m. (for gari-, Zend gairi confer, comparegur/u-, g/arīyas-; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') a mountain, hill, rock, elevation, rising-ground (often connected with p/arvata-,"a mountain having many parts"[ confer, comparep/arvan-] ) etc.
गिरि a. [गॄ-इ किच्च Uṇ.4.142] Venerable, respectable, worshipful. -रिः 1 A hill, mountain, an elevation; पश्याधः खनने मूढ गिरयो न पतन्ति किम् Subhāṣ.; ननु प्रवाते$पि निष्कम्पा गिरयः Ś.6. -2 a huge rock. -3*** A disease of the eyes. -4 An honorific title given to Saṁnyāsins; e. g. आनन्दगिरिः -5 (In math.) The number 'eight'. -6 A ball with which children play (गेन्दुक). -7 A cloud. -8 A peculiar defect in quicksilver. -रिः f. 1 Swallowing. -2 A rat; mouse (written also गिरी in this sense). -Comp. -इन्द्रः 1 a high mountain. -2 an epithet of Śiva. -3 the Himālaya mountain. -4 a term for the number 'eight'. -ईशः 1 an epithet of the Himālaya mountain. -2 an epithet of Śiva; सुतां गिरीशप्रतिसक्तमानसाम् Ku.5.3. -कच्छपः a species of tortoise living in mountains. -कण्टकः Indra's thunderbolt. -कदम्बः, -म्बकः a species of the Kadamba tree. -कन्दरः a cave, cavern. -कर्णिका the earth. -काणः a blind or one-eyed man. -काननम् a mountain-grove. -कूटम् the summit of a mountain. -गङ्गा N. of a river. -गुडः a ball for playing with. -गुहा a mountain-cave. -चर a. roaming or wandering on a mountain; गिरिचर इव नागः प्राणसारं बिभर्ति Ś.2.4. (-रः) a thief. -ज a. mountain-born. (-जम्) 1 talc. -2 red chalk. -3 benzoin. -4 bitumen. -5 iron. (-जा) 1 N. of Pārvatī (the daughter of Himālaya). -2 the hill plantain (पर्वतकदली) -3 the Mallikā creeper. -4 an epithet of the Ganges. -तनयः, -नन्दनः, -सुतः 1 an epithet of Kārtikeya. -2 of Gaṇeśa. ˚धवः, ˚पतिः an epithet of Śiva; Ks.56.43. ˚मलम् talc. -जालम् a range of mountains. -ज्वरः Indra's thunderbolt. -त्रः N. of Śiva; अहं गिरित्रश्च Bhāg.8.6.15. -दुर्गम् a hill-fort, any stronghold among mountains; नृदुर्गं गिरिदुर्गं वा समाश्रित्य वसेत्पुरम् Ms.7.7,71. -द्वारम् a mountain-pass. -धातुः red chalk; बालार्कसमवर्णेन तेजसा गिरिधातुना Rām.2.95.19. (v. l.) -ध्वजम् Indra's thunderbolt. -नगरम् N. of a district in Dakṣiṇāpatha. -णदी or नदी a mountain-torrent, rill. -णद्ध (नद्ध) a. enclosed by a mountain. -नन्दिनी 1 N. of Pārvatī. -2 of the Ganges. -3 a river in general (flowing from a mountain;) कलिन्दगिरिनन्दिनी- तटसुरद्रुमालम्बिनी Bv.4.3. -णितम्बः (नितम्बः) the declivity of a mountain. -पीलुः N. of a fruit-tree. -पुष्पकम् bitumen. -पृष्ठः the top of a hill; Ms.7.147. -प्रपातः the declivity or slope of a mountain; -प्रस्थः the tableland of a mountain; Rām.2. -प्रिया a female of the Bos Grunniens. -बान्धवः an epithet of Śiva -भिद् m. an epithet of Indra. (-f.) a river (breaking through a mountain). -भू a. mountain-born. (-भूः f.) 1 an epithet of the Ganges. -2 of Pārvatī. -मल्लिका the Kuṭaja tree. -मानः an elephant, especially a large and powerful one. -मृद् f., -मृद्भवम् 1 red chalk. -2 mountain soil. -राज् m. 1 a high mountain. -2 an epithet of the Himālaya. -राजः the Himālaya mountain. -व्रजम् N. of a city in Magadha. -शालः a kind of bird. -शृङ्गः an epithet of Gaṇeśa. (-गम्) the peak of a mountain. -षद् (सद्) m. an epithet of Śiva. -सानु n. table-land. -सारः 1 iron. -2 tin. -3 an epithet of the Malaya mountain. -सुतः the Maināka mountain. -सुता an epithet of Pārvatī. -स्रवा a mountaintorrent; गिरिस्रवाभिः सर्वाभिः पृष्ठतो$नुगता शुभा Mb.13.14.25.
Mountain ’ or * height,’ is a word that occurs repeatedly in the Rigveda. Thus reference is made to the trees on the hills, hence called ‘tree-haired’ (vrksa-keśāh), and to the streams proceeding from the hills to the sea (samudra,)? The term is frequently coupled with the adjectival parvata. The Rigveda mentions the waters from the hills, and the Atharvaveda6 refers to the snowy mountains. Actual names of mountains, as Mūjavant, Trikakud, Himavant, are very rare. References to Krauñca, Mahāmeru, and Maināg-a, are confined to the Taittirīya Aranyaka, while Nāvaprabhramśana can no longer be considered a proper name.
noun (masculine) a mountain (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a particular disease of the eyes (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a peculiar defect in mercury (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
cloud (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
elevation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
hill (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
rising-ground (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
rock (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the number "eight" (there being 8 mountains which surround mount Meru) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
one of the doṣas of mercury
the kañcuka called adri Frequency rank 401/72933
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