मृत्युः [मृ त्युक्] 1 Death, decease; जातस्य हि ध्रुवो मृत्युर्ध्रुवं जन्म मृतस्य च Bg.2.27; मृत्योः स मृत्युमाप्नोति य इह नानेव पश्यति. -2 Yama, the god of death. -3 An epithet of Brahman. -4 Of Viṣṇu. -5 Of Māyā. -6 Of Kali. -7 The god of love. -8 The worldly life (संसार); (नमो) अनात्मने स्वात्मविभक्तमृत्यवे Bhāg.1.86.48. -9 N. of the 8th astrological house. -1 The deity taking away life in the body; यान्येतानि देवत्रा क्षत्राणीन्द्रो वरुणः सोमो रुद्रः पर्जन्यो यमो मृत्युरीशान इति Bri. Up.1.4.11; यमं कालं च मृत्युं च-स्वर्गं संपूज्य चार्हतः Mb.12.2.3. -11 = अशनाया q. v.; Bri. Up.1.2.1. -Comp. -तूर्यम् a kind of drum beaten at obsequial rites. -द a. fatal. -द्वारम् the door leading to death. -नाशकः quicksilver. -नाशनम् the drink of immortality, ambrosia. -पाः an epithet of Śiva. -पाशः the noose of death or Yama. -पुष्पः 1 the sugarcane. -2 the bamboo. -प्रतिबद्ध a. liable to death. -फलम् a kind of poisonous fruit. -फला, -ली the plantain. -बीजः, -वीजः a bamboo-cane. -भृत्यः sickness, disease. -राज् m. Yama, the god of death. -लोकः 1 the world of the dead, the world of Death or Yama. -2 earth, the world of mortals; cf. मर्त्यलोक. -वञ्चनः 1 an epithet of Śiva. -2 a raven. -सूतिः f. a female crab; for explanation of this word read यथा कर्कटकी गर्भमाधत्ते मृत्यवे निजम् Purāṇam.
अपमृत्युः [अपकृष्टो दुष्टहेतुजन्यत्वेन मृत्युः] 1 Sudden or untimely death, accidental or unnatural death; भर्तृ- सक्तो$पमृत्युस्तस्य संचरति Pt.4. -2 Any great danger, illness &c. from which a person, hopelessly given up for lost, recovers, quite contrary to expectation.
‘Death,’ is repeatedly mentioned in the Rigveda and later as a thing of terror. There are a hundred and one forms of death, the natural one by old age (jam), and a hundred others, all to be avoided. To die before old age (purā jarasah) is to die before the allotted span (purā āy«sa#),β the normal length of life being throughout Vedic literature spoken of as a hundred years. On the other hand, the evils of old age in the loss of physical strength were clearly realized : one of the feats of the Aśvins was to restore old Cyavāna to his former youth and powers, and another was the rejuvenation of Kali. The Atharvaveda is full of charms of all sorts to avert death and secure length of years (āytisya). The modes of disposing of the dead were burial and cremation (see Ag’nidag’dha). Both existed in the early Vedic period, as in Greece; but the former method was on the whole less favoured, and tended to be regarded with disapproval. The bones of the dead, whether burned or not, were marked by the erection of a tumulus (śmaáāna): the śatapatha Brāhmana preserves traces of strong differences of opinion as to the mode in which these tumuli should be constructed. There is little or no trace of the custom common in northern lands of sending the dead man to sea in a burning ship: the reference to a ship seems to point to mythical perils after death, not to the mode of burial. The life after death was to the Vedic Indian a repetition of the life in this world. He passed into the next world sarυa- tanuh sūñgah, ‘ with whole body and all his members,’ enjoying there the same pleasures as he had enjoyed on earth. Even in the Rigveda there are hints of evil awaiting evil-doers, but it is not until the Atharvaveda and the Brāhmaṇas that a hell of punishment is set out, and it is in the Brāhmaṇas that good and evil deeds are said to produce happiness or hell hereafter. But there is no hint of extinction in the Rigveda as the fate of the wicked, as Roth inclined to think. The Vedic poet not being deeply moral, his verses do not convey, as would those of a man convinced of sin, warnings of future judgment.
noun (masculine) Death personified (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
death (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
dying (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a particular Ekāha (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a Vyāsa
name of the 17th astrol. Yoga (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of the 8th astrol. house (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of the god of love (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the god of disease (sometimes identified with Yama or with Viṣṇu) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
noun (masculine) name of a mantra
name of a work (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of an author (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of Śiva (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of an alchemical preparation Frequency rank 8005/72933
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