भर्तृ m. [भृ-तृच्] 1 A husband; यद्भर्तुरेव हितमिच्छति तत् कलत्रम् Bh.2.8; स्त्रीणां भर्ता धर्मदाराश्च पुंसाम् Māl.6.18. -2 A lord, master, superior; भर्तुः शापेन Me.1; गण˚, भूत˚ &c. -3 A leader, commander, chief; स्वभर्तृनामग्रहणाद्बभूव सान्द्रे रजस्यात्मपरावबोधः R.7.41. -4 A supporter, bearer, protector; भर्ता स्वानां श्रेष्ठः पुर एता भवति Bri. Up.1.3.18. -5 The creator. -6 N. of Viṣṇu; सवनो भावनो भर्ता V. Sah. -Comp. -गुणः the excellence or virtue of a husband; उत्कर्षं योषितः प्राप्ताः स्वैः स्वैर्भर्तृगुणैः शुभैः Ms.9.24. -घ्नी a woman who murders her husband; पाषण्ड्यानाश्रितास्तेना भर्तृघ्न्यः कामगादिकाः Y.3.6. -चित्त a. thinking of a husband; Ks. -दारकः a crown-prince, prince royal, young prince, an heirapparent (a term of address chiefly used in dramas). -दारिका a young princess (a term of address in dramas). -देवता, -दैवता idolizing a husband. -प्रिय, -भक्त a. devoted to one's master. -लोकः the husband's world; पतिं या नाभिचरति मनोवाग्देहसंयता । सा भर्तृलोकमाप्नोति Ms. 5.165. -व्रतम् fidelity or devotion to a husband. (-ता) a virtuous and devoted wife; cf. पतिव्रता. -शोकः grief for the death of the husband. -हरिः N. of a celebrated author to whom are ascribed the three Śatakas (शृङ्गार, नीति and वैराग्य) and also वाक्यपदीय and भट्टि- काव्य. -हार्यधन a. (a slave) whose possessions may be taken by his master; न हि तस्यास्ति किंचित् स्वं भर्तृहार्यधनो हि सः Ms.8.417. -हीन a. abandoned by a master.
Besides having the literal sense of ‘ bearer,’ means ‘supporter’ or ‘master’ in the older literature but it is doubtful whether the sense of * husband ’ is ever found there. In one passage of the Rigveda husband ’ is certainly the most natural sense, but, as Delbrūck correctly remarks, even there ‘father’ may be meant, since ‘mother’ is here and there called Bhartri.
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