness, kind or tender regard. -3 Sport, pastime. -4 Joy, delight, gladness. -m. 1 A jest, joke. -2 Wind, air. -3 An epithet of Indra. -Comp. -अश्रु n. a tear of joy or affection. -आर्द्र a. overflowing with love. -ऋद्धिः f. increase of affection, ardent love. -पर a. affectionate, loving. -पातनम् 1 tears (of joy). -2 the eye (that sheds them). -3 rheum. -पात्रम् 'an object of love', any beloved person or thing. -बन्धः, -बन्धनम् a bond or tie of affection, -भावः affection, love.
bhīṣaṇa भीषण a. [भी-णिच्-सुक् ल्यु] Terrific, formidable, dreadful, horrible, frightening; बिभ्युर्बिडालेक्षणभीषणाभ्यः Śi.3.45. -णः 1 The sentiment of terror (in rhetoric); see भयानक. -2 N. of Śiva. -3 A pigeon, dove. -4 The olibanum tree. -णम् 1 Anything that excites terror. -2 Terrifying, causing terror.
bhīṣma भीष्म a. [भी-णिच्-सुक्-अपादाने मक्] Terrible, dreadful, frightful, fearful; भीष्मो हि देवः सहसः सहीयान् Bhāg. 11.23.48. -ष्मः 1 The sentiment of terror (in rhetoric); see भयानक. -2 A demon, an imp, a fiend, goblin. -3 An epithet of Śiva. -4 N. of the son of Śantanu by Gangā; हृते भीष्मे हते द्रोणे शल्ये च निधनं गते Mb. [He was the youngest of the eight sons of Śantanu by Gangā; but all the others having died, he remained the sole heir to the throne after his father. On one occasion while Śantanu was walking by the side of a river, he beheld a charming young damsel named Satyavatī, the daughter of a fisherman, and, though bowed down with age, conceived a passion for her, and sent his son to negotiate the marriage. But the parents of the girl said that if their daughter bore sons to the king, they would not succeed to the throne, for after his death Śāntanava, being the rightful heir, would be the king. But Śāntanava, to please his father, made a vow to the parents that he would never accept the kingdom or marry a wife or become the father of children by any woman, so that if their daughter bore a son to Śantanu, he would be the king. This dreadful vow soon became known abroad, and thenceforth he was called Bhiṣma. He remained single, and, after the death of his father, he installed Vichitravīrya, the son of Satyavatī, on the throne, got him married to the two daughters of king Kāśirāja (see Ambikā), and became the guardian of his sons and grandsons, the Kauravas and Pāṇḍavas. In the great war he fought on the side of the Kauravas, but was wounded by Arjuna with the assistance of Śikhanḍin and was lodged in a 'cage of darts'. But having got from his father the power of choosing his own time for death, he waited till the sun had crossed the vernal equinox, and then gave up his soul. He was remarkable for his continence, wisdom, firmness of resolve, and unflinching devotion to God]. -ष्मम् Horror, horribleness. -Comp. -अष्टमी the eighth day in the light half of Māgha (when Bhīṣma died). -जननी an epithet of the Ganges. -पञ्चकम् N. of the five days from the eleventh to the fifteenth of the bright balf of Kārtika (said to be sacred to Bhīṣma). -पर्वन् N. of the 6th Book of the Mahā-Bhārata. -सूः f. an epithet of the river Ganges; हरशिरसि पतन्ती भीष्मसूर्वः पुनातु Udb. -स्तवराजः N. of the 47th Chapter of शान्तिपर्व in Mahābhāraṭa.
mantraḥ मन्त्रः [मन्त्र्-अच्] 1 A Vedic hymn or sacred prayer (addressed to any deity), a sacred text; (it is of three kinds:-it is called ऋच् if metrical and intended to be loudly recited; यजुस् if in prose and muttered in a low tone; and सामन् if, being metrical, it is intended for chanting). -2 The portion of the Veda including the Samhitā and distinguished from the Brāhmaṇa; q. v. -3 A charm, spell, an incantation; सो$हमस्मि मन्त्र- सिद्धः Dk.54; न हि जीवन्ति जना मनागमन्त्राः Bv.1.111; अचिन्त्यो हि मणिमन्त्रौषधीनां प्रभावः Ratn.2; R.2;32;5.57. -4 A formula (of prayer) sacred to any deity, as ओं नमः शवाय &c. -5 Consultation, deliberation, counsel, advice, resolution, plan; तस्य संवृतमन्त्रस्य R.1.2; मन्त्रः प्रतिदिनं तस्य बभूव सह मन्त्रिभिः 17.5; Pt.2.182; Ms.7.58; मन्त्रपूर्वाः सर्वारम्भाः Kau. A.1.15; also पञ्चाङ्गो मन्त्रः. -6 Secret plan or consultation, a secret; मन्त्रो योध इवाधीरः सर्वाङ्गैः संवृतैरपि Śi.2.29. -7 Policy, statesmanship. -8 A mean, contrivance; किं तु मन्त्रं प्रदास्यामि यो वै तान् निहनिष्यति Rām.7.6.1. -9 N. of Viṣṇu. -1 of Śiva. -11 (In astrol.) The fifth mansion. -Comp. -अक्षरम् a syllable in a spell. -अधिकारः business of council meetings; Kau. A.1.15. -अधिराजः supreme over all spells. -आराधनम् endeavouring to obtain by spells or incantations; मन्त्राराधनतत्परेण मनसा नीताः श्मशाने निशाः Bh.3.4. -उक्त a. mentioned in a hymn. -उदकम्, -जलम्, -तोयम्, -वारि n. water consecrated by means of spells, charmed water. -उपष्टम्भः backing up by advice. -करणम् 1 Vedic texts. -2 composing or reciting sacred texts; P.I.3.25. -कर्कश a. advocating a stern policy; ये$पि मन्त्रकर्कशाः शास्त्रतन्त्रकाराः Dk.2.8. -कारः the author of Vedic hymns. -कार्यम् subject of consultation. -कालः time of consultation or deliberation. स्त्रीम्लेच्छव्याधितव्यङ्गान् मन्त्रकाले$पसारयेत् Ms.7.149. -कुशलः a. skilled in giving advice. -कृत् m. 1 an author or composer of Vedic hymns; अप्यग्रणीर्मन्त्र- कृतामृषीणां कुशाग्रबुद्धे कुशली गुरुस्ते R.5.4;1.61;15.31. -2 one who recites a sacred text. -3 a counsellor, an adviser. -4 an ambassador; यद्वा अयं मन्त्रकृद्वो भगवानखिलेश्वरः Bhāg.3.1.2. -कृत a. Consecrated by mantras; यस्ते मन्त्रकृतः पाणिरग्नौ पापे मया धृतः Rām.2.14. 14. -गण्डकः knowledge, science. -गुप्तिः f. secret counsel. -गूढः a spy, a secret emissary or agent. -गृहम् a council-chamber. -ग्रहः listening to the counsels of ministers; सप्तमे तु मन्त्रग्रहो दूताभिप्रेषणानि च Dk.2.8. -जा the power of spells; L. D. B. -जागरः recital of Vedic texts at night. -जिह्वः fire; अमृतं नाम यत् सन्तो मन्त्रजिह्वेषु जुह्वति Śi.2.17. -ज्ञ a. 1 knowing sacred texts. -2 skilled in counsel. -3 skilled in spells. -(ज्ञः) 1 a counsellor, adviser. -2 a learned Brāhmaṇa; मन्त्रज्ञै- र्मन्त्रिभिश्चैव विनीतः प्रविशेत् सभाम् Ms. -3 a spy. -तत्त्वम् the essence of counsel. -तन्त्र see अमन्त्र. -दः, -दातृ m. a spiritual preceptor or teacher; पिता भवति मन्त्रदः Ms. 2.153. -दर्शिन् m. 1 a seer of Vedic hymns. -2 a Brāhmaṇa versed in the Vedas; यो ह्यग्निः स द्विजो विप्रैर्मन्त्र- दर्शिभिरुच्यते Ms.3.212. -दीधितिः fire. -दृश् a. 1 knowing sacred texts. -2 skilled in counsel or spells. (m.) 1 a seer of Vedic hymns -2 an adviser, a counsellor; अथाह तन्मन्त्रदृशां वरीयान् यन्मन्त्रिणो वैदुरिकं वदन्ति Bhāg.3. 1.1. -देवता the deity invoked in a sacred text or mantra. -धरः, -धारिन् m. a counsellor. -निर्णयः final decision after deliberation. -पदम् the words of a sacred text. -पूत a. purified by mantras. ˚आत्मन् m. an epithet of Garuḍa. -प्रचारः the course of counsel or procedure; Pt.2. -प्रभावः the power of a spell. -प्रयोगः, -युक्तिः f. application of spells. -बी(वी)- जम् the first syllable of a spell. -भेदः breach or betrayal of counsel. -मूर्तिः an epithet of Śiva. -मूलम् magic. -यन्त्रम् a mystical diagram with a magical formula. -युक्तिः application of spells; magical means. -योगः 1 employment or application of spells. -2 magic. -रक्षा not disclosing, keeping a secret. -वर्जम् ind. without the use of spells. -वहः N. of Viṣṇu. -वादः the substance of sacred texts. -वादिन् m. 1 a reciter of sacred texts. -2 an enchanter, a conjurer. -विद् see मन्त्रज्ञ above. -विद्या the science of spells, magic. -शक्तिः f. the power of spells. -श्रुतिः a consultation overheard. -संस्कारः any Saṁskāra or rite performed with sacred texts; अनृतावृतुकाले च मन्त्रसंस्कारकृत् पतिः Ms.5.153. -संस्क्रिया any magical rite. -संवरणम् concealment of a design; मन्त्रसंवरणेनास्मि कुन्त्या दुःखेन योजितः Mb.12.2. 18. -संहिता the whole body of Vedic hymns. -साधकः a magician, conjurer. -साधनम् 1 effecting or subduing by magic. -2 a spell, an incantation. -3 attainment of supernatural or magical powers (by muttering spells); चामुण्डे भगवति मन्त्रसाधनादाबुद्दिष्टामुपनिहितां भजस्व पूजाम् Māl. 5.25; K.37,4,44. -साध्य a. 1 to be effected or subdued by magic or spells; Pt. 1.65. -2 attainable by consultation. -सिद्ध a. 1 possessing the power of spells, rendered efficacious; सो$स्म्यहं मन्त्रसिद्धः Dk.2.2. -सिद्धिः f. 1 the working or accomplishment of a spell. -2 the power which the possession or knowledge of a spell gives to a person. -सूत्रम् a charm fastened on a string. -स्नानम् the recitation of particular texts as a substitute for ablution. -स्पृश् a. obtaining (anything) by means of spells. -हीन a. destitute of or contrary to sacred hymns.
manthaḥ मन्थः [मन्थ्-करणे घञ्] 1 Churning, shaking about, stirring, agitating; मन्थादिव क्षुभ्यति गाङ्गमम्भः U.7.16; R.1.3. -2 Killing, destroying. -3 A mixed beverage; पुंसा नक्षत्रेण मन्थं संनीय जुहोति Bṛi. Up. 6.3.1. -4 A churning-stick (मन्था also). -5 The sun. -6 A ray of the sun. -7 Excretion of rheum from the eyes, mucus (from the eyes), cataract. -8 An instrument for kindling fire by attrition. -9 A spoon for stirring. -1 A kind of antelope. -11 A medical preparation of drink; चूर्णे चतुष्पले शीते क्षुणद्रव्यं पलं क्षिपेत् । मृत्पात्रे मन्थयेत् सम्यक् तस्माच्च द्विपलं पिबेत् Bhāva. P. -Comp. -अचलः, -अद्रिः, -गिरिः, -पर्वतः, -शैलः the Mandara mountain (used as a churning-stick); मन्थाद्रिभ्रमणभ्रमं हृदि हरिद्दन्तावलाः पेदिरे Bv.1.55. -उदकः, -उदधिः the sea of milk. -गुणः a churning-cord. -जम् butter. -दण्डः, -दण्डकः a churning-stick. -विष्कम्भः the churning post (Mar. घुसळखांब).
māgadha मागध a. (-धी f.) [मगधदेशे भवः अण्] Relating to or living in the country of Magadha or the people of Magadha. -धः 1 A king of the Magadhas. -2 N. of a mixed tribe, said to have been the offspring of a Vaiśya father and a Kṣatriya mother, (the duty of the members of this caste being that of professional bards); Ms.1.11,17; क्षत्रिया मागधं वैश्यात् Y.1.94; Mb.13.49.1. -3 A bard or panegyrist in general; सूतमागधबन्दिनः Bhāg.1.11.2; परिणतिमिति रात्रेर्मागधा माधवाय Śi.11.1. -धाः (pl.) N. of a people, the Magadhas. -धा 1 A princess of the Magadhas. -2 Long pepper. -धी 1 A princess of the Magadhas; तयोर्जगृहतुः पादान् राजा राज्ञी च मागधी R.1.57. -2 The language of the Magadhas, one of the four principal kinds of Prākṛita. -3 Long pepper. -4 White cumin. -5 Refined sugar. -6 A kind of jasmine. -7 A variety of cardamoms. -8 The daughter of a Kṣatriya mother and a Vaiśya father. -9 Anise. -1 N. of a river (शोणा). -11 A kind of रीति in rhetorics. The अलङ्कारशेखर (7) gives the following illustration:- पाणौ पद्मधिया मधूक- कुसुमभ्रान्त्या पुनर्गण्डयोर्नीलेन्दीवरशङ्कया नयनयोर्बन्धूकबुद्ध्याधरे । लीयन्ते कबरीषु बान्धवजनव्यामोहजातस्पृहा दुर्वारा मधुपाः कियन्ति तरुणि स्थानानि रक्षिष्यसि ॥
rudraṭaḥ रुद्रटः N. of a writer on rhetoric.
lalāṭaṃtapa ललाटंतप a. 1 Burning or scorching the (fore) head; ललाटंतपस्तपति तपनः Māl.1; U.6 'the sun is shining right overhead'; ललाटंतपसप्तसप्तिः R.13.41. -2 (Hence) Very painful; लिपिर्ललाटंतपनिष्ठुराक्षरा N.1.138. -पः The sun.
varṇya वर्ण्य a. 1 To be described; (often used in rhetorical works like प्रकृत or प्रस्तुत q. v.). -2 Relating to colour. -र्ण्यम् Saffron. -Comp. -समः a kind of sophism.
vāṅmaya वाङ्मय a. (-यी f.) 1 Consisting of words; लिपेर्यथावद्- ग्रहणेन वाङ्मयं नदीमुखेनेव समुद्रमाविशत् R.3.28; इत्येषा वाङ्मयी पूजा श्रीमच्छंकरपादयोः Śiva-mahimna 4. -2 Relating to speech or words; Ms.12.6; स्वाध्यायाभ्यसनं चैव वाङ्मयं तप उच्यते Bg.17.15. -3 Endowed with speech; अयमात्मा वाङ्मयो मनोमयः प्राणमयः Bṛi. Up.1.5.3. -4 Eloquent, rhetorical, oratorical. -यम् 1 Speech, language; म्यरस्तजभ्नगैर्लान्तैरेभिर्दशभिरक्षरैः । समस्तं वाङ्मयं व्याप्तं त्रैलोक्यमिव विष्णुना Chand. M.1.7; द्विधाप्रयुक्तेन च वाङ्मयेन सरस्वती तन्मि- थुनं नुनाव Ku.7.9; Śi.2.72. -2 Eloquence. -3 Rhetoric. -यी The goddess Sarasvatī.
vāta वात p. p. [वा-क्त] 1 Blown. -2 Desired or wished for, solicited. -तः 1 Air, wind. -2 The god of wind, the deity presiding over wind. -3 Wind, as one of the three humours of the body. -4 Gout, rheumatism. -5 Inflammation of the joints. -6 A faithless lover (धृष्ट). -7 Wind emitted from the body; Mb. -8 Morbid affection of the windy humour, flatulence. -Comp. -अटः 1 an antelope (वातमृग). -2 a horse of the sun. -अण्डः a disease of the testicles; वृषणौ दूषयेद्वायुः श्लेष्मणा यस्य संवृतः । तस्य मुष्कश्चलत्येको रोगो वाताण्डसंज्ञकः ॥ Mādhavakara. -अतिसारः dysentery caused by some derangement or vitiation of the bodily wind. -अदः the almond tree. -अध्वन् m. an air-hole, window; वाताध्वरोमविवरस्य च ते महित्वम् Bhāg.1.14.11. -अयम् a leaf. -अयनः a horse. (-नम्) 1 a window, an air-hole; कटाक्षैर्नारीणां कुवलयितवातायनमिव Māl.2.11; Ku.7.59; R.6.24;13. 21. -2 a porch, portico. -3 a pavilion. -अयुः an antelope. -अरिः 1 the castor-oil tree. -2 N. of several plants :-- शतमूली, शेफालिका, यवानी, भार्गी, स्नुही, विडंग, शूरण, जतुका &c. -अश्वः a very fleet or swift horse. -अष्ठीला a hard globular swelling in the lower belly. -आख्यम् a house with two halls (one looking south and the other east). -आत्मजः 1 N. of Hanumat; वातात्मजं वानर- यूथमुख्यं श्रीरामदूतं शरणं प्रपद्ये Rāma-rakṣā 33. -2 N. of Bhīmasena. -आप्यम् 1 fermentation. -2 Soma. -3 water. -आमोदा musk. -आलिः, -ली f. a whirl-wind; एतेन वातालीपुञ्जितेन शुष्कपर्णपुटेन प्रच्छादयामि Mk.8. -आहत a. 1 shaken by the wind. -2 affected by gout. -आहतिः f. a violent gust of wind. -आहार a. one who feeds only on air. -उपसृष्ट a. rheumatic, gouty. -ऋद्धिः f. 1 excess of wind. -2 a mace, a club, stick tipped with iron. -कण्टकः a particular pain in the ankle. -कर्मन् n. breaking wind. -कुण्डलिका scanty and painful flow of urine. -कुम्भः the part of an elephant's forehead below the frontal sinuses. -केतुः 1 dust. -2 cloud. -केलिः 1 amorous discourse, the low whispering of lovers. -2 the marks of finger-nails on the person of a lover. -कोपन a. exciting wind (in the body). -क्षोभः disturbance of wind in the body. -गामिन् m. a bird. -गुल्मः 1 a high wind, strong gale. -2 rheumatism. -घ्नी N. of some plants (Mar. सालवण, आस्कंध). -चक्रम् the circular markings of a compass. -चटकः the तित्तिर bird. -जम् a kind of colic. -ज्वरः fever arising from vitiated wind. -तूलम् cottony seeds floating in the air. -थुडा (also वातखुडा, वातहुडा) 1 a high wind. -2 acute gout. -3 a kind of smallpox. -4 a lovely woman. -ध्वजः 1 a cloud. -2 dust. -पटः a sail. -पण्डः a kind of impotent man. -पातः a gust of wind. -पित्तम् a form of gout. -पुत्रः 1 a cheat. -2 N. of Bhīma or Hanumat. -पोथः, -पोथकः the tree called पलाश. -प्रकोपः excess of wind. -प्रमी m., f. a swift antelope. -प्रमेहः a kind of urinary disease. -प्रवाहिका a kind of अतिसार disease -फुल्लान्त्रम् flatulence in the bowels (caused by indigestion). -मण्डली a whirl-wind; रजसा सहसावर्तं वितेने वातमण्डली Śiva B.11.42. -मार्गः the sky. -मृगः a swift antelope. -रक्तम्, -शोणितम् acute gout; कृत्स्नं रक्तं विदहत्याशु तच्च, दुष्टं स्रस्तं पादयोश्चीयते तु । तत्संपृक्तं वायुना दूषितेन तत्प्राबल्यादुच्यते वातरक्तम् ॥. -रङ्गः the fig-tree. -रथः a cloud. -रूषः 1 a storm, violent wind, tempest. -2 the rainbow. -3 a bribe. -रेचकः 1 a gust of wind. -2 a braggart. -रोगः, -व्याधिः 1 gout or rheumatism. -2 (वातव्याधिः) N. of an ancient authority on अर्थशास्त्र referred to by Kauṭilya. -वस्तिः f. suppression of urine. -वृद्धिः f. swelled testicle. -वैरिन् m the castor-oil tree. -शीर्षम् the lower belly. -शूलम् colic with flatulence. -संचारः hiccough. -सह a. gouty. -सारथिः fire. -स्कन्धः the quarter from which the wind blows.
vātika वातिक a. (-की f.) [वातादागतः ठक्] 1 Stormy, windy. -2 Gouty, rheumatic. -3 Mad. -कः 1 Fever caused by a vitiated state of the wind. -2 A person affected by flatulence. -3 A flatterer; एवं तत्राब्रुवन् केचिद्वातिकास्तं जने- श्वरम् Mb.3.257.4. -4 A class of deities (देवयोनिविशेष); वातिकाश्चारणा ये तु दृष्ट्वा ते हर्षमागताः Mb.9.55.14 (com. वातिकाः वातेन सह गच्छन्ति आकाशचारिणः). -5 A juggler. -6 A dealer in antidotes. -7 The Chātaka bird.
vāruṇḍaḥ वारुण्डः The chief of the serpent-race. -ण्डः, ण्डम् 1 The rheum or excretion of the eyes. -2 The ear-wax. -3 A vessel for baling water out of a boat. -4 A bucket for watering trees; L. D. B. -ण्डी A door-step.
vārttā वार्त्ता [written also as वार्ता] 1 Staying, abiding. -2 Tidings, news, intelligence; सागरिकायाः का वार्ता Ratn.4; अस्मिन् महामोहमये कटाहे सूर्याग्निना रात्रिदिनेन्धनेन । मासर्तुदर्वीपरि- घट्टनेन भूतानि कालः पचतीति वार्ता ॥ Mb. -3 Livehood, profession. -4 Agriculture, the occupation of a Vaiśya; कृषिपाशुपाल्ये वाणिज्या च वार्ता ॥ Kau. A.1.4; यथा वार्तादयो ह्यर्था योगस्यार्थं न बिभ्रति Bhāg 7.15.29; R.16.2; Ms.1. 8; Y.1.311. -5 The egg-plant. -6 N. of Durgā. -7 (In Rhet.) The mere mention of facts without any rhetorical embellishment. -Comp. -अनुकर्षकः, -अयनः 1 a spy. -2 an emissary. -3 a news-bearer. -अवशेष a. dead, gone. -आरम्भः a commercial undertaking or business; Ms.7.43. -कर्मन् n. the practice of agriculture and keeping cattle; वार्ताकर्मैव वैश्यस्य Ms.1.8. -पतिः an employer. -मात्रम् 1 mere report. -2 superficial acquaintance with any subject, shallow knowledge. -वहः, हरः 1 a messenger. -2 a chandler. -वृत्तिः 1 one who lives on agriculture. -2 a house-holder. -3 a Vaiśya. -व्यतिकरः general or common report.
vīra वीर [अजेः रक् वीभावश्च Uṇ.2.13] a. 1 Heroic, brave. -2 Mighty, powerful. -3 Excellent, eminent. -रः 1 A hero, warrior, champion; को$प्येष संप्रति नवः पुरुषावतारो वीरो न यस्य भगवान् भृगुनन्दनो$पि U.5.33. -2 The sentiment of heroism (in rhetoric); अस्तोक- वीरगुरुसाहसमद्भुतं च Mv.1.6; it is distinguished under four heads; दानवीर, धर्मवीर, दयावीर and युद्धवीर; for explanation see these words s. v.). -3 An actor. -4 Fire. -5 The sacrificial fire. -6 A son; अस्य कुले वीरो जायते Ch. Up.3.13.6; वीरं मे दत्त पितरः Śrādhamantras. -7 A husband. -8 The Arjuna tree. -9 A Jaina. -1 The Karavīra tree. -11 N. of Viṣṇu. -रम् 1 A reed. -2 Pepper. -3 Rice-gruel. -4 The root of Uśīra q. v. -5 Iron; Gīrvāṇa. -Comp. -अध्वन्, -मार्गः a heroic death. -अम्लः a kind of sorrel. -आशंसनम् 1 keeping watch. -2 the post of danger in battle. -3 a forlorn hope. -4 a field of battle; पयोदजालमिव तद्वीरा- शंसनमाबभौ Śi.19.79. -आसनम् 1 a kind of posture practised in meditation; एकं पादमथैकस्मिन् विन्यस्योरौ तु संस्थितम् । इतरस्मिंस्तथैवोरुं वीरासनमिति स्मृतम् ॥ cf. पर्यङ्क. -2 kneeling on one knee. -3 a field of battle. -4 the station of a sentinel. -ईशः, -ईश्वरः 1 epithets of Śiva. -2 a great hero. -उञ्झः a Brahmaṇa who omits to offer oblations to the sacrificial fire. -काम a. desirous of male offspring. -कीटः an insignificant or contemptible warrior. -गतिः Indra's heaven. -जयन्तिका 1 a war-dance. -2 war, battle. -तरुः 1 the Bilva tree. -2 the Arjuna tree. -धन्वन् m. an epithet of the god of love. -पट्टः a sort of military dress. -पट्टिका a gold band worn by men across the forehead; नलस्य भाले मणिवीरपट्टिकानिभेव लग्नः परिधिर्विधोर्बभौ N.15.61. -पत्नी the wife of a hero. -पानम् (णम्) an exciting or refreshing drink taken by soldiers either before or after a battle; मदो$यं संप्रहारे$स्मिन् वीरपानं समर्थ्यताम् Rām.4.11.38. -बाहुः N. of Viṣṇu. -भद्रः 1 N. of a powerful hero created by Śiva from his matted hair; see दक्ष; महावीरो$पि रे भद्र मम सर्वगणेष्विह । वीरभद्राख्यया हि त्वं प्रथितिं परमं व्रज । कुरु मे सत्वरं कर्म दक्षयज्ञं क्षयं नय ॥ Kāśīkhaṇḍa. -2 a distinguished hero. -3 a horse fit for the Aśvamedha sacrifice. -4 a kind of fragrant grass. -भवन्ती the elder sister; Gīrvāṇa. -भावः heroic nature. -मर्दलः a war-drum. -मुद्रिका a ring worn on the middle toe. -रजस् n. red lead. -रसः 1 the sentiment of heroism. -2 a warlike feeling. -रेणुः N. of Bhīmasena. -लोकः Indra's heaven. -वादः glory. -विप्लावकः a Brāhmaṇa who performs sacrifices by means of money got from the lowest castes. -वृक्षः 1 the Arjuna tree. -2 the marking-nut plant. -व्रत a. adhering to one's purpose; पूर्णः श्रुतधरो राजन्नाह वीरव्रतो मुनिः Bhāg.1.87.45. -तम् heroism. -शङ्कुः an arrow. -शयः, -शयनम्, -शय्या the couch of a dead or wounded hero in a battle; battlefield; कलेवरं योगरतो विजह्याद्यदग्रेणीर्वीरशये$निवृत्तः Bhāg.6.1.33. -2 a particular posture. -सूः f. the mother of a hero; (so -वीरप्रसवा, -प्रसूः, -प्रसविनी); तस्यात्मनो$र्धं पत्न्यास्ते नान्वगाद्वीरसूः कृपी Bhāg.1.7.45. -2 the mother of a male child. -सेनः N. of the father of Nala. -सैन्यम् garlic. -स्कन्धः a buffalo. -स्थानम् = वीरासन (1); स्थाणु- भूतो महातेजा वीरस्थानेन पाण्डव Mb.3.122.2;13.142.8; (= स्वर्ग) heaven; वीरासनं वीरशय्यां वीरस्थानमुपागतम् । अक्षया- स्तस्य वै लोकाः सर्वकामगमास्तथा ॥ Mb.13.7.13. -हत्या the killing of a man; murder of a son; चान्द्रायणं चरेन्मासं वीरत्यासमं हि तत् Ms.11.41; वीरहत्यामवाप्तो$सि वह्नीनुद्वास्य यत्नतः Śāṅkaradigvijaya 8.26. -हन् m. a Brāhmaṇa who has neglected his domestic fire; तेनादृश्यन्त वीरघ्ना न तु वीरहणो जनाः N.17.197; (cf. Note on N.17.197 given by the English translator Handiqui, P.63.). -2 A childmurderer; वीरहा वा एष देवानां भवति यो$ग्निमुद्वासयते Ts.1.5.2. -3 N. of Viṣṇu.
śābda शाब्द a. (-ब्दी f.) [शब्द-अण्] 1 Relating to or derived from a word. -2 Relating to or depending on sound (opp. आर्थ). -3 Verbal, oral. -4 Sounding, sonorous. -5 Nominal (as inflection). -ब्दः A philologist, grammarian. -ब्दी N. of Sarasvatī. -Comp. -बोधः perception or apprehension of the sense of words. -व्यञ्जना (in rhet.) insinuation founded on words (opp. to आर्थव्यञ्जना).
śuddha शुद्ध p. p. [शुध्-क्त] 1 Pure, clean, purified; अन्तः- शुद्धस्त्वमपि भविता वर्णमात्रेण कृष्णः Me.51. -2 Holy, undefiled, chaste, innocent; अन्वमीयत शुद्धेति शान्तेन वपुषैव सा R. 15.77;14.14. -3 White, bright. -4 Stainless, spotless. -5 Innocent, simple, guileness. -6 (a) Genuine, true. (b) Honest, upright. -7 Correct, faultless, upright. -8 Cleared, acquitted. -9 Mere only; शुद्धं हि दैवमेवेदं हठेनैवास्ति पौरुषम् Mb.12.177.12. -1 Simple, pure, unmixed (opp. मिश्र). -11 Unequalled. -12 Authorized. -13 Whetted, sharpened; जघान शुद्धेषुरमन्दकर्षी Bk.2.31. -14 Not nasal. -15 Unmitigated (as capital punishment); तडागभेदकं हन्यादप्सु शुद्धवधेन वा Ms.9.279. -16 Tried, examined. -द्धः 1 An epithet of Śiva. -2 The bright fortnight. -द्धम् 1 Anything pure. -2 The pure spirit. -3 Rock-salt. -4 Black pepper. -5 A house built generally of one material; namely wood, brick or stone etc.; द्रुमेणेष्टकया वापि दृशदाद्यैरथापि वा । एतेन सहितं गेहं शुद्धमित्यभिधीयते Kāmikāgama.45.21. -Comp. -अद्वैतम् the अद्वैत philosophy in which there is unity of जीव and ब्रह्म without माया (i. e. शुद्ध). -अन्तः a king's female apartments, harem, seraglio; शुद्धान्तदुर्लभमिदं वपुराश्रमवासिनो यदि जनस्य Ś.1.17; Ku.6.52. -2 a king's wife. ˚चारिन् m. an attendant in the harem, a chamberlain; U.1. ˚पालकः, ˚रक्षकः a guard of the harem. -अन्ता a king's wife, queen. -अनुमानम् a particular figure of rhetoric. -अपह्नुतिः a figure of speech; it is thus defined :-- शुद्धापह्नुतिरन्यस्यारोपार्थो धर्मनिह्नवः. -आत्मन् a. pure-minded, honest. (-m.) 1 the pure spirit. -2 N. of Śiva. -आभ a. consisting of pure light; प्रशान्तमिव शुद्धाभं सत्त्वं तदुप- धारयेत् Ms.12.27. -ओदनः (शुद्धोदनः) N. of the father of the celebrated Buddha. ˚सुतः N. of the celebrated Buddha. -कर्मन् a. pure in deeds, holy. -कोटिः f. one of the sides of a right-angled triangle. -चैतन्यम् pure intelligence. -जङ्घः an ass. -जडः a quadruped. -धी, -भाव, -मति a. pure-minded, guileless, honest. -नेरिः a kind of dance. -पक्षः the light half of a month. -वटुकः (in music) a kind of drummer. -बोध a. (in Vedānta) possessed of pure intelligence. -भाव a. pure-minded. -वधः killing in a simple or ordinary way. -वंश्य a. born of a pure family; संततिः शुद्धवंश्या हि परत्रेह च शर्मणे R.1.69. -विष्कम्भकः (in drama.) a pure interlude (in which only speakers of संस्कृत take part). -शुक्रम् a morbid affection of the pupil of the eye.
śūlaḥ शूलः लम् [शूल्-क] 1 A sharp or pointed weapon, pike, dart, spear, lance. -2 The trident of Śiva. -3 An iron-spit (for roasting meat upon); शूले संस्कृतं शूल्यम् cf. अयःशूल. -4 A stake for impaling criminals; (बिभ्रत्) स्कन्धेन शूलं हृदयेन शोकम् Mk.1.21; Ku.5.73. -5 Any acute or sharp pain. -6 Colic. -7 Gout, rheumatism. -8 Death. -9 A banner, an ensign. -1 Selling; selling or salable object; 'अट्टमन्नं शिवो वेदः शूलो विक्रय उच्यते' इति कोशः; अट्टशूला जनपदाः शिवशूलाश्चतुष्पथाः । केशशूलाः स्त्रियो राजन् भविष्यन्ति युगक्षये ॥ Mb.3.188.42; अट्टशूलाः कतिपये पट्टने$स्मिन् प्रतिष्ठिताः Viś. Guṇa.438. (शूलाकृ 'to roast on an iron-spit'.) -Comp. -अग्रम् the point of a pike. -अङ्कः an epithet of Śiva; ये समाराध्य शूलाङ्कम् भवसायुज्यमागताः Mb.1.7.46. -अवतंसित a. impaled on a Śūla; पश्यतु पिमद्यैव शूलावतंसितम् Dk.2.1. -आरोपः, -आरोपणम् impalement. -गवः an ox fit for a spit (an offering to Rudra). -ग्रन्थिः f. a kind of Dūrvā grass. -घातनम् iron-filings. -घ्न a. a sedative, anodyne. -द्विष m. asa foetida. -धन्वन्, -धर, -धारिन्, -ध्रुक्, -पाणि, भृत् m. epithets of Śiva; अधिगतधवलिम्नः शूलपाणेरभिख्याम् Śi.4.65; R.2.38. -नाशनम् white sochal salt. -पालः the keeper of a brothel. -योगः a particular grouping of stars. -शत्रुः the castor-oil plant. -रथ a. impaled. -हन्त्री a kind of barley. -हस्तः a lancer. -हृत् m. asa foetida.
saguṇa सगुण a. 1 Possessed of qualities or attributes. -2 Possessed of good qualities, virtuous. -3 Worldly. -4 Furnished with a string (as a bow). -5 Possessed of the qualities in rhetoric.
sama सम a. 1 Same, identical. -2 Equal, as in समलोष्ट- काञ्चनः R.8.21; Pt.2.7; सुखदुःखे समे कृत्वा लाभालाभौ जयाजयौ Bg.2.38; समः शत्रौ च मित्रे च तथा मानापमानयोः । शीतोष्णसुख- दुःखेषु समः संगविवर्जितः ॥ 12.18. -3 Like, similar, resembling; with instr. or gen. or in comp. गुणयुक्तो दरिद्रो$पि नेश्वरैरगुणैः समः Subhāṣ.; Ku.3.13. -4 Even, level, plain; समवेशवर्तिनस्ते न दुरासदो भविष्यति Ś.1. -5 Even (as number). -6 Impartial, fair; शुनि चैव श्वपाके च पण्डिताः समदर्शिनः Bg.5.18. -7 Just, honest, upright. -8 Good, virtuous. -9 Ordinary, common. -1 Mean, middling. -11 Straight. -12 Suitable, convenient. -13 Indifferent, unmoved, unaffected by passion. -14 All, every one. -15 All, whole, entire, complete. -16 Being a pair. -17 Regular, normal. -18 Middling. -19 Easy, convenient. -मः 1 N. of certain zodiacal signs (वृष, कर्कट, कन्या, वृश्चिक, मकर, and मीन). -2 A mode of measuring time in music. -3 The point of intersection of the horizon and the meridian line. -4 A kind of straight line placed over a numerical figure to mark the process of extracting the square root. -मम् 1 A level plain, flat country; संनिपत्य शनकैरिव निम्नादन्धकारमुदवाप समानि Ki.9. 11. -2 (In rhet.) N. of a figure of speech. -3 (In geometry) A mean proportional segment. -4 Equanimity. -5 Similarity. -6 Settlement; compensation; कर्मणापि समं कुर्याद्धनिकायाधमर्णिकः Ms.8.177. -7 Good circumstances; Mk. -सम् ind. 1 With, together with, in company with, accompanied by; (with instr.); आहां निवत्स्यति समं हरिणाङ्गनाभिः Ś.1.26; R.2.25;8.63; 16.72. -2 Equally; समं सर्वेषु भूतेषु Bg.13.27.28; यथा सर्वाणि भूतानि धरा धारयते समम् Ms.9.311. -3 Like, similarly, in the same manner; यत्र स्वामी निर्विशेषं समं मृत्येषु वर्तते Pt.1.78. -4 Entirely. -5 Simultaneously, all at once, at the same time, together; नवं पयो यत्र धनैर्मया च त्वद्विप्रयोगाश्रु समं विसृष्टम् R.13.26;4.4;1.59;14.1. -6 Honestly, fairly. -Comp. -अंशः an equal share. ˚हारिन् m. a co-heir. -अङ्घ्रिक a. standing evenly on feet. -अन्तः a borderer, neighbour. -अन्तर a. parallel. -अर्थिन् a. 1 desiring equality. -2 Seeking peace with. -आकार a. similar, like. -आचारः 1 equal or similar conduct. -2 Proper practice. -आत्मक a. possessing equanimity. -उदकम् a mixture of half butter-milk and half water. -उपमा a kind of Upamā or simile. -कक्ष a. having equal weight. (-क्षा) equilibrium. -कन्या a fit or suitable girl (fit to be married). -कर्णः an equi-diagonal tetragon. -कालः the same time or moment. (-लम्) ind. at the same time, simultaneously. -कालीन a. contemporary, coeval. -कोलः a serpent, snake. -कोटिक a. of regular size (said of diamonds); Kau. A.2.11. -क्षेत्रम् (in astr.) an epithet of a particular arrangement of the Nakṣatras. -खातः an equal excavation, a parallelopipedon. -गतिः wind; मृत्युश्चापरिहारवान् समगतिः कालेन विच्छेदिना Mb.12.298.45. -गन्धकः incense. -गन्धिकम् the fragrant root of the Uśīra. -चक्रवालम् a circle. -चतुरस्र a. square. (-स्रम्) an equilateral tetragon. -चतुर्भुजः, -जम् a rhombus. -चित्त a. 1 even-minded, equable, equanimous. -2 indifferent. -छेद, -छेदन a. having the same denominator. -जाति a. homogeneous. -ज्ञा fame; तिर्य- ञ्चमप्यञ्च मृषानभिज्ञरसज्ञतोपज्ञसमज्ञमज्ञम् N.3.64. -त्रिभुजः, -जम् an equilateral triangle. -दर्शन, -दर्शिन् a. viewing equally, impartial; विद्याविनयसंपन्ने ब्राह्मणे गवि हस्तनि । शुनि चैव श्वपाके च पण्डिताः समदर्शिनः ॥ Bg.5.18. -दुःख a. feeling for another's woe, sympathising (with another); a fellow-sufferer; Ku.4.4. ˚सुख a. a companion or partner in joy and sorrow; पृष्टा जनेन समदुःखसुखेन बाला Ś.3.1. -दृश्, -दृष्टि a. impartial. -द्वादशास्रः, -स्रम् an equilateral dodecagon. -द्विभुजः a rhomboid. -धर्म a. of equal nature, resembling. -धृत a. equal to. -पदम् 1 an attitude in shooting. -2 a particular posture in sexual union. -प्रभ a. having equal splendour; तदण्डमभवद्धैमं सह- स्रांशुसमप्रभम् Ms.1.9. -बुद्धि a. 1 impartial. -2 indifferent, stoical. -भाव a. having the same nature or property. (-वः) sameness, equability. -मण्डलम् (in astr.) the prime vertical line. -मय a. of like origin. -मात्र a. of the same size or measure. -मितिः mean measure. -रञ्जित a. tinged. -रतः, -रभः a particular mode of sexual enjoyment. -रेख a. straight; प्रकृत्या यद्वक्रं तदपि समरेखं नयनयोः Ś.1.9. -लम्बः, -म्बम् a trapezoid. -लेपनी a bricklayer's instrument for levelling a plane (Mar. करणी). -वर्ण a. being of equal caste; समवर्णे द्विजातीनां द्वादशैव व्यतिक्रम Ms.8.269. -वर्णः community of caste. -वर्तिन् a. 1 equal-minded, impartial. -2 being equidistant. (-m.) Yāma, the god of death; शासितारं च पापानां पितॄणां समवर्तिनम् Mb.12.27.35. -विभक्त a. divided equally; symmetrical. -विषमम् (pl.) level and unevenground. -वृत्तम् 1 an even metre, i. e. a stanza the lines of which have all the same number of feet. -2 see सममण्डल. -वृत्ति a. equable, fair. (-त्तिः) equanimity. -वेधः mean depth. -वैषम्यतः ind. owing to partial similarity and partial dissimilarity; अर्थे समवैषम्यतो द्रव्य- कर्मणाम् MS.4.1.21. -शोधनम् equal subtraction, i. e. subtraction of the same quantity on both sides of an equation. -श्रुति a. (in music) having equal intervals. -श्रेणिः a straight line. -संधिः peace on equal terms. -सुप्तिः f. universal sleep (as at the end of a Kalpa). -सूत्र, -सूत्रस्य a. situated on the same diameter. -स्थ a. 1 equal, uniform. -2 level. -3 like. -4 being in flourishing circumstances; गतिः पतिः समस्थाया विषमे च पिता गतिः Mb.5.176.8. -स्थलम् an even ground. -स्थली the level plain, the Doab or country between the Ganges and Yamunā (अन्तर्वेदि). -स्थानम् a particular posture in Yoga (In which the legs are closely contracted).
saṃbhavaḥ संभवः 1 Birth, production, springing up, arising, existence प्रियस्य सुहृदो यत्र मम तत्रैव संभवो भूयात् Māl.9; मानुषीषु कथं वा स्यादस्य रूपस्य संभवः Ś.1.26; अन्नाद्भवन्ति भूतानि पर्जन्यादन्नसंभवः Bg.3.14; oft. at the end of comp. in this sense; अप्सरःसभवैषा Ś.1. -2 Production and bringing up; यं मातापितरौ क्लेशं सहेते संभवे नृणाम् Ms.2.227; (see Kull. thereon). -3 Cause, origin, motive. -4 Mixing, union, combination. -5 Possibility; संयोगो हि वियोगस्य संसूचयति संभवम् Subhāṣ. -6 Compatibility, consistency. -7 Adaptation, appropriateness. -8 Agreement, conformity. -9 Capacity. -1 Equivalence (one of the Pramāṇas). -11 Acquaintance. -12 Loss, destruction. -13 (In rhet.) A possible case. -14 Cohabitation. -15 (pl.) Wealth, prosperity; स सर्वभयनिर्मुक्तः संभवानधितिष्ठति Mb.13.64.11. -16 Knowledge (विद्या); अन्यदेवाहुः संभवाद- न्यदाहुरसंभवात् Īśop.13. -17 Occurrence, appearance.
sācivyam साचिव्यम् 1 The office of a minister, ministership. -2 Ministry, administration; अनभिज्ञश्च साचिव्यं गमितः केन हेतुना Mb.13.163.7. -3 Friendship; assistance; तस्य मे कुरु साचिव्यं तस्य भार्यापहारणे Rām.3.31.41. -Comp. -आक्षेपः (in rhet.) an objection under the form of assent; साचिव्याक्षेप एवैष यदत्र प्रतिषिध्यते । प्रियप्रयाणं साचिव्यं कुर्वत्येवानुरक्तया ॥ Kāv.2.146.
sāhityam साहित्यम् 1 Association, fellowship, combination, society. -2 Literary or rhetorical composition; साहित्य- संगीतकलाविहीनः साक्षात् पशुः पुच्छविषाणहीनः Bh.2.12. -3 The science of rhetoric, art of poetry; साहित्यपाथोनिधिमन्थनोत्थं कर्णामृतं रक्षत हे कवीन्द्राः Vikr.1.11; साहित्यदर्पणम् &c. -4 A collection of materials for the production or performance of anything (a doubtful sense). -5 Agreement, harmony. -Comp. -शास्त्रम् see साहित्य (3).
hetuḥ हेतुः [हि-तुन् Uṇ.1.73] 1 Cause, reason, object, motive; इति हेतुस्तदुद्भवे K. P.1; Māl.1.23; R.1.1; नीचैराख्यं गिरिमधिवसेस्तत्र विश्रामहेतोः Me.25; Ś.3.12. -2 Source, origin; स पिता पितरस्तासां केवलं जन्महेतवः R.1.24 'authors of their being'. -3 A means or instrument. -4 The logical reason, the reason for an inference, middle term (forming the second member of the fivemembered syllogism). -5 Logic, science of reasoning. -6 Any logical proof or argument. -7 A rhetorical reason (regarded by some writers as a figure of speech); it is thus defined :-- हेताहतुमता सार्धमभेदो हेतुरुच्यते. -8 (In gram.) The agent of the causal verb; P.I.4.55. -9 (with Buddhists) Primary cause. -1 (with Pāśupatas) The external world and senses (that cause the bondage of the soul). -11 Mode, manner. -12 Condition. -13 Price, cost; दीन्नाराणां दशशती पञ्चाशदधिकाभवत् । धान्यखारीक्रये हेतुर्देशे दुर्भिक्षविक्षते Rāj. T.5.71. (N. B. The forms हेतुना, हेतोः, rarely हेतौ, are used adverbially in the sense of 'by reason of', 'on account of', 'because of', with gen. or in comp.; तमसा बहुरूपेण वेष्टिताः कर्महेतुना Ms. 1.49; शास्त्रविज्ञानहेतुना; अल्पस्य हेतोर्बहु हातुमिच्छन् R.2.47; विस्मृतं कस्य हेतोः Mu.1.1. &c.). -Comp. -अपदेशः adducing the hetu (in the form of the five-membered syllogism). -अवधारणम् (in dram.) reasoning. -आक्षेप (in Rhet.) an objection accompanied with reasons; न स्तूयसे नरेन्द्र त्वं ददासीति कदाचन । स्वमेव मत्वा गृह्णन्ति यतस्त्वद्धन- मर्थिनः ॥ इत्येवमादिराक्षेपो हेत्वाक्षेप इति स्मृतः । Kāv.2.167-168. -आभासः 'the semblance of a reason', a fallacious middle term, fallacy; (it is of five kinds :-- सव्यभिचार or अनैकान्तिक, विरुद्ध, असिद्ध, सत्प्रतिपक्ष and बाधित). -उत्प्रेक्षा, -उपमा a simile accompanied with reasons. -उपक्षेपः, -उपन्यासः adducing a reason, statement of an argument. -कर्तृ m. the causal subject; याजयेदिति हेतुकर्तु रेवैतत् प्रत्यक्षं वचनम्, लक्षणया यजेः कर्तुः ŚB. on MS.1.8.39. -दुष्ट a. unreasonable. -दृष्टिः scepticism. -बलिक a. strong in argument. -युक्त a. well-founded. -रूपकम् a metaphor accompanied with reasons. -वादः 1 disputation, controversy. -2 fraud (कपट); न हेतुवादाल्लोभाद्वा धर्मं जह्यां कथंचन Mb.5.91.24. -3 assigning a cause (sceptically); न यक्ष्यन्ति न होष्यन्ति हेतुवादविमोहिताः Mb.3.19.26. -वादिन् 1 a disputant. -2 a sceptic. -विशेषोक्तिः a mention of difference accompanied with reasons; एकचक्रो रथो यन्ता विकलो विषमा हयाः । आक्रामत्येव तेजस्वी तथाप्यर्को नभस्तलम् ॥ सैषा हेतुविशेषोक्तिस्तेजस्वीति विशेषणात् ॥ Kāv.2.328-329. -शास्त्रम् a logically-treated work, any beretical work questioning the authority of Smṛitis or revelation; यो$वमन्येत ते मूले हेतुशास्त्राश्रयाद् द्विजः Ms.2.11. -हेतुमत् m. du. cause and effect. ˚भावः the relation existing between cause and effect.
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"rhe" has 3 results.
     
artha(1)literally signification,conveyed sense or object. The sense is sometimes looked upon as a determinant of the foot of a verse: confer, compare प्रायोर्थो वृत्तमित्येते पादज्ञानस्य हेतवः Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) XVII 16. It is generally looked upon as the determinant of a word (पद). A unit or element of a word which is possessed of an independent sense is looked upon as a Pada in the old Grammar treatises; confer, compare अर्थः पदमिति ऐन्द्रे; confer, compare also अर्थः पदम् Vājasaneyi Prātiśākhya.III.2, explained by उव्वट as अर्थाभिधायि पदम् । पद्यते गम्यते ज्ञायतेSर्थोनेनेति पदम् । There is no difference of opinion regarding the fact that, out of the four standard kinds of words नाम, आख्यात, उपसर्ग and निपात, the first two kinds नाम and अाख्यात do possess an independent sense of their own. Regarding possession of sense and the manner in which the sense is conveyed, by the other two viz. the Upasargas (prepositions) and Nipātas (particles) there is a striking difference of opinion among scholars of grammar. Although Pāṇini has given the actual designation पद to words ending with either the case or the conjugational affixes, he has looked upon the different units or elements of a Pada such as the base, the affix, the augment and the like as possessed of individually separate senses. There is practically nothing in Pāṇini's sūtras to prove that Nipātas and Upasargas do not possess an independent sense. Re: Nipātas, the rule चादयोऽसत्वे, which means that च and other indeclinables are called Nipātas when they do not mean सत्त्व, presents a riddle as to the meaning which च and the like should convey if they do not mean सत्त्व or द्रव्य id est, that is a substance. The Nipātas cannot mean भाव or verbal activity and if they do not mean सत्व or द्रव्य, too, they will have to be called अनर्थक (absolutely meaningless) and in that case they would not be termed Prātipadika, and no caseaffix would be applied to them. To avoid this difficulty, the Vārtikakāra had to make an effort and he wrote a Vārtika निपातस्य अनर्थकस्य प्रातिपदिकत्वम् । P. I.2.45 Vār. 12. As a matter of fact the Nipātas च, वा and others do possess a sense as shown by their presence and absence (अन्वय and व्यतिरेक). The sense, however, is conveyed rather in a different manner as the word समूह, or समुदाय, which is the meaning conveyed by च in रामः कृष्णश्च, cannot be substituted for च as its Synonym in the sentence राम: कुष्णश्च. Looking to the different ways in which their sense is conveyed by nouns and verbs on the one hand, and by affixes, prepositions and indeclinables on the other hand, Bhartṛhari, possibly following Yāska and Vyāḍi, has developed the theory of द्योतकत्व as contrasted with वाचकत्व and laid down the dictum that indeclinables, affixes and prepositions (उपसर्गs) do not directly convey any specific sense as their own, but they are mere signs to show some specific property or excellence of the sense conveyed by the word to which they are attached; confer, compare also the statement 'न निर्बद्धा उपसर्गा अर्थान्निराहुरिति शाकटायनः नामाख्यातयोस्तु कर्मोपसंयेगद्योतका भवन्ति । Nir 1.3. The Grammarians, just like the rhetoricians have stated hat the connection between words and their senses is a permanent one ( नित्य ), the only difference in their views being that the rhetoricians state that words are related; no doubt permanently, to their sense by means of संकेत or convention which solely depends on the will of God, while the Grammarians say that the expression of sense is only a natural function of words; confer, compare 'अभिधानं पुनः स्वाभाविकम्' Vārttika No.33. on P. I.2.64. For द्योतकत्व see Vākyapadīya of Bhartṛhari II. 165-206.
prauḍhamanoramākhaṇḍana(1)a grammatical work written by a grammarian named Cakrapani of the Sesa family of grammarians. The work is meant to refute the arguments of Bhattoji Diksita in his Praudhamanorama; (2) a grammar work written by the famous poet and rhetorician Jagannātha in refutation of the doctrines and explanations given in the Praudhamanorama by the stalwart Grammarian Bhattoji Diksita. The work is not a scholarly one and it has got a tone of banter. It was written by Jagannatha to show that he could also write works on Grammar and the bearded pedant Bhattoji should not be proud of his profound scholarship in Grammar. The work of Jagannatha was named मनोरमाकुचमर्दन possibly by his followers or even by himselfeminine.
bhaṭṭojīsurnamed Diksita; a stalwart grammarian of the Panini system who flourished in the first half of the seventeenth century and wrote many independent books and commentaries such as the Siddhantakaumudi, the Praudhamanorama, the Vaiyakaranasiddhantakarika, the Sabdakaustubha and others. The most reputed work out of these, however, is the Siddhantakaumudi which is very popular even today and which has almost set aside other works of its kind such as the Prakriyakaumudi and others. Bhattoji was a Telagu Brahmana, as generally believed, and although he belonged to the South, he made Varanasi his home where he prepared a school of learned Grammarians. Although he carried on his work silently in Varanasi, he was envied by the reputed rhetorician of his time Pandita Jagannātha, who criticised his work ( Bhattojis work ) named Manorama very severely. See प्रौढमनोरमा a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page.. The Siddhāntakaumudi has got many commentaries of which the Tattvabodhini written by Bhattoji's pupil Jnanendrasarasvati is appreciated much by learned grammarians.
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āḍhyavāta

convulsive or rheumatic palsy of loins.

āmavāta

rheumatism, non-specific older term for medical conditions which affect connective tissue and the joints; arthritis caused by undigested stuff.

arkapuṣpi

Plant 1. lesser mallow plant, Hibiscus hirtus; 2. holostemma creeper, Holostemma rheedii, H. ada-kodien.

atīsāra

flux, diarrhea.

kṣīrālasaka

epedemic diarrhea.

kuṭaja

1. born in pitcher; 2. Plant coral swirl, Wrighte antidysenterica; Holorrhena antidysentirecia.

pittātisāra

diarrhea due to pitta.

upakuśa

1. ulcerative gingivitis; 2. pyorrhea or peridontitis.









Parse Time: 1.330s Search Word: rhe Input Encoding: IAST: rhe