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968 results for r/a
     
Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
ararely an expletive (see a-kupya-, a-pūpa-). According to , the accent may be optionally either on the first or last syllable in certain compounds formed with a- (as /a-tīkṣṇa-or a-tīkṣṇ/a-, /a-śuci-or a-śuc/i-, /an-anna-or an-ann/a-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abanddhra(or defectively written a-bandhr/a-) mfn. without bonds or ligatures View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abandhraSee a-banddhr/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhigṝ -gṛṇ/āti-, to call to or address with approbation ; to join in (accusative) ; to welcome, praise ; to approve of, accept propitiously, allow. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhijuṣ(subjunctive -j/ujoṣat-; pr.p. -juṣāṇ/a-) to be pleased with, like View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhikṛto do with reference to or in behalf of ; (perf. 2. plural -cakr/a-) to procure, effect ; (with niveśaṃ-) to settle. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhikram(Aorist -akramīt- ind.p. -kr/amya-) to step or go near to, approach etc. ; to attack, overpower ; to step upon ; to undertake, begin ; (with gamanāya-) to get on one's way : Caus. -kramayati-, to bring near View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhiprapaś(imperfect tense -pr/āpaśyat-) to look out after (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhiprayuj -pr/a-yuṅkte-, to seize, grasp, bring in one's possession View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhīr( īr-), Caus. (p. -īr/ayat-) to bring near View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhirakṣP. A1. -r/akṣati-, te- (parasmE-pada -r/akṣamāṇa- ) to guard, protect, preserve ; "to govern or command" (see abhi-rakṣita-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhiram -ramate-, to dwell ; to repose ; to delight in, be delighted etc. Causal -r/āmayati-, to gladden ; to delight in, to be delighted. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhisampravṛtCaus. to change (?as a battle-field, raṇājir/am-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhisaṃskṛ -s-karoti-, to shape, form : A1. (subjunctive 1. sg. -s-kar/avai-) to render or make one's self (ātmānam-) anything (wished to be accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhiṣiṣeṇayiṣuSee abhi-ṣeṇ/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhiśrī(3. plural -śrīṇanti-, parasmE-pada -śrīṇ/at-;plusq. 3. plural -aśiśrayuḥ-) to mix, mingle ; -śrīṇāti-,"to prepare or dress", produce, cause ; (by placed under abhi-śri-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhisvayamātṛṇṇamind. on the brick (used in sacrifices and called) svayamātṛṇṇ/ā- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhivraj(p. -vr/ajat-) to go up to (accusative) ; (ind.p. -vrajya-) to pass through , to go to (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhrātṛmfn. brotherless (Nominal verb sg. f. t/ā-) (Nominal verb plural f. t/aras-) (Nominal verb plural f. abhr/ātaras-) (accusative sg. f. trīm-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhravarṣa(abhr/a--) mfn. dripping or raining from the clouds View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyāramind. (see ār/a-) near, at hand View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyavahṛto throw down into water (accusative; ap/aḥ-or samudr/am-or hrad/am-) (see abhy-ava--) ; to bring near ; to take food, eat : Causal to cause to throw down (into water) ; to attack (as an enemy) ; to take food, eat ; to cause to eat View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyuddru -dr/avati-, to run up to (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyuṣ(imperfect tense 3. plural -uṣṇ/an-; Vedic or Veda infinitive mood -uṣas-) to burn, consume by fire View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abrahmanmfn. without devotion (br/ahman-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abrahmann. not the br/ahman- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adharāttāt(adhar/āt--) ind. below, beneath View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhivṛjcl.7 P., -vṛṇ/akti-, to place near or over (the fire) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhripress-stone; gr/āvā- / adriḥ- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhvaravat(adhvar/a--) mfn. containing the word adhvara- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āghṛ -jigharti- (1. sg. -jigharmi-) to sprinkle (with fat) ; to throw towards (locative case) : Caus. -ghār/ayati-, to sprinkle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnidaivatan. equals -nakṣatr/a- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnidevāf. equals -nakṣatr/a-, q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnyāgāraSee agny-agār/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnyālayam. equals agny-agār/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āgṝ(3. plural -gṛṇ/anti-) to praise View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āgrayaṇam. (fr. /agra-), the first soma- libation at the agniṣṭoma- sacrifice (See gr/aha-) etc.
aharn. (/ahana-) Nominal verb dual number day and night (see /ahaś ca kṛṣṇ/am /ahar /arjunam ca-,"the black and the white day" id est night and day ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ahnaonly (like ah/a-) in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' for /ahan- (or /ahar-), q.v exempli gratia, 'for example' aty-ahna-, aparāhṇ/a-, pūrvāhṇ/a- etc., qq. vv. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ajākṣīran. see aja-kṣir/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ajiraśocis(ajir/a-.) m. having a quick light, glittering, Name of agni-, of soma- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ākṛ -kṛṇoti- (imperative 2. sg. P. -kṛdhi-and A1. -kṛṇuṣva-; perf. A1. -cakre-) to bring near or towards : A1. (subjunctive 1. plural -karāmahe-; imperfect tense -akṛṇuta-, perf. -cakre-, parasmE-pada -cakrāṇ/a-) to drive near or together (as cows or cattle) : P. (imperative 2. sg. -kṛdhi-; ind.p. -k/ṛtya-) to drive near ; (perf. 1. plural -cakrim/ā-) to serve or prepare a sacrifice to (dative case) ; (imperfect tense ākarot-) to call near (a deity) : Causal -kārayati-, to call near, invite to a place ; to ask any one (accusative) for anything (accusative) : Desiderative -cikīrṣati-, to intend to accomplish : Intensive parasmE-pada -c/arikrat-, attracting repeatedly towards one's self View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ākṝ(2. sg. subjunctive -kir/āsi-and imperative -kirā-; parasmE-pada f. -kir/antī-) to scatter or sprinkle over, give abundantly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ākramP. A1. (parasmE-pada P. -krāmat- ; parasmE-pada A1. ā-kr/amamāṇa- ; Aorist ā-akramīt- ; perf. p. A1. -cakramāṇ/a- ; ind.p. -kr/amya- etc.) to step or go near to, come towards, approach, visit etc. ; to step or tread upon (accusative [ etc.] or locative case [ ]) ; (ind.p. -kramya-) to hold fast with the hands, seize ; to attack, invade (Inf. -kramitum-) ; (in astronomy) to eclipse ; to undertake, begin (with infinitive mood) : A1. -kramate- (; future parasmE-pada -kraṃsy/amāna-) to rise, mount, ascend etc.: Causal -kramayati-, to cause to come or step near ; to cause any one (instrumental case) to enter into (accusative) : Desiderative -cikraṃsate-, to wish to ascend View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣ (perhaps a kind of old Desiderative of1. -) cl.1.5. akṣati-, akṣṇoti- ( ; future akṣiṣyati-or akṣyati- ; Aorist ākṣīt-,3. dual number ākṣiṣṭām-or āṣṭām- ; perf. ānakṣa-[ commentator or commentary ] , but A1. parasmE-pada [with the Vedic weak stem ākṣ- see perf. āś-uḥ-3. plural etc. fr.1. -] ākṣāṇ/a-),; to reach ; to pass through, penetrate, pervade, embrace ; to accumulate (to form the cube?) : Causal akṣayati-, ācikṣat-, to cause to pervade : Desiderative acikṣiṣati- or acikṣati- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣin. (1. - ) ([instr. akṣṇā- dative case akṣṇe-,etc., fr. akṣan-,substituted for akṣi-in the weakest cases. Vedic forms are: ablative genitive case akṣṇ/as-; locative case akṣ/an-(once akṣiṇi-!); dual number Nominal verb accusative akṣ/ī- , /akṣiṇī-, /akṣyau-,and akṣyau- and ; instrumental case akṣ/ībhyām-; genitive case akṣy/os- , akṣy/os-and akṣ/os-(!) ; plural Nominal verb accusative /akṣīṇi- , akṣāṇi- ; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' akṣa-is substitutedSee 4. akṣa-]), the eye View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alaṃkaraṇa -kūr/a- etc. See /alam-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alaṃmanasmfn. satisfied in mind (see ar/amaṇas- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order /aram-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amthe termination am- in the comparative and other forms used as ind. exempli gratia, 'for example' pratar/am-, etc., (gaRa svar-ādi- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amāvāsyan. ([ ]) neighbourhood ([perhaps for -vāśtya-,"lowing (of cows) at home", as the word is used together with ā-gar/a-and prati-krośa-]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ambhasn. (see abhr/a-, /ambu-), water etc., the celestial waters View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anāṣṭramfn. free from dangers or dangerous opponents (see ati-nāṣṭr/a-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
antarābharaSee antar/ā-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
antran. (contr. of antara-; Greek ) , entrail, intestine (confer, compare āntr/a-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anugraor an-ugr/a- mf(ā-)n. not harsh or violent, mild, gentle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anukṝ(1. sg. -kir/āmi-) to scatter along ; to strew, fill with, crowd: Passive voice -kīryate-, to become crowded or filled. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anuparicāramind. equals anuparikr/āmam- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anuprabhūtamfn. passing through, penetrating, (/anu pr/a-bhuta-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anuprās(2 as-), -pr/āsyati-, to throw after View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anupravṛj -pr/a-vṛṇakti-, to send or throw after View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anupravṛt(imperfect tense -pr/āvartata-; perf. -vāvṛte-) to proceed along or after View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anuvatsarīṇa([ etc.]) ([ ]) mfn. referring to the anuvatsar/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anuvatsarīya([ ]) mfn. referring to the anuvatsar/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anyatodatmfn. equals anyatar/ato-danta- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apabrū(imperfect tense -br/avat-) to speak some mysterious or evil words upon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apagaram. (1. gṝ-), reviler (special function of a priest at a sacrifice) (see abhigar/a-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apakrāntif. equals apa-kr/amaṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apānam. (opposed to prāṇ/a-), that of the five vital airs which goes downwards and out at the anus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apapragā(Aorist -pr/āgat-) to go away from, yield to View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apapre( i-), (3. pl. -pra-y/anti-,or -pr/a-yanti-;Opt. -pr/eyāt-) to go away, withdraw View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aparamind. (/aparam-[ ]or apar/am-[ ]) in future, for the future View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apavṛjA1. -vriṅkte- (Imper. 2 . sg. -vṛṅkṣva-; subjunctive 1. sg. -vṛṇ/ajai-; Aorist P. 3. sg. /apāvṛk-) to turn off, drive off ; to tear off ; (with /adhvānam-) carpere viam ([ ]) ; to leave off, determine, fulfil etc.: Causal -varjayati-, to quit, get rid of ; to sever, turn off from to transmit, bestow, grant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apramāyukaSee a-pr/amaya-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aprāmisatya( -with prā- equals pra- see a-pr/amaya-),"of imperishable truthfulness", unalterably true View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aprāśitriyamfn. not fit for food called prāśitr/a- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āprathCaus. (Aorist subjunctive 3. plural -papr/athan- ) to spread, extend. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āprayamP. (imperative -pr/ayaccha- ) to hand over, to reach. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āprīP. (-prīṇāti- ; Aorist subjunctive 2. sg. -pipr/ayas- ) to satisfy, conciliate, propitiate, please ; to address or invoke with the āprī- (See below) verses : A1. (imperfect tense āprīṇīta-) to amuse one's self, be delighted or pleased View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apsaras ās- ([ etc.]) , or ap-sar/ā- ([AV. etc.]), f. (fr. 2. /ap-+ sṛ-),"going in the waters or between the waters of the clouds", a class of female divinities (sometimes called"nymphs";they inhabit the sky, but often visit the earth;they are the wives of the gandharva-s(q.v)and have the faculty of changing their shapes at will;they are fond of the water;one of their number, rambhā-, is said to have been produced at the churning of the ocean). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aputratā(aputr/a--) f. sonlessness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aramfn. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' "going" see samar/a- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārabhP. (only perfect tense 1. plural -rarabhm/ā- ) A1. -rabhate- (pf -rebhe-,etc.;Inf. -r/abham-and -r/abhe- ) to lay or take hold of, keep fast, cling to etc. ; to gain a footing ; to enter, reach, attain ; to undertake, commence, begin etc. ; to make, produce ; to form, compose etc.: Intensive (perfect tense -r/arabhe-) to cling to View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arakam. the jaina- division of time called ar/a- , the plant Blyxa Octandra View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arālamfn. (see ar/a-,fr. -; Intensive for arāra-?), crooked, curved (an-- negative"straight") , etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aramaṇas(ar/a--) and mati- (ar/a-) See sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order /aram-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aramaṇas(ar/a--) mfn. ready to serve, obedient View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
araṇīf. = ar/aṇi-1 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārapP. (parasmE-pada -r/apat-) to whisper towards View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āreind. (locative case;See ār/āt-) far, far from, outside, without View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aritran. (f ā-.) (ar/itra- [ ] or /aritra- [ ]) an oar (confer, compare d/aśāritra-, n/ityār-, ś/atār-, sv-aritr/a-) ; [ Latin aratrum.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arjunamfn. (see ṛjr/a-and raj-) white, clear (the colour of the day ;of the dawn ;of the lightning;of the milk;of silver, etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arkam. the plant Calotropis Gigantea (the larger leaves are used for sacrificial ceremonies; see arka-kośī-, -parṇ/a-, palaś/a-,etc. below) etc., a religious ceremony (see arkāśvamedha-below) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arṇam. Name of a man (See arna citr/aratha-below) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārtanamfn. ([connected with ār/āt-and ār/e- ]) uncultivated, waste, desert View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aruṇamf(-[ ] or -[ ,(Nominal verb plural aruṇ/ayas-) ])n. ( - ), reddish-brown, tawny, red, ruddy (the colour of the morning opposed to the darkness of night) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aruṇam. (/aruṇa-) Name of a pupil of upaveśi- (see aruṇ/a-m.above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aruṇababhru(aruṇ/a--) mfn. reddish-yellow View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aruṇāgrajam. "the first of aruṇa-", garuḍa- (the bird of viṣṇu-) (see aruṇ/anuja-below.), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aruṇapsu(aruṇ/a--) mfn. of a red appearance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aruṇapuṣpamfn. (aruṇ/a--) having red flowers View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arvākind. (gaRa svar-ādi- q.v) hither, (opposite to p/arāk-, par/as-, parastāt-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aryamanm. Name of an āditya- (who is commonly invoked together with varuṇa- and mitra-, also with bhaga-, bṛhaspati-, and others;he is supposed to be the chief of the Manes etc., the milky way is called his path[ aryamṇ/aḥ p/anthāḥ- ];he presides over the nakṣatra- uttaraphalgunī- ;his name is used to form different male names ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
(in classical Sanskrit only) A1. aśnute- (Aorist 3. plural āśiṣata- ; perf. ānaśe- Vedic forms are: aśnoti-,etc.; subjunctive aśnavat-,etc.; Aorist P. ānaṭ- (2. & 3. sg.,frequently in )and A1. aṣṭa-or /āṣṭa-,3. plural āśata-(frequently in )or /ākṣiṣur-[ ] subjunctive /akṣat-[ ] Potential 1. plural aśema- preceding aśyās-(2. & 3. sg.) etc. Potential A1.1. sg. aśīya-and plural aśīmahi-, Imper. aṣṭu-[ ]; perf. ānaṃśa-(thrice in )or ānāśa-[ ] or āśa-[ ] , 2. plural ānaś/a-3. plural ānaś/uh-(frequently in )or āśuh-[ ] A1. ānaś/o- subjunctive 1. plural a anaśāmahai-[ ] Potential 1. sg. ānasyām-, parasmE-pada ānaśān/a-[ ];Inf. aṣṭave- ) to reach, come to, reach, come to, arrive at, get, gain, obtain etc. ; (said of an evil, aṃhati-, /aṃhas-, gr/āhi-) to visit ; to master, become master of. ; to offer ; to enjoy ; to pervade, penetrate, fill ; to accumulate : Desiderative aśiśiṣate- Intensive aśāśyate- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asanmatiand -mantr/a- See /a-sat-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśitran. food (see prāśitr/a-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aślīlamfn. equals a-śrīr/a-, q. v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asmatrāind. (for asmat-tr/ā-by defective spelling) , to us, with us, among us View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṣṭif. (1. -), reaching (see jar/ad-aṣṭi-, vy/aṣṭi-, s/amaṣṭi-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asūrtamfn. (said of r/ajas-),"unilluminated, enveloped in darkness" ([ ]) or"unvisited, unknown, remote" ([ ]) (see sūrta-and a-sūry/a-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atiAs a prefix to verbs and their derivatives, expresses beyond, over, and, if not standing by itself, leaves the accent on the verb or its derivative; as, ati-kram- ( kram-), to overstep, Vedic or Veda infinitive mood ati-kr/ame-, (fit) to be walked on, to be passed , ati-kr/amaṇa- n. See sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order When prefixed to nouns, not derived from verbs, it expresses beyond, surpassing, as, ati-kaśa-, past the whip, ati-mānuṣa-, superhuman, etc. See sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atikramto step or go beyond or over or across, (Vedic or Veda infinitive mood ati-kr/ame-,to be walked on ) ; to pass, cross ; to pass time ; to surpass, excel, overcome ; to pass by, neglect ; to overstep, transgress, violate ; to pass on or away ; to step out ; to part from, lose: Caus. -krāmayati-, or -kramayati-, to allow to pass (as time) ; to leave unnoticed. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ātṛdP. -tṛṇ/atti-, to divide, pierce (as the ears) : A1. -tṛntt/e-, to sever one's self View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ātṛdas Vedic or Veda infinitive mood (ablative), () with pur/ā-,"without piercing" View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āturamf(ā-)n. desirous of (Inf.) (see an-ātur/a-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atyākram(ind.p. -kr/amya-) to walk past View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
av cl.1 P. /avati- (Imper. 2. sg. avatāt- , parasmE-pada /avat-; imperfect tense /āvat-,2. sg. 1. /āvaḥ-[for 2. /āvaḥ-See vṛ-]; perf. 3. sg. āva-,2. plural āv/a- , 2. sg. /āvitha-; Aorist /avit-,2. sg. āvīs-, avīs-and aviṣas-, Imper. aviṣṭu-,2. sg. aviḍḍh/i-[once ] or aviḍḍhi-[six times in ], 2. dual number aviṣṭam-,3. dual number,2. plural aviṣṭ/anā- preceding 3. sg. avyās-, infinitive mood /avitave- ;Ved. ind.p. āvyā- ) to drive, impel, animate (as a car or horse) ; Ved. to promote, favour, (chiefly Vedic or Veda) to satisfy, refresh ; to offer (as a hymn to the gods) ; to lead or bring to (dative case : ūt/aye-, v/āja-sātaye-, kṣatr/āya-, svast/aye-) ; (said of the gods) to be pleased with, like, accept favourably (as sacrifices, prayers or hymns) , (chiefly said of kings or princes) to guard, defend, protect, govern etc.: Causal (only imperfect tense avayat-,2. sg. āvayas-) to consume, devour ([ confer, compare Greek Latin aveo?]) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avabhraSee an-avabhr/a-rādhas-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avacaram. the dominion or sphere or department of (in compound See kāmāvacara-, dhyānāv-,etc.) (see tālāvacara-and yajñāvacar/a-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avadrai(future p. -drāsy/at-) to fall asleep (see an-avadrāṇ/a-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avakrakṣinmfn. (see kr/akṣamāṇa-) rushing down View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avakram(optative, -krāmet-) to step down upon (accusative) ; (Aorist 3. plural -kramuḥ-[ see ]; pr. p. kr/āmat-) to tread down, overcome ; to descend (into a womb) : Causal (parasmE-pada -kramayat-) to cause to go down
avāran. (fr. 2. /ava-,but formed after a-pār/a- q.v) Ved. this side, the near bank of a river View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaramb(parasmE-pada -r/ambamāṇa-) to hang down equals ava-lamb- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaraparamind. one upon the other , successively (see avaras-par/a-below) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avāratas(avar/a--) ind. to this side View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāṇam. or vāṇ/a- (), b/āṇa- (;later more usually vāṇa- q.v) a reed-shaft, shaft made of a reed, an arrow etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāṇam. the udder of a cow (vāṇ/a- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāṇam. music (for vāṇ/a-) equals kevala-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadrasvapna(bhadr/ā--) m. a good dream View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadravrāta(bhadr/a--) mfn. having or forming a happy assemblage View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhajeratha ( bhaje-+ aratha-), prob. bhaj/e- (infinitive mood) or bh/aje- (1. sg. fr. bhaj-) + r/athasya-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bharadvājam. (bhar/ad--) "bearing speed or strength (of flight)", a skylark View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhṛ cl.1 P. A1. () bh/arati-, te- ; cl.3 P. A1. () b/ibharti- (bibh/arti-only ), bibhṛte- ; cl.2 P. bh/arti- (parasmE-pada P. b/ibhrat-, q.v; A1. bibhrāṇa-with act. meaning , bibhramāṇa-with pass. meaning ; perfect tense jabh/āra-, jabh/arat-; jabhre-, ajabhartana- ; babhāra-, babhṛma- etc.; parasmE-pada babhrāṇ/a-with pass. meaning ; bibharāmbabhūva- , rām-āsa- ; Aorist abhār- ; bhart/am-, bhṛt/am- ; abhṛta- grammar; abhārṣam- subjunctive bharṣat- ; abhāriṣam- ; preceding bhriyāsam-, yāt- ; future bhariṣyati- Conditional /abhariṣyat- ; bhart/ā- ; infinitive mood bh/artum-, bh/artave-, bh/artav/ai-,Ved.; bh/aradhyai- ; ind.p. -bh/ṛtya- etc.) , to bear, carry, convey, hold ("on"or"in" locative case) etc. ; to wear id est let grow (hair, beard, nails) etc. ; to balance, hold in equipoise (as a pair of scales) ; to bear id est contain, possess, have, keep (also"keep in mind") etc. ; to support, maintain, cherish, foster ; to hire, pay ; to carry off or along (A1. bharate-,"for one's self" id est gain, obtain, or =ferri"to be borne along") ; to bring, offer, procure, grant, bestow etc. ; to endure, experience, suffer, undergo ; to lift up, raise (the voice or a sound; A1. bharate-,also "to rise, be heard") ; to fill (the stomach) ; (with garbham-) to conceive, become pregnant (confer, compare under dhṛ-) ; (with kṣitim-) to take care of, rule, govern ; (with, ājñām-) to submit to, obey ; (with ūrjām-) to exert, employ : Passive voice bhriy/ate- (Epic also ti-; Aorist abhāri-), to be borne etc. etc. etc.: Causal bhārayati- (Aorist abībharat-), to cause to bear etc. ; to engage for hire : Desiderative b/ubhūrṣati- ( ), bibhariṣati- () , to wish to bear or support or maintain: Intensive b/aribharti- (3. plural bhrati- , where also 2. dual number jarbhṛt/aḥ-), barībharti- (), to bear repeatedly or continually, carry hither and thither. [ confer, compare Zend bar; Greek ; Latin fero; Slavonic or Slavonian brati; Gothic bai4ran; German beran,ge-ba0ren; English bear.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhrajSee giri-bhr/aj- and mṛta-bhraj-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhrāj cl.1 A1. () bhr/ājate- (rarely P. ti-; perfect tense babhrāja- ; bhreje-, babhrājire-and bhrejire- grammar; Aorist abhrāṭ-, abhrāji- ; abhrājiṣṭa- grammar; preceding bhrājyāsam- ; future bhrājitā- grammar; bhrājiṣyate- ; infinitive mood bhrājitum- ), to shine, beam, sparkle, glitter etc. ; (with na-), to be of no account : Causal bhrājayati- (Aorist ababhrājat-and abibhrajat-), to cause to shine or glitter, illuminate, irradiate : Desiderative bibhrājiṣate- grammar ; Intensive bābhrājyate- or bābhrāṣṭi- [ confer, compare bhṛgu-; Greek ; Latin fulgere,flammaforflag-maetc.; Lithuanian blizgu4; German bleichen; English bleach.]
bhrājf. (Nominal verb bhr/āḷ-) light, lustre, splendour [ confer, compare Greek .] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhrājasvatmfn. (bhr/ā-) sparkling, glittering View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhraṃś or bhraś- (sometimes written bhraṃs-; see bhṛś-) cl.1 A1. () bhraṃśate- (once in P. ti-) cl.4 P. (;cf. bhṛś-) bhraśyati- (Epic also A1. te- perfect tense babhraṃśa- śe- grammar; Aorist subjunctive bhraśat- ; abhraṃśiṣṭa- grammar; future bhraṃśiṣyati-, te-; bhraṃśitā- ; ind.p. bhraṃśitvā-and bhraṣṭvā- ), to fall, drop, fall down or out or in pieces etc. ; to strike against (locative case) ; to rebound from (ablative) ; to fall (figuratively), decline, decay, fail, disappear, vanish, be ruined or lost etc. ; to be separated from or deprived of, lose (ablative) etc. ; to slip or escape from (genitive case) ; to swerve or deviate from, abandon (ablative) : Causal bhraṃśayati- (or bhrāśayati-; see bhr/āśya-and ni-bhraṃś-; Aorist ababhraṃśat-; Passive voice bhraṃśyate-), to cause to fall (literally and figuratively), throw down, overthrow etc. ; to cause to disappear or be lost destroy ; to cause to escape from (ablative) ; to cause to deviate from (ablative) ; to deprive any one (accusative) of (ablative; exempli gratia, 'for example' upavāsāt-or vratāt-,"of the reward for fasting or performing any observance") etc.: Desiderative bibhraṃśiṣati-, te- grammar : Intensive bābhraśyate-, bhraṣṭi- ; banībhraśyate- or bhraṃśyate- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhrātṛvyajanman(bhr/ā-) mfn. having the nature or character of a rivals View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhrātṛvyaparāṇutti(bhr/ā-) f. the driving away a rivals
bhrātṛvyavat(bhr/ā-) mfn. having rivals, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhrī cl.9 P. () bhrī ṇāti- or bhriṇāti- (only proper 3. plural bhrīṇ/anti- ; grammar also perfect tense bibhrāya-; future bhretā-, bhreṣyati- Aorist abhraiṣīt-), to injure, hurt ( - hiṃs- "to be angry"see bhṛṇīya-; grammar"to fear"or"to bear") : Causal bhrāyayati- grammar : Desiderative bibhrīṣati- : Intensive bebhrīyate-, bebhrayīti-, bebhreti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhur (prob. a secondary form of bhri-not in ), P. A1. bhur/ati-, te-, to move rapidly or convulsively, stir, palpitate, quiver, struggle (in swimming) : Intensive j/arbhurīti- (parasmE-pada j/arbhurat-, rāṇa-), to flicker (as fire) (confer, compare Greek , ; Latin furere.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhuraj (prob. connected with bhṛjj-and bhrajj-), only 3. plural imperfect tense A1. bhur/ajanta-, to boil, bubble View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmajuṣṭa(br/ahma--) mfn. gratified by prayer or devotion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmajūta(br/ahma--) mfn. incited by prayer or devotion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmakṛti(br/ahma--) f. prayer, devotion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmamukha(br/ahma--) mf(ā-)n. preceded by the priests, following or inferior to them View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brāhmaṇavatmfn. (br/āh-), possessed of or in accordance with a brāhmaṇa-, correct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmanutta(br/ahma--) mfn. driven away by a sacred text or spell View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brāhmaṇyamfn. (fr. brāhmaṇ/a-) fit for Brahmans View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmapati(br/ahma--) m. equals brahmaṇas-pati- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmaprasūta(br/ahma--) mfn. impelled by brahma- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmapurogava(br/ahma--) mfn. preceded by brahma- or"the holy" View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmapurohitamfn. (br/ahma--) having the sacerdotal class for a purohita-
brahmapūtamfn. (br/ahma--) purified by devotion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmasaṃśita(br/ahma--) mfn. sharpened by prayer or by a sacred text View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmaśumbhita(br/ahma--) mfn. purified or adorned by devotion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmatejasn. (br/ahma--) having the glory or power of brahma- () or of a Brahman () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmavāhas(br/ahma--) mfn. one to whom prayers are offered View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmavṛddha(br/ahma--) mfn. grown or increased by prayer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brāhmimfn. (fr. br/ahman-) holy, divine View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛh or bṛṃh- cl.1 P. () bṛṃhati- (also te- and bṛhati- ; perfect tense babarha- ; parasmE-pada babṛhāṇ/a- ), to be thick, grow great or strong, increase (the finite verb only with a preposition): Causal bṛṃhayati-, te- (also written vṛ-), to make big or fat or strong, increase, expand, further, promote ; barhayati- See sam-bṛh-: Intensive barbṛhat-, barbṛhi- See upa-bṛh-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brū cl.2 P. A1. () br/avīti-, brūt/e- (only proper stem;the other forms are supplied by vac- confer, compare ; brūmi-for bravīmi- ; subjunctive br/avas-, vat- ; imperative brūhi-, Epic also bravīhi-, bruvadhvam-; brūtāt- ; imperfect tense abruvam-for abravam- ; pr.p. A1. Epic bruvamāṇa-for bruvāṇa-; preceding 2. plural brūyāsta- wrong reading for brūyās tat-), to speak, say, tell (either intrans.;or with accusative of Persian or thing;or with accusative of thing and accusative dative case genitive case or locative case of person = to tell or relate anything to;with two accusative also = declare or pronounce to be, call) etc. ; to speak about any person or thing (accusative with or without prati-,or adhikṛtya-) etc. ; to proclaim, predict ; to answer (either intrans. with punar-or trans. with praśnam-,"a question") ; (with anyathā-) to speak or decide or judge wrongly ; (A1.,rarely P.) to call or profess one's self to be (Nominal verb,rarely with iti-) ; (A1.) to designate for one's self, choose ; (A1.) to be told by itself, tell itself (tell its tale) Va1rtt. 1 [ confer, compare Zend mru1.]
caitram. equals caitriyāyaṇ/a- on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caitreyamfn. coming from a speckled cow (citr/ā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakran. (Ved. rarely m.; gaRa ardharcādi-;fr. car-?;1. kṛ- ) the wheel (of a carriage, of the Sun's chariot[ ],of Time [ ]; kr/aṃ-car-,to drive in a carriage ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cākramfn. (fr. cakr/a-) carried on (a battle) with the discus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakraṇitambam. equals cakr/a-nitamba- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakranitambam. equals cakr/a-ṇitamba- gaRa girinady-ādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakratuṇḍam. (kr/a--) "circular-beaked", a kind of mythical being View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakravṛttamfn. (kr/a--) turned on a potter's wheel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cākrāyaṇam. (fr. cakr/a- gaRa aśvādi- ) patronymic of uṣasta- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cākreyafr. cakr/a- gaRa sakhy-ādi- (not in ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakrīf. of kr/a- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakru equals kr/a- "a wheel", only in compound View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakṣaṇan. (for jakṣ-?) eating a relish to promote drinking (see viśv/a--; abhi--and prati-c/akṣ-; vi-cakṣaṇ/a-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakṣasm. "teacher of the gods", bṛhaspati- (see /apāka--, īya--, upāk/a--, ghor/a--, viśv/a--, s/ūra--, sv/ar--; uru--, duś--, nṛ--and su-c/akṣ-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
canaind. (ca n/a- ) and not, also not, even not, not even (this particle is placed after the word to which it gives force;a preceding verb is accentuated[ ];in Vedic language it is generally, but not always, found without any other negative particle, whereas in the later language another negative is usually added exempli gratia, 'for example' /āpaś can/apr/a minanti vrat/aṃ vāṃ-,"not even the waters violate your ordinance" ; n/āha vivyāca pṛthiv/ī can/āinaṃ-,"the earth even does not contain him", iii, 36, 4;in class. Sanskrit it is only used after the interrogatives k/a-, katar/a-, katam/a-, katham-, k/ad-, kad/ā-, kim-, k/utas-, kva-,making them indefinite) etc. also View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caṇḍamf(ā- ; ī- etc.)n. (probably fr. candr/a-,"glowing"with passion) fierce, violent, cruel, impetuous, hot, ardent with passion, passionate, angry etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candam. (for dr/a-) the moon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candiram. (fr. ndr/a-) the moon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candramf(ā-)n. (fr. ścandr/a- q.v) glittering, shining (as gold), having the brilliancy or hue of light (said of gods, of water[ ] and of soma-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cāndramf(ī-)n. (fr. candr/a-) lunar etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candrabudhna(dr/a--) mfn. having a bright standing-ground View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candradakṣiṇa(dr/a--) mfn. offering anything bright or gold in sacrifice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candramasm. (dr/a--) (mas- equals m/ās-; gaRa dāsī-bhārādi-) the moon, deity of the moon (considered as a dānava- ;named among the 8 vasu-s ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candramasSee sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order candr/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cāndramasamf(ī-)n. (fr. candr/a-mas-) lunar, relating to the moon etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candranirṇij(dr/a--), having a brilliant garment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candraratha(dr/a--) mfn. having a brilliant carriage View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candravarṇa(dr/a--) mfn. of brilliant colour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candravatmfn. (dr/a--) illuminated by the moon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candrimāf. (fr. candr/a-mas-; see pūrṇimā-) moonlight View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
car cl.1. c/arati-, rarely te- (subjunctive c/arat-,3 plural c/arān- ; perf. cac/āra-[ etc.] , 2 sg. cacartha- ; plural cerur-,etc.; ratur- etc.; A1. cere- ; future cariṣyati-, te-; Aorist acārīt-[ ]; infinitive mood c/aritum-[ ]or cartum-[ ] , Vedic or Veda car/adhyai-[ ], c/aritave-[ ], car/ase-[ ], car/āyai-[ ], caritos-[ ]; ind.p. caritv/ā- ; cartvā- ; cīrtvā-, ; parasmE-pada c/arat-) to move one's self, go, walk, move, stir, roam about, wander (said of men, animals, water, ships, stars, etc.) etc. ; to spread, be diffused (as fire) ; to move or travel through, pervade, go along, follow etc. ; to behave, conduct one's self, act, live, treat (with instrumental case or locative case) etc. ; to be engaged in, occupied or busy with (instr exempli gratia, 'for example' yajñ/ena c-,"to be engaged in a sacrifice" ) etc. ; (with[ ]or without[ ] mithun/am-) to have intercourse with, have to do with (instrumental case) ; (with a parasmE-pada or adjective (cf. mfn.) or ind.p. or adverb) to continue performing or being (exempli gratia, 'for example' arcantaś cerur-,"they continued worshipping"; svāminam avajñāya caret-,"he may go on despising his master") etc. ; (in astronomy) to be in any asterism or conjunction ; to undertake, set about, under go, observe, practise, do or act in general, effect, make (exempli gratia, 'for example' vrat/āni-"to observe vows" etc.; vighnaṃ c-,"to put a hindrance"; bhaikṣaṃ c-"to beg"; vivādaṃ c-,"to be engaged in a lawsuit"; mṛgayāṃ c-,"to hunt" ; sambandhāṃś c-,"to enter into connections"; mārgaṃ cacāra bāṇaiḥ-,"he made a way with arrows"; tapasā indriyāṇi c-,to exercise one's organs with penance ) etc. ; to consume, eat (with accusative), graze ; to make or render (with double accusative) exempli gratia, 'for example' nar/endraṃ satya-sthaṃ carāma-,"let us make the king keep his word" : Causal cārayati-, to cause to move or walk about (Aorist /acīcarat-) ; to pasture ; to send, direct, turn, move etc. ; to cause any one (accusative) to walk through (accusative) ; to drive away from (ablative) ; to cause any one (accusative) to practise or perform (with accusative) ; to cause (any animal accusative) to eat ; to cause to copulate ; to ascertain (as through a spy instrumental case) ; to doubt (see vi--) : Desiderative cicariṣati-, to try to go (parasmE-pada cicarṣat-) ; to wish to act or conduct one's self ; to try to have intercourse with (instrumental case), : Intensive carcarīti- A1. or rarely ([ ]) Passive voice cañcūryate- (curīti-and cūrti- ; ind.p. cūrya- ; parasmE-pada once P. cūryat- ) to move quickly or repeatedly, walk about, roam about (in locative case) etc. ; to act wantonly or coquettishly (see ) ; ([ see, etc.])
carāf. dative case r/āyai- infinitive mood car- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
carathamfn. moving, living (ca r/atha- manuscripts) ; 72, 6 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
carathan. going, wandering, course ( car/ātha-) ; iii, 31, 15; viii, 33, 8; x, 92, 13 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
carāthan. See r/atha-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
carṣaṇif. Name of aryaman-'s children by mātṛkā- (progenitors of the human race) (see pr/a--, ratha--, v/i--, viśv/a--.). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catasṛf. plural of cat/ur-, 4 (Nominal verb and accusative c/atasras-[ see Va1rtt. 2 ]; instrumental case catas/ṛbhis-[ see ] ; genitive case sṝṇ/ām- ;or sṝṇām-[Ved. ] ; locative case s/ṛṣu- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catur tv/āras- m. plural , tv/āri- n. plural , 4 (accusative m. t/uras- instrumental case t/urbhis-[for f. ] genitive case turṇ/ām- ablative t/urbhyas-;class. instrumental case dative case ablative,and locative case also oxyt. ; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' and on ;for f.See c/atasṛ-); [ confer, compare, AEolic ; Gothic fidvor; Latin quatuor; Cambro-Brit. pedwar,pedair; Hibernian or Irish ceatkair; Lithuanian keturi; Slavonic or Slavonian cetyrje.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cauramfn. ( cur-) thievish (equals cor/a- gaRa prajñādi-; gaRa chattrādi-) a thief. robber (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cetasn. see a-cet/as-, dabhr/a--, pr/a--, laghu--, v/i--, s/a--, su-c/etas-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cetiṣṭhamfn. (fr. citr/a-) most conspicuous View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ciran. () delay (exempli gratia, 'for example' gamana--,"delay in going"; kiṃ cireṇa-,"wherefore delay?" ; pur/ā cir/āt-,"to avoid delay") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citramf(-)n. containing the word citr/a- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citran. see a- and, su-citr/a-, d/ānu--, vi-- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrabarhis(tr/a--) mfn. having a brilliant bed (of stars;the moon) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrabhānumfn. (tr/a--) of variegated lustre, shining with light View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citradhrajati(tr/a--) mfn. having a bright course (agni-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citramahasmfn. (tr/a--) equals tr/ā-magha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrarathamfn. (tr/a--) having a bright chariot (agni-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrarāti(tr/a--) mfn. granting excellent gifts View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrasenamfn. (tr/a--) having a bright spear, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citraśocis(tr/a--) mfn. shining brilliantly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citraśravastama(tr/a--) mfn. (superl.) having most wonderful fame, .
citravājamfn. (tr/a--) having wonderful riches (the marut-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citravanan. "of variegated appearance (See sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order citr/a-) ", Name of a wood near the gaṇḍakī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrayāma(tr/a--) mfn. equals dhrajati- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrikam. (fr. citr/ā-) the month caitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrotimfn. equals tr/āmagha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cittan. attending, observing (tir/aś citt/āni-,"so as to remain unnoticed") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cittan. see iha--, cala--, p/ūrva--, pr/āyaś--, laghu--, su--, sthira--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cittif. see /a--, pūrv/a--, pr/āyaś--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dabhracetas(r/a--) mfn. little-minded, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dadhikrāvanm. equals -kr/ā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dadhyacm. (Nominal verb -/aṅ- accusative -/añcam-; dative case dhīc/e- genitive case dhīc/as-; see ) "sprinkling d/adhi- " (see dhi-kr/ā-and ghṛtāī-) Name of a mythical ṛṣi- or sacrificer ( and [called aṅgiras-] [ āṅgirasa-] ;son of atharvan-[ see ātharvaṇ/a-] ;having the head of a horse and teaching the aśvin-s to find in tvaṣṭṛ-'s house the m/adhu-or soma- ;favoured by indra- [ ] who slays 99 vṛtra-s or foes with a thunderbolt made of his bones ;propounder of the brāhmaṇa- called m/adhu- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daharamfn. (fr. dobhr/a-) small, fine, thin (varia lectio dabhra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dakṣakratum. du kr/ad/u-d/akṣau- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dakṣiṇamf(ā-)n. (also ṇ/a- ) (declined as a pronoun when denoting relative position ["right"or,"southern"] etc.; see ;but not necessarily in ablative and locative case sg. m. n.[ ṇe- ] and Nominal verb plural m.;except ) able, clever, dexterous (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dakṣiṇāpraharaṇa(ṇ/ā--) mfn. hurled to the right View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dakṣiṇāpravaṇa(ṇ/ā-) mf(ā-)n. sloping southwards View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dakṣiṇatasind. () from the right or south, on the right side or southward from (genitive case) etc. (with as-or bhū-,"to stand at the right side of. assist", ;with kṛ- equals ṇena-with kṛ- ;with pur/astāt-or ras-,south-east )
daṃsiṣṭhamfn. (Superl. of su-or dasr/a-) of very wonderful strength, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dānun. a fluid, drop, dew (nas p/atī- m.du, Name of mitra-- varuṇa- or of the aśvin-s ; see ārdr/a--, jīr/a--). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daramfn. () ( dṝ-) in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' , cleaving, breaking See puraṃ-dar/a-, bhagaṃ-- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dātran. (dātr/a-) allotted portion, share, possession View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
datvatīf. with r/ajju-,"rope with teeth" View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daviṣṭhamfn. (superl. fr. dūr/a- ) remotest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
davīyasmfn. dūr/ad d-,"farther than far", very distant, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
davīyasind. dūr/ād d/av- farthest away
dhiṣaSee nar/aṃ--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhitif. See nem/a--, mitr/a--, van/a--, v/asu--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhṛ cl.1 P. A1. dharati-, te- (; A1. Potential dhareran- ), but more commonly in the same sense the Causal form dhārayati-, te- (perf. P. dh/āra-, dh/artha-[Impv. dadhartu- ]; A1. dadhr/e-,3. plural dhrir/e- etc.; Aorist adhāram- ; adhṛta-, dhṛthās- ; /adīdharat- etc.[ dīdhar-, didhṛtam-, ta- ;3. plural rata- ]; adārṣīt- grammar; future dhariṣyati- ; ṣy/e- ; dhartā- ; infinitive mood dhartum- , tavai- [ dhart/ari-See under tṛ-]; ind.p. dhṛtvā-, -dhṛtya- ) to hold, bear (also bring forth), carry, maintain, preserve, keep, possess, have, use, employ, practise, undergo etc. ; (with or scil ātmānam-, jīvitam-, prāṇān-, deham-, śarīram-etc.) to preserve soul or body, continue living, survive etc. (especially future dhariṣyati-; confer, compare Passive voice below) ; to hold back, keep down, stop, restrain, suppress, resist etc. ; to place or fix in, bestow or confer on (locative case) etc. ; to destine for (dative case; A1.also to be destined for or belong to) ; to present to (genitive case) ; to direct or turn (attention, mind, etc.) towards, fix or resolve upon (locative case or dative case) ; A1. to be ready or prepared for ; P. A1. to owe anything (accusative) to (dative case or genitive case) (confer, compare ) ; to prolong (in pronunciation) ; to quote, cite ; (with garbham-) to conceive, be pregnant (older bham-bhṛ-) etc. ; (with daṇḍam-) to inflict punishment on (locative case) (also damam-) ; (with keśān-,or śmaśru-) to let the hair or beard grow ; (with raśmīn-[ ] or praharān-[ ]) to draw the reins tight ; (with dharamam-) to fulfil a duty ; (with vrat/am-) to observe or keep a vow etc. ; (with dhāraṇām-) to practise self-control ; (wit. ipas-) to perform penance ; (with mūrdhnā-or dhni-, śirasā-or si-) to bear on the head, honour highly ; (with or scilicet tulayā-) to hold in a balance, weigh, measure etc. ; (with or scilicet manasā-) to bear in mind, recollect, remember ; (with samaye-) to hold to an agreement, cause to make a compact (Bombay edition dṛṣṭvā-for dhṛtvā-): Passive voice dhriy/ate- (Epic also yati-; perfect tense dadhr/e-etc. = A1.; Aorist adhāri-) to be borne etc. ; so be firm, keep steady etc. ; continue living, exist, remain etc. (also dhāryate- ) ; to begin, resolve upon, undertake (dative case; accusative or infinitive mood) : Causal dhār/ayati-, te- See above: Desiderative didhīrṣati- (See ṣā-), didhariṣate- ; didhārayiṣati-, to wish to keep up or preserve (ātmānam-) : Intensive d/ardharti- () and dādharti- (3. plural dhrati- ; confer, compare ) to hold fast, bear firmly, fasten. [ confer, compare Zend dar; Greek ,; Latin fre1-tus,fre1-num.]
dhrai cl.1 P. dhrāyati-, to be pleased or satisfied ; cl.2. etc. dhr/āti-, dhr/āti-, dhr/ayati- See dhr/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhraj dhrañj- or dhrāj- cl.1 P. ( ) dhr/ajati- (dhrañjati-or dhṛñjati- grammar; parasmE-pada A1. dhrājamāna- ; Aorist Potential A1. dhrājiṣīya- ) to move, go, glide, fly, sweep on. (Cf. dhṛj-and dhrij-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhrajatiSee citr/a--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhrājif. equals dhr/ajas- (also dhrāj/i-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhṛṣ cl.5 P. dhṛṣṇ/oti- etc. ; cl.1 P. dh/arṣati- (parasmE-pada dhṛṣ/at-, ṣ/amāṇa- ; ṣāṇ/a-. ; perf. dadh/arṣa- etc.;3. plural dādhṛṣur- ; subjunctive dadharṣat-, ṣati-, ṣīt- ; dadhṛṣate-, ṣanta- ; parasmE-pada dadhṛṣv/as- ; Aorist adhṛṣas- , adhaṣiṣur- ; future dharṣiṣyati-, ṣitā- grammar; ind.p. -dhṛṣya- ; infinitive mood -dh/ṛṣas-, ṣi- ), to be bold or courageous or confident or proud ; to dare or venture (infinitive mood in tum- ) ; to dare to attack, treat with indignity (accusative) ; to surpass (?) : Causal dharṣayati- (; Aorist adīdhṛṣat-,or adadharṣat- grammar) to venture on attacking ; to offend, violate (a woman), overpower, overcome : Desiderative didharṣiṣati-: Intensive darīdhṛṣyate- or darīdharṣṭi- grammar ([ confer, compare Zend dareS; Greek , ; literally dristu; Gothic ga-dars, Anglo-Saxon dors-te, Engl. durs-t.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhūmralalāma(r/a--) mfn. having a grey spot View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhūmranīkāśa(r/a--) mfn. greyish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhūmrarohita(r/a--) mfn. greyish-red View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhvasramfn. equals sir/a- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīrghamf(ā-)n. (Comparative degree dr/āghīyas-,superl. dr/āghiṣṭha-[qq. vv.];rarely dīrghatara-[ iv, 13/14] and tama-[ ]) long (in space and time) , lofty, high, tall View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
doṣann. (occurring only in Nominal verb dual number dosh/aṇi1- ; genitive case sg. doṣṇ/as- ; instrumental case doṣṇā- locative case doṣṇi-[or doṣaṇi--See below] genitive case dual number doṣṇos- ;acc. plural [m. !] doṣṇas- ;the other forms are supplied by dos- q.v) the fore-arm, the lower part of the fore-foot of an animal View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dra according to to some in "that which is free", opp. to vr/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
drā cl.2 P. dr/āti- (imperative dr/ātu-, dr/āntu- ; perfect tense dadrur-, parasmE-pada A1. dadrāṇ/a- ; Aorist adrāsīt-; subjunctive drāsat- ), to run, make haste: Causal drāpayati- (Desiderative of Causal d/idrāpayiṣati-) ; Aorist adidrapat- : Intensive d/aridrāti- ; 3 plural daridrati- ; to run hither and thither ; to be in need or poor: Desiderative of Intensive didaridrāsati- and didaridriṣati- Va1rtt. 2 [ confer, compare 2. dru-and dram-; Greek , .]
dram cl.1 P. dr/amati- () to run about, roam, wander ; perfect tense dadramur- : Intensive dandramyate- idem or 'm. or n. a particular high number ' [ confer, compare drā-and 2. dru-; Greek , .] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
draviṇasn. movable property, substance etc. (= dr/aviṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dṛṃh or dṛh- cl.1 P. d/ṛṃhati-, to make firm, fix, strengthen etc. (parasmE-pada dṛṃh/antam- ) ; A1. te-, to be firm or strong etc. (trans. = P.only in dṛṃh/ethe- dṛṃhāmahai- ) ; cl.4 P. A1. only imperfect tense dṛhya- and hyasva-, be strong ; cl.1. darhati-, to grow ; perfect tense dadarha- or dadṛṃha- ; parasmE-pada A1. dādṛhāṇ/a-, fixing, holding ; fixed, firm ; Aorist /adadṛhanta-, they were fixed or firm : Causal P. A1. dṛṃhayati-, te-, to make firm, fix, establish
dṛp cl.4 P. dṛpyati- (darpati-only ; future dr/apsyati-or darpiṣyati- ; darpitā-, ptā-,and draptā- ; perfect tense dadarpa-; Aorist adṛpat- ; adrāpsīt- Va1rtt. 7; adarpīt-and adārp sīt- ) to be mad or foolish, to rave ; to be extravagant or wild, to be arrogant or proud, to be wildly delighted. etc. ; to light, kindle, inflame (darpati-or darpayati- varia lectio for chṛd-): Causal darpayati-, to make mad or proud or arrogant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dṛptiSee pr/a-d-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dṛś (Pres. forms supplied by paś- q.v; perfect tense P. dad/arśa- etc. [2. sg. dadarśitha-and dadraṣṭha- ]; A1. dadṛś/e- [ d/adṛśe-,3 plural dṛśre- ; śrire- ]; parasmE-pada P. dadṛśv/as- ; sivas- ; darśivas- q.v; A1. d/adṛśāna- ; future P. -drakṣy/ati- etc.; A1. ṣyate-and future 2. draṣṭā- ; Aorist P. adarśam-, śas-, śat-,3 plural śur- ; 1 plural adarśma- ; adṛśma- ; subjunctive darśam-, śat-, śathas- ; A1.3 plural /adṛśran- ; śram- ; parasmE-pada dṛśān/a-or d/ṛśāna-[ confer, compare sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order ] ; P. dṛśan-,3 plural /adṛśan- ; Potential dṛś/eyam- ; śema- ; P. adrākṣit-and adrāk- ; A1.3 plural /adṛkṣata-; subjunctive 2 sg. d/ṛkṣase- ; infinitive mood dṛś/e-and driś/aye- ; dr/aṣṭum- etc.; ind.p. dṛṣṭv/ā- etc.[ also dṛśya-], ṭvāya- ; -d/ṛśya- ; -darśam- ) to see, behold, look at, regard, consider etc. ; to see id est wait on, visit ; to see with the mind, learn, understand etc. ; to notice, care for, look into, try, examine ; to see by divine intuition, think or find out, compose, contrive (hymns, rites, etc.) : Passive voice dṛśy/ate- (Epic also ti-) Aorist ad/arśi- etc. to be seen, become visible, appear etc. ; to be shown or manifested, appear as (iva-), prove etc.: Causal P. A1. darśayati-, te- etc. ; Aorist adīdṛśat- ; adadarśat- , to cause to see or be seen, to show a thing (A1. especially of something belonging to one's self) or person (P.and A1.with or scilicet ātmānam-,also one's self) , to (accusative etc.; genitive case etc.; dative case etc.; instrumental case after A1.refl. ) ; to show = prove, demonstrate etc. ; to produce (money) id est pay ; (a witness) , : Desiderative A1. didṛkṣate- (Epic also ti-) to wish to see, long for (accusative) etc.: Desiderative of Causal didarśayiṣati-, to wish to show ; adidarśayiṣīt- : Intensive darīdṛśyate-, to be always visible ; darīdarṣṭi- or dard- [ confer, compare Greek , ; Gothic tarhjan.]
dru cl.1. P. (; Epic also A1.) dr/avati-, te- etc. (perfect tense dudrāva- ; drotha-, druma- ; druvur- etc.; Aorist adudruvat- ; drot- subjunctive dudr/avat- ; future droṣyati- ; infinitive mood -drotum- ; ind.p. druṭv/ā-and -drutya- ) to run, hasten, flee etc. ; to run up to (accusative), attack, assault ; to become fluid, dissolve, melt : Causal drāv/ayati- (Epic also te-; dravayate-See under drav/a-) to cause to run, make flow ; to make fluid, melt, ; to drive away, put to flight (Passive voice drāvyate-, ) : Desiderative dudrūṣati- grammar : Desiderative of Causal dudrāvayiṣati- or dud- : Intensive dodrūyate- or dodroti- grammar (dodrāva- ) . ([ confer, compare 2. drā-and dram-; Zend dru,drvant.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dudhravāc(dhr/a--) mfn. speaking boisterously or confusedly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duh (originally dugh- see d/ughāna-, dugha-etc., and the initial dh-of some forms) cl.2 P.A1. dogdhi- ; dugdhe- or duh/e- etc. (plural A1. duhat/e-, ; duhrate-, ; duhr/e-, ; imperfect tense P. /adhok-, ; duh/ur- ; A1. adugdha-[according to Aorist ] plural aduhra-,i sg. aduha- plural hra- [ see ]; imperative dhukṣva- sg. duh/ām- ; plural duhr/ām-, r/atām- ; dhuṅgdhvam- ; subjunctive dohat-[3 plural hān- ], hate- ; Potential duhīyat- ; y/an-, ; A1. hīta-, ; parasmE-pada P. duh/at- A1. duhān/a-, d/uhāna-,and d/ugh- ; cl.6 P. A1. duh/ati-, te- etc.; cl.4. duhyati-, te- ; perfect tense dud/oha-[ hitha- ], duduh/e-,3 plural duduhur-[ dudūhur- ] etc.; A1. duduhre- [ hrire-]; future dhokṣyati-, te- ; Aorist /adhukṣat-, ṣata-[3 sg. plural ], adukṣat-, ; dukṣata-,3 sg. ; imperative dhukṣ/asva- ; Potential dhukṣīm/ahi- ; infinitive mood dogdhum- etc.; dogdhos- ; duh/adhyai-and doh/ase- ; ind.p. dugdhvā- ) to milk (a cow or an udder) figuratively take advantage of (see) , enjoy ; to milk or squeeze out, extract (milk, soma- exempli gratia, 'for example' any good thing) ; draw anything out of another thing (with 2 accusative) etc. ; (mostly A1.) to give milk, yield any desired object (accusative,rarely genitive case) etc. etc.: Passive voice duhy/ate- Aorist adohi- ( ) to be milked, to be drawn or extracted from etc.: Causal doh/ayati-, te- Aorist adūduhat- Passive voice dohy/ate-, to cause to milk or be milked ; to milk, milk out, extract : Desiderative d/udukṣati- (), dudhukṣati- ( see dudhukṣu-), to wish to milk.
durf. (only d/uras- accusative Nominal verb,and dur/as-. plural) equals dvār-, a door (see 2. dura-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dūraādhī(dūr/a--for r/e-ā-) mfn. whose thoughts are far away, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dūraādiś(dūr/a--for r/e-ā-) mfn. announcing far and wide
dūramind. far, far from (genitive case or ablative ) , a long way off or a long period back etc. (also dūr/ād dūr/am- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dūraśravas(r/a-) mfn. far-renowned (see re-śr-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dūraupaśabdas(dūr/a--.for r/e-up-), mfn. sounding to a distance, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duryoṇan. equals duroṇ/a- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dūtam. (prob. fr.1. du-; see dūr/a-) a messenger, envoy, ambassador, negotiator etc. (taya- Nom. P. yati-,to employ as messenger or ambassador, ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvyākṣaramf(ā-)n. 2-syllabled (akṣar/a- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gabhīravepas(r/a--) mfn. (equals gambh-) moved deeply or inwardly, deeply excited View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gambhīramfn. equals gabh- (only in the beginning of pāda-s, six times) etc. (in post-Vedic writings gambh-is more used than gabh-;the deepness of a man's navel, voice, and character are praised together ;hence a person who is said to have a deep navel, voice, and character is called trigambhīra tri-gambhīr/a- mf(ā-)n. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gambhīracetas(r/a--) mfn. of profound mind View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gambhīraśaṃsa(r/a--) mfn. ruling secretly or in a hidden manner (as varuṇa-) (["whose praise is inexhaustible" ]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gambhīravepas(r/a--) mfn. equals gabh- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gambhiṣṭhamfn. superl. of gabhīr/a- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaṇāf. Name of one of the mothers in skanda-'s retinue (see ahar--, mar/ud--, v/ṛṣa--, s/a--, sapt/a--, s/arva--; deva--, mahā--,and vida-gaṇ/a-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaṇapatim. (ṇ/a--) (gaRa aśvapaty-ādi-) the leader of a class or troop or assemblage
gaṇavatmfn. (ṇ/a--) consisting of a series or class View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gandharvam. a gandharva- [though in later times the gandharva-s are regarded as a class, yet in rarely more than one is mentioned;he is designated as the heavenly gandharva-(divy/a g- ),and is also called viśvā-vasu-()and vāyu-keśa- (in plural );his habitation is the sky, or the region of the air and the heavenly waters( );his especial duty is to guard the heavenly soma-() , which the gods obtain through his intervention( ; see );it is obtained for the human race by indra-, who conquers the gandharva- and takes it by force();the heavenly gandharva- is supposed to be a good physician, because the soma- is considered as the best medicine;possibly, however, the word soma- originally denoted not the beverage so called, but the moon, and the heavenly gandharva- may have been the genius or tutelary deity of the moon;in one passage() the heavenly gandharva- and the soma- are identified;he is also regarded as one of the genii who regulate the course of the Sun's horses (; see );he knows and makes known the secrets of heaven and divine truths generally ( );he is the parent of the first pair of human beings, yama- and yamī-() , and has a peculiar mystical power over women and a right to possess them();for this reason he is invoked in marriage ceremonies();ecstatic states of mind and possession by evil spirits are supposed to be derived from the heavenly gandharva-(see -gṛhīta-, -graha-);the gandharva-s as a class have the same characteristic features as the one gandharva-;they live in the sky( ) , guard the soma-( ),are governed by varuṇa- (just as the āpsarasa-s are governed by soma-) ,know the best medicines( ),regulate the course of the asterisms( ;hence twenty-seven are mentioned ),follow after women and are desirous of intercourse with them( );as soon as a girl becomes marriageable, she belongs to soma-, the gandharva-s, and agni-( );the wives of the gandharva-s are the āpsarasa-s(see gandharvāpsar/as-),and like them the gandharva-s are invoked in gambling with dice();they are also feared as evil beings together with the rākṣasa-s, kimīdin-s, piśāca-s, etc., amulets being worn as a protection against them( );they are said to have revealed the veda-s to vāc-(; see ),and are called the preceptors of the ṛṣi-s(); purūravas- is called among them();in epic poetry the gandharva-s are the celestial musicians or heavenly singers(see )who form the orchestra at the banquets of the gods, and they belong together with the āpsarasa-s to indra-'s heaven, sharing also in his battles( etc.; see );in the more systematic mythology the gandharva-s constitute one of the classes into which the higher creation is divided(id est gods, manes, gandharva-s ;or gods, asura-s, gandharva-s, men ; see ;or gods, men, gandharva-s, āpsarasa-s, sarpa-s, and manes ;for other enumerations see [ ] etc.);divine and human gandharva-s are distinguished(;the divine or deva-gandharva-s are enumerated );another passage names 11 classes of gandharva-s();the chief or leader of the gandharva-s is named citra-ratha-();they are called the creatures of prajāpati-() or of brahmā-() or of kaśyapa- () or of the muni-s( ) or of prādhā-() or of ariṣṭā-( )or of vāc-();with jaina-s the gandharva-s constitute one of the eight classes of the vyantara-s] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaṇeśaSee sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order gaṇ/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaṇeśānaSee sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order gaṇ/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaṇeśvaraSee sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order gaṇ/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
garikā garita- See gar/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
garutmatmfn. (gar/ut--) (in veda- only found in connection with su-parṇ/a-,and apparently applied to a heavenly bird or to the sun) winged (?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gauṇamf(ī-)n. (fr. guṇ/a-), relating to a quality View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gauralalāma(r/a--) mfn. having a white spot on the forehead View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaurīf. of r/a- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gāyatracchandasmfn. (tr/a--) one to whom the gāyatrī- metre belongs or to whom it is sacred, relating to it etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gāyatravartani(tr/a--) mfn. moving in gāyatrī- measures View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gāyatravepas(tr/a--) mfn. (see gāth/a-śravas-) inspired by (epic) songs (indra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gāyatrīf. of tr/a- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghaind. sometimes it occurs in the clause which depends on a conditional or relative sentence (exempli gratia, 'for example' /ā ghā gamad y/adi śr/avat-,"he will surely come when he hears"), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghoracakṣas(r/a--) mfn. of frightful appearance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghṛṇāf. of ṇ/a- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghṛṇim. equals ṇ/a- (gh/ṛṇīva-for ṇer-iva-) (Ved. locative case ṇā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghur cl.6 P. rati- (Aorist aghorīt-; perfect tense 3. plural jughurur-; A1. jughure-), to cry frightfully, frighten with cries (see ghor/a-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
girimānam. " equals -mātr/a- ", a large elephant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gīrṇamfn. "swallowed (voice)" id est not uttered (see gara-gīrṇ/a-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
godugdhan. equals -kṣīr/a- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṝ cl.9 P. A1. gṛṇ/āti-, ṇīt/e- (1. sg. A1.and 3. sg. Passive voice gṛṇ/e- ;1. sg. A1. gṛṇīṣ/e- ;2. plural gṛṇ/atā- ; parasmE-pada P. gṛṇ/at- etc.; A1.& Passive voice gṛṇān/a- ;Ved. infinitive mood imperative gṛṇīṣ/aṇi- ), to call, call out to, invoke ; to announce, proclaim ; to mention with praise, praise, extol ; to pronounce, recite ; to relate, teach in verses, ; ([ confer, compare , ; Hibernian or Irish goirim; Old German quar,quir,etc.; Old Pruss.gerbu,"to speak"; Anglo-Saxon gale; German Nachtigal; Latin gallus?]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṝ cl.6 P. girati- or (confer, compare ) gilati- ( ) , Epic also A1. girate- (1. sg. g/irāmi- ; perf. jagāra- ; Aorist subjunctive 3. plural garan- ), to swallow, devour, eat etc. ; to emit or eject from the mouth : Causal (Aorist 2. sg. ajīgar-) to swallow : Intensive jegilyate- : Desiderative jigariṣati-, ; ([ confer, compare 2. gal-,2 gir-, gila-,2. gīrṇ/a-; Lithuanian gerru,"to drink"; Latin glu-tio,gula; Slavonic or Slavonian gr-lo; Russian z8ora.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
graSee tuvi-gr/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
grabh gr/abha-, etc. See grah-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
grabhaṇaSee a-grabhaṇ/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
grabhaṇavat(gr/abh-) mfn. yielding any hold or support View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
grah ([ in a few passages only etc.]) or grabh- ([ ;rarely ]) cl.9 P. gṛbhṇāti- gṛhṇ/āti- (also A1. gṛhṇīte-,irreg. gṛhṇate- ;3. plural gṛbhṇate- ; imperative 2. sg. gṛhāṇ/a-,[ ṇ/ā-, saṃhitā-pāṭha-, parasmE-pada Passive voice Nominal verb plural n. ] etc.; gṛbhṇān/a-& gṛhṇ-[Ved.]; gṛhṇa- ; -gṛhṇāhi-, -gṛbhṇīhi-See prati-grabh-; A1. gṛbhṇīṣva-[ ] or gṛhṇ-;3. sg. P. gṛhṇītāt-;Ved. imperative gṛbhāy/a-etc.See sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order ya- confer, compare gṛhaya-; perf. jagrāha- etc.;1. sg. gr/abhā- ; gṛbhm/a- ; A1. gṛhe-, ;3. plural gṛbhr/e-& gṛbhrir/e- ; P. Potential gṛbhyāt-, ; parasmE-pada gṛbhv/as-, ; future 2nd grahīṣyati-, te- etc.[ confer, compare ];sometimes wrongly spelt gṛh- ; grahiṣy- ; Conditional agrahaiṣyat- ; future 1st grahītā- ; Aorist agrabham- ; bhīt- etc.; hīt-[ ] etc.; -/ajagrabhīt-etc.See saṃ-grah-; subjunctive 2. plural grabhīṣṭa- ; A1. agrahīṣṭa- ; aghṛkṣata- [not in ];Ved. 3. plural agṛbhran-[ ] and agṛbhīṣata-; ind.p. gṛbhītv/ā- ; gṛhītv/ā-, ; grahāya- ; infinitive mood grahītum-[ etc.; confer, compare ;wrongly spelt gṛh- ]; Passive voice gṛhyate-[ future 1st grahītā-or grāhitā- future 2nd grahīṣyate-or grāhiṣy- Aorist agrāhi-,3. dual number agrahīṣātām-or agrāhiṣ- ];Ved. subjunctive 3. plural gṛhyāntai- on ;Ved. Passive voice 3. sg. gṛhate-[ ]or gṛhe-[ ] or gṛhaye-[ ; confer, compare gṛhaya-]; subjunctive 1. plural gṛhāmahi- ; Potential gṛhīta- ) to seize, take (by the hand, pāṇau-or kare-,exceptionally pāṇim-(double accusative) ; confer, compare ), grasp, lay hold of (exempli gratia, 'for example' pakṣaṃ-,to take a side, adopt a party ; pāṇim-,"to take by the hand in the marriage ceremony", marry etc.) etc. ; to arrest, stop ; to catch, take captive, take prisoner, capture, imprison etc. ; to take possession of, gain over, captivate ; to seize, overpower (especially said of diseases and demons and the punishments of varuṇa-) etc. ; to eclipse ; to abstract, take away (by robbery) ; to lay the hand on, claim ; to gain, win, obtain, receive, accept (from ablative,rarely genitive case), keep etc. (with double accusative ) ; to acquire by purchase (with instrumental case of the price) etc. ; to choose ; to choose any one (accusative) as a wife ; to take up (a fluid with any small vessel), draw water ; to pluck, pick, gather ; to collect a store of anything ; to use, put on (clothes) i etc. ; to assume (a shape) ; to place upon (instrumental case or locative case) ; to include ; to take on one's self, undertake, undergo, begin etc. ; to receive hospitably (a guest), take back (a divorced wife) ; "to take into the mouth", mention, name etc. ; to perceive (with the organs of sense or with m/anas-), observe, recognise etc. ; (in astronomy) to observe ; to receive into the mind, apprehend, understand, learn ; (in astronomy) to calculate ; to accept, admit, approve ; to obey, follow ; to take for, consider as etc. ; (Passive voice) to be meant by (instrumental case) and Scholiast or Commentator : Causal grāhayati-, to cause to take or seize or lay hold of ; to cause to take (by the hand[ pāṇim-]in the marriage ceremony) ; to cause to marry, give away a girl (accusative) in marriage to any one (accusative) ; to cause any one to be captured ; to cause any one to be seized or overpowered (as by varuṇa-'s punishments or death etc.) ; to cause to be taken away ; to make any one take, deliver anything (accusative) over to any one (accusative; exempli gratia, 'for example' āsanam-with accusative"to cause to take a seat, bid any one to sit down") ; to make any one choose (Aorist ajigrahat-) ; to make any one learn, make acquainted or familiar with (accusative) etc.: Desiderative jighṛkṣati- (confer, compare ), also te-, to be about to seize or take ; to be about to eclipse ; to be about to take away ; to desire to perceive (with the organs of sense), strive to apprehend or recognise : Intensive jarīgṛhyate- ; ([ confer, compare Zend gerep,geurv; Gothic greipa; German greife; Lithuanian gre1bju; Slavonic or Slavonian grablju1; Hibernian or Irish grabaim,"I devour, stop."])
grāhamind. (with accusative or in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') 53 (see nāma-gr/āh-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
grāmakāmamfn. (gr/āma--) one who wishes to possess a village View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
grāmaṇīthya(gr/āma--) n. (fr. -nīthya-) the station of the chief of a village or community View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
grāmaputrikāf. equals gr/āmakumārikā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gras cl.1 P. A1. gr/asati-, te- (perf. Potential A1. jagrasīta- ; parasmE-pada A1.and Passive voice jagrasān/a- ), to seize with the mouth, take into the mouth, swallow, devour, eat, consume etc. ; to swallow up, cause to disappear ; to eclipse etc. ; to swallow or slur over words, pronounce indistinctly () 27 ; to suppress, stop or neglect (a lawsuit) : Causal P. grāsayati-, to cause to swallow or devour ; to consume, swallow ; ([ confer, compare ; Latin gra1-men; German gras; English grass.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
grāvahasta(gr/āv-) mfn. equals -grābh/a- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṛham. (m. sg. and plural,in later language m. plural and n. sg.) a house, habitation, home (mṛn-m/aya g-,"house of earth", grave, ) (adhar/ād g-,"the lower world", ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṛhapatim. a householder of peculiar merit (giving alms and performing all the prescribed ceremonies), especially one who has the precedence at a grand sacrifice (sattr/a-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guṇam. the string of a musical instrument, chord : in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' (f(ā-).) with numerals"fold, times" (See c/atur--, tri--, daśa--, dv/i--, pañca--;rarely the numeral stands by itself along with guṇ/a-[ exempli gratia, 'for example' viśiṣṭo daśabhir guṇaiḥ-,"of ten times higher value" ] ;[ guṇa- equals bhāga-] ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guṇarddha(guṇ/a-ṛddha-) mfn. powerful through peculiar qualities View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guṇīin compound for ṇ/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guṇyaSee guṇ/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gūrtamfn. () approved, welcome, agreeable, (= Latin) gratus- (confer, compare abh/i--, r/ādho--, viśv/a--, sv/a--; ari--and purugūrt/a-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hṛṣ cl.1 P. A1. h/arṣati-, te- (from P.only parasmE-pada h/arṣat-), to be excited or impatient, rejoice in the prospect of, be anxious or impatient for (dative case) ; to speak or affirm falsely, lie ; cl.4 P. () hṛṣyati- (Epic and mc. also te-; perfect tense jaharṣa-, jahṛṣuḥ-; jahṛṣe-, ṣire- etc.; Aorist ahṛṣat- ; future harṣitā-, harṣiṣyati- grammar; infinitive mood harṣitum- ; ind.p. -hṛṣya- etc.) , to thrill with rapture, rejoice, exult, be glad or pleased etc. ; to become sexually excited ; to become erect or stiff or rigid, bristle (said of the hairs of the body etc.), become on edge (like the teeth) : Passive voice hṛṣyate- (Aorist aharṣi-) grammar : Causal harṣ/ayati-, te- (Aorist ajīhṛṣat-,or ajaharṣat-), to excite, make impatient or eager for (victory etc.) etc. ; to rejoice, be glad ; to cause to bristle : Desiderative jiharṣiṣati- grammar : Intensive jarīhṛṣyate-, jarharṣṭi- etc. (Ved. forms jarhṛṣanta-, j/arhṛṣāṇa-and jāhṛṣāṇ/a-), to be impatient or excited ; to excite violently [ confer, compare Latin horreoforhorseo.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hvṛ or hvṝ- (see hval-, dhvṛ-) cl.1 P. () hv/arati- (in also hv/arate-; and according to to also hvṛṇāti-; perfect tense jahvāra-, vartha-, varuḥ- grammar; Aorist ahvārṣīt-, hvārṣīt-, hvār-, hvāriṣuḥ- ; preceding hvaryāt- grammar; future hvartā-, hvariṣyati- ; infinitive mood hvartum- ), to deviate or diverge from the right line, be crooked or curved, bend, go crookedly or wrongly or deviously, stumble, fall, down etc. (See above) : Causal hvārayati- (Aorist jihvaraḥ-, ratam-; juhuraḥ-, juhūrthāḥ-, juhurāṇ/a-), to cause to go crookedly, lead wrong or astray ; (A1.) to go wrong or astray : Desiderative juhvūrṣati- grammar : Intensive jāhvaryate-, jāhvarti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indrajūta(indr/a--) mfn. promoted or excited or procured by indra- and View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
īr cl.2 A1. /īrte- (3. plural /īrate- ), iraṃ-cakre-, iriṣyati-, airiṣṭa-, īritum- ; Ved. infinitive mood ir/adhyai- , to go, move, rise, arise from ; to go away, retire ; to agitate, elevate, raise (one's voice) : Causal P. īr/ayati- (see īl-), to agitate, throw, cast ; to excite etc. ; to cause to rise ; to bring to life ; to raise one's voice, utter, pronounce, proclaim, cite etc. ; to elevate : A1. to raise one's self
irāf. (also ir/ā- ) (closely allied to iḍā-and iḷā-) any drinkable fluid View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
iradh (anomalous Intensive of rādh-) A1. (3. plural iradhanta- ) P. iradhyati- to endeavour to gain ; to worship ([ ]) (The infinitive mood ir/adhyai-() is by referred to this form, and regarded as a shortened form for ir/adhadhyai-;but refers it to īr-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
iṣ cl.1 P. eṣati- (See anu--1. iṣ-and pari--1. iṣ-) A1. eṣate-, to seek, search : cl.4 P. /iṣyati- and 9. P. A1. iṣṇ/āti- (parasmE-pada iṣṇ/at- iṣṇān/a- ; perfect tense 3. plural īṣus- īṣir/e- ; aiṣīt-; infinitive mood iṣ/adhyai- ) to cause to move quickly, let fly, throw, cast, swing ; to send out or off, stream out, pour out, discharge ; to deliver (a speech), announce, proclaim ; to impel, incite, animate, promote View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jagdhan. see apa--, nṛ--, pari--, pr/ati--, vi--, saraṃga--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jaṃhasn. see kṛṣṇ/a--, raghu-p/ama--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jānarājyan. (fr. jana-r/ājan-) sovereignty View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jarāf. see vi-jar/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jaradaṣṭimfn. (r/ad--) attaining great age, very old View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jarāmṛtyumfn. (r/ā--) dying from age View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jarasf. (only before vowel-terminations ;other cases fr. r/ā- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order j/ara-) the becoming old, decay, old age etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jarasa in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' equals r/as- (gaRa śarad-ādi-) See ā-jaras/am-, s/āya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jāryan. (fr. jār/a-) intimacy ([mfn."to be praised" , fr.3. jrī- ]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jayam. (equals tār/a-) Name of a deity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jīradānumfn. (r/a--) ( on Va1rtt. 1 and vi, 1, 66) dropping or sprinkling abundantly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jīvadānu(v/a--) mfn. for jīr/a-d- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
joṣaṇan. "choosing" See bhūmi-joṣaṇ/a- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jṝ (see jur-) cl.1 P. (3. plural j/aranti-; imperative 2. dual number j/aratam-; parasmE-pada j/arat-See sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order) to make old or decrepit ; to cause to grow old, ; (1. jṛ-) to humiliate : cl.4 P. j/īryati- ( etc.;also A1. te-; parasmE-pada jīryat-,rarely yamāṇa-;once cl.1 A1. subjunctive 3. plural jaranta- ; cl.9. jṛṇāti- ; cl.10. jārayati-, ; perfect tense jaj/āra-, ;once jāgāra-, ;3. plural jajarur-and jerur- ; Aorist ajarat-and ajārīt-, ; subjunctive 3. plural jāriṣur- ; future 1st jaritā-and rītā- ; ind.p. ritvā-and rītvā- ) to grow old, become decrepit, decay, wear out, wither, be consumed, break up, perish etc. ; to be dissolved or digested ; ; : Causal jarayati- (Epic also A1. te-; parasmE-pada r/ayat- [once, jar-, ] etc.) to make old, wear out, consume etc. ; to digest ; to cause to be digested View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jrayaSee pṛthu-jr/aya-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jri cl.1 P. jr/ayati-, to go ; to overpower ; see upa--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jur (jṝ-) cl.4.6. P. jūryati- ( jūr- A1. te- ; parasmE-pada j/ūryat-and jur/at-; perfect tense parasmE-pada jujurv/as-) to become old or decrepit, decay, perish ; to cause to grow old or perish, ; see a-jury/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
juṣ cl.6 A1. ṣ/ate- (also P. [ ṣ/at-, /ajuṣat-] etc.; subjunctive ṣāte-; Potential ṣ/eta-;3. plural ṣerata- ; imperative ṣ/atām-; imperfect tense ajuṣata-, ;1. sg. /ajuṣe- ; parasmE-pada ṣ/amāṇa-) cl.3. P. irregular j/ujoṣati- (subjunctive and parasmE-pada j/ujoṣat-; confer, compare Va1rtt. 2; imperative 2. plural juṣṭana- ) , rarely cl.1 P. joṣati- (subjunctive j/oṣat-;- Aorist parasmE-pada juṣāṇ/a-;3. plural ajuṣran-, ;2. sg. j/oṣi-, ;3. sg. j/oṣiṣat-, [ confer, compare on ]; perfect tense juj/oṣa-, juṣ/e-; parasmE-pada juṣv/as-,generally ṣāṇ/a-; ind.p. juṣṭv/ī- ) to be pleased or satisfied or favourable etc. ; to like, be fond of delight in (accusative or genitive case), enjoy (with tanvām-or v/as-,"to be delighted", ) etc. ; to have pleasure in granting anything (accusative) to (locative case) ; to have pleasure in (dative case), resolve to (Ved. infinitive mood), ; to give pleasure to (locative case) ; to choose for (dative case) ; to devote one's self to (accusative), practise, undergo, suffer ; to delight in visiting, frequent, visit, inhabit, enter (a carriage etc.) ; to afflict : Causal A1. (subjunctive 2. sg. joṣ/ayāse-) to like, love, behave kindly towards (accusative), cherish ; to delight in, approve of(accusative), choose ; (P. confer, compare ) ; ([ confer, compare ; Zend zaoSa; Hibernian or Irish gus; Gothic kiusu; Latin gus-tus.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
juṣāṇam. Name of a sacrificial formula containing the word juṣāṇ/a- (Aorist p.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jūtamfn. see /adri-- /indra--, d/asyu--, dev/a--, br/ahma--, v/āta--, v/ipra--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jūtim. see r/atha--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jvāraSee nava-jvār/a-, pra--.
jvaranāśinīf. equals r/ari- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyeṣṭhatātif. equals -r/āj- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyotism. see d/akṣiṇā--, śukr/a--, sa--, h/iraṇya--, etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāṇeriSee kāṇ/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāṇūkam. ( kaṇ- ) a crow (wrongly written kānūka- see kāṇ/a-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇamf(ī-)n (once karaṇ/a- ) doing, making, effecting, causing (especially in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound'; see antakaraṇa-, uṣṇaṃ-k-,etc.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karāṅgaṇaSee under 1. kar/a-, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karasSee under 1. kar/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karasnaSee under 1. kar/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karṇam. ( kṛt- ;1. kṝ- ), the ear (/api k/arṇe-,behind the ear or back, from behind [ see apikarṇ/a-]; karṇe-,[in dramatic language ] into the ear, in a low voice, aside ; karṇaṃ- -,to give ear to, listen to ; karṇam ā-gam-,to come to one's ear, become known to ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karṇa(mfn. karṇ/a-), eared, furnished with ears or long ears View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karṇa(according to to some also, karṇ/a-, mfn. "cropped or defective on the ears") in compound View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karṣam. "anything scratched off" See kṣāma-karṣa-miśr/a- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kārṣṇamf(ī-)n. (fr. kṛṣṇ/a-), coming from or belonging to the black antelope, made of the skin of the black antelope View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kātimfn. (fr.3. -),"wishing, desiring"(only in compound See ṛṇ/a-kāti-and k/āma-kāti- see ṛṇa-c/it-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaumāramf(ī-)n. (fr. kumār/a-,or - ), juvenile, youthful, belonging to a youth or young girl, maiden, maidenly, (k/aumāra lok/a-,the youths and girls ; kaumārī bhāryā-[ and on ],"a virgin wife, one who has not had a husband previously"; kaumāra pati-[ ;or ra bhartṛ- on ],"a man who marries a virgin"; kaumāra vrata-,a vow of abstinence ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ketum. aruṇ/āḥ ket/avaḥ-,"red apparitions", a class of spirits (a kind of sacrificial fire is called after them āruṇaketuka- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khādirakamfn. fr. khadir/a- gaRa arīhaṇādi- and varāhādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khadiravanikaetc. See khadir/avaṇika-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khādirāyaṇam. patronymic fr. khadir/a- gaRa aśvādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kharamf(ā-)n. hard, harsh, rough, sharp, pungent, acid (opposed to mṛd/u-and ślakṣṇ/a-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kharajru(r/a--) mfn. sharp or quick in motion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kharakaṇṭha(khar/a--) m. Name of a mythical being View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khullamfn. (see kṣulla-;Prakrit form for kṣudr/a-) small, little View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khuṇḍ cl.1 A1. ḍate-, to break in pieces ; to limp : cl.10 P. khuṇḍayati- (varia lectio khoḍayati- see kṣodayati-fr. kṣudr/a-), to break in pieces View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khuram. (for kṣur/a-) a razor View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛ Ved. (I) cl.2 P. 2. sg. k/arṣi- dual number kṛth/as- plural kṛth/a-; A1. 2. sg. kṛṣ/e-; imperfect tense 2. and 3. sg. /akar-, 3. sg. rarely /akat- () ; 3. dual number /akartām-; plural /akarma-, /akarta- (also ), /akran- (Aorist,according to ); A1. /akri- (), /akṛthās- (), /akṛta- (); akrātām- (), /akrata- ( ) : imperative kṛdh/i- (also ), kṛt/am-, kṛt/a-; A1. kṛṣv/a-, kṛdhv/am-; subjunctive 2. and 3. sg. kar- plural k/arma-, k/arta- and kartana-, kran-; A1. 3. sg. kṛta- () , 3. plural kr/anta- () : Potential kriyāma- (); pr. p. P. (Nominal verb plural) kr/antas- A1. krāṇ/a-. (II) cl.1 P. k/arasi-, k/arati-, k/arathas-, k/aratas-, k/aranti-; A1. k/arase-, k/arate-, k/arāmahe-: imperfect tense /akaram-, /akaras-, /akarat- (Aorist,according to ) : imperative k/ara-, k/aratam-, k/aratām-: subjunctive k/aram-, k/arāṇi-, k/aras-, k/arat-, k/arāma-, k/aran-; A1. karāmahai-; pr. p. f. k/arantī- () (III) cl.5 P. kṛṇ/omi-, ṇ/oṣi-, ṇ/oti-, kṛṇuth/as-, kṛṇm/as- and kṛṇmasi-, kṛṇuth/a-, kṛṇv/anti-; A1. kṛṇv/e-, kṛṇuṣ/e-, kṛṇut/e-, 3. dual number kṛṇv/aite- (); plural kṛṇm/ahe-, kṛṇv/ate-: imperfect tense /akṛṇos-, /akṛṇot-, /akṛṇutam-, /akṛṇuta- and ṇotana- (), /akṛṇvan-; A1. 3. sg. /akṛṇuta- plural /akṛṇudhvam-, /akṛṇvata-: imperative kṛṇ/u- or kṛṇuh/i- or kṛṇut/āt-, kṛṇ/otu-, kṛṇut/am-, kṛṇut/ām-, 2. plural kṛṇut/a- or kṛṇ/ota- or kṛṇ/otana-, 3. plural kṛṇv/antu-; A1. kṛṇuṣv/a-, kṛṇut/ām-, kṛṇv/āthām-, kṛṇudhv/am-: subjunctive kṛṇ/avas-, ṇ/avat- or ṇ/avāt-, kṛṇ/avāva-, ṇ/avāma-, ṇ/avātha-, ṇ/avatha-, ṇ/avan-; A1. kṛṇ/avai- (once ṇavā- ), kṛṇavase- (also varia lectio ṇvase-), kṛṇavate-, kṛṇ/avāvahai-, kṛṇ/avāmahai-, 3. plural kṛṇ/avanta- () or kṛṇavante- or kṛṇvata- () : Potential A1. kṛṇvīt/a-; pr. p. P. kṛṇv/at- (f. vat/ī-) A1. kṛṇvāṇ/a-. (IV) cl.8. (this is the usual formation in the brāhmaṇa-s; sūtra-s, and in classical Sanskrit) P. kar/omi- (Epic kurmi- ); kurv/as-, kuruth/as-, kurut/as-, kurm/as- ([ kulmas-in an interpolation after ]), kuruth/a-, kurv/anti-; A1. kurv/e-, etc., 3. plural kurv/ate- () : imperfect tense akaravam-, akaros-, akarot-, akurva-, etc.; A1. 3. sg. akuruta- plural akurvata-: imperative kuru-, karotu- (in the earlier language 2. and 3. sg. kurutāt-,3. sg. also ), kuruta- or kurutana- (); A1. kuruṣva-, kurudhvam-, kurv/atām-: subjunctive karavāṇi-, karavas-, vāt-, vāva- or vāvas- ( ), vāma- or vāmas- (), vātha-, van-; A1. karavai-, kuruthās-, karavāvahai- (; he- ), karavaithe-, vaite- ( , ), vāmahai-(he- ) : Potential P. kuryām- A1. kurvīya- (); pr. p. P. kurv/at- (f. vat/ī-); A1. kurvāṇ/a-: perf. P. cak/āra-, cak/artha-, cakṛv/a-, cakṛm/a-, cakr/a- (); A1. cakr/e-, cakrir/e-; parasmE-pada cakṛvas- (accusative cakr/uṣam- ); A1. cakrāṇa- () : 2nd future kariṣy/ati-; subjunctive 2. sg. kariṣy/ās- (); 1st future k/artā-: preceding kriyāsam-: Aorist P. Ved. cakaram- (), acakrat- (), /acakriran- (); A1. 1. sg. kṛske- (); Class. akārṣīt- ( ;once akāraṣīt- ); Passive voice Aorist reflex. akāri- and akṛta- ( ) : infinitive mood k/artum-, Ved. k/artave-, k/artav/ai-, k/artos- (See ss.vv.); ind.p. kṛtv/ā-, Ved. kṛtv/ī- ([ ]) and kṛtv/āya- ([ ]) ; to do, make, perform, accomplish, cause, effect, prepare, undertake etc. ; to do anything for the advantage or injury of another (genitive case or locative case) etc. ; to execute, carry out (as an order or command) ; to manufacture, prepare, work at, elaborate, build ; to form or construct one thing out of another (ablative or instrumental case) etc. ; to employ, use, make use of (instrumental case) etc. ; to compose, describe ; to cultivate (confer, compare ) ; to accomplish any period, bring to completion, spend (exempli gratia, 'for example' varṣāṇi daśa cakruḥ-,"they spent ten years"; kṣaṇaṃ kuru-,"wait a moment"; confer, compare kritakṣaṇa-) ; to place, put, lay, bring, lead, take hold of (accusative or locative case or instrumental case exempli gratia, 'for example' ardh/aṃ-kṛ-,to take to one's own side or party, cause to share in(genitive case;See 2. ardh/a-); haste-or pāṇau-kṛ-,to take by the hand, marry ; hṛdayena-kṛ-,to place in one's heart, love ; hṛdi-kṛ-,to take to heart, mind, think over, consider ; manasi-kṛ- idem or 'f. (equals kuhī-) a fog ' ;to determine, purpose [ ind.p. si-kṛtvā-or si-kṛtya-] ; vaśe-kṛ-,to place in subjection, become master of ) ; to direct the thoughts, mind, etc. (m/anas-[ etc.] or buddhim-[ ] or matim-[ ]or bhāvam-[ ], etc.) towards any object, turn the attention to, resolve upon, determine on (locative case dative case infinitive mood,or a sentence with iti- exempli gratia, 'for example' mā śoke manaḥ kṛthāḥ-,do not turn your mind to grief ; gamanāya matiṃ cakre-,he resolved upon going ; alābuṃ samutsraṣṭuṃ manaś cakre-,he resolved to create a gourd ; draṣṭā tavāsmīti matiṃ cakāra-,he determined to see him ) ; to think of (accusative) ; to make, render (with two accusative exempli gratia, 'for example' ādityaṃ kāṣṭhām akurvata-,they made the sun their goal ) etc. ; to procure for another, bestow, grant (with genitive case or locative case) etc. ; A1. to procure for one's self, appropriate, assume ; to give aid, help any one to get anything (dative case) ; to make liable to (dative case) ; to injure, violate (exempli gratia, 'for example' kanyāṃ-kṛ-,to violate a maiden) ; to appoint, institute ; to give an order, commission ; to cause to get rid of, free from (ablative or -tas-) ; to begin (exempli gratia, 'for example' cakre śobhayitum purīm-,they began to adorn the city) ; to proceed, act, put in practice etc. ; to worship, sacrifice ; to make a sound (svaram-or śabdam-) ( ), utter, pronounce (often in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' with the sounds phaṭ-, phut-, bhāṇ-, v/aṣaṭ-, svadh/ā-, sv/āhā-, hiṃ-), pronounce any formula () ; (with numeral adverbs ending in dhā-) to divide, separate or break up into parts (exempli gratia, 'for example' dvidhā-kṛ-,to divide into two parts, ind.p. dvidhā kṛtvā-or dvidhā-kṛtya-or -kāram- ; sahasradhā-kṛ-,to break into a thousand pieces) ; (with adverbs ending in vat-) to make like or similar, consider equivalent (exempli gratia, 'for example' rājyaṃ tṛṇa-vat kṛtvā-,valuing the kingdom like a straw ) ; (with adverbs ending in sāt-) to reduce anything to, cause to become, make subject (See ātma-sāt-, bhasma-sāt-) The above senses of kṛ- may be variously modified or almost infinitely extended according to the noun with which this root is connected, as in the following examples: sakhyaṃ-kṛ-, to contract friendship with ; pūjāṃ-kṛ-, to honour ; rājyaṃ-kṛ-, to reign ; snehaṃ-kṛ-, to show affection ; ājñāṃ- or nideśaṃ- or śāsanaṃ- or kāmaṃ- or yācanāṃ- or vacaḥ- or vacanaṃ- or vākyaṃ-kṛ-, to perform any one's command or wish or request etc. ; dharmaṃ-kṛ-, to do one's duty ; nakhāni-kṛ-,"to clean one's nails" See kṛta-nakha- ; udakaṃ- ([ ]) or salilaṃ- ([ ]) kṛ-, to offer a libation of Water to the dead ; to perform ablutions ; astrāṇi-kṛ-, to practise the use of weapons ; darduraṃ-kṛ-, to breathe the flute ; daṇḍaṃ-kṛ-, to inflict punishment etc. ; kālaṃ-kṛ-, to bring one's time to an end id est to die ; ciraṃ-kṛ-, to be long in doing anything, delay ; manasā- (for si-See above) kṛ-, to place in one's mind, think of, meditate ; śirasā-kṛ-, to place on one's the head ; mūrdhnā-kṛ-, to place on one's head, obey, honour. Very rarely in veda- () , but commonly in the brāhmaṇa-s, sūtra-s, and especially in classical Sanskrit the perf. forms cakāra-and cakre- auxiliarily used to form the periphrastical perfect of verbs, especially of causatives exempli gratia, 'for example' āsāṃ cakre-,"he sat down" ; gamay/āṃ cakāra-,"he caused to go"[see ;in veda- some other forms of kṛ-are used in a similar way, viz. proper karoti- ; imperfect tense akar- and ;3. plural akran- and ; preceding kriyāt- (See );according to , also karotu-with vid-]. Causal kārayati-, te-, to cause to act or do, cause another to perform, have anything made or done by another (double accusative instrumental case and accusative [see ] exempli gratia, 'for example' sabhāṃ kāritavān-,he caused an assembly to be made ; rāja-darśanaṃ māṃ kāraya-,cause me to have an audience of the king; vāṇijyaṃ kārayed vaiśyam-,he ought to cause the vaiśya- to engage in trade ; na śakṣyāmi kiṃcit kārayituṃ tvayā-,I shall not be able to have anything done by thee ) ; to cause to manufacture or form or cultivate etc. ; to cause to place or put, have anything placed, put upon, etc. (exempli gratia, 'for example' taṃ citrapaṭaṃ vāsa-gṛhe bhittāv akārayat-,he had the picture placed on the wall in his house ) . Sometimes the Causal of kṛ- is used for the simple verb or without a causal signification (exempli gratia, 'for example' padaṃ kārayati-,he pronounces a word ; mithyā k-,he pronounces wrongly ; kaikeyīm anu rājānaṃ kāraya-,treat or deal with kaikeyī- as the king does ) : Desiderative c/ikīrṣati- (Aorist 2. sg. acikīrṣīs- ) , Epic also te-, to wish to make or do, intend to do, design, intend, begin, strive after etc. ; to wish to sacrifice or worship : Intensive 3. plural karikrati- (pr. p. k/arikrat-See ), to do repeatedly ; Class. carkarti- or carikarti- or carīkarti- ([ ]) , also carkarīti- or carikarīti- or carīkarīti- or cekrīyate- ([ib. Scholiast or Commentator ]); ([ confer, compare Hibernian or Irish caraim,"I perform, execute";ceard,"an art, trade, business, function";sucridh,"easy"; Old German karawan,"to prepare"; modern German gar,"prepared (as food)"; Latin creo,ceremonia;, .])
kṛ cl.3 P. parasmE-pada cakr/at- (Potential 2. sg. cakriyās-; Aorist 1. sg. akārṣam-[ ] or akāriṣam-[ ]) , to make mention of, praise, speak highly of (genitive case) : Intensive (1. sg. carkarmi-,1. plural carkirāma-,3. plural carkiran-; imperative 2. sg. carkṛt/āt-and carkṛdhi-; Aorist 3. sg. A1. c/arkṛṣe-) idem or 'mfn. (proper Passive voice p.) being done etc.' (see kār/u-, kīr/i-, kīrt/i-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṝ cl.6 P. kir/ati- (; perf. -cakāra- ; 2nd future kariṣyati-; 1st future karitā-or karītā- ; Aorist akārīt-[Ved. s/aṃ k/āriṣat-]; ind.p. -kīrya-; Passive voice kīryate-), to pour out, scatter, throw, cast, disperse etc. ; to throw up in a heap, heap up : A1. kirate-, to throw off from one's self : P. to strew, pour over, fill with, cover with ; (perf. 3. plural cakarur-) : Desiderative cikariṣati- : Intensive cākarti- ; ([ confer, compare Greek , .]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
krā dadhi-- and rudhi-kr/ā-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kram cl.1 P. A1. kr/āmati- (; Epic also kramati-), kramate- ( , Epic also krāmate-;according to cl.4 P. krāmyati-[ kramyati- ]; Aorist akramīt- etc.; A1. kr/amiṣṭa-, kraṃsate-[ ] , 3. plural c/akramanta-[ ]; perf. cakrāma-,or cakrame-; parasmE-pada cakramāṇ/a- ; future kramiṣyati-or kraṃsyate- ind.p. krāntvā-, krantvā-,or kramitvā- ), to step, walk, go, go towards, approach (with /accha-, /adhi- accusative or locative case) etc. ; to approach in order to ask for assistance (with locative case) ; to go across, go over etc. ; Ved. to climb (as on a tree's branch) ; to cover (in copulation) ; to stretch over, project over, tower above, (ind.p. krāntvā-) ; to take possession of ; A1. to undertake, strive after, make effort for (dative case) ; (locative case) ; A1. () to proceed well, advance, make progress, gain a footing, succeed, have effect ; to be appliable or practicable ; P. to be liable to the peculiar arrangement of a Vedic text called krama- (id est to be doubled, as a letter or word) ; A1. to read according to the krama- arrangement of a Vedic text (a-krānta-): Causal P. kramayati-, to cause to step ; kramayati- or krām-, to make liable to the peculiar arrangement called krama- (id est to double a letter or word) etc.: Intensive caṅkramyate- ( ; parasmE-pada caṅ-kramy/amāṇa-[ ]or kramam- and ) or caṅkramīti- (; imperfect tense 2. plural caṅkramata- ; future parasmE-pada caṅkramiṣy/at- ; ind.p. mitvā- ; see mit/a-), to step to and fro, walk or wander about. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
krand cl.1 P. A1. kr/andati-, krandate- (varia lectio kradate-fr. krad- ; subjunctive kr/andat-; imperfect tense krandat-and /akrandat-; Aorist 2. sg. kradas-, cakradas-,and /akrān-,3. sg. akrān-and /akrān-; akrandīt- ; parasmE-pada kr/andat-), to neigh (as a horse), roar (metaphorically applied to the clouds and to wind and water) ; to creak (as a wheel) ; to sound, make a noise ; to cry piteously, weep, lament, grieve, be confused with sorrow etc. ; to call out piteously to any one (accusative) (perf. cakranda-) : Causal krandayati- (Aorist /acikradat-,3. plural dan-), to cause to roar ; to cause to weep or lament ; to roar, rave ; to neigh after (accusative) : Intensive P. k/anikrantti- (A1. ntte- ; parasmE-pada k/anikradat-,once k/anikrat- ; parasmE-pada A1. kanikrady/amana- ) , to neigh, roar, rave, cry out ; to creak, crackle ; ([ confer, compare Gothic gre1ta,"to lament."]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kratum. desire, will (instrumental case kr/atvā-,willingly, readily ; /ekena kr/atunā-,through the mere will ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kratum. intelligence, understanding (exempli gratia, 'for example' bhadr/a kr/atu-,right judgement, good understanding;also in conjunction or in compound or in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' with d/akṣa-See kr/atu-d/akṣau-and dakṣakrat/ū-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kratumatmfn. (kr/atu--) intelligent, prudent, wise View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
krauryan. (fr. krūr/a-), cruelty, fierceness, hard-heartedness (plural) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kravyamfn. equals krūr/a- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
krī cl.9 P. A1. krīṇ/āti-, krīṇīte- (future parasmE-pada kreṣyat- ; ind.p. krīv/ā- ), to buy, purchase (with instrumental case of the price, and ablative or genitive case of the person from whom anything is bought exempli gratia, 'for example' k/a im/am indraṃ daś/abhir dhen/ubhir m/ama krīṇāti-,who will buy this indra- of me for ten cows? ; yam mātā-pitror antikāt-[or sakāśāt-] krīṇīyāt-whom he may buy from his father and mother ; krīṇīṣva tad daśabhiḥ suvarṇaih-,buy that for ten suvarṇa-s): Causal P. krāpayati- ([ confer, compare Hibernian or Irish creanaim,"I buy, purchase" ; Greek Lithuanian prekis,perku(?); Latin pretium; English hire.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
krivim. a Name of rudra- (varia lectio kr/ayin- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇamf(-)n. black, dark, dark-blue (opposed to śvet/a-, śukl/a-, r/ohita-,and aruṇ/a-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇam. a kind of animal feeding on carrion (kṛṣṇ/a-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇagrīva(kṛṣṇ/a--) mf(-)n. black-necked View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇajaṃhas(kṛṣṇ/a--) mfn. black-winged ["having a black path" and ] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇapavi(ṣṇ/a--) mfn. having black tires (said of agni-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇaśabala(ṣṇ/a--) mfn. ( ) of a dark variegated colour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇaśapha(ṣṇ/a--) mfn. having black hoofs (= ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇaśīrṣan(ṣṇ/a--), mfn. black-headed, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇasīta(ṣṇ/a--) mfn. drawing black furrows ["having a black path" ] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇatūṣa(ṣṇ/a--) mfn. having a black seam or selvage View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇavāla(ṣṇ/a--) mfn. black-tailed (= ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇavartani(ṣṇ/a--) mfn. having a black path (said of agni-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇavyathis(ṣṇ/a--) mfn. one whose path is black (said of agni-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇayāma(ṣṇ/a--) mfn. having a black path (said of agni-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇayoni(ṣṇ/a--) mfn. having a black pudendum muliebre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṭif. plural (once only sg. ) men, races of men (sometimes with the epithet m/ānuṣīs-[ ] or n/āhuṣīs-[ ] or mānav/īs-[ ]; see carṣaṇ/i-;originally the word may have meant cultivated ground, then an inhabited land, next its inhabitants, and lastly any race of men; indra- and agni- have the N. r/ājā-or p/atiḥ kṛṣṭīn/ām-;the term p/añca kṛṣṭ/ayas-,perhaps originally designating the five Aryan tribes of the yadu-s, turvaśa-s, druhyu-s, anu-s, and pūru-s, comprehends the whole human race, not only the Aryan tribes) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛt cl.7 P. kṛṇ/atti- (imperfect tense 3. plural /akṛntan-), to twist threads, spin = () ; to wind (as a snake) (pr. p. f. kṛntat/ī-) ; to surround, encompass, attire View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
krūramf(-)n. (fr. krav/i-s- see sthūr/a-and sth/avira-), wounded, hurt, sore View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣaipramfn. (fr. kṣipr/a-),"produced by speaking quickly", a term for a kind of saṃdhi- produced by changing the first of two concurrent vowels to its semivowel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣātramf(ī-)n. (fr. kṣatr/a-), belonging or relating or peculiar to the second caste etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣātraetc. See kṣatr/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatrapati(tr/a--) m. the possessor of dominion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣātrim. (fr. kṣatr/a-) the son of a man of the second caste View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣauṇīSee kṣoṇ/a- above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣauramfn. (fr. kṣur/a-), performed with a razor (with karman-,"shaving") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣaurapavyamfn. (fr. kṣur/a-pavi-), very sharp-edged, very sharp ("formed out of razors and thunderbolts", ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣeṇaSee 1. kṣayaṇ/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣepiṣṭhamfn. (See kṣipr/a- ) quickest, speediest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣi cl.1 P. kṣayati- (only once ) cl.5 P. kṣiṇoti- ( etc.;1. sg. kṣiṇ/omi- for ṇ/āmi-of ) cl.9 P. kṣiṇ/āti- (3. plural kṣiṇ/anti-; perf. 3. dual number cikṣiyatur- on ), to destroy, corrupt, ruin, make an end of (accusative), kill, injure etc.: Passive voice kṣīy/ate- (;3. plural kṣ/īyante- ; Aorist subjunctive kṣeṣṭa-[ ] or kṣāyi- ; Conditional akṣeṣyata- ), to be diminished, decrease, wane (as the moon) , waste away, perish etc. ; to pass (said of the night) : Causal P. kṣapayati- (future yiṣyati-), rarely A1. te- ( ) , very rarely kṣayayati- ( edition Calc.) , to destroy, ruin, make an end of (accusative), finish etc. ; to weaken ; to pass (as the night or time, kṣapām-, pās-, kālam-) ; ([ see , etc.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣī= 4. kṣi- (derived fr. kṣīṇ/a-, -kṣ/īya-) (varia lectio) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣipradhanvan(pr/a--) mfn. armed with an elastic bow which flies back with a spring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣīrahotṛ(r/a--) mfn. (gaRa yuktārohy-ādi-) equals -yāj/in- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣṇu cl.2 P. kṣṇauti- (; future 1st kṣṇavitā- ; pr. p. kṣṇuvāṇ/a-), to whet, sharpen ; ([ confer, compare Greek ,, kṣur/a-.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣodiṣṭhamfn. (See kṣudr/a- ) smallest, thinnest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣodīyasmfn. (See kṣudr/a- ) smaller, still inferior
kṣoṇīf.(Nominal verb sg. also ṇ/īs- Nominal verb plural ṇ/īs-,once ṇ/ayas- ) a multitude of men, people (as opposed to the chief) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣoṇif. plural (/ayas-) See kṣoṇ/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣud cl.1 P. kṣ/odati-, to strike against, shake () ; A1. to move, be agitated or shaken : cl.7 P. A1. kṣuṇatti-, kṣuntte- (imperfect tense akṣuṇat-; Aorist 3. plural akṣautsur-; future kṣotsyati- ), to stamp or trample upon : Causal kṣodayati- (imperfect tense /akṣodayat-), to shake or agitate by stamping ; to crush, pound, pulverise ; (Nom. P.fr. kṣudr/a-) to reduce, diminish ; ([ confer, compare Greek , for, ; Lithuanian skausti ?]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣudrapṛṣatī(dr/a--) f. (a cow) covered with small spots View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣudrīyamfn. fr. dr/a- gaRa utkarādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣullamfn. (originally a Prakrit form of kṣudr/a-;derived fr. 2. kṣ/udh-and - ) small, little, minute, inferior View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣurabhṛṣṭi(r/a--) f. furnished with sharp angles
kukkuram. (;fr. kurkur/a-), a dog View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kumāradeṣṇa(r/a--) mfn. whose gifts are like those of children, id est "who gives and takes back" View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kumāravat(r/a-.), m. Name (also title or epithet) of a man, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kumārīf. of r/a- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madanamfn. equals mandr/a- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahiṣam. (with supar/a-) the sun View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
majraSee khara-majr/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mandrajihva(mandr/a--) mfn. "pleasing-tongued", pleasant-voiced View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mandratama (mandr/a--) mfn. most or more pleasant or charming View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mandratara(mandr/a--) mfn. most or more pleasant or charming View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mandrayaNom. A1. dr/ayate-, to praise, honour (= arcati-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mantr (properly a Nom.fr. mantra-,), cl.10 A1. () mantr/ayate- (rarely P. ti-; subjunctive mantrayaithe-, te- ; Potential mantrayīta- ; infinitive mood mantrayitum- ), to speak, talk, say ; to deliberate, take counsel, consult with (instrumental case with or without saha-) or about (dative case) etc. ; to resolve upon, determine to (infinitive mood) ; to deliberate on, discuss (accusative) etc. ; to counsel, advise, propose any measure, give any one advice (with accusative of Persian,or with genitive case of Persian and accusative of thing) etc. ; to consecrate with sacred or magical texts, enchant with spells or charms View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
marāyin mar/āyu- See above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mas equals mās- in candr/a-mas-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mathna(only mathn/ā- ), prob. wrong reading for mathr/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
matsaravat(r/a--) mfn. exhilarating, intoxicating View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mātuḥṣvasṛ mātur-bhrātr/a- See column 3. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitram. dual number equals mitr/a-varuṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitradhita(mitr/a--) n. () a covenant or contract of friendship. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitradhiti(mitr/a--) f. () a covenant or contract of friendship. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitradruhmfn. (Nominal verb mitr/a-druh-) seeking to injure a friend, the betrayer of a friend, a false or treacherous friend [ confer, compare Zend mithradruj] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitraguptamfn. (mitr/a--) protected by mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitramahas(mitr/a-.) mfn. (perhaps) having plenty of friend, rich in friend View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitrāvaruṇam. dual number mitra- and varuṇa- etc. etc. (together they uphold and rule the earth and sky, together they guard the world, together they promote religious rites, avenge sin, and are the lords of truth and light see under 1. mitr/a-above; ṇayor ayanam-and ṇayor iṣṭiḥ-Name of particular sacrifices; ṇayoḥ saṃyojanam-Name of a sāman-) etc. (sg., wrong reading for maitrāvaruṇa- )
mitreruSee under 1. mitr/a- above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛ cl.6 A1. () mriy/ate- (Epic and mc. also P. ti-; cl.1 P. A1. marati-, m/arate- ; imperative mara-, ; perfect tense mam/āra-, mamruḥ- etc.; parasmE-pada mamṛv/as- ; A1. mamrire- ; Aorist amṛta- subjunctive mṛthāh- ; Potential murīya-. ; mriṣīṣṭa- ; future martā- grammar; mariṣyati- etc.; te- ; infinitive mood martum- etc.; martave- ; ind.p. mṛtv/ā- ; -māram- ), to die, decease etc. etc.: Passive voice mriyate- (confer, compare above;sometimes used impers, with instrumental case; perfect tense mamre-; Aorist amāri-) : Causal mār/ayati- (mc. also te-; Aorist, amīmarat-): Passive voice māryate-, to cause to die, kill, slay etc. etc.: Desiderative of Causal See mimārayiṣu-: Desiderative mumūrṣati- () , to wish or be about to die, face death : Intensive memrīyate-, marmarti- grammar ([ confer, compare Zend mar,mareta; Greek for ; Latin mors,morioretc.; Slavonic or Slavonian mre8ti; Lithuanian mi4rti; Gothic maurthr; German Mord,morden; English murder.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛdhravāc(mṛdhr/a--) mfn. speaking injuriously or contumeliously, insulting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛṇ (see mṝ-) cl.6 P. () mṛṇ/ati-, to crush, smash, slay, kill ; to thread, winnow View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
muṣ cl.9.1. P. ( varia lectio; see 1. mūṣ-) muṣṇ/āti-, m/oṣati- (Epic also cl.6 P. muṣati-;2. sg. Imp. muṣāṇa- ; perfect tense mumoṣa-; Aorist amoṣīt-,2. sg. moṣīs- ;fut, moṣitā-, moṣiṣyati- grammar; ind.p. muṣitvā- ; m/udṣya- ; infinitive mood muṣ/e- ; moṣitum- grammar), to steal, rob, plunder, carry off (also with two accusative =take away from, deprive of) etc. ; to ravish, captivate, enrapture (the eyes or the heart) etc. ; to blind, dazzle (the eyes) ; to cloud, obscure (light or the intellect) ; to break, destroy (see mus-): Passive voice , muṣyate- (Epic also ti-; Aorist amoṣi-), to be stolen or robbed etc.: Causal , noṣayati- (Aorist amūmuṣat-) grammar : Desiderative mumuṣiṣati- (see munuṣiṣu-): Intensive momuṣyate-, momoṣṭi- [For kindred wordsSee under 2. m/ūṣ-,p.827.]
narakamn. (; nar/aka- ) hell, place of torment etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naraṃdhiṣam. (nar/aṃ--) "watching or heeding men (?)", Name of viṣṇu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nārīf. (of r/a- q.v) a woman, a wife (in older language also n/āri-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nārikamf(ī-)n. spiritual (see nār/a-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navan plural (Nominal verb accusative r/ava-; instrumental case nav/abhis- ablative dative case bhyas- locative case su-;Class, also navabh/is-, bhy/as-, s/u-; genitive case navān/ām- ) nine [ confer, compare Zend navan; Greek for fr fa Latin,no7vem; Gothic and Old HGerm.niun,OSax. and Anglo-Saxon nigun,NHGerm.neun, English nine.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nicuṅkuṇam. v.r. for nicumpuṇ/a- below View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nigrahP. A1. -gṛhṇāti-, ṇīte- (dative case infinitive mood -gr/abhe- ), to hold down, lower, depress ; to keep or hold back, draw near, attract etc. ; to seize, catch, hold, hold fast, stop, restrain, suppress, curb, tame, punish etc. ; to contract, close (as the eyes) Causal -grāhayati-, to cause to be apprehended or seized : Causal of Desiderative -jighṛkṣayati- (parasmE-pada ṣayat-), to cause any one to desire to overpower or excel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niḥsphurP. -sphur/ati-, to jerk or hurl away View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niḥsruP. -sr/avati-, to flow out or off rise from (ablative) ; to disappear or be lost to or from (ablative) : Causal -srāvayats-, to cause to flow out (as a pond) ; to cause to disappear from or be lost to or from (ablative), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirajaSee su-nir/aja-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirvīramfn. (n/ir--) deprived of men or heroes ( nirvīratā r/a-- f. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niryu(only A1. present tense parasmE-pada -yuvāṇ/a- mfn.) to keep away, ward off View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niṣeddhraSee a-niṣeddhr/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīthyaSee gr/āma-ṇīthya-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nṛm. (accusative n/aram- dative case n/are- genitive case ablative n/aras-, locative case n/ari-; dual number n/arā-, n/arau-; plural Nominal verb vocative case n/aras- accusative n/ṝn-[may also stand for other cases;for the final, n-before p- see ] instrumental case n/ṛbhis-,or nṛbh/is-; dative case ablative n/ṛbhya-or nṛbhy/as- locative case n/ṛṣu-or nṛṣ/u-[ ] genitive case nar/ām-. nṛṇām-or nṝṇām-[ ]) a man, hero (used also of gods) , person View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nṛṣadvara(;but see ni-ṣadvar/a-under ni-ṣad-) mfn. sitting or dwelling among men. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ogīyas(equals /ojīyas-), Comparative degree of ugr/a-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ojiṣṭhamfn. superl. of ugr/a- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ojīyasmfn. Comparative degree of ugr/a- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pādamātran. (tr/a-), mt(-)n. a foot long View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcarātramfn. (tr/a-) lasting 5 days (also traka- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parasind. (with ablative) beyond, on the other side of (also en/ā par/aḥ-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parasind. (with locative case) over, more than (only triṃś/ati tr/ayas par/aḥ-,three more than thirty id est 33) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paraspamfn. (r/as-) protecting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāratas(pādr/a--) ind. opposite the opposite bank or the further side, beyond (genitive case)
parauru(r/a--) mf(-)n. broad on the outside or behind (see paro-varīyas-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parigrahP. A1. -gṛhṇāti-, ṇīte- (imperative 2. sg. -gṛhāṇa- ; imperfect tense -agṛhṇāḥ- ;3. sg. -agṛhṇat- ;3. plural -agṛhṇan- ; A1. -agṛhṇanta- ; perfect tense 1. sg. -jagr/abha- ;3. sg. -jagrāha- etc.; ind.p. -gṛhya- etc.) , to take hold of on both sides, embrace, surround, enfold, envelop etc. ; to fence round, hedge round ; to occupy on both sides (sarasvatīm-) ; to seize, clutch, grasp, catch ; to put on, wear (as a dress or ornament) ; to take or carry along with one etc. ; to take possession of, master, overpower ; to take (in war), take prisoner, conquer ; to take (food) ; to receive, (also as a guest) accept ; to take, adopt, conform to, follow etc. ; to take by the hand, assist ; to take (a wife), marry ; to surpass, excel ; (in Vedic or Veda gram.) to enclose (iti-) between a word twice repeated (see pari-graha-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parikramP. -krāmati- (rarely A1. te-; parasmE-pada -krāmat-; perfect tense -cakrāma-, -cakramur-; Aorist -akramīt-; infinitive mood -krāntum-; ind.p. -kr/āmam-,or -kramya-), to step or walk round or about, circumambulate, roam over, walk through, visit (with accusative) etc. ; to go past, escape ; to outstrip, overtake : Intensive -caṅkramati-, to move or walk about perpetually View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paripruṣ(only pr. p. -pruṣṇ/at-), to sprinkle about View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parirakṣP. -r/akṣati- (Epic also te-; infinitive mood -rakṣitum-), to guard well or completely, rescue, save, defend from (ablative) etc. ; to keep, conceal, keep secret etc. ; to protect, rule, govern (accusative) ; to avoid, shun ; (A1.) to get out of a person's (genitive case) way View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phaṇ cl.1 P. () ph/aṇati- (; perfect tense paphāṇa-,2. sg. paphaṇitha-,or pheṇitha- ; Aorist aphāṇīt-, ; future phaṇiṣyati-, ṇitā- grammar), to go, move (with samāptim-,"to be accomplished") : Causal phāṇ/ayati- (or phaṇ- ), to cause to bound ; to draw off (the surface of a fluid) , skim : Desiderative piphaṇiṣati- grammar : Intensive pr.p. -paṇiphaṇat- (), pamphaṇat- (),bounding, leaping. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛ cl.3 P. () p/iparti- (3. plural p/iprati- ; imperative pipṛhi- ; para- ; cl.9 P. pṛṇāti-,"to protect"; perfect tense 3. plural pipruḥ- [ equals pūrṇāḥ- Scholiast or Commentator ]; Aorist subjunctive parṣi-, parṣati-, parṣa-, pāriṣat- ; apārīt- ; infinitive mood parṣ/aṇi- ), to bring over or to (accusative), bring out of, deliver from (ablative), rescue, save, protect, escort, further, promote ; to surpass, excel (accusative) ; to be able (with infinitive mood) : Causal pār/ayati- (Epic and mc. also te-; Aorist apīparat-; Passive voice pāryate-), to bring over or out, rescue, protect, save, preserve, keep alive etc. ; to get over, overcome, bring to an end ; to resist, withstand, be a match for (accusative) etc. ; to be capable of or able to (with an infinitive mood which after pāryate-has a pass. sense; confer, compare śak-and ) [ confer, compare Greek , ; Latin porta,peritus; Slavonic or Slavonian pirati; German fahren; English fare.]
pṝ cl.9 P. () pṛṇ/āti- ; cl.6 P. ( pṛṇ-, ) priṇ/ati- ; cl.3 P. () p/iparti- (also A1.; imperative pipīpṛhi- ; perfect tense papāra-,3. plural paparuḥ-,or papruḥ- ; pupūre-, rire- ; -pupūryās- ; papṛv/as-[?] ; Aorist apārīt- grammar, pūriṣṭhās- ; imperative pūrdh/i- ; preceding priyāsam- , pūryāt- grammar; future parīṣyati-, parī- grammar; ind.p. pūrtvā- grammar, -pūrya- ; -pūram-[in compound with its object; confer, compare udara-p-, goṣpada-p-, carma-p-.and ]; infinitive mood pṛṇ/adhyai- ; -puras- ; pūritum- ), to fill (A1."one's self") ; to fill with air, blow into (accusative) ; to sate, cherish, nourish, bring up ; to refresh (as the pitṛ-s) (Aorist apārīt- varia lectio atārpsīt-) ; to grant abundantly, bestow on (dative case), present with (instrumental case) (often parasmE-pada pṛṇ/at-= bounteous, liberal, ungrudging) ; to fulfil, satisfy (as a wish) : Passive voice pūry/ate- (Epic also ti-,and A1. p/ūryate-, parasmE-pada p/ūyamāṇa-), to be filled with, become full of (instrumental case), be sated etc. ; to become complete (as a number) : Causal pārayati-, to fill ; to fulfil (only Aorist pīparat-) ; pūr/ayati- (), te- (Passive voice pūryate-[ confer, compare above]; Aorist apūri-, apūriṣṭa-), to fill, fill up with (instrumental case) etc. ; to fill (with a noise, said also of the noise itself) ; to fill with wind, blow (a conch) ; to draw (a bow or an arrow to the ear) ; to make full, complete, supplement (a sentence) ; to cover completely, overspread, bestrew, surround etc. ; to load or enrich or present with (instrumental case) ; to fulfil (a wish or hope) etc. ; to spend completely (a period of time) : Desiderative piparīṣati-, pupūrṣati- grammar : Intensive pāparti-, popūrti-, popūryate- [ confer, compare Greek ; Latin plere,plenus; Lit.pi4lti,pi4lnas; Slavonic or Slavonian plu8nu8; Gothic fulls; German voll; English full.]
prā cl.2 P. () prāti- (perfect tense P. papr/au-or paprā-,2. sg. paprātha-, parasmE-pada papriv/as- f. pr/uṣī- ; A1. papre-,2. sg. priṣe- ; papre-as Passive voice,Bhatt aor 3. sg. aprāt-or aprās- ; subjunctive pr/ās-or pr/āsi- ; Aorist Passive voice aprāyi- ), to fill [ confer, compare Greek , ; Latin ple1-nus.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prababhram. Name of indra- (see pravabhr/a-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prabādhitamfn. (pr/a--) driven, urged on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prabharmann. (pr/a--) placing before, presenting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prabhartṛ(pr/a--) m. bringer, procurer (with accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prabhṛtif. (pr/a--) bringing forward, offering (of sacrifice or praise) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prabhūtif. (pr/a--) source, origin View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pracetas(pr/a--) mfn. attentive, observant, mindful, clever, wise (said of the gods, especially of agni- and the āditya-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pracetas(pr/a--) mfn. happy, delighted View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pracetas(pr/a--) m. Name of varuṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pracetas(pr/a--) m. Name of a prajā-pati- (an ancient sage and law-giver) ( pracetassmṛti -smṛti- f.Name of work) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pracetas(pr/a--) m. Name of a prince (son of duduha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pracetas(pr/a--) m. Name of a son of duryāman- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pracetas(pr/a--) m. Name of a son of dur-mada- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pracetas(pr/a--) m. plural (wrong reading prāc-) Name of the 10 sons of prācīna-barhis- by a daughter of varuṇa- (they are the progenitors of dakṣa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prach cl.6 P. (), pṛcchati- (Ved. and Epic also A1. pṛcchate-; perfect tense papraccha- etc., papṛkṣ/e-[?] ; Aorist /aprākṣīt- etc., /aprāṭ- , apraṣṭa- ; future prakṣyati- etc., praṣṭā- grammar; ind.p. pṛṣṭvā-, -pṛcchya- ; infinitive mood pr/aṣṭum- etc., -p/ṛccham-, cche- ), to ask, question, interrogate (accusative) ; to ask after inquire about (accusative) ; to ask or interrogate any one (accusative) about anything (accusative dative case locative case, prati-,or adhikṛtya-with accusative; arthe-or hetoḥ- in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') (pr.p. A1. pṛcchamāna-,"asking one's self") etc. etc. ; (in astrology) to consult the future ; (with nāmato mātaram-) to inquire about one's (genitive case) mother's name ; (with na-) not to trouble one's self with ; to seek, wish, long for ; to ask, demand, beg, entreat (accusative) : Passive voice pṛcchy/ate-, to be asked or questioned about (act. dative case etc., as above ) etc. etc.: Causal pracchayati- (Aorist apapracchat-) grammar : Desiderative pipṛcchiṣati- : Intensive parīpṛcchyate- [Orig. pṛk-; confer, compare Latin preces,procus;poscereforporscere; Slavonic or Slavonian prositi; Lithuanian praszy4ti; German fra7he7n,fragen;forsko7n,forschen.]
prāchincorrect for prāś- See 3. pr/ās-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prācikāf. (see pr/ajika-) a musquito View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pracikita(pr/a--) mfn. knowing, familiar or conversant with () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prācīnayogīputra(pr/ācīna--) m. Name of a teacher View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prācīnayogyam. (pr/ācīna--) patronymic fr. -yoga- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pracyuta(pr/a--) mfn. routed, put to flight expelled, banished, retreated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pracyuta(pr/a--) mfn. streamed forth or issued from (ablative) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pracyuta(pr/a--) mfn. fallen from (literally and figuratively), swerved from, deprived of (ablative or compound) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pracyuta(pr/a--) mfn. subtracted View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pracyutatva(pr/a--) n. deviation, retreat View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pradāP. -dadāti-, rarely A1. -datte-, (Ved. infinitive mood pr/a-dātos- ;irreg. Potential P. -dadet- ), to give away, give, offer, present, grant, bestow etc. etc. (with or scilicet bhāryām-,to give in marriage;with prativacas-,to grant an answer;with pravṛttim-,to information about an event;with yuddham-,to grant battle;with dvaṃdva-yuddham-,to engage in single combat;with vidyām-,to communicate or impart knowledge;with hutāśanam-,to set fire to) ; to give up, abolish ; to sell (with instrumental case of price) ; to restore (anything lost etc.) ; to pay, discharge (a debt) ; to put or place in (locative case) : Passive voice -dīyate-, to be given away, be given etc.: Causal -dāpayati-, to cause to give etc. ; to compel to give back or to repay ; to cause to put in or to ; to put or place in (locative case) ; (with vastim-), to apply a clyster : Desiderative -ditsate-, to wish to give in marriage
pradagdhamfn. (pr/a--) burnt, destroyed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pradagdhāhutimfn. (pr/a--) one who has burnt the sacrificial oblation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pradakṣiṇāvartaśikhamfn. equals ṇ/arcis- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pradiṣṭa(pr/a--) mfn. pointed out, indicated, fixed, ordained
pradṛpti(pr/a--) f. haughtiness, arrogance, madness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pragrahamf(ā-)n. equals ūrdhvabāhu- (?) (see pr/añjali-pragr-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prahiP. A1. -hiṇoti-, -hiṇute-: -hiṇvati-, -hiṇvate- (see ; perfect tense -jighāya- ; 1. sg. proper A1. -hiṣe- ; Aorist P. pr/āhait- ; imperative pr/a-hela- ; infinitive mood pra-hy/e- ), to urge on, incite ; to direct, command ; to convey or send to, furnish, procure. bestow on (dative case) etc. ; to hurl, cast, throw upon, discharge at (dative case or loc) ; to turn the eyes towards (accusative) ; to dispatch (messengers), drive away, dismiss, send to (accusative with or without prati- dative case genitive case with or without antikam-or pārśvam-) or in order to (dative case or infinitive mood) etc. ; (A1.) to rush on ; to forsake (equals pra-.3. -) : Causal Aorist prājīhayat- : Desiderative of Causal pra-jighāyayiṣati-
prāhrādi(pr/ā--) m. patronymic fr. pra-hrāda- (Name of virocana- and bali-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prahuti(pr/a--.) f. an oblation, sacrifice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prajātamfn. (pr/a--) born, produced View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prajāti(pr/a--) f. generating or generative power, generation, production, bringing forth, delivery View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prajāti(pr/a--) f. equals upa-nayana-, initiation with the sacred thread (as causing second birth) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prajāti(pr/a--) m. Name of a prince (varia lectio pra-jāni-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prajātikāma(pr/a--) mfn. desirous of propagation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prajātimat(pr/a--) mfn. containing words relating to generation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prajātyānanda(pr/a--) m. the joy of propagation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prajñāti(pr/a--) f. knowing the way to (genitive case) or the right way View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prajñātraSee a-prajñātr/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prākpravaṇa(pr/āk--) mf(ā-)n. sloping eastward View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakṣiP. -kṣiṇ/āti-, to spoil, destroy, wear out, exhaust : Passive voice -kṣīyate-, to be destroyed, perish ; to be worn out or exhausted or diminished View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakṣīṇamfn. (pr/a--) destroyed, perished View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prākśiras(pr/āk--) mfn. having the head turned to the east View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakupitamfn. (pr/a--) moved, agitated, shaken View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pramaṃhiṣṭhīyan. Name of the hymn (beginning with pr/a m/aṃhiṣṭhāya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pramatif. (pr/a--) care, providence, protection View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pramuktif. (pr/a--) liberation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāṇasaṃśita(ṇ/a--) mfn. animated by the vital airs View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāṇatejas(ṇ/a--) mfn. whose splendour or glory is life or breath View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praṇavamf. (or pr/a--) (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) the mystical or sacred syllable om- (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' also -ka-) etc. ( praṇavatva -tva- n. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāñcmfn. (fr. pra-+ 2. añc-; Nominal verb pr/āṅ-, pr/ācī-, pr/āk-; see ) directed forwards or towards, being in front, facing, opposite (accusative with kṛ-,to bring, procure, offer ;to stretch forth [the fingers] ;to make straight, prepare or clear [a path] ;[also with pra-- tir-,or- ni-]to advance, promote, further ;with Causal of kḷp-,to face, turn opposite to ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praṇīta(pr/a--) mfn. led forwards, advanced, brought, offered, conveyed (especially to the altar, as fire or water or soma-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praṇītif. (pr/a--) conduct, leading, guidance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praṇutta(pr/a--) mfn. pushed away, repelled, set in motion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prapiṣṭamfn. (pr/a--) crushed or ground down View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prapluta(pr/a--) mfn. dipped in water View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāś( pra-- 2 -) P. pr/aśnāti- (rarely A1. nīte-), to eat, consume, devour, taste, enjoy etc. etc.: Causal prāśayati-, to cause to eat, feed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praśastif. (pr/a--) praise, fame, glorification etc. (tiṃ- dhā-,to bestow praise upon, value highly [with locative case ] ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasiddhamfn. (pr/a--) brought about, accomplished (a-pras-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praśiṣṭi, (pr/a--) f. injunction, command, order View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasitif. (pr/a--) (for 2.See below) a net for catching birds ( ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasitif. (pr/a--) (for 1.See above) onward rush, onset, attack, assault View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasṛtif. (pr/a--). streaming, flowing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praṣṭimat(pr/a-) mfn. having side-horses (as a chariot) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prastīrṇamfn. (pr/a--.) spread out, extended View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praṣṭivāhana(pr/a-) mfn. (a chariot) drawn (also) by side-horses, yoked (at least) with 3 horses View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prastuti(pr/a--) f. praise, eulogium View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasutamfn. (pr/a--) pressed or pressing continuously View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasūtamf(ā-)n. (pr/a--) procreated, begotten, born, produced, sprung ("by"or"from" ablative or genitive case;"in" locative case or compound; see ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasūti(pr/a--) f. (for 2.See below) instigation, order, permission View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasvanita(pr/a-.,fr. Causal) , sounding, roaring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratamāmind. (fr. 1. pr/a-) especially, particularly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prātarind. (fr. 1. pra-; pr/ātar- ) in the early morning. at daybreak, at dawn etc. (prātaḥ prātah-,every morning, ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratata(pr/a--) mfn. spread over, diffused, covered, filled View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prath cl.1 A1. () pr/athate- (rarely P. ti- exempli gratia, 'for example' imperfect tense 2. dual number /aprathatam- ; imperative prathantu- ; perfect tense paprathatuḥ- ;mostly A1. perfect tense paprath/e-, parasmE-pada paprathān/a- ; Aorist prathiṣṭa-, parasmE-pada prathān/a- ; future prathiṣyate-, prathitā- grammar), to spread, extend (intrans.; P.trans. and intrans.), become larger or wider, increase etc. ; to spread abroad (as a name, rumour etc.), become known or celebrated etc. ; to come to light, appear, arise ; to occur (to the mind) : Causal prath/ayati- (rarely te-; Aorist apaprathat- ; subjunctive papr/athat- ; paprathanta- ; pr/athayi- ), to spread, extend, increase etc. (prathayati-tarām- ; A1.intr. ) ; to spread abroad, proclaim, celebrate ; to unfold, disclose, reveal, show ; to extend over id est shine upon, give light to (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prathasvat(pr/athas--) mfn. wide, spacious View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratibuddha(pr/ati--) mfn. awakened, awake (also said of the Dawn) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratibuddha(pr/ati--) mfn. one who has attained to perfect knowledge (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratibuddha(pr/ati--) mfn. illuminated, enlightened View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratibuddha(pr/ati--) mfn. observed, recognized View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratibuddha(pr/ati--) mfn. known, celebrated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratibuddha(pr/ati--) mfn. made prosperous or great View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratidhāP. A1. -dadhāti-, -dhatte- (Ved. infinitive mood pr/ati-dhātave-), to put on or in or near or back, return, restore (locative case or dative case) ; to adjust (an arrow), aim ; to put to the lips (for drinking) ; to put down (the feet), step out ; to offer, present ; to use, employ ; to restrain ; (A1.) to commence, begin, approach View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratijñāta(pr/ati--) mfn. admitted, acknowledged View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratijñāta(pr/ati--) mfn. promised, agreed etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratijñāta(pr/ati--) mfn. declared, stated, asserted, proposed, alleged View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratijñāta(pr/ati--) mfn. agreeable, desirable View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratijñātārtha(pr/ati--) m. a statement, averment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratijṛA1. -jarate- (infinitive mood -jar/adhyai-), to roar (as fire) in the direction of, to call out to, salute (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratijūtivarpas(pr/ati--) mfn. assuming any form according to impulse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratīkavatmfn. (pr/atīka--) having an outward form or face or mouth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratināma(pr/ati--) ind. by name, mentioning the name View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratināmagrahaṇam(pr/ati--) ind. mentioning each individual name View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratināman(pr/ati--) mf(minī-)n. having corresponding names, related by name View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiprāś(pr/ati--) m. an opponent in controversy, adversary in a lawsuit (See prati-prach-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratīrṇamfn. (pr/a--) having put to sea View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisadṛkṣa (pr/ati--) mfn. similar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisadṛś(pr/ati--) mfn. similar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisamantam(pr/ati--) ind. on every side, everywhere View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiśatru(pr/ati--) m. an adversary, opponent, enemy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiṣṭhitamfn. (pr/ati-.) standing, stationed, placed, situated in or on (locative case or compound) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiṣṭhiti(pr/ati--) f. standing firmly, a firm stand or footing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratitijto emit heat or fire against or towards (only imperative pr/ati-tigdhi-and titig/ahi-,for which prati-tityagdhi-[!], and prati-tiṅḍhi-[!]) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prativeśa(pr/ati--or pratī--; see Va1rtt. 3) . mf(ā-)n. neighbouring, a neighbour etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prativeśa(pr/ati--or pratī--; see Va1rtt. 3) mf(ā-)n. auxiliary commentator or commentary View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prativeśa(pr/ati--or pratī--; see Va1rtt. 3) m.a neighbouring house View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prativeśatas(pr/ati--or pratī--; see Va1rtt. 3) ind. from the neighbourhood View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prativeśavāsin(pr/ati--or pratī--; see Va1rtt. 3) mf(-)n. living in the neighbourhood View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prativeśavāsin(pr/ati--or pratī--; see Va1rtt. 3) m.f. a neighbour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratta pr/a-tti- See pra--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratūrtif. (pr/a--) rapid or violent motion, haste, speed
pratvakṣonly in A1. pr. p. -tvakṣāṇ/a-, eminent, superior View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratvakṣas(pr/a--) mfn. energetic, vigorous, strong (Maruts and indra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyardhi(pr/aty--) mfn. (prob.) possessing or claiming half of, having equal claims, equal to (genitive case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyastamfn. (pr/aty--) thrown down, laid low View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyenas(pr/aty--) m. an officer of justice, punisher of criminals View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyenas(pr/aty--) m. a surety, the heir nearest of kin who is responsible for the debts of a deceased person View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyuṣṭa(pr/aty--) mfn. burnt or consumed one by one View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravadP. A1. -vadati-, te- (Ved. infinitive mood pr/a-vaditos-), to speak out, pronounce, proclaim, declare, utter, say, tell etc. ; to speak to (accusative) ; to raise the voice (said of birds and animals) ; to roar, splash (said of water) ; (see a-pravadat-) to assert, affirm, state ; to pronounce to be, call, name (2 accusative) etc. ; to offer for sale (with instrumental case of price) (varia lectio): Causal -vādayati-, to cause to sound, play (with accusative of the instrument) etc. ; (without an object) to play, make music (also -vādyati-,with act. meaning ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāvāhaṇim. (pr/ā--). patronymic fr. pra-vāhaṇa- etc. (wrong reading prāvahaṇi-and prāhaṇi-; see gaRa taulvaiy-ādi- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravanA1. -vanute- (Ved. infinitive mood pr/avantave-), to vanquish, conquer, gain, procure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravikta(pr/a-.) mfn. trembling, quaking View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravlīna(pr/a--) mfn. overwhelmed by pressure, crushed, sunk down View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravṛkta(pr/a--.) mfn. placed in or near the fire View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayajyu(pr/a--) mfn. worshipful, adorable (equals prakarṣeṇa pūjya- ;others "pressing onwards, rushing on") . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayakṣa(pr/a--) mfn. eager, strenuous (?) (equals pūjya- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayāman(pr/a--) n. setting out, start View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayasn. ( prī-) pleasure, enjoyment, delight (pr/āyase-,iv, 21, 7 equals pr/ayase-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayasn. object of delight, pleasant food or drink, dainties, libations (pr/ayāṃsi nad/īnām-,"refreshing waters") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāyasn. (for 1.See above) = 2. pr/ayas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāyaścittan. (pr/āyaś--;"predominant thought"or"thought of death"see ) atonement, expiation, amends, satisfaction ( as m.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāyaścittif. (pr/āyaś--) atonement, expiation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayastamfn. (pr/a--) bubbling over View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayastamfn. well cooked or prepared (see 2. pr/ayas-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayasvatmfn. (pr/ayas--) having or bestowing pleasant food, offering libations (svanto 'trayaḥ-Name of the authors of ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayatadakṣiṇamfn. (pr/ay-) one who has made presents (to the priests at a sacrifice), a giver, donor View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayatif. (pr/a--) offering, gift, donation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.