श्रमण a. (-णा, -णी f.) [श्रम्-युच्] 1 Labouring, toiling. -2 Low, base, vile. -3 Naked. -णः 1 An ascetic, a devotee, religious mendicant in general; श्रमणो$श्रमणः (भवति) Bṛi. Up.4.3.22; Mb.12.154.21; Bhāg.5. 3.2. -2 A Buddhist or Jain ascetic. -3 A beggar. -णा, -णी 1 A female devotee or mendicant. -2 A lovely woman. -3 A woman of low caste. -4 A hard-working woman. -5 Bengal madder. -6 The spikenard. -णम् Toil, exertion.
‘mendicant monk,’ is first found in the Upaniṣads. According to Fick, anyone could become a śramaṇa. For the time of Megasthenes this seems indicated by his evidence, which, however, refers only to the east of India, beyond the Madhyadeśa proper. The Vedic evidence is merely the name and the fact that Tāpasa, ‘ascetic,’ follows it in the Brhadāraṇyaka Upaniṣad and the Taittirīya Araṇyaka.
noun (masculine) a Buddhist monk or mendicant (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
an ascetic (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
devotee (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
monk (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a serpent-demon (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
religious mendicant (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
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