f. (derivation from3. mā-very doubtful;for 1. m/ātṛ-See) a mother, any mother (applicable to animals) etc. etc. (sometimes in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound'exempli gratia, 'for example'kuntī-m-,having kuntī- for a mother)
f. (plural) the 8 classes of female ancestors (viz. mothers, grandmothers, great-grandmothers, paternal and maternal aunts etc. ;but the word "mother"is also applied to other female relatives and in familiar speech to elderly women generally)
मातृ f. [मान् पूजायां तृच् नलोपः Uṇ.2.94] 1 A mother; मातृवत् परदारेषु यः पश्यति स पश्यति; सहस्रं तु पितॄन् माता गौरवेणातिरिच्यते Subhāṣ माता किल मनुष्याणां देवतानां च दैवतम् Madhyamavyāyoga 1.37; माता च परमं दैवतं समा च पुत्रेषु इत्येतैरुपबध्यमानो जननीवचनो$वगम्यते ŚB. on MS.1.1.14. -2 Mother as a term of respect or endearment; मातर्लक्ष्मि भजस्व कंचिदपरम् Bh.3.64,87; अयि मातर्देवयजनसंभवे देवि सीते U.4. -3 A cow. -4 An epithet of Lakṣmī. -5 An epithet of Durgā. -6 Ether, sky. -7 The earth. -8 A divine mother; मातृभ्यो बलिमुपहर Mk.1. -9 An epithet of Revatī. -1 N. of several plants; आखुकर्णी, इन्द्रवारुणी and जटामांसी &c. -pl. 1 An epithet of the divine mothers, said to attend on Śiva, but usually on Skanda. (They are usually said to be 8 :-- ब्राह्मी माहेश्वरी चण्डी वाराही वैष्णवी तथा । कौमारी चैव चामुण्डा चर्चिकेत्यष्ट मातरः ॥ or, according to some, only seven :-- ब्राह्मी माहेश्वरी चैव कौमारी वैष्णवी तथा । माहेन्द्री चैव वाराही चामुण्डा सप्त मातरः ॥ Some increase the number to sixteen). -2 N. of eight classes of female ancestors of Manes. -m. 1 A measurer. -2 Ved. A maker, builder, creator. -3 A knower, one having true knowledge. -4 Life or soul (जीव) [cf. L. Mater.] -Comp. -केशटः a maternal uncle. -गणः the collection of the divine mothers. -गन्धिनी an unnatural mother; हनिष्याम्यधुनैवाहं कैकेयीं मातृगन्धिनीम् A. Rām.2.8.7. -गामिन् m. one who has committed incest with his mother. -गोत्रम् a mother's family. -ग्रामः the female sex, womankind. -घातः, -घातकः, -घातिन् m., -घ्नः a matricide. -घातुकः 1 a matricide. -2 an epithet of Indra. -चक्रम् 1 the group of divine mothers. -2 a kind of mystical circle. -ज्ञ a. honouring a mother. -देव a. having a mother for one's god, adoring mother like a god; मातृदेवो भव T. Up.1.11. -दोषः the defect or inferiority of a mother (being of a lower caste); ताननन्तरनाम्नस्तु मातृदोषात् प्रचक्षते Ms.1. 14. -नन्दनः an epithet of Kārtikeya. -पक्ष a. belonging to the mother's side or line. (-क्षः) maternal kinsmen. -पितृ m. (dual) forming मातापितरौ or मातर- पितरौ) parents. -पुत्रौ (मातापुत्रौ) a mother and son. -पूजनम् worship of the divine mothers. -बन्धुः, -बान्धवः a maternal kinsman; मातृबन्धुनिवासिनं भरतम् R.12.12. (-pl.) a class of relatives on the mother's side; they are thus specified:-- मातुः पितुः स्वसुः पुत्रा मातुर्मातुः स्वसुः सुताः । मातुर्मातुलपुत्राश्च विज्ञेया मातृबन्धवः ॥ -भक्तिः devotion to a mother; इमं लोकं मातृभक्त्या ...... ब्रह्मलोकं समश्नुते Ms.2.233. -भावः maternity. -भोगीण a. fit to be enjoyed or possessed by a mother. -मण्डलम् the collection of the divine mothers. -मातृ f. an epithet of Pārvatī. -मुखः, -शासितः a foolish fellow, simpleton. -यज्ञः a sacrifice offered to the divine mothers. -वत्सलः an epithet of Kārtikeya. -वधः the murder of a mother (with Buddhists one of the five unpardonable sins.) -वाहिनी f. a kind of bird; bat. -स्वसृ f. (मातृष्वसृ or मातुःस्वसृ) a mother's sister, a maternal aunt. -स्वसेयः (मातृष्वसेयः) a mother's sister's son. (-यी) the daughter of a maternal aunt; so मातृष्वस्रीयः -या.
Is the regular word for ‘mother’ from the Rigveda onwards, being a formation probably developed under the influence of an onomatopoetic word tnā, used like Ambā and Nanā. The relations of wife and husband, as well as of mother and children, are treated under Pati. It remains only to add that details are given in the Sūtras of the respectful attention paid to a mother, and of the ceremonies in which she is concerned. The mother also appears interested in the fate of her children as in the story of the sale of śunahśepa for adoption by Viśvāmitra in the Aitareya Brāhmana. In the household the mother ranked after the father (see Pitp). Occasionally mātarā is used for parents,’ as are also pitarā and mātarāpitarā and mātā-pitarah.
noun (masculine) a knower (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a measurer (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a particular caste (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of an author (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
one who has true knowledge (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
one who measures across or traverses (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
noun (feminine) a colocynth (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a cow (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a mother (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
air (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
any mother (applicable to animals) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
Citrullus colocynthis Schrad.
father and mother (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
Nardostachys Jatamansi (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of Dākṣāyaṇi in certain places (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of Durgā (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of Lakṣmī (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
parents (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
Salvinia Cucullata (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
Sphaerantus Indicus (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
space (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the 8 classes of female ancestors (pl.) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the divine mothers or personified energies of the principal deities (sometimes reckoned as 7 in number) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the earth (heaven and earth) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the lower mill-stone (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the two pieces of wood used in kindling fire (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the waters (pl.) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
[gramm.] the word 'mātṛ' Frequency rank 295/72933
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