छन्दस् n. [छन्दयति असुन्] 1 Wish, desire, fancy, will, pleasure; (गृह्णीयात्) मूर्खं छन्दो$नुवृत्तेन याथातथ्येन पण्डितम् Chāṇ.33. -2 Free will, free or wilful conduct. -3 Meaning, intention. -4 Fraud, trick, deceit. -5 The Vedas, the sacred text of the Vedic hymns; स च कुल- पतिराद्यश्छन्दसां यः प्रयोक्ता U.3.48; बहुलं छन्दसि frequently used by Pāṇini; प्रणवश्छन्दसामिव R.1.11; Y.1.143; Ms.4.95. -6 A metre; ऋक्छन्दसा आशास्ते &Sacute.4; गायत्री छन्दसामहम् Bg.1.35;13.4. -7 Metrical science, prosody; (regarded as one of the six Vedāṅgas or auxiliaries to the Vedas, the other five being शिक्षा, कल्प, व्याकरण, निरुक्त and ज्योतिष). -8 A metrical composition. ... मया काव्यानि तन्वता छन्दो विनिर्मितं तस्मिन् कृतः सर्वस्य संग्रहः Parṇāl.1.23. -9 A festival; वेदे वाक्ये वृत्तभेदे उत्सवे$पि नपुंसकम् । Nm. -Comp. -कृतम् any metrical part of the Vedas or other sacred compositions; यथो- दितेन विधिना नित्यं छन्दस्कृतं पठेत् Ms.4.1. -गः (-छन्दोगः) 1 a reciter in metre. -2 a student or chanter of the Sāmaveda; Ms.3.145; (छन्दोगः सामवेदाध्यायी) -3 The Sāmaveda; साम्नां जैमिनये प्राह तथा छन्दोगसंहिताम् Bhāg. 12.6.53. -भङ्गः a violation of the laws of metre. -विचितिः f. 'examination of metres', N. of a work on metres, sometimes ascribed to Daṇḍin; छन्दोविचित्यां सकलस्तत्प्रपञ्चो निदर्शितः Kāv.1.12. -वृत्तम् a metre in general. -स्तुभ् m. N. of Aruṇa.
अच्छन्दस् a. [न. ब.] 1 Not studying the Vedas (as a boy before the मुञ़्ज ceremony), or not entitled to that study (as a Śūdra). -2 Not metrical, not of the nature of metres, i. e. prose. -3 Without fancy or whim.
n. pleasure, desire, will; magical or sacred hymn; hymn which is not Rik, Sâman, or Yagus; Vedic text, Veda; metre, prosody: (h)-sâstra, n. manual of prosody (esp. Pi&ndot;gala's); (s)-krita, pp. composed in metre; (h)-sûtra, n. (Pi&ndot;gala's) sûtra on prosody.
In the Rigveda usually denotes a song of praise ’ or hymn.’ The original sense of the word, as derived from the verb chand, to please,’ was probably attractive spell,’magic hymn,' which prevailed on the gods. In a very late hymn of the Rigveda, as well as in one of the Atharvaveda, the word is mentioned in the plural (chandāmsi), beside Ec (γcah), Sāman (sāmāni), and Yajus, and seems to retain its original meaning, not improbably with reference to the magical subject-matter of the Atharvaveda. From denoting a (metrical) hymn it comes to mean metre ’ in a very late verse of the Rigveda, in which the Gāyatrī, the Tristubh, and all (sarvā) the metres (chandāmsi) are mentioned. In the later Samhitās three or seven metres are enumerated, and in the śatapatha Brāhmana eight. By the time of the Rigveda Prātiśākhya the metres were subjected to a detailed examination, though much earlier references are found to the number of syllables in the several metres. Later the word definitely denotes a Vedic text generally, as in the śatapatha Brāhmana.
Occurs in one passage of the Atharvaveda in the adjectival compound brhac-chandas, which is used of a house, and must mean ‘having a large roof.’ Bloomfield accepts the reading as correct, but Whitney considers emendation to Chadis necessary.
The reputed author of the first ten hymns of the first Maṇdala of the Rigveda, is mentioned as a Rṣi in the Kauṣītaki Brāhmaṇa and the Aitareya Aranyaka. In the Aitareya Brāhmaṇa he counts as the fifty-first son of Viávā- mitra, and his Praūga (hymn at the morning service) is mentioned in the śatapatha Brāhmaṇa.
noun (neuter) a sacred hymn (of AV) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
desire (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
incantation-hymn (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
intention (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
longing for (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
metre (in general) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
metrical science (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
purport (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the sacred text of the Vedic hymns (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
will (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
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