These words appear to denote ‘wife,’ usually applying to her in relation to her husband (Pati). The more general sense of ‘woman ’ is doubtful; for when Usas is called a fair Janī, ‘wife ’ may be meant, and the other passage cited for this sense by Delbriick, which refers to the begetting of children, seems to demand the sense of ‘wives.’ Since the words usually appear in the plural, it is possible they may refer not to ‘wives’ proper, but to Hetairai. This is, how¬ever, rendered unlikely because the Rigveda uses the phrase patyur janitvam, denoting ‘wifehood to a husband,’ as well as the expression janayo na patnlh,β ‘like wives (who are) mistresses,’ besides containing passages in which the word has reference to marriage. The singular occurs in the dialogue of Yama and Yamī.
noun (feminine) a kind of fragrant plant (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a woman (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
birth (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
production (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
wife (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
[gramm.] root jan Frequency rank 12494/72933
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