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346 results for p/a
     
Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
ā(with a preceding locative case) in, at, on (As an adverb after words expressing a number or degree) fully, really, indeed (exempli gratia, 'for example' tr/ir /ā div/as-,"quite or fully three times a day"; mahim/ā vām /indrāgnī p/aniṣṭha-, -,"your greatness, O indra- and agni-, is most praiseworthy indeed", etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhikṣip(only P. ; pr. p. -kṣip/at-) to fling at (as the lash of a whip at a horse) ; to excel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhipā -p/āti-, to guard ; to behold with attention : Causal P. -pālayati-, to protect, assist View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhīpam. or n. (fr. 2. /ap-with abh/i-; see anūp/a-), only in compound with View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhipare( i-), (Imper. 2. sg. -p/arehi-) to go away towards (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhiparyūh abh/i p/ary ūhate-, to carry or bring towards (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhiṣṭipām(Nominal verb -p/ā-)fn. protecting with assistance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhitṛpCaus. -tarpayati- (pr. p. f. plural -tarp/ayantīḥ- ) to satiate, refresh. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhivipaś -p/aśyati-, to look at, view ; to look hither View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyāp -āpn/oti-, to reach to, get, obtain : Causal -āp/ayati-, to bring to an end : Desiderative P. abhīpsati- (rarely A1. ), to strive to reach, ask for, desire View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyavahṛto throw down into water (accusative; ap/aḥ-or samudr/am-or hrad/am-) (see abhy-ava--) ; to bring near ; to take food, eat : Causal to cause to throw down (into water) ; to attack (as an enemy) ; to take food, eat ; to cause to eat View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyupāvahṛ -up/āva-hara-ti-, to bring or set down upon (accusative) ; to lower (as one's arms, bāh/ū-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyupāvṛt -up/ā-vartate- (also P. Aorist subjunctive 1. and 3. sg. -up/ā-vṛtam-, -up/ā-vṛtat-) to turn one's self or go towards (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ācaparācamf(ā-)n. (fr. /ā cap/arā ca-[ see exempli gratia, 'for example' ]; gaRa mayūravyaṃsakādi- q.v) moving towards and away from (see ācopaca-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhispardh(3. plural p. -sp/ardhante-and perf. -paspṛdhre-) to compete for an aim, strive at (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āgnipātnīvatīf. (scilicet ṛc-) the verse containing the words /agne p/atnīr- (id est ), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agrimavatīf. the verse (beginning with p/avasva- vāc-/ o- agriy-/ aḥ-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ahaḥpatim. equals aharp/ati- q.v commentator or commentary View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ajam. Name of indra-, of rudra-, of one of the marut-s ([ aj/a /eka-p/ā- aj/a /eka-pāda- ]), of agni-, of the sun, of brahmā-, of viṣṇu-, of śiva-, of kāma- (see 2. a-ja-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣātivāpam. equals akṣāvāp/a- below View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣavāpa equals akṣāvāp/a- below View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅgurif. a toe (see an-aṅguri-, p/añcāṅguri-, sv-aṅgur/i-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anipadyamāna([ a-nip/adyamāna- ]) mfn. not falling down (to sleep), untiring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anupare( -parā-i-), (Imper. 2. sg. -p/arehi-; imperfect tense -p/araīt-) to follow in walking off View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anuparī( i-), -pary-eti- (3. plural -p/ari-yanti- ,irreg. -paryanti- ), to follow in going round, to make the round of.
apn. (genitive case ap/as-), work (according to ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apador /a-pad- ([only ]) mfn. Nominal verb (m.) a-p/ād- (f.) a-p/ād- ([ ]) or a-p/adī- ([ ]), footless View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apādSee a-p/ad-, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apāj( aj-), (imperfect tense -ājat-;p. ap/ājat-;Imper. 2. sg. -aja-) to drive away View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apākṛto remove, drive away, (Vedic or Veda infinitive mood ap/ākartoḥ-) ; to cast off, reject, desist from etc. ; to select for a present ; to reject (an opinion). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apapare( i-), (perf. 1. sg. /apa p/areto asmi-; /apa asmi-may also be taken by itself as fr. 1. apās-) to go off View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aparamf(ā-)n. inferior, lower (opposed to p/ara-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apasmfn. (fr. 2. /ap-), watery. (So some passages of the ṛg-veda- [ ] may (according to and others) be translated where the word is applied to the running watersSee 2. ap/as-at end and ap/as-tama-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apaspatiSee 2. ap/as-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apastamamfn. (ap/as--) (superl.) , most active View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apastamaSee 2. ap/as-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āphaṇ Intensive -p/anīphaṇat- () to skip, jump View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apūpakam. () = apūp/a-, a cake etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apūpanābhi(apūp/a--) m. having a navel consisting of a cake View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apūpavat(apūp/a--) mfn. accompanied with cake View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apūpikāf. () = apūp/a-, a cake etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arvākind. (gaRa svar-ādi- q.v) hither, (opposite to p/arāk-, par/as-, parastāt-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aryamanm. Name of an āditya- (who is commonly invoked together with varuṇa- and mitra-, also with bhaga-, bṛhaspati-, and others;he is supposed to be the chief of the Manes etc., the milky way is called his path[ aryamṇ/aḥ p/anthāḥ- ];he presides over the nakṣatra- uttaraphalgunī- ;his name is used to form different male names ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ātṛpP. (subjunctive 3. plural -tṛp/an- sg. p/at-) to be satisfied : Causal (imperative 2. dual number -tarpayethām-) to satisfy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avakṣip -kṣipati- (subjunctive -kṣi p/at- ; parasmE-pada -kṣip/at- mfn. ) to throw down, cause to fly down or away, hurl etc. ; to revile (varia lectio apa-for ava) ; to grant, yield Caus. (Aorist subjunctive 3. plural -cikṣipan-) to cause to fall down View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avapad -padyate- (subjunctive P. -padāti- ; preceding A1.3. sg. -padīṣṭa- ; Aorist subjunctive A1.3. sg. -pādi- ; Vedic or Veda infinitive mood (ablative) -p/adas- ) Vedic or Veda to fall down, glide down into (accusative) etc. ; (Imper. A1.3. plural -padyantām-; subjunctive P.2. sg. -patsi-; Potential P.1. sg. -padyeyam-) to drop from (ablative), be deprived of (ablative) ; (subjunctive A1.1. sg. -padyai-) to fall, meet with an accident ; (future 3. plural -patsyanti-) to throw down : Causal (Imper. 2. sg. -pādaya-; ind.p. -pādya-) to cause to glide or go down View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avapākamfn. having no momentum (see vap/ā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avapaśP. -paśyati- (2. plural -paśyata-; parasmE-pada -p/aśyat-) to look down upon (accusative) : A1. -paśyate-, to look upon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaramf(ā-)n. preceding (with ablative,opposed to p/ara-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaspṛ(Aorist subjunctive -sp/arat-,2. sg. -spar-,Imper. 2. sg. -spṛdhi-and 2. dual number -spṛtam-) to defend, preserve from (ablative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avastham. membrum virile (see up/a-stha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bīśaSee p/aḍ-bīśa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmaṇaspatim. (fr. brahmaṇas- genitive case of brahman-+ p-) equals b/ṛhas-p/ati- etc. ( brahmaṇaspatisūkta -kta- n.Name of work) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaspatipraṇutta(bṛhas-p/ati-.) mfn. expelled by bṛhaspati- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaspatiprasūta(bṝhas-p/ati--) mfn. enjoined by bṛhaspati- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaspatisuta(b/ṛhas-p/ati--) mfn. pressed out (as soma- juice) by bṛhas-pati- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
carṣaṇif. plural "cultivators (opposed to nomads)", men, people, race (p/añca c- equals p kṛṣṭ/ayas-(q.v), ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citikāf. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' "a layer" See p/añca-- and s/apta-citika- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citīka(in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' after numerals ),"a layer" See /eka--, tr/i--, p/añca--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dakṣiṇāgnim. the southern fire of the altar (= anvāhārya-p/acana-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
damm. p/atir d/an- (genitive case sg.) equals d/am-patis-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
damm. p/ati d/an- equals d/am-patī-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daṃsupatnī(d/aṃsu--) f. having a powerful lord (see Va1rtt. 1 ) , iv, 19, 7 and (d/aṃsu-p/at-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dānun. a fluid, drop, dew (nas p/atī- m.du, Name of mitra-- varuṇa- or of the aśvin-s ; see ārdr/a--, jīr/a--). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
davīyasind. d/avīyasi p/aras-, in a more remote time View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmann. practice, custom, mode, manner (dh/armaṇā-, mabhis-; maṇas p/ari-in regular order, naturally; svāya dhar maṇe-at one's own pleasure; dharmaṇi-with the permission of, /adhi dh-against the will of [gen.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhe cl.1 P. () dh/ayati- etc. (perfect tense dadhau-,3. plural dh/ur- ; Aorist -adhāt- ; adhāsīt-or adadhat- ; preceding dheyāt-, ; future dhāsyati- , dhātā- grammar; dative case infinitive mood dh/ātave- ; ind.p. dhītv/ā-and -dh/īya- ; -dhāya- grammar) to suck, drink, suck or drink in, take to one's self, absorb, appropriate etc. etc.: Passive voice dhīyate- grammar : Causal dhāp/ayāte- (confer, compare Va1rtt. 1 ) to give suck, nourish ; ti- (confer, compare anu-- dhe-) ; Aorist adīdhapat- grammar : Desiderative dhitsati- : Intensive dedhīyate-, dādheti-, and dādhāti- grammar ([ confer, compare Greek , ; Latin fe1-lare; Gothic dadd-jan; German ta1-an,ta1-jan.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhūpayaNom. P. p/ayati-, to fumigate, perfume etc. ; (astrology) to obscure with mist, be about to eclipse ; to speak or to shine View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīp cl.4 A1. dīpyate- (dīpy/ate- , dipyati- perfect tense didīpe- ; future dīpiṣyate-, dīpitā-; Aorist adīpi-, adipiṣṭa- infinitive mood dipitum- ) to blaze, flare, shine, be luminous or illustrious etc. ; glow, burn (also with anger ): Causal dip/ayati-, te- Aorist adīdipat- or adidipat- () to kindle, set on fire, inflame ; illuminate, make illustrious etc. ; excite, rouse : Desiderative didīpiṣate-: Intensive dedīpyate-, to blaze fiercely, shine intensely, be very bright ; parasmE-pada dedīpyantī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
diyan. diy/ānām p/ati- lord of gifts, a very liberal man. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvaipamf(ī-)n. (fr. dvīp/a-) being or living or happening on an island, an islander View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvipadmfn. (or dv/i-- ) (m. p/ād- ) (f. p/adī- , or pād- gaRa kumbha-pady-ādi-) (n. p/ād-or pād- ) , two footed, bipedal, biped (m.man; n. sg. men, mankind) etc.
dyūnamfn. (fr.1.and2. div-) lamenting, sorrowful (see p/ari--) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekapādan. Name of a country (see eka-p/ad-, column 2.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
etṛmfn. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' one who goes (see p/arāparaitṛ-etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaupam. patronymic fr. go-p/a- (for go-pa-?). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaupāyanam. plural the descendants of go-p/a- (or gaupa- ) (gop-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gavāmpatim. (g/avām p/ati- )"cow-lord" , a bull View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gayasphāti(g/aya--) f. for p/aya-sph- (= p/ayaḥ-sph-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
girim. (for gari-, Zend gairi confer, compare gur/u-, g/arīyas-; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' ) a mountain, hill, rock, elevation, rising-ground (often connected with p/arvata-,"a mountain having many parts"[ confer, compare p/arvan-] ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gopāf. (/ās-) a female guardian (see gop/a- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order, /a--, dev/a--, vāy/u--, saha--, s/oma--, su-gop/ā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gopam. (equals -p/ā- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order g/o-) a cowherd, herdsman, milkman (considered as a man of mixed caste ) (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-)., ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gopājihvamfn. "having (the tongue id est) the voice of a cowherd " [the proposes to read gop/ājihm/asya-instead of gop/ā-jihvasya-] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gopāputraSee go-p/ā- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order g/o-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gopatim. Name of a deva-gandharva- (see go-p/a-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gopāvatSee s. v. -p/ā-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gopayacaus. fr. gup- or Nom. P. A1. (fr. gop/a-; see gup-) yati-, yate- (Aorist Ved. 2. dual number ajūgupatam- ), to guard, protect, preserve (Passive voice gopyaṭe-, ) ; to keep ; to hide, conceal, keep secret ; "to speak"or"to shine" (see abhi--, pra--, saṃ--.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gopāyaNom. P. (fr. go-p/ā-; see gup-) y/ati- (see ; Aorist agopāyīt- ), to represent a cowherd, act like a herdsman ; to guard, protect, preserve etc. ; to hide, conceal (Passive voice gopāyyate-) : Causal gopāyayati-, to preserve, protect (see abhi--, pari--.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
goṣṭham. ap/āṃ g-, a water-vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṛbhimfn. (see g/arbha-) holding, containing (with genitive case) (see p/aḍ--; dur-g/ṛbhi-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gulpham. (equals kulph/a-; gal- ) the ancle etc. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).[ ] ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haviṣpāntīyamfn. beginning with hav/iṣ-p/āntam- () (varia lectio haviṣyantīya-).
idind. indeed, assuredly (especially, in strengthening an antithesis, exempli gratia, 'for example' y/athā v/aśanti dev/ās t/ah/ed asat-,as the gods wish it, thus indeed it will be ; d/ipsanta /id rip/avo n/āha debhuḥ-,the enemies wishing indeed to hurt were in nowise able to hurt ). id- is often added to words expressing excess or exclusion (exempli gratia, 'for example' viśva it-,every one indeed; śaśvad it-,constantly indeed; eka it-,one only) . At the beginning of sentences it often adds emphasis to pronouns, prepositions, particles (exempli gratia, 'for example' tvam it-,thou indeed; yadi it-,if indeed, etc.) id- occurs often in the ṛg-- veda- and atharva-- veda-, seldom in the brāhmaṇa-s, and its place is taken in classical Sanskrit by eva- and other particles. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jagatpatim. the lord of the world (tas p/ati- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jaṃhasn. see kṛṣṇ/a--, raghu-p/ama--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
janam. (gaRa vṛṣādi-) creature, living being, man, person, race (p/añca j/anās-,"the five races"equals p kṛṣṭ/ayas- ), people, subjects (the sg. used collectively exempli gratia, 'for example' d/aivya-or divy/ā j-,"divine race", the gods collectively ; mahat j-,many people ;often in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' denoting one person or a number of persons collectively, exempli gratia, 'for example' preṣya--, bandhu--, sakhī--etc., qq. vv.;with names of peoples ; ayaṃ- janaḥ-,"this person, these persons", I, we etc.; eṣa j-,id . ) etc.
jman see /upa--, uru--, dvi-b/arha--, pṛthu--, p/ari--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kauṇḍinīf. of nya- See p/ārāśarī-kauṇḍinī-p/utra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kenipam. a sage (see āke-nip/a-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kḷp cl.1 A1. k/alpate- (; perf. cakḷpe-,3. plural cākḷpr/e- future kalpiṣyate-and kalpsy-[3. dual number kalpsyete- ; vv.ll. kḷps-and klaps-],or kalpsyati-; Conditional akalpiṣyata-,or lpsyat-; 1st future kalpitā-or kalptā-[see ]; Aorist akḷpta-or pat-; proper and perf. only A1. ), to be well ordered or regulated, be well managed, succeed etc. ; to bear suitable relation to anything, correspond, be adapted to, in accordance with, suitable to (instrumental case) etc. ; to be fit for (locative case) ; to accommodate one's self to, be favourable to, subserve, effect (with dative case) etc. ; to partake of (dative case) etc. ; to fall to the share, be shared or partaken by (locative case dative case or genitive case exempli gratia, 'for example' yajñ/o dev/eṣu kalpatām-,"let the sacrifice be shared by the gods") ; to become (with Nominal verb) ; (with dative case [ Va1rtt. 2 ] ) ; to happen, occur ; to prepare, arrange ; to produce, cause, effect, create (with accusative) ; to declare as, consider as (with double accusative) (perf. p. kḷptavat-): Causal P. A1. kalp/ayati-, te-, (Aorist acīkḷpat-or cākḷpat-[ ] subjunctive cīkḷpāti- ), to set in order, arrange, distribute, dispose ; to bring into suitable connection with ; to prepare, arrange etc. ; to fit out, furnish with (instrumental case) ; to help any one in obtaining anything (dative case or locative case or genitive case) ; to fix, settle ; to declare as, consider as (with double accusative exempli gratia, 'for example' mātaram enāṃ kalpayantu-,"let them consider her as their mother" ) etc. ; to make, execute, bring about etc. ; to frame, form, invent, compose (as a poem etc.), imagine ; to perform (as a ceremony etc.) ; to trim, cut ; (in Prakrit) ; to pronounce a formula or verse which contains the kḷp- : Desiderative cikḷpsati- or cikalpiṣate- ; ([ confer, compare Gothic hilpa; English help; German helfe; Lithuanian gelbmi.])
kṛpf. (only instrumental case kṛp/ā-) beautiful appearance, beauty, splendour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛp cl.6 A1. kṛpate- (imperfect tense akṛ-panta-; Aorist 3. plural akṛpran-and cakṛp/anta-,3. sg. akrapiṣṭa-; pr. p. k/ṛpamāṇa-), to mourn, long for (accusative) ; to lament, implore : cl.10 P. kṛpayati- (imperfect tense akṛpayat-; parasmE-pada kṛp/ayat- genitive case sg. m. kṛpayat/as- ), to mourn, grieve, lament (with accusative) ; to pity ; to be weak (see kṛpāya-and krap-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛpaṇaNom. A1. (3. plural kṛp/aṇanta-) to long for, desire View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛpanīḷamfn. (for kṛp/ā-n-) one whose home is splendour, dwelling in splendour (Name of agni-) (["the support of sacred rites" ]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṭif. plural (once only sg. ) men, races of men (sometimes with the epithet m/ānuṣīs-[ ] or n/āhuṣīs-[ ] or mānav/īs-[ ]; see carṣaṇ/i-;originally the word may have meant cultivated ground, then an inhabited land, next its inhabitants, and lastly any race of men; indra- and agni- have the N. r/ājā-or p/atiḥ kṛṣṭīn/ām-;the term p/añca kṛṣṭ/ayas-,perhaps originally designating the five Aryan tribes of the yadu-s, turvaśa-s, druhyu-s, anu-s, and pūru-s, comprehends the whole human race, not only the Aryan tribes) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtvasind. at the end of a numeral or numeral adjective, -fold, times (exempli gratia, 'for example' daśa-kṛtvas-,ten times; bahu-k-,many times; pañca-k-,fivefold ) . In the veda- k/ṛtvas- is used as a separate word (exempli gratia, 'for example' bh/ūri k-,many times ; p/añca k- ) , but according to () it is only an affix, and it is so used in classical Sanskrit View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣai cl.1 P. kṣāyati-, to burn, catch or take fire ; = 4. kṣi- : Causal kṣāpayati- (imperative kṣāp/aya-), to singe, burn View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣamāf. for kṣap/ā- (night) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣapāf. (;for 1. ksk-See 4. kṣ/ap-) night (instrumental case plural p/ābhis-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣetran. (2. kṣi-) landed property, land, soil (kṣ/etrasya p/ati-,"lord of the soil", Name of a kind of tutelary deity ;also kṣ/etrasya p/atnī-,"mistress of the soil", and kṣ/etrāṇām p/ati-,"the lord of the soil", Name of tutelary deities ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣetrapatim. equals kṣ/etrasya p/ati- (See s. v. kṣ/etra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣip cl.6 P. kṣip/ati- A1. kṣipate- ( etc.; cl.4 P. kṣipyati-,only ; subjunctive kṣip/at-; perf. cikṣepa- etc.; Epic also cikṣipe-; future 2nd kṣepsyati- etc.; Epic also te-; infinitive mood kṣeptum-; confer, compare ), to throw, cast, send, despatch (Passive voice pr. p. kṣipyat-, ) etc. ; to move hastily (the arms or legs) ; to throw a glance (as the eye) ; to strike or hit (with a weapon) ; to put or place anything on or in (locative case), pour on, scatter, fix or attach to (locative case) etc. ; to direct (the thoughts) upon (locative case) ; to throw away, cast away, get rid of ; to lay (the blame) on (locative case) ; to utter abusive words, insult, revile, abuse etc. ; "to disdain" id est to excel, beat, outvie ; to strike down, ruin, destroy ; (A1."to destroy one another, go to ruin" Potential 3. plural kṣiperan- ) ; to pass or while away (the time or night, kālam-, kṣapām-) ; to lose (time, kālam-; confer, compare kālakṣepa-) ; to skip or pass over (a day, dinam-.) ; (in mathematics) to add : Causal P. kṣepayati-, to cause to cast or throw into (antar-) ; to throw into ; to cause to descend into (locative case) ; to pass or while away (the night, kṣapām-) ; (Aorist subjunctive 2. sg. cikṣipas-) to hurt, injure (confer, compare subjunctive kṣepayat- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order 2. kṣi-); ([ confer, compare Latin sipo,dissipo,forxipo.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣipam. (for kṣap/ā-) night commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣiptāf. (for kṣap/ā-) night View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulpham. (equals gulph/a-;3. kal- ) the ankle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kup cl.4 P. A1. kupyati-, te- (perf. cukopa-), to be moved or excited or agitated ; to swell, heave or boil with rage or emotion, be angry, be angry with (dative case;also genitive case,once[ ] accusative;or with upari-and genitive case exempli gratia, 'for example' tasmai-or tasya-or tasyopari cukopa-,he was angry with him) etc.: Causal P. kop/ayati-, to move, shake, agitate ; P. A1. kopayati-, te-, to cause to swell with anger, provoke, make angry ; ([ confer, compare Latin cupio; English hope; German hoffe.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kūpam. (fr. 1. ku-and /ap-?; see anūp/a-, dvīp/a-), a hole, hollow, cave etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lip (cf rip-) cl.6.1.P. A1. () limp/ati-, te- (perfect tense lilepa-. etc.; Aorist alipat- ; alispata-, alipta- grammar; -alipsata- ; future lepta1-, lepsyati-, te- grammar; infinitive mood leptum- ; ind.p. -lipya- etc.) , to smear, besmear, anoint with (instrumental case), stain, soil, taint, pollute, defile etc. ; to inflame, kindle, burn : Passive voice lipyate- (Epic also ti-; Aorist alepi-), to be smeared etc. ; to be attached to (locative case), stick, adhere : ; Causal lepayati- (Aorist alīlipat-), to cause to smear etc. ; to smear or anoint anything (accusative) with (instrumental case) or on (locative case) ; to cover ; to cast blame on any one ; (limpayati-), to smear anything (accusative) with (instrumental case): Desiderative lilipsati-, te- grammar : Intensive leliyate-, lelepti- [ confer, compare Greek , Latin lippus; Lithuanian li4pti; Gothic bileiban; Germ,bili4ian,bli7ben,bleiben,leben,Leib; Anglo-Saxon libban; English live,life.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lokam. the earth or world of human beings etc. etc. (ay/aṃ lok/aḥ-,"this world"; as/au-or p/aro lok/aḥ-,"that or the other world"; loke-or iha- loke-,"here on earth", opp. to para-tra-, para-loke-etc.; kṛtsne- loke-,"on the whole earth") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lup (see rup-), cl.6. P. A1. () lump/ati-, te- (perfect tense lulopa-, lulupe- etc.; Aorist alupat-, alupta- grammar; preceding, lopsiya- ; loptā-, lopsyati-, te- grammar; infinitive mood loptum- ; ind.p. luptvā- etc.; -l/upya- ; -l/umpam- ; lopaṃ- ), to break, violate, hurt, injure, spoil ; to seize, fall or pounce upon (accusative) ; to rob, plunder, steal ; to cheat (said of a merchant) ; to take away, suppress, waste, cause to disappear ; to elide, erase, omit (a letter, word etc.) ; cl.4 P. lupyati- (perfect tense lulopa-; future lopitā-, lopiṣyati-,etc.) , to disturb, bewilder, perplex, confound : Passive voice lupy/ate- ( l/upyate-; Aorist alopi-), to be broken etc. etc. ; to be wasted or destroyed ; (in gram.) to be suppressed or lost or elided, disappear ; to be confounded or bewildered : Causal lopayati-, te- (Aorist alūlupat- ; alulopat- grammar; Passive voice lopyate-), to cause to break or violate, cause to swerve from (ablative) ; to break, violate, infringe, neglect etc. ; (A1.) to cause to disappear, efface : Desiderative lulupsati- or lulopiṣati-, te- grammar : Intensive lolopti- (parasmE-pada lolupat-), to confound, bewilder, perplex ; lolupyate- equals garirhitaṃ- lumpati- ; to be greedy, in a-lolupyamāna- q.v ([For cognate wordsSee under rup-.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ind. in the veda- often with u- (m/o-) = and not, nor (exempli gratia, 'for example' m/ā magh/onaḥ p/ari khyatam m/oasm/ākam /ṛṣṇām-,do not forget the rich lords nor us the poets ;and then usually followed by ṣ/u- equals s/u- exempli gratia, 'for example' mo ṣ/u ṇaḥ n/irṛtir vadhīt-,let not nirṛtir- on any account destroy us, ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhupāmfn. equals -p/a-. mfn. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manīṣāf. thought, reflection, consideration, wisdom, intelligence, conception, idea (p/aro manīṣ/ayā-,beyond all conception) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mlai cl.1 P. () mlāyati- (Epic also te-and mlāti-; perfect tense mamlau- ; mamle- ; Aorist amlāsīt-,2. sg. mlāsīḥ- ; preceding mlāyāt-,or mleyāt- ; future mlātā-, mlāsyati- grammar; Conditional amlāsyatām- , syetām- ; infinitive mood mlātum- grammar), to fade, wither, decay, vanish etc. ; to be languid or exhausted or dejected, have a worn appearance : Causal mlāp/ayati-, to cause to wither or fade, enfeeble, make languid ; mlapayati-, to crush View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nabhorūpam. (rūp/a-) Name of a mythic. being View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nānārūpamfn. multiform, manifold. etc. ( nānārūpatā p/a-- f. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nipādam. (fr. p/āda-) low ground, a valley View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nṛbhartṛm. equals -p/ati- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cl.1 P. () p/ibati- (Ved. and Epic also A1. te-; rarely pipati-, te- ) cl.2. pāti-, pāth/as-, pānti- ; parasmE-pada A1. papān/a- , p/ipāna- (perfect tense P. pap/au-,2. sg. papātha- ; papitha- ; papīyāt- ; p. papiv/as- ; A1. pape-, papire- ; p. papān/a- ; Aorist or imperfect tense apāt- [ confer, compare ] ; 3. plural apuḥ-[?] ; -pāsta- ; preceding 3. sg. peyās- ; future pāsyati-, te- etc.; pātā- grammar; ind.p. pītv/ā- etc., tvī- ; -pāya- etc.; -pīya- ; pāyam- ; infinitive mood p/ibadhyai- ; pātum- etc.; p/ātave- ; p/ātava/ī- ), to drink, quaff, suck, sip, swallow (with accusative,rarely genitive case) etc. ; (met.) to imbibe, draw in, appropriate, enjoy, feast upon (with the eyes, ears etc.) etc. ; to drink up, exhaust, absorb ; to drink intoxicating liquors : Passive voice pīy/ate- etc. etc.: Causal pāyayati-, te- (perfect tense pāyayām āsā- ; Aorist apīpyat- ; ind.p. pāyayitvā- ; infinitive mood p/āyayitav/ai- ), to cause to drink, give to drink, water (horses or cattle) etc. etc.: Desiderative pipāsati- ( also pipīṣati-), to wish to drink, thirst : Desiderative of Causal pipāyayiṣati-, to wish or intend to give to drink : Intensive pepīyate- (parasmE-pada yamāna-also with pass meaning) , to drink greedily or repeatedly [ confer, compare Greek; AEolic = ; Latin pa1-tus,po1tum,biboforpi-bo; Slavonic or Slavonian pi-ja,pi-ti] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cl.2 P. () p/āti- (imperative pāh/i-; pr. p. P. p/āt- A1. pān/a- ; perfect tense papau- grammar; Aorist apāsīt- subjunctive pāsati- ; future pāsyati-, pātā- grammar; preceding pāyāt- ; infinitive mood pātum- ), to watch, keep, preserve ; to protect from, defend against (ablative) etc. ; to protect (a country) id est rule, govern ; to observe, notice, attend to, follow : Causal pālayati- See pāl-: Desiderative pīpāsati- grammar : Intensive pāpāyate-, pāpeti-, pāpāti- [ confer, compare Zend pa1,paiti; Greek , , etc.; Latin pa-sco,pa-bulum; Lithuanian pe0-mu4] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pac cl.1 P. A1. () p/acati-, te- (cl.4. A1. p/acyate- confer, compare below; parasmE-pada pacāna- [ confer, compare kim-pacāna-]; perfect tense papāca-[2. sg. papaktha-or pecitha- ], pecur-; pece-, pecire-[ /apeciran-, ; peciran- on ]; Aorist p/akṣat- ; apākṣīt-, apakta- grammar; preceding pacyāt- ; future pakṣyati-, te-or paktā- ; ind.p. paktv/ā- ; infinitive mood p/aktave- ; paktum-, ), to cook, bake, roast, boil (A1.also "for one's self") etc. ; (with double accusative) to cook anything out of (exempli gratia, 'for example' tandulān odanam pacati-,"he cooks porridge out of rice-grains") ; to bake or burn (bricks) ; to digest ; to ripen, mature, bring to perfection or completion etc. ; (with double accusative) to develop or change into (exempli gratia, 'for example' puṇyāpuṇyaṃ sukhāsukham-,"merit and demerit into weal or woe") ; (intrans.) to become ripe or mature : Passive voice pacy/ate- (ti- ; Aorist apāci- grammar), to be cooked or burnt or melted or digested or ripened or developed etc. ; to be tormented ; also intrans. equals p/acyate- (confer, compare above) , to become ripe or mature, to develop or ripen (with accusative of the fruit that is borne or ripens ; confer, compare Va1rtt. 14 ; lok/aḥ p/acyamānaḥ-,"the developing world") : Causal pācayati-, te- (Aorist apīpacat- grammar; Passive voice pācyate-, parasmE-pada cyamāna- ) ; to cause to cook or be cooked (A1."for one's self") , to have cooked or to cook etc. (confer, compare ) ; to cause to ripen ; to bring to completion or to an end, cure, heal : Desiderative pipakṣati- grammar : Intensive pāpacīti- grammar ; pāpacyate-, to be much cooked, to cook very much or burn excessively, to be much afflicted : Desiderative of Intensive pāpacishati-, te- grammar ([ confer, compare Greek for ; Latin coquo; Slavonic or Slavonian peka,pes8ti.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pacanan. (p/ac-) a means or instrument for cooking. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pad cl.4 A1. () padyate- (ti- ; Potential padyām- ; imperative patsva- ; perfect tense papāda- ; pede- ; Aorist apadmahi-, dran- [ subjunctive padāti- ]; apatsi-, patthās- ; preceding padīṣṭ/a- ; future patsyati- ; te- ; pattā- grammar; infinitive mood p/attave- ; tos-, tum- ; -p/adas- ; ind.p. -p/adya- ; -p/ādam- ), to fall, fall down or out, perish ; to go, resort or apply to, participate in (accusative), keep, observe : Causal pād/ayati-, te-, to cause to fall (Passive voice pādyate- ; Desiderative pipādayiṣati- etc.) ; padayate-, to go : Desiderative pitsate- : Intensive panīpadyate- ; panīpadīti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
padm. (in strong cases p/ād-; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(pad-or padī-).) a foot (padā-, padbhyām-and bhis-,also"on foot" etc.; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' also"sticking to the feet of"; see śrī-viṣṇu-padī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pādavat(p/āda--) mfn. having foot View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paḍgṛbhi(p/aḍ--) m. Name of a demon or a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paḍviṃśan. (p/aḍ--) a fetter, (especially) a fetter for the foot of a horse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pākabāli(p/ā-) m. (prob.) equals -yajña- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pākasthāman(p/āka-) m. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paktif. ( p/akti-) cooking, preparing food (anna-p-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
palāy (fr. palā- equals parā-and ay- equals i-; see ) A1. p/alāyate- etc. (Epic also P.; perfect tense palāyāṃ cakre- ; Aorist apalāyiṣṭa- ; future palāyiṣyate- ; ti- ; ind.p. palāyya- etc.; infinitive mood palāyitum- ) ; to flee, fly, run away, escape, cease, vanish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
palitamf(ā-,or p/aliknī- Va1rtt. 1. 2 ) n. grey, hoary, old, aged etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paṇ cl.1 A1. () p/aṇate- (Epic also ti-; perfect tense peṇe- grammar; Aorist apaṇiṣṭa- ; future paṇiṣyate-, ṇitā- ), to honour, praise ; to barter, purchase, buy ; to negotiate, bargain ; to bet, stake, lay a wager, play for (with genitive case [ exempli gratia, 'for example' prāṇā-nām- ; see ]or accusative [ exempli gratia, 'for example' kṛṣṇāṃ-] ) ; to risk or hazard (as a battle) ; to win anything (instrumental case) from (accusative) : Causal paṇayati- (Aorist apīpaṇat-), to negotiate, bargain (cf. paṇāya-and pan-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pan cl.1 A1. p/anate- (perfect tense -papana-, papn/e- Aorist 3. sg. paniṣṭa-), to be worthy of admiration or to admire (accusative) : Passive voice pany/ate- : Causal pan/ayati-, te-, to regard with surprise or wonder, to admire, praise, acknowledge ; (A1.) to rejoice at, be glad of (genitive case) (see paṇ-; paṇāya-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcabila(p/a-) mfn. having 5 openings View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcacatvāriṃśat(p/a-) f. 45 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcacitīka pañcacitika (p/a-) mfn. piled up in 5 tiers or layers View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcacitika pañcacitīka (p/a-) mfn. piled up in 5 tiers or layers View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcacūḍamf(ā-)n. (p/a-) having 5 protuberances (see f.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcadaśan(p/a-) mfn. plural (genitive case śānām- ; instrumental case śabhis- ) 15 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcahotṛmfn. (p/a-) attended by 5 priests (?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāñcajanya(p/ā-) mf(ā-)n. relating to the 5 races of men, containing or extending over them etc. etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcan plural (said to be fr.1. pac-,to spread out the hand with its five fingers; Nominal verb accusative p/añca-[ pañc/a-]; instrumental case c/abhis-; dative case ablative c/abhyas-; locative case c/asu-[Class. also, cabhis-, cabhy/as-, cas/u- confer, compare ]; genitive case cān/ām-) five etc. (confer, compare under indriya-, kṛṣṭi-, carṣaṇi-, jana-, bhūta-, mātra-, yajña-, svasṛ-etc.) ; sg. Name of ([ confer, compare Zend pan5can; Greek , AEolic ; Latin quinque; Lithuanian penki4; Gothic fimf; German fünf; Anglo-Saxon fif; English five.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcanāmanmf(mnī-)n. (p/a-) hiving 5 names View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcapadamf(ā-)n. (p/a-) containing 5 pada-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcapādamfn. (p/a-) 5-footed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcapañcāśat(p/a-) f. 55 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcapañcin(p/a-) mfn. fivefold View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcaraśmi(p/añca--) mfn. (a chariot) having 5 strings or traces View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcaśala(p/a-) m. or n. (?) a distance of 5 sala-s (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcatrinśat(p/a-), 35 chapter of View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcavidhamfn. (p/añca--or pañc/a--) of 5 kinds, fivefold View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcayāmamfn. (p/a-) having 5 courses (as a sacrifice) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāṇḍaravāsas(p/ā-) mfn. white-robed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
panyasmfn. equals p/anīyas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāpamf(ī-older than ā-; see ) ( also p/āpa-) n. bad, vicious, wicked, evil, wretched, vile, low etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāpanāman(pāp/a--) mfn. having a bad name View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāpaparājita(pāp/a--) mfn. ignominiously defeated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāpayaNom. A1. (only p/āpayiṣṭa-), to suffer a person to fall into misery on account of (ablative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paramf(ā-)n. (1. pṛ-; ablative sg. m. n. p/arasmāt-, rāt-; locative case p/arasmin-, re-; Nominal verb plural m. p/are-, rās-, rāsas-; see ) far, distant, remote (in space), opposite, ulterior, farther than, beyond, on the other or farther side of, extreme View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parābhūtamfn. (p/arā--) vanished, perished, forlorn (see /a-parābh-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parābhūti(p/arā--) f. defeat, overthrow, humiliation, injury View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parāgagatamfn. (p/arā--) gone, deceased View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parāhanP. -hanti- (imperfect tense 2. 3. sg. p/arāhan- perfect tense 3. plural parā-jaghn/ur-), to strike down or away, hurl down, overthrow ; to touch, feel, grope View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parāhatamfn. (p/arā--) turned over, tilled (the earth) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paraḥsahasra(; p/araḥ-sahasra- ) mf(ā-)n. plural more than 1000. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paraḥsāmanmfn. (p/a-) having superfluous or surplus sāman-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parājita(p/arā--) mfn. conquered, defeated, overthrown, cast (in a lawsuit), condemned by law View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parākrāntamfn. (p/arā--) advanced, valorous, strong, bold, active, energetic etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paramamf(ā-)n. (superl. of p/ara-) most distant, remotest, extreme, last etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parāmṛṣṭamfn. (p/arā--) seized or laid hold of, grasped, handled, touched, felt, roughly treated, violated, afflicted (by disease etc.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parāṅmanas(p/ar-) mfn. having the mind or thoughts directed backwards View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parāparaitṛ(p/arāp-) mfn. going after another, going in a line (to the next world) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parāpatP. -patati-, to fly away or past, escape, depart etc. ; to fall out, fail, be missing ; to fly or rush along ; to fly towards, approach, arrive : Causal -pātayati-, to drive away ; -p/ātam- ind.p. flying away View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pārāśarīf. (p/ārā--) patronymic of parāśara- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pārāśarīputram. (p/ā-) Name of a teacher View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pārāśaryam. (p/ārā--) patronymic fr. parā-śara- (Name of vyāsa-) etc. (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pārāśaryāyaṇa(p/ārā--) m. patronymic fr. pārā-śarya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parastātind. (p/ar-) further away, further on, towards (opp. to avastāt-, arvāk-;with genitive case) beyond, above etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parāvadh(only Aorist -avadhīt-, -vadhīt-), to strike down, crush, tear (p/arā-parā vadhīt-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parāvṛkta(p/arā--) mfn. rejected, cast off View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parāyāP. -yāti-, to go away : Causal -yāp/ayati-, to bid go away View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pare( parā-i-;for 1.See) P. paraiti- (imperative 2. 3. sg. p/arehi-, paraitu-; pr. p. parā-y/at-; ind.p. paretya-), to go or run away, go along, go towards (accusative) etc. ; to depart, die ; to reach, attain, partake of (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parekṣ equals parā-īkṣ- (Potential p/arekṣeta-; ind.p. parekṣya-), to look at (anything at one's side) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pareṇaSee under 1. p/ara-, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pariind. according to (especially dh/armaṇas p/ari-,according to ordinance or in conformity with law or right) [ confer, compare Zend pairi; Greek .] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parī( pari-i-) P. pary-eti- (imperative parīhi- ; Potential p/artyām- ; imperfect tense paryait- ; perfect tense p/arīyāya- ; future pary-etā- ; ind.p. parītya- ; pary-āyaṃ- ; infinitive mood p/ary-etave- ), to go about, move in a circle ; (trans.) to go or flow round (accusative), circumambulate, surround, include, grasp, span etc. ; to run against or into, reach, attain ; (with or sc. manasā-) to perceive, ponder : Intensive A1. p/arīyate-, to move round or in a circle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paribhinnamfn. (p/ari--) broken, split or cleft open, crumbled View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paribhūtif. (p/ari--) superiority View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paribṛḍha(p/ari--) mfn. firm, strong, solid View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paridhāP. A1. -dadhāti-, -dhatte-, (perfect tense -dadhur-, -dadhire-; future -dhāsyati-; Aorist -dhāt-, -dhīmahi-; ind.p. -dh/āya-;Ved. infinitive mood p/ari-dhātav/ai-), to lay or put or place or set round etc. ; to cast round, turn upon (dṛṣṭim-,with locative case ) ; to put on, wear (with or sc. vāsas-), dress etc. ; surround, envelop, enclose etc. ; to conclude or close (the recitation of a hymn) : Causal -dhāpayati- (ind.p. yitvā- ), to cause a person to wrap round or put on (2 accusative) etc. ; to clothe with (instrumental case) : Desiderative -dhitsate-, to wish to put on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paridīrṇa(p/ari--) mfn. rent on all sides, swollen, dropsical View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parigṛhīti(p/ari--) f. grasping, comprehension View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parihāram. (p/ari--) leading round View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parihvṛti(p/ari--) f. deceiving, injuring, harming (locative case hṛt/ā-!) ; ix, 79, 2. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parijātamfn. (p/ari--) begotten by, descended from (ablative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parilikhita(p/ari--) mfn. enclosed in a circle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parimitamfn. (p/ari--) measured, meted, limited, regulated etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāriplavamf(ā-)n. (p/āri--),"moving in a circle", Name of particular legends recited at the aśva-medha- and repeated at certain intervals throughout the year View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pariṣikta(p/ari--) mfn. poured out, sprinkled about, diffused View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pariṣkṛtamfn. (p/ari--) prepared, adorned, embellished, furnished with, surrounded or accompanied by (instrumental case or compound) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pariśriP. -śrayati- (ind.p. -śritya-;Ved. infinitive mood p/ari-śrayitav/ai-), to surround, encircle, fence, enclose : Passive voice -śrīyasva-, be surrounded or surround thyself View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pariśritan. (p/ari--) equals p/ari-vṛta- n. (See under pari--1. vṛ-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parisṛṣṭa(p/ari--) mfn. surrounded, covered View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paristṛP. A1. -stṛṇoti-, ṇute-, or -stṛṇāti-, ṇīte- (perf. 3. plural -tastaruḥ- , -tastarire- ; ind.p. -stīrya- ;Ved. infinitive mood p/ariśtarītav/ai- [ see ]), to strew or lay round, enclose (as fire with grass) etc. ; to envelop, cover (literally and figuratively) ; to spread, extend View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pariṣṭuti(p/ari--) f. praise, celebration View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pariṣūti(p/ari--) f. urging from all sides, beleaguering, oppression, vexation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pariṣvajīyas(p/ari--) mfn. clasping more firmly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pariṣvañjalya(p/ari--) m. or n. a particular domestic utensil View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paritapta(p/ari--) mfn. surrounded with heat, heated, burnt, tormented, afflicted View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pariveśas(p/ari--) m. a neighbour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pariviṣṭamfn. (p/ari--) surrounded, beset, besieged (fr. pari-viś-?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pariviṣṭi(p/ari--) f. service, attendance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parivītamfn. (p/ari--) veiled, covered, pervaded, overspread, surrounded, encompassed by (instrumental case or compound) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parivittamfn. (p/ari--) twined or twisted round View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parivṛktamfn. (or p/ari-vṛkta-) avoided, despised View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parīvṛtamfn. (p/arī--) equals prec. mfn. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parivṛttīf. (p/ari-v-), prob. wrong reading for pari-vṛktī-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parṣṇyabhighātam. equals p/ārṣṇighāta- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parum. ( pṝ-; see p/arus-below) a limb, member (See yathā-p-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paruṣamf(ā-)n. (older f. p/aruṣṇī-) knotty (as reed) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryagnikṛta(p/ar-) mfn. encircled with fire View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryañc(only 1. sg. proper P. p/aryacāmi-), to turn about or round, revolve View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryāptif. (p/ary--) end, conclusion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryasP. pary-asti-, (3. dual number p/ari-ṣṭaḥ-;2. plural p/ari-ṣṭha-; perfect tense p/ary-āsa-), to be in the way of (accusative) ; to pass or spend time View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paś only present tense P. A1. p/aśyati-, te- (see dṛś-and ), to see (with na-"to be blind"), behold, look at, observe, perceive, notice etc. ; to be a spectator, look on (especially parasmE-pada exempli gratia, 'for example' tasya paśyataḥ-,while he looks on, before his eyes ; paśyantī tiṣṭhati-,she stands ind.p. looks on ) ; to see a person (either"visit"or"receive as a visitor") etc. ; to live to see, experience, partake of. undergo, incur etc. ; to learn, find out ; to regard or consider as, take for (accusative with accusative or adverb in vat-) ; to see with the spiritual eye, compose, invent (hymns, rites etc.) ; (also with sādhu-) to have insight or discernment etc. ; to consider, think over, examine ; to foresee ; (paśyāmi-,"ISee or l am convinced ", and paśya-, śyata-,"see, behold, look here!"often employed parenthetically or interjectionally ) [Orig. identical with spaś-, q.v ] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāśadyumna(p/āta--) m. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāśīf. (for 1.See under pāśa-) a stone (varia lectio p/asī-; see pāṣ/aṇa-, pāṣī-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paśu m. (instrumental case paś/unā-or śva-; dative case p/aśve-or paś/ave-; genitive case paśv/as-or śos-; dual number paśv/ā-; accusative plural paśv/as-or ś/ūn-) cattle, kine (originally "any tethered animal";singly or collect. "a herd"), a domestic or sacrificial animal (as opp. to mṛga-,"wild animal"; 5 kinds are enumerated,"men, kine, horses, goats and sheep"[ ] , to which are sometimes added mules arid asses[ vi, 155 etc.] or camels and dogs[ commentator or commentary ]) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paśum. (instrumental case paś/unā-or śva-; dative case p/aśve-or paś/ave-; genitive case paśv/as-or śos-; dual number paśv/ā-; accusative plural paśv/as-or ś/ūn-) cattle, kine (originally "any tethered animal";singly or collect. "a herd"), a domestic or sacrificial animal (as opp. to mṛga-,"wild animal"; 5 kinds are enumerated,"men, kine, horses, goats and sheep"[ ] , to which are sometimes added mules arid asses[ vi, 155 etc.] or camels and dogs[ commentator or commentary ]) etc.
pat cl.4 A1. () p/atyate-, to be master, reign, rule, govern, control, own, possess, dispose of (accusative or instrumental case) ; to partake of, share in (locative case) ; to be fit or serve for (dative case) [Prob. Nom.of p/ati-; confer, compare Latin potiri.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pat cl.1 P. () p/atati- (Epic also te-; perfect tense papāta-, paptim/a-, pet/atur-, papt/ur-; paptiv/as- ; papatyāt- ; Aorist apaptat- ; Passive voice apāti- ; future patiṣ-y/ati- ; te-, patitā- ; Conditional apatiṣyat- ; infinitive mood patitum- etc.; ind.p. patitv/ā- ; -p/atya-or -p/ātam- ), to fly, soar, rush on etc. ; to fall down or off, alight, descend (with accusative or locative case), fall or sink (with or without adhas-or narake-,"to go down to hell";with caraṇau-or ṇayoḥ-,"to fall at a person's feet") etc. ; to fall (in a moral sense), lose caste or rank or position etc. ; to light or fall upon, fall to a person's share (locative case) etc. ; to fall or get into or among (locative case) ; to occur, come to pass, happen : Causal pat/ayati-, to fly or move rapidly along ; to speed (trans.; confer, compare patay/at-) ; te-, to drive away or throw down (?) ; pāt/ayati- (Epic also te-; Aorist apīpatat- ; Passive voice pātyate- etc.) , to let fly or cause to fall, to fling, hurl, throw etc. ; to lay low, bring down (literally and figuratively), overthrow, ruin, destroy etc. to throw upon or in, lay on (locative case) ; (with or scilicet ātmānam-) to throw one's self ; to cut off (a head) ; to knock out (teeth) ; to pour out or shed (water, tears) ; to kindle (fire) ; to cast (dice) ; to turn, direct, fix (eyes) ; to impose or inflict (punishment) ; to set in motion, set on foot ; to seduce to, betray into (locative case) ; (with dvedhā-) to divide in two ; to subtract ; (A1.) to rush on, hasten : Desiderative pipatiṣati- ( ) and pitsati- () , to be about to fly or fall: Intensive panīpatyate- or pātīti- [ confer, compare Zend pat; Greek , ; Latin peto.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
patmfn. flying, falling (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound'; see akṣi-p/at-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
patatrirāja(p/at- ) m. "king of birds"Name of garuḍa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
path (see panth-) cl.1 P. p/athati-, to go, move ; to fly : Causal pāthayati-, to throw, send ( varia lectio for pṛth-and prath-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pathinm. (strong stem p/anthan-,older p/anthā-;middle path/i-;weak path-; sg. p/anthās-(Nominal verb vocative case), p/anthānam-[ p/anthām- ]; path/ā-, th/e-, th/as-, th/i-; dual number p/anthānau-, path/ibhyām-, path/os-; plural p/anthānas-[ p/anthās-, thāsas- ; path/ayas- ]; path/as-[ pāth/as- , perhaps genitive case sg.?]; path/ibhis-, bhyas-; path/ām-[ thīn/ām- ]; path/iṣu-; see ) a way, path, road, course (literally and figuratively; panthānaṃ--,with genitive case to cede the way to; pathānena-,"in this way or manner", pathi ni-as-See under ny-as-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pathirakṣas() mfn. equals -p/ā-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pathirakṣi() mfn. equals -p/ā-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
patim. (see 1. pat-;when uncompounded and meaning"husband" instrumental case p/atyā-; dative case p/atye-; genitive case ablative p/atyur-; locative case p/atyau-;but when meaning"lord, master", and in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' regularly inflected with exceptions; see ) a master, owner, possessor, lord, ruler, sovereign etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
patijuṣṭā(p/ati--) f. (a woman) liked by her husband View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
patikāma(p/ati--) mfn. wishing for a husband View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
patnīvat(p/at-) mfn. having a wifehood or accompanied by wives View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pātṛ(with genitive case; p/ātṛ-with accusative;unaccented with genitive case or in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound'), one who drinks, a drinker View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pātrahasta(p/ā-) mf(ā-)n. holding any vessel in the hand View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
payaḥsphāti(p/a-) f. abundance of milk (printed g/ayasph-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
payasvatmfn. (p/a-) full of juice or sap, juicy, succulent, containing water or milk or semen View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāyu(, p/āyu-), m. the anus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
perum. seed, germ, off-spring (with ap/ām-= soma-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalaka(ph/alaka-) n. (m. gaRa ardharcādi-; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) a board, lath, plank, leaf. bench View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalavatmfn. (ph/ala--) fruit-bearing, fructiferous, covered or laden with fruits etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalāyaNom. A1. yate-, to be the fruit or result of (ph/alāyetām- wrong reading for p/al- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phaṇ cl.1 P. () ph/aṇati- (; perfect tense paphāṇa-,2. sg. paphaṇitha-,or pheṇitha- ; Aorist aphāṇīt-, ; future phaṇiṣyati-, ṇitā- grammar), to go, move (with samāptim-,"to be accomplished") : Causal phāṇ/ayati- (or phaṇ- ), to cause to bound ; to draw off (the surface of a fluid) , skim : Desiderative piphaṇiṣati- grammar : Intensive pr.p. -paṇiphaṇat- (), pamphaṇat- (),bounding, leaping. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
or pi- (connected with pyai-), cl.1 A1. p/ayate- (cl.2 A1. pr.p. p/iyāna- cl.3 P. Impv. pīpihī-; imperfect tense /apīpet-, /apīpayat-; subjunctive pipyatam-, tām-; pīpayat- A1. yanta-, parasmE-pada A1. p/āpyāna-; perfect tense P. pīp/āya-.2. sg. pīpetha-,3. plural pipyur-; parasmE-pada A1. pīpyān/a-), to swell, overflow, be exuberant, abound, increase, grow ; (trans.) to fatten, cause to swell or be exuberant, surfeit View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakṣipP. A1. -kṣip/ati-, -kṣipate-, to cast, hurl, throw or fling at or into (locative case), place in, put before etc. ; to let down ; to launch a ship ; to add ; to insert, interpolate : Causal -kṣepayati-, to cause or order to cast or put into (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛc cl.7 P. () pṛṇ/akti- A1. pṛṅkt/e- (or cl.2. pṛkte- ; cl.1 P. pṛñcati- ; cl.3 P. pipṛgdhi-, pipṛkta- ; perfect tense papṛcuḥ- ; papṛcāsi-, cyāt-, cān/a- ; Aorist p/arcas-[ parasmE-pada pṛcān/a- ; preceding pricīmahi-] ; aprāk- ; apṛkṣi-, kta- ; aparcīt-, ciṣṭa- grammar; future parciṣyati-, te-, parcitā- ; infinitive mood -p/ṛce-, -p/ṛcas- ), to mix, mingle, put together with (instrumental case,rarely locative case; dhanuṣā śaram-,"to fix the arrow upon the bow"), unite, join etc. ; to fill (A1.one's self?) , sate, satiate ; to give lavishly, grant bountifully, bestow anything (accusative or genitive case) richly upon (dative case) ; to increase, augment (Prob. connected with pṝ-,to fill; see also pṛj-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛthupājavatmfn. containing the word pṛthu-p/ājas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cl.9 P. A1. () pun/āti-, punīt/e- (3. plural A1. pun/ate- , punat/e- ;2. sg. imperative P. punīhi- etc., punāh/i- ) ; cl.1. A1. () p/avate- (of P.only imperative -pava- ,and parasmE-pada genitive case plural pavatām- ; parasmE-pada A1. punān/a-below, p/avamāna-See;1. sg. A1. punīṣe- ; perfect tense pupuvuh-. ve- ; apupot- ; Aorist apāviṣuḥ- subjunctive apaviṣṭa- ; future paviṣyati-, pavitā- grammar; ind.p. pūtv/ā- ; pūtv/ī- ; pavitvā- grammar; -p/ūya-and -pāvam- etc.; infinitive mood pavitum- ), to make clean or clear or pure or bright, cleanse, purify, purge, clarify, illustrate, illume (with s/aktum-,"to cleanse from chaff, winnow";with kr/atum-or manīṣ/ām-,"to enlighten the understanding";with hiraṇyam-,"to wash gold") etc. ; (met.) to sift, discriminate, discern ; to think of or out, invent, compose (as a hymn) ; (A1. p/avate-) to purify one's self. be or become clear or bright ; (especially) to flow off clearly (said of the soma-) ; to expiate, atone for ; to pass so as to purify ; to purify in passing or pervading, ventilate etc. (confer, compare pav-): Passive voice pūy/ate-, to be cleaned or washed or purified ; to be freed or delivered from (ablative) etc.: Causal pav/ayati- or pāvayati- (Epic also te-; Aorist apīpavat- grammar; Passive voice pāvyate- ), to cleanse, purify : Desiderative , pupūṣati-, pipaviṣate- grammar : Desiderative of Causal pipāvayiṣati- grammar ([ confer, compare Greek ; Umbr.pir; German Feuer; English fire.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raśmirājam. "ray-lord", Name of a man (see raśmi-p/ati-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rathaspati(r/athas--) m. (r/athas-prob. a form of the genitive case; see v/anas-p/ati-) the"lord of chariots", a deity presiding over chariots or over pleasure and enjoyment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudramfn. (prob.) crying, howling, roaring, dreadful, terrific, terrible, horrible (applied to the aśvin-s, agni-, indra-, mitra-, varuṇa-, and the sp/aśaḥ-) (according to to others"red, shining, glittering", fr. a rud-or rudh-connected with rudhira-;others"strong, having or bestowing strength or power", fr. a rud- equals vṛd-, vṛdh-;native authorities give also the following meanings,"driving away evil";"running about and roaring", fr. ru-+ dra-= dru-2;"praiseworthy, to be praised";"a praiser, worshipper"equals stotṛ- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rūpapati(rūp/a--) m. lord of forms (Name of tvaṣṭṛ-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rūpasamṛddhamfn. (rūp/a--) perfect in form View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rūpatama(rūp/a--) n. the best form or colour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sadasn. (according to to some also f.) a seat, residence, abode, dwelling, place of meeting, assembly (especially at a sacrifice; sadasaspati s/adasas-p/ati- m. equals s/adas-p/ati-; sadasi-,"in public") etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃkalpajūti(p/a--) mfn. urged or impelled by desires View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃkalpakulmala(p/a--) mfn. (an arrow) whose neck (See k/ulmala-) is (formed by) desire View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaṃkarajayaSee saṃkṣep/a-śaṃkara-jaya-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsarpamfn. creeping, gliding (in a particular formula) (saṃ-sarp/a- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sapam. (see ś/epa-and p/asas-) the male organ of generation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sapatnam. (fr. 1. sa-p/atnī-below) a rival, adversary, enemy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaphacyuta(śaph/a--) mfn. tossed up by hoofs (as dust) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaphavat(śaph/a--) mfn. possessing hoofs or claws (n. a hoofed animal) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarpasattran. (prob.) equals sarpāṇām-, ayanam- (See sarp/a-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarpīf. See under sarp/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śatapādmf(adī-)n. (śat/a--) having a hundred feet (according to to -p/ad-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śepham. (see śaph/a-, śiph/ā-) equals śepa-, the male organ (varia lectio) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śitipadmf(padī-)n. (strong form -p/ād-) white-footed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
snā (confer, compare snu-) cl.2 P. () sn/āti- cl.4 P. () snāyati- (Epic also A1. snāyate- Potential snāyāt-; Epic also snāyīta-; perfect tense sasnau-,3. plural sasnuḥ- ; future snātā- grammar; snāsyati-, te- etc.; Aorist asnāsīt- grammar; preceding snāyāt-[ confer, compare above] or sneyāt- ; infinitive mood snātum- etc.; ind.p. snātv/ā-, -sn/āya- etc.;Ved. also snātvī- ), to bathe, perform the ceremony of bathing or certain prescribed oblations (especially on returning home from the house of a religious preceptor, or on concluding certain vows etc., also with avabhṛtham-) etc. ; to smear one's self with (instrumental case) : Passive voice snāyate- (Aorist asnāyi- impersonal or used impersonally) : Causal snāp/ayati- or snap/ayati-, (with preposition only snāp-), to cause to bathe, wash, cleanse etc. ; to wash away ; to steep or soak in (locative case) ; to bathe with tears, weep for(?) : Desiderative sisnāsati- (but confer, compare siṣṇāsu-): Intensive sāsnāyate-, sāsnāti-, sāsneti- grammar ([ confer, compare Greek , ; Latin nare.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
somapāmfn. (see -p/a-above accusative plural m. -pas-; dative case sg. -pe-) drinking or entitled to drink soma--juice
somāpamfn. or m. (see saumāp/a-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
spardh (or spṛdh-; see spṛh-) cl.1 A1. () sp/ardhate- (mc. also P. ti-;Subj.[ pr/a-] -spūrdh/an- ; perfect tense paspṛdh/e-, dhān/a-, /apaspṛdhethām- ; paspardha- etc.; Aorist aspṛdhran-, spṛdhānd- : aspardhiṣṭa- grammar; future spardhitā-, spardhiṣyate- ; infinitive mood sp/ardhitum- ; spūrdh/ase- ; ind.p. -sp/ṛdhya- ), to emulate, compete, rival, vie or cope with (instrumental case with and without saha-,or accusative), contend or struggle for (locative case) etc. etc.: Causal spardhayati- grammar : Desiderative pispardhiṣate- : Intensive pāspardhyate-, pāsparddhi- (apāspāḥ- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
spṛ (varia lectio stṛ-and smṛ-) cl.5 P. () spṛṇ/oti- (in veda- also spṛṇut/e-; perfect tense paspāra- ; Aorist aspar- subjunctive sparat- imperative spṛdhi- ; /aspārṣam- ; future spartā-, spariṣyati- grammar; infinitive mood sp/arase- ; ind.p. spṛtv/ā- ), to release, extricate or deliver from (ablative), save, gain, win : Causal spār/ayati-, to attract to one's self, win ; to preserve, save, rescue ; to gladden, delight, gratify, bestow View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
spṛś cl.6 P. () spṛś/ati- (mc. also te-; pr. p. spṛśāna- ; imperfect tense asparśat- ; perfect tense pasparśa-, paspṛśuḥ-, paspṛśe- etc.; subjunctive pasp/arśat- ; Aorist aspṛkṣat- ; asprākṣīt- ; aspārkṣīt- grammar; preceding spṛśyāt- ; future spraṣṭā-or sparṣṭā- grammar; sparkṣyati- ; sprakṣyati- ; infinitive mood spraṣṭum- etc.; -sp/ṛśe- ; -sp/ṛśas- ; ind.p. spṛṣṭvā-, -sp/ṛśya- etc.) , to touch, feel with the hand, lay the hand on (accusative or locative case), graze, stroke etc. ; to handle, take hold of (anyo 'nyaṃ hastau spṛśataḥ-,"they mutually touch or shake hands") etc. ; (with ap/aḥ-, udakam-, jalam-;or adbhis-etc.) to touch or sip water, wash or sprinkle certain parts of the body with water etc. ; to touch so as to hurt, injure, harm ; to perceive or feel by touch ; to touch, come into contact (literally;and figuratively in astronomy sense) ; to reach or penetrate to (locative case or accusative;with karṇam-,"to come to the ears";with kriyām-,"to set about any action") etc. ; to come up to, equal (accusative;with girā-,"to equal with words" id est"to be able to describe") ; to act upon, affect ; to touch id est endow or fill with (instrumental case) ; to touch id est befall, fall to the lot of, come upon, visit, afflict (accusative) etc. ; to touch, take hold of, make one's own, appropriate ; to attain to, obtain, experience, undergo etc. ; to grant, bestow (see Causal) : Passive voice spṛśyate- (Aorist asparśi-), to be touched or seized or affected by etc.: Causal sparśayati-, te- (Aorist apasparśat-or apispṛśat-; subjunctive pispṛśaḥ-, śati- ), to cause to touch (two accusative), bring into immediate contact with (locative case or instrumental case) etc. ; to convey to (locative case) ; to fill or cover with (instrumental case) etc. ; to perceive by touch, feel ; to offer, present, give etc.: Desiderative pispṛkṣati- (see pispṛkṣu-) grammar : Intensive parīspṛśyate-, parīspraṣṭi-, parīsparṣṭi-
śrā or śrai- (see śrī-) cl.1. or cl.4. P. () śrāyati- (according to to also cl.2 P. śrāti-; perfect tense śaśrau-; Aorist aśrāsīt-; preceding śrāyāt-or śreyāt- infinitive mood śrātum- grammar), to cook, boil, seethe, mature, ripen (only in ; according to to also "to sweat"): Passive voice śrāyate- (Aorist aśrāyi-) grammar : Causal śrap/ayati-, te- (Aorist aśiśrapat-; Passive voice śrapy/ate-), to cause to cook or boil, roast, bake etc. ; to make hot, heat, bake (earthenware) ; to cause to sweat ([for śrāpaya-See ]) : Desiderative śiśrāsati- grammar : Intensive śāśrāyati-, śāśrāti-, śāśreti-
stim. (only in accusative plural st/īn-;fr.1. as- see /upa-sti-, abh/i--and p/ari-ṣṭi-) a dependent, vassal View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
stūpam. (according to to fr. styai- according to to fr.3. stu-;prob. connected with stup/a-,under3. stu-) a knot or tuft of hair, the upper part of the head, crest, top, summit ([ confer, compare Greek ]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
supad(strong base -pād-) mf(-p/adī-)n. having good or beautiful feet, swift-footed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svap cl.2 P. () svapiti- (Vedic or Veda and Epic also sv/apati-, te-; imperative sv/aptu- ; Potential svapīta- ; perfect tense suṣvāpa-[3. plural suṣupuḥ-; parasmE-pada suṣupv/as-and suṣupāṇ/a-,qq.vv.] etc.; Aorist asvāpsīt-; preceding supyāt- future svaptā- ; svapiṣyati- ; te- ; svapsyati- etc.; te- etc.; infinitive mood svaptum- etc.; ind.p. suptv/ā- etc., -sv/āpam- ), to sleep, fall asleep (with varṣa-śatam-,"to sleep for a hundred years, sleep the eternal sleep") etc. ; to lie down, recline upon (locative case) etc. ; to be dead ; Passive voice supyate- (Aorist asvāpi-) etc. ; Causal svāp/ayati-, or (mc.) svapayati- (Aorist asūṣupat-;in also siṣvapaḥ-, s/iṣvap-; Passive voice svāpyate-), to cause to sleep, lull to rest ; to kill : Desiderative of Causal suṣvāpayiṣati- grammar : Desiderative suṣupsati-, to wish to sleep : Intensive soṣupyate-, sāsvapīti-, sāsvapti-, soṣupīti-, soṣopti- grammar ([ confer, compare Greek ; Latin somnusforsop-nus,sopor,sopire; Slavonic or Slavonian su8pati; Lithuanian sa4pnas; Anglo-Saxon swefan,"to sleep."]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śvetamf(-or śvenī-)n. white, dressed, in white, bright (with p/arvata- m."snow-mountain" ;with kaṭākṣa- m."a bright side-glance" ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tan cl.8 P. A1. n/oti-, nut/e- (3. plural nv/ate-[ --and vi-tanvat/e- ] ; imperative nu-[ /ava-and v/i-tanuhi- ; see Va1rtt. 1 ] ; nuṣva- ; subjunctive 2. sg. nuthās-, ;1. dual number navāvahai-, ; imperfect tense 3. plural /atanvata-, ; perfect tense P. tat/āna-,once tāt- ;2. sg. tat/antha-[ ],class. tenitha-[ ]; A1.1. 2. 3. sg. [ --] tatane-, [abh/i-]tatniṣe-, [v/i-]tatne- ;3. sg. irregular tate-, ;3. plural tatnir/e-[ v/i-- ] or ten-[ (vi--)etc.; see ]; Aorist P. /atan- ; [/ā-]atān-, ; ;[ p/ari--, v/i--] atanat- ; [anv-/ā]atāṃsīt- ; atānīt- ; tat/anat-, [abh/i-]t/anāma-, t/anan- ;2. plural ataniṣṭa- ;3. dual number atāniṣṭām- ; A1. atata-or ataniṣṭa-, atathās-or ataniṣṭhās- ;3. plural /atnata- ; tat/ananta-, ;1. sg. atasi- plural ataṃsmahi- ; future 2nd taṃsy/ate- ; future 1st [vi-]tāyitā- ; parasmE-pada proper tanv/at-, vān/a-; perfect tense tatanv/as-; ind.p. tatvā-, tv/āya-, -t/atya- ;[ vi--] tāya- ; infinitive mood tantum- ; Passive voice tāy/ate- [ parasmE-pada y/amāna-] etc.; tanyate- ; Aorist atāyi- ) to extend, spread, be diffused (as light) over, shine, extend towards, reach to etc. ; to be protracted, continue, endure ; to stretch (a cord), extend or bend (a bow), spread, spin out, weave etc. ; to emboss ; to prepare (a way for) ; to direct (one's way, gatim-) towards ; to propagate (one's self or one's family, tanūs-, tantum-) ; to (spread id est to) speak (words) ; to protract ; to put forth, show, manifest, display, augment etc. (Passive voice to be put forth or extended, increase ) ; to accomplish, perform (a ceremony) etc. ; to sacrifice ; to compose (a literary work) ; to render (any one thirsty, double accusative) : Desiderative titaniṣati-, taṃsati-, tāṃs- : Intensive tantanyate-, tantanīti-, ; ([ see , etc.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tanūpāvanmfn. equals -p/ā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tap cl.1. t/apati- (rarely A1.; subjunctive pāti- ; parasmE-pada t/apat- etc.; cl.4. parasmE-pada t/apyat- ; perfect tense 1. sg. tat/apa- ;3. sg. t/āpa-, ; parasmE-pada tepān/a- ; future tapsy/ati- etc.: te-& tapiṣyati- ) to give out heat, be hot, shine (as the sun) etc. ; to make hot or warm, heat, shine upon ; to consume or destroy by heat ; to suffer pain ; (with paścāt-) to repent of ; to torment one's self, undergo self-mortification, practise austerity (tapas-) etc. ; to cause pain to, injure, damage, spoil Passive voice or cl.4 A1. tapy/ate- (;or t/apy- ; parasmE-pada py/amāna- ; t/apy-, ; confer, compare /a--; Aorist atāpi- ; atapta- ; perfect tense tepe- etc.; parasmE-pada pān/a- ;also P. tapyati-, pyet-, atapyat-,etc. ) to be heated or burnt, become hot etc. ; to be purified by austerities (as the soul) ; to suffer or feel pain etc. ; to suffer pain voluntarily, undergo austerity (tapas-) etc.: Causal tāpayati-, te- (parasmE-pada p/ayat- ; Passive voice pyate- etc.; Aorist atītape-& [Subj.] tat/apate- ) to make warm or hot, etc. ; to consume by heat etc. ; to cause pain, trouble, distress etc. ; to torment one's self, undergo penance, : Intensive (parasmE-pada tātapyamāna-) to feel violent pain, be in great anxiety ([ confer, compare Latin tepeoetc.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tarphitṛmfn. see turph/ari- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tatasind. t/ataḥ p/ara- mfn. beyond that View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tatasind. t/ataḥ p/araṃ- ind. besides that, further View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tatasind. t/ataḥ p/araṃ- ind. thereupon, afterwards etc. (taś ca param- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
trap cl.1. pate- (perfect tense trepe- ) to become perplexed, be ashamed : Causal trapayati-, or trāp- idem or ' cl.1. to be busy ' ; trap-, to make perplexed or ashamed, ; see apa--, vy-apa-- ; tṛp/ala- and t/ṛpr/a- (?). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tripadm. (p/ād-) f. (pād-[ ]; p/adī- gaRa kumbhapady-ādi-) n. three-footed (dharma-) (viṣṇu-, yajña-, jvara-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tripādSee -p/ad- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tripadamfn. () having 3 divisions (a stanza) and (f. tr/ipadā-) (f. p/adā-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tṛp cl.4. t/ṛpyati- ([ etc.;metrically also te-]) cl.5. [Subj. 2. sg. tṛpṇ/avas- imperative ṇuhi-, ṇut/am- (See also /a-tṛpṇuvat-); noti- and gaRa kṣubhnādi-] cl.6. [2. sg. tṛmp/asi- imperative p/a-, patu-,etc. ; see Va1rtt. 1 ; tṛpati- ; perfect tense parasmE-pada A1. tātṛpāṇ/a- ; P. tatarpa-;3. plural tātṛpur- ; Aorist atṛpat- or atrāpsīt- vArttika; atarpīt-, atārpsīt- ; future 1st tarpiṣyati-(but see ), tarpsy-, trapsy-; Conditional atrapsyat- ; future 2nd tarpitā-, ptā-, traptā- on ] to satisfy one's self, become satiated or satisfied, be pleased with (genitive case instrumental case,or rarely locative case exempli gratia, 'for example' gnis tṛpyati kāṣṭhānām-,"fire is not satisfied with wood"; /atṛpyan brāhmaṇ/ā dh/anaiḥ-,"the brahman-s were pleased with wealth") etc. ; to enjoy (with ablative) ; to satisfy, please : cl.1. tarpati-, to kindle : Causal tarpayati-, rarely te- (imperfect tense atarpayat- etc.; parasmE-pada tarp/ayat- ; Aorist atītṛpat- ; /atītṛpāma- ; infinitive mood t/arpayitav/ai- ) to satiate, satisfy, refresh, gladden etc. ; A1. to become satiated or satisfied ; to kindle : Desiderative (subjunctive t/itṛpsāt-) to wish to enjoy : Causal Desiderative (Potential titarpayiṣet-) to wish to satiate or refresh or satisfy : Intensive tarītṛpyate-, tarītarpti-, trapti- ; ([ see tṛph-;.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tṛpamfn. a-tṛp/a- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tṛpāyaNom. yate- (fr. p/at-) gaRa bhṛśādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tryavim. see p/añcāvi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tvaṣṭṛm. "creator of living beings", the heavenly builder, Name of a god (called su-k/ṛt-, -pāṇ/i-, -g/abhasti-, -j/animan-, sv-/apas-, ap/asām ap/astama-, viśv/a-rūpa-etc. ;maker of divine implements, especially of indra-'s thunderbolt and teacher of the ṛbhu-s ;former of the bodies of men and animals, hence called"firstborn"and invoked for the sake of offspring, especially in the āprī- hymns etc. ;associated with the similar deities dhātṛ-, savitṛ-, prajā-pati-, pūṣan-, and surrounded by divine females[ gn/ās-, jan/ayas-, dev/ānām p/atnīs-; see tv/aṣṭā-v/arūtrī-]recipients of his generative energy ;supposed author of with the epithet garbha-pati- ;father of saraṇyū- [ su-reṇu- ; sva-reṇu- ]whose double twin-children by vivasvat- [or vāyu- ? ] are yamayamī- and the aśvin-s ;also father of tri-śiras- or viśvarūpa- ;overpowered by indra- who recovers the soma-[ ] concealed by him because indra- had killed his son viśva-rūpa- ;regent of the nakṣatra- citrā- ;of the 5th cycle of Jupiter ;of an eclipse ; tvaṣṭur ātithya-Name of a sāman- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tyajapa(ty/a--) m. that (id est a lower kind of) muttering (opposed to mahājap/a-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udvapP. -v/apati-, (perfect tense 2. dual number -ūp/athus-and -ūpathus- ) to pour out, take out ; to scrape, dig up ; to throw away, destroy, annul : Causal -vāpayati-, to cause to pour out or away ; to cause to dig up View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udvepA1. -vepate-, to tremble, be agitated or frightened : Causal P. -vep/ayati-, to cause to tremble, agitate, frighten View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upācaritam. (in grammar) a particular saṃdhi- rule (by which a visarga- in the pada-pāṭha- becomes s-before k-and p-in the saṃhitā- exempli gratia, 'for example' y/as p/atiḥ- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upāj( upa-aj-) P. (imperative up/ājatu- ) A1. (1. sg. /upāje- ; imperfect tense /upājata- ) to drive near or towards. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upākamf(ā-)n. brought near to each other, joined, approximate, (only e-) f. dual number (said of night and morning) (up/āke-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upanipadA1. (parasmE-pada -p/adyamāna-) to lie down at the side of : Causal -padayati-, to cause to lie down at the side of ; to lay down at View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upapare( upa-parā-i-) P. -p/araiti-, to go towards, go near, approach View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uparibudhna(up/ari--) mfn. raised above the ground View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uparimartya(up/ari--) mfn. more than human View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasonly locative case up/asi- ([ equals upasthe- ]),"in the lap" View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upavadhP. (Aorist up/āvadhīt-) to strike at or upon ; to strike dead, kill View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upāve( upa-ava-i-) P. up/āvaiti-, to go or come down, descend ; to join (in calling), assent, consent View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utpaś(ud-paś-) P. -paśyati- (parasmE-pada -p/aśyat-. Passive voice ud-dṛśyate-) to see or descry overhead ; to descry before or in the future ; to foresee, expect ; to behold, perceive, descry View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utpat(ud-pat-) P. -patati- (parasmE-pada -p/atat- ; Aorist -apaptat- ; parasmE-pada future -patiṣy/at- ) to fly or jump up, fly upwards ; to ascend, rise etc. ; to rise (from one's bed) ; to shoot up ; to start from, leave, run away ; to jump out, hasten out, come out etc. ; to rise, be produced, originate : Causal P. -pātayati-, to cause to fly up or to rise : Desiderative (imperfect tense -apipatiṣat- ) to wish or intend to fly up. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vanaspatim. (vanas--) (vanas-prob. a form of the genitive case; see 2. van-and r/aithas-p/ati-) "king of the wood"a, forest-tree (especially a large tree bearing fruit apparently without blossoms, as several species of the fig, the jack tree etc., but also applied to any tree) etc.
vapāvat(vap/ā--) mfn. furnished with or enveloped in the omentum View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāyavyan. (with or scilicet p/ātra-) Name of particular soma- vessels shaped like mortars View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vip (or vep-) cl.1 A1. () vepate- (Epic also ti-; parasmE-pada vipān/a- ; perfect tense vivepe- grammar; vivipre- ; Aorist avepiṣṭa- ; future vepitā-, vepiṣyate- grammar; infinitive mood vepitum- ), to tremble, shake, shiver, vibrate, quiver, be stirred etc. ; to start back through fear : Causal vip/ayati- or vepayati- (Aorist avīvipat-), to cause to tremble or move, shake, agitate [ confer, compare Latin vibrare; Gothic weipan; German wi7fen,weifen,Wipfel English whiffle.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vipare( -parā-i-;only imperative -p/aretana-), to go back again, return View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīrudhf. (once in m.;fr. 3. vi-+1. rudh- equals ruh- see vi-sruh-) a plant, herb (especially a creeping plant or a low shrub) etc. (vīr/udhām p/atiḥ-,"lord of plants", in applied to soma-, in to the moon) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśf. (m.only ; Nominal verb sg. v/iṭ-; locative case plural vikṣ/u-) a settlement, homestead, house, dwelling (viś/as p/ati-"lord of the house"applied to agni- and indra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīśaSee p/aḍ-vīśa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśpalāvasu(viśp/alā-.) mfn. (prob.) kind or friendly to viśpalā- (said of the aśvin-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣpaśm. (Nominal verb vi-ṣp/aṭ-;fr. spaś-) one who espies, a spy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vispaṣṭamfn. ( spaś-; see viṣp/aś-) very clear or apparent, manifest, evident plain, intelligible ( vispaṣṭam am- ind.clearly etc.) etc.
viśpati viś-p/atnī- See under 2. viś-, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vrātam. (connected with1. vṛ-,or with vrat/a-and2. vṛ-) a multitude, flock, assemblage, troop, swarm, group, host (vr/ātaṃ- vrātam-,in companies or troops; p/añca vr/ātās-,the five races of men) , association, guild etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyākṣepam. distraction (of mind) etc. (see a-vy-; mano-vyākṣep/artham-,"in order to distract the mind") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
(collateral form of5. i-) cl.2 P. () y/āti- (1. plural yāmahe- ; imperfect tense 3. plural ayuḥ- ; ayān- Scholiast or Commentator; perfect tense yay/au-, yay/ātha-, yay/a-, yay/uḥ- etc.; yaye- ; Aorist ayāsam-or ayāsiṣam-; subjunctive y/āsat-, yeṣam-, yāsiṣat- ; preceding yāsiṣīṣṭhās- ; future yātā- etc.; yāsyati- ; te- ; infinitive mood yātum- etc.;Ved. infinitive mood y/ai-, y/ātave-or v/ai-; ind.p. yātv/ā- ; -y/āya-, -yāyam- ), to go, proceed, move, walk, set out, march, advance, travel, journey (often with instrumental case or accusative of the way, especially with gatim-, mārgam-, adhvānam-, panthānam-, padavīm-, yātrām-) etc. ; to go away, withdraw, retire etc. ; (also with palāyya-) to flee, escape (with kṣemeṇa-or svasti-,to escape unscathed ) ; to go towards or against, go or come to, enter, approach, arrive at, reach etc. etc. (with accusative often followed by prati- exempli gratia, 'for example' with gṛham-,to enter a house;with ripum prati-,to march against the enemy;with mṛgayām-,to go out hunting;with śirasāmahīm-,to bow down to the ground with the head;with prakṛtim-,to return to one's natural state;with karṇau-,to come to the ears, be heard;with utsavād utsavam-,to go from one festival to another;with hastam- in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound',to fall into the hands of;with patham-or gocaram- in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound',to come within range of; especially with the accusative of an abstract noun = to go to any state or condition, become, be exempli gratia, 'for example' vināśaṃ yāti-,he goes to destruction id est he is destroyed; kāṭhinyaṃ yāti-,it becomes hard; dveṣyatāṃ yāti-,he becomes hated;similarly nidhanaṃ--,to die; nidrāṃ--,to fall asleep; udayaṃ--,to rise, said of stars etc.;sometimes also with locative case exempli gratia, 'for example' yāhi rājñah sakāśe-,go into the presence of the king ;or even with dative case exempli gratia, 'for example' yayatuḥ sva-niveśāya-,both went home ; na cātmane kṛpaṇasya dhanaṃ yāti-,nor does the wealth of the miser go to [i.e. benefit] himself. ; phalebhyo yāti-,he goes to [fetch] fruits Scholiast or Commentator) ; to go to for any request, implore, solicit (with two accusative) ; (with striyam-) to go to a woman for sexual intercourse ; to go to for any purpose (infinitive mood) ; often with adverbs exempli gratia, 'for example' with bahir-, to go out ; with adho-, to go down, sink ; with khaṇḍaśo- or dalaśo-, to fall to pieces ; with śata-dhā-, to fall into a hundred pieces ; to extend to (accusative) ; to last for (accusative) ; to pass away, elapse (said of time) etc. ; to vanish, disappear (as wealth) ; to come to pass, prosper, succeed ; to proceed, behave, act ; to find out, discover ; to receive or learn (a science) from (ablative) ; to undertake, undergo (accusative) ; imperative yātu-, be it as it may : Passive voice yāyate-, to be gone or moved : Causal yāp/ayati- (Aorist ayīyapat-), to cause to depart, cause to go or march, dismiss ; to cause to go towards (accusative) (see yāpita-) ; to direct (the gaze) towards (locative case) (varia lectio pātayati-) ; to drive away remove, cure (a disease) ; to cause to pass or elapse, pass or spend (time) etc. ; to live (pāli- yāpeti-) ; to cause to subsist, support, maintain ; to induce : Desiderative yiyāsati-, to intend or be about to go, desire to proceed etc.: Intensive īyāyate- (?) , to move ; yāyayate-, yāyeti-, yāyāti- grammar
yup cl.4 P. (; see yūpa-) yupyati- (only in perfect tense yuy/opa-; grammar also Aorist ayupat-; future yopitā-, yopiṣyati-), to debar, obstruct, disturb, trouble, confuse, efface, remove, destroy ; to be effaced or concealed : Causal yop/ayati- (Aorist ayūyupat-), to efface, obliterate, conceal, remove, destroy : Intensive yoyupy/ate-, to make level, smooth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.








Parse Time: 1.280s Search Word: p/a Input Encoding: IAST: p/a