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     Grammar Search "karaṇa" has 2 results.
     
karaṇa: masculine vocative singular stem: karaṇa
karaṇa: neuter vocative singular stem: karaṇa
     Amarakosha Search  
7 results
     
WordReferenceGenderNumberSynonymsDefinition
avyaktaḥ3.3.68MasculineSingularprakaraṇam, prakāraḥ, kārtsnyam, vārtā
karaṇa2.10.2MasculineSingular
karaṇam3.3.60NeuterSingularnicitaḥ, aśuddhaḥ
udyānam3.3.124NeuterSingularupakaraṇam, māraṇam, anuvrajyā, mṛtasaṃskāraḥ, gatiḥ, dravyopapādanam, nirvartanam
uta3.3.251MasculineSingularprakāśaḥ, ādiḥ, samāptiḥ, hetuḥ, prakaraṇam
upākaraṇam2.7.44NeuterSingular
vītasaṃstūpakaraṇam2.10.26MasculineSingular
     Monier-Williams
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803 results for karaṇa
     
Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
karaṇamf(ī-)n (once karaṇ/a- ) doing, making, effecting, causing (especially in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound'; see antakaraṇa-, uṣṇaṃ-k-,etc.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇamf(ī-)n clever, skilful View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇam. a helper, companion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇam. a man of a mixed class (the son of an outcast kṣatriya- ;or the son of a śūdra- woman by a vaiśya- ;or the son of a vaiśya- woman by a kṣatriya- ;the occupation of this class is writing, accounts etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇam. writer, scribe View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇam. (in grammar) a sound or word as an independent part of speech (or as separated from the context;in this sense usually n.) on commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇam. (in mus.) a kind of time View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇan. the act of making, doing, producing, effecting etc. (very often in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' exempli gratia, 'for example' muṣṭi-k-, virūpa-k-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇan. an act, deed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇan. an action (especially a religious one) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇan. the special business of any tribe or caste View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇan. a calculation (especially an astronomical one) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇan. an astrological division of the day (these karaṇa-s are eleven, viz. vava-, valava-, kaulava-, taitila-, gara-, vaṇija-, viṣṭi-, śakuni-, catuṣpada-, kintughna-,and nāga-,two being equal to a lunar day;the first seven are called a-dhruvāṇi-or movable, and fill, eight times repeated, the space from the second half of the first day in the moon's increase to the first half of the fourteenth day in its wane;the four others are dhruvāṇi-or fixed, and occupy the four half-days from the second half of the fourteenth day in the wane of the moon to the first half of the first day in its increase) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇan. pronunciation, articulation, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇan. (in grammar) a sound or word as an independent part of speech, separated from its context etc., (karaṇa-may be used in this way like kāra- exempli gratia, 'for example' iti-karaṇa- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇan. the posture of an ascetic View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇan. a posture in sexual intercourse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇan. instrument, means of action View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇan. an organ of sense or of speech View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇan. (in law) an instrument, document, bond View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇan. (in grammar) the means or instrument by which an action is effected, the idea expressed by the instrumental case, instrumentality View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇan. cause (equals kāraṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇan. a spell, charm (see karaṇa-prayoga-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇan. rhythm, time View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇan. body View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇan. Name of a treatise of varāha-mihira- on the motion of the planets View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇan. of a work belonging to the śiva-darśana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇan. a field View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇan. the mind, heart (see antaḥ-karaṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇan. grain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇan. (also) a sinew, tendon, muscle, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇagrāmam. the senses collectively View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇakesarinm. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇakutūhalan. Name of work on practical astronomy by bhāskara-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇamantram. a mantra- pertaining to any sacred rite, , Scholiast or Commentator View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇaneri m. a kind of dance. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇanerikam. a kind of dance. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇaniyamam. repression or restraint of the organs of sense. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇapaddhatif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇaprabodham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇaprakāśam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇaprayogam. spell, charm View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇaprayogam. . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇasāram. Name of work on practical astronomy by bhāskara-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇasthānabhedam. difference of articulation or organ of pronunciation. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇasūtran. Name of work , View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇaf. instrumentality, the state of being an instrument on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇatrāṇan. "protecting the organs of sense", the head View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇatvan. instrumentality, mediate agency View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇavatmfn. articulated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇavigamam. death (= deha-- tyāga-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇavinyayam. manner of pronunciation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇavyāpāram. action of the senses View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇayatif. a kind of time (in mus.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhikaraṇaSee svapnābhik/araṇa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhimukhīkaraṇan. turning the face towards, addressing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ābhimukhyakaraṇan. addressing a person, on . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhinavavaiyākaraṇam. a modern grammarian. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyantarīkaraṇan. initiating in (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ācāryakaraṇan. acting as teacher View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādhīkaraṇa(ādhī--) n. pledging, mortgaging. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikaraṇan. the act of placing at the head or of subordinating government, supremacy, magistracy, court of justice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikaraṇan. a receptacle, support View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikaraṇan. a claim View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikaraṇan. a topic, subject View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikaraṇan. (in philosophy) a substratum View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikaraṇan. a subject (exempli gratia, 'for example' ātman-is the adhi-karaṇa-of knowledge) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikaraṇan. a category View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikaraṇan. a relation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikaraṇan. (in grammar) government View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikaraṇan. location, the sense of the locative case View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikaraṇan. relationship of words in a sentence (which agree together, either as adjective and substantive, or as subject and predicate, or as two substantives in apposition) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikaraṇan. (in rhetoric) a topic View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikaraṇan. a paragraph or minor section View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikaraṇamfn. having to superintend. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikaraṇabhojakam. a judge. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikaraṇaitāvattvan. fixed quantity of a substratum. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikaraṇalekhakam. a clerk at a hall of justice, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikaraṇamālāf. a compendium of the topics of the vedānta- by bhāratī-tīrtha-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikaraṇamaṇḍapam. n. the hall of justice. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikaraṇasiddhāntam. a syllogism or conclusion which involves others, etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āḍhyaṃkaraṇamf(ī-)n. enriching View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adṛśyakaraṇan. act of rendering invisible View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adṛśyakaraṇan. Name of a part of a treatise on magic. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnaukaraṇan. burnt offering, , Scholiast or Commentator View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āgūḥkaraṇan. idem or 'n. pronouncing the āgur- commentator or commentary on ' on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ahaṃkaraṇaetc. See ah/am-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ahaṃkaraṇan. conceit or conception of individuality View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akaraṇan. absence of action. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ākulīkaraṇaetc. See below sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order ākulī-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ākulīkaraṇan. confounding 1. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alaṃkaraṇa -kūr/a- etc. See /alam-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alaṃkaraṇan. making ready, preparation , (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-). ) decoration, ornament View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amṛtīkaraṇan. changing into nectar. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṃśakaraṇan. act of dividing. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anapakaraṇan. (in law) non-payment, non-delivery. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anapākaraṇan. (in law) non-payment, non-delivery. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
andhaṃkaraṇa(andhaṃ--) mf(ī-)n. making blind. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
andhīkaraṇan. making blind, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anekīkaraṇan. making manifold. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅgīkaraṇan. act of taking the side of, assenting, agreeing, promising. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anirākaraṇan. the not forgetting, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anityasamaprakaraṇan. a section in the nyāya- discussing that sophism. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅkakaraṇan. the act of marking or stamping. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
annakaraṇamfn. preparing food, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anṛṇīkaraṇan. releasing from debt, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
antaḥkaraṇan. the internal organ, the seat of thought and feeling, the mind, the thinking faculty, the heart, the conscience, the soul. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
antakaraṇamfn. causing death, mortal, destructive. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
antakaraṇan. causing an end of, abolishing (compound), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anukaraṇan. the act of imitation or of following an example View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anukaraṇan. resemblance, similarity. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anyathākaraṇan. () changing, change View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anyatrakaraṇam. the son of a paramour, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apakaraṇan. acting improperly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apakaraṇan. doing wrong View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apakaraṇan. ill-treating, offending, injuring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apākaraṇan. driving away, removal View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apākaraṇan. payment, liquidation.
apārthakaraṇan. a false plea in a lawsuit. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aprakaraṇan. not the principal topic, not relevant to the main subject. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apūrvakaraṇan. (with jaina-s) Name (also title or epithet) of the 8th stage leading to perfection View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ātatīkaraṇan. drawing (a bow-string) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aupākaraṇamfn. (fr. upākaraṇa-), relating to the preparatory ceremony before beginning the study of the veda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aupākaraṇan. (am-) the time of that ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avighnakaraṇavratan. Name of a particular rite on the fourth day of phālguna-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avipakvakaraṇamfn. having immature or insufficiently developed organs (of mind) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aviṣayīkaraṇan. the not making anything (genitive case) an object View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āviṣkaraṇan. making visible, manifestation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aviśrāntavidhyādharavyākaraṇan. Name (also title or epithet) of a grammar by vāmana- (probably wrong reading for viśr-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avitatkaraṇa(and a-vitad-bhaṣaṇa-) n. (with the pāśupata-s) doing (and speaking) what in general is held to be unsuitable or nonsensical (vi-tad-) but is admitted by the pāśupata-s from their own view. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avyaktānukaraṇan. the imitating of inarticulated sound View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayakṣmaṃkaraṇamf(ī-)n. producing health View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahiṣkaraṇan. expulsion, exclusion from (ablative) on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahiṣkaraṇan. an external organ (opp. to antaḥ-k-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahulīkaraṇan. multiplying, magnifying View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahulīkaraṇan. winnowing (for phalīkaraṇa-?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāhyakaraṇan. an external organ of sense View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāhyārthabhaṅganirākaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bālabhāṣāvyākaraṇasūtravṛttif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balādhikaraṇan. plural the business or affairs of an army View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bālavyākaraṇan. "a child's grammar", Name of a grammar. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bandhakaraṇan. binding, fettering, holding back (also by magic) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
baṭūkaraṇan. the act of making into a youth, initiation of a boy by upa-nayana- q.v
bhadrākaraṇan. the karaṇa- (sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order) called bhadrā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadrākaraṇan. "making beautiful", the act of shaving View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadraṃkaraṇamfn. equals prec. mfn. Va1rtt. 8 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaktiprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaktyadhikaraṇamālāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāṇḍīrabhāṣāvyākaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaṅgurīkaraṇan. making fragile View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskaraṇa View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhasmasūtakaraṇan. the calcining of quicksilver View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhasmīkaraṇan. reducing to ashes, burning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhasmīkaraṇan. calcining View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāsvatīkaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāvārthādhikaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bheṣajakaraṇan. preparation of drugs or medicine View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhikṣākaraṇan. asking alms, mendicancy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhojavyākaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhuktiprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūtakaraṇan. "causing a word to have a past meaning", Name of the augment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūtakaraṇavatīf. (scilicet vibhakti-) the character and personal endings of the augmented verbal forms (id est of imperfect tense Aorist and Conditional) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmacintananirākaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmaikyaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhadvaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇa n. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhadvyākaraṇabhūṣaṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaspatikaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
camatkaraṇan. astonishment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
camatkaraṇan. producing wonder, causing surprise View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
camatkaraṇan. spectacle, festival View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
camatkaraṇan. high poetical composition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candrasūryajihmīkaraṇaprabham. "whose splendour obscures moon and sun", Name of a buddha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candravyākaraṇan. candra-'s grammar (published under abhimanyu-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caramavaiyākaraṇam. (the last id est) an ignorant grammarian View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
carmakaraṇan. working in skins or leather View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturdhākaraṇan. dividing into 4 parts View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chandaḥprakaraṇan. a chapter on metre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrīkaraṇan. making variegated, decorating, painting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrīkaraṇan. surprise View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
corakaraṇan. calling anyone a thief View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cūḍākaraṇan. "forming the crest", the ceremony of tonsure (equals caula-,one of the 12 purificatory rites[ ] performed on a child in the Ist or 3rd year) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cūrṇīkaraṇan. equals cūrṇana- - kṛ-, to reduce to powder or dust, pulverise, grind, bruise, smash View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dahanopakaraṇan. the means for cauterising View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dānaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dantadhāvanaprakaraṇan. Name of View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devatāmūrtiprakaraṇan. Name of work on sculpture. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devīpūjāprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhanurvedaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmādhikaraṇan. administration or court of Justice ( dharmādhikaraṇasthāna -sthāna- n.a law. court ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmādhikaraṇam. a judge, magistrate View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmādhikaraṇasthānan. dharmādhikaraṇa
dhātuprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhvajīkaraṇan. raising a standard or making anything a plea View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhyāmīkaraṇan. making dark-coloured, blackening View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhyāmīkaraṇan. burning, consuming View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīkṣākaraṇan. performance of consecration View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīkṣāprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīpakavyākaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīpavyākaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
doṣaguṇīkaraṇan. turning a fault into a merit View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dravīkaraṇan. liquefaction, melting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dṛḍhīkaraṇan. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dṛgdṛśyaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dūraṃkaraṇamf(ī-)n. dūram View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dūrīkaraṇan. the making distant, removing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duṣkaraṇan. a difficult or miserable work on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvādaśāntaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvaidhīkaraṇan. making into two, separating View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvidhākaraṇan. the dividing into 2, making twofold, arranging in two ways View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvirāgamanaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvivivāhinhitāsapiṇḍīkaraṇan. Name of chapter of View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dyūtasamāhvayaprakaraṇan. "a treatise on the law-suits arising from gambling", Name of chapter of viśveśvara-'s su-bodhinī-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekavarṇasamīkaraṇan. equalization of two uniform quantities, a kind of equation (in mathematics) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekīkaraṇan. the act of making one, uniting, combination commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gāḍhīkaraṇan. making stiff. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
garbhakaraṇan. anything which causes impregnation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
garbhavyākaraṇan. careful description of the embryo (part of the śārīra- section in medical works) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
garbhīkaraṇan. "making anything an embryo or product", producing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
garbhiṇīvyākaraṇan. (or garbhiṇyā vyākṛti-) careful description of a pregnant woman (particular heading or subject in med.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gocaraprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
granthakaraṇan. composition of books or treatises View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṛhakaraṇan. house-building View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṛhakaraṇan. household affairs View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṛhaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṛhopakaraṇan. any domestic utens . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guṇadoṣīkaraṇan. making a defect out of a merit View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guṇasthānaprakaraṇan. Name of a jaina- work. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guṇīkaraṇan. making a merit out of (a defect, doṣa--) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gurūkaraṇan. the making heavy or venerable View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haridrāgaṇapatiprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
harināmāmṛtavaiṣṇavavyākaraṇan. Name of work
hastāmalakavedāntaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hastekaraṇan. taking (the bride's) hand, marrying View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haviṣkaraṇan. the act of preparing an oblation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hemavyākaraṇan. Hema-candra's grammar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
horāprakaraṇa(?) n. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
itikaraṇan. the word iti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jainendravyākaraṇan. Name of a grammar by abhaya-nandi- (commented on by deva-nandi-, abhaya-- and soma-deva-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jihmīkaraṇamfn. "obscuring" See candra-sūrya-jihmīkaraṇaprabha-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jīvadayāprakaraṇan. Name of a Jain treatise. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jīvavicāraprakaraṇan. idem or 'm. "disquisition on life", Name of a Jain work by śānti-sūri- (commented on by bhāva-sundara-, meghanandana-, and īśvarācārya-)' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jīvopalambhaprakaraṇan. Name of a Jain treatise. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kakṣīkaraṇan. the act of admitting or assenting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālakaraṇan. appointing or fixing a time. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāṇḍopakaraṇan. the beginning of (the study of) a kāṇḍa-, ibidem or 'in the same place or book or text' as the preceding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāraṇakaraṇan. a primary cause, elementary cause, atom View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karmopakaraṇamfn. one who gives aid by work. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karṇālaṃkaraṇan. an ornament for the ear. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karpūraprakaraṇan. Name of a jaina- work. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāryakaraṇan. the doing one's duty, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
keśāntakaraṇan. idem or 'm. cutting off the hair finally (as a religious ceremony performed upon Brahmans at 16 years of age, kṣatriya-s at 22, and vaiśya-s at 24) ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
keśaśeṣakaraṇan. leaving a remnant of hair, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kevalavaiyākaraṇam. a mere grammarian (not versed in any other science). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khaṇḍakhādyakaraṇan. idem or 'n. Name of an astronomical karaṇa- (vv.ll. -khāṭṭaka-, -khāḍaka-) ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khaṇḍasphuṭapratisaṃskaraṇan. repairing of dilapidations View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khaṇḍasphuṭapratisaṃskaraṇan. (pāli- ṇḍa-phulla--.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kimadhikaraṇamf(ā-)n. referring to what? View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kratukaraṇan. Name of a sacrificial offering View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kroḍīkaraṇan. embracing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇīkaraṇan. blackening View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtārthīkaraṇamfn. rendering successful View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣaurakaraṇan. shaving View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣetraliptīkaraṇan. reducing to minutes of the ecliptic. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kubjīkaraṇan. curving (as of a stalk) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulāntakaraṇamfn. one who ruins his family View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuṇḍalīkaraṇan. bending a bow so as to form a circle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
laghūkaraṇan. See laghū-kṛ-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
laghūkaraṇan. the act of making light, lessening, diminishing, diminution View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
laghūkaraṇan. thinking little of, contemning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
laghuvaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
laghuvaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasiddhāntamañjūṣāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
laghuvyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāraName of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakṣaṇāvṛttiprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lokakāraṇakaraṇan. cause of the causes of the world (Name of śiva-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhvamataprakaraṇan. Name of work
madhyajainendravyākaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahābhaṭṭīvyākaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahākāraṇaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāprakaraṇan. the principal treatment of a subject commentator or commentary View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāvākyapañcīkaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāvidyāprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāyogapañcaratneāśvalāyanopayogyādhānaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
malinīkaraṇan. the act of soiling, staining View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
malinīkaraṇan. an action which defiles, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manaḥsthirīkaraṇan. the act of strengthening or confirming the mind View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mananaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mānasakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṇḍalīkaraṇan. rounding, gathering in a ball or circle, coiling View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṅgalakaraṇan. "luck-causing", the act of reciting a prayer for success before the beginning of any enterprise View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṇighaṇṭākṛtanyāyaratnaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mantrakaraṇan. the recital of a sacred text View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mantrakaraṇan. a Vedic text or verse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mantraprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mantrayogaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mantroddhāraprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mārjārakaraṇan. a particular posture in sexual intercourse (also rīśkramaṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mīmāṃsādhikaraṇan. (dh-) (in the beginning of a compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mīmāṃsādhikaraṇamālāṭīkāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mīmāṃsādhikaraṇanyāyavicāropanyāsam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
miśrīkaraṇan. the act of mixing, seasoning, an ingredient View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitāṅkakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitrakaraṇathe making of friends, making one's self friends Va1rtt. 1 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛtyuṃjayatvaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūlīkaraṇan. the extraction of the square-root , View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūlyakaraṇan. making the worth or value of anything, turning into money View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūrtatvajātinirākaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūṣīkaraṇan. melting in a crucible View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
muṣṭikaraṇa n. clenching the fist View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāḍīprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nagnaṃkaraṇamf(ī-)n. making naked View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nagnīkaraṇan. stripping, undressing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naimittikaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naivedyaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nakṣatraprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nakṣatraśuddhiprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāmadheyakaraṇan. nāmadheya
nāmakaraṇam. a nominal suffix View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāmakaraṇan. the calling of a person (genitive case) by the name of (nāmnā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāmakaraṇan. the ceremony of naming a child after birth etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāmakaraṇan. (raṇaṃ- kṛ-,to perform this child) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāmakaraṇaprayogam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nānākaraṇan. variation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nastakaraṇan. instrument used by bhikṣu-s for injecting the nose (taḥ-k-? see above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nastastaḥkaraṇaSee nasta-k- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navārṇavaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navatattvaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navīkaraṇan. making new, renewing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niḥkṣatrakaraṇan. depriving of the military caste View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nijānandānubhūtiprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirākaraṇan. separating (in a-nirāk-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirākaraṇan. driving away, turning out, expelling, removing, repudiating (of a woman), opposing, contradicting, denying etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirākaraṇan. forgetting (in a-nirāk-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirākaraṇan. neglecting the chief sacrificial or religious duties View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirdoṣīkaraṇan. rendering innocuous, paralyzing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirjīvakaraṇan. killing, striking dead (with genitive case) (wrong reading -kār-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirmalīkaraṇan. cleansing, purification View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirvāṇaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niśceṣṭākaraṇamfn. causing it (Name of one of the arrows of the god of love) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niyogakaraṇan. making a command, commanding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nṛgamokṣaprakaraṇan. Name of work or chapter of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nṛsiṃhakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nyakkaraṇan. lowering, degrading, treating with disrespect View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nyāsaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nyāyamīmāṃsāprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nyāyaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nyāyaratnaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pādaprakaraṇasaṃgatif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
palitaṃkaraṇamf(ī-)n. rendering grey (see ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcadaśīprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcāgnividyāprakaraṇan. pañcāgnividyā
pañcaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcīkaraṇan. (1. kṛ-) making into 5, causing anything to contain all the 5 elements View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcīkaraṇan. Name of several works. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcīkaraṇamahāvākyārtham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcīkaraṇamahāvākyārthabodham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcīkaraṇaprakriyāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcīkaraṇatātparyacandrikāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcīkaraṇavārttikan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcīkaraṇavārttikābharaṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcīkaraṇavivaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcīkaraṇavivekam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāṇḍukaraṇa n. (in med.) making or rending white View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāṇḍurīkaraṇan. colouring white View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāṇḍurīkaraṇakṛto colour white View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāṇinivyākaraṇadīpikāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parabhūprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parākaraṇan. setting aside, disdaining View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāramparyaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paribhāṣāprakaraṇan. Name of work
pārijātavyākaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paropakaraṇan. equals -kāra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryagnikaraṇan. the ceremony of carrying fire round the sacrificial animal View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāśupatayogaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pātropakaraṇan. ornaments of a secondary kind (as bells, chowries etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paṭukaraṇamfn. having sound organs View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paurṇamāsyadhikaraṇan. paurṇamāsī
pavitrīkaraṇan. purification, means of purifying View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalīkaraṇan. separating the grain from the husks, cleansing of grain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalīkaraṇam. plural chaff (of rice) or smallest grains View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalīkaraṇam. (sg.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phālīkaraṇamfn. (fr. phalī-k-) made of husks or the smallest grains View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalīkaraṇahomam. an oblation of chaff or smallest grains View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalīkaraṇamiśramfn. mixed with rice-chaff, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalīkaraṇamuṣṭif. a handful of rice-chaff, ibidem or 'in the same place or book or text' as the preceding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pīḍākaraṇan. the causing of pain, torturing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piṇḍakaraṇan. equals -nirvapaṇa-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piṇḍīkaraṇan. making into a lump or ball on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piśācīkaraṇan. transforming into a piśāca- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
poṣyaputrakaraṇan. adoption View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pracurīkaraṇan. making abundant, augmenting, increasing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāduṣkaraṇan. bringing to light, manifestation, production View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praguṇīkaraṇan. putting straight, arranging properly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prahārakaraṇan. dealing blows, beating View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakaraṇan. production, creation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakaraṇan. treatment, discussion, explanation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakaraṇan. treatise, monograph, book, chapter (especially introduction or prologue) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakaraṇan. a subject, topic, question, matter, occasion, opportunity etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakaraṇan. (asminn eva prakaraṇe-,"on this occasion"or"in this connection"; na ca prakaraṇaṃ vetsi-,"nor do you know what is the matter") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakaraṇan. a kind of drama with a fictitious plot (such as etc.) () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakaraṇan. treating with respect View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakaraṇan. doing much or well View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakaraṇatypical performance, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakaraṇan. Name of work (see nyāyapr-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakaraṇapādam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakaraṇapañcikāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakaraṇasamam. a kind of sophism, an assertion by two opponents of some argument which has the same force of argument pro and con View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakaraṇaśasind. according to species or kind (opp. to pṛthak-tvena-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakaraṇatasind. occasionally View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakaraṇatvan. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakaraṇavādārtham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakāśīkaraṇan. giving light, illuminating View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakaṭīkaraṇan. making visible, manifesting, proclaiming View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prākṛtapañcīkaraṇan. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prākṛtavyākaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prākṛtavyākaraṇavṛttif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pramāṇīkaraṇan. setting up or quoting as an authority View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāṅmukhakaraṇan. prāṅmukha
praśnaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praśnavyākaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasrāvakaraṇan. the urethra View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prastaraghatanāpakaraṇan. an instrument for breaking or splitting stones View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prathamavaiyākaraṇam. a beginner in grammar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prathamavaiyākaraṇam. a distinguished or first-rate grammarian View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiphalīkaraṇamind. at each cleaning of the corn commentator or commentary View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyadhikaraṇamind. at each paragraph View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyakṣakaraṇan. one's own perception View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyakṣīkaraṇan. looking at, viewing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyakṣīkaraṇan. making manifest or apparent View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyupākaraṇan. (1. kṛ-) recommencement of Vedic study View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyuttarīkaraṇan. replying, an answer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayāgaprakaraṇan. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāyaścittaprakaraṇan. Name of work
prayogamukhavyākaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prītikaraṇan. the act of causing pleasure, gratifying View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
priyaṃkaraṇamf(ī-)n. acting kindly to View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
priyaṃkaraṇamf(ī-)n. exciting or attracting regard, amiable View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛthagyogakaraṇan. the separation of a grammatical rule into two (see yoga-vibhāga-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛthakkaraṇan. separating, setting apart View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pucchabrahmavādanirākaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūjopakaraṇan. () the requisites for the worship or adoration of a god. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
punaḥkaraṇan. making again, re-making, transforming View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
punarupākaraṇan. repeated beginning of study View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puraskaraṇan. the act of placing in front etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puraskaraṇan. making perfect (?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrṇacandraprāyaścittaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
putrīkaraṇan. the adoption of sons View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
putrīkaraṇamīmāṃsāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāgadveṣaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājadharmaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājakaraṇan. a law-court View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājāntakaraṇamfn. causing the destruction of kind (varia lectio) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājopakaraṇan. plural the paraphernalia of a kind, ensigns of royalty View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājyābhiṣekaprakaraṇaṭīkāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājyopakaraṇan. plural the instruments or paraphernalia of government, insignia of royalty (see rājop-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rākṣasīkaraṇan. the act of changing into a rākṣasa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāmādhikaraṇamfn. relating to rāma- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāmavinodakaraṇan. (also called, pañcāṅga-sādhanodāharaṇa-), Name of a work composed by rāma-candra- in 1614. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāmavyākaraṇan. Name of a grammar by vopadeva-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raṇālaṃkaraṇam. a heron View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāśīkaraṇan. the making into a heap, piling together View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāśīkaraṇabhāṣyan. Name of work of the pāśupata-s (also called -kara-bhāṣya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rātrīkaraṇamfn. turning into night
raudrīkaraṇan. the doing dreadful acts, performing horrors View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛjūkaraṇan. the act of straightening View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛjuvyākaraṇan. Name (also title or epithet) of a grammar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛktantravyākaraṇan. Name of a pariśiṣṭa- of the sāma-veda-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛṇāpakaraṇan. discharge or payment of debt. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rogamūrtidānaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rūpāvatyalaṃkaraṇan. (fr. prec. f.+ al-) Name of a poem View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sabāhyāntaḥkaraṇamfn. with the external and internal organs (with ātman- m."the whole self") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śabdānukaraṇamfn. imitating sounds View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sadācāraprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣaḍdarśinīprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahakaraṇan. acting together, common action or performance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāhasakaraṇan. violence, force View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahāyakaraṇan. the act of rendering assistance, aiding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahetikaraṇamfn. followed by the particle iti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaivanavadaśaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sajjīkaraṇan. the act of equipping, arraying, arming, preparing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śakalīkaraṇan. the act of breaking in pieces View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sakaraṇakamf(ikā-)n. transmitted by means of an organ (of the body), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śākaṭāyanavyākaraṇan. Name of a grammar (adopted by the jaina- community in opposition to the orthodox aṣṭādhyāyī-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaklīkaraṇan. equals śakalī-k-, breaking or hewing in pieces View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sākṣātkaraṇan. the act of putting before the eyes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sākṣātkaraṇan. intuitive perception, actual feeling View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sākṣātkaraṇan. immediate cause of anything View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śālīnīkaraṇan. the making humble, humiliation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śālīnīkaraṇan. abuse, reproach View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samabhyāśīkaraṇan. bringing near on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samādhiprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samānādhikaraṇan. grammatical agreement in case with (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samānādhikaraṇan. common or same government or case-relation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samānādhikaraṇan. same predicament or category, common substratum View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samānādhikaraṇamfn. being in the same case-relation with (instrumental case or compound), relating to the same subject ( samānādhikaraṇatā -- f.; samānādhikaraṇatva -tva- n.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samānādhikaraṇamfn. being in the same category or predicament or government View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samānādhikaraṇamfn. having a common substratum (in the vaiśeṣika- philosophy) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samānādhikaraṇaf. samānādhikaraṇa
samānādhikaraṇatvan. samānādhikaraṇa
samānakaraṇamfn. having the same organ of utterance (said of a sound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samarasīkaraṇan. causing to have equal feelings View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samāsaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃdhānakaraṇamf(ī-)n. causing union or combination, who or what re-unites or heals or reconciles View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃdhānakaraṇan. the act of uniting or healing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃdhānakaraṇan. allying, making peace View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃdhyāpañcīkaraṇavārttikan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samīkaraṇan. the act of making even, levelling on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samīkaraṇan. assimilation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samīkaraṇan. putting on a level with (instrumental case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samīkaraṇan. (in arithmetic) equation, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samīkaraṇan. equalizing, setting to rights View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samīkaraṇan. a roller (to level a sown field) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samīkaraṇa samī-kri- etc. See . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃjīvakaraṇamf(ī-)n. bringing to life, animating View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃjñākaraṇan. giving a name View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃjñākaraṇaparisiṣṭan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃjñāprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃkarīkaraṇan. mixing together, confusing (especially illegal intermixture of castes or any similar illegality) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃkhyāmuṣṭyadhikaraṇakṣepam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃkīrṇīkaraṇan. equals saṃkarī-k- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃkrāntiprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāmprayogikādhikaraṇan. Name of a kāma-śāstra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sampuṭīkaraṇan. the furnishing with a cover or lid View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samṛddhikaraṇan. means of procuring prosperity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsargaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃśayasamaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskaraṇan. the act of putting together, preparing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskaraṇan. cremating (a corpse) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāraprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samudāyaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃvatsaraprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāntikaraṇan. the averting of evil View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāntiprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śapathakaraṇan. swearing or taking an oath View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sapattrākaraṇan. wounding with an arrow or other feathered weapon so that the feathers enter the body (causing excessive pain) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saphalīkaraṇan. the act of making successful, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sapiṇḍīkaraṇan. equals sapiṇḍana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sapiṇḍīkaraṇan. Name of work (also sapiṇḍīkaraṇakhaṇḍana ṇa-khaṇḍana- n. sapiṇḍīkaraṇāntakarman ṇānta-karman- n.and sapiṇḍīkaraṇānvaṣṭakā ṇān-vaṣṭakā- f.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sapiṇḍīkaraṇakhaṇḍanan. sapiṇḍīkaraṇa
saptapadīkaraṇan. () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śarabhapakṣirājaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saralīkaraṇan. making straight = View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatavyākaraṇan. Name of a grammar. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaravyīkaraṇan. the act of taking aim View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarūpaṃkaraṇamf(ī-)n. idem or 'mfn. producing the same form or colour ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvādhikaraṇan. plural all occasions ( sarvādhikaraṇeṣu ṇeṣu- ind."on all occasions") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvatomukhaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāstrapūjanaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śastropakaraṇan. arms and instruments of warfare, military apparatus
satkaraṇan. doing (the last) honour (to the dead), cremation of a corpse, funeral obsequies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satpratipakṣadeśanābhāsaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śauryakaraṇan. prowess View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
savarṇīkaraṇan. equals -varṇana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śeṣakaraṇan. the leaving a remnant of (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śeṣakaraṇan. the doing what remains to be done View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhāntādhikaraṇamālāf. Name of work on the vedānta- (equals adhikaraṇa-m- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhāntalakṣaṇavivekaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhikaraṇan. the act of producing success or fortune View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhikaraṇavidhānan. Name of a tantra- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sīmantakaraṇan. the act or ceremony of parting the hair View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śiṣṭākaraṇan. non-performance or neglect of what is prescribed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śītalāprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śithilīkaraṇan. the act of loosening, relaxing, impairing, weakening View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śītīkaraṇan. act of cooling, means of cooling View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivapattramuhūrtaprakaraṇan. (?) Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ślakṣṇīkaraṇan. smoothing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ślakṣṇīkaraṇan. a means or method of polishing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smaropakaraṇan. implement of love (as perfumes etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śmaśānakaraṇan. the laying out of a burning-ground View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtyadhikaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
snānopakaraṇan. any utensil used in bathing, any accessory of a bath View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sopakaraṇamfn. together with the implements View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sopakaraṇamfn. properly equipped View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
spaṣṭīkaraṇan. making clear or intelligible View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
spaṣṭīkaraṇan. equals -kṛti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sphātiṃkaraṇan. dual number Name of two sāman-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sphuṭakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sphuṭīkaraṇan. the act of making clear or evident, manifestation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sphuṭīkaraṇan. making true or correct, correction View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śraddhāprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrāddhavṛttiprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrīkaraṇamfn. causing glory or distinction View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrīkaraṇamfn. "making the word śrī-", a pen View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrīkaraṇamfn. Name of the capital of the Northern kosala-s (and residence of king prasena-jit-;it was in ruins when visited by Fa-Hian, not far from the modern Fyzabad) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sṛṣṭikaraṇaṭīkāf. Name of an astronomy work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutisārasamuddharaṇaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
stabdhīkaraṇan. stiffening, making rigid, paralyzing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthirīkaraṇamfn. idem or 'mfn. making firm ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthirīkaraṇan. hardening View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthirīkaraṇan. making firm or fixed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthirīkaraṇan. making durable, corroboration View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthirīkaraṇan. confirmation on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthitaprakaraṇa wrong reading for sthiti-pr-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthitiprakaraṇan. Name of a chapter of the vāsiṣṭha-rāmāyaṇa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthūlaṃkaraṇamf(ī-)n. making big etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthūlaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthūlasūkṣmaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthūlīkaraṇan. the act of making large or bulky, causing erections (of the male organ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
stotraprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
strīdhanaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
strīkaraṇan. sexual connection View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
strīpratyayaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
subhagaṃkaraṇamf(ī-)n. making happy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
subhagaṃkaraṇamf(ī-)n. charming, enchanting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
subhagaṃkaraṇan. fascinating, winning (a woman) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śubhāśubhaprakaraṇaṭīkāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuklīkaraṇan. making white, whitening
sūryapakṣakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrakaraṇan. the composition of a sūtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svāḍhyaṃkaraṇamfn. easily enriching Va1rtt. 9 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svāhākaraṇan. consecration by uttering svāhā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svakaraṇan. making (a woman) one's own, marrying View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svapnābhikaraṇan. a soporific remedy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svapnaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svaraprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svātmānandaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svātmanirūpaṇaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svīkaraṇan. making one's own, appropriating, accepting, acquiring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svīkaraṇan. taking to wife, marrying assenting, agreeing, promising View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svīkaraṇakarmanmfn. whose function is to appropriate View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śyāmāprakaraṇan. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śyenakaraṇan. "acting like a hawk", acting with precipitation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śyenakaraṇan. burning on a separate funeral pile View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tantukaraṇan. spinning, on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tanūkaraṇan. making thin, attenuation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tanūkaraṇan. paring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
taparakaraṇan. causing - to follow, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tathākaraṇan. proceeding thus (a-- negative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tattvaprabodhaprakaraṇan. Name of work by haribhadra- II (A.D. 1200) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tīrthīkaraṇamfn. sanctifying View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tithidvaidhaprakaraṇan. Name of work by śūla-pāṇi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tithiprakaraṇan. Name of a chapter of -sāraṇikā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tithiprakaraṇan. of śrī-pati-'s jyotiṣa-ratna-- mālā-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tripurīprakaraṇan. Name of a Vedantic work (ascribed to śaṃkara-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
trisūtrīkaraṇan. Name of a performance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
trivṛtkaraṇan. making threefold, () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tundilīkaraṇan. the act of causing to swell, increasing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
unmukhīkaraṇan. the causing to look at, excitement of attention View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upacārakaraṇa n. () act of courteousness, politeness, civility. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upakaraṇaetc. See upa-- 1. kṛ-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upakaraṇan. the act of doing anything for another, doing a service or favour, helping, assisting, benefiting etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upakaraṇan. instrument, implement, machine, engine, apparatus, paraphernalia (as the vessels at a sacrifice etc.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upakaraṇan. anything added over and above, contribution, expedient View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upakaraṇan. means of subsistence, anything supporting life View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upakaraṇan. any object of art or science View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upakaraṇan. anything fabricated etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upakaraṇan. the insignia of royalty View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upakaraṇan. the attendants of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upakaraṇa(according to some also) heaping earth (from kṝ-), Vish2n View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upākaraṇan. the act of bringing near, fetching etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upākaraṇan. setting about, preparation, beginning, commencing & etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upākaraṇan. commencement of reading the veda- (after the performance of preparatory rites, as initiation etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upākaraṇan. Name of a particular stotra- or prayer at sacrifices View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upakaraṇavat(upakaraṇ/a-) mfn. furnished with means or instruments or implements, competent to do anything View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upākaraṇavidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasaṃhāraprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaskaraṇan. (for 2.See below) the act of decorating, embellishing, ornamenting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaskaraṇan. ornament, embellishment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaskaraṇan. idem or 'm. the act of hurting, violating ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
urarīkaraṇan. the act of admitting, adopting, admission, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uṣṇaṃkaraṇamfn. causing heat, heating vArttika on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utpattiprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vādikaraṇakhaṇḍanan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vagalāmukhīprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vairāgyaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vairakaraṇan. cause of hostility View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiṣṇavakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiṣṇavavyākaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaitathyaprakaraṇan. Name of chapter of a work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiyākaraṇamfn. (fr. vy-ākaraṇa-) relating to grammar, grammatical View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiyākaraṇam. a grammarian etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiyākaraṇabhāryam. a man who has a female grammarian for a wife View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇan. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasaṃgraham.
vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāram. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasarvasvan. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇopanyāsam. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiyākaraṇahastinm. an elephant given to a grammarian as a reward View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiyākaraṇajīvātuf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiyākaraṇakārikāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiyākaraṇakhasūcim. a grammarian who merely pierces the air with a needle, a poor grammarian View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiyākaraṇakoṭipattran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiyākaraṇamañjūṣāf. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiyākaraṇapadamañjarīf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiyākaraṇaparibhāṣārūpaśabdārthatarkāmṛtan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiyākaraṇapāśam. a bad grammarian View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiyākaraṇasarvasvan. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiyākaraṇasiddhāntabhūṣaṇan. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiyākaraṇasiddhāntabhūṣaṇasāram. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiyākaraṇasiddhāntadīpikāf. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiyākaraṇasiddhāntakaumudīf. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiyākaraṇasiddhāntamañjūṣāf. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiyākaraṇasiddhāntamañjūṣāsāram. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiyākaraṇasiddhāntarahasyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiyākaraṇasiddhāntaratnākaram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vājīkaraṇamf(ī-)n. equals prec. (also n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vājīkaraṇamf(ī-)n. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vājīkaraṇatantran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vajrīkaraṇan. the making into a vajra- or into the form of a thunderbolt View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vakratuṇḍagaṇanāyakaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vakrīkaraṇan. curving, bending, distorting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vākyakaraṇasiddhāntam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vākyaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vanaṃkaraṇan. a particular part of the body (with mehana-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varṣadaśāprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaṣaṭkaraṇan. the utterance of vaṣaṭ- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaśīkaraṇan. the act of making subject, subjugating, bewitching (by means of spells etc.), overcoming by charms and incantations etc. (with genitive case or in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaśīkaraprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāstuprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vedāntādhikaraṇacintāmaṇim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vedāntādhikaraṇamālān. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vedāntaprakaraṇan. Name of work ( vedāntaprakaraṇavākyāmṛta ṇa-vākyāmṛta- n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vedāntaprakaraṇavākyāmṛtan. vedāntaprakaraṇa
vedikaraṇan. the preparation of the vedi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vedikaraṇan. plural the implements used for it View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vedopakaraṇan. " veda--instrument", a subordinate science for aiding or promoting a knowledge of the veda- (= vedāṅga-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vedopakaraṇasamūham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vibhasmīkaraṇan. freeing from ashes, dusting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vicakṣuṣkaraṇan. rendering hostile, alienation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vidaladalīkaraṇan. the act of rending asunder or dividing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vijñānasaṃjñāprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vikaraṇamfn. (for 2.See ) deprived of organs of sense ( vikaraṇatva -tva- n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vikaraṇam. (for 1.See)"producing a change."(in gram.) a term for the affix or conjugational characteristic which is placed between the root and terminations, the inserted conjugational affix (according to pāṇini- these affixes are śap-, śapo luk-, ślu-, śyan-, śnu-, śa-, śnam-, u-, śnā-, yak-,and cli-[with its substitutes], tāsi-, sya-, sip-,the first nine of which are added in the present tense , imperfect tense , Imperative, and Potential, and before a kṛt- which contains a mute palatal ś-,in the case of Active verbs; yak-is added in the case of the karman- or bhāva- id est Passives or Neuters; cli-is added in the Aorist, tāsi-in the 1st Future, sya-in the 2nd Future and Conditional, and sip-before leṭ-.; lug-vikaraṇa-,"having luk-for its vikaraṇa- "[said of roots of cl. 2.]; ākhyāta-pada-vikaraṇāḥ-,"words which modify the finite verb" id est make it accented) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vikaraṇan. change, modification View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vikaraṇan. a disturbing influence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vikaraṇatvan. vikaraṇa
vimalikaraṇan. the act of clearing, purification View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viparītagrahaprakaraṇan. Name of. work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viphalīkaraṇan. making fruitless, frustrating, foiling, defeating View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viphalīkaraṇan. doing anything in vain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
virajaskaraṇan. freeing from dust, cleansing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīrasiṃhamitrodayesaṃskāraprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
virathīkaraṇan. the depriving any one of a chariot View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
virūpakaraṇamf(ī-)n. disfiguring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
virūpakaraṇan. the act of disfiguring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
virūpakaraṇan. inflicting an injury View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśalyakaraṇamf(ī-)n. healing wounds inflicted by arrows View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣayīkaraṇan. the making anything an object of perception or thought View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśeṣakaraṇan. making better, improvement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣṇukaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣṇuyantraprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vispaṣṭīkaraṇan. the making clear or evident View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣṭhākaraṇan. voiding excrement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣūcīnakaraṇan. causing to go asunder, separating View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśuddhakaraṇamfn. one whose acts are pure or virtuous View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vitatkaraṇa See a-vi-t-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vituṣīkaraṇan. unhusking View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivāhaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivāhaprakaraṇaṭīkāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivāsakaraṇan. causing banishment, banishing, transporting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛddhavaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛṣṭikarendraprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyadhikaraṇamfn. being in a different case-relation, relating to another subject View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyadhikaraṇan. incongruity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyadhikaraṇan. the subsisting or inhering in different receptacles or subjects or substrata (sometimes applied to a loose or ambiguous argument; opp. to samānādhik-See viśeṣa-vyāpti-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyadhikaraṇan. Name of several works. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyadhikaraṇa vy-adhva- etc. See . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyadhikaraṇadharmāvacchinnābhāvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyadhikaraṇadharmāvacchinnābhāvakroḍan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyadhikaraṇadharmāvacchinnābhāvapariṣkāram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyadhikaraṇadharmāvacchinnābhāvaprakāśam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyadhikaraṇadharmāvacchinnābhāvarahasyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyadhikaraṇadharmāvacchinnābhāvaṭikāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyadhikaraṇadharmāvacchinnavādan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyadhikaraṇapadamfn. containing words in different cases (as a bahuvrīhi-, exempli gratia, 'for example' kaṇṭhe-kāla-,"one who has black colour in the throat"[= kālakaṇṭha-,"black-throated"]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyājīkaraṇan. fraud, deception View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyākaraṇaetc. See vy-ā-kṛ-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyākaraṇan. separation, distinction, discrimination View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyākaraṇan. explanation, detailed description View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyākaraṇan. manifestation, revelation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyākaraṇan. (with Buddhists) prediction, prophecy (one of the nine divisions of scriptures ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyākaraṇan. development, creation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyākaraṇan. grammatical analysis, grammar etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyākaraṇan. grammatical correctness, polished or accurate language View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyākaraṇan. the sound of a bow-string View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyākaraṇaḍhuṇḍhikāf. Name of gram. work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyākaraṇadīpam. Name of gram. work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyākaraṇadīpavyākaraṇan. Name of gram. work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyākaraṇadīpikāf. Name of gram. work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyākaraṇadurghaṭodghāṭam. Name of gram. work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyākaraṇakan. a bad grammar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyākaraṇakauṇḍinyam. Name of a Brahman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyākaraṇakaustubhamn. Name of gram. work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyākaraṇakhaṇḍanan. Name of gram. work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyākaraṇamahābhāṣyan. the mahā-bhāṣya- of patañjali- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyākaraṇamūlan. Name of gram. work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyākaraṇaprakriyāf. grammatical formation of a word, etymology View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyākaraṇasaṃgraham. Name of gram. work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyākaraṇasāram. Name of gram. work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyākaraṇasiddhamfn. established by grammar, grammatical View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyākaraṇatrayan. Name of gram. work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyākaraṇavādagrantham. Name of gram. work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyaktīkaraṇan. the act of making manifest or clear or distinct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyānatakaraṇan. a particular posture in coitus, lb. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyayakaraṇa m. a paymaster View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyayakaraṇakam. a paymaster View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyayīkaraṇan. the act of expending or disbursing, wasting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yajñopakaraṇan. an implement useful or necessary for sacrifice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yātrākaraṇan. the setting forth on a journey or march View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yātrāprakaraṇan. Name of work (and yātrāprakaraṇaṭīkā -ṭīkā- f.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yātrāprakaraṇaṭīkāf. yātrāprakaraṇa
yogābhyāsaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yoginīdaśāprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yuddhopakaraṇan. any war implement, accoutrements View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
     Apte Search  
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karaṇa करण a. [कृ-ल्युट्] 1 Making, doing, effecting, producing. -2 (Ved.) Clever, skilled; रथं न दस्रा करणा समिन्वथः Rv.1.119.7. -णः 1 (Ved.) An assistant. यमस्य करणः Av.6.46.2. -2 A man of a mixed tribe. -3 A writer, जज्ञे धीमांस्ततस्तस्यां युयुत्सुः करणो नृप Mb.1.115. 43; Ms.1.22. -4 A child. cf. ...... करणः शिशौ । शूद्राविशोः सुते$पि स्यात् Nm. -णम् 1 Doing, performing, accomplishing, effecting; परहित˚, संध्या˚, प्रिय˚ &c. -2 Act, action. -3 Religious action; Y.1.251. -4 Business, trade. -5 An organ of sense; वपुषा करणोज्झि- तेन सा निपतन्ती पतिमप्यपातयत् R.8.38,42; पटुकरणैः प्राणिभिः Me.5; R.14.5. -6 The body; उपमानमभूद्विलासिनां करणं यत्तव कान्तिमत्तया Ku.4.5. -7 An instrument or means of an action, न तस्य कार्यं करणं न विद्यते Śvet.6.8; करणं च पृथग्विधम् Bg.18.14.18. उपमितिकरणमुपमानम् T. S.; तस्य भोगाधिकरणे करणानि निबोध मे Mb.3.181.19. -8 (In Logic) The instrumental cause which is thus defined :- व्यापारवद- साधारणं कारणं करणम्. -9 A cause or motive (in general). -1 The sense expressed by the instrumental case (in gram.); साधकतमं करणम् P.1.4.42; or क्रियायाः परिनिष्पत्तिर्यद्- व्यापारादनन्तरम् । विवक्ष्यते यदा यत्र करणं तत्तदा स्मृतम् ॥ -11 (In law) A document, a bond, documentary proof; Ms.8.15,52,154. -12 A kind of rhythmical pause, beat of the hand to keep time; अनुगर्जितसंधिग्धाः करणै- र्मुरजस्वनाः Ku.6.4. -13 (In Astrol.) A Division of the day; (these Karaṇas are eleven). -बव, बालव, कौलव, तैतिल, गर, वणिज, विष्टि, शकुनि, चतुष्पाद, नाग and र्किस्तुघ्न. -14 The Supreme Being. -15 Pronunciation. -16 The posture of an ascetic. -17 A posture in sexual enjoyment. बोभुज्यते स्म करणेन नरेन्द्रपुत्री Bil. ch.42. वात्स्यायनोक्तकरणैर्निखिलैर्मनोज्ञै । संभुज्यते कविवरेण नरेन्द्रपुत्री ॥ Ibid.45. -18 A field. -19 Plastering with the hand. -2 The usage of the writer caste. -21 The Principle of intelligence; दृष्टाः करणाश्रयिणः Sāṅ. K.43. -22 (In Astron.) N. of a treatise of Varāhamihira on the motion of planets. -णी 1 A woman of a mixed caste. माहिष्येण करण्यां तु रथकारः प्रजायते Y.1.95. -2 Absurd or irrational number. -सुता f. An adopted daughter. -Comp. -अधिपः the soul, स कारणं करणाधिपाधिपः Śvet. 6.9. -कुतूहलम् N. of a work on practical astronomy by Bhāskara. -ग्रामः the organs of sense taken collectively. -त्राणम् the head. -विभक्तिः f. The instrumental case; सूक्तवाकेनेति करणविभक्तिसंयोगात् । ŚB. on यMS.3.2.12. -विन्ययः manner of pronunciation.
akaraṇam अकरणम् [कृ-भावे ल्युट् न. त.] Not doing, absence of action; अकरणान्मन्दकरणं श्रेयः. -ण a. [न. ब.] 1 Not artificial, natural. -2 Devoid of all organs, (epithet of the Supreme Spirit).
adhikaraṇam अधिकरणम् [कृ-ल्युदट्] 1 Placing at the head of, appointing &c. -2 Relation, reference, connection; रामाधिकरणाः कथाः Rām. referring to. -3 (In gram.) Agreement, concord, government or grammatical relation (as of subject and predicate &c.); तत्पुरुषः समानाधिकरणः कर्मधारयः P.1.2.42 having the members (of the compound) in the same relation or apposition; समानाधिकरणो or व्यधिकरणो बहुर्व्रीहिः; पीताम्बरः, चक्रपाणिः &c. -4 A receptacle or subject, technically substratum ज्ञानाधिकरणम् आत्मा T. S. the soul is the substratum of knowledge. -5 Location, place, the sense of the locative case; आधारोधिकरणम् P.1.4.45; कर्तृकर्म- व्यवहितामसाक्षाद्धारयत् क्रियाम् । उपकुर्वत् क्रियासिद्धौ शास्त्रेधिकरणं स्मृतम् ॥ Hari; as गेहे स्थाल्यामन्नं पचति. -6 A topic, subject; section, article or paragraph; a complete argument treating of one subject; A chapter in Kauṭilīya Arthaśāstra. e. g. प्रथमाधिकरणम् the Sūtras of Vyāsa and Jaimini are divided into Adhyāyas, the Adhyāyas into Pādas and the Pādas into Adhikara-ṇas or sections. (According to the Mīmāṁsakas a complete Adhikaraṇa consists of five members : विषय the subject or matter to be explained, विशय or संशय the doubt or question arising upon that matter, पूर्वपक्ष the first side or prima facie argument concerning it, उत्तर or उत्तरपक्ष or सिद्धान्त the answer or demonstrated conclusion, and संगति pertinency or relevancy, or (according to others निर्णय the final conclusion); विषयो विशयश्चैव पूर्वपक्षस्तथोत्तरम् । निर्णयश्चैति सिद्धान्तः शास्त्रे$धिकरणं स्मृतम् ॥ The Vedāntins put संगति in th 3 rd place, and सिद्धान्त last; तत्र एकैकमधिकरणं पञ्चावयवम्, विषयः संदेहः संगतिः पूर्वपक्षः सिद्धान्तश्च. Generally speaking, the five members may be विषय, संशय, पूर्वपक्ष, उत्तरपक्ष and सिद्धान्त or राद्धान्त). -7 Court of justice, court, tribunal; स्वान्दोषान् कथयन्ति नाधिकरणे Mk.9.3; ˚रणे च साधनम् Dk.4. -8 Stuff, material; विप्रतिषिद्धं चानधिकरणवाचि P.II.4.13 (अद्रव्यवाचि); अधिकरणै ˚एतावत्त्वे च P.II.4.15 fixed number of things, as दश तन्तोष्ठः Sk. -9 A claim, Bhāg, 5.1.16. -1 Supremacy. -11 A government department; सर्वाधिकरणरक्षणम् Kau. A.4. -12 A gathering place प्रत्यक्षाश्च परोक्षाश्च सर्वाधिकरणेष्वथ । वृत्तेर्भरतशार्दूल नित्यं चैवान्ववेक्षणम् ॥ Mb.12.59.68. -13 A department; अश्वागारान् गजागारान् बलाधिकरणानि च Mb.12. 69.54. -णी One who superintends. -Comp. -भोजकः a court-dignitary, a judge, भीतभीता अधिकरणभोजकाः Mk.9. -मण्डपः court or hall of justice. अधिकरणमण्डपस्य मार्गमादेशय Mk.9. -लेखकः a. official recorder or scribe, who drew up sale-deeds and other documents after getting the land measured in his presence; RT.VI.38. -विचालः [अधिकरणस्य विचालः अन्यथाकरणम्] changing the quantity of any thing, increasing or decreasing it so many times; ˚विचाले च P.V.3.43; द्रव्यस्य संख्यान्तरापादने संख्याया धा स्यात्; एकं राशिं पञ्चधा कुरु Sk. -सिद्धान्तः a conclusion which involves others.
anirākaraṇam अनिराकरणम् Not obstructing or warding off.
anukaraṇam अनुकरणम् कृतिः f. 1 Imitation; त्वदीयसुचरितैकदेशस्यानु- करणं किलैतत् Mu.7. -2 Copy, resemblance, similarity; शब्दानुकरणम् onamatopoeia; अव्यक्तानुकरणस्यात इतौ P.VI. 1.98; V.4.57; I.4.62; धूमोद्गारानुकृतिनिपुणाः Me.71. -3 Compliance; ओमित्येतदनुकृति ह स्म वै Taitt. Up.8.
andhaṅkaraṇa अन्धङ्करण a. Making blind (P.III.2.56). अन्धंभविष्णु andhambhaviṣṇu भावुक bhāvuka अन्धंभविष्णु भावुक a. Becoming blind (P.III.2.57).
apakaraṇam अपकरणम् 1 Acting improperly. -2 Doing wrong, injuring; ill-treating, offending.
aprakaraṇam अप्रकरणम् Not the main or principal topic, incidental or irrelevant matter.
abhikaraṇam अभिकरणम् 1 Effecting, doing. -2 A charm, incantation.
abhimukhīkaraṇam अभिमुखीकरणम् Causing (one) to turn the face towards; speaking to, addressing (in gram.); संबोधनम- भिसुखीकरणम्
abhyantarīkaraṇam अभ्यन्तरीकरणम् Initiating, introducting &c.; सजीव- निर्जीवासु च द्यूतकलास्वभ्यन्तरीकरणम् Dk.39.
āḍhyaṃkaraṇa आढ्यंकरण a. (-णी f.) [P.III.2.56.] Enriching. आढ्यंकरणविक्रान्तो महिषस्य सुरद्विषः Bk.6.114. -णम् The means of enriching, wealth, prosperity. आढ्यंभविष्णु āḍhyambhaviṣṇu भावुक bhāvuka आढ्यंभविष्णु भावुक a. [P.III.2.57] Becoming rich or eminent. आढ्यंभविष्णुर्यशसा कुमारः Bk.
ādhīkaraṇam आधीकरणम् Pledging, a pledge.
upakaraṇam उपकरणम् 1 Doing service or favour, helping, assisting. -2 Material, implement, instrument, means; यथैवोपकरणवतां जीवितं तथैव ते जीवितं स्यात् Bṛi. Up.2.4.2.; स्वेषूपकरणेषु U.5; ˚द्रव्यम् Mk.3; उपकरणीभावमायाति U.3.3 serve as helping instruments, or assistants; परोप- कारोपकरणं शरीरम् K.27; so स्नान˚ bathing materials; Pt.1; व्यायाम˚ athletic materials; आत्मा परोपकरणीकृतः H.2.24; K.8,12,198,24; Y.2.276, Ms.9.27. -3 An engine, machine, apparatus, paraphernalia (in general). -4 Means of subsistence, anything supporting life. -5 A means or expedient; कर्म˚, वेद˚, यज्ञ˚ &c. -6 Fabricating, composing, elaborating. -7 The insignia of royalty. -8 The attendants of a king. -Comp. -अर्थ a. Suitable, requisite.
upasaṃskaraṇam उपसंस्करणम् Preparing, purifying.
upaskaraṇam उपस्करणम् 1 Killing, injuring. -2 A collection. -3 A change, modification. -4 An ellipsis. -5 Blame, censure.
upākaraṇam उपाकरणम् 1 An invitation to begin, bringing near; पवमान˚, प्रातरनुवाक˚ &c. -2 A term given to certain sentences called Praiṣas (with which one priest calls another to perform a sacrifice). -3 Immolation, sacrifice of an animal consecrated according to rites. -4 Preparation, beginning, commencement. -5 Commencement of reading the Veda after the performance of the preparatory rite; cf. उपाकर्मन्; वेदोपाकरणाख्यं कर्म करिष्ये Srāvaṇī-mantra.
kṛṣṇīkaraṇam कृष्णीकरणम् Blackening, making black.
kroḍīkaraṇam क्रोडीकरणम् Embracing, clasping to the bosom.
tanūkaraṇam तनूकरणम् making thin, attenuation; Yoga S.2.2.
tundilīkaraṇam तुन्दिलीकरणम् Increasing, swelling; नयनानन्दसंदोह- करणक्षमा Bv.4.9. तुप् tup तुम्प् tump तुम्फ् tumph तुप् तुम्प् तुम्फ् 1, 6. P. (तोपति, तुपति, तुम्प-फ-ति) To injure, hurt.
dṛḍhīkaraṇam दृढीकरणम् कारः Confirmation, corroboration जाप- कस्य दृढीकारः कथमेतद्भविष्यति Mb.12.199.6.
dvaidhīkaraṇam द्वैधीकरणम् Making into two, separating.
dhvajīkaraṇam ध्वजीकरणम् 1 Raising a standard, hoisting a flag. -2 Setting up as a pretext of claim, making anything a plea.
nagnaṃkaraṇam नग्नंकरणम् Making naked. नग्नंभविष्णु nagnambhaviṣṇu भावुक bhāvuka नग्नंभविष्णु भावुक a. Becoming naked. नग्नमुषितप्रख्य nagnamuṣitaprakhya नग्नमुषितप्रख्य a. One who is robbed to nakedness; (कश्चिन्मुषितो नग्नो भवति तद्वद् भूतम्); को नग्नमुषितप्रख्यं बहु मन्येत राघवम् Bk.5.84.
nirākaraṇam निराकरणम् 1 Repudiating, expelling, turning away; निराकरणविक्लवा Ś.6. -2 Banishing. -3 Obstruction, contradiction, opposition, rejection. -4 Refutation, reply. -5 Contempt. -6 Neglecting the chief sacrificial duties. -7 Forgetting.
pañcīkaraṇam पञ्चीकरणम् A philosophical term meaning the action by which anything is constituted of the five elements; (1/2 of one and 1/8 of other four elements) द्विधा द्विधा चेकैकं चतुर्धा पञ्चमं पुनः । स्वस्वेतरद्वितीयांशैर्योजनात् पञ्च पञ्च ते ॥ Vedāntasāra 39.42.
parākaraṇam पराकरणम् The act of setting aside, rejecting, disregarding, disdaining.
palitaṃkaraṇa पलितंकरण a. Rendering grey. पलितंभविष्णु palitambhaviṣṇu भावुक bhāvuka पलितंभविष्णु भावुक a. Becoming grey; P.III.2.57.
pavitrīkaraṇam पवित्रीकरणम् 1 Purification. -2 Means of purifying.
pātraukaraṇam पात्रौकरणम् Marriage ममैव पात्रौकरणे$ग्निसाक्षिकमङ्गसङ्गतम् N.6.68.
puraskaraṇam पुरस्करणम् The act of placing in front, honouring &c.; see पुरस्कार below.
prakaraṇam प्रकरणम् 1 Treating, explaining, discussing. -2 (a) A subject, topic, department, a subject (of representation); कतमत् प्रकरणमाश्रित्य Ś.1. (b) A head or subject of treatment. (c) A province or department. -3 A section, chapter or any smaller division of a work. तस्यायं प्रकरणाधिकरणसमुद्देशः Kau. A.1.1.1. -4 An opportunity, occasion. -5 An affair, a matter; अस्मिन्नेव प्रकरणे धनंजयमुदारधीः (उवाच) Mb.12.26.1. -6 An introduction, prologue; वयमपि प्रकरणमारभामहे Pratijñā 1. -7 Relation. -8 Doing much or well. -9 A species of drama with invented or fictitious plot; as the मृच्छकटिक, मालतीमाधव, पुष्पभूषित &c. The S. D. thus defines it:-- भवेत् प्रकरणे वृत्तं लौकिकं कविकल्पितं । शृङ्गारो$ङ्गी नायकस्तु विप्रो$मात्यो$थवा वणिक् । सापायधर्मकामार्थपरो धीर- प्रशान्तकः ॥ 511. -1 Context. This is one of the six प्रमाणs helpful in properly construing a विनियोगविधि. These प्रमाणs and their relative strength is stated by जैमिनि in श्रुतिलिङ्गवाक्यप्रकरणस्थानसमाख्यानां पारदौर्बल्यमर्थविप्र- कर्षात् प्रकरणाच्च ज्योतिष्टोमेनैकवाक्यता स्यात् ŚB. on MS.1. 5.37. -Comp. -समः a kind of sophism; an assertion by two opponents of some argument which has the same force. प्रकरणिका prakaraṇikā प्रकरणी prakaraṇī प्रकरणिका प्रकरणी A drama of the same character as the प्रकरण. The S. D. thus defines it:-- नाटिकैव प्रकरणिका सार्थवाहादिनायिका । समानवंशजा नेतुर्भवेद्यत्र च नायिका ॥ 554.
pracurīkaraṇam प्रचुरीकरणम् Adding to, increasing.
pratyupākaraṇam प्रत्युपाकरणम् Recommencement of Vedic study.
prāduṣkaraṇam प्रादुष्करणम् Manifestation, making visible.
baṭūkaraṇam बटूकरणम् Investiture with the sacred thread.
bahiṣkaraṇam बहिष्करणम् 1 An external organ. -2 Expulsion from. -3 Excepting, excluding.
bahulīkaraṇam बहुलीकरणम् 1 Increasing, aggrandizement. -2 Divulging, promulgation. -3 Multiplying, magnifying. -4 Winnowing, threshing.
bhaṅgurīkaraṇam भङ्गुरीकरणम् Making fragile.
bhasmīkaraṇam भस्मीकरणम् 1 Reducing to ashes. -2 Completely consuming of burning. -3 Calcining.
maṇḍalīkaraṇam मण्डलीकरणम् Rounding, coiling.
miśrīkaraṇam मिश्रीकरणम् 1 The act of mixing, seasoning. -2 An ingredient; P.II.1.35.
mūlīkaraṇam मूलीकरणम् The extraction of the square-root.
mūṣīkaraṇam मूषीकरणम् Melting in a crucible.
vaśīkaraṇam वशीकरणम् 1 Fascinating, attracting. -2 A cause of attraction or allurement; एकैकमेव हि वशीकरणं गरीयः Māl.6.17. -3 Subduing, subjugation.
vājīkaraṇam वाजीकरणम् Stimulating or exciting desire by aphrodisiacs; यद् द्रव्यं पुरुषं कुर्याद् वाजिवत्सुरतक्षमम् । तद्वाजीकरणं ख्यातम् Suśr.
vikaraṇa विकरणः The inserted conjugational affix, the conjugational sign placed between the root and the terminations. -णम् Change, modification.
vikalīkaraṇam विकलीकरणम् 1 Maiming, mutilating. -2 Confusing, perplexing.
viṣayīkaraṇam विषयीकरणम् The making anything the object of thought.
vaiyākaraṇa वैयाकरण a. (-णी f.) [व्याकरणं वेत्त्यधीते वा अण्] Grammatical. -णः A grammarian; वैयाकरणकिरातादप- शब्दमृगाः क्व यान्तु संत्रस्ताः Subbāṣ. -Comp. -खसूचिः (a grammarian who merely pierces the air with a needle) a poor grammarian. -पाशः a bad grammarian. -भार्यः one whose wife is a grammarian.
vyadhikaraṇam व्यधिकरणम् Subsisting in different receptacles or substrata; (as in व्यधिकरणबहुव्रीहि which means 'a Bahuvrīhi compound, the first member of which is not in apposition, or stands in a different case-relation, to the second, in the dissolution of the compound'; e. g. चक्रपाणिः, चन्द्रमौलिः &c.
vyākaraṇam व्याकरणम् 1 Analysis, decomposition. -2 Grammatical analysis, grammar, one of the six Vedāṅgas q. v.; सिंहो व्याकरणस्य कर्तुरहरत् प्राणान् प्रियान् पाणिनेः Pt.2.33. -3 Explaining, expounding. -4 Discrimination. -5 Manifestation. -6 Prediction. -7 The sound of a bow-string. -Comp. -प्रक्रिया etymology, derivation (of a word).
vyājīkaraṇam व्याजीकरणम् Fraud, deception.
śaravyīkaraṇam शरव्यीकरणम् The act of taking aim.
śālīnīkaraṇam शालीनीकरणम् 1 Humiliation; P.I.3.7. -2 Abuse, reproach.
saṃskaraṇam संस्करणम् 1 Preparing, putting together. -2 Cremating (a corpse).
saṃkarīkaraṇam संकरीकरणम् Illegality, sin; खराश्वोष्ट्रमृगेभानामजाविक- वधस्तथा । संकरीकरणं ज्ञेयं मीनाहिमहिषस्य च ॥ Ms.11.68.
sapatrākaraṇam सपत्राकरणम् 1 Wounding in such a manner that the feathered part of the arrow enters the body. -2 Causing excessive pain; cf. निष्पत्राकरण.
samākaraṇam समाकरणम् Calling, summoning.
saṃpuṭīkaraṇam संपुटीकरणम् the furnishing with a cover or lid.
sopakaraṇa सोपकरण a. Provided with all requisite materials or implements, properly equipped; सहोढं सोपकरणं घात- येदविचारयन् Ms.9.27.
spaṣṭīkaraṇam स्पष्टीकरणम् Making clear or intelligible.
sphuṭīkaraṇam स्फुटीकरणम् 1 Manifestation. -2 Correction.
hastekaraṇam हस्तेकरणम् Marrying.
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karaṇa a. (î) making, producing, performing (--°ree;); m. a certain mixed caste; tune; word (gr.); n. making, doing; perform ing; producing; action; deed; rite; business; organ of sense; body; instrument; legal docu ment or evidence; notion of the instrumental case (gr.): -tâ, f., -tva, n. instrumentality (gr.): -rûpa, a. having the form of an instru ment (ph.); î-ya, fp. to be done; n. business.
akaraṇa a. unartificial, natural.
akaraṇa n. omission to do.
akāryakaraṇa n. doing a mis deed.
agnaukaraṇa n. burnt offering.
aṅgīkaraṇa n. concession; acquiescence.
adhikaraṇa n. substratum; substance, matter; subject, department; section, paragraph; law-court; that in which anything happens; sphere of the locative (gr.); -mandapa, n. law-court; -lekhaka,m. lawyer's clerk.
antaḥkaraṇa n. the internal organ (ph.); heart; -kopa, m. internal anger; -pura, n. (inner city), royal citadel; harem, women's apartments; sg. & pl. wives of a king: -kara, m. harem-attendant,-gana, m. women of the harem, -vriddhâ, f. old female attendant of the harem; -purikâ, f. woman of the harem; -prakriti, f. pl. constituent elements of the state except the prince.
apātrīkaraṇa a. making a person unworthy.
anukaraṇa n. imitation.
alaṃkaraṇa n. ornamenting; ornament; -in, a. ornamented; -ishnu, a. fond of dress; adorning (ac.); -tri, m. adorner.
avipakvakaraṇa a. having immature organs.
āviṣkaraṇa n., °ree;-kâra, m. manifestation, display.
upakaraṇa n. doing a service or favour; accessory; implement, instrument; furniture; contribution; means; aid; supple mentary treatise; (á)-vat, a. supplied with means; î-kri, make a tool of; î-bhû,become a tool of; î-ya, fp. to whom a service is to be done or is done: -tâ, f. abst. n.
upākaraṇa n. preparation; be ginning of Vedic study; -karman, n. id.
aupākaraṇa n. commencement of Vedic study.
kimadhikaraṇa a. directed to what? -abhidhâna, a. how named? -ar tha, a. having what purpose? -m, ad. for what purpose? wherefore? -âkhya, a. how named? -âdhâra, a. relating to what?
kṛtārthīkaraṇa a. satisfac tory; -kri, satisfy; -bhû, be satisfied.
camatkaraṇa n. astonishment, surprise; -kâra, m. id.; -kârita, cs. pp. as tonished; -kriti, f. astonishment.
cūḍākaraṇa n. ceremony of ton sure; -karna, m. N. of a beggar; -karman, n. ceremony of tonsure; -pâsa, m. thick locks on the crown; -mani, m. crest-jewel; --°ree;, jewel or pearl among; N.; T. of various works; -ratna, n. crest-jewel.
tanūkaraṇa n. attenuating; -kar tri, m. diminisher.
dṛḍhīkaraṇa n. confirmation; -kâra, m. id.
nāmakaraṇa n. ceremony of giving a name; -karman, n. id.; -kîrtana, n. mentioning the name of (g.); -gotra, n. du. personal and family name; -graha, m., -grahana, n. mention of a name; -grâhá, m. id.: (-gr&asharp;ha)-m, abs. mentioning the name; -gâti-graha, m.: -na, n. mention of the name and rank (of the caste).
nirākaraṇa n. expulsion; re pudiation of a wife; removal; disproval; -âkaranîya, fp. to be disproved; -âkari shnu, a. repudiating (ac.); seeking to remove from (ab.); forgetful; -âkartavya, fp. to be disproved; -âkartri, m. contemner of (g.); a. disproving; -âkâ&ndot;ksha, a. expecting nothing; having no desires; requiring no supplement; -âkâra, a. formless, bodiless; having no object, vacant; -âkula, a. not crowded, unfrequented; not confused, orderly; unconcerned, calm; -â kriti, a. formless; neglecting one's religious duties; -âkranda, a. unprotected; affording no protection; m. or n. unsheltered place; -âkri yâ, f.expulsion; disproval; -âgas, a. guiltless; -âgraha, a. not obstinately insisting on any thing; -âkikîrshu, des. a. wishing to refute any one (ac.); -âgîvya, a. affording no livelihood; -âdambara, ad. without much talk (°ree;--); -âta&ndot;ka, a. free from ailment or anxiety; causing no ailment or anxiety; -â- tapa, a. sheltered from the heat of the sun, shady; -âtapatra, a. destitute of an umbrella; -âtithya, n. inhospitable (forest); -âdara, a.showing no respect towards (lc.); -âdhi, a. free from care; -ânanda, a. joyless, sad; -ântra, a. disembowelled; -âpad, a. free from adversity; -âbâdha, a. undisturbed; harm less; frivolous, futile; -âmaya, m. health, welfare; a. healthy, well; salubrious; in fallible; -âmarsha, a. putting up with every thing, apathetic; -âmisha, a. fleshless; hav ing no sensual desires: -½âsin, a. not eating flesh, not carnivorous; -âyata-tva, n. lack of extension, shortness; -âyati, a. having no future; -âyâsa, a. involving no trouble; causing no fatigue; -âyudha, a. unarmed; -ârambha, a. unenterprising, inactive; -â lamba, a. having no support; suspended in the air; self-supported, isolated, affording no support; -âlâpa, a. not talking; -âloka, a. devoid of light, dark; blind, foolish; -âvar ana, a. uncovered, manifest; -âsa, a. having given up all hope or expectation, despairing (of, ac. with prati, d., ab., lc., or --°ree;): -kara, a. taking away all hope of, rendering impos sible, -tva, n. hopelessness; -âsa&ndot;ka, a. fear less; not afraid of (lc.); -âsa&ndot;kya, fp. not to be feared; -âsâ, f. renunciation of all hopes: -½âsanna, pp. verging on despair; -âsitva, n. despair; -âsin, a. having renounced all hope, hopeless; -âsis, a. having no desires or hopes; -âsî-bhû, lose all hope; -âsrama, a. being in none of the four stages of a Brâh man: -pada, a. having no hermitages (forest); -âsramin, a. id.; -âsraya, a. shelterless, un supported; independent; unprotected; -âsa, m. expulsion, exclusion, rejection, repudiation; -âstha, a. taking no interest in, not caring about (--°ree;); -âhâra, m. fasting; a. abstaining from food, having nothing to eat: -tâ, f. abst. n.
pañcīkaraṇa n. reduction to five, combination with the five subtle elements.
paropakaraṇa n. rendering of services to others; î-kri, make the instru ment of others; -½upakâra, m. services ren dered to others; -½upakâr-in, a. benefiting others (-i-tva, n. abst. n.); m. N. of a prince; -½upakriti, f. rendering of services to others.
piṇḍīkaraṇa n. clenching; -kri, make into a lump, clench; compress, densify; concentrate; identify with (saha); -bhâva, m. being compressed or clenched; -bhû, become agglomerated, be closely united; -lepa, m. kind of ointment.
pūjopakaraṇa n. requisite for doing honour (Pr.).
pratyupākaraṇa n. recom mencement of Vedic study; -½âsanam, ad. for every kind of worship.
pratyadhikaraṇam ad. at every section or paragraph.
pratyakṣīkaraṇa n. ocular inspection; -kri, look at with one's own eyes; -bhû, become manifest, appear in bodily form.
pramāṇīkaraṇa n. quoting as an authority; -kri, apportion anything (ac.) to any one (g.); regard or adopt (a per son or thing) as an authority (ac.), act ac cording to, follow (ac.); regard as evidence.
prāduṣkaraṇa n. manifesta tion; production, kindling (of fire).
phalīkaraṇa n. cleansing of grain; m. pl. chaff (of rice) or smallest grains (according to commentator); -kri, cleanse grain from chaff; -bhû, obtain a reward.
bahiṣkaraṇa n. 1. external organ; 2. exclusion from (ab.); -kârya, fp. to be banished; -excluded from (ab.); -krita, pp. ejected, expelled; -kriti, f. exclusion; -kriya, a. excluded from sacred rites;-kriyâ, f. external action (such as bathing etc.).
bāhyakaraṇa n. external organ of sense; -tara, cpv. external etc.; outcast; -tas, ad. prp. outside, without (ab., g.); -tâ, f. deviation or divergence from (ab.); -pra kriti, f. pl. constituent parts of a foreign state (except the king).
bhūtakaraṇa n. that which pro duces the past tense, augment; -kartri, m. creator of beings; -kâla, m. past time; -kâl ika, a. relating to the past; -krít, a. creat ing beings; m. creator of beings; -ketu, m. N. of a Vetâla; -gana, m. the host of created beings; a or the host of spirits; -grâ ma, m. sg. & pl. the aggregate of created beings, community of creatures; multitude of spirits; -kârin, a. moving among beings (Siva); -kintâ, f. investigation of the ele ments; -kaitanika, m. believer in the doc trine that mind is produced from material elements; -kaitanya, n. state of matter being mind; -gananî, f. mother of all beings; -gâta, n.aggregate of beings; -tâ, f. verity, truth; -tva, n. condition of created beings or elements; -dayâ, f. tenderness to all creatures; -druh, a. injuring creatures; -dharâ, f. supporter of creatures, earth; -dhâtrî, f. supporter of creatures (sleep); earth; -dhârinî, f. earth; -nâtha, m. ruler of spirits, ep. of Siva; -nikaya, m. (aggre gate of elements), body; -páti, m. lord of creatures, esp. of evil spirits, ep. of Agni, Bhava, Sarva, and Siva; -pâla, m.protector of creatures; -pûrva, a. having been before, former; old (stories); deceased: -tâ, f. for mer circumstances; -prakriti, f. primal source of created beings; -bhartri, m. lord of spirits, ep. of Siva; -bhâvana, a.blessing creatures, ep. of Brahman; -bhâvin, a. creating beings; past and future; -bhâshâ, f., -bhâshita, (pp.) n. language of the goblins; -bhrit, a. supporting beings; -bhautika, a. consisting of the elements and what is formed of them; -maya, a. (î) including all beings; formed out of the five elements; -mahesvara, m. great lord of the spirits, ep. of Siva; -mâ trâ, f. pl. the subtile elements; the gross and the subtile elements; -yagñá, m.offering to all created beings (one of the five Mahâya gñas to be performed daily by the householder; it consists in the oblation of the Bali, q. v.); -yoni, f. origin of created beings; -râg, m. king of the spirits, ep. of Siva; -rûpa, a. having the form of a goblin.
malinīkaraṇa n. soiling, sul lying; action causing impurity: î-ya, a. rendering impure; -kri, soil, dirty; defile; obscure, eclipse; -bhû, become dirty; be come obscured, disappear.
mūlīkaraṇa n. extraction of the square root; -kri, extract the square root.
vājīkaraṇa a. producing viri lity; n. aphrodisiac.
viṣayīkaraṇa n. makingan object; -kri, spread abroad; bring into one's sphere or power (ac.); make the object; -bhû, become the sphere of (g.); become the ob ject.
vaiyākaraṇa m. [vyâkarana] grammarian.
vyaktīkaraṇa n. making mani fest; -bhâva, m. becoming manifest.
vyadhikaraṇa a. involving a different case-relation (Bahuvrîhi compound, the first member of which is not in apposition to the second; e.g. saravana-bhava, &open;having his origin in a forest of reeds&close;).
vyākaraṇa n. separation, dis crimination (rare); development, creation (rare); (analysis), grammar; grammatical correctness; -kartri, m. developer, creator; -kâra, m. development, detailed description; -kîrna, pp. (√ krî); n. confusion of cases.
śaravyīkaraṇa n. making one's aim.
śeṣakaraṇa n. leaving a rem nant of (--°ree;); -tas, ad. otherwise; -tva, n. secondariness; applicability to other cases; -bhug, a. eating the remnants; -bhûta, pp. remaining; secondary; -vistâra-pându, a. pale in its remaining extent.
saṃskaraṇa n. preparation; cre mation; -skartavya, fp. to be prepared; -skartri, m. preparer (of food); consecrator, performer of a rite; producer of an impression.
samīkaraṇa n. levelling; as similation; putting on a level with (in.); equalising, setting to rights; -kri, level; rase to the ground; equalize; place on an equality with, declare to be equal to (in.); adjust, set tle; -kriti, f. weighing.
sthirīkaraṇa n. corroboration; -kartavya, fp. to be encouraged; -kâra, m. corroboration; -kri, confirm, strengthen; stop (a horse); make permanent, establish; cor roborate; steel (the heart); encourage; -bhû, take courage.
sphuṭīkaraṇa n. making clear or evident, manifestation; -kri, make clear or evident; manifest; sharpen (the senses); -bhû, become clear or evident.
svakaraṇa n. making a woman one's own, marrying; -karma-ga, a. due to one's own act; -karman, n. one's (own) deed; one's (own) business or occupation; one's duty; -kâla, m. one's own time, proper time: lc. at the right time.
svīkaraṇa n. making one's own, accepting, acquiring anything; taking to wife, espousal; assenting, agreeing; -kartavya, fp. to be accepted; -kartri, m. one wishing to win any one; -kâra, m.acquirement; re ception (of any one); assent, promise: -gra ha, m. robbery; -kârya, fp. to be taken pos session of; -received; -got into one's power (person); -assented to.
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karaṇam asi Aś.1.11.1; śś.1.15.12. See karuṇam asi.
anirākaraṇam asi # PG.3.16.1.
alaṃkaraṇam asi bhūyo 'laṃkaraṇaṃ bhūyāt # PG.2.6.26. See next.
alaṃkaraṇam asi sarvasmā alaṃ me (VārG. omits me) bhūyāsam # MG.1.9.24; VārG.12.1. See prec.
priyaṃkaraṇam ucyase # AVP.3.28.6f.
priyaṃkaraṇam uttamam # AVP.3.28.6a.
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"karaṇa" has 143 results.
     
karaṇa(1)lit instrument; the term signifies the most efficient means for accomplishing an act; confer, compare क्रियासिद्धी यत् प्रकृष्टोपकारकं विवक्षितं तत्साधकतमं कारकं करणसंज्ञं भवति, Kāś. on साधकतमं करणम् P.I.4.42, e. g. दात्रेण in दात्रेण लुनाति; (2) effort inside the mouth (अाभ्यन्तर-प्रयत्न ) to produce sound; e. g. touching of the particular place ( स्थान ) inside the mouth for uttering consonants; confer, compare स्पृष्टं स्पर्शानां करणम् Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on P, I.1.10 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 3; (3) disposition of the organ which produces the sound; confer, compare श्वासनादोभयानां विशेषः करणमित्युच्यते । एतच्च पाणिनिसंमताभ्यन्तरप्रयत्न इति भाति । Com. on Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) XIII.3;confer, compare also स्थानकरणानुप्रदानानि Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on I.2.32: confer, compare also अनुप्रदानात्संसर्गात् स्थानात् करणविन्ययात् । जायते वर्णवैशेष्यं परीमाणाच्च पञ्चमात् Taittirīya Prātiśākhya.XXIII. 2. where karaṇa is described to be of five kinds अनुप्रदान (id est, that is नाद or resonance), संसर्ग (contact), स्थान, करणविन्यय and परिमाण; confer, compareअकारस्य तावत् अनुप्रदानं नादः, संसर्गः कण्ठे, स्थानं हनू, करणविन्ययः ओष्ठौ, परिमाणं मात्राकालः । अनुप्रदानादिभिः पञ्चभिः करणैर्वर्णानां वैशेष्यं जायते Com. on Tai. Pr. XXIII.2. The Vājasaneyi Prātiśākhya mentions two karaṇas संवृत and विवृत; confer, compare द्वे करणे संवृतविवृताख्ये वायोर्भवतः Vājasaneyi Prātiśākhya.I. 11; (4) use of a word exempli gratia, for example इतिकरणं, वत्करणम्; confer, compare किमुपस्थितं नाम । अनार्षं इतिकरणः M.Bh.on. P.VI.1.129.
adhikaraṇa(1)support: a grammatical relation of the nature of a location : place of verbal activity. confer, compare अाधारोsधिकरणम् P.I.4.45; (2) one of the six or seven Kārakas or functionaries of verbal activity shown by the locative case. cf सप्तम्यधिकरणे च P.II.4.36;(3)substance, 'dravya' confer, compare अनधिकरणवाचि अद्रव्यवाचि इति गम्यते M.Bh. on II.1.1.
anukaraṇa(1)imitation; a word uttered in imitation of another; an imitative name: confer, compare अनुकरणे चानितिपरम् P.I.4.62; अनुकरणं हि शिष्टशिष्टाप्रतिषिद्धेषु यथा लौकिकवैदिकेषु, Śiva sūtra 2 Vārt 1; confer, compare also प्रकृतिवद् अनुकरणं भवति an imitative name is like its original Paribhāṣenduśekhara of Nāgeśa. Pari. 36; also M.Bh. on VIII. 2.46; (2) imitative word, onomatopoetic word; confer, compare एवं ह्याहुः कुक्कुटाः कुक्कुड् इति । नैवं त आहुः । अनुकरणमेतत्तेषाम् Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on I.3.48. confer, compare also दुन्दुभि: इति शब्दानुकरणम् Nirukta of Yāska.IX. 12.
antakaraṇaliterally bringing about as the final; an affix (which is generally put at the end); ancient term for an affix: confer, compareएतेः कारितं च यकारादिं चान्तकरणम्। अस्तेः शुद्धं च सकारादिं च । Nirukta of Yāska.I.13
anyasadṛśādhikaraṇaan object which is different from what is mentioned, yet similar to it confer, compare नञिवयुक्तमन्यसदृशा धिकरणे तथा ह्यर्थगति; । अब्राह्मणमानयेत्युक्ते ब्राह्मणसदृश आनीयते । नासौ लोष्टमानीय कृती भवति । Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on P. III.1.12
aākhyātavyākaraṇaa treatise on verbs discussing verbal forms by VaṅgaSena.
ābhīyaprakaraṇaa section of Pāṇini's grammar from VI.4.-2 to VI. 4.129, called अाभीय, as it extends to the rule भस्य VI.4.129, including it but as the governing rule भस्य is valid in every rule upto the end of the Pāda, the आभीयप्रकरण also extends upto the end of the Pāda.See अाभाच्छास्त्र a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page..
iṣṭatantravyākaraṇaa short treatise on grammar ascribed to Jayadeva.
evakārakaraṇause of the word एव; confer, compare उक्तममैवाव्ययेन इत्यत्र एवकारकरणस्य प्रयोजनम्० M.Bh. on P.III.4.24.
kitkaraṇamarking with the mute letter क्, or looking upon as marked with mute क् for purposes mentioned a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page.; ( see कित् a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page. ). The word is often used in the Mahābhāṣya; see M.Bh. on I. 1. 3, 5, 46; I.2.5, et cetera, and others
kaumāra,komāravyākaraṇa(1)an alternative name of the Kātantra Vyākaraṇa given to it on the strength of the traditional belief that the original inspiration for writing it was received by Sarvavarman from Kumara or Kārtikeya; (2) small treatises bearing the name Kaumāravyākaraṇa written by Munipuṅgava and Bhāvasena. The latter has written Kātantrarūpamāla also.
cāṅguvyākaraṇathe same as चाङ्गुसूत्र.
cāndravyākaraṇapaddhatiname of a conmentary on the चान्द्रव्याकरण written by अानन्ददत्त.
citkaraṇamarking with the mute letter च्, signifying the acute accent of the last vowel; confer, compare चापि चित्करणसामर्थ्यादन्तोदात्तत्वं भविष्यति: Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on P. III. 1.3 Vart, 16.
jainendravyākaraṇaname of a grammar work written by Pujyapada Devanandin, also called Siddhanandin, in the fifth century A.D. The grammar is based on the Astadhyay of Panini,the section on Vedic accent and the rules of Panini explaining Vedic forms being,of course, neglectedition The grammar is called Jainendra Vyakarana or Jainendra Sabdanusasana. The work is available in two versions, one consisting of 3000 sutras and the other of 3700 sutras. it has got many commentaries, of which the Mahavrtti written by Abhayanandin is the principal one. For details see Jainendra Vyakarana, introduction published by the Bharatiya Jnanapitha Varadasi.
jainendravyākaraṇamahāvṛttiname of a commentary on the Jainendra Vyakarana, written by Abhayanandin in the ninth century A. D. see जैनेन्द्रव्याकरण a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page..
jaumārasaṃskaraṇathe revised version by Jumuranandin of the original grammar treatise in verse called संक्षिप्तसार written by KramadiSvara, The Jaumarasamskarana is the samc as.jaumara Vyakarana, which see a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page..
taparakaraṇaaddition of the mute letter त् after a vowel to signify the inclusion of only such varieties of the vowel as take the same time for their utterance as the vowel marked with त्; confer, compare P. I. 1.70. See त्.
tulyādhikaraṇahaving got the same substratum; denoting ultimately the same object; expressed in the same case the same as samanadhikarana in the grammar of Panini, confer, compare Kat. II.5.5.
daśadhuṣkaraṇathe ten classes or conjugations of roots; धुष् was a term for धातु (root) in some ancient grammar works.
daśadhuṣkaraṇathe ten classes or conjugations of roots; धुष् was a term for धातु (root) in some ancient grammar works.
durghaṭavṛttisaṃskaraṇaa grammar work on the formation of difficult words attributed to शर्वरक्षित or सर्वरक्षित.
dhātuvyākaraṇaa grammar dealing with Verbs believed to have been written by Vangasena.
pitkaraṇamarking an affix with the mute consonant प् for several grammatical purposes; see पित्; cfपित्करणानर्थक्यं चानच्कत्वात् P. III. I. 33 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini).5. See पित्.
puṣkaraṇaa popular term used for the treatise on grammar by an ancient grammarian Apisali. confer, compare अापिशलं पुष्करणम् Kas on P. IV. 3. 15. It was called Puskarana probably because it was very extensive and widely read before Panini. For the reading दुष्करण for पुष्करण, and other details see Mahabhasya Vol. VII. pp. 132-133, D. E. Society's edition.
pṛthagyogakaraṇaframing a separate rule for a thing instead of mentioning it along with other things in the same context, which implies some purpose in the mind of the author such as anuvrtti in subsequent rules, option, and so on; confer, compare पृथग्योगकरणमस्य विधेरनित्यत्वज्ञापनार्थम् Kāśikā of Jayāditya and Vāmana. on P. I.3.7; confer, compare also Kāśikā of Jayāditya and Vāmana. on I.3.33, I. 3. 84, I.4.58, III.1.56, IV.1.16, VII. 4.33, VIII.1.52, VIII.1.74.
paurastyavaiyākaraṇaa grammarian of the eastern school which is believed to have been started by जिनेन्द्रबुद्धि the writer of the gloss called न्यास on the Kasikavrtti. The school practically terminated with पुरुषोत्तमदेव and सीरदेव at the end of the twelfth century A.D. Such a school existed also at the time of Panini and Patanjali, a reference to which is found made in प्राचां ष्फ ताद्धतः P. IV. 1.17 and प्राचामवृद्धात्फिन् बहुलम् IV.1. 160 and प्राचामुपादेरडज्वुचौ च V.3.80 where the word is explained as प्राचामाचार्याणां by the writer of the Kasika.
prakaraṇatopic; context; a section wherein a particular subject is treated; confer, compare अर्थात् प्रकरणाद्वा लोके कृत्रिमाकृत्रिमयोः कृत्रिमे संप्रत्ययो भवति M.Bh. on I. 1. 23; confer, compare also सामान्यशब्दाश्च नान्तरेण विशेषं प्रकरणं वा विशेषेष्ववतिष्ठन्ते Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on I. 2.45 Vart 9.
prakaraṇagranthaliterary works in which the treatment is given in the form of topics by arranging the original sutras or rules differently so that all such rules as relate to a particular topic are found together: the Prakriykaumudi, the Siddhantakumudi and others are called प्रकरणग्रन्थs. Such works are generally known by the name प्राक्रयाग्रन्थ as opposed to वृतिग्रन्थ.
pratisaṃskaraṇaediting with improvement, with an attempt to restore the correct version or the original text in the place of the corrupt one sometimes suitable additions and improvements are also made; e. g. चरकप्रतिसंस्करण attributed to Patanjali.
prācyāvaiyākaraṇaan eastern grammarian; the term प्राच्य (eastern) being a relative term, the east is to be taken with respect to the place in the context. The word प्राचां occurs many times in Panini's Sutras and the term प्राक् may refer to countries east of the river शरावती or सरस्वती in the Punjab. See प्राग्देश a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page.. प्राचां is understood by some commentators as referring to time, in which case, the word may refer to ancient grammarians आपिशलि, शाकटायन, इन्द्र and others who lived before Panini; confer, compare प्राचीनवैयाकरणतन्त्रे वाचनिकानि ...Par. Sek. Pari. 1. The word प्राचीन is, of course, mostly used in the sense of ancient, rather than the word प्राच्. For specific peculiarities of the eastern grammarians see pp. 148-149 Vyakarana Mahabhasya Vol. VII. D. E. Society's Edition.
bṛhadvyākaraṇasiddhāntamañjūṣāa grammar work written by Ramanatha Chobhe.
bhaimavyākaraṇaa grammar treatise written by भौमसेन in the fourteenth century A. D.
yatprakaraṇaliterally the topic or the section of यत्; the section where the taddhita affix. affix यत् is prescribedition This taddhita affix. affix यत् is prescribed in the fifth adhyaaya of Paanini in a number of rules in different and different senses ; confer, compare यत्प्रक्ररणे रथाच्च P.V. 1.6 Vaart.1 ; यत्प्रकरणे व्रह्मवर्चसान्त्व P.V.1.39 Vaart. 1.
yugapadadhikaraṇavacanatādenotation of two or more things by one single member by virtue of their being put together in a dvandva compound of two or more words; the grammarians advocate this doctrine stating that in a dvandva compound such as घटपटौ or घटपटम् , the word घट has the capacity of expressing the sense of both घट and पट, which in a sentence घटः पटश्च, it does not possess. Similarly पट also has the capacity of conveying the sense of both पट and घट. Possibly this theory is advocated by grarnmarians, on the analogy of words like पितरौ or मातरौ for मातापितरौ, द्यावा for द्यावापृथिवी and so on; confer, compare सिद्धं तु युगपदधिकरणवचने द्वन्द्ववचनात् P. II 2.29 Vart. 2. For details see Vyakaranamahabhasya on चार्थे द्वन्द्वः P. II. 2.29.
yugapadadhikaraṇavivakṣādesire to express two or more senses simultaneously (by one word) ; confer, compare सर्वाणि द्वन्द्व बह्वर्थानि। युगपदधिकरणविवक्षायां द्वन्द्वो भवति Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on P. II.4.62. See युगपदधिकरणवचनता.
lugvikaraṇaa term used by grammarians especially in the Mahābhāșya; (confer, compare M.Bh. on P.I. 2.4, I.2.12, II.4. 77 et cetera, and others) for such roots as have their Vikaraņa (conjugational sign) dropped by a rule with the mention of the word लुक्;exempli gratia, for example the roots of the second conjugation as contrastedition with other roots; confer, compare लुग्विकरणालुग्विकरणयोरलुग्विकरणस्य Par.Śek. Pari.90.
luptavikaraṇaa term applied to roots after which the conjugational sign is dropped; e. g. roots of the second and third conjugations; confer, compare न लुप्तविकरणेभ्योनुदात्तत्वं भवति, Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ).on P. VI.1. 186.
vikaraṇaan affix placed between a root and the personal ending, for showing the specific tense or mood or voice to convey which, the personal ending is applied; e. g. the conjugational signs शप् , श्यन् , श्रु, श, श्नम्, उ, श्ना and यक्, आम् , as also स्य, तास् , सिप् , अाम् and च्लि with its substitutes. Although the term विकरण is used by ancient grammarians and freely used by the Mahabhsyakara in connection with the affixes, mentioned in the sutras of Panini, such as शप् , श्यन् and others, the term is not found in the Sutras of Panini. The vikaranas are different from the major kinds of the regular affixes तिङ्, कृत्य and other similar ones. The vikaranas can be called कृत्; so also, as they are mentioned in the topic (अधिकार) of affixes or Pratyayas,they hold the designation ' pratyaya '. For the use of the word विकरण see M.Bh. on P. I.3. 12, III, 1.31 and VI. 1.5. The term विकरण is found . in the Yājñavalkya Siksa in the sense of change, ( confer, compare उपधारञ्जनं कुर्यान्मनोर्विकरणे सति ) and possibly the ancient grammarians used it in that very sense as they found the root कृ modified as करु or कुरु, or चि as चिनु, or भू as भव before the regular personal endings तिप् , तस् et cetera, and others
vaiyākaraṇaliterally a student of grammar; व्याकरणमधीते वैयाकरण: cf Kāśikā of Jayāditya and Vāmana. on P. IV, 2.59. The word is used in the sense of 'a scholar of Grammar;'or, 'a person who has obtained proficiency in Grammar.' The word is used several times in this sense in the Mahabhasya. cf Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on P. I. 1.3; I.4.2, II. 1.53, II.2.29, II.3.18, II.4.56, III.2.115 et cetera, and others The word is also used in the sense of 'pertaining to grammar' or 'found in grammar.'
vaiyākaraṇajīvātua term used for the grammar treatise written by Cangudasa which is also called Cangusutra or Canguvyakarana.
vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇaa well-known work on the grammatical interpretation of words written by Kondabhatta as an explanatory work (व्याख्यान) on the small work in verse consisting of only 72 Karikas written by his uncle Bhattoji Diksita. The treatise is also named Brihadvaiyakaranabhusana. A smaller work consisting of the same subjectmatter but omitting discussions, is written by the author for facilitating the understanding of students to which he has given the name Vaiyakarahabhusanasara. This latter work has got three commentary works written on it named Kasika, Kanti and Matonmajja and one more scholarly one Sankari, recently written by Shankar Shastri Marulkar.
veyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāraa slightly abridged form of the Vaiyakaranabhusana by the author Kondabhatta himself for students and beginners. It consists of the same number of fourteen chapters as the main treatise, which are given the name Nirnaya. See vaiyākaranabhusana.
vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāraṭīkāa commentary written on the well-known work on the sense of words and syntax written by Kondabhatta. There are many commentaries out of which, the well-known ones are (1) Darpana by Harivallabha, (2) Laghubhushanakanti by Gopaladeva, a pupil of Balambhatta Payagunde, and (3) Kasika by Harirama Kesava Kale and Sankari by Sankarasastri Marulakara
vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāravṛttia commentary on the Vaiyākaranabhusana, written by Mahānanda in the beginning of the nineteenth century.
vaiyākaraṇaśābdamālāवैयाकरणशब्दरत्नमाला a treatise on the use of words written as a helpful guide to Sanskrit writers, by a grammarian named Somayajin in 1848 A.D.
vaiyākaraṇaśābdabodhaimport of a sentence according to the grammarians, in which verbal activity occupies a predominant place, and the residing place of the subject as also that of the verbal activity is identical in the active voice, while the object and the verbal activity have got the same place of residence in the passive voice. The other auxiliaries of activity such as the instrument, location and the like, are connected with the verbal activity. The import of the sentence चैत्रः पचति, in short, can be expressed as चैत्रकर्तृका वर्तमानकालिकां पाकक्रिया.
vaiyākaraṇasarvasvaa small treatise on grammar written by a scholar of grammar named Kasinatha who has also written a few more small works वर्णविवेकचन्द्रिका, वृत्तिचन्द्रिका,धातुमञ्जरी etc
vaiyākaraṇasiddhāntakārikāa very scholarly work by Bhattoji Diksita on the interpretation of words and sentences, based upon the learned discussions on that subject introduced in the Mahabhasya, Vakyapadiya, Pradipa, et cetera, and others and discussed fully in his Sabdakaustubha by the author himselfeminine. The work although scholarly and valuable, is compressed in only 72 verses ( karikas ) and has to be understood with the help of the Vaiyakaranabhusana or BhuSansara written by Kondabhatta, the nephew of the author. See वैयाकरणभूषण and वैयाकरणभूषणसार.
vaiyākaraṇasiddhāntakaimudīan extremely popular work on the subject of Sanskrit grammar written for the use of students, which, although difficult at a few places, enables the students by its careful study to get a command over the subject. and enable him to read other higher works on grammar. The work is based on the Astadhyayi of Panini without omitting a single Sutra. The arrangement of the Sutras is, entirely different, as the author, for the sake of facility in understanding, has divided the work into different topics and explained the Sutras required for the topic by bringing them together in the topic. The main topics or Prakaranas are twelve in number, viz. (1) संज्ञापरिभाषा, (2) पञ्चसंधि, (3) सुबन्त or षड्लिङ्ग, (4) स्त्रीप्रत्यय, (5) कारक, (6) समास, (7) तद्धित, (8) तिङन्त, (9) प्रक्रिया, (10) कृदन्त, (11) वैदिकी and (12) स्वर which are sometimes styled as व्याकरणद्वादशी. The work is generally known by the term सिद्धान्तकौमुदी, or even कौमुदी, and it has got a large number of scholarly and ordinary commentaries as also commentaries on commentaries, all numbering a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page. twelve, and two abridgments the Madhyakaumudi and the Laghukaumudi. The work was written by the reputed scholar Bhattoji Diksita of Varanasi in the seventeenth century. See Bhattoji Diksita.
vaiyākaraṇasiddhāntakaumudīṭīkāor सिद्धान्तकौमुदीव्याख्या a general name given to the large number of commentaries written by members of the line of pupils, and pupils of pupils of Bhattoji. The well-known among the commentaries are प्रौढमनोरमा by the author himself, तत्त्वबोधिनी by ज्ञानेन्द्रसरस्वती, सुबोधिनी by जयकृष्णभट्ट मौनी बालमनोरमा by वासुदेवदीक्षित, and crowning all, the लघुशब्देन्दुशेखर by नागेशभट्ट. The प्रौढमनोरमा has got a learned commentary written by हरिदीक्षित called लघुशब्दरत्न or शब्दरत्न, which also has on it commentaries named भावप्रक्राश by बाळंभट्ट and शब्दरत्नदीप by कल्याणमल्ल. The Laghusabdendusekhara has got commentaries reaching about ten in number.
vaiyākaraṇasiddhāntabhūṣaṇathe same as वैयाकरणभूषण, which see a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page..
vaiyākaraṇasiddhāntamañjūṣāa well-known work on the syntax and denotation of words written by Nagesabhatta which is popular by the name Laghumanjusha. The Paramalaghumanjusha is an abridgment of this work by the author himselfeminine.
vaiyākaraṇasiddhāntaratnākaraname of a commentary on the Siddhantakaumudi by Ramakrsna in the latter half of the seventeenth century.
vaiyākaraṇasiddhāntarahasyaname of a commentary on the Siddhantakaumudi by Nilakantha.
vyadhikaraṇacharacterized by different case-relations or case-affixes; possessed of different case-affixes; क: प्रसङ्गो यद् व्यधिकरणानां समासः स्यात् Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on P. II. 1.67.
vyākaraṇaGrammar the development of the meaning of the term can be seen by the senses given below in a serial order and the examples after those senses; (a) analysis or explanation by analysis; (b) rules of explanation; (c) specific rules explaining the formation of words; d) explanation of the formation of rules; (e) a treatise in which such an explanation is given; (f) a collection of such treatises and (g) a systematic explanation of the formation of words in a language (व्याकरणशास्त्र or शब्दानुशासन); confer, compare(a) व्यक्रियते अनेन इति व्याकरणम् ; M.Bh.on Ahnika 1, Vart. 12: confer, compare (b) लक्ष्यलक्षणे व्याकरणम्: Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). Ahnika 1, Vart. 14; confer, compare (c) न यथा लोके तथा व्याकरणे Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on P. I. 1.1. Vart. 7; d) सर्वत्रैव हि व्याकरणे पूर्वोच्चारित: संज्ञी परोच्चारिता संज्ञा Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ).on P. I. 1.1. Vart 7: (e) न तथा लोके यथा व्याकरणे M.Bh. on P, I. 1.23 Vart. 4: confer, compare(f)इह च व्याकरणे शब्दे कार्यस्य संभव:, अर्थं असंभवः | Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on P. I. 1.68. confer, compare (g) व्याकरणं नाम इयमुत्तरा विद्या । Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on P. I. 2.32. The word व्याकरण is mostly used in the sense of ’the Science of Grammar ' in the Mahabhasya. It is explained by modern scholars as 'the law of the corrections of speech and etymological science' and described both as a science and an art.
vyākaraṇacandrikāa short treatise on grammar written by Krsnacarya.
vyākaraṇadarśanathe science of Vyakarana with the element of Sphota introduced in it and brought consequently on a par with the other Darsanas by the stalwart grammar-scholar Bhartrhari of the 7th century A. D. For details see Sarvadarsanasangraha ' Paninidarsanam ' and page 385 Vol. VII. of the Vyakarana Mahabhasya edited by the D. ESociety, Poona.
vyākaraṇadīpaa small treatise on grammar by Cidrupasraya.
vyākaraṇadīpikāname of a short gloss or Vrtti on the Sutras of Panini written by a modern scholar of grammar Orambhatta of Varanasi.
vyākaraṇaprakāśaname of the commentary written by Mahamisra on Jinendrabuddhi's great work 'Kasikavivaranapanjika' or Nyasa.
vyākaraṇamahābhāṣyasee महाभाष्य,
vyākaraṇamahābhāṣyagūḍhārthadīpinīa brief commentary on the Mahabhasya, written by Sadasiva, son of Nilakantha and pupil of Kamalakara Diksita. The gloss confines itself to the explanations of obscure and difficult passages in the Mahabhasya and criticizes Kaiyata's explanations.
vyākaraṇamahābhāṣyapradīpathe original name of the learned commentary on Patanjali's Mahabhasya by Kaiyatabhatta the well-known grammarian of Kashmir of the eleventh century. See प्रदीप and कैयट.
vyākaraṇamahābhāṣyapradīpavivaraṇa( )a gloss on the Mahabhasyapradipa of Kaiyata, written by ईश्वरानन्द, a pupil of सत्यानन्द; (2) a gloss on the Mahabhasyapradipa of Kaiyata by नारायण.
vyākaraṇamahābhāṣyapradīpoddyotathe wellknown scholarly commentary by the stalwart grammarian Nagesabhatta on the Mahabhasyapradipa of Kaiyata. See उद्द्योत and नागेश.
vyākaraṇamahābhāṣyavyākhyāsee महाभाष्य a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page..
vyākaraṇaratnāvalīa short work on grammar written by विद्यारत्न गौरमॊदन. व्याकरणसंग्रह a small grammar work written by a grammar scholar Gangadhara which is based upon the Mugdhabodha of Bopadeva.
vyākaraṇasudhānighia gloss on the Sutras of Panini written by Visvesvara.
śabdārthavyākaraṇaexplanation of the sense of a word as arising from the word by stating the base, the affixes and the modifications to the base and the affixes.
śākaṭāyanavyākaraṇathe treatise on grammar written by sakatayana। See शाकटायन.
śuddhāśubodhasūtrārthavyākaraṇaa gloss on the Asubodha-grammar, written by a grammarian named Ramesvara.
śluvikaraṇaroots characterized by the addition or application of the conjugational sign which is elided by the use of the term श्लु for elision; roots of the third conjugation; confer, compare य एते लुग्विकरणा: श्लुविकरणाश्च M.Bh.on P.III. 1.67 Vart. 2, as also on P. III 1. 91.
samānādhikaraṇawords which have got the same individual object ( द्रव्य ) referred to by means of their own sense,and which are put in the same case; co-ordinate words; confer, compare तत्पुरुष: समानाधिकरणः कर्मधारयः P. I. 2.42; confer, compare अधिकरणशब्द: अभिधेयवाची । समानाधिकरण: समानाभिधेयः । Kāśikā of Jayāditya and Vāmana. on P. I, 2.42.
sāmatantravyākaraṇaan anonymous ancient work of the type of the Pratisakhya works dealing with the euphonic changes and accents in the padapatha of the Samaveda.
sārasvatavyākaraṇasee सारस्वत a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page..
supadmavyākaraṇaan independent work on grammar written by a scholar of grammar named पद्मनाभ, who fourished in Mithila in the fifteenth century A. D.
supadmavyākaraṇaṭīkāa commentary written by a scholar of grammar named विष्णुमिश्र on the Supadmavyakarana, which see a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page..
svaritakaraṇamarking or characterizing by.a svarita accent, as is supposed to have been done by Panini when he wrote down his sutras of grammar as also the Dhatupatha, the Ganapatha and other subsidiary appendixes. Although the rules of the Astadhyayi are not recited at present with the proper accents possessed by the various vowels as given by the Sutrakara, still, by convention and traditional explanation, certain words are to be believed as possessed of certain accents. In the Dhatupatha, by oral tradition the accents of the several roots are known by the phrases अथ स्वरितेतः, अथाद्युदाताः, अथान्तेादात्ताः, अथानुदात्तेत: put therein at different places. In the sutras, a major purpose is served by the circumflex accent with which such words, as are to continue to the next or next few or next many rules, have been markedition As the oral tradition, according to which the Sutras are recited at present, has preserevd no accents, it is only the authoritative word, described as 'pratijna' of the ancient grammarians, which now is available for knowing the svarita. The same holds good in the case of nasalization ( अानुनासिक्य ) which is used as a factor for determining the indicatory nature of vowels as stated by the rule उपदेशेजनुनासिक इत्; confer, compare प्रतिज्ञानुनासिक्याः पाणिनीयाः S. K. on P. I.3.2.
huṣkaraṇathe use of the sign-word हुष्, put in the grammar of Apisali according to some grammarians who read हुष्करण for पुष्करण in the Kasikavrtti on P. IV.3.115.
haimavyākaraṇaa treatise on grammar written by हेमचन्द्र, called by the name हेमशब्दानुशासन. See हेमचन्द्र a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page..
aṅThe vikaraṇa before luṅ affixes, substituted for the affix cvi ( च्वि ) in the case of the roots mentioned by Pāṇini in sūtras III.1.52-59:(2) the Vikaraṇapratyaya in Vedic Literature before the benedictive affixes prescribed by Pāṇini in Sūtra III.1.86; (3) kṛt affix in the feminine gender showing verbal activity applied to roots marked with the mute letter ष् and the roots भिद्, छिद् and others. P.III.3 104-106.exempli gratia, for example जरा, त्रपा, भिदा, छिदा et cetera, and others
abhayacandraa Jain grammarian , who wrote प्रक्रियासंग्रह, based on the Śabdānuśāsana Vyākaraṇa of the Jain Śākatāyana.His possible date is the twelfth century A. D.
abhedānvayarelation of non-difference as stated by the vaiyākaraṇas between an adjective and the substantive qualified by it. e, g. नीलमुत्पलम् is explained as नीलाभिन्नमुत्पलम्.
avyāpyaan intransitive root; a technical term in the Cāndra Vyākaraṇa (C. Vy. I.4.70 ) as also in Hemacandra's Śabdānuśāsana; confer, compare अव्याप्यस्य मुचेर्मोग् वा । मुचेरकर्मकस्य सकारादौ सनि परे मोक् इत्ययमादेशो वा स्यात् । न चास्य द्विः । मोक्षति मुमुक्षति चैत्र: । मोक्षते मुमुक्षते वा वत्सः स्वयमेव Hemacandra's Śabdānuśāsana. IV.1.19.
aṣṭamaṅgalāname of a commentary on the Kātantra Vyākaraṇa by Rāmakiśoracakravartin.
asiddhainvalid; of suspended validity for the time being: not functioning for the time being. The term is frequently used in Pāṇini's system of grammar in connection with rules or operations which are prevented, or held in suspense, in connection with their application in the process of the formation of a word. The term (असिद्ध) is also used in connection with rules that have applied or operations that have taken place, which are, in certain cases, made invalid or invisible as far as their effect is concerned and other rules are applied or other operations are allowed to take place, which ordinarily have been prevented by those rules which are made invalid had they not been invalidatedition Pāṇini has laid down this invalidity on three different occasions (1) invalidity by the rule पूर्वत्रासिद्धम् VIII.2.1. which makes a rule or operation in the second, third and fourth quarters of the eighth chapter of the Pāṇini's Aṣṭādhyāyī. invalid when any preceding rule is to be applied, (2) invalidity by the rule असिद्धवदत्राभात् which enjoins mutual invalidity in the case of operations prescribed in the Ābhīya section beginning with the rule असिद्धवत्राभात् (VI. 4.22.) and going on upto the end of the Pāda (VI.4.175), (3) invalidity of the single substitute for two letters, that has already taken place, when ष् is to be substituted for स्, or the letter त् is to be prefixed, confer, compare षत्वतुकोरसिद्धः (VI. 1.86). Although Pāṇini laid down the general rule that a subsequent rule or operation, in case of conflict, supersedes the preceding rule, in many cases it became necessary for him to set, that rule aside, which he did by means of the stratagem of invalidity given a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page.. Subsequent grammarians found out a number of additional cases where it became necessary to supersede the subseguent rule which they did by laying down a dictum of invalidity similar to that of Pāṇini. The author of the Vārttikas, hence, laid down the doctrine that rules which are nitya or antaraṅga or apavāda, are stronger than, and hence supersede, the anitya, bahiraṅga and utsarga rules respectively. Later gram marians have laid down in general, the invalidity of the bahiraṅga rule when the antaraṅga rule occurs along with it or subsequent to it. For details see Vol. 7 of Vvyākaraṇa Mahābhāṣya(D. E. Society's edition) pages 217-220. See also Pari. Śek. Pari. 50.
aākhyātaverbal form, verb; confer, compare भावप्रधानमाख्यातं सत्त्वप्रधानानि नामानि Nirukta of Yāska.I.1; चत्वारि पदजातानि नामाख्यातोपसर्गनिपाताश्च Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). I.1. Āhnika 1 ; also A.Prāt. XII. 5, अाकार अाख्याते पदादिश्च Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). I.2.37 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 2, आख्यातमाख्यातेन क्रियासातत्ये Sid. Kau. on II.1.72, क्रियावाचकमाख्यातं Vājasaneyi Prātiśākhya.V.1; confer, compare भारद्वाजकमाख्यातं भार्गवं नाम भाष्यते । भारद्वाजेन दृष्टत्वादाख्यातं भारद्वाजगोत्रम् V. Prāt. VIII. 52; confer, compare also Athar. Prāt.I.I.12, 18; 1.3.3,6; II.2.5 where ākhyāta means verbal form. The word also meant in ancient days the root also,as differentiated from a verb or a verbal form as is shown by the lines तन्नाम येनाभिदधाति सत्त्वं, तदाख्यातं येन भावं स धातुः R.Pr.XII.5 where 'आख्यात' and 'धातु' are used as synonyms As the root form such as कृ, भृ et cetera, and others as distinct from the verbal form, is never found in actual use, it is immaterial whether the word means root or verb.In the passages quoted a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page. from the Nirukta and the Mahābhāṣya referring to the four kinds of words, the word ākhyāta could be taken to mean root (धातु) or verb (क्रियापद). The ākhyāta or verb is chiefly concerned with the process of being and bccoming while nouns (नामानि) have sattva or essence, or static element as their meaning. Verbs and nouns are concerned not merely with the activities and things in this world but with every process and entity; confer, compare पूर्वापूरीभूतं भावमाख्यातेनाचष्टे Nir.I.;अस्तिभवतिविद्यतीनामर्थः सत्ता । अनेककालस्थायिनीति कालगतपौर्वापर्येण क्रमवतीति तस्याः क्रियात्वम् । Laghumañjūṣā. When a kṛt (affix). affix is added to a root, the static element predominates and hence a word ending with a kṛt (affix). affix in the sense of bhāva or verbal activity is treated as a noun and regularly declined;confer, compareकृदभिहितो भावे द्रव्यवद् भवति M.Bh. on II.2.19 and III. 1.67, where the words गति, व्रज्या, पाक and others are given as instances. Regarding indeclinable words ending with kṛt (affix). affixes such as कर्तुं, कृत्वा, and others, the modern grammarians hold that in their case the verbal activity is not shadowed by the static element and hence they can be,in a way, looked upon as ākhyātas; confer, compare अव्ययकृतो भावे Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇa.
akhyātaprakriyāa work dealing with verbs, written by Anubhūtisvarūpācārya on the Sārasvata Vyākaraṇa.
ādhṛṣīyaa sub-division of roots belonging to the चुरादिगण or tenth conjugation beginning with युज् and ending with धृष् which take the Vikaraṇa णिच् optionally id est, that is which are also conjugated like roots of the first conjugation; exempli gratia, for example यीजयति,योजयते, योजति;साहयति-ते, सहति.
aānandadattaname of a Buddhist grammarian,the author of the work named Cāndra-vyākaraṇa Paddhati.
ārdhadhātukaa term used in contrast to the term सार्वधातुक for such verbal and kṛt affixes, as are not personal endings of verbs nor marked with the mute letter श् confer, compare तिङ्शित् सार्वधातुकम् । आर्धधातुकं शेषः। P.III.4.113 and 114. The personal endings of verbs in the perfect tense and the benedictive mood are termed ārdhadhātuka, confer, compare P. III. 4.115, 116; while both the terms are promiscuously found utilised in the Vedic Literature; confer, compare P. III. 4. 117. The main utility of the ārdhadhātuka term is the augment इ ( इट् ) to be prefixed to the ārdhadhātuka affixes. The term आर्धधातुका was in use in works of the old Vaiyākaraṇas; confer, compare अथवा आर्धधातुकासु इति वक्ष्यामि कासु आर्धधातुकासु । उक्तिषु युक्तिषु रूढिषु प्रतीतिषु श्रुतिषु संज्ञासु M.Bh. on II. 4.35. It cannot be said how the term ārdhadhātuka originatedition Probably such affixes or pratyayas, like the kṛt affixes generally, as could be placed after certain roots only were called ārdhadhātuka, as contrasted with the verbal and the present participle affixes which were termed sārvadhātuka on account of their being found in use after every root.
āsvadīyaa sub-division of the चुरादि (Xth conjugation) roots, beginning with the root ग्रस् and ending with the root स्वद्, which take the Vikaraṇa णिच् id est, that is which are conjugated like roots of the tenth conjugation, only if they are transitive in sense.
īpa technical term in the Jainendra Vyākaraṇa for सप्तमी (the locative case).
u(1)labial vowel standing for the long ऊ and protracted ऊ3 in Pāṇini's grammar unless the consonant त् is affixed to it, उत् standing for the short उ only: (2) Vikaraṇa affix उ of the 8th conjugation ( तनादिगण ) and the roots धिन्व् and कृण्व्;confer, compareP.III. 1.79-80; (3) substitute (उ) for the vowel अ of कृ,exempli gratia, for example कुरुतः, कृर्वन्ति before weak Sārvadhātuka affixes, confer, compareP.VI 4.110; (4) kṛt (affix). affix उ added to bases ending in सन् and the roots आशंस्, भिक्ष्, विद्, इष् as also to bases ending in क्यच् in the Vedic Literature,exempli gratia, for example चिकीर्षुः भिक्षुः, बिन्दुः,इच्छुः,सुम्नयु; confer, compare P. III. 2.168-170; (5) Uṅādi affix उ ( उण् ) e.g, कारुः, वायुः, साधुः, et cetera, and others; confer, compare Uṅādi I.1; (6) mute vowel उ added to the first letters of a class of consonants in Pāṇini's grammar to show the whole class of the five letters; exempli gratia, for example कु, चु, टु, तु, पु which stand for the Guttural, the palatal the lingual, the dental and the labial classes respectively; confer, compare also ष्टुना ष्टुः P.VIII.4.41(7) उ added to न् showing the consonant न् as nasalized n; cf, नुः V.Pr. III.133.
uṅa technical term for उपधा, the penultimate letter in the Jainendra Vyākaraṇa; confer, compare इदुदुङः Jain. V. 4.28.
uccaritapronounced or uttered; the phrase उच्चरितप्रध्वंसिनः is used in connection with the mute indicatory letters termed इत् in Pāṇini's grammar, as these letters are not actually found in use in the language and are therefore supposed to vanish immediately after their purpose has been servedition The phrase 'उच्चरितप्रध्वंसिनोSनुबन्धा:' has been given as a Paribhāṣā by Vyāḍiparibhāṣāsūcana.(Pari.11), in the Cāndra Vyākaraṇa ( Par. 14), in the Kātantra Vyākaraṇa (Pari.54) and also in the Kalāpa Vyākaraṇa ( Par. 71). Patañjali has used the expression उच्चरितप्रध्वंसिनः in connection with ordinary letters of a word, which have existence for a moment and which also vanish immediately after they have been uttered; confer, compare उच्चरितप्रध्वंसिनः खल्वपि वर्णा: ...न वर्णो वर्णस्य सहायः Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on I.4. 109.
upanyāsaproposition, statement, The remark 'विषम उपन्यासः' is of frequent occurrence in the Vyākaraṇa Mahābhāṣya in connection with statements that are defective and have to be refuted or corrected; confer, compare M.Bh. on P.1.1.21,46,50; I.2.5 et cetera, and others
upasargadyotyatāthe view or doctrine that prefixes, by themselves, do not possess any sense, but they indicate the sense of the verb or noun with which they are connectedition For details See Vākyapadīya II.165-206; also vol. VII. pages 370-372 of Vyākaraṇa Mahābhāṣya edition by the D. E. Society, Poona.
upāntaliterally near the last; penultimate. The word is generally found used in the Cāndra Vyākaraṇa.
uv(उवङ्)substitute for the vowel उ belonging to the Vikaraṇa श्रु, to roots and to the noun भ्रू under certain conditions: cf अचि श्नुधातुर्भ्रुवां य्वोरियङुवङौ P.VI.4.77.
lṛdit(roots)marked with the mute indicatory letter लृ, which take the substitute अ (अङ्) for च्लि, the Vikaraṇa of the aorist; e. g. अपतत्, अशकत् confer, compare पुषादिद्ताद्य्-लृदितः परस्मैपदेषु P.III.1.55.
ekāntapart, portion. Augments or Āgamas in the Vyākaraṇa Śāstra are looked upon as forming a part of the word to which they are attached; confer, compare अथ यस्यानुबन्ध आसज्यते, किं स तस्य एकान्तो भवति आहोस्विदनेकान्तः । एकान्तस्तत्रेापलब्धेः । Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on I.3.9, Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini).9; confer, compare also एकान्ताः Paribhāṣenduśekhara of Nāgeśa. Pari, 5.
egeliṃg( Eggeling )a well-known German scholar of Sanskrit Grammar who flourished in the l9th century and who edited the Kātantra Vyākaraṇa with the commentary of Durgasiṁha's Kātantra-Sūtravṛtti. and many appendices in 1876.
epa term used in the Jainendra Vyākaraṇa for the term गुण of Pāṇini standing for the vowels अ, ए and ओ; confer, compare ऋतः समादेरेप् Jain. Vy. V.2.122.
aindraname of an ancient school of grammar and of the treatise also, belonging to that school, believed to have been written under instructions of Indra. The work is not available. Patañjali mentions that Bṛhaspati instructed Indra for one thousand celestial years and still did not finish his instructions in words': (Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). I.1.1 ). The Taittirīya Saṁhitā mentions the same. Pāṇini has referred to some ancient grammarians of the East by the word प्राचाम् without mentioning their names, and scholars like Burnell think that the grammar assigned to Indra is to be referred to by the word प्राचाम्. The Bṛhatkathāmañjarī remarks that Pāṇini's grammar threw into the background the Aindra Grammar. Some scholars believe that Kalāpa grammar which is available today is based upon Aindra,just as Cāndra is based upon Pāṇini's grammar. References to Aindra Grammar are found in the commentary on the Sārasvata Vyākaraṇa, in the Kavikalpadruma of Bopadeva as also in the commentary upon the Mahābhārata by Devabodha.Quotations, although very few, are given by some writers from the work. All these facts prove that there was an ancient pre-Pāṇinian treatise on Grammar assigned to इन्द्र which was called Aindra-Vyākaraṇa.For details see Dr.Burnell's 'Aindra School of Sanskrit Grammarians' as also Vol. VII pages 124-126 of Vyākaraṇa Mahābhāṣya, edited by the D.E.Society, Poona.
karman(1)object of a transitive verb, defined as something which the agent or the doer of an action wants primarily to achieve. The main feature of कर्मन् is that it is put in the accusative case; confer, compare कर्तुरीप्सिततमं कर्म, कर्मणि द्वितीया; P. I.4.49; II.3.2. Pāṇini has made कर्म a technical term and called all such words 'karman' as are connected with a verbal activity and used in the accusative case; confer, compare कर्तुरीप्सिततमं कर्म; तथायुक्तं चानीप्सितम् ; अकथितं च and गतिबुद्धिप्रत्यवसानार्थशब्दकर्माकर्मकाणामणि कर्ता स णौ P.I.4.49-52;cf also यत् क्रियते तत् कर्म Kātantra vyākaraṇa Sūtra.II.4.13, कर्त्राप्यम् Jain I. 2. 120 and कर्तुर्व्याप्यं कर्म Hemacandra's Śabdānuśāsana. II. 2. 3. Sometimes a kāraka, related to the activity ( क्रिया) as saṁpradāna, apādāna or adhikaraṇa is also treated as karma, if it is not meant or desired as apādāna,saṁpradāna et cetera, and others It is termed अकथितकर्म in such cases; confer, compare अपादानादिविशेषकथाभिरविवक्षितमकथितम् Kāś. on I.4.51. See the word अकथित a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page.. Karman or object is to be achieved by an activity or क्रिया; it is always syntactically connected with a verb or a verbal derivative.When connected with verbs or verbal derivatives indeclinables or words ending with the affixes उक, क्त, क्तवतु, तृन् , etc, it is put in the accusative case. It is put in the genitive case when it is connected with affixes other than those mentioned a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page.; confer, compare P, II.3.65, 69. When, however, the karman is expressed ( अभिहित ) by a verbal termination ( तिङ् ), or a verbal noun termination (कृत्), or a nounaffix ( तद्धित ), or a compound, it is put in the nominative case. exempli gratia, for example कटः क्रियते, कटः कृतः, शत्यः, प्राप्तोदकः ग्रामः et cetera, and others It is called अभिहित in such cases;confer, compare P.II.3.1.Sec the word अनभिहित a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page..The object or Karman which is ईप्सिततम is described to be of three kinds with reference to the way in which it is obtained from the activity. It is called विकार्य when a transformation or a change is noticed in the object as a result of the verbal activity, e. g. काष्ठानि भस्मीकरोति, घटं भिनत्ति et cetera, and others It is called प्राप्य when no change is seen to result from the action, the object only coming into contact with the subject, e. g. ग्रामं गच्छति, आदित्यं पश्यति et cetera, and others It is called निर्वर्त्य when the object is brought into being under a specific name; exempli gratia, for example घटं करोति, ओदनं पचति; confer, compare निर्वर्त्ये च विकार्यं च प्राप्यं चेति त्रिधा मतम् । तत्रेप्सिततमम् Padamañjarī, a commentary on the Kāśikāvṛtti by Haradatta. on I.4.49: confer, compare also Vākyapadīya III.7.45 as also Kāśikāvivaraṇapañjikā, a commentary on the Kāśikāvṛtti by Jinendrabuddhi, called Nyāsa. on 1.4.49. The object which is not ईप्सिततम is also subdivided into four kinds e. g. (a) अनीप्सित (ग्रामं गच्छन् ) व्याघ्रं पश्यति, (b) औदासीन्येन प्राप्य or इतरत् or अनुभय exempli gratia, for example (ग्रामं गच्छन्) वृक्षमूलानि उपसर्पति, (c) अनाख्यात or अकथित exempli gratia, for example बलिं in बलिं याचते वसुधाम् (d) अन्यपूर्वक e.g अक्षान् दीव्यति, ग्राममभिनिविशते; confer, compare Padamañjarī, a commentary on the Kāśikāvṛtti by Haradatta. on I.4 49, The commentator Abhayanandin on Jainendra Vyākaraṇa mentions seven kinds प्राप्य, विषयभूत, निर्वर्त्य, विक्रियात्मक, ईप्सित, अनीप्सित and इतरत्, defining कर्म as कर्त्रा क्रियया यद् आप्यं तत् कारकं कर्म; confer, compare कर्त्राप्यम् Jain. Vy. I.2.120 and commentary thereon. जेनेन्द्रमधीते is given therein as an instance of विषयभूत. (2) The word कर्मन् is also used in the sense of क्रिया or verbal activity; confer, compare उदेनूर्ध्वकर्मणि P.I.3.24; आदिकर्मणि क्तः कर्तरि च P.III.4.71, कर्तरि कर्मव्यतिहारे P.I.3.14. (3) It is also used in the sense of activity in general, as for instance,the sense of a word; e. g. नामाख्यातयोस्तु कर्मोपसंयोगद्योतका भवन्ति Nirukta of Yāska.I. 3.4, where Durgācārya's commentary on the Nirukta.explains karman as 'sense' ( अर्थ ).
karmāpadiṣṭaoperations prescribed specifically for objects i. e. prescribed in the case of objects which are described to be functioning as the subject to show facility of the verbal action: e. g. the vikaraṇa यक् or the affix च्णि; confer, compare कर्मापदिष्टाविधय: कर्मस्थभावकानां कर्मस्थक्रियाणां वा भवन्ति । कर्तृस्थभावकाश्च दीपादयः M.Bh.on I.1.44.
kalāpa(कलाप-व्याकरण)alternative name given to the treatise on grammar written by Sarvavarman who is believed to have lived in the days of the Sātavāhana kings. The treatise is popularly known by the namc Kātantra Vyākaraṇa. The available treatise,viz. Kalpasūtras, is much similar to the Kātantra Sūtras having a few changes and additions only here and there.It is rather risky to say that Kalāpa was an ancient system of grammar which is referred to in the Pāṇini Sūtra कलापिनोण् P. IV.3.108. For details see कातन्त्र.
kaśyapaname of a writer on the Cāndra Vyākaraṇa.
a technical term used in the Jainendra Vyākaraṇa for the term पञ्चमी used in Pāṇini's grammar.
kātantrabālabodhinīa short explanatory gloss on the Kātantra Sūtras by Jagaddhara of Kashmir who lived in the fourteenth century and who wrote a work on grammar called Apaśabdanirākaraṇa.
kārakaliterally doer of an action. The word is used in the technical sense ; 1 of ’instrument of action'; cf कारकशब्दश्च निमित्तपर्यायः । कारकं हेतुरिति नार्थान्तरम् । कस्य हेतुः । क्रियायाः Kāś. on P.I. 4.23: confer, compare also कारक इति संज्ञानिर्देशः । साधकं निर्वर्तकं कारकसंज्ञं भवति । M.Bh. on P. I. 4.28. The word 'kāraka' in short, means 'the capacity in which a thing becomes instrumental in bringing about an action'. This capacity is looked upon as the sense of the case-affixes which express it. There are six kārakas given in all grammar treatises अपादान, संप्रदान, अधिकरण, करण , कर्मन् and कर्तृ to express which the case affixes or Vibhaktis पञ्चमी, चतुर्थी, सप्तमी, तृतीया, द्वितीया and प्रथमा are respectively used which, hence, are called Kārakavibhaktis as contrasted with Upapadavibhaktis, which show a relation between two substantives and hence are looked upon as weaker than the Kārakavibhaktis; confer, compare उपपदविभक्तेः कारकविभक्तिर्बलीयसी Pari. Śek. Pari.94. The topic explaining Kārakavibhaktis is looked upon as a very important and difficult chapter in treatises of grammar and there are several small compendiums written by scholars dealing with kārakas only. For the topic of Kārakas see P. I. 4.23 to 55, Kat, II. 4.8-42, Vyākaraṇa The Volume of the introduction in Marathi to the Pātañjala Mahābhāṣya, written by K. V. Abhyankar and published by the O. E. Society, Poona.. pp.262-264 published by the D. E. Society, Poona.
kārita(1)ancient term for the causal Vikaraṇa, (णिच् in Pāṇini's grammar and इन् in Kātantra); (2) causal or causative as applied to roots ending in णिच् or words derived from such roots called also 'ṇyanta' by the followers of Pāṇini's grammar; confer, compare इन् कारितं धात्वर्थे Kātantra vyākaraṇa Sūtra.III.2.9, explained as धात्वर्थक्रियानाम्न इन् परो भवति धात्वर्थे स च कारितसंज्ञक;।
kārtikeyathe original instructor of the Kātantra or Kālāpa-vyākaraṇasūtra. Grammar, to Śarvavarman who composed the Sūtras according to inspiration received by him. The Kātantra, hence, has also got the name Kaumara Vyākaraṇa.
kāśikā(1)name given to the reputed gloss (वृत्ति) on the Sūtras of Pāṇini written by the joint authors.Jayāditya and Vāmana in the 7th century A.D. Nothing definitely can be said as to which portion was written by Jayāditya and which by Vamana, or the whole work was jointly written. Some scholars believe that the work was called Kāśikā as it was written in the city of Kāśī and that the gloss on the first five Adhyāyas was written by Jayāditya and that on the last three by Vāmana. Although it is written in a scholarly way, the work forms an excellent help to beginners to understand the sense of the pithy Sūtra of Pāṇini. The work has not only deserved but obtained and maintained a very prominent position among students and scholars of Pāṇini's grammar in spite of other works like the Bhāṣāvṛtti, the Prakriyā Kaumudi, the Siddhānta Kaumudi and others written by equally learned scholars. Its wording is based almost on the Mahābhāṣya which it has followed, avoiding, of course, the scholarly disquisitions occurring here and there in the Mahābhāṣya. It appears that many commentary works were written on it, the wellknown among them being the Kāśikāvivaraṇapañjikā or Kāśikāvivaraṇapañjikā, a commentary on the Kāśikāvṛtti by Jinendrabuddhi, called Nyāsa. written by Jinendrabuddhi and the Padamañjari by Haradatta. For details see Vyākaraṇamahābhāṣya Vol.VII pp 286-87 published by the D. E. Society, Poona. ( 2 ) The name Kāśikā is sometimes found given to their commentaries on standard works of Sanskrit Grammar by scholars, as possibly they were written at Kāśī; as for instance, (a) Kāśikā on Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra by Hari Dīkṣita, and ( b ) Kāśikā on Paribhāṣenduśekhara by Vaidyanātha Pāyaguṇḍe.
kāśyapīvṛttiname of a gloss on the Cāndra Vyākaraṇa.
ki(1)kṛt affix इ prescribed after धु roots with a prefix attached;exempli gratia, for exampleप्रदिः प्रधिः confer, compare P.III.3.92, 93; (2) kṛt affix इ looked upon as a perfect termination and, hence, causing reduplication and accusative case of the noun connected, found in Vedic Literature added to roots ending in अा, the root ऋ, and the roots गम्, हन् and जन्; exempli gratia, for example पपि; सोमं, जगुरिः, जग्मिः et cetera, and others, confer, compare P. III.2.171: (2) a term used in the Jainendra Vyākaraṇa for the term संबुद्वि.
kuśalaname of a grammarian who wrote a commentary on the Kātantra Vyākaraṇa; see कातन्त्रपञ्जिक्रा.
kṛṣṇapaṇḍitacalled also शेषकृष्ण, a sholar of Sanskrit Vyākaraṇa who wrote गूढभावविवृत्ति,a commentary on the Prakriyā-Kaumudī of Rāmacandra Śeṣa.
kṛṣṇamitraa scholar of grammar and nyāya of the 17th century A.D. who wrote many commentary works some of which are (l) a commentary called Ratnārṇava on the Siddhānta-Kaumudī, (2) a commentary named Kalpalata on Bhaṭṭoji's Prauḍhamanoramā, (3) a commentary named Bhāvadīpa on Bhaṭṭoji's Śabdakaustubha of Bhaṭṭojī Dīkṣita., (4) a commentary on Nagojibhaṭṭa's Laghumañjūṣā of Nāgeśa.by name Kuñcikā and (5) a commentary on Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇa.
kaiyaṭaname of the renowned commentator on the Mahābhāṣya, who lived in the 11th century. He was a resident of Kashmir and his father's name was Jaiyaṭa. The commentary on the Mahābhāṣya was named महाभाष्यप्रदीप by him, which is believed by later grammarians to have really acted as प्रदीप or light, as without it, the Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali would have remained unlit, that is unintelligible, at several places. Later grammarians attached to प्रदीप almost the same importance as they did to the Mahābhāṣya and the expression तदुक्तं भावकैयटयोः has been often used by commentators. Many commentary works were written on the Kaiyaṭa's Mahābhāṣyapradīpa.out of which Nageśa's Mahābhāṣya-Pradīpoddyota by Nāgeśa.is the most popular. The word कैयट came to be used for the word महाभाष्यप्रदीप which was the work of Kaiyaṭa. For details see Vyākaraṇa Mahābhāṣya published by the D. E. Society, Poona, Vol. VII. pp. 389-390.
koṇḍabhaṭṭaa reputed grammarian who wrote an extensive explanatory gloss by name Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇa on the Vaiyākaraṇasiddhāntakārikā of Bhaṭṭoji Dīkṣita. Another work Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra. which is in a way an abridgment of the Bhūṣaṇa, was also written by him. Koṇḍabhaṭṭa lived in the beginning of the l7th century. He was the son of Raṅgojī and nephew of Bhaṭṭojī Dīkṣita. He was one of the few writers on the Arthavicāra in the Vyākaraṇaśāstra and his Bhūṣaṇasāra ranks next to the Vākyapadīya of Bhartṛhari. Besides the Bhūṣaṇa and Bhūṣaṇasāra, Koṇḍabhaṭṭa wrote two independent works viz. Vaiyākaraṇsiddhāntadīpika and Sphoṭavāda.
kodṇḍarāmaa scholar of Sanskrit Vyākaraṇa who composed शब्दसिद्धान्तमञ्जरी a small treatise dealing with the declension of nouns.
kyacommon term for the Vikaraṇas क्यच् , क्यङ् and क्यञ्; confer, compare न: क्ये P. I. 4.15, also confer, compare P.III.2.170, VI. 4. 50.
kṣitīśacandra(चक्रवर्तिन्)or K. C. CHATTERJI a scholar of Sanskrit grammar who has written a work on technical terms in Sanskrit, who has edited several grammar works and is at present editing the Cāndra Vyākaraṇa and conducting the Sanskrit journal named Mañjūṣa at Calcutta.
ksa(1)aorist vikaraṇa affix substituted for च्लि; confer, compare P.III.1.45, 46; e. g. अदृक्षत्, आश्लिक्षत्, अधुक्षत् confer, compare Kāś. on P.III.1.45,46; (2) kṛt affix स applied to the root दृश् preceded by a pronoun such as त्यद्, तद् et cetera, and others exempli gratia, for example यादृक्षः, तादृक्ष: et cetera, and others confer, compare दृशेः क्सश्च वक्तव्य: P.III.2.60 Vārttika. (3) affix स applied to the root गाह् or ख्या or कव् to form the noun कक्ष; confer, compare कक्षो गाहतेः क्स इति नामकरण: ख्यातेर्वा कषतेर्वा Nirukta of Yāska.II.2.
gaṅgādhara[GANGADHARA SHASTRI TELANG] (l)a stalwart grammarian and Sanskrit scholar of repute who was a pupil of Bālasarasvatī of Vārāṇaśī and prepared in the last century a host of Sanskrit scholars in Banaras among whom a special mention could be made of Dr. Thebaut, Dr. Venis and Dr. Gaṅgānātha Jhā. He was given by Government of India the titles Mahāmahopādhyāya and C. I.E. His surname was Mānavallī but he was often known as गङाधरशास्त्री तेलङ्ग. For details, see Mahābhāṣya, D.E. Society Ed.Poona p.p.33, 34; (2)an old scholar of Vyākarana who is believed to have written a commentary on Vikṛtavallī of Vyādi; (3) a comparatively modern scholar who is said to have written a commentary named Induprakāśa on the Śabdenduśekhara; (4) author of the Vyākaraṇadīpaprabhā, a short commentary on the Vyākaraṇa work of Cidrūpāśramin. See चिद्रूपाश्रमिन्.
gadādharacakravartinthe reputed Naiyāyika who wrote numerous works on the Navyanyaya; he has written a few works like व्युत्पत्तिवाद, उपसर्गविचार, कारकनिर्णय, सर्वनामविचार, प्रत्ययविचार on Vyākaraṇa themes although the treatment, as also the style, is logical.
bhāṣyaa learned commentary on an original work, of recognised merit and scholarship, for which people have got a sense of sanctity in their mind; generally every Sūtra work of a branch of technical learning (or Śāstra) in Sanskrit has got a Bhāṣya written on it by a scholar of recognised merit. Out of the various Bhāṣya works of the kind given a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page., the Bhāṣya on the Vyākaraṇa sūtras of Pāṇini is called the Mahābhāṣya, on the nature of which possibly the following definition is based "सूत्रार्थो वर्ण्यते यत्र पदैः सूत्रानुकारिभिः| स्वपदानि च वर्ण्यन्ते भाष्यं भाष्यविदो विदुः ।" In books on Sanskrit Grammar the word भाष्य is used always for the Mahābhāṣya. The word भाष्य is sometimes used in the Mahābhāṣya of Patanjali (confer, compare उक्तो भावभेदो भाष्ये III.3.19, IV.4.67) where the word may refer to a work like लघुभाष्य which Patañjali may have written, or may have got available to him as written by somebody else, before he wrote the Mahābhāṣya.
bhāskaraśāstrīsurnamed Abhyankar (1785-1870) a great grammarian in the line of the pupils of Nāgeśa who was educated at Poona and lived at Sātārā. He taught many pupils, a large number of whom helped the spread of Vyākaraṇa studies even in distant places of the country, such as Vārāṇasi and others. For details see Vyākaraṇa The Volume of the introduction in Marathi to the Pātañjala Mahābhāṣya, written by K. V. Abhyankar and published by the O. E. Society, Poona. pp. 27-29, D. E. Society's Edition.
bhairavamiśraone of the reputed grammarians of the latter half of the eighteenth century and the first half of the nineteenth century who wrote commentaries on several prominent works on grammar. He was the son of भवदेव and his native place was Prayāga. He has written the commentary called Candrakalā on the Laghuśabdenduśekhara, Parikṣā on the Vaiyākaraṇabhũṣanasāra, Gadā called also Bhairavī or Bhairavīgadā on the Paribhāṣenduśekhara and commentaries (popularly named Bhairavī) on the Śabdaratna and Lingānuśāsana. He is reported to have visited Poona, the capital of the Peśawas and received magnificent gifts for exceptional proficiency in Nyāya and Vyākaraṇa. For details see pp. 24 and 25 Vol. VII . Pātañjala Mahābhāṣya D. E. Society's Edition.
bhojathe well-known king of Dhārā who was very famous for his charities and love of learning. He flourished in the eleventh century A.D. He is said to have got written or himself written several treatises on various śāstras. The work Sarasvatīkaṇṭhābharaṇa which is based on the Astādhyāyi of Pāṇini, but which has included in it the Vārttikas and Paribhāṣās also, has become in a way a Vyākaraṇa or a general work in grammar and can be styled as Bhoja-Vyākaraṇa.
makarand(1)name of a commentary by Raṅganātha on the Padamañjari of Haradatta; (2) name of a commentary on the Supadma Vyākaraṇa by Viṣṇumiśra.
mañjūṣāa popular name given to the work परमलघुमञ्जूषा of Nāgeśa on अर्थप्रक्रिया (science or method of interpretation) in Vyākaraṇa, which is generally read by advanced students. Nāgeśa has also written a bigger work on the same subject लघुमञ्जूषा which sometimes is also referred to by the word मञ्जूषा.
matonmajjāname of a commentary on Koṇḍabhaṭṭa's Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇa written by a grammarian named वनमालिन्.
mantudevaknown also as मन्नुदेव, a famous grammarian of the eighteenth century who has written a commentary named दर्पणा on the Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra of Koṇḍabhaṭṭa and a commentary named दोषोद्धरण on Nāgeśa's Paribhāṣenduśekhara.
mahānandaa grammarian of the eighteenth century who has written a gloss on Koṇḍabhaṭṭṭa's Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣanasāra.
viparyayachange in the reverse order; reverse transposition; interversion; confer, compare the usual expression वर्णविपर्यय.confer, compare वर्णागमाद् भवेद्धंसः सिंहो वर्णविपर्ययात् | S.K. on P.VI.3.109. The word व्यत्यय is used in this sense in the Mahābhāṣya; confer, compare वर्णव्यत्यये कृतेस्तर्कः | हिंसे: सिंहः ! M.Bh. on Māheśvarasūtras. 5 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 15; confer, compare also Kāś. on P.VI.3.109 and Cāndra Vyākaraṇa II.2.48.
viśrāntavidyādharaname of a grammar work of a general type which once occupied a prominent position and was studied as a text book of grammar, representing an independent system. The work is referred to by Hemacandra and Haribhadra. It is attributed to Vāmana who may be the same as one of the joint writers of the Kāśikāvṛtti. In that case the date of the work is the 7th century A. D.;confer, compare the popular verse परेत्र पाणिनीयज्ञाः केचित्कालपकोविदा: । एकेकं विश्रान्तविद्याः स्युरन्ये संक्षिप्तसारकाः quoted in Vol.VII p. 388 Vyākaraṇa Mahābhāṣya D.E. Society's edition.
vṛtādia class of roots headed by the root वृत् which take optionally the Parasmaipada affixes when the vikaraṇa स्य of the future tense and the conditional mood, or the desiderative vikaraṇa सन् is added to them; exempli gratia, for example वर्त्स्यति,वर्तिष्यते; अवर्त्स्यत्, अवर्तिष्यत्,; विवृत्सति, विवर्तिषते confer, compare Kāś. on P.I.3.92; confer, comparealso P.VII.2.59.
vṛtti(1)treatment, practice of pronunciation; (2) conversion of one phonetic element into another; confer, compare R.Pr.I.95;(3) position of the padas or words as they stand in the Saṁhhitā text, the word is often seen used in this way in the compound word पदवृत्ति; आन्पदा: पदवृत्तयः R.Pr. IV.17: (4) modes of recital of the Vedic text which are described to be three द्रुत, मध्य and विलम्बित based upon the time of the interval and the pronunciation which differs in each one; confer, compare Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on P. I.4. 109, Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 4; also I.l.69 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini).ll ; ( 5 ) nature confer, compare गुर्वक्षराणां गुरुवृत्ति सर्वम् R.Pr.XVIII.33; (6) interpretation of a word; (7) verbal or nominal form of a root; confer, compare अर्थनित्यः परीक्षेत केनचिद् वृत्तिसामान्येन Nirukta of Yāska.II.1; (8)mode or treatment followed by a scientific treatise; cf का पुनर्वृत्तिः । वृत्तिः शास्त्रप्रवृत्तिः | M.Bh. in Āhnika l on वृत्तिसमवायार्थ उपदेश: Vārttika 10; (9) manner of interpretation with the literal sense of the constituents present or absent, described usually as two-fold जहत्स्वार्था and अजहत्स्वार्था, | but with a third kind added by some grammarians viz. the जहदजहत्स्वार्था; (10) a compound word giving an aggregate sense different from the exact literal sense of the constituent words; there are mentioned five vṛittis of this kind; confer, compare परार्थाभिधानं वृत्तिः । कृत्तद्धितसमासैकदेशधातुरूपाः पञ्च वृत्तयः | वृत्त्यर्थावबोधकं वाक्यं विग्रहः S. K. at the end of the Ekaśeṣaprakaraṇa; ( 11 ) interpretation of a collection of statements; the word was originally applied to glosses or comments on the ancient works like the Sūtra works, in which the interpretation of the text was given with examples and counterexamples where necessary: confer, compare वृत्तौ भाष्ये तथा नामधातुपारायणादिषु; introductory stanza in the Kāśikā.Later on, when many commentary works were written,the word वृत्ति was diferentiated from भाष्य, वार्तिक, टीका,चूर्णि, निर्युक्ति, टिप्पणी, पञ्जिका and others, and made applicable to commentary works concerned with the explanation of the rules with examples and counter-examples and such statements or arguments as were necessary for the explanation of the rules or the examples and counter examples. In the Vyākaraṇa-Śāstra the word occurs almost exclusively used for the learned Vṛtti on Pāṇini-sūtras by Vāmana and Jayāditya which was given the name Kāśikā Vṛtti; confer, compare तथा च वृत्तिकृत् often occurring in works on Pāṇini's grammar.
     Vedabase Search  
112 results
     
karaṇa actionCC Antya 8.77
karaṇa causingCC Antya 2.168
karaṇa instrumentalCC Madhya 6.144
karaṇa of the sensesSB 5.13.24
SB 5.5.27
karaṇa such actionCC Adi 7.98
CC Madhya 24.37
karaṇa-apāṭava imperfectness of the sensesCC Adi 2.86
karaṇa-apāṭava imperfectness of the sensesCC Adi 2.86
karaṇa-apāṭava inefficiency of the material sensesCC Adi 7.107
karaṇa-apāṭava inefficiency of the material sensesCC Adi 7.107
karaṇa-āśayaḥ the senses and the mindSB 1.13.56
karaṇa-āśayaḥ the senses and the mindSB 1.13.56
karaṇa-kalāpaḥ all the sensesSB 5.8.22
karaṇa-kalāpaḥ all the sensesSB 5.8.22
karaṇa-lakṣaṇa the characteristics of constructingCC Madhya 24.343
karaṇa-lakṣaṇa the characteristics of constructingCC Madhya 24.343
karaṇa His mindSB 10.70.4-5
karaṇa his sensesSB 4.12.17
karaṇa sensesSB 1.18.31
karaṇa the material sensesSB 2.7.10
karaṇaiḥ and by (other) meansSB 10.61.4
karaṇaiḥ by sensesSB 11.28.25
karaṇaiḥ the sensesSB 11.13.32
karaṇaiḥ with all their devicesSB 11.6.18
karaṇam instrumentSB 12.11.31
karaṇam instrumentsBG 18.14
karaṇam the sensesBG 18.18
karaṇatvam being the instrumentSB 3.26.26
adhikaraṇa locativeCC Madhya 6.144
ahańkaraṇa false egoSB 12.4.34
ahańkaraṇam false egoSB 11.10.18
akaraṇa devoid of material sensesSB 10.87.28
akārya-karaṇa an action You have never done beforeCC Madhya 5.96
alańkaraṇa whose ornamentsSB 10.64.6
sva-alańkaraṇa by personal ornamentsCC Madhya 14.189
alańkaraṇam and decorating with clothing and ornamentsSB 11.27.16-17
antaḥ-karaṇam egoSB 2.1.35
antaḥ-karaṇa mind, heartSB 4.17.34
antaḥ-karaṇa heartSB 4.24.62
antaḥ-karaṇa-saraṇī-pānthatām a traveler on the path of the heartCC Madhya 19.165
antaḥ-karaṇa-kuhare in the core of the heartCC Antya 3.62
antaḥkaraṇa mindsSB 6.9.36
antaḥkaraṇa the core of whose heartSB 6.16.31
anukaraṇa imitatingCC Antya 18.6
asmat-karaṇa-gocaram appreciable by our direct senses, especially by our eyesSB 8.5.45
aviddhā-karaṇa performing the pure EkādaśīCC Madhya 24.342
daitya-dānava-kula-tīrthī-karaṇa-śīlā-caritaḥ whose activities and character were so exalted that he delivered all the daityas (demons) born in his familySB 5.18.7
chidā-karaṇa in causing the cuttingCC Antya 1.168
daitya-dānava-kula-tīrthī-karaṇa-śīlā-caritaḥ whose activities and character were so exalted that he delivered all the daityas (demons) born in his familySB 5.18.7
daitya-dānava-kula-tīrthī-karaṇa-śīlā-caritaḥ whose activities and character were so exalted that he delivered all the daityas (demons) born in his familySB 5.18.7
asmat-karaṇa-gocaram appreciable by our direct senses, especially by our eyesSB 8.5.45
antaḥ-karaṇa mind, heartSB 4.17.34
antaḥ-karaṇa heartSB 4.24.62
phalī-karaṇa the chaff of riceSB 5.9.11
daitya-dānava-kula-tīrthī-karaṇa-śīlā-caritaḥ whose activities and character were so exalted that he delivered all the daityas (demons) born in his familySB 5.18.7
asmat-karaṇa-gocaram appreciable by our direct senses, especially by our eyesSB 8.5.45
nāma-karaṇa the name-giving ceremonyCC Adi 14.18
niścaya-karaṇa final decisionCC Adi 17.24
sannyāsa-karaṇa accepting the sannyāsa orderCC Madhya 1.91
akārya-karaṇa an action You have never done beforeCC Madhya 5.96
antaḥ-karaṇa-saraṇī-pānthatām a traveler on the path of the heartCC Madhya 19.165
aviddhā-karaṇa performing the pure EkādaśīCC Madhya 24.342
vaiṣṇava-karaṇa making VaiṣṇavasCC Madhya 25.261
chidā-karaṇa in causing the cuttingCC Antya 1.168
antaḥ-karaṇa-kuhare in the core of the heartCC Antya 3.62
sākṣāt-karaṇa by meetingCC Antya 3.197
upayukta-karaṇa engaging all the senses of the body by burningSB 9.2.14
antaḥ-karaṇam egoSB 2.1.35
nāma-karaṇam the name-giving ceremonySB 10.8.11
virūpa-karaṇam his disfigurementSB 10.54.51
virūpa-karaṇam the disfigurementSB 10.60.56
niḥkṣatrī-karaṇam the elimination of all the kṣatriyasSB 12.12.25-26
sańkarī-karaṇam the act of shrinking awayCC Madhya 14.174
antaḥ-karaṇa-kuhare in the core of the heartCC Antya 3.62
daitya-dānava-kula-tīrthī-karaṇa-śīlā-caritaḥ whose activities and character were so exalted that he delivered all the daityas (demons) born in his familySB 5.18.7
vyākaraṇa-madhye among grammarsCC Adi 16.32
nāma-karaṇam the name-giving ceremonySB 10.8.11
nāma-karaṇa the name-giving ceremonyCC Adi 14.18
niḥkṣatrī-karaṇam the elimination of all the kṣatriyasSB 12.12.25-26
niścaya-karaṇa final decisionCC Adi 17.24
vyākaraṇa paḍāi yes, I teach grammarCC Adi 16.33
antaḥ-karaṇa-saraṇī-pānthatām a traveler on the path of the heartCC Madhya 19.165
paricaryā-upakaraṇa ingredients for worshipSB 5.2.2
phalī-karaṇa the chaff of riceSB 5.9.11
phalīkaraṇam a little huskSB 5.3.13
rasa-upakaraṇa accessories of mellowCC Adi 4.217
sākṣāt-karaṇa by meetingCC Antya 3.197
sańkarī-karaṇam the act of shrinking awayCC Madhya 14.174
sannyāsa-karaṇa accepting the sannyāsa orderCC Madhya 1.91
antaḥ-karaṇa-saraṇī-pānthatām a traveler on the path of the heartCC Madhya 19.165
daitya-dānava-kula-tīrthī-karaṇa-śīlā-caritaḥ whose activities and character were so exalted that he delivered all the daityas (demons) born in his familySB 5.18.7
sva-alańkaraṇa by personal ornamentsCC Madhya 14.189
svīkaraṇam accepting asSB 5.11.10
tat-vyākaraṇam vocablesSB 2.1.36
daitya-dānava-kula-tīrthī-karaṇa-śīlā-caritaḥ whose activities and character were so exalted that he delivered all the daityas (demons) born in his familySB 5.18.7
upakaraṇa with paraphernaliaSB 3.23.14-15
rasa-upakaraṇa accessories of mellowCC Adi 4.217
upakaraṇa varieties of foodCC Madhya 3.70
upakaraṇa helping in the creation ofSB 3.9.21
paricaryā-upakaraṇa ingredients for worshipSB 5.2.2
upakaraṇam their paraphernaliaSB 10.25.27
upayukta-karaṇa engaging all the senses of the body by burningSB 9.2.14
vaiṣṇava-karaṇa making VaiṣṇavasCC Madhya 25.261
virūpa-karaṇam his disfigurementSB 10.54.51
virūpa-karaṇam the disfigurementSB 10.60.56
vyākaraṇa grammarCC Adi 15.5
vyākaraṇa grammarCC Adi 16.31
vyākaraṇa-madhye among grammarsCC Adi 16.32
vyākaraṇa paḍāi yes, I teach grammarCC Adi 16.33
vyākaraṇa grammarCC Antya 5.104-105
tat-vyākaraṇam vocablesSB 2.1.36
     DCS with thanks   
156 results
     
karaṇa noun (neuter) (in law) an instrument (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a sound or word as an independent part of speech (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
act of making (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
an act (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
an action (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
an astrological division of the day (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
an organ of sense or of speech (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
articulation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
body (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
bond (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
calculation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
cause (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
charm (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
deed (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
document (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
doing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
effecting (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
field (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
grain (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
heart (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
idea expressed by the instrumental case (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
instrument (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
instrumentality (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
means of action (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
mind (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a treatise of Varāhamihira on the motion of the planets (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a work belonging to the Shivadarśana (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
posture in sexual intercourse (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
posture of an ascetic (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
producing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
pronunciation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
rhythm (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
special business of any tribe or caste (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
spell (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the means or instrument by which an action is effected (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
time (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 613/72933
karaṇa noun (masculine) a sound or word as an independent part of speech (or as separated from the context (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
companion (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
helper (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
man of a mixed class (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
scribe (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
writer (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 16654/72933
karaṇa adjective causing clever (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
making skilful (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 7801/72933
karaṇatva noun (neuter) instrumentality (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
mediate agency (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 23630/72933
karaṇavant adjective articulated (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 21023/72933
akaraṇaka adjective
Frequency rank 31325/72933
akaraṇa adjective
Frequency rank 41518/72933
akaraṇa noun (neuter) absence of action (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
not being produced
Frequency rank 8378/72933
akṣetrīkaraṇa noun (neuter) non-kṣetrīkaraṇa
Frequency rank 31372/72933
agnaukaraṇa noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 22820/72933
aṅgīkaraṇa noun (neuter) act of taking the side of (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
agreeing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
assenting (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
promising (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 26129/72933
adhikaraṇa noun (neuter) (in Gr.) government (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
(in philosophy) a substratum (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
(in rhetoric) a topic (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a category (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a claim (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a paragraph or minor section (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a receptacle (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a relation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a subject (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a topic (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
court of justice (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
location (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
magistracy (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
relationship of words in a sentence (which agree together) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
subject (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
support (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
supremacy (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the act of placing at the head or of subordinating government (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the sense of the locative case (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 3992/72933
adhikaraṇavant adjective
Frequency rank 42470/72933
adhikaraṇasiddhānta noun (masculine) syllogism or conclusion which involves others (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 31670/72933
anukaraṇa noun (neuter) resemblance (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
similarity (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the act of imitation or of following an example (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 8383/72933
anupakaraṇa adjective poor
Frequency rank 22992/72933
antaḥkaraṇa noun (neuter) the conscience (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the heart (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the internal organ (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the mind (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the seat of thought and feeling (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the soul (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the thinking faculty (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 5804/72933
antaḥkaraṇa noun (feminine)
Frequency rank 43463/72933
andhīkaraṇa noun (neuter) blinding
Frequency rank 26412/72933
apākaraṇa noun (neuter) driving away (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
liquidation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
payment (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
removal (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 32153/72933
apātrīkaraṇa noun (neuter) [law] a class of offences
Frequency rank 18830/72933
abhinnīkaraṇa noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 44198/72933
abhyantarīkaraṇa noun (neuter) initiating in (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 44465/72933
amarīkaraṇa noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 32436/72933
amṛtīkaraṇa noun (neuter) changing into nectar (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 12356/72933
amblīkaraṇa noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 44713/72933
alaṃkaraṇa noun (neuter) decoration (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
making ready (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
ornament (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
preparation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 13992/72933
avaiyākaraṇa adjective having no knowlegde about grammar
Frequency rank 45524/72933
avyākaraṇa noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 45556/72933
asvīkaraṇa noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 26873/72933
ahaṃkaraṇa noun (neuter) conceit or conception of individuality (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 32940/72933
āviṣkaraṇa noun (neuter) making visible (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
manifestation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 46717/72933
unmattīkaraṇa noun (neuter) Methode, jemanden verrückt zu machen
Frequency rank 33465/72933
upakaraṇa noun (neuter) any object of art or science (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
anything added over and above (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
anything fabricated (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
anything supporting life (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
apparatus (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
assisting (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
benefiting (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
contribution (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
doing a service or favour (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
engine (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
expedient (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
helping (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
implement (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
instrument (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
machine (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
means of subsistence (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
paraphernalia (as the vessels at a sacrifice etc.) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the act of doing anything for another (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the attendants of a king (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the insignia of royalty (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 3353/72933
upakaraṇavant adjective competent to do anything (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
furnished with means or instruments or implements (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 14771/72933
upākaraṇa noun (neuter) beginning (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
commencement of reading the Veda (after the performance of preparatory rites) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
commencing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
fetching (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a particular Stotra or prayer at sacrifices (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
preparation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
setting about (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the act of bringing near (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 23525/72933
ṛjūkaraṇa noun (neuter) the act of straightening (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
[medic.] straigthening (G.J. Meulenbeld (0), 206)
Frequency rank 47894/72933
ekatrīkaraṇa noun (neuter) (chemical) union
Frequency rank 47959/72933
ekīkaraṇa noun (neuter) combination (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the act of making one (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
uniting (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 16615/72933
kavalīkaraṇa noun (neuter) swallowing
Frequency rank 48918/72933
kimupakaraṇa adjective
Frequency rank 49435/72933
kubjīkaraṇa noun (neuter) curving (as of a stalk) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 49693/72933
kuṣṭhīkaraṇa noun (neuter) a method to cause kuṣṭha
Frequency rank 49870/72933
kṛṣṇīkaraṇa noun (neuter) blackening (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 34243/72933
kroḍīkaraṇa noun (neuter) embracing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 50390/72933
kṣetrīkaraṇa noun (neuter) being master of occupation possession kṣetrīkaraṇa
Frequency rank 7945/72933
kṣetrīkaraṇa adjective img/alchemy.bmp
Frequency rank 50719/72933
khalīkaraṇa noun (neuter) beating
Frequency rank 50871/72933
garbhavyākaraṇa noun (neuter) name of Suśrutasaṃhitā, Śār. 4 ["careful description of the embryo"; part of the Śārīra section in medical works] (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 51178/72933
garbhiṇīvyākaraṇa noun (neuter) careful description of a pregnant woman (particular heading or subject in med.) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of Suśrutasaṃhitā, Śār. 10
Frequency rank 51192/72933
guṇīkaraṇa noun (neuter) making a merit out of (a defect) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 51385/72933
cūḍākaraṇa noun (neuter) the ceremony of tonsure (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 17913/72933
jarjarīkaraṇa noun (neuter) Kleinhacken Zermahlen
Frequency rank 52741/72933
tanūkaraṇa noun (neuter) attenuation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
making thin (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
paring (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 24068/72933
tiraskaraṇa noun (neuter) concealment hiding
Frequency rank 53558/72933
dāruṇīkaraṇa noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 54375/72933
dīkṣāprakaraṇa noun (neuter) name of a work (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 54470/72933
dṛḍhīkaraṇa noun (neuter) confirmation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
corroboration (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
strengthening (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 54892/72933
dūrīkaraṇa noun (neuter) removing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the making distant (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 55136/72933
dvidhākaraṇa noun (neuter) arranging in two ways the dividing into 2
Frequency rank 55218/72933
dhamanīvyākaraṇa noun (masculine) name of Suśrutasaṃhitā, Śār. 9
Frequency rank 55325/72933
namaskaraṇa noun (neuter) exclaiming "namas"
Frequency rank 55693/72933
nānākaraṇa noun (neuter) variation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 55866/72933
nāmakaraṇa noun (neuter) the calling of a person by the name of (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the ceremony of naming a child after birth (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 16892/72933
nipātīkaraṇa noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 56023/72933
niradhikaraṇa noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 56077/72933
nirantarālīkaraṇa noun (neuter) filling sth. making sth. continuous
Frequency rank 56083/72933
nirākaraṇa noun (neuter) contradicting (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
denying (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
driving away (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
expelling (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
forgetting (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
neglecting the chief sacrificial or religious duties (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
opposing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
removing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
repudiating (of a woman) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
separating (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
turning out (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 15822/72933
nirmalīkaraṇa noun (neuter) img/alchemy.bmp
Frequency rank 24401/72933
nirviṣīkaraṇa noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 28715/72933
niṣkaraṇa adjective
Frequency rank 56436/72933
niṣṭhīkaraṇa noun (neuter) Stärken Verfestigen
Frequency rank 56461/72933
nistṛṇīkaraṇa noun (neuter) removing grass
Frequency rank 56520/72933
niḥśeṣīkaraṇa noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 56555/72933
pakṣīkaraṇa noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 56843/72933
pañcīkaraṇa noun (neuter) causing anything to contain all the 5 elements (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
making into 5 (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of several wks (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 56956/72933
paramīkaraṇa noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 36627/72933
paryagnikaraṇa noun (neuter) the ceremony of carrying fire round the sacrificial animal (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 57509/72933
pavitrīkaraṇa noun (neuter) means of purifying (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
purification (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 36764/72933
pāṇḍūkaraṇa noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 57700/72933
piṇḍīkaraṇa noun (neuter) addition making into a lump or ball (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 36892/72933
piśācīkaraṇa noun (neuter) transforming into a Piśāca (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 58051/72933
pṛthakkaraṇa noun (neuter) separating (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
setting apart (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 58358/72933
prakaṭīkaraṇa noun (neuter) Sichtbar-Machen Verdeutlichen
Frequency rank 37085/72933
prakaraṇa noun (neuter) a kind of drama with a fictitious plot (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a subject (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
book (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
chapter (esp. introduction or prologue) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
creation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
discussion (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
doing much or well (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
explanation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
matter (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
monograph (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a work (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
occasion (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
opportunity (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
production (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
question (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
topic (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
treating with respect (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
treatise (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
treatment (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 3688/72933
prakaraṇasama noun (masculine) [logic]
Frequency rank 21787/72933
prakāśīkaraṇa noun (neuter) illumination
Frequency rank 58580/72933
pratikaraṇa noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 58722/72933
pratyakṣīkaraṇa noun (neuter) looking at (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
making manifest or apparent (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
viewing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 59044/72933
prāduṣkaraṇa noun (neuter) bringing to light (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
manifestation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
production (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 37461/72933
badhirīkaraṇa noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 59977/72933
bahiṣkaraṇa noun (neuter) an external organ (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
exclusion from (abl.) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
expulsion (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 24831/72933
bhasmīkaraṇa noun (neuter) burning (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
calcining (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
reducing to ashes (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
img/alchemy.bmp
Frequency rank 18262/72933
bhogīkaraṇa noun (neuter) enjoyment
Frequency rank 29497/72933
bhūtakaraṇa noun (neuter) name of the augment (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 60914/72933
malinīkaraṇa noun (neuter) an action which defiles (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
staining (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the act of soiling (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 38086/72933
miśrīkaraṇa noun (neuter) seasoning (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the act of mixing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 62248/72933
mukhīkaraṇa noun (neuter) "Mundöffnen" beim Quecksilber
Frequency rank 29709/72933
mūkīkaraṇa noun (neuter) making deaf
Frequency rank 62682/72933
raṇālaṃkaraṇa noun (masculine) a heron (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 63318/72933
laghūkaraṇa noun (neuter) contemning (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
diminishing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
diminution (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
lessening (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the act of making light (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
thinking little of (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 64029/72933
layīkaraṇa noun (neuter) hiding
Frequency rank 64089/72933
vajrīkaraṇa noun (neuter) the making into a Vajra or into the form of a thunderbolt (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 30029/72933
vaṭakīkaraṇa noun (neuter) production of pills
Frequency rank 64499/72933
vandhīkaraṇa noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 64623/72933
vayaskaraṇa adjective
Frequency rank 39056/72933
vartamānīkaraṇa noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 64748/72933
vartulīkaraṇa noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 64757/72933
vaśīkaraṇa noun (neuter) bewitching (by means of spells etc.) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
overcoming by charms and incantations etc. (with gen. or ifc.) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
subjugating (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the act of making subject (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 8680/72933
vājīkaraṇa adjective an aphrodisiac (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a work (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 5057/72933
vājīkaraṇavidhi noun (masculine) name of Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā, Utt. 40
Frequency rank 65055/72933
vikaraṇa noun (masculine) (in gram.) a term for the affix or conjugational characteristic which is placed between the root and terminations (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a white variety of Calotropis Gigantea ein bestimmter yoga-Zustand name of Śiva the inserted conjugational affix (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 10192/72933
vikaraṇa adjective deprived of organs of sense (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 17204/72933
vinākaraṇa noun (neuter) removal
Frequency rank 65689/72933
vimalīkaraṇa noun (neuter) purification
Frequency rank 39433/72933
viśālīkaraṇa noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 66103/72933
viśvātmīkaraṇa noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 66167/72933
vedyīkaraṇa noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 66605/72933
vaiyākaraṇa adjective grammatical (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
relating to grammar (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 66720/72933
vaiyākaraṇa noun (masculine) a grammarian (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 39727/72933
vyaktīkaraṇa noun (neuter) the act of making manifest or clear or distinct (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 66782/72933
vyākaraṇa noun (neuter) (with Buddhists) prediction (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
creation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
detailed description (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
development (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
discrimination (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
distinction (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
explanation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
grammar (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
grammatical analysis (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
grammatical correctness (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
manifestation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
polished or accurate language (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
prophecy (one of the nine divisions of scriptures) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
revelation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
separation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the sound of a bow-string (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 9482/72933
vyākulīkaraṇa noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 66878/72933
śabdānukaraṇa adjective imitating sounds (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 67215/72933
śarīrasaṃkhyāvyākaraṇa noun (masculine) name of Suśr., Śār. 5
Frequency rank 67294/72933
śālīnīkaraṇa noun (neuter) abuse (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
humiliation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
reproach (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the making humble (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 67511/72933
śītalīkaraṇa noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 67769/72933
śītīkaraṇa noun (neuter) act of cooling (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
means of cooling (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 40074/72933
śuklīkaraṇa noun (neuter) making white (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
whitening (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 67860/72933
śṛṅkhalīkaraṇa noun (neuter) img/alchemy.bmp
Frequency rank 67935/72933
śyāmīkaraṇa noun (neuter) (a means for) making black
Frequency rank 68132/72933
śvetīkaraṇa noun (neuter) (a means for) making white
Frequency rank 22469/72933
sakalīkaraṇa noun (neuter) making complete
Frequency rank 22478/72933
sapiṇḍīkaraṇa noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 12258/72933
sapiṇdīkaraṇa noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 68793/72933
samīkaraṇa noun (neuter) (in arithm.) equation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a roller (to level a sown field) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
assimilation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
equalizing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
levelling (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
putting on a level with (instr.) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
setting to rights (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the act of making even (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 69097/72933
saṃkarīkaraṇa noun (neuter) confusing (esp. illegal intermixture of castes or any similar illegality) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
mixing together (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 22573/72933
saṃjñākaraṇa noun (neuter) giving a name (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of an alchemical preparation
Frequency rank 69830/72933
saṃskaraṇa noun (neuter) cremating (a corpse) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
preparing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the act of putting together (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 30939/72933
sākṣātkaraṇa noun (neuter) actual feeling (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
immediate cause of anything (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
intuitive perception (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the act of putting before the eyes (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 40763/72933
sādhāraṇīkaraṇa noun (neuter) a state of generality
Frequency rank 40773/72933
sāntaḥkaraṇa adjective
Frequency rank 70305/72933
subhagaṃkaraṇa adjective causing luck
Frequency rank 71012/72933
subhagaṃkaraṇa noun (neuter) means for obtaining luck
Frequency rank 20328/72933
sumṛtīkaraṇa noun (neuter) img/alchemy.bmp
Frequency rank 71059/72933
suvarṇīkaraṇa noun (neuter) transformation into gold
Frequency rank 71236/72933
sopakaraṇa adjective properly equipped (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
together with the implements (as a thieve) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 71473/72933
stambhīkaraṇa noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 72926/72933
sūtrīprakaraṇa noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 71721/72933
sthirīkaraṇa adjective making firm (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 41214/72933
sthirīkaraṇa noun (neuter) confirmation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
corroboration (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
hardening (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
making durable (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
making firm or fixed (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 31164/72933
sphuṭīkaraṇa noun (neuter) correction (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
making true or correct (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
manifestation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the act of making clear or evident (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 41251/72933
svakaraṇa noun (neuter) making (a woman) one's own (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
marrying (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 72063/72933
svarṇīkaraṇa noun (neuter) img/alchemy.bmp
Frequency rank 41322/72933
svasthīkaraṇaka noun (neuter) Gegenmittel (gegen einen Zauber)
Frequency rank 72212/72933
svīkaraṇa noun (neuter) accepting (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
acquiring (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
appropriating (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
making one's own (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
marrying (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
taking to wife (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 7498/72933
Ayurvedic Medical
Dictionary
     Dr. Potturu with thanks
     
     Purchase Kindle edition

aṣṭāṅga

eight branches of ayurveda : kāya, bāla, śalya, śalākya, graha, agada, rasāyana, vajīkaraṇa.

karaṇa

modification, cleaning raw food material, one of āhāravidhiviśeṣayatana (āhāra.vidhi.viśeṣa.yatana) or culinary science.

simhanāda

an expert in rasāyana and vājīkaraṇa and believer of Jainism.

vedāṅga

vedic auxiliary disciplines; phonetics (śikṣa), ritual (kalpa), grammar (vyākaraṇa), etymology (nirukti), meter (chandas) and astrology (jyotiṣa).

     Wordnet Search "karaṇa" has 143 results.
     

karaṇa

andhānukaraṇam   

kasyāpi vyaktādayaḥ yogyāyogyatāyāḥ vicārād vinā eva kṛtam anukaraṇam।

vartamānāḥ yuvānaḥ pāścātyasabhyatāyāḥ andhānukaraṇaṃ kurvanti।

karaṇa

anumatiḥ, sammatiḥ, svīkṛtiḥ, anumatam, sammatam, aṅgīkaraṇam, aṅgīkṛtiḥ, anujñaptiḥ   

svīkaraṇasya kriyā।

bhārataśāsanena asyāḥ pariyojanārthe anumatiḥ dattā।

karaṇa

bhāṣāntaram, bhāṣāntarīkaraṇam, avataraṇam, avatāraḥ, vivaraṇam, anuvādaḥ, chāyā   

anyasyāṃ bhāṣāyāṃ nirūpaṇam।

rāmāyaṇasya bhāṣāntaraṃ naikāsu bhāṣāsu dṛśyate।

karaṇa

vivaraṇam, vyākhyā, vyākhyānam, vivṛtiḥ, vivaraṇam, vyākhyā, vyaktikaraṇam, prakaṭīkaraṇam, ṭīkā   

kliṣṭavākyādīnāṃ spaṣṭīkaraṇam।

saṃskṛtaślokānām vivaraṇaṃ sulabhaṃ nāsti।

karaṇa

cintanam, cintā, vicāraṇam, vicāraṇā, vicāraḥ, dhyānam, abhidhyānam, ādhyānam, bhāvanā, mananam, manovyāpāraḥ, antaḥkaraṇavyāpāraḥ, cittavyāpāraḥ, cittaceṣṭā, manaceṣṭā, antaḥkaraṇaceṣṭā   

vicāraṇasya kriyā।

cintanād paścāt asya praśnasya samādhānam prāptam।

karaṇa

spaṣṭīkaraṇam, vyākhyā, prakāśanam, vivaraṇam, vivṛtiḥ, ṭīkā   

anyasya avagamanārthe viśadīkaraṇam।

vipakṣeṇa arthanītiprastāvaviṣaye sarvakārāt spaṣṭīkaraṇam abhyarthitam।

karaṇa

ākṣepaḥ, apavādaḥ, parivādaḥ, abhiśaṃsanam, abhiśāpaḥ, piśunavākyam, kalaṅkaḥ, akīrtikaraṇam, ayaśaskaraṇam, akīrtiḥ   

doṣāropaṇam।

avicārya kasyāpi śīlasya ākṣepaḥ ayogyaḥ।/ viruddhamākṣepavacastitikṣitam।

karaṇa

lekhanī, ālekhanī, kalamaḥ, tūliḥ, tūlikā, akṣaratūlikā, varṇikā, varṇāṅkā, śrīkaraṇaḥ, masipathaḥ, akṣarajananī, avalekhā, avalekhanī   

masyā kargaje lekhanasya sādhanam।

eṣā lekhanī kenacit mahyam upāyanatvena dattā।

karaṇa

pākasādhanam, pākopakaraṇam   

pākanirmāṇārthe upayuktaṃ sādhanam।

cullī iti ekaṃ pākasādhanam।

karaṇa

sādhanam, upacāraḥ, sādhanasāmagrī, sāmagrī, sāhityam, upāyaḥ, kāraṇam, upakaraṇam, karaṇam, dvāram, karmasādhanam, kāryasādhakam   

yasya sāhāyyena kāryasya siddhiḥ jāyate।

vāhanaṃ yātrāyāḥ sādhanam asti।

karaṇa

hastopakaraṇam   

tat upakaraṇaṃ yad hastena prayujyate।

kuddālaḥ iti ekaṃ hastopakaraṇam।

karaṇa

phusaphusākaraṇam   

phusaphusa iti anukaraṇaviṣayiṇī kriyā।

tayoḥ phusaphusākaraṇaṃ śrutvā mama manasi aniṣṭāśaṅkā utpannā।

karaṇa

anukaraṇam, anusaraṇam   

yāṃ dṛṣṭvā tatsadṛśā kriyamāṇā kriyā।

sādhujanānām anukaraṇaṃ karaṇīyam।

karaṇa

jalayāna-upakaraṇam, jalayānopakaraṇam   

tad upakaraṇaṃ yad jalayānena sambaddham asti।

cappū iti jalayāna-upakaraṇam asti।

karaṇa

gantram, cālakayantram, cālakopakaraṇam, cālakaḥ   

tad yantraṃ yad aṅgāravidyudādibhiḥ nirmitayā śaktyā sañcalati tathā ca anyān yantrān sañcālayati।

gantrasya kārye bādhād vimānam avatīryate।

karaṇa

sandhānam, samavadhānam, sajjīkaraṇam, sajja, racanam, racanā, viracanam, viracanā, upākarma, sambhāra, sambhṛti   

kāryārambhāt prāk kṛtaṃ karma।

sīmāyāḥ vivāhasya sandhānaṃ kriyate।

karaṇa

vyañjanam, upaskaraḥ, temanam, sūdaḥ, upakaraṇam   

sūpaśākādau rasavardhanāya upayujyam annopakaraṇam।

vyañjanena śākaḥ rūcakaraḥ jātaḥ।

karaṇa

adhyāyaḥ, paricchedaḥ, adhyayaḥ, sargaḥ, parvaḥ, vicchedaḥ, skandhaḥ, prakaraṇam, prastāvaḥ, aṅkaḥ, vargaḥ, śākhā, ullāsaḥ, ucchvāsaḥ, āśvāsaḥ, udyataḥ   

ekaviṣayapratipādanadṛṣṭyā granthasthitaprakaraṇasya avayavaḥ।

asmin adhyāye prabhurāmacandrasya janmanaḥ adbhutaṃ varṇanam asti।

karaṇa

upakaraṇam, sādhanam, sāmagryam, sāmagrī, sambhāraḥ, upaskaraḥ   

kāryādiṣu upayujyamānā vastu।

saḥ krīḍārthe upakaraṇāni krītavān।

karaṇa

antarātmā, antaḥkaraṇa   

sadasadvivekabuddheḥ antaḥ sthitam adhiṣṭhānam।

antarātmanaḥ śabdaḥ satyaḥ।

karaṇa

nirākaraṇam, apākaraṇam, samādhānam   

savicāraṃ nirṇayanakriyā।

mama praśnasya nirākaraṇaṃ jātam।

karaṇa

vismayaḥ, āścaryam, camatkaraṇam, camatkāraḥ, camatkṛtiḥ, codyam   

manasaḥ saḥ bhāvaḥ yaḥ kiñcit abhūtapūrvaṃ dṛṣṭvā śrutvā jñātvā vā jāyate।

mām akasmāt dṛṣṭvā tasya vismayaḥ abhūt।

karaṇa

vilamba, vilambanam, kālayāpaḥ, kālakṣepaḥ, kṣepaḥ, vikalpaḥ, dīrghasūtratā, dīrghīkaraṇam   

niyata samayāt adhikaḥ samayaḥ।

vilambaḥ jāyate āgacchāmi cintā māstu।

karaṇa

dharmasabhā, rājadvāram, vyavahāramaṇḍapaḥ, vicārasthānam, dharmādhikaraṇam, sadaḥ   

yogyāyogyaparikṣaṇārthe śāsananirmitaṃ vicārasthānam।

bhrātā dharmasabhām agacchat।

karaṇa

adhyāyaḥ, pāṭhaḥ, paricchedaḥ, sargaḥ, vargaḥ, udghātaḥ, aṅkaḥ, saṃgrahaḥ, ucchvāsaḥ, parivartaḥ, paṭalaḥ, parvaḥ, āhnikam, prakaraṇam   

granthasandhiḥ।

upādhyāyena pravacane gītāyāḥ pañcamasya adhyāyasya vivaraṇaṃ kṛtam।

karaṇa

durvyavahāraḥ, anācaraṇam, kadācāraḥ, anācāraḥ, durācaraṇam, durācāraḥ, duṣṭācaraṇam, apakaraṇam, apacāraḥ, asadbhāvaḥ, asadvyavahāraḥ   

duṣṭam ācaraṇam।

kenāpi saha durvyavahāraḥ na kartavyaḥ।

karaṇa

śodhanam, saṃskaraṇam   

kimapi vastu kāryaṃ vā adhikam upayuktaṃ bhavituṃ kṛtā kriyā।

kāryasya asya śodhanam āvaśyakam।

karaṇa

upakaraṇam, tantram   

kārye pradhānāṅgībhūtopakārakadravyam।

kṛṣakaḥ vividhān upakaraṇān upayujyate।

karaṇa

indriyam, hṛṣīkam, viṣayi, akṣam, karaṇam, grahaṇam   

jñānakarmasādhakaḥ śarīrasya avayavaḥ।

netrakarṇādayāni indriyāṇi santi।

karaṇa

upakaraṇabhāgaḥ   

kasyāpi upakaraṇasya ko'pi bhāgaḥ।

upakaraṇabhāgasya bhañjanāt upakaraṇaṃ naśyati।

karaṇa

nūtanīkaraṇam   

samayasya samāpteḥ anantaraṃ tasya vaidhīkaraṇasya kriyā।

mama paricayapatraṃ nūtanīkaraṇāya dattam asti।

karaṇa

yantropakaraṇam   

tad upakaraṇaṃ yasya saṃcālanaṃ kasyāpi yantrasya mādhyamena kriyate।

raḍāra iti ekaṃ yantropakaraṇam asti।

karaṇa

kṛṣi-upakaraṇam, kṛṣyupakaraṇam   

kṛṣeḥ upakaraṇam।

halaḥ iti ekaḥ kṛṣi-upakaraṇam asti।

karaṇa

vivāhaḥ, upayamaḥ, pariṇayaḥ, udvāhaḥ, upayāmaḥ, pāṇipīḍanam, dārakarmaḥ, karagrahaḥ, pāṇigrahaṇam, niveśaḥ, pāṇikaraṇam, saṃbandhaḥ, pāṇigrahaḥ, dārasambandhaḥ, udvahaḥ, dāropasaṃgrahaḥ, pāṇigrāhaḥ, parigrahaḥ, prodvāhaḥ, saṃgrahaḥ, samudvāhaḥ, pariṇītam, adhigamanam, udvahanam, udvāhanam, karārpaṇam, dārādhigamanam, niveśanam, patitvam, patitvanam, parigrahatvam, pariṇayanam, bāndhukyam, maithunam   

saḥ dhārmikaḥ sāmājikaḥ vā saṃskāraḥ yena strīpuruṣau parasparaṃ patipatnīrūpeṇa svīkurutaḥ।

sohanasya vivāhaḥ rādhayā saha jātaḥ।

karaṇa

vyākaraṇam   

dhanuṣaḥ dhvaniḥ।

arjunasya dhanuṣaḥ vyākaraṇaṃ śrutvā virodhakāḥ bhītāḥ।

karaṇa

prakāśa-upakaraṇam   

tad upakaraṇaṃ yad prakāśaṃ yacchati।

dīpakaḥ pracchannadīpaḥ ityādīni prakāśa-upakaraṇāni santi।

karaṇa

vaijñānika-upakaraṇam   

vijñānasya kṣetreṇa tathā ca prakriyāsiddhāntādibhiḥ sambaddham upakaraṇam।

sūkṣmadarśī iti ekaṃ vaijñānika-upakaraṇam asti।

karaṇa

nāṭakam, prakaraṇam, rūpam, rūpakam   

gadyapadyādimayī kṛtiḥ yā raṅgamañce naṭaiḥ pradarśyate।

tena likhitāni naikāni nāṭakāni raṅgamañce pradarśitāḥ।

karaṇa

viṣayaḥ, prakaraṇam, sandarbhaḥ, vastu, prasaṃgaḥ, prasaṅgaḥ   

yasya vivecanaṃ kriyate।

aham asmin viṣaye kimapi vaktuṃ na icchāmi।

karaṇa

abhirakṣā, yogakṣemaḥ, kṣemavidhānakaraṇam   

kṣatipūrteḥ pratiśrutiḥ yā dhanarūpeṇa janebhyaḥ saṃsthāyai vā pratidīyate yasyāḥ dānaṃ taireva pūrvaṃ bhāgaśaḥ kṛtaṃ vartate।

tasya kārayānasya abhirakṣā vartate।

karaṇa

prakaraṇam, vādaḥ, abhiyogaḥ, akṣaḥ   

aparādhādhikārasambandhe anyena virodhe svārthasambandhitayā nyāyālaye kathanam।

etad prakaraṇaṃ vimarśārthe nyāyālaye asti।

karaṇa

vaśīkaraṇavidyā, vaśīkaraṇam, vaśakriyā, saṃvadanam   

vidyāviśeṣaḥ, maṇimantrauṣadhairāyattīkaraṇam yena janāḥ prayoktuḥ icchayā kāryaṃ karoti;

tāntrikeṇa vaśīkaraṇavidyāṃ prayujya mohanaṃ svasya vaśīkṛtaḥ

karaṇa

caulam, cūḍāsaṃskāraḥ, śiromaṇḍanam, cūḍākaraṇam   

hindūnāṃ ṣoḍaśeṣu saṃskāreṣu ekaḥ yasmin bālakasya keśāḥ muṇḍyante।

saḥ vārāṇasīnagare svaputrasya caulam ācarat।

karaṇa

vargīkaraṇam, pravibhāgaḥ, gaṇatā, gaṇīkaraṇam   

vastūnāṃ janānāṃ vā teṣāṃ guṇakarmādīn anusṛtya vibhājanam।

tena svajñānānusāreṇa jantujagataḥ vargīkaraṇaṃ kṛtam।

karaṇa

vibhājanam, vibhāgaḥ, vibhaktiḥ, vicchedaḥ, vibhedaḥ, khaṇḍanam, pṛthakkaraṇam, viyogaḥ, viśleṣaḥ, dalanam   

vibhinneṣu bhāgeṣu vastūnāṃ vitaraṇam।

rāmaḥ svaputrayoḥ kṛte gṛhasya vibhājanam akarot।

karaṇa

viṣayaḥ, prakaraṇam, vastu, āśayaḥ   

keṣucit lekheṣu granthādau vā nirūpitāḥ vicārāḥ athavā yasya nirūpaṇaṃ karaṇīyam asti।

premacandamahodayasya kathānāṃ viṣayaḥ grāmya-sthitiḥ āsīt।

karaṇa

saṃsthāpanam, sthāpanā, siddhiḥ, pratiṣṭhāpanam, nirmāṇam, vidhānam, racanā, ghaṭanā, ghaṭanam, sthirīkaraṇam   

saṃsthādīnāṃ samyak sthāpanam।

āṅglaśāsakebhyaḥ bhāratadeśam unmoktuṃ naikeṣāṃ krāntikārīsaṃsthānāṃ saṃsthāpanam abhavat।

karaṇa

karaṇam   

sādhakatamaṃ karaṇam।

karaṇasya vibhaktiḥ tṛtīyā asti।

karaṇa

pariṣkaraṇam, śodhanam, saṃskāraḥ, saṃśodhanam   

doṣān apanitvā samyakkaraṇasya kriyā।

kūpasya jale raktabheṣajaṃ saṃmiśrya tasya pariṣkaraṇaṃ kṛtam। /

punaḥ punaḥ pariṣkaraṇaṃ kṛtvā eva kāryaṃ sidhyati।

karaṇa

śuddhīkaraṇam, pariṣkāraḥ, pariśodhanam, pavitrīkaraṇam, vimalīkaraṇam, śodhanam   

samalam amalaṃ karoti।

vāpyāḥ jale auṣadhaṃ saṃmiśrya tasya śuddhīkaraṇaṃ kṛtam।

karaṇa

vaśīkaraṇam, saṃvadanam, saṃvadanā, vaśakriyā   

maṇimantrauṣadhairāyattīkaraṇam।

tāntrikaḥ vaśīkaraṇena rāmaṃ svavaśam akarot।

karaṇa

catura, caturaka, nipuṇa, niṣṇa, niṣṇāta, viśārada, paṭu, pravīṇa, prājña, vicakṣaṇa, vidagdha, paṭumati, paṭiṣṭha, paṭīyas, peśala, praṇata, pratīta, aṇuka, abhijña, ullāgha, ṛbhu, ṛbhumat, ṛbhuṣṭhira, ṛbhva, ṛbhvan, ṛbhvas, karaṇa, karmaṭha, karmaṇya, kalāpa, kaliṅga, kalya, kārayitavyadakṣa, kuśala, kuśalin, kṛtakarman, kṛtamukha, kṛtin, kṛtnu, kriyāpaṭu, cheka, chekala, chekāla, tūrṇi, tejīyas, dhīvan, dhīvara, dhṛtvan, dhṛṣu, nadīṣṇa, nayaka, nāgara, nāgaraka, nāgarika, nirgranthaka, nirgranthika, proha, prauṇa, bahupaṭa, budha, budhda, matimat, manasvin, marmajña, vijña, viḍaṅga, vidura, vidvala, śikva, sudhī, suvicakṣaṇa, samāpta   

yaḥ cāturyeṇa kāryaṃ karoti।

catureṇa ārakṣakeṇa aparāddhānāṃ ekaḥ saṅghaḥ gṛhītaḥ।

karaṇa

dravīkaraṇam, dravībhavanam   

bāṣpasya dravarūpe parivartanam।

sugandhitadravyasya nirmāṇaṃ dravīkaraṇasya prakriyayā bhavati।

karaṇa

tāḍanam, āghātaḥ, prahāraḥ, prahārakaraṇam, praharaṇam, āhananam, viṣpandaḥ   

āghātanasya kriyā।

adya tasya tāḍanaṃ bhaviṣyati।

karaṇa

nāmakaraṇam   

nāmaniściteḥ kriyā।

puruṣasya vastunaḥ vā nāmakaraṇaṃ tasya paricayārthe āvaśyakameva asti।

karaṇa

nāmakaraṇasaṃskāra   

ṣoḍaśasaṃskāre ekaḥ saṃskāraḥ।

navajātasya nāmakaraṇasaṃskāraḥ kriyate।

karaṇa

nāmāṅkanam, nāmalikhanam, nāmāropaṇam, nāmābhilekhanam, pañjīkaraṇam   

kasyāñcit pañjikāyāṃ sūcyāṃ vā nāmnaḥ samāveśanam।

ekā paricārikā rugṇālaye rogiṇāṃ nāmāṅkanaṃ kurvatī āsīt।

karaṇa

pañjīkaraṇam   

pañjikāyām abhilekhanam।

aśokaḥ sādhanā ca nyāyālayaṃ gatvā svavivāhasya pañjīkaraṇam akurutām।

karaṇa

āviṣkaraṇam   

nāṭakasya prastutiḥ।

nāṭakasya āviṣkaraṇaṃ samyak āsīt।

karaṇa

vandhyākaraṇam   

karaṇa

vilayanam, dravīkaraṇam, saṃlayanam   

dravye kasyāpi vastunaḥ ekatrībhavanam।

śarkarāyāḥ jale vilayanena pānakaṃ bhavati।

karaṇa

vaiyākaraṇaḥ, vyākaraṇajñaḥ, vyākaraṇācāryaḥ, vyākaraṇavid   

vyākaraṇaśāstrasya jñātā।

pāṇiniḥ vaiyākaraṇaḥ āsīt।

karaṇa

vyākaraṇam, padānuśāsanam, śabdaśāsanam, śabdaśāstram   

tat śāstraṃ yasmin śabdasya prakārādeḥ nirupaṇam asti।

bhāṣāyāḥ mūlādhāraḥ vyākaraṇam।

karaṇa

śītakriyā, śītīkaraṇam   

kañcit vastu rakṣituṃ tasya tāpaharaṇam।

śītakriyayā payohimaṃ nirmīyate।

karaṇa

svīkāraḥ, pratipattiḥ, pratigrahaḥ, pratigrahaṇam, grahaṇam, āvānam, svīkaraṇam, aṅgīkāraḥ   

aṅgīkaraṇasya kriyā।

vivāhasya varṣadvayānantarapi varuṇena svapatnyāḥ svīkāraḥ na kṛtaḥ।

karaṇa

udāttīkaraṇam   

udāttasvarūpapradānasya kriyā।

vartamānasya śāsanasya udāttīkaraṇasya nītyā janāḥ ānanditāḥ।

karaṇa

udyogīkaraṇam   

nūtanānām udyogānāṃ nirmāṇam tathā ca teṣāṃ vardhanam।

neharumahodayasya pradhānamantripadasya kāryakāle udyogīkaraṇaṃ protsāhitam।

karaṇa

navīkaraṇam, navībhāvaḥ, uddhāraḥ   

punaḥ nūtanasvarūpapradānam।

mama gṛhasya navīkaraṇaṃ pracalati।

karaṇa

anuṣṭhānam, ācaraṇam, vidhānam, karaṇam, sampādanam, niṣpattiḥ, siddhiḥ, nirvāhaḥ, nirvahaṇam   

suyogyarītyā kāryasya samāpanam।

asya kāryasya anuṣṭhānaṃ samyakatayā jātam।

karaṇa

bahiṣkāraḥ, bahiṣkaraṇam, parivāsaḥ, tyajanam, vyavacchedaḥ, nirākriyā   

niṣkāsanasya kriyā।

rāmeṇa anyajātīyayā yuvatinā saha vivāhaḥ kṛtaḥ ataḥ samājaḥ tasya bahiṣkāram akarot।

karaṇa

alaṃkaraṇam, ābharaṇam, maṇḍanam, vibhūṣaṇam, bhūṣaṇam, prasādhanam, upaskāraḥ, pariṣkaraḥ, rūṣaṇam   

śobhāvardhanam।

rājaputrasya rājyābhiṣekasya samaye rājaprāsādasya alaṅkaraṇam atīva manohāri āsīt।

karaṇa

adhikaraṇam   

vyākaraṇaśāstrānusāreṇa tat kārakaṃ yat karmaṇaḥ kartuḥ vā kriyāniṣpādanāya ādhāraḥ bhavati।

ṅī os sup ityete adhikaraṇasya pratyayāḥ santi।

karaṇa

alaṅkaraṇam, bhūṣaṇam, prasādhanam, maṇḍanam   

alaṅkārādibhiḥ svasya śobhāṃ vardhanam।

adhikāḥ striyaḥ alaṅkaraṇaṃ kṛtvā eva gṛhāt bahiḥ gacchanti।

karaṇa

prakaraṇam   

vyavahārasya viṣayaḥ।

bhavān vyaktigate prakaraṇe na vyāpriyatām।

karaṇa

vṛjanam, nirākaraṇam, samādhanam   

nirīkaraṇasya kṛtiḥ bhāvaḥ vā;

kulādhipatinā sambandhināṃ kalahasya vṛjanaṃ kartavyam

karaṇa

bahiṣkaraṇam   

bahiḥstham aṅgam।

hastau karṇau ityādayaḥ bahiṣkaraṇāni santi।

karaṇa

saṅkaraḥ, saṅkaraṇam   

kasyāpi nūtanasya jāteḥ vargasya vā racanārthaṃ vibhinnānāṃ jātīnāṃ vargāṇāṃ prāṇināṃ kṣupāṇāṃ vā saṃsargasya kriyā।

aśvasya gardabhasya ca saṅkareṇa aśvataraḥ jātaḥ।

karaṇa

miśraṇam, saṃmiśraṇam, miśrīkaraṇam, saṃyogaḥ, saṃyojanam, sammelanam, saṃsargaḥ, samparkaḥ, saṃṅkalanam, saṅkiraṇam, ekīkaraṇam   

bhinnavastūnām melanam।

pañjarī iti miśraṇam asti।

karaṇa

adhikaraṇam   

kasminnapi vastuni adhikārasya pradarśanam।

kanyāpi pituḥ sampattau adhikaraṇaṃ kartuṃ śaknoti।

karaṇa

alaṅkaraṇa   

alaṅkriyate anena।

atra alaṅkaraṇyāḥ sāmagryāḥ pradarśanaṃ vartate।

karaṇa

nirvṛkṣīkaraṇam   

vṛkṣāṇāṃ chedanena vṛkṣarāhityasya kriyā।

mānavaḥ pṛthivyāṃ nirvṛkṣīkaraṇena svameva āpattiṃ nayati।

karaṇa

adhikaraṇaśulkam   

nyāyālaye kasyacana prārthanāyāḥ kāle aṅkapatrakarūpeṇa dātavyaṃ śulkam।

tena śatarupyakāṇi adhikaraṇaśulkaṃ pradattam।

karaṇa

vaśīkaraṇam   

sā kriyā yayā anye prāṇinaḥ adhīnāḥ bhavanti।

hiṃsrāṇāṃ prāṇināṃ vaśīkaraṇaṃ kaṭhinam।

karaṇa

pṛthakkaraṇam, viśleṣaḥ, vibhedaḥ, vicchedaḥ   

vibhajanasya kriyā।

kāryakṣamatāyāḥ vardhanāya asyāḥ saṃsthāyāḥ pṛthakkaraṇam āvaśyakaṃ jātam।

karaṇa

anukaraṇam   

samānam ācaraṇam।

bhavataḥ tasya anukaraṇaṃ na kartavyam।

karaṇa

nāgarīkaraṇam   

nagare parivartanasya kriyā।

nāgarīkaraṇāt saṃyuktāḥ parivārāḥ vibhajyante।

karaṇa

yāntrikīkaraṇam   

nūtanānāṃ yantrāṇāṃ nirmiteḥ tathā ca prayogasya kriyā।

yāntrikīkaraṇāt grāmeṣu paramparayā pracalitāḥ vyavasāyāḥ prabhāvitāḥ।

karaṇa

pradāyaḥ, āpūrtiḥ, sambhāraḥ, saṃcayaḥ, sañcayaḥ, saṅgrahaḥ, sāhityam, saṃvidhā, upaskaraḥ, upakaraṇajātam   

kasyāpi vastvādeḥ śūnyatvasya paripūraṇārthaṃ tasya preṣaṇasya vā dānasya vā kriyā।

asmin nagare vaidyutaśakteḥ pradāyaḥ alpībhūtaḥ।

karaṇa

prasādhanam, alaṅkaraṇam   

alaṅkāraracanādinā suśobhīkaraṇasya kriyā।

kṛṣṇena kṛtena rādhāyāḥ prasādhanāt anantaraṃ kāvyaṃ samāptim agamat।

karaṇa

tantuvāyaḥ, tantukaraṇam   

tantūnāṃ racanāyāḥ kriyā।

pūrvaṃ pāṭhaśālāsu tantuvāyaḥ api pāṭhyate sma।

karaṇa

anukaraṇakāvyam   

hāsyarase racitā sā kavitā yā bhaṇḍāḥ iva kasyāpi upahāsārthaṃ racitā।

asmābhiḥ vivāhasamaye anukaraṇakāvyam api gīyate।

karaṇa

anukaraṇakāvyam   

hāsyarase racitā sā kavitā yā kasyāpi racanāyāḥ anukaraṇaṃ karoti parantu upahāsamayī vartate।

saḥ calacitrasya gītānām anukaraṇakāvyaṃ racayati।

karaṇa

vivādī, prakaraṇavādī   

yaḥ prāyaḥ prakaraṇeṣu vyastaḥ।

nyāyālayaḥ vivādināṃ samūhena paripūrṇaḥ।

karaṇa

nijīkaraṇam   

kasyāpi śāsakīyasya vastunaḥ saṃsthāyāḥ vā ādhipatyaṃ yadā anyasmai janāya saṃsthāyai vā dīyate sā kriyā।

kāścanānāṃ vittakośānāṃ nijīkaraṇam āvaśyakam।

karaṇa

yogakṣemaḥ, kṣemavidhānakaraṇam   

tat dhanaṃ yat it anena uddeśyena śāsakīye kośe samāniveśyate yena tasya vṛddhiḥ samāniveśakasya parivārāya labhyate।

teṣāṃ sārdhaikaṃ lakṣaṃ kṣemavidhānakaraṇam asti।

karaṇa

apanayanam, utsāraṇam, dūrīkaraṇam   

apasaraṇasya pṛthakkaraṇasya vā kriyā।

asya apanayanam āvaśyakam।

karaṇa

apanayanam, apākaraṇam, dūrīkaraṇam   

sthānatyāgapreraṇāyuktā kriyā।

tasya apanayanena na prayojanam।

karaṇa

apākaraṇam, apākarma, śodhaḥ, śodhanam   

dhanādīnāṃ pradānam।

asmin varṣe śāsakīyasya ṛṇasya apākaraṇaṃ na bhaviṣyati।

karaṇa

aprakaraṇam   

apradhānaḥ viṣayaḥ।

aprakaraṇe samayayāpanaṃ mā karotu।

karaṇa

kaṇḍanam, bahulīkaraṇam, nistuṣīkaraṇam   

bījānāṃ vivecanāya dhānyāt kāṇḍānām apākaraṇam।

tena kaṇḍanam asvīkṛtam।

karaṇa

kaṇḍanabhṛtiḥ, bahulīkaraṇabhṛtiḥ, nistuṣīkaraṇabhṛtiḥ   

bījānāṃ vivecanāya dhānyāt kāṇḍānām apākaraṇasya vetanam।

adya yāvat tena mahyaṃ kaṇḍanabhṛtiḥ na dattā।

karaṇa

parāvartanam, vakrībhāvaḥ, vakrīkaraṇam   

prakāśasya dhvaneḥ vā ekasmāt sthānāt saṃspṛśya pratyāgamanasya kriyā।

krakacāyatāt prakāśasya parāvartanaṃ bhavati।

karaṇa

saśaktīkaraṇam, prabalīkaraṇam   

durbalānāṃ durbalatvajanakānāṃ ghaṭakānāṃ nyūnīkaraṇam।

mahilānāṃ saśaktikaraṇārthaṃ samājena prayatnaḥ kartavyaḥ।

karaṇa

jīvāṇunāśanam, śuddhikaraṇam   

jīvāṇūnāṃ nāśasya kriyā।

cikitsakāḥ upakaraṇānāṃ jīvāṇunāśanaṃ tān jale kvathitvā kurvanti ।

karaṇa

kārāvāsaḥ, kārānirodhaḥ, kārābaṃdhanaṃm, nirodhaḥ, baṃdhanam, āsedhaḥ, pragrahaḥ, baṃdīkaraṇam   

vidhim anusṛtya aparādhasya kṛte diṣṭaḥ daṇḍaḥ yena aparādhī ekasmin sthāne ruddhaḥ bhavati।

tasya kṛte varṣatrayaparyantaṃ kārāvāsaḥ ādiṣṭaḥ।

karaṇa

rāṣṭrīyīkaraṇam   

yasmin vastuni sthānādiṣu vā kasyāpi manuṣyasya adhikāraḥ vartate tat parivartayitvā tasminneva sarvakārasya rāṣṭrasya vā adhikārasthāpanasya kriyā।

naikānāṃ vittakoṣānāṃ rāṣṭrīyīkaraṇaṃ jātam।

karaṇa

samānādhikaraṇam   

vyākaraṇaśāstrīyaḥ samānārthābhidhāyi-śabdeṣu vidyamānaḥ sambandhaviśeṣaḥ- śabdāt/śabdasaṅghātāt paraḥ śabdaḥ vākyāṃśaḥ vā pūrvokta śabdasya/śabdasaṅghātasyaiva arthaḥ abhidhīyate। [saṃskṛte anena sambandhena sambaddhāḥ śabdāḥ samānavibhaktiṣu upayujyante।];

ācāryavaraḥ samānādhikaraṇasya kānican udāharaṇāni pāṭhayati।

karaṇa

āviṣkaraṇam, sphuṭīkaraṇam, samprakāśanam   

amūrtasya mūrtarūpeṇa abhivyaktiḥ।

kvacit svapne yad dṛśyate tasya āviṣkaraṇam api bhavati।

karaṇa

avayavaḥ, avayavasūcakaśabdaḥ, aṅgam, aṃśaḥ, upakaraṇam, ekadeśaḥ   

sākalyena yad ekaghaṭakatvena svīkriyate bhāgavācakaḥ śabdaḥ yaśca avayavāvayavibhāvasambandhena avayavinā saha sambadhyate।

anāmikā-madhyamā-kaniṣṭhikāḥ hastasya avayavāḥ santi।

karaṇa

sadaḥ, dharmasabhā, rājadvāram, vyavahāramaṇḍapaḥ, vicārasthānam, dharmādhikaraṇam   

śāsakaḥ tathā ca amātyavargasya maṇḍalam, yad rājyasya praśāsanaṃ nirvahanti;

sadasi dharmam anusṛtya daṇḍavidhānaṃ kriyate

karaṇa

pariśodhanam, pavitrīkaraṇam, śodhanam, pariṣkāraḥ, saṃskāraḥ   

doṣādīnāṃ dūrīkaraṇam।

manuṣyeṇa kāryasya pariśodhanaṃ kartavyam।

karaṇa

pariṣkaraṇa-śālā, pariṣkaraṇa-śālā   

yantrāgāraviśeṣaḥ।

pariṣkaraṇa-śālāyāṃ aśuddhānāṃ dravānāṃ śuddhiḥ bhavati।

karaṇa

vājīkaraṇaḥ, madanaśalākā, vājīkaram, vīryavṛddhikaram, vṛṣyam   

puruṣasya kāmaśakteḥ vardhakaṃ dravyam।

nāgabalā vājīkaraṇaḥ asti।

karaṇa

nyūnīkaraṇam, alpīkaraṇam   

kasyāpi vastunaḥ kṣayasya kriyā।

ārakṣakāḥ aparādhānāṃ nyūnīkaraṇam icchanti।

karaṇa

anukaraṇam, anukriyā, anukṛtiḥ, anuvṛttiḥ, anukarma   

kasyacit vartanaṃ sambhāṣaṇaśailīṃ vā samyak avalokya tadanusāram eva kṛtam ācaraṇam।

jyeṣṭhānām anukaraṇaṃ na yogyam।

karaṇa

pṛthakkaraṇam   

bahuṣu vastuṣu pratyekasya vastunaḥ sambhedaṃ kṛtvā sthāpanasya kriyā।

mātā vastrāṇāṃ pṛthakkaraṇaṃ karoti।

karaṇa

avitkaraṇam   

pāśupatadarśanānusāraṃ tad karma yad anyeṣāṃ matena nindanīyaṃ bhavati।

avitkaraṇasya kartā yogyāyogyasya vivekena rahitaḥ bhavati।

karaṇa

avyaktānukaraṇa   

avyaktasya padasya śabdasya vā anukaraṇam।

paśūnāṃ pakṣiṇāṃ ca dhvaneḥ manuṣyaiḥ kṛtam anukaraṇam avyaktānukaraṇam asti।

karaṇa

ekīkaraṇam   

dvayoḥ adhikānāṃ vā vastūnāṃ saṃyojanasya kriyā।

rāsāyanika-tatvānām ekīkaraṇena yaugikapadārthāḥ jāyante।

karaṇa

tuṣṭīkaraṇam   

santoṣapradānasya kriyā।

sarvakāreṇa kasyāpi ekasya samudāyasya tuṣṭīkaraṇaṃ na kartavyam।

karaṇa

samīkaraṇam   

samānāyāṃ sthitau sthāpanasya kriyā।

samīkaraṇena vinā asambhavam idam।

karaṇa

samīkaraṇam   

gaṇitaśāstrānusāreṇa yayā kriyayā jñātayā rāśyā ajñātā rāśiḥ jñātuṃ śakyate।

ayaṃ praśnaḥ samīkaraṇena nirākaraṇīyaḥ।

karaṇa

ādhunikīkaraṇam   

ādhunikapaddhatyā ācaraṇam।

videśinām anukaraṇena vayaṃ naikeṣāṃ vastūnāṃ paddhatīnāṃ vā ādhunikīkaraṇaṃ kurmaḥ।

karaṇa

adyatanīkaraṇam   

kasyāpi vastunaḥ adyatanīyāyāṃ sthitiṃ yāvat samīcinīkaraṇam।

lekhāyāḥ adyatanīkaraṇāya saḥ vittakoṣaṃ gatavān।

karaṇa

vikendrīkaraṇam   

sattāyāḥ śakteḥ vā kendrāt anyasthāne gamanaṃ vistāraḥ vā।

laghūnāṃ rājyānāṃ avadhāraṇayā eva sattāyāḥ vikendrīkaraṇaṃ sambaddham asti।

karaṇa

vikendrīkaraṇam   

sā sāmājikī prakriyā yasyāṃ janasamudāyaḥ tathā ca udyogāḥ nagarāt bahiḥ dūre sthānāntaritāḥ bhavati।

vikendrīkaraṇena nagarasya pradūṣaṇaṃ nyūnībhavati।

karaṇa

niḥśastrīkaraṇam   

śastrahīnakaraṇasya kriyā।

sampūrṇāyāḥ pṛthivyāḥ niḥśastrīkaraṇaṃ sulabhaṃ nāsti।

karaṇa

saṃskaraṇam   

nūtanīkaraṇasya suśobhīkaraṇasya ca kriyā।

asmin saṃskaraṇasya āvaśyakatā asti।

karaṇa

saṃskaraṇa   

dvijātīyānāṃ kṛte vihitā saṃskārasya kriyā।

paṇḍitaḥ adhunā api saṃskaraṇaṃ karoti।

karaṇa

niḥśeṣīkaraṇam   

niḥśeṣasya kriyā।

tibbatadeśe udbhūtasya pakṣījvaraḥ iti vyādheḥ niḥśeṣīkaraṇaṃ kṛtam।

karaṇa

yātrābhikaraṇam   

yā saṃsthā yātrāyāḥ prabandhaṃ karoti।

idānīṃ yātrābhikaraṇaṃ bhinnaiḥ prastāvaiḥ janān ākarṣayanti।

karaṇa

dhruvīkaraṇam   

sā ghaṭanā yasyāṃ prakāśasya anyasya vikiraṇasya vā kiraṇāḥ kampanasya diśam abhi pratibadhyante।

bahutaraṅgagrāhakena vidyuccumbakīyānāṃ taraṅgāṇāṃ dhruvīkaraṇaṃ kriyate।

karaṇa

dhruvīkaraṇam   

dhruvīyatāyāḥ dhruvīyatādānasya vā avasthā।

cumbakīyena uddīpanena mastiṣkasya tantrikākośikānāṃ dhruvīkaraṇaṃ samāpya pārkiṃsanavyādheḥ upacārāḥ kriyante।

karaṇa

prāyaścittaprakaraṇam   

ekā kṛtiḥ ।

saṃskṛta-vāṅmaye prāyaścittaprakaraṇam iti vikhyātā racanā

karaṇa

kratukaraṇam   

yajñīyahavanam ।

kratukaraṇasya ullekhaḥ āpastamba-śrauta-sūtre samupalabhyate

karaṇa

sārasvatavyākaraṇam   

vyākaraṇasya ekaḥ prakāraḥ ।

sārasvatavyākaraṇasya ullekhaḥ koṣe asti

karaṇa

kratukaraṇam   

yajñīyahavanam ।

kratukaraṇasya ullekhaḥ āpastamba-śrauta-sūtre samupalabhyate

karaṇa

trisūtrīkaraṇam   

ekā racanā ।

trisūtrīkaraṇasya ullekhaḥ śāradātilake vartate

karaṇa

jīvadayāprakaraṇam   

ekaḥ jainagranthaḥ ।

jīvadayāprakaraṇasya ullekhaḥ koṣe asti

karaṇa

jīvopalambhaprakaraṇam   

ekaḥ jainagranthaḥ ।

jīvopalambhaprakaraṇasya ullekhaḥ koṣe asti

karaṇa

trisūtrīkaraṇam   

ekā racanā ।

trisūtrīkaraṇasya ullekhaḥ śāradātilake vartate

karaṇa

dantadhāvanaprakaraṇam   

ekaṃ prakaraṇam ।

dantadhāvanaprakaraṇaṃ parāśarasmṛtyāṃ vartate

karaṇa

kātantram, kalāpaka , kaumāravyākaraṇam   

ekaṃ vyākaraṇam ।

kātantram pāṇininā parigaṇitam









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